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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:50
photo Nato

photo Nato

 

13 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Berlin - Le ministère allemand de la Défense a identifié un nouveau problème technique sur ses avions de combat Eurofighter et une nouvelle fois gelé les livraisons jusqu'à nouvel ordre, a indiqué mardi un porte-parole.

 

Un problème de même nature qu'un défaut identifié l'an dernier, à savoir des trous mal ébavurés sur le fuselage, est apparu, mais à un autre emplacement, a indiqué à l'AFP un porte-parole du ministère à Berlin.

 

Il y a pile un an, la découverte de ce premier défaut avait conduit à un gel des livraisons de l'avion de combat européen à la Bundeswehr, l'armée allemande. Les livraisons avaient depuis repris, et la Bundeswehr possède maintenant 110 Eurofighter, 33 devant encore être livrés.

 

Une fois de plus toutefois nous ne réceptionnons pas de nouveaux appareils jusqu'à nouvel ordre, a dit le porte-parole.

 

Mais contrairement à ce que rapportait mardi le quotidien Süddeutsche Zeitung, la mise au jour du nouveau problème ne conduit pas à un nouvel abaissement des heures de vol. L'an dernier le nombre d'heures de vol maximales par appareil avait été abaissé de 3.000 à 1.500 en attendant la résolution du problème, et le ministère espère toujours pouvoir ramener ce plafond à 3.000 l'an prochain.

 

Pour l'instant aucun des Eurofighter en possession de la Bundeswehr ne se rapproche des 1.500 heures de vol, a précisé le porte-parole.

 

La Grande-Bretagne, tout en se disant au courant du problème, n'a pas pris de mesure dans l'immédiat. Les Eurofighter Typhoon de la RAF volent normalement et les livraisons continuent, a indiqué le ministère britannique de la Défense.

 

L'Eurofighter est fabriqué par un consortium européen constitué du britannique BAE Systems, de l'italien Finmeccanica et d'Airbus.

 

Après plusieurs déboires, ce concurrent direct du Rafale du français Dassault et du Super Hornet de Boeing a remporté récemment un gros succès commercial, avec une commande de 28 exemplaires par le Koweït.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:30
photo Russia MoD

photo Russia MoD

 

October 11, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The Russian air support for the Syrian government forces has been effective, mainly because the Russians don’t care if civilians are in the way and get hurt. This is just as well because a lot of the Russian bombs are unguided. Russia does have GPS and laser guided bombs but not a lot of them. There are also many targets that can be destroyed just as easily with dumb bombs, especially if you are not concerned about dead civilians. The Russians are apparently shipping in thousands of unguided aircraft bombs, most (if not all) of them dating back to the Cold War (that ended in 1991). Syria, however is still using locally fabricated bombs and will probably continue to as Syrian helicopters are not equipped to drop aerial bombs. With Russian help the Syrian helicopter force will now increase but helicopters often make effective bombers. Since 2012 the Syrians have been dropping barrels filled with flammable liquids and explosives, rigged to explode when they hit the ground. This sort of thing is not unique to Syria and has been seen for years in Sudan where the government uses “barrel bombs” rolled out of transports and helicopters. These are not precision weapons, but if the target is a village or other residential area, they are accurate enough.  The Syrian barrel bombs have been used frequently against civilian targets like markets, mosques, hospitals, schools and apartment buildings. This has persuaded many anti-Assad Syrians to flee the country which is exactly what the government wants. Now many of these Syrian refugees are forcing their way into Europe, which is another win as far as the Assads are concerned.

 

Russian troops began arriving in late August and by mid-September began launching air strikes. That accelerated on October 9th and will continue to do so as more and more Russian cargo ships arrive with weapons, troops, ammunition and equipment. This increase in Russian military aid to Syria solves several problems for Russia. For one, it prevents the looming collapse of the Assad government, which has been losing territory at an accelerating rate in 2015 and is facing a collapse in morale among its forces and civilian supporters. Russia has been a staunch ally of the Assad dynasty since the 1970s. Iran cannot provide more aid, mainly because despite the July agreement to lift sanctions on Iran that does not go into effect until early 2016 and until then Iran is as broke as ever. But the arrival of the Russian troops does boost Iranian morale and willingness to send in more troops to act as advisors and trainers.

 

Russia is only sending a few thousand ground troops but these are some of the best troops Russia has and ISIL and the other Islamic terrorist rebels will suffer much heavier casualties if they clash with these Russians. All this will boost morale among troops and Syrian civilians in Assad territory and make it more likely that a Russian peace proposal that keeps the Assads in power, even if it means a partition of Syria, will be more acceptable to the world. Russia says it is sending only “volunteers”. This is a policy adopted in Ukraine, and for good reason. While “acting strong” is popular with most Russians, the risk of your own conscripted sons getting sent to Ukraine or Syria and killed or maimed is definitely not popular. To the dismay of Russian leaders it was found that even when young volunteer (“contract”) soldiers get hurt there is popular backlash. This despite government willingness to pay compensation (not a Russian tradition) to families of the dead as well as to disabled soldiers. Thus Russia has an incentive to rely a lot on tech and mercenaries (mainly supplied by Iran) to avoid Russian casualties.  That said the Russian force is not large (because Russian cannot afford a larger force) and they are depending on terror to help out. Russians make no secret of their indifference to civilian casualties and the use of terror against their enemies. ISIL sees this as more of a threat than the more high-tech and civilized Americans.

 

By mid-September Russia had brought in enough warplanes and troops to support and protect the airbase near the coast in Latakia province. Despite Russian talk about it all being about ISIL (al Qaeda in Iraq and the Levant), most of the attacks so far have been against the most immediate threats to the twenty percent of Syria that the Assad forces control. This means rebels who are trying to defeat the Assads and not, like ISIL, seeking to establish a worldwide Islamic religious dictatorship. To placate foreign criticism Russia did hint that a column might be sent east to threaten the ISIL capital Raqqa. That would certainly be possible but even the Russians realize that most of the ISIL gunmen in the east are based among the population outside Raqqa and while these fanatics would die in large numbers they would also be inflicting a lot of unwelcome casualties whoever the Russians had fighting on the ground. Nevertheless the Syrian government and their Iranian military advisors are examining the idea of sending a ground force of Syrian and mercenary (non-Russian) troops to Raqqa, assisted by ruthless Russian air power.

 

Russia wants to carry out a “heroic intervention” to defeat ISIL and earn some positive publicity. That sort of thing is badly needed as Russia is currently seen as a treacherous bully because of its aggression in Ukraine and elsewhere in East Europe. By the end of the year Russia expects to turn that around, even if some depict them as a treacherous and opportunistic hero. Smashing ISIL would nevertheless be praised and appreciated. It would also be seen as a defeat for America and affirmation of Russian might and loyalty to its allies. The main problem Russia faces is doing this with a minimum of Russian casualties. That means inspiring the Syrian military, the Hezbollah militia and Iranian mercenaries to do most of the dangerous work on the ground.

 

Russia admits that it is breaking the UN embargo to supply the Assad government with new weapons. That was clear as Russia announced the sale to Syria of another twelve MiG-29s. Only nine will be delivered by the end of 2016 and the last three will arrive in 2017. The Russia appears determined to immediately do a lot of rebuild what is left of the Syrian Air Force, which has suffered enormous (over 70 percent) losses since 2011. Russia has always provided tech and material (spare parts) support for this largely Russian fleet of warplanes and helicopters but not enough for the Syrians to keep more than 30 percent of the 370 aircraft and helicopters operational. The surge of Russian support will mean the Syrian Air Force can be rebuilt and thus be even more active. The 50 or so Russian aircraft in Syria consist of Su-34 and Su-30 fighter-bombers, Su-24M bombers and Su-25 ground attack aircraft as well as about a dozen armed helicopters. There are also many transport helicopters.

 

Turkey is threatening to shoot down Russian warplanes that continue to slip in and out of Turkish air space. Russia takes that threat seriously and apologized for several recent (October 3rd and 6th) incidents which appear to have been accidental. Russia says bad weather was at fault but the main problem is Syrian rebels operating close to the Turkish border and often crossing it unexpectedly. The Russian pilots will often lose track of the border when going after rebels who may have recently slipped across the border. There is another element in all this. Russia and Turkey are ancient enemies and Turkish public opinion backs using violence against Russian incursions, even accidental ones. Russia is in the process of increasing daily air strikes to a hundred or more a day but pilots are ordered to ensure that every sortie counts. This is especially true because the Russians have a big advantage over NATO here as the Syrian Army has lots of personnel who can speak Russian and are familiar with the procedures for calling in air strikes. So when the Russian pilots get a call for air support they know it is a confirmed target and the morale of the troops down there will soar if the Russian fighter-bombers can get the job done. This is what the Russian pilots are under orders to do. Russia could simply avoid rebels near the border but they know that the rebels would quickly exploit that.

 

In Syria additional Hezbollah, other Shia militia and Syrian Army forces are on the move in the northwest around Homs, Palmyra and Aleppo as well as in the south near the Israeli border. Rebel groups had recently gained territory in all these areas. This sudden counteroffensive is a direct result of the recent Russian intervention in Syria. This was very good news for Hezbollah and the Assad government. The Iran backed Hezbollah militia has been providing thousands of fighters inside Syria for the Iran backed Assad government but this has been increasingly unpopular among Hezbollah members and even more unpopular with Lebanese in general. That’s because Syria considers Lebanon a “lost province” and has always treated Lebanon badly. Hezbollah had to fight in Syria for the hated (by most Lebanese) Assad government because Iran has long been the main financial and military support for Hezbollah and demanded that Hezbollah send fighters to Syria. But Hezbollah leaders eventually told Iran that the Hezbollah operations (and casualties) in Syria were causing serious damage to the unity and effectiveness of Hezbollah in general. In fact, once it became clear that Russia was putting substantial combat forces in Syria, Hezbollah quietly informed Iran and the Assads that by the end of September Hezbollah would cease offensive operations in Syria and confine their participation to fighting Syrian rebel (especially Islamic terrorist groups) attempts to get into Lebanon. Decisions like this are very popular with most Lebanese and especially welcome by Hezbollah fighters, who always thought they had signed up mainly to defend Lebanon in general and the Shia minority of Lebanon in particular. Guarding the border is doing just that and will repair the damage to morale done because of combat operations inside Syria (and several thousand casualties suffered as a result). Now it is clear that Hezbollah, after receiving some additional weapons (including tanks) has been encouraged to do a little more. This appears to be something like pushing Syrian rebels much farther away from the Lebanese border as that would be tolerable to most Lebanese and help the Assad government as well. Putting Hezbollah forces on the Syrian border with Israel is also popular with many Lebanese, as long as the effort does not get a lot of Lebanese killed. Up north Iran is using thousands of foreign Shia volunteers it has armed, trained and paid. With Russian air support, as well as more sorties from Syrian warplanes (because of increased Russian aid) the pro-government forces are advancing. Many of the rebels, except for ISIL, have not experienced many air strikes this year, mainly because the U.S. led coalition aircraft have concentrated on ISIL. The Russians don’t much care about ISIL unless ISIL forces are in the way of the pro-government ground troops. American warplanes have been ordered to stay at least 30 kilometers away from any Russian aircraft and not interfere with Russian operations. This government offensive may not get far but it is off to an encouraging start and that is welcome news back in Iran. That’s largely because it is no secret in Iran that there are over a thousand Iranian trainers and advisors in Syria and these men have played a large role in keeping the Assad government from being destroyed by all the rebel Islamic terror groups constantly attacking since 2012. Officially Iran insists it has no military personnel in Syria, but there is a lot of evidence there, and in Iran, to contradict that claim. It is also widely believed (at least inside Iran) that Iran convinced Russia to intervene. This is in line with the ancient Iranian tradition of wisely using wartime diplomacy to create opportunities and turn defeats into victories. A senior Iranian general (Qassem Sulaimani, head of the Quds Force) is known to have made two semi-secret trips to the Russian capital recently.

 

The Russian intervention in Syria has caused Iraq to openly accuse the United States of being ineffective and unwilling to do what it takes to defeat ISIL. Iraqi leaders pointed out that over a year ago the U.S. and its Arab allies promised sufficient air support and other military assistance to defeat ISIL. That has not worked. Iraq believes the United States lacks the will to get the job done while Iran and Russia do have what it takes. Finally Iraq was considering asking Russia to extend its bombing campaign to attacks on ISIL in western Iraq and Mosul. This would involve allowing Russia to operate from Iraqi air bases. What is meant here but not being said is that Iraq disagrees with the American ROE (Rules of Engagement) which puts more emphasis on protecting civilians than in destroying the enemy. ISIL uses lots of human shields to protect its men and facilities from air attack. Russia and Arab air forces will bomb a target even if there are human shields present.

 

Russia has brought some of its new electronic jamming equipment to Syria and these are being used to jam ISIL and NATO communications. Some NATO radars and satellite signals are also being jammed. NATO is already familiar with some of these jammers, particularly the truck mounted Krasukha-4, which has been encountered in eastern Ukraine (Donbas).

 

Meanwhile Turkey continues to battle rebellious PKK Kurds in southeast Turkey and northern Iraq. The Kurdish government in northern Iraqi tolerates the Turkish air raids on PKK camps in remote areas and publicly denounces the PKK (although many Iraqi Kurds support the PKK goal of a Kurdish state formed from Kurdish populated parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Syria).

 

October 10, 2015: In central Syria (Hama province) Syrian soldiers (assisted by Hezbollah and local Alawite militias) recaptured areas outside the city of Hama. This was aided by Russian and Syrian air strikes. Al Nusra has been fighting government forces in Hama since July in an effort to get into neighboring Latakia province. Latakia is a major center of government support because it is largely Alawites and where the Assad clan comes from.

In the southwest (Quneitra province) government and rebels have renewed their fighting. This is largely the result of the Russian intervention and Hezbollah agreeing to relax its new rule that all its gunmen would remain on or near the Lebanese border. The major target is the Southern Front rebels who are now on the defensive.

Meanwhile to the north ISIL took advantage of the growing Russian and Syrian pressure on al Nusra to attack and take control of some villages outside Aleppo. Russian air strikes on al Nusra forces was, in this case, a direct benefit to ISIL.

American and Russian officials met (via video conference) to work out procedures to avoid conflicts between NATO and Russian aircraft over Syria. These were described as “flight safety” discussions.

In Turkey two bombs went off in the capital near a demonstration by (mostly) Kurds calling for an end to fighting between the PKK (Turkish Kurdish separatist rebels) and Turkish security forces. Nearly a hundred people were killed and nearly 300 wounded. No one took responsibility for this. The Turks suspect either the PKK (that is hostile to Turkey and Kurds who do not support PKK) or ISIL (whose capital, Raqqa, is threatened by another Kurdish offensive by Syrian Kurds). Some Kurds suspect the government planted the bombs because most of the demonstrators were moderate Kurds whose votes in recent elections cost the current government a lot of political power.

 

October 9, 2015: There appeared rumors about a Russian MiG-29 being shot down by Turkish F-16s in northwest Syria after the MiG-29 violated Turkish air space. The rumors persisted over the weekend because no one would confirm or deny them. NATO did say they knew nothing about the incident and there were no pictures of the wreckage. Meanwhile Russia said it had launched 67 air strikes in the last 24 hours, the most in any one day since its forces first arrived in August. Previous to this Russia had been launching about ten air strikes a day. The surge today was mainly directed at targets in central Syria and the northwest (Hama, Latakia and Idlib provinces) as well as Raqqa province in the east.

There were also rumors that turned out to be true about more than twenty explosions in the ISIL capital of Raqqa. These were the result of air attacks by Russian aircraft on Raqqa. The Syrian government wants Russian help to capture Raqqa from ISIL before Syrian rebels (mainly the Syrian Kurds) do so. ISIL considers the Syrian Kurds less of a threat than the Russian backed Syrian military. That’s because the Kurds have Americans providing air support and the American ROE makes the use of civilians as human shields a very effective tactic. But that does not work against the Russians. So while civilians were forced to stay in Raqqa when there was a threat of American air strikes now that the Russian threat seems more likely ISIL is preparing to force civilians out of the city. The ISIL fear is that the city would undergo a siege and in a situation like that the civilians would be a burden, not a form of protection from air strikes.

 

October 8, 2015: In the north (outside Aleppo) a senior Iranian officer (Hossein Hamedani) was killed in combat. Hamedani was a general in the IRGC (Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps) and apparently in charge of coordination between the Syrian army and Iranian mercenaries (Shia volunteers from Iran and elsewhere who are paid, trained and armed by Iran) fighting for the Assads. Iran officially denies that IRGC personnel are in Syria but the deaths of senior IRGC officers are hard to keep quiet. The Iranian government said that Hamedani was simply visiting Syria.

 

American intelligence analysts believe that at least four of the 26 cruise missiles fired by Russian warships in the landlocked Caspian Sea at targets in Syria crashed in Iran. Both Russia and Iran deny this and insisted that all 26 missiles fired on the 7th hit their targets in Syria and that there were no civilian casualties.

 

Saudi Arabia has increased arms shipments to three Syrian rebel groups (Jaysh al Fatah, the Free Syrian Army and the Southern Front). None of these is known to be associated with al Qaeda or ISIL although these groups will sometimes trade (or surrender, if forced) weapons and ammo to al Nusra or ISIL groups. For this reason the United States is halting its program of training and arming the Free Syrian Army. The American efforts to aid Syrian rebels were always crippled by rules that prohibited aid to any rebels that might cooperate with Islamic terrorist rebel groups (especially those linked to al Qaeda or ISIL). The same criteria was used to select Syrians to train. Because so many Syrian rebels were Islamic radicals or eager to back Islamic terrorists because they were the most effective fighters, few suitable candidates could be found. It appears that the Americans are going to quietly copy from the Arab aid program that concentrates on rebel groups that share a hatred of ISIL. This means more aid for the Kurds, who are not attracted to Islamic radicalism despite being Sunni Moslems. The Kurds attribute this to their not being Arab. Russia is on the other side of this, not caring so much about ISIL right now and intent on destroying Syrian rebels no matter what their views on Islamic terrorism. It is estimated that so far only about ten percent of Russian air strikes have hit ISIL

 

October 7, 2015: Russian troops, operating about a hundred kilometers east of their main base at Latakia, used howitzers and rocket launchers to hit rebel targets outside the rebel held city of Hama. This was the first use of Russian controlled and operated artillery in Syria. About the same time Russian warships in the Caspian Sea launched 26 Klub (Kalibr) cruise missiles at rebel targets in Syria.

A Russian delegation has arrived in Israel for more talks about cooperation and coordination between Russian and Israeli military forces now that Russian troops and warplanes are operating inside Syria. An initial agreement was made on September 21st.

 

October 5, 2015: Several prominent Sunni clerics in Saudi Arabia have called for a jihad (holy war) against the Assad government of Syria as well as Russia and Iran. These conservative clerics have been known to praise Islamic terrorists in the past.

 

October 3, 2015: Local witnesses confirmed that ISIL had destroyed another ancient structure (a Roman Arch of Triumph) near Palmyra. ISIL took this central Syrian site (in Homs province) back in May and since August has been destroying ancient ruins. This was an ancient oasis city that was largely abandoned a century ago and now people live in nearby villages. Palmyra is a major tourist site and it was long feared that ISIL would destroy ruins for being un-Islamic.

 

October 2, 2015: In Iraq the fighting, mostly against ISIL, left 717 Iraqis (security forces and civilians) dead in September. This is about half what it was in August, largely because military operations against ISIL are stalled. On the plus side ISIL activity seems to be stalled as well, in part because ISIL is now more intent on dealing with the new Russian threat in Syria. Still Iraq was a lot less violent than neighboring Syria where the death toll was 76,000 in 2014. That’s over 91,000 dead during 2014 for the two countries where ISIL is most active. The death toll in Syria has risen more sharply than in Iraq. At the same time it is clear that ISIL, while still a threat, is no longer on the offensive anywhere.

 

September 30, 2015: Russia told foreign nations (especially NATO) to keep its aircraft out of Syrian air space. NATO refused and continued air operations over Syria as did Arab members of the American led air coalition. Russian warplanes also began their daily strikes on ground targets today and American aircraft did not interfere.

 

September 27, 2015: Israeli warplanes attacked Syrian Army units just across the border from Israel in Quneitra province because of recent rocket fire that had landed in Israel. These attacks remind Syrian commanders that such attacks have serious consequences. Often these attacks are accidents but when that is unclear, Israel retaliates, just to be certain that the other side understands.

Iraq announced that it had established an intelligence sharing arrangement with Iran, Syria and Russia and invited the United States to join.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 05:30
photo Russia MoD - US DoD

photo Russia MoD - US DoD

October 13, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: US Department of Defense; issued October 10, 2015)

Today Department of Defense officials held a secure video conference with officials from the Russian Ministry of Defense. The talks focused on steps that can be taken by Russian and counter-Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant coalition aircraft to promote safe flight operations over Syria.

The discussions were professional and focused narrowly on the implementation of specific safety procedures. Progress was made during the talks, and the U.S. agreed to another discussion with Russia in the near future.

The video conference lasted approximately 90 minutes.

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 22:30
F-16IQ photo Lockheed Martin.jpg

F-16IQ photo Lockheed Martin.jpg

 

13/10/2015 Par Lefigaro.fr (Reuters)

 

L'armée irakienne a commencé à bombarder des positions du groupe Etat islamique (EI) grâce à des informations collectées par le nouveau centre de renseignement établi conjointement avec la Russie, l'Iran et la Syrie, a déclaré aujourd'hui le président de la commission de Défense du Parlement irakien.

 

Ce centre, où travaillent six experts de chaque pays, est opérationnel depuis environ une semaine, a précisé Hakim al Zamili, un membre influent de la communauté chiite. C'est grâce à ces informations que l'aviation irakienne a bombardé cette semaine un convoi de l'EI dans lequel le chef du groupe djihadiste, Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi, aurait pu se trouver.

 

"Les renseignements des Russes nous sont très utiles, même s'ils ne mènent pas de raids aériens (en Irak)", a souligné Hakim al Zamili en référence à l'offensive militaire russe en Syrie. Deux généraux russes sont basés au centre de renseignement de Bagdad, a indiqué un responsable irakien.

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 16:40
South Africa Air Force jet pilots going to Russia for further training

 

13 October 2015 by defenceWeb

 

The financially strapped SA Air Force (SAAF) is further extending its foreign training commitments with Russia being the latest addition.

A report has it that about 10 pilots from 2 Squadron at AFB Makhado have been selected for further training in Russia. This is a direct outflow of a co-operation agreement signed between the defence ministers of the two countries, Afrikaans weekly Rapport said.

 

Four pilots are already undergoing training in Cuba and according to SA National Defence Force Chief General Solly Shoke, agreements have also been entered into with the United States and the United Kingdom on various aspects of military training.

 

At the same time the paper reports the SAAF has experienced more resignations from the ranks of its jet pilots.

 

“Four of only the handful of jet fighter pilots in the SAAF have resigned leaving the force with three times as many Gripens as qualified pilots for them,” the paper said.

 

Making matters worse is that two test pilots based at AFB Overberg, home of the Test Flight and Development Centre (TFDC), have not had their contracts renewed.

 

Against this background it is not surprising the original number of 18 pilots supposed to go to Russia was cut. Another reason for sending fewer jet pilots is cost. South Africa had to pay for travel and living expenses while Russia is carrying the cost of training.

 

The majority of those going to Russia are qualified pilots but are short of flying hours to build their experience base. The lack of flying hours, also a result of a tight budget, has contributed in no small measure to this.

 

Pilots at AFB Makhado told the paper their colleagues who resigned had done so because they couldn’t fly. They have apparently joined airlines or companies operating in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and China.

 

It appears the group bound for Russia are not going to have an easy time of it. A SAAF officer, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the Russians had made it clear no time would be wasted on pilots who cannot fly properly.

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
« Quand Daech a attaqué, les avions américains ont survolé la zone, sans intervenir »

 

13/10/2015 Par valeursactuelles.com

 

Révélations. Mgr Hindo, archevêque syro-catholique d’Hassaké, au Nord-Est de la Syrie a répondu aux questions de l’agence de presse américaine CNS. Son point de vue est catégorique : la stratégie américaine en Syrie est « ambiguë ».

 

L’intervention russe est « positive » car « elle cible réellement Daech »

Au cours de cet entretien, relayé par le quotidien La Croix, l’archevêque est revenu sur les interventions américaine et russe et raconte ce qu’il a vu. Il témoigne. A son sens, l’intervention de la Russie en Syrie est « positive » car « elle cible réellement Daech ». Effectivement, il assure que les récentes frappes russes ont « démontré leur efficacité contre le groupe Daech » et auraient permis de faire battre en retraite l’organisation terroriste, vers le désert irakien. « Ils ont fui la région dans l’empressement, à bord d’environ 20 véhicules. Ils ont dû abandonner 20 autres voitures sur place. C’est le signe qu’ils ont vraiment dû battre en retraite », raconte-t-il.

 

Suite de l’article

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 07:55
photo Armée de l'Air

photo Armée de l'Air

 

12/10/2015 Armée de l'air

 

Le 8 octobre 2015, le général André Lanata, chef d’état-major de l’armée de l’air (CEMAA) a réalisé sa première visite officielle sur la base aérienne 118 de Mont-de-Marsan.

 

Le chef d’état-major de l’armée de l’air l’avait annoncé : « J’irai à la rencontre du personnel de l’armée de l’air ». Deux semaines après sa prise de fonction officielle, c’est chose faite. Le général Lanata a commencé son parcours des bases aériennes. Sur la plateforme landaise, le CEMAA est allé au contact des aviateurs de la 30e escadre, du régiment de chasse 2/30 « Normandie-Niemen » et du centre d’expertise aérienne militaire. Sans oublier les unités « protection défense », avec l’escadron de protection et la brigade de la gendarmerie de l’air. « La protection de la base est l’affaire de tous », a-t-il souligné.

 

Dans un deuxième temps, le général Lanata a souhaité s’entretenir avec l’ensemble des acteurs de la condition du personnel convié à une table ronde. À cette occasion, le nouveau CEMAA a confirmé son intention de poursuivre le plan « Unis pour Faire Face » initié par son prédécesseur, le général Denis Mercier.

photo Armée de l'Air

photo Armée de l'Air

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 16:35
Indian Air Force to allow women fighter pilots

 

GHAZIABAD, India, Oct. 9 (UPI)

 

Indian Air Force Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha told reporters women will soon fly fighter jets, as the force marks its 83rd anniversary on Thursday. Raha said women already fly transport aircraft and helicopters, and that the Indian Air Force has plans to induct them into fighter positions, according to Indian news network NDTV. "I have no doubt that women will be able to overcome any physical limitations to become fighter pilots," he said. Currently, there are about 1,500 women serving in the Indian Air Force, making up about 8.5 percent of total personnel. This includes 94 pilots and 14 navigators. Historically, women were excluded from fighter pilot positions, like other combat positions, out of fear they would be subject to rape or torture in the event they were captured by an enemy. Women also hold administrative, medical and education positions within the Air Force, and are sometimes taken on aircraft as observers.

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 11:55
Les Groupes Lourds honorés sur la base aérienne 106 de Bordeaux

 

09/10/2015 Sources : Sirpa air / BA 106 - Armée de l'air

 

Les 70 ans du retour des Groupes Lourds d’Angleterre ont été commémorés, jeudi 8 octobre 2015, sur la base aérienne 106 de Bordeaux-Mérignac.

 

Cette journée de commémoration a débuté par une cérémonie militaire solennelle, rendue en hommage aux vétérans et aux proches des groupes de bombardement II/23 «Guyenne» et I/15 «Tunisie», dits Groupes Lourds. Dix vétérans sur les douze toujours en vie avaient spécialement fait le déplacement.

 

À cette occasion, le colonel Christophe Michel, commandant la base aérienne 106 de Bordeaux, a procédé à la lecture d’un vibrant ordre du jour, saluant la mémoire des aviateurs français ayant combattu «au service de la France et de la liberté».

 

«Les 20 et 29 octobre 1945, les Groupes Lourds se posent sur le sol français, sur la base aérienne de Bordeaux-Mérignac. Ils constituent la 21eescadre de bombardement et sont dignement fêtés, le 26 novembre, sur la place des Quinconces, où la Croix de guerre vient orner leur drapeau. Sur une base aérienne sévèrement endommagée par les bombardements, le «Guyenne» et le «Tunisie» s’installent et appréhendent leur nouvelle mission. (...) Saluons ici nos Anciens dont la présence nous honore. Leur exemple est l’étoile qui nous guide sur le chemin de la réussite dans l’accomplissement de nos missions.»

 

Au terme de ce premier hommage, une cérémonie des couleurs était également organisée sur le tarmac de la base girondine. Pour l’occasion, deux Rafale de la 4e escadre de chasse de Saint-Dizier, entité héritière des traditions des Groupes Lourds, étaient disposés sur le parking bordelais.

 

Pour clore cette journée riche en célébrations, une rencontre a été organisée entre les vétérans, les 120 membres de l’association des anciens et des amis des Groupes Lourds, ainsi que 200 collégiens originaires de Mérignac. Après la projection de documentaires consacrés à l’histoire des groupes français, une série de questions-réponses a été entamée entre les jeunes élèves et les aviateurs français.

 

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
Polish Air Force Acquires Missiles for the MiG-29; Ukrainian Contractors May Place Their Offers Too

A German air force MiG-29 fires an R-27 radar-guided missile. The Polish air force is looking to buy 40 such missiles to maintain the capabilities of its own MiG-29s, and says it will allow Ukrainian suppliers to compete. (Luftwaffe photo)



Oct 09, 201 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Defence24.com Poland; posted Oct 09, 2015)

 

Poland’s Armament Inspectorate announced that it has begun a procedure to acquire radar guided R-27R1 missiles, used as the main armament of the Polish MiG-29 fighters. Ukrainian manufacturers are allowed to submit offers as well.

The procedure concerns procurement of 40 R-27R1 missiles. This type of weaponry is the basic armament of the MiG-29 fighters used by the Polish Air Force. The missile is a semi-active radar-guided weapon used against airborne targets at close and medium ranges, in any weather conditions, by day and night, in any direction. This type of missiles requires the launch aircraft to continuously track the target with its radar.

According to the available information, R-27R1 missiles are tailored to destroy airborne targets at distances beyond 50 km, however, the maximum range is dependent on the manoeuvres implemented by the target (approaching, going away, manoeuvring). The Armament Inspectorate notes that the missiles should belong to “Category One”, and they should be manufactured not more than one year before initial delivery.

The manufacturer is required to guarantee the usability period for the R-27R1 missiles of at least 96 months (if missiles are hermetically sealed) and for another 60 months, once the weapon is unpacked.

The acquisition procedure is going to be realized in line with the Public Procurement Law. The procurement may be realized by contractors whose seat is located within the territory of the European Union, European Economic Area or within the territory of a country with which the Polish, or the EU authorities, concluded an agreement regarding the defence and security procurement. The Armament Inspectorate notes that, besides the companies from the above-listed states, potential contractors from Ukraine may also submit their offers.

R-27R1 missiles, as well as other derivatives of the R-27 missile, are being offered by the Ukrainian Artem company which supplied the missiles, referred to by NATO as AA-10 Alamo, to India.

Procurement of the missiles shows that Poland is willing to maintain the full scope of capabilities of the MiG-29 jet fighters. This class of missiles is not usually used in the Air Policing operations, whether in Poland of in Baltic Air Policing. In case of the MiG-29 fighters participating in the Baltic Air Policing operation, they were always armed with the short range R-60MK or R-73E missiles.

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
USAF expands OIR mission in Turkey

 

DIYARBAKIR, Turkey, Oct. 8 (UPI)

 

The U.S. Air Force began staging small detachments of airmen and aircraft in Turkey to support personnel recovery missions in Syria and Iraq.

The U.S. Air Force has maintained a working relationship with its counterpart in Turkey, a NATO ally. U.S. Airmen stationed at the Diyarbakir Air Base, home to the Turkish air force's 8th Air Wing, are assigned to assist with the recovery of coalition personnel in the event they need assistance. The Airmen come from the 435th Contingency Response Group, part of the 435th Air Ground Operations Wing. Lt. Col. Ryan Barney, 435th CRG element commander, says the unit's mission is to "get in and out."

"The unique thing about this mission is the 435th CRG were the first troops on the ground; and we really depended on everyone and the defenders deployed with us for security as the building began," Barney said.

The unit arrived in August to begin building operating bases, and brought in some 680 tons of equipment.

"When the 435th CRG first arrived, there was nothing but a grassy field and a lot of boulders," Barney said. "By providing airfield ops, combat support and training, security, construction and mobile aircraft support, that field is now a 'bare base' and ready for the follow-on force to arrive."

The deployment comes as Turkish government officials grow more concerned with Russian operations in Syria, following recent violations of Turkish airspace. Russia continued its support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad by initiating airstrikes, purportedly against the Islamic State, Sunni militants also identified as Daesh and by the acronyms ISIS and ISIL.

Tanju Bilgiç, spokesperson of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, issued a statement on the matter on Wednesday.

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey strongly protested the violations of the Turkish airspace by the Russian Federation on 3 and 4 October 2015 to the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ankara," the statement read.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg condemned the incursions, calling them "deliberate," a view shared by U.S. officials.

"I call on Russia to avoid escalating tensions with the alliance. Russia must de-conflict its military activities in Syria. I'm also concerned that Russia is not targeting [the Islamic State], but instead attacking the Syrian opposition and civilians."

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 16:50
Norwegian Government Proposes Significant Defence Budget Boost

 

Oct 9, 2015  defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Norway Ministry of Defence; issued Oct 8, 2015)


The Norwegian Government proposes a 9.8% real terms defence budget increase for 2016, including a near doubling of funding for the F-35, a significant strengthening of the Intelligence Service and increased High North patrols.

The Norwegian Intelligence Service, the P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft and forward deployed submarine patrols all receive additional funding in the Norwegian Government’s 2016 budget proposal that was presented on the 7th of October.

The majority of the increase comes from a near doubling of the funding related to the Norwegian acquisition of the F-35, which ensures that the Norwegian procurement of the F-35 will proceed as planned.

The overall priorities in the Government’s budget proposal are in line with the recommendations presented by the Chief of Defence on the 1st of October 2015 in his Strategic Military Review, and helps increase the defence budget’s share of Norway’s GNP to a projected 1.54 %.

“The Norwegian Government takes the new security situation very seriously, and in 2016 we intend to follow up on our stated intention of strengthening the Norwegian Armed Forces in areas which allow its operational capabilities to grow in both the short and the long term. A considerable strengthening of the Norwegian Armed Forces is required in order to ensure that we develop capabilities for the future that are both relevant and modern, and which improve our ability to deter the use of force against both Norway and the wider NATO-alliance.

“Both our F-35-procurement and the new base at Ørland are key components to this effort, and of great importance to this Government, and therefore constitute a significant portion of the proposed increases,” says Norwegian Minister of Defence, Ms. Ine Eriksen Søreide.

Increased Funding for the Procurement of New Combat Aircraft with Associated Infrastructure

To support Norway’s continued acquisition of the F-35 along with its associated infrastructure the Government proposes a 2016 budget allocation of NOK 8.6 billion. While this proposal includes NOK 1.1 billion re-allocated from the 2015 budget due to planned payments that have been postponed, this nevertheless constitutes a near doubling of the 2015-level.

Also covered by the funding increase are additional funds for the construction of the new F-35-base at Ørland Main Air Station, where several projects are already underway to prepare for the arrival of the first F-35 in Norway in 2017.

The Norwegian Parliament has already authorized the procurement of 22 of the 52 aircraft Norway plans to procure, which includes deliveries up to and including 2019. In the 2016 budget, the Government requests authorization to begin procurement of an additional six aircraft for delivery in 2020.

On Tuesday the 6th of October the Norwegian acquisition of the F-35 reached another milestone as the second F-35 for Norway, AM-2, completed a successful test flight from Lockheed Martin’s facility in Fort Worth, Texas. This was the first flight for a Norwegian F-35, and comes only two weeks after the formal roll-out ceremony for the first Norwegian F-35.

A Strengthened and Modernized Intelligence Service

The Norwegian Government is proposing a considerable and necessary investment in the Norwegian Intelligence Service, above and beyond the levels indicated in the current Long Term Plan for the Norwegian Armed Forces. By modernizing both the technologies and capabilities of the Intelligence Service, it will become better prepared to address current and future challenges in line with the rapid technological advancement and developments in both Norway’s immediate region and in other areas around the globe.

In its 2016 budget proposal, the Government consequently proposes a funding increase for the Intelligence Service of NOK 370 million, of which NOK 250 million are fresh funds added to the defence budget.

Improved Navy Maintenance and Increased High North Patrols

The Government proposes several measures intended to strengthen the operational readiness of the Norwegian Navy, and to increase the patrol activity of its submarines and the Air Force’s P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft in the High North.

By adding NOK 320 million to the Navy maintenance budget, the Government aims to reduce the current maintenance backlog on its vessels, thereby improving its ability to maintain the level of activity described by the current Long Term Plan. This additional funding also creates additional opportunities for the maritime industries on the Norwegian West Coast, and is part the Government’s effort to boost Norwegian employment levels.

Beyond maintenance, the budget proposal also includes funding dedicated to strengthening Norwegian High North Patrols, with an additional NOK 62 million to allow an Ula-class submarine to be forward-deployed to Ramsund Naval Station, where two crews will rotate to enable a total of about 250 sailing days annually in the High North.

The proposal also includes NOK 35 million in additional funds for the P-3C Maritime Patrol Aircraft, enabling both longer and more frequent patrols in the High North, strengthening Norway’s ability to ensure adequate surveillance and enforce Norwegian sovereignty in the region.

Funding for Continued International Engagements

The budget proposal includes additional funding to extend Norway’s participation in two important international missions, including NOK 82 million to support the deployment of one C-130J along with staff officers to support the UN-operation MINUSMA in Mali for an additional ten months, and NOK 7 million to support Norway’s participation in operation Triton in the Mediterranean Sea.

Continued Overall Modernization

Even as funding for the F-35 ramps up, Norway continues the overall modernization of its Armed Forces, funding more than 20 projects in various stages of completion through the proposed defence budget for 2016. These include the ongoing modernisation of the Army’s CV90-fleet, and a new logistics vessel for the Navy. The budget proposal also presents a new project for Parliamentary approval which by 2020 will provide 320 light vehicles along with associated support equipment for the Norwegian Home Guard, at an estimated cost of NOK 527 million.


Key figures:
2016 Defence Budget Proposal: NOK 49.066 bn (+ NOK 4.29 bn from 2015 in real terms), of which:
-- Procurement: NOK 12.380 bn
-- Infrastructure: NOK 3.206 bn

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 16:45
photo J Marces - Armée de l'Air

photo J Marces - Armée de l'Air

 

09/10/2015 Sources : Etat-major des armées

 

Du 24 septembre au 4 octobre 2015, un équipage mixte des Escadrons de transport (ET) 1/62 Vercors et 3/62 Ventoux, accompagné de mécaniciens de l’escadron de soutien technique aéronautique 2E.062 stationnés sur la base aérienne 110 de Creil, ont rejoint Djibouti à bord d’un CN235 pour une période d’entraînement logistique et tactique.

 

Cette instruction organisée sur la BA 188 visait à assurer le maintien en condition opérationnelle des équipages et la formation du personnel en menant des missions tactiques, en coopération avec différentes unités françaises stationnées à Djibouti.

 

Le programme d’entraînement prévoyait des exercices variés : atterrissages sur des terrains sommaires de jour comme de nuit, posés d’assaut avec l’escadron de protection 1G.188, aérolargages de petits colis, sauvetages aéroterrestre et aéromaritime dans le cadre des missions SAR (Search and rescue – recherche et sauvetage). Les militaires ont également réalisé des missions tactiques à plusieurs appareils, incluant du vol en formation avec le C160 de l’ET88 et des missions de Slow Mover Protection (protection d’aéronefs) avec les Mirage2000 de l’escadron de chasse 3/11.

 

Les forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti (FFDj) apportent régulièrement un soutien logistique aux escadrons de transport de métropole qui viennent s’entraîner dans un environnement interarmées, exigeant et complexe. Djibouti, avec son climat chaud et ses paysages désertiques, s’apparente à de nombreux théâtres d’opérations actuels et présente un cadre d’entraînement très réaliste.

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 16:35
photo DGA

photo DGA

 

08 octobre 2015 Par Pierre Monnier –Usine Nouvelle

 

Le gouvernement indien a refusé la demande de l’Air Force India. L’armée de l’air indienne souhaitait rajouter 44 Rafale à la commande initiale, qui comptait 36 avions de combat fabriqués par Dassault.

 

La commande s’arrête à 36. D’après The Indian Express, il n’y aura pas de rallonge du gouvernement indien pour acheter plus de Rafale. L’armée de l’air indienne, l’Air Force India, avait pourtant demandé 44 avions supplémentaire. Selon un responsable, le ministre de la Défense indien, Manohar Parrikar, a affirmé qu’il n’y avait pas assez de fonds.

 

L’Air Force estime qu’il faudrait 45 escadrons d’avions de chasse afin de contrer la menace sur les deux fronts du Pakistan et de la Chine. Les pilotes indiens devront se contenter d’une version améliorée des avions légers de combat maison, le Tejas-Mark 1A. Cette solution convient d’ailleurs parfaitement au premier ministre indien Narendra Modi dont la politique est de favoriser les fabrications "made in India".

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 15:30
Capture video Russia MoD

Capture video Russia MoD

 

09 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Moscou - L'armée russe a affirmé vendredi avoir bombardé 60 cibles terroristes en Syrie au cours des dernières 24 heures, soit une très forte intensification des frappes russes depuis le début de leur intervention le 30 septembre.

 

Les avions russes ont fait 67 sorties depuis la base aérienne de Hmeimim (...) et bombardé 60 cibles terroristes dans les provinces de Raqa (est), Lattaquié (nord-ouest), Hama (centre), Idleb (nord-ouest) et Alep (nord-ouest), a déclaré le chef-adjoint de l'état-major russe, le général Igor Makouchev.

 

Lors des frappes précédentes, l'armée russe parlait de 10 à 25 cibles frappées en moyenne.

 

Visés par les avions russes, les militants subissent de fortes pertes et sont obligés de changer de stratégie, de se disperser, de se camoufler soigneusement et de se cacher dans des localités, a précisé M. Makouchev.

 

Dans ces conditions propices aux frappes efficaces, les forces armées russes continuent d'utiliser systématiquement l'aviation et intensifient les bombardements, a-t-il ajouté.

 

Moscou a pour la première fois annoncé des pertes dans les rangs des combattants terroristes en se basant sur des interceptions radio. Selon le ministère de la Défense, dont les affirmations ne peuvent pas être vérifiées de manière indépendante sur le terrain, 300 terroristes dans les provinces de Raqa et d'Alep ont été tués lors de ces frappes.

 

L'une des frappes dans la province de Raqa a visé l'état-major du groupe Liwa al-Haq, détruit par une bombe de haute précision. Selon des interceptions radio, deux responsables haut placés du groupe Etat islamique et environ 200 militants ont été tués à la suite de cette frappe, a précisé M. Makouchev.

 

Par ailleurs, environ 100 militants ont été tués dans la province d'Alep, selon la même source.

 

Les frappes visaient des postes de commandement, des noeuds de communication, des entrepôts de munitions et de carburant, ainsi que des bases d'entraînement des terroristes, a indiqué M. Makouchev.

 

Selon l'état-major russe, six postes de commandement et noeuds de communication, six entrepôts de munitions, 17 camps et bases d'entraînement de terroristes ont été détruits par les bombardements, a-t-il déclaré sans préciser dans quels provinces syriennes.

 

Depuis le début le 30 septembre de son intervention militaire en Syrie, la Russie, fidèle allié du régime de Damas, a effectué des bombardements depuis des avions de combat et des croiseurs en mer Caspienne mais n'a pas engagé de troupes au sol.

 

L'armée syrienne a annoncé officiellement jeudi le lancement d'une offensive terrestre majeure avec le soutien des bombardements effectués par la Russie, dont l'escalade des activités militaires inquiète l'Otan.

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 12:30
DCI forme les pilotes militaires du Koweït

 

par

 

Intervenant dans tous les domaines de compétences des armées, en lien avec ces dernières, l’action de DCI s’inscrit, depuis plus de 40 ans, dans une logique de partenariats avec les pays amis de la France. DCI investit ainsi dans la création de liens forts avec les futurs dirigeants des armées des pays amis, en ayant formé près de 1000 cadets dans ses écoles d’officiers.

Depuis 2006, DCI-AIRCO organise, en partenariat avec l’Armée de l’air française, des formations d’équipages de combat. Dans le cadre d’un programme de formation de pilotes militaires confié à DCI, 15 élèves koweitiens, destinés à devenir pilotes de chasse ou de transport selon leurs capacités et les besoins de l’armée de l’air de leur pays, viennent de débuter leur formation à Salon-de-Provence.

Depuis un an en France, ces élèves pilotes ont suivi une phase de mise à niveau en anglais et en sciences, puis une phase d’acculturation et d’évaluation en vol qui leur a permis d’être orienté vers les filières chasse et transport. Les différentes phases de la formation retenue par le Koweït se déroulent sur les bases aériennes de l’Armée de l’air, au sein des escadrons et écoles de : Salon-de-Provence, pour l’instruction théorique au sol et la formation initiale en vol ; Cognac, pour, d’une part, le tronc commun de formation « Chasse/Transport » au sol sur simulateurs et en vol sur avion d’entraînement et, d’autre part, la phase de pré-spécialisation chasse ; Tours et Cazaux pour les formations spécialisation chasse ; Avord, pour la formation spécialisation transport.

L’armée de l’air du Koweït a une grande confiance en DCI puisqu’une nouvelle promotion de 26 jeunes cadets est arrivée en France au printemps 2015 pour entamer la phase de mise à niveau. Ahmed Y Al-Reshoud, pilote de l’Armée de l’air koweitienne, témoigne de ses premiers mois de formation en France : « Cela fait un an que je suis en France. Je suis arrivé à Paris en octobre 2014. J’ai rejoint Salon-de-Provence en novembre pour suivre ma formation théorique entre Aix et Dax. Depuis le mois de septembre 2015, j’au commencé ma formation de pilote de chasse. J’espère réussir ma formation et gagner mes ailes de pilote en 2017. Cette formation me permettra d’exercer un poste plus important en rentrant au Koweit. »

 

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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 17:30
photo Russia MoD (Archives)

photo Russia MoD (Archives)


08.10.2015 source Russia MoD
 

This night Russian aircraft carried out 22 sorties from the Hmeymim airbase. Su-34, Su-24M and Su-25 crews engaged 27 terrorist facilities on the territory of Syria.

 

This night Russian aircraft carried out 22 sorties from the Hmeymim airbase. Su-34, Su-24M and Su-25 crews engaged 27 terrorist facilities on the territory of Syria.

The ISIS groups, which showed particular severity towards civilians, were subjected to massive bombing.

Su-24M and Su-34 bombers attacked 8 militants’ strong points in Homs province.

The engagement resulted in destruction of militants’ fortifications. Multiple fires caused by detonation of munitions and fuel, were registered.

Near al-Safsafah, a Russian combat aircraft Su-34 destroyed fire positions of terrorists.

Concrete-piercing air bombs hit the underground facilities of the militants detected earlier by means of space reconnaissance near Arafit and Salma.

Su-25 and Su-34 aircraft made 11 strikes on areas with ISIS training camps in Hamah and Raqqah provinces.

The attacks resulted in the total destruction of the infrastructure used for training of terrorists.

Air reconnaissance held by unmanned aerial vehicles near Hrysin detected a hidden base of the ISIS illegal armed groups.

The strike of a pair of attack aircraft Su-25 completely destroyed constructions and fortifications used by militants as shelters during air attacks. Large fire was registered on the territory of the base.

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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 16:55
[INTERVIEW] La voltige a son nouveau champion !

 

08/10/2015 Ltn C. Hingant – Armée de l’Air

 

En août dernier, le capitaine Alexandre Orlowski est devenu champion du monde de voltige aérienne. C’est en toute décontraction et simplicité que « Popov » a répondu aux questions de la rédaction. Rencontre avec un champion qui fait rimer succès avec humilité !

 

Le 28 août dernier, vous êtes devenu champion du monde de voltige aérienne, dans la catégorie reine. Quelques semaines après, que ressentez-vous ?

Je suis évidemment très heureux. J’ai tout de même un peu de mal à réaliser car c’est un objectif que je m’étais fixé sur le long terme. C’est allé très vite. Je ne m’attendais pas à décrocher le titre.

 

Vous êtes rentré à l’équipe de voltige de l’armée de l’air il y a quatre ans et c’est seulement votre deuxième année dans la catégorie Élite. Un premier championnat du monde et un premier titre. Comment expliquez-vous cette progression fulgurante ?

C’est un concours de plusieurs éléments, avec, en premier lieu, la motivation, sans laquelle on ne peut pas avancer. J’ai été élevé à bonne école. Ma formation de pilote de chasse m’a appris à être rigoureux et à toujours chercher à me perfectionner. Ensuite, il y a l’équipe de voltige au complet, avec d’un côté les pilotes les plus anciens qui transmettent leur savoir au quotidien et, de l’autre, les mécaniciens qui prennent soin de notre machine. Pour aller plus loin dans nos performances, nous suivons également des stages tous les ans, menés notamment par la fédération française aéronautique, qui permettent d’arriver en compétition prêts techniquement. Enfin, il ne faut pas oublier que la voltige aérienne est un sport de haut niveau qui nécessite une condition physique optimale. En dehors de mes heures, je travaille donc avec un préparateur physique pour augmenter ma marge de progression. À ce niveau, chaque détail compte.

 

Suite de l’entretien

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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
F-16V multirole fighter Photo Lockheed Martin

F-16V multirole fighter Photo Lockheed Martin

 

JAKARTA, Oct. 7 (UPI)

 

Indonesia is in the market for a new fighter to replace the F-5E, and Lockheed Martin brought its F-16 cockpit demonstrator to the country this week to highlight the F-16V, the latest version of the Fighting Falcon.

The company says the F-16V is the most advanced 4th generation fighter available on the market today. The aircraft comes equipped with several enhancements to the mission computer, the craft's structure, cockpit, electronic warfare system, and the Scalable Agile Beam Radar (SABR), a full-performance fire control radar designed to support next generation weapons and tactics. Indonesian officials, journalists, and U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia, Robert Blake Jr. all took turns sitting in the simulator. Other aircraft the country may consider include Saab's Gripen fighter.

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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 07:50
A MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicle prepares to land after a mission in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. The Reaper has the ability to carry both precision-guided bombs and air-to-ground missiles. U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Brian Ferguson

A MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicle prepares to land after a mission in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. The Reaper has the ability to carry both precision-guided bombs and air-to-ground missiles. U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Brian Ferguson

 

WASHINGTON, Oct. 7 (UPI)

 

The U.S. State Department has approved the sale of MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles to Spain's military, the department announced on Wednesday.

The sale covers four MQ-9 Block 5 Remotely Piloted Aircraft, and an additional 20 Embedded Global Position System/Inertial Guidance Units, two Mobile Ground Control Stations, five Multi-Spectral Targeting Systems, and five Synthetic Aperture Radar units. The total sale has an estimated cost of $243 million. The MQ-9 Reaper was manufactured by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, and is currently in service with the U.S. Air Force. The unmanned craft is typically armed with a combination of AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, GBU-12 Paveway II and GBU-38 Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM).

 

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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 06:50
A Sniper targeting pod attached to a U.S. Air Force B-1 bomber. U.S. Air Force photo.

A Sniper targeting pod attached to a U.S. Air Force B-1 bomber. U.S. Air Force photo.

 

Oct. 6, 2015 By Richard Tomkins (UPI)

 

Sniper Advanced Targeting Pods from Lockheed Martin are being supplied to the Royal Netherlands Air Force.

 

ORLANDO, Fla -- The Royal Netherlands Air Force is to equip its fleet of F-16 aircraft with Sniper advanced targeting pods from Lockheed Martin. A contract for 29 of the multi-mission systems was issued through the Netherlands Defense Materiel Organization and includes support equipment, training and sustainment. "Expedited delivery will enable the Royal Netherlands Air Force to rapidly deploy Sniper ATP to support current mission requirements," said Rich Lovette, director of Sniper international programs at Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control. "Maintaining a high availability rate through our award-winning sustainment program will also ensure the Sniper ATPs remain operational for warfighters."

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 20:30
Syrie: au moins un avion de la coalition re-routé pour éviter des avions russes

 

07 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Washington - La coalition contre le groupe Etat islamique a dû re-router au moins un de ses avions au-dessus de la Syrie pour éviter qu'il ne s'approche trop près d'un avion russe, a déclaré mercredi un porte-parole du Pentagone.

 

Il y a eu au moins une fois une circonstance ou la coalition menée par les Etats-Unis a dû agir pour modifier la route de l'un de ses avions, a indiqué le capitaine de vaisseau Jeff Davis, un porte-parole du Pentagone.

 

Les avions russes bombardent la Syrie depuis une semaine. Le ministre de la Défense russe Sergueï Choïgou a affirmé que 112 cibles avaient été touchées depuis le début des frappes.

 

Les Russes ont par ailleurs utilisé mercredi pour la première fois des missiles tirés depuis des navires en mer Caspienne pour toucher la Syrie.

 

Depuis le 30 septembre, début des bombardements russes, la coalition a de son côté mené 43 frappes dans le pays, selon un décompte de l'AFP sur la base des communiqués quotidiens de la coalition.

 

Pressé de questions pour savoir combien de fois exactement la coalition avait dû re-router des avions, le porte-parole n'a pas voulu répondre.

 

Nous avons faire du re-routage d'avion, mais cela se produit des milliers de fois par jour dans le ciel américain pour des avions civils, a relativisé le porte-parole.

 

Revigorée par l'appui des bombardements russes, l'armée syrienne a lancé mercredi une vaste offensive terrestre dans le nord de la province de Hama, dans le centre du pays.

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 20:30
Su-25 photo Russia MoD

Su-25 photo Russia MoD

 

07 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Washington - Les Etats-Unis ont affirmé mercredi que la quasi totalité des frappes de la Russie en Syrie ne visaient pas les jihadistes de l'Etat islamique ou les groupes proches d'Al-Qaïda mais des organisations armées syriennes modérées qui combattent le régime de Damas.

 

Plus de 90% de leurs frappes auxquelles nous avons assisté n'ont pas été contre l'EI ou des terroristes affiliés à Al-Qaïda. Elle ont été en grande partie contre des groupes d'opposition, a déclaré le porte-parole du département d'Etat John Kirby.

 

Depuis qu'a commencé l'opération de raids aériens russes sur la Syrie la semaine dernière, Washington martèle que Moscou ne s'en prend pas à l'EI ou aux groupes proches d'Al-Qaïda mais vise plutôt tous les opposants syriens et consolide de facto le régime de son allié, le président Bachar al-Assad.

 

Mais c'est la première fois que les autorités américaines fournissent une estimation chiffrée de l'impact des frappes russes dans ce pays en guerre.

 

Notre inquiétude, a souligné John Kirby, réside davantage dans l'impact de l'activité militaire à l'intérieur de la Syrie (...) à l'encontre de groupes qui ne sont ni l'Etat islamique ni les terroristes affidés à Al-Qaïda.

 

L'armée syrienne a lancé mercredi une vaste offensive terrestre, revigorée par les frappes de l'aviation et désormais la marine russe, une semaine après le début de l'intervention militaire russe qui a redonné de l'élan au régime Assad.

 

Le président Vladimir Poutine a annoncé que les opérations russes allaient s'intensifier.

 

C'est une erreur pour la Russie, a réaffirmé le porte-parole de la diplomatie américaine.

 

Les Etats-Unis et la Russie avaient eu la semaine dernière une première réunion entre leurs forces armées afin d'éviter des incidents aériens entre leurs aviations dans le ciel syrien. Mais aucune autre rencontre n'a été programmée.

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 14:30
Syrie: l'aviation russe va intensifier ses frappes en vue d'une offensive terrestre de l'armée syrienne

 

07 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Moscou - Les frappes de l'aviation russe en Syrie vont s'intensifier pour permettre de préparer une offensive terrestre de l'armée de Bachar al-Assad contre le groupe Etat islamique (EI), a annoncé mercredi Vladimir Poutine, après une semaine de bombardements qui ont visé 112 cibles des jihadistes.

 

Nous savons à quel point les opérations de ce genre -- antiterroristes -- sont compliquées. Et bien sûr, il est encore tôt pour tirer des conclusions, mais ce qui a été fait jusque là mérite une très bonne appréciation, a déclaré le président Vladimir Poutine lors d'une rencontre avec le ministre russe de la Défense, Sergueï Choïgou, retransmise à la télévision.

 

Depuis le 30 septembre jusqu'à ce jour, les frappes ont touché 112 cibles. L'intensité des frappes augmente, s'est félicité M. Choïgou.

 

Le président russe a également évoqué une possible offensive terrestre de l'armée syrienne contre l'EI, affirmant que les prochaines opérations militaires russes dans le pays seront synchronisées avec celles des forces gouvernementales.

 

Le ministre de la Défense a en outre souligné que quatre croiseurs russes de la flottille de la Caspienne ont tiré mercredi 26 missiles de croisière sur 11 cibles de l'EI en Syrie, les détruisant toutes. M. Choïgou n'a pas précisé d'où avaient tiré les navires.

 

La Russie a évoqué plus tôt mercredi la possibilité de mettre en place une coordination de ses frappes en Syrie avec celles de la coalition internationale menée par les États-Unis, alors que les tensions sont fortes entre Moscou et Ankara, qui accuse l'aviation russe de violer son espace aérien.

 

La Russie, fidèle allié du régime de Damas, mène des frappes en Syrie pour venir en aide au régime et ses avions frappent l'EI, qui contrôle la moitié du territoire syrien, ainsi que les groupes rebelles islamistes et ceux dits modérés qui se trouvent notamment à la lisière de la frontière turque.

 

Les États-Unis sont quant à eux à la tête d'une coalition d'une soixantaine de pays, qui procède depuis plus d'un an à des frappes quotidiennes contre l'EI en Syrie et en Irak voisin, sans parvenir à venir à bout du groupe jihadiste.

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 12:45
Barkhane: De l’eau pour la base avancée de Madama

 

06/10/2015 Sources : Armée de l'air

 

Chef de détachement du groupement aérien d’appui aux opérations (GAAO) à Madama (Niger), du 8 mars au 29 juillet 2015, le capitaine Bruno a pris part à un défi de taille: produire puis traiter de l’eau dans ce site désertique et reculé du Niger. Un challenge relevé avec brio!

 

45°C à l’ombre, 64°C au soleil, du sable à perte de vue, une dizaine de bungalows, aucune structure métallo-textile… Les conditions semblent rudes pour produire de l’eau potable à Madama, au cœur du désert du Ténéré, au Niger. Pour relever ce challenge, une quinzaine d’aviateurs du groupement aérien d’appui aux opérations (GAAO) et du groupement aérien des installations aéronautiques (GAIA) a été déployée début mars 2015 sur cette base avancée, point d’appui essentiel des forces engagées dans l’opération Barkhane. Implanté sur la base aérienne 106 de Bordeaux-Mérignac, le GAAO est l’expert en infrastructure verticale de l’armée de l’air. Le GAIA, quant à lui, est chargé du maintien en condition opérationnelle de ces installations sensibles et de la fourniture au GAAO de l’ensemble du matériel de projection. «Deux aviateurs du GAIA ont renforcé nos rangs pour mettre en œuvre la station de potabilisation de l’eau et traiter les eaux usées, précise le capitaine Bruno, chef du détachement. À la fin de l’été, nous devions être autonomes en produisant notre eau, en la traitant, puis en mettant en place une station d’épuration.»

 

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Barkhane: De l’eau pour la base avancée de Madama
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