Overblog
Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 17:35

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ee/Hamid_Karzai_in_February_2009.jpg/538px-Hamid_Karzai_in_February_2009.jpg

 

05 février 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

OSLO - Le président afghan Hamid Karzaï a confirmé mardi à Oslo son intention de céder le pouvoir l'an prochain à l'expiration de son mandat.

 

La question de mon maintien en tant que président au-delà de 2014 est hors sujet, a déclaré M. Karzaï, interrogé par la presse sur des velléités qui lui sont parfois prêtées de briguer sa propre succession.

 

Je ne souhaite pas un troisième mandat et la Constitution ne l'autorise pas. Il y aura une élection et un nouveau président viendra, a-t-il affirmé lors d'une conférence de presse.

 

M. Karzaï a été élu en 2004 puis réélu en 2009 lors d'un scrutin entaché par des accusations de fraude.

 

La prochaine présidentielle afghane est prévue en avril 2014, quelques mois avant la fin de la mission de combat de l'Otan dans ce pays.

 

Mon plus grand legs serait que l'Afghanistan, pour la première fois de son histoire, élise son deuxième président démocratiquement élu consécutif, a précisé M. Karzaï.

 

Celui-ci a déjà affirmé dans le passé qu'il ne s'accrocherait pas au pouvoir au-delà de 2014, notamment lors d'une rencontre avec le président américain Barack Obama le mois dernier, sans toutefois totalement museler les spéculations sur un éventuel maintien.

 

Lors de sa visite à Oslo, la Norvège a renouvelé son engagement de fournir jusqu'en 2017 une aide annuelle de 750 millions de couronnes (101 millions d'euros) à ce pays qui compte parmi les plus pauvres mais aussi parmi les plus corrompus au monde.

 

Le Premier ministre norvégien Jens Stoltenberg a souligné que ce partenariat --qui formalise des promesses d'aides déjà exprimées dans le passé-- était soumis à l'engagement par les autorités afghanes de promouvoir la bonne gouvernance, l'Etat de droit, les droits de l'Homme, la transparence et la démocratie.

 

Nous n'avons aucune tolérance pour la corruption, a-t-il dit, faisant valoir que son pays avait déjà suspendu son aide au développement dans le passé en cas de détournements avérés.

 

Deuxième bénéficiaire de l'aide publique norvégienne, l'Afghanistan est perçu comme le pays le plus corrompu au monde aux côtés de la Corée du Nord et de la Somalie, selon un classement de l'ONG Transparency International.

Partager cet article

Repost0
5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 08:35

Black_Hornet_UAV.jpg

 

04/02/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter

 

The British Army has become the first ground force to deploy the Black Hornet UAV design on the Afghan frontline.

 

A mere 10 centimetres long with a 12 centimetre-wide rotor system and just 15 grams in weight, the tiny battery-powered Black Hornet drone is being used to relay essential data back to ground-based operators. This data includes still images and video, courtesy of the Black Hornet's hi-tech onboard systems.

 

The technology comes into its own when checking out potentially risky situations ahead of troops, looking around corners or beyond other visual boundaries, like high walls.

 

Black Hornet UAV

 

Developed by Norwegian firm Prox Dynamics AS as the PD-100 PRS (Personal Reconnaissance System), the Black Hornet UAV is highly portable (according to its makers, it can fit inside pockets!) and can stand up to strong winds and tough environmental conditions. Prox Dynamics states the system can be launched within 60 seconds, operate in confined areas, has a very minimal noise profile and can be flown after only very minimal training.

 

While now in frontline military service as the Black Hornet, the PD-100 PRS UAV has multiple other applications including search and rescue missions, nuclear facilities inspections and crowd surveillance/control flights.

 

Via a contract established with Marlborough Communications, the British Army's getting 160 Black Hornets, which have an 800 metre range, a 30 minute endurance and a maximum speed of 35 kilometres per hour.

 

Afghan Black Hornet Deployment

 

The Afghan Black Hornet deployment started in 2012 but only now has the Ministry of Defence actually confirmed it. "We used it to look for insurgent firing points and check out exposed areas of the ground before crossing, which is a real asset", explained Sergeant Christopher Petherbridge, representing the Afghan-based Brigade Reconnaissance Force. "It is very easy to operate and offers amazing capability to the guys on the ground."

 

"Black Hornet gives our troops the benefits of surveillance in the palm of their hands. It is extremely light and portable whilst out on patrol", added Britain's Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, Philip Dunne. "Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance systems are a key component in our 10-year equipment plan and now that we have balanced the defence budget we are able to confidently invest in these kinds of cutting-edge technologies."

Partager cet article

Repost0
4 février 2013 1 04 /02 /février /2013 21:49

http://www.strategypage.com/gallery/images/afghanistan-border-patrol-02-2013.jpg

 

2/3/2013 Strategy Page

 

U.S. soldiers and Afghan border police hike from their landing zone to Observation Point 12 along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, Jan. 21, 2013. The soldiers are assigned to the 101st Airborne Division's 1st Brigade Combat Team. U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Jon Heinrich

Partager cet article

Repost0
4 février 2013 1 04 /02 /février /2013 17:35

http://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/image_data/file/6304/s300_20130101_OP_QALB13_L59_BRF-071.jpg

A Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle being

used in Afghanistan

 

4 February 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

British troops in Afghanistan are the first to use state-of-the-art handheld nano surveillance helicopters.

 

The Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle measures around 4 inches by 1 inch (10cm x 2.5cm) and provides troops on the ground with vital situational awareness.

 

The Black Hornet is equipped with a tiny camera which gives troops reliable full-motion video and still images. Soldiers are using it to peer around corners or over walls and other obstacles to identify any hidden dangers and the images are displayed on a handheld terminal.

Sergeant Scott Weaver launches a Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle from a compound in Afghanistan
Sergeant Scott Weaver launches a Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle from a compound in Afghanistan [Picture: Sergeant Rupert Frere RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2013]

This revolutionary new system - the size of a child’s toy - is carried easily on patrol and is capable of performing in harsh environments and windy conditions.

 

The Black Hornet weighs as little as 16 grams and has been developed by Prox Dynamics AS of Norway as part of a £20 million contract for 160 units with Marlborough Communications Ltd in Surrey.

 

Sergeant Christopher Petherbridge of the Brigade Reconnaissance Force in Afghanistan said:

Black Hornet is definitely adding value, especially considering the lightweight nature of it. We use it to look for insurgent firing points and check out exposed areas of the ground before crossing, which is a real asset. It is very easy to operate and offers amazing capability to the guys on the ground.

Sergeant Scott Weaver launches a Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle from a compound in Afghanistan
Sergeant Scott Weaver launches a Black Hornet Nano Unmanned Air Vehicle from a compound in Afghanistan [Picture: Sergeant Rupert Frere RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2013]

Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, Philip Dunne, said:

Black Hornet gives our troops the benefits of surveillance in the palm of their hands. It is extremely light and portable whilst out on patrol.

Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance systems are a key component in our 10-year equipment plan and now that we have balanced the Defence Budget we are able to confidently invest in these kinds of cutting-edge technologies.

Partager cet article

Repost0
4 février 2013 1 04 /02 /février /2013 08:35

Black-Hornet.jpg

Soldier holds Black Hornet Unmanned Air Vehicle in

Afghanistan The Ministry of Defence plans to purchase

160 of the mini drones

 

3 February 2013 BBC

 

British soldiers in Afghanistan have become the first to use miniature surveillance helicopters in frontline operations.

 

The drones can fly around corners and obstacles to identify potential hidden dangers, the Ministry of Defence said.

 

The Norwegian-designed Black Hornet Nano features a tiny camera and relays video and still images to a handheld control terminal.

 

It measures about 10cm by 2.5cm (4in by 1in) and weighs 16g (0.6oz).

 

The MoD, which also operates more than 300 larger-sized unmanned air vehicles in Afghanistan, said the Black Hornet is carried easily on patrol and works in harsh environments and windy conditions.

 

They have been in use in Afghanistan since 2012, a spokeswoman confirmed.

 

Surrey-based Marlborough Communications has a £20m contract with the military to supply and maintain 160 of the drones, which were originally developed by Prox Dynamics for search and rescue operations.

 

Mini drones can be piloted directly or programmed to follow co-ordinates using GPS.

 

Powered by battery, the Black Hornet is reported to have a range of about half a mile (800m), a top speed of 22mph (35kph) and can fly for up to 30 minutes.

 

They can help soldiers on the ground pinpoint hidden Taliban fighters and explosives.

 

Sgt Christopher Petherbridge, of the Brigade Reconnaissance Force in Afghanistan, said: "We used it to look for insurgent firing points and check out exposed areas of the ground before crossing, which is a real asset.

 

"It is very easy to operate and offers amazing capability to the guys on the ground."

 

Defence minister Philip Dunne said intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance systems were a "key component" of the MoD's investment in new equipment over the next 10 years.

 

Spending outlined last month also includes almost £36bn for a new generation of nuclear-powered submarines, almost £19bn for combat aircraft, and around £17bn for Royal Navy warships.

Partager cet article

Repost0
3 février 2013 7 03 /02 /février /2013 12:35

http://www.strategypage.com/gallery/images/task-force-brawler-02-2013.jpg

 

2/2/2013 Strategy Page

 

Six UH-60L Black Hawks and two CH-47F Chinooks, assigned to Task Force Brawler, 4th Battalion, 3rd Aviation Regiment, Task Force Falcon, simultaneously launch a daytime mission Jan. 18 from Multinational Base Tarin Kowt, Afghanistan. Photo by Sgt. Scott Tant

Partager cet article

Repost0
2 février 2013 6 02 /02 /février /2013 12:35

c130h

 

Feb. 1, 2013 - By AARON MEHTA – Defense News

 

The U.S. Air Force is reaching out to contractors to gather information on support and maintenance for a quartet of C-130H transportation planes earmarked for the Afghani Air Force.

 

On Jan. 31, the Air Force issued a “request for information” on a federal contracting site regarding Contractor Logistics Support in Afghanistan. The RFI will initially cover four C-130H aircraft but leaves the option for “possible growth” in the future. The base of operations for the contract is tentatively listed as Kabul but the RFI notes that may change, as a site survey for C-130H infrastructure is planned in February.

 

“Services include aircraft maintenance, on and off equipment maintenance, back shop operations, technical, logistical support (supply, repair, transportation, etc.), manpower, training and mentoring of AAF personnel, and security of contractor personnel,” according to the RFI. “Companies may identify other areas that are considered necessary for successful maintenance and operations of the aircraft.”

 

One section that is bolded in the RFI includes a note on security.

 

“On-site security is expected to be provided by the Afghan Public Protection Force (APPF), which is an entirely Afghan security force that was created to provide over watch and convoy security as the US/NATO presence draws down to a level that can no longer cover security requirements,” according to the RFI. “Responders will need to hire the APPF to assume those duties.

 

The duration of the contract is “expected to be at least four (4 years), commencing in 3 QTR CY14.”

 

Responses to the RFI are due March 1 to the contracting office at the Robins Air Force Base Air Force Life Cycle Management Center in Georgia. There will be follow up at an industry day in April.

 

The Pentagon confirmed this week that it intends to equip the Afghanistan Air Force with four C-130H transport planes.

 

“The USAF has developed a strategy to aggressively pursue delivering two C-130H aircraft in late CY 2013 and two additional C-130H aircraft before the end of CY 2014,” Ed Gulick, Air Force spokesman, wrote in a statement. He added that in the second quarter of this year, Afghani pilots will travel to “various locations” in the U.S. for training on the planes.

 

“Air Force leadership recognizes the need to promptly address the [Afghan Air Force] requirement for medium airlift capability, and is committed to provide an effective and sustainable airlift capability for our Afghan partners as soon as possible,” Gulick wrote.

 

In December, the Air Force decided not to renew a contract with Finmeccanica subsidiary Alenia to refurbish C-27A transport planes for Afghanistan, citing poor performance from the Italian company. Although the contract, which expires in March, called for 20 of the transport planes to be delivered, the aircraft spent much of the last year grounded due to maintenance issues.

 

“C-130s will let Afghanis start to build their own backbone of responsive airlift to move troops and supplies where they need them to enforce stability,” Rebecca Grant, president of Iris Independent Research, wrote in an email. “With C-130s, they can use the huge network of over 70 airfields and strips built up by the Coalition and do airdrop too.”

 

“There are capabilities you want with a smaller plane — greater flexibility in payload and easier airfield access,” Richard Aboulafia, an analyst with the Teal Group, said. But the C-130s are “very capable” and can carry more cargo.

 

“It really depends on the mission they have in mind,” he said. “Having a mix of both might not be a bad thing at all.”

 

However, the C-130s have the bonus of being the transport plane of choice for the U.S. Air Force, which Aboulafia notes might simplify training and logistics between the two services.

 

The decision to move toward the C-130 is just the latest in a running battle between the two transport planes. In President Obama’s fiscal 2013 budget, the Air Force proposed canceling the C-27J program after concluding each plane would cost $308 million over its lifetime. Members of Congress have challenged the service on that estimate, citing previous Air Force studies that put the lifetime cost as low as $111 million per plane.

Partager cet article

Repost0
2 février 2013 6 02 /02 /février /2013 07:35

C-27A-source-FG.jpg

The US Air Force could withdraw funding support for

Afghan air force C-27A transports

 

Feb. 1, 2013 by Craig Hoyle – FG

 

London - Ending the combat involvement of nations including the UK and the USA in Afghanistan's fight against the Taliban will require the nation to use the limited resources available to it, despite questions currently facing two of its key equipment areas.

 

"On air support, including rotary, there is a plan to provide basic air capability to the Afghans through the Afghan air force," UK defence secretary Philip Hammond told a House of Commons Defence Committee hearing on 23 January.

 

"But it would be nothing like the level of air capability that the ISAF [NATO-led International Security Assistance Force] forces have. That will require them to adapt their method of operations to the level of enablers that are available for them."

 

Hammond gave evidence to the committee days after discussing Afghanistan's nascent defence capabilities during a 19 January meeting with US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta in London.

 

Flightglobal's World Air Forces directory for 2013 lists Kabul's armed forces as having a combined 98 aircraft in active use at the end of 2012, with this total including a combined 31 Alenia Aermacchi C-27A (G222) and Cessna 208 Caravan fixed-wing transports. Rotorcraft operated by the Afghan National Army Air Corps include 67 Bell UH-1H and Mil Mi-8/17-series transports, plus Mi-35 assault helicopters and MD530 trainers.

 

Recent reports suggest the US Air Force may terminate a deal to support Afghanistan's refurbished C-27As from later this year, with Washington believed to be promoting the introduction of second-hand Lockheed Martin C-130 Hercules to equip the Afghan National Security Forces instead.

 

The USAF has also slipped a decision to select a planned fleet of 20 light air support aircraft for the Afghan air force by several months from January 2013. This leaves little prospect for either the rival Hawker Beechcraft AT-6 or Sierra Nevada/Embraer A-29 Super Tucano to be in even limited use before coalition forces halt combat activities before the end of 2014.

 

Afghanistan's new generation of military pilots have so far participated in a largely non-combat role in the country, flying missions accompanied by other ISAF aircraft. NATO has previously spoken of the nation's air force as being able to offer an operationally independent capability only after 2017.

Partager cet article

Repost0
1 février 2013 5 01 /02 /février /2013 17:35

c130h

 

Feb. 1, 2013 - By AARON MEHTA  - Defense News

 

The Pentagon is working out the details of a plan to equip the Afghanistan Air Force with four C-130H transport planes.

 

“The USAF has developed a strategy to aggressively pursue delivering two C-130H aircraft in late CY 2013 and two additional C-130H aircraft before the end of CY 2014,” Ed Gulick, Air Force spokesman, wrote in a statement. He added that in the second quarter of this year Afghan pilots will travel to “various locations” in the U.S. for training on the planes.

 

“Air Force leadership recognizes the need to promptly address the [Afghan Air Force] requirement for medium airlift capability, and is committed to provide an effective and sustainable airlift capability for our Afghan partners as soon as possible,” Gulick wrote.

 

In December, the Air Force decided not to renew a contract with Finmeccanica subsidiary Alenia to refurbish C-27A transport planes for Afghanistan, citing poor performance from the Italian company. Although the contract, which expires in March, called for 20 of the transport planes to be delivered, the aircraft spent much of the last year grounded due to maintenance issues.

 

“C-130s will let Afghanis start to build their own backbone of responsive airlift to move troops and supplies where they need them to enforce stability,” Rebecca Grant, president of Iris Independent Research, wrote in an email. “With C-130s, they can use the huge network of over 70 airfields and strips built up by the Coalition and do airdrop too.”

 

“There are capabilities you want with a smaller plane — greater flexibility in payload and easier airfield access,” Richard Aboulafia, an analyst with the Teal Group, said. But the C-130s are “very capable” and can carry more cargo.

 

“It really depends on the mission they have in mind,” he said. “Having a mix of both might not be a bad thing at all.”

 

However, the C-130s have the bonus of being the transport plane of choice for the U.S. Air Force, which Aboulafia notes might simplify training and logistics between the two services.

 

The decision to move toward the C-130 is just the latest in a running battle between the two transport planes. In President Obama’s fiscal 2013 budget, the Air Force proposed canceling the C-27J program after concluding each plane would cost $308 million over its lifetime. Members of Congress have challenged the service on that estimate, citing previous Air Force studies that put the lifetime cost as low as $111 million per plane.

Partager cet article

Repost0
1 février 2013 5 01 /02 /février /2013 12:35

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/ATF_Dingo_in_German_service_%28Afghanistan%29.jpg

 

February 01, 2013 nation.com.pk (AFP)

 

BERLIN   - Germany's lower house of parliament on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to extend the country's military presence in Afghanistan but aimed to slash troop numbers to 3,300 by February 2014. Members of the Bundestag voted by 435 to 111 with 39 abstentions to keep 4,400 troops in the war-torn region until next February. The maximum level was reduced by 500. Germany has agreed with its Nato partners to gradually pull combat forces by the end of 2014 as Afghan troops assume more responsibility for security.

Partager cet article

Repost0
30 janvier 2013 3 30 /01 /janvier /2013 17:35

Husky source LdDef

 

30/01/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter

 

The Spanish Army has acquired Husky Mounted Detection Systems (HMDS) from US contractor Critical Solutions International to support its warfighters on the Afghan frontline.

 

Critical Solutions International has so far supplied six of these Husky vehicles and states that the delivery programme's value exceeds $20m. For that sum, the Spanish Army is getting a fleet of advanced landmine and IED-detection technologies for use in Afghanistan - an area where mine blasts and other explosions remain the number-one risk to deployed Coalition forces.

 

There are several different Husky Mounted Detection System models but the Spanish Army's chosen the two-seater Husky 2G version, with enhanced mission endurance. This two-seat arrangement lets one armed forces member focus solely on the driving and navigation roles, while the other controls the vehicle's sensors, looking out for mines and IEDs.

 

Spanish Husky Mine Detectors

 

"By choosing the Husky Mounted Detection System, the Spanish Government has made a significant investment in saving lives and enhancing the capability of the Spanish Army", said Critical Solutions International's CEO, Mike McCormack, in a statement on the Spanish Husky mine detectors order.

 

"With two operators, increased mission capability, and the most advanced sensors available today, the Husky platform equipped with NIITEK's ground penetrating radar provides the essential technology for route clearance and helps protect the lives of service members and civilians who live in combat environments. We are honoured to have been awarded this contract and are looking forward to working with the Government of Spain and the Spanish Army."

 

Spanish Army Afghan Ops

 

The Spanish Army has some 1,600 armed forces personnel deployed in Afghanistan at present, including combat troops, engineers, logistics experts and helicopter pilots. Under the terms imposed by the Spanish government, no element of the Spanish Army's Afghan operations can involve direct military action unless it's launched in retaliation.

 

The Husky 2G is a past winner of the US Army's Innovation of the Year Award. It's fitted with a blast-protected V-shaped hull, features modular components to allow rapid maintenance or repairs on the frontline and is fully interoperable with remote weapons stations, ground-penetrative radar and other systems.

Partager cet article

Repost0
30 janvier 2013 3 30 /01 /janvier /2013 17:35

Soviet D-30 Howitzer in Afghanistan photo US Army

 

Jan 30, 2013 ASDNews Source : US Army

 

Soldiers from Security Forces Assistance and Advisory Team - 5, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division, assisted in the training of the Afghan National Army on the D-30 Howitzers at Combat Outpost Monti, Afghanistan, Jan. 18.

 

The Afghan National Army, or ANA, soldiers, who represent the 2nd Brigade, 201st Kandak Corps, worked to develop crew drills and increase their ability to coordinate artillery fire in a variety of scenarios and mission types, utilizing the Soviet made 122mm howitzer.

 

"We break our artillery into three groups," said Capt. Robert Vadney, the fire support adviser for SFAAT-5 and a native of Corpus Christi, Texas. "There's the gunline, fire direction center (FDC) and then the fire support side, which is observers, who are passing grids back to the FDC."

 

The ANA soldiers trained in all three areas of artillery in order to ensure that they were able to work together, rather than just training on their individual areas.

 

"Most of the training we do, we train on all three avenues," said Vadney. "Most of the training we have done has been for the artillery and for the FDC."

 

"The gunline, they've got that drilled down pretty well," continued Vadney. "Even the FDC is pretty solid, so our main focus is on fire support and getting them to integrate their indirect assets."

 

The coordination between the howitzers, the FDC, and observers is a complex and continuous effort that ensures that the proper target is engaged with the appropriate type of ordinance at the most opportune time. The more complex the mission, the more complex the coordination becomes.

 

"A few days ago we had them doing coordinated illumination training, firing flares to illuminate a target area, then engaging that area with high explosive rounds," said 1st Lt. Samuel Wilkins, a platoon leader with Company D, 2nd Battalion, 327th Infantry Regiment, 1st BCT and native to Washington, D.C. "That's the most complicated training we've been doing with them."

 

At the end of the day, Wilkins said that he was pleased with the training event and impressed with the abilities and continued improvements the ANA have made.

Partager cet article

Repost0
29 janvier 2013 2 29 /01 /janvier /2013 21:06

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/air/actualites/images-2013/images-janvier-2013/transall-du-groupement-de-transport-operationnel-de-douchanbe-au-decollage/2156712-1-fre-FR/transall-du-groupement-de-transport-operationnel-de-douchanbe-au-decollage.jpg

Transall du groupement de transport opérationnel de Douchanbé au décollage

 

29/01/2013 Armée de l'air

 

Un pilote de Transall, commandant le groupe de transport opérationnel à Douchanbé, raconte une mission pas comme les autres sur le théâtre Afghan. Récit.

 

« Ce jour là, je reçois une demande de mission au profit de l’ISAF (International Security Assistance Force- force internationale d'assistance à la sécurité). Le message émane du chef de la « tasking branch », un colonel américain, ce qui me donne déjà une indication sur l’importance de cette mission. Elle consiste à amener un haut dignitaire afghan et sa délégation sur le terrain de Chakhcharan, dans le centre de l’Afghanistan. La préparation de la mission requiert encore plus de soin qu’à l’habitude car le terrain de destination est isolé, les infrastructures quasi inexistantes et les massifs montagneux mettent les performances du Transall à rude épreuve. Les mesures de sécurité sont, quant à elles, très strictes. Les passagers doivent être « scannés » à l’escale aérienne de Kaboul, leurs munitions récupérées et scellées dans des caisses avant qu’ils n’embarquent.

 

De véritables risques pèsent sur cette mission puisque les autorités afghanes constituent des cibles de choix pour les insurgés. Il peut s’agir d’une menace sol-air, ou même d’un ennemi infiltré au sein de la délégation. Ainsi, des fusiliers commandos du détachement viennent renforcer l’équipage en tant qu’observateurs à bord, mais également pour assurer la sécurité de la cabine de pilotage. À l’aube, près d’une heure avant le décollage, un officier renseignement réalise un briefing détaillé pendant que les services aéroportuaires assurent le dégivrage de l’appareil, les conditions climatiques régnant à Douchanbé depuis deux semaines étant particulièrement rudes. Arrivé à Kaboul, je demande à l’équipage de préparer la prochaine étape et je vérifie que mes passagers sont prêts à embarquer. Les afghans sont culturellement très attachés à leur armement et ne comprennent pas qu’il va falloir s’en séparer le temps du vol. Des discussions se tiennent et grâce au sang-froid et aux conseils avisés du détachement de protection qui m’accompagne, une solution est rapidement trouvée. L’embarquement peut finalement avoir lieu. À l’atterrissage à Chackcharan, un imposant comité d’accueil attend nos passagers de marque sur le tarmac.

 

La deuxième étape de notre mission ne devait être qu’une formalité. Elle consiste à rejoindre Herat, à l’ouest du pays, pour embarquer des soldats italiens et les ramener à Kaboul, avant de rentrer sur Douchanbé.  Après le décollage, nous montons jusqu’à notre altitude de croisière. En ce début d’après-midi, la météo est parfaite pour apprécier le paysage des massifs enneigés, certains atteignant près de 6000 mètres d’altitude. Quand soudain un voyant situé sur le panneau supérieur du mécanicien navigant s’allume, nous signalant que le moteur gauche vibre au-delà des tolérances. En cabine, l’incrédulité laisse place à l’inquiétude. Ces vibrations émanent du cœur même du moteur. Alors que l’alarme est plus souvent liée à un problème d'indicateur qu’au moteur lui même, le voyant du bandeau des alarmes est resté éteint et le répétiteur de panne muet. Il a donc fallu toute la vigilance du mécanicien-navigant pour s’apercevoir du problème.

 

Je tente, en vain, de faire varier le régime moteur. Nous décidons alors de faire demi-tour, plutôt que de nous aventurer plus avant au cœur des massifs montagneux. Le terrain de Chakhcharan est le plus proche, mais la piste est courte et le parking minuscule. Après avoir méthodiquement déroulé la « check-list », prévenu les contrôleurs ainsi que nos passagers, nous décidons de couper le moteur, c’est inéluctable. Nous sommes alors en situation de détresse. Le vol en monomoteur sur Transall, particulièrement en Afghanistan, est une phase critique. J’affiche la puissance maximum autorisée sur le moteur droit, pendant que l’hélice gauche se met en drapeau. La vitesse diminue et rapidement, il n'est plus possible de maintenir l'avion en palier. Le contrôle aérien nous autorise à descendre sur le terrain d’Hérat. Dans la cabine, mon équipage mobilise toute son expérience et fait preuve d’une grande concentration, chassant ainsi le stress qui n’a pas sa place à bord. Les entraînements réalisés en métropole sur ce type de situation portent leurs fruits et prennent tout leur sens. La piste est en vue et le contrôleur aérien nous donne la priorité en mettant en attente les avions prêts à décoller. Le Transall se pose en douceur sur la piste dégagée. À la coupure du moteur, nous soufflons, soulagés.

 

Cependant, il faut déjà penser au dépannage du Transall en panne moteur à Herat, qui plus est un 29 décembre. Nous ne savons toujours pas à quoi nous avons été réellement confrontés. Un problème de moteur ? De détection ? De plus, nous ne disposons pas du matériel nécessaire pour mener des investigations approfondies. Il faut donc envoyer une équipe de dépannage. Par chance, le deuxième Transall et son équipage ont une mission programmée le lendemain matin. En faisant un crochet, ils pourront déposer une équipe réduite de mécaniciens de Douchanbé. En une journée, tout sera réglé, nous sommes confiants ! Mais le lendemain, le verdict tombe: des impacts relevés à l’endoscope sur le troisième étage du compresseur basse pression prouvent que le moteur était bien en train de se détériorer. Cinq jours de travail viendront à bout de la réparation.

 

Au bilan, nous devons une fière chandelle à notre mécanicien navigant, car le voyant qui l’a alerté est en dehors du champ visuel de l’équipage. Sa vigilance nous a permis de réagir à temps et de couper le moteur en toute sécurité. »

 

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/air/actualites/images-2013/images-janvier-2013/repose-apres-depannage-et-verifications-du-moteur-defectueux/2156717-1-fre-FR/repose-apres-depannage-et-verifications-du-moteur-defectueux.jpg

Repose, après dépannage et vérifications, du moteur défectueux

Partager cet article

Repost0
29 janvier 2013 2 29 /01 /janvier /2013 09:05

ISAF-Logo

 

MOSCOU, 28 janvier - RIA Novosti

 

La Force internationale d'assistance à la sécurité (ISAF) en Afghanistan aidera, si besoin, les forces de sécurité afghanes lors de l'élection présidentielle dans le pays en avril 2014, a déclaré lundi devant les journalistes à Kaboul Günter Katz, porte-parole de l'ISAF.

 

"Dans les régions où la sécurité est assurée par la partie afghane, le niveau du mouvement rebelle a diminué de 14%", a affirmé le général de brigade Katz, en précisant que l'armée et la police d'Afghanistan répondaient aujourd'hui de la sécurité sur 75% du territoire du pays.

 

Selon le porte-parole, la capacité de combat des forces de sécurité afghanes se renforce de jour en jour.

 

Le général n'a toutefois cité aucun exemple pour le confirmer.

 

Le ministère afghan de la Défense apprend de son côté que depuis les six derniers mois, un millier de militaires ont été tués. D'après le ministère afghan de l'Intérieur, 6 à 10 policiers sont tués chaque jour dans le pays lors de différents incidents.

 

Le retrait du contingent militaire d'Afghanistan est prévu pour fin 2014, mais les Etats-Unis  n'ont toujours pas décidé si une partie de leurs troupes resterait ou non dans ce pays après cette date. L'opposition afghane armée déclare qu'elle ne mènera pas de négociations sur la réconciliation nationale avec l'actuel régime de Kaboul si des troupes étrangères restent dans le pays, et qu'elle poursuivra sa résistance armée.

Partager cet article

Repost0
28 janvier 2013 1 28 /01 /janvier /2013 12:35

Cessna-C-208-Caravan.jpg

 

January 28th, 2013 By Air Force News Agency - defencetalk.com

 

The commanders of the Afghan air force and NATO Air Training Command-Afghanistan signed two operational decrees Jan. 23, implementing procedures to improve air response to Afghan battlefield casualties by the AAF’s new Cessna C-208 Caravan fleet and its Mi-17 helicopters.

 

The decrees address the high-priority casualty evacuations and the dignified, culturally-appropriate transfer of fallen members of Afghan National Security Forces. The signings took place in the NATC-A headquarters at the Kabul, International Airport.

 

“These air support missions are critical to campaign success, augmenting ground CASEVAC resources when needed,” emphasized Brig. Gen. Steven Shepro, the NATC-A commander. “To improve the effectiveness of these missions, the AAF and NATC-A team have accelerated the delivery, configuration and initial operating capability of the C-208 fleet in a matter of months.”

 

The decree initiatives instruct aircrew and direct streamlined command, control and communication across security organizations. The AAF’s primary unit for managing flying missions is the Afghan Air Force Command and Control Center. According to the NATC-A Director of Operations, Col. Reginald Smith, the AAF has transferred 146 patients for continued medical care in the last three months of 2012. The primary AAF aircraft used for casualty movements have been Mi-17s, C-27A Spartans and Cessna 208B.

 

“The ACCC functions to task AAF units and aircraft to conduct troop movement, resupply and equipment logistics along with the movement of the injured and fallen,” said Smith. “The ACCC works in coordination with the Afghan Ministry of Defense to prioritize and task missions each day according to the position and availability of aircraft.”

 

Current C-208 seating configurations accommodate up to eight ambulatory patients, but modifications to transport four litter patients along with two additional ambulatory patients are in progress, according to NATC-A medical personnel.

 

“The AAF’s recent progress in these priority missions has been significant,” Shepro said. “Three months ago, the air CASEVAC process would have taken over 24 hours. Today, response times average under five hours from battlefield request to hospital arrival — and are increasingly Afghan-planned, coordinated and executed with minimal adviser input.”

 

Air response and capability continues to improve, Shepro said. Over the last three months, the AAF air supply to the six fielded Afghan Army Corps has comprised more than 570 missions, 370,000 pounds of cargo and 5,400 passengers.

 

“The Afghan coalition team has a clear strategy for 2013 mission success and growth of the AAF’s quantity and quality,” Shepro said. “These operational decrees provide joint cohesion, direction and motivation to improve air support to Afghan National Security Forces and enhance campaign success.”

Partager cet article

Repost0
26 janvier 2013 6 26 /01 /janvier /2013 10:23

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/operations/afghanistan/130123-depart-du-gal-de-bavinchove/depart-gal-de-bavinchove-1/2152355-1-fre-FR/depart-gal-de-bavinchove-1.jpg

 

25/01/2013 Opérations - sources : EMA

 

Le 23 janvier 2013, le général de corps d’armée Olivier de Bavinchove a quitté ses fonctions de chef d’état-major de la force internationale d’assistance à la sécurité (ISAF).

 

Le général de corps d’armée italien Giorgio Battisti lui succède à ce poste. C’est désormais le général de brigade aérienne  Philippe Adam, commandant de l’aéroport de Kaboul, qui assure la fonction de Senior National Representative (SNR). Le général de brigade Francisco Soriano assure le commandement du contingent des éléments français (NCC).

 

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/operations/afghanistan/130123-depart-du-gal-de-bavinchove/depart-gal-de-bavinchove-2/2152360-1-fre-FR/depart-gal-de-bavinchove-2.jpg

 

Après 15 mois passés en Afghanistan, le général de Bavinchove a quitté ses fonctions de chef d’état-major de l’ISAF (COS ISAF) et de commandant des forces françaises en Afghanistan (COM PAMIR). Durant son mandat, les forces françaises ont, après avoir imposé un contrôle de zone en Kapisa et en Surobi, assuré le transfert de responsabilité de ces zones vers les forces de sécurité afghanes, désormais capables de conduire leurs opérations de manière autonome. Elles ont par ailleurs lancé le processus de désengagement qui se poursuivra jusqu’à la fin du premier semestre 2013.

 

Lors de la prise d’armes, le général de Bavinchove a rappelé qu’en 2012, après avoir rempli la mission qui leur avait été fixée, les forces participant directement aux combats avait été progressivement désengagé, en coordination avec nos alliés de l’ISAF et les autorités afghanes. Il s’agit désormais de maintenir le même rythme pour achever la phase de désengagement logistique et la réarticulation du dispositif français sur Kaboul.

 

A son retour en France, le général de Bavinchove reprendra son poste de commandant de l’Eurocorps, à Strasbourg.

Partager cet article

Repost0
25 janvier 2013 5 25 /01 /janvier /2013 17:35

http://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/image_data/file/6180/s300_Sherin_Shah.jpg

Brigadier General Sherin Shah

 

24 January 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

The commander of Afghan troops who work alongside British forces to provide security in Helmand province has visited the UK to help our troops prepare for deployment to the area.

 

Brigadier General Sherin Shah, the Commander of 3rd Brigade of 215 Corps of the Afghan National Army (ANA), flew in to play a role in the force generation of UK military units for ongoing operations in Afghanistan - the sixth time he has done so.

 

While here he also expressed confidence that his men will be ready to take responsibility for their country’s security post-2014.

 

During the training he met the UK’s Brigadier Rupert Jones, Commander 1st Mechanized Brigade, which deploys on Operation Herrick 18 in the coming weeks.

 

Brigadier Jones will be the Afghan General’s counterpart and work closely with him over his brigade’s six-month tour.

During his visit, General Shah gave presentations on the capabilities of the ANA in Helmand province and took part in planning sessions for future operations as well as acting in his own role during training for the Afghan central Helmand security shura (meeting) which co-ordinates security priorities.

 

His advice, based on 10 years of fighting in southern Afghanistan, was immensely valuable.

 

There was also a chance for a reunion when he met UK Brigadier Patrick Sanders, who commanded more than 6,000 British personnel in Task Force Helmand over the winter of 2011/12 as Commander of 20th Armoured Brigade, and worked closely with the Afghan General.

 

General Shah, who was accompanied by Brigadier General Ayoub Ansari of the Afghan National Police, held meetings with British Defence Chiefs to discuss how UK forces prepare for deployments to Afghanistan is changing as their security responsibilities are increasingly handed over to their Afghan counterparts.

 

British forces are to draw down from 9,000 personnel to around 5,200 by the end of 2013 as transition of security control to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) progresses. The transition, to be complete by the end of 2014, is on track and approximately 90 per cent of Afghans now live in areas where Afghan forces lead on security.

 

General Shah said:

I am confident we will be ready in 18 months’ time when ISAF combat operations stop.

 

When we started as a new army from scratch we needed a shoulder to lean on. As time has gone on we still have that shoulder, but have tested ourselves. We are at that stage now where the shoulder is still there, but we can stand on our own, and we can start to look at the day after tomorrow, when we will be walking or running.

 

Our turning point was last year, during 20 Brigade’s tour. That was when Task Force Helmand moved from our sides to our back, asked us what we needed rather than telling us what to do, and allowed us to find how capable we could be.

 

My proudest achievement is that over 70 per cent of my brigade are able to operate as commandos, independently, and the reports I have from the British personnel are of how amazed they are at the level of our soldiers.

As part of his visit, General Shah also attended seminars at the Royal College of Defence Studies and at All Souls College, Oxford University, which analysed the capabilities of the ANSF, the state of transition in Afghanistan and international relations matters involving Afghanistan.

 

He also visited No 10 Downing Street for a briefing with the National Security Adviser, Sir Kim Darroch, and met with senior military officers and officials at the Ministry of Defence to further discuss operations in Afghanistan.

Partager cet article

Repost0
25 janvier 2013 5 25 /01 /janvier /2013 08:20

MQ-9 Reaper

 

24/01 LesEchos (Reuters)

 

Les Nations unies ont ouvert jeudi une enquête sur l'utilisation de drones, des avions sans pilote, dans des opérations antiterroristes notamment au Pakistan, au Yémen, en Somalie, en Afghanistan et dans les territoires palestiniens.

 

Ces raids ont suscité des protestations en raison des pertes causées dans la population civile.

 

Le rapporteur de l'enquête de l'Onu, Ben Emmerson, a jugé "impératif" que des structures judiciaires et opérationnelles soient d'urgence mises en place pour réguler le recours à de telles attaques, afin de respecter tous les critères du droit international.

 

Aujourd'hui à la retraite, le général américain Stanley McChrystal, qui avait notamment élaboré la stratégie anti-insurrectionnelle en Afghanistan, a lancé ce mois-ci une mise en garde contre le recours excessif aux drones, évoquant les "dégâts collatéraux" - le pertes civiles - qui provoquent la colère des populations locales, notamment au Pakistan.

 

Selon les données du "Bureau of Investigative Journalism", entre 2.600 et plus de 3.400 Pakistanais ont été tués à ce jour dans des attaques de drones, dont 473 à 889 civils.

 

Le Conseil des droits de l'homme de l'Onu a ordonné l'ouverture de cette enquête à la demande de plusieurs pays, dont le Pakistan, la Russie et la Chine.

 

La ministre yéménite des Droits de l'homme a vivement critiqué mardi dernier les attaques de drones américains contre les insurgés islamistes dans son pays, des raids qui sont également dénoncés par les populations des régions visées.

 

Hooria Mashhour a demandé que les opérations contre les djihadistes soit menées principalement au sol afin de limiter les pertes dans la population civile.

Partager cet article

Repost0
24 janvier 2013 4 24 /01 /janvier /2013 19:38

http://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/image_data/file/6154/s300_TFH-4MechBde-2012-175-080.jpg

Members of the Afghan Uniform Police pose

for a group photo

 

24 January 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

British-trained Afghan forces have demonstrated their expanding capability by successfully leading a large and complex operation to build a bridge over the Nahr-e Saraj canal in Afghanistan's Helmand province.

 

Soldiers from the Afghan National Army as well as members of the Afghan Uniform Police conducted a security sweep through the Lashkar Gah district of Helmand as part of the mission, aimed at consolidating improvements in security.

This major operation was supported by British forces led by 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (1 LANCS) who have been advising Afghan security forces in Lashkar Gah.

 

The operation demonstrated some of the crucial capabilities that the Afghan security forces have developed in recent years, including the installation of vital infrastructure and detection and disposal of improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

It also included a bridge-build across the Nahr-e Saraj canal, before a 72-hour period in which in excess of 50 IEDs and 240 kilograms of homemade explosives were found and dealt with independently of support from their British mentors.

Afghan children watch soldiers on patrol pass by
Children come out to watch as soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment pass by [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]

Lieutenant Colonel Nick Wood, Commanding Officer of 1 LANCS, said:

The success of this operation was down to the ability of both the Afghan Army and the Afghan Police to create and execute a good plan together. The manner in which they integrated enabled them to conduct the operation with minimal support from us.

The confidence this operation has given them will mean greater autonomy for their security provision in the area.

Major Mark McLellan, Officer Commanding Corunna Company, 1 LANCS, said:

They built a bridge and a new checkpoint as part of the operation to allow them and the locals more freedom of movement in the area. The police patrolmen performed brilliantly; they conducted 5 operations in 7 days across the Lashkar Gah area.

The operations were planned by the Afghans and they were fairly autonomous with the execution. Our soldiers only got involved to give advice and assistance when required.

The success of the operation can be judged by the fact that the Afghans managed to complete the bridge-build with little interference from insurgents and they managed to recover a massive hoard of IEDs and drugs. It won’t be long before they take full responsibility for the area.

Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment on patrol
Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment patrol behind members of the Afghan Uniform Police [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]

Lieutenant Will Brown, 1 LANCS, said:

You can really see it coming together for the Afghan Police now; there is really good command and control and they did a great job defusing and destroying hundreds of kilograms of explosives and drugs. The police engaged with the locals and those we spoke to said that they thought security had improved since they had been conducting operations.

As Afghan forces’ independence and capability improves, British and coalition forces will gradually step further back until Afghan forces operate with complete autonomy.

 

Burma Company, part of 1 LANCS, returned to the UK early in December 2012 having handed over responsibility for security in their area to the Afghan Uniform Police, while Corunna Company, who supported this operation, will become an Advisor Team Enabling Company. The remainder of the battle group will return to the UK in April 2013.

Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment on patrol
Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment patrol alongside an irrigation ditch [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Sharing chai with local elders
Members of the Afghan Uniform Police and soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment share chai (tea) with local elders [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment on patrol
As it gets light the temperature stays cold and the Afghans lead the way [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
The ground in Afghanistan is hard and dangerous, with many obstacles to cross [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Members of the Afghan Uniform Police
Members of the Afghan Uniform Police on patrol [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Members of the Afghan Uniform Police
Members of the Afghan Uniform Police take a break [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
A rest stop during a patrol
Soldiers of 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment sit comfortably with members of the Afghan Uniform Police [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Afghan Uniform Police Officers Abdul and Torjan
Afghan Uniform Police Officers Abdul and Torjan [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]
Sharing a joke
A soldier from 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment shares a joke with members of the Afghan Uniform Police [Picture: Corporal Mike O'Neill RLC, Crown Copyright/MOD 2012]

Partager cet article

Repost0
24 janvier 2013 4 24 /01 /janvier /2013 12:35

Super Tucano Embraer – photo Embraer

 

Jan. 23, 2013 by Dave Majumdar – FG

 

Washington DC - A US Air Force tender to purchase 20 light attack aircraft for the Afghan air force has been delayed. The service was expected to award a contract for the Light Air Support (LAS) programme this January.

 

"It's still in source selection but we do anticipate making a decision and announcement in the next few months," the USAF says.

 

The LAS effort aims to provide Afghanistan's nascent air force with a fixed-wing strike capability. There are only two potential contractors.

 

Hawker Beechcraft is offering its AT-6 version of the Texan II turboprop trainer while Sierra Nevada and Embraer have teamed up to offer the A-29 Super Tucano.

 

The USAF had originally chosen the Super Tucano for the LAS tender at the end of 2011, but the programme was halted after Beechcraft filed a lawsuit.

 

During the activity surrounding the lawsuit, the USAF discovered that its internal contract documents were not in order. The service then terminated the existing LAS contract in March, 2012, and started afresh.

 

The LAS contract is expected to be worth about $355 million.

Partager cet article

Repost0
24 janvier 2013 4 24 /01 /janvier /2013 08:35

http://www.strategypage.com/gallery/images/USS-John-C-Stennis-01-2013.jpg

 

1/22/2013 Strategy Page

 

U.S. 5TH FLEET AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY (Jan. 15, 2013) The aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) conducts flight operations during a deployment to the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility. John C. Stennis is conducting maritime security operations, theater security cooperation efforts and support missions for Operation Enduring Freedom. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Kenneth Abbate)

Partager cet article

Repost0
23 janvier 2013 3 23 /01 /janvier /2013 08:35

NH90 Italian Defence Ministry

Italian Defence Ministry

 

21 Jan 2013By Luca Peruzzi - FG

 

In mid-2010, Italy began preparing for the first deployment of the NH Industries NH90 tactical transport helicopter (TTH). The effort was led initially by an NH90 task group at the Italian army's experimental aviation centre, and then by the service's 7 Regiment, "Vega".

 

A helicopter squadron called Task Unit Nemo was established, trained and certificated for the out-of-area mission. This comprises five NH90 TTHs - or UH-90As, to use the Italian defence ministry's designation - and some 45 personnel, including five crews and a team of 15 maintenance operators.

 

The full article is exclusively available to read for FG Club members.

Partager cet article

Repost0
22 janvier 2013 2 22 /01 /janvier /2013 18:40

http://defense.blogs.lavoixdunord.fr/media/02/02/4228226087.jpg

 

22/01/2013 Par Olivier Berger, grand reporter à La Voix du Nord - Défense globale

 

Sous l'autorité de l'amiral Guillaud, chef d'état-major des armées, c'est le général de corps d'armée Didier Castres (photo ministère de la Défense), sous-chef d'état-major " opérations " de l'EMA et ancien patron du Centre de planification et de conduite des opérations (CPCO), qui dirige actuellement l'opération Serval.

 

Avant la nomination par l'état-major des armées d'un patron spécifique pour l'opération Serval.

 

Hasard du calendrier, le général Didier Castres fête cette année ses trente ans de service (il aura 54 ans le 12 mai et est natif de Boulogne dans les Hauts-de-Seine, dit sa biographie).

 

Pour avoir débuté comme chef de section au 2e régiment d'infanterie de marine du Mans, lui-même projeté au Mali, le général Castres connaît ses marsouins et l'Afrique (il passa par le 5e régiment interarmées d'outre-mer de Djibouti). Au cours de sa carrière, il a également commandé le 21e RIMA de Fréjus, lui aussi plongé dans l'opération Serval. Décidément...

 

Sa carrière grimpe dans les hautes sphères et prend un tour plus politique. De 2005 à 2009, il est adjoint du chef de l'état-major particulier du président de la République. Pendant deux ans, de 2009 à 2011, il dirige le fameux CPCO, le Centre de planification et de conduite des opérations de l'EMA, l'organe de décision opérationnelle. Depuis le 1er septembre 2011, le général Didier Castres est le sous-chef d'état-major " opérations " de l'EMA.

 

Dans l'organigramme de l'état-major des armées, sous le CEMA, on compte le Major général des armées, l'officier général adjoint, puis les cinq sous-chefs d'état-major (opérations, plans, ressources humaines, relations internationales et soutien).

 

Le sous-chef d'état-major "opérations " dirige toutes les opérations françaises à l'étranger ou sur le sol national. Selon la fiche du ministère de la Défense, il a sous ses ordres le CPCO, la division emploi, la division forces nucléaires et le bureau géographie, hydrographie, océanographie et météorologie.

 

Pour l'instant, l'EMA n'a pas communiqué le nom de l'officier qui commande ou commandera spécifiquement l'opération Serval au Mali, appelée à durer quelques temps...

Partager cet article

Repost0
21 janvier 2013 1 21 /01 /janvier /2013 17:35

APKWS being fired Photo BAE Systems

 

January 20, 2013. David Pugliese - Defence Watch

 

News release from BAE:

 

BAE Systems’ Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System, or APKWS, has been shot almost 100 times in combat operations in Afghanistan this year, and there hasn’t been a single failure after launch.

 

“The vast majority have been direct hits,” said U.S. Navy Captain Brian Corey, APKWS program manager for PMA-242. “The missions we’re seeing require a lot of precision, and collateral damage is of concern.” That’s precisely why the APKWS laser-guided rocket system is the low cost weapon that U.S. Marine aviators on the battlefield fly with “day in and day out,” according to Corey.

 

APKWS is the U.S. government’s only program of record for the semi-active laser-guided 2.75-inch rocket. BAE Systems makes the semi-active laser guidance section that is simply inserted between the rocket motor and warhead of the Hydra 70 rocket. It is this middle section that provides precision engagement with lower collateral damage, while at the same time giving the military greater flexibility to engage the enemy.

 

“APKWS technology fills the weapons gap by providing a precision-guided rocket that will eliminate soft and lightly armored targets,” said Joe Tiano, BAE Systems’ APKWS program manager. “At one-third of the cost and one-third of the weight of existing forward firing laser-guided precision munitions in inventory, APKWS allows the military to implement a simple upgrade to an existing system instead of buying costly new weapons systems.”

 

To date, APKWS has been successfully launched from a variety of fixed- and rotary-wing platforms, including the AH-1W, UH-1Y, and AT-6C. The weapon’s versatility and proven success in theater have driven the company to look to expand its use on additional U.S. and international platforms. BAE Systems has also seen significant interest from a number of international customers for APKWS, which is available through the foreign military sales process.

 

“APKWS’ success in combat – combined with its low weight and low cost – highlights its potential as the choice for a close air support weapon system against soft and lightly armored targets for rotary-wing, fixed-wing, and unmanned platforms throughout the world,” Tiano said.

Partager cet article

Repost0
21 janvier 2013 1 21 /01 /janvier /2013 17:35

afghanistan-ceremonie-de-transition-de-la-province-de-kapis

 

January 20, 2013. David Pugliese - Defence Watch

 

This is from the U.S. Department of Defense:

 

BRUSSELS — With just 23 months until the end of the International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan, Afghan forces are poised to move into the lead operationally, and NATO and partner nations are discussing the scope and missions of the enduring presence force that will remain in the country.

 

The conversations within NATO are about this transition, a senior NATO officer, speaking on background, told reporters today. The alliance’s chiefs of defense, including Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, are here for meetings.

 

“It has been less a conversation about numbers than it has been about capabilities and requirements,” the senior officer said of discussions concerning NATO’s role going forward in Afghanistan.

 

“Milestone 2013” is the shorthand NATO uses referring to Afghan forces taking the security lead. Last week, President Barack Obama and Afghan President Karzai announced this will occur in the spring.

 

This milestone marks a long road for the Afghan national security forces, the officer said. In 2012, Afghan forces demonstrated their battlefield abilities and proficiencies. Now, he said, the need in Afghanistan is for NATO support forces and advisors rather than the combat troops Afghanistan needed in the past.

 

The post-2014 needs are a training-and-advising capability and a focused counterterrorism capability, the officer said. How to execute those missions at various troop levels are the conversations that are going on within NATO, in Afghanistan and in the capitals of partner nations, he told reporters, adding that ISAF has not been asked to provide advice with respect to a zero-troop option.

 

The way forward can be seen with an eye to the past, the officer said. The nature of the enduring-presence force will be to facilitate an Afghan national security force that will still be conducting counterinsurgency operations, he added.

 

Just a year ago, the officer noted, people asked when ISAF was going to shift the main effort in Afghanistan from Regional Command South to Regional Command East. They didn’t realize the main effort was already shifting, he said, because that mission was shifting to Afghan forces.

 

For a counterinsurgency to succeed, the officer said, indigenous forces have to be the lead. Foreign forces can provide the breathing space for these forces to develop their capabilities, but ultimately it is up to local forces to work with the people. “That’s been what has been happening over the last 18 months,” he said.

 

The drawdown of U.S. surge forces in Afghanistan created the space and necessitated innovation for Afghan forces. “They are doing corps-level operations today using counterinsurgency type tactics, techniques and procedures, with us firmly in an advisory role,” he said.

 

In 2015 and beyond, the nature of NATO presence will be on training, advising and assisting to ensure the continued development of the Afghan forces, the officer said, and the counterterrorism mission will be to prevent al-Qaida from putting down roots in Afghanistan again.

 

The Afghan forces will be ready for the full security load by 2015, the officer said, but the road hasn’t been easy. “We’re building this military virtually from scratch,” he noted.

 

Once trained, the officer said, the Afghan military “has gone from the training field to the battlefield, it has gone from training straight into combat.” The Afghan military needs to have cohesion and loyalty to the nation, but it still must incorporate and adjust to the dynamic of tribalism and ethnicity, he added. And on top of this, he said, less than a quarter of all Afghans are literate, and the use of modern weapons and tactics requires literacy.

 

There are problems, he acknowledged, and ISAF and the Afghan ministries are addressing them. Attrition in the army is an unsustainable 3.5 percent per month, the officer said. Other national security elements such as the police and air force are within the norms needed, around 1.4 percent per month.

 

The army’s difficulties, he told reporters, stem from four basic problems: quality of leadership, quality of life, access to leave, and pay.

 

The pay issue has been largely solved with the adoption of electronic funds transfer. Quality of life issues are being addressed by building new garrisons, the officer said. “We’re getting these soldiers out of barracks that are falling down, that are cast-offs, and getting them into the new facilities and bases that we are building for them,” he said.

 

Leave was a problem last year and directly contributed to a rise in the attrition rate, the officer said, noting these soldiers went straight from the training ground to a tough fighting season in 2012. “We have worked very closely with the Afghan army and the Ministry of Defense to get leave back on the books for these kids,” he said.

 

Finally, the officer said, leadership is a systemic problem that is being addressed. The Afghan defense minister is scrubbing the leadership of the Afghan military and weeding out those who can’t cut the mustard or are corrupt, while promoting those who have demonstrated their worth.

 

The attrition is coming down, the officer said.

 

All this is important for the Afghan security forces in 2013, the officer said. “This is the first summer where Afghans are in the lead for security operations throughout the country,” he said. “We want their forces to come out of this fighting season to be successful, but really to be confident in their abilities.”

 

The Afghans already are conducting corps-level operations around Afghanistan and routinely oversee 10,000 to 12,000 Afghan troops in an operation from multiple brigades, the officer said. Between 1,000 and 1,500 ISAF personnel will be scattered about the battle space as advisors or providing support capabilities.

 

One Taliban tactic is simply to wait out the NATO ISAF mission and take on the Afghan national security force, the officer said, but he added he does not believe that is the Taliban’s strategy.

 

“Have the Taliban taken a knee for a couple of fighting seasons to sustain their own combat power and lull us into a false sense of confidence?” he said. “We have concluded they have not taken a knee. They are going to continue to come at us hard. That’s where the insider threat has been, and our sense is they are not going to husband or marshal their combat power for a post-2014 offensive.”

 

The fighting seasons from 2009 to 2012 each saw decreases in enemy activity. What’s more, the officer said, where the fighting is happening also is instructive. In 2011, NATO surge forces permitted ISAF to push the enemy out of the cities. “In 2012, as the Taliban sought to get back into the population centers, they were really unable to do that,” he said. The officer said he expects fewer Taliban attacks this year, but he still expects the Taliban to go after the Afghan national security forces.

 

And all this has to happen so the footprint for an enduring force is ready by the end of 2014, the officer said. About 220 bases in Afghanistan have to close over the next 23 months. “The strategic end state is to seek the final basing platform for our mission that converts naturally into the basing platform for the enduring presence force,” he explained.

 

Some of that force will be in and around the Afghan capital of Kabul, working with the various government ministries and with the training establishments that have grown up around the city. The officer said he anticipates a presence at Bagram Airfield. Other enduring-presence forces could be based regionally in corps or police-zone areas, or they could be mobile training teams that go from one regional headquarters to another.

 

There is enthusiasm in NATO to continue to make a difference in Afghanistan, the officer said. “We’ve put 11 years of fighting into this, and the right kind of force in the post-2014 period can sustain these gains for a long time,” he said.

 

Over the next 23 months, commanders must work to maintain the cohesion of the coalition — 50 nations have been successful working together in the country — and they must guard the integrity of the campaign plan, the officer said. Beyond that, he added, commanders must lead and manage the redeployment of the force, the retrograde of materiel and the closing of more than 200 bases.

 

“That requires extraordinarily detailed planning, and 23 months is the blink of an eye,” he said. “We are seriously going to use every second to fight the campaign, clear the theater and set the enduring presence force.”

Partager cet article

Repost0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories