Litening Advanced targeting Pod (photo : Aus DoD)
08.12.201 DEFENSE STUDIES
Litening Advanced targeting Pod (photo : Aus DoD)
08.12.201 DEFENSE STUDIES
Le ministre chinois de la Défense Liang Guanglie a tenu jeudi à Beijing des dialogues avec son homologue bulgare Anyu Angelov.
La Chine et la Bulgarie ont connu des échanges fréquents à tous niveaux et des coopérations fructueuses dans les domaines commerciaux, économiques et humanitaires, a indiqué M.Liang, ajoutant que les deux pays avaient eu de bonnes collaborations sur les questions internationales et régionales au cours de ces dernières années.
Il a indiqué que la Chine remerciait la Bulgarie pour son adhésion à la politique d'une seule Chine, et que le pays comprenait et soutenait le choix bulgare dans sa voie de développement.
"La Chine est prête à travailler avec la Bulgarie pour faire progresser les relations bilatérales vers un nouveau stade," a noté M.Liang.
Il a indiqué que les deux armées avaient organisé des visites de haut niveau et obtenu des progrès dans la coopération sur l'entraînement du personnel et sur l'appui logistique.
Les deux parties devraient faire des efforts conjoints pour consolider les résultats obtenus, développer de nouveaux domaines de coopération et rafraîchir les liens militaires bilatéraux, a ajouté M.Liang.
M. Angelov a indiqué que les liens militaires Bulgarie-Chine ont apporté une contribution positive aux relations bilatérales depuis l'établissement de leurs relations diplomatiques il y a 62 ans.
"La Bulgarie coopérera avec la Chine pour renforcer la coopération pragmatique dans tous les domaines et approfondir les relations militaires bilatérales," a indiqué M. Angelov.
M. Liang a organisé une cérémonie pour accueillir M. Angelov avant la rencontre.
An Embraer R-99A of the Mexican Air Force with Erieye
radar mounted on the fuselage
December 8, 2011 defpro.com
Defence and security company Saab has signed an Industrial Cooperation teaming agreement with DRB-HICOM. The purpose is to offer the most competitive and attractive proposal to the Government of Malaysia regarding delivery of a high performance and cost efficient Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) system.
Saab serves the global market with world-leading solutions, products and services ranging from military defence to civil security. DRB-HICOM is a leading company in the Malaysian automotive and defence industry. The companies combined competencies and capabilities will ensure that the most cost efficient solution will be offered to the Government of Malaysia.
The agreement between Saab and DRB-HICOM will include offering of technology transfer, bringing employment and expertise to Malaysia.
Malaysian Defence Minister Dato’ Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi witnessed the signing of the teaming agreement at the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition (LIMA) in Malaysia. The agreement was signed by Gunilla Fransson of Saab and DRB-HICOM’s Abdul Harith Abdullah.
"I'm delighted that we today are formalizing our long lasting relationship. With this teaming agreement, Saab is further reinforcing its long term commitment to the Malaysian defence and civil security market", says Gunilla Fransson, Senior Vice President and head of Saab business area Security and Defence Solutions.
Saab has a long history of supplying high performance, cost efficient defence systems to the Malaysian Armed Forces. Systems like navy and army radar systems, airborne self-protection systems for helicopters and fighters, naval command and control systems and army support weapons, including anti-tank weapons.
Saab's world class, long range Erieye AEW&C system have the capability of early detection of air and sea objects. The sophisticated Erieye radar can also detect and track small objects. This includes unmanned aerial vehicles and missiles, as well as wooden fishing vessels and jet skies. These capabilities give authorities full control of military and civilian airspace and movements at sea. The Erieye system further enhances the possibilities to monitor activities on the sea such as illegal fishery, illegal immigration, smuggling, piracy and also protection of oil and gas installations.
December 8, 2011 defense-aerospace.com
(Source: Press Information Bureau India; issued December 7, 2011)
Government has not inked any follow-on deal for acquiring nine additional C-130J Super Hercules military transport aircraft with the US.
However, a Letter of Request (LoR) has been issued to the U.S. Government for the procurement of the additional aircraft.
Besides, proposal for the procurement of 75 Basic Trainer Aircrafts (BTA) is being progressed. No contract has been signed so far.
The cost of the procurements will be known once the contracts are finalised and signed.
Capability building of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is undertaken on a continuous basis to meet the security challenges facing the country.
This information was given by Defence Minister Shri AK Antony in a written reply to Shri Ranjitsinh Vijaysinh Mohite-Patil in Rajya Sabha today.
December 8, 2011 defense-aerospace.com
(Source: Press Information Bureau India; issued December 7, 2011)
India and Australia held fruitful discussion on Defence Cooperation today with the Defence Minister Shri AK Antony stressing that New Delhi looks forward to developing its exchanges with Australia both at the bilateral and multilateral fora such as the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM Plus) etc.
Describing the visit of the Australian Defence Minister Mr. Stephen Smith as an important milestone in the evolution of the Indo-Australia Strategic Partnership, Shri Antony said the two countries are important members of the Commonwealth and the Asia-Pacific Region. India and Australia are currently Chair and Vice-Chair of IOR-ARC (Indian Ocean Region Association for Regional Cooperation).
Mr. Smith is on a three-day visit to India. On his arrival at the South Block, he was warmly received by Shri Antony, the Defence Secretary Shri Shashikant Sharma and other senior officials of the Ministry of Defence. A tri-Services Guard of Honour was presented to Mr. Smith.
During the talks, both sides noted that the bilateral Defence Cooperation activities are gradually strengthening. They noted that the inaugural session of the Defence Policy Talks held in New Delhi in December last year and the ongoing Service-to-Service Staff Talks are important mechanisms for developing constructive and mutually beneficial interactions between the Defence Establishments of both the countries. The two sides also noted that the practice of the respective Navies conducting Passage Exercises (PASSEX) during naval ship visits to each other’s ports have proved to be beneficial and that these should continue. Both Ministers also agreed to examine the possibility of undertaking a full-fledged bilateral Naval Exercise in the future.
The two Defence Ministers agreed to institute Track 1.5 Dialogues (semi-government level) on Defence Matters between suitable institutions of both sides. Mr. Smith invited Shri Antony to visit Australia next year, which has been accepted by the latter.
Regional Security issues also came up for discussion at the 40-minute meeting. Both sides agreed that the challenges in the area of Maritime Security like piracy and freedom of navigation are important issues which required concerted efforts of the global community.
December 8, 2011 defense-unmanned.com
(Source: Atlas Elektronik; issued December 8, 2011)
BREMEN, Germany --- Atlas Elektronik has won a new customer for SeaFox: With the Royal Thai Navy (RTN), yet another navy has decided to upgrade its minehunting capabilities with the Atlas mine neutralization drone. A respective agreement was signed recently.
Atlas will supply three mobile SeaFox systems with the corresponding number of SeaFox I units for inspection and training purposes and an initially small number of SeaFox C combat units for mine disposal. Further SeaFox C units are to follow over the next few years. The mobile SeaFox system is a completely autonomous system that allows the deployment of SeaFox vehicles with no dependence on shipboard facilities or equipment. This permits deployment of the SeaFox vehicles from various types of ships at any time, without the need to convert the vessels in any way.
The Royal Thai Navy currently operates four mine countermeasures vessels, all of which are equipped with mine warfare systems made by Atlas. The vessels to be modernized belong to two different ship classes. As the first step, the boats will be fitted with SeaFox units in the form of a mobile SeaFox system.
RTN’s decision in favour of SeaFox improves the position of Atlas for the upcoming modernization of the mine warfare systems on the four minehunters.
In total, ten navies have now decided to operate the SeaFox, making it the most successful mine disposal system in the world.
This fibre-optic guided, one-shot mine disposal vehicle SeaFox C is used for semi-autonomous disposal of naval mines and other ordnance found at sea. It is able to automatically relocate previously acquired positions of underwater objects within minutes with the integrated homing sonar. After relocating, these objects can be identified using the onboard CCTV camera and destroyed by the use of a built-in, large caliber shaped charge.
SeaFox I is a reusable vehicle for identification and training in the application field of mine hunting. In this vehicle the SeaFox C warhead is replaced by ballast weight. It is deployable from a wide range of carrier platforms, including dedicated MCM vessels, surface combatants, craft of opportunity, rubber boats and helicopters.
The Atlas Elektronik Group stands for maritime and naval solutions above and below the ocean surface. The company holds a leading position in all fields of maritime high technology, from command & control systems including radio & communication systems for submarines, surface combatants and mine warfare systems and ranging to heavyweight torpedoes, coastal surveillance systems and in-service support. Atlas has established a worldwide customer portfolio. The electronics specialist is a joint company of ThyssenKrupp and EADS and has a workforce of 1900 highly skilled employees.
photo by Pietje96
8 décembre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS
Navantia a présenté à la marine indienne les capacités de son bâtiment amphibie, le Juan Carlos I. Le ministère indien de la défense envisage d’acheter 4 bâtiments amphibies, qui seraient construits sur place. Mais pour le moment, ce projet est dans une phase initiale et l’appel d’offres n’a pas encore été lancé.
L’Inde dispose de 3 groupes amphibies, près de 10.000 marins, mais elle manque de capacité pour les projeter. Le ministère indien de la défense a approuvé un budget préliminaire pour l’achat des plans et le transfert de technologies pour 4 bâtiments capables de transporter un grand nombre de troupes, d’aéronefs et d’engins de débarquement.
Ces bâtiments donneraient à l’Inde la capacité de se projeter en océan Indien, et relanceraient dans le même temps l’industrie navale locale. L’intension de la marine indienne est qu’ils soient construits par Hindustan Shipyard (HSL), mais il n’est pas écarté que d’autres chantiers navals privés participent aussi.
La France — avec le Mistral — et l’Espagne — avec le Juan Carlos I— seront en concurrence lorsque l’appel d’offre sera lancé. Une compagnie italienne Fincantieri et une sud-coréenne pourraient aussi participer à l’appel d’offres.
Pour le moment, la marine indienne n’a pas précisé les spécifications qu’elle demandait.
Référence : La Voz de Galicia (Espagne)
Sikorsky S-70i BLACK HAWK helicopter.
December 8, 2011 defpro.com
STRATFORD, Conn. | Langkawi International Maritime and Air Show, Malaysia | Sikorsky Aircraft, a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp., has formally signed a contract with the Brunei Ministry of Defence to provide 12 S-70i BLACK HAWK helicopters with associated spare parts, training and ground support equipment. The contact contains an option for 10 additional aircraft.
"We thank the Brunei Government for selecting the S-70i BLACK HAWK aircraft to fulfill the Royal Brunei Armed Forces Support Helicopter Project," said Robert Kokorda, Sikorsky Sales and Marketing Vice President. "We look forward to a close collaboration with the Royal Brunei Armed Forces to provide best-in-class helicopter training and logistics support for the lifetime of the aircraft."
As part of the contract, Sikorsky will place an S-70i aircraft simulator in the south-east Asia region. The simulator will enable Brunei aircrew to become familiar with the helicopter, especially in the months leading up to the arrival of S-70i aircraft in Brunei beginning in 2013.
The Brunei Ministry of Defence announced its selection of the S-70i BLACK HAWK aircraft on November 15 following several months of rigorous evaluation of competing helicopters. Sikorsky signed the contract December 2 in Brunei.
BLACK HAWK helicopters are renowned for high reliability, performance and survivability in multi-role operations. Currently more than 3,000 BLACK HAWK helicopters are operating in 30 countries.
The S-70i helicopter is the latest variant of the BLACK HAWK helicopter family. The aircraft provides operators with the same power and lift performance as UH-60M BLACK HAWK aircraft, the preferred utility helicopter of the U.S. Army. The S-70i aircraft is sold directly by Sikorsky to international militaries and government agencies.
The S-70i aircraft's advanced avionics include a dual GPS/INS system with digital map that provides accurate navigation and enhanced situational awareness. An active vibration control system delivers smooth overall ride during flight. The aircraft can be ordered with user-specific navigation, communications and other tactical equipment.
photo US Gov.
ROLLING MEADOWS, Ill., Dec. 7 (UPI)
The Australian air force has given Northrop Grumman a contract extension for the LITENING Advanced Targeting system used on F/A-18 aircraft.
The four-year contract extension, worth about $8 million, is for in-service support for the targeting pods and data links.
"This four-year extension reflects the continued success of the LITENING program, and reinforces the positive relationship that Northrop Grumman has established with the (Australian air force)," said Charles Brinkman, vice president and general manager of Northrop Grumman's Targeting Systems Division.
The LITENING AT system for air and ground engagement features advanced image processing for target identification; coordinate generation for GPS weapons; a forward-looking infrared sensor for effective day and night operations; and a charge-coupled device television sensor.
Other features include dual waveband infrared laser designator, eye-safe laser range finder, a laser spot tracker and infrared laser marker.
Northrop says its LITENING pods can be integrated on a wide variety of aircraft and are being used by U.S. forces, as well as military forces of Italy, Spain, Israel, the Netherlands, Finland and Portugal.
December 07, 2011, zeenews.india.com
Balasore (Odisha): A demonstration trial of India's indigenously developed multi-barrel rocket launcher weapon system, 'Pinaka' was today conducted in presence of personnel from the Indian Army and scientists at a defence base, about 15 km from here.
"Four rounds of test-firing were conducted during the trial," defence sources said.
'Pinaka', an unguided rocket system and an area weapon system aimed at supplementing the existing artillery guns at a range beyond 30 km, is capable of acting as a force-multiplier, they said.
The demonstration of 'Pinaka', which has undergone several tough tests since 1995 and is in an advance stage of development, took place at Chandipur-on-sea at the Proof Experimental Establishment by Army and scientists from Defence Research and Development Organisation, the sources said.?
It was meant to neutralise a large geographical area with a rapid salvo of rockets. With a strike range of 40 km, 'Pinaka' could fire a salvo of 12 rockets in 44 seconds, they said.
One salvo each of 12 rockets from a battery of six launchers could neutralise a target area of 3.9 sq km at a time, they said.
Its quick reaction time, accuracy and high rate of fire gave an edge to the armed forces during low-intensity warlike situations, the sources said.
The system's capability to incorporate several types of warheads made it deadly for the enemy as it could destroy solid structures and bunkers, they added.
Ares blog - Aviationweek.com
December 7, 2011 defpro.com
Two Gripen and personnel from the Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) are this week visiting the Langkawi International Maritime & Aerospace Exhibition (LIMA) in Malaysia. They have been invited by the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
The Royal Thai Air Force’s participation at LIMA marks the first time that their Gripen aircraft have been displayed outside Thailand.
The RTAF took delivery of their first batch of six Gripen fighters in February 2011, which are based at Wing 7 in Surat Thani. Pilots and ground crew have been trained in Sweden and the RTAF declared the Gripen system operational in July of this year.
Another batch of six Gripen is on order, which will be delivered during 2013. The RTAF also operates the Saab 340 Erieye Airborne Early Warning system and a Saab command and control system, which is the link between the Erieye system and the Gripen fighters.
A Scorpene submarine. India is currently building six
scorpenes with foreign collaboration.
7 décembre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS
La marine indienne a un besoin désespéré de sous-marins supplémentaires. Mais le projet de construire 6 sous-marins de nouvelle génération avec une assistance étrangère, qui est étudié depuis longtemps, est bloqué dans le labyrinthe de la bureaucratie ministérielle.
Le Projet 75 India, qui prévoit la construction de ces nouveaux sous-marins, n’est pas parvenu à décoller en raison d’un certain de sujets critiques concernant les modalités de construction, qui doivent encore être réglés entre le ministère et la marine.
L’échec des 2 parties à trouver un accord a encore repousser le plan de construction de sous-marins à 30 ans, qui a été approuvé en 1999 pour renforcer sa flotte sous-marine.
Alors que, selon le Projet 75 — une autre partie du programme — la livraison de sous-marins Scorpene (construits par les chantiers Mazagon Dock Limited de Mumbai) aurait déjà dû commencer, le premier de la série ne sera pas mis en service avant 2015. Et le dernier devrait être terminé en 2020.
Cela signifie que, pour l’instant, la marine indienne doit faire avec sa flotte vieillissante de 10 sous-marins Kilo d’origine russe et de 4 U-209 d’origine allemande. La perspective soulève de sérieuses inquiétudes de sécurité, puisque les 2 principaux adversaires de l’Inde, le Pakistan et la Chine, disposent d’une flotte relativement bien équipée.
Le Pakistan utilise des sous-marins classiques Augusta 90B, supérieurs aux Scorpène, et la Chine dispose de sous-marins nucléaires pouvant lancer des missiles balistiques.
Par conséquent, la marine avance avec précaution parce qu’elle ne veut pas empirer la situation et espère que les modalités de construction des sous-marins du Projet 75 India seront rapidement déterminées, afin qu’un appel d’offres puisse rapidement suivre.
Le projet est très important pour les chefs de la marine, parce que c’est leur dernière opportunité de tirer parti de l’expertise étrangère : la prochaine série de sous-marins sera conçue et construite entièrement sans assistance.
La marine indienne compte sur l’aide étrangère pour l’aider à maitriser des technologies comme le lancement d’un missile et la propulsion anaérobie, parmi d’autres.
Selon l’arrangement prévu par le ministère de la défense pour le Projet 75 India, 3 sous-marins seront construits par le chantier Mazagon Dock Limited et un au chantier Hindustan Shipyard Limited.
Les 2 autres seront soit construits dans un chantier naval privé, soit achetés directement à l’étranger.
Les différences d’approche dans la conduite du projet ont conduit à la mise sur pied de plusieurs comités pour débloquer la situation.
Au rythme actuel, l’appel d’offres ne devrait pas être aux constructeurs étrangers avant l’an prochain, ce qui signifie que les contrats ne seront pas mis en œuvre avant 2 ou 3 ans. Par conséquent, la livraison aura lieu bien au-delà de la limite des 30 ans.
Tous les principaux constructeurs de sous-marins ont déjà répondu à la demande d’informations envoyées en aout 2010.
Référence : India Today (Inde)
December 7, 2011 Russian Aviaton
At present specialists are working on integration of BrahMos missiles with Su-30МКМ fighter, RIA Novosti reports. It has been stated by the Deputy Director General of Rosoboronexport, Victor Komardin.
Su-30МКМ will take part in Malaysian tender on acquisition of 18 fighters for the country’s air forces. According to the Malaysian Ministry of Defense, Russia is among front-runners of the tender.
"Will we have time to make such missile for the first batch of Su-30MKMs, taking part in the tender, or not - it is the matter of testing", - said Komardin, the head of Russian delegation at LIMA-2011 in Malaysia.
According to him, the main thing is to avoid the impact of such integration on the operation of aircraft systems.
He also added that the research and development work on creation of air-launched BrahMos missile is underway. Such work is carried out in cooperation with Indian specialists. Sea-launched BrahMos missiles have already been developed.
Along with versions of BrahMos missiles launched from aircraft and submarines, it may also be launched from ships and ground mobile launchers – these models have already been passed into service by Indian navy and army.
Su-30 and its modifications are very popular in South-East Asia. They are operated by Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and China.
Russia has delivered 18 MiG-29 fighters to Malaysia in 1994-1995. The next contract on delivery of 18 Su-30MKM fighters has been completed in 2009. In addition, 12 Mi-171Sh military transport helicopters have been delivered to Malaysia.
Dec.04, 2011 techlahore.com
Since the war on terror started in Afghanistan back in 2001, the United States Air Force has employed various different UAV platforms to target insurgents and the Taliban. Both on Afghan soil as well as in Pakistani territory, with the covert approval of the Pakistan government. Observing the efficacy of UAV platforms like the Predator, the Pakistani military establishment requested the United States to equip it with UAVs so that the war on terror could be prosecuted with more efficacy on the part of the Pakistani military. However these requests were denied repeatedly and America cited the potential use of these UAV platforms in military theaters outside the Afghan Pakistan border (i.e. India) as a flimsy excuse. Faced with these denials, but unwavering in its resolve to achieve its objectives, Pakistan undertook a domestic UAV development program. Even prior to Predator requisition requests being turned down, the Pakistani military had already invested in various autonomous target drones, built both by the private and public sectors. Here at TechLahore, we covered Pakistani drone developments a couple of years ago. In fact, we pointed out that the level of sophistication was such that – in a rather ironic twist -private Pakistani drone manufacturers were exporting UAVs even to the United States homeland security department for oversight applications on the US-Mexico border.
Since then, much has happened. Pakistan entered into a deal with the Italian firm, Selex-Galileo, for the licensed production of fairly capable UAV aircraft at the Kamra Aeronautical facilities. In addition, the Pakistan Navy also acquired rotorcraft drones from foreign sources. Separately, the Pakistan Army has pursued partnerships with China and has incented local manufacturers to continue to develop more advanced platforms within the country. One of the more promising UCAV projects currently in progress in Pakistan is the Burraq armed drone. Burraq is envisioned as a high endurance, long-range, over the horizon, armed UAV aircraft. For the last four years it has been under development and rumors are now surfacing that it may be ready for deployment. At the recent Zhuhai airshow in China, in which the Pakistan Air Force participated with its JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft, Chinese manufacturers also displayed miniaturized lightweight missiles that were particularly suited for carriage on a drone. Various parts of this sprawling Pakistani drone development program are coming together, in partnership with China – weapons development, control systems development, propulsion, airframe, ground stations and much else. The Burraq will only the first in a line of capable, armed Pakistani drones.
And soon. The Burraq, it seems, will be flying in early 2012.
The Pakistani UAV program is a wonderful example of the breadth of technological capability that exists in the country, its ability to collaborate internationally without relying on problem-ridden dealings with America, and the benefits of investing in local development and local manufacturing as opposed to wiring a ton of money to a foreign country and importing somebody else’s equipment (Saudi Arabia style). As with the JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft, Pakistan will discover that the flexibility of owning and running a domestically developed military platform allows unending customization, full control of capabilities, and absolutely no worries with regards to security or someone else knowing its true performance, or even inhibiting the capabilities by doctoring the IFF system or other internal electronics. Not only that, but for private technological firms based in Pakistan a program of this nature creates tremendous economic opportunity. A variety of different inputs, ranging from materials to software to optics to electronics and propulsion technologies are required to build a high-tech UAV. A sophisticated military program such as the Burraq will lead not only to an improvement in Pakistan’s defensive and offensive military capabilities, but also in significant benefits for the economy and local industry.
We hope that in future, with military programs such as Burraq, the continued development of the spectacularly successful JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft and its various space technology ventures, Pakistan will continue to create domestic research and development capabilities which will ensure a brighter future for its people and a credible defense against any would-be aggressor.
Dec 7, 2011 SpaceWar.com(AFP)
Seoul - South Korea is planning to add air-launched cruise missiles capable of destroying high value targets in North Korea to its arsenal, reports and officials said Wednesday.
The plan is awaiting parliamentary approval, a defence ministry spokesman told AFP, adding that the air force wanted to buy some 170 missiles.
South Korea wants the air-to-surface stealth missiles as a deterrent against provocation by North Korea, the Korea Times said.
"It can be fired from Seoul and hit any targets in Pyongyang," a government source was quoted as saying.
The government has set aside some 388 billion won ($344 million) to procure precision guided missiles that can be launched from jets, the daily said.
The Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) from US defence giant Lockheed Martin will vie with the Taurus missile produced by Germany-based Taurus Systems GmbH, it said.
Seoul hopes to assess the two missiles over their performance, price and the extent of technology transfer and to select the winner no later than September next year, it said.
JASSM, which has an operational range of 370 kilometres, is cheaper but the US Congress has yet to authorise exports of the weapon to Seoul, it said.
South Korea may push for the development of air-to-ground cruise missiles if it cannot buy them at a reasonable price and secure a guarantee of substantial technology transfer, it said.
The South has developed various missiles to counter the threat of North Korean ballistic missiles.
The North has about 600 Scud missiles capable of hitting targets in South Korea, and possibly also of reaching Japanese territory in some cases, according to South Korean military data.
There are another 200 Rodong-1 missiles which could reach Tokyo. In addition the North has three times test-launched intercontinental Taepodong missiles.
7 décembre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS
L’Inde disposera bientôt de la capacité de lancer des missiles balistiques depuis la mer : son premier sous-marin nucléaire INS Arihant, de conception nationale, sera prêt pour sa première mission opérationnelle à la fin 2012 après une série d’essais à la mer.
Selon le chef de la marine indienne, l’amiral Nirmal Verma : « J’avais dit que nous mettrions en service l’INS Arihant en 2012, et en gros nous respecterons cette date. La date définitive ne pourra être donnée que lorsque nous aurons terminé les essais à la mer qui interviendront dans quelques mois. »
Avec l’INS Arihant, l’Inde deviendra le 6è pays disposant de sous-marins nucléaires, après les Etats-Unis, la Russie, la Chine, la France et la Grande-Bretagne. L’Arihant est le premier d’une série de 3 sous-marins nucléaires, que l’Inde construit avec l’aide de la Russie. Pour l’Inde, l’Arihant est une étape puisque la marine la plus importante d’Asie, la Chine, dispose de 8 à 10 sous-marins nucléaires et de 50 à 60 classiques.
La Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) travaille sur le missile balistique Sagarika, d’une portée de 700 km.
Référence : Financial Express (Inde)
Evening news broadcasts across the world are currently dominated by pictures of a smoke clouded Parthenon, and images of Athens engulfed in rioting and protest – these are off-course the most visible signs of the economic crisis that is currently wracking not only Greece, but Europe as a whole.
Within the austerity measures being implemented in Greece, there is also a microcosm of the European market for submarine platforms. A long-standing procurement program in Athens for purchasing six German Type 215 submarines has run out of money for investment, with the two most recently ordered subs cancelled, and concerns that it may need to sell off a further two.
Indeed, across Europe there are likely to be few new submarine procurement programs over the coming decade, with the major buyers of Italy, Germany, France and Britain fulfilling their needs for the foreseeable future. European submarine manufacturers are now hunting for new markets, and the largest of these is in South-East Asia, where a climate of increasing tension is leading to a heightening naval arms race.
The great submarine race
During the past years three of the main naval power of South-Asia have purchased or are in the process of purchasing diesel electric submarines. The most recent of these has been the Thai Navy’s move to purchase 6 ex-German Navy Type 206 subs. Whilst pending Parliamentary approval, Thailand’s attempts to procure are being mirrored in the Philippines, where they are looking to purchase a submarine by 2020 as part of a major naval modernisation program.
One step ahead of Thailand and the Philippines are the Vietnamese Navy, who are awaiting delivery of six Kilo class submarines from Russia. These highly capable platforms will greatly expand the potential of the Vietnamese Navy, placing it at the front rank of Indo-Chinese naval powers.
Other nations with submarine fleets in the region include Malaysia, who purchased two Scorpene class boats from France in 2002. This move follows previous sale to Singapore in 1995 and Indonesia in the 1980’s, which had begun the trend in the region towards procuring submarines. Australia has also recently committed itself to a highly ambitious program to replace its current fleet of six Collins class boats with twelve highly advanced, cruise missile equipped attack submarines. Moving further afield, Japan, South Korea and India are also all engaged in significantly expanding their fleets of submarines.
What has spurred this recent rush towards the procurement of submarines? The answer clearly lies in the expansion of another powers naval capability – The Peoples Republic of China.
The Threat of the Dragon
Ever since the acute embarrassment of the 1996 Taiwan Crisis - in which United States Navy carrier battlegroups were able to operate with impunity off the Chinese coast - China has been committed to a program of naval modernisation and expansion. This wish to keep the US Navy away from China’s coastline is directed by a desire to ensure that Chinese policy makers cannot be so easily bullied by the US. There is also the increasingly Mahanian view of naval power which has permeated through the Chinese military high command, which has led to belief that as China expands to become one of the world’s top two economic powers she should have a navy to match. This economic expansion has also led to an increasing reliance upon the foreign import of many raw materials and Chinese Navy has increasingly ambitious plans to protect the movement of this flow of resources.
The physical manifestation of these varying ambitions has been an incredibly ambitious program of ship building – the most talked about of these being the hope to deploy several carrier battlegroups by 2020. Other areas of expansion include building large numbers of new destroyers and frigates, as well as one of the most ambitious submarine construction program in the world.
China has also adopted an increasingly muscular foreign policy that has seen it restating claims to the Spratly Islands and other off shore islands chains. This has led to increasingly heightened tensions in the region. In May 2011 Chinese Naval vessels opened fire on Vietnamese fishing trawlers, in just the latest in a series of increasingly heated clashes between vessels from the various powers competing for the sovereignty of the islands. There is the increasing concern that China intends to use its developing naval capacity to push its claims for the islands.
Regional powers with limited defence budgets, such as Vietnam, Thailand and Singapore, know that they cannot hope to challenge the Chinese navy in terms of quantity of vessels. So, they’re best hope to protect their interests or deter aggression is through purchasing capabilities which China will find hard to deal with – the most effective of these being the submarine.
In the shallow, crowded waters of the South-China Sea it is very easy for skilled captains of small, diesel electric submarines (the main type being procured) to keep themselves concealed and operate with little threat of detection. As North Korea showed with its attack on the South Korean corvette Cheonan in 2011, even small submarines can be incredibly dangerous to surface vessels, particularly those operating in the crowded and sheltered waters just described.
Moreover, as David Axe has argued on many occasions, the Chinese Navies great weakness is its lack of operational skill and know-how. This is a force that is far from skilled in the ways of anti-submarine warfare, as illustrated by US Navy attack submarines that are regularly believed to operate a matter of miles off the Chinese coast, with little or no threat of detection from the Chinese surface fleet.
Regional tension, growing market
These times of heightening tension in the region provide an opportunity for European ship makers to secure valuable orders, particularly at a time when indigenous spending is declining . The major submarine building nations – Germany, France and Sweden - are pursuing vigorous attempts to win the contracts that are available. Germany is pushing for Thailand to complete its order for the six Type 206s, India is currently building French DCNS Scorpene boats and Singapore is in the process of acquiring two new vessels from Sweden.
Even in Australia, who has committed itself to a well funded indigenous naval program, there are increasingly vocal debates about buying off the shelf European submarines that would be a cheaper and more proven means of regenerating their submarine capability. The appeal of European submarines are that they are of a high level of technological quality, and unlike Russian built subs – Vietnam and Indonesia’s Kilos – they are not models operated and know by the Chinese navy. The potential market runs into the hundreds of millions with the Australian program alone being worth up to $35 billion; while Indonesia (who has a possible requirement for up to 12 boats) is expected to have a budget of roughly $1.2 billion.
With tensions only likely to rise over the coming decade, European ship builders are thus likely to be seeing an increasing number of orders from this region.
A model of the Boustead Gowind Frigate displayed at Lima 2011. (photo : Malaysian Defence)
07.12.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES
A Malaysian government-linked shipbuilder said Wednesday it expects to finalise the sale of six naval vessels developed by French navy equipment manufacturer DCNS next month.
Boustead Naval Shipyard was selected by the Malaysian navy earlier this year to build the six corvettes, which are designed for coastal patrol activities.
Zainal Abidin Ahmad, Boustead's assistant general manager, said the two companies would present final design specifications to the navy this month.
"Our expectation is to get it (the deal) signed in January," Zainal said at a maritime and aerospace show on the Malaysian resort island of Langkawi.
The vessels weigh 2,400 tonnes, are 100 metres (330 feet) long and can each transport one EC275 helicopter made by Eurocopter, a subsidiary of EADS.
Zainal said Malaysia's navy had yet to choose how to arm the vessels.
The design is still under wraps and the size of the deal has not been disclosed.
However, industry analysts say the cost of one corvette runs to more than 100 million euros.
In landing the order, state-controlled DCNS beat out bids by Germany's TKMS and Dutch firm Damen.
DCNS already had a relationship with Boustead through a joint venture in 2009 to maintain two Diesel-propelled Scorpene submarines used by the Malaysian navy.
The corvettes, which can stay at sea for three weeks, are designed to navigate coastal areas and island groups to fight piracy and patrol fisheries, according to DCNS.
DCNS has sold 11 frigates to Malaysia's neighbour Singapore, five of which were built in the city-state.
LANGKAWI, 7 décembre - RIA Novosti
L'Indonésie signera un contrat sur l'achat de six chasseurs russes Sukhoi Su-30MK2 avant la fin de 2011, a confirmé mercredi à Langkawi (Malaisie) le directeur adjoint de l'agence russe d'exportation d'armements Rosoboronexport, Viktor Komardine.
"Des négociations sont en cours, nous comptons avant la fin de l'année signer un accord sur la livraison de six Su-30MK2 en plus des 10 chasseurs déjà livrés", a déclaré M.Komardine, lors du salon de défense antiaérienne et antimissile Lima-2011.
Selon les experts, le coût du contrat s'élève à 500 millions de dollars.
La Russie a déjà fourni dix chasseurs Sukhoi, dix hélicoptères Mi-35, 14 hélicoptères Mi-17, 17 blindés de transport de troupes TMP-3F, 48 blindés BTR-80A et 9.000 fusils d'assaut Kalachnikov à ce pays.
07 décembre 2011 par Astrid Gouzik – L’USINE NOUVELLE
Le partenaire malaisien du groupe français espère que le contrat soit signé en janvier, a-t-il expliqué mercredi 7 décembre.
Mi-décembre, DCNS et son partenaire Boustead Naval Shipyard doivent présenter à la marine malaisienne le projet qu’ils ont élaboré 3 mois durant.
Boustead Naval Shipyard doit construire six corvettes développées par le groupe français de construction navale militaire. Ces bâtiments de 2.400 tonnnes et de 100 m de long, transporteront chacun un hélicoptère EC275 construit par Eurocopter, filiale de EADS.
Selon des sources industrielles, le coût d’un bâtiment dépasserait la centaine de millions d’euros.
DCNS a déjà vendu 11 frégates à l'Etat voisin de Singapour, dont cinq ont été construites sur place.
Photo / DRDO
December 07, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST
DRDO Statement: The first fully modified Aircraft for indigenously developed Indian Airborne Warning and Control System (AEW&C) aircraft, the EMB-145I took to the skies on 6 December 2011, as part of its first maiden flight at Embraer's facilities at Sao Jose dos Campos in Brazil with about 1000 Mission System Components provided by CABS, DRDO. These include the critical item – AESA (Active Electronic Scanning Antenna) Radar Antenna developed by DRDO and certified from ANAC, International FAR Certification Agency.
“The flight is a major milestone towards realizing the dream of Indigenous Airborne Early Warning and Control System, which will put India into a Select Club of Countries” said SA to RM congratulating DRDO Scientists and M/s Embraer Engineers on this achievement.
While this Aircraft will now undergo full certification process over next two year period, India will receive two aircrafts by middle of next year. Here, the Mission Systems developed by Various DRDO Labs will be integrated with these aircrafts. Currently , these systems are undergoing ground integration and evaluation at CABS (Centre for Airborne Systems), Bangalore.
Photos / Shiv Aroor
December 07, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST
The IMI Tavor TAR-21 assault rifle is a fairly common sight now, deployed in significant numbers with the special forces, paramilitary, Rashtriya Rifles and other units. Saw these Indian Army para commandos at Exercise Sudarshan Shakti yesterday and thought I'd snap off a few. The men say they love the rifle. One of them said there had been some issues a couple years ago which had not been sorted out. They love the sight and the weight/stability of the weapon. When I asked how it compared to what they were using before, they smiled. (I had a chance to play with a Tavor in 2008. Yep, sweet.)
More photos HERE
Soldiers from SAF and RBLF during Exercise Maju Bersama
(photo : Cyberpioneer)
07.12.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES
What was the joke around the office almost the instant after Iran announced possession of an RQ-170 Sentinel?
"Look for the RQ-170 copy at the Zhuhai [air show] next year."
If you'll forgive the streak of cynicism, it seemed at the time like a fair swipe at the reverse-engineering skills and loose intellectual property safeguards in both Iran and China.
On the other hand, it may not be an entirely fair assessment of China's need to copy the RQ-170's technology. As this picture posted on the sinodefence forum yesterday reveals, China has been working hard to develop their own stealthy unmanned air vehicles (UAVs).
In addition to this photo, sinodefence forum spotters also found a photo showing a Chinese-language magazine article about the aircraft. We asked Ghim-Lay Yeo, the office's resident Singaporean, to translate the article, which was published recently in a magazine called Construction Technology.
According to Yeo, the article describes two variants of the same UAV. The first variant, which is named "Crossbow", appears to be the same stealthy-looking UAV spotted at the "Grand Prix" in Beijing two months ago. The second variant is called "Wind Blade", and adds the extended wingspan and winglets you see above. Both variants have been designed by students at Shenyang University, which happens to be the home of one of China's three largest manufacturers of combat aircraft.
The photo suggest China has at least reached the scale-model stage of stealth UAV development. That's roughly where US industry stood in the mid-to-late 1990s. Depending on the age of these projects, it may only be a few years before the first full-scale model appears over Shenyang or Chengdu -- and that's with or without the RQ-170.
Gepard 3.9 Vietnam People Navy (PetroTimes)
07.12.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES