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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 08:30
Buk-M1-2 SAM system. 9A310M1-2 self-propelled launcher. MAKS, Zhukovskiy, Russia, 2005

Buk-M1-2 SAM system. 9A310M1-2 self-propelled launcher. MAKS, Zhukovskiy, Russia, 2005

 

December 15, 2015: Strategy page

 

Egyptian air defense forces are expanding their arsenal by spending over a billion dollars on additional Russian Buk short range and S-300V king range anti-missile systems. These are of Buk and S-300 systems Egypt already has. Egypt has been using Russian anti-aircraft missile systems since the 1970s. In addition Egypt has American Hawk and Patriot systems. This includes some of the anti-missile missiles for their Patriot systems. But the 70,000 personnel in the Egyptian Air Defense Command primarily operate Russian equipment.

 

The latest version of Buk is the Buk M3. This version has a longer range (75 kilometers compared to 50 for the M2) and improvements in the guidance system and overall reliability. Development of the Buk M2, a radical redesign of the 1960s era SA-6, was completed in 1988, near the end of the Cold War and disintegration of the Soviet Union. This delayed its introduction. Russia was not able to start production until after 2002. When NATO discovered the Buk M2 they called it the SA-11.

 

Buk began development in the 1970s because of the success of SAM-6 system in the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. Egyptian SA-6 systems were effective against Israeli warplanes, one of the rare successes of Russian air defense weapons against Western equipment. The Buk M1 entered service in the 1980s while work got underway for the even more advanced M2 and M2E. These were the ones delayed by financial problems in the 1980s. The M2 missiles weighed 720 kg (1,587 pounds) each and have a max range of 50 kilometers. This was followed by a lighter (581 kg) version with the same range. The missiles were carried and launched from a tracked vehicle that held four missiles. Another vehicle has the target acquisition radar which has a range of over 150 kilometers. Versions of the Buk were developed for use on ships.

 

As successful as the SA-6 was in 1973 and U.S. and Israel quickly developed electronic countermeasures. Russia responded by improving Buk but was never able to repeat the success of 1973, which was largely the result of Israel underestimating the SA-6 and the ability of Egyptian operators. Israel has not repeated that error since then and it was a wakeup call to the United States and other NATO countries as well.

 

While the S-300’s may be Cold War era weapons, their fire control and communications systems have been upgraded. Each S-300 battery consists of 4-8 launcher vehicles (each with two missiles, plus two reloads) plus radar vehicles and a command vehicle. The original S-300 was known to NATO, during the Cold War, as the SA-10. This system entered service in the late 1970s and was upgraded several times since then. One major upgrade came to be called the SA-12 and it entered service in the late 1980s. Finally, there was the SA-21, which was so different from the original S-300 that it was given a new name by the Russians: the S-400. These systems began entering service, slowly, in 2007. The S-300V/SA-12 missiles had a range of 75 kilometers and were considered somewhat similar to the American Patriot systems. Later models of the S-300V had some capability to shoot down short range ballistic missiles. The SA-12 missiles were carried in canisters (either four or two per launcher vehicle). Each launcher vehicle also contains a guidance radar.

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19 novembre 2015 4 19 /11 /novembre /2015 08:30
Patriot missile photo emirates247-com

Patriot missile photo emirates247-com

 

November 13, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Satellite photos indicate that the UAE (United Arab Emirates) is withdrawing its Hawk air defense missile batteries (acquired in the 1980s) and replacing them with Patriot batteries. UAE first ordered Patriot in 2001. Six air defense missile sites are now missing there Hawk equipment and appear to have Patriots. Each Patriot battery is manned by about a hundred troops and contains a radar plus four launchers. A battery can fire two types of Patriot missile. The $4 million PAC 3 missile is smaller than the cheaper anti-aircraft version (PAC 2), thus a Patriot launcher can hold sixteen PAC 3 missiles, versus four PAC 2s. A PAC 2 missile weighs about a ton, a PAC 3 weighs about a third of that. The PAC 3 has a shorter range (about 20 kilometers) versus 96 kilometers for the anti-aircraft version. While each Patriot launcher, loaded with PAC 3 missiles, can only defend against ballistic missiles approaching within 20 kilometers, the Patriot radar can detect targets out to a hundred kilometers. Two PAC 3 missiles are fired at each incoming ballistic missile, to increase the probability of a hit. The PAC 3 missile has its own radar, and uses it to track the incoming warhead, and execute a collision course. The UAE apparently sent at least one Patriot battery into Yemen with UAE ground troops helping the government there fight Iran backed Shia rebels. UAE was also seen using at least two S340 airborne radar aircraft in Yemen.

 

The UAE is doing a lot more to upgrade its air defenses. In 2013 the UAE ordered 17 French Ground Master 200 (GM200) portable radars. The system fits in a standard 20 foot shipping container and weighs less than ten tons. It is carried on one 6x6 truck. This is an AESA radar that can be set up by a four man crew in 30 minutes. It can detect aircraft at up to 250 kilometers and locate them accurately enough for targeting at 100 kilometers. Aircraft can be seen at up to 25.8 kilometers (80,000 feet) altitude. The entire system will, on average, operate for several thousand hours before experiencing a failure. The radar can also track incoming mortar shells but not ballistic missiles. The UAE is using the GM200 to better coordinate its several different anti-aircraft systems (Improved Hawk, Rapier, Crotale, Patriot, NASAM, and Avenger) all of which can use real-time data from these radars. Each GM200 system cost about $23 million and will further enhance UAE defenses against Iranian attack.

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6 novembre 2015 5 06 /11 /novembre /2015 17:30
photo Rafael

photo Rafael

 

November 4, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Israel is offering for sale a laser weapon that can shoot down artillery and mortar shells as well as rockets and small UAVs. Called Iron Beam it has a range of 2,000 meters and is expected to enter service in Israel by the end of 2015. There is a lot of action on Israeli borders for a system like Iron Beam and it will soon become evident if Iron Beam is the first effective laser air defense weapon or not.

 

Each Iron Beam firing unit consists of a radar and control system and two lasers. These three elements can be stationary or mounted (and used) in trucks. This is the first C-RAM (counter-rockets, artillery and mortars) system using lasers to be offered for sale. There have been several attempts to develop systems like this since the 1990s but this one is the first to actually hit the market.

 

The first non-laser system similar to Iron Beam was developed by the United States in 2006. This was a C-RAM version of the Phalanx ship-mounted missile defense system. The C-RAM Phalanx was intended to protect large bases in Iraq and Afghanistan from mortar and rocket attack. The original Phalanx was a 20mm cannon designed to defend American warships against anti-ship missiles. Phalanx does this by using a radar that immediately starts firing at any incoming missile it detects. The C-RAM Phalanx system has its software modified to detect smaller objects (like 82mm mortar shells). This capability came about when it was discovered that the original Phalanx could take out incoming 155mm artillery shells. This capability is what led to the 2006 C-RAM Phalanx.

 

The first C-RAM was sent to Iraq in late 2006 to protect the Green Zone (the large area in Baghdad turned into an American base). It was found that C-RAM could knock down 70-80 percent of the rockets and mortar shells fired within range of its cannon. It took about a year to develop C-RAM, and another version, using a high-powered laser, instead of the 20mm gun, was soon in development. The laser powered version is still in development.

 

 Other modifications included linking Phalanx to the Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar and Q-36 Target Acquisition Radar. When these radars detect incoming fire, C-RAM Phalanx points toward the incoming objects and prepares to fire at anything that comes within range (about 2,000 meters) of its 20mm cannon. Phalanx uses high explosive 20mm shells that detonate near the target spraying it with fragments. By the time these fragments reach the ground, they are generally too small to injure anyone. The original Phalanx used 20mm depleted uranium shells, to slice through incoming missiles. Phalanx fires shells at the rate of 75 per second. Another advantage of C-RAM Phalanx, is that it makes a distinctive noise when firing, warning people nearby that a mortar or rocket attack is underway, giving people an opportunity to duck inside if they are out and about.

 

Iron Beam eliminates the risk of shells not going off in the air and falling to ground or the small chance of anyone (especially children) being hit by the small fragments and injured. Perhaps the best thing Iron Beam has going for it is the impressive track record of Israel in developing anti-aircraft weapons. The Israeli Iron Dome anti-rocket system has been heavily used since 2011 and Israeli work on its Arrow anti-ballistic missile system is considered world-class.

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31 octobre 2015 6 31 /10 /octobre /2015 17:40
Tor-M2U air defense systems

Tor-M2U air defense systems

 

October 31, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In late 2015 Russia announced another upgrade for their 30 year old  Tor-M (SA-15) air defense missile system. This one enables the launcher vehicle to fire its guided missiles while on the move. The latest version of Tor is the Tor-M2U. The Tor-M missiles can hit aircraft up to 12 kilometers away and cruise missiles at a distance of five kilometers. The missile launcher vehicle has a crew of thee (commander, driver and missile systems operator). 176 kg (378 pound) missiles are three meters (ten feet) long, 235mm (9.25 inches) in diameter and carry a 15 kg (33 pound). Each battery has search radar and command center vehicles, and controls four launcher vehicles (each carrying eight missiles, and another radar.)

 

The original tracking radar on the missile vehicle could track one target at a time but the latest (Tor-M2) can track four at a time. Missiles can be launched from the vehicle at three second intervals.

 

The original missile carrier/launcher vehicle was armored (against small arms and shell fragments), tracked and weighed 34 tons. Since then a cheaper towed (on a wheeled trailer) version has appeared followed by a version on a 6x6 truck that proved more maneuverable, comfortable and cheaper than the armored version.

 

Russia is the original user but Tor-M has also been exported to Greece, Venezuela, China, Iran and Egypt

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26 juin 2015 5 26 /06 /juin /2015 16:20
photo US Navy

photo US Navy

 

June 26, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In May 2015 the U.S. Navy ordered its new SM-6 (Standard Missile 6) anti-aircraft missile into full production. Over 200 have already been built or ordered for development or as initial (low quantity) production. In late 2014 there were successful several live fire tests in which SM-6 shot down aircraft, anti-ship missiles and cruise missiles under a variety of different conditions. This included the longest surface-to-air engagement (missiles shooting down target) in naval history. The distance achieved was not released, but the max range of the SM-6 is given as 240 kilometers. The new version of the Aegis fire control software was also successfully tested under realistic combat conditions.

 

It was only in 2013, two years after receiving the first production models, that the SM-6 successfully hit an aircraft (a BQM-74 target UAV) over the horizon. The SM-6 is basically the existing SM-2 anti-aircraft missile with the more capable guidance system of the AMRAAM air-to-air missile, as well as general improvements in the electronics and other components. The SM-6 is a 1.5 ton, 6.55 meter (21.5 foot) long, 533mm (21 inch) diameter missile. It has a max altitude of 33 kilometers (110,000 feet).

 

The older SM-2 is 1.35 ton, 8 meter (26.2 foot) long missile with a max range of 190 kilometers and max altitude of 24.4 kilometers (80,200 feet). The main change for the SM-6 is the guidance system which is self-contained and will seek out any target it comes within range of. The SM-2 uses a "semi-active" guidance system, which requires that a special targeting radar "light up" the target with a radar beam, which the SM-2 guidance system detects and homes in on. The "active" guidance system of the SM-6 is thus harder to jam and can home in on targets beyond the range of targeting radars. The SM-6 can attack anti-ship missiles as well.

 

The SM-6 took 9 years to develop and has been in limited production since 2011, with plans to obtain 1,200 missiles at a cost of $4.3 million each. SM-6 will replace many of the SM-2 missiles currently carried by American and Australian warships.

 

Meanwhile, the navy has been continuing years of improvements in the Aegis radar and fire control system that controls SM-2, SM-6, and the smaller SM-3 anti-missile version. The SM-3 can destroy ballistic missiles and low orbit satellites. Aegis equipped ships began getting version 4.0 of the Aegis anti-missile software in 2013 and the next major upgrade (5.0) makes the anti-missile capabilities a standard feature of Aegis software. New destroyers are having anti-missile Aegis software installed as standard equipment. Much of the anti-missile capability of the original Aegis anti-aircraft system came from upgrades to the Aegis software.

 

The Aegis anti-missile system has had a success rate of over 80 percent in knocking down incoming ballistic missile warheads during test firings. To achieve this, two similar models of the U.S. Navy Standard anti-aircraft missile are in service, in addition to a modified (to track incoming ballistic missiles version) version of the Aegis radar system.

 

The RIM-161A, also known as the Standard Missile 3 (or SM-3), has a range of over 500 kilometers and max altitude of over 160 kilometers. The Standard 3 is based on the anti-missile version of the Standard 2 (SM-2 Block IV). This SM-3 missile has a shorter range than the SM-2, which can destroy a warhead that is more than 200 kilometers up. The SM-3 is optimized for anti-missile work, while the SM-2 Block IV was designed to be used against both ballistic missiles and aircraft. The SM-2 Block IV also costs less than half of what an SM-3 costs. So going after aircraft with SM-3s is discouraged unless absolutely necessary.

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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 08:25
The Giraffe radar is part of the British Army Land Environment Air Picture Provision system.(Photo Lockheed Martin)

The Giraffe radar is part of the British Army Land Environment Air Picture Provision system.(Photo Lockheed Martin)

 

March 17, 2015 By Andrew Chuter – Defense News

 

LONDON — Britain has taken a significant step toward updating its air defenses on the Falkland Islands by kick-starting a competition to supply a key element of a new ground-based system.

 

Defence Ministry officials recently briefed industry on its requirements for a battle management C4I system and have triggered the process toward selecting a contractor to do the work by issuing a pre-qualification questionnaire.

 

An MoD spokesman declined to confirm the system is destined for the Falkland Islands, saying that commenting on deployment details is "inappropriate" at this time.

 

Industry sources, though, said the BMC4I system is scheduled to head to the British overseas territory in the South Atlantic, some 300 miles off the coast of Argentina.

 

Britain and Argentina fought a bloody war over the islands in 1982 and the dispute concerning sovereignty of the territory, known in Buenos Aires as the Malvinas, continues to rumble on diplomatically.

 

Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Saab were among the companies known to have attended the February briefing by the British MoD.

 

The contract comes in what the British call its B1 funding category, which means the value of the BMC4I deal lays somewhere between £100 million (US $147 million) and £250 million.

 

The command-and-control system will be part of an air defense system that will include a new ground-to-air missile being developed by MBDA and Saab's Giraffe radar, which is already in service with the British military.

 

The MoD spokesman said the BMC4I-based requirement is in the assessment phase with the contract award to go ahead, known here as the main gate decision, by May 2016.

 

He declined to give an in-service date for the system.

 

However, the MoD's Contract Bulletin reports that the winning contractor will have to provide five years of initial support in a contract set to end in 2025.

 

The British Army recently received the last unit of a similar ground-based air defense system from Lockheed Martin, known as Land Environment Air Picture Provision, or LEAPP.

 

The spokesman said LEAPP hadn't been considered because the new requirement involved additional capabilities.

 

"The potential threat posed to our forces from air platforms and their munitions has evolved and the system required must interact with the Future Local Area Air Defence System (FLAADS) (Land) and G-AMB radar system, meaning it needs a solution incorporating additional capabilities (like weapon control) for which LEAPP was not designed," he said.

 

LEAPP achieved full operating capability in December and the spokesman said reliability and functionality of the system is exemplary.

 

Britain awarded missile-maker MBDA a £228 million contract in December to develop the FLAADS (Land) weapon system.

 

The new weapon is destined to replace the long-serving Rapier anti-air missile as part of the Falklands ground-based defenses and in other British Army units by 2020.

 

With an aging Air Force, Argentina poses no threat to the islands, which are guarded by a small force of Royal Air Force Typhoon fighters and ground-based assets.

 

The Argentineans, though, have been trying, so far without success, to modernize a force that consists of Mirage III, Super Entendard and Nesher combat jets.

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16 mars 2015 1 16 /03 /mars /2015 18:50
photo US DoD

photo US DoD

 

Mar 13, 2015 ASDNews Source : AFPS

 

U.S. and Polish forces will conduct an exercise later this month involving a U.S. Patriot missile battery and Poland’s 3rd Warsaw Air Defense Missile Brigade, Pentagon spokesman Army Col. Steve Warren announced today.

The exercise will involve some 100 U.S. soldiers and 30 vehicles at a location on Polish territory.

Warren called the exercise part of Operation Atlantic Resolve, which is designed to reassure allies, demonstrate freedom of movement and deter regional aggression on the eastern flank of NATO. The mission began in response to Russia’s armed support for separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine and its annexation of Crimea a year ago.

 

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:35
Air Defense: China Gets The Russian Long Arm

 

January 24, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Russia recently revealed that it had sold China six battalions of its new S-400 anti-aircraft missile system. Each battalion will cost $500 million and includes training as well as spare parts and additional missiles. Each S-400 battalion has eight launchers, each with two missiles, plus a control center and radar and 16 missiles available as reloads. All equipment is mobile. S-400 is also known as the S-300PMU-3, SA-21 or Triumf and was renamed S-400 because it turned out to be far more than just another upgrade of the S-300 and was considered sufficiently different to warrant a name upgrade. Russia deployed its first S-400 battalion in 2010, around Moscow.

 

The S-400 is similar to the U.S. Patriot and pays particular attention to electronic countermeasures that the Americans might have, or be developing. The missiles are also physically larger and have longer range as well as being very expensive. Russia began seeking export sales in 2011. The S-400 missiles weigh 1.8 tons each and are 8.4 meters (26 feet) long and about 50cm (20 inches) in diameter. The missiles have a range of some 400 kilometers, and can hit targets as high as 31,000 meters (100,000 feet). The missile has a 145.5 kg (320 pound) warhead. The target acquisition radar has a range of 700 kilometers. The missiles are built to last for 15 years before needing refurbishment.

 

The S-400 has over twice the range of the U.S. Patriot, weighs twice as much and claims the ability to detect stealthy aircraft. The S-400 also has an anti-missile capability, which is limited to shorter range (3,500 kilometers) ballistic missiles that are within 60 kilometers of an S-400 launcher. That would mean a warhead coming in at about 5,000 meters a second (the longer the range of a ballistic missile, the higher its re-entry speed.)

 

The S-400 system actually has two types of missiles, one of them being smaller, with a shorter range (120 kilometers). These are deployed four to a launcher, like all other S-300 systems. The larger missile actually has two versions, one with a range of 250 kilometers and a more expensive one with a range of 400 kilometers. The S-400 has no combat experience, but U.S. intelligence believes that the tests these systems have undergone indicate it is a capable air defense weapon. Just how capable won't be known until it actually gets used in combat.

 

Russia plans to buy up to 200 launchers (each with two or four missiles) by 2015, and phase out the older S-300 and S-200 systems. This would mean deploying at least 18 battalions by 2017 and 56 by 2020 (or organized into 28 battalions containing two battalions each).  China plans to deploy its first S-400 battalion opposite Taiwan. That one battalion can cover all Taiwanese air space. The next battalions will be deployed to deal with Japan, South Korea and Vietnam.

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4 octobre 2014 6 04 /10 /octobre /2014 16:35
Air Defense: Hawks Replaced By Sky Bow

 

October 4, 2014: Strategy Page

 

Taiwan recently announced the retirement (real soon) of its 19 Hawk anti-aircraft missile batteries and over 900 Hawk missiles. This is apparently a message to China to brace for more formidable air defense systems. Hawk is being replaced by the locally developed Sky Bow II system. For many countries, modern versions of Hawk get the job done for local threats and is an affordable (less than $300,000 per missile) solution for air-defense needs. But as the Chinese improve their ECM (Electronic Countermeasures), especially the ECM carried by their most modern fighters and bombers, Hawk has become less of an obstacle.  Sky Bow II, using a lot of licensed American technology has much better electronics and the missile weighs 1.2 tons and has a range of over 150 kilometers. There is also an anti-ballistic missile version (Sky Bow III) that is supposed to enter service in 2015. While there is a mobile version of Sky Bow II, many of the missiles are launched from underground silos, which are much better protected from attack. The mobile version uses a box like launcher containing four missiles in sealed containers. There is a radar and control system (in a truck or underground) for every four to eight launchers. Sky Bow I and II were introduced in the 1990s and Sky Bow I is being replaced by Sky Bow II.

 

Each Hawk battery has six towed launchers each carrying three of the 590 kg (1,290 pound) Hawk missiles plus a radar, control center and maintenance vehicles. In the last 60 year over 40,000 Hawk missiles were produced and bought by the nearly 30 countries that used (or still use) Hawk. While Hawk has been upgraded since it entered service in 1959, some countries have gone beyond that. Back in 2011, South Korea introduced a locally designed and produced Iron Hawk II anti-aircraft missile system. This replaced three existing U.S. Hawk missile battalions. Iron Hawk II is mobile, with the radar and launchers carried on trucks. Each launcher truck has six missiles in sealed storage/firing containers. The original Hawk did not use the container system. Hawk missiles have a max range of 40 kilometers and a max altitude of 15,000 meters (46,500 feet). The search radar (with a max range of 100 kilometers) guides missiles part of the way before the missiles' own guidance system takes over for the final approach. South Korea had help from Russia in developing the AESA search radar and the Iron Hawk missiles. Because the main military threat, North Korea, is right next to South Korea, Hawk range is not a big issue.

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10 septembre 2014 3 10 /09 /septembre /2014 11:40
BUK M1 missiles

BUK M1 missiles

 

September 9, 2014: Strategy Page

 

It turns out that very detailed, and workable, “how to” instructions on how to operate a Russian Buk anti-aircraft missile system are available on the Internet. This discovery came about because on July 17th pro-Russian rebels shot down a Malaysian airliner that was passing over Ukraine. The official Russian line was that the destruction of the Malaysian airliner was all a CIA plot to discredit Russia and justify NATO expansion and that the rebels did not have people competent to operate the Buk. But satellite photos showed a BUK vehicle hastily moving towards the Russian border after the 17th, with two of its four missiles missing. Ukraine also captured radio traffic featuring rebels talking about shooting down a Ukrainian transport on the 17th.

 

There was no evidence that Russia ordered the airliner shot down. The rebels who fired the missiles appear to have believed they were firing at another Ukrainian military aircraft. One of those (an An-26) had been shot down in June by the rebels using Buk. Ukraine did later record some rebel radio chatter of the “oops” variety when the rebels realized that an airliner carrying 298 people had been brought down rather than another An-26. That was obvious when the wreckage, which fell into a rebel controlled area of Donbas, was examined by rebel gunmen.  

 

Russia claimed a Ukrainian fighter shot down the airliner, which may be why the rebels kept international investigators away from the crash site for so long. Russian aviation experts knew that when the wreckage was carefully examined parts of the missile that brought down the airliner would be found and identified. Photos of the wreckage soon appeared showing damage characteristic of what a 9&<052;38 BUK missile warhead would inflict. The 9&<052;38 has 1 70 kg (154 kg) warhead and a proximity fuze that detonates the warhead close to the target and sprays the target with a unique form of metal fragments

 

Western intelligence services believe the Buk M1 anti-aircraft vehicle that fired the two missiles was one of the 60 BUK self-propelled systems Ukraine was known to own. It was believed that some of these were captured by the rebels in Donbas and put to use with the help of Russian experts. Later it was found that instructions could be downloaded from the Internet. The catch here was that while these instructions allowed anyone with access to the equipment, and willing to spend a few hours learning the drill (what buttons to push and when) could actually use the radar and fire control system to fire the missile so that it would bring down an aircraft within range. Normally it takes over two months of formal training for a Buk operator. But the formal course also teaches useful things like how to tell a civilian airliner from a military transport. Faster isn’t always cheaper.

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29 mars 2014 6 29 /03 /mars /2014 13:40
Crimée: la Russie forme des unités de défense aérospatiale

Missiles sol-air S-400

 

MOSCOU, 28 mars - RIA Novosti

 

Les Troupes de défense aérospatiale russes forment de nouvelles unités en Crimée, la république qui a adhéré le 18 mai à la Fédération de Russie, a rapporté vendredi à Moscou le commandant des troupes, Alexandre Golovko.

 

"Nous formons des unités de défense aérospatiale en Crimée", a indiqué le général Golovko lors d'une rencontre du président russe Vladimir Poutine avec des officiers de haut rang des Troupes de défense aérospatiale.

 

Le général a en outre annoncé qu'un nouveau lot de missiles sol-air S-400 viendrait équiper un régiment des Troupes de défense aérospatiale à la fin de 2014. "Le 93e régiment de la garde doté de missiles S-400 est entré en service le 17 mars dernier dans la région de Moscou. A la fin de l'année, nous recevrons un lot de missiles pour un autre régiment", a déclaré le général.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 18:30
ELM-2288 radar-ad-star - photo SITTA

ELM-2288 radar-ad-star - photo SITTA

 

March 26 (UPI)

 

Israel Aerospace Industries reports it is supplying dual-use civilian and military airspace control and protection radars to an unidentified customer.

 

The radars to be provided are the ELM-2288 AD-STAR air defense and traffic control radar and the ELM-2106NG 3D tactical air defense radar, which are manufactured by IAI subsidiary ELTA Systems Ltd.

 

IAI said the radars were configured to the specific requirements of the customer and for the terrain in which they will operate.

 

"IAI's extensive product line of surveillance radars enables us to integrate optimal customer-specific solutions for defense and civil applications", said an IAI ELTA marketing executive. "We are pleased to report that we are constantly gaining new customers worldwide for our high performance AD-STAR and ELM-2106NG radars."

 

The AD-STAR ELM-2288MR is a 3D solid-state, long-range S-Band transportable radar for air defense, early warning and traffic control at ranges of more than 186 miles.

 

The EL/M 2106 NG is a fourth generation 3D system with a range of about 50 miles and can detect low flying aircraft.

 

IAI gave no details as to a delivery schedule for the systems or their monetary value.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 17:35
Vietnam Upgraded P-18 Radar

P-18 long-range air surveillance radar (photo : kienthuc)

 

Mar. 5, 2014 Defense Studies


(Kienthuc.net.vn) - Army radar (Air Defense - Air Force) is leading projects to improve and upgrade the radar station P-18 planes of foreign technology.

This information was revealed in an article titled "Quietly waves wing fly away" published recently in the newspaper People's Army.

"... In recent years, along with factory Z119 and the relevant agencies, industry is leading the project radar" investments improved radar station P-18 "with a 100% transfer of technology design and manufacturing creation, "the article said.

P-18 is the realm of mobile radar 2 parameters (NATO designation is Spoon Rest) developed by SKB Design Bureau precursor of Technical Research Institute of Radio NNIIRT Nizhniy Novgorod (Russia) today.

Radar is designed to replace the P-12, in use since 1970 and is widely exported to many countries around the world including Vietnam.

P-18 stations operating in the VHF band, 150-170MHz frequency. It has a range of up to 250km reconnaissance, maximum altitude of 35km, azimuth 360 degrees.

An interesting detail is that, P-18 is able to capture stealth aircraft relatively good. The radar wave absorbing coatings proved ineffective for VHF radar using longer wavelengths.

The radar system includes a car antenna is placed on the Ural-4320 chassis with a control center is also located on the Ural-4320 chassis.

Although quite old but radar station P-18 is still an important component in protecting the entire network radar airspace and territorial waters of Vietnam. In particular, our troops have taken the P-18 radio to strengthen Spratlys defense forces here.
 

P-18 radar stations are deployed in the Spratlys (photo : kienthuc)

But not disclose details upgrade project P-18, however not exclude the possibility that Vietnam can choose P-18 upgrade package of technical research institute Nizhniy Novgorod NNIIRT Radio (Russia).

Accordingly, radar stations will be equipped with the innovative digital processor capable of distinguishing targets in cluttered environments and better resistance to interference. A built-in self-test detects abnormal error of the system, the control room is equipped with multi-screen display function provides the ability to better target Surveys.

Or it could also be upgraded P-18mA pack of Ukraine to Vietnam many interesting properties. Equipped with microprocessor digital signal MTI, operating frequency range extended from 140-180MHz, generators are modular design is very convenient for maintenance and upgrades.

The range of P-18mA reconnaissance increased to 360km, accuracy decreased from 1,400 m to 180m upgrade no later upgrade. Time to deploy combat-ready reduced from 8 minutes to 3 minutes, the power consumption from 6kW to 10kW. With P-18mA stealth fighter F-117A was "unmask" from a distance of 61km.

"Project completion, Z119 factory can produce all the details of 1 meter wave radar stations; Force helps solve significant problems to ensure proper equipment for a radar system in direct and intensive task directives and guidance. Thereby, has trained a staff, technical staff qualified to meet the technical requirements to ensure that the majority of new conditions. Currently, in order to meet mission requirements increasing training SSCD, the industry has been actively monitoring programs and improved radar and weaponry production, "the article adds.

(Kien Thuc)

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16 février 2014 7 16 /02 /février /2014 11:50
Le HMS « Daring » intégré au GAN « Charles de Gaulle »

 

 

15/02/2014 Marine nationale

 

Actuellement dans la dernière phase de l’opération « Bois Belleau », le groupe aéronaval constitué autour du porte-avions « Charles de Gaulle » vient d’intégrer la frégate de défense aérienne de la Royal Navy le HMS « Daring ». Elle s’inscrit dans la montée en puissance incrémentale du Combined Joint Expeditionary Force (CJEF).

 

Quelques jours après le sommet franco-britannique entre le ministre de la Défense Jean Yves Le Drian et son homologue Philip Hammond, ayant notamment permis la conclusion de différents accords bilatéraux, la collaboration en matière de défense entre la France et le Royaume-Uni a encore une fois été mise en lumière de façon concrète. Cette intégration s’inscrit dans la perspective de la montée en puissance incrémentale du « Combined Joint Expeditionnary Force » (CJEF), dans sa composante maritime. Du 8 au 15 février, la frégate de défense aérienne type T45 de la Royal Navy « Daring »,de retour d’une mission de longue durée, a été intégrée au sein du groupe aéronaval placé sous le commandement du contre-amiral Eric Chaperon. De la Mer Rouge à la Méditerranée, en passant par le Canal de Suez, le rôle de cette frégate a été d’assurer aux côtés de la FDA «       Forbin », la protection rapprochée du porte-avions « Charles de Gaulle ».

 

Au titre de cette mission primordiale, les marins britanniques ont multiplié les manœuvres aux côtés de leurs homologues français afin de renforcer leurs aptitudes à opérer au cœur d’un groupe aéronaval. Ainsi, plusieurs ADEX*, entraînements aussi utiles pour les pilotes de Super Etendard Modernisé et de Rafale Marine, que pour les marins chargés de la protection anti-aérienne des unités du GAN, ont été réalisés.

 

Le 15 février au matin, le HMS « Daring » a reçu « liberté de manœuvre » pour terminer son déploiement indépendant. Cette intégration au cœur de la « French Navy Gobal Strike Force »  conforte l’utilité d’une coopération pragamatique et incrémentale entre ces deux marines, les deux premières en Europe. Le Combined Joint Expeditionnary Force (CJEF) maritime en sera le couronnement.

 

* Air Defense Exercise

Le HMS « Daring » intégré au GAN « Charles de Gaulle »
Le HMS « Daring » intégré au GAN « Charles de Gaulle »
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11 décembre 2013 3 11 /12 /décembre /2013 08:40
La Biélorussie reçoit une batterie de missiles russes Tor-M2

 

MINSK, 10 décembre - RIA Novosti

 

La troisième batterie de missiles sol-air russes Tor-M2 achetée par Minsk est arrivée mardi en Biélorussie, a annoncé l'agence publique biélorusse Belta.

 

"La batterie est arrivée en Biélorussie, elle se trouve actuellement à Minsk", a indiqué le commandant de l'Armée de l'air et des Troupes de défense antiaérienne Oleg Dvigalev cité par l'agence.

 

Les missiles seront ensuite transférés à Baranovitchi, dans la région de Brest. L'arrivée de la troisième batterie de missiles Tor-M2 permettra de former une division équipée de ces armes en Biélorussie, selon le commandant.

 

Les deux autres batteries de missiles Tor-M2 biélorusses sont aussi déployées à Baranovitchi, sur le territoire de la 102e brigade de missiles sol-air.

 

Le système tactique Tor assure la protection de sites d'importance contre les frappes de missiles antiradars, de croisière, de drones, de bombes guidées, d'avions et d'hélicoptères. Le système Tor-M2 n'a pas d'équivalent au monde.

 

Une batterie de missiles Tor-M2 comprend quatre rampes de lancement mobiles capables d'abattre 16 cibles évoluant de tous côtés à une vitesse de 700 m/s, à une distance de 12 km et à une altitude de 10 km. Ce système est opérationnel par tout temps, de jour comme de nuit.

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2 décembre 2013 1 02 /12 /décembre /2013 08:35
More Chinese Air ID Zones Predicted

 

 

Dec. 1, 2013 - By WENDELL MINNICK, JUNG SUNG-KI and PAUL KALLENDER-UMEZU – Defense News


 

TAIPEI, SEOUL AND TOKYO — China’s establishment of an air defense identification zone (ADIZ) last week over the East China Sea has given the US an unexpected challenge as Vice President Joseph Biden prepares for a trip to China, Japan and South Korea beginning this week.

The trip was scheduled to address economic issues, but the Nov. 23 ADIZ announcement raised a troubling new issue for the US and allies in the region. China’s ADIZ overlaps the zones of Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.

Sources indicate China’s ADIZ could be part of its larger anti-access/area-denial strategy designed to force the US military to operate farther from China’s shorelines.

China might also be planning additional identification zones in the South China Sea and near contested areas along India’s border, US and local sources say.

China’s ADIZ might be an attempt by Beijing to improve its claim to disputed islands in the East China Sea also claimed by Japan, sources said. These islands — known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China — are under the administrative control of Japan.

Mike Green, senior vice president for Asia and Japan chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), said this is part of a larger Chinese strategy beyond disputes over islands.

“This should be viewed as a part of a Chinese effort to assert greater denial capacity and eventual pre-eminence over the First Island Chain” off the coast, he said.

Green, who served on the US National Security Council from 2001 to 2005, said China’s Central Military Commission in 2008 “promulgated the ‘Near Sea Doctrine,’ and is following it to the letter, testing the US, Japan, Philippines and others to see how far they can push.”

June Teufel Dreyer, a veteran China watcher at the University of Miami, Fla., said “salami slicing” is a large part of China’s strategic policy. “The salami tactic has been stunningly successful, so incremental that it’s hard to decide what Japan, or any other country, should respond forcefully to. No clear ‘red line’ seems to have been established,” Dreyer said.

The Chinese refer to it as “ling chi” or “death from a thousand cuts.”

For example, China’s new ADIZ overlaps not only Japan’s zone to encompass disputed islands, but South Korea’s zone by 20 kilometers in width and 115 kilometers in length to cover the Socotra Rock (Ieodo or Parangdo). Socotra is under South Korean control but claimed by China as the Suyan Rock.

Seoul decided to expand its ADIZ after China refused to redraw its declared zone covering the islands. Seoul’s Ministry of National Defense (MND) and related government agencies are consulting on how to expand the South Korean ADIZ, drawn in 1951 by the US military, officials said.

“We’re considering ways of expanding [South] Korea’s air defense identification zone to include Ieodo,” said Wi Yong-seop, vice spokesman for the MND.

During annual high-level defense talks between Seoul and Beijing on Nov. 28, South Korean Vice Defense Minister Baek Seung-joo demanded that Wang Guanzhong, deputy chief of the General Staff of the Chinese Army, modify China’s ADIZ.

“We expressed regret over China’s air defense identification zone that overlaps our zone and even includes Ieodo,” Wi said after the bilateral meeting. “We made it clear that we can’t recognize China’s move and jurisdiction over Ieodo waters.”

Amid these growing tensions, South Korea’s arms procurement agency announced Nov. 27 it would push forward on procurement of four aerial refueling planes. Currently, South Korea’s F-15 fighter jets are limited to flying missions over Ieodo for 20 minutes. New tankers will extend that time to 80 minutes.

“With midair refueling, the operational range and flight hours of our fighter jets will be extended to a greater extent, and we will be able to respond to potential territorial disputes with neighboring countries,” a spokesman for South Korea’s Defense Acquisition Program Administration said.

In the southern part of China’s ADIZ, which overlaps Taiwan’s ADIZ, Beijing was careful not to cover Taiwan’s Pengjia Island, which is manned by a Taiwan Coast Guard unit.

“The exclusion of the Pengjia Islet indicates that mainland China respects our stance,” said Chinese Nationalist Party legislator Ting Shou-chung. Relations across the Taiwan Strait have been improving over the past several years.

“We’re all waiting for the other shoe to drop,” said Peter Dutton, an ADIZ expert and director of the China Maritime Studies Institute at the US Naval War College.

“We’re looking to see how China will now behave,” he said. “Hopefully, they will not try to fly inside the airspace over the Senkaku Islands, since that is under Japanese sovereign administration and would therefore be a highly provocative act.”

Dutton downplayed fears of another civilian airliner being shot down, as was the case in 1983, when a Soviet Su-15 fighter shot down a South Korean airliner that strayed into Soviet airspace, killing 269.

In 1988, a US Navy Ticonderoga-class cruiser, the USS Vincennes, shot down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Arabian Gulf, killing 290. The Vincennes mistook the airliner for an Iranian F-14 Tomcat fighter jet.

“For civilian aircraft, this is really not a major issue,” he said. “Those aircraft almost always file flight plans in advance and follow the directions of ground controllers. This means that their route through the ADIZ would already by pre-approved, and this is not a problem for the Chinese.”

Dutton said the real concern is the freedom of military flights.

“But both the US and Japan have said they do not intend to alter their behavior or to abide by the ADIZ procedures, no matter what they are, for military flights,” he said.

In 2001, a Chinese J-8 fighter collided with a US Navy EP-3 Aries signals intelligence aircraft near Hainan Island. Bonnie Glaser, a China specialist at CSIS, said she does not expect China to “back down” from its ADIZ policy, and anticipates more intercepts by Chinese fighters of US reconnaissance aircraft.

“The risk of accident will undoubtedly increase, especially [with] fighters [flown at] Mach 1 by young, inexperienced pilots,” she said.

Alessio Patalano, a lecturer in the Department of War Studies, King’s College, London, said the Chinese move might have been prompted by the current tensions in the East China Sea, and recent discussions in Japan about how the military can deal with Chinese drones and manned patrol aircraft that intrude into Japan’s air defense space.

“Chinese authorities are seeking to force Japan to accept the existence of the dispute challenging Japanese control of the islands,” Patalano said. “The problem with this is that Chinese authorities are using military and paramilitary tools to force a change of status quo to what is a political issue.

“Of course, a more robust response could see the US and Japan deploy air assets in the overlapping areas of the ADIZ to challenge the Chinese position,” Patalano said. “US and Japanese aircraft flying together in the Chinese ADIZ would present a serious dilemma to Chinese authority.”

Green said the US should at least send a “joint US-Japan patrol into the area to prove the point that coercion does not work.”

The announcement of the ADIZ also affects the Chinese military, likely adding to the Air Force’s status over the traditional role the Army has played as national defender

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29 novembre 2013 5 29 /11 /novembre /2013 08:35
JDS Kongo (DDG-173)

JDS Kongo (DDG-173)

 

November 28, 2013: Strategy Page

 

Japan will expand its force of warships equipped with anti-missile systems by building two more Aegis equipped destroyers. Japan is quite pleased with its Aegis anti-missile system. In 2010 a Japanese Kongo class destroyer shot down a ballistic missile off Hawaii, using its Aegis anti-missile system. That made three successful Aegis tests for Japan's Aegis equipped destroyers, out of four attempts. Japan already has four destroyers equipped to use Aegis anti-missile systems and two more are having their Aegis upgraded to have anti-missile capability.

 

With the two new destroyers Japan will have eight warships with Aegis anti-missile capability. The upgrade process mainly involves software modifications to for the Aegis radar and fire control system and replacing some of the SM-2 anti-aircraft missiles with SM-3 anti-missile missiles. Not counting the cost of the SM-3 missiles, the upgrade costs about $15 million per ship.

 

Air Defense: Japan Builds More Aegis Ships

Encouraged by the success the U.S. Navy continues developing new features. In 2013 it completed testing of the new Standard Missile 6 (SM-6) anti-aircraft missile. In 2013, two years after receiving the first production SM-6, the U.S. Navy successfully tested it hitting an aircraft (a BQM-74 target UAV) over the horizon. The SM-6 is basically the existing SM-2 anti-aircraft missile with the more capable guidance system of the AMRAAM air-to-air missile, as well as other improvements in the electronics and other components. The SM-6 is a 1.5 ton, 6.55 meter (21.5 foot) long, 533mm (21 inch) diameter missile. It has a max range of 240 kilometers and max altitude of 33 kilometers (110,000 feet).

 

The older SM-2 is 1.35 ton, 8 meter (26.2 foot) long missile with a max range of 190 kilometers and max altitude of 24.4 kilometers (80,200 feet). The AMRAAM guidance system is self-contained and will seek out any target it comes within range of. The current SM-2 uses a "semi-active" guidance system, which requires that a special targeting radar "light up" the target with a radar beam, which the SM-2 guidance system detects and homes in on. The "active" guidance system of the SM-6 is thus harder to jam and can home in on targets beyond the range of targeting radars. The SM-6 can attack anti-ship missiles as well.

 

The SM-6 took 9 years to develop and is now in production, with the initial order for 1,200 missiles at a cost of $4.3 million each. SM-6 will replace many of the SM-2 missiles currently carried by American and Australian warships and eventually other SM-2 users (like Japan) as well.

 

Meanwhile, the navy has been continuing years of improvements in the Aegis radar and fire control system that controls SM-2, SM-6, and the smaller SM-3 anti-missile version. The SM-3 can destroy ballistic missiles and low earth-orbit satellites. The Aegis anti-missile system has had a success rate of over 80 percent in knocking down incoming ballistic missile warheads during test firings. Aegis equipped ships are now getting version 4.0 and the next major upgrade (5.0) will make the anti-missile capabilities a standard feature of Aegis software. New destroyers are having anti-missile Aegis software installed as standard equipment. Much of the anti-missile capability of the original Aegis anti-aircraft system came from upgrades to the Aegis software.

 

There are actually two models of the U.S. Navy Standard anti-aircraft missile that can hit missiles. The RIM-161A, also known as the Standard Missile 3 (or SM-3), has a range of over 500 kilometers and max altitude of over 160 kilometers. The Standard 3 is based on the anti-missile version of the Standard 2 (SM-2 Block IV). This SM-3 missile has a shorter range than the SM-2, which can destroy a warhead that is more than 200 kilometers up. The SM-3 is only good for anti-missile work, while the SM-2 Block IV can be used against both ballistic missiles and aircraft. The SM-2 Block IV also costs less than half of what an SM-3 costs.

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27 novembre 2013 3 27 /11 /novembre /2013 12:35
Northrop to Supply Air Defense Radar Systems to Royal Thai Air Force

 

November 27th, 2013 By Northrop Grumman - defencetalk.com

 

Northrop Grumman Corporation has been selected by the Royal Thai Air Force to supply additional AN/TPS-78 air defense and surveillance radar systems.

 

Under the terms of the contract, Northrop Grumman will begin supplying equipment to the Royal Thai Air Force in 2015. The company will also provide training, spares and logistics support.

 

“With this award, we continue our 25 years of support of the Royal Thai Air Force and the national security infrastructure of Thailand,” said Robert Royer, vice president of Northrop Grumman’s International Systems business unit. “Highly mobile and proven in a wide range of environmental conditions, the AN/TPS-78 will give the Royal Thai Air Force a powerful new capability for monitoring its national airspace.”

 

The Northrop Grumman AN/TPS-78 is among the latest generation of highly mobile, state-of-the-art radars made possible by advances in high power transistor technology and designed to operate in some of the harshest, most demanding environments. The radar has proven particularly adept at detecting small targets in areas of difficult land and sea clutter, making it well suited for use in mountainous and coastal regions.

 

The S-Band, long-range AN/TPS-78 is in use with the U.S. Air Force and a variety of customers worldwide. To date, AN/TPS-78 systems have logged more than 1 million operating hours.

 

Northrop Grumman is a leading global security company providing innovative systems, products and solutions in unmanned systems, cyber, C4ISR, and logistics and modernization to government and commercial customers worldwide.

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27 novembre 2013 3 27 /11 /novembre /2013 08:35
US Bombers Challenge China’s Air Defense Identification Zone

 

November 27, 2013 By Zachary Keck - thediplomat.com

 

Defying orders from Beijing, a pair of B-52 bombers flew over the Senkaku Islands without informing China on Monday.

 

U.S. bombers challenged China’s recently established Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea, according to the Wall Street Journal.

In a report citing U.S. defense officials, the WSJ said that American B-52 bombers flew over the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands on Monday without informing Beijing ahead of time. The report said that the bombers took off from Anderson Air Force Base in Guam and entered into China’s new ADIZ around 7 PM local time on Monday. They were not armed or accompanied by any escort planes.

America maintained that the B-52s flight was part of a long-planned exercise called Coral Lightning.

Still, the flight represented a clear challenge to China, which announced it was establishing an East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) on Saturday morning. It later said that Chinese planes had begun patrolling the area.

As expected, the move to establish an ADIZ drew sharp rebukes from both Japan and the United States, with Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel saying that the United States views “this development as a destabilizing attempt to alter the status quo in the region.” Hagel added that “This unilateral action increases the risk of misunderstanding and miscalculations.”

In the official Pentagon press release, Hagel went on to say that “This announcement by the People’s Republic of China will not in any way change how the United States conducts military operations in the region.” Japan also said that it would not comply with the rules that Beijing announced it would be enforcing in the airspace covered by the ADIZ, which includes the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands and overlaps with Japan’s own ADIZ. Tokyo also scrambled fighter jets in response to China’s patrols over the airspace.

China quickly responded to both Japan and the Pentagon’s comments. Toward the latter, Beijing called on the Pentagon to uphold Washington’s promise that it would not take sides on sovereignty disputes, and asked it to “stop making irresponsible comments.”

There has been some dispute among defense experts about whether China has the capability to actually enforce its conditions. Defense News quoted an unnamed U.S. defense industry source located in Asia as saying, “Let China run itself crazy trying to enforce this. I just can’t see how China will sustain the enforcement. Too much traffic goes through there. If no country recognizes it, [and] don’t respond to China’s IFF [identification friend or foe] interrogation or VID [visual identification], then this new ADIZ is meaningless.”

Notably, China’s announcement also won it the ire of South Korea, one of the few states in the region that Beijing had thus far avoided offending over sovereignty issues in the past few years. According to the Wall Street Journal, China’s new ADIZ overlaps with about 3,000 square kilometers of South Korea’s own ADIZ. It also encloses Ieodo (Suyan) Rock that South Korea administers but China also claims. Seoul and Beijing will discuss the issue an already scheduled vice defense ministerial-level strategic dialogue in the South Korean capital this week.

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18 novembre 2013 1 18 /11 /novembre /2013 18:55
Mistral fired from a prototype MPCV platform based on Renault Sherpa. Photo: MBDA

Mistral fired from a prototype MPCV platform based on Renault Sherpa. Photo: MBDA

 

November 17, 2013 defense-update.com

 

MBDA has completed the integration and factory acceptance test of the first Multi-Purpose Combat Vehicle (MPCV) vehicles designed to operate the Mistral surface to air missile. Built for export, these vehicles represent the first production batch. In the next few days, they will be shipped for delivery to the customer country before the end of the year, as announced at the contract signing in February 2011. The customer is believed to be the Saudi-Arabian National Guard (SANG), which ordered 68 MPCV air defense vehicles from French company Lohr in 2011.

 

The MPCV, developed by MBDA in cooperation with Rheinmetall Defence Electronics (RDE) of Germany, has been designed to meet emerging requirements for a highly mobile weapon system which can be adapted for different missions, either air defence or land combat, depending on the type of missiles it operates. The first development, which is now being delivered, is aimed at air defence and comprises a motorized and stabilized turret that includes electro-optical sensors, a small caliber gun and four, ready-to-fire Mistral missiles with four more missiles stored in the vehicle for re-loading. Additional versions dedicated to land combat are planned for development. The MPCV (Multi-Purpose Combat Vehicle) is based on the German-produced Mercedes Unimog 5000 chassis, a high-mobility 4×4 armored vehicle offered by SOFRAME (of the French Lohr group). The deal also includes 264 Aravis armored vehicles, produced by Nexter and 15 ambulances, all to be provided by Lohr.

 

This automatic system in its air defence configuration was validated by several Mistral missile firings, including the engagement in only a few seconds, of two targets approaching simultaneously from two different directions. The success of this test demonstrated MPCV’s ability to counter a saturating attack. With this first version in full production, MBDA is now ready to move ahead with a land combat version of the MPCV. This will deploy the totally new MMP surface attack missile which is currently being developed by MBDA.

 

According to Antoine Bouvier, CEO of MBDA the development of the MPCV took four years and was fully funded by the company. “It then took less than three years after the signing of the first contract to integrate the systems on a vehicle chosen by the end customer, deliver at the agreed date and implement a technology transfer under which the customer will be able, in complete autonomy, to keep its equipment in operational condition.” Parallel to the delivery of factory-finished systems MBDA is completing the installation of a final assembly line in the customer country where the remaining vehicles will undergo final integration, using MBDA provided MPCV kits.

 

Mistral is a short-range (6 km class) surface-to-air missile capable of intercepting a wide variety of aerial targets including those with even a low infrared signature. It is characterised by an outstanding success rate (96% from more than 4,500 live firings), a high effectiveness against manoeuvring targets, and has demonstrated its capabilities against fixed-wing aircraft, nap-of- the-earth helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles as well as moving land vehicles and Fast Inshore Attack Craft at sea. Mistral, in its land, naval and airborne applications, has been selected by 40 armed forces of 28 countries. More than 17,000 missiles have been produced. Saudi-Arabia is believed to have acquired 600 missiles prior to the MPCV acquisition.

 

MBDA has completed the integration and factory acceptance of the first MPCV vehicles in surface-to-air configuration. Photo: MBDA

MBDA has completed the integration and factory acceptance of the first MPCV vehicles in surface-to-air configuration. Photo: MBDA

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15 novembre 2013 5 15 /11 /novembre /2013 17:40
TOR M2E firing a 9M331 interceptor. The missile is capable of defeating aerodynamically maneuvering targets at ranges of seven to 10 km.

TOR M2E firing a 9M331 interceptor. The missile is capable of defeating aerodynamically maneuvering targets at ranges of seven to 10 km.

 

November 14, 2013 by Tamir Eshel - defense-update.com

 

Russia’s Almaz-Antey defense corporation has developed an advanced version of the Tor-M2 air defense system (NATO reporting name SA-15 Gauntlet), utilizing a new interceptor missile that has improved performance, doubled the ammunition capacity and enabled firing on the move capability. According to Sergei Druzin, head of research and development at Almaz-Antey, the enhanced version represents a “unique air defense system in its class with an astounding precision and range.”

 

The Tor system is a low- to medium-altitude, short-range surface-to-air missile system designed for intercepting aircraft, cruise missiles, precision-guided munitions, unmanned aerial vehicles and ballistic targets.

 

Tor-M1K and Tor-M2U variants, armed with 9M331 missiles, are currently in service with the Russian army. The new system, equipped with new 9M338 missiles, was successfully tested at the end of October 2013. “We carried out five launches targeting highly maneuverable drones. Three of the targets were hit head-on, while the other two were destroyed by shrapnel from exploding warheads. It is an excellent result, astounding precision,” Druzin said.

 

In addition, the smaller size of the 9M338 compared with its predecessor has allowed the carrying capacity of the launcher to be doubled, from eight to 16 missiles. The official said the improved Tor-M2 systems and 9M338 missiles have been approved by a state commission for mass production. “We can now start producing these missiles in quantities that would meet the demand of the Russian army,” Druzin said. The Tor M2E missile system has also been exported to Azerbaijan, Belarus, Ukraine, China, Venezuela and Iran. Earlier versions (M1) were also exported to Greece, Cyprus and Egypt.

 

According to Druzin, the next step in the improvement of the system would be for launching missiles at acquired targets while on the move. “The [mobile] launcher currently stops for two or three seconds to launch a missile, but it could be done on a move, without stopping,” Druzin said.

 

The export version known as TOR M2E is also armed with the 9M331 interceptor, is designed as a short range air defense system, capable of intercepting air breathing and maneuvering targets at ranges of 1-12 km and altitudes from ground level (10 meters) to 10 km. Cruise missiles and drones could be killed at ranges of 1.5 km to 7 km maximum with precision guided weapons intercepted at a minimum distance of 50 meters and maximum range of six kilometers. Maximum target speed is 700 m/sec (2,520 km/h). A Tor M2E can engage four targets simultaneously, having up to eight missiles airborne. (four actively guided).

 

The export variants are also expected to be offered with the new interceptor.

The improved TOR M2 is claimed to offer ‘firing on the move’, enabling the unit to launch its missiles instantly upon stopping. Existing TOR M2K systems require about three minute set-up time.

The improved TOR M2 is claimed to offer ‘firing on the move’, enabling the unit to launch its missiles instantly upon stopping. Existing TOR M2K systems require about three minute set-up time.

9M331 missiles are loaded in two stacks of four missiles each.

9M331 missiles are loaded in two stacks of four missiles each.

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6 novembre 2013 3 06 /11 /novembre /2013 13:50
Thales livre des radars à la défense aérienne allemande

 

05/11/2013 lexpress.fr  (Cercle Finance)

 

ThalesRaytheonSystems annonce l'entrée en service, sur le site d'Auenhausen en Westphalie, de son radar de défense aérienne longue portée Ground Master 400 (GM 400) auprès de l'armée de l'air allemande.

 

Ce radar est le premier des six systèmes commandés par la Bundeswehr pour améliorer la surveillance aérienne dans tout le centre de l'Allemagne, de la mer du Nord jusqu'aux Alpes. L'ensemble des six radars devraient être opérationnels d'ici 2015.

 

Le GM 400 remplacera les anciens radars de moyenne puissance qui avaient été fournis par Thomson-CSF à la fin des années 70. Montés sur une tour fixe, ces radars peuvent être commandés depuis le site radar lui-même ou depuis un centre à distance.

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25 septembre 2013 3 25 /09 /septembre /2013 11:20
New Capabilities for Integrated IAMD Command System

September 24, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Northrop Grumman Corporation; issued September 23, 2013)

 

Northrop Grumman, U.S. Army Incorporate Patriot and Sentinel Capabilities Into Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System

 

HUNTSVILLE, Ala. --- The U.S. Army and Northrop Grumman Corporation (NOC) have successfully incorporated a key capability of the Patriot family of missiles and the Sentinel radar into the Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS).

 

Under the direction of the IAMD Project Office, the Program Executive Office for Missiles and Space, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon Company, the Sentinel Project Office and Lockheed Martin worked together to host the Patriot Advanced Capability-2 (PAC-2) and PAC-3 missile capability into the IBCS. This allows the Patriot family of interceptors to be launched and controlled by an IBCS engagement operations center in a net-centric approach. The government-industry team also added the Sentinel radar to the IBCS Integrated Fire Control Network, validating the common open architecture-based approach to integrating sensors.

 

"The IBCS open architecture facilitates plugging disparate missiles and sensors into the Army's integrated fire control network," said Kelley Zelickson, vice president of air and missile defense systems for Northrop Grumman Information Systems. "Thus, in addition to affordable integration and expanded capability, IBCS provides the Army with alternatives to buying or upgrading unique command and control systems when it desires to incorporate new missile or sensor components."

 

Northrop Grumman will participate with IBCS in an Army IAMD demonstration planned for the fourth quarter of 2013 at Redstone Arsenal, Ala. The demonstration is a snapshot of IBCS capabilities in the development process and will show integrated Sentinel and Patriot battle command operations. Development and operational testing planned by the Army to begin in 2014 includes testing the IBCS capability to direct the firing of Army IAMD weapons at White Sands Missile Range, N.M.

 

The IBCS program resulted from analysis of Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom operations to improve mission command as a top priority. By implementing an open, network-centric, system-of-systems solution, IBCS optimizes battle management command and control and significantly improves cost effectiveness and flexibility. IBCS uses an enterprise, plug-and-fight approach to ensure that current and future sensors and weapon systems can be easily incorporated, allowing warfighters to take advantage of integrated Army and joint capabilities. The IBCS program also focuses on warfighter decision processes and tools to ensure intuitive situational understanding for time-critical engagements.

 

Northrop Grumman's IBCS industry team includes The Boeing Company, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Harris Corporation, Schafer Corporation, nLogic Inc., Numerica Corporation, Colsa Corporation, EpiQ Inc., Space and Mission Defense Technologies, CohesionForce Inc., Daniel H Wagner Associates, Qtec Inc., RhinoCorps, Tobyhanna Army Depot, Ultra Electronics Advanced, Sparta Inc., Instrumental Sciences Inc., Intelligent Systems Research Inc., 4M Research Inc. and Cummings Aerospace Inc.

 

 

Northrop Grumman is a leading global security company providing innovative systems, products and solutions in unmanned systems, cyber, C4ISR, and logistics and modernization to government and commercial customers worldwide.

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23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
Rosoboronexport to supply Tor and Pantsir to India

September 23rd, 2013 Rosoboronexport

 

India is going to buy more than fifty short range air defense systems

 

India has announce a tender to buy more than fifty short range air defense systems. Rosoboronexport probably will submit two Russian systems – Tor-M2E manufactured by PVO Almaz-Antei and the surface-to-air missile system Pantsir-S1.

 

India already has air defense systems that was supplied by the Soviet Union and later on by Russia. Indian army employs the earlier counterpart of Pantsir which is called Tunguska. The army also has medium range air defense systems S-75 and short range air defense systems S-125, Kvadrat air defense systems which serves as a basis for India’s own improved surface-to-air missile system called Akash.

 

“India knows how to use Soviet and Russian air defense systems and they will quickly get the hang of the new systems. Of course there was a period when Israeli manufacturers cooperated with Indian military forces and nowadays supply them with short and medium range air defense systems both for Indian navy and land forces. On the other hand Russia offers the cutting edge systems which have already been tested both in Russian army and in other armies as well. Pantsir combines in itself capabilities of a quick-firing long-range missile”, said Said Aminov, editor in chief of Vestnik PVO web-site.

 

The range of action of Pantsir is 20 km. This characteristic makes Pantsir a one-off system. Nowadays we have made four contracts with Middle East and North African countries to supply this surface-to-air missile system.

 

“Tor-M2E is also quite effective system. It was exported extensively. Now we offer a container variant. The pilot model with the Indian manufactured undercarriage of this system was presented at MAKS show. Tor can protect against all air weapons including high-precision weapons”, said Said Aminov.

 

According to Vyacheslav Davydenko, Rosoboronexport’s spokesman not only India but also other countries choose Russian air defense systems. Such systems as Tor-M2E and Pantsir are new and in the immediate future there will be no question as to their improvement or replacement.

 

Experts say that if there are orders for the supply of more than 52 systems, then it will be possible to consider the licensed production of certain kinds of Russian weapons in India. As a matter of fact the experience of supplying T-90 tanks and multipurpose Su-30 MKI jets show that this can be possible.

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23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
BK1060 35mm Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery

BK1060 35mm Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery

September 22, 2013: Strategy Page

 

China recently revealed a wheeled 8x8 anti-aircraft system equipped with a radar and a single 35mm autocannon. This was very similar to an earlier tracked version that contains the same radar and two 35mm autocannon. In both cases the gun appears to be a licensed copy of the Swiss Oerlikon 35mm autocannon. The tracked version weighs 34 tons while the wheeled version weighs about ten tons less and moves more quickly on roads and requires less maintenance.

 

The 35mm gun is a popular weapon for armored, self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery. Systems of this type were first developed in Europe. These fire 2.5 kg (5.5 pound) shells at the rate of 300 a minute. Max altitude is about 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). The 35mm projectiles weigh up to .75 kg (1.65 pounds). This AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery) is still useful against helicopters and transports, and jets that are moving slowly over the battlefield.

 

The new Chinese wheeled 35mm system is another version of ZBL 09 8x8 wheeled armored vehicle. Recently China also showed off a version equipped with a small turret containing a 105mm gun, for providing direct fire support for troops. There was already an artillery version, carrying a 122mm howitzer in a larger turret. There are several other versions and the anti-aircraft version came as no surprise.

 

The basic ZBL 09 is a 21 ton vehicle that has a crew of three and carries seven passengers. The vehicle is 8 meters (25 feet) long, three meters (9.2 feet) wide, and 2.1 meters (6.5 feet, to the hull roof) high. It's amphibious and has a top water speed of 8 kilometers an hour. On roads, top speed is 100 kilometers an hour, and max road range on internal fuel is 800 kilometers. The infantry carrier version has a turret with a 30mm autocannon. There are also artillery versions carrying either a 105mm or 122mm howitzer.

 

The ZBL 09 entered service in 2009, and some combat brigades are being equipped with it, to operate somewhat like the American Stryker brigades. China has been developing new wheeled armored vehicles for over a decade. Until recently, these were all based on Russian designs. The ZBL 09, however, borrows more ideas from the West. Still, some of the more recent (five years ago) Russian type designs were interesting and instructive.

 

The Chinese have been observing NATO success in Iraq with the Stryker and LAV wheeled combat vehicles. Chinese designers eventually concluded that the roomier internal layout of Western vehicles did serve a useful purpose, and the ZBL 09, and all the electronics installed in it, are an example of what the Chinese learned. Producing a wheeled anti-aircraft version of the ZBL 09 makes sense for the Chinese as they are creating mobile infantry brigades equipped with the various models of the ZBL 09. These “Stryker” brigades are meant to move quickly over the newly built Chinese highways. Tracked vehicles move more slowly, tear up the roads and the vehicles require a lot more maintenance after long road marches.

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