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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:50



 February 27, 2012 defpro.com


The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) are conducting Exercise Malapura, a bilateral maritime exercise, from 27 Feb to 7 Mar 2012. Singapore is hosting this year's exercise, the 22nd in the series held since 1984. RSN Fleet Commander, Rear-Admiral Lai Chung Han and RMN Fleet Operations Commander, Vice Admiral Dato’ Wira Jamil bin Hj Osman officiated at the opening ceremony held at Changi Naval Base (CNB) today.


About 540 personnel from the RSN and RMN are involved in the 10-day exercise which will see both navies carry out joint planning and training at CNB, and conducting drills in conventional naval warfare and maritime security in the Malacca Strait. The RSN is taking part in the exercise with a frigate (RSS Formidable), a missile corvette (RSS Valour), and a patrol vessel (RSS Brave); while the RMN is participating with a frigate (KD Jebat) and two patrol vessels (KD Terengganu and KD Selangor).


The RSN and RMN interact regularly across a wide range of activities. These include professional exchanges and courses, as well as multilateral activities as part of the Five Power Defence Arrangements. The two navies have also been working closely to enhance maritime security through the Malacca Strait Patrols arrangement. These regular interactions serve to strengthen mutual understanding and professional ties among the personnel of both navies.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:45

PLA China


February 27, 2012 PLA Daily – defpro.com


Ma Xiaotian, deputy chief of general staff of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), met with Brigadier General Hans Werner Willmann, deputy chief of the Military Policy and Arms Control Bureau of the Defense Ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany who came to China to attend the 13th working dialogue between the Chinese and German ministries of national defense, and his party on February 24, 2012 in Beijing.


Ma Xiaotian said that the China-Germany relations are currently maintaining a good momentum of development. In recent years, the relations between the two militaries have made great strides as evidenced by frequent high-level reciprocal visits, smooth operation of mechanism exchanges and constantly strengthened pragmatic cooperation in professional fields. The Chinese side always attaches importance to the development of the friendly and cooperative relations between the two militaries, and is willing to make joint efforts with the German side to continue to push forward the development of the relations between the two militaries and add more new substance to the relations between the two countries.


Willmann said that both Germany and China are countries that carry considerable weight in the world. The two sides should strengthen cooperation and exchanges in various fields, which contributes to maintaining international and regional peace and stability. The German side takes a positive attitude towards the development of the relations between the two militaries, and is willing to further strengthen the exchanges and cooperation between the two militaries at various levels and in various fields.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:25



India’s defense ministry has authorized an initial batch of 9 naval variants of the Tejas lightweight fighter, which will eventually operate from its navy’s new aircraft carriers. (ADA photo)


Feb. 28, 2012 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Indo-Asian News Service; published Feb. 27, 2012)


NEW DELHI --- In a boost to India's indigenous maritime combat plane development programme, a top defence panel has approved the limited series production of the Tejas light combat aircraft (LCA) for the Indian Navy's under-construction indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC).


The approval came from the Defence Minister A.K. Antony-headed Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) at its meeting last week, a top defence ministry official told IANS Monday. "The nod is for production of nine of the LCA-Navy," the official said.


The approval comes even as the project was finding the going tough over the plane's General Electric F404 engine providing inadequate power -- about 80 kiloNewtons -- for a carrier-borne fighter.


Therefore, India's first home-built carrier-borne combat jet may finally be powered by GE F414 engine that provides 90 kiloNewton thrust to meet the specifications for LCA-Navy.


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) project will see the light of the day soon, with the aircraft going through its first flight this year, followed by the necessary approvals for final operational clearance in the next three-four years, in time for the IAC's induction.


The 40,000-tonne IAC is under construction at the Cochin Shipyard, and will carry about 30 combat planes, apart from choppers.


The LCA-Navy had a significant milestone in its development process with the first successful ground-run of its engine in September last year.


The Indian Air Force has ordered seven squadrons - about 140 aircraft - of the LCA and its induction is expected to begin next year.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:20


AgustaWestland A109E (photo RAN)




The Royal Australian Navy’s 723 Squadron has begun 2012 on a high tempo as they prepare to upgrade their capability.

The 723 Squadron’s Retention and Motivation Initiative (RMI) program currently operate three
AgustaWestland A109E helicopters under lease from Raytheon Australia.

The aircraft were recently on a training mission in Queensland where they were prepared to conduct relief during the recent flood. However their services were not required.

Commanding Officer of 723 Squadron, Commander Matthew Shand said these flights provide valuable opportunities for junior aircrew to plan and execute tasks in a wide variety of environments.
“It’s been an active start to a promising year” Commander Shand said as the Squadron eagerly await the arrival of three new Bell 429 helicopters to augment their existing fleet of 13 AS350BA Squirrels.

The new Bell 429 helicopters will still be leased from Raytheon Australia, and with their composite construction, full glass cockpit and advanced systems, the Bell 429 helicopters are set to be the most modern aircraft in Australian skies when they start flying with the Squadron mid this year.

“The experience we’re getting flying the A109E has a big impact on our ability to plan and evaluate complex missions” said Lieutenant Trine Themsen an Aviation Warfare Officer currently training with the Squadron.

“We’re excited about introducing the new Bell 429 into our training and seeing what it can do”.
The first of three new Bell 429 helicopters are due to arrive at
HMAS Albatross in Nowra during March before undergoing a limited test program and entering service with 723 Squadron in May.


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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:15



Feb 27, 2012 By Jay Menon  - AviationWeek.com


New Delhi – India’s defense research agency on Feb. 23 announced plans to develop electronic warfare technologies to help paramilitary and police forces across the country.


G. Elangovan, the Chief Controller Research and Development (Avionics) at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), says a department for Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) was introduced for internal security due to rising incidents of violence in India.


“We have created a separate chief controller for low-intensity conflict to identify electronic warfare technologies that can be customized to help paramilitary and police forces across India,” he says.


The new-generation EW systems would be fitted on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), aircraft and satellites and use electromagnetic spectrum to counter any adversary’s moves from deep inside enemy territories with manned and unmanned systems such as night-vision devices, radars, thermal imagers, handheld radios and bomb detection kits.


The systems on UAVs and aircraft would give the country a 400-500 km-range capability, and those on satellites a much longer range.


“We can see deep inside enemy territories. We have plans to go in for higher platforms,” says R. Sreehari Rao, DRDO’s Chief Controller, Research and Development (Electronics and Computer Sciences).


A prototype of synthetic aperture radar would also be flight tested on a Dornier aircraft this year, he says.


Elangovan says there is a need for “niche technologies” to be developed by DRDO “as others would not share the same with India.”


Some of the products that DRDO will focus on include foliage penetration radars through imaging systems, improved sensors and protection systems.


According to DRDO, India’s armed forces are expected to purchase EW systems worth about $5 billion in the next 10 years.


Separately, the Indian army and navy are likely to each buy $2 billion in such products during the same period.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:05

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg


2012-02-28 (China Military News cited frombbc.co.uk)


Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao has called for more co-ordination between military and economic development, national Chinese newspapers report on Tuesday.


Mr Wen urged more support for military development as well as better integration with the economy, technology and education, says the Xinhua News Agency report carried by the People's Daily and the others.


The premier also urged improvements to veterans' policies such as civil service jobs and vocational training.


Mr Wen made the remarks at a ceremony marking towns and cities with the best performance in implementing the "double support" policy - referring to unity between the army and residents, with President Hu Jintao also present.


Under the policy, China asks the military and local authorities to work together, raising the army's combat capacity and local productivity at the same time.


China Daily leads with the meeting between Vice-Premier Li Keqiang and visiting World Bank President Robert Zoellick.


Mr Zoellick was hosting the release of a World Bank report saying China needed to embrace fundamental free-market reform if its economy was to continue to grow at its current pace.


The Global Times' bilingual editorial of the day focuses on this report, which it says "seems abrupt" for the bank to present the concept of a "high-income society" to the Chinese public.


"China should not take the concept of 'high-income society' and replace China's previous goal," says the editorial, referring to China's long-term goal of becoming a "well-off society".


With Mr Zoellick due to step down in a few months' time, People's Daily spells out China's stance on how the next World Bank chief should be picked in a commentary.


The article opposes the "primogeniture" practised by the US and developed countries in Europe over the leadership of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It also appeals for developing countries "to come to a consensus and push [reforms] together".


Shanghai Morning Post and many others reports on the launch of a series of activities "to learn the Spirit of Lei Feng", the Good Samaritan, by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party.


People's Daily also runs a dedicated commentary appealing to the people to make the Spirit of Lei Feng a spirit of citizenship.


In other news, Shanghai Daily and Guangzhou's Southern Metropolis Daily report a man in northern Hebei province was sentenced to two years of re-education through labour for spreading rumours that a local military hospital had seen an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars).


Re-education through labour is an administrative punishment implemented by the police that does not require a court trial. The Beijing Times asks whether the punishment was too harsh.


Also featuring in the Shanghai Daily and Shanghai Morning Post is the municipality's decision to raise its minimum wage by 13% to 1,450 yuan ($230; £145) per month from April.


This will keep Shanghai's minimum wage the highest in China, reports say.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 18:00

Sukhoi Su-35 multirole fighter- source RIA Novosti

source Ria Novisti


2012-02-28(China Military News cited from flightglobal.com and by Vladimir Karnozov)


China has asked Russia to supply it with Sukhoi Su-35 fighters and Almaz-Antei S-400 Triumph long-range air defence systems.


The Rossiyskaya Gazeta newspaper quoted Alexander Fomin, deputy head of Russia's Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation, as saying that Beijing filed requests for the equipment last year. "The Russian side is considering these applications," he said.


Fomin refused to specify how many fighters China is seeking to buy. Last year it cancelled an order for a second batch of 95 Su-27s for local assembly, after Shenyang launched series production of its comparable J-11 design. Four Su-35s have so far been delivered to the Russian air force to support trials activities, with the type expected to enter frontline use in 2013.


China has previously acquired S-300PMU2 "Favorit" air defence systems from Russia, and hopes to field next-generation S-400 surface-to-air missiles from 2015.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 17:35

Republic of China.svg


Feb 27, 2012 SpaceWar.com (AFP)


Taipei - Taiwan denied reports Monday that Singapore is suspending its long-standing military cooperation with the island after news of a rare visit by Taiwan's defence minister to the city state was made public.


The Taipei-based United Daily News reported Monday that Singapore, which recognises Beijing rather than Taipei, was unhappy at the media exposure of Kao Hua-chu's visit to Singapore in mid-February.


It said a Singaporean colonel acting on his government's behalf had delivered a protest letter to Kao last week, claiming publicity surrounding the visit violated the tacit understanding the trip would be kept secret.


"The report is absolutely not true," Taiwan's defence ministry said in a statement, adding that Taiwan treasures its friendship with Singapore and would like to increase exchanges between the two sides.


However, the ministry admitted "there will be an adjustment of some activities due to the needs of the two sides", suggesting ties between Taipei and Singapore may have been dented.


Defence ministry spokesman David Lo declined to elaborate, but a source close to the ministry confirmed that the scheduled visit to Singapore late this month by a Taiwanese army general has been scrapped.


Taiwan does not have formal diplomatic ties with Singapore but has provided training venues for Singapore's artillery, armoured vehicles and infantry units under a programme of military cooperation known as Operation Hsing Kuang or Starlight.


Taiwan's close ties with Singapore stretch back to the 1960s when it sent air force and naval officers to the city state during its early years of independence.


However, Singapore, like most countries, officially recognises China and is said to be keen on keeping its military exchanges with Taiwan as low-profile as possible.


In the past, top Singaporean officials' visits to Taiwan triggered strong protests from China.


China still claims Taiwan as part of its territory awaiting unification, by force if necessary, although ties have improved markedly since Taiwan's Beijing-friendly government came to power in 2008.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 13:55



27 février 2012 par Edouard Maire – INFO-AVIATION


La Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) va consacrer 36 milliards de Yen à la modernisation de 60 avions de combat F-2 avec de nouveaux missiles AAM-4B et un nouveau radar APG-2 (source : Aviation Week).


Après avoir sélectionné Lockheed Martin pour lui fournir 42 avions F-35 (estimés à 8 milliards de dollars), le gouvernement japonais prévoit de consacrer 468 millions de dollars pour offrir de nouveaux missiles et un nouveau radar au F-2 de la JASDF.


Le missile en question est le AAM-4B qui aura la même taille que le missile AIM-7 Sparrow, mais avec une tête auto-dirigée par le radar à balayage électronique (AESA), afin de permettre un verrouillage actif après son lancement. Cette capacité permettra au F-2 de quitter la zone de combat, ou de porter son attention vers d’autres cibles après le tir, au lieu de se focaliser sur la cible jusqu’à l’impact (et de rester vulnérable).


Ce nouveau missile fournira également une amélioration de 20% par rapport au missile AIM-7M Sparrow, et 40% de distance de guidage autonome supplémentaire par rapport au missile AIM-120B AMRAAM, ce qui moderniserait considérablement la performance du F-2 en combat air-air. Le Japon pourrait aussi acheter le dernier missile AIM-120C7 AMRAAM, mais ce n’est qu’une hypothèse.


Concernant le radar, le J/APG-1 sera modernisé vers la version J/APG-2. Malgré les avantages naturels de la technologie AESA, le APG-1 n’était pas considéré comme le nec-plus-ultra. Il fut un modèle précoce de la technologie AESA mais de nombreuses fonctionnalités ont été limitées en-dessous de ce qui était possible à l’époque. Cette mise à jour améliorera la puissance du rayonnement et du traitement du signal et donnera au F-2 une nouvelle capacité à engager des cibles multiples.


Le Japon modernise sa force aérienne dans un contexte très tendu avec la Corée du nord, mais aussi en prévention des manoeuvres aériennes et navales de la Chine et de la Russie.


Note : Le F-2 est un avion de chasse multirôle japonais construit par Mitsubishi. Il est basé sur le F-16 de General Dynamics (aujourd’hui Lockheed Martin), qui est un important sous-traitant de Mitsubishi. En mars 2011, le tsunami avait gravement endommagé 18 avions F-2 sur une base de la JASDF (voir la vidéo) entraînant une pénurie des pièces de rechange et un retard dans les livraisons finales de F-2.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 13:50



Feb 27, 2012 SpaceWar.com  (AFP)


Taipei - Taiwan will receive two coastal minehunter ships from the United States this year as part of an arms deal that has upset Washington's ties with Beijing, media reported on Monday.


The Osprey class vessels, capable of finding, classifying and destroying naval mines, will help Taiwan enhance its anti-blockade capabilities in case of war with former rival China, the Liberty Times reported.


When the arms deal was first announced by the United States in 2010, Beijing retaliated swiftly, suspending military exchanges and security talks with Washington.


The project, which will cost Taiwan Tw$3.1 billion ($104.73 million), has now been launched in the US to reactivate the two retired minehunters, with delivery expected in the middle of this year, the Liberty Times said.


Taiwan's navy declined to comment on the report when contacted by AFP, citing a long-standing policy of not discussing arms purchases with the media.


The sale of the two vessels is part of a $6.4 billion arms deal that also includes Patriot missiles, Black Hawk helicopters and communications equipment for Taiwan's F-16 fleet of fighter jets.


Beijing still sees Taiwan as part of its territory awaiting reunification, by force if necessary, even though the island has governed itself since 1949 at the end of a civil war.


China has repeatedly threatened to invade Taiwan should the island declare formal independence, prompting Taipei to seek more advanced weapons, largely from the United States.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 13:45


Un Mirage 2000H de l'IAF photo Ken Sekhon


February 28, 2012 by Greg Waldron – Flight Global


Singapore - An Indian air force Dassault Mirage 2000TH crashed during a training exercise on 24 February, with both crew members ejecting safely from the aircraft.


"One Mirage 2000 aircraft crashed near Bhind, Madhya Pradesh, on 24 February at about 12:10 hours [local time]," said the Indian air force in a statement. "The aircraft had got airborne from Gwalior air base and was on a routine training-flying mission," it added.


The air force has launched an inquiry following the incident.


The Indian air force suffers a major capability gap in pilot training. A decision to obtain the Pilatus PC-7 Mk II to replace its grounded Hindustan Aeronautics HPT-32 Deepak fleet has been delayed. In recent years it has also lost several antiquated MiG-series aircraft in training-related incidents.


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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 13:10


AgustaWestland AW101 helicopter photo Finmeccanica


27 février 2012 par Rémy Maucourt L'USINE NOUVELLE


Le groupe réagit lundi à des articles de la presse italienne, qui affirment qu'une enquête a été ouverte pour corruption.


C'est AgustaWestland, la filiale hélicoptères de Finmeccanica, qui est visée. Plusieurs médias italiens, dont le Corriere della Sera, affirment que les autorités indiennes ont ouvert une enquête sur un contrat signé en 2010. Les Indiens soupçonnent des irrégularités dans cette transaction, portant sur la vente de douze hélicoptères.


"Finmeccanica déclare qu'AgustaWestland n'est impliquée dans aucune irrégularité relative à la fourniture d'hélicoptères en Inde", s'insurge le groupe dans un communiqué. Finmeccanica affirme ne pas être au courant de la moindre enquête. "Aucune communication n'a été notifiée au groupe ou à ses dirigeants, ni en Italie, ni en Inde" affirme le groupe.


L'affaire est importante : en 2010, AgustaWestland était dirigé par Giuseppe Orsi, l'actuel PDG de Finmeccanica. Le groupe est secoué depuis 2010 par une série d'affaires de corruption, qui ont entraîné le 1er décembre dernier la démission de son président Pier Francesco Guarguaglini.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 08:50



27 février 2012 Reuters


MILAN, 27 février - Finmeccanica a démenti lundi toute malversation liée à un contrat de 560 millions d'euros pour la fourniture d'hélicoptères, après l'ouverture par les autorités indiennes d'une enquête sur des soupçons de corruption, qui fait chuter le cours de Bourse du groupe italien d'aéronautique et de défense.


Le titre Finmeccanica cédait 6,55% à 3,88 euros vers 14h10 GMT après avoir perdu jusqu'à 8,5%.


Le ministre indien de la Défense, A.K. Antony, a ordonné une enquête sur les conditions d'achat de 12 hélicoptères à AgustaWestland, filiale de Finmeccanica, après avoir eu vent de possibles irrégularités, ont déclaré deux sources du ministère de la Défense.


Ces deux sources, qui ont refusé d'être identifiées, ont expliqué que des responsables indiens pourraient avoir reçu des pots-de-vin pour modifier l'appel d'offres en faveur d'AgustaWestland.


"AgustaWestland n'est impliqué dans aucune irrégularité liée à la fourniture d'hélicoptères à l'Inde. Aucune notification liée à l'enquête n'a été délivrée", a déclaré Finmeccanica.


Ce dossier constitue une difficulté nouvelle pour l'administrateur délégué du groupe, Giuseppe Orsi, chargé de redorer la réputation du groupe après qu'une autre enquête pour corruption a contraint au départ son prédécesseur, Pier Francesco Guarguaglini.


Le groupe italien, contrôlé par l'Etat, est depuis longtemps déjà au centre d'une enquête sur des accusations de fausses factures et de caisses noires destinées à financer des dessous-de-table.


Pier Francesco Guarguaglini et son épouse, qui dirigeait une filiale du groupe, sont directement visés dans ce dossier mais ils nient toute malversation.


Giuseppe Orsi dirigeait AgustaWestland lorsque le contrat avec l'Inde a été signé il y a deux ans, après 17 mois de négociations. (Danilo Masoni, avec Nigam Prusty et Manoj Kumar à New Delhi, Marc Angrand pour le service français, édité par Dominique Rodriguez)

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 08:35



27 février 2012 Romandie News (AFP)


NEW YORK (Nations unies) - La piraterie maritime dans le Golfe de Guinée menace d'asphyxier l'industrie pétrolière des pays de l'Afrique de l'Ouest riverains du Golfe, ont indiqué lundi des participants à un débat sur ce sujet au Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU.


La multiplication des attaques de navires dans le Golfe a fait grimper les primes d'assurance, réduisant des deux tiers le trafic dans certains ports du Golfe alors que les pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest espéraient doubler leur production pétrolière d'ici dix ans, de 4 à 8 millions de barils.


Les conséquences de la piraterie sur leurs économies et sur l'économie mondiale ne doivent pas être sous-estimées, a souligné le directeur des affaires politiques de la commission de la CEAO (Communauté économique des pays de l'Afrique de l'Ouest), Abdel-Fatau Musah.


Selon le ministre de la Défense du Bénin Issifou N'Douro, il y a eu 21 attaques de navires au large du Bénin l'an dernier. De janvier à octobre 2011, le ministre a recensé 14 attaques au large du Nigeria, sept au Togo, deux au Ghana et une en Côte d'Ivoire.


Les menaces qui pèsent sur le Golfe de Guinée sont colossales, elles constituent des menaces à la paix et à la sécurité internationales (et) doivent être traitées comme telles par la communauté internationale, a-t-il affirmé.


Ainsi, selon M. N'Douro, le nombre de navires utilisant le port de Cotonou a chuté de 70% depuis le début des attaques de navires. 90% du commerce du Bénin avec l'extérieur passe par ce port dont les activités représentent 70% du PIB du pays.


La situation a certainement empiré, a estimé l'ambassadrice américaine Susan Rice. Elle a qualifié de colossales les conséquences sur les pays de la région, estimées à deux milliards de dollars par an.


Le Conseil de sécurité est saisi d'un projet de résolution sur ce sujet présenté par le Togo, qui assure la présidence tournante du Conseil en février. L'ambassadeur français Gérard Araud a souligné que la France espérait voir cette résolution adoptée dans les meilleurs délais et a encouragé les Etats riverains du Golfe de Guinée à concrétiser leur intention de réunir une conférence régionale consacrée à ce problème.

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 08:15

Naval Ensign of Australia.svg


27 février 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


La marine australienne ne peut toujours pas entraîner ses sous-mariniers parce que le simulateur de sauvetage est à nouveau en panne.


Le Submarine Escape Training Facility, installé sur la base navale HMAS Stirling près de Perth, a été indisponible pendant des années en raison de fuites d’eau, de tuyaux percés et d’un contrat d’entretien inadapté. Il est à nouveau fermé depuis novembre dernier à cause d’une défaillance des chambres de recompression.


Les sous-mariniers s’y entrainent à quitter un sous-marin en détresse jusqu’à des immersions de 180 m.


Le réservoir d’entraînement, haut de 6 étages, est décrit sur le site de la marine australienne comme « le plus moderne de ce type dans le monde ». Il est pourtant indisponible parce que ses chambres de recompression ne peuvent pas être utilisées : on y a découvert de forts taux de lubrifiant.


Les chambres sont indispensables pour traiter les éventuelles maladies liées à la pression, qui pourraient survenir pendant l’entraînement dans le réservoir principal.


« Des travaux sont en cours pour nettoyer et certifier le système d’approvisionnement en air des chambres, en réduisant le taux de lubrifiant jusqu’au niveau admissible, » a indiqué un porte-parole.


Les entraînements au sauvetage ne devraient pas reprendre avant le milieu de l’année.


Cet entraînement est obligatoire pour les nouveaux sous-mariniers, et les sous-mariniers expérimentés doivent subir une remise à niveau tous les 3 ans.


En 2009, un tuyau percé avait entrainé une fuite de 300.000 litres d’eau.


L’installation n’a pas été utilisée entre 2008 et 2010 en raison d’un appel d’offres infructueux, ce qui a été suivi par la découverte d’impuretés dans le système d’air.


Pendant ce temps, la marine a dû envoyer plus de 200 sous-mariniers s’entraîner au Canada, pour un montant de plusieurs millions de $.


Référence : The Australian (Australie)

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28 février 2012 2 28 /02 /février /2012 08:10



27 février 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Les sous-marins australiens de la classe Collins seraient presque certainement coulés s’ils étaient envoyés au combat contre les sous-marins modernes qui seront opérationnels en Asie du Sud-Est dans les années 2020, explique l’homme qui les a construits.


Hans Ohff, directeur exécutif et PDG de l’Australian Submarine Corporation lorsque les sous-marins de la Collins ont été construits, a expliqué que l’idée que les sous-marins puissent être maintenus en service jusqu’en 2035, est absurde.


M. Ohff a supervisé la construction et la livraison des 6 sous-marins entre 1996 et 2003.


Il soutient aussi que les déclarations récentes du PDG actuel d’Australian Submarine Corporation, Steve Ludlam, selon qui les sous-marins pourraient être maintenus en service sans de nouveaux moteurs, est une pure fantaisie.


PDG d’Australian Submarine Corporation de 1978 à 1992 et président des services d’ingéniérie d’Australian Submarine Corporation jusqu’en 2002, M. Ohff indique que, si les Collins étaient à la pointe à l’époque de leur conception, dans les années 80, ils ont depuis été dépassés par 3 générations de nouveaux sous-marins.


« Je suis très fier de ce que nous avons réussi avec les Collins. Mais si l’un d’entre eux était opposé à un sous-marin moderne comme le U-209 ou le U-214 allemand, je préférerais être à bord de ces derniers, » indique-t-il. « En 2035, vous pourrez tout aussi bien les laisser à quai. Ils seraient coulés s’ils prenaient la mer. »


M. Ohff soutient l’option d’un achat d’un modèle de sous-marin existant, en partenariat avec un constructeur européen. Si les futurs sous-marins ne peuvent être construits à Adelaide pour moins d’1,5 milliard $ pièce, alors ils devraient être construits à l’étranger.


Les sous-marins australiens les plus performants, les O’Brien qui ont été en service de 1967 à 2000, avaient été achetés à l’étranger.


M. Ohff assimile l’idée d’essayer de conserver pendant 23 ans les diesel notoirement peu fiables des Collins, à la conservation d’une voiture de collection.


« Les Collins, depuis le début, n’ont pas eu les diesel qu’ils auraient dû avoir. Les moteurs ne sont pas adaptés pour un sous-marin, » explique-t-il. « Vous pourriez utiliser les diesel pour encore 100 ans, mais ils ne seront jamais la meilleure solution — ils seront toujours moins silencieux et moins fiables qu’ils le devraient. Ca ne serait pas efficace. » Il refroidit les ardeurs de l’Australian Submarine Corporation et des ministres Stephen Smith et Kim Carr, visant à maintenir les Collins en service jusqu’en 2035, afin de permettre le développement d’un “Collins amélioré” qui serait conçu et construit en Australie.


L’Australian Submarine Corporation milite fortement pour cette solution, même si on ignore si la prolongation de la vie des Collins est possible, ce que cela couterait et combien de temps cela prendrait.


Pour M. Ohff, un “Collins amélioré” bloquerait l’Australie dans des principes de conception dépassés.


« La conception des Collins n’est pas assez flexible, » explique-t-il.


Le futur sous-marin devrait déplacer environ 3.500 t, disposer d’une propulsion anaérobie, des dernières évolutions dans le dessin de sa coque, les technologies de ses moteurs et de ses senseurs.


M. Ohff indique que les nouveaux sous-marins devraient être basés sur un concept européen actuel, comme l’U-214, et pourrait être construit en Australie pour environ 1,5 milliard $ pièce.


Référence : Camberra Times (Australie)

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 13:20

Indian Navy crest.svg


Feb 26, 2012 The Economic Times


NEW DELHI: Facing a massive shortage in its officer and sailor cadre, Indian Navy has gone on a campaign overdrive to attract the youth to join a "career full of adventure" in the force.


The navy has launched TV ad campaigns and also put up hoardings at major road junctions. The campaigns, which depict a day in the life of a navy person, calls the youth to take up "a career full of adventure" and "serve the nation with honour".


The effort, to continue for a few more weeks, is in consonance with the navy's plans to increase its force levels by at least 15 percent in the next five years to help man the nearly 50 warships it intends to induct at a rapid pace over the next decade, a senior officer told IANS.


At present, the navy has a shortage of nearly 1,300 officers and 5,500 personnel of other ranks, of its sanctioned strength of 8,000 officers and 50,000 sailors.


From a strength close to 150 warships, the navy plans to grow into over 200 warships, in tune with its plans to become a blue water force capable of protecting India's strategic interests far away from the Indian shores, be it conventional or sub-conventional threats in the Indian Ocean region and beyond.


"Considering that we are going to induct at the rate of five to seven warships a year, we also need crew strength to match up and man those newly inducted warships. That's why we have gone for this campaign to attract students' attention to a career in the navy," the officer said.


Being a technology intensive force, the navy needs youth with knowledge in science or engineering-qualified to form a majority of its manpower.


The selection procedures to join the navy being stringent, the recruitment boards usually get to select only two or three percent of the total applicants into the force.


"With the force levels set to increase, we are focussing on developing operational and technical infrastructure, apart from manpower growth," the officer said, noting that the plans were given shape by the navy top brass in October 2011.


The navy already has 49 warships and battle vessels on order with both Indian and foreign shipyards, including an indigenous aircraft carrier, Kolkata class destroyers, Shivalik class frigates, Corvettes and Scorpene submarines, that will be inducted in the next five years.


It also plans to place an order for building a second line of submarines for which a tender is expected soon.


These apart, the navy's infrastructure too will increase with the opening of a major naval base at Karwar on the West coast, new forward naval bases, operational turnaround bases and naval air enclaves at Tuticorin, Kamarta, Diglipur, Campbell Bay, Paradip and other coastal towns of the mainland and island territories of Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep.


"The primary challenge confronting the navy is to balance its resources and build human capital and a requisite strategy so as to be responsive to the full spectrum of operations," the officer said.


The aviation arm of the navy is also set to grow in the years ahead, as it has already inducted 16 MiG-29K naval combat aircraft for INS Vikramaditya (erstwhile Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier) that will come from Russia in early 2013.


The American major Boeing's P-8I maritime patrol aircraft, eight of which were bought in 2009 for $2.1 billion, too will join the fleet in 2013. Plans are afoot to induct four more of these spy planes.


The navy last year signed contracts with shipyards for five offshore patrol vessels, two cadet training ships, eight amphibious landing craft and fast interceptor craft.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 13:10



February 27, 2012: STRATEGY PAGE


Although China tried Russian and European designs in their search for a new tactical truck (similar to the American hummer), they finally settled on a hummer clone of their own. China still uses the Russian and German designs for most of its tactical vehicles, but it is also buying a growing number of locally made hummer clones.


China got their hands on an American hummer (M998 HMMWV) in 1988. Initially, Chinese military officials felt the hummer was too expensive. But the performance of the hummer in the 1991 Gulf War, plus the growing presence of the American civilian version of the hummer (especially those brought in by oil companies for use in remote areas), changed minds. By 2003, two Chinese companies were producing hummer clones, and the Chinese Army adopted one of them as the EQ2050. Recently, an armored version was developed, as the EQ2058. The Chinese armed forces are not buying a lot of these vehicles (may be a thousand or so a year), and a civilian version is becoming increasingly popular.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 12:50

P3C Orion MLU


February 27, 2012 by Greg Waldron – Flight Global


Singapore - Pakistan has received two former US navy Lockheed Martin P-3C Orion aircraft, the second batch under a six-aircraft foreign military sales (FMS) deal.


The first P-3C was delivered on 12 February and the second on 17 February, said a US government spokesman. The aircraft were delivered to Pakistan Naval Station (PNS) Mehran near Karachi, where they will be based.


A Pakistan navy spokesman confirmed the delivery, but could not confirm when the final pair under the deal will be delivered.


He added that the first batch of two refurbished P-3Cs delivered in 2010 were not the same Orions that were destroyed in the May 2011 terrorist raid at PNS Mehran.


The Pakistan P-3C FMS programme involves the conversion of former US navy Orions, with Lockheed upgrading their mission equipment and providing maintenance work. In Pakistan, the P-3C Orion is used for maritime patrol, as well as anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 12:40



February 27, 2012 by Greg Waldron – Flight Global


Singapore - Cubic Defense Applications has won an $11 million contract to provide its P5 tactical combat training system (P5TCTS) to the Royal Australian Air Force.


The system will be used to train pilots of Boeing F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet aircraft, Cubic said in a statement.


"This new system represents a step forward for the RAAF," said Michael Rodriguez, senior programme manager of air ranges.


"Australia currently operates a fourth-generation Cubic air combat training system at RAAF Base Williamtown for training on its F/A-18 Hornet aircraft," Rodriguez said.


"This new system will allow for interoperability with the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft that the RAAF is planning to purchase in the near future. All F-35s for Australia will be delivered with an onboard internal P5 airborne subsystem," he added.


Cubic's P5TCTS system comprises internal and external pods, software and ground systems. It is designed to provide realistic combat training for pilots.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:55


C295 MPA photo Airbus Military


February 26, 2012 StratPost


The Defense Acquisitions Council of the Ministry of Defense has accepted the necessity for procuring nine Medium Range Maritime Reconnaissance (MRMR) aircraft for the Indian Navy. The Acceptance of Necessity (AON) this week came after the evaluation of data provided by vendors in response to the Request for Information (RFI) issued almost exactly a year back.


Interestingly, while earlier the perceived requirement was for six aircraft, this has now been upped by three, with an option for additional aircraft, the number of which is yet to be carved in stone.


The RFI had been sent to aircraft manufacturers that included Saab, Boeing, Airbus, ATR, Casa, Embraer, Bombardier, Dassault and Lockheed Martin. It is understood that the navy has taken a decision on the aircraft manufacturers to be issued the Request for Proposal (RFP) and be invited to bid.


The value of the order is estimated to be in the range of USD 1 billion

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:50

Pakistani Air Force Ensign.svg


February 26, 2012 by Najam Khan - pafwallpapers.com


Indian Air Force (IAF) has finalised the long awaited deal of 126 Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) with Dassault, a leading aviation industry of France. Dassault will deliver 126 Rafale MMRCA to India in the next decade. The first batch of 18 aircrafts will be delivered from France. The remaining aircraft will be built in India. The $11bn (£7bn) contract is the biggest ever procurement made by the IAF. The Rafale Multirole fighter/bomber aircraft can participate in air, ground and sea operations in both short and medium ranges. In an additional multi-billion weapons package for these 126 aircraft, India will buy air-to-air and air-to-ground Precision Guided Munitions (PGM) and Joint Stand Off Weapons (JSOW). With a top speed of Mach 1.8, service ceiling of 50,000 feet and a range of 3,700km, it is no doubt a potent weapon for IAF and a threat to both China and Pakistan.


le-rafale photo source india-defence


India took around five years to decide the best bidder as a mainstay aircraft for its air force. During these years, IAF conducted flight trial of Mig-35, F-16, F-18, JAS-39, Eurofighter and Rafale on different locations in India. The purpose was to look out for the lowest bidder and the most favourable combat aircraft, which will replace the aging Mig-21 fleet. As India moved forward in search for MMRCA platform, Pakistan aimed to counter India’s plans by reassessing its military doctrines of airpower and assessed the shortcomings.


India’s conventional arms build-up threatens Pakistan. The MMRCA deal is especially threatening for Pakistan because it augments India’s air power and worsens the conventional arms asymmetry between the two arch-rivals. To counter India’s increasing air power, PAF has followed a multi-pronged strategy which involves: replacing aging fleet of fighter aircraft; modernizing its existing fleet; procurement of force multipliers like Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) systems and Multirole Tanker Transport (MRTT) aircraft; induction of F-16C/D Block52 aircraft; and, rapid indigenous production of JF-17 Thunder. The procurement of FC-20/J-10B Multirole combat aircraft from China is a long term solution to IAF’s increasing airpower. Meanwhile, PAF is also enhancing skills of its pilots and aircrew by regularly participating in national and multinational exercises.


A decade ago, when India initiated the MMRCA project, PAF operated 250-300 combat aircraft including Chinese Origin A-5 for ground support, F-7P/PG for air superiority role, French built Mirages for surface attack/naval support and night strike role and F-16 A/B tasked with multirole operations. The Cold War era airframes, A-5, F-7 and Mirage fleet were reaching the end of their service, albeit they were overhauled at Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC), Kamra. The immediate solution at that time was to invest in the JF-17 Thunder project. JF-17 is believed to be the replacement of A-5, F-7 and Mirage fleet of PAF. Thus far, the situation was such that India was looking out to the skies while Pakistan was facing problems even in maintaining operational readiness of its air force.


JF-17 Thunder is one of the key solutions of PAF’s problems as it provides superb air-to-air and air-to-ground weapon carrying capability at an affordable cost. Pakistan has plans to induct 150 JF-17 Thunder till 2020. The first batch of 50 JF-17s named as Block-I will finish delivery by mid-2012.  Block-II of 50 JF-17s with better avionics and aerial refuelling probe will be delivered till 2016. The third batch of 50 JF-17s with state-of-the-art avionics, electronic warfare and a wide array of weaponry will be delivered till 2020. The first two batches of JF-17 were meant to be well-timed and well-equipped replacement aircraft for A-5, F-7P and Mirage fleet. The third batch will include the Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) capability, Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) capability, Infra-Red Search & Track (IRST) capability and more use of composites to reduce the radar echo. No doubt, the third batch of JF-17 will be a punch to the enemy!


Pakistan also opted for acquisition of four Saab-2000 AEW&C systems from Sweden in 2007 and procurement of four IL-78 MRTT aircraft from Ukraine. Both of these projects were scheduled to finish in late 2011/early 2012. The need of an AEW&C was strongly felt by PAF ever since Kargil War in 1999. Such aircraft are a necessary requirement in any modern day air power campaign. Presence of an AEW&C system increases the situational awareness of the fighter and bomber aircraft and yields better results in any campaign. The procurement of IL-78 MRTT aircraft was to the allow Mirage and JF-17 to carry out deep strike missions inside the enemy territory and increase loiter time of these aircraft during Combat Air Patrol (CAP) missions. Furthermore, it enhances the strategic airlift capability of PAF. IL-78 strategic tanker and transport aircraft can also be used to carry large amount of fuel, ration and equipment to remote military bases.


PAF also modernized its air defence structure by acquisition of TPS-77 High Level Radar from U.S. It enhanced its Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities with purchase of Falco Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) from Italy. It improved its F-16 fleet with purchase of 14 F-16A/B Block-15 aircraft as Excess Defence Article (EDA) from U.S. The Command, Control, Computers, Communication and Intelligence (C4I) Systems were also enhanced by upgrading the air force bases inter-communication network.


PAF also placed an order for acquisition of 18 F-16 C/D Block52 aircraft from Lockheed Martin worth $1.5 billion and $650 Million worth air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons. The quantum leap achieved in this deal was the purchase of 500 AIM-120C5 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM) and 200 AIM-9M Sidewinder Short-Range Air-to-Air Missiles (SRAAM), which was necessary to maintain the air superiority.  This was the first time that PAF has been given the opportunity to purchase AIM-120 Beyond Visual Range (BVR) weapons.  In a separate $1.5 billion worth contract, PAF placed an order for up-gradation of 45 F-16 A/B fleet to Mid Life Upgrade (MLU) standard. This contract meant extension of service life of these aircraft for another two decades. The first batch of these MLU F-16s will be handed over to PAF in early February 2012.


During the past five year period PAF has participated in various multinational exercises to assess the training standards and skills of Pakistani pilots and crew. Table 1 shows the name, location and year of these exercises:


Exercises Location Year
Anatolian Eagle Turkey 2006, 2007, 2008,2009, 2009
Advance Tactical Leadership Course UAE 2006 and 2011
Al-Saqoor Saudi Arabia 2006 and 2011
Brightstar Egypt 2009
Iron Eagle UAE 2009
Falcon Air Meet Jordan 2010
Red Flag United States 2010-4
Green Flag United States 2010-9
Indus Viper Pakistan 2008
Falcon Talon Pakistan 2005 and 2009
Saffron Bandit Pakistan 2009
High Mark Pakistan 2005 and 2010
Shaheen-I Pakistan 2011

Table 1: Exercises in which PAF participated since 2005.

In all these exercises PAF pilots have flown with the world’s highly advanced combat aircraft which include USAF’s F-15 & F-22, French Air Force’s Rafale, Italian Air Force’s Eurofighter-2000, UAEAF F-16 Block60 and Mirage-2000-9, RSAF F-15C, PLAAF Su-27SK and various blocks of F-16 from TUAF, RJAF and USAF. Apart from interaction with military aviation professionals, these exercises gave PAF the opportunity to learn from the experience of other fighting forces.

Exercise High Mark is the biggest national exercise conducted every five years to assess the operational readiness of PAF. In High Mark 2010, PAF not only demonstrated its network-centric capabilities but also conducted Beyond Visual Range (BVR) and Within Visual Range (WVR) air combat missions, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR), close support, air-to-air refuelling and strategic airlift missions.


In late 2010, Pakistan acquired Electronic Warfare Tactical Training Range (EWTTR) from Turkey. This range located 31 miles (50kms) from Mushaf Airbase, Sargodha was made operational in early 2011. It has been used to monitor various fighter squadrons competing against each other in a simulated electronic warfare combat. This range provides much electronic warfare combat, anti-radar and radar-avoiding techniques to the pilots. Another range named Air Combat Manoeuvring Instrumentation (ACMI) is also present at Sargodha, where pilots learn the lessons of modern day air combat and fly against aggressor units of Combat Commanders School (CCS). Both of these ranges complement each other by providing simulated air combat and electronic warfare training platform to pilots.


While the prices of fighter aircraft and necessary equipment from the West were going sky high, the only solution for PAF was to hold the Chinese helping hand. After analysing JS-39 Gripen, Rafale and Eurofighter, PAF decided to pick the Chinese card by going for J-10 Vanguard Multirole aircraft. The initial plan was to buy 36 J-10A and equip fighter squadrons as early as possible. As India delayed the results of MMRCA, PAF had no choice but to allow its adversary to decide first. During these years, Chengdu developed much proficient version of J-10 named J-10B. J-10B (named FC-20 for PAF) will provide deep strike capability, greater range and air combat capabilities to PAF. The aircraft will be equipped with IRST, modern day BVRs, Precision Guided Munitions (PGM), Anti-Shipping Missile (ASM) and Anti-Radar Missiles (ARM). Induction of up to 50 FC-20 will complement the JF-17, F-7PG, F-16 MLU and F-16 Block52 fleet. The deployment of IL-78 Airborne Aerial Refuelling (AAR) platform will enhance range and strike radius of both JF-17 and FC-20 aircraft.


The counter MMRCA strategy of PAF also includes up-gradation of network centric capabilities by the procurement of ZDK-03 and Saab-2000 AEW&C systems. One out of four ZDK-03 is already delivered to PAF while the other will be received in mid-2012. Three out of four Saab-2000 AEW&C are in service with PAF, the fourth and the last one will be received this year. These two types of AWACS will provide strategic edge to both Western and Chinese origin aircraft in PAF’s inventory.


Rafale will be the mainstay of IAF in future. To deny the Indian air superiority in the region, PAF has to remain vigilant and continue with its diligent efforts for impregnable defence of the country.


Looking at the aforementioned procurement and squadrons re-equipment plans it is evident that PAF has invested great time and effort in implementing the counter-MMRCA strategy. This will make an efficient and hard hitting air force…an air force that will augment the defence of Pakistan and make PAF second to none among the world’s best fighting forces.

This article was published in The Weekly Pulse, Islamabad on February 24, 2012.
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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:40


source airforce-technology


February 26, 2012: STRATEGY PAGE


Indonesia has bought nine C-295 transport aircraft from Spain. This twin engine turboprop, 23 ton aircraft can carry six tons for up to 2,200 kilometers. Top speed is 570 kilometers an hour and max payload is nine tons or 71 troops. Indonesia will receive its first C295 this year and the rest within two years. So far, 85 have been built since the C295 entered service eleven ago. In addition to Indonesia, 13 other nations use the aircraft. Indonesia will refer to the aircraft as the CN295.


Twin engine turboprop transports are increasingly popular with military organizations. They are cheaper to buy and operate, and are adequate for most countries. Four engine turboprop transports like the C-130 are still popular, but increasingly expensive.

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:35



26 février 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Le ministère taïwanais a indiqué dimanche qu’il cherchait toujours à acheter des sous-marins auprès des Etats-Unis. Il a démenti un article indiquant que l’Allemagne avait proposé de vendre des sous-marins à Taïwan.


Dans sa dernière édition, l’hebdomadaire en langue chinoise Yazhou Zhoukan a indiqué que l’Allemagne proposait à Taïwan d’acheter des U-214 commandés par la Grèce. A cause de la crise financière, la Grèce est maintenant incapable de payer ces sous-marins, selon l’article.


Cependant, le ministère a qualifié l’article de « pure spéculation » et précisé qu’il « n’avait jamais entendu une telle information ».


Le ministère a précisé qu’il cherchait toujours à acheter des sous-marins classiques auprès des Etats-Unis.


Référence : Focus Taiwan

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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 08:30

North Korea.svg


Feb 25, 2012 Spacewar.com (AFP)


Seoul - A US diplomat said Saturday talks with North Korea aimed at restarting six-party negotiations on the country's nuclear programmes are unlikely to produce a breakthrough in the near future.


Glyn Davies, coordinator for United States policy on North Korea, said there was still a "long way" to go before the six-party talks could resume.


Davies was speaking in Seoul where he arrived Saturday to brief South Korean officials on two days of discussions with North Korean diplomats in Beijing.


In the Chinese capital he had said he had seen "a little bit of progress" but no breakthrough.


Asked about the prospect of the six-party talks resuming, Davies was quoted by Yonhap news agency as saying: "We are so long away from anything like that."


The forum is chaired by China, and brings together the US and the two Koreas, along with Russia and Japan.


North Korea abandoned the six-nation talks in April 2009 in protest at US "hostility," and conducted its second nuclear test the following month, sparking international condemnation and tougher sanctions.


Washington has been exploring a resumption of the negotiations but insists Pyongyang take steps to shut down its uranium enrichment facilities and ease tensions with Seoul before restarting the multilateral forum.


Pyongyang has said it wants to return to the six-party talks, albeit without any preconditions.


Davies said he will meet his South Korean counterpart Lim Sung-Nam and Kim Tae-Hyo, South Korea's deputy national security adviser, to discuss the meeting in Beijing and "talk about the way forward".


He did not give any details of what progress had been made in the talks on Thursday and Friday with North Korea's veteran nuclear envoy Kim Kye-Gwan. He was due to give a press conference later Saturday.


The meeting in Beijing were the third since July, and had originally been set for December but were postponed because of the death of North Korea's leader Kim Jong-Il and the subsequent transition of power to his son Jong-Un.


Kim Jong-Un's plans remain unclear and Davies said in Beijing that Washington and Pyongyang had not agreed on further meetings.


China, North Korea's closest ally, has repeatedly urged a resumption of the six-party talks.

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