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14 juin 2013 5 14 /06 /juin /2013 07:40
A Russian soldier during INDRA-2010 exercise in India. Photo Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation

A Russian soldier during INDRA-2010 exercise in India. Photo Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation

 

13 June 2013 army-technology.com

 

The Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) is planning to send 250 military personnel to participate in the counter-terrorism combat exercise, code-named INDRA, scheduled to be carried out with the Indian Army in October 2013.

 

The annual drills will witness participation from more than 250 servicemen from Russia's Eastern Military District and the same number of Indian soldiers, RIA Novosti reported citing a statement from the district's press service.

 

Scheduled to be carried out at the Mahajan Field Firing Range (MFFR) in Bikaner, Rajasthan, India, the drill is for training soldiers in joint planning and execution of anti-terrorist missions in a semi-desert environment, the statement added.

 

The final planning stage for the exercise is scheduled to be conducted in Bikaner in August.

 

A battalion-level exercise, INDRA is aimed at enhancing defence cooperation and interoperability, as well as strengthening military-to-military relations between the two armies.

"INDRA is aimed at enhancing defence cooperation and interoperability."

 

India and Russia have so far conducted six of the INDRA series joint ground and naval exercises since 2003, with the last drill being held between the two countries' army units at a training range in the Siberian republic of Buryatia in August 2012.

 

Involving more than 500 servicemen from the two countries' mechanised heavy combat groups, INDRA 2012 trained personnel for counter-insurgency (COIN) tasks required for elimination of terrorist and insurgent groups, as well as reconnaissance and search missions.

 

Featuring around 50 Russian combat vehicles, and the Indian Air Force's (IAF) Ilyushin-76 aircraft, the exercise included a number of firing, tactical and driving manoeuvres, as well as providing Indian soldiers with an opportunity to familiarise with the Russian military equipment.

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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 12:20
photo Nexter Canada

photo Nexter Canada

June 13, 2013. By David Pugliese - Defence Watch

 

Defence Watch has picked up on some chatter in defence circles about the expected upcoming government announcement of the winning bid for the Close Combat Vehicle project.

 

As Defence Watch readers likely know, the Canadian Forces wants to buy 108 of the Close Combat Vehicles (CCVs). There would be an option for the purchase of up to 30 additional vehicles. The army had originally argued that the Close Combat Vehicles, which would accompany its Leopard tanks into battle, are a priority for future missions. But recently, the military leadership approached the government with a request to scuttle the project and transfer money to other priority programs. The government decided not to do that.

 

So now there has been talk about a possible CCV announcement in July. That would coincide with earlier statements by Army commander Lt.-Gen. Peter Devlin who noted last year that he anticipated an announcement sometime “mid next year.”

 

Still, others have told Defence Watch not to expect anything until later in 2013, perhaps September or October.

 

The vehicles that were evaluated included:

 

-Nexter Systems’ VBCI 25 – a platform currently in service with the French Army.

 

-BAE’s CV90.

 

An Announcement Of The Winning Bid On the Close Combat Vehicle Sometime In July?

- General Dynamics Land Systems Canada offered the Piranha 5 fitted with the Rheinmetall Lance 30 mm Modular Turret System.

An Announcement Of The Winning Bid On the Close Combat Vehicle Sometime In July?

The Close Combat Vehicle program was announced by the government in the summer of 2009.

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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 11:40
Défense: nouvelle visée pour les chars T-80, T-90 et T-72

MOSCOU, 13 juin – RIA Novosti

 

Le célèbre fabricant d'appareils photo Zenit – l'usine Zverev de Krasnogorsk – a développé un nouveau système de visée Agat-MDT, capable de voir dans le noir complet jusqu'à 4 kilomètres, écrit jeudi le quotidien Izvestia.

 

Intégralement conçu avec des éléments russes, il est également basé sur la matrice russe fabriquée par la société Orion avec une résolution inédite pour l'industrie du pays (640x512 pixels).

 

Cependant ce système n'est pas prévu pour les futurs chars russe à châssis Armata ou Kourganets et ne peut être installé que sur les chars T-72, T-80 et T-90.

Le directeur général de la société Alexandre Tarassov estime que ce n'est pas un défaut majeur car les chars T-72 et T-90 ont beaucoup de potentiel en termes de modernisation et d'exportations.

 

"Le char T-90 est très populaire auprès de nos partenaires étrangers. Le Pérou a récemment annoncé l'achat des T-90S. D'autant que le ministère de la Défense russe modernise activement les chars T-72 et T-90. Par conséquent nous pensons que notre produit a beaucoup de perspectives", explique Alexandre Tarassov.

Par ailleurs, il souligne que l'usine Zverev de Krasnogorsk voit en Agat-MDT un produit intermédiaire et poursuit le développement de systèmes mécaniques-optiques pour les chars de l'avenir. Toutefois, Alexandre Tarassov ne précise pas si le ministère de la Défense a commandé ce genre de concepts.

 

C'est précisément le manque de mise au point du système de visée qui a provoqué l'atermoiement de six mois avant la mise en service d'Armata - et le système a été finalement commandé en Biélorussie à la compagnie Peleng.

 

Vladimir Goutenev, vice-président du Comité pour l'industrie à la Douma (chambre basse du parlement), explique que la création du système Agat permettrait aux fabricants de chars russes de renoncer aux visées thermiques, jusqu’ici importées en l'absence d'analogues russes.

 

"Jusqu'à présent les différentes versions du T-90 prévues pour l'exportation étaient équipées de visées thermiques construites par la société française Thales. D'après les performances annoncées Agat n'a rien à leur envier. Le holding Chvabe, dont fait partie l'usine Zverev, présente toute la gamme de ces dispositifs – c'est un grand pas en avant, nous devenons compétitifs sur ce marché de systèmes relativement coûteux", remarque Goutenev.

 

Il ajoute que le système de visée thermique russe rendait non seulement les chars indépendants des équipements étrangers mais permettrait également un cycle complet de modernisation des équipements des chars. De plus, Goutenev estime que la demande pour les T-72 et T-90 ne diminuera pas dans les années à venir.

 

"Ces chars ne seront pas recyclés : ils seront modernisés et vendus à l'étranger. Grâce au système Agat il sera plus simple de le faire sans fournisseurs étrangers", explique Vladimir Goutenev.

 

D'après l'usine Zverev de Krasnogorsk, le système de visée et d'observation combiné, équipé de la vision thermique Agat-MDT de fabrication russe, permet d'identifier des cibles ennemies mobiles et statiques jusqu'à 4 km, de mesurer la distance jusqu'à la cible grâce à un télémètre laser et de tirer avec précision à partir du canon et des mitrailleurs du char.

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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 11:35
India To Speed BMP-2 Upgrades; FICV Stalls

 

 

Jun. 12, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense news

 

NEW DELHI — Keeping its US $10 billion Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicle (FICV) program on the shelf, the Indian Ministry of Defense instead will accelerate the upgrade of its Russian-made BMP-2 infantry combat vehicles and will issue tenders to buy 2,000 engines for the program, Defense Ministry sources said.

 

The Indian Army’s more than 1,500 BMP-2s will be upgraded at a cost of more than $1.2 billion in the next three to five years, and the program last month received formal MoD clearance, the sources said. Though this move doesn’t necessarily shut down the homegrown FICV project, it is less likely to see the light of day because the decision has already been delayed, said an Army official.

 

The tender for the purchase of 2,000 engines to power the upgraded BMP-2 has been sent to domestic auto majors Mahindra & Mahindra, Tata Motors, Force Motors, Ashok Leyland, Maruti Udyog and Crompton Greaves, and to MTU of Germany, Thales of France and Rosoboronexport of Russia.

 

The Army requires engines able to generate 350 to 380 horsepower and are easy to maintain and operate in extreme weather conditions. The existing engine of the BMP-2 has 285 horsepower and is not suited for cross-country mobility.

 

The upgrade will improve observation and surveillance, night-fighting capability and fire control, and will provide an improved anti-tank guided missile system and 30mm automatic grenade launcher.

 

The Russians last year offered their BMP-3 vehicles to replace the FICV, but no decision was made.

 

The proposed FICV project would be the first built in the “Make India” category, which means only Indian companies would be allowed to participate.

 

The project would involve participation by the Indian government and Indian companies. Two short-listed companies would be asked to make an FICV prototype, and after field trials of the prototype, the winning company would produce up to 2,600 FICVs.

 

After nearly two years of discussions, no final decision has been made about which companies will participate.

 

The Defense Ministry had selected state-owned Bharat Earth Movers and a consortium of Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra Defense and Tata Power, but former Indian Army chief general, V.K. Singh, questioned the ability of the Indian companies to take on such a big project, MoD sources said.

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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 07:35
Bushmaster - 1000 strong and still going

12 June 2013 Thales

 

The 1,000th Bushmaster vehicle to be produced at Thales Australia’s Bendigo facility will be delivered to the Australian Defence Force this Friday.

 

The Bushmaster is an Australian success story, delivering for the ADF, the local defence industry and Australia’s domestic manufacturing capability.

 

Most importantly, the Bushmaster has saved hundreds of Australian lives.

 

The milestone will be marked at an event at Thales’s Bendigo facility in Victoria, where the 1,000th Bushmaster will be officially handed over to the Department of Defence.

 

Chris Jenkins, Thales Australia’s CEO, said: "This is a very important day because the Bushmaster has become such a recognised life-saving vehicle thanks to its performance on overseas operations with the ADF and other customers.

 

To have produced 1,000 vehicles is a testament not only to the Bushmaster’s innovative design and technology, but also to the high quality of its manufacturing. This is due to the skills and expertise of the workforce we have in Bendigo, where 200 people are dedicated to ensuring the continued success and evolution of the Bushmaster platform.

 

"Australian industry has played a vital role in this achievement. There are around 120 companies in the Bushmaster supply chain, many of them local SMEs whose hard work, innovation and commitment to delivery have helped make the Bushmaster what it is today."

 

"Working together, Defence, Thales Australia and our industry partners have created a vital strategic capability, fully proven and ready to produce the next generation light protected vehicle, Hawkei, for the ADF and export markets."

 

During the event Thales Australia will also formally launch its partnership with Soldier On and sponsorship of the 2013 Walking With The Wounded South Pole Allied Challenge. Walking With The Wounded raises funds to train the wounded, injured and sick, assisting them to find a career outside the military. The Challenge involves three teams of wounded servicemen and women from the UK, US and the Commonwealth (Australia and Canada) racing to the Geographic South Pole in November and December. http://soldieron.org.au

 

 

About Thales

Thales is a global technology leader for the Defence & Security and the Aerospace & Transport markets. In 2012, the company generated revenues of €14.2 billion (equivalent of AUD 17.6 billion) with 67,000 employees in 56 countries. With its 25,000 engineers and researchers, Thales has a unique capability to design, develop and deploy equipment, systems and services that meet the most complex security requirements. Thales has an exceptional international footprint, with operations around the world working with customers and local partners.

 

Thales Australia is a trusted partner of the Australian Defence Force and is also present in commercial sectors ranging from air traffic management to security systems and services. Employing around 3,300 people in over 35 sites across the country, Thales Australia recorded revenues of AUD 1 billion in 2012.

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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 07:35
Desperate Eurocopter Pleads For Clarity On Copter Deal

June 09, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist

 

For Eurocopter, it's not quite a nightmare deja vu. It's actually a lot worse. With India's $750-million light reconnaissance & surveillance helicopter (RSH) acquisition in a graveyard spin, the company is rapidly losing patience -- and hope -- of a recovery. There couldn't possibly be a worse situation for a firm that already saw a programme abort in December 2007 during the first iteration of the acquisition, an effort that imploded following allegations by Bell Helicopter that Eurocopter had failed to comply with trial specifications. This time around, already delayed inordinately, the acquisition has been specifically stalled following the discovery of certain information as part of the Finmeccanica investigations, which suggested that a serving Indian Army officer had offered to rig field evaluation trials in the acquisition to favour AgustaWestland -- the officer is currently under investigation in India. It is all but official, though, that the deal will never get back on track, and is more likely to die a quiet death. Eurocopter's consternation is clear.
 
Livefist has exclusive access to a recent letter written (see right) by Eurocopter's VP Sales & Customer Relations for India & South Asia, Rainer Farid, to India's Director General (Acquisitions), in which he writes, "It is particularly disturbing that there seem to be certain groups with vested interests who are continuously trying to derail the procurement process, by resorting to incorrect complaints regarding the conduct of field trials and technical evaluation results."
 
Desperate Eurocopter Pleads For Clarity On Copter Deal
The timeline of this protracted and crucial programme is as follows:
 
  • July 2008: Indian MoD issues RfP to global vendors -- this is the second RfP after the first competition was scrapped following certain deviations by contenders.
  • Dec 2008: Technical and commercial offers submitted by contenders.
  • Nov 2009: MoD calls for field evaluation trials.
  • Jan 2010: Field evaluation trials commence - Winter trials in desert & high altitude in Phase 1 during Jan-Feb 2010, Maintainability evaluation trials in Phase 2 during March 2010, Evaluation trials in deserts and high altitude in Phase 3 during May-Jun 2010 and finally, Role and mission systems trials in Russia and France during Phase 4 in Jan 2011.
  • Jan 2011: Army and IAF submit trial report to MoD.
  • Feb-Dec 2011: General staff evaluation and vetting of the trial report submitted by the Army and IAF
  • Jan 2012: MoD orders Technical Oversight Committee (TOC) to validate the General Staff Evaluation report
  • April 2012: MoD orders Special Technical Oversight Committee (STOC) to validate the TOC report.
  • June 2012: STOC submits its final report to the Defence Secretary.

 

Eurocopter had said it wouldn't extend the validity of its commercial bid beyond March 31, 2013, but finally did so, as the MoD required, till December 31, 2013. Now they'll be wondering if that was even necessary. Kamov, which competes with its Ka-226T Sergei refused to comment officially, but an official with Russian Helicopter Co. did sound upbeat about the programme when I spoke to him a week ago.

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12 juin 2013 3 12 /06 /juin /2013 16:35
Témoignage d’un engagé volontaire - L’Afghanistan en feu

12/06/2013 Armée de Terre
 

Préfacé par le général d’armée Bertrand Ract Madoux, chef d'Etat-major de l'armée de Terre (CEMAT), qui rend hommage à « ces  88 soldats qui ont perdu la vie sur ces contreforts de l’Himalaya pour assurer, loin des leurs, la sécurité de nos concitoyens » ce livre est le premier témoignage écrit par un militaire du rang de retour de mission en Afghanistan, un«petit fragment de cette aventure militaire ».

S’appuyant sur les notes de son journal de bord, l’auteur nous immerge dans la vie sur la base, sur le terrain. Il nous fait partager les jours sans répit, les tours de garde dans ce pays de l’insolence. C’est pour honorer la mémoire de son camarade Hervé dont le véhicule a sauté sur un IED le 8 janvier 2011, à quelques mètres de lui, que l’auteur a publié ce récit qu’il dédie à tous ses camarades. Avec une liberté de ton, une franchise non dénuée de pudeur, il livre son ressenti et ses réflexions sur le sens de la mission des militaires qu’illustre, en exergue, la citation magnifique de Jean Lartéguy :« les hommes de guerre sont de l’espèce qui se rase pour mourir. Ils croient à la rédemption de l’homme par la vertu de l’exercice et du pas cadencé. Ils cultivent la force physique et la belle gueule, s’offrant le luxe des réveils précoces dans les matins glacés et des marches harassantes pour la joie de s’éprouver. Ce sont les derniers poètes de la gratuité absolue. »

 

« Cette citation m’avait été transmise en 1995 par mon premier chef de peloton, et m’a marqué à vie. Pour moi, elle résume l’engagement du soldat. » Le caporal-chef est actuellement au camp de Fontevraud pour une prochaine projection au Mali. Entre deux exercices d’entraînement intensif, il évoque son incursion dans le monde de l’écriture.  « J’écrivais d’abord pour mes enfants afin que plus tard, devenus grands, ils comprennent mes absences et le sens de mes missions. J’écrivais aussi pour mes camarades de l’escadron afin de ne pas oublier les moments forts que nous avions partagés. J’écrivais enfin pour honorer la mémoire de tous ceux qui ont disparu. » Etonné de retrouver son nom sur la couverture d’un livre « même si j’ai passé 3 mois à réécrire mes notes, de retour d’Afghanistan, un vrai travail, ce n’était pas destiné à être publié ! »  C’est au cours d’une journée rencontre avec un auteur organisée par la FNAC en mai dernier qu’il a fait son baptême du feu au contact du grand public. « On me posait plein de questions sur la vie quotidienne en mission, sur les liens qu’on avait avec la population, sur le mode de vie des Afghans, sur l’évolution du pays, des questions plus personnelles sur la manière dont ma famille avait appréhendé mes missions, mes absences. » Si écrire demeure aussi un exutoire, le caporal-chef Gargoullaud mesure à sa juste portée ces moments où il peut, à son niveau, témoigner auprès du grand public : « Prochain rendez-vous au Festival international du livre militaire, à Coëtquidan, le 19 juillet. Encore une occasion de rencontrer d’autres auteurs et le public ! »

 

>>> Plus d'information sur le Festival international du livre militaire

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12 juin 2013 3 12 /06 /juin /2013 16:35
India Adding 40,000 Mountain Troops at China Border

Jun. 12, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News

 

NEW DELHI — Shortly after new Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang visited here, India has decided to proceed with a plan to add more than 40,000 troops in the form of a mountain corps to bolster its strength on the Chinese border.

 

The Ministry of Defence prepared the plan two years ago and has awaited consideration by the Ministry of Finance, which has given approval. Now, it must be cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security, an MoD source said.

 

About US $12 billion will be spent to raise the additional troops, and the new corps is expected to be functioning within 10 years, an Army official said. Additional weapons and equipment will be purchased.

 

“The elite mountain corps will be able to fill this gap in preparedness, thereby adding to the conventional stability in the medium to long term, though in the short term it may be perceived as destabilizing,” defense analyst Rahul Bhonsle said.

 

Last month, China’s Li visited New Delhi, his first foreign visit after taking office, amid reports that Chinese troops had intruded into Indian territory. The issue was discussed during a meeting with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, though the point was passed off as “an incident,” an Indian External Affairs Ministry source said.

 

“The raising of additional troops to be deployed along the border with China is bound to raise tempers in Beijing,” the source said.

 

Analysts here, however, are unanimous that India and China can ill afford to go to war in the immediate future as both are building themselves economically.

 

“Given the track record of handling their military and diplomatic showdown ... China and India are not likely to go to war anytime soon,” said Swaran Singh, professor for diplomacy and disarmament at Jawaharlal Nehru Univer­sity. “It’s not a strong possibility even in their medium-term trajectories. It is not in their interest and the interest of the international community, which will ensure it does not occur.

 

“The strongest incentive against war is their historic chance to achieve their peaceful rise followed by greater recognition and participation in world decision-making bodies.”

 

But Bhonsle said New Delhi must manage the issue carefully.

 

“India will certainly have to make extensive efforts to manage concerns that may be raised by China; [otherwise], the move will prove counterproductive and will only lead to increases in force levels on both the sides,” he said. “Confidence-building measures on the boundary and greater transparency in raising the force, including the fact that it is being positioned in the interior, should assuage Beijing.”

 

The Army official welcomed the new, because the service is operating at only 60 percent of its required capability level.

 

As the troops will be deployed in hilly terrain, new purchases will include light tanks, specialized vehicles, light artillery guns and advanced infantry equipment.

 

The Army also will buyammunition and small arms, hand-held thermal imagers, UAVs, aerostat-based radar, portable missiles, air-defense artillery and lightweight radar.

 

The service will establish network-centric warfare systems for the elite troops, including advanced C4ISR equip­ment, and information warfare systems, Army sources said.

 

On the composition of the weapons required, Bhonsle said, “the weapons and equipment will include the whole gamut from reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition, firepower, tactical and logistics mobility including helicopters, communications and so on. Five years for forming up and almost eight to 10 years for full-spectrum effectiveness may be reasonable to assume.”

 

The 4,057-kilometer Line of Actual Control is India’s current border with China. The eastern sector, bordering the states of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, is the most contentious, where China claims 90,000 square kilometers of territory that India occupies.

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12 juin 2013 3 12 /06 /juin /2013 12:50
Une partie de l’armée néerlandaise passe sous tutelle allemande

11 juin 2013 par: Romain Mielcarek - ActuDéfense

 

La 21ème brigade aéromobile néerlandaise va être directement intégrée à une unité binationale. Une perte d’autonomie conséquente pour les Pays-Bas qui créent ainsi un précédent historique en Europe.

 

Au cours d’un discours à Berlin, le 28 mai dernier, la ministre néerlandaise à la Défense s’est montrée parfaitement claire : «la coopération militaire n’est plus un choix, c’est une nécessité !». Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert annonçait alors un événement historique pour son pays : toute une partie de son armée va être directement fusionnée avec celle de l’Allemagne.

Ce partenariat, parfaitement inédit en Europe, va mixer au sein d’unités communes plusieurs pans de la défense des deux pays. La 21e brigade aéromobile néerlandaise, soit quelque 4 500 hommes, vont ainsi rejoindre à partir de 2014 une division binationale aux côtés de la Division de réaction rapide allemande (DSK). Les Pays-Bas fournissent ainsi leur contingent le plus opérationnel, accompagné de ses hélicoptères, tandis que les Allemands gardent d’autres unités capables de se déployer en toute autonomie.

Militaires allemands et néerlandais doivent de plus collectiviser leurs formations et certains choix d’équipements. Des experts militaires seront échangés entre Berlin et Amsterdam. Enfin, par la suite, d’autres unités devraient être mixées, comme la défense anti-aérienne ou la défense anti-missile ainsi que les forces sous-marines néerlandaises.

 

Rupture stratégique et perte de souveraineté

«C’est une vraie rupture, analyse Etienne de Durand, directeur de recherche à l’Institut français des relations internationales (IFRI). Les Néerlandais ont toujours été très atlantistes et donc interventionnistes, alors que les Allemands sont politiquement plus réservés à l’égard des interventions.» C’est effectivement une «mauvaise nouvelle pour les Américains», confirme Joseph Henrotin, rédacteur en chef du magazine Défense et Sécurité internationale.

Les instances de commandement de cette nouvelle division seront en effet basées en Allemagne. Les Néerlandais risquent de voir leurs choix politiques dans les domaines stratégiques soumis à la nécessité d’un aval allemand. «Il est facile de bien s’entendre tant qu’on ne va pas sur le terrain», remarque Joseph Henrotin. Ce fin observateur des armées à travers le monde remarque ainsi que les forces néerlandaises ont souvent été un vrai appui pour les Américains, au cours de leurs différentes interventions de l’Irak à l’Afghanistan. A l’inverse, les Allemands ont toujours fait en sorte de ne pas exposer leurs propres forces.

Cette division, dont l’objectif annoncé est de pouvoir secourir des ressortissants néerlandais et allemands n’importe où dans le monde, sera donc soumise à la décision politique des deux pays. Ce sont les fondements de la puissance néerlandaise qui risquent, à terme, d’être fondus dans la stratégie allemande. Dans le cas des sous-marins, «ces bâtiments ont par exemple été très utiles pour recueillir du renseignement au large de l’Iran ou pour lutter contre la piraterie en surveillant les ports du Golfe d’Aden», explique Joseph Henrotin. Autant de missions pour lesquelles les forces néerlandaises perdent leur autonomie de décision.

 

Pas forcément positif pour l’Europe de la Défense

Pour Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, ces inquiétudes sont sans fondement. «Devons-nous vraiment craindre une perte de souveraineté ?», interroge-elle dans son discours de Berlin. «Ou ne devrions-nous pas plutôt redéfinir ce concept ?» Si la ministre néerlandaise voit dans cette réforme une manière différente de défendre l’Europe, beaucoup s’inquiètent surtout de voir ici un effet pervers des réductions budgétaires.

«Cela ne traduit aucun plan, remarque ainsi Etienne de Durand. Personne n’est d’accord sur l’emploi de la force dans la gestion des crises internationales ou même sur les priorités stratégiques communes.» «C’est dans l’ère du temps, tout le monde réduit ses budgets de défense», constate également Joseph Henrotin. Pour ce dernier, d’autres pays pourraient suivre le mouvement. Reste à savoir à quelle logique stratégique et culturelle ils pourraient vouloir se rattacher. Tandis que les pays les plus à l’est s’inquiètent du réarmement russe, les Allemands défendent l’idée d’une sanctuarisation et d’un repli sur soi stratégique. Là-dedans, Français et Britanniques pourraient se retrouver bien seuls à tâcher tant bien que mal de défendre des capacités de projection.

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11 juin 2013 2 11 /06 /juin /2013 16:50
Personnel from 143 (West Midlands) Brigade erect a flood defence barrier at the National Grid gas compressor station at Alrewas during the exercise [Picture: Sergeant Russ Nolan RLC, UK MoD]

Personnel from 143 (West Midlands) Brigade erect a flood defence barrier at the National Grid gas compressor station at Alrewas during the exercise [Picture: Sergeant Russ Nolan RLC, UK MoD]

11 June 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

Army personnel have joined local authorities and emergency services to see how prepared they are to tackle a major environmental incident.

 

Exercise Triton took place in Staffordshire and was designed to see how the Army worked alongside partners from the area when it comes to emergency planning.

220 personnel from 143 (West Midlands) Brigade, drawn from its headquarters, the Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomanry, 159 Supply Regiment Royal Logistic Corps, Birmingham University Officer Training Corps and 22 Signal Regiment, were deployed on the exercise.

The scenario centred on abnormally heavy rainfall causing severe flooding around the county, including the failure of a dam at Blithfield Reservoir.

Tasks tackled by the military included erecting flood defence bunds (embankments) around the National Grid gas compressor station at Alrewas, assisting in the rescue of civilians and evacuating people at risk, and involved the use of a search and rescue Sea King helicopter.

Major incidents are logged
Major incidents are logged as they occur [Picture: Sergeant Russ Nolan RLC, Crown copyright]

The brigade also provided senior staff for the strategic (gold) and tactical (silver) control groups based at Staffordshire Police headquarters and Tamworth Community Fire Station, respectively, as well as running an operations room from brigade headquarters at Copthorne Barracks in Shrewsbury.

The Army drew in soldiers and sailors from as far away as Plymouth and Aldershot to ensure a realistic mobilisation procedure.

The second exercise of its kind for Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent, it featured ‘players’ at all response levels, including live search and rescue play, with helicopters from the Royal Air Force, police and air ambulance operating from a combined co-ordination cell.

Lieutenant Colonel Guy Chambers, Joint Resilience Liaison Officer for the Army in the West Midlands, said:

Triton was the culmination of a series of exercises that we have been involved in with Staffordshire.

There is no doubt that the long history of integration with the Staffordshire responders and the military has fostered close relationships and detailed understanding. There is no question that the Staffordshire plans have been thoroughly tested and all parties have great confidence in the plans, the response and each other.

A Royal Air Force Sea King helicopter carries out a river rescue
A Royal Air Force Sea King helicopter carries out a river rescue during the exercise [Picture: Sergeant Russ Nolan RLC, Crown copyright]

Project Manager Sarah Moore, from the Staffordshire Civil Contingencies Unit, said:

Exercises like this are really important to test our capabilities and find any flaws in our plans so that we are in a better position to respond should real events occur. All organisations taking part have put in a great deal of effort to ensure a realistic scenario and response.

Staffordshire Police Deputy Chief Constable Jane Sawyers added:

I would like to say a very big thank you to everyone who took part in Exercise Triton. The exercise provided a unique opportunity for all Staffordshire Resilience Forum (SRF) partners to practise their internal and multi-agency response plans in a realistic and challenging scenario.

Above all, we have had the confidence to commit to doing this through a 24-hour period of constant exercise play that simultaneously tested multi-agency gold, silver and bronze levels for the first time.

This was something that was endorsed by the SRF when the exercise concept was approved almost 2 years ago and it is perhaps the closest that we can come to simulating the pressure of a complex multi-agency response for real.

In order for us to build on the significant learning that will no doubt come from Exercise Triton, there will now be a range of follow-on activities aimed at capturing lessons from all participants.

Brigadier Gerhard Wheeler and Lieutenant Colonel Christopher Ledsham
Brigadier Gerhard Wheeler, Commander 143 (West Midlands) Brigade, receives a briefing from Lieutenant Colonel Christopher Ledsham [Picture: Sergeant Russ Nolan RLC, Crown copyright]

Participating players included Staffordshire County Council, Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service, West Midlands Ambulance Service, the NHS, utility companies, Highways and Transport, Staffordshire Civil Contingencies Unit, and various government departments and voluntary sector organisations. In all 37 different response agencies took part in the exercise.

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11 juin 2013 2 11 /06 /juin /2013 12:55
Le général Bouquin, inspecteur de l'armée de terre

6 juin 2013 par Henri Weill - ainsi-va-le-monde.blogspot.fr

 

Le général de division Alain Bouquin deviendra le 1er août prochain, inspecteur de l'armée de terre. Il succède au général (CA) Nicolas de Lardemelle. Il occupait depuis la fin de l'été 2011, à la DGA, les fonctions de chef du service d'architecture des systèmes de forces. Auparavant, commandant la Légion étrangère (2009-2011), cet homme discret avait eu à gérer quelques faits divers, un environnement médiatique "sensible", comme l'avait décrit alors l'un de ses proches, et des relations "pas toujours simples" selon la même source, avec le chef d'état-major de l'armée de terre de l'époque, le général Elrick Irastorza. Alain Bouquin avait alors négocié en diplomate et contribué à sortir de cette période de crispation.

 

Cette nomination est accompagnée d'une quatrième étoile. Le 1er août, il deviendra donc général de corps d'armée.

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10 juin 2013 1 10 /06 /juin /2013 16:30
Two Guardium unmanned ground vehicles (IDF photo)

Two Guardium unmanned ground vehicles (IDF photo)

10.06.2013 IDF - army-guide.com

 

Head of robotics development: IDF uses robotic technology “to strengthen our forces’ operational capability and to facilitate the IDF’s ground superiority”.

 

Senior officers of the Defense Ministry’s Administration for the Development of Weapons and Technological Infrastructure (MAFAT) were among the participants and speakers in a conference on robotics and its potential for military use held at Tel Aviv University this week.

 

In a session dealing with the use of robotics for security and military purposes, Lt. Col. Gabi, head of MAFAT’s Robotics Division, delivered a general survey of ground robotics in the IDF.

 

“Our systems operate in coordination with existing weapons systems, so as to strengthen our forces’ operational capability and to facilitate the IDF’s ground superiority,” he stated.

 

Lt. Col. Gabi's lecture focused largely on the IDF's use of unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs). “These tools travel on a complex network of predetermined roads, and 90 percent of the time, that happens without the intervention of their operators,” he said.

 

Currently, the IDF uses UGVs – including the Israeli-developed Guardium – primarily within the Southern Command. UGVs are also used as observation tools along the Judea and Samaria security fence.

 

Reducing danger for soldiers

 

In addition to its UGVs, the IDF uses robots to identify and neutralize explosives. These robots utilize advanced capabilities – such as three-dimensional mapping in real time, identifying barriers and planning routes – so as to minimize the involvement of the operators and allow them to focus on other tasks.

 

“These actions are performed to allow for the opening of roads for the free and safe movement of military forces,” Lt. Col. Gabi explained.

 

Lt. Col. Gabi discussed various combat scenarios in which robots and UGVs can assist ground forces. “One of the [necessary tasks], for instance, is the clearing of roads from threats or explosives, and it makes perfect sense for this to be done as much as possible by unmanned systems,” he explained. “The UGVs can observe from closer and more dangerous points and draw fire toward themselves tactically.”

 

In urban combat scenarios, he noted, robotic technology can play a particularly important role in keeping soldiers safe. “The robots sometimes go in front of the forces, open challenging roads such as narrow alleys and assist logistically. A robot can help lighten a soldier’s burden, so that if the soldier is confronted with a battle, he or she can respond appropriately,” Lt. Col. Gabi stated.

 

He added that he IDF hopes to further upgrade such technology, with plans to begin using a new computerized system that will generate an approximate route for a UGV. The precise route, however, will be determined by the UGV itself.

 

“The [UGV] will be equipped with obstacle detection sensors, cameras and other tools, and it will be able to identify the barriers by itself and circumvent them,” he explained.

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10 juin 2013 1 10 /06 /juin /2013 07:45
Libya army chief of staff 'resigns' after deadly clashes

9 June 2013 BBC Africa

 

Libyan army chief of staff Youssef al-Mangoush has reportedly resigned after 30 people died in clashes between protesters and a militia in Benghazi.

 

The General National Congress accepted his resignation in a session on Sunday, sources at the assembly say.

 

The clashes erupted when protesters gathered outside the Libya Shield Brigade premises demanding it disband.

 

The government has struggled to tackle the presence of armed militias since Col Gaddafi's death in 2011.

 

The BBC's Rana Jawad says Mr Mangoush, who was due to be replaced soon anyway, was seen as ineffective and to blame for much of the country's problems with the militias.

 

Peaceful protests outside the militia headquarters soon turned violent

 

The army chief submitted his resignation in a closed door session of the GNC, a member of congress told the BBC.

 

It comes as part of a wider decree, according to the same source, which also includes the appointment of a judge to investigate and break up the militias, as well as declare three days of mourning.

 

Mr Mangoush's deputy, Salem al-Gnaidy, will stand in as acting army chief until a new one is chosen, Reuters news agency reports.

 

Army takeover

 

A doctor at Benghazi's main hospital says that some of the deaths were caused by gunshot wounds to the chest and that there were six cases of amputations among the dozens of people injured.

 

Following Saturday's violence, the Libyan army said it would take control of all bases run by the Libya Shield Brigade in Benghazi.

 

The main headquarters, where the clashes took place, is already in the hands of a special forces unit in the city, an army spokesman said.

 

While it is not clear what the handover means in the long-term, it is clear that officials have not used the word "dismantle" - a key demand of the protesters - our correspondent says.

 

The government has also promised to follow investigations into the incident closely and a GNC statement said it was saddened by the events.

 

However, the Congress did not issue any direct criticism towards the Libya Shield Brigade, which will be seen by many as the authorities tip-toeing around the issue of militias and semi-autonomous brigades, our correspondent adds.

 

It also illustrates the weakness of the government in facing the matter head on, she says.

 

Tens of thousands of people took to the streets of Benghazi last year to eject a number of armed groups that they blamed for continuing lawlessness in the city.

 

This followed an attack on the US consulate in Benghazi that killed four people, including US ambassador Chris Stevens.

 

Some officials blamed the attack on some of the largest brigades in the city, saying they were operating under the ministry of defence, our correspondent says.

 

Growing resentment towards armed militias was compounded after militiamen laid siege to various government ministries in Tripoli in April.

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9 juin 2013 7 09 /06 /juin /2013 12:50
A gunner from 1st Battalion The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment looks along the sights of a general purpose machine gun [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, UK MoD]

A gunner from 1st Battalion The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment looks along the sights of a general purpose machine gun [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, UK MoD]

7 June 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

Over 2,000 troops and 750 vehicles from 20th Armoured Brigade have been preparing for the scenarios likely to be faced in future conflicts.

 

Exercise Bavarian Charger is the first of 3 large exercises being undertaken by the brigade this summer, and is designed to prepare personnel for contingency operations post-Afghanistan.

Captain Strachan-Hayes from Headquarters 20th Armoured Brigade said:

This is the culmination of 4 or 5 months of training within the battle groups of the brigade where we have taken individual soldiers and built up their skills to platoon then company level.

We don’t know what contingency will look like; the future of operations might be very different so we have to look at a broad spectrum of capabilities.

This exercise has focused on the worst case scenario; how we might attack or defend against a force that is of parity, integrating the all arms concept with the aviation assets, and transitioning from offensive operations into security operations where we would be required to protect the local nationals and reassure the population.

A Challenger 2 main battle tank
A British Challenger 2 main battle tank live firing in Grafenwöhr, Germany [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]

The training was split into 3 phases starting with a demanding 2-week live firing package on the ranges of Grafenwöhr, which culminated in a series of attacks with the combined firepower of Challenger tanks, Warriors, Apache helicopters, infantry and artillery assets.

The brigade then travelled to Hohenfels, 100 kilometres further south. This move through open German countryside was designed to simulate the kind of challenges facing an armed force moving through a hostile environment. It also provided an opportunity to test the skills of 1 Logistic Support Regiment, who were co-ordinating the move.

The third phase took place in the heavily wooded and hilly terrain of the Hohenfels training area where the focus was on the planning and execution of operations at battle group and company level.

Soldiers from 2nd Battalion The Rifles
Soldiers from 2nd Battalion The Rifles conduct house-clearing in a village [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]

The 5th Battalion The Rifles (5 RIFLES) and Queen’s Dragoon Guards Battle Groups were tested on tactics which involved sweeping across the battlefield in armoured vehicles before switching to peace support operations that required a more subtle and tempered approach.

For many of the Challenger crews from C Squadron of the Queen’s Royal Hussars this was the first time they had worked together on this kind of terrain and also the first time they had used their tanks in a counter-insurgency battle.

Besides the demanding pace of the exercise another challenge came in the form of the weather, with record rainfall over the 3 weeks causing severe flooding in south Germany and putting a dampener on morale, especially for the infantry troops of 5 RIFLES who were exposed to the unrelenting downpours during the digging-in phase.

Despite this, brigade personnel achieved some valuable training and had the chance to refresh their core skills having returned from Afghanistan in 2012.

Soldiers disembark a German CH-53G Stallion helicopter
Soldiers from the Queen's Dragoon Guards Battle Group disembark a German CH-53G Stallion helicopter [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
Soldiers build a 5-bay medium girder bridge
Soldiers from 37 Armoured Engineer Squadron build a 5-bay medium girder bridge for armoured vehicles to use [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
Soldiers from 1st Battalion The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
A Javelin (anti-tank weapon) fire team from 1st Battalion The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
An Apache attack helicopter
A British Apache attack helicopter provides close air support for the troops on the ground [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
Armoured vehicles
Armoured vehicles arrive in Hohenfels from Grafenwöhr by cargo train [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
British Challenger 2 main battle tanks and Warrior armoured infantry fighting vehicles
A panoramic view of British Challenger 2 main battle tanks and Warrior infantry fighting vehicles on the live firing range at Grafenwöhr [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
A soldier from 5th Battalion The Rifles
A soldier from 5th Battalion The Rifles provides cover for his colleagues [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
A British Warrior armoured infantry fighting vehicle
A British Warrior infantry fighting vehicle patrolling across the live firing range in Grafenwöhr [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
A British Challenger 2 main battle tank
A British Challenger 2 main battle tank live firing in Grafenwöhr [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
A soldier from the Queen's Dragoon Guards Battle Group
A soldier from the Queen's Dragoon Guards Battle Group moves to a firing position [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
A soldier from the Queen's Dragoon Guards Battle Group
A soldier from the Queen's Dragoon Guards Battle Group on a foot patrol [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
Soldiers build a 5-bay medium girder bridge
Soldiers from 37 Armoured Engineer Squadron build a 5-bay medium girder bridge for armoured vehicles to use [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]
AS90 self-propelled gun
An AS90 self-propelled gun from 26th Regiment Royal Artillery firing 155-millimetre shells [Picture: Corporal Wes Calder RLC, Crown copyright]

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8 juin 2013 6 08 /06 /juin /2013 10:55

7 juin 2013 Armée de Terre

 

Le 16 bataillon de chasseurs stationné a Bitche (57) a réceptionné ses premiers VBCI. Le convoi ferroviaire est arrivé en gare militaire du camp de Bitche le vendredi 31 au soir. Treize engins ont été débarqué, un 2e convoi devrait arrivé fin juin et livrera les 16 derniers engins. Le 16 BC est la 3e unité de combat a être équipé de la triade FELIN-VBCI-NEB.

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6 juin 2013 4 06 /06 /juin /2013 06:45

5 June 2013 Last updated at 19:23 GMT BBC Africa

 

Malian soldiers have clashed with secular separatist Tuareg fighters near the northern town of Kidal, army and rebel spokesmen have told the BBC.

Kidal has been held by the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) since February, when Islamist militants fled the city.

Thomas Fessy reports from neighbouring Senegal.

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6 juin 2013 4 06 /06 /juin /2013 06:45
Mali: l’armée se bat avec le MNLA

5 juin, 2013 - 17:29 GMT BBC Afrique

 

L’armée malienne a pris le contrôle mercredi de la localité d’Anefis, à une centaine de km de Kidal dans le nord du Mali, après des combats avec les rebelles touareg du MNLA, le Mouvement national de libération de l'Azawad.

 

10 membres du MNLA ont été tués, selon l’armée malienne, un bilan que récuse le MNLA, évoquant 2 morts dans ses rangs.

 

Il s’agit des premiers combats entre l’armée malienne et la rébellion touareg depuis l’intervention militaire française et africaine en janvier pour chasser les combattants islamistes du nord du Mali.

 

L'armée malienne affirme vouloir reprendre à terme la ville de Kidal, occupée depuis fin janvier par le MNLA, accusé d’exactions contre ses habitants noirs.

 

L’armée souhaite contrôler Kidal avant la tenue de l'élection présidentielle prévue pour le 28 juillet.

 

Les combats à Anefis ont commencé vers 6:30 mercredi matin, selon le maire d’Anefis, Izga Ag Sidi.

 

“Un convoi d’au moins 300 véhicules de l’armée est arrivé la nuit dernière. Nous avons ordonné à nos hommes de quitter Anefis pour faire en sorte que la bataille se déroule en dehors de la ville pour épargner les vies de la population d’Anefis”, a déclaré à l’agence AP un responsable du MNLA Ibrahim Ag Mohamed Assaleh.

 

"L'armée malienne (...)a décidé de régler la situation par la guerre et le gouvernement malien assumera toutes les conséquences", a déclaré à l'AFP Mahamadou Djeri Maïga, vice-président du MNLA.

 

Selon le MNLA, des combats ont également eu lieu à Amassine, à une centaine de km à l’ouest de Kidal.

 

Les forces maliennes "continuent leur progression" en direction de Kidal, a déclaré le porte-parole de l’armée malienne, le lieutenant-colonel Souleymane Maïga.

 

Soutien diplomatique de la France

 

La France a appelé les "groupes armés" du Nord à "déposer les armes".

 

Laurent Fabius, ministre français des Affaires étrangères, a déclaré à Paris que "le pouvoir malien demande l'intégrité du Mali et il a raison".

 

Les combats entre l’armée malienne et le MNLA interviennent alors que des négociations se déroulent à Ouagadougou sous l'égide de la médiation burkinabè entre représentants du MNLA et Tiébilé Dramé, émissaire du régime de transition malien.

 

Le MNLA, qui occupe Kidal depuis le départ des islamistes armés chassés fin janvier par l'intervention militaire française au Mali, refuse, depuis, la présence de l'armée et de l'administration maliennes dans la ville.

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5 juin 2013 3 05 /06 /juin /2013 12:50
The Terrier is the British Army's newest and most advanced engineering vehicle [Picture: Andrew Linnett, UK MoD]

The Terrier is the British Army's newest and most advanced engineering vehicle [Picture: Andrew Linnett, UK MoD]

 

 

5 June 2013 Ministry of Defence

 

The British Army has taken delivery of Terrier, its newest and most advanced engineering vehicle.

 

The armoured digger gives the Royal Engineers a state-of-the-art capability that can be used to carry out a variety of tasks both in the UK and on future operations.

Despite weighing 30 tonnes, Terrier is an agile and versatile piece of equipment that can reach speeds of almost 50 miles per hour. It is fitted with 5 on-board cameras and thermal imaging technology, providing soldiers with a 360-degree surveillance capability that can be used day and night.

The technology used in Terrier is so advanced that the vehicle can be operated by remote control, enabling soldiers to clear routes from a safe distance.

Able to transport up to 5,000 kilograms of material, Terrier has a range of interchangeable equipment such as a forklift and rock hammer that makes it highly adaptable. The vehicle can also be equipped with a 7.62 millimetre general purpose machine gun and smoke grenade launchers for use in combat.

The Terrier - a tracked, armoured engineer vehicle

The Army will receive 60 Terriers as part of a £360 million project with BAE Systems, who have designed and built the vehicle in the UK.

Warrant Officer Steve Cahill, Royal Engineers, who has trialled Terrier, said:

The Terrier is a world-leading engineer support and combat vehicle which can dig holes, lift objects and drill into the ground or shatter concrete. All whilst being controlled remotely and providing armoured protection, top cover and smoke shields for our troops.

Very much in line with the ethos of the Corps of Royal Engineers, Terrier is a versatile vehicle capable of taking on a variety of tasks.

The head of the British Army, Chief of the General Staff General Sir Peter Wall, said:

The Terrier armoured digger is excellent news for the Army. Its versatility will pay huge dividends on the battlefields of the future. We could not be happier with this new armoured engineer capability.

 

Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology Philip Dunne said:

The Terrier vehicle is a great example of the contribution that the British defence industry makes to our Armed Forces. Designed and built in the UK by BAE Systems, it will provide technological advances for our troops with a more robust and versatile engineering capability.

The Terrier - a tracked, armoured engineer vehicle
Fitted with five on-board cameras and thermal imaging technology, Terrier provides soldiers with a 360-degree surveillance capability [Picture: David Tucker, Crown copyright]
The Terrier demonstrates its digging capability
The Terrier demonstrates its digging capability on the Bovington training area [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]
The Terrier - a tracked, armoured engineer vehicle
The armoured digger gives the Royal Engineers a state-of-the art capability that can be used to carry out a variety of tasks [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]
The Terrier - a tracked, armoured engineer vehicle
The Terrier being demonstrated at the Armoured Trials and Development Unit in Bovington [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]
Operating the Terrier by remote control
The technology used in Terrier is so advanced that the vehicle can be operated by remote control, enabling soldiers to clear routes from a safe distance [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]
The Terrier - a tracked, armoured engineer vehicle
The Terrier weighs in at 30 tonnes, is both agile and versatile, and can reach speeds of almost 50 miles per hour [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]
The Terrier - a tracked, armoured engineer vehicle
The Terrier can also be equipped with a 7.62mm general purpose machine gun and smoke grenade launchers for use in combat [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]

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5 juin 2013 3 05 /06 /juin /2013 12:40

MOSCOU, 4 juin - RIA Novosti

 

Donner à des robots un travail dangereux pour l'homme est complètement normal. Les plus grandes puissances militaires travaillent déjà dans ce sens et la Russie ne devrait pas prendre de retard, écrit mardi le quotidien Vedomosti du 4 juin 2013.

 

Le ministre de la Défense russe Sergueï Choïgou a reconnu hier que les appareils de combat robotisés russes étaient pour l'instant en retard par rapport à leurs concurrents étrangers. La conception de robots de combat est prévue par le programme de défense 2011-2020 mais les délais sont constamment retardés et la qualité de la production se réduit en raison du retard technologique des entreprises, une mauvaise organisation de travail sur les contrats d'Etat et le manque de personnel qualifié.

 

L'an dernier le vice-premier ministre de la Défense Dmitri Rogozine évoquait également la nécessité de créer une intelligence artificielle pour remplacer le matériel militaire piloté et appelait à "ne pas craindre des tâches fantastiques". Cette année Rogozine a déjà annoncé la conception de robots qui auraient pour mission d'évacuer des blessés du lieu d'un attentat et de neutraliser les terroristes.

 

Les militaires sont enthousiastes et considèrent que les robots de combat sont l'avenir de l'armée.

 

Rogozine est préoccupé par les intérêts de l'industrie de l'armement et Choïgou par ceux de l'armée. Aujourd'hui pourtant le conflit entre l'armée et l'industrie de l'armement, comme à l'époque d'Anatoli Serdioukov, s'est éteint. Mais les risques existent tout de même : par exemple, Rogozine et Choïgou créent tous les deux des concepts militaires novateurs que la presse compare à l'agence américaine Darpa.

 

Les robots sont un nouveau "sujet" qui peut être vendu au gouvernement en échange d'une part de budget. Et il est très important de savoir si l'argent versé financera une magnifique utopie ou un quotidien triste mais nécessaire. L'industrie de l'armement russe a encore beaucoup de retard sur les meilleurs concepteurs de drones ou d'appareils robotisés terrestres et sous-marins. Chaque pays connaît des lenteurs dans certains secteurs mais la Russie est également en retard sur les Etats-Unis dans le développement d'un système commun de gestion des troupes reliant toutes les unités tactiques entre elles.

 

Cependant, la lenteur de l'industrie russe pourrait être bénéfique dans un certain sens : au moins, la Russie ne créera pas SkyNet et ne sera pas responsable du soulèvement des machines.

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5 juin 2013 3 05 /06 /juin /2013 10:55
L’armée de Terre est maintenant équipée d’un hélicoptère Tigre version appui-destruction - Crédits EFA

L’armée de Terre est maintenant équipée d’un hélicoptère Tigre version appui-destruction - Crédits EFA

05/06/2013 Armée de Terre - Economie et technologie

 

Le premier hélicoptère Tigre version HAD (pour Hélicoptère d’Appui Destruction), a été livré à la base de l’aviation légère de l’armée de Terre au Cannet des Maures dans le Var. A cette occasion, le général d’armée Bertrand Ract Madoux, chef d’Etat-major de l’armée de Terre, a embarqué à bord du nouveau Tigre et s’est félicité de cet évènement important : « l’hélicoptère de combat est un partenaire indissociable de l’infanterie et de la cavalerie au contact de l’adversaire ».

 

Le Tigre HAD est le second standard de l’hélicoptère de l’armée de Terre après le désormais bien connu Tigre HAP (appui protection) dont l’armement repose essentiellement sur un canon de 30 mm et des roquettes de 68 mm.

 

Destiné au remplacement des hélicoptères Gazelle Viviane dans la mission d’attaque et de lutte antichar, le Tigre HAD est équipé avec des missiles air-air Mistral et air-sol AGM-114 Hellfire. La variante HAD du Tigre comporte également une protection balistique améliorée contre les tirs d’armes légères ainsi qu’un nouveau système de visée optronique.

 

Les premiers HAD devraient être affectés au 1errégiment d’hélicoptères de combat de Phalsbourg à partir de 2014.

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3 juin 2013 1 03 /06 /juin /2013 11:50
A Protector remote weapon station mounted on an M1126 Stryker vehicle. Photo TSGT Mike Buytas, USAF.

A Protector remote weapon station mounted on an M1126 Stryker vehicle. Photo TSGT Mike Buytas, USAF.

3 June 2013 army-technology.com

 

Protector RWS system

 

Kongsberg Group has been awarded a contract by Ðuro Ðakovic to supply its M151 12.7mm calibre Protector remote weapon stations (RWS) to the Croatian Army.

 

Valued at $17.03m, the order forms part of a contract signed between Ðuro Ðakovic and the Croatia defence ministry for the acquisition and installation of Protector systems on the national army's AMV 8x8 armoured combat vehicles.

 

After signing the contract, Croatian defence minister Ante Kotromanovic said the continued cooperation with Ðuro Ðakovic on combat armoured vehicle project represents another step in the ministry's efforts to build a small, but modern and mobile army.

 

"This is another confirmation that the Croatian Government and the Ministry of Defence remain firmly dedicated to continuously supporting the Croatian defence industry as one of the most potent Croatian export industries," Kotromanovic said.

 

Ðuro Ðakovic management board president Vladimir Kovacevic said the contract reaffirms the long-lasting successful cooperation that exists between the company and the defence ministry.

 

"We are happy that the armed forces are continuing the equipment and modernisation of their existing technology relying on Croatian producers as much as possible," Kovacevic added.

"We are happy that the armed forces are continuing the equipment and modernisation of their existing technology relying on Croatian producers as much as possible."

 

Manufactured by Kongsberg Defence and Aerospace, M151 Protector is a combat proven system, and is designed to enhance military troop protection and combat capabilities by enabling target acquisition and engagement from safer distances in the battlefield.

 

Equipped with a stabilised firing platform, a fire control system and control grips, the system can be mounted to an array of platforms, including the M249 and M240machine guns, Browning M2, MK19 40mm automatic grenade launcher and Javelin anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) amongst others.

 

The system is currently operational with Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Ireland, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, as well as the US and the UK.

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3 juin 2013 1 03 /06 /juin /2013 10:55
Baptême d’un AUF 1 du 40e RA, « Brigadier-chef Marcillan », en présence des parents du sous-officier mort pour la France - Crédits : 40e RA

Baptême d’un AUF 1 du 40e RA, « Brigadier-chef Marcillan », en présence des parents du sous-officier mort pour la France - Crédits : 40e RA

03/06/2013 CNE Heyraud/40e RA - Armée de Terre

 

« Brigadier-chef Marcillan », c’est ainsi qu’a été nommé un matériel majeur du 40e régiment d’artillerie (40e RA) de Suippes le 24 mai 2013. Ce sous-officier est tombé pour la France sur le sol afghan le 9 juin 2012.

 

Le régiment a ainsi perpétué la funeste et noble tradition du baptême d'une pièce d'artillerie du nom de militaires morts dans l'accomplissement de leur mission. Les parents de notre camarade étaient présents lors de cette cérémonie, à quelques jours du premier anniversaire de son décès.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 16:35
Japan's ruling party guidance calls for boosting the amphibious capabilities of the Army's Western Infantry Regiment, here training alongside US Marines in California in February. (Capt. Esteban Vickers/US Marine Corps)

Japan's ruling party guidance calls for boosting the amphibious capabilities of the Army's Western Infantry Regiment, here training alongside US Marines in California in February. (Capt. Esteban Vickers/US Marine Corps)

May. 26, 2013 - By PAUL KALLENDER-UMEZU – Defense News

 

TOKYO — After almost seven decades of maintaining a limited defense posture, Japan should develop its amphibious and pre-emptive strike capability while bolstering sea- and ground-based ballistic-missile defenses, according to policy proposals by the country’s ruling party.

 

The proposals, obtained by Defense News and released to a select group last week ahead of widespread distribution, were drawn up by the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). They also call for Japan to beef up its space-based early warning systems and invest in cyber defense.

 

The proposals were generated by several internal LDP committees led by former LDP Defense Ministers Shigeru Ishiba and Gen Nakatani, and therefore carry considerable weight, according to Narushige Michishita, director of the Security and International Studies Program at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies here.

 

“They’re important,” he said.

 

The recommendations will feed into policy, spending and acquisition priorities for Japan’s next five-year Mid-Term Defense Plan, which is being crafted by the Defense Ministry and will be published by December.

 

They also come as the LDP administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe seeks to revise Article 9 of Japan’s constitution to delete provisions that prohibit Japan from using “war as a sovereign right of the nation” and maintaining “war potential,” and replace them with the right to hold a “National Defense Force” under the prime minister as commander in chief.

 

The LDP’s policy proposals do not name weapon systems or suggest budgets, and are deliberately more vague than similar proposals drawn up by the LDP in 2009, just before the party suffered a disastrous electoral defeat to the opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ).

 

“The LDP was not in power then [in 2009],” and so could be more direct, Michishita said.

 

The 2009 proposals openly discussed Japan acquiring, for example, the Boeing KC-46 tanker refueling plane as a step toward developing pre-emptive strike capability, such as knocking out fueled North Korean missiles. They also suggested adding the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system to Japan’s ship-based Aegis and ground-based Patriot systems.

 

Fast forward four years, and the proposals come from a resurrected LDP that delivered an even bigger electoral defeat to the DPJ last December. This time around, the language is more cautious because each word has more value.

 

While they carefully avoid all reference to Japan’s major sources of concern — China and North Korea — the proposals open intriguing possibilities over the extent to which Japan will strengthen its defense posture. In this context, Japanese defense planners are considering a number of options for each of the force enhancements, according to analysts and people familiar with the LDP’s discussions.

 

Most interesting and controversial is the proposed discussion of pre-emptive strike capability, which would require Japan to acquire Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAMs), long-range refueling capability for its nascent F-35 Joint Strike Fighters and/or a naval platform for the F-35B jump jet, should Japan opt to purchase that variant.

 

The proposals make no mention of the KC-46 this time around. The Air Self-Defense Force, meanwhile, has steadily equipped its fleet of Mitsubishi F-2 multirole fighters with JDAMS. It is thought that the two 19,500-ton 22DDH-class helicopter destroyers planned for the Maritime Self-Defense Force can be converted to carry the F-35B.

 

In 2003, before Japan had deployed its Aegis SM-3 and Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) ballistic-missile defense (BMD) systems, then-Defense Minister Ishiba made it clear that Japan could launch a strike against a missile base in North Korea in specific sets of circumstances.

 

For example, a strike could take place if there was evidence the missiles were fueled and aimed at Japan, and Japan had no other credible means of defense, Michishita said.

 

But now Japan is steadily building out its BMD systems to intercept North Korea’s longer-range Unha and Musudan mobile intermediate-range ballistic missiles, so such a strike would be potentially unconstitutional, he said.

 

Brad Glosserman, executive director of the Pacific Forum, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), said he found recent talk of Japan bolstering its pre-emptive strike capability worrying.

 

“CSIS has been conducting discussions on the issue of pre-emptive strike for six years, and in recent months, we have seen resumption of calls to develop this capability resurface. I am concerned about the proliferation of these capabilities because of the potentially destabilizing consequences,” he said.

 

Japan probably won’t develop a separate marine corps, but it will more likely reinforce its amphibious capability, largely based on the Western Infantry Regiment of the Ground Self-Defense Forces (GSDF) that trained in amphibious warfare as part of the Iron Fist exercises with the US Marine Corps in California, analysts say.

 

Paul Giarra, president of US-based consulting firm Global Strategies & Transformation, said the language of the policy proposal opens the possibility of the GSDF equipping one or perhaps two regiments with advanced capabilities, including up to four dozen amphibious landing vehicles over the next five years, beyond the four AAV-7A1S vehicles already planned, and a suitable number of Bell-Boeing V-22 tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft.

 

“I read it more as the [Japan Self-Defense Forces] with some improved amphibious capabilities like vehicles and tilt-rotor aircraft. That is potentially a significant development, but the LDP does not look like it wants to go the whole hog on a marine corps,” said Christopher Hughes, professor of international politics and Japanese studies at Britain’s University of Warwick.

 

Japan is considering several options to boost its BMD portfolio, consisting of four Kongo-class destroyers and two larger Atago-class Aegis cruisers, and PAC-3 units. While the 2009 version of the proposals specifically mentions purchasing THAAD and an “advanced” version of the PAC-3, the new version recommends strengthening land-based BMD, leaving Japan a choice between purchasing either THAAD or the Aegis Ashore land-based version of the Aegis system, and the PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) system for last-ditch interdiction.

 

Giarra said deploying the PAC-3 MSE would complement Aegis Ashore, which Japan has shown an interest in purchasing to the tune of one or two 24-missile interceptor batteries, a number that could increase. In this case, purchasing THAAD systems might be too much of an overlap of similar capabilities, he suggested.

 

Japanese defense planners see cruise missiles in general and China’s DF-21D anti-ship ballistic missile in particular as growing threats. This means that on top of the planned upgrades to employ the SM-3 Block IIA Aegis system when it becomes available, Japan also is considering purchasing the extended-range anti-air warfare RIM-174 missile.

 

“Cruise missile defense is becoming as important to Japan as ballistic-missile defense,” Michishita said.

 

Hughes said the proposals face many roadblocks, including opposition from more dovish LDP members and the MoD’s own panel scheduled to meet in January, which may have its own priorities. Last but not least is the Ministry of Finance, which will be unwilling to raise the defense budget under any circumstances.

 

“[But] if Abe/the LDP can pull all this off, then it will be very radical indeed,” Hughes said.

 

Regional Concerns

 

Japan’s moves will likely be welcomed across a region concerned about China’s aggressive territorial claims.

 

“Japan and the Philippines have a strained history, but the Filipinos are for a stronger Japan because Tokyo is helping train its Coast Guard,” Giarra said. “South Korea is less dependent on Japan and tensions run deeper, so it’s much less willing to go along with it.”

 

Tensions soared last week after Osaka’s mayor said forced prostitution in occupied nations was a military necessity for invading Japanese forces, prompting a South Korean newspaper to write that US atomic attacks on Japan were “divine punishment” for Tokyo’s brutality.

 

Some in Asia and Washington worry Japan’s nationalist leader believes Japanese forces did nothing wrong during World War II.

 

“Passive support for Japan will hold unless Japanese behavior changes,” Giarra added. “The question is whether Japanese officials can resist the temptation to undo what they believe were unnecessary apologies for wartime actions they don’t believe were wrong.

 

“The feeling of being wronged is as powerful in Japan as it is the other way around in Korea, Philippines, Indonesia . . . Germany dealt with its past and continues to do so, but Japan suppressed the issue, creating pent up pressure, and when it vents, it could change how this buildup is seen.”

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 07:45
Tunisie : 3 soldats blessés par une mine en pourchassant des djihadistes

1 juin 2013 Guysen News International

 

Trois militaires ont été blessés samedi dans l’explosion d’une mine sur le mont Chaambi, à la frontière algérienne où les forces tunisiennes pourchassent un groupe de jihadistes ayant miné la région.

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1 juin 2013 6 01 /06 /juin /2013 15:55
photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

31.05.2013 Par Olivier Berger, grand reporter à La Voix du Nord - Défense globale

Le 3e régiment d'hélicoptères de combat, basé à Etain dans la Meuse, a effectué du lundi 27 à ce vendredi 31 mai, son exercice tactique régimentaire, Marne 2013 (GAMEX) dans la région du Chaumont. Un exercice de grande ampleur avec Gazelle, Puma et Tigre pour un total de 800 soldats (toutes les photos de cette note sont de l'armée de terre, merci au CFT de Lille). Il s'agissait aussi et surtout d'un dernier entraînement avant la projection du 3e RHC sur l'opération Serval au Mali...

Tigre et Puma - photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

Tigre et Puma - photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

Dans le scénario, la France, membre d'une coalition multinationale, envoie un GTIA à dominante aéromobile armé par le 3e RHC. 19 Gazelle, 9 Puma et 2 Tigre ont participé à l'exercice sur terrain civil sur une surface de 150 km de profondeur et 60 km de large. Les 1er et 5e RHC de Phalsbourg et Pau ont également fourni des équipages et des appareils. En tout, 800 soldats ont participé à l'exercice.

Les Gazelle ont accompli des missions de jalonnement de terrain, de reconnaissance, d'attaque et de destruction d'objectif avec notamment cinq tirs de missiles HOT de nuit sur le camp militaire de Mailly. Les Tigre ont rempli des missions d'appui et d'escorte. Enfin, les Puma ont transporté des troupes et du matériel comme des mortiers de 120 mm ou des réservoirs et ont participé à une mission d'extraction de ressortissants.

SDTI du 61e RA à l'envol - photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

SDTI du 61e RA à l'envol - photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

Cet exercice a également permis de travailler la coopération entre un drone (en l'occurrence un SDTI, ici à l'envol, du 61e RA de Chaumont, le régiment de renseignement d'origine image de l'armée de terre) et des hélicoptères.

Dans une chaîne de commandement numérisée (avec transmission des données sécurisées), les images du drone étaient vues en temps réel puis analysées par les chefs du 3e RHC au centre opérationnel qui répercutaient leurs ordres sur les équipages.

photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

photo CFT de Lille - Armée de terre

Le 3e RHC est appelé à être projeté prochainement au Mali. Il passait donc là une validation avant projection (VAP). Il s'agissait de tester ses capacités à travailler en interarmes voire en interarmées avec l'intégration d'unités extérieures (génie, infanterie) dans le cadre de l'aérocombat.

Les unités ayant participé à Marne 2013 :

3e RHC (Etain, 400 personnels), SEA (essence, 20 personnels) et CMA (centre médical, 10) de Verdun, 1er RHC (Phalsbourg, 10 personnels), 5e RHC (Pau, 20), 2e REI (étranger infanterie, Nîmes, 70), 61e RA (le régiment des drones SDTI, Chaumont, 70), 1er RI (infanterie, Sarrebourg, 40), 3e RG (génie, Charleville-Mézières, 20), 3e RH (hussard, Metz, 30), 1er RA (Belfort, 30), 54e RA (Hyères, 20).

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