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1 mars 2012 4 01 /03 /mars /2012 13:10

K2-Black-Panther-tank---source-koreatimes.co.kr.jpg

source koreatimes.co.kr

 

Feb. 29, 2012 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Ariang TV; posted Feb. 29, 2012)

 

Korea Successfully Develops Active Protection System for K2 Tanks

 

Korea's Defense Acquisition Program Administration has announced that it successfully developed Active Protection System, or APS, for K-2 tanks that automatically detects and shoots down incoming missile or rockets.

 

In the past, the system could only destroy other standing tanks or armed vehicles on the ground.

 

The APS consists of a three-dimensional detection and track radar, heat detection and track system, control computer, launching system and counter rocket.

 

The agency explained that it only takes three-tenths of a second for the new system to detect and track anti-tank missiles and rockets fired from enemies and fire its counter rockets to hit those missiles.

 

The new technology will be up for review by Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff before a decision is made on moving forward with production.

 


 
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1 mars 2012 4 01 /03 /mars /2012 08:50

Les-installations-nucleaires-de-Yongbyon--en-Coree-du-Nor.jpg

Les installations nucléaires de Yongbyon,

en Corée du Nord, photographiées en 2002. (AFP)

 

29.02.12  LEMONDE.FR avec AFP, Reuters

 

La Corée du Nord a accepté la mise en place d'un moratoire sur les lancements de missiles longue distance, et sur les essais nucléaires et les activités d'enrichissement de l'uranium menés à son usine de Yongbyon. Cette annonce de Washington a été confirmée par Pyongyang.

 

La Corée du Nord a également accepté le retour d'inspecteurs de l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique (AIEA) pour superviser le moratoire sur l'enrichissement de l'uranium à Yongbyon, a précisé la porte-parole de la diplomatie américaine. En échange, les Etats-Unis ont annoncé la reprise prochaine de leur aide alimentaire à la Corée du Nord. Selon Pyongyang, Washington a ainsi promis de fournir 240 000 tonnes d'"aide alimentaire" et d'envisager une aide supplémentaire. C'est de son site nucléaire de Yongbyon que la Corée du Nord avait expulsé les inspecteurs de l'AIEA en 2009.

 

>>> Lire "Le nucléaire nord-coréen, une source de discorde"

 

RÉSULTAT DE POURPARLERS

 

KCNA, l'agence de presse officielle nord-coréenne, rapporte que Pyongyang a pris ces mesures à la demande des Etats-Unis et "dans le but de créer une atmosphère positive" pour de futurs pourparlers à haut niveau entre Pyongyang et Washington. Ces avancées font en effet suite à des discussions menées en Chine, les premières entre Etats-Unis et Corée du Nord depuis la mort du dirigeant nord-coréen Kim Jong-Il en décembre. En 2011 déjà, des pourparlers avaient abouti à un accord de principe. Des négociations étaient ensuite prévues en décembre mais avaient été décalées après le décès de Kim Jong-il.

 

Cet accord annoncé mercredi constitue une avancée vers des négociations multilatérales à six (les deux Corées, Chine, Japon, Russie, Etats-Unis) sur la dénucléarisation de la péninsule coréenne. Ces négociations étaient en effet suspendues depuis 2009. La Corée du Nord s'en était retirée et avait effectué un essai nucléaire, le second depuis 2006. Essais qui avaient eu pour conséquence des sanctions onusiennes.

 

"Les Etats-Unis ont toujours de nombreuses inquiétudes concernant l'attitude de la Corée du Nord dans un certain nombre de domaines, mais les annonces (de mercredi) reflètent un progrès important, même s'il reste limité, pour tenter de répondre à ces inquiétudes", a estimé la porte-parole de la diplomatie américaine.

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1 mars 2012 4 01 /03 /mars /2012 08:40

India.svg

 

Feb 29, 2012 outlookindia.com – PTI

 

New Delhi  - India is in talks with Tajikistan to set up a military hospital there even as it maintains an airbase in Ayni there, the country's only such facility overseas.

 

India has collaborated with Tajikistan to "reconstruct and recreate" the airbase which is strategically significant due to its location next to Afghanistan, government sources said here today.

 

While New Delhi maintains that reconstruction of the air base is part of the assistance programme to Tajikistan, the nature of such facilities is significant due to its presence in oil-rich Central Asia.

 

The facility also assumes significance in view of the presence major international players like the US, Russia and others in the region. There are two more air bases in the region which are manned by Americans and Russians.

 

Sources said the Russian government had also shown interest in using the facility but the air base was clinched by Defence Minister A K Antony during his visit to Tajikistan in October this year.

 

Antony had also made a technical halt at the base on way to Russia in October last year.

 

According to reports, India has spent USD 70 million to upgrade the base which was one of the major air hubs in the erstwhile USSR Central Command.

 

The abandoned Soviet air base is just 10km away from Dushanbe and was modernised by India as part of aid to Tajikistan in building its armed forces.

 

Sources said India is also discussing a proposal with Tajikistan to set up a military hospital there.

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1 mars 2012 4 01 /03 /mars /2012 08:40

Naval Jack of the Republic of China Taiwan.svg

 

29 février 2012 Taiwan.info

 

La presse taiwanaise continuant de spéculer sur d’éventuels achats de sous-marins auprès de divers pays européens, le ministère de la Défense a opposé un démenti formel hier en soulignant que Taipei souhaitait toujours en acquérir auprès des Etats-Unis et que l’Allemagne n’avait pas proposé de lui en vendre.

 

Dans son dernier numéro, l’hebdomadaire Yazhou Zhoukan assure que l’Allemagne serait prêt à vendre à Taiwan des sous-marins de type 214 initialement destinés à la Grèce, cette dernière n’ayant pas les moyens de les acquérir.

 

Il n’en est rien, contredit le ministère de la Défense qui affirme ne jamais avoir eu de telles informations et dénonce de « pures spéculations journalistiques ». La priorité du ministère reste l’obtention des huit sous-marins diesel promis en 2001 par l’administration de George W. Bush.

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1 mars 2012 4 01 /03 /mars /2012 08:30

Bofors 155mm howitzer 2 source rediff.com

 

February 29, 2012, Zeenews.india.com

 

New Delhi: The Indian Army has placed orders for 100 artillery guns with the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) after having failed to acquire even a single howitzer in over two decades following the Bofors scandal.

 

The Army has issued several tenders for procuring different types of howitzers in the last two decades but has failed to do so due to some problem or the other.

 

"The Army has placed orders with the OFB for procuring one hundred 155mm 52 calibre howitzers and this will be developed on the basis of Transfer of Technology (ToT) done by Bofors," Minister of State for Defence MM Pallam Raju told PTI here.

 

He said indigenous development of the howitzers would continue alongside trials by the OFB and within a specific time frame, the guns would be delivered to the Army.

 

The Minister said this indigenous development programme was not likely to have any impact on procurement of several types of gun systems such as 145 Ultra Light Howitzers, 180 Self-Propelled Howitzers and 400 Towed Howitzers through global tenders.

 

The OFB has been producing major components of the gun, such as barrel, breach mechanism, muzzle break, loading trough, recoil system along with the elevating and traversing cylinders, and supplying these to the army as spares.

 

As part of its over Rs 20,000 crore artillery modernisation plan, the Army is looking at inducting several types of howitzers through inter-governmental pacts and global tenders.

 

Army Chief Gen VK Singh had promised last year that at least one type of artillery gun would be inducted into the Service in 2011-12 but it is still waiting for it.

 

The Bofors 155mm howitzers were the focus of a kickback scandal targeting former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi in the late 1980s, but the artillery gun performed remarkably in the Kargil war.

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1 mars 2012 4 01 /03 /mars /2012 08:10

Formidable-class-frigate-photo-RSN.jpg

 

Three Formidable class frigates will take part in the exercise (photo : Mindef)

 

28.02.2012 DEFENSE STUDIES


The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) are conducting Exercise Malapura, a bilateral maritime exercise, from 27 Feb to 7 Mar 2012. Singapore is hosting this year's exercise, the 22nd in the series held since 1984. RSN Fleet Commander, Rear-Admiral Lai Chung Han and RMN Fleet Operations Commander, Vice Admiral Dato’ Wira Jamil bin Hj Osman officiated at the opening ceremony held at Changi Naval Base (CNB) today.

 

About 540 personnel from the RSN and RMN are involved in the 10-day exercise which will see both navies carry out joint planning and training at CNB, and conducting drills in conventional naval warfare and maritime security in the Malacca Strait. The RSN is taking part in the exercise with a frigate (RSS Formidable), a missile corvette (RSS Valour), and a patrol vessel (RSS Brave); while the RMN is participating with a frigate (KD Jebat) and two patrol vessels (KD Terengganu and KD Selangor).


Two Kedah class corvettes and one frigate will take part ini the exercise (photo : RMN)

The RSN and RMN interact regularly across a wide range of activities. These include professional exchanges and courses, as well as multilateral activities as part of the Five Power Defence Arrangements. The two navies have also been working closely to enhance maritime security through the Malacca Strait Patrols arrangement. These regular interactions serve to strengthen mutual understanding and professional ties among the personnel of both navies.

 

(Mindef)
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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 19:00

Scorpene-source-Livefist.jpg

 

February 29, 2012 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST

 

The P75 Scorpene attack submarine lincense build programme at Mazagon Docks Ltd (MDL) has received its first consignment of locally produced submarine equipment, a delivery managed by DCNS India, a subsidiary of the European boatmaker.

 

MDL is in the process of license-building six Scorpenes under transfer of technology (ToT) from DCNS.

 

In June 2011, DCNS India signed a contract with Flash Forge India Pvt. Ltd. “We are providing our Indian partners with know-how and technical assistance to manufacture equipments which will be installed onboard the Scorpenes. Together with MDL, we are qualifying the suitable companies which are meeting the rigorous specifications needed for the submarines”, DCNS India MD Bernard Buisson said in a statement released today.

 

According to the statement, the Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) for the first locally made Scorpene’s equipment (for the large scale piping system) was successfully performed at Flash Forge premises in Visakhapatnam in January 2012. The selection process is under way for other equipment -- additional contracts with Indian firms will be announced shortly, DCNS has said.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:55

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg

 

February 29, 2012 Lv Desheng / PLA Daily – defpro.com

 

Wei Fenghe, deputy chief of general staff of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), held talks with General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, the visiting commander-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army, on February 28, 2012 in Beijing.

 

Wei Fenghe said that the Chinese and Thai militaries carried out fruitful cooperation in such fields as high-level reciprocal visits, personnel training and defense and security consultations in recent years. The Chinese side is willing to make joint efforts with the Thai side to push forward in-depth development of the friendly cooperation between the two militaries and maintain regional peace and stability.

 

Prayut said that the relations between the two militaries have been constantly achieving new progress with the joint efforts of the two sides. The Royal Thai Armed Forces, especially the Royal Thai Army, will further strengthen exchanges and cooperation with the Chinese side and promote overall development of the ties between the two militaries.

 

Before the talks, Wei Fenghe held a welcome ceremony for Prayut and accompanied him to review the PLA army guard of honor.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:40

F-16D Block 52 aircraft - Photo Pakistan Air Force

An F-16D Block 52 aircraft landing at PAF Base Shahbaz (Jacobabad).

(Photo: Pakistan Air Force)

 

February 29, 2012 defpro.com

 

ISLAMABAD | The first batch of three F-16 Block 15 Mid Life Upgrade (MLU) aircraft have arrived from Ankara, Turkey, Feb. 24. The aircraft which were earlier sent to TAI (Turkish Aerospace Industries) for Mid Life Upgrade and have been delivered to PAF on time. In October 2010, PAF had signed a contract with TAI to upgrade all its F-16 Block 15 aircraft.

 

Under the Peace Drive II program, TAI is performing avionics and structural modernization of F-16 aircraft that are on the inventory of Pakistan Air Force since 1982-83 and the project is planned to be completed by September 2014.

 

To commemorate the event, a simple ceremony was held at PAF Base Shahbaz, Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (Operations) Air Marshal Waseem ud din along with PAF officials attended the ceremony.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:35

RoyalNewZealandDefenceForces

 

February 29, 2012 defpro.com

 

The Chief of Defence Force Singapore Armed Forces Lieutenant General Neo Kian Hong will be accorded military honours and a powhiri when he visits New Zealand for the first time next week.

 

New Zealand Defence Force will provide a 50-person tri-Service Guard of Honour for the official welcome ceremony for LTGEN Neo which will be held at the National War Memorial and Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, Buckle Street, Wellington on Tuesday 28 February from 3.40pm.

 

The welcome will be followed by a wreath-laying ceremony in the Hall of Memories at the National War Memorial.

 

While in New Zealand LTGEN Neo will meet with the Minister of Defence Jonathan Coleman, and high ranking Defence personnel including the Chief of Defence Force Lieutenant General Rhys Jones and the Secretary of Defence John McKinnon. LTGEN Neo will also visit the RNZAF base at Ohakea and Devonport Naval Base.

 

LTGEN Neo has led a distinguished career in the Singapore Armed Forces, spanning 27 years. From 2001 to 2003 LTGEN Neo was Assistant Chief of General Staff (Operations) and was responsible for establishing enhanced security measures to safeguard Singapore after the 9/11 attacks in the United States. In 2003 he was seconded to the Ministry of Health as Director of Operations and working to contain the outbreak of SARS in Singapore.

 

New Zealand has a long standing defence link with Singapore. Arrangements for training assistance and other cooperation were formalised in a bilateral agreement concluded between the two Governments in 1971 in parallel with the establishment of the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA), a joint defence arrangement between Malaysia, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

 

New Zealand takes part in many bilateral and multilateral naval, air and army exercises with Singapore. In terms of overall activity, Singapore is New Zealand’s largest defence partner in the Asia-Pacific region after Australia.

 

Singaporean forces have operated with the New Zealand Defence Force in Afghanistan and Timor-Leste.

 

In February 2011, SAF troops exercising in the South Island took part in search and rescue efforts in the immediate aftermath of the Christchurch earthquake, symbolising excellent bilateral ties.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:15

Australian F-18 Hornet source DSI

source DSI

 

February 29, 2012: STRATEGY PAGE

 

Australia has received 18 of the 24 American F-18F fighters it ordered five years ago. Now it has been decided to convert six of these F-18Fs to EA-18G ("Growler") electronic warfare aircraft. Converting an F-18F to an EA-18G will cost another $50 million per aircraft. The F-18F is a 29 ton, two engine, two seat, fighter bomber that carries 8 tons of missiles and smart bombs, plus an internal 20mm multi-barrel autocannon and 578 rounds of ammo. The first Australian EA-18G will be fitted out in the United States, while the remainder will be converted in Australia.

 

The F-18F purchase is part of the Australian strategy to deal with the delays in getting 70 new F-35s. It works like this. Three years ago, after over four years of deliberation, Australia decided to buy U.S. F-35 fighter-bombers. The first 14 were ordered at a cost of over $100 million each (the price includes a lot of training and maintenance infrastructure).

 

The original plan was to replace the existing force of F-111 bombers and aging F-18As with F-35s. But five years ago, it was realized that it would take too long for the F-35s to arrive, and an interim aircraft would be needed.

 

The worn out, 1960s era F-111s, were finally retired in late 2010, after 37 years of service. The F-35s will not arrive until 2018. Meanwhile, Indonesia is buying Russian Su-30 fighters. In response, Australia bought 24 American F-18F fighters, for about $100 million each (including spare parts, training and such). Australia already operates 72 of the older, and smaller, F-18A (which will be retired by the end of the decade). While the two versions of the F-18 have a lot in common (about 25 percent commonality in parts), the F-18F is a new, and larger, design that is actually a new design based on the original F-18. The eighteen F-18Fs and six F-18Gs will last into the 2020s.

 

Two years after entering squadron service, the U.S. Navy's EA-18G "Growler" electronic warfare aircraft saw combat for the first time last year over Libya. The EA-18G is equipped with the ALQ-99 radar jamming pod and a APG-79 phased array (AESA) radar, which also has some jamming capability (with the right software) as well as the ability to fry electronics. It was suggested that the EA-18G might have done this to some Libyan armored vehicles. Whatever the case, American aircraft supplied all of the electronic warfare missions, over 75 percent of the air-to-air refueling, and over 70 percent of the aerial surveillance during the Libya operations.

 

In U.S. service, the EA-18Gs are replacing the aging EA-6Bs that long provided electronic protection against enemy radars and missiles for navy and air force aircraft. The air force retired their EF-111 electronic warfare aircraft in 1998, on the assurance that the navy would get the EA-18G into service before the EA-6Bs died of old age. The older 27 ton EA-6B carried a crew of four, while the highly automated 29 ton EA-18G will have only two people on board. The EA-18G carries up to five electronic warfare pods, plus two AMRAAM air-to-air missiles and two anti-radiation (HARM) missiles. It may be the last manned aircraft to handle the EW job. UAVs are becoming more capable, and will eventually take over this dangerous task.

 

In 2007, the navy received its first operational (as opposed to developmental) EA-18G electronic warfare aircraft. The navy will receive 52 EA-18Gs by 2013 and another 30 after that (at the rate of about five a year). The U.S. Air Force and Marine Corps are planning on developing an electronic warfare version of the new F-35, or use a UAV, if the EA-18Gs are not plentiful, or powerful enough to provide all the electronic protection needed in future wars.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:15

MIG 21 en vol-bd053 source Aerobuzz.fr

 

February 29, 2012, zeenews.india.com

 

New Delhi: MiG 21s, which have often been involved in frequent crashes, will start getting phased out from 2014 setting the stage for giving the IAF a "new look" with the induction of modern next generation aircraft.

 

"MiG 21s which constitute around 40 per cent of the IAF fleet will start getting phased out from 2014... With the induction of modern next generation aircraft such as the FGFA and MMRCA, the IAF will be a new look force," Defence Minister A K Antony said. Indian Air Force(IAF) is on course to induct Su-30MKI, Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft and 126 new medium-multirole combat aircraft (MMRCA).

 

Antony was addressing a meeting of Parliament's Consultative Committee of the Defence Ministry on the state-owned aerospace major Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

 

The IAF has already begun the process of phasing out the older variants of the MiG 21s and it is expecting to complete the process by the end of 2017.

 

Last year, a total of seven fighter aircraft had crashed of which six were MiG 21 variants.

 

The IAF) has inducted a total of 946 MiG-21s in its fleet and 476 of them have been lost in various accidents over the past 45 years.

 

In a recent report, the ministry acknowledged that most of these accidents had occurred due to obsolete technology.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:05

P-8I-aircraft-for-Indian-Navy.-Photo-Boeing.jpg

P-8I aircraft for Indian Navy. Photo Boeing.

 

Feb 28, 2012 Brahmand.com

 

NEW DELHI (PTI): To boost maritime surveillance capabilities of the Indian Navy, the Defence Ministry has approved the proposal to procure nine medium range reconnaissance aircraft expected to cost over USD 1.5 billion.

 

The approval for procuring the advanced medium range maritime reconnaissance (MRMR) aircraft was granted by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on Friday, Ministry officials said.

 

The nine MRMR planes will be in addition to the 12 American-origin P-8I long-range (LRMR) aircraft already being acquired by Navy at a USD 3.1 billion price tag.

 

Several global aviation majors including American Lockheed Martin, Swedish SAAB, French Dassault Aviation, Brazilian Embraer and European EADS are in contention for this big contract.

 

With an operating range of over 350 nautical miles, the MRMR planes will act as Navy's eyes and ears over Indian Ocean in the medium range.

 

While the P-8Is, with an operating range of around 1,200 nautical miles, will patrol the outermost layer of India's three-tier maritime surveillance grid, Israeli spy drones like Heron and Searcher-II as well as Dorniers make up the inner most layer.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 17:55

RoK_Aus_Flag.jpg

 

29.02.2012 Pacific Sentinel

 

S. Korean and Australian defense ministries had "the 2nd S. Korea-Australia logistics cooperation conference" in Canberra, Australia on Feb. 21 to discuss ways to improve their mutual logistics cooperation.  

Korean Army Maj. Gen. Cheon Dong-un, the director of the Ministry of Defense Logistics Management Department, and his counterpart Australian Air Force Maj. Gen. Margaret Staib had an in-depth discussion of the issue about the need to build and promote the database about whether the two countries can supply their ammunition to each other both in wartime and peacetime. 

This was the second time after 2010 when the S. Korea-Australia Memorandum of Understanding on mutual logistics cooperation was concluded. In this meeting, the two generals had a time to understand each other's logistics system and policy. They also exchanged opinions on ways to use their equipment and supplies in common and to improve the efficiency of their defense logistics management including equipment substantiality. 

"This conference helped the two sides seek ways to enhance the efficiency of the management of military supplies and to promote the bilateral logistics cooperation," a Korean Defence official said

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 17:45

USPACOM United States Pacific Command seal

 

February 29, 2012 Lisa Daniel / American Forces Press Service  - defpro.com

 

WASHINGTON | The U.S. Defense Department’s new strategic shift toward the Asia-Pacific region will solidify longstanding partnerships, build on newer ones, and allow the military to address security challenges in the area, the commander of U. S. Pacific Command said Feb. 28.

 

Navy Adm. Robert F. Willard outlined the command’s budget priorities to the Senate Armed Services Committee. Willard noted it was his last planned testimony before the committee before his impending retirement.

 

The Pacom region covers half the globe, including 36 nations, and contains most of the world’s great national powers, Willard noted. The U.S. military has five strong partners in the area – Australia, Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Thailand – and is advancing important relations in India and throughout Southeast Asia, he said.

 

As evidenced by Pacom’s March 2011 response to the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear meltdown in Japan, Willard said, the command’s close cooperation with its partners, as well as its interoperable military systems, make it a quick and solid reaction force in the most difficult situations.

 

North Korea continues to threaten stability in the Asia-Pacific region, and there is no indication that its new leader, Kim Jong Un, will break from the totalitarian leadership of his deceased father, Kim Jong Il, Willard said. “He is a Kim,” surrounded by the guidance of older relatives, he added.

 

Meanwhile, China “continues to be a challenge at many levels,” the admiral said. Military-to-military relations “are not what they should be” with China, although they are progressing, he said. China’s army “is advancing capabilities at an impressive rate,” he said, and continues to challenge other Pacific nations in the sea, air and space.

 

“It’s growth unabated,” he said. “They continue to grow capabilities in virtually all areas.”

 

There has been increasing demand from Asia-Pacific nations for the U.S. military to reposition itself there after pulling away during 10 years of war in Iraq and Afghanistan, Willard said. While U.S. air and sea power stayed relatively stable, he said, ground forces were reduced by 10 percent.

 

“The amount of encouragement that has come from virtually all actors in the region for U.S. staying power and increased engagement in the region was the perception in the past decade that our presence was diminished,” he said. “That refrain has not stopped.”

 

Asia-Pacific nations broadly recognize that the U.S. military will downsize after 10 years of war, as it historically has done, and that the country’s debt and deficit problems will affect the amount of resources it can devote to the region, the admiral said.

 

Willard also said he is not concerned about a drawdown of aircraft and other assets, because the recommendations were built on sound military strategy. That said, he added, military leaders must keep a watchful eye that the repositioning remains in keeping with operational needs.

 

One of many needs of the U.S. military in the Pacific region is maritime security and access, Willard said. About $5.3 trillion in commerce flows through the South China Sea -- much of it belonging to the United States – and at least six Asian nations struggle to control it, said he noted.

 

“What makes China unique is that they’ve laid claim to virtually all of” the maritime routes around Asia, and continue to challenge military and commercial ships, Willard added.

 

Still, he added, even as power struggles ensue, particularly in Southeast Asia, “from a regional, economic standpoint, China’s rise has benefitted us all.” China is the No. 1 trading part of most of the Pacific nations, he said.

 

An increasing U.S. presence in the Asia-Pacific region is not just about the economy, but also about the growth of democracies there, the admiral said. “There are a lot of U.S. values that are highly regarded in the region, and our form of governance is one of them,” he said.

 

The admiral said he is aware of a proposal to put one of three pre-positioned Marine Corps squadrons in the Pacific on decreased readiness status, but said they will not be on Guam or Diego Garcia. The 2012 National Defense Authorization Act requires the Marine Corps commandant and secretary of defense to certify that the change will not affect readiness.

 

He also said the United States is at a disadvantage by not signing on to the Convention on the Law of the Sea Treaty. Willard noted that the United States has adhered to the legal framework of the treaty since 1994, and believes that elements of the convention, namely commercial provisions, that caused it to be set aside in the 1980s “have all been corrected.”

 

“This is so important,” he said. “We believe strongly that the United States must have a voice in this and a seat at the table,” noting that China is involved in the process.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 13:52

F-35-Lightning-II-source-Ria-Novisti.jpg

F-35 Lightning II

 

TOKYO, February 29 (RIA Novosti)

 

Japan may cancel its order to buy 42 U.S.-made F-35 Lightning II stealth combat aircraft if prices grow or delivery is delayed, the Kyodo News Agency said on Wednesday.

 

“If the U.S. side makes an unrealistic proposal, we will cancel the purchase or consider [buying] other types of aircraft,” the agency quoted Japanese Defense Minister Naoki Tanaka as saying.

 

Two weeks ago, Japan’s Defense Ministry informed the Pentagon about the possibility of cancelling the order over fears that it might not meet the cost. The price of the aircraft for the U.S. forces has already turned out to be higher than expected due to delays in the aircraft’s design and development process.

 

The F-35 is currently still being tested, but low-rate initial production is already underway, with full-rate production due to begin around 2016, according to Aviation Week magazine. The United States alone wants to buy almost 2,500 F-35s.

 

Japan opted to buy the F-35 after considering its combat-proven rivals: Boeing's FA-18E/F Super Hornet and the Eurofighter Typhoon.

 

Japan plans to acquire a total of 42 jets and pay 9.9 billion yen ($123 million) for each of the first four aircraft to be delivered by March 2016.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 13:45

India.svg

 

28/2/2012 Israel Defense

 

India’s Ministry of Defense is examining the possibility, as they are incapable of receiving so many order units

 

Israel is preparing for a change in India's Ministry of Defense’s reciprocal procurement policies. Deliberations in India are underway, and it seems that a decision will take place soon.

 

India procures weapon systems from numerous countries around the world. In the past few years, Israel has been a signatory to several enormous deals with India, and several deals are still in negotiation. Every deal requires reciprocal procurement, or what has been known as “industrial cooperation.”

 

India has understood that its industry is incapable of receiving all the production units it is meant to receive as a result of its military equipment procurement deals. As such, the proposal will allow global weapon manufacturers to replace the transfer of production with the transfer of technologies.

 

The debate in India is nearing conclusion, and a decision is expected soon. At the same time, there is a proposal to increase the scope of reciprocal procurement from 30% to 40% of the worth of the deal.

 

Israeli sources stated that if an Indian decision is accepted, it will “change things,” as India will place greater significance on advanced technology than work portions. Israel is not able to transfer technologies freely, primarily due to defense considerations. However, the sources stated that despite the limitations, Israel would have an advantage over other countries in many cases.

 

India’s procurement potential in the coming years has been estimated at billions of US dollars.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 13:40

F-35-Lightning-II--photo-USAF.jpg

 

Feb. 29, 2012 ctv.ca (AP)

 

TOKYO — Japan's defence minister says Tokyo may cancel its plans to buy dozens of F-35 stealth fighter jets from the United States in a multi-billion dollar deal if the prices continue to rise or if delays threaten the delivery date.

 

Defence Minister Naoki Tanaka told Parliament Wednesday that failure by manufacturer Lockheed Martin to deliver on time at the current price levels would force Tokyo to consider switching to a different aircraft.

 

Japan announced late last year that it would purchase 42 F-35 jets in a deal expected to cost more than $5 billion. The F-35 is set to become the centerpiece of the U.S. military and allied air forces around the world. But the program has been plagued by delays and cost overruns.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 13:05

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29.02.2012 Pacific Sentinel

 

A $300 million maintenance and repair contract for the Anzac Class Frigates will be negotiated with Naval Ship Management Australia, following their selection as preferred tenderer.

Minister for Defence Materiel Senator Kim Carr said the new five-year contract was expected to provide better outcomes for industry and more effective, value for money outcomes for the Navy.

 

“In June of last year my predecessor Minister Jason Clare announced the Government’s intention to reform the naval ship repair sector – commencing with the release of the tender for the repair and maintenance of the Navy’s eight Anzac Class frigates,” Senator Carr said.

 

“I am pleased to announce the outcome of the Tender evaluation. I congratulate Naval Ship Management Australia, a joint venture of Babcock Australia and United Group Infrastructure, for being selected as the preferred tenderer.”

 

Senator Carr said the announcement follows extensive consultation with industry on a new approach to contracts for repair and maintenance work.

 

“In contrast to the previous arrangements which required every new maintenance activity to be individually contracted out, the grouping of ship repair and maintenance tasks offers the potential for significant cost savings. 

 

“These savings are achieved through reductions in contracting activity, greater ability to forecast work effort, and productivity gains through greater investment in workforce skills and infrastructure.

 

“This initiative will provide industry with the predictability, certainty and stability that it needs to achieve efficiencies and provide job security for, and investment in, its workforce.

 

“This new contracting approach is good for industry, it is good for job security and development, it is good for Navy, and it is good for Australian taxpayers who rightly demand maximum efficiency from every dollar spent on Australia’s defence.”

 

Contract negotiations are expected to be finalised by June 2012.

 

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 13:00

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29.02.2002 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense

 

Dans le palmarès du SIPRI (voir mon post d’hier) ne figure aucune société chinoise ; ce n’est pas leur manque de dynamisme commercial qui les prive de figurer dans la liste des grandes équipementiers militaires, mais bien l’absence de données objectives et précises.

 

Plutôt que de tenter de donner une estimation du montant des ventes d’armes chinoises, je préfère procéder de façon empirique et partir d’un exemple. Celui des MRAP, ces véhicules « très tendance » en Irak et Afghanistan et qui ont sauvé la vie à bien des soldats qui se trouvaient à l’intérieur.

 

En 2010, Mobile Land Systems, une PME sud-africaine, a signé un contrat avec Poly Technologies, compagnie chinoise spécialisée dans l'importation et l'exportation de matériels militaires. Mobile Land Systems venait de développer son propre MRAP : le Caprivi-MK1. Mobile Land Systems proclamait alors sur son site : « We are prepared to build these vehicles anywhere in the world » (nous sommes prêts à construire ces véhicules n’importe où dans le monde). Pourquoi pas en Chine ?

mobile ans systems.jpg

Une première commande chinoise a porté sur 11 véhicules (montant 5 millions de dollars). Deux exemplaires ont été produits en Afrique du Sud, les neuf suivants, sous supervision de MLS (photo ci-dessus), dans l'usine de Chongqing de ChangAn Industries, une entreprise spécialisée dans les véhicules terrestres à qui Poly Technologies avait confié la fabrication des MRAP. Le contrat suivant prévoyait un transfert complet des technologies et la construction sous licence de 289 véhicules.

uganda mrap.jpg

Dans un troisième temps, MLS devait transférer la totalité de la propriété industrielle du véhicule à ChangAn. Ce qui fut fait et désormais la Chine produit et exporte ses MRAP... jusqu'en Afrique puisque des MRAP destinés à la police ougandaise ont été repérés avant leur livraison (photo ci-dessus. A voir sur China Defense blogspot); on parle aussi de futurs contrats avec le Kenya.

 

Moralité: l'exemple des MRAP (qu'une autre entreprises chinoise, Shaanxi, produit aussi) illustre bien les procédés commerciaux de Beijing: captage technologique, adaptation et production locales puis revente aux pays en développement à des prix avantageux... J'aurais pu aussi utiliser l'exemple des avions de combat.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 12:45

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29 février 2012 par Rédaction - Aerobuzz.fr

 

L’arrivée dans les forces aériennes indiennes du Rafale signe la fin d’une époque, mais aussi d’une légende, pour l’Inde, celle du Bison, la dernière version du Mig-21 indien.

 

Si l’on en croit le très respectable « Times of India », aucune manœuvre ne pourra empêcher l’acquisition de Rafale par les forces aériennes indiennes. La sélection du Rafale par l’Inde est le fruit d’un long parcours d’obstacles techniques, opérationnels, politiques et financiers dont le biréacteur français, une fois n’est pas coutume, est sorti vainqueur. Certes, ce contrat, qu’on espère signé bientôt a fait couler beaucoup d’encre, en Inde bien sûr, mais aussi en Angleterre et aux USA… Mais force est de constater qu’au cours des dernières semaines, personne ne s’est réellement intéressé au pourquoi du comment. En clair, quel est le besoin ?

 

En Inde, l’arrivée du Rafale marque une véritable révolution car elle signifie le retrait du Mig-21. Un appareil vénérable élevé au rang de légende, en Inde ? depuis 1961… C’est en effet sur le petit monoréacteur delta soviétique que l’escadrille des Cobras, basée près de Delhi, a fait ses premiers vols supersoniques. On estime que, toutes versions confondues, l’Inde a commandé, et disons le franchement, produit sous licence, une grande partie de ses 900 unités de ce type qui ont fait sa gloire lors de confrontations avec les appareils alignés par le Pakistan.

 

Si les premières versions, brillaient par leur vitesse de pointe, elles étaient en revanche incapables de voler plus de 40 minutes, et elles étaient dépourvues de toute électronique sophistiquée et, plus ennuyeux, de canon. La dernière version entrée en service récemment et toujours en service, est désignée Mig-21 Bison.

 

Le Mig-21 Bison commandé initialement à 125 exemplaires, est la dernière vraie tentative de modernisation de cet avion surnommé « Balalaika » par ses utilisateurs. Il dispose d’une ébauche de système d’arme mêlant pour la première fois des équipements russes, indiens et occidentaux sur un avion de combat. Le cœur du Bison est un radar multimode Kopyo, de Phazotron, petit cousin de celui du Mig-29 dont les données s’affichent sur un écran multimode, à côté des instruments enfin dignes d’un appareil moderne. Petit, car il doit se loger dans le cône d’entrée d’air mobile de l’appareil. Du coup, cet espace étroit, limite la taille d’antenne et partant la portée utile du capteur. Il n’empêche avec le Kopyo, l’intercepteur tributaire à 100% des radars au sol devient un appareil polyvalent capable d’agir de façon autonome.

 

MIG21_parking-b2187-source-Aerobuzz.jpg

Le Mig-21 Bison partage avec le Mig-29, le même radar multimode Phazotron Kopyo

 

En mode air-air les bons vieux missiles courte-portée AA8 Aphid, équivalents au Magic 1 français ou aux premiers AIM9 Sidewinder sont remplacés par des R73 identiques à ceux mis en service sur les MIG29 et SU27. Mieux, pour la première fois sur un Mig-21 des missiles moyenne portée, dont la capacité d’action théorique dépasse celle du radar, font leur apparition avec l’intégration du R77 (AA12 ADDER) En mode air-sol, le Bison a reçu en plus de sa capacité de tir roquettes initiale, des bombes guidées KAB500 …

 

Le système d’autoprotection a également été entièrement revu. Il intègre de nouveaux détecteurs, des lances leurres évolués et la capacité d’emporter un nacelle de brouillage, sous voilure. Autre révolution pour les pilotes celle là, l’installation d’une nouvelle verrière dépourvue de montants, et l’affichage des données de vol et de combat sur un viseur de casque dernier cri. Autant d’atouts qui font dire à d’aucuns en Inde que le Bison vaut largement un F16A en combat aérien.

 

MIG21_decollage-af482-source-Aerobuzz.jpg

Les Mig-21 indiens ont connu un taux d’accident anormalement élevé dans les années 90-2000

 

Malgré toutes ses qualités, le Mig-21, produit sous licence par HAL a atteint la limite de son potentiel d’évolution. Et bien que sa rusticité ait fait des merveilles, son taux d’accidents est devenu dans les années 90-2000 inquiétant. La faute à des problèmes de maintenance, de moteurs et d’accessoires divers.

 

Le Rafale, produit sous licence en grande partie à partie d’éléments faits en France, permettra aux forces indiennes de faire un saut technologique et opérationnel considérable. Une modernisation qui s’inscrit dans une démarche de remise à niveau cohérente entamée avec la mise en service des biréacteurs SU30 MKI et qui se poursuivra par le déploiement du Sukhoi T50 cofinancé par l’inde, un avion de cinquième génération comparable au F22 Raptor américain. A suivre…

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 08:55

Scorpene-DCNS---photo-Mychele-Daniau-AFP.jpg

Le Scorpène, fabriqué à Cherbourg par la DCNS,

a séduit en 2002 la Malaisie qui en acheté deux.

Crédits photo : MYCHELE DANIAU/AFP

 

28/02/2012 Par Arnaud de La Grange - LeFigaro.fr

 

La Malaisie est aujourd'hui le 5e marché pour l'industrie française  de défense.

 

L'affiche de la dernière édition du Salon aéronautique de Singapour, qui a fermé ses portes le 19 février dernier, pourtant autant civil que militaire, était ornée par une unique silhouette d'appareil. Et il s'agissait d'un avion de combat. Une illustration assez symbolique de la montée en puissance des armées de la région. Au moins sur le plan des équipements, les budgets de défense y sont en hausse.

 

Ce dynamisme s'explique par les impératifs de sécurité intérieure, les différends en mer de Chine méridionale, les problèmes de sécurité maritime et de piraterie. «En Asie du Sud-Est, les contrats militaires ont moins de visibilité internationale, car il s'agit rarement de gros contrats spectaculaires, explique Marie-Laure Bourgeois, patronne de Thales pour la région, mais s'ils sont plus modestes, ils sont nombreux…» Elle rappelle que l'Indonésie a multiplié son budget d'acquisition par trois en cinq ans. La Malaisie dépense près d'un milliard d'euros par an pour ses équipements militaires. Le Vietnam même, longtemps chasse gardée des Russes pour des raisons politiques évidentes, s'ouvre aux groupes de défense étrangers.

 

La Malaisie, c'est peu connu, est ainsi aujourd'hui le 5 e marché pour l'industrie française de défense, juste derrière les deux poids lourds du Golfe, Arabie saoudite et Émirats arabes unis, et les deux grands des Brics, le Brésil et l'Inde. Cette situation fait le bonheur d'Eurocopter. En 2010, le groupe a ainsi engrangé un contrat de 340 millions d'euros, pour la fourniture de 12 EC 725 - le plus gros de ses hélicoptères - à la Malaisie. Le pays veut se doter d'encore une quinzaine d'appareils de ce type. «La partie militaire compte aujourd'hui pour plus d'un quart de nos commandes, confie Pierre Nardelli, responsable d'Eurocopter en Malaisie, qui espère aussi que le Tigre aura sa chance quand le pays se décidera à acheter de nouveaux hélicoptères d'attaque, d'ici à 2015 a priori. Aux manettes d'EADS en Malaisie, Bruno Navet rappelle que le pays est pour le moment le seul client à l'export de l'avion de transport de troupes et de matériels A 400M (avec 4 appareils) et qu'il «offre aussi beaucoup d'opportunités pour Astrium et Cassidian, avec des radars pour la surveillance des frontières. Et bien sûr MBDA, la Malaisie étant le premier client asiatique de ce dernier». Avec notamment de l'Exocet et du Mica.

Le Vietnam se rapproche des Occidentaux

Côté naval, les Français de DCNS ont aussi vendu deux sous-marins conventionnels Scorpène en 2002, et aujourd'hui 6 corvettes Gowind. Enfin, après les élections de 2013, les Malaisiens devraient accélérer leur projet d'acquisition de nouveaux chasseurs mulltirôles.

 

Dans la région, Thales a «une activité à 70% défense et 30% civile », explique Marie-Laure Bourgeois. Le groupe est ainsi depuis l'an dernier l'architecte électronique des véhicules blindés de l'armée de terre malaisienne, pour un contrat de plus de 200 millions d'euros. Elle estime aussi le marché des avions de surveillance maritime à «plusieurs centaines de millions d'euros dans les années qui viennent, sachant que nous sommes bien placés». Au salon de Singapour, Airbus Military a signé un contrat pour 9 avions de transport C 295 destinés à l'armée indonésienne.

Le plus étonnant, c'est le Vietnam qui, pour faire pièce au grand voisin chinois, se rapproche de plus en plus des Américains et des Occidentaux en général. Y compris sur le plan militaire. Bien sûr, la Russie reste une importante source d'armements. Récemment, Hanoi lui a acheté 6 sous-marins de classe kilo. Mais le pays veut se diversifier, pour prendre notamment une «assurance contre la Chine».

 

Les Israéliens devraient ainsi équiper l'armée de l'air en radars, un marché pour lequel les Français étaient aussi sur les rangs. Et d'autres opportunités se profilent.

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 08:50

Type-094-Jin-class-submarine.jpg

 

28 février 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Les sous-marins nucléaires lanceurs d’engins chinois de la classe Jin sont classés avant-derniers parmi les SNLE en service dans le monde entier, selon une liste établie par le Russian Arms Network.

 

Les 8 classes de bâtiments évalués par les analystes russes sont l’Ohio américain, les Delta, Akula et Borei russes, le Vanguard britannique, le Triomphant français, le Jin chinois et l’Arihant indien.

 

Le 1er du classement est l’Ohio américain avec 49,4 points. Le Jin chinois a reçu 30,1 points, c’est-à-dire avant-dernier, devant l’Arihant indien, avec 17,7 points.

 

Quatre catégories ont été utilisées pour déterminer la qualité de chaque sous-marin. En premier la puissance de feu, avec le nombre, le déploiement et la portée des missiles. Vient ensuite les caractéristiques du sous-marin, prenant en compte son déplacement et sa taille. La technologie constitue la 3è catégorie, pendant que la dernière évalue les performances de base, comme la vitesse, l’autonomie et la discrétion.

 

Référence : Want China Times (Taïwan)

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 08:50

Scorpene-source-defesaglobal.jpg

 

February 28th, 2012 By VMSB - defesaglobal

 

India´ shipbuilder Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) has received the first Indian made equipment for the Scorpène submarines programme. The components were made by Flash Forge India Pvt. Ltd according a contract awarded by DCNS in June 2011.

 

MDL is producing six Scorpène based P75 submarines under transfer of technology (ToT) from French shipbuilder DCNS. Simultaneously, DCNS India Ltd is working at the selection and qualification of local companies as partners for local production of the submarines’ equipments.

 

The Scorpène design is in service with Chilean and Malaysian navies. The Brazilian Navy also procured the submarine. It can be armed with naval mines, torpedoes and MBDA Exocet SM39 Block Mod 2 anti-ship missiles.

 

All Scorpène submarines are equipped with DCNS SUBTICS combat management systems and S-CUBE sonar system from Thales Underwater Systems (TUS).

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:55

ST-Kinetics-Next-Gen-Concept-Rifle--NGCR----photo-PK-Sengup.jpg

 

Well hidden under a plastic, transparent cover of a conceptual prototype of a new Singapore rifle next generation, shown for the first time at Singapore Air Show 2012 (photo : PK Sengupta)

24.02.2012 DEFENSE STUDIES


During the Singapore Air Show 2012 ST Kinetics presented a conceptual model of the new generation rifle. The design is developed in the classical system and bullpup.


Family of weapons called Next-Gen Concept Rifle (NGCR) was shown in Singapore in three models: two in the classical system (including a variant of rifle-grenade launcher) and in the bullpup system. It is not clear whether the weapons are, like the Polish MSBS-5, 56, based on a common chamber, the castle, or whether it be two separate rifles, which will be characterized by a high interchangeability of parts. The differences between the prototypes shown at the exhibition would show the parallel design rather two rifles, which are divided among themselves as much as possible components.

Regardless of the structural system, in addition to the standard version will be available also with a shorter barrel sub carbine and sniper rifle with a barrel of greater length and rifle-grenade launcher with a suspended 40-mm grenade launcher (currently STK 40GL). Addition, the weapon has to be adapted to future soldier systems, including the Singaporean individual combat system Advanced Combat Man System (ACMS).

Model for Next-Gen Concept Rifle in the bullpup system. For NGCR in the bullpup system as a standard, just as in the SAR-21 is planned for an optical viewfinder with 1.5x magnification with a laser pointer to, and for a variety of classical or holographic sight collimator mounted on the universal mounting rail (photo : ST Kinetics)

Next-Gen Concept Rifle was designed by ST Kinetics, a subsidiary of ST Engineering. Regardless of the structural system is to be supplied with ammunition 5.56 mm x 45 and operate in accordance with the principle of using the energy of powder gases discharged through the side hole in the barrel, with a short gas piston. ST Kinetics promotes NGCR been used as the successor to 5.56-mm rifle butt in the system SAR-21, introduced to arms in 1999.

Comparison NGCR without iron and classical. Weight of the latter is expected to be 3.3 kg, and 805 mm length of foot flask in the extended position and 740 mm in the summary. Kolb is not folded to the side and is equipped with buccal pad with adjustable height (photo : ST Kinetics)

In contrast to the older weapons, new construction is to be fully adapted to the shooters right-and left-handed, and all keypads should be equally accessible. Similarly, the SAR-21, Next-Gen Concept will be powered rifle with a 30-cartridge magazine made of transparent plastic (removable with a gun earlier generation), which allows to evaluate the remainder in the middle of the number of munitions or as an option, with the standard M16 magazine. Rate of fire arms to be at the level of 600-900 rds. / Min, slightly higher than the SAR-21, which amounts to 450-650 rds. / Min. Standard switch the type of fire is to be 3-position (described pictographs settings: secure, fire and single fire mode), but the manufacturer is assumed to introduce an optional serial some blasting fire.

Next-Gen without iron Rifle concept is to have smaller dimensions and weight of about 25% smaller than previously used by the army automatic rifle Singaporean SAR-21. Weight of the latter is 3.82 kg in the basic version and a length of 508-mm barrel, 805 mm, and without iron 3 kg, a length of 700 mm (with a barrel measuring 368 mm) (photo : PK Sengupta)

Next-Gen Barrel Rifle concept is to have a length of 368 mm, or 14.5 inches, the same as the American Colt M4 rifle. Jump the grooves is to be - depending on the needs of the client - 178 or 305 mm. This will allow you to use the weapon to the newer, heavier 4.0-g projectile cartridge 5.56 mm x 45 NATO, which is used in the M16A2 and the most modern rifles or lighter 3.56-g bullet cartridge older 5.56 mm x 45 M193 . The latter include powered M16/M16A1, but is also used in a standard army rifle Singapore - SAR-21 in the bullpup system. This follows from the fact that Singapore przezbrajał the new weapon of M16S1 and wanted to maintain the interchangeability of ammunition between the old and new structures.

(Altair)

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