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8 mai 2013 3 08 /05 /mai /2013 07:35
Afghanistan : remise de décorations au contingent géorgien

07/05/2013 Sources : EMA

 

Le 6 mai 2013, lors d’une cérémonie sur le camp de Warehouse, les éléments français en Afghanistan ont officiellement remercié les militaires géorgiens avec qui ils assurent la sécurité du camp depuis 2009.

 

Au cours de cette cérémonie présidée par le général Adam, commandant les éléments français en Afghanistan, la médaille de bronze de la Défense nationale a été décernée à 8 officiers, sous-officiers et militaires du rang géorgiens, en remerciement de l’excellence des services rendus et de leur professionnalisme.

Afghanistan : remise de décorations au contingent géorgien

Depuis 2009, les militaires français et géorgiens se sont relayés pour assurer la protection et la garde du camp de Warehouse. Régulièrement, ils se sont entraînés côte à côte et ont effectué des séances de tirs communes.  Aux côtés de 50 militaires géorgiens, la compagnie protection est actuellement armée par le 1er régiment de Tirailleur (1er RT) d’Epinal.

 

Le général ADAM, lors de son discours, a tenu à rappeler ce lien : « Je me fais aujourd’hui le porte-parole de la France pour vous signifier toute sa reconnaissance pour les frères d’armes que vous êtes devenus pour elle. Cet honneur, vous le méritez pleinement  et vous pouvez être fier des missions que vous avez accomplies dans nos rangs. Nous espérons que vous garderez un peu de notre pays dans votre cœur au moment ou vous rentrerez dans vos foyers. Soyez assurés que nous conserverons tous la plus belle des images de la Géorgie et de son armée dont vous avez été les meilleurs ambassadeurs. »

 

Le capitaine Malkaz, commandant le contingent géorgien a remercié à son tour la France pour son accueil et émis le souhait de retravailler avec les militaires français. Depuis le 13 février 2013, ce contingent a effectué près de 30 missions, dans le but de sécuriser l’accès unique de Warehouse, sécuriser l’extérieur du camp à partir de tours d’observation et en effectuant des patrouilles à pied et en véhicules blindés.

 

Le dernier contingent géorgien sous commandement français quittera prochainement le camp de Warehouse.

Afghanistan : remise de décorations au contingent géorgien

La coopération opérationnelle mise en œuvre en Afghanistan a été favorisée par les mesures de coopération bilatérale engagées, et par ailleurs, à travers la formation, notamment dans le domaine de l’infanterie, et par la participation des forces géorgiennes aux cycles de mise en condition avant projection réalisés en France.

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6 mai 2013 1 06 /05 /mai /2013 11:35
photo EMA

photo EMA

 

02/05/2013 Sources : EMA

 

Les 23 et 25 avril 2013, les premiers matériels désengagés du théâtre afghan par la voie nord sont arrivés en France.

 

La France désengageait jusqu’à présent ses matériels d’Afghanistan par deux voies logistiques majeures. La première, directe ou dite « de bout en bout », relie l’Afghanistan à la France par voie aérienne (affrètement d’avions gros porteurs de type Antonov 124, Boing 747 ou iliouchine 76). Une seconde, dite « mixte », utilise un vecteur aérien à partir de l’Afghanistan vers un pays du Golfe, puis un vecteur maritime partant de ce même pays vers la France.

photo EMA

photo EMA

Le train est désormais inscrit dans la liste des vecteurs pouvant assurer le désengagement. La voie ferroviaire, sensiblement moins onéreuse que les deux autres, offre plus de souplesse et de fluidité pour le cadencement des rapatriements.

 

En janvier 2013, après une demande des autorités politiques françaises, les autorités Ouzbèkes et Kazakhes ont autorisé le passage de convois afin de permettre le transit de matériel en empruntant les infrastructures de ces deux pays. Ces premiers convois, réalisés par un prestataire de service privé, ont donné satisfaction et sont arrivés en France les 23 et 25 avril 2013. Ils permettront de désengager une partie de nos matériels dans les mois qui viennent.

photo EMA

photo EMA

En parallèle, les autorités pakistanaises ont de nouveau autorisé le passage des convois de l’ISAF par la voie sud. Le convoi réalisé permet à la France d’envisager favorablement cette option pour le désengagement de ses matériels. La diversité des voies logistiques de désengagement permet en outre de fluidifier le trafic et faire face à toute éventuelle difficulté sur les voies actuelles.

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6 mai 2013 1 06 /05 /mai /2013 11:35
photo EMA

photo EMA

 

 

30/04/2013 Sources : EMA

 

L’adjudant-chef Jérôme est en mission en Afghanistan depuis le mois de janvier 2013. Formateur à l’escadron des commandos de l’air (EFCA) stationné sur la base aérienne 102 de Dijon, il assure actuellement la protection rapprochée du général de brigade aérienne Philippe Adam, commandant des forces françaises en Afghanistan (FFA)

 

«  Le général Adam est la plus haute autorité militaire française présente sur le théâtre afghan. ». Pour l’adjudant-chef Jérôme, la protection d’une autorité est un métier qui ne laisse pas de place à l’amateurisme. Ancien sportif de haut niveau, sa passion pour les sports de combat l’a amené aujourd’hui à exercer la profession de garde du corps.

photo EMA

photo EMA

23 avril 2013, 7h30, le départ pour une mission se prépare. Jérôme explique : « Il n’existe pas vraiment de mission type. Même si le trajet est identique, l’approche est toujours différente parce que la situation sécuritaire évolue sans cesse. La préparation de la mission est donc une étape indispensable. » Lors du briefing, il donne les consignes à ses équipiers qui doivent connaître tous les détails de la mission comme la place de chaque voiture ou les mots code en cas de problème. L’adjudant-chef énonce ensuite le programme de la mission : « Aujourd’hui, nous partons d’abord pour le camp de Warehouse. Ensuite, nous nous rendrons dans la Green Zone. C’est l’un des quartiers à la fois les plus sécurisés et les plus dangereux de Kaboul, c’est ici qu’il y a le plus d’attentats. Il faut donc aller vite quand nous nous déplaçons».

 

Le trajet aller entre l’aéroport international de Kaboul (KAIA) et le camp de Warehouse s’effectue sans problème. Arrivés dans le centre de Kaboul, la circulation devient beaucoup plus dense. A ce moment, l’adjudant-chef Jérôme expose le danger potentiel de la situation : « Il faut donc toujours être vigilant parce que, malgré les dispositifs de sécurité mis en place, à tout moment, un suicide bomber peut s’approcher de notre convoi. Si nous nous arrêtons, un piéton peut aussi fixer une charge magnétique sur le véhicule. »

 

« On éclate ! Je passe en tête ! » En une fraction de seconde, les trois véhicules qui se suivaient jusqu’alors, se dispersent, changent de place et bloquent immédiatement la circulation : « je peux modifier le dispositif pour plus de sécurité… c’est d’ailleurs ce que je viens de faire ! » Souligne-t-il.

 

Arrivés à l’ambassade, le général s’entretient avec l’ambassadeur. Pendant ce temps, l’adjudant-chef Jérôme explique que « devenir un bouclier pour quelqu’un, c’est beaucoup de travail. Il faut aller contre sa nature et ça finit par devenir un acte réflexe ». Il ajoute aussi que la protection d’une autorité est un travail d’équipe qui nécessite de l’entrainement y compris avec le général Adam : « être une personne protégée est quelque chose qui s’apprend. Il faut savoir se placer. Il faut que le général sache à l’avance ce que nous allons faire pour lui. C’est donc un vrai travail d’équipe ».

 

« Face à un danger, tout homme normalement constitué se met à l’abri … sauf les gardes du corps »

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6 mai 2013 1 06 /05 /mai /2013 11:35
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

03/05/2013 Sources : EMA

 

Le 2 mai 2013, au large du Yémen, le bâtiment de commandement et de ravitaillement BCR Somme, navire amiral de la CTF 150, a porté assistance à un navire marchand pakistanais à la dérive.

 

Le BCR Somme est actuellement engagé au sein de la Task Force 150, volet maritime de l’opération Enduring Freedom. Mise en place au lendemain des attentats du 11 septembre 2001, la TF150 a pour objectif de lutter contre le terrorisme international et ses réseaux de soutien dans l’océan Indien. Depuis le 14 avril la France a pris la tête de l’opération en succédant à l’Australie. Elle coordonne ainsi une force multinationale composée notamment de bâtiments américains, australiens, canadiens, britanniques, saoudiens et pakistanais dans une zone comprenant la mer Rouge et le nord de l’océan Indien jusqu’au détroit d’Ormuz.

 

Composée de marins du bord ayant reçu un entraînement approprié, l’équipe de visite de la Somme peut, en conformité avec le droit international, monter à bord de navires pour prendre contact avec les équipages, vérifier les documents officiels ou encore contrôler les cargaisons à la recherche d’armes ou de drogue venant en soutien du terrorisme international.

 

En 3 jours, l’équipe de visite a contrôlé et porté assistance à deux boutres. Le 29 avril, l’équipe de visite est allé à a rencontre de pêcheurs iraniens. Invités par le capitaine, l’équipe – dont un médecin - a embarqué et pu échanger sur la situation dans la zone. Ce fut l’occasion de prodiguer quelques soins aux marins. Le 2 mai, la Somme portait assistance à un navire marchand pakistanais à la dérive suite à une avarie de moteur. La pièce cassée a été emmenée à bord de la Somme pour y être réparée.

 

L’état-major français la CTF 150 est actuellement embarqué à bord de la Somme pour un période de 4 mois et assume le commandement jusqu’en août prochain où il passera alors le relais au Pakistan.

photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 16:35
RAF Waddington takes command of MQ-9 Reaper UAV operations in Afghanistan

 

26 April 2013 airforce-technology.com

 

The UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) has started command and control operations of its MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in Afghanistan from a newly constructed facility at Royal Air Force (RAF) Waddington in Lincolnshire, UK.

 

Flown by the No. 13 Squadron personnel using ground control stations (GCS) earlier this week, the move marks the first time the UAVs have been operated from the UK, more than five years after their acquisition for conducting intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions in Afghanistan.

 

To date, the UK has been controlling the RAF's five Reaper drones from the Creech Air Force Base in Nevada, US, following launch from an airfield within Afghanistan, as it did not have the capability to control them from home bases.

 

Undisclosed military officials were cited by Guardian as saying that the 13 Squadron pilots in collaboration with the personnel in the US will now take charge of Reapers from an advanced and sophisticated UAV centre at RAF Waddington.

 

The centre, with three operating terminals, was built in 2012 under the supervision of the UK MoD, as part of the 2010 strategic defence and security review.

 

The 39 Squadron will not be disbanded and will continue operations until the end of 2014, when all Nato-led coalition forces will pull out from Afghanistan, the officials added.

 

Initially deployed unarmed in Afghanistan, the RAF Reapers have since been equipped with 500lb laser-guided bombs and Hellfire missiles by the MoD, which also ordered additional five units to tackle Taliban insurgents in October 2012.

 

Manufactured by General Atomics, the MQ-9 Reaper is a medium-to-high altitude, long-endurance (HALE) UAV designed to conduct close air support, air interdiction and intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance (ISTAR) missions.

 

Announced two days before a protest organised by Drone Campaign Network outside RAF Waddington, the move has also attracted sharp criticism from the Stop the War Coalition, which says the switching of control to the UK represents "an unwelcome expansion in the country's UAV programme".

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Afghanistan : l’Inspection des armées en Afghanistan

 

25/04/2013 Sources : EMA

 

Du 22 au 26 avril 2013, une délégation de l’inspection des armées (IDA) conduite par le vice amiral Carlier, adjoint à l’inspecteur des armées, est venue inspecter les forces françaises déployées en Afghanistan.

 

Les inspecteurs de l’IDA remplissent des missions d’étude,d’information et d’inspection en matière de doctrine générale d'emploi et d'organisation. En se rendant sur sa dernière inspection en Afghanistan, la délégation de l’IDA est allée à la rencontre des militaires sur le terrain chargés du désengagement. Ceci afin d’évaluer au plus près les difficultés rencontrées par les logisticiens dans cette manœuvre délicate.

 

La délégation s’est notamment rendue sur l’aéroport international de Kaboul (KAIA) dont le commandement de la structure militaire est armé par la France. Les éléments français initialement stationnés à Warehouse devront s’y regrouper d’ici à la fin du mois de juin.

 

Après s’être entretenue avec les médecins et les infirmiers de l’hôpital médico-chirurgical ou RÔLE 3, la délégation s’est rendue au camp Phoenix où sont regroupés les instructeurs de la mission EPIDOTE en charge de la formation de l’armée afghane.Une table ronde réalisée auprès des militaires français insérés au sein du quartier général de l’International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) est venu clôturer l’inspection.

 

Près de 1100 militaires français participent à l’opération PAMIR.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Army says no-go on extended tours for Soldiers in Afghanistan

 

April 26th, 2013 By Army News Service - defencetalk.com

 

Last month, the Army’s senior-most officer told lawmakers budget cuts could result in a decrease in training readiness for follow- on forces to Afghanistan that could result in extended tours for Soldiers already there. That is no longer the case.

 

During testimony on Capitol Hill April 23, Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Ray Odierno told members of the Senate Armed Services Committee that “difficult decisions” with regard to the Army budget have eliminated the possibility that Soldiers who are in Afghanistan now might need to stay longer due to the training-related delays of follow-on forces.

 

Chief among those difficult decisions are the 14 days of civilian furloughs the Army will implement later this year to help reduce costs. The savings there will help the Army train, Odierno said.

 

“That’s allowing us to have enough money to invest in the training of the units that will be placed in Afghanistan, so we will not have to increase tour length,” he said. “We’ve had to make some very difficult decisions here in fiscal year 2013 in order to ensure we do not extend those tour lengths. So they were tough, difficult decisions; but we believe tour lengths will remain the same and we will be able to train the forces that follow up those units.”

 

SHRINKING ARMY

 

A primary concern for legislators was the cut in forces the Army will experience between now and the end of fiscal year 2017, coupled with the force cuts that could come with additional sequestration. Right now, the plan for active-duty Army force cuts requires the Army to drop to just 490,000 Soldiers by the end of fiscal year 2017. In 2010, the Army was at 570,000 Soldiers. That’s a cut of 80,000 Soldiers.

 

Additional sequestration could require the Army to cut even more Soldiers, possibly more than 100,000 troops. Though the cuts would come from all three components, Odierno said that about half of that would come from the active force. Were that to happen, the Army might drop to 440,000 Soldiers. That’s a number Odierno said will affect what Americans can expect of the Army.

 

At 490,000 Soldiers, Odierno said the Army “would have enough capability to do one major contingency, maybe something a bit smaller. If we cut another 80-100,000 out, we now put in to question our ability to respond to large-scale major contingencies. And we certainly will not be able to do anything above that.”

 

INDUSTRIAL BASE

 

Coming out of Iraq and Afghanistan, the Army now has “less need to buy things,” Secretary of the Army John M. McHugh told senators. That hurts the ability of America’s industrial base to sustain itself.

 

Concern about the industrial base stems from the Army’s need to have a place to turn, at a moment’s notice, to procure war-fighting materiel.

 

McHugh told lawmakers the Army is working on two fronts to assess the effects of drawdown and sequestration on America’s industrial base. Firstly, he said the Army is working with the Department of Defense to set up the metrics in which to feed “consumption data.” Results from that, he said, will be able to “come up with those kinds of red flags” that can be used to identify problems with the industrial base.

 

The Army is also, on its own, working with a civilian analysis firm to better understand the threats to the industrial base. A report from that effort should be available in June, he said.

 

“The first step is knowing where problems lie; the second is trying to use diminishing resources to protect it,” McHugh said.

 

HOLLOW FORCE

 

Odierno said the Army, post-Vietnam, suffered from lack of training and a lack of discipline. Then, he said, the Army was a hollow force.

 

“For the next 15 years we focused on improving our readiness, improving our modernization, and improving our training programs,” he said. “We revolutionized how the Army did our business. I was fortunate enough to grow up in that environment.”

 

The steepness of cuts from sequestration, he said, “could lead us back to where we were in the late 1970s.”

 

Right now, “the full impact of not having enough money to train has not fully hit yet. It’s just beginning to hit.” If it continues, he said, there will be training shortages and readiness issues. “We’ll have some real challenges on our hands.”

 

Training shortages and readiness issues, the general said, could lead to a lack of faith among Soldiers — causing Soldiers who now have great combat experience to want to leave the Army.

 

“We still have time to ensure we can keep the best in our Army,” he said. Doing that means predictable budgets that allow the Army to remain the best, and to prove to Soldiers the Army is “the right size, and ready and trained to deploy.”

 

BCT REDCUTIONS

 

As part of a mandated drawdown of forces — the one expected to take the Army to 490,000 Soldiers, the Army must also eliminate some of its force structure. That means the service will eliminate eight brigade combat teams. Already, two brigade combat teams, known as BCTs, from Europe have been eliminated. Six more will be eliminated in the future, McHugh told lawmakers.

 

On a path to deciding which BCTs will be eliminated, the Army has already completed assessments at 21 installations to measure the impact.

 

Now the Army will hold public meetings near the installations to hear what civilians have to say.

 

We’re in “the process of holding public listening sessions in over 30 locations throughout the Army to receive input from the communities that surround places like Fort Carson (Colo.) and others, to make sure we have the fullest record possible to make those very important decisions.”

 

The Army will also develop a list of criteria it will use to make determinations about what can be cut. That list, McHugh said, should be available in June.

 

Odierno told lawmakers that while some BCTs might be eliminated, other BCTs could be increased in size.

 

It’s not just “flags or the numbers of units,” Odierno said. “But instead, numbers of people.”

 

Reorganizations of BCTs, he said, could mean “we might make them larger,” Odierno said. “So we might eliminate flags, but it wouldn’t be a total loss of BCT, because we would add a third maneuver battalion to the BCT. Don’t focus on the flags, focus on the numbers.”

 

Both Odierno and McHugh told lawmakers they supported the one percent pay raise for Soldiers, as well as an increase in premiums for Tricare. McHugh and Odierno both agreed the cost of Tricare has gone up, with McHugh saying while everybody wants to maintain the “status quo,” the cost of providing Tricare has “skyrocketed over the last 10 years.”

 

Odierno pointed out that while the benefits associated with Tricare have increased, the cost to beneficiaries has not kept up.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:20
Afghanistan: des millions partis en fumée pour rien sur une base américaine

 

25 avril 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

WASHINGTON - L'armée américaine a dépensé cinq millions de dollars dans un incinérateur sur une base en Afghanistan en pure perte obligeant les militaires à brûler leurs déchets à ciel ouvert malgré les risques sanitaires, dénonce un rapport.

 

En juin 2010, le corps des Ingénieurs de l'Armée de Terre a passé un contrat de 5,4 millions de dollars avec une société turque pour qu'elle construise deux incinérateurs d'une capacité de huit tonnes chacun sur une base avancée, la FOB Salerno, située dans la province de Khost (est), relate l'Inspection générale spéciale pour la reconstruction de l'Afghanistan (Sigar), chargée de contrôler comment les fonds gouvernementaux sont dépensés.

 

La seule chose que ces incinérateurs ont brûlé, c'est l'argent du contribuable, dénoncé le patron du Sigar, John Sopko, dans un communiqué. Pire, brûler à la place les déchets dans une décharge à ciel ouvert met en danger la santé de nos troupes, regrette-t-il.

 

L'armée a pris réception de cet incinérateur bien que sa construction ne soit pas totalement terminée et si sa capacité était suffisante à condition qu'il fonctionne 24 heures sur 24, il était irréaliste de l'utiliser plus de 12 heures par jour en raison des menaces talibanes contre la base.

 

Quelque 4.000 soldats ont été stationnés sur la FOB Salerno au plus fort de l'engagement américain.

 

Par manque d'entretien, l'installation s'est délabrée, pointe encore le Sigar. Outre les frais de réparation, son utilisation coûterait un million de dollars par an, alors que la FOB Salerno doit fermer à la fin de l'année 2013 dans le cadre du retrait progressif des troupes américaines.

 

Pour se débarrasser des 16 tonnes de déchets produits par jour sur cette base, l'armée les brûle bien qu'on sache qu'il y a des risques potentiels pour la santé du le personnel de la base en raison des fumées toxiques, dénonce-t-il.

 

De nombreux vétérans ont déjà intenté des poursuites contre l'armée, soutenant avoir été intoxiqués par ces fumées. Sur son site un internet, un avocat, David Huffman, recense 69 bases américains en Irak et Afghanistan où les déchets ont été incinérés à ciel ouvert.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 16:35
NATO says war against Afghan's Taliban being won

 

Apr 25, 2013 ASDNews (AFP)

 

NATO insisted Thursday that the war against the Taliban in Afghanistan is being won, despite reports by other organisations of a sharp upsurge in insurgent attacks this year.

 

US General Joseph Dunford, head of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), said there was "indisputable" progress towards the goal of a secure and stable nation.

 

A study by the Afghanistan NGO Safety Office found attacks by the Taliban and other insurgents rose 47 percent in January-March compared with the same period last year.

 

The United Nations has separately reported a rise of almost 30 percent in civilian casualties in the first quarter compared with the same period last year, with 475 civilians killed and 872 wounded.

 

Dunford in a statement gave no figures for attacks but said 80 percent of them were in areas where less than 20 percent of the population lives.

 

Equally importantly, he said, surveys showed that Afghans "will simply not tolerate the oppressive policies imposed by the former Taliban government".

 

The Taliban's 1996-2001 government was toppled by a US-led invasion. The militants have battled the current Western-backed government and US-led foreign troops ever since.

 

The 100,000-strong ISAF force will end its combat mission by the end of next year and Afghan forces will soon take nationwide responsibility for security despite lingering concerns about their competency and motivation.

 

The ISAF chief said insurgents would face a combined Afghan army and police force of more than 350,000. It was "steadily gaining in confidence, competence, and commitment", he said.

 

"While numerous challenges remain, there are some basic facts that highlight the improved security across the country," Dunford said.

 

He said almost eight million children are in school, 40 percent of whom are girls, compared with one million -- almost all boys -- under the Taliban.

 

In 2002 only nine percent of Afghans had access to basic health care while now 85 percent can reach medical facilities in an hour, he said, and life expectancy was steadily rising.

 

"Under the Taliban, there were only 10,000 fixed phone lines, and today there are over 17 million people using cellphones," Dunford said.

 

Women now hold more than 25 percent of the seats in parliament and have a small but growing presence in the army and police, he said.

 

Some analysts are less confident.

 

"ISAF appears to have a strategy of optimism. It tries to find statistics to bolster the case that it is winning the war," said Kate Clark of the independent Afghan Analysts Network (AAN).

 

For example the rise in cellphone use, she told AFP, is due to the spread of new technology, not the fall of the Taliban.

 

"The Taliban are shifting targeting from foreign forces to Afghan forces and civilians connected with the government," Clark said. "You have to ask if the tide is really turning: it may not feel like that on the ground."

 

Military analyst Gary Owen, in a blog posting on the AAN website, said attrition -- the loss of a soldier through desertion, death or injury -- was the most serious problem facing the Afghan army.

 

He said it lost 27 per cent of its fighting force to attrition from October 2011 to September 2012.

 

In February, US officials said ISAF incorrectly reported a seven percent decline last year in Taliban attacks, saying that the number of attacks for 2012 had been roughly the same as the previous year.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
hélicoptère Mi-8

hélicoptère Mi-8

 

MOSCOU, 24 avril - RIA Novosti

 

Des chefs de tribus locaux négocient la libération des otages - un Russe, un Kirghiz, sept Turcs et un Afghan - pris par les talibans dimanche en Afghanistan, rapporte mercredi l'agence Pajwak.
 
"Les chefs de tribus ont été autorisés à s'entretenir avec les otages", a déclaré Abdul Wali Wakil, chef du Conseil provincial du Logar, province dans laquelle un hélicoptère civil Mi-8 a effectué dimanche soir un atterrissage d'urgence.
 
Ayant confirmé la tenue de négociations entre les chefs de tribus locaux et les insurgés, il a précisé qu'un des otages, un Turc, avait reçu des médicaments via les négociateurs car il semblait souffrir de problèmes cardiaques. 
 
Selon le porte-parole du gouvernement de la province du Logar, Din Mohammad Darvish, la partie afghane est somme toute optimiste quant à un dénouement heureux de l'incident, mais il est trop tôt pour dire quand les prisonniers pourraient être relâchés.
 
Un hélicoptère civil Mi-8 reliant Khost à Kaboul a effectué dimanche soir un atterrissage d'urgence dans la province afghane du Logar (est) en raison d'une météo défavorable. Les forces de sécurité afghanes ont retrouvé l'hélicoptère vide. Les talibans ont déclaré avoir kidnappé les passagers et les membres d'équipage de l'appareil. Il s'agit du plus important enlèvement d'étrangers au cours des six dernières années en Afghanistan.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Afghan Air Force Waits on Light Attack Aircraft

April 23rd, 2013 by Richard Sisk - defensetech.org

 

Despite years of effort by U.S. trainers, the fledgling Afghan Air Force still lacks the planes and the pilots to bomb and strafe in support of its own ground forces and won’t have that ability anytime soon, the top U.S. air commander in Afghanistan said Tuesday.

 

“They don’t,” Air Force Maj. Gen. H.D. “Jake” Polumbo said when asked if the AAF had the ability to back up the Afghan army in combat. “They have no close air support capability as we would define it. It will take time,” said Polumbo, director of the air component of the International Security Assistance Force.

 

In a video briefing to the Pentagon from Kabul, Polumbo said that the AAF should begin getting attack aircraft sometime in 2014 with the hoped for arrival of the first of 20 Embraer A29B Super Tucano light air support prop planes which the U.S. bought for the AAF for $427 million.

 

But that timetable assumes that the Super Tucanos will survive another challenge for the contract from Beechcraft (formerly Hawker Beechcraft), maker of the competing AT-6B Texan II prop plane. The General Accountability Office is currently reviewing the viability of the Beechcraft challenge, and another round of lawsuits was a possibility.

 

Kansas lawmakers are backing the challenge from Kansas-based Beechcraft while Florida and Ohio politicians are rallying round the Super Tucano, which would be assembled in Jacksonville, Fla., with avionics made by the Sierra Nevada Corp. at a plant in Centennial, Ohio.

 

And even assuming that the Super Tucanos arrive on time, there is still the problem of finding Afghans who can be trained to fly them.

Afghans who have been showing up for training in the Afghan Air Force couldn’t read and write, Polumbo said, and an entire class had to be sent home recently because they were illiterate. Flying the Super Tucano “requires English and full literacy capabilities,” Polumbo said.

 

“Building the AAF from the ground up is no easy task,” said Polumbo, echoing the sentiments of his predecessor as air commander, Maj. Gen. Todd Wolters.

 

The AAF currently has about 6,000 personnel in the projected overall force of 352,000 soldiers and police in the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), but Polumbo said the “early signs are encouraging” for the new Afghan airmen.

 

The AAF currently is flying aging Russian-made Mi-17 and Mi-35 helicopters but adding the fixed-wing ability to support ground troops was vital as NATO forces withdraw all combat troops by the end of 2014, Polumbo said. “We know that (tactical) air is a critical enabler,” said Polumbo, who doubles as commander of the 9th Air and Space Expeditionary Task Force-Afghanistan. “The Taliban have no match for it.”

 

The Afghans and the remaining NATO forces will have to rely for close air support on U.S. and allied fixed-wing aircraft. As the troops withdraw, the air support will increasingly come from “over the horizon” from U.S. carriers in the Persian Gulf and Gulf airbases, Polumbo said.

 

When the troops are withdrawn, the focus of the air war in Afghanistan will shift to drones for tactical air and reconnaissance, Polumbo said.

 

“I come back to the remotely piloted aircraft,” Polumbo said. “They can collect intelligence, but they also are armed. And they’re armed to be able to provide force protection to our coalition forces and then when our coalition ground force commanders, when they deem it appropriate, they can control that air-delivered munition capability from the RPAs to be put in support of the Afghans.”

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 16:35
Soviet tanks leave afghanistan in 1989 source BBC

Soviet tanks leave afghanistan in 1989 source BBC

MOSCOU, 19 avril - RIA Novosti

 

La direction de l'Otan a décidé de tenir compte de l'expérience de l'URSS pour le retrait de ses troupes d'Afghanistan, prévu pour 2014. En effet, les effectifs de l’alliance coïncident parfaitement avec ceux de l'armée soviétique en Afghanistan de 1988, écrit vendredi le quotidien Kommersant.

 

Plusieurs sources affirment que les représentants de l'Otan s'intéressent de près aux dossiers traitant du retrait des troupes soviétiques d'Afghanistan, ce que confirme une source de l'état-major des forces armées russes. Selon elle, l'Otan a contacté fin mars le ministère russe de la Défense pour demander officieusement un accès aux informations sur le retrait des troupes soviétiques d'Afghanistan en 1989. L'alliance souhaiterait rencontrer les responsables de l'époque et analyser les documents du ministère de la Défense portant sur la période afghane. De plus, l'Otan voudrait comparer les capacités de mobilisation de l'URSS à la fin de la campagne afghane à ses possibilités actuelles afin d'avoir un tableau plus clair et comprendre où et à quel moment des erreurs ont été commises.

 

"Il n'y a aucune raison de décliner la requête de nos partenaires, déclare une source du ministère de la Défense. Si cette information s'avérait utile, cela permettrait de renforcer notre dialogue.

 

" La source rappelle également que la stabilisation de la situation en Afghanistan est une priorité non seulement pour l'Otan mais aussi pour la Russie et l'OTSC (Organisation du traité de sécurité collective).

 

Selon les sources russes proches du Conseil Otan-Russie, l'intérêt de l'alliance n'est pas ponctuel. L'Otan s'était déjà intéressée à l'expérience afghane de l'URSS : fin 2011, ce thème avait été soulevé lors d'un entretien entre le général Boris Gromov (vétéran de la guerre en Afghanistan et ex-ministre adjoint de la Défense), gouverneur de la région de Moscou de l'époque, et la délégation de l'alliance présidée par le chef de l'Otan en Europe, l'amiral James Stavridis.

 

Les représentants de l'Otan n'affichent pas officiellement leur intention de faire appel à l'expérience soviétique. Le général Knud Bartels, président du Comité militaire de l'OTAN qui s'est rendu à Moscou en décembre dernier, a déclaré publiquement que l'alliance n'avait pas utilisé l'expérience soviétique pour la planification du retrait des troupes d'Afghanistan.

 

Les sources russes expliquent que de toute évidence, l'Otan souhaite éviter qu'on associe sa campagne afghane actuelle à la présence des troupes soviétiques – une période qualifiée d'"occupation" en Occident. C'est probablement ce qui explique le caractère officieux de la demande de l’alliance.

 

Fin mars, la presse britannique avait publié des extraits du rapport "Les leçons du retrait des troupes soviétiques d'Afghanistan", affirmant que l'Otan répétait les erreurs de l'URSS dans sa campagne afghane. Le document explique que chaque campagne a eu pour but d'imposer à l'Afghanistan une idéologie : communiste dans le cas soviétique et démocratique dans le cas de l'Otan. Selon les analystes britanniques, le gouvernement central était dans les deux cas soutenu par des forces extérieures, corrompu et impopulaire.

 

Les experts russes pensent que l'appel de l'Otan est tout à fait justifié. "C'est un axe très prometteur de coopération mais on ignore dans quelle mesure ce sera affiché, a déclaré Dmitri Danilov, chef du département de la sécurité européenne à l'Institut de l'Europe. L'expérience afghane de Moscou implique une grande base d'informations et une connaissance de la situation intérieure, y compris la disposition des forces et les relations interethniques. Beaucoup de choses ont changé depuis l'époque soviétique mais la continuité demeure et par conséquent, il ne faut pas sous-estimer cette expérience."

 

Des pourparlers à ce sujet pourraient se tenir pendant la conférence internationale pour la sécurité organisée par le ministère russe de la Défense, les 23 et 24 mai à Moscou.

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 16:35
indian-army source indiatoday

indian-army source indiatoday

17 Apr , 2013 Lt Gen Prakash Katoch; former Lt Gen Special Forces, Indian Army - indiandefencereview.com

 

A study released by the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, USA on 14 Jan 2013 has totaled the direct spending by the US on the war in Afghanistan for the period FY2001 to FY2013 as $641.7 billion. Of this, $198.2 billion (over 30 per cent) will be spent in FY2012 and FY2013.Bulk of the total spending and aid has been allocated since FY2009 – after insurgency reached high levels – clear case of too much, too late.

 

More significantly, it states that vast majority of aid went to the ANSF and ‘not’ on development. This indicates a US priority weighted on military expenditure and not on economic development. The emerging overall US doctrine implies US will not take primary responsibility for events but allow regional crises to play out until a new regional balance is reached.

 

However, US will continue controlled engagement in accordance with its national interests. This is how the game will play out in Afghanistan, Syria and other conflict areas including Asia-Pacific. This matches Obama’s January 2013 speech of “a decade of war having ended and time having come for reviving economy”. Barry Cooper, Senior Fellow, Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, wrote thus on 8th January 2013 in Calgary Herald…“Most important are our own interests: we are willing to let Pakistan (and even Iran) establish spheres of influence in Afghanistan because at the end of the day, we really don’t care how Afghans govern themselves”.

 

A run up to future instability and chaos in Afghanistan has already commenced. John M Gillete wrote in Small Wars Journal on 05 Feb, 2013, “ANSF has committed extraordinary assets to road clearing/ security… over large parts of the country offensive operations have ceased entirely and, in cases even resulted in a withdrawal of security forces from key terrain… without adequate supplies and effective communications large portions of the east, south and west are effectively isolated from Kabul… abandonment of key terrain have caused increasing numbers of security force personnel to become disillusioned and normally high attrition rates have swelled to epidemic levels that greatly exceed the rate at which new recruits are being added.”

 

Earlier, in December 2012, John Glaser writing in AntiWar.com had reported that   around 50,000 Afghan soldiers (about 26 per cent)  quit the army annually, so do eight per cent of Afghan police officers every year quite contrary to the “rosy picture” Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and top US military officials have been painting.

 

As per Chris Sands (Global Post, Kabul – 20 Feb 2013), parts of Afghanistan have already descended into ethnic violence and civil conflict. In the southern province of Urugzan, a militia headed by a Hazara (ostensibly backed by US) is accused of deliberately destroying houses, raping women and murdering dozens of civilians. Up north, Northern Alliance is remobilising in case internationally supported talks with the Taliban see them return to power. Then there also have been reports of extremists from CAR, particularly from Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) fighting alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan.

 

The US will be content if Northern Afghanistan holds as a buffer between Taliban and CAR. The power vacuum in southern and eastern Afghanistan may not be addressed if the US decides to restrict itself to training role and the ANSF resorts to fortress defence in face of mounting Taliban pressure. SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) will likely have increased influence in Afghanistan but China will unlikely commit any troops unless Chinese interests are directly threatened.

 

However, there is possibility of increased NATO-CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization) cooperation since China cannot provide security for her investments in the region and Russia understands the adverse effect of Taliban reaching Kabul. There has been some speculation of another international force like that from OIC countries but this remains speculative. A force under the UN flag too is unlikely as it comes into being only when both parties agree. So who is the other party besides Afghanistan; Taliban will not agree and Pakistan will say it was never involved. Can a UN force thus be deployed only on Afghanistan’s request to fight terror?

 

In the evolving situation in Afghanistan, Pakistan will continue to exert its influence to keep Afghanistan within its sphere of influence. Michael Hughes, geopolitical journalist spoke thus of Kayani in July 2010… “Kayani was brazen enough to try and inveigle Afghanistan to strike a power-sharing arrangement with the Haqqanis. And Kayani, apparently the spokesperson for the Haqqani group, said they’d be willing to split from and denounce Al Qaeda, which is President Obama’s primary rationale for the war. However, there is a higher probability of General Kayani converting to Hinduism than there is of the Haqqani Network ever being decoupled from Al Qaeda… Nine years, nearly $300 billion dollars and 1900 dead coalition soldiers later, the US has officially verified that the entire war effort has been focused on the wrong side of the mountains”.

 

Agha H Amin, a defence analyst and a former Pakistan army officer reinforces this by saying, “Utopians in India are jubilant that Pakistan has made peace with India. Nothing in reality can be farther from the truth… the real picture of true intentions of the Pakistani military will emerge when the US withdraws from Afghanistan. This will be the time when the Russians, Iranians and Indians will have no choice but to support the Northern Alliance against Pakistan sponsored Taliban who regard all Shias, Ismailis, non-Pashtuns, moderate Pashtuns as infidels who deserve to be massacred”.

 

Calls being raised for Indian military deployment in Afghanistan post 2014 are grossly unwise being out of sync with ground realities. In the first place, there has been no request from Afghanistan for the same. Secondly, supply lines would perforce have to pass through Pakistan which would make the move a non-starter.

 

In any event, sending Indian troops to Afghanistan when Karzai seeks the removal of all foreign troops is certainly not an option. India should however provide militarily assistance to Afghanistan. This could take the form of assisting Afghanistan in establishing country wide Industrial Security Force, reducing unemployment and providing security for mining, infrastructure and development projects to boost economy.

 

In addition, besides assisting in the training of Afghanistan’s young officers, India could assist ANSF set up Afghan National Army Officers Academy (ANOA) and provide instructors (as required by ANSF) to facilitate modulate US/NATO concepts of war fighting to Afghan requirements. India could also supply military equipment to Afghanistan consistent with envisaged Taliban/Al Qaeda threat – in conjunction/consultation with other countries. It could also look into having joint military exercises both in India and Afghanistan for counter terrorism,  operations under UN and special operations and regular exchange of intelligence teams as part of ‘Security Cooperation’ under the India-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement 2011.

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21 avril 2013 7 21 /04 /avril /2013 11:35
After ISAF: Germany Commits Troops for Post-2014 Mission

German soldiers in Afghanistan: Will other countries follow Germany's example after most Western troops withdraw?

 

April 19, 2013 – By Matthias Gebauer - spiegel.de

 

In a surprise move, Germany's government announced on Thursday plans to keep up to 800 military trainers in Afghanistan after NATO combat troops withdraw in 2014. Though perhaps bold and symbolic, the move is also tactical in terms of upcoming elections.

 

For some time now, the secrecy adopted by the German government on anything related to the country's deployment in Afghanistan has been so extreme that it sometimes borders on the conspiratorial. The government is stating very little publicly, and its decisions appear to be tightly choreographed.

 

Given these circumstances, an almost hour-long meeting around noon on Thursday between Chancellor Angela Merkel, Defense Minister Thomas de Maizière, Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle and Development Minister Dirk Niebel at the Chancellery in Berlin seemed almost like a state secret. Not a single one of the ministers wanted to even confirm that the meeting had taken place. When pressed by journalists, they only revealed that they would make an important announcement about Afghanistan in the afternoon.

 

What Westerwelle and de Maiziére would later announce was, in fact, astounding. Although there have been several declarations of intent, on Thursday, Germany became the first NATO country to announce its firm intention to participate in a training mission for the Afghan army after the current ISAF mission ends in 2014.

 

Berlin also announced concrete figures for its commitment. For the first two years after the end of 2014, the ministers said Germany could imagine leaving 600 to 800 soldiers in northern Afghanistan -- although they stressed that these would be deployed as trainers and instructors rather than as combat troops. According to Berlin's vision, the contingent of Germans assisting the Afghans would then be reduced to around 300 starting in 2017. Germany currently has 4,135 soldiers stationed in the country.

 

A Bold and Perhaps Symbolic Move

 

With Thursday's announcement, two things are certain. One is that Germany's armed forces, the Bundeswehr, will continue to play an important role in the Hindu Kush region, even following the withdrawal of NATO combat units. After the Americans, it appears the Germans will be the second-largest supplier of troops for the post-ISAF mission, which NATO has been dubbed operation "Resolute Support."

 

And, second, the announcement indicates that the German government has accepted the request by the United States that Germany maintain its leadership role in northern Afghanistan even after 2014. It had been precisely this point that had led to months of arduous internal wrangling in Berlin, especially given the fact that such a role would require the presence of considerably more soldiers than Germany had initially intended to provide.

 

The surprising naming of numbers is tightly linked to these concerns. Berlin had actually wanted to wait for the US, as the largest military power present in Afghanistan, to set the tone. So far, Washington has only hinted that it might provide up to 5,000 soldiers for the training force. Washington would like to see the rest of the planned military-training units, which are to be collectively comprised of 8,000 to 12,000 personnel, to be staffed by troops from other countries.

 

With Washington unable to decide and postponing a detailed plan until the fall of 2013, Berlin has opted for another solution. The number of troops it is proposing to deploy is designed to encourage smaller nations -- such as Sweden, Norway and even Mongolia -- to support the German mission in northern Afghanistan. If that works out, one could soon muster the 1,500 soldiers presumably needed for the mission in the north.

 

Berlin's efforts to push ahead within NATO could be viewed as bold. In recent years, NATO countries have generally been slow to commit to the framework for a new, post-2014 Afghanistan mission that was endorsed by defence ministers from NATO Allies and ISAF partner nations in October 2012. Talks on troop deployment were more like games of poker, with participants playing their cards close to their chest, than discussions among allies. Given Germany's abstention in a 2011 UN vote on authorizing the use of force against Libya, which led many to accuse Germans of being shirkers, Berlin's decision to move forward on this issue alone might also be highly symbolic.

 

A Matter of Precise Timing

 

Germany is planning to launch its bid to drum up support for its Afghanistan mission as early as this week. Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle will be in Brussels and Defense Minister Thomas de Maizière will be in Luxembourg broaching the issue with European partners and encouraging them to follow Berlin's lead by coming up with detailed pledges for "Resolute Support" -- and, ideally, for areas in which German troops are deployed.

 

But there are still many unanswered questions regarding the mission. The US has still failed to negotiate the size of its military presence after the ISAF combat mission ends in 2014. The sticking point continues to be the US demand that any American troops remaining there be granted immunity from prosecution in Afghan courts -- a demand that other countries will also make for their trainers.

 

For now, Washington is hoping that it can reach an agreement with Hamid Karzai, Afghanistan's intractable president, this summer. Only then will NATO countries be able to begin talks. The start of the mission in Afghanistan should be a "welcome" one, said de Maizière cautiously.

 

Berlin's somewhat hasty announcement of its new troop deployment can primarily be attributed to the current election campaign. Ahead of the vote in September, both Westerwelle, who put troop withdrawal from Afghanistan at the top of his agenda, and de Maizière are keen to keep heated debate over any future mission out of the public arena.

 

They are now hoping that the announcement of a major Bundeswehr mission after most troops return home in 2014 will be more or less forgotten by the time the campaign enters its critical phase.

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19 avril 2013 5 19 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
FLIR imaging system for Super Tucanos

PORTLAND, Ore., April 18 (UPI)

 

FLIR Systems Inc.'s BRITE Star DP advanced imaging system is being integrated onto aircraft for Afghanistan under the U.S. Air Force LAS program.

 

The Brazilian aircraft, the A-29 Super Tucano, will be assembled in the United States under the Air Force's Light Air Support contract awarded in February to the Sierra Nevada Corp. and Embraer of Brazil.

 

FLIR said as part of that award, it received a $22 million order for its system. Delivery of BRITE Star systems will begin in June and continue through next year.

 

"Being selected to provide our highly advanced imaging systems for the LAS program is indicative of the growing diversification of the customers, regions, and platforms that we serve," said Earl Lewis, president and chief executive officer of FLIR. "We have a proven ability to provide state-of-the-art technologies that are critical to protecting people and are pleased to be able to continue our success in the airborne market."

 

An initial 20 A-29s will be supplied to the Afghanistan army air corps for flight training, reconnaissance and light air support (combat) missions.

 

More than 88 percent of the Super Tucano's parts are being supplied by U.S. companies.

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18 avril 2013 4 18 /04 /avril /2013 19:35

18 avril 2013 David Axe reports.

3rd Platoon, Bravo Company, 3-41 Infantry patrols Afghanistan in April 2013.

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15 avril 2013 1 15 /04 /avril /2013 17:35

 

15/04/2013 Sources : EMA - Afghanistan

 

Le dimanche 14 avril 2013, à 08h00, le capitaine de vaisseau Jean-Michel Martinet a pris le commandement de la Task Force 150, à Manama, à Barheïn, pour une durée de 4 mois. Il succède au commodore australien Mac Hardie qui en assurait le commandement depuis le mois de décembre 2012. C’est la huitième fois que la France est à la tête de la TF 150.

 

L’état-major de la TF 150, sous commandement français, est embarqué à bord du bâtiment de commandement et de ravitaillement (BCR) Somme.

 

L’action de la TF 150 s’inscrit dans le cadre des résolutions adoptées par le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies, après les attentats du 11 septembre 2001, pour lutter contre le terrorisme international. La zone opérationnelle s’étend de la mer Rouge au Golfe d’Oman, en passant par le golfe d’Aden et la mer d’Arabie. Elle couvre les façades maritimes de la corne de l’Afrique et du Moyen-Orient, une zone d’intérêt stratégique majeur.

 

Composante maritime de l’opération Enduring freedom (OEF), la TF 150 contribue à une meilleure connaissance des mouvements maritimes de cette zone sensible afin de lutter contre le terrorisme et ses réseaux de soutien dans la région. Les bâtiments militaires de différentes nations, dont au moins un bâtiment français en permanence, participent à la surveillance de la zone, à la collecte de renseignements sur les trafics et conduisent des opérations d’interdiction maritime.

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15 avril 2013 1 15 /04 /avril /2013 07:39

http://213.139.124.246/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/air/actualites/images-2013/images-avril-2013/ceremonie-de-fermeture-du-gto-de-douchanbe/2265996-1-fre-FR/ceremonie-de-fermeture-du-gto-de-douchanbe.jpg

Cérémonie de fermeture du GTO de Douchanbe

 

13/04/2013 Armée de l'air

 

Le 12 avril 2013, le général Thierry Caspar-Fille-Lambie, commandant la défense aérienne et les opérations aériennes (COMDAOA) s’est rendu à Douchanbe, au Tadjikistan, dans le cadre de la fermeture du groupe de transport opérationnel (GTO).

 

Le COMDAOA était accompagné du général Philippe Adam, représentant français auprès de l’ISAF (International Security Assistance Force – force internationale d’assistance et de sécurité), et commandant l’aéroport international de Kaboul ainsi que les forces françaises en Afghanistan. Le colonel Luc de Rancourt,  responsable de la mise en place du GTO en décembre 2001, était aussi présent.

 

L’ambassadeur de France au Tadjikistan, ainsi que de nombreuses autorités civiles et militaires tadjikes, américaines, belges, turques, allemandes et britanniques ont assisté à la cérémonie. Cet événement clôture les onze années de présence du GTO, durant lesquelles il a effectué des missions opérationnelles au profit des forces engagées en Afghanistan et à coopérer avec les forces armées tadjikes.

 

http://213.139.124.246/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/air/actualites/images-2013/images-avril-2013/de-nombreuses-autorites-civiles-et-militaires-ont-assiste-a-la-ceremonie/2266246-1-fre-FR/de-nombreuses-autorites-civiles-et-militaires-ont-assiste-a-la-ceremonie.jpg

De nombreuses autorités civiles et militaires ont assisté à la cérémonie

 

http://213.139.124.246/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/air/actualites/images-2013/images-avril-2013/revue-des-troupes-par-le-comdaoa-le-general-thierry-caspar-fille-lambie/2266025-1-fre-FR/revue-des-troupes-par-le-comdaoa-le-general-thierry-caspar-fille-lambie.jpg

Revue des troupes par le COMDAOA, le général Thierry Caspar-Fille-Lambie

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15 avril 2013 1 15 /04 /avril /2013 07:35

COMISAF COC

U.S. Marine Corps Gen. James N. Mattis, Commander, U.S. Central Command, hands the U.S. Forces Afghanistan colors to U.S. Marine Corps Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. during the ISAF Change of Command ceremony held in Kabul, Afghanistan, February 10. (Photo by U.S. Army Sgt. 1st Class Joann Moravac, HQ ISAF)

KABUL, Afghanistan (Feb. 10, 2013) – International Security Assistance Force HQ Public Affairs

 

U.S. Marine Corps Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. assumed command of the International Security Assistance Force from U.S. Marine Corps Gen. John R. Allen at a change of command ceremony Feb. 10.

The ceremony was attended by senior Afghan, NATO and U.S. officials, including German Army Gen. Hans-Lothar Domröse, Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum; U.S. Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff; and U.S. Marine Corps Gen. James N. Mattis, Commander, U.S. Central Command.

"Today is not about change, it's about continuity," said Gen. Dunford, addressing the audience on his vision for Afghanistan and the coalition. "I'll endeavor to continue the momentum of the campaign and support the people of Afghanistan as they seize the opportunity for a brighter future."

Gen. Dunford takes over from his fellow Marine and friend of 35 years. Gen. Allen's 19 months at the helm, beginning in July 2011, make him the longest-serving ISAF commander in the 11-year-old campaign.

Under his leadership, the Afghan National Security Forces, what Gen. Allen has called the "defeat mechanism of the insurgency," reached their target strength of 352,000 and are now leading the vast majority of operations across the country.

Gen. Allen also played a critical role in stabilizing relations with neighboring Pakistan after a series of crises in 2011 had threatened to fracture the partnership.

Gen. Dunford previously served as Assistant Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps. He has also served as the Assistant Division Commander, 1st Marine Division; Director, Operations Division, Plans, Policies and Operations, HQMC; and Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies and Operations; and Commanding General, I MEF and Commander, Marine Forces Central Command.

Among other distinguished highlights of his career, Gen. Dunford served as the Marine Officer Instructor, College of the Holy Cross; as a member of the Commandant's Staff Group; and as the senior aide to the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Joint assignments include service as the Executive Assistant to the Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff; Chief, Global and Multilateral Affairs Division; and Vice Director for Operations.

Additional Photos

Video: ISAF Change of Command Ceremony

Marine General Joseph F. Dunford assumes command of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), from Gen. John Allen at a Change of Command Ceremony in Kabul Afghanistan on February 10, 2013. Speakers include; His Excellency Bismillah Kahn Mohammadi, Minister of Defense, Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan; Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, Chairman, U.S. Joint Chief of Staff; Gen. Hans-Lothar Domröse, Commander, Allied Joint Force Command (JFC) Brunssum; Gen. John R. Allen, Commander, ISAF/U.S. Forces, Afghanistan; Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., Incoming Commander, ISAF/U.S. Forces, Afghanistan; and Gen. James N. Mattis, Commander, U.S. Central Command. (Video by Staff Sgt. Jayson Price, American Forces Network Afghanistan)

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11 avril 2013 4 11 /04 /avril /2013 16:25

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/operations/afghanistan/130411-afghanistan-fin-de-mission-pour-le-gto-de-douchanbe/afghanistan-fin-de-mission-pour-le-gto-de-douchanbe2/2264913-1-fre-FR/afghanistan-fin-de-mission-pour-le-gto-de-douchanbe.jpg

 

11/04/2013 Sources : EMA

 

Le 15 avril 2013, le groupement de transport opérationnel (GTO) de Douchanbe (Tadjikistan) sera désengagé, ce qui marquera le début de la réorganisation du DETAIR de Douchanbe. Depuis décembre 2001, le GTO assurait des missions d’aéroportage et d’appui au profit des soldats Français et des forces de la coalition dans le cadre des opérations en Afghanistan.

 

Depuis son installation à Douchanbe, aux premières heures de l’engagement de la France en Afghanistan, le GTO a effectué près de 11 000 missions d’aéroportage et d’appui au profit des soldats français engagés en Afghanistan (à hauteur de 60% des missions) et des autres contingents de l’ISAF (International Security Assistance Force). Le GTO comptabilise près de 21 500 heures de vol au terme de sa mission.

 

Le détachement, composé d’une trentaine de militaires (équipages, mécaniciens, contrôleur aérien, pompiers et spécialistes météos) a ainsi appuyé l’engagement des troupes au sol en engageant jusqu’à deux avions de transport tactiques (ATT) C160 Transall, parfois renforcé par un C130 Hercules, et en assurant une alerte opérationnelle à 3 heures en cas d’évacuation sanitaire.

 

Ainsi, le GTO a effectué deux types d’aéroportage : le transport de passagers et le transport de fret. De 2001 à 2008, les avions de transports stratégiques qui acheminaient les militaires français vers le théâtre afghan se posaient systématiquement à Douchanbé. Le GTO avait alors pour mission de projeter les détachements sur le sol afghan par aéroportage sur les aéroports de Kaboul, Bagram, Kandahar. Une fois l’accès de Kaboul ouvert aux ATS, les avions du GTO ont poursuivi le transport de personnel lors d’évacuations sanitaires ou à l’occasion de déplacements officiels (transport d’autorités civiles ou militaires). Ce sont ainsi près de 89 000 passagers et plus de 14 500 tonnes de fret qui ont été transportés en 12 années d’opération.

 

La base de Douchanbe est une base logistique de rupture de charge pour l’acheminement stratégique du fret. Le GTO, appuyé par les autres organismes du DETAIR déployés sur la base, a ainsi reconditionné plus de 14 000 tonnes de fret qu’il est allé livrer sur le sol afghan. Il a également réalisé des missions de transport d’oxygène liquide pour le détachement chasseurs stationné à Kandahar.

 

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C’est à Douchanbe en particulier qu’à été testé, puis validé en juillet 2008, le concept de largage matériel à très grande hauteur / ouverture basse, le LMTGH/OB. Une technique qui consiste à larguer une charge hors de vue de la zone de poser combinée à une ouverture à basse altitude des parachutes du colis afin de préserver la précision et la discrétion de la livraison. Près de 40 missions ont été effectuées de la sorte (96 palettes larguées).

 

De plus, le GTO a entretenu une coopération militaire bilatérale avec l’armée tadjike en appuyant sa formation dans le domaine aéroporté: brevet de parachutiste français, partage du savoir-faire en matière d’aérolargage, transport d’autorités civiles et militaires étrangères, notamment Tadjikes, entre Douchanbé et Kaboul.

 

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Conformément à l’accord de coopération qui lie nos deux pays, l’élément du génie de l’air (25e RGA) en charge de la rénovation des pistes de l’aéroport de Douchande poursuivra sa mission jusqu’en 2014. Les militaires français et le matériel du GTO seront désengagés progressivement d’ici le 1er juillet 2013.

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11 avril 2013 4 11 /04 /avril /2013 07:35

http://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/image_data/file/8906/s300_AMOC-CCT-2013-089-057g.jpg

The handover ceremony of 4th Mechanized Brigade to 1st Mechanized Brigade at the HQ of

Task Force Helmand in Lashkar Gah [Picture: Sergeant Barry Pope, Crown copyright]

 

10 April 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

The Army's 1st Mechanized Brigade has taken command of Task Force Helmand in southern Afghanistan marking the start of Operation Herrick 18.

 

Over the next 6 months the incoming brigade will support the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) as they lead the security of Helmand province; advising and training as well as providing important enablers such as medical evacuation, aviation and surveillance capabilities.

 

In a short ceremony in front of British, Danish, Estonian and American partners at the headquarters of Task Force Helmand in Lashkar Gah, Brigadier Bob Bruce, Commander of 4th Mechanized Brigade, formally handed over to Brigadier Rupert Jones, Commander of 1st Mechanized Brigade, officially marking the start of the Operation Herrick 18 deployment.

 

Both brigadiers hosted senior ANSF officials at an evening reception in Lashkar Gah ahead of the ceremony to reflect on the successes of the winter campaign and discuss plans for the summer.

 

A mark of the progress through the winter is that the footprint of British forces across Helmand province has retracted significantly over the Herrick 17 deployment; of the 37 bases British troops occupied 6 months ago, only 12 remain.

Brigadier Bob Bruce (right) hands over to Brigadier Rupert Jones
Brigadier Bob Bruce (right), Commander of 4th Mechanized Brigade, formally hands over to Brigadier Rupert Jones, Commander of 1st Mechanized Brigade [Picture: Sergeant Barry Pope, Crown copyright]

Reflecting on the successes of his tour, Brigadier Bob Bruce, Commander of Task Force Helmand for Herrick 17, said:

A huge amount has been achieved by the men and women of Task Force Helmand over the past 6 months, working closely with our Afghan allies.

 

As a result of this work, the insurgency has been significantly weakened and the Afghan forces have moved into the lead for security operations.

 

The Afghan people can see this fundamental development and so can the insurgents.

 

There is still plenty of work to be done and I wish 1 Mechanized Brigade every success as they support the Afghan forces to win in what will be a challenging period ahead.

1st Mechanized Brigade's flag is ready to be raised
1st Mechanized Brigade's flag is ready to be raised during a short ceremony at the headquarters of Task Force Helmand in Lashkar Gah [Picture: Sergeant Barry Pope, Crown copyright]

Brigadier Rupert Jones, Commander of Task Force Helmand for Herrick 18, said:

Thanks to the efforts and great sacrifices of those who have gone before from the ANSF and Coalition forces, the Afghans are now ready to lead operations this summer when traditionally the insurgency tends to be stronger.

 

Our focus will be on providing them with support when it is really needed and continuing to develop their confidence and institutions, and improve the structure of their security organisations at a higher level.

Royal Navy, British Army and Royal Air Force elements make up Task Force Helmand, and 1st Mechanized Brigade will be its lead formation until October 2013.

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9 avril 2013 2 09 /04 /avril /2013 21:36

ISAF-Logo

 

KABUL, Afghanistan (April 9, 2013) - ISAF

 

Two International Security Assistance Force service members died following a helicopter crash in eastern Afghanistan today.

 

The cause of the incident is under investigation, however initial reporting indicates there was no enemy activity in the area at the time of the crash.

 

It is ISAF policy to defer casualty identification procedures to the relevant national authorities.

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9 avril 2013 2 09 /04 /avril /2013 13:06

http://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/image_data/file/8778/s300_AMOC-CCT-2013-083-138.jpg

Royal Marines of 40 Commando hand over authority of Main Operating Base Price to

1st Battalion The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers in Helmand province

[Picture: Sergeant Barry Pope, Crown copyright 2013]

 

9 April 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

The last full Royal Marines commando group to serve in Afghanistan on Operation Herrick is returning to the UK.

 

 

The end of 40 Commando’s (40 Cdo’s) tour marks the end of more than a decade of Royal Marines deployments in the country.

 

At Main Operating Base (MOB) Price, troops from 40 Cdo symbolically lowered the Royal Navy’s white ensign - that has flown above their base in the Nahr-e Saraj district for the past 6 months - the last time the flag will fly in Helmand province.

Lieutenant Colonel John Swift shakes hands with Lieutenant Colonel Matt Jackson
Lieutenant Colonel John Swift, 1st Battalion The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (left), shakes hands with Lieutenant Colonel Matt Jackson, 40 Commando Royal Marines, at Main Operating Base Price [Picture: Sergeant Barry Pope, Crown copyright 2013]

First in, last out

40 Cdo is the final Royal Marine unit to serve in Afghanistan after successive deployments which have seen the Green Berets serve in areas such as Sangin, Nahr-e Saraj and Musa Qal’ah.

 

40 Cdo was also the very first British unit to deploy to the country in 2001, securing Bagram airfield and going on to patrol the streets of Kabul. The equivalent to over 14,000 Royal Marines have deployed on operations in Afghanistan since then.

 

The 7,200-strong Royal Marines Corps has deployed its own units to Afghanistan 12 times, with many Marines also deploying attached to other units with various brigades over the past 12 years.

Royal Marines of 40 Commando enjoying some free
Royal Marines of 40 Commando enjoying some free time in-between patrolling and sanger duty at Forward Operating Base Inkerman in nothern Helmand during December 2007 (library image) [Picture: Leading Airman (Photographer) A J Macleod, Crown copyright 2007]

Royal Marines have been awarded nearly 200 operational honours for acts of bravery and distinguished service in Afghanistan, including a George Cross, 7 Distinguished Service Orders and 10 awards of the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, including 1 posthumously.

 

40 Cdo has now handed over their area of responsibility to 1st Battalion Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.

Improving security

The commando group has seen security improve dramatically during their tour. Working out of MOB Price, renamed HMS Price during the Royal Marines’ stay in line with Royal Navy tradition, 40 Cdo has developed the Afghan National Army (ANA) and Afghan police units in the area to take on responsibility for security and have worked together to successfully tackle the insurgency.

 

In the past year, the number of UK bases across Helmand has reduced from 80 to 12 as they are handed over to Afghan forces or dismantled, in line with growing Afghan security capability. MOB Price is expected to be handed over to the Afghans in due course.

Operation Ghartse Dagger in February 2008
Royal Marines from 6 Troop, Bravo Company 40 Commando, on Operation Ghartse Dagger in February 2008 (library image) [Picture: Lieutenant Paul Newall Royal Navy, Crown copyright 2008]

Impressive progress

Defence Secretary Philip Hammond said:

The courage of the Royal Marines, and indeed all of our Armed Forces who have served in Afghanistan over the past decade, has been truly outstanding. Their commitment has made sure that transition of security to Afghan control is deliverable by the time we end our combat operations in December 2014.

 

The hard work of 40 Commando Royal Marines in Afghanistan over the winter has led to impressive progress in the capabilities of Afghan forces as they take on security responsibility, with decreasing levels of assistance from UK and ISAF forces.

 

It is these Afghan forces, developed and trained by UK personnel, who will ensure that Afghanistan never again provides a safe haven for terrorists.

A Royal Marines Major talks to an Afghan village elder
A Royal Marines Major talks to an Afghan village elder at a weekly shura in Sangin, during November 2007 (library image) [Picture: Jim Gibson, Crown copyright 2007]

Leading the way

Lieutenant Colonel Matt Jackson, commanding officer of 40 Commando Royal Marines, described his unit’s work in Afghanistan as “absolutely exemplary”.

He said:

The commando group has been able to transfer lead security responsibility from ISAF to the Afghan National Security Forces in a very difficult area of Central Helmand.

 

Working together over the winter, we have given the Afghan Army and the Afghan police the confidence in their own abilities to operate together. More importantly, we have given them the belief that they can operate independently from us; they now know that they are good enough to face down any future challenges that lie ahead.

 

This is in no small measure due to the sacrifice made not just by the 61 Royal Marines who have lost their lives in this campaign, but by all Service personnel.

Operation Volcano in Kajaki on 30 January 2007
A Royal Marines Captain from 42 Commando sends a situation report during the initial breech into enemy compounds during Operation Volcano in Kajaki, on 30 January 2007 (library image) [Picture: Leading Airman (Photographer) Gaz Faulkner, Crown copyright 2007]

Tragic losses not in vain

Chief of Staff for 40 Commando, Major Karl Gray, said the unit had previously deployed to Afghanistan in October 2001, then returned on operations in 2007, 2010 and 2012.

He said:

Having been here on and off since 2001, it has been really encouraging to see the tangible progress that the Afghan National Security Forces have made in their ability to legitimately and effectively provide security in the region.

 

This is testament to the sacrifices and efforts made by each operational tour. We have sadly lost many outstanding Marines and soldiers during this campaign and, although only a small comfort to the families of the bereaved or injured, I can honestly say that these tragic losses have not been in vain.

 

Everyone who has served here has made a difference, not only in Afghanistan but also to the security of the UK by preventing Afghanistan being a haven for terrorists.

40 Cdo served with Task Force Helmand, led by the British Army’s 4th Mechanised Brigade, which officially transfers authority to the men and women of 1st Mechanised Brigade tomorrow, 10 April.

Royal Marines on patrol in Sangin
Royal Marines of 40 Commando on patrol in Sangin during February 2008 (library image) [Picture: Leading Airman (Photographer) A J Macleod, Crown copyright 2007]

Next for 40 Cdo

The Royal Marines of 40 Cdo will now return to their base in Taunton, Somerset, to start training for contingency operations; providing part of the UK’s amphibious warfare capability.

 

40 Cdo will take part in a medals parade through Taunton on 16 May.

 

A number of Royal Marines will continue to serve in Afghanistan on an individual basis, working alongside colleagues from other Services, as the UK continues to support the development of the Afghan National Security Forces.

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7 avril 2013 7 07 /04 /avril /2013 11:35

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06/04/2013 Sources : EMA

 

Le 31 mars 2013, a eu lieu le transfert d’autorité du BATLOG à Warehouse. Le colonel Gasançon à passé le commandement du BATLOG au colonel Vincendet, chef de corps du 121èmeRT. Cette cérémonie s’est déroulée sous l’autorité du général de brigade Soriano.

 

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Chargé de l’exécution des opérations de soutien, le BATLOG assure cette mission au profit de l’ensemble des détachements français, ainsi que des militaires français isolés insérés au sein des états-majors de l’ISAF ou auprès de l’ANA (armée nationale afghane).

 

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Du 27 novembre2012 au 4 Avril 2013, le BATLOG « KOUFRA » a été la cheville ouvrière d’une opération logistique de grande ampleur pendant laquelle toutes les expertises ont été mises à l’épreuve, tant le challenge était important et l’exigence de résultat forte. En quelques chiffres, les logisticiens du bataillon Koufra ont soutenu le désengagement des derniers soldats français. Dans un contexte sécuritaire difficile et tendu, « KOUFRA » a relevé les défis des désengagements des FOB de Kapisa et de Surobi, tout en poursuivant les acheminements vers les aéroports de Bagram et Kaboul des matériels,parfaitement reconditionnés et assuré la protection du camp de Warehouse avec une efficacité reconnue.

 

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Il laisse place au BATLOG « Voie Sacrée » composé d’un escadron de commandement et de logistique et  d’un escadron de circulation et de transport du 121ème RT de Montlhéry en charge du ravitaillement des éléments français et d’un sous-groupement de maintenance adapté au théâtre du 8e RMAT de Mourmelon, assurant l’assistance de l’ensemble des matériels de l’armée de terre déployés en Afghanistan.

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7 avril 2013 7 07 /04 /avril /2013 11:35

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07.04.2013 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense

 

Le 12 avril, une cérémonie aura lieu à Douchanbe (Tadjikistan) pour marquer la fin de la présence de l'armée française sur l'aéroport.

 

Ce détachement a été créé en janvier 2002. Les missions principales du "Détair Douchanbe" étaient les suivantes :

- soutien aux éléments militaires français déployés sur le théâtre d’opérations (en Afghanistan et au Tadjikistan) dans le cadre des différentes opérations et missions (Pamir, Epidote et Advisory Team),

- soutien à la force internationale en effectuant des missions de transport de personnel et de fret à l’intérieur du théâtre,

- transit lors des relèves du contingent français,

- soutien au transit lors des relèves d’autres contingents (Belgique, Espagne, Allemagne).

 

Le 25 novembre 2012, le centre météo air déployable (CMAD) de Douchanbe avait, pour sa part, émis son dernier bulletin météo. Mis en place depuis sept ans, le CMAD fournissait les prévisions météorologiques nécessaires à l’accomplissement des missions de toutes les unités opérant sur le théâtre afghan.

 

Il ne restera plus sur l'aéroport qu'un détachement du génie de l'air pour la remise en état du site loué à la France.

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