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29 juillet 2015 3 29 /07 /juillet /2015 12:55
Portrait d'un tireur d'élite

 

29/07/2015 Armée de Terre

 

Le soldat de 1re classe Lenny nous livre ses impressions sur son travail de tireur d'élite.

 

Le binôme tireurs d'élite (TE) est composé d'un tireur d'élite et d'un spotter qui peuvent se voir attribuer diverses missions allant du renseignement à la destruction de cibles. Ils agissent fréquemment au-delà des lignes adverses, dans la profondeur, et de manière autonome. Le tireur agit sur commande et doit être capable d'éliminer une cible à longue distance, si possible en un tir. Si vous voulez en savoir plus, rendez-vous demain pour le portrait du spotter.

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29 juillet 2015 3 29 /07 /juillet /2015 11:20
ELM-2084 MMR Radar - photo IAI

ELM-2084 MMR Radar - photo IAI

 

Jul 28, 2015 source IAI

 

Rheinmetall-Canada and ELTA Systems, an IAI subsidiary and group, have been awarded the significant Medium Range Radar (MRR) program by the Canadian Department of National Defense (DND). The radar to be supplied for the multi-mission role is the ELTA ELM-2084 MMR "Iron Dome" radar which includes C-RAM (Counter Rockets, Artillery and Mortars) and air-surveillance capabilities, and will be produced locally in cooperation with Rheinmetall-Canada.

 

Following an extensive competition process and demanding demonstrations which also included live fire testing, the ELM-2084 MMR radar was selected due to its superior performance and outstanding capabilities.

 

The ELM-2084 MMR is an advanced three-dimensional, S-Band radar, incorporating modular and scalable architecture, and is the world-leading multi-mission system. The solid-state, electronically-steered active array system incorporates Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology and offers exceptional detection and accuracy performance. The MMR is a highly mobile system, designed for fast deployment with a minimal crew.

 

Designed to simultaneously perform hostile weapon locating, friendly-fire ranging and air surveillance, the ELM-2084 MMR radar is able to detect rockets, artillery and mortars at long ranges, and can simultaneously engage a large number of targets. Deployed in a C-RAM role, the MMR can provide fire control when integrated with a weapons system.

Because of its superior tracking capabilities MMR delivers a reliable and improved air situation picture as well as reliable, uninterrupted tracking of any manoeuvring aircraft. Furthermore, it can detect and track low radar cross-section (RCS) targets.

Advanced signal processing enables effective operation even in conditions of heavy clutter as well as in noisy and dense environments, with assured classification and identification of targets and superior low-altitude operation. The radar system also includes advanced Electronic Counter-Counter Measure (ECCM) capabilities.

 

The two companies will implement a technology transfer program in full conformity with the intent of Canada's recently announced Defence Procurement Strategy to create local jobs and capabilities and help spur economic growth.

 

"This partnership with ELTA Systems is of strategic importance to Rheinmetall Canada," said Rheinmetall Canada's President and CEO, Dr. Andreas Knackstedt. "ELTA was considered the partner of choice due to the program's demanding requirements. The award of the MRR contract to the Rheinmetall/ELTA team is a testimony of Elta's leading-edge technology and know-how for which it is recognized worldwide."

 

"We are honoured to have been selected by the Canadian Army," said Mr. Nissim Hadas, IAI Executive VP & ELTA President. "Together, with our partners in Rheinmetall-Canada, we will provide the most sophisticated C-RAM,air-surveillance and radar available, with a significant portion of the production to be performed locally in Canada."

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28 juillet 2015 2 28 /07 /juillet /2015 11:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre


26/07/2015 Armée de Terre

 

Le 19e régiment du génie ouvre ses archives avec son prochain livre «Entreprendre et réussir».  L’objectif ? Nous faire découvrir la richesse de son histoire, de 1876 à nos jours.

 

Après avoir participé à la conquête coloniale en Extrême-Orient et en Afrique, le régiment s’installe en 1899 à Hussein Dey, en Algérie, qu’il quittera en 1964 pour Besançon. Il s’illustre lors des deux guerres mondiales. Il combat également dans le Rif, en 1925, ainsi qu’en Indochine et en Algérie, avant de monter la garde face à l’Est durant la période de la Guerre froide. Les « sapeurs d’Afrique » sont de toutes les opérations extérieures de l’armée de Terre, de l’ex-Yougoslavie au Sahel, en passant par le Liban, la République de Côte d’Ivoire, la Jordanie ou encore l’Afghanistan. En 2015, le 19e RG devient le premier régiment divisionnaire du génie de l’armée de Terre, et fait face à de nouveaux défis. Illustré de nombreuses photos et de témoignages inédits, cet album retrace l’histoire d’un régiment engagé aux quatre coins du globe. À travers cette histoire, c’est aussi toute celle de l’arme du génie qui s’en trouve éclairée.
Sortie prévue en mai 2016. Commandez le livre dès aujourd’hui et bénéficiez d’un tarif préférentiel de 29,90 € au lieu de 35 €.

 

Bon de souscription

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24 juillet 2015 5 24 /07 /juillet /2015 16:20
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

20/07/2015 Armée de Terre

 

Le 10 juillet 2015, le général d’armée Jean-Pierre Bosser, chef d’état-major de l’armée de Terre (CEMAT), a reçu aux invalides son homologue américain de l’United States Army, le général d’armée Raymond T. Odierno.

 

Cette visite a permis de signer un protocole de « vision stratégique » ayant pour but de faciliter l’interopérabilité entre les deux armées de Terre. Cette étroite collaboration revêt une importance particulière, puisque les deux armées sont confrontées aux mêmes menaces dans différents endroits du monde. Explications en images.

 

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4 juillet 2015 6 04 /07 /juillet /2015 07:57
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

02.07.2015 Par Olivier Berger, grand reporter à La Voix du Nord. - Défense Globale

 

Le général Jean-Pierre Bosser, chef d'état-major de l'armée de terre, est resté ferme sur les prix et surtout les annonces au cours d'un échange intervenu ce jeudi 2 juillet. Le gros des informations concernant les terriens interviendra le 14 juillet (nouvelle répartition des régiments au sein des brigades, 1 400 recrutements d'ici 2016 et évolution marquante à la Légion étrangère)... De Sentinelle aux chantiers de rentrée de l'armée de terre, petit tour d'horizon.

 

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2 juillet 2015 4 02 /07 /juillet /2015 16:50
Netherlands orders Bushmaster armored vehicles

 

SYDNEY, July 1 By Richard Tomkins (UPI)

 

The Netherlands' Ministry of Defense has ordered a dozen Bushmaster armored vehicles for delivery next year from Thales Australia.

 

The Bushmasters will be in the troop carrier variant and fitted with additional composite armor, Remote Weapon Stations, and Thales' SOTAS intercom system.

 

"The Bushmaster has proven itself on operations with the Dutch military in Afghanistan, and is a vital component of their Light Brigade," said Thales Australia Chief Executive Officer Chris Jenkins. "This export order shows their continuing confidence in the Bushmaster, its ability to protect troops in theater and save lives.

 

"It's also a tribute to the unique skills and in-depth expertise we have at our Bushmaster production facility in Bendigo, Victoria. Generating exports like this is good for us, good for our many local suppliers, and good for the economy as well."

 

The Bushmaster is a wheeled armored vehicle with a curb weight of more than 27,000 pounds. It has an operational range of 497 miles and has a speed of about 61 miles per hour.

 

The Netherlands previously procured 86 Bushmasters.

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2 juillet 2015 4 02 /07 /juillet /2015 16:50
photo Europe & US MoD/DoD

photo Europe & US MoD/DoD


2 July 2015 By Marco Giulio Barone * for International Security Observer (ISO)
 

What risks are Europe’s leading military powers taking by substantially cutting their armored forces? Marco Giulio Barone worries that the decision could hamper future defense coordination and create severe vulnerabilities for the security of the entire continent.


This article was originally published by the International Security Observer on 16 June 2015.

 

Shrinking armoured forces in the four most important countries in Europe looks like a strategic adjustment to contemporary geopolitical scenarios. However, the excessive reduction of armoured assets in key countries and the absence of coordination amongst them could create severe vulnerabilities for the future defence of the whole continent.

The establishment and the expansion of the European Union reshaped the geography and politics of Europe with the consequent merge (and sometimes contrast) of multiple political, economic and social stakes coming from EU members. Nonetheless, some countries – Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy – have kept their prominent role in European affairs and, today, they keep influencing deeply the international relations between Europe and the world. Their approach to defence matters has changed in terms of perceived threats and strategic planning, thus influencing European security policies according to their strategic needs (or wished). One of the most evident effects of this on the military is the progressive reduction of armoured assets. During the Cold War, armoured assets would have been the protagonists of warfare and their role was to face Soviet armoured divisions. Therefore, the core capabilities of western forces relied on big armoured complexes whose features were extreme tactical mobility and strategic pre-positioning across the foreseeable fronts. Instead, in the post-Soviet era the security threats to western European countries changed and became farer and asymmetric, thus requiring – in theory – high deployability, strategic mobility and limited logistic footprint. The armies of the four countries having taken this into consideration have become lighter and more deployable.

Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy have traditionally coupled their economic relevance to a proportional military power made of big armies, more or less well equipped. Today, such proportionality is no longer linear for two main reasons: first, symmetric threats (read a state enemy at the gates) have objectively declined and second, national politics in today’s Europe have priorities other than defence expenditures.[1] Concerning the armoured assets, the reduction of Russian armoured forces and East European countries embracing the Atlantic treaty have stressed once again the loss of importance of the main threat. In addition, until 2010, rapprochement policies between the EU and Russia made the hypothesis of strategic confrontation even more unlikely.

Following the crisis in Ukraine the problem of strategic conventional deterrence has appeared once again as strategic priority, thus finding Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy not ready to respond promptly and adequately. In fact, despite of the tough headlines of the hottest phases of the Ukraine crisis, Russia has not deployed armoured assets in Crimea and at Ukrainian eastern border, rather using motor rifles and light units.[2]

To sum up, a traditional strategic race between west European countries and Russia is unlikely because both parts would be unable to sustain it at both economic and military level.[3] In particular, during the second round of negotiations in Minsk, Germany and France had to leverage on U.S. indirect deterrence – Obama raised the tones a few hours before the beginning of the talks – rather than on their own military power. In short, the two European countries, although politically and economically significant, were unable to look independent at strategic level.[4] A feature that Putin does not like, as he cannot consider west European stakeholders as an independent subject from Washington like it used to previously.

The hottest and biggest spot for the four EU lead countries is the southern front made of MENA (Middle East North Africa) countries and the Sahel. Great Britain, France and Italy are committed to multiple theatres with different coalitions, but their overall impact at the political and military level is limited. Nevertheless it is likely that these countries – even Germany, will be called to raise their commitment southward.[5] In those theatres power projection is usually based on a mix of light and medium forces, sometimes supported by a few mechanized assets. Such a mix is often considered the most suitable to counter elusive enemies organized in small formations. Furthermore, the limited logistic and economic footprint of such units in comparison to armoured ones makes them more sustainable in theatre for prolonged periods. In fact, lighter means, ammunitions and equipment are easier and cheaper to transport to and from the theatre of operations, while their strategic mobility allows expeditionary forces to cover big areas with limited logistics. As a consequence, the four countries have been reshaping their armed forces to become lighter and more flexible. However, the U.S. experience in that area demonstrates that, in case of major high intensity campaigns armoured assets have unmatched firepower, resistance and tactical mobility. Considering that conflicts in MENA countries keep growing in both size and intensity, major campaigns might be required in the near future.

In Europe, diminishing capabilities in leading high intensity conflicts by the four biggest countries modifies even the internal balance of forces amidst the EU and NATO. In fact, Poland and the other East European countries are moving in the opposite direction, and their armoured forces are increasing in size.[6]

At the political level this encourages the shift of the geostrategic axis eastward and implies more attention towards eastern European members and Russia.

At the military level, the weighted relevance of France, Germany, Great Britain and Italy will be decreasing in favour of those countries that welcome U.S. troops and bases and contribute every day more to the defence of the continent. As a consequence, the European defence agenda will likely be established progressively less in Berlin, Paris or Rome and more in Warsaw.[7]

As of today, at the operational level, the sum of the armoured forces of the four countries is adequate to the foreseeable level of threat, but quantities are next to the minimum below which credible operational capabilities in the field might be lost. In particular, the main problem is fragmentation: each country adopts its own doctrine and heterogeneous assets (Main Battle Tankss, Infantry Fighting Vehicles, Artillery) that are not deployable directly as a whole, nor being supported by common logistics.[8] As a consequence, the overall importance of each national force in Europe is constrained, while miscellaneous forces can difficultly merge as a whole in case of crisis. In short, the sum of numbers remains credible but the lack of interoperability makes its true strategic value critically low.[9]

Finally, the waste of know-how due to risible numbers and poor training downgrades the capabilities previously reached in the field.[10] In case of need, the rebuild of such operational capabilities would require time and fresh money, two features often lacking when sudden threats appear.

Armed forces are built around the “what if” paradigm and their structure depends on the expected threats. As a consequence, the detriment of armoured forces reshapes the military potential of the four countries, strengthening some features and weakening some others. Taking into account the current trend and the possible future challenges, there are four highlights to take into account.

First, a symmetric threat would find the four most powerful countries in Europe with insufficient armoured units, with Germany as the only exception. On the one hand, such a threat would not be sudden and would take a few years to manifest. On the other, this timeline might prove too short for readjusting the military for conventional warfare.

Second, despite of the reassurance the U.S. provided to east European countries by redeploying its EUCOM (United States European Command) troops on their territory, it is clear that the European theatre will be increasingly less relevant to Washington. This can bring two opposite outcomes: the empowerment of EU countries within the NATO framework, as often wished by the U.S., or, rather, the confirmation of the current trend – regardless of the U.S. disengagement – and the progressive decline of overall European military capabilities, as the armoured divisions continue representing the backbone of the strategic relevant armies.[11] Eastern countries, which are experiencing a reversing trend in this sense, might even choose alternative frameworks for collective defence, other than NATO and EU, and regardless of the economic importance of Paris, Rome, Berlin, and London.[12]

Third, in case of slow worsening of one or more crises at Europe’s gates a stronger power projection might be required. Such eventuality is considered far from the four governments of the countries explored in this piece, but the acceleration of the current trend that sees the continent challenged on its southern and eastern fronts might represent a pushing factor for reversing the current decision at strategic level, including the reduction of armoured forces.

Fourth, the current tendency will likely cause decreasing capability of projecting and developing tracked armoured vehicles (especially tanks) in the mid term. In fact, there are few or no programs for replacing current tanks and tracked IFVs (paper tanks do not count). Today, no country in West Europe possesses the resources for running its own program. Furthermore, the over constrained demand for such assets do not allow economies of scale that would ameliorate the overall industrial efficiency (including lower unit costs).[13][13] Whether this trend will be positive or negative for industry depends on the evolution of geopolitics in Europe as well as on foreign and defence policies to be adopted in the near future.


Notes

[1] The trend that sees defence spending as a secondary priority in today’s national agendas in Europe is well explained in the study below, that takes into consideration the case of the small Slovakia: despite of favourable economic conditions, the country has not invested more in its armed forces, rather cutting further its budget for a number of arguable reasons actually common to several European countries.

Suplata, M., Save the Defence: Why investing in the armed forces matters, Central European Policy Institute, November 26, 2014 http://www.cepolicy.org/publications/save-defence-why-investing-armed-forces-matters.

[2] Bowen, A.S., Chicken Kiev – Will Russia risk an all-out invasion of Ukraine?, Foreign Policy, March 15, 2014: http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/03/15/chicken-kiev/. See also, Bowen, A.S., Military Modernizatsiia and Power Projection – A strong and modern military is the cornerstone of Putinism, The Interpreter, October 10, 2013: http://www.interpretermag.com/military-modernizatsiia-and-power-projection/.

[3] Francis, D., Don’t Trust NATO’s Plan to Counter Putin, The Fiscal Times, August 28, 2014: http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2014/08/28/Don-t-Trust-NATO-s-Plan-Counter-Putin.

[4] Erlarger, S., Shrinking Europe Military Spending Stirs Concern, The New York Times, April 22, 2013: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/23/world/europe/europes-shrinking-military-spending-under-scrutiny.html?_r=0.

[5] Darling, D., Europe’s Defense Retrenchment Appears Over, but What Comes Next?, Forecast International, September 11, 2014: http://globenewswire.com/news-release/2014/09/11/665398/10098266/en/Europe-s-Defense-Retrenchment-Appears-Over-but-What-Comes-Next.html.

[6] Larrabee, S.F. et alii, NATO and the challenges of austerity, RAND – National Defence Research Institute, 2012, pp.76-80. http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2012/RAND_MG1196.pdf

[7] Bender, J., Only the US and Estonia are meeting NATO’s defense budget goals, Business Insider, February 27, 2015: http://www.businessinsider.my/only-us-and-estonia-meeting-nato-budget-goal-2015-2/#m73QBA97CA6u0eHt.99.

[8] “We have to share our military and industrial capabilities”, Briefing of the European Defence Summit, May 03, 2013: https://www.securityconference.de/en/news/article/we-have-to-share-our-military-and-industrial-capabilities/.

[9] Flanagan, S.J., A Diminishing Transatlantic Partnership?- The impact of the financial crisis on European Defence and foreign assistance capabilities, Center for Strategic and International Studies, May 2011, pp. 18-20: http://csis.org/files/publication/110427_Flanagan_FinancialCrisis_web.pdf

[10] Today there are about 1100 MBTs of four different models, 1425 AFVs (at least 6 models) and 470 tracked howitzer (3 models) in service. During the Cold War there were about 6239 MBTs, 11389 AFVs and 1343 tracked howitzer.

[11] Carpenter, T.G., NATO, European Spending and U.S. grievances, Aspenia online, May 12, 2015: https://www.aspeninstitute.it/aspenia-online/article/nato-european-spending-and-us-grievances.

[12] Larrabee, S.F. et alii, ibid.

[13] Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, A New Deal for European Defence – Implementation Roadmap for Communication COM (2013) 542; Towards a more competitive and efficient defence and security sector, Brussels, June 24, 2014, pp.6-14.


* Marco Giulio Barone is contributor at the International Security Observer (ISO). He is also a Contributing Analyst and subject matter expert at Wikistrat, Counter-Terrorism and East Asia divisions. He is also project leader and columnist at “Il Caffè Geopolitico”, an Italian online journal about geopolitics. His research and analysis activities focus on counter-terrorism, geopolitics, East Asian and MENA countries defence and security matters.

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2 juillet 2015 4 02 /07 /juillet /2015 16:35
Arjun MK II - source Livefist

Arjun MK II - source Livefist

 

June 27, 2015 By Vivek Raghuvanshi – Defense News

 

NEW DELHI — The Indian Army's plan to develop and build a medium-weight main battle tank to replace more than 2,500 Russian T-72s has raised questions about the future of the homemade Arjun tank and likely would kill a decade-old proposal by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to build a tank, according to analysts and officials.

 

The Indian Army this month floated a global request for information to seek partners to design the new tank under a program called Future Ready Combat Vehicle (FRCV). As a medium-weight platform it would weigh 40-plus tons, compared with the Arjun, which weighs 60 tons.

 

"The proposed FRCV is in the medium category and is more likely to be around the T-90 platform than the Arjun Mark-II platform, which is getting close to the medium-heavy/heavy category," said Anil Chait, retired Indian Army lieutenant general. "Designing and developing the product around proposed qualitative requirements afresh would suggest that we may be looking toward the end of the Arjun saga," he said.

 

However, Rahul Bhonsle, a retired Army brigadier general and defense analyst, said the Arjun will progress from the current Mark-1 level to Mark-3.

 

"The lead time for the FRCV to be manufactured, if all goes well, is likely to be approximately 15 years or so. This provides adequate scope for the Arjun series to be progressed to at least Mark-3. Moreover, there is a need in the Indian Army for an Arjun class of tank."

 

While no Ministry of Defence official would comment on the fate of the decade-old Futuristic Main Battle Tank (FMBT) project to be developed by DRDO, an Army official said FRCV has "surely killed" the FMBT.

 

The FMBT, intended to be in the 50-plus ton category, was also meant to replace the T-72s.

 

"The FRCV seems to be a completely new project which possibly junks the FMBT, which was being worked upon by the DRDO or may be a lead to the developing agency to add on to the existing work that has already been done on the same," Bhonsle said.

 

"I surely see Americans, Russians, French, Germans, Koreans and British participating along with Indian companies in stand-alone or joint venture mode. We could see leading companies from there which are involved with tank design, participating in it," Chait said.

 

Unlike the earlier tank effort, the FRCV does not restrict production to the DRDO. Domestic defense companies in tie-ups with overseas defense companies can serve as the production agencies.

 

"As this is an open competition, private agencies could also be roped in to develop the tank. The best option would be for DRDO designing and developing the same with a foreign partner as it is best placed technically to do so. For an Indian private company in collaboration with a foreign partner it would be a Greenfield venture," where the foreign company would construct new facilities for the project, Bhonsle said.

 

The Army plans to begin induction of the basic FRCV by 2025-27, which would be the platform on which numerous variants would be developed to serve different functions. These variants will include a tracked light tank, a wheeled version, a bridge layer tank, a trawl tank and mine plows, armored recovery vehicle, self-propelled gun, anti-aircraft tank, artillery observation vehicle, engineer reconnaissance vehicle, and armored ambulance.

 

According to the request for information, FRCV will be executed in three stages: design, prototype developmental and production.

 

The request says the design agency and developing agency can be separate entities. The best design will be chosen and given to the nominated development agency for prototype production. The selected prototype will be given to the production agency or agencies for bulk production.

 

Shankar Roy Chowdhury, retired Army general and former service chief, said the paramount requirement for the tank is survivability.

 

"Russian designers sought to achieve this [survivability] by smaller size [three-man crew and lighter armor], lower profile and speed. The West preferred larger turrets, hence thicker armor, heavier tanks. The test for both designs has been the Arab-Israeli wars and the gulf war. The Russian designs did not do too well. Blame that on the crews if you like," Roy Chowdhury said.

 

The most important requirement, however, is that the future FRCV must be indigenously designed, Roy Chowdhury said.

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1 juillet 2015 3 01 /07 /juillet /2015 16:30
The British Army trains 31 Egyptian Army officers on EOD

 

01 July 2015 by defenceWeb

 

On 17 June 31 Egyptian Army officers from the Egyptian Explosive Ordinance Disposal Brigade completed an intensive two week Counter Improvised Explosive Device Search training package in the United Kingdom run by the UK’s Explosive Ordinance Disposal experts 33 Engineer Regiment (EOD).

 

The Egyptian officers were praised by their British instructors for their professionalism, enthusiasm and desire to learn, the UK embassy said. The course, based upon the British Army’s Advanced Search Courses, was designed and tailored to the needs of the Egyptian Armed Forces and the challenges they face, and allowed both sides to share the lessons of their recent operational experiences.

 

The course provided the students with a framework with which to precisely analyse intelligence and the threat in a given area and use it to design a safe and sophisticated plan that they then executed on the ground. This knowledge will be used by the Egyptian Army to foster a deep understanding of IEDs in modern day warfare, and how they can be defeated, the embassy said.

 

The students, ranging from Lieutenant to Brigadier, were set to return to Egypt to develop a Counter Improvised Explosive Device Search capability in the Egyptian Army.

 

The UK course instructor said that, “The Egyptian officers were vastly experienced: watching them apply the UK concepts of Search to scenarios they’ve faced in real life was incredibly rewarding. This training represented an opportunity for both nations to improve their understanding of the threats they face”.

 

Ambassador John Casson said that “Egyptian soldiers in Sinai today face the same terrorist IED threat that British soldiers faced for many years in Afghanistan. It is good that British and Egyptian experts are now exchange their professional skills and experience to defeat this deadly threat. We will not leave Egypt to face this murderous violence alone.”

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29 juin 2015 1 29 /06 /juin /2015 07:45
photo Cameroon Defence Ministry

photo Cameroon Defence Ministry

 

26/06/2015 Par Journalducameroun.com

 

Le chef des armées a signé deux décrets portant activation de la Brigade d’intervention rapide et création de centres d’entraînement et d’aguerrissement, a rapporté jeudi un communiqué du Mindef

 

Le président de la République du Cameroun a signé deux décrets, rapporte un communiqué publié jeudi, 25 juin 2015, par le Ministre de la Défense (Mindef).

Le premier, 2015/270 du 15 juin 2015 porte sur l’activation et l’organisation interne de la Brigade d’intervention rapide. Le second, 2015/271 du 15 juin 2015 a pour objet la création et l’organisation des centres d’entraînement et d’aguerrissement de l’armée de terre.

 

Activation de la Brigade d’intervention rapide

Créée dans le cadre de la réforme des forces de défense de2001, il s’agit d’une grande unité tactique de l’armée de terre, composée de trois structures d’élite des forces de défense camerounaises, indique le communiqué du Mindef. Notamment, le Bataillon des troupes aéroportées (BTAP) de Koutaba, le Bataillon blindé de reconnaissance (BRR) basé à Douala et le Bataillon spécial amphibie (BSA) à Tiko. Placée sous l’autorité du chef d’état-major des armées, cette Brigade a son poste de commandement à Bafoussam dans l’Ouest du pays.

 

Création et organisation des centres d’entraînement et d’aguerrissement de l’armée de terre

Trois centres d’entraînement et d’aguerrissement viennent d’être créés. Celui en zone forestière (CEAF) avec un poste de commandement à Motcheboum dans la région de l’Est, en remplacement de la 123ème compagnie d’infanterie motorisée déplacée à Garoua-Boulaï; celui de la zone sahélienne (CEAS) qui a un poste de commandement à Mindif à l’Extrême-Nord du pays; et un dernier en zone montagneuse (CEAM) qui a un poste de commandement à Babadjou dans la région de l’Ouest.

 

Tous les trois, ils ont pour mission: le recyclage des unités de l’armée de terre; l’aguerrissement des hommes et des unités; et la préparation opérationnelle des unités projetables.

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26 juin 2015 5 26 /06 /juin /2015 07:55
La Champagne pour le CIADA 2015

 

25/06/2015 SCH Beltran - armée de Terre

 

L’exercice de synthèse annuel des divisions d’application CIADA (camp interarmes des divisions d’application) s’est déroulé dans les camps de Champagne-Ardenne de Suippes et de Mailly-le-Camp du 26 mai au 12 juin. Il réunissait les lieutenants, futurs chefs de section, actuellement en formation de spécialité dans leurs différentes écoles d’application.

 

Véritable mise en condition opérationnelle, les lieutenants se sont servi de cet entrainement pour mieux appréhender les missions qui leur seront confiées. Prochainement déployés en opérations extérieures, ils seront confrontés à un environnement de combat interarmes. Cet exercice avait donc pour vocation à favoriser les échanges entre spécialistes et leur faire découvrir les différentes procédures mises en place.

 

Les détails en images

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22 juin 2015 1 22 /06 /juin /2015 16:55
Bientôt 33 unités nouvelles dans l'armée de terre


22.06.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

19+10+2+2= 33. C'est le nombre d'unités que l'armée de terre pourrait créer dans le cadre de la mise en place de sa nouvelle maquette. Ces unités vont absorber, en grande partie, les 11 00 postes qui ont été préservés dans le cadre des décisions présidentielles.

19: c'est le nombre de compagnies qui vont être créées dans les régiments d'infanterie.

10: dix escadrons de plus pour les cavaliers.

2: deux compagnies du génie vont renforcer les capacités de l'arme.

2: dans la seconde phase de la mise en œuvre de la maquette, deux unités vont être (re)créées. Va être mis sur pied un régiment interarmes qui devrait être basé à Mourmelon et qui servira pour l'expérimentation de Scorpion. L'autre décision, qui a déjà fuité, verra une unité prestigieuse renaître de ses cendres, être associée à l'une des brigades existantes. On en reparle sous peu...

 

Enfin, à la future brigade aéromobile pourrait être adjoint un "bataillon". Création? 33 ou 34 donc

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17 juin 2015 3 17 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
23 Parachute Engineer Regiment Celebrate New Name

 

17 juin 2015 by Forces TV

 

23 Parachute Engineer Regiment provides, close and general engineer support to 16 Air Assault Brigade. The Regiment is held at a very high state of readiness and regularly called upon to deploy on operations across the globe. Insertion can be by parachute, helicopter or fixed wing aircraft.

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12 juin 2015 5 12 /06 /juin /2015 17:55
Journées Portes Ouvertes au 17e RGP ! 13-14 juin 2015


source 17e RGP

JOURNÉES PORTES OUVERTES AU 17e RGP ! Les samedi 13 et dimanche 14 juin 2015, le 17e régiment du génie parachutiste (17e RGP) de Montauban ouvre ses portes au grand public, entre 10h30 et 20h30, au sein de son quartier à Doumerc. Au programme, de nombreux stands, des démonstrations cynotechniques, de combat rapproché ou encore, de sauts en parachute.
Venez nombreux !

Journées Portes Ouvertes au 17e RGP ! 13-14 juin 2015

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11 juin 2015 4 11 /06 /juin /2015 07:56
Rencontres militaires blessures et sports

 

09/06/2015 SCH Beltran - armée de Terre

 

En ce moment, et jusqu’au 27 juin, se déroulent les rencontres militaires blessures et sports (RMBS) dans le département du Cher.

 

Le centre régional d’éducation physique et sportive (CREPS) de Bourges et celui de la jeunesse et sport (CRJS) d’Aubigny-sur-Nère accueillent 64 blessés des trois armées et les acteurs de leur accompagnement. Des activités sportives et de cohésion émaillent le séjour et ont pour objectif d’aider les militaires dans leur reconstruction. Cet événement majeur est une priorité pour l’armée de Terre qui veille à mettre en œuvre le soutien médical et humain à la hauteur des sacrifices consentis par ses soldats.

 

Explications en images.

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9 juin 2015 2 09 /06 /juin /2015 16:35
VBCI 40 CTAS - IDEX 2015 photo FOB

VBCI 40 CTAS - IDEX 2015 photo FOB


09.06.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

Restons en Australie après mon post de ce matin.

Après le retrait de Boeing et Iveco du programme Land 400 pour équiper l'armée de terre australienne, c'est au tour du duo Raytheon-Nexter d'annoncer qu'il ne prendra part à la compétition. Nexter entendait proposer son VBCI associé à la tourelle T40 dans le cadre du Land Combat Vehicle System (pour en savoir plus sur ce programme, lire ici).

Quatre offres devraient être confirmées d'ici au 6 août, à savoir celles de:
- BAE Systems et Patria
- Elbit Systems et ST Kinetics
- General Dynamics Land Systems et Thales Australia
- Rheinmetall et Northrop Grumman

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7 juin 2015 7 07 /06 /juin /2015 16:30
Kornet-E ATGM

Kornet-E ATGM

 

06/06/2015 lorientlejour.com

 

Les forces de sécurité irakiennes ont empêché samedi des attaques suicide au véhicule piégé du groupe Etat islamique (EI) dans la province d'Al-Anbar (ouest), grâce à des missiles antichars, a indiqué samedi un officier de l'armée.

 

Un colonel a expliqué que les forces gouvernementales avaient utilisé des missiles russes Kornet E pour détruire deux véhicules piégés en mouvement et qu'une frappe aérienne en avait détruit un troisième, dans le secteur de Nadhim al-Taqsim, à l'ouest de Bagdad.

 

Un porte-parole du ministère de l'Intérieur a assuré que les véhiculés piégés détruits étaient en fait au nombre de quatre et que le raid aérien avait été effectué par la coalition internationale conduite par les Etats-Unis.

 

Jeudi, les forces de sécurité avaient utilisé des missiles pour déjouer des attentats suicide au véhicule piégé contre deux bases de l'armée dans la province d'Al-Anbar, en majeure partie sous contrôle de l'EI notamment sa capitale Ramadi.

 

Le mois dernier, l'EI avait utilisé un nombre important de véhicules piégés pour prendre Ramadi le 17 mai. En réaction, les Etats-Unis ont annoncé l'envoi de 2.000 lance-roquettes anti-char AT4s pour aider les Irakiens à neutraliser ces camions piégés.

 

Mercredi, une frappe aérienne de la coalition a détruit un des plus gros sites d'assemblage de voitures piégées de l'EI en Irak, selon des responsables irakiens. En Irak et en Syrie, le groupe jihadiste utilise de plus en plus fréquemment ces "camions bombes" bourrés d'explosifs conduits par des kamikazes.

 

Note RP Defense : lire Kornet Clobbers Abrams

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4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:55
photo  J.Lempin ECPAD

photo J.Lempin ECPAD

 

04.06.2015 par Jean Esparbès, étudiant à Sciences Po Lille - en stage à La Voix du Nord et au blog Défense globale.
 

Liban, Afghanistan, Mali, Centrafrique, voire Irak, l’armée de terre est en première ligne (80 % des plus de 7 000 soldats français en opérations extérieures). Les miliciens, djihadistes et autres « groupes armés terroristes » (GAT), selon la terminologie officielle, sont les adversaires des fantassins français. Le colonel Jean-Luc Theus, du Centre d’exploitation du renseignement terrestre, a présenté cette nouvelle génération lors d’une conférence à Sciences Po Lille en avril 2015. Le sujet n’est pas aussi nouveau que cela (Liban, Balkans, Afghanistan). Mais nous sommes actuellement très loin de l’affrontement envisagé avec l’armée Rouge...

 

Ces nouveaux adversaires se caractérisent avant tout par leur agilité et leur désinhibition face à la mort et la violence. « Tous les coups sont permis », illustre le colonel Theus. Cet étalage de violence est autant un mode de combat qu’un outil psychologique de propagande. Autant pour semer la peur que pour recruter.

Avant la prise de Ramadi, certains membres des forces de sécurité irakienne reçurent les photos de corps décapités de soldats ou policiers sur leur téléphone portable. Le message est clair : voici ce qui vous attend si vous ne vous soumettez pas. Les vidéos de propagande sur Internet sont autant d’illustrations d’une esthétique de la violence et d’une glorification des martyrs. En Centrafrique, cette désinhibition se reflète dans les innombrables violences et lynchages, dont les soldats français de l’opération Sangaris sont parfois les témoins impuissants.

« L’agilité tactique et individuelle » est un autre de ses traits saillants. Dans le Sahel, les « GAT » (Al Qaïda au Maghreb Islamique, Al Mourabitoune) ne sont pas en mesure d’attaquer frontalement les troupes françaises. Pour durer, ils évitent la confrontation, se dissimulent parmi la population intimidée. Leurs moyens d’actions privilégiés incluent l’emploi de roquettes, de mines, d’engins explosifs improvisés.

 

L'alliance du terrorisme et de la guerre conventionnelle

L’archétype de cette souplesse serait l’Etat Islamique, héritier d’Al-Qaïda en Irak, fondé en 2003. Il combine des modes d’actions dits « terroristes » (attentats à la voiture piégée, camions suicides, tirs de mortier), à des méthodes de guerre conventionnelle (missiles anti-aériens portables et antichars). C’est aussi l’adaptation. Il dissémine forces et matériels dans les zones sous son contrôle. Daech propose même des nouveautés stratégiques, comme la prise simultanée en mai de Palmyre en Syrie et de Ramadi en Irak, après des mois de siège.

Toujours selon le colonel Theus du CERT, cela traduit une redéfinition de principes et des pratiques de la guerre. Les soldats français, eux, sont soumis aux lois de la guerre édictées dans des conventions internationales. « Le droit des conflits armés est instrumentalisé par l’adversaire. » Comment distinguer un civil d’un irrégulier ? La différence avec un soldat professionnel se situe dans l’absence de carcan doctrinal et par la légèreté des structures de commandement. « Le soldat français est, lui, soumis à des freins réglementaires (doctrine, commandement) et psychologiques. Certaines actions lui sont interdites. »

Face à ces adversaires, l’armée de terre doit s’adapter, au risque d’être surprise comme le furent les Israéliens face au Hezbollah en 2006.

 

L'alourdissement, un défi occidental

Les sociétés occidentales ne tolèrent plus les pertes massives. L'impérative protection des hommes passe par le blindage généralisé. Les pertes au combat sont historiquement basses (15 soldats français morts en OPEX en Afrique depuis janvier 2013). Seulement, le gilet pare-éclats du fantassin (photo ci-dessus) réduit sa mobilité. Pour le matériel, l’alourdissement est générationnel (le dernier VBCI, véhicule blindé de combat d’infanterie, passe de 29 à 32 tonnes pour mieux se protéger).

Pour faire face à cette agilité, le Livre blanc de 2013 et la Loi de programmation militaire 2014-2019 favorisent le renseignement, l’aéromobilité et les forces spéciales.

Cette adaptation ne doit pas oublier le niveau politique. La réponse n’est pas uniquement matérielle et doctrinale. Ni militaire.

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4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:35
Armor: Arjun Back From The Dead Again

 

June 3, 2015: Strategy Page

 

India continues to have problems with its tank fleet. The latest disaster is the low readiness of the 120 locally designed Arjun tanks the army was forced to buy in order to keep an Indian tank factory working. After several years of use over 70 percent of the Arjuns are inoperable because of technical problems, mostly relating to imported spare parts. Over half the Arjun components are foreign made and the procurement bureaucracy, the army and the Arjun factory cannot agree on specifications and quantities of these parts. In addition to that there are dozens of unresolved technical problems with Arjun. All this adds up to nearly a hundred separate problems that need to be resolved to increase the readiness rate. The government seems to agree that Arjun is a failure and while the factory only has to make four more, it also now has orders for 118 Arjun 2s.

 

The order for the 124 original Arjuns came about in 2010 when competitive tests between the Indian designed (by DRDO, the government defense research and development organization) Arjun and Russian T-90 tank resulted in an unexpected victory by the Arjun. The Indian Army had been compelled (by pro-Arjun politicians) to conduct a field test between the domestically designed (but troubled and largely rejected) Arjun tank, and the Russian T-90 (now considered the army's primary tank). Fourteen of each tank were used, and the results were classified. But journalists had no trouble getting unofficial reports that the Arjun managed to best the T-90 in tests of mobility, endurance and gunnery.

 

This was surprising because until then Arjun was considered an expensive and embarrassing failure. Development of the Arjun began in the 1980s and by 2006 the army had received only five of them, for testing and evaluation. The evaluation did not go well. Originally, the Arjun was to have replaced thousands of older Russian tanks, but after so many delays, the army only reluctantly accepted enough to equip one Armored Brigade. The new test reports resulted in renewed pressure on the army to buy more Arjuns.

 

One good thing came out of this competition and that was the agreement by the Arjun developers to address the many technical problems with Arjun. To spare government or military officials’ embarrassment this was described as an effort to develop the next generation battle tank. Called the FMBT (Future Main Battle Tank), this vehicle aimed to build on the “success” of the Arjun.

 

This pitted the Defense Ministry weapons development and procurement bureaucrats against the generals. The bureaucrats were under pressure to deliver because the competition was won by Arjun mainly because it was assumed that Arjun would have fixed all the problems it was having with its electronics and some other components. The main problems were with the fire control system, the engine, and that fact that its size and weight prevented it from being used with current tank transporters. Thus the FMBT was to be lighter (50 tons) and based on what worked in the Arjun and other modern tanks. The FMBT is expected to replace older Russian tanks. The result was called Arjun 2 and it fixed most of the Arjun problems, including the size and weight issues. Arjun 2 weighs 50 tons and 60 percent of the components are Indian made. All this is optimistic, given what happened with the original Arjun and Indian developed weapons in general. The Arjun was originally intended as a replacement for most of the older T-72s and that still might happen.

 

Meanwhile in 2009 an Indian factory delivered the first ten (of a thousand) T-90 tanks to the Indian Army. The Russian designed armored vehicles are being built in India under license. Many of the components are Indian made, and some of the electronics are imported from Western suppliers. The Indian-made T-90s cost about $3 million each. India has already bought 700 Russian made T-90 tanks, at a cost of $3.5 million each. The Arjun 2 is expected to cost over $5 million each. The high price is due to a lot of high tech. This includes an active defense system to defeat anti-tank missiles, a much more powerful engine, lots of electronics and a hermetically sealed crew department to provide protection against chemical weapons and radiation. All this stuff is tricky to develop, just the sort of thing DRDO excels at screwing up. This is mostly the fault of the DRDO bureaucrats, who are not very good at using all the technical and manufacturing talent India has.

 

Back in 2006 India adopted the Russian T-90 as its new main battle tank. By 2020, India will have 2,000 upgraded T-72s, over 1,500 T-90s, and few hundred other tanks (including over 240 Arjuns, depending on how the Arjun 2 works out in practice). This will be the most powerful armored force in Eurasia, unless China moves ahead with upgrades to its tank force. The border between China and India is high in the Himalayan Mountains, which is not good tank country. India's tank force is mainly for use against Pakistan.

 

The T-90 is a highly evolved T-72. Originally, the T-90 was a fallback design. The T-80 was supposed to be the successor to the T-72. But like the T-62 and T-64 before it, the T-80 didn't quite work out as planned. So the T-72, with a much improved turret and all manner of gadgets, was trotted out as the T-90. Weighting 47 tons, its 7 meters (23 feet) long, 3.4 meters (11 feet) wide and 2.3 meters (7.5 feet) high. Same package, better contents. And with well-trained crews, it can be deadly. The original Arjun was a larger vehicle (59 tons, 10.7 meters long and 3.9 meters wide).

 

Arjun 2 is similar in size to the T-90. Indian armor experts, both military and civilian, are hoping the Arjun 2 is more like the T-90 than the Arjun. But the most worrisome aspect of the Arjun 2 project is DRDO which also developed Arjun. It's feared that the DRDO wonks have not learned from the many errors made with the Arjun. The hope is that the Arjun 2 will not be another DRDO disaster.  

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4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:35
Armor: Argo In China

source military-today.com

 

May 28, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Chinese airborne and light infantry units are being equipped with a Chinese made amphibious ATV (All Terrain Vehicle). This is an 8x8 vehicle apparently based on the Canadian Argo design, which has been around since the 1960s and has been regularly upgraded, refined, improved and extensively used all over the world. The Chinese ATV can carry six people (including the driver), weighs 1.7 tons and has a max payload of about a ton. If used amphibiously the ATV can only carry about a third of a ton. Max road speed is 60 kilometers an hour. The ATV is 3.9 meters (12.7 feet) long and 1.8 meters (5.9 feet) wide. The Chinese military has several thousand of these vehicles, many (if not most) of them with non-combat units.

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4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:20
Weapons: The Marines Want SOST And They Want It Now

 

May 30, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The U.S. Army and Marine Corps stopped using the same 5.56mm ammunition in 2010 when the army began using the new lead-free M855A1 5.56mm round for combat (mainly in Afghanistan) operations. The M855A1 replaces the older M855 long used by the marines as well. The marines also wanted to adopt some new and improved 5.56mm ammo but decided the M855A1 was not it and continued looking. Now the marines believe they have found their new round, the M318 SOST, which has been used by SOCOM for several years. This annoyed a number of key people in Congress who insisted both services use the same 5.56mm ammo. To decide the issue there will be tests, and possibly more tests after that. In the meantime the political winds may shift and make the Congressional mandate for common ammo go away. After all for decades SOCOM has been allowed to use whatever ammunition (or weapons) it feels are best for the job at hand. But Congress considers SOCOM a special case, at least more special than the marines, and leaves SOCOM alone.

 

The new M855A1 round is more expensive and marginally better than the older M855. The major reason for the appearance of the M855A1 was years of political pressure on the army to use non-lead bullets. That came about because training and combat use of army 5.56mm weapons puts 2,000 tons of lead back into the environment each year. This lead was originally taken out of the environment to be temporarily stored in the form of bullets. The lead is also contained in a copper jacket and most of it stays that way. That's probably why no environmental study has ever found lead leaching out of spent bullets and getting into anyone's water. But just the thought of all those billions of lead bullets lying in the ground mobilized an international movement to ban lead bullets.

 

Fortunately the M855A1 was also about several other improvements besides being lead-free. For example, the M855A1 is a little more accurate at longer ranges. This is important in a place like Afghanistan. The M855A1 is marginally better at blasting its way through brick, concrete, and masonry than the older M855. The propellant in the M855A1 burns faster and thus produces a smaller muzzle flash when fired from the short (compared to the M-16) barreled M-4 rifle. The greater penetrating power of the M855A1 is because of a steel penetrator, which also makes the M855A1 more likely to penetrate body armor and sheet metal. The Taliban were increasingly getting their hands on protective vests or adding armor to vehicles (particularly suicide car bombs meant to speed past armed guards).

 

The marines noted that the steel M855A1 bullet also caused more wear and tear on rifles using it. The marines noted that the M855A1 has been causing cracks in rifles that have fired as few as 3,000 of them. Marines also point out that the M855A1 requires larger safety zones for rifle ranges because the M855A1 tends to ricochet farther. The larger safety zones could be very expensive for some marine ranges.

 

While this non-lead policy burnishes the army's image and environmental cred, it was also feared that it might equip troops with an inferior bullet, which was built around a copper alloy (not lead) slug. But inferior to what? Well to another new bullet, the ones the marines want and SOCOM (Special Operations Command) already uses. SOCOM developed the new 5.56mm M318 SOST (Special Operations Science and Technology) round. The SOST bullet solves a problem the M855 has long had, the inability to penetrate things like automobile windshields. SOST uses lead and also has more killing power than the M855 (that did not inflict as much internal damage, and bleeding, as 7.62mm and 9mm rounds). The M855A1 turned out to perform these tasks as well, or nearly as well, as SOST and was still "green" (less potential lead pollution).

 

The army spent over $32 million developing the M855A1. The new bullet is more expensive (because of the more complex manufacturing process) and in the field troops have not noticed much difference. On the down side, the new round generates more pressure in the chamber (and higher speed leaving the barrel). In theory this causes a slight increase in the risk of a rifle exploding. That has not happened yet.

 

Some green bullets have been disasters. Norway introduced one three years ago that made users sick. It seems the new bullet, when used in new rifles, created some toxic gasses. A redesign of the new round fixed the problem and made the new bullet even more expensive. The marines believe the M318 is superior to the M855 and the lead-free M855A1 and has already shown that to be the case in combat (mainly with SOCOM). But Congress cannot be ignored and the marines will have to wait.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
Photo Patrick Brion – MIL.be

Photo Patrick Brion – MIL.be

 

29/05/2015 Liesbeth Bardyn – MIL.be

 

 

Dans l’est de l’Allemagne se trouve le grand camp d’entraînement de 230 km² de Grafenwöhr. C’est là que de mi-mai à fin mai trois bataillons de la Brigade Medium ont dressés leurs tentes pour améliorer leurs techniques de tir et leurs compétences tactiques.

 

Le village d’entraînement dans le sud du camp d’exercice paraît désert, mais les apparences sont trompeuses. Dans les maisons se sont cachés des ennemis que nos militaires doivent maîtriser. Une compagnie du Bataillon de Chasseurs Ardennais encercle le village et nettoie un à un chaque bâtiment. Le feu est ouvert, les explosifs sont découverts et les bombes fumigènes volent un peu partout.

 

« Il est nécessaire d’organiser régulièrement de tels exercices », explique le commandant de bataillon lieutenant-colonel Jean-Pol Baugnée. « Lors d’opérations il nous arrive souvent de devoir nettoyer des maisons. En Belgique on ne dispose pas d’une infrastructure assez grande pour permettre à autant de militaires de s’entraîner en même temps. » Tout le monde est d’accord sur ce dernier point. Le camp allemand offre à nos militaires plus de possibilités d’entraînement que n’importe quel domaine militaire dans notre pays. « Ici nous disposons de stands de tirs qui s’étendent sur des kilomètres », confirme le commandant de brigade colonel Eric Harvent. « Grâce à cela nous pouvons tester des systèmes d’armes ayant une grande portée, ce qui n’est pas souvent possible en Belgique. De plus nos hommes se retrouvent dans un environnement inconnu. Cela rend l’exercice plus réaliste. »

 

Photo Patrick Brion – MIL.bePhoto Patrick Brion – MIL.be
Photo Patrick Brion – MIL.bePhoto Patrick Brion – MIL.be
Photo Patrick Brion – MIL.bePhoto Patrick Brion – MIL.be

Photo Patrick Brion – MIL.be

Une cible s’élève d’un coup dans l’herbe. Un militaire met un ‘ennemi’ hors service avec son arme. Une centaine de mètres plus loin une autre cible apparaît soudainement. C’est le canon DF30 qui s’en charge et qui ouvre le feu. Un peloton du Bataillon Bevrijding - 5 Ligne a pris position sur le grand stand de tir de Grafenwöhr. Avec deux autres pelotons et avec l’aide des véhicules blindés ils essayent de prendre possession d’une zone qui s’étend sur plusieurs kilomètres. « Grâce aux grands stands de tir nous pouvons déployer le soutien d’artillerie des canons DF30 et DF90 », raconte le commandant de bataillon lieutenant-colonel Gert Van Goethem. « Ainsi nos soldats de combats ont l’occasion de se rendre compte du soutien que peuvent leur apporter ces grands systèmes d’armement lors d’une mission. Ainsi ils ont plus de confiance en eux quand ils se retrouvent dans une situation dangereuse. »

 

Une dernière unité de combat, le Bataillon Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn-Grenadiers se cache dans la lisière du bois devant un bâtiment suspect. Au signal du commandant de peloton, le caporal Diether Nauwelaerts et son équipe prennent d’assaut la maison. « S’entraîner avec des munitions n’est hélas pas souvent possible », explique le caporal Nauwelaerts. « Ceci est donc un moment d’enseignement idéal. Mais c’est aussi l’occasion de renforcer l’esprit d’équipe. » Son commandant de peloton le sous-lieutenant Jelle Camps hoche la tête en affirmation. « Nos militaires n’ont pas le droit à beaucoup de sommeil ni de confort lors de l’exercice. Mais en opération ce n’est pas différent. Il vaut donc mieux qu’ils soient préparés. »

Vidéo : DG COM

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 12:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

02/06/2015 Gabriel Boyer - armée de Terre

 

La section de reconnaissance du génie (SRG) du 17e régiment du génie parachutiste (17e RGP) est une unité d’élite. Spécialisée dans la reconnaissance en milieu aquatique et subaquatique, la SRG recrute les meilleurs soldats du régiment.

 

Sa force est d’être capable de répondre à un éventail de missions très diversifiées : infiltration à travers les égouts, combat en milieu clos et  recherche et neutralisation d'explosifs, leur domaine de prédilection. «Même en plein désert, les plongeurs sont utiles. Souvent nous avons fouillé des puits et c'est incroyable ce qu’on peut y trouver », déclare Rudy plongeur à la SRG. Il sourit mais son visage est marqué. Ces soldats d’élite connaissent le rôle crucial qu'ils jouent en opération pour la sécurité de leurs camarades.

 

Un métier exceptionnel qui nécessite des qualités telles que le sang-froid, la réflexion et une condition physique irréprochable. Chaque année, des candidats postulent pour cette unité d'élite et seul  30% d’entre eux réussissent les tests d'entrée. Au bout de cette pré-sélection, une formation spécifique de 2 ans les attend.

 

Immersion en images.

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2 juin 2015 2 02 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
Leclerc MBT - photo Armée de Terre

Leclerc MBT - photo Armée de Terre

 

May 14, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In late April French forces arrived in Poland to reinforce NATO troops already there. The French joined American and Canadian who together with Polish troops will be involved in a joint exercises between May 11th and 29th. It is the first time when the French “Leclerc” tanks, “VBCI” Infantry Fighting Vehicles, and the French infantry, equipped with the French “Felin” Future Soldier system have all been deployed in Poland.

 

The French sent about 300 soldiers and 90 vehicles. These included 15 Leclerc tanks supported by some mechanized infantry equipped with the “Felin” Future Soldier equipment and the latest VBCI wheeled infantry fighting vehicles. There was also a platoon of engineers.

 

“Leclerc” is French main tank used by the France and the UAE (United Arab Emirates). Leclerc entered service in 1992, a decade after their contemporaries the American M1 and German Leopard 2. Unlike the German and American tanks Leclerc uses an automatic loading system which improves rate of fire-on-the-move to 12 rounds per minute. The main weapon is a 120mm smoothbore gun. There is also a 12.7mm co-axial (to the 120mm cannon) machine gun and remote controlled 7.62mm machine gun atop the turret. Leclerc is smaller and lighter (only 56 tons) that British, German, American or Israeli tanks.

 

VBCI - photo Armée de Terre

VBCI - photo Armée de Terre

“VBCI” is an IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) designed to accompany tanks. It represents a balance between protection, performance and payload. The 8x8 wheeled platform was intended to replace the AMX-10P. VBCI main armament is a stabilized 25mm gun and the vehicle weighs 26 tons. VBCI has been used in Afghanistan, Mali and the Central African Republic and so far none have been lost. France has rdered about 700 vehicles.

FELIN - photo Armée de Terre

FELIN - photo Armée de Terre

“Felin” is French variation of Future solider programs. The system goal is to provide the soldier with improved close-combat capability in terms of lethality, survivability, mobility and C4I (command, control, computers, communications and information). System was designed to weigh less than 24 kg (53 pounds) and include weapons, ammunition, ballistic protection and 24-hour energy, food and water provisions. Frelin uses a day/night camera mounted on the assault rifle and two small LED displays mounted on the helmet which allows shooting from behind corner. There is also a helmet mounted osteo-microphone which picks up speech by sensing the vibration in the wearer’s skull (eliminates background noise). France ordered 22,000 Frelin sets (for $30,000 each) and by 2014 about 10,000 were delivered to army units.

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1 juin 2015 1 01 /06 /juin /2015 17:35
photo EMA / Armée de Terre

photo EMA / Armée de Terre

 

29/05/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Du 4 au 23 mai 2015, dans le cadre des activités de coopération militaire bilatérale entre l’Australian Defence Force et les forces armées en Nouvelle-Calédonie (FANC), le Régiment d’Infanterie de Marine Pacifique-Nouvelle Calédonie (RIMaP-NC) a accueilli un détachement de l’Australian Army.

 

Darwinex s’inscrit dans le cadre de la coopération opérationnelle régionale mise en œuvre par les FANC avec leurs partenaires sur le « théâtre » Pacifique. L’objectif principal visait à entretenir et approfondir l’interopérabilité entre les unités françaises et australiennes en développant l’échange de savoir-faire tactiques, techniques et la mise en commun des procédures.

 

A cette occasion, un détachement de vingt soldats du 5ème Royal Australian Regiment basé à Darwin, a pu bénéficier des infrastructures et des compétences du RIMaP-NC pour suivre un entraînement centré sur l’infanterie légère. Chacune des trois semaines de stage était centrée sur un domaine spécifique : savoir-faire de base (tirs individuels, secourisme au combat) et préparation physique, combat et aisance aquatique, techniques commando (organisées au centre d’instruction nautique commando à Nouméa), séances de tirs et exercice de synthèse.

 

Les FANC constituent le point d’appui central du « théâtre » Pacifique avec un dispositif interarmées centré sur un groupement tactique interarmes (GTIA) et les moyens de projection associés. Avec les Forces armées en Polynésie Française (FAPF), dispositif interarmées à dominante maritime, les FANC ont pour principale mission d’assurer la souveraineté de la France dans leur zone de responsabilité, d’animer la coopération régionale et d’entretenir des relations privilégiées avec l’ensemble des pays riverains de la zone Pacifique. Enfin, les FANC engagent régulièrement leurs moyens pour des opérations d’aide aux populations, en appui des autres services de l’Etat.

photo EMA / Armée de Terrephoto EMA / Armée de Terre
photo EMA / Armée de Terre
photo EMA / Armée de Terrephoto EMA / Armée de Terrephoto EMA / Armée de Terre

photo EMA / Armée de Terre

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