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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:45



29 February 2012 defenceWeb (Reuters)


Britain is seeking transit accords with central Asian countries to enable it to ship billions of dollars of military equipment home from Afghanistan after 2014 while lessening its reliance on the uncertain Pakistan route, officials said.


Pakistan shut down a key overland supply route for NATO troops in Afghanistan last November after 24 Pakistani soldiers were killed in a U.S. air attack on the Afghan border, sending U.S.-Pakistan relations plunging.


The closure underlined the importance of having alternative routes to supply NATO forces in Afghanistan, Reuters reports.


British Defence Secretary Philip Hammond visited Kazakhstan on Monday where he signed an agreement allowing overflight access to transport military equipment to and from Afghanistan, Britain's Ministry of Defence said.


Hammond and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev also agreed to start negotiations on an agreement allowing military equipment to be transported overland.


The agreements are intended to give British forces a route to ship some 11,000 containers and 3,000 armoured vehicles back to Britain once its force in Afghanistan, currently numbering some 9,500 troops, ends combat operations in 2014.


Hammond was meeting senior figures in the Uzbekistan government on Tuesday to discuss negotiating an agreement on a northern supply route through that country to get military equipment out of Afghanistan.


"It's vital that we secure the supply lines we need to get our equipment home as combat operations finish by the end of 2014. We have a major logistical operation to undertake ... and we will need to work with our partners in the region to do so," Hammond said in a statement.


Military equipment could be sent thousands of miles by rail to Baltic ports to be shipped to Britain, according to reports.


Armed Forces Minister Nick Harvey will visit Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan this week for more discussions on transit routes and broader defence relations.


Britain offers the central Asian countries places on military training courses in Britain as well as English language training. 

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:25

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February 29, 2012 defpro.com


Owing to the current unrest in Afghanistan, Dutch personnel involved in the police-training mission in Kunduz have suspended their training and instruction activities since 26 February 2012. The Dutch contingent will remain in the German compound on the edge of the city. Following consultation with the local authorities, all training and instruction has been cancelled, including training and instruction inside the perimeter.


The Commander of Regional Command North has ordered all units to stay on the compound. Security in Kunduz is the responsibility of the Afghan security organisations (Afghan National Security Forces), without involvement of the Dutch contingent.


The purpose of the Kunduz mission is the instruction and training of the Afghan police and the strengthening of the law-enforcement chain.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 13:30



29.02.2012 Pacific Sentinel


The Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and Special Operations Task Group (SOTG) have continued operations against insurgent networks in Uruzgan Province throughout the winter period in Afghanistan.

ANSF and SOTG partnered operations have removed five insurgent commanders from Uruzgan Province over a period of six weeks during what is traditionally a time of lower activity.

Commander of Joint Task Force 633 Major General Stuart Smith said these operations had degraded the insurgents’ ability to carry out attacks within Uruzgan.

“These are key leaders within the insurgent network that operates throughout Uruzgan and they are believed to be responsible for the facilitation and placement of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and for attacks on ANSF, coalition and Australian troops,” Major General Smith said.

“The SOTG has therefore made a major contribution in support of the overall mission of preparing the Afghans to assume security responsibilities in Uruzgan.”
US Trooper in Afghan Poppy field
Throughout these recent operations, the partnered force has also located and destroyed large quantities of IED materials and drugs including 3750kg of ammonium chloride and 120kg of heroin, 111kg of opium and 150kg of hash.
Commanding Officer of SOTG, Lieutenant Colonel J, said the winter operations had seen remarkable successes.
“The operations conducted by the ANSF and SOTG have targeted the key insurgent leadership, their supplies and their drug trade, effectively reducing their ability to fund and implement their future operations,” Lieutenant Colonel J said.
“Removing five insurgent commanders from Uruzgan Province will not only degrade the insurgents’ capability, it will also improve security for the Afghan people as these IED makers and facilitators are no longer in operation.”
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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:20



The formidable 82mm recoilless rifle captured during the operation -

Picture MOD 2012


28 Feb 12 UK MoD - A Military Operations news article


A joint Afghan and British team recently launched a pre-dawn raid on a Taliban compound, seizing an anti-tank weapon which had been used to target a British base.


British servicemen of the Brigade Reconnaissance Force conduct a cordon and search of compounds in Helmand's Nahr-e Saraj district – Picture MOD 2012


Soldiers from the Queen's Dragoon Guards, known as the Welsh Cavalry, joined forces with their Afghan counterparts to mount the operation to strike at insurgents who had been firing at the headquarters of 2nd Battalion The Mercian Regiment (2 MERCIAN) in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province.


The operation resulted in the seizure of a stash of munitions and the 82mm recoilless rifle, designed to smash through tank armour.


Intelligence reports received since the raid suggest that Taliban chiefs are furious at the loss of the weapon.


Surveillance assets run by 2 MERCIAN tracked the insurgents using the gun to an abandoned compound, where they hid the weapon before fleeing.


Afghan soldiers and British troops from the Brigade Reconnaissance Force (BRF) - led by the Queen's Dragoon Guards - then planned a lightning assault to seize the weapon.


Helicopters carrying Afghan and British soldiers landed at the site in the winter pre-dawn gloom and as the British team sealed the compound the Afghans led the break-in.


The compound was quickly cleared, with the insurgents having already abandoned the area. The teams then set about searching for the anti-tank weapon.


First though they discovered a hidden weapons cache which included rocket-propelled grenades, a detonation cord, pressure plates and other improvised explosive device components, and seven grenade rounds.



British servicemen of the Brigade Reconnaissance Force on foot patrol in Helmand's Nahr-e Saraj district – Picture MOD 2012


Already satisfied with a substantial weapons seizure, they then hit the jackpot when they discovered the 82mm recoilless rifle and ammunition.


Captain Mike Gledhill, from the Royal Engineers, said the entire operation took less than an hour, with subsequent intelligence suggesting the insurgents were shocked at the speed of the assault. He added:


    "This was one of the fastest operations that we have ever done and we were in and out before they had time to react.

    "Denying the Taliban the chance to target our boys in the base was hugely satisfying and to get it done with no shots fired was even better.

    "Reports we have received since the operation suggest that local insurgent leaders are furious at the loss of this weapon - and increasingly worried about their powerlessness to resist these types of raids."



An RAF Chinook helicopter takes off in the Helmand desert Picture MOD 2012


Major Justin Stenhouse, Queen's Dragoon Guards, Officer Commanding the BRF, said:


    "A lot of people were involved in the generation of this operation and we were just the tip of the spear. Hours of hard work and vigilance from 2 MERCIAN paid off in a great result for ISAF and the Afghan forces, and a bad day for the Taliban."


The Brigade Reconnaissance Force is Task Force Helmand's eyes and ears across the British area of operations.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 12:35



Feb 27, 2012 ASDNews Source : Cassidian


Cassidian will support the Forward Air Medical Evacuation (FwdAirMedEvac) mission carried out with NH90 helicopters of the German Army in the evacuation of ill and injured persons. For this purpose, the German Federal Office of Defence Technology and Procurement (BWB) ordered a total of eight units of Cassidian’s mobile EUA (= Einsatz-Unterstützungsanlage) operations support system for mission control, preparation and planning.


From the end of 2012, German Army Aviation will be in charge of providing forward air medical evacuation in Afghanistan using their NH90 helicopters. The FwdAirMedEvac helicopters will provide a solid base for emergency medical care for German soldiers in crisis areas.


The EUA operations support system combines operational command and control with technical logistic support. Its current adaptation complements its extension ordered in May last year for the support helicopter Tiger ASGARD (Afghanistan Stabilisation German Army Rapid Deployment) which, from October 2012, will also be used to support the German mission in Afghanistan. The EUA operations support system, developed by Cassidian, integrates the capabilities of the German helicopters into the integrated military command, which is ensured via the German Army C3I System (FüInfoSys H), for both MedEvac and armed support missions.


The new generation of the EUA with an updated software configuration allows the system to be used for all helicopter types of the German Army and Air Force: the support helicopter (UH) Tiger, the tactical transport helicopter (TTH), the light transport helicopter (LTH) NH90 and the transport helicopter CH-53GA. In future, the German Armed Forces will operate their helicopter fleet using a standardised operations support system which not only enables operational readiness to be increased, but also permits operating costs to be reduced.


From the end of 2012, the EUA will also be used to support the missions of the HAD and HAP variants of the Spanish Tiger helicopters.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:55

afghanistan-pakistan 2008


26.02.2012 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


Encore quelques attaques de plus et il ne restera plus grand-monde à Kaboul... La France et l'Allemagne ont annoncé qu'elles retiraient, à l’instar du Royaume-Uni, leurs agents non militaires des institutions afghanes par précaution, après l'assassinat, vraisemblablement par un employé afghan du ministère de l’Intérieur, de deux officiers supérieurs de l'armée américaine samedi, à Kaboul. Les deux hommes auraient été tués avec un pistolet équipé d'un silencieux, selon le New York Times....


« L'ambassadeur de France en Afghanistan a fait procéder sans délai au retrait provisoire de tous les agents publics français dans les institutions afghanes afin de garantir leur sécurité », indique le Quai d'Orsay dans un communiqué. Quelques centaines de personnes seraient concernées selon Reuters. Chiffres gonflés, ce sont quelques (petites) dizaines de civils (non Isaf) qui sont déployés, via l’UE par exemple.


Par ailleurs, sept conseillers militaires américains ont été blessés dimanche dans l'explosion d'une grenade lancée contre leur base par des manifestants à Kunduz, dans le nord de l'Afghanistan.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:20



Feb 26, 2012 Spacewar.com  (AFP)


Kabul - NATO on Saturday pulled all its staff out of Afghan government ministries after two US military advisors were shot dead in the interior ministry, as anti-US protests raged for a fifth day.


Taliban insurgents claimed responsibility for the shooting, saying it was in revenge for the burning of Korans at a US-run military base -- an incident that forced US President Barrack Obama to apologise to the Afghan people.


In a day of violence across the country, a UN compound came under attack by thousands of demonstrators in northeastern Kunduz province, but they were driven back when police fired into the crowd, an AFP correspondent at the scene said.


Five people were reported killed in the attack, taking the five day death toll from protests over the burning of Korans at the US-run Bagram airbase to around 30.


President Hamid Karzai issued a statement urging demonstrators and Afghan security forces to exercise restraint, saying the government was pressing the US "on the need to bring to justice the perpetrators of the crime".


The two American military advisors from the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) were in the interior ministry when "an individual" turned his weapon against them, NATO said, without giving further details.


A government source told AFP the two men were killed by a member of the Afghan police.


"For obvious force protection reasons, I have... taken immediate measures to recall all other ISAF personnel working in ministries in and around Kabul," said General John Allen, commander of NATO's International Security Assistance Force.


"We are investigating the crime and will pursue all leads to find the person responsible for this attack."


"We are committed to our partnership with the government of Afghanistan to reach our common goal of a peaceful, stable and secure Afghanistan in the near future."


The Pentagon said the killings were "unacceptable" and called on Afghan authorities to better protect coalition forces and curtail raging violence.


The US, which leads a 130,000-strong military force fighting an insurgency in Afghanistan, has advisors throughout the Afghan government.


Britain said its embassy was also temporarily withdrawing all civilian mentors and advisors from Afghan government institutions in Kabul.


The latest deaths come hard on the heels of the killing of two American troops on Thursday when an Afghan soldier turned his weapon on them at their base in eastern Nangarhar province as demonstrators approached.


The Koran burning has inflamed anti-Western sentiment already smouldering in Afghanistan over abuses by US-led foreign troops, such as the release last month of a video showing US Marines urinating on the corpses of dead Afghans.


Four French soldiers were shot dead by an Afghan army colleague at their base in Kapisa province in late January shortly after that video was released.


Violent anti-US protests have seen furious Afghans attack French, Norwegian, UN and US bases, shouting "Death to America" after the Taliban exhorted their countrymen to kill foreign troops to avenge the Koran burning.


There were fresh protests in five different Afghan provinces Saturday over the burning of the Islamic holy book at the US airbase at Bagram near Kabul.


In the assault on the UN compound in Kunduz, five people were killed and 66 wounded, including 11 police, health ministry officials and police said.


The UN Afghanistan mission issued a statement thanking the police for their "timely response" and regretting their casualties.


"Although caused by legitimate defence, the United Nations also regrets the casualties among the demonstrators and expresses condolences to the families of those who lost their lives," it said.


It also called on protestors to "reject calls to violence ... in order not to allow the enemies of peace to take advantage of the situation."


In Mihtarlam, in the central province of Laghman, hospital officials told AFP 15 protesters had been brought in with gunshot wounds.


Rallies elsewhere in Afghanistan were largely peaceful, however, authorities said, with protesters chanting "Death to America" and "Long live Islam".


Karzai's government and the US-led NATO force have appealed for calm and restraint, fearful that Taliban insurgents are trying to exploit the anti-American backlash.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:15



February 26, 2012. David Pugliese Defence Watch


NATALIE STECHYSON of POSTMEDIA NEWS has the latest from the fallout of the Qur’an/Koran burnings and the killing of two U.S. military personnel by an Afghan:


Canada’s embassy in Kabul has suspended all meetings at Afghan ministries as violent protests over last week’s Qur’an burnings continue to spread across Afghanistan.


All Canadian staff — including diplomats, police, and Canadian Forces trainers and advisers — are safe and accounted for, said Yohan Rodericks, a spokesman for the Department of Foreign Affairs.


“We issued our normal security protocol and everyone is staying put at their locations,” Rodericks said.


The suspension of meetings is a temporary measure, Rodericks said, and the government of Canada continues to monitor the situation closely.


Demonstrations were sparked last Tuesday after Afghan workers at the U.S.-led military base, Bagram Air Field, witnessed soldiers burning copies of the Muslim holy book along with garbage in a pit.


Despite an apology from U.S. President Barack Obama, riots raged across the country for a sixth day on Sunday against the desecration of the holy book. Some protesters hoisted the white Taliban flag.


Two U.S. officers were killed at the Afghanistan interior ministry on Saturday — a move which led NATO to pull all its advisers out of government ministries — and on Sunday seven more U.S. officers were injured in a grenade attack on their base.


The protests have killed 30 people and wounded 200.


More than 900 Canadian military advisers are scattered across more than a dozen bases in Kabul and western Afghanistan.


On Thursday, Foreign Affairs advised Canadians to avoid all travel to Afghanistan as “the security situation remains extremely volatile and unpredictable.”

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:05



Feb 26, 2012 Spacewar.com (AFP)


Kabul - An explosion of outrage over the burning of the Koran in a US military base has plunged relations between Afghans and their Western allies to an all time low, analysts said Sunday.


Days of violent protests have seen Afghan security forces turn their weapons on US soldiers, rampaging demonstrators attack Western targets and NATO pull all its advisors out of government ministries.


"It has never been as bad as this and it could be a turning point" in the West's 10-year mission in the war-torn country, said Martine van Biglert of the Afghanistan Analysts' Network.


"There has been a very serious case of undermined trust and it really depends on whether it goes further downhill from here or the two sides get a chance to repair the damage," she told AFP.


At the heart of the escalating crisis is fear over Afghanistan's future when US-led NATO forces end combat operations in the war against Taliban insurgents in 2014 and hand security responsibility to the Afghan government.


"Fuses are very short, everybody is deeply concerned over the transition in 2014 and that has enhanced violent competition across the country," said Candace Rondeaux of the International Crisis Group.


"Relations have changed drastically. An accumulated sense of anxiety, anger and resentment has been building up for some time and it took a singular event -- the Koran burning -- to ignite a very big fire," she told AFP.


The US rushed to condemn the burning of Islam's holy book at the Bagram base north of Kabul, with President Barack Obama apologising to the Afghan people for what he said was a mistake and pledging the perpetrators would be punished.


But furious Afghans took to the streets across the country and tried to attack French, Norwegian, UN and US bases, shouting "Death to America" after the Taliban exhorted their countrymen to kill foreign troops to avenge the Koran burning.


At least 30 people died in five days of violent protests, including two US troops shot dead when an Afghan soldier turned his weapon on them as protesters approached their base in eastern Afghanistan.


Breaking point was reached when two senior American officers were shot and killed within the interior ministry in Kabul on Saturday, prompting the US commander to pull all advisors out of government ministries.


The Pentagon said the killings were "unacceptable" and called on Afghan authorities to better protect coalition forces and curtail raging violence.


The US, which leads a 130,000-strong military force fighting the Taliban-led insurgency, has advisors throughout the Kabul government.


The circumstances surrounding the shooting are still under investigation, but Taliban insurgents claimed the attack while a government source told AFP the two men were killed by a member of the Afghan police.


Cases of Afghan security forces turning on their Western allies have increased in recent years, with a leaked classified coalition report saying last month that they "reflect a rapidly growing systemic homicide threat".


Four French soldiers were gunned down by an Afghan colleague last month, prompting President Nicolas Sarkozy to announce an accelerated withdrawal of combat troops in 2013.


As pressure mounts on other Western governments to bring an early end to an unpopular campaign, fear grows among Afghans about their future.


"We expect violence to increase to the end of 2013 and after that we have the issue of transition, and uncertainty over the future is very high," said Afghan analyst Haroun Mir.


"There is a jockeying for power once the West leaves," he told AFP.


"People know that without the US -- and especially the financial assistance -- the Afghan government's survival will be difficult so people are already trying to show their allegiance to the Taliban and other insurgent groups."


President Hamid Karzai's government and NATO forces have appealed for calm and restraint, fearful that Taliban insurgents are trying to exploit the anti-American backlash.

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25 février 2012 6 25 /02 /février /2012 09:00



24 February 2012 - by Tony Skinner – Shepardmedia.com


The US Navy has completed operational testing of the Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) and the weapon will soon be deployed with US Marine Corps (USMC) helicopter units in Afghanistan.


The system, which is currently in low-rate initial production (LRIP) with contractor BAE Systems, concluded initial operational test and evaluation (IOT&E) testing in January following more than 50 test firings from USMC AH-1W and UH-1Y helicopters to ranges out to 5km.


Director of BAE Systems’ precision guidance solutions group John Watkins confirmed that the company was currently delivering APKWS to the USMC for fielding with operational units.


To date, the company has completed manufacture of 325 APKWS units under the LRIP I contract and is currently half way through production of a second lot of 600.


‘In terms of full rate initial production, we have now submitted our proposals and we expect to be on contract within the next couple of months,’ Watkins said.


‘That depends on a couple of factors – the navy is looking for about 1000 missiles and there is also a lot of international interest so there will be options in the contract for that as well.’


To equip AH-1W and UH-1Y helicopters, the USMC is looking for 1,000 systems in FY12, and 2000 in FY13. However, these totals do not reflect the expected requirements for AH-1Z, Fire Scout, other platforms, or international FMS requests for APKWS, which allows the unguided Hydras rocket to be converted into semi-active laser guided munitions.


Watkins said the company had already had interest from ‘half a dozen’ international users of the Hydra rocket and was confident of an export contract by the end of the year.


In late January the company fired its first APKWS from a fixed-wing aircraft, successfully hitting a target 5km away from a Hawker Beechcraft AT-6C.


Watkins said that given the need for low-cost reconnaissance and attack aircraft around the world, the test was a good example of the system’s ‘unpack and shoot’ flexibility.


He also highlighted the advantage of the sealed, mid-body design, which sees the wing-mounted laser seeker collection optics protected from adjacent rocket firings.


‘The other systems that have been developed have the seeker in the nose and the blast effect from adjacent rockets in the pod damages that seeker. So every time you shoot one, you lose 10% of the capability. That was one of the factors that caused the government to go with APKWS.’

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25 février 2012 6 25 /02 /février /2012 09:00



24/02/2012 Opérations - Sources : EMA


Le 16 février 2012, le détachement drone Harfang a effectué sa dernière mission sur le théâtre afghan après plus de 5000 heures de vol.


Le détachement était déployé sur la base de Bagram (RC Est) depuis février 2009, armé par une quarantaine d’aviateurs de l’Escadron Drones 01.033 Belfort de Cognac.




Avec plus de 5000 heures de vol réalisées sur le théâtre en 660 sorties, ce sont 3500 heures de vidéos qui ont pu être diffusées vers les forces et les centres de commandement. Environ 40% des missions des vecteurs Harfang ont été réalisées au profit des forces françaises et environ 60% au profit de contingents d’autres nations, principalement déployés dans la région Est.




Le Harfang , drone MALE (Moyenne Altitude Longue Endurance), est doté du système de liaison ROVER (Remote Operations Video Enhanced Recever) qui permet de diffuser en temps réel les images vidéo vers les troupes en contact. Le détachement assurait au profit de la FIAS des missions de reconnaissance en soutien à la planification des opérations et des missions de surveillance de zone, d’escorte de convois, en contribuant à la lutte contre les IED (Engin explosif improvisé) et à l’appui des opérations des troupes au sol.



Les deux aéronefs ont été démontés au cours des derniers jours et mis en caisse dans des containers spéciaux pour être ramenés en France au cours du mois de mars.




Le retour des aviateurs qui arment le détachement drone marque le début du 3e désengagement français d’Afghanistan. 400 militaires ont été désengagés en 2011 en octobre et décembre. 200 autres le seront d’ici fin mars 2012 avec les aviateurs du détachement Harfang et une compagnie de combat du groupement tactique interarmes (GTIA) Surobi.

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24 février 2012 5 24 /02 /février /2012 13:25



24.02.2012 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


L’affaire des Corans brûlés dimanche à Bagram a des conséquences inattendues. Un porte-parole de la Bundeswehr a annoncé que l'armée allemande a avancé son retrait de sa position de Talokan (nord).


talokan.jpgLes 60 soldats de la Bundeswehr déployés à Talokan se sont retirés jeudi de cette position qu'ils devaient quitter d'ici à la fin mars pour rejoindre la base de Kunduz à 70 km à l'ouest, emportant avec eux leurs équipements, véhicules, armes et munitions. Le porte-parole a expliqué qu'un retour éventuel à Talokan, une ville de 200 000 habitants, sera décidé "en fonction de la situation" sur le terrain.


Des manifestations de protestation avaient eu lieu jeudi dans le nord de l'Afghanistan contre l'incinération d'exemplaires du Coran sur la base militaire américaine de Bagram. A Talokan, 300 personnes avaient manifesté directement devant la base de la Bundeswehr.


La position allemande de Talokan avait été le théâtre de protestations en mai dernier. Les manifestants reprochaient à la force de l'Otan déployée en Afghanistan, (Isaf) la mort de plusieurs civils. L'intervention des forces de sécurité afghanes s'était soldée par la mort d'au moins dix personnes. Plusieurs dizaines d'autres avaient été blessées et les soldats allemands avaient également ouvert le feu.

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24 février 2012 5 24 /02 /février /2012 12:45


photo Armée de l'Air


24.02.2012 par Guillaume Belan (FOB)


Sur la base de Bagram en Afghanistan, l’heure est au rangement pour la quarantaine de militaires en charge du système Harfang. Ces derniers avec leurs deux drones Harfang et leurs équipements doivent repartir pour la France courant du mois de mars. La dernière évolution du drone français dans le ciel afghan a eu lieu le 16 février. La France, qui mettait en œuvre déjà peu de systèmes de drones MALE (Moyenne Altitude Longue Endurance), rapatrie donc ses deux seuls drones. Trois ans jour pour jour presque après le premier vol du Harfang en février 2009. Un retrait réalisé en bonne coordination avec l’ISAF, qui dispose d’une centaine de drones sur place, assure l’Etat Major des Armées. Il faut aussi dire que la cadence des opérations au sol s’est considérablement réduite. La plupart des drones engagés en Afghanistan sont des Reaper d’origine américaine, qui ont été aussi acquis par de nombreuses armées de la coalition (italien, anglais…). La France, qui a été à deux doigts d’acheter américain, a préféré développer sa propre filière, avec des plateformes israéliennes.


Le bilan était jugé bon, hier, par le colonel Burkhard, porte-parole de l’Etat Major des Armées, qui faisait le point sur les trois ans de déploiement du système. 75% des missions du drone MALE français auront été de la surveillance générale de zone. C’est à dire que le drone reste en vol au dessus d’un espace et fournit des renseignements au profit des troupes au sol, comme la détection de groupes, observation de comportements humains, véhicules… Très discret, le drone évolue entre 5000 et 8000 mètres d’altitude. A ces altitudes, le Harfang, bien qu’assez imposant (envergure de 16 mètres et pesant plus d’une tonne) est depuis le sol indétectable.  Au cours de ces trois années, 5% des missions du Harfang ont été réalisés au profit de troupes au contact, donc des unités engagées dans une action de combat, afin d’identifier les insurgés et d’appuyer la manœuvre au sol. Dans ce cas les images du drone arrivent directement aux troupes au sol via un JTAC (Joint Terminal Attack Controller) ou équipe de coordination de l’appui aérien intégrée dans les unités combattantes. Enfin 15% des missions ont eu pour objectif des missions de reconnaissance (cartographie…) et de soutien à la planification d’opérations.


Au total les systèmes Harfang auront réalisé 660 sorties, plus de 5000 heures de vol, fournit 3500 heures de vidéo et traité 5200 objectifs. Intégrés dans le dispositif aérien de l’ISAF, les drones ont été utilisé au profit des troupes françaises, pour 40% (en Kapisa et Surobi), mais pas seulement : 25% des missions l’ont été au soutien des forces américaines, 30% au profit des Polonais (basés eux aussi dans le Regional Command Est).


Pour mémoire, le Harfang (réalisé par EADS et IAI) dispose de deux moyens de liaisons de données avec la station sol : une directe (via un radar) d’une portée de 150 km ainsi qu’une liaison satellite (Satcom), précieuse pour un déploiement plus lointain (le drone affiche un rayon d’action de 1000 km) ou pour s’astreindre des reliefs géographiques (montagnes). Il est équipé de capteurs électro-optique, infra-rouge, radar haute résolution…


Le segment sol du système tient dans un shelter qui comprend une salle de briefing, une salle opérateurs (des systèmes d’observation et pilotage), une salle de préparation de mission et une pour l’exploitation d’images. Fin mars c’est 600 soldats français qui auront été retiré du théâtre afghan, il en reste sur le sol afghan 3400.

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23 février 2012 4 23 /02 /février /2012 18:35



22.02.2012 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


Le gouvernement afghan a officiellement accrédité cinq sociétés de sécurité alors que se poursuit la montée en puissance de l'Afghan Public Protection Force (une force créée par le décret 62 du président Karzaï pour remplacer les sociétés de sécurité privées locales et étrangères).


Mardi, trois nouvelles licences ont été attribuées à des Risk Mangement Companies. Il s'agit de Pilgrims Group, Scimitar et Silk Route. Deux licences avaient déjà été attribuées: l'une à Edinburgh International et l'autre à la société Separ (le 1er février).


Ces sociétés feront l'interface entre les clients et l'APPF; elles conseilleront et formeront ces forces para-étatiques qui, à compter du 20 mars, sont supposées se charger des escortes de convois, de la protection des projets de développement et de la sécurité des entreprises. Le projet afghan prévoit que toutes les bases de l'Isaf seront protégées par l'APPF à partir de mars 2013.

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23 février 2012 4 23 /02 /février /2012 18:05


Crédit ministère polonais de la Défense


Fév 22, 2012 Nicolas Gros-Verheyde (Bruxelles2)


Le gouvernement polonais en a décidé ainsi. Il souhaite prolonger la mission du contingent militaire polonais en Afghanistan et a adressé la demande formelle au président. L’engagement actuel se terminait le 13 avril, l’objectif est de la prolonger jusqu’au 13 octobre. Le contingent aura une taille sensiblement équivalente, avec un maximum de 2500 soldats, et une réserve disponible en Pologne de 200 personnels, mobilisables si nécessaire, selon l’agence polonaise PAP qui donne l’information. Coût de l’engagement supplémentaire : 503 millions de zlotys (environ 123 millions d’euros).


Le contingent polonais est basé dans la province de Ghazni, avec notamment la protection de la route Kaboul-Kandahar et Ghazni. A l’automne, le ministère polonais de la Défense devrait décider la réduction du contingent, suivant en cela le mouvement général déclenché par les Américains de retrait des forces d’Afghanistan, qui doit être achevé d’ici à 2014. Les forces de combat devraient progressivement diminuer jusqu’à ne compter qu’environ 1000 personnes.

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23 février 2012 4 23 /02 /février /2012 17:55


photo Sirpa Air


23/02/2012 GS – Air & Cosmos


L'état-major des armées confirme le départ des drones Harfang de l'Afghanistan.


Annoncé dès la semaine dernière dans Air&Cosmos, le départ des deux drones Harfang de l'armée de l'Air déployés en Afghanistan depuis février 2009 a finalement été confirmé ce matin par l'état-major des armées (EMA). Une ultime mission opérationnelle a été menée depuis la base de Bagram le 16 février.


Tirant le bilan de l'activité des drones moyenne altitude longue endurance (Male) français en Afghanistan, l'EMA a précisé que les appareils ont accumulé plus de 5.000 heures de vol sur le théâtre, au cours de 660 sorties dont "environ 500" étaient directement liées au soutien des opérations. Au total, 3.500 heures d'imagerie vidéo ont été recueillies par les boules optroniques des Harfang. Environ 40% des missions ont été réalisées directement au profit de la brigade française, 25% au profit de troupes américaines et 30% au profit d'éléments polonais.


Reconditionnés dans des containers aérotransportables, les deux vecteurs aériens et les systèmes de contrôle sol devraient regagner la métropole courant mars, à l'issue d'un transit aérien et maritime. Les deux Harfang iront rejoindre la base de Cognac et l'escadron drones ED-1/33 "Belfort". Sur les quatre appareils commandés, seuls trois (et autant de boules optroniques) sont encore opérationnels aujourd'hui.

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23 février 2012 4 23 /02 /février /2012 17:45



UIKs rapidly deployed to provide greater protection on multiple tactical vehicle platforms


22.02.2012 Oshkosh - army-guide.com


OSHKOSH, Wis. -- Oshkosh Defense, a division of Oshkosh Corporation (NYSE:OSK), and the U.S. military have reached a significant milestone in the ongoing battle against improvised explosive devices (IED) in Afghanistan, having recently completed the in-theater installation of the 3,500th Oshkosh MRAP All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) Underbody Improvement Kit (UIK) in less than seven months to give Warfighters new levels of protection against the threats.


In response to larger IEDs, Oshkosh worked closely with the MRAP Joint Program Office (JPO) to design and deliver the first M-ATV UIK in less than 30 days. The kits increase the M-ATV’s protection level beyond the initial requirements and are part of Oshkosh’s comprehensive strategy to help keep Warfighters safer on the battlefield without limiting mission-critical off-road mobility.


“Oshkosh Defense uses a modular approach to vehicle design, allowing the M-ATV and several other fielded platforms to accept a wide range of upgrades in-theater as threats evolve,” said John Bryant, vice president and general manager of Joint and Marine Corps Programs for Oshkosh Defense. “We design UIKs and test them thoroughly to meet the government’s stringent survivability requirements. Our Field Service Representatives then go wherever needed, including in-theater, to install the kits in rapid fashion.”


In addition to the M-ATV, Oshkosh produces UIKs to enhance protection for other vehicle platforms. The U.S. Army to date has ordered more than 400 UIKs, also known as C-Kit armor, for the Oshkosh Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT) A4.


Oshkosh is also developing and conducting independent testing of UIK enhancements for its wide range of light, medium and heavy tactical wheeled vehicle platforms, including the Army’s Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV).


Urgent In-Theater Installation


The MRAP JPO established 10 UIK installation sites in Afghanistan, while Oshkosh designed the lean process flow and specified, procured, packaged and delivered the tooling required to support the installations. Working together, the MRAP JPO’s universal workforce and Oshkosh installed the first 3,500 UIKs in less than seven months. Oshkosh to date has received orders for more than 8,000 M-ATV UIKs and continues to install the kits in-theater.


The Oshkosh UIKs take advantage of the M-ATV’s flexible design and industry-leading suspension system to accept additional armor. Similar to the M-ATV’s bolt-on armor, UIKs can be installed in-theater without the need for welding or major fabrication.


U.S. military technicians in Afghanistan have also installed 400 UIKs for a total of more than 3,900 M-ATVs with greater protection levels in-theater to date. Additionally, Oshkosh delivered more than 500 new M-ATVs with factory-installed UIKs.

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23 février 2012 4 23 /02 /février /2012 17:30

drone-harfang source Armee de l Air

photo Armée de l'Air


23.02.201 LeMonde.fr


La France va retirer d'ici à la fin de mars ses deux drones Harfang stationnés en Afghanistan et rapatrier la quarantaine de militaires chargés de leur mise en œuvre, a indiqué, jeudi 23 février, le ministère de la défense. Le Harfang est un drone MALE (moyenne altitude, longue endurance) – un avion de reconnaissance piloté à distance –, non armé, chargé notamment de recueillir des informations en appui des troupes au sol.


Avec le retrait des Harfang commence la troisième tranche du désengagement des troupes françaises d'Afghanistan, a indiqué le porte-parole de l'état-major, le colonel Thierry Burkhard, au cours du point de presse de la défense. A la fin du mois de mars, six cents soldats français auront ainsi été retirés du pays depuis le début du désengagement français entamé à la fin d'octobre 2011, et il n'en restera plus que trois mille quatre cents sur le terrain, a-t-il précisé.

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20 février 2012 1 20 /02 /février /2012 18:05



BISHKEK, February 20 (RIA Novosti)


The Kyrgyz president reiterated on Monday that the United States must withdraw all its troops from the Manas airbase in Kyrgyzstan when the current lease agreement expires in the summer of 2014.


The U.S. began operations at the Manas base near the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek in 2001 in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks to support military operations against the Taliban in Afghanistan. It remains a key supply facility for the ongoing military campaign there.


“There must be no foreign military contingent at the civil airport in Manas after the summer of 2014,” President Almazbek Atambayev was quoted as saying at a meeting with U.S. delegation led by Assistant Deputy Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Susan Elliott.


As soon as Atambayev assumed his post last November, he stated that Kyrgyzstan would not prolong the lease contract with the U.S. saying that he did not want a third country carrying out a retaliatory strike against the civilian airport.


The U.S. base serves now as a major transit point for supplying troops in Afghanistan. It also hosts a fleet of coalition aerial tankers for refueling fighter and surveillance aircraft used in Afghanistan.

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20 février 2012 1 20 /02 /février /2012 17:50



19.02.2012 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


Le Pentagone a annoncé un nouveau dispositif pour ses opérations à venir en Afghanistan (cliquer ici pour lire le communiqué). L'armée de terre va déployer des "Security Force Assistance Teams" dont le déploiement interviendra en milieu d'année (à partir d'avril jusqu'en août). Il s'agit de créer des équipes de 18 personnes (militaires et civils) qui vont conseiller et former les unités afghanes pour accélérer le transfert des responsabilités.


Selon le Pentagone une centaine de ces équipes sera déployée.


Comparables aux actuelles Military Transition Teams, ces équipes ne seront pas formées de personnels venant de plusieurs unités (à l'instar de nos OMLT) mais de la même formation. La liste des unités qui fourniront des équipes a d'ailleurs été diffusée par le Pentagone. Il s'agit des:


- 2nd BCT (brigade combat team), 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), Fort Campbell, Ky.
- 2nd BCT, 3rd Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, Ga.
- 3rd BCT, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Carson, Colo.
- 4th BCT, 1st Armored Division, Fort Bliss, Texas.
- 162nd Infantry Brigade, Fort Polk, La.
- 1st Army, Rock Island Arsenal, Ill.


Tous les personnels vont être formés en trois semaines au Joint Readiness Training Center de Fort Polk.

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20 février 2012 1 20 /02 /février /2012 08:40



18/02/12 AngolaPress


WASHINGTON - Le ministre afghan de la défense, le général Abdul Rahim Wardak, a estimé qu'une réduction d'un tiers des effectifs de l'armée nationale et de la police après 2014, proposée par les Etats-Unis et discutée à l'OTAN, ménerait à une "catastrophe", dans une interview publiée par le Wall Street Journal.


"Personne actuellement, sur la foi de quelque analyse que ce soit, ne peut prévoir quelle sera la situation de la sécurité en 2014. C'est imprévisible", a affirmé le général Wardak réagissant à une proposition de réduction des troupes de 352.000 à 230.000 hommes.


"La réduction doit prendre en compte la réalité sur le terrain", a-t-il averti.


"Autrement ce sera un désastre, ce sera une catastrophe, qui mettra en danger tout ce que nous avons accompli ensemble avec tant de sacrifice en hommes et en moyens", a-t-il ajouté.


La proposition de réduction des forces de sécurité, discutée lors d'une réunion ministérielle de l'Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord à Bruxelles, a été confirmée au quotidien par le lieutenant-général américain Daniel Bolger, commandant de la mission d'entraînement de l'Otan en Afghanistan.


Cette force afghane réduite, dont le coût serait de 4,1 milliards de dollars par an, correspond à "notre estimation de ce que la communauté internationale pourra fournir et à ce que les Afghans eux-mêmes pourront fournir", a indiqué Bolger. La proposition a été faite par "une équipe uniquement américaine" et ne reflète pas une position commune des gouvernements alliés, a-t-il précisé.

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20 février 2012 1 20 /02 /février /2012 08:00



18/02/2012 Sources : EMA


Le 5 février 2012, le Battle Group Tiger, renforcé des sapeurs du détachement d’ouverture d’itinéraire protégé (DOIP), a appuyé les forces de sécurité afghanes dans une opération de sécurisation de la vallée de Showki.


Dès 6h30, le DOIP et un détachement du BG Tiger ont quitté la FOB Nijrab pour ouvrir la route Vermont jusqu’à Mahmud-e-Raqi au profit des forces de sécurité afghanes. Arrivées sur place, les sections du BG Tiger se sont déployées aux abords des points sensibles à proximité du village de Ghiaskhel.


Puis, les éléments de la 3ème Brigade de l’armée nationale afghane (ANA), accompagnés des membres de la polices nationale afghane (ANP), ont procédé à des fouilles d'habitations suspectes.



Cette opération a contribué à assurer l'axe routier Vermont en vérifiant l'absence de mines et autres pièges explosifs. Elle a également permis aux forces de sécurité afghane (ANSF) de prendre en compte cette vallée de manière presque autonome.

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19 février 2012 7 19 /02 /février /2012 18:00



17 February 2012 - by Andrew White – Shepard group


Austrian C2 specialist Frequentis is to demonstrate a C2 application to the German Bundeswehr next week, designed to enable deconfliction between joint fire support cells.


Speaking to Shephard at the Singapore Airshow, company officials said the 'Smart Collaboration @ Joint Fires' software had been designed to tackle problems arising from fire support operations including close air support (CAS), in Afghanistan.


Defence sources, who conducted such operations with NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan during 2010 said a lack of deconfliction between fire missions had caused concern. They admitted that 'mistakes' had been made and called for a software programme to replace 'pen and paper' typically used in Tactical Operations Centres (TOCs) at that time.


Such fire support can be provided from a variety of units ranging from mortars and artillery through to attack helicopters, gunships, UAVs and fast air assets.


The programme has been specifically designed for ISAF operations. However, Frequentis officials described how the company would be required to negotiate with individual nations rather than the organisation as a collective.


'Next week, we have the first presentation for a German customer,' a company spokesman revealed while claiming that the Bundeswehr currently lacked such a capability. He added that the Australian military had also expressed an interest in the system.


Designed for command posts at brigade and division levels, the programme as exhibited at the air show comprised two large touchscreen displays that automatically uploaded data from joint terminal attack controllers and alike on the ground.


Displays include logging of friendly and enemy positions as well as target information; operational assessments including rules of engagement; risk assessment comprising 'danger close' parameters; and a compilation of effects available to complete the tasking.


Information is automatically disseminated to multiple touchscreens- also available in wi-fi tablet form- around an operations room allowing the various specialists involved in a CAS mission to see and verify all the data.


This, Frequentis said, would provide a level of transparency required for what has become a 'surgical' operation for coalition forces operating in Afghanistan, given the nature of missions conducted in and around an indigenous population.


Frequentis' technology based on air traffic management software currently used by US Air Force bases as well as Hong Kong International Airport.

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17 février 2012 5 17 /02 /février /2012 13:50



17/02/2012 Armée de Terre


Avant sa projection dans la région de Kaboul début avril 2012, le bataillon logistique (BATLOG) Voie sacrée a suivi 3 semaines d’instruction à Canjuers.


Dernière étape de sa préparation collective décentralisée, le camp de synthèse à Canjuers est le point culminant de la mise en condition opérationnelle du BATLOG Voie Sacrée.


Du 23 janvier au 9 février 2012, le détachement d’assistance opérationnelle (DAO) du 1er régiment de chasseurs d’Afrique (1er RCA) conduit cet exercice au profit des près de 450 militaires du BATLOG. Il s’achève par une première phase de validation avant projection (VAP), complétée ultérieurement à Mailly.


Pour coller à la réalité de l’opération PAMIR, le BATLOG s’entraîne avec une partie du matériel des régiments, mais aussi avec du matériel spécifique : véhicules de l’avant blindés, véhicules de transport logistique, porte engins blindés, véhicules spécialisés dans le transport et la distribution de carburant…


Le BATLOG prévoit son déploiement dans la région de Kaboul début avril 2012. Le 516e régiment du train (516e RT) de Toul forme l’ossature de ce bataillon armé également par plus de 40 unités, issues essentiellement de la 1re brigade logistique .


Le bataillon logistique assurera le soutien :

  • logistique de niveau 2 dans la zone française du théâtre afghan,
  • des éléments français stationnés dans l’agglomération de Kaboul,
  • vie et protection du camp de Warehouse.

« Fier de sa devise "Ne pas subir", fier de ses références historiques "la voie sacrée", fier de l’esprit Bigeard entretenu par le rôle prépondérant du 516e RT auprès du général et de sa famille depuis 30 ans et la compagnie parachutiste du 3e RMAT, le bataillon est désormais prêt à relever le défi. "Bataillon, suivez-moi !" », conclut le lieutenant-colonel Philippe Lecubain, chef de corps du 516e RT.

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17 février 2012 5 17 /02 /février /2012 12:50



Feb 17, 2012 By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jonathan P. Idle, USS Abraham Lincoln Public Affairs - ASDNews


The Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group (ALCSG) launched its first combat sorties this deployment in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Feb. 16.


The ALCSG, which was last in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility (AOR) in March 2011, is comprised of the most effective collection of assets in the Navy, said Capt. David Silkey, commander, Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 2.


"Having been deployed out here twice in a year and a half, we've played a huge role in the Navy's persistent presence in the AOR over the last couple of years," Silkey said. "Another trip out here is just business as usual for our guys. U.S. Navy assets have been in this region for more than 60 years, and we'll be here for decades to come, even long after the OEF mission is complete."


Lt. Troy Teasdale, a pilot assigned to the Bounty Hunters of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 2, said the OEF mission suits the professionals of CVW 2 quite well.


"We train our entire careers to properly execute what is asked of us," Teasdale said. "All of our aircrew are prepared to support coalition forces working hard to ensure security and stability throughout the region. We have the best maintenance team and aviators in the world to ensure we accomplish this demanding mission."


Rear Adm. Mike Shoemaker, commander, Carrier Strike Group (CSG) 9, said the strike group is well-equipped to assume the challenges of the OEF mission.


"The strike group's surface ships and aircraft squadrons are all manned, trained and ready," Shoemaker said. "We've done the preparation, now it's time to get to work."


CSG 9 consists of Lincoln, CVW 2, guided-missile cruiser USS Cape St. George (CG 71) and embarked Destroyer Squadron 9, comprised of guided-missile destroyers USS Momsen (DDG 92) and USS Sterett (DDG 104). The CVW 2 squadrons are the Bounty Hunters of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 2; the Vigilantes of VFA-151; the Kestrels of VFA-137; the Blue Blasters of VFA-34; the Sun Kings of Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 116; the Lancers of Electronic Attack Squadron 131; the Golden Falcons of Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 12; the Saberhawks of Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron 77; and the Providers of Carrier Logistics Support Squadron 30.


The ALCSG deployed Dec. 7, 2011, and is operating in the 5th Fleet AOR conducting maritime security operations, theater security cooperation efforts and support missions as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. Following deployment, Lincoln will change homeports from Everett, Wash., to Norfolk, Va., for a periodic refueling complex overhaul.

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