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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 22:45
credits Carnegie Endowment

credits Carnegie Endowment

Recent attacks in Libya by the so-called Islamic State, including the brutal slaughter of Egyptian Copts, the Corinthia Hotel attacks, car bombings in Qubbah that killed at least 45 people, and an attack on the Iranian embassy, have brought the spread of extremism in Libya to the forefront. While the Islamic State has intensified its activity in recent weeks, its spread into Libya began early in 2014 as Libyan jihadists began to return from Syria.

Jihadi groups in Libya were already deeply fragmented and localized, but the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in 2013 and 2014 sparked new debates, eventually dividing the Libyan jihadis between supporters of the Islamic State and supporters of al-Qaeda and its regional affiliates—mainly al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) in North Africa and the Nusra Front in Syria.


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10 janvier 2014 5 10 /01 /janvier /2014 08:45
Algerian jihadist remains serious threat: US general


Washington Jan 09, 2014 Spacewar.com (AFP)


The elusive jihadist who staged a deadly siege of an Algerian gas plant a year ago, Moktar Belmokhtar, has the means to stage a similar attack, a top US general said Thursday.


Belmokhtar was the mastermind behind an assault on a remote gas facility near In Amenas on January 16 last year that left 38 hostages dead, following a three-day siege and rescue attempt.


"We still believe he has the capability to do another attack like In Amenas," General David Rodriguez, head of the US Africa Command, told reporters.


The United States in December designated Belmokhtar's group, "Signatories in Blood," as a terrorist organization, and the State Department is offering a $5 million reward for information leading to the Algerian's capture.


The one-eyed Islamist is the former leader of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and is also believed to be behind twin car bombings in Niger in May that left at least 20 people dead.


Belmokhtar is "in the middle of the Sahel," exploiting the porous borders and isolated terrain between southwest Libya and northeastern Mali, according to Rodriguez.


He said the US government was trying to help Libya and other countries in the region bolster security and counter the threat posed by extremists.


"We're working with Libya to start to improve their effort to handle their security," the four-star general said.


"We're also working with the French at the opposite end of that challenge in Mali where we continue to provide airlift and intelligence support to their efforts there," he said.


The Algeria siege by Belmokhtar's group was said to have been carried out in retaliation for France's military intervention against Islamist militants in Mali.


The US general also said Washington was encouraging governments in Niger and Chad "to help limit freedom of movement" for Islamist militants.


To assist Tripoli control its borders and improve security, the US military is preparing to conduct a 24-week training course for "5,000 to 8,000" Libyan forces, with tentative plans to launch the effort in mid-2014, he said.


The training project is part of a NATO mission approved last year, with Britain, Italy, Turkey and Morrocco also taking part.


But logistical and financial hurdles have delayed the effort, and Libyan authorities have struggled to provide a sufficient number of recruits for the training, Rodriguez said.


Turkish trainers "didn't get nearly as many recruits as they wanted" for the program, he said.


Libya's new government is struggling to restore order and build up a professional police force and army in a country awash with weapons and well-armed militias since the overthrow of Moamer Kadhafi in 2011.

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