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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 11:45
Algérie : 109 "terroristes" tués et 36 autres arrêtés en 2015 (Défense)

 

28/12/2015 lorientlejour.com (AFP)

 

L'armée algérienne a tué 109 "terroristes", terme utilisé pour désigner les islamistes armés, et arrêté 36 autres en 2015, selon un bilan du ministère de la Défense publié lundi.

 

En 2015, "109 terroristes ont été éliminés et 36 autres ont été arrêtés, outre la saisie d'importantes quantités d'armes et de munitions (...), selon ce bilan.

Parmi les armes saisies "figurent 105 unités de type Kalachnikov, 21 pistolets automatiques, 237 fusils, 8 lance-roquettes, 5 lance-roquettes de fabrication traditionnelle ainsi qu'une quantité considérable de toutes sortes de munitions dont 182 bombes artisanales, 132 mines et cinq roquettes", selon un communiqué du ministère.

Le texte ne donne pas d'indication sur les pertes militaires durant cette même période.

 

Une dizaine de soldats ont été tués mi-juillet dans une embuscade tendue par un groupe jihadiste à 150 km au sud-ouest d'Alger. Il s'agit de l'attaque la plus meurtrière contre les forces de sécurité algériennes en 2015.

En 2014, le groupe Jund al-Khilafa ayant prêté allégeance au groupe jihadiste Etat islamique (EI) avait exécuté un touriste français enlevé en Kabylie, zone montagneuse à l'est d'Alger. Après trois mois de traque, l'armée algérienne a annoncé avoir décimé ce groupe terroriste.

 

Malgré l'adoption il y a dix ans d'une charte pour la paix et la réconciliation, censée tourner la page de la guerre civile qui a fait 200.000 morts dans les années 1990, des groupes armés islamistes restent actifs en Algérie et visent principalement les forces de sécurité.

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5 novembre 2015 4 05 /11 /novembre /2015 08:45
Dépenses militaires: la Défense algérienne épinglée par Transparency International

 

01/11/2015 HuffPost Algérie

 

Dans un rapport publié jeudi 29 octobre, portant sur les dépenses "opaques" des Défenses militaires, l'organisation non gouvernementale Transparency International a épinglé les pays de la région MENA, classant au passage la défense algérienne dans la rubrique F, la "plus haute catégorie de risque et la plus critique en termes de corruption". Selon ce rapport, "le budget de la défense algérienne est classifié et aucun détail sur ses dépenses n'est disponible". Citant des "sources externes", cette ONG indique que le budget accordé à la défense algérienne a atteint 20 milliards de dollars en 2014. Toutefois, aucune source gouvernementale ne divulgue ces chiffres. Dans cette étude, Transparency International a détaillé les lacunes et les facteurs, politiques et financiers, d'opacité du budget de la Défense algérienne.

Suite de l’article

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15 octobre 2015 4 15 /10 /octobre /2015 07:45
photo MARCOM

photo MARCOM

 

12.10.2015 by MARCOM

 

ALGER, Algeria – The Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Group 2 will visit Alger from October 12 to 14, 2015, as part of their annual program of activities, to strengthen the friendship and understanding between Algeria and NATO.

In this context, the Chief of Staff of the Allied Maritime Command, Rear Admiral Giorgio Lazio will meet with the Major General Mohamed Larbi Haouli, Commander Algerian National Navy. This interview will give them the opportunity to highlight the quality of the cooperation between Algeria and NATO, in particular in the maritime domain and recall their commitment to the importance of strengthening the already existing contacts and those to come.

The visit of the SNMCMG2 in Alger will contribute to reinforce and fortify relations with the Algerian civil and military authorities. This is an excellent opportunity for the military dialogue, to improve mutual understanding and promote cooperation. NATO and Algerian forces will practice together, improving their interoperability through active participation in some military exercises. Indeed, the Algerian naval units will perform an exercise with this NATO group with Algerian officers to embark on board SNMCMG2 units.

The group Commander is Captain Ramazan KESGIN, Turkish Navy, aboard the flagship, TCG SOKULLU MEHMET PAŞA. The force consists of a flagship and three mine hunters from Germany, Spain and Turkey.

The SNMCMG2 units calling in Alger are:

- TCG SOKULU MEHMET PAŞA, flagship, Turkish Navy

- TCG AKCAKOCA, mine hunter, Turkish Navy

- FGS WEILHEIM, mine hunter, German Navy

- SPS SELLA, mine hunter, Spanish Navy

The members of the NATO’s Mediterranean Dialogue's Programme are Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia. Algeria is member since 2000.

This program was launched in 1994 in order to contribute to the regional security and stability, to achieve better mutual understanding about NATO among Mediterranean Dialogue’s countries. The program was improved at the NATO Summit in Prague (2002) when creating a more ambitious structure and expanded through a closer practical cooperation. It includes the strengthening of the existing political dialogue, interoperability, elaboration of a defence reform and contributing against terrorism.

SNMCMG2 is a high readiness force, which can be deployed where the alliance requires, consisting of naval units from several allied countries. They train and work together throughout the year and participate in exercises conducted by the Alliance and other member nations.

SNMCMG2 main task is to defend the maritime passages from the threat of mines. Moreover, as NATO force, this group can show the cohesion of the Alliance under the NATO flag during port calls, improving the relations with the visited countries. In addition, the group is responsible for historic ordnance disposal operations contributing to make allied and partners nation waters safe and improving maritime security.

Click for the French Version

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 16:45
First Chinese corvette for Algeria heads home

 

07 October 2015 by defenceWeb

 

The first of three C28A corvettes for the Algerian Navy is on its way home to North Africa, and is currently docked in Malaysia for rest and replenishment.

 

The corvette, named Adhafer (920) docked at the Boustead Cruise Centre (BCC) at Port Klang yesterday morning, according to the Royal Malaysian Navy. It will be docked there until Thursday to replenish supplies and rest before continuing on its way to Algeria.

 

The vessel is commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Ali Yahi. The Royal Malaysian Navy said that 20 contractors from China's Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group are accompanying the vessel’s crew of 120. Malaysian naval officers were due to inspect the Adhafer but this is apparently no longer the case. The type had earlier this year been offered to the Royal Malaysian Navy.

 

The other two C28A corvettes are due for delivery to Algeria in 2016 and 2017. According to Want China Times, China and Algeria are discussing the possibility of supplying another three C28A corvettes.

 

Adhafer began sea trials in August this year - delivery to the Algerian Navy was originally scheduled for May. Algeria signed a contract for the three C28A corvettes in March 2012. The first vessel (920) was launched on August 16 last year and the second corvette (921) was launched in February this year.

 

The corvettes are armed with a 76 mm main gun, FM-90N launcher for HQ-7 surface-to-air missiles and YJ-82/C-802 anti-ship missiles. Once in Algeria the vessels will be fitted with Thales Smart-S Mk 2 radar and command, control, and communication systems. When the second vessel (921) was launched in February, it was fitted with two Type 730 series close-in weapon system (CIWS) turrets.

 

The C28A corvettes are around 120 metres long, 14.4 metres wide and have a draft of 3.87 metres. They displace about 2 880 tons fully loaded, and are powered by MTU diesel engines, giving a top speed of 27 knots. They feature some stealth in their design, including the placement of the exhausts towards their waterline to reduce infrared signature.

 

Algeria’s navy is set to expand significantly in the near future as it receives a number of new vessels, including two Meko A-200AN frigates by 2018 and two Project 636 Varshavyanka (Kilo class) diesel electric submarines from Admiralty Shipyards in Russia, also in 2018.

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 12:45
Opération Barkhane (Crédits: EMA - Sept. 2015)

Opération Barkhane (Crédits: EMA - Sept. 2015)


07.10.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

Vous vous souvenez de l'arrêté en date du 25 septembre 2015, publié au JO le 1er octobre? Non? Lisez mon post ici.

Cet arrêté était signé par le ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian,  le ministre des Finances, Michel Sapin, et le secrétaire d'Etat chargé du Budget, Christian Eckert.

Il  portait sur l'indemnisation des risques "invalidité et décès" pour les militaires participant à l'opération Barkhane. Etaient concernés, selon le texte, les "militaires participant à des opérations extérieures sur les territoires de la République islamique de Mauritanie, de la République du Sénégal, de la République du Mali, de la République algérienne démocratique et populaire, de la République de Côte d'Ivoire, du Burkina Faso, de la République du Niger, de la Libye, de la République du Tchad, de la République fédérale du Nigeria, de la République du Cameroun et de la République centrafricaine". Algérien Libye, Nigeria??? Tiens donc.

Lundi, l'Algérie s'est émue de la possible présence de soldats français sur son territoire... Ce qui a forcé le ministère français de la Défense a opposer un démenti formel à toute présence militaire française ans les trois pays en question.

Hier soir, l'AFP  annoncé que "les ministres signataires ont décidé de retirer cet arrêté dont l'objet est exclusivement de régir la situation indemnitaire des militaires français mais qui était entaché d'une erreur matérielle en tant qu'il définissait son champ d'application géographique".

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8 septembre 2015 2 08 /09 /septembre /2015 16:45
Algeria: The Quiet Revolution Gets Louder

 

September 5, 2015: Strategy Page

 

A power struggle in the government has finally gone public with the August 27 arrest of Abdelkader Ait Ouarab. This is a big deal because this is the guy who led the counter-terror campaign in the 1990s that defeated the Islamic terrorists. Ouarab continued serving until he retired (apparently under pressure) in late 2013. All this internal strife has been going on, quietly, for over a decade. Things heated up in early 2013 when president Abdelaziz Bouteflika had a stroke and was disabled. Pro-reform members of the senior leadership pushed for Bouteflika to resign followed by free elections The Bouteflika family and corrupt officials who had benefitted from Bouteflika rule got organized and resisted. No one wanted a civil war, but the two sides were sharply divided and compromise was not possible. By late 2013 it was clear that most Algerians wanted the government to clean up the rampant corruption and that there was support for that on the inside led by several senior Intelligence officers. Most of the corrupt officials and their civilian allies belong to the extended family of the elderly (nearly 80) president Bouteflika. Then there were the clans of several other families that led the country after freedom was achieved in the 1960s and have dominated government and the economy ever since. The Bouteflikas were apparently slow to realize that their most dangerous political enemies were the senior people in the intelligence and security agencies who were keen on cleaning up the corruption. There were also a lot of military officers who favored anti-corruption reforms. Fortunately for Bouteflika many senior military commanders were corrupt, some because they felt refusing the economic perks offered when they achieved high rank would be seen as disloyal. Bouteflika always believed the loyalty of the military was essential to keeping his corrupt crew in power. Yet by late 2013 many Bouteflika loyalists noted the split within the military and began moving more of their assets out of the country, just in case. That’s because if there’s another large-scale uprising and the military refuses to suppress it (or, worse, splits or falls apart because of disagreements among officers) the current government is done. Bouteflika also realizes that most of the troops are keen on anti-corruption efforts. In short, it’s a dangerous time in Algeria and now it’s out in the open.

 

There have been hints of trouble recently. In late July local media revealed that the government had unexpectedly replaced three of the most powerful generals in the military (the heads of counter-intelligence, the Republican Guard and presidential security). This was immediately linked with two other odd events. First there was the large number of troops showing up at the presidential residence on July 16th. Whatever was going on there was never made public. Finally there is the fact that president Bouteflika has not spoken or appeared in public for months and many Algerians believe he is dying or at the very least not getting any better.

 

Since early 2014 the government has denied that there was a feud raging between the intelligence services and the corrupt senior politicians. For over a year there have been rumors of senior people in the intelligence and security agencies who are keen on cleaning up the corruption and pressuring the government to support this effort. There were also a lot of military officers who favor the anti-corruption drive and the government responded by accusing the reformers of being disloyal and plotting a coup. That’s a possibility now, despite efforts to persuade the Bouteflika clan to do the right thing and let the people decide. Right now Algerians are finding out that the key men in the counter-terror forces are being forced out. Not just the older ones who are eligible for retirement but younger ones who are not. This provides leaders for any future rebellion against the corrupt government and the Bouteflikas are running out of options.

 

Meanwhile the fight against Islamic terrorists continues with over 60 of them killed so far this year compared to about a hundred in all of 2014. Many Algerians fear that dismissing many key counter-terrorism leaders will eventually reduce the effectiveness of operations against Islamic terrorists. The national leadership seems more concerned about maintaining their power and ability to plunder the national wealth for personal benefit. The government also appears incapable of dealing with the financial crises. Oil and gas income has fallen by nearly half since 2011. That’s about $30 billion less each year. Oil and gas are nearly all (97 percent) of the country's export revenues, and 40 percent of GDP. The 2015 budget keeps spending levels largely the same and to do that over $30 billion has to come out of the reserves. This cannot continue for long as Algeria only has $158 billion in reserves and not much in the way of credit for big loans to cover budget deficits. These shortages make the corruption more of an issue. For example, corrupt officials enable over $40 billion in untaxed goods to be smuggled in each year. While the army and police concentrate on the small operators bringing goods in overland in the south or from Morocco, the big money is in bribed officials allowing shiploads to come in untaxed. The government is going through the motions of cracking down but most Algerians believe this is all for show. 

 

August 31, 2015: In Jijel Province (365 kilometers east of the capital) soldiers have lately been capturing more smugglers with weapons, lots of ammo and even rifle cartridge reloading equipment. Many of these smugglers are bringing in people in addition to the usual cheap fuel and food. In the west, on the Moroccan border, soldiers shot a smuggler crossing the border illegally.

 

August 28, 2015: West of the capital soldiers ambushed Islamic terrorists and killed one. Weapons and documents were seized.

 

August 27, 2015: The government arrested former (until late 2013) counter-terrorism chief Abdelkader Ait Ouarab. Also known as “General Hassan” he ran the DRS (main intelligence agency). Ouarab was charged with possessing illegal firearms, withholding information and insubordination. East of the capital troops found an Islamic terrorist hideout that was used to store and build bombs. Several bombs were seized along with weapons and ammo. This was part of a week-long operation that has so far left five Islamic terrorists dead and large quantities of weapons, ammo and equipment seized.

 

August 25, 2015: In the last three days troops on the Mali and Niger borders have killed or arrested over 120 smugglers and seized large quantities of weapons, ammunition and other goods.

 

August 23, 2015: Tunisian border guards were ambushed by Islamic terrorists near the Algerian border. One border guard was killed and three wounded. This appears to be part of an effort by one of the major Islamic terror groups in Tunisia to get the security forces to back off. That has not been working so far and the Islamic terrorists have suffered heavy losses recently.

 

August 22, 2015: In the northeast (Skikda province, 500 kilometers east of the capital) troops clashed with a group of Islamic terrorists and killed two of them. The army has a major search operation going on in the province because of reports that a group of armed Islamic terrorists (as many as 30) were in the area.

 

August 18, 2015:  In the east, across the border in Tunisia, Islamic terrorist landmines killed two Tunisian soldiers.

 

August 14, 2015: In the northeast (Skikda province) Islamic terrorists ambushed an army patrol and killed two soldiers.

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19 juillet 2015 7 19 /07 /juillet /2015 15:45
Algérie : Aqmi revendique la mort de 14 soldats

 

19/07/2015 Le Point.fr (AFP)

 

Le groupe Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique a revendiqué la mort dans une embuscade de 14 soldats de l'armée algérienne, au sud-ouest d'Alger.

 

Le groupe Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (Aqmi) a revendiqué la mort dans une embuscade de 14 soldats de l'armée algérienne, au sud-ouest d'Alger, dans un communiqué non authentifié diffusé samedi soir sur internet. Le quotidien El-Khabar avait annoncé samedi après-midi la mort de 11 militaires.

 

Propagande web

« Les cavaliers de l'islam ont pu, au soir du premier jour de l'Aïd, tuer 14 soldats lors d'une embuscade tendue à une section de l'armée dans la zone de Djebel Louh », dans la préfecture d'Ain-Defla, selon le communiqué à l'en-tête d'Aqmi. Les assaillants ont réussi à s'échapper « sains et saufs après avoir pris les armes » des soldats tués, ajoute le texte.

Si elle était confirmée, cette attaque serait la plus meurtrière contre des soldats de l'Armée nationale populaire algérienne (ANP) depuis plus d'un an. En avril 2014, une quinzaine de soldats avaient été tués dans une autre embuscade en Kabylie, région montagneuse à l'est d'Alger. Les assaillants ont réussi à prendre la fuite après avoir attaqué une unité de l'armée qui se rendait vers un poste avancé au coeur du maquis, selon le journal. La région d'Ain-Defla fut dans les années 90 l'un des principaux fiefs des groupes armés islamistes, mais a retrouvé le calme depuis une décennie. Les violences impliquant les islamistes armés ont considérablement baissé d'intensité ces dernières années en Algérie.

Certaines régions notamment Boumerdès, Tizi Ouzou, en Kabylie, à l'est de la capitale, continuent cependant d'enregistrer des attaques attribuées à des groupes se réclamant d'Aqmi ou de l'organisation jihadiste État islamique (EI). Selon le ministère de la Défense, 102 islamistes armés ont été tués, capturés ou se sont rendus aux forces de sécurité durant le premier semestre de 2015. L'armée a notamment tué fin mai 25 islamistes près de Bouira (120 kilomètres au sud-est d'Alger), dans une zone où opère l'EI qui avait revendiqué notamment l'enlèvement suivi de la décapitation d'un randonneur français en septembre dernier au coeur des montagnes du Djurdjura, en Kabylie.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 10:45
Algeria: ISIL And Desperate Measures

 

May 25, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In the last week troops searching Bouira province (120 kilometers southeast of the capital) have found two weapons caches containing machine-guns, rifles, RPGs, grenades, ammo, 13 bombs,  components for 31 more bombs and various items of military equipment. This comes in the wake of two clashes on the 19 th and 20th that left 25 Islamic terrorists dead. The troops were specifically searching for a base where they believed a meeting of ISIL members was being held. This gathering was discovered and troops were able to carry out a surprise attack that left 22 Islamic terrorists dead. Pursuit of the survivors left another three dead on the following day.

 

This area has been a base for Islamic terrorists since the 1990s and most of the Islamic terrorists in the area were known locally as Jund al Khalifa and long affiliated with AQIM (Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb). In September 2014 this group renounced its ties to al Qaeda and declared its allegiance to ISIL. Only two months before that AQIM leaders had reaffirmed their allegiance to al Qaeda and condemned ISIL, which had recently declared a new caliphate (Islamic empire run by ISIL). Since joining ISIL Jund al Khalifa has become a lot more violent. Small groups of AQIM have been hiding out in the coastal mountains east of the capital for years and troops and police are constantly searching the thinly populated mountains and forests of Bouira province.

 

In the wake of these Jund al Khalifa losses the government announced that only small remnants of Islamic terrorist groups remained in the country. So far this year 59 Islamic terrorists have been killed compared to about 100 for all of 2014.

 

Since April the army has increased patrols on the borders with Libya, Mali and Niger. This is to stop or discourage smugglers in general and Islamic terrorists in particular. Since early April this effort has led to nearly 700 arrests. Troops have also seized lots of contraband, including weapons and explosives. The patrols have also seized caches of good the smugglers leave near the border for other groups to pick up and move to customers inside Algeria.

 

Algeria is cooperating with Interpol to update their border control databases with information apparently captured from ISIL in Syria and Iraq about thousands of ISIL members. Interpol wants help in identifying these people and obtaining any background information on them. This is part of a growing international effort to share data on Islamic terrorists in order to interfere with their movement and help lead to the capture (or killing) of these terrorists.

 

May 19, 2015: In the southwest (Adrar Province near the Morocco border) soldiers found a smuggler hideout where smuggled items were hidden. Troops seized ten AK-47s, an RPG 7 rocket launcher (with three rocket grenades), five radios and over a thousand rounds of ammunition. It’s unclear if these items were headed for Algeria or Morocco.

 

May 18, 2015: Officials met with the commander of AFRICOM to discuss cooperation with American efforts to deal with Islamic terrorism in North Africa and especially Libya.

 

May 16, 2015: Southern neighbor Mali signed a peace deal with Tuareg rebels. These Tuareg rebels and Islamic terrorists (from Mali and neighboring countries) took over most of northern Mali in 2012 and remained in control until a 2013 French-led invasion restored government control. Most of the Islamic terrorists were killed or fled to Libya and Niger. Algeria beefed up its security on its Mali border and hosted several rounds of peace negotiations between the government and the rebels. Not all rebels signed the peace deal and some are still fighting.

 

May 14, 2015: Across the border near the mountain town of Kasserine Tunisian soldiers killed four Islamic terrorists. Army and police patrols have been scouring the area since the March terror attack in the Tunisian capital that left 22 dead (most of them foreign tourists). 

 

Islamic terrorist leader Mokhtar Belmokhtar, a founder of Islamic terror group Al Mourabitoun has apparently been replaced as leader of Al Mourabitoun. This became clear when Al Mourabitoun recently announced it was joining ISIL and that Internet announcement was followed by one from Belmokhtar disagreeing with the decision to leave AQIM for ISIL. But the ISIL move was later confirmed and so was the fact that Belmokhtar was no longer in charge at Al Mourabitoun, which is currently based in southern Libya. Belmokhtar is the Algerian Islamic terrorist responsible for the January 2013 natural gas facility attack in southern Algeria that got 37 workers killed. Al Mourabitoun was formed in August 2013 when two Islamic terrorist factions merged and pledged allegiance to AQIM. For a while Al Mourabitoun was detected operating in northern Mali and Niger. One faction was an al Qaeda splinter group led by Belmokhtar who had a reputation for always escaping the many efforts to kill or capture him. Belmokhtar was number two or three in AQIM but formed his own splinter group in late 2012. The French and American pressure in Mali and the Sahel left Belmokhtar short of cash and prospects, so returning to al Qaeda was a way to remedy those problems. Al Qaeda has always had access to more cash and other resources than most other terrorist organizations and that’s why it remains such a visible player. Belmokhtar denounced ISIL as being religiously unfit, but he might also be concerned about that fact that ISIL is in a much more precarious financial position than AQIM.

 

May 12, 2015: In Batna (500 kilometers east of the capital) Islamic terrorists ambushed and killed four local village defense volunteers. AQIM is still active in this area and attacks the defense volunteers whenever possible because these groups hinder movement by Islamic terrorists by manning roadblocks and reporting suspicious activity to the security forces. Elsewhere along the coast (Ain Defla, 100 kilometers west of the capital) soldiers ambushed and killed two Islamic terrorists.

 

May 9, 2015:  Another AQIM faction (Katiba Skikda) declared allegiance to ISIL. Based east of the capital, near the Tunisian border, Katiba Skikda is one of the many Islamic terrorist groups facing elimination because of years of pressure from the security forces and lack of public support. That means fewer new recruits and constant shortages of cash and supplies. ISIL is seen as a higher profile group that uses new tactics (more savage violence) to get results where al Qaeda tactics have failed. To many counter-terrorism experts these moves to ISIL seem more an act of desperation than anything else.

 

May 7, 2015: About a hundred kilometers east of the capita (Tizi Ouzou) troops came upon eight bunkers apparently built and still used by Islamic terrorists. The soldiers recovered weapons and other equipment. Further east (Skikda, 500 kilometers east of the capital) troops found 25 bombs hidden by Islamic terrorists.

 

May 3, 2015: Troops killed three Islamic terrorists in Bouira province (120 kilometers southeast of the capital). Near Ain Defla (100 kilometers west of the capital) soldiers killed two Islamic terrorists over the last two days.

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4 mai 2015 1 04 /05 /mai /2015 06:45
Deux islamistes armés tués en Algérie

 

03 mai 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Alger - Deux islamistes armés ont été tués par l'armée à Ain Defla, à une centaine de kilomètres à l'ouest d'Alger, et Bouira, 100 km à l'est d'Alger, a annoncé dimanche le ministère de la Défense.

 

Un détachement de l'ANP (Armée nationale populaire) a abattu un terroriste ce matin du 3 mai 2015, au niveau de la localité de Sidi Khlifa (préfecture de Ain Defla), affirme le ministère dans un communiqué publié sur son site internet.

 

L'opération a permis de saisir un pistolet mitrailleur de type kalachnikov et trois chargeurs de munitions, selon le communiqué.

 

Cette opération fait suite à une autre déclenchée samedi par l'armée dans la même localité, et qui avait permis d'éliminer un terroriste et de récupérer un pistolet mitrailleur de type kalachnikov et deux chargeurs de munitions.

 

L'armée, citée par l'agence APS, a annoncé dimanche soir avoir tué un second islamiste armé à Bouira, à l'est d'Alger, dans une autre opération.

 

Les violences impliquant des islamistes armés, qui ont ensanglanté l'Algérie durant la guerre civile des années 1990, ont considérablement baissé mais des groupes restent actifs notamment dans le centre-est du pays, où ils s'en prennent généralement aux forces de sécurité.

 

Depuis le début de l'année, l'armée a tué 31 islamistes armés en incluant ceux de dimanche.

 

Plus de 100 islamistes armés ont été tués durant l'année 2014, selon l'armée.

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29 avril 2015 3 29 /04 /avril /2015 16:45
Algerian army kills five militants

 

29 April 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Algeria's army killed five militants on Tuesday in the region of Tizi Ouzou east of Algiers, the Defence Ministry said.

 

The militants were ambushed in Akerrou village some 100 km (60 miles) to the east of the capital, the ministry said in a statement. Weapons and ammunitions were seized in the operation.

 

The ministry gave no further details but the region is home to Islamic State's local branch known as Jund Al Khilafa, whose leader Abdelmalek Gouri was killed there in December.

 

Algeria, recovering from more than a decade of violence in the 1990s, is a key U.S. ally in its fight against militants in the Sahel.

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31 mars 2015 2 31 /03 /mars /2015 11:45
L'Algérie met-elle en oeuvre la cyberdéfense contre les attaques ?

 

29.03.2015 maghrebnaute.com

 

De nombreux pays mettent en place des dispositifs de défense contre des cyberattaques. En France, aux Etats-Unis et même en Chine, les armées s’entraînent pour repousser toute attaque cybernétique, de plus en plus envisageable dans un monde numérique qui avance à grande vitesse.

 

Qu’en est-il en Algérie ?

 

Notre pays s’entraîne-t-il pour faire face à une éventuelle cyberattaque ? L’Algérie œuvre-t-elle à la mise en place d’une cyberdéfense, qui devient une nécessité pour contrer une possible attaque massive qui rendrait inopérants des millions de sites internet, dont ceux d’institutions sensibles comme les centres de gestion des moyens de télécommunications ?

 

Dans la cyberguerre, il n’y a bien entendu ni terroristes encagoulés tapis dans l’ombre ni missiles expédiés en salve depuis un bâtiment de marine. La cyberattaque, telle que décrite par les spécialistes, vise la technologie de cryptage, qui est utilisée par la majorité des serveurs internet.

 

L’Algérie fait partie des pays les plus vulnérables en matière de sécurité informatique. Selon le dernier rapport annuel de Symantec, l’Algérie se trouve à la cinquième place des pays africains les plus exposés au risque de sécurité sur Internet. Elle surclasse certes de grands pays comme l’Afrique du Sud et l’Egypte. Mais elle reste autant vulnérable que d’autres Etats comme le Ghana, la Côte d’Ivoire, le Cameroun ou encore le Nigeria et la Mauritanie, indique ce rapport analysant le risque sécuritaire sur Internet durant l’année 2012.

 

Dans le même document, il est fait état du classement mondial de l’Algérie, passant de la 13e place en 2011 à la 61e place en 2012. Cette légère amélioration s’explique en partie par l’utilisation non massive de l’internet et des nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication.

 

Les principales cibles des cybercriminels sont les entreprises de taille moyenne. Le rapport de Symantec, leader mondial dans le développement des solutions de sécurité et de protection contre les attaques sur Internet, précise que les sociétés de plus de 250 salariés sont les plus menacées. Le nombre d’attaques ciblant ce type d’entreprises a triplé de 2011 à 2012. Une augmentation qui est directement liée à leurs activités lucratives.

 

Les cybercriminels visent également les chaînes logistiques et les écosystèmes de sous-traitants pour accéder aux informations sensibles des grandes entreprises et à une propriété intellectuelle à forte valeur. Depuis 2012, les attaques sur mobile ont augmenté de 58%.

 

Plus de la moitié de ces attaques (32%) visent à collecter des données telles que des adresses électroniques et des numéros de téléphone. Pour les experts, l’approche choisie par le gouvernement algérien est «dangereuse», car elle maintient le pays dans sa vulnérabilité face aux cyberattaques aux conséquences économiques qui peuvent être désastreuses.

 

Des experts algériens avaient mis en garde, en 2013, contre cette approche qu’ils qualifient de «défensive», appelant les pouvoirs publics à passer à l’offensive à travers la mise en place d’un collège d’experts pour élaborer une stratégie de lutte contre de telles attaques.

 

Selon eux, l'approche «offensive» consiste en la création de cercles d'experts en la matière, en sensibilisant et en alertant les différents organismes dès l'apparition d'une nouvelle menace ou d'un nouveau virus. D’autant que l'Algérie avait déployé des efforts pour lutter contre le terrorisme en promulguant des lois qui n'existaient pas avant 1990.

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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 13:45
Algeria’s army: on jihadist alert

 

20 March 2015 by Florence Gaub Brief - No6 - EUISS

 

Algeria remained largely untouched by the political turmoil which struck several of its neighbours in 2011 – but it is now gearing up to fight what it sees as the fallout of the Arab Spring. Rising security risks in Tunisia – as highlighted by the recent terrorist attack on a museum in the capital – and the possibility of total implosion in Libya are now combining with threats from the Sahel zone to its south. Algerian decision-making circles have come to the conclusion that the country is facing its most acute security challenge since the end of its dark decade in 2000.

The Algerian military, which was always at the epicentre of the country’s politics, is thus preparing for what it expects to be yet another crucial battle against terrorism. It is making use of the three C’s which it successfully employed during its fight against terrorism in the 1990s – containment, conflict, and conciliatory measures – and has added a new one: cooperation with partners.

 

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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
An Ottokar Cobra

An Ottokar Cobra

 

18 March 2015 by defenceWeb

 

African arms imports increased by 45 per cent between the periods 2005–2009 to 2010–14, with Algeria importing the most during this period, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has revealed in an analysis of the global arms trade.

 

Between 2010 and 2014, Africa accounted for 9 per cent of all arms exports, measured by volume. The three largest importers in Africa in 2010–14 were Algeria (30 per cent of imports), Morocco (26 per cent) and Sudan (6 per cent).

 

States in sub-Saharan Africa received 42 per cent of imports by African states. Sudan was the largest and Uganda the second largest importer in the subregion, accounting for, respectively, 15 per cent and 14 per cent of the subregional total, according to SIPRI.

 

Between 2005–2009 and 2010–14 imports by Algeria increased by 3 per cent; imports by its regional rival Morocco increased elevenfold. In 2014, major deliveries to Algeria included a helicopter carrier from Italy, the last batch of 48 air defence systems from Russia and an estimated 50 self-propelled guns from China; meanwhile, Morocco received a frigate from France. Algeria, unlike Morocco, has several major outstanding arms orders. These include orders placed in 2014 for two Kilo submarines and 42 Mi-28/Mi-26 helicopters from Russia and 926 Fuchs APCs from Germany. The orders for helicopters and APCs appear partly related to the Algerian Government’s conflict with rebel groups.

 

Nigeria and Cameroon received weapons from several suppliers to fulfil their urgent demand for weapons to fight against the militant Islamist group Boko Haram. Taken together, in 2014, both countries ordered and received helicopters from China and Russia, and armoured vehicles from China, Czech Republic, South Africa and Ukraine. Canadian companies also supplied armoured vehicles from production lines based in Nigeria and the UAE, SIPRI reports.

 

Elsewhere in the world, SIPRI noted that arms imports to Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states increased by 71 per cent from 2005–2009 to 2010–14, accounting for 54 per cent of imports to the Middle East in the latter period. Saudi Arabia rose to become the second largest importer of major weapons worldwide in 2010–14, increasing the volume of its arms imports four times compared to 2005–2009. The top six importers are India, Saudi Arabia, China, the UAE, Pakistan and Australia.

 

“Mainly with arms from the USA and Europe, the GCC states have rapidly expanded and modernized their militaries”, said Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. “The GCC states, along with Egypt, Iraq, Israel and Turkey in the wider Middle East, are scheduled to receive further large orders of major arms in the coming years.”

 

Asian arms imports continue to increase and of the top 10 largest importers of major weapons during the 5-year period 2010–14, five are in Asia: India (15 per cent of global arms imports), China (5 per cent), Pakistan (4 per cent), South Korea (3 per cent) and Singapore (3 per cent). These five countries accounted for 30 per cent of the total volume of arms imports worldwide. India accounted for 34 per cent of the volume of arms imports to Asia, more than three times as much as China. China’s arms imports actually decreased by 42 per cent between 2005–2009 and 2010–14, SIPRI data reveals.

 

“Enabled by continued economic growth and driven by high threat perceptions, Asian countries continue to expand their military capabilities with an emphasis on maritime assets”, said Siemon Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. “Asian countries generally still depend on imports of major weapons, which have strongly increased and will remain high in the near future.”

 

Other notable developments highlighted by SIPRI are that European arms imports decreased by 36 per cent between 2005–2009 to 2010–14, although the Institute cautioned that developments in Ukraine and Russia may counter this trend after 2014 with several states bordering Russia increasing their arms imports.

 

SIPRI also pointed out that arms imports by Azerbaijan increased by 249 per cent between 2005–2009 and 2010–14; to fight ISIS, Iraq received arms from countries as diverse as Iran, Russia and the USA in 2014; and deliveries and orders for ballistic missile defence systems increased significantly in 2010–14, notably in the Gulf and North East Asia.

 

Exporters

 

The United States remains the lead global arms exporter, followed by Russia, China, Germany and France. Together, they accounted for 74 per cent of the volume of arms exports. Overall, the volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons grew by 16 per cent between 2005–2009 and 2010–14, SIPRI said.

 

The volume of US exports of major weapons rose by 23 per cent between 2005–2009 and 2010–14. The USA’s share of the volume of international arms exports was 31 per cent in 2010–14, compared with 27 per cent for Russia.

 

“The USA has long seen arms exports as a major foreign policy and security tool, but in recent years exports are increasingly needed to help the US arms industry maintain production levels at a time of decreasing US military expenditure”, said Dr Aude Fleurant, Director of the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme.

 

Russian exports of major weapons increased by 37 per cent between 2005–2009 and 2010–14. During the same period, Chinese exports of major arms increased by 143 per cent, making it the third largest supplier in 2010–14, displacing Germany in the number three spot, however still significantly behind the USA and Russia.

 

China supplied major arms to 35 states in 2010–14. A significant percentage (just over 68 per cent) of Chinese exports went to three countries: Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. China also exported major arms to 18 African states. Examples of China’s increasing global presence as an arms supplier in 2010–14 included deals with Venezuela for armoured vehicles and transport and trainer aircraft, with Algeria for three frigates, with Indonesia for the supply of hundreds of anti-ship missiles and with Nigeria for the supply of a number of unmanned combat aerial vehicles, according to SIPRI.

 

Germany’s share of the global arms market has been decreasing (by 43 per cent between 2005–2009 and 2010–14) according to SIPRI, but nevertheless the country has received some major contracts. African orders in 2014 included two Type 209 submarines for Egypt and 926 Fuchs armoured personnel carriers for Algeria.

 

France exported a substantial amount of hardware to Africa – between 2010 and 2014 21 per cent of its exports went to the continent. French eff orts to increase arms exports were boosted by a deal negotiated in 2014 and signed in early 2015 with Egypt for the delivery of 24 Rafale combat aircraft and one FREMM frigate.

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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
Algeria: The Peaceful Solution Soaked In Blood

 

March 13, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Algeria has offered to host peace talks for the mess in Libya, as has neighboring Morocco. So far this year Libyan factions have held negotiating sessions in both countries, but no peace deal has yet been agreed to. Despite the appearance of ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) in Libya Algeria and most Western nations (especially the EU) still see a negotiated settlement as the best way to deal with the Libya civil war. The Libyan Tobruk (officially recognized by the UN) government goes along with this, mainly because they cannot afford to annoy the UN and risk losing international recognition as the legitimate government.

 

While the government continues to call for an “Algerian solution” to the chaos in Libya, less well publicized are the details of how Algeria achieved that solution. Algeria finally got a political deal with its surviving Islamic terrorists only after a decade of horrific violence. Because of all that slaughter Islamic radicalism lost most of its popular appeal by the late 1990s. This came after Islamic terrorists organized a rebellion earlier in the 1990s and murdered over 100,000 civilians who did not agree with them (or enthusiastically aid them). That bloodbath ended in 2005 with an amnesty deal that attracted most of the remaining Islamic terrorists. Some of the Islamic terrorists still operating in Algeria seem to acknowledge that connection and avoid further antagonizing civilians with the kind of mayhem still popular in places like Libya, Iraq and Syria. Despite the 2005 peace deal there still about a hundred armed Islamic terrorists killed in Algeria during 2014. So far this year it appears that number will be lower for 2015.

 

The increased Algerian border security, especially on the Mali and Libyan borders has led to more arrests, but almost all of those caught are smugglers, not Islamic terrorists. Most of the smugglers are moving consumer goods (cheap fuel, expensive alcohol, gadgets and low level drugs like cannabis, for use in Algeria) and illegal migrants headed for Europe. More valuable shipments like drugs headed for Europe (cocaine and heroin), precious metals (usually gold), illegal weapons (especially large quantities of explosives, RPGs and assault rifles), illegal migrants (who can afford to pay high fees) and known Islamic terrorists are rarely caught. This shows that these cargoes are relatively rare compared to food, fuel, consumer goods  and people smuggling and that many of the high-end smugglers who move these expensive items still have their arrangements with border security commanders to allow those who can pay large bribes to get through without interference. The border guards have incentives to catch smugglers as they get some of the value of the seized vehicles (usually expensive all-terrain models) and cargo as well as bribes from smugglers carrying items (like cocaine or hashish headed for Europe) that will not cause a unwanted publicity (about lax border security) inside Algeria.  Weapons are often carried by smugglers for self-defense against bandits, but the border guards make a big deal out of each arrested smuggler caught with self-defense weapons as being an “arms smuggler.” The increased border security effort has become a major problem for the low-end smugglers who have had to find new smuggling routes as the traditional ones (some used for centuries) are now patrolled by aircraft and troops on the ground. Because of the Islamic terror threat the government has made it more difficult for the smugglers to bribe their way past the security forces, which has simply led to higher bribes being paid by those (like Islamic terrorist groups that dominate drug smuggling in the region) who can afford it. The low value smugglers still get through, but in fewer numbers and via more difficult routes. The security forces are still detecting or arresting Islamic terrorists in the south and north who got smuggled in successfully or were recruited locally. Most of the smugglers arrested are not Algerians although Algerians tend to be the most common nationality found to be involved.

 

March 12, 2015: A court sentenced a blogger to six months in jail for posting a 2012 comment that the army considered insulting. The prosecutor wanted a ten year sentence and the accused was released after the trial because he had already been in jail awaiting trial for seven months. The blogger showed no regret for what he had done and the trial divided the country with many Algerians believing the government had gone too far in this case.

 

March 11, 2015: In the capital two days of UN sponsored peace talks between the major factions in the Libyan civil war ended with sweet words and eagerness to keep talking, but nothing that would end the fighting. The Libyan factions did admit that these talks are not just an effort to bring back peace and prosperity but also a matter of survival. The appearance of ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) in Libya has caused thousands of the more fanatic Islamic terrorists to sign in as affiliates of this highly destructive and uncompromising group. This has not created a united ISIL force and ISIL appears to spend most of its time raiding and looting just to get fed and resupplied with fuel and ammo. There are still organized Islamic terrorists groups fighting government (both Tripoli and Tobruk) forces but there is less of that because of the need to find something to eat.

 

March 10, 2015: Three Islamic terrorists were killed (and weapons and ammo seized) in a clash with soldiers 145 kilometers west of the capital.

 

March 4, 2015: In neighboring Tunisia police killed two Islamic terrorists near the Algerian border in the Chaambi Mountains. This came in the midst of another major sweep of the area to find hidden Islamic terrorist camps. Algeria moved more troops to the border area opposite the Chaambi Mountains in 2014 to prevent Islamic terrorists from entering Algeria. These big sweeps in the Chaambi Mountains have been going on since 2013 when, for the first time since 2007, Tunisa had to deal with organized groups of Islamic terrorists. The recent sweeps have found more weapons and other supplies hidden by Islamic terrorists for later user. Unoccupied camps have also been uncovered but there appear to be fewer and fewer Islamic terrorists up in the hills. The terrorists are often found to have moved, sometimes across the border, because they detected the approaching troops. Tunisia believes the Islamic terrorists in these mountains are sustained by supporters in cities and towns who get supplies and new recruits to them. Thus Tunisia is now paying more attention to the Islamic terrorist support network in the cities and towns. Not surprisingly there’s a lot more Islamic terrorist activity on the Libyan border, where the same types of sweeps are conducted but more frequently.

 

March 1, 2015: Troops ambushed Islamic terrorists near Beni Douala (95 kilometers east of the capital) and killed one of them.

 

February 28, 2015: In the south (near Tamanrasset, 2,000 kilometers south of the capital) 40 policemen were injured while dealing with hundreds of young Tuareg men violently demonstrating against government attempts to drill exploratory shale oil wells in the desert area. The Tuareg (the southern branch of the Berbers) are the majority in this thinly populated area and fear that the fracking process required to recover the oil trapped in shale rock will pollute the limited local water supply. In addition to fighting with police the protestors burned down the home of the local mayor. The Tuareg are nomads and their language and genetic makeup are similar to the Berbers. Most Algerians are genetically Berber but only about 20 percent of Algerians are culturally Berber and about 15 percent of these Berbers are Tuareg living down south. Although the Berbers are largely farmers and urban dwellers living along the coast most Tuareg are still nomads (or consider themselves such). Over two thousand years of invasions and conquests by foreigners has resulted in most Algerians becoming culturally Arab. These cultural differences are often a source of conflict. Genetic studies have shown the Tuareg to be more Berber than those in the north, apparently because there was less intercourse with invaders. During the ice age (and until a few thousand years ago) the Sahara was a well-watered plain where the ancestors of the Berbers and Tuareg were dominant. As the area turned to desert after the last ice age ended 12,000 years ago many of these people fled to the Nile River and became the ancient Egyptians. 

 

February 24, 2015: In Tunisia security forces arrested over a hundred Islamic terrorism suspects after uncovering an ISIL plot to launch numerous attacks inside Tunisia. That sort of violence has few fans in Tunisia and many locals willing to call the police with reports of suspicious behavior.

 

February 18, 2015: In neighboring Tunisia four policemen were ambushed and killed by Islamic terrorists near the Algerian border in the Chaambi Mountains. This was the first such Islamic terrorist activity in this area this year. Police assured the public that they would hunt down and find the attackers.

 

February 16, 2015: The fifth round of peace talks began in Algeria between the Mali government and an alliance of six northern rebel groups. This round of talks featured the personal participation of the Mali prime minister for the first time. These talks have been making slow progress because of the reluctance of the majority of Malians (black Africans in the south) to grant the degree of autonomy the lighter skinned Arab and Tuareg minority in the north want. Getting the Mali prime minister personally involved is seen as a step forward but there is still no final agreement.  After three days of negotiations there was still deadlock but the Tuareg rebels agreed to an immediate ceasefire to halt the fighting that has been going on for weeks.

 

February 14, 2015: In the northeast troops killed an Islamic terrorists near the Tunisian border.

 

February 13, 2015: Soldiers searching for terrorists about 100 kilometers southeast of the capital found and destroyed twelve structures (some of them fortified) along with twenty bombs and grenades as well as some electronic equipment. Also found was the decomposing body of a man later identified as a wanted Islamic terrorist leader.

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24 février 2015 2 24 /02 /février /2015 16:45
T-90 photo Rostec

T-90 photo Rostec

 

24 February 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Algeria has signed a contract for the license assembly of around 200 T-90 main battle tanks with Russian arms exporting firm Rosoboronexport.

 

According to Moscow Defence Brief, the deal, signed last year, is worth around $1 billion. Russian business newspaper Vedomosti, quoting defence sources, on Friday said that this follows on a contract for the delivery of 185 T-90S tanks, delivered between 2006 and 2008 in a deal worth $1 billion. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), another 120 T-90S tanks were delivered between 2012 and 2013 under a 2011 deal worth $470 million.

 

The T-90 is a modernised version of the T-72, but although developed from the T-72, it uses a 125 mm 2A46 smoothbore tank gun, a new engine, and thermal sights. Standard protective measures include a blend of steel, composite armour, and Kontakt-5 explosive-reactive armour, laser warning receivers, Nakidka camouflage and the Shtora infrared anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) jamming system.

 

Algeria is acquiring a significant amount of military hardware as it continues with the massive overhaul of its military. According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, some of Algeria’s imports in 2013 included ten armoured combat vehicles and 101 Russian main battle tanks (obviously T-90S tanks), 24 Fuchs vehicle kits from Germany, 60 73 mm HATGL recoilless rifles and 214 light machineguns from Bulgaria and eight air-to-surface missiles from South Africa.

 

Algeria is buying around 1 200 Fuchs APCs from Germany, which will assemble them in the North African nation, and is also jointly producing the NIMR vehicle in conjunction with the United Arab Emirates.

 

On the naval side, Algeria will soon take delivery of three new C28A corvettes from China and two Meko A-200N frigates from Germany. In September last year Italian shipyard Fincantieri delivered the Algerian Navy’s flagship amphibious warfare vessel Kalaat Beni-Abbes at its Muggiano Shipyard. As part of its naval modernisation programme, Algeria will in 2018 take delivery of two Project 636 Varshavyanka (Kilo class) diesel electric submarines from Admiralty Shipyards in Russia. Algeria has also ordered two new Tiger class corvettes from Russia.

 

The Algerian Air Force is also getting a boost with the acquisition of up to six Mil Mi-26T2 heavy lift helicopters and 42 Mi-28N Night Hunter attack helicopters while 39 of its Mi-171Sh helicopters will be modernised. The second Mi-26T2 was seen undergoing flight testing in Russia earlier this month.

 

Russia is a major supplier to Algeria, which is one of the world’s leading arms importers. Rosoboronexport, owned by state conglomerate Rostec, sold more than $13 billion worth of military equipment in 2014 and hopes to sell just over $13 billion this year. Rosoboronexport on Monday said its orders portfolio stands at $38.5 billion.

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12 février 2015 4 12 /02 /février /2015 18:45
US studying special operations airlift needs in Africa

 

12 February 2015 by Oscar Nkala/defenceWeb

 

The United States military is seeking to identify companies able to provide fixed wing air transport services on behalf of US Army Special Operations Command (SOCOM) in countries in Africa.

 

On February 4 the Federal Business Opportunities (FBO) register issued a notice saying Special Operations Command Africa was “conducting market research to identify parties having an interest in, and the resources to support, an emerging requirement for mobile fixed wing air transport services to move personnel and cargo within the northern regions of Africa and surrounding countries”.

 

SOCOM said the airlift services will cover the African nations of Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal. Jordan, which is likely to the base for the Africa operations, is the only Middle Eastern country covered by the airlift requirement.

 

The fixed wing aircraft involved must be capable of transporting a minimum of 1 000 pounds and maximum of 4 500 pounds to include a mix of a maximum of 12 passengers and/or cargo. It must also be capable of taking off/landing on improved and unimproved dirt airfields of a minimum of 1 800 feet in length to support supply and personnel transportation requirements.

 

"The primary operation area where the air transportation support could be provided include, but are not be limited to, Libya, Jordan, Tunisia, Algeria, Senegal, and Morocco. Other locations within northern Africa may be dictated by operational requirements and timely coordination will ensure contractor support," the notice stated.

 

Responses are called for by February 23.

 

The notice comes amid calls for the Pentagon to prepare for a large-scale counter-insurgency campaign to destroy West African-based terrorist groups like Boko Haram and several other Islamist militant groups operating in Mali, Niger, Algeria, Mauritania and other 'safe havens' in the Sahel and Lake Chad sub-regions.

 

In remarks made during an address at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC, last week, Africa Command (Africom) head General David Rodriguez said a US-led counter-insurgency campaign was necessary to eliminate the threat posed by new terrorist groups based in West Africa.

 

He said Africom is already preparing a response which will include operations that will target 'forces affiliated to Boko Haram' in four West African countries neighbouring Nigeria.

 

Presenting a lecture to students at the US Army's West Point academy early this month, Special Operations Command (SOCOM) commander General Joseph Votel said US Army commando teams must start preparing now for new deployments against Boko Haram and the Islamic State in north and west Africa.

 

“Boko Haram is creating fertile ground for (terrorist) expansion into other areas. While it is not yet a direct threat to the (US) homeland, it is impacting indirectly our interests in this particular area (West Africa) and creating another area of instability,” General Votel said.

 

So far, US special operations forces operating in the Africa and Middle Eastern regions have conducted a number of raids against al Shabaab in Somalia, Islamist militants in Libya and Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen.

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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 12:45
Le général Gaid Salah, ministre de la Défense nationale

Le général Gaid Salah, ministre de la Défense nationale

 

09-02-2015 letempsdz.com

 

 «La défense nationale est une affaire dont la concrétisation fait participer toutes les capacités nationales»

 

Dans la continuité des visites sur le terrain aux Régions militaires et unités, et afin d'évaluer l'appareil de la formation et de l'enseignement, le général de corps d'armée, Ahmed Gaïd Salah, vice-ministre de la Défense nationale, chef d'état-major de l'Armée nationale populaire, a présidé, hier, la réunion annuelle des cadres chargés de la formation dans l'ANP, tenue à l'Ecole militaire polytechnique à Bordj El Bahri, en présence des chefs d'état-major des commandements de forces, des commandants des établissements de formation militaire et des chargés de la formation au niveau des commandements des forces et des directions et services centraux. Dans son allocution d'ouverture, le général de corps d'armée a mis en évidence les efforts consentis dans le domaine de la formation, réitérant la politique de défense nationale adoptée par l'Algérie à travers le déploiement des capacités globales de l'Etat pour faire face à toute hostilité susceptible de porter atteinte à la souveraineté nationale.

 

Il a déclaré qu'«il est important de souligner et de rappeler, en ce digne lieu, que la défense nationale est une affaire dont la concrétisation fait participer toutes les compétences humaines et les capacités nationales, puisqu'elle représente l'ensemble des mesures politique, militaire, sociale, économique, juridique et autres, préconisées par l'Etat afin d'être prêt à faire face à toute hostilité susceptible de porter atteinte à sa souveraineté, son unité territoriale, la sécurité de son peuple, ses ressources et ses capacités économiques.

 

Dans ce même contexte, Il a ajouté que «nous sommes convaincus que la défense nationale se concrétise à travers une politique de défense qui exprime l'ensemble des choix et des principes embrassés par l'Etat, inspirés essentiellement de sa politique globale et de sa stratégie de défense nationale. En ce sens, et comme je l'ai souligné auparavant, la défense nationale est le déploiement de toutes les capacités de l'Etat, fondées essentiellement sur les valeurs morales de la nation qui définissent l'ensemble de ses fonctions afin d'honorer le noble devoir qui est la défense de la patrie». Gaïd Salah a également mis l'accent sur la grande importance accordée par le commandement de l'ANP à l'appareil de la formation militaire, en mettant à disposition tous les facteurs de réussite humains, matériels, infrastructurels et pédagogiques, faisant de cet appareil un réel atelier de compétences et de qualifications de haut niveau.

 

Ahmed Gaïd Salah a ainsi écouté les interventions des cadres et des élèves de l'Ecole militaire polytechnique, de l'Ecole nationale préparatoire aux études d'ingéniorat et de l'Ecole des cadets de la nation de Blida, qui ont exprimé leur engagement à se dévouer corps et âme pour défendre notre chère patrie et préserver sa souveraineté, sa sécurité et sa stabilité.

 

Une deuxième réunion a été présidée par le général de corps d'armée, en présence des cadres chargés de la formation, des commandants des établissements de formation militaire et des chargés de la formation au niveau des commandements de forces, des directions et des services centraux, où une présentation sur tous les aspects de la formation a été faite par le chef du bureau des enseignements militaires.

 

A cette occasion, le général a donné des orientations, les exhortant à redoubler d'effort afin de rehausser le niveau de la qualité de formation dans l'Armée nationale populaire, en intégrant des améliorations étudiées émanant d'une évaluation rationnelle et objective, à même de valoriser les résultats obtenus dans le domaine de la formation et de la préparation au combat. Il a affirmé qu'il tient «à saisir cette opportunité pour valoriser les considérables efforts consentis, sur plus d'un plan par l'appareil de formation, tant sur celui de l'enseignement et de la formation ou celui de la préparation au combat.

 

Concernant le volet de l'enseignement et de la formation, il est important de valoriser les résultats de l'Académie militaire de Cherchell qui a validé son statut de noyau de l'appareil de formation, ainsi que les autres écoles supérieures des forces qui ont également réalisé de très bons résultats dignes de tous les mérites et de toute la reconnaissance, ainsi que les excellents résultats obtenus par les deux  Ecoles des Cadets de la nation de Béchar et d'Oran, qui ont enregistré un taux de réussite de 100% dans les examens du BEM et du baccalauréat, au titre de l'année scolaire 2013-2014».

 

Quant au volet de la préparation au combat, le général a indiqué que «les réussites successives sur le terrain de nos unités de combat reflètent les résultats obtenus, tant sur le plan de lutte antiterroriste ou de la sécurisation des frontières, preuve irréfutable de la bonne stratégie du Haut commandement de l'Armée nationale populaire adoptée dans le domaine de la formation, de l'instruction et de la préparation au combat, que nous aspirons rehausser au niveau souhaité». Par ailleurs, le général de corps d'armée a saisi cette occasion pour visiter les différents laboratoires de recherche et a inspecté plusieurs chantiers en cours de réalisation à l'Ecole militaire polytechnique.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:45
Cartographie de la drogue en Afrique de l'Ouest - source Africa4 1Aug 2014

Cartographie de la drogue en Afrique de l'Ouest - source Africa4 1Aug 2014

 

January 31, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Despite major defeats in Algeria and northern-Mali Islamic terrorists continue to be active in western Africa. Thanks to over $100 million a year earned from South American drug gangs (and a few smaller local operations) Islamic terrorists have plenty of incentive to remain active in Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Liberia and Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Algeria and Libya. It is, as one famous bank robber said, where the money is.

 

The Islamic terrorists mainly use bribery to remain free from attack by local security forces and to get across many international borders. If cash doesn’t work they are also heavily armed and will fight anyone trying to interrupt the movement of tons of cocaine from Guinea-Bissau to the Mediterranean coast and Spain. From there the cocaine is distributed to over four million cocaine users in Europe. This traffic has been going on for at least a decade and all efforts to halt it have failed. Local producers of hashish and marijuana or synthetic drugs can also buy passage to the major markets.

 

Efforts to halt this operation, and cut the terrorist supply (of cash) line. Has been going on for nearly a decade.  In 2010 the U.S. cut all military aid to of the African nation of Guinea-Bissau, which was in response to Guinea-Bissau refusing to remove military officers known to be involved with cocaine smugglers. The U.S. had proof that the military there had not only been bought off by drug gangs but that the newly appointed head of the army, general Antonio Indjai, was heavily involved in the drug business.

 

South American drug gangs were using Guinea-Bissau as part of their smuggling route to Europe and the Middle East. Thus West Africa had become a new source of income for al Qaeda. The U.S. tried dealing with the problem in 2010 by putting sanctions on two senior military commanders in Guinea-Bissau. Air force chief of staff Ibraima Papa Camara and former navy chief of staff Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto were accused of being "drug kingpins" and key members of a drug smuggling operation that moves cocaine from South America to Europe and the Persian Gulf, via Guinea-Bissau. The sanctions froze any assets the two men had in the United States and prohibited Americans from doing business with the two. This did not stop the pro-drug commanders, who then staged a coup to remove the anti-drug army commander. To further make their point, pro-drug gang troops also briefly arrested the prime minister. Subsequent negotiations convinced the government to let the pro-drug gang officers have their way. The U.S. is still trying to persuade all West African leaders to stay away from the drug trade.

 

Al Qaeda has also been seen operating in Guinea-Bissau as Islamic terrorists for a while. In 2008 two al Qaeda members were arrested and charged with murdering four French tourists in nearby Mauritania. At the time the United States already suspected Qaeda involvement in cocaine trafficking in South America. Then al Qaeda operatives began showing up in Guinea-Bissau. Before long, evidence emerged that al Qaeda was there mainly to facilitate cocaine smuggling, not kill or kidnap Europeans.

 

Since 2008 Algerian police that patrol their southern border have been encountering more and more al Qaeda gunmen escorting drug smugglers. There were four such encounters in 2008, and fifteen in 2009 and the number kept climbing until 2012 when the smugglers realized it was safer to go through chaotic Libya instead. That and more discreet movement of the smugglers made it more difficult to even detect the drug shipments. The most valuable of the smuggled drugs is Colombian cocaine, which is flown into West Africa, and then moved north to Europe and the Persian Gulf (two of the biggest markets). Al Qaeda has been detected working with the Colombian drug cartels to handle movement of the drugs from West African airports to North African ports where local smuggling groups move the drugs throughout Europe.

 

Apparently al Qaeda learned from the Taliban, which began earning huge amounts in the 1990s by partnering with Afghan drug gangs that produce most of the world's supply of opium and heroin. While both the Taliban and al Qaeda officially condemn these drugs, they don't mind handling the supply chain, and even passing them out to their fighters to keep them in the right mood for dangerous operations. Terrorist leaders justify the drug involvement with the "we are using drugs to destroy our enemies" angle. While there is some truth to that, millions of Moslems also become addicts. This does not help the Islamic terror groups in Moslem countries, where these drugs are as destructive as they are in the West.

 

Terrorist groups in general have always worked with common criminals in order to raise money, and obtain weapons and other gear. Usually, the terrorists stuck to low profile scams like fraud (credit card, mortgage) and smuggling. Drugs were always considered more profitable, but higher risk and bad for the image. In these desperate times, caution is something the terrorists cannot afford. Either they raise money to keep themselves together as an organization, or simply dissolve. This led to greater use of kidnapping and grand larceny, as well as buying, selling and transporting drugs.

 

The situation in Guinea-Bissau, however, is different. If al Qaeda can make themselves sufficiently useful to the cocaine gangs operating there, the country could become a new base for the terrorist organization. That may have already happened.

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5 novembre 2014 3 05 /11 /novembre /2014 20:45
photo APS

photo APS

 

05 Novembre 2014 Par Wahib AïT OUAKLI - lexpressiondz.com

 

«L'Algérie abritera la plate-forme technologique de fabrication des moteurs de ce type d'appareil à usage tactique innovant», a affirmé Hafid Aouragh.

 

Le Salon international sur les véhicules aériens, drones, a été clôturé dimanche. Chez les étudiants et les scientifiques un sentiment particulier: développer, vaille que vaille, cette nouvelle technologie que l'on ne voyait auparavant que dans les films de science-fiction. Le véhicule aérien, appelé communément drone, est ce petit appareil qui peut survoler des espaces entiers pour différents objectifs et dans des missions scientifiques, militaires et autres. En Algérie, l'utilisation du drone dans les différents domaines s'avère incontournable. D'autant qu'il permettra de rendre plus agissante toutes les opérations comme la lutte antiterroriste dans le Grand Sud et percer le confinement de certaines zones fortement boisées. Le drone permet d'assurer une bonne surveillance continue de l'ensemble des sites sensibles et des installations industrielles et pétrolières et de rationaliser les coûts de surveillance aérienne des autoroutes. «Avec le drone, on peut intervenir efficacement et à temps dans n'importe quel domaine comme lors de la sécurisation des unités industrielles», a affirmé Nadia Bennaceur du réseau des ingénieurs-consultants et experts franco-algériens. Militairement parlant, le drone peut assurer la possibilité d'intervenir au-delà des frontières et de manière à la fois forte et discrète. L'Algérie est-elle en train de négocier un virage décisif dans son élan de développement de son industrie aéronautique?

 

L'université pense drone

 

Ambitionnant de se mettre au diapason avec les nouvelles technologies, l'Algérie s'est mise en plein bain de construction de drone. Deux nouveaux drones de conception algérienne sont en cours de réalisation à l'université des sciences et de la technologie Mohamed-Boudiaf d'Oran, Ustomb.

 

«L'expérimentation des deux modèles par simulation numérique a été accomplie avec succès et les prototypes seront bientôt réalisés», a précisé le professeur Bachir Imine, directeur du Laboratoire d'aéronautique et des systèmes propulsifs, LASP de l'Ustomb, ajoutant que «les deux drones présentent des performances aérodynamiques intéressantes pour divers domaines d'application civile comme la cartographie urbaine et la surveillance des forêts». Le laboratoire figure parmi les structures de recherche algériennes qui ont pris part au Salon international des UAV qui s'est tenu à Oran de vendredi à dimanche dernier. «Le premier drone, dit à «aile ventilée» est également appelé aussi «fanwing».

 

Il fait partie de la catégorie d'engins volants «capables de rester dans l'air sur une zone limitée et pour une période de temps prolongée», a expliqué le professeur tout en faisant valoir l'avantage de leur vitesse réduite permettant des prises de vue de grande netteté via l'appareil-photo embarqué. Le deuxième drone, dit «à silhouette d'hirondelle», présente quant à lui des performances liées à sa capacité à embarquer des systèmes plus lourds.

 

Le professeur a indiqué que «le Laboratoire a déjà à son actif la réalisation, en avril dernier, d'un drone à usage environnemental». Le tabou est donc brisé dès lors que l'université a pris les devants dans sa recherche. En effet, le premier drone supersonique africain verra le jour en 2016 en Algérie dans le cadre de la coopération scientifique avec l'Afrique du Sud. Une telle annonce a été faite par le directeur général de la recherche scientifique et du développement technologique, Hafid Aouragh qui a déclaré que «l'Algérie abritera la plate-forme technologique de fabrication des moteurs de ce type d'appareil à usage tactique innovant».

 

Pour ce faire, l'Institut d'aéronautique de l'université de Blida a été choisi à ce titre pour accueillir le site d'implantation de la plate-forme de production où la mise en place des équipes mixtes est prévue le 1er janvier 2015 pour un délai de réalisation de 18 mois. Cette opération sera concrétisée à la faveur de la mise en commun des compétences et des savoir-faire algériens et sud-africains. Une convention de coopération scientifique entre les deux pays a été signée vendredi dernier à Oran. Cet accord, conclu en présence du ministre de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique, Mohamed Mebarki, met en partenariat l'université de Blida et le Conseil pour la recherche scientifique et industrielle (Csir) d'Afrique du Sud, pays invité d'honneur du Salon.

 

Les drones supersoniques se distinguent des autres types de véhicules aériens autonomes par leurs turbo-réacteurs qui leur permettent d'atteindre une vitesse importante.

 

La conception et la fabrication des autres catégories de drones est déjà parfaitement maîtrisée en Algérie. Une autre convention de coopération avait été également signée, à l'inauguration du Salon, entre le ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique et l'Agence allemande d'aéronautique et du spatial. L'accord algéro-allemand a pour objectif de consolider la formation dans un large spectre de domaines technologiques dont l'aéronautique, le spatial, la robotique et les énergies renouvelables. Les organisateurs, dont le directeur général de la recherche scientifique et du développement technologique, se sont félicités de l'engouement qu'a suscité le Salon dédié aux UAV chez le public. Le directeur général de la recherche scientifique et du développement technologique a mis en évidence «l'importance du réservoir des compétences algériennes à même de contribuer à la mise en place de la stratégie nationale axée sur la sécurité et souveraineté du pays». Le Salon international des UAV a été organisé avec la participation des universités, des centres de recherche algériens et des institutions nationales telles que le ministère de la Défense nationale et la Compagnie nationale Air Algérie. Ont également pris part à cette rencontre des universités et des établissements scientifiques étrangers spécialisés dans le domaine de l'aéronautique, représentant plusieurs pays comme l'Allemagne, le Brésil, l'Espagne, la France, le Royaume-Uni, la Russie et la Tunisie.

 

L'histoire du drone avec l'Algérie est récente lorsque des essais inauguraux du drone algérien, baptisé Amel, ont été entamés le mois de juin de 2013 par l'équipe d'ingénieurs du Centre de recherche en soudage et de contrôle (CSC) de Bou Ismaïl. Les essais ont été effectués dans l'aérodrome de l'ex-Alat, à l'est de la ville de Sidi Bel Abbès. Malgré un petit contretemps, les chercheurs du CSC n'ont été nullement affectés puisque effectuant des essais de roulage au sol (accélérations et freinages) après une mise en marche du drone doté d'un moteur à deux temps et deux cylindres. Selon ses concepteurs, le drone aura une autonomie de vol de 6 heures sur une distance de 200 km et une altitude de 3500 m à partir de son point de guidage et de contrôle terrestre. Les essais se feront en plusieurs phases et devront durer plusieurs semaines.

 

Rétrospective

 

«Notre objectif est atteint, en ce sens que nous avons pu mettre en place une équipe pluridisciplinaire formée de compétences nationales pour la concrétisation de ce projet», a affirmé le directeur général de la recherche scientifique et du développement technologique.

Ce prototype d'avion sans pilote dont la construction a débuté au mois d'octobre 2010, pour un échéancier de réalisation de 36 mois, comporte des composantes embarquées, électroniques et informatiques, de conception entièrement algérienne. L'idée de ce prototype d'avion sans pilote a été lancée en 2010, lors de la visite du président de la République à l'université de Ouargla. Elle s'est ensuite poursuivie par la réalisation des divers matériaux et équipements au niveau du Centre de soudage et contrôle de Bou Ismaïl.

 

3 drones confisqués à l’aéroport de Carthage

 

«Nous avons essuyé un refus catégorique de la part de la douane tunisienne quant à transporter notre matériel en vue de prendre part au Salon international du drone qui se tient à Oran», a déploré le gérant de la boîte tunisienne Pixel Drone Technologies, Zoubeir Bensassi. Dans son argument, explique le gérant de Pixel Drone, les douaniers de laéroport de Carthage nont trouvé rien de mieux à dire que de nous signifier que « nous ne sommes pas en droit de voyager avec un tel matériel sans passer par le service fret». «Cet acte nhonore nullement les Tunisiens ni encore moins la Tunisie dautant que notre participation à Oran porte dans ses dimensions la représentation de la Tunisie vu les enjeux économiques», a déploré Bensassi Zoubeir.

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10 octobre 2014 5 10 /10 /octobre /2014 07:45
photo El Watan

photo El Watan

 

09 octobre 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Alger - L'Algérie continue à consacrer d'importants moyens en Kabylie pour retrouver le corps d'Hervé Gourdel, l'otage français décapité en septembre, et localiser ses assassins, a affirmé jeudi le ministère de la Défense.

 

Le groupe Jund Al-Khilafa (soldats du Califat), qui a fait allégeance au groupe jihadiste Etat islamique (EI), a revendiqué l'enlèvement le 21 septembre puis l'assassinat du guide de haute montagne français de 55 ans.

 

Le campement qui servait d'abri à ce groupuscule terroriste lors de l'exécution de son acte abject a été détruit et des équipements ont été saisis, a affirmé le ministère algérien, ajoutant que la vaste opération de ratissage est toujours en cours dans le massif du Djurdjura (150 km au sud-est d'Alger).

 

L'armée a déployé tous les moyens nécessaires afin de retrouver et neutraliser le groupe terroriste (...), a-t-il souligné dans un communiqué publié sur son site internet.

 

Des sources sécuritaires ont fait état d'un déploiement massif de gendarmes et de parachutistes dans la forêt d'Aït Oubane, près du lieu du rapt.

 

L'objectif est notamment de mettre la main sur les terroristes qui l'ont tué, surtout leur chef Abdelmalek Gouri, alias Khaled Abou Souleimane, ont-elles dit à l'AFP. Cet homme, âgé de 34 ans, est le chef de Jund Al-Khilafa.

 

Selon le journal El-Watan, des obus de mortier, de la nourriture, un téléphone portable contenant des photos d'islamistes armés et des vêtements ont été retrouvés dans le campement des jihadistes. Cela laisse penser que les ravisseurs ont quitté précipitamment les lieux pour échapper aux militaires lancés à leur poursuite.

 

Les militaires ont identifié les cinq hommes qui ont exécuté Hervé Gourdel, dont l'auteur de l'égorgement qui serait le mufti de Jund Al-Khilafa, a ajouté le journal.

 

Ce quinquagénaire originaire d'Alger est un vétéran des groupes armés islamistes de la guerre civile des années 1990, qui a fait en une décennie 200.000 morts.

 

Les militaires ont aussi repéré sur place le lieu de tournage de la vidéo où Jund El-Khilafa a proclamé son allégeance à Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi, le chef de l'EI.

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Trois chefs terroristes abattus près de Biskra

 

07/10/2014 Par Mourad Arbani - algerie1.com

 

Les éléments des forces spéciales de l’Armée Nationale Populaire (ANP) ont éliminé dans l’après-midi du mardi trois terroristes à Ras El-Miaad (200 km au Sud Ouest de la wilaya de Biskra) a annoncé le Ministère de la Défense Nationale (MDN) dans un communiqué.

 

En plus de l’élimination des trois individus armés qui seraient des chefs importants d’Al Qaeda au Maghreb Islamique (AQMI), des armes et un lot de munitions ont été récupérées au cours  de cette opération antiterroriste.

 

Selon les précisions fournies par le MDN, l’embuscade tendue, aux environs de 16 heures, par les éléments d’un cantonnement relevant que la 4e région militaire a permis aussi de récupérer trois armes de type Kalachnikov, un fusil de chasse et une quantité considérable de munitions.

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30 septembre 2014 2 30 /09 /septembre /2014 18:45
Frenchman's murder puts Algeria back on the shifting map of jihad

 

30 September 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

When a little-known group of Algerian militants beheaded a French tourist last week, they were not only lashing out at the West, but also staking an unmistakable claim in the shifting ground of jihadist power politics.

 

Herve Gourdel's murder by the Caliphate Soldiers, ostensibly to punish France for Western military strikes on Islamic State forces in Iraq, was testament to the pull now exerted by the al Qaeda-offshoot in the battle for the loyalties of jihadists.

 

A week before Gourdel was kidnapped and killed, the Soldiers' Algerian commander Abdelmalek Gouri, also known as Khalid Abu Suleiman, had split with al Qaeda's North African wing to support Islamic State, whose battlefield successes and declaration of a "Caliphate" in Iraq and Syria have stolen al Qaeda's thunder.

 

"It seems the mother organisation Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb has taken a wrong turn, we can no longer follow their guidance," the Caliphate Soldiers announced.

 

By executing a Westerner under the "new shield" of Islamic State, Gouri was challenging al Qaeda's ageing leadership under Ayman al-Zawahri, and specifically the AQIM chief Abdelmalek Droukdel, for recruits and support.

 

"This was a message to Droukdel: 'Your territory of influence and operations from now on will be ours'," said Algerian security analyst Khalifa Rekibi.

 

Droukdel's AQIM issued a statement calling for an end to divisions, but his authority had already been undermined by the veteran militant Mokhtar Belmokhtar, whose splinter group "Those who Sign in Blood" last year brazenly attacked Algeria's Amenas gas complex, where 39 foreign contractors were killed.

 

"Abu Suleiman is a well known AQIM commander. He wanted to follow Belmokhtar's path to set up his own armed group," said another Algerian security analyst, Anis Rahmani. "Sources say he clashed with Droukdel over how to pursue the fight."

 

VETERAN OF ALGERIAN WAR

 

Belmokhtar, an Algerian veteran of jihadist battles in Afghanistan who security analysts believe may be sheltering in southern Libya, has yet to declare his hand on the ascendancy of Islamic State.

 

Gouri is a former head of AQIM's central region who began his militant career in Algeria in the 1990s, in the war that followed the government's cancellation of an election that appeared certain to be won by the Islamist FIS party.

 

He was a member of the Armed Islamic Group, known by its French initials GIA: the most extreme of the Islamist guerrilla groups that sprang up to fight the army-dominated state.

 

Noted for attacking civilians whom it considered to be collaborating with the government, the GIA was blamed for massacres such as one in the village of Sidi Youssef, when at least 50 men wielding knives and machetes attacked homes, dragging people into the streets and slashing their throats.

 

But even with his GIA history, little is known about Gouri, or the size of his following, or the ability of his Caliphate Soldiers to carry out any sustained campaign.

 

Security experts say the group may number as few as 15 to 20 men from the core of AQIM, who have hardly had time to formulate a strategy and looked to benefit from Islamic State's rise.

 

Gourdel's abduction just two days after he arrived in Algeria to go trekking in the mountains, and the rapid release of a poor quality video and subsequent execution, suggest that Gouri's men had to react fast after perhaps getting a tipoff.

 

With Algerian helicopters, troops and gendarmerie flooding in to hunt for Gourdel, in what one local resident said looked like a "military invasion", the Caliphate Soldiers knew they would have little time to act.

 

"The video's quality and its mawkish symbolism seem to indicate a hasty gesture to jihadi Islam: Gourdel was a 'target of opportunity'," said Geoff Porter, a North Africa security analyst and researcher at the Countering Terrorism Center at the U.S. military academy at West Point.

 

"It will be important to watch the evolution of the quality of future communiques and the group's use of imagery in order to gauge the group’s development."

 

JIHADI RIVALRIES

 

For years, men like Gouri have held out in the inaccessible forested mountains east of Algiers, known during GIA's years of blood in the 1990s as the "Triangle of Death", refusing government amnesty offers and living off the kidnapping of businessmen for ransom.

 

But reviving any significant jihadist campaign in Algeria will be extremely tough for a small splinter group, given the army's deep experience in fighting Islamist militancy.

 

Against them is also a history of deadly infighting among Algeria's jihadist guerrilla groups that allowed the security forces to infiltrate their ranks and break them up.

 

That should be little consolation, however, to governments across North Africa and elsewhere being harried by rising Islamic militancy.

 

For one thing, the Caliphate Soldiers' high-profile act of slaughter may prompt an AQIM attempt to reclaim authority with attacks of its own.

 

"Competition will increase between both organisations," said Rekibi.

 

And then, by raising the profile of Islamic State at al Qaeda's expense in North Africa, already a major source of jihadist fighters travelling to Syria and Iraq, the Caliphate Soldiers' act could boost recruitment still further.

 

Neighbouring Tunisia is already fighting against Ansar al-Sharia and other Islamist militants holed up in the Chaambi mountains bordering Algeria. Both Tunisia and Algeria have seen several militant attacks on security forces in recent months.

 

"We knew that after the American intervention, we may face more kidnappings and maybe attempts on embassies," said one Tunisian security official. "Terrorists will try and give new life to their followers and try spectacular attacks."

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25 septembre 2014 4 25 /09 /septembre /2014 10:45
Assassinat d'Hervé Gourdel: la Kabylie, fief terroriste

 

 

24-09-2014 Par RFI

 

L'otage français Hervé Gourdel a été enlevé et décapité dans la région montagneuse de Kabylie, à l’est d’Alger, une région qui est restée, ces dernières années, une des dernières poches du terrorisme en Algérie.

 

Les actes de banditisme et de terrorisme n'ont jamais vraiment cessé en Kabylie. Cette région montagneuse au sud-est d'Alger est le fief connu d'al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (Aqmi) et de son chef. C’est également le fief d'autres groupes dissidents - ont le voit aujourd'hui - et aussi de bandits qui se sont spécialisés dans le rapt de civils algériens contre des rançons. Les habitants sont d'ailleurs prudents et évitent souvent de rouler la nuit tombée dans les zones les plus montagneuses.

 

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25 septembre 2014 4 25 /09 /septembre /2014 09:45
Assassinat d'Hervé Gourdel: en Algérie, la traque des auteurs continue

 

25-09-2014 Par RFI

 

Après l'annonce de la décapitation de l'otage français Hervé Gourdel enlevé dimanche en Algérie par un groupe lié à l'Etat islamique, Alger a dénoncé «un crime abject». Et selon le président français, François Hollande, le gouvernement algérien a indiqué qu'il continuerait à mobiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour retrouver les assassins afin qu'ils soient punis.

 

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24 septembre 2014 3 24 /09 /septembre /2014 09:45
L'armée algérienne sur les traces de l'otage

 

24/09/2014 à 06:49 Par Mélanie Matarese

 

Quelque 2000 militaires sont engagés dans une course contre la montre pour retrouver Hervé Gourdel.

 

Quelque 2000 militaires algériens, soutenus par une centaine d'hommes des forces spéciales (parachutistes et GIS), mènent une grande opération de ratissage dans les régions montagneuses de Kabylie, pour tenter de débusquer le groupe armé qui a kidnappé dimanche Hervé Gourdel. «En fait, il s'agit de deux opérations de ratissage organisées en étau, confie un gradé. L'une a démarré de Bouira et la seconde de Tizi Ouzou.»

 

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