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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:42

South Korea.svg

 

Mar 14, 2012 ASDNews ( AFP)

 

South Korea will hold a major military exercise near the disputed Yellow Sea border with North Korea later this month when Seoul hosts a global forum, officials said Wednesday.

 

The drill involving warships, jet fighters and Marine units will be staged as part of events to mark the second anniversary of the sinking of a corvette, the defence ministry said.

 

"It may come around March 26, but details have yet to be fixed," a ministry official told AFP on condition of anonymity.

 

Seoul accused its neighbour of torpedoing the ship on March 26, 2010, with the loss of 46 lives. The North denied responsibility for the sinking but shelled a South Korean border island eight months later, killing four people.

 

The exercise will show "our firm readiness to punish" any provocations by the North, a senior ministry official told reporters.

 

He said soldiers would hold drills or rallies separately at their barracks on March 26, when dozens of national leaders including US President Barack Obama gather for the Nuclear Security Summit in the capital.

 

The summit will focus on ways to safeguard atomic material worldwide and prevent acts of nuclear terrorism. The North has blasted it as an "unsavoury burlesque" intended to justify an atomic attack by South Korea and its US ally.

 

Pyongyang's new leaders have agreed a nuclear deal with the United States but have taken a consistently hostile tone with the South's conservative government and its President, Lee Myung-Bak.

 

The North has several times threatened to launch a "sacred" war against the South over what it sees as insults to new leader Kim Jong-Un and his late father Kim Il-Sung.

 

A South Korean defence ministry spokesman confirmed media reports that a military unit based at Incheon, west of Seoul, had posted photos of the two Kims inside a barracks, with messages reading "Let's beat Kim Jong-Il to death! Let's strike Kim Jong-Un to death!"

 

The spokesman declined to say whether the photos or messages were still on display, saying such matters were the responsibility of individual units.

 

The South's Yonhap news agency said Wednesday that about 130 North Korean officials visited the tense land frontier last week as Pyongyang intensified its threats.

 

The North's Defence Minister Kim Yong-Chun and military chief Ri Yong-Ho toured the border truce village of Panmunjom on March 4, Yonhap quoted an unidentified South Korean military official as saying.

 

The official said mid-level officials have since travelled to the village and vehicles carrying oil, food and other supplies were sighted in the area.

 

US and South Korean military officials had no comment on the report.

 

Kim Jong-Un on March 3 made a surprise inspection visit to the village, which straddles the borderline, and placed troops there on alert. He has made a series of trips to frontline military units since his father's death on December 17.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 18:43

EC225-source-asdnews.jpg

 

Mar 14, 2012 ASDNews Source : Eurocopter

 

Eurocopter Japan, a subsidiary of Eurocopter Group, will supply one EC225 to the Japan Ministry of Defense, to be operated by the Japanese ground self defense force for passenger transport. It is a replacement for the same helicopter model which was submerged during the earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan in March last year.

 

The Japan Ministry of Defense signed a contract on 8th March 2012 with Eurocopter to acquire an EC225, a heavy twin-engine helicopter from Eurocopter’s Super Puma family. It had a fleet of three EC225s, but one of which was submerged during the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. The procurement of the new 11-ton helicopter is meant as a replacement for the damaged aircraft.

 

Offering high cruise speed, long range coverage and high level of comfort thanks to the spacious cabin and low vibration, this aircraft is popularly used for passenger transportation and search and rescue missions all over the world.

 

Since the major earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan on 11th March last year, various public sectors in Japan have been boosting their rotary-wing aircraft fleet, seeing the benefits of helicopters in times of large-scale disasters. Besides being able to carry out relief efforts safely and efficiently, helicopters also proved to be the fastest and safest mode of transport, as public transportation systems were badly affected.

 

“The strength of the EC225 was clearly demonstrated during the disaster relief efforts, which was very much appreciated by our customers,” said Stephane Ginoux, President & CEO of Eurocopter Japan. Recent procurements of this model by the Japan Coast Guard, Tokyo Fire Department, and now the Ministry of Defense, have given great recognition to the capability of the EC225. Eurocopter Japan will also continue to provide efficient services to ensure undisrupted operations for our customers.”

 

The EC225 for the Ministry of Defense will be delivered in February 2015.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 18:21

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg

 

14.03.12 Anne-Gaëlle Rico - Le Monde.fr

 

Les États-Unis, l'Union européenne et le Japon ont porté plainte, mardi 13 mars, contre la Chine auprès de l'Organisation mondiale du Commerce (OMC) pour ses pratiques "déloyales" sur les exportations de métaux appelés "terres rares".

 

Les États-Unis ont requis de l'OMC des "consultations" avec Pékin concernant les restrictions imposées sur le commerce international "des terres rares", ces 17 métaux indispensables à la fabrication de nombreux produits de haute technologie : ampoules basse consommation, disques durs, téléphones portables, éoliennes, voitures hybrides... Les terres rares sont également des composants essentiels de l'industrie de la défense, ce qui inquiète particulièrement les Etats-Unis.

 

En 2009, les Etats-Unis, l'Union européenne et le Mexique avaient déjà déposé plainte contre la Chine à l'OMC pour entrave à l'exportation sur plusieurs produits miniers. Le 1er février dernier, le géant asiatique, qui avait été jugé coupable en 2011, a vu sa condamnation confirmée en appel, ce qui a incité les pays gros consommateurs à s'attaquer, cette fois, aux terres rares.

 

DES RAISONS ÉCOLOGIQUES ET STRATÉGIQUES

 

Depuis 2006-2007, la Chine a en effet intensifié le contrôle sur la production de ces métaux si précieux. D'abord pour des raisons écologiques : leur exploitation est très polluante, elle libère des matières radioactives et de l'acide. "Pendant trente ans, la Chine ne s'est pas souciée des conséquences environnementales, mais depuis quelques années, la situation évolue, et les autorités sont en train de mettre en place des normes encadrant cette industrie", estime John Seaman, chercheur à l'Institut français des relations internationales, spécialiste de la politique énergétique en Chine et des terres rares.

 

"Mais les raisons principales de ce resserrement des exportations sont stratégiques. Le dernier plan quinquennal chinois montre une très forte volonté de développer des industries de plus en plus sophistiquées, des produits à haute valeur ajoutée", analyse Christian Hocquard, spécialiste des terres rares au Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières (BRGM).

 

La Chine se considère trop dépendante aux exportations, elle veut favoriser sa consommation intérieure, qui ne représente que 30-40 % de son PIB (contre 70 % aux Etats-Unis). Et la pression de la société chinoise pour que les salaires augmentent est forte.

 

95% DU MARCHÉ JUSQU'EN 2015

 

"Les Chinois ne veulent pas augmenter la production de terres rares, or ils prévoient d'en consommer une part croissante. Les quantités disponibles pour l'exportation vont donc diminuer, analyse Christian Hocquard. Il n'y aura peut-être plus d'entrave à l'exportation, puisqu'il n'y aura plus d'exportation. La procédure de l'OMC va durer des années, et la Chine pourra encore faire appel. D'ici là, peut être que la plainte n'aura même plus lieu d'être", estime l'économiste.

 

"Il y a des réserves de terres rares un peu partout dans le monde, mais seuls les Chinois ont compris l'importance de ces matériaux, et ce dès les années 1980", estime John Seaman. Les autres pays ayant des réserves ont longtemps considéré qu'il était moins cher – et moins polluant – de se fournir en Chine.

 

Or, la chaîne de production est longue à développer : il faut réaliser des études géologiques, mettre en place les règles environnementales, etc. En 2012, seules deux nouvelles mines devraient ouvrir, une en Australie et une aux Etats-Unis, mais aucune des deux ne va produire les 17 métaux des terres rares. Elles ne produiront que les composants les plus légers, qui sont les plus communs. Jusqu'en 2015, la Chine jouira ainsi d'un quasi-monopole, avec un tiers des réserves accessibles et plus de 95 % du marché.

 

>>> Lire le post de blog "Le recyclage des terres rares, un enjeu stratégique"

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 12:35

Su-35 multirole fighter- source RIA Novosti

 

Mar 13, 2012 Source: Indo-Asia News Service(IANS)

 

Moscow - Russia and China may soon sign a $4-billion contract for 48 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker-E fighter jets, the Kommersant business daily said Tuesday.

 

"The two sides have practically agreed on the delivery of 48 Su-35 multi-role fighters, worth $4 billion, to China," Kommersant said citing a source in the Russian defense industry.

 

According to the paper, the only obstacle remaining is Moscow's demand that Beijing should guarantee the protection of copyright on the production of Su-35s without proper licensing.

 

"Moscow is not only aiming to ensure its presence on the Chinese (combat aircraft) market, but also attempting to prevent the potential copycat production of Russian aircraft for subsequent sales to third parties with predatory pricing," a Russian government source told Kommesant.

 

China has a poor record concerning copycat manufacturing of advanced Russian combat aircraft.

 

The Chinese Chengdu J-10 fighter is heavily based on the cancelled Israeli Lavi fighter demonstrator, the Shenyang J-11 is a replica of Su-30 Flanker-C, and FC-1 uses Russian engines and other technology from the MiG-29.

 

The Su-35, powered by two 117S engines with thrust vectoring, combines high maneuverability and the capability to effectively engage several air targets simultaneously using both guided and unguided missiles and weapon systems.

 

The aircraft has been touted as "4++ generation using fifth-generation technology".

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:40

Missile-balistique-K-15---photo-DRDO.jpg

Missile balistique K-15 – photo DRDO

 

MOSCOU, 13 mars - RIA Novosti

 

L'Inde a réussi un test de son missile balistique K-15 tiré en immersion et capable de porter une charge nucléaire, annonce mardi le site internet IBNLive.

 

Selon le site, le missile a été tiré dimanche dernier depuis une  plate-forme mobile immergée par six mètres de fond qui se trouvait à dix kilomètres de la ville portuaire de Visakhapatnam, dans le golfe de Bengale. Après avoir couvert une distance de 700 kilomètres (portée maximale), le missile a détruit sa cible.

 

Le tir d'essai suivant est prévu pour le 14 mars.

 

Les missiles K-15 devront équiper les sous-marins Arihant qui doteront la Marine indienne cette année.

 

L'Arihant est un premier sous-marin indien construit avec l'assistance technique de spécialistes de l'Union soviétique et de la Russie. Au total, l'Inde entend équiper sa Marine de cinq sous-marins nucléaires. Les Arihant seront dotés de 12 missiles K-15.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:25

Type-206A-diesel-electric-submarine.jpg

 

13 mars 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Mardi, la marine thaïlandaise a reconnu qu’elle avait abandonné son projet d’acheter 4 sous-marins allemands d’occasion pour environ 250.000$.

 

« L’échéance pour cet achat est passée (le 29 février) ... et la marine ne cherchera pas à conserver l’option d’achat, » a déclaré le commandant de la marine, l’amiral Surasak Runroengrom.

 

Le ministre de la défense, Sukumpol Suwanatat, avait rejeté l’accord après plusieurs audits du projet d’achat des sous-marins.

 

Le précédent gouvernement, dirigé par Abhisit Vejjajiva, avait accepté le projet d’acheter les sous-marins d’occasion U-206A — mis en service 35 ans plus tôt — désarmés par la marine allemande à la mi-2010.

 

Référence : European Online Magazine (Allemagne)

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:15

Cambodia.svg.png

 

13/03/2012 vietnamplus.vn

 

Le vice-Premier ministre et ministre de la Défense nationale du Cambodge, le général Tea Banh, a effectué une visite de travail au Vietnam sur invitation du ministre de la Défense, le général Phung Quang Thanh.

 

Les deux parties se sont entretenues lundi de la situation de leurs pays comme de celle dans la région et le monde, et ont également évalué les résultats de la coopération d'amitié entre les Armées populaires du Vietnam et du Cambodge.

 

Pour renforcer les relations bilatérales, les deux forces armées vont intensifier les échanges de délégations ainsi que leur coopération dans la formation de cadres, la garantie de la sécurité aux frontières communes, et dans la réalisation de patrouilles communes en mer.

 

La recherche, le rassemblement et le rapatriement des ossements des soldats et experts volontaires vietnamiens tombés au champ d'honneur au Cambodge seront également renforcés.

 

Pendant leur séjour au Vietnam, les militaires cambogiens ont visité la ville de Da Nang, la division 315 de la 5e zone militaire, la 3e zone maritime...

 

Mardi matin, le général Tea Banh et sa suite ont quitté Da Nang, achevant leur visite au Vietnam. -AVI

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 21:26

deux-rafale-francais-photo3-Armee-de-l-Air.jpg

photo Armée de l'Air

 

13.03.12 LEMONDE.FR avec AFP

 

Après la sélection du Rafale français pour équiper l'armée de l'air en Inde, les constructeurs aéronautiques mondiaux visent un nouveau contrat d'un milliard de dollars pour la marine indienne.

 

La marine indienne doit lancer dans les mois qui viennent un appel d'offres pour neuf avions de surveillance maritime (maritime patrol aircraft, MPA) à moyen rayon d'action (600 km). Le programme, qui a reçu le feu vert du ministre de la défense fin février, est évalué à 50 milliards de roupies, soit un milliard de dollars.

 

LES ACTEURS DU SECTEUR RÉUNIS AU SALON DE L'AVIATION CIVILE

 

De l'américain Boeing au brésilien Embraer, en passant par le français Dassault Aviation et le géant européen EADS, la plupart des firmes concernées se retrouvent aussi au salon de l'aviation civile, qui s'ouvre mercredi 14 mars à Hyderabad, dans le sud de l'Inde.

 

Embraer s'est dit intéressé, tout en précisant à l'AFP que sa participation "dépendra des spécifications finales de l'appel d'offres". Il dispose notamment d'une version de surveillance maritime de son biréacteur ERJ 145, déjà vendu à 18 forces aériennes dans le monde.

 

Dassault dispose d'une version MPA de son avion d'affaires Falcon 900 DX. Conçu pour emporter sept membres d'équipage, le Falcon 900 MPA a été vendu à deux exemplaires à la Corée du Sud en décembre dernier pour intercepter les messages radio de la Corée du Nord et les départs de missiles.

 

Falcon_900_MPA.jpg

 

Dassault est déjà en négociations avec New Delhi pour finaliser un contrat de 126 avions de combat multirôles Rafale, d'une valeur estimée à 12 milliards de dollars.

 

>> Lire notre éclairage : "Rafale : les arguments qui ont favorisé Dassault"

 

C295 MPA photo Airbus Military

 

Airbus Military, filiale d'EADS, serait "heureux de proposer son C295" pour répondre à l'appel d'offres, a indiqué un porte-parole. La version de surveillance maritime du C295, à turbopropulseurs, est déjà en service au Chili et au Portugal.

 

P-8A Poseidon photo Boeing

 

Les neuf patrouilleurs doivent élargir la panoplie de la marine pour la surveillance de l'océan Indien. Elle a commandé à Boeing en 2009 huit P-8 Poseidon à long rayon d'action. La surveillance du littoral est elle assurée par des appareils plus petits du constructeur allemand Dornier et des drones israéliens.

 

L'Inde revendique 200 000 km2 de zone économique exclusive dans les mers qui la bordent. Elle est devenue le premier marché d'armement parmi les pays émergents.

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 18:10

636-Kilo_950_1650-Amur_900.gif

 

13 mars 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le futur sous-marin classique Amur-1650, équipé d’un propulsion anaérobie, participera à l’appel d’offres indien pour la construction de 6 sous-marins, indique un représentant de l’industrie de défense russe.

 

Le bureau d’études Rubin termine les essais d’un système de propulsion anaérobie en taille réelle, pour les futurs sous-marins classiques russes ou export. Le système installé dans une coque épaisse de sous-marin, a été salué par le commandant de la marine, l’amiral Vladimir Vysotsky.

 

La propulsion anaérobie est une des conditions imposées pour l’appel d’offres indien, donc ce projet est d’une importance particulière. « Le développement d’un système russe de propulsion anaérobie est d’une très grande importance. Soit nous parvenons à mettre au point ce système, soit nous abandonnons notre 1ère place de constructeur de sous-marins, et perdons notre niche sur le marché mondial, » a souligné la source.

 

United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) soutient le programme de développement et souhaite un financement par le gouvernement, puisque les futurs sous-marins à propulsion anaérobie intéressent la marine russe.

 

Selon les souhaits de cette dernière, un tel sous-marin aurait un déplacement de 2.000 t, serait équipé de missiles tactiques, de 4 à 6 tubes de lancement, d’une propulsion anaérobie et son prix serait raisonnable.

 

Le sous-marin classique Amur-1650 peut lancer des missiles en salve depuis ses tubes lance-torpille sur des cibles terrestres ou navales. Sa portée de détection des cibles est améliorée par rapport aux sonars existants.

 

Caractéristiques du projet Amur-1650 :

- longueur 66,8 m,

- immersion maximale : 300 m,

- vitesse en plongée : 19 nœuds,

- autonomie : 45 jours,

- équipage 35 hommes.

- armement : 6 tubes lance-torpilles de 533 mm, 18 torpilles, missiles ou mines.

 

Référence : RusNavy (Russie)

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 17:45

Upgraded-T54-55M3-tank-pictures--photo-ttvnol-.jpg

Upgraded T54/55M3 tank pictures (photos : ttvnol)

 

13.03.2012 DEFENSE STUDIES


The armed forces will modernize Vietnam's 10 battalions of tanks T-54 (about 310 machines). These findings make users forum militaryphotos.net. Photos of the first modernized tank T-54/55M3 at number 153 can be found.


As the members of this forum, updated tank was heavy machine gun NSV 12.7 mm, 60 mm mortar/grenade launcher, and meteorological sensors MAWS6056B Idram-SA Switzerland (equivalent on Lecrerc) and German 1000 HP diesel engine.


In addition, armed with T-54/55M3 are L7 105-mm gun and coaxial machine gun PKT 7,62 mm. Upgraded tank mounted further strengthened the Israeli ERA Blazer, a Russian fire control system and the Ukrainian gerabox & transmission.


According to one of the members of the board, modernized tank under the number 153 was most likely made a few years ago and is now used for training of personnel. By assumption, the user, photos of the tank could be made in the training of the tank.

Prototype of upgraded T54/55 tank, those photo published in early 2010 (photo : Quansu)

According to open sources, as of 2010 armed with 850 Vietnam stood the Soviet T-54/55 medium tank production. In addition, the park ground troops in Vietnam has about 350 medium tanks T-59, is a modernized version of the T-54.

T-54/55 MBT which is still operated by Vietnam People's Army (photo : muare)

Tank T-54 was adopted by the Soviet Union in 1946. Since 1958, the tank was manufactured in the modernized T-55 modification. Deliveries T-54/55 tanks were Vietnam from 1970 to 1975 (the last years of Vietnam War).

(
Lenta)
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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 17:35
L’Inde a testé le missile balistique de ses futurs SNLE

 

13 mars 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Après de nombreux reports, l’Inde a finalement testé le missile balistique qui équipera ses futurs SNLE, le K-15. Le système a été testé dimanche depuis une plateforme de lancement immergée au large de Visakhapatnam.

 

Des sources indiquent que le missile a été lancé depuis un ponton immergé à 12 m de profondeur et à 10 km de la côte. Un 2è essai est prévu pour le 14 mars.

 

Des sources ont confirmé que le test a été réussi, que le missile a parcouru près de 700 km avant d’atteindre sa cible. L’essai du missile avait été auparavant reporté à de nombreuses reprises. « Un système modifié a été testé, ce qui a donné les résultats espérés, » a indiqué la source, ajoutant que l’évaluation finale des bâtiments positionnés en mer, était attendue.

 

Développé par le DRDO, le missile K-15 peut emporter une charge conventionnelle d’environ 500 kg ou être équipé d’une tête nucléaire tactique.

 

Le missile est une version navale modernisée du missile terrestre Prithvi. Il est exclusivement conçu pour être lancé depuis un sous-marin. Proche du missile Tomahawk américain, il s’agit de la réponse indienne au missile Babur du Pakistan.

 

Référence : IBN Live (Inde)

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 17:30

australian-army-source-DefenceTalk.jpg

 

March 13th, 2012 Defence Talk (AFP)

 

Australian special forces have been operating in several African countries over the past year gathering intelligence on terrorist activities, a report said on Tuesday.

 

The Sydney Morning Herald said 4 Squadron of the elite Special Air Service (SAS) had mounted dozens of clandestine operations in places such as Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Kenya in a role normally carried out by spies.

 

Citing a government source, it said the missions by the previously unknown squadron were believed to involve terrorism intelligence gathering amid concerns about the threat posed by the Islamist al-Shebab militia.

 

They are also aimed at developing rescue strategies for evacuating trapped Australian civilians while assessing African border controls and exploring landing sites for possible military interventions.

 

The information gathered flows into databases used by the United States and its allies, it said.

 

The Herald added the operations have raised serious concerns among some sections of the military and intelligence communities that the troops do not have adequate legal protection or contingency plans if they are captured.

 

"They have all the espionage skills but without (Australian Secret Intelligence Service's) legal cover," said one government source.

 

According to the newspaper, ASIS officers are permitted under Australian law to carry false passports and, if arrested, to deny who they are employed by.

 

Defence Force members, such as the SAS, on normal operations cannot carry false identification and cannot deny which government they work for.

 

Defence Minister Stephen Smith refused to confirm the group's existence "because we don't want to put at risk either operations or our national security".

 

But he insisted that all Australian operatives overseas did their job within the law and had proper protection.

 

"People would expect from time to time the SAS, ASIS, and department of foreign affairs and trade are involved in making sure Australians overseas are not at risk," he told Sky News.

 

"Whenever we have our people in the field they have the proper and appropriate protections.

 

"Whether someone is working for ASIS or someone is operating for or with the SAS, we ensure they operate in accordance with domestic and international law and that they have appropriate and proper protection."

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 13:20

T-90 source Ria Novisti

T-90

 

NEW DELHI, March 13 (RIA Novosti)

 

Russia will roll out a modernized version of its T-90 tank at the Defexpo India 2012 show that will open later this month, an informed source close to the Russian defense sector said on Tuesday.

 

The tank features a new fire control and protection system, an improved suspension and drive train and advanced combat capabilities.

 

India already has several hundred T-90s in its army and builds the tank under license.

 

The international Defexpo India 2012 exhibition will take place from March 29 through April 1 in New Delhi.

 

Arms manufacturers from 17 countries are expected to present their goods.

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 13:15

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/photo/12228767.cms

source timesofindia.indiatimes.com

 

13 mars 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Les projets indiens de construction de sous-marins sont bloqués par une paralysie politique qui l’affaiblit alors même que la Chine et le Pakistan renforcent systématiquement leurs capacités de combat sous-marin.

 

Après avoir tourné en rond pendant 2 ans, l’Inde est de retour à la case départ en ce qui concerne son projet “75-India” de construction de 6 sous-marins classiques, équipés de missiles de croisière de frappe contre la terre et d’une propulsion anaérobie.

 

Le conseil des acquisitions, présidé par le ministre de la défense A K Antony, vient de donner son accord à l’importation directe de 2 des 6 sous-marins. Les 4 sous-marins restants seront construits par Mazagon Docks (MDL) à Mumbai et Hindustan Shipyard Ltd (HSL) à Visakhapatnam après transfert de technologies.

 

Cela constitue un retour vers la décision originale du début 2010, qui était restée bloquée suite à des dissensions entre la marine et le ministère. Selon une source, « le projet P-75 India aurait dû être lancé depuis des années. Avec tant de retard pris dans la définition de ses contours, l’Inde ne pourra pas espérer mettre en service le 1er de ces sous-marins avant 2022 au plus tôt. »

 

Le ministère de la défense ayant décidé d’écarter les chantiers privés de la construction des sous-marins, la course est lancée pour obtenir l’approbation du projet par le CCS. « L’appel d’offres ne pourra être lancé qu’après l’accord du CCS, puisque l’importation de 2 sous-marins n’était pas prévu dans l’accord précédent. D’autre part, l’autorisation de lancement du projet P-75 India arrive à échéance en aout, » a expliqué la source.

 

Référence : Times of India (Inde)

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 13:10

Flag of Italy.svg

 

13.03.2012 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense

 

Le sort des deux soldats italiens accusés d’avoir tué deux marins pêcheurs indiens, le 15 février, reste toujours incertain (pour lire mon post du 17 février, cliquer ici). Massimiliano Latorre et Salvatore Girone, membres d’une EPE embarquée à bord du pétrolier Enrica Lexie, sont toujours en détention, après l’incident qui a eu lieu dans les eaux internationales, à 20 nautiques des côtes indiennes. Les deux hommes, qui ont ouvert le feu parce qu'ils pensaient avoir affaire à des pirates, sont détenus dans un bâtiment séparé du reste de la prison et bénéficie d’un traitement de faveur (pizza et pasta, selon le Corriere della Sera).

 

L’Enrica Lexie est toujours à quai et les autorités de l’Etat de Kerala ne l’autorisent toujours pas à reprendre la mer, selon un article du Times of India de lundi matin. Le Premier ministre de l'Etat de Kerala a aussi déclaré, lundi, que les deux hommes devaient être jugés en Inde. Une déclaration qui n'est pas du goût du gouvernement italien.

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 08:30

Laos.svg

 

12/03/2012 vietnamplus.vn

 

Une délégation du ministère vietnamien de la Défense, conduite par son ministre, le général Phung Quang Thanh, s'est entretenue lundi à Hanoi avec celle du ministère laotien de la Défense, conduite par le général Douangchay Phichit qui est aussi le vice-Premier ministre, en visite de travail au Vietnam

 

Le général Phung Quang Thanh a estimé que cette visite contribuerait activement à renforcer les relations d'amitié spéciale et traditionnelle, de même que la coopération intégrale entre les Armées et les peuples des deux pays.

 

Les deux parties ont évalué les résultats de coopération entre les Armées populaires du Vietnam et du Laos ces derniers temps avant de juger nécessaire d'intensifier cette coopération dans divers domaines, dont l'échange de délégations, la formation, la recherche et le rapatriement des restes des soldats volontaires vietnamiens tombés au champ d'honneur au Laos.

 

Durant leur séjour, le général Douangchay Phichit et sa suite se sont rendus à Da Nang (Centre) pour visiter la 3e zone de la Marine et d'autres unités de l'Armée populaire du Vietnam. Mardi, la délégation militaire laotienne quittera Da Nang au terme de sa visite au Vietnam. -AVI

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 21:35
Extension du 150e escadron de l’armée de l’air singapourienne à Cazaux

 

12/03/2012 Sources : Armée de l'air

 

Le jeudi 8 mars 2012, le général Huat Sern Wong, chef  de l’état-major « air » des forces aériennes singapouriennes et le général Jean-Luc Crochard, délégué aux relations extérieures de l’armée de l’air française ont présidé la cérémonie de «la première pelletée de terre» symbolisant la prochaine construction du centre d’instruction au sol des pilotes de la Republic of Singapore Air Forces , sur la base aérienne 120 de Cazaux.

 

« La première pelletée de terre » symbolisant la prochaine construction du centre d’instruction au sol singapourien

 

La société Singapore Technologies Aerospace  a été mandatée pour superviser l’ensemble du projet destiné à assurer la formation des pilotes sur les douze avions d’entraînement avancé M346 qui équiperont le futur centre d’instruction.

 

Le bâtiment comprendra deux étages et abritera des simulateurs de vol, des équipements et matériels d’instruction, des salles de classes interactives et des salles de briefing. Ces outils contribueront à parfaire les compétences au combat aérien des élèves-pilotes singapouriens.

 

En partenariat avec l’armée de l’air, la première phase des travaux de construction débutera prochainement et le site devrait voir le jour fin 2013, consolidant ainsi les liens d’amitié et de coopération franco-singapouriens.

 

Installé à Cazaux depuis plus de douze ans, le 150e  escadron assure la formation d’une douzaine de pilotes chaque année. Avec l’arrivée des M346, c’est une nouvelle ère qui commence!

 

Le général Huat Sern Wong et le général Jean-Luc Crochard ont présidé l'inauguration du futur bâtiment singapourien

Le général Huat Sern Wong et le général Jean-Luc Crochard ont présidé l'inauguration du futur bâtiment singapourien

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 20:10

La-fregate-Ums-Mahar-Bandoola.--Source-Dan-Tri-.jpg

La frégate Ums Mahar Bandoola. (Source Dân Trí)

 

12/03/2012 vietnamplus.vn

 

Une mission de 22 officiers et 224 marins à bord des d eux frégates Ums Mahar Bandoola et Ums Mahar Thiha Thura, de la Marine du Myanmar, sont arrivés lundi au port de Tien Sa pour une visite amicale dans la ville de Da Nang (Centre).

 

Durrant son séjour de trois jours, cette mission birmane rendra une visite protocolaire au Commandement de la 3e zone de la Marine vietnamienne et au Comité populaire municipal.

 

Les officiers et marins de ces deux frégates visiteront certains sites et vestiges historiques de Da Nang et dans l'ancienne ville de Hoi An. -AVI

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 19:45

http://www.army.lk/docimages/image/Indian_1.jpg

 

2012-03-12 army.lk

 

Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Command of the Indian Army, now in Sri Lanka on a five-day goodwill visit, called on Lieutenant General Jagath Jayasuriya, Commander of the Army Monday (12) morning at the Commander’s office, Army Headquarters, Colombo 3.

 

Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh’s five-member delegation is comprised of Mrs Suneeti Singh, Brigadier Rahul Bhardwaj and his spouse, Mrs Jyothi Bhardwaj and Colonel Natarajan Subramaniam, Military Assistant to the visiting Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh.

 

Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh during cordial discussions with the Sri Lankan Army Chief at Lieutenant General Jagath Jayasuriya’s office, recalled sound and mutual bonds of friendship that exist between both military organizations and discussed matters of bilateral importance.

 

Possibilities for further expansion of training modules and exchange of different training programmes for junior officers with Sri Lanka were taken up for discussion during the brief meeting. It also centered on possibilities of receiving more and more training slots for Sri Lankan officers in Indian military training establishments, in addition to already ongoing different training programmes.

 

The visiting Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh underlining the importance of further broadening bilateral understanding and goodwill among officers serving both Armies, made inquiries into ongoing training sessions in relation to some specific areas of study in the Sri Lankan Army.

 

Towards the end of the interaction, Lieutenant General Jayasuriya presented a special memento to Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Command of the Indian Army after he placed his signature on the VIP book at Commander’s office. Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh reciprocated and offered his sincere thanks to the Sri Lankan Army before he left the Army Headquarters to attend the remainder of the day’s itinerary.

 

Defence Attaché at Indian High Commission was also associated with the meeting at the Commander’s office.

 

Afterwards, a special presentation, organized by the Directorate of Operations offered the visiting delegation with a broad spectrum of details with regard to recently concluded humanitarian operations and status quo in the North and East in the aftermath of the war.

 

Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh during his stay is scheduled to call on Mr Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Secretary Defence and Urban Development, Chief of Defence Staff, Navy and Air Force Commanders, Jaffna Security Forces Commander, Wanni Security Forces Commander, Governor for Northern Province and the High Commissioner for India.

 

The visiting delegation on Monday (12) evening was scheduled to place floral wreaths at the IPKF War Memorial at Battaramulla and pay respect to the memory of fallen IPKF soldiers in Sri Lanka.

 

Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh, an alumnus from National Defence Academy was commissioned into the 7th Light Cavalry on 17th June 1973 and received professional military knowledge from prestigious training academies both in India and abroad. The General has commanded 7th Cavalry, a T-90 tank Brigade, an Armoured Division and the most powerful strike 1 (Corps). The General has the distinction of conceiving and executing some of the largest ever manouvers in recent times, including two landmark exercises; Yodha Shakthi in 2010 and the recently held Exercise Sudarshan Shakthi which displayed the might of the Indian Army and Air Force in the Thar Desert.

 

His decorations include Param Vishisht Seva Medal, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, Sena Medal and Vishisht Seva Medal.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 18:15

uk-usa-flag_2074931b.jpg

source The Telegraph

 

Mar. 10, 2012 By ANDREW –Defense News

 

LONDON — When President Barack Obama announced the focus of the U.S. diplomatic and security effort was swinging toward the Asia-Pacific region, it sent a shiver through many U.S. allies in Europe. Now a committee of senior British parliamentarians says the move is so fundamental that it raises questions for the U.K. about its future relationship with its No. 1 ally.

 

A joint committee of the House of Commons and House of Lords on March 8 called on the British government to “reflect deeply on the long-term implications of the geographical and functional shifts in U.S. policy now taking place.” The comments were contained in a report on Britain’s national security strategy.

 

With British Prime Minister David Cameron due in Washington March 13-14 for talks with Obama on the upcoming NATO summit, developments in Afghanistan and other issues, the question of the future shape of the relationship will not be far from the surface.

 

The committee’s remarks follow the January publication by the U.S. government of a foreign policy shift that envisioned its economic and security focus moving away from Europe toward the Asia-Pacific region.

 

The British report said the U.S. policy shift raises “fundamental questions if our pre-eminent defense and security relationship is with an ally who has interests which are increasingly divergent from our own.”

 

The committee said Britain needs to decide whether it will continue to be involved in U.S. military action if Washington’s attention increasingly moves east.

 

Britain has been heavily involved with the U.S. in recent conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya and elsewhere.

 

The mission in Libya, though, marked a shift, since Britain and France took the lead in NATO operations. The U.S. provided extensive intelligence, reconnaissance, aerial tanking and other support.

 

In recent years, the British have largely based their defense policy on being involved in conflicts as part of a coalition, principally with the U.S. The two sides have deep industrial, intelligence, nuclear and military cooperation going back decades. The committee said there is a need for a clear strategy as to how the U.K., possibly along with other European states, can act without the U.S.

 

“If the U.S. is moving towards viewing Europe as a producer rather than a consumer of security, and reducing its capability to mount long-term stabilisation missions, it raises more questions as to what we can expect from the U.S. and what the U.S. expects from the U.K.,” the report said.

 

Lisa Aronsson, the Royal United Services Institute’s trans-Atlantic relations research fellow, said for the longer term, the U.K. needs to think deeply about investing in European capabilities and aiding development of European strategic thinking with regard to leadership in NATO.

 

But, she said, the U.K.’s shorter-term aims should focus on keeping the U.S. involved in the alliance.

 

“For the shorter term, there is a real strategic interest in the U.K. in keeping Washington firmly committed to European defense,” Aronsson said. “The NATO framework is something that has worked, and for the short term, at least, the issue is how to keep the U.S. involved and interested.

 

“Part of that was pushing for a European command structure for Libya, for example,” she said. “But over the long-er term, some deeper thinking is required over how a European defense base can take a bigger role in NATO.”

 

The U.S. has warned Europe on several occasions that its interest in the region is waning. In part, that’s been triggered by its increasing focus on the Asia-Pacific region and the growing military and diplomatic influence of China. But it also signals Washington’s annoyance at Europe’s failure to fund sufficient military capabilities.

 

Howard Wheeldon, an analyst based here, reckons that the pivot to the Asia-Pacific should not be interpreted as the U.S. turning its back on Europe.

 

“However, it is a timely reminder to Europe that in future, it will need to play a larger role defending itself and to take greater responsibility within NATO. Europe must then work closer together in terms of defense,” he said. “But that does not mean that Britain should think in terms of moving away from its closest natural ally.”

 

The parliamentary committee suggests that the U.S. may be increasingly unwilling to meet the costs of conflicts that primarily affect Europe. But, Aronsson said, there also is the question of whether the policy divergence over the Asia-Pacific between the U.K., Europe and the U.S. will be as great in the future as some think.

 

“There is a real effort at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in particular, but the Ministry of Defence as well, to think more strategically in terms of Asia and where the U.K. can support the wider U.S. strategic vision globally,” she said.

 

Notwithstanding recent setbacks with the likely loss of big fighter contracts in Japan and India, some of the British government’s thinking on Asia is manifesting itself on the defense industrial front.

 

The British government recently signed a research and technology accord with India, and Cameron’s visit to Japan next month could move along a deal to cooperate on the development of a number of weapons programs, now that Tokyo has lifted a long-time ban on defense exports.

 

Aronsson said the U.S. wants Europe to increase its focus on Asia as well.

 

“I know the U.S. is interested in seeing Europe take a more strategic view of Asia as a region,” she said. “They have spent a lot of time in Europe in an effort to try and generate strategic engagement, particularly at a European Union level.”

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 18:10

china-india.jpg

 

2012-03-12 (China Military News cited from deccanchronicle.com)

 

The next edition of the Sino-Indian joint military exercises is unlikely to take place this year as well. India and China have so far held two rounds of joint military exercises in 2007 and 2008. But in the three succeeding years after that, there were no joint exercises. “Any scheduling in 2012 of the third edition of the joint exercise looks highly unlikely,” said sources. Sources added that the Indian Army is already scheduled to hold exercises this year with a few other countries and that there is no likelihood of any exercise with China this year.

 

“The specifics of conducting the third edition of the exercises was not discussed during the Annual Defence Dialogue (ADD) that took place in December last year. But the holding of the ADD itself indicates improvement in defence ties,” said a source.

 

There are several reasons why the next edition of the joint exercise could not take place in the past three years after it started off promisingly in 2007 and 2008. The first edition took place in Kunming, China, in 2007. The second edition took place in Belgaum, Karnataka, in 2008.

 

In 2009, the Chinese told India that they were busy with the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in October that year. India then expressed confidence that the exercises would take place in 2010.

 

During this period, there were several controversies over frequent Chinese border troop transgressions into Indian territory (in J&K) that worsened ties.

 

In 2010, China refused to grant permission to the then chief of the J&K-based Army Northern Command to visit China. This resulted in suspension of defence exchanges between the two countries. In 2011, following Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit, the two countries decided to resume defence exchanges.

 

In December, 2011, the much awaited annual defence dialogue (ADD) took place between the two countries. But just recently, China once again created a controversy by objecting to defence minister A.K. Antony’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 18:00

RAAF A330 MRTT source Shepard Group

A330 multi-role tanker transport (MRTT) aircraft

 

12 March 2012 airforce-technology

 

The Australian Department of Defence has received a proposal from Airbus Military involving a sixth A330 multi-role tanker transport (MRTT) aircraft for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

 

The offer, to be finalised by mid-2012, includes an Airbus owned aircraft, MSN 871, which was originally built for the US Air Force's (USAF) KC-X programme, as reported by Flight Global.

 

The conversion of a sixth aircraft to MRTT configuration, to be carried out at Qantas Defence Services in Brisbane, will result in an industrial benefit for the RAAF, claims the company.

 

The company said in a statement: "We think it is a very interesting proposal but we have to see if the necessary budget is there, although we see possibilities."

 

Around four A330 aircraft, three of which are based at RAAF Base Amberley in Queensland, have already been converted into the MRTT configuration by Qantas Defence Services, which is currently working on the conversion of the fifth tanker.

 

The fourth MRTT is currently undergoing boom system modifications at Airbus Military's facility in Getafe, Spain.

 

The aircraft has an estimated cost of A$200m ($212m) and could be ready for operational service 12 months after conversion, while the testing of the aircraft's refuelling boom is expected to begin in 2013.

 

RAAF is scheduled to receive all five of its tankers with initial operational capability by the end of 2012.

 

The A330 MRTT aircraft, designated as the KC-30A whilst in RAAF service, is equipped with two underwing refuelling pods, the fly-by-wire Airbus Military Aerial Refuelling Boom System (ARBS), and a Universal Aerial Refuelling Receptacle Slipway Installation (UARRSI).

 

The MRTT fleet will be operated by 33 Squadron RAAF for cover hose-and-drogue refuelling and strategic transport of passengers.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 17:50

155mm-towed-howitzer-GHN-45-RTM_6.JPG

155mm towed howitzer GHN-45 of the Royal Thai Marines

(all photos : Artillery Marines)

 

12.03.2012 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

Thailand marines firing exercises with 155mm towed howitzer. This exercise was held in Long Beach, Sattahip.
 


Armed forces of Thaliand has 72 units 155mm towed howitzer of GHN-45 made ​​by NORINCUM Austria.
 

Total of 42 units GHN-45 howitzer operated by the Royal Thai Marines. The howitzer weighed 11 tons and has a total firepower of up to 40km.

(Royal Thai Marines)

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 17:45

Victory-RSN.jpg

Victory class corvettes are being upgrade

(photo : sgforums)

 

12.03.2012 DEFENSE STUDIES


As part of the Republic of Singapore Navy's (RSN's) 3rd Generation transformation, the Victory-class missile corvettes are being upgraded to ensure that they retain the capability and flexibility to meet new and evolving operational demands. To date, three of the six RSN's missile corvettes have completed their upgrades.

 

The key upgrades to the missile corvettes are:

 

a. Enhanced Combat Management System.


The Combat Management System will be upgraded similar to Formidable class frigates (photo : Cyberpioneer)

Similar to the Formidable-class frigates, the missile corvettes are equipped with a state-of-the-art combat suite which gives them the ability to deal effectively with various surface, underwater and air threats. The corvette's enhanced Combat Management System (CMS) will aid in the command and control of all sensor and weapon systems on board. It also has embedded intelligence for tracking management, target identification and weapon assignment. This will enable the corvettes to detect and react faster to potential threats.

 

b. Improved sensors (including unmanned systems).


The UAV will enhance the corvettes ability to conduct maritime surveillance (photo : Sgforums)

Advanced sensor systems are incorporated into the upgraded missile corvettes to enhance their surveillance capability. In addition, the missile corvettes are modified to launch and operate an unmanned aerial vehicle. The addition of this aerial capability affords the missile corvette enhanced situational awareness, as well as surveillance and identification capabilities.



The specifications of the missile corvette are as follows :

 

 


(Mindef)

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 17:40

QLB-06-35mm-semi-automatic--grenade-launcher.jpg

 

March 12, 2012: STRATEGY PAGE

 

Six years after it was introduced, the Chinese QLB-06 35mm semi-automatic grenade launcher is being seen more frequently in the hands of the troops. It weighs 9.1 kg (20 pounds) empty and is 1046mm (41 inches) long. A drum magazine can hold 4-6 rounds, giving the weapon a maximum weight of 9.6 kg (27 pounds). It's semi-automatic, and effective up to 1,000 meters.

 

The QLB-06 is but the latest of a growing number of similar weapons. All these portable grenade launchers have an interesting past. While the U.S. developed a 40mm grenade, launched from single shot (resembling a shotgun), hand held weapon, as well as a heavier, vehicle mounted, machine-gun type weapon, China developed something unique in its line of 35mm grenade launcher weapons. The earlier QLB-87 has a magazine system could hold 6, 9 or 12 35mm rounds. It weighs 12 kg (26.5 pounds). It looks, and is used like, a light machine-gun. This weapon has not been used in combat yet, and Western armies have stayed away from this design because it's easier to mount automatic 40mm machine-guns (weighing over a 50 kg/110 pounds) on armored vehicles or light trucks. The Chinese, however, have more light (few vehicles) infantry. So for them, the W87 makes a lot of sense. But apparently Chinese troops, and weapons developers, thought better of the QLB-87 and came up with the lighter QLB-06.

 

Automatic grenade launchers, firing low speed 30-40mm shells, became popular in the 1960s when the usefulness of the American single shot M79 40mm grenade launcher was noted. Many troops today want the M79 back. But back then, Russia and the United States proceeded to develop automatic grenade launchers. This was actually the second generation, as the Russians originally developed such weapons in the 1930s. By 1939 the Russian Navy was testing a 40.8mm weapon, and the army followed a year later. The 21 ounce shells were based on the Djakonow rifle grenade and were fired at 129 meters (400 feet) per second (about 40 percent the speed of a pistol bullet) for a maximum range of 1,200 meters. The weapon weighed 24 kg (53 pounds) and was used in the 1940 Winter War with Finland. For political reasons (the weapons designer fell out of favor), the weapon was withdrawn from service before the Germans invaded in 1941 and was forgotten. This sort of thing happens a lot in military history.

 

In 1965, the U.S. developed and put into service the M18 40mm automatic grenade launcher. This weapon used the same 40mm round as the M79. The 8.6 kg (19 pound) M18 used a hand crank to load rounds (from a belt). Work on this weapon actually began in 1962, but it took the popularity of the M79 in Vietnam to spur production. Some 1,200 M18s were built through 1968, and it was a popular weapon on U.S. Navy river patrol boats, where ambushes were frequently encountered. Starting in 1966, the M18 was replaced by the heavier M19 that was truly automatic, but weighed 34 kg (75 pounds). This was also developed by the U.S. Navy. Russia followed in 1974 with the AGS17, a 30mm grenade launcher weighing the same as the M19, but firing a 285 gram (ten ounce) shell instead of the 458 gr (16 ounce) 40mm shell used in American weapons.

 

The U.S. and other nations have since come out with lightweight grenade launchers that fit under the assault launcher. But the appeal of a dedicated grenade launcher for a "grenadier" has always been popular. One skilled grenadier with a weapon like the QLB-06 can be very effective.

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