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27 septembre 2013 5 27 /09 /septembre /2013 11:30
US, Russia Finalize Syria Resolution – Lavrov

UNITED NATIONS, September 26 (RIA Novosti)


Russia and the United States have agreed on a UN Security Council resolution that will not allow military action to enforce Syria’s compliance with a US-Russian plan to eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Thursday.


The draft resolution to be submitted to other Security Council members “does not envision any actions based on Chapter 7 of the UN Charter,” which allows for military action to restore peace and security, Lavrov said following a meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry.


Washington has insisted that the threat of military force is crucial to ensuring that the government of Syrian President Bashar Assad abides by the terms of the US-Russia plan to secure and destroy Syria’s chemical stockpiles, while Russia has said military intervention is unacceptable.


Lavrov added that the resolution finalized by Russia and the United States is in “strict” compliance with the US-Russian plan, which was hammered out between the two sides in Geneva earlier this month.


Kerry confirmed later on Thursday that an agreement with Russia has been reached, saying the international community “can now move forward and give life hopefully to the removal and destruction of chemical weapons from Syria."


A full meeting of the 15-member council was called for 08.00 pm in New York Thursday (04:00 Moscow time on Friday) to discuss the draft resolution, according to the UN press service.


Washington and Moscow have also finalized a draft resolution on placing Syria’s chemical weapons stockpile under international control for eventual destruction, Lavrov said. That resolution is being submitted to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in the Hague for consideration, he said.


The administration of US President Barack Obama has accused Assad’s government of responsibility for an Aug. 21 chemical weapons attack outside Damascus that Washington claims left more than 1,400 dead.


Russian officials, including President Vladimir Putin, have repeatedly suggested in recent weeks that they have evidence showing the attack was likely carried out by Syrian rebels seeking to frame Assad in order to secure outside military intervention against government forces.


Updates with US confirmation and time of the UNSC meeting to discuss the draft resolution.

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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 12:30
Syrie: tests de missiles en Méditerranée, Bachar Al-Assad met en garde

3 septembre 2013 RTBF.be


Malgré l'attente, il semble bien que la tension autour du conflit soit montée d'un cran. Une alerte d'une source militaro-gouvernementale russe faisait état de tirs de missiles en Mer Méditerranée, ce mardi. La présidence française espère convaincre en divulguant des "preuves" de l'utilisation d'armes chimiques par le régime syrien; qui nie, et met en garde contre une déstabilisation régionale.


    Israël annonce avoir mené mardi, conjointement avec les Etats-Unis, un test de missile en Méditerranée, détecté par la Russie. L'alerte a été donnée par des sources russes. Les deux missiles dont le lancement a été détecté sont tombés dans la mer, précisaient les informations russes.


    "Les missiles (...) auraient pu avoir été tirés d'un bateau américain dans la Méditerranée", avait indiqué une source militaro-diplomatique russe à l'agence Interfax, ajoutant qu'il s'agissait probablement de tirs visant à "affiner les relevés météorologiques".


    Après avoir nié une quelconque participation à un tir, ce mardi, le ministère israélien de la Défense déclarait avoir mené "avec succès" dans la matinée un tir de missile dans le cadre d'un exercice militaire israélo-américain. "Le ministère de la Défense et l'agence la MDA (Missile Defence Agency) américaine ont lancé mardi matin à 9h15 un missile radar de type Ankor", a déclaré le ministère dans un communiqué.


Suite de l’article

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1 février 2012 3 01 /02 /février /2012 18:15
Russia counting on Syria to keep arms exports high - report

01 February 2012 defenseWeb (Reuters)

Russia is counting on President Bashar al-Assad keeping his grip on power to see through potential arms contracts worth up to $6 billion (3 billion pounds) (3 billion pounds) and help Moscow reach a record defence export year, according to the CAST defence and security think-tank.

Russia has been Assad's main defender as Western and Arab countries push for a U.N. Security Council resolution which would call for him to step down.

A veto-wielding permanent member, Russia has already criticised the resolution saying it will lead to civil war, Reuters reports.

Having lost tens of billions of dollars in arms contracts with Libya after leader Muammar Gaddafi was ousted last year, Moscow is looking to Damascus to maintain a foothold, both politically and economically, in the region.

At stake for Russia, the world's no. 2 arms exporter, is billions of dollars in potential and current arms contracts with ally Syria, including deliveries on an order of 24 MiG-29M2 fighter jets signed in 2007.

Syria, where Russia maintains a naval base, is also the only ally Russia has left in the Middle East.

"(If Assad goes) Russia will lose everything," CAST Director Ruslan Pukhov said.

"Syria is one of Russia's top five clients. Russia already concluded with Syria contracts for $4 billion and has $2 billion more potential contracts on the way," Pukhov said.

Moscow-based CAST is Russia's most respected defence and security think-tank. Although it has good relations with the government it is independent.

Tests for the jet fighters began in December of last year, CAST said in a report obtained by Reuters before publication. Damascus was also likely to receive deliveries of Buk anti-aircraft missiles this year, it said.

Russia delivered a record $12 billion in weapons in 2011, CAST said in an annual report released before official data, boosted by sales to embattled Arab leaders and Asian countries eyeing China's rising military might.

Pukhov said while the funds are crucial for Russia's defence industry, which Putin built up during his 2000-08 presidency and lacks enough domestic orders to keep it profitable, they have little bearing on Russia's $1.85 trillion economy.

CAST said Damascus received eight percent of Russia's 2011 deliveries or nearly $960 million in jet fighter upgrades and anti-ship missile systems.


Western U.N. envoys who support the plan calling for Assad's removal have already condemned arms sales to Damascus, where the United Nations says more than 5,000 civilians have been killed in a 10-month-old crackdown on opposition to Assad's rule.

In addition to upgrades and repairs to Syria's MiG-23 and MiG-29 fighter jets last year, it also received three different missile systems, including Bastion anti-ship missile units and another anti-aircraft missile system.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has said Moscow's arms exports to Syria need no explanation. While European Union and U.S. embargoes prevent selling arms with Assad's government, no international treaty with Russia is in place.

Russia has seen several years of record-breaking arms delivery growth, despite criticism that it is failing to deliver the technological benefits of Western suppliers or the low costs of emerging weapons exporter China.

Despite having signed $3.69 billion in new arms contracts in 2011, the total portfolio of Russia's arms exporting monopoly Rosoboronexport shrank to $35 billion from a size of $38.5 billion in 2010.

"We expect that results of 2012 will show that Russian export of arms will exceed the mark of $14 billion. Looking at the current portfolio...that level of export may be supported for at least another three years," the report said.

Rosoboronexport makes up around 80 percent of all arms exports in a given year, while nearly 20 independent firms make up the difference with sales of spare parts and upgrades.

Last year the top customer for Russian arms was India, whose arms ties extend to Soviet times and which received $2.5 billion worth of tanks and fighter jets as New Delhi ramps up its defences against China's growing martial might.

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