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29 juillet 2011 5 29 /07 /juillet /2011 11:30

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29/07/11 By Greg Waldron SOURCE:Flight International

 

China has officially confirmed that its new aircraft carrier will be used for training and scientific research, and that naval pilot training is underway.

 

"China is making use of an old aircraft carrier platform for scientific research, experiments and training," said the defence ministry. "As an important part of the research and training programme, training for aircraft pilots is also in progress."

 

The ministry gave no indication as to when the ship, the former Ukrainian vessel Varyag, will make its maiden voyage, but said refitting continues in Dalian harbour. It also provided no mention of when the carrier, obtained in the 1990s, will begin flight operations.

 

China has developed a navalised fighter known as the Shenyang J-15, a copy of Russia's 1980s-era Sukhoi Su-33. Chinese media reports have suggested that Kamov KA-31 helicopters will provide China's carrier with a rudimentary airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) capability.

 

The carrier could operate up to thirty aircraft, which would provide China with a potent capability.

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29 juillet 2011 5 29 /07 /juillet /2011 06:15

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(Photo by Jason Tu) - taiwanairpower.org

 

28 juillet 2011 taiwaninfo.nat.gov.tw

 

« Infondées et absolument fausses », ce sont les termes employés hier par le ministère de la Défense pour démentir les allégations portées contre Taiwan par le Washington Times. Ce dernier affirmait que Taipei ne faisait pas preuve de toute la détermination nécessaire pour acquérir des systèmes de défense et renforcer sa sécurité face à la Chine.

 

Dans son édition d’il y a deux jours, le quotidien américain citait, sans révéler son identité, un responsable du Pentagone déclarant que la représentation taiwanaise à New York n’avait pas tout essayé pour obtenir de Washington la vente des avions de chasse de type F-16 C/D. Le fonctionnaire américain rajoutait en outre que le fait que deux avions de chasse chinois ait récemment franchi la ligne médiane du Détroit montrait également l’absence de détermination du président de la République, Ma Ying-jeou, dans la construction d’une posture de défense forte, ce qui mettait également en lumière l’échec de la politique de détente du président de la République, qui n’a en outre pas permis de réduire le niveau des tensions dans le Détroit.

 

A Taipei, la Défense a immédiatement réagi à cet article. Wang Ming-wo, en charge du département de la Guerre politique, a qualifié les propos rapportés par le quotidien américain de « faux et trop éloignés de la réalité ». Il a évidemment souligné la force de la détermination de Taiwan à assurer sa propre sécurité. Il a également indiqué que le président de la République avait appelé le gouvernement américain à accéder aux demandes de Taipei à 21 reprises et que le gouvernement avait envoyé 3 lettres de demande d’achats de 66 F-16C/D.

 

Selon une information récente confirmée par un haut fonctionnaire américain, l’administration de Barak Obama devrait prendre une décision d’ici le 1eroctobre dans ce dossier des ventes des F-16.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 18:20

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28/7/2011 Ngân Huong/CVN lecourrier.vnagency.com.vn

 

La 5e conférence des commandants de la Marine de l'ASEAN (ANCM-5) s'est ouverte le 27 juillet à Hanoi dans le but de rendre plus efficaces les activités de coopération militaire et de défense entre les pays membres.

 

Cette conférence, qui réunit des commandants des neuf pays membres et de l'attaché militaire du Laos au Vietnam, a lieu en présence du chef d'État major de l'Armée populaire du Vietnam, le général Dô Ba Ty. Organisée pour la première fois au Vietnam, "l'ANCM-5 est un grand honneur pour la Marine populaire du Vietnam, et d'ordre plus général, pour l'Armée populaire du Vietnam", a affirmé le général Dô Ba Ty.

 

Cette conférence se tient dans un contexte où la sécurité régionale est en proie à quelques soubresauts, avec une préoccupation spéciale pour la sécurité en mer. Assurer un environnement maritime de paix, de stabilité, sûr et en accord avec les intérêts de développement économique durable constitue l'aspiration commune des pays membres.

 

"La sécurité en mer est un facteur clé pour relier et promouvoir la coopération au sein de l'ASEAN", a souligné le général Dô Ba Ty. Le chef d'État major de l'Armée populaire du Vietnam a affirmé que le ministère de la Défense du Vietnam et l'Armée populaire du Vietnam soutenaient fortement la coopération entre les forces marines des pays de l'ASEAN par le biais des canaux bilatéraux ou multilatéraux, ainsi que l'élargissement de la coopération des forces de la Marine entre les pays de l'ASEAN et les pays partenaires. La partie vietnamienne applaudit les différentes formes de coopération : assistance humanitaire et secours aux naufragés, coopération pour la surveillance commune en mer, installation d'une ligne de téléphone rouge entre les forces de la Marine, échanges des informations entre les services de renseignement, coordination pour la formation et l'entraînement dans l'optique de manœuvres communes pour mieux faire face aux défis de sécurité non-traditionnelle dans la région.

 

Prenant la parole pour l'ouverture de la conférence, le vice-amiral Nguyên Van Hiên, vice-ministre de la Défense, commandant de la Marine populaire du Vietnam a exprimé son inquiétude concernant la violation de la souveraineté nationale en Mer Orientale, en complète contradiction avec la loi internationale, en particulier la Convention des Nations unies sur la mer de 1982 (UNCLOS 1982) et la Déclaration sur la conduite des parties en Mer Orientale (DOC). "Cette situation ne sert les intérêts de personne, inclus les pays non-côtiers", a déclaré Nguyên Van Hiên.

 

Les participants ont échangé leurs analyses et vues sur la sécurité dans la région. Ils se penchent sur la sécurité en Mer Orientale, marquée par le mélange des défis de sécurité traditionnelle et ceux de sécurité non-traditionnelle, où seule la Chine adopte une position différente. La conférence appelle les parties à chercher des mesures diplomatiques pacifiques, en se basant sur le Droit international (UNCLOS 1982, DOC, et le prochain Code de conduite entre l'ASEAN et la Chine - COC).

 

Les conférenciers se sont mis d'accord pour créer un portail de partage des informations, organiser des séminaires au niveau du commandement sur la sécurité en terme de navigation marine, multiplier les signes de courtoisie entre les différentes forces marines des pays de l'ASEAN. Les participants ont adopté l'orientation pour la coopération entre les forces de Marine des pays de l'ASEAN, pour un échange entre les jeunes officiers de marine de l'ASEAN, et pour le programme d'activités sur la période 2011-2013. L'ANCM-6 aura lieu à Brunei en 2012.

 

Le ministre de la Défense du Vietnam Phùng Quang Thanh a reçu hier les chefs des délégations participants à l'ANCM-5 à Hanoi. Il a affirmé que le Vietnam était déterminé dans la protection de la souveraineté nationale liée étroitement à maintenir la paix, la sécurité et à renforcer l'amitié avec les pays voisins. D'après lui, les litiges sur la Mer Orientale doivent être réglés par la voie paisible, par le biais des négociations en basant sur la loi internationale. Les parties doivent chercher avec patient des mesures aux intérêts communs pour la paix, la sécurité et le développement dans la région et dans le monde.

 

Hier à Hanoi, le général Dô Ba Ty, chef d'État major de l'Armée populaire du Vietnam, vice-ministre de la Défense, a reçu l'amiral Ung Chi Pang, commandant de la force marine de Singapour, en visite de travail au Vietnam. Les deux parties ont affirmé l'importance de l'ANCM-5. La coopération militaire entre le Vietnam et Singapour va dans la bonne direction : formation de langues, partage des informations de navigation, lutte contre les crues et inondations, sauvetage...

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 18:05

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CANBERRA, Australia, July 28(UPI)

 

BAE Systems in the United States has delivered to Australia three main gun mounts for the country's Air Warfare Destroyer program.

 

The gun mounts are valued at $88 million and will be placed into a controlled storage facility in Adelaide until they are installed on the destroyers Hobart, Brisbane and Sydney.

 

"The guns will be able to hit targets on land, air and at sea," said Minister for Defense Materiel Jason Clare. "They are capable of firing both Australian navy standard munitions and future extended range munitions."

 

Similar gun mounts are installed on the Australian navy's ANZAC Class frigates, the U.S. Navy's Arleigh Burke class destroyers, the Spanish F-100 frigates and on ships within the South Korean, Japanese and Danish navies.

 

Australian officials said more than 1,000 people are working on the construction of the ships across three shipyards in Australia.

 

"This is an important project for the Australian military," Clare said. "These destroyers will be among the most advanced and capable warships in the world."

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 17:05

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28 July 2011 Thales Australia

 

The Hon. Jason Clare MP, Minister for Defence Materiel, today formally opened Thales Australia’s new secure storage facility at the company’s Soldier Systems Development and Support Centre in Lithgow, NSW.

 

The new facility continues Thales’s long term investment in Lithgow, and was also realised through generous support from the NSW State Government. It enhances the company’s ability to provide through life support for its own weapons such as the Austeyr rifle, as well as those made by third parties.

 

Chris Jenkins, Thales Australia’s CEO, said: “Infantry weapons are a Priority Industry Capability for Australia’s defence forces. The ability we have at Lithgow to manufacture, maintain and upgrade infantry weapons is a strategic national asset central to Australia’s security.

 

“We are continuing to invest in our soldier systems business to support and develop this capability, and evolving our business from pure manufacturing to include streamlined, cost-effective support services.

 

“The skills and experience developed in Lithgow over many years are a vital resource, and our teams work closely with the Defence Materiel Organisation and the Australian Defence Force to ensure that Australian soldiers have the best infantry weapons and solider systems available in the world today.”

 

The Soldier Systems Development and Support Centre undertakes a wide variety of activities, from in-depth R&D and design to manufacturing, procurement and through life support for a variety of Thales and third party products.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 16:35

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July 28, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE

 

Alarmed at the North Korean naval buildup on the west coast, just north of the border, South Korea has increased its order for PKG-A missile patrol boats from 24 to 34. The first PKG-A boat entered service three years ago, and another five are about to. These are 63 meters (207 foot) long, 570 ton vessels with a top speed of 76 kilometers an hour. Each boat is armed with a 76mm gun, a dual barrel 40mm autocannon, shoulder launcher anti-aircraft missiles and four anti-ship missiles (range: 150 kilometers). In addition to air and surface radars, there are also electronic countermeasures. There is no sonar or anti-submarine weapons. There is a crew of forty, and each boat costs $39 million.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 11:35

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source china-defense-mashup.com

 

2011-07-28 (China Military News cited from Reuters and written by Ben Blanchard and Benjamin Lim)

 

China is building two aircraft carriers as part of a military modernization program that is causing concern among other Asian countries, sources said on Wednesday.

 

President Hu Jintao has made the navy a keystone of China's defense upgrade, and the carriers will be among the most visible signs of its rising military prowess.

 

China is ramping up its military spending as the United States considers cutting its defense budget, although Washington still far outspends China on security and is much more technologically advanced.

 

"Two aircraft carriers are being built at the Jiangnan shipyard in Shanghai," a source with ties to China's Communist Party leadership told Reuters, requesting anonymity because he was not authorized to talk about the program.

China's Defense Ministry has confirmed the existence of one carrier, a former Soviet vessel that was bought from Ukraine in 1998 and was once destined to become a floating casino.

 

That vessel, the Shi Lang, will be used for training and research purposes, ministry spokesman Geng Yansheng said, seeking to reassure other countries that China would stick to its defensive military policy.

 

But he said it had a right to protect its extensive maritime territory and coast.

 

"This is the sacred responsibility of China's armed forces," Geng said in a statement.

"Building a carrier is extremely complex. We are currently refitting an old aircraft carrier, to be used for research and testing."

 

"An aircraft carrier is a weapons platform; it can be used for offensive or defensive purposes. It can also be used to maintain global peace and for rescue and relief work," he added.

 

Geng gave no timetable for starting sea trials but said pilots were being trained to operate from the carrier.

 

Sources with ties to the Communist Party and the military said that the ship would likely be based in the southern island province of Hainan, which sits atop the trade lanes of the sensitive South China Sea.

 

China has been flexing its muscles more aggressively in those waters, where a territorial dispute with Taiwan and several nearby countries, including Vietnam and the Philippines, has festered for years.

Original Full Report

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 11:30

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Canberra class LHD (photo : Mashpedia)
28.07.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

WILLIAMSTOWN, Australia - The Land-Based Test Site (LBTS) at BAE Systems in Williamstown for the Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) project is now complete.


BAE Systems, Saab and L-3 Communications (L-3) completed the installation in July 2011 as a key milestone in the development of the integrated combat and communications systems.

Director BAE Systems Maritime Business Unit Harry Bradford said testing in the LBTS will commence immediately with the final testing concluding next year.

“The major activity of the test site is risk mitigation of equipment integration prior to installation on the ship. The equipment will undergo significant testing to ensure all systems, including those supplied by several sensor manufacturers, are properly integrated and working effectively.

“The Line Replaceable Units (LRUs) installed in the Land-Based Test Site are to be installed on the second LHD, with the first ship receiving new equipment.

“While not fully operational, we are seeing real benefits from the test site as the team has discovered some issues that will require system modification, and these are much less costly when uncovered early in the program,” he said.

L-3 has supplied a large and complex communications suite, while Saab has installed the Combat Direction System which will provide the core command and control system for the ship. The CDS is based on a derivative of Saab's latest 9LV Mk 3E Combat Management System implemented on the ANZAC-class frigates, with added capability for helicopter and watercraft control for the LHD's amphibious warfare roles.

Design work began on the test site in 2008 with outfitting and installation of equipment having commenced in the latter half of last year. The first ship is expected to arrive in August 2012.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:50

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The army's proposal to buy more than 30 new helicopters (photo : wn)

 

27.07.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

The Pheu Thai-led coalition government is willing to support the plan to buy more than 30 new helicopters of the army, prime minister-designate Yingluck Shinwatra said on Wednesday.

 

Ms Yingluck said the new administration will have to consider details of the plan because weapons purchasing must be made in line with the set priority and the need of the army in order to gain maximum benefit from budget spending.


“My government is willing to do anything it can to support the army,” she said.

 

She added that the new defence minister will have to discuss the plan with the army and then forward it to the cabinet meeting for consideration.

 

Ms Yingluck rejected as baseless the reports that Pheu Thai had approached the current Defence Minister Prawit Wongsuwon, inviting him to continue serving the ministerial position.

 

Meanwhile, army chief Prayuth Chan-ocha denied he had taken the opportunity from the crashes of three army helicopters to asked for the new chopper fleet as criticised.

 

Gen Prayuth insisted that the new helicopters purchasing programme has been planned for a long time as the army needs to have modern aircraft and weapons for protecting the country.

 

The army chief refused to give comments about reports that Gen Yuthasak Sasiprapa would be made the new defence minister.

 

“The army is ready to comply with order of superior officer without sticking to any particular individuals. The new government should also take a good care of the army,” he said.

 

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:45

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A No 3 Squadron F/A-18 Hornet and an F-15 Eagle from the Japan Air Self Defence Force fly low over the Alaskan tundra during Exercise Red Flag Alaska 11-2. (all photos : Aus DoD)

27.07.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES


The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) has successfully completed bilateral flying operations with the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) for the first time.


The air combat familiarisation sortie conducted on 14 July during Exercise Red Flag was carried out by RAAF F/A-18 Hornets from No 3 Squadron in NSW, and JASDF F-15 Eagles from No 4th Air Wing.

The RAAF aircraft arrived at Misawa Air Force Base yesterday, second only to the United States military to ever have flown into a JASDF base.

“This level of high-end engagement offered the important opportunity to build on the strong friendship between Australia and Japan,” Commanding Officer No 3 Squadron, Wing Commander Terry van Haren, said.


“The large force, multi-threat environment of Red Flag enabled our fighter pilots to conduct complex missions with Japan, as well as the United States and Singapore as part of the exercise coalition force,”

“Now that we have arrived in Japan, we will hold a cultural and dialogue exchange at Misawa to further develop the strong bonds fostered between the two nations during Red Flag,” Wing Commander van Haren said.

“The four-day exchange programme includes several cultural activities and capability briefs to enhance shared co-operation and military appreciation between the Australian and Japanese fighter squadrons.”

During the visit to Misawa, members from RAAF’s No 3, No 36 and No 37 squadrons will donate toys to the JASDF for children affected by the recent tsunami.

Australia and Japan signed an Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement in May last year. This week’s visit is the first since the Agreement was signed and reflects the growing strength of Australia’s bilateral partnership with Japan contributing to peace, security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.

Exercise Red Flag Alaska 11–2 was conducted from US Eielson Air Force Base, between 4 and 22 July.


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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:35

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27.07.2011 by

 

Satpura, India's second Second Shivalik class Indigenous Stealth Frigate. Conceived and designed by the Indian Naval Design team to be the mainstay frigates of Indian Navy for the first half of 21 century. The ship is scheduled to be commissioned on 20 Aug 2011.

See photos of commissioning of F47, INS Shivalik last year.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:30

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27/07/11 By Greg Waldron SOURCE:Flight International

 

Australian defence minister Stephen Smith has expressed concerns about the Lockheed Martin F-35A and has not ruled out acquiring more Boeing F/A-18 E/F Super Hornets to plug a capability gap.

 

"It's quite clear there will be an exhaustive risk assessment done of the current [F-35] schedule and that will be available to the US administration and partners like Australia by the end of the year or early next year," said Smith. "That will enable us to start making judgements about whether we need to make any other plans or take any other action so far as a potential gap in capability is concerned."

 

He added that "slippage" is to be expected in major technological projects such as the F-35. Nonetheless, "we're now running close up to those schedules, particularly on delivery," he added.

 

Smith's comments appeared in an official defence department transcript of a radio interview he conducted on a recent visit to the US.

 

Asked whether the Royal Australian Air Force would buy additional Super Hornets, Smith said: "That's an obvious option, but we need to take this step by step. It's early days: I don't want people to run or leap to a conclusion that [more Super Hornets] is the path we'll go down. There is more time, and we need to continue to monitor the situation very carefully and closely."

 

Smith also expressed concerns about future cuts to the US defence budget, which would be likely to affect the F-35 programme. Since February 2010, the US Department of Defense has restructured the baseline schedule and cost estimates twice, adding several years and more than $100 billion to the development and acquisition of the stealth fighter.

 

Some also question the future cost of maintaining the F-35 after it enters service. Indeed, when discussing the Super Hornet, Boeing emphasises predictable delivery times and costs as key selling points.

 

Australia still has plans to purchase up to 100 F-35As, the conventional take-off and landing variant of the aircraft. Delays in the F-35 programme obliged Australia to purchase 24 Super Hornets as a stopgap. On 17 July, Australia received three Super Hornets, bringing its fleet to 18 of the type. The remaining six will arrive later this year.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:25

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Chinese_Su-27.JPG

 

27/07/11 By Greg Waldron SOURCE:Flight International

 

The US will continue to carry out reconnaissance flights close to Chinese airspace despite a recent airborne incident involving aircraft from the USA, China and Taiwan.

 

On 29 June, a People's Liberation Army Air Force Sukhoi Su-27 briefly crossed the centre of the Taiwan Strait, straying into Taiwanese airspace, according to a Taiwan defence ministry statement.

 

Taiwan media reports said Taiwanese F-16s were scrambled to intercept the intruder, which itself was chasing an alleged American Lockheed U-2 aircraft on a reconnaissance mission.

 

At a media conference on 25 July, Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, addressed the issue of US spy flights close to Chinese air space.

 

"The Chinese don't like our routine reconnaissance flights in international air space, and we don't like any attempt to inhibit freedom of navigation and access to the global commons to include international waters and air space," Mullin said.

 

In regard to Chinese protests about the flights, he added: "If we respond in a way that cedes the position of the Chinese there, you can't fly in this area, that again is a signal globally, quite frankly, for something that's an international standard that we've had for a long, long time.

 

"The Chinese would see us move out of there. I don't see that as the case. We're not going to do that, from my perspective. These reconnaissance flights are important."

 

The incident comes while the sale of 66 Lockheed Martin F-16 C/D aircraft to Taiwan hangs in the balance.

 

Several members of the US Congress have called for the sale to go ahead, citing American jobs and the security of Taiwan.

 

The State Department, however, is reportedly concerned about offending China. Its preferred course may be to upgrade Taiwan's F-16 A/B aircraft.

 

One industry observer with experience in Taiwan is sceptical of the sale.

 

"The political downside of offending China is too great right now," he said, noting the importance of the US-Sino relationship.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:10

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July 27, 2011, indiaeveryday.in

 

Shillong: The Indian Air Force is planning massive infrastructure development in the strategic region bordering China including stationing of two more Su30 squadrons and developing six advanced landing grounds in the northeast but said it is in "no race to beat somebody".

 

With Chabua and Tezpur in Assam already having a squadron each of the Sukhoi fighter jets, IAF vice chief designate Air Marshal K K Nohwar today said two more Su30 squadrons would be deployed in the region by 2014-15.

 

Asked by reporters if India was trying to match the developments on the Chinese side, he said, "We are in no race to beat somebody. But the force and the bases the IAF is developing is adequate to meet any threat in future."

 

IAF has also taken over six Advanced Landing Grounds ? Tuting, Menchuka, Along, Passighat, Vijaynagar and Ziro - from the Arunachal Pradesh government for upgrading, he said.

 

"The work has just started, and it will take about two years to complete," Nohwar told his last press conference as the AoC-in-C of Eastern Air Command here.

 

According to him, once the medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) deal is through, the Air Force would deploy some of the squadrons in the eastern sector besides some medium lift helicopters.

 

He said Remotely Piloted Aircraft would also arrive in the sector in the next few years.

 

"Old radars are being replaced with new ones. More radars will be inducted. Keeping in mind the terrain, lots of places have been identified and a standard deployment pattern is being followed. This will ensure best possible coverage to detect any hostile threat," the Air Marshal, who will take over as the Vice Chief of Air Staff on August 1, said.

 

Besides, the military is developing two helipads at Tawang and Walong in Arunachal Pradesh, he said.

 

When told about reports of Chinese airplanes chasing an US spy aircraft over Taiwan recently and apprehension that there could be similar manoeuvres in Indian skies, Nohwar said, "Let me assure you, if any of our neighbours try to intrude into our air space, it will meet the same fate as that met the Atlantic in the Rann of Kutch (in 1999)."

 

He was referring to the shooting down of a Pakistan Navy patrol aircraft 'Atlantic' by IAF MiG-21s after it failed to force it to land at an Indian base over the Rann of Kutch.

 

"Lessons learnt from the past are also taken into account while deciding on the force levels. The present force level is adequate to meet any emerging threat in future," Nohwar said.

 

"Military appreciation is done from time to time taking into account the position you are holding, the kind of terrain and the concept of operation in case of a future skirmish."

 

Noting that the Mi21s have been phased out except for a squadron at Kalaikunda, he said, most of the semi-permanent infrastructure was being changed and developed keeping in mind the climatic conditions in the region.

 

On the advanced landing grounds, he said, "Once these ALGs are commissioned, fixed-wing aircraft like AN 32 which can carry much larger loads than choppers can land. There will also be an opportunity for military aircraft to land there."

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 06:05

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27 juillet 2011, Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Une étude des récents achats effectués par les marines d’Asie du Sud-Est montrent que les sous-marins sont en tête de leurs listes d’achat. La Thaïlande et les Philippines envisagent tous 2 d’ajouter des sous-marins à leurs flottes.

 

La Thaïlande prévoit d’acheter 6 anciens sous-marins U-206 allemands. Malgré des critiques internes contre ce projet, Bangkok pense que les 257 millions US$ seront de l’argent bien dépensé.

 

La marine thaïlandaise explique que les sous-marins sont nécessaires pour patrouiller en mer d’Andaman et dans le golfe de Thaïlande, et rattraper son retard sur les marines voisines qui se modernisent.

 

Les Philippines ont récemment annoncé le projet, baptisé « Sail Plan 2020 », d’acheter, entre autres matériels, un sous-marin. Bien que les problèmes financiers aient retardé le projet, les tensions apparues récemment en mer de Chine méridionale pourraient renforcer le soutien interne à ce projet.

 

Suite à ses tensions maritimes en mer de Chine méridionale, le Vietnam a décidé en décembre 2009 d’acheter 6 sous-marins de la classe Kilo à la Russie. La livraison des sous-marins commencera en 2014 et renforcera fortement la capacité de Hanoï à surveiller les activités dans la zone en conflit.

 

Les motifs et le calendrier de ces différents achats ont conduit certains à croire que la région se serait lancée dans une sorte de course aux armements navals.

 

L’Indonésie a acheté des sous-marins au début des années 60 et dans les années 80. Il a fallu attendre 1995 avant qu’un 2è pays, Singapour, achète des sous-marins à la Suède.

 

La Malaisie a suivi en 2002 avec 2 Scorpène achetés à la France, soi-disant en réaction à l’achat fait par Singapour.

 

Récemment, la Thaïlande, le Vietnam et les Philippines ont annoncé leurs achats presque simultanément.

 

D’ici une dizaine d’années, en Asie du Sud-Est, il y aura au moins 6 pays disposant de sous-marins. Si cette tendance devait se maintenir, cela serait sans précédent dans le développement des marines de la région.

 

Non seulement les eaux deviennent de plus en plus peuplées, mais cela pourrait aussi avoir des conséquences malheureuses pour la sécurité maritime de la région.

 

Les sous-marins diffèrent des bâtiments de surface dans leur objectif et dans la manière dont ils sont employés. Un bâtiment de surface n’est pas seulement conçu pour l’attaque, il peut aussi mener des missions de lutte contre la piraterie, assurer la protection de l’environnement ou participer à des missions de maintien de la paix.

 

Au contraire, un sous-marin n’a rien d’autre à faire que de couler des navires, en particulier lorsqu’il s’agit d’un sous-marin classique, à propulsion diesel-électrique.

 

Le sous-marin classique est le seul type de sous-marin actuellement acheté par 6 marines d’Asie du Sud-Est.

 

Armés de torpilles et de missiles de croisière anti-navires, les sous-marins classiques peuvent couler des bâtiments ennemis en mer tout en restant en plongée.

 

Ils peuvent aussi assurer des missions de soutien aux opérations spéciales, comme débarquer discrètement des commandos, poser des mines ou mener des missions de renseignement dans ou près des eaux ennemies.

 

Les sous-marins classiques peuvent assurer ces missions grâce à leur discrétion. La discrétion est une question de vie ou de mort pour les sous-mariniers, et permet à un sous-marin de pénétrer discrètement dans les eaux ennemies et d’y faire ce qu’ils veulent sans être repéré.

 

Néanmoins, la discrétion est aussi le talon d’Achille du sous-marin. Une fois qu’il a été détecté, un sous-marin est vulnérable aux attaques par des avions, des bâtiments de surface ou d’autres sous-marins.

 

La discrétion des sous-marins a récemment été améliorée, grâce aux systèmes de propulsion anaérobie (AIP), qui permettent aux sous-marins de rester en plongée plus longtemps.

 

Les sous-marins non équipés d’AIP peuvent rester en plongée de 3 à 5 jours.

 

Avec un système AIP, cependant, un sous-marin peut rester en plongée pendant des semaines d’affilé. Les sous-marins Scorpène de la Malaisie et les Vastergotland de Singapour sont connus pour être équipés de systèmes AIP.

 

Par conséquent, les sous-marins classiques sont en effet très attractifs, constituant une arme efficace contre des marines plus puissantes et disponibles à un prix abordable. Ils peuvent fortement limiter le rayon d’action et la mobilité des bâtiments de surface, qui craignent d’être coulés.

 

Comme les sous-marins peuvent être déployés en secret dans des eaux en conflit pour surveiller ce qui s’y passe, sans être détectés, ils sont moins susceptibles de générer des tensions souvent associées au déploiement de bâtiments de surface. En cas de conflit, ils peuvent aussi être chargés de protéger les voies de communication des bâtiments ennemis ou belligérants.

 

D’autre côté, ils peuvent facilement entraîner des erreurs de perception ou de calcul.

 

Un sous-marin qui serait repéré naviguant dans des eaux en conflit ou étrangères, sera considéré comme ayant l’intention évident de mener des activités au détriment de l’autre partie.

 

Clairement, la série d’achats de sous-marins dans la région est l’indication de l’existence de tension inter-états dans le domaine maritime.

 

Référence : AsiaOne (Singapour)

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 05:55

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July 27, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE

 

China has begun flight testing of its new Y-9 transport. This comes after years of starting, and then stopping, development of this four engine aircraft, similar to the American C-130. It was two years ago that China revived its effort to build the Y-9, but many believed it was just another false start. Not this time.  The initial Y-9 design effort began in 2001, but the manufacturer ran into personnel and quality control problems, and put the effort on hold after a few years.

 

The Y-9 is a 77 ton, Chinese designed, aircraft that is powered by four turboprops. It can carry 25 tons (or nine 108x88 inch/2.7x2.3 meter pallets, or 132 paratroopers.) It has a crew of four, a cruise speed of 650 kilometers an hour, and has a max ferry range of 7,800 kilometers.

 

The Y-9 is basically a stretched version of the 61 ton Y-8F-200, which is, in turn, a Chinese copy, and upgrade, of the Russian An-12. Like the U.S. C-130, the An-12 was developed in the 1950s, and is still used by civilian cargo haulers all over the world. Some 1,200 An-12s were built (between 1957-73), compared to about a hundred 100 Y-8s (which began production in 1981). Nearly 2,300 C-130s have been built so far.

 

China wants to reduce its dependence on Russia for transport aircraft, and has noted the success of the latest version of the C-130, the C-130J (a 79 ton aircraft with a crew of three, that can carry 33 tons of cargo, 8 pallets or 92 paratroopers.) The C-130J has a cruise speed of 644 kilometers an hour and max ferry range of 7,400 kilometers. China has operated the civilian version of the C-130 in the past, thus there are Chinese aeronautical experts familiar with the design. For the last half century, few aircraft designs have been wholly original. The best ones took past ideas and recombined them into new designs, using new technology, to produce better aircraft.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 05:40

http://www.china-defense-mashup.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/cj-10.jpg

 

2011-07-27 (China Military News)

 

The CJ-10 is a land attack cruise missile (LACM) currently in service with the Second Artillery Corps of the People's Republic of China. It is the first of the Changjian (literally "long sword") series of cruise missiles. The CJ-10 made its first public appearance during the October 1 military parade in 2009.

 

Besides the land attack variant, a possible shore to ship variant has also been rumored to be in Chinese service. Many Taiwan and Hong Kong media sources believe that the weapon has been developed to counter the US Navy's Carrier battle groups, with the aim of a land based carrier destruction capability.

 

The CJ-20 ALCM is an air-launched variant of CJ-10 Cruise missile.CJ-20 missile is being carried by one H-6H or H-6M bomber, which is the upgraded version of Russian Tu-16 bomber and constructs the main force of PLA air striking power. H-6H or H-6M bomber at least can carry 4 CJ-20 missiles and the latest and advanced H=6K bomber can carry 6 missiles to realize one possibility of China's strategic attacking ability on U.S.' Guam Base from inner land airspace.

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28 juillet 2011 4 28 /07 /juillet /2011 05:35

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PÉKIN, 27 juillet - RIA Novosti

 

L'ancien porte-avions soviétique Varyag (dénommé actuellement Shi Lang) sera utilisé par la Chine en tant que navire expérimental et d'entraînement, rapportent mercredi les médias chinois citant le porte parole du ministère de la Défense Geng Yangsheng.

 

Selon le responsable, la Chine reconstruit actuellement "la plateforme du vieux porte-avions afin de l'utiliser dans le cadre d'essais, de recherches et de formations". Les délais du rééquipement du navire dépendront des objectifs spécifiques des essais et n'ont aucun rapport avec la situation dans les régions litigieuses en mer de Chine méridionale, a ajouté M.Yangsheng.

 

Dans les années 1990, la Chine a acquis trois porte-avions soviétiques, le Varyag inachevé, ainsi que le Kiev et le Minsk qui ont été convertis en parcs à thème dans les villes chinoises de Tianjin et de Shenzhen.

 

Le Varyag, vendu à la Chine en 1998 par l'Ukraine, est actuellement rééquipé dans le chantier naval de la ville de Dalian afin de devenir le premier navire chinois de cette classe. En juin 2011, le chef de l'état-major général de l'armée chinoise Chen Bingde a pour la première fois reconnu officiellement que la Chine reconstruisait le porte-avions.

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 20:30

http://www.china-defense-mashup.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/sh5-1.jpg

SH-5 105mm self-propelled Artillery System

 

2011-07-27 (China Military News from China-defense-mashup)

 

From July 23 to July 24, NORINCO (China North Industries Corporation) organized a promotion demonstration of Chinese SH-5 105mm self-propelled Artillery System in Alashan Range, which located in Inner-Mongolia. This activity's aim is to sell this new 105mm Howitzer to some developing countries. SH-5 105mm self-propelled Artillery System is installed on a 6X6 truck chassis and similar to French GIAT CAESAR self-propelled howitzer.

 

Chinese company invited military delegations and military Attaches from 8 countries to display the fast-response, Independent-combat and High-mobility features of SH-5 system. Some other organizations involved in this project, such as Chinese Ordnance Science Research Institute, NJUST (Nanjing University of Science and Technology), No. 447 Works, No. 207 Research Institute, also participated this demonstration.

 

The real-fire demonstration includes 2 groups of 10-km range shooting. In each group, the gun system finished the schedule actions, including self-positioning in 5 minutes, firing 5 rounds in 5 minutes and other 5 rounds after battlefield maneuver. After that, the SH-5 performed a 20-km maximum range firing by using base bleed projectile. The fire density is estimated to be over 0.2%.

 

http://www.china-defense-mashup.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/sh5-2.jpg 

SH-5 system in demonstration

 

Foreign guests examine the distribution of the points of impact and enjoy the on-board experience of off-road performance. SH-5 system showed a great ability in climbing obstacle. The vehicle's high-road speed reaches 100km/h and range can reach over 800 km.

 

Some foreign military visitors highly praised SH-5 system is flexible, accurate and very smart.

 

The Chief Designer of SH-5 105mm self-propelled Artillery is Qian Linfang(钱林方). And Chinese PLA Army has used a PCL-09 122mm truck-borne Artillery system. The NORINCO also has developed some export-version light artillery, such as SH-1 and SH-2 system.

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 20:25

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Jul 27 2011 TRDEFENCE (source AFP)

 

China has demanded that the United States stop spy plane flights near the Chinese coast, saying they have “severely harmed” trust between the two countries, state-run media reported July 27.

The comments came after Taiwanese media reported two Chinese fighter jets attempted to scare off an American U-2 reconnaissance plane that was collecting intelligence on China while flying along the Taiwan Strait in late June.

 

Beijing’s defense ministry said the U.S. must discontinue such flights, calling them a “major obstacle” as the two Pacific powers try to put a series of military disputes behind them, China’s Global Times reported.

 

The flights “severely harmed” mutual trust, the paper quoted the ministry as saying.

 

“We demand that the U.S. respects China’s sovereignty and security interests, and take concrete measures to boost a healthy and stable development of military relations,” it added.

 

The ministry declined immediate comment when contacted by AFP.

 

Washington has said in the past that its reconnaissance flights are conducted in international airspace and will continue.

 

Sino-U.S. military relations have been plagued in recent years by periodic tensions stemming from U.S. plans for arms sales to Taiwan and naval standoffs in the disputed South China Sea.

 

Beijing considers Taiwan part of its territory and refuses to abandon the possibility of taking the self-ruled island by force. The two sides split at the end of a civil war.

 

The United States recognizes Beijing and not Taipei, but provides military support to Taiwan.

 

In the June encounter, one of the Chinese Sukhoi SU-27 fighters crossed over the Taiwan Strait’s middle line, widely considered to be the boundary between Taiwan’s airspace and that of the Chinese mainland, Taiwanese media have reported.

 

One of the Chinese jets did not leave until two Taiwanese planes were sent to intercept it, the island’s United Daily News reported.

 

Washington is mulling a bilateral exchange of defense officials with Beijing to keep communication lines open, U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Adm. Mike Mullen wrote in the New York Times this week.

 

Mullen, the top American military official, earlier this month became the first chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff since 2007 to visit China, as the two sides seek to mend ties.

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 20:20

Rafale Air Defense gouv fr

source defense.gouv fr

 

Jul 27, 2011 By Jay Menon aerospace daily and defense report

 

NEW DELHI — India is likely to announce the winner of its $11 billion competition to furnish its air force with 126 combat jets in the next five to six weeks.

 

“The next step is to call vendors and open up the commercial bids. Of the two manufacturers left in the fray for the Medium-Multirole Combat Aircraft [MMRCA], we will [determine the lowest bidder] in the next five to six weeks,” Indian Air Force (IAF) chief P.V. Naik said July 26. As per India’s defense procurement procedures, the lowest bidder wins the deal.

 

The Eurofighter Typhoon is competing with the French Dassault Rafale in the race to supply the MMRCA to the IAF. The IAF has already “completed the benchmarking” of the two aircraft, which were downselected in April of this year from among six contenders.

 

Naik says the IAF has completed benchmarking, while the Technical Offset Evaluation Committee is due to submit its report to the defense ministry. The ministry has to accept that benchmarking, after which the cost negotiations committee will open the commercial bids.

 

“I have been very upbeat about it. I hope it comes through,” says Naik, who is due to retire at the end of this month.

 

Naik says the IAF does not have a favorite between the two competing aircraft. “The contract will go to the lowest offer when the commercial bids are opened.”

 

The tender was issued in August 2007, and after several grueling flight and weapons trials, the IAF in April eliminated from the competition Boeing’s F/A-18, Lockheed Martin’s F-16, Russia’s MiG-35 and the Swedish Gripen.

 

The tender also has an option to increase the order by another 63 aircraft for a total of 189 at the cost negotiated for the 126 jets in the initial order. The first 18 of the 126 jets will be bought in flyaway condition, and the remaining 108 will be manufactured by Bengaluru-based Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. under a technology transfer agreement.

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 16:45

http://www.naval-technology.com/features/feature_images/feature2066/1-varyag-aircraft-carrier.jpg

source naval-technology.com

 

July 27, 2011 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Voice of America news; issued July 27, 2011)

 

China's defense ministry said Wednesday that an aircraft carrier being readied for sea trials will be used for scientific research, experiments and training.

 

Ministry spokesman Geng Yanshen told reporters Wednesday that despite its carrier program, China remains committed to a naval strategy of defending its own shores. The nearing completion of the carrier has worried some of China's neighbors, who fear it could be deployed as part of a battle group to project Chinese power in disputed areas including the South China Sea.

 

Geng's comments marked the ministry's first official comment on the carrier, although senior military officials have discussed it and photos have appeared in Chinese media. There had been speculation that sea trials would begin July 1 as China marked the 90th anniversary of the founding of its ruling Communist Party.

 

Geng said only that the timing of the maiden voyage will depend on the schedule of the refit.

 

The vessel is being rebuilt from the stripped-down hull of the carrier Varyag, which was purchased from Ukraine and towed to a shipyard in the northern Chinese port of Dalian in 1998. China is expected to use knowledge gained from the process to build at least three more carriers.

 

Geng said the process of training pilots how to fly planes off an aircraft carrier is also “in progress.”

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 16:35

http://www.asdnews.com/data_news/ID37127_600.jpg

 

Jul 27, 2011 ASDNews Source : BAE Systems PLC

 

Adelaide, Australia - BAE Systems has completed a successful Production Readiness Review (PRR) for manufacturing critical airframe components for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program.

 

The PRR was an important step for South Australia becoming a key supplier in the JSF Program's global supply chain, according to Land & Integrated Systems Director Kim Scott.

 

The review was held at BAE Systems Edinburgh Parks site. Attendees from the global JSF Program included representatives from Lockheed Martin, BAE Systems UK and Marand.

 

Mr Scott said the company had so far delivered more than 370 Vertical Tail parts, comprising 13 aircraft ship sets, from its Edinburgh Parks manufacturing facility in northern Adelaide.

 

"Achieving this key milestone of PRR means we are a step closer towards Full Rate Production, which would involve further production readiness assessments. At full rate production we will be delivering 70 aircraft sets per annum, with over 30 parts in each set.

 

Manufacturing times can range from one hour to 50 hours per component. These parts consist of highly complex shapes and fine tolerance features requiring the latest five Axis Machining technology available today.

 

"BAE Systems Australia has a proven track record in successfully delivering parts direct to the JSF Vertical Tail production line in time for production. To date, all ship sets delivered have met the stringent quality standards and customer schedule expectations.

 

"Continuing to deliver to our current performance level should lead to more JSF manufacturing opportunities in avionics and airframe parts, which will also have flow on benefits to Australia's SME community," Mr Scott said.

 

The outcomes of the PRR will be reported back to the United States Department of Defense 2012 Defense Acquisition Board Review of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program.

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 06:15

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HMAS Sheean and HMAS Collins (photo : Gnangarra)
26.07.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 


The January 2010 failure of a generator aboard HMAS Farncomb was just the latest in a long history of problems faced by its fleet of 6 Collins Class diesel-electric submarines – which have sometimes been reduced to just 1 operational vessel. That readiness issue presents an immediate financial headache for Australia’s government, and adds a longer-term challenge to the centerpiece of Australia’s future naval force.

With just 6 submarines in its fleet, Australia’s current deployment set-up leaves little room for error. Even a normal setup of 2 in maintenance, 2 for training but available if needed, and 2 on operations makes for a thin line, given Australia’s long coastline and sea lanes. Almost 15 years after the first Collins Class boat was delivered, they are still short of this goal. When
crewing problems are added to the mechanical issues, Australia’s 2009 White Paper plan to build 12 diesel-electric fast attack submarines as the centerpiece of the 2030 Australian Navy is attracting questions…


It present, 2 submarines are in “deep maintenance” and completely unavailable (HMAS Sheean, and Rankin), 1 submarine back is in port facing indeterminate maintenance (HMAS Farncomb), and 1 “limited availability” submarine is fit only for training (HMAS Collins). Of its 2 operational boats, HMAS Waller was in port for major battery repairs as recently as May 2009, and HMAS Dechaineux is just out of dock.

The latest issue with HMAS Farncomb involves failures in 1 of the submarine’s 3 French Jeumont-Schneider, 1,400 kW/ 440-volt DC generators. As the Australian Department of Defence puts it:

“The problem stems from the way some of the generators were manufactured. At no time was the crew at risk but investigations are continuing in order to determine the impact this deficiency might have on the remainder of the submarine fleet.”

A generator failure is a serious issue for a diesel-electric submarine. The generators must power all systems on board, from oxygen generation to combat electronics, and also drive the Collins Class’ 7,200 shp Jeumont-Schneider DC motor. Given the dangers inherent in a submarine’s mission, electrical redundancy, back-up capability, and reliability are all critical.

There are fears that fixing HMAS Farncomb’s generator problem could require cutting open the pressurized hull. If that’s the case, repair costs would be high, and Farncomb would join 3 other boats in a long “deep maintenance cycle”.

 

HMAS Deschaineux was due back in the water in early 2010, but didn;t re-enter service until May 2010. HMAS Sheean isn’t due back in service until 2011, and HMAS Rankin has no set date yet – it is merely “in queue” behind Sheean. While HMAS Collins has reportedly had its generators given a clean bill of health, investigation of the entire fleet’s generators is underway. If additional problems are discovered, the repair schedules for Deschaineux, Sheean, and Rankin become much less predictable.

So, too, does the future success of Australia’s estimated A$ 36 billion future submarine program.

 

One of the goals for the Collins Class program was to advance Australian shipbuilding capabilities, by creating state-owned ASC Pty Ltd. to build a foreign submarine design. ThyssenKrupp’s Swedish Kockums subsidiary was chosen to design them, based on the A19 Gotland Class. At 3,000t, their long-range design is the largest diesel-electric submarine type in the world.

Launching a submarine building industry is very difficult, however, and using what amounts to a new design adds to that risk. The Collins Class has performed well in exercises with the US Navy, where it has scored successes against American Los Angeles Class nuclear-powered fast attack subs. On the other hand, it has also encountered a long-running sequence of issues, including significant difficulties with its (Australian chosen) combat systems, issues with acoustic signature due to mechanical faults, major program cost growth to A$ 6+ billion, and schedule slippage.

The effects aren’t just mechanical, or financial. Crew retention issues are exacerbated by low mechanical readiness, which restricts training opportunities and so limits the available pool of crew. That forces higher deployment rates away from home and family among qualified submariners, which in turn feeds back into low recruitment and retention.

Collins was launched in 1993, and delivered in 1996. Its successor boats of class were commissioned in 1998 (Farncomb), 1999 (Waller), 2001 (Deschaineux and Sheean), and 2003 (Rankin). The persistence of serious mechanical issues and very low readiness rates, into 2010 and beyond, raises legitimate questions concerning the long-term risks of Australia’s 12-submarine plan for its future navy.

Australia is a middle power with a small population, without a long submarine building tradition, and without an active submarine construction line. That it overcame these disadvantages to build and field the Collins Class is a respectable achievement, notwithstanding the problems that class as faced in service. At the same time, the strategic stakes in Asia are rising rapidly, and submarines are becoming more important as the country’s neighbors grow their economic and military power into the sea lanes around Australia. An expanded submarine force makes strong strategic sense as a key guarantor of Australian interests and sovereignty – but in some respects, any new program will be starting again from square one. Over a decade can be expected between the commissioning of HMAS Waller in 2003, and construction of any new submarines.

Does repeating the Collins program’s industrial structure for the core of Australia’s future defense risk creating the same cost and readiness issues in the new submarines? If not, why not, especially given the long interval between delivery of HMAS Rankin and future construction of the next submarine type? What are the strategic risks of treating the core of Australia’s future defensive posture as a make work program first, and a defense program second? What savings might be had by simply ordering some or all of the proposed 12 boats from a foreign manufacturer? Should ASC become a wholly-owned subsidiary of whichever firm wins the competition to build Australia’s next 12 boats? Or should the 12-sub program just be scaled back sharply, as too big a risk for cost inflation and low value for money?

Some of these questions are already being raised, by politicians and media editorials. Unless these readiness and technical issues can be turned around, Australia’s governments, of whatever party, should expect more questions.

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27 juillet 2011 3 27 /07 /juillet /2011 06:10

http://info-aviation.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/F-15-Korea-newest-delivery700.jpg

 

26 juillet 2011 par Daniel Favre INFO-AVIATION

 

La Corée du Sud a ouvert un appel d’offres visant l’acquisition de 60 avions de combat de cinquième génération d’ici 2015.

 

La compétition est gérée par l’agence sud-coréenne d’acquisition de l’armement DAPA (Defense Acquisition Programm Administration) qui consacrera 8000 milliards de wons, soit 7,86 milliards de dollars, pour l’achat de 60 avions de chasse furtifs de nouvelle génération.

 

Les candidats sont le F-35 Lightning-II de Lockheed Martin, le F-15SE (Silent Eagle) de Boeing, l’Eurofighter Typhoon d’EADS, et le PAK-FA T-50 de Sukhoï. La Corée rendra sa décision d’ici le mois d’octobre 2012.

 

Cette short list appelle plusieurs remarques. Primo, le Rafale de Dassault est absent. L’avionneur français n’a probablement pas souhaité faire de la figuration dans un appel d’offres largement placé sous la pression américaine (cf. vente de F-15K à la Corée en 2002). Secundo, on s’étonne de voir le PAK-FA T-50 en lice alors que l’avion ne sera fourni à l’armée russe qu’en 2016 (au plus tôt) et que trois exemplaires d’essai passent actuellement des tests.

 

D’après l’agence DAPA, les chasseurs de nouvelle génération permettront de mieux écarter les menaces asymétriques nord-coréennes et de repousser les attaques aériennes. Pour désigner le vainqueur, la Corée du Sud prendra en compte la quantité d’avions qui seront produits sur le sol coréen, le coût et le niveau de furtivité des appareils, ainsi que la possibilité de transfert de technologies. Il y a néanmoins de fortes chances que le F-35 ou le F-15 remporte la compétition tant la Corée du sud est dépendante du soutien militaire américain.

 

En cas de signature d’un contrat en octobre 2012, les nouveaux chasseurs seront livrés à l’armée dans un délai de quatre ans.

 

L’appel d’offres coréen concerne aussi les hélicoptères. Le choix se tournera soit vers les modèles américains AH-1 Super Cobra ou Apache Block, vers l’Eurocopter Tigre ou encore vers le T-129 fabriqué par la Turquie.

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