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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 16:30





Australia and BAE Systems have reallocated some hull construction work for the government's $8.55 billion destroyer project from BAE shipyards to reduce production delays.


The move is designed cut down on a potential two-year delay to the first of the three Air Warfare Destroyers being built by the AWD Alliance, which consists of three partners: ASC, formerly called the Australian Submarine Corp.; the government's Defense Materiel Organization; and Raytheon.


The first of the three Hobart-class vessels, the 7,000-ton HMAS Hobart, is due for delivery in December 2014. The other two ships -- the Brisbane and Sydney -- are to be in service by 2017.


The Hobart class is a derivation of the Spanish firm Navantia's F105 design. Navantia was awarded the design work in June 2007.


Construction of the ships involves 90 separate steel hull blocks being built at three shipyards -- ASC's Adelaide shipyard, Forgacs' shipyard in Newcastle and BAE Systems Melbourne shipyard.


But BAE realized as early as last year it was coming under increasing production schedule pressures because of other work at its Melbourne shipyard. BAE Systems also is building 14 steel hull blocks for the superstructure of two new 27,066-ton Landing Helicopter Dock ships due for delivery starting at the same time as the first of the destroyers.


BAE notified the alliance that its AWD work was slipping behind schedule as a result.


"To assist the AWD project schedule, earlier this year the AWD Alliance reallocated construction of nine steel blocks from BAE Systems in Melbourne to the Forgacs shipyard in Newcastle," Minister for Defense Stephen Smith and the Minister for Defense Materiel Jason Clare said in a statement.


The statement said, "The Melbourne BAE Systems shipyard remains stretched, working on two major projects at the same time -- steel blocks for the Air Warfare Destroyers and the superstructure and integration of the Landing Helicopter Dock Ships."


Earlier this month BAE Systems presented the AWD Alliance with a plan to adjust its AWD workload.


"The advice of the AWD Alliance is that if no action is taken to relieve the pressure on the Melbourne BAE Systems shipyard the first ship would be two years late, approximately 25 percent over schedule," the statement said.


Up to 13 of BAE's steel blocks for the AWD project will be reallocated to ASC's Adelaide shipyard and Forgacs' shipyard in Newcastle. Also, up to five steel blocks will be reallocated to Navantia in Ferrol, Spain.


However, the reallocation involves blocks for the first two AWD ships only "and are subject in the usual way to satisfactory commercial arrangements with the shipyards," the statement said.


"BAE will complete the structural steel and initial outfitting work on the seven steel blocks it is currently working on, as well as all its work on the 14 blocks for the superstructure of the Landing Helicopter Dock Ships and the integration work."


A decision on the reallocation of blocks, if any, on the third AWD will be made later in the project, the Defense statement said.


Even with the reallocation of blocks away from BAE, there remains a potential delivery delay to the first AWD ship of one year.


In May 2010, the Defense Department chose Thales Australia as the preferred supplier for $7.5 million worth of satellite communications equipment for the three AWD ships. Thales will design and make the equipment at its Garden Island site in Sydney.

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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 16:00



NEW DELHI, June 3 (RIA Novosti)


The Indian Navy is disappointed with Russia's last- minute cancellation of joint naval drills in the Pacific Ocean in April, Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Nirmal Verma said.


The Indian Navy task force consisting of three destroyers - INS Delhi, INS Ranvir, and INS Ranvijay, corvette INS Kirch, and tanker INS Jyoti called at Pacific Fleet's main base in Vladivostok on April 18-23.


Russia reported the arrival of Indian warships as a friendly visit, but the Indian side claims the program of the visit originally included joint drills, which were cancelled by the Russians at the last moment.


"Vladivostok is nearly 5,000 miles away from here [India]. So for us to plan a deployment of ships all the way there takes a lot of planning and costs lots of money to deploy ships at such distances," Verma said in an exclusive interview with RIA Novosti.



"So to that extent, there was an element of disappointment where exercises were not held at the final stages," he added.


According to the Indian admiral, the Russian authorities explained that the cancellation was made in view of the incidents that had taken place in Japan at the time: the double natural disaster and the following nuclear crisis.


However, a source at the New Delhi-based Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses said the cancellation was a "bad sign" in the bilateral relations and both sides should take "corrective steps."

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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 13:00



June 03, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST


ASHLEY J TELLIS, commentator and senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment has a new piece in India's FORCE magazine which quite substantially fleshes out the stated reasons why the two US contenders in India's M-MRCA fighter competition -- the F-16IN and F/A-18E/F -- were eliminated in a late April decision. The Pentagon, Boeing and Lockheed-Martin, which have been quite silent (about the reasons for the elimination) since the decision, appear to have got their side of things across quite amply, and in great detail, in Mr Tellis' column. For starters, they've shown him those rejection letters they got. A highly readable report. Here's some of the juice:

Tellis' report notes that the F-16IN was found non-compliant on five counts: "growth potential, carefree handling (and automatic sensing of external stores), sustained turn rate, engine change time, and assurance against obsolescence over a 15-year period."


Tellis puts the F-16IN's failure to meet the IAF's enging change time requirement down "largely to an idiosyncratic mishap during the field trials". He writes, "It is certain that if the trials were to involve multiple stochastic demonstrations of engine change, the F-16IN would have easily made the mark. Unfortunately, second chances are sometimes not available, and the IAF, for its own reasons, chose not to accept Lockheed Martin’s subsequent evidence of being able to meet the engine change standards laid down in the ASQR."

Tellis also suggests that the "blurry" nature of the reasons why the F/A-18 was rejected give him doubt about whether the IAF gave the Super Hornet an "equitable shot". He notes that the reasons Boeing was given for the rejection of the F/A-18 were four: "the maturity of its engine design, the growth potential of its engine, assorted performance shortfalls, and issues related to special preventative maintenance".

Read the full piece, here. Really good read.

Quoted text ©FORCE Magazine
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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 12:00



June 03, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST


The Director General of India's Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), VK Saraswat today announced that he would soon be launching new programmes to develop 155mm/52cal artillery guns in both towed and self-propelled configurations. "This," he said, was to "take care of future artillery requirements of the next decade, without having to rely on the vagaries of foreign import."


He also took a traditional swipe at his customers, the Indian armed forces, saying, "The services have always been the single most important factor shaping our programmes. We look to the services not as our customer but more importantly as our partner in development, whose inputs are essential and critical to the course of our development projects. But while we welcome all inputs and guidelines, we also feel the need for the services to firm up realistic requirements at the earliest so that we may properly plan our project requirements."

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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 12:00



June 03, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST


Indian Defence Minister AK Antony today said the country must have a ballistic missile with 5,000-km range. After presenting the DRDO awards today, Antony called upon the organisation to quickly deliver the Agni-V missile.


"DRDO must demonstrate its capability to reach the range of 5,000-km at the earliest. The interceptor missile development programme has taken India to an elite club of nations that possess the capability to demonstrate and deploy missile defence. DRDO should now work towards developing a credible ballistic missile defence for our country," Antony said.


Speaking to reporters later, DRDO chief Vijay Kumar Saraswat said that the Agni-V test launch will take place before the end of this year.

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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 12:00



June 3, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE


In the last month, the new Chinese aircraft carrier, the Shi Lang (formerly Varyag) has had several major electronic systems, and its first weapons, installed. The most notable electronic item to show up are the four AESA radar panels. This is a state-of-the-art radar similar to the one used in the American Aegis system. There were a lot of other electronic items being carried into the Shi Lang, indicating that the ship will be equipped with extensive networked computers and communications systems.


The two main weapons were also installed. One was a new version of the older, Type 730 seven barrel, 30mm close-in anti-missile automatic cannon. Operating like the American Phalanx, the new version of the Type 730 seen on the Shi Lang had ten barrels. The other weapon was the FL-3000N anti-missile systems. These are similar to the American RAM anti-missile missile system, except that they come in a 24 missile launcher and are less accurate. FL-3000N was only introduced three years ago, and uses smaller missiles than RAM. The two meter long FL-3000N missiles have a max range of nine kilometers (about half that for very fast incoming missiles). The 120mm, two meter long missiles now use a similar guidance system to RAM, but are not as agile in flight.


Over the last decade, the U.S. Navy Phalanx 20mm autocannon anti-missile system has been more frequently replaced by SeaRAM. What's interesting about this is that SeaRAM is basically the Phalanx system, with the 20mm gun replaced with a box of eleven RAM (RIM-116 "Rolling Air Frame") missiles. The Phalanx was developed in the 1970s, and entered service in 1977. RAM was developed in the 1980s, and didn't enter service until 1993. RAM has a longer range (7.5 kilometers) than the Phalanx (two kilometers) and was originally designed to be aimed using the ship's fire control systems. Phalanx, on the other hand, has its own radar and fire control system and, once turned on, will automatically fire at any incoming missiles. This was necessary, as some anti-ship missiles travel at over a 500 meters a second. With SeaRAM, you've got a little more time, and can knock down the incoming missile farther from the ship. This is important, because it was feared that a large, very fast anti-ship missile (which the Russians prefer, and sell to foreigners), even when shot up by Phalanx, might still end up having parts of it slam into the target ship. Since SeaRAM has eleven missiles ready to fire, it can also engage several targets at once, something the Phalanx could not do. The ten barrel Type 730 is more powerful than Phalanx, with its 30mm shells having a range of three kilometers.


The RAM missiles are 127mm in diameter, three meters (9.3 feet) long and weigh 73.6 kg (162 pounds) each. The terminal guidance system is heat seeking. Basically, it uses the rocket motor and warhead from the Sidewinder air-to-air missile, and the guidance system from the Stinger shoulder fired anti-aircraft missile. SeaRAM missiles cost about $450,000 each, which is probably at least 50 percent more than the FL-3000N missiles. SeaRAM is meant to provide protection for combat support ships that normally have no defenses, or at least no combat radars and fire control system. The new LCS will use the SeaRAM as well.


The Shi Lang/Varyag is one of the Kuznetsov class carriers that Russia began building in the 1980s. Originally the Kuznetsovs were to be 90,000 ton, nuclear powered ships, similar to American carriers (complete with steam catapults). Instead, because of the high cost, and the complexity of modern (American style) carriers, the Russians were forced to scale back their plans, and ended up with 65,000 ton (full load) ships that lacked steam catapults, and used a ski jump type flight deck instead. Nuclear power was dropped, but the Kuznetsov class was still a formidable design. The 323 meter (thousand foot) long ship normally carries a dozen navalized Su-27s (called Su-33s), 14 Ka-27PL anti-submarine helicopters, two electronic warfare helicopters and two search and rescue helicopters. But the ship was meant to regularly carry 36 Su-33s and sixteen helicopters. The ship carries 2,500 tons of aviation fuel, allowing it to generate 500-1,000 aircraft and helicopter sorties. Crew size is 2,500 (or 3,000 with a full aircraft load.) Only two ships of this class exist; the original Kuznetsov, which is in Russian service, and the Varyag. Like most modern carriers, the only weapons carried are anti-missile systems like Phalanx and FL-3000N, plus some heavy machine-guns (which are often kept inside the ship, and mounted outside only when needed.) However, Russian practice was been to sometimes install long range anti-ship missiles as well. China may also do this with Shi Lang.

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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 06:00



Indonesian Marines Corps during parade (photo : kamushukum)




The Defence Ministry is planning to request Rp 80 trillion (US$8.5 billion) in its budget for 2012, a ministry official says.

Defense Ministry Defense Planning Director General Air Vice Marshall Bonggas S. Silaen said Wednesday that the government currently allocated 0.69 percent of the Gross Domestic Product to the nation's defenses.


He said the preparedness rate for the nation's weaponry was on average below 30 percent.


"If the budget could be increased to between 1.8 percent and 2.2 percent of the GDP, the preparedness could be improved between 80 and 90 percent," Bonggas said.


He said he hoped the projected defense budget for the coming two to three years would be above 1 percent of GDP and increase in phases within the next 10 years.

(The Jakarta Post)

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 21:30



DAEGU AIR BASE, Republic of Korea, June 2, 2011 - Boeing press release


The Boeing Company [NYSE: BA] delivered two F-15K Slam Eagle aircraft -- designated F-15K49 and F-15K50 -- to the Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) at Daegu Air Base on May 30. The aircraft departed the Boeing St. Louis facility on May 25 and made stops in Palmdale, Calif., Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, and Anderson Air Force Base, Guam, before arriving in Korea.


"Boeing has now delivered 10 F-15Ks to the Republic of Korea under the Next Fighter II contract," said Roger Besancenez, Boeing F-15 Program vice president. "We remain laser focused on providing first time quality on every F-15K we deliver to this important customer. We are proud that the F-15K is a cost-certain, schedule-certain solution for the Republic of Korea."

Boeing delivered the first six of 21 F-15Ks it is producing under the Next Fighter II contract in 2010 and two more in April. The remaining 11 aircraft will be delivered through April 2012.


Six of the new F-15K Slam Eagles are scheduled to participate in an advanced aerial combat training exercise at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev., in early 2012.


The F-15K is an advanced variant of the combat-proven F-15E. Equipped with the latest technological upgrades, it is extremely capable, survivable and maintainable. The aircraft's service life is planned through 2040, with technology insertions and upgrades throughout its life cycle. Boeing completed delivery of 40 Next Fighter I aircraft to the ROKAF in October 2008.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 21:30



June 1, 2011 washingtonpost.com AP


McLEAN, Va. — Two Chinese aerospace executives pleaded guilty Wednesday in federal court to attempting to violate the U.S. arms embargo against China by purchasing thousands of military-grade microchips.


The guilty pleas Wednesday from Hong Wei Xian, 32, and Li Li, 33, represent the latest in a series of prosecutions targeting both traditional and economic espionage efforts from Beijing, said Neil MacBride, U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia.


“There’s no secret that China has a healthy appetite for sensitive U.S. information” that it wants to use to modernize its military, MacBride said in a conference call with reporters after the plea hearings. “The line between traditional espionage and economic espionage is becoming increasingly blurred.”


MacBride’s office alone has prosecuted roughly a dozen people and businesses over the last several years for a variety of espionage-related activity connected to China.


In the most recent case, Xian and Li were top officers of a Chinese company called Beijing Starcreates Space Science and Technology Development Company Limited. The company procures parts for another aerospace firm controlled by the Chinese government.


In 2008, the pair tried to buy specialized, radiation-hardened microchips that work in outer space and are typically used in military systems from an unidentified Virginia company. The company contacted law enforcement, and agents with Immigration and Customs Enforcement set up an undercover sting, in which an agent posed as a willing straw buyer.


Xian and Li agreed to pay $64,500 for 40 of the hardened microchips and inquired about purchasing 1,000 chips, in staggered purchases they hoped would avoid suspicion.


No sensitive technology exchanged hands, and no one in the U.S. ever acted improperly by trying to help the pair, MacBride said.


Xian and Li were arrested in September in Hungary on a U.S. warrant and were brought to the U.S. in April to face trial after they waived extradition.


Defense lawyers did not respond to calls and emails seeking comment.


The two face up to five years in prison when they are sentenced Aug. 26.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 21:00



USCG has 12 ships Hamilton class cutter that will soon be replaced by National Security class cutter (photo : USCG)



US cites ‘re-energized’ relations


WASHINGTON D.C. – The United States is "very pleased" with the re-energized relations with the Philippines as shown by discussions of top US and PHL officials on issues such as "maritime security and a range of economic initiatives."

This was revealed by Kurt M. Campbell, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, in a speech Tuesday at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) here.

Campbell mentioned the Philippines first in "a country-by-country evaluation" in a speech on the US outlook in Southeast and North East Asia, highlighting the US "policy of re-engagement" in the region.

Founded in 1962, CSIS is a bipartisan, nonprofit organization based in the nation’s capital which "seeks to advance global security and prosperity by providing strategic insights and policy solutions to decision-makers."

Campbell’s speech was a preview on the high-level presence of the US in the region’s upcoming events. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will be in Bali, Indonesia, for the 18th Asean Regional Forum in mid-July.

Later this year, President Barack Obama will attend his first East Asia Summit, participate in the third US Asean Summit and host the annual APEC Leaders Summit in Honolulu.

Ambassador Jose L. Cuisia Jr., who was present at Campbell’s Asia overview, said the five-year, $434 million Millennium Challenge Corp. (MCC) anti-poverty grant to the Philippines "is on track."

MCC implementation starts in the Philippines this month. The US has linked release of the grant on the condition of an improved human trafficking record by the Philippines.

Cuisia last week said in a press gathering the Philippines would be purchasing "eight cutters over five years" from the US. The cutters are part of the government-to-government cooperation on heightened Philippines’ coastal watch.

Cuisia formally received the Hamilton class cutter May 13 in California. He said the cutter, named after Philippine hero Gregorio del Pilar, would sail for the Philippines on July 5 and arrive there by August.


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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 21:00



CAE would provide aircrew training service for KC-30A tanker aircraft (photo : Airbus Military)



Minister for Defence Materiel Jason Clare today announced that CAE Australia would provide aircrew training services for the new KC-30A air-to-air refuelling tanker.

Mr Clare said CAE would be on the ground at RAAF Amberley to provide maintenance and support to the simulator on which the aircrews of the
KC-30As will be trained.

“This means 16 more jobs and around $20 million in investment between 2012 and 2018,” Mr Clare said.

“CAE support teams will be on-site at the KC-30A training facility to provide support and maintenance.

“This means any issues that arise with the simulator can be addressed quickly because we have experts based at the training centre to manage them.”

Mr Clare said that this work was an extension of CAE’s existing contract with Defence for the Management and Support of ADF Aerospace Simulators.

“CAE already has the contract to provide management and support to 15 of the Defence Force’s training devices and simulators across the country.

“This is in addition to that work and means that we can take advantage of CAE’s expertise in this area.

“It also means savings. By extending the existing contract Defence can cut overheads and operate a more economical and efficient simulator training system for ADF personnel.”

(Australian DoD)

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 17:00



June 02, 2011 by Shiv Aroor  LIVEFIST – Source DRDO


India's DRDO holds its annual awards ceremony tomorrow for technology excellence. The organisation released the following feature today, listing its achievements. Here it is in full:

DRDO has made many significant achievements during the recent past, including the last year. Many important systems were inducted/accepted by the services. The production value of systems based on technologies developed by DRDO (inducted/accepted/orders placed) during the past one decade is well over Rs.1,10,000 crores.

Agni-III, the 3500 km range ballistic missile was successfully launched with user’s participation. Training flights were held by the users for various missiles that are already inducted. These included two flight tests each of Agni–I, Agni–II and Dhanush (from naval ships) and five flights of Prithvi II (P– II). Orders worth over Rs. 25,000 crores for surface-to-air missile AKASH have been placed by the users. These include 8 squadron for IAF and 2 regiments for the Army. Successful flight tests of endo-atmospheric interceptor for 2,000-km class target were carried out. Each flight led to a direct target hit and disintegration of the target. Capabilities of NAG, the third generation anti-tank missile, which is a vehicle mounted system was demonstrated in a series of user trials. Advanced versions of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, the only one of its kind in the world, were developed and flight-tested. Thus, BrahMos block II with target discrimination precision strike capabilities was test-fired. Similarly, BrahMos block III with capability for steep diving from high altitudes and high maneuvers at multiple points during supersonic flight. Development of advanced missile systems is a continuous effort and requires systematic development of more and more advanced technologies. RLG based Inertial Navigation System was developed, qualified and tested. Active Radar Seeker for advanced missions was developed. A fibre optics gyro was successfully developed and tested on board.

In the area of aeronautics, Tejas, the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) concluded its extensive flight tests including weapon trials, dropping of bombs, jettisoning drop tanks and night flights; leading to its Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) on 10th January, 2011. Over 1,640 flights covering a period of over 969 hours have been completed by Tejas Mk.1. The first prototype of LCA Navy was rolled out and its induction tests were concluded. In tune with changing war of scenario, major thrust has been given to develop unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Successful flight trials of RUSTOM-1, a UAV with endurance of 14 hours and altitude ceiling of 8,000 meters demonstrated the capabilities for automated/remotely piloted landing/ take-off and associated technologies. NISHANT, another UAV developed by DRDO was ready for induction by the Army. A medium sized aerostat based platform was developed for surveillance applications. A novel method was developed and flight-tested for an in-flight structural monitoring of the manned as well as unmanned aircraft structures. The scheme was flight tested on a NISHANT UAV. Besides, over 100 test flights of a 3,000 gram Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV) designed and developed by DRDO were carried out. A laser seeker kit SUDARSHAN for 1,000-pound bombs was developed and initial demand for significant number of seekers kits has been received from the users. Major milestones in the indigenous development of fighter aircraft engine was achieved with the completion of “Official Altitude Testing” (OAT) of Kaveri Gas Turbine Engine for simulated operating conditions. Subsequently, the flights of Kaveri engine were successfully carried out on a Flying Test Bed (FTB) proving the technological capability and maturity of the indigenous efforts. This is the first time that an indigenously developed gas turbine engine for fighter aircraft has been flown on a FTB board. DRDO has developed expertise in the field of testing and certification for various components sub-systems and systems as well as complete airborne platforms. Thus, Initial Operational Clearance of LCA and Advanced Light Helicopter Mk.3 were major activities in this area.

Advanced Active-cum-Passive integrated sonar system HUMSA NG was designed, developed and installed on various ships of Indian Navy. Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) capable of navigation was demonstrated at sea. A carbon dioxide curtailment System for submarines was designed and developed. The system has been accepted by the user. SANJEEVANI Mk.2, a device designed and developed to locate victims trapped under the debris was handed over to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Kerala Govt. Fire Services.

An advanced facility was created to undertake full scale processing of large rocket motors. The facility was commissioned and the casting of various motors commenced. Development of PINAKA – multi barrel rocket launcher system was achieved with the successful transfer of technology to production agencies, two regiments of PINAKA (worth Rs 1300 crores) have been raised by Army which is likely to place orders for another two regiments. The transfer of Technology (ToT) for multimode grenade was completed, for which Army has placed an order for 10 lakh grenades. Under Barrel Grenade Launcher (UBGL) for INSAS and AK-47 rifle was introduced into service with order for 10,000 Launchers. The state-of-the-art microcontroller based system Instant Fire Detection & Suppression System (IFDSS) BMP-2/2K developed for providing protection against fire to the troops & engine compartment, was accepted by the Army. Production order worth Rs. 168 crores has been received.

MBT Arjun Mk.1 was successfully inducted in the Army and two regiments of Arjun Main Battle Tank have been raised. A Carrier Command Post Tracked (CCPT) vehicle was accepted by the Army for induction. A modified Armoured Amphibious Dozer (AAD) completed its user trials. User trials of remotely operated vehicle (ROV DAKSH) were successfully carried out and LSP order for 20 numbers is being executed. Design of Snow Gallery for protection of personnel and equipment from avalanches and design of Instrumented Composite Tower for studies on avalanches were completed.

In the field of electronics and electro-optics, many systems were inducted/accepted by the services. 3D medium range surveillance radar - ROHINI and its naval variant REVATHI were inducted. 3D low-level light weight radar - Aslesha (for IAF) as well as Bharani (for Army) was accepted by the user. The engineered version of upgraded Weapon Locating Radar (WLR – Swathi) developed by DRDO was realized by the production agency. The electronic warfare system SAMYUKTA (naval variant) and SUJAV were inducted. Orders have been received for the Combat Net Radio (CNR) with anti-jamming features. A holographic sight for rifles/carbines was developed for aiming in closed quarter battle role and was accepted by the users.

Even with the most advanced weapon systems, the man behind machine is the most crucial factor in winning the war. The Life Sciences laboratories of DRDO continued to develop technology to maximize the operational efficiency of our soldiers and provide them with adequate support and protection. Some of the major achievements are highlighted. Three mobile laboratories for nuclear, biological and chemical defence were handed over to the user and rigorous training was imparted to them. An upgraded first-aid kit for protection against chemical and biological agents as well as the nuclear radiation were accepted by the services. Technology for producing DRDO developed kits for detection of swine flu was transferred to the production agency. The Combat Free Fall (CFF) protection system to meet the requirements of high altitude paratrooper’s mission requirements was designed developed and is under limited series production. A Submarine Escape Set (SES) for escape from an abandoned submarine from depths of 100m was designed and developed. Navy has projected a requirement of over 400 suits. Greenhouses were established at power plant locations such as Siachen Base camp, Chushul, Battalik etc and an average of 1400 kg vegetables of high nutritive values were produced in each greenhouse by standardizing the practices and procedures. About 5000 MT of vegetables are locally grown for meeting Army’s requirements A Computerized Pilot Selection System (CPSS) was designed, developed and accepted by the Air Force. Series production of systems for deployment at all the Air Force Selection Boards of the IAF is underway. Yoga Training Modules have been developed for toning up cardio-respiratory, respiratory, endocrine and nervous systems to maintain optimum physical fitness and mental health of troops deployed at high altitude extreme climates. Yoga training was provided to over 2000 personnel who were to be deployed at Siachen Glacier. MoU has been signed with Indian Railways for joint development of Biotoilets to be installed in rail coaches. Biotoilets have been installed in Lakshadweep Islands and NE region of India for safe disposal of human waste and MoUs signed with Indian Railways & Min. of Urban Development for installation in rail coaches & homes. MoU with Ministry of Urban Development is under process for joint development of biotoilets and their installation under mass civilian program.

Advanced materials have been always at the core of weapon systems and military hardware. Significant milestones were achieved in this critical area. A low-alloy steel “DMR-1700” with ultrahigh strength and high fracture toughness was developed as a cost effective replacement of 250 grade maraging steel. The alloy was successfully proven by successful demonstration in the intended application. A 500 ton per annum capacity titanium sponge plant based on DRDO technology was set up at Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (KMML). The Plant was inaugurated by the Defence Minister on 27 Feb 2011. Light-weight composite armour for Mi-17-IV helicopter of IAF has successfully undergone integration and flight-trials. Technology developed for vacuum investment casting of gas turbine blades for Kaveri engine was extended for making high pressure turbine blades for land-based gas turbine for power generation. The runways at strategic locations often require rapid repairs. Many of these locations are in extreme

cold regions where the normal concrete does not set in easily. Technology for rapid repair of runways in cold regions was developed and successfully demonstrated at sub zero temperature.

A dedicated team of DRDO engineers executed highly specialized nature of Civil works at some of the most difficult and hazardous area within the stipulated time frame. Agreements for co-operation / co-development in frontline areas of science, technology and engineering were signed with several countries.


1. Silicon Trophy 2010:
Research Centre Imarat (Programme AD), Hyderabad in recognition of the outstanding achievements of the laboratory in developing a Ballistic Missile Defence System.

2. Titanium Trophy 2010: DL, Jodhpur in recognition of its contribution in the area of camouflage and low observable technologies for the Armed Forces and critical defence equipment.

3. Life Time Achievement award for 2010 has been conferred on Air Cmde R Gopalaswami (Retd), Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) Hyderabad for the development of liquid rocket engines for missiles and multi-fold array of technology and management initiatives.

4. Technology Leadership Awards for:

Dr. V Bhujanga Rao, Distinguished Scientist & Director, Naval Science and Technology Laboratory (NSTL), Vishakhapatnam for outstanding contributions in the design, development and induction of indigenous underwater weapons, naval stealth products, underwater mines, fire control systems and autonomous underwater vehicles.

S Sundaresh, Distinguished Scientist and Chief Controller Research & Development. Shri S Sundaresh pioneered the development of complex, multi-disciplinary, technology intensive Integrated Fire Control System (IFCS) for the MBT Arjun through successful system integration, weapon system trials and user acceptance.

Dr G Malakondaiah, Distinguished Scientist and Director, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), Hyderabad. Dr. G Malakondaiah has made valuable contributions in the development of speciality low-alloy steel DMR-1700 as a cost-effective replacement of maraging steels. AB class naval steels were indigenized under the leadership of Dr G Malakondaiah and are being used in the construction of the very first indigenously built aircraft carrier at the Cochin Shipyard.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 17:00



CANBERRA, Australia, June 2 (UPI)


General Dynamics Land Systems Australia has won a five-year contract to provide through-life support service to the Australian army's fleet of combat vehicles.


The $48 million contract is for maintenance of wheeled armored fighting vehicles, M1A1 Abrams tanks and M88A2 Hercules heavy recovery vehicles.


The contract, which includes a one-year phase-in period, is for spare parts, repairs, maintenance and engineering work when needed, GDLS Australia, a business unit of General Dynamics Land Systems Canada in London, Ontario, said in a statement.


In May 2010, GDLS Australia was named the preferred bidder for the contract -- then said to be worth around $107 million -- for the army's more than 300 light-armored vehicles, Abrams tanks and Hercules recovery trucks.


Gary Stewart, managing director of GDLS Australia, said the performance-based contract means Australian businesses will increase their own strategic capabilities to repair, maintain and upgrade the country's combat vehicle fleets rather than seeking foreign suppliers.


"The long-range focus of this program also presents the opportunity for Australian industry to participate in General Dynamics' global supply chain," Stewart said. "We look forward to engaging with Australian companies as part of our design, manufacturing and sustainment transfer initiatives for this contract and other programs."


General Dynamics has delivered around 15,000 military vehicles worldwide, which creates export opportunities for Australian industry, he said.


In February, GDLS Australia delivered two Eagle 4x4 light-protected vehicles to the army's Land Engineering Agency's heavy-vehicle proving ground at Monegeetta, north of Melbourne.


The vehicles are being evaluated as part of a proposal to build and support a domestically manufactured armored vehicle fleet as an alternative to importing vehicles.


The contract, called Land 121 Phase 4, is potentially worth more than $1.07 billion for the manufacture of the next-generation of protected mobility vehicles, Greg Combet, minister for Defense Materiel and Science, said at the time.


"Three Australian-based companies will be awarded up to $9 million each for the development of protected mobility vehicle prototypes, putting them in the running to land a manufacturing contract for up to 1,300 vehicles," Combet said.


A technology transfer program would be a part of any contract.


Other subsidiaries of GDLS Canada manufacture the Eagle in several countries for the nations' armies.


General Dynamics European Land Systems delivered 20 Eagle ambulance models to the German army's medical units in Feldkirchen/Niederbayern in March. The vehicles were developed, tested and manufactured over 14 months in close cooperation between General Dynamics European Land Systems-Mowag, General Dynamics European Land Systems-Germany and other German companies following an October 2009 contract award.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 17:00



2 juin 2011 par Édouard Maire INFO-AVIATION


Le 26 mai, Textron Systems a reçu une modification de contrat de 9,9 millions de dollars pour fournir les dernières versions d’armes amorcées par capteur (SFW) à l’Inde. Cette commande entraîne un décalage de 8 mois, mais l’Indian Air Force mise sur la performance.


Les SFW (Sensor-Fuzed Weapon) furent utilisées pour la première fois au combat en Irak en 2003. Les dernières versions ont de nouvelles caractéristiques : capteurs avancés, système autonome de guidage et capacité de vol d’attente au-dessus d’une zone cible.


Selon les experts américains, ces armes amorcées par capteur doivent permettre à l’Inde de renforcer sa capacité de défense pour contrer la menace des blindés (pakistanais?). On ignore toutefois sur quel type d’avion l’Indian Air Force souhaite intégrer ces armes susceptibles d’être larguées depuis un avion de chasse F-16 ou un bombardier B-52.


Détruire un véhicule au sol, ou un groupe de chars ennemis, peut être une entreprise difficile pour un pilote de chasse. Les véhicules sont parfois dissimulés, ils désactivent leurs radars, ou il sont tout simplement trop nombreux pour les cibler efficacement et les éliminer en masse. Des armes comme l’AGM-88E AARGM d’ATK et les missiles Brimstone de MBDA peuvent l’y aider, mais il existe une autre solution.


Les armes amorcées par capteur de Textron, appelées SFW, dispersent 40 projectiles capables de couvrir 30 hectares. C’est le cas du CBU-97 qui intègre un distributeur SUU-66 contenant 10 sous-munitions BLU-108.


Chaque sous-munition BLU-108 est larguée avec un parachute et contient quatre capteurs de cibles qui ressemblent à des boîtes de thon appelés « Skeets ». Ces détecteurs localisent par filtrage les chars, les véhicules blindés, les camions et les véhicules de soutien à mesure qu’ils descendent en parachute sur une zone de 1.500 pieds (460 m) par 500 pieds (150 m) en utilisant des capteurs laser et infrarouge. Quand un Skeet trouve une cible, il tire un explosif de pénétration dont la puissance est équivalente à un obus de char. Si un Skeet ne trouve aucune cible, il s’auto-détruit à 50 pieds (15 m) au-dessus du sol. Si l’auto-destruction échoue, une minuterie de sécurité désactive le Skeet. Ces fonctionnalités sont destinées à éviter des dommages collatéraux, et se traduire par un taux d’échec inférieur à 1%.


Lorsque la CBU-97 est utilisé avec le kit de correction de vent (queue d’orientation) pour la dispersion des munitions, elle est désignée comme CBU-105.


Rappel :


En 10 décembre 2010, le Pentagone a informé le Congrès que l’Inde souhaitait acquérir 512 CBU-105. La commande a été passée le 9 février 2011 pour un montant de 257,7 millions de dollars à Textron Systems Corporation.


Le 30 septembre 2008, l’Inde avait déjà réclamé la vente de 510 bombes à capteurs dont 19 CBU-105 à la DSCA qui est chargée des ventes militaires américaines à l’étranger.




Une sous-munition BLU-105 contient 4 capteurs en forme de rondelles qui filtre les cibles potentielles.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 15:30



June 2, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE


In May, two Filipino OV-10 aircraft flying off the west coast of Palawan Island (southwestern Philippines), reported they were buzzed by two "Mig type" fighters that were believed to be Chinese. Both China and the Philippines claim the nearby Spratly Islands. Less than a hundred kilometers northwest of Palawan is Reed Bank, where oil and natural gas has been discovered.


No one admitted that their aircraft had buzzed the OV-10s off Palawan. The Chinese Navy does operate nine ton J-7s, which are based on the Russian MiG-21. But none of these aircraft are stationed within range of Reed Bank. The OV-10 pilots may have mistaken a Chinese Su-27, which is also a Russian design and could be mistaken for a MiG-29 at long distance (the two aircraft share a similar shape and design features). What was most alarming to most Filipinos was that the Philippines has no fighter jets, and nothing that could resist even the older J-7s.


The Spratlys are a group of some 100 islets, atolls, and reefs that total only about 5 square kilometers of land, but sprawl across some 410,000 square kilometers of the South China Sea. Set amid some of the world's most productive fishing grounds, the islands are believed to have enormous oil and gas reserves. Several nations have overlapping claims on the group. About 45 of the islands are currently occupied by small numbers of military personnel. China claims them all, but occupies only 8, Vietnam has occupied or marked 25, the Philippines 8, Malaysia 6, and Taiwan one. China and the Philippines are trying to negotiate a settlement of their overlapping claims in the Spratlys.


Since the 1990s, the Philippines has received 32 used OV-10s from the U.S. and Thailand. The OV-10 is a 6.5 ton, twin prop aircraft that could carry over two tons of weapons and stay in the air for three hours per sortie. Wingspan is 40 feet (12.2 meters), and length is 41.6 feet (12.7 meters). The first one was delivered to the U.S. Air Force, for use in Vietnam, in 1968. The last one was produced (for export to Indonesia) in 1976. The U.S. Air Force and Marines were the primary users of OV-10s, and the last of these was retired, by the marines, in 1994. Over a hundred were exported to Germany, Thailand, Colombia, Venezuela, Philippines and Indonesia. Several dozen of these are still in use out of over 300 manufactured. In Vietnam, the OV-10 was used more for reconnaissance and directing air and artillery strikes, than in using its own firepower.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 15:30




June 2, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE


China has never sent an SSBN (ballistic missile carrying nuclear powered boat, also called "boomers") on a combat patrol. America, Russia, Britain and France have all done so, and still do. The U.S. has had SSBNs going out with nuclear armed, and ready to fire, missiles for over half a century. What is going on with China? There appear to be a combination of technical and political problems.


China has already produced two generations of SSBNs. In the early 1980s, the Type 92 SSBN was launched, but had lots of problems, and never made a patrol. It only went out for training in Chinese coastal waters. Only one was built. In the last decade, the Type 94 showed up. This was believed, in the West, to be the Chinese SSBN that would go on patrol. Never happened. Turns out that the Type 94 also had technical problems.


This all began with the Type 93 class SSN (nuclear powered attack sub), which looks a lot like the three decade old Russian Victor III class SSN design. The first Type 93 entered service in 2006. The Type 93 was the basis for the Type 94 SSBN, which looks like a Victor III with a missile compartment added. Taking a SSN design and adding extra compartments to hold the ballistic missiles is an old trick, pioneered by the United States in the 1950s to produce the first ever SSBNs. The Chinese appear to have done the same thing with their new Type 93 SSN, creating a larger Type 94 SSBN boat of 9,000 tons displacement. Priority was apparently given to construction of the 94, as having nuclear missiles able to reach the United States gives China more diplomatic clout than some new SSNs. The first 94 entered service two years ago. But it has still not gone to sea equipped with nuclear missiles.


Having already sent the first two new, 7,000 ton, 093 class SSNs to sea, China was apparently underwhelmed by their performance. Not much more is expected from the 94s. The 93s were too noisy, and had a long list of more minor defects as well. It's unclear how many 93s will be built, probably no more than 3-6. More resources are apparently being diverted to the next SSN class; the 95, and the next SSBN, the Type 96.


The Type 093 and Type 094 were both over a decade in development and construction. Work began on the 094 class in the 1990s. For years, all that was known was that the Chinese were having technical problems with the new design. The 094 is a modern SSBN, using technology bought from Russia, plus what was developed by the Chinese in their earlier nuclear submarine building efforts. While the Chinese have had a hard time building reliable and quiet nuclear subs, they are determined to acquire the needed skills. You do that by doing it, and eating your mistakes. U.S. intelligence experts believe that China now concentrating on the design of the new Type 96s.


But there are other problems. The Chinese government is apparently uneasy with sending off an SSBN, armed with twelve or more SLBMs (Sea Launched Ballistic Missiles), each with one or more nuclear warheads. Western nations carefully select the officers and crews of their SSBNs, and use a host of codes and procedures (PAL, or "Permissive Action Links") to insure that a single madman cannot use any of those SLBMs. Russia also screened crews and had PAL codes, but also had, in effect, representatives of the secret police on the SSBN, whose main job was to insure that the SLBMs were used as the government back in Moscow commanded. China has always been much less trusting of the armed forces when it comes to nuclear weapons. China also appears to lack the PAL technology. All this doesn't get much mention in the West, but it is very real inside China. So when the Type 96 shows up, sometime late in this decade, it will be revealing to see if the Chinese have overcome their reluctance to trust a crew of Chinese sailors with all those nukes.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 13:00


source flightglobal.com Credit: Billypix


June 2, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE


Recently, Indian border police, on patrol along a remote portion of the disputed border with China, noted a small aircraft high in the sky, apparently on the Chinese side. It appeared to be a UAV, and the only Chinese UAV that could operate that high in the Himalaya mountains, and that far from the nearest airbase, is the ASN-229A. Until quite recently, India did not expect to see Chinese UAVs over this part of the border. But the Chinese UAV situation has changed over the past few years.


In the last decade, China has closed the gap (of a decade or more) in UAV development. China now has UAVs that are comparable, although not equal, to the American Predator and Global Hawk. China still lags, however, in user experience. American troops have over a million hours of UAV air time in combat zones. But in terms of the technology, the Chinese are there, and valuable experience is being gained along the Indian border.


The Chinese government has encouraged UAV development, and there are several companies currently at it, offering over 25 different UAV models. One Chinese firm, ASN Technology, has 90 percent of the military market in China, and a large chunk of the police and civilian business as well. While ASN has produced a UAV (ASN-229A), that looks just like the Predator, it is smaller (800 kg) while having a top speed of 180 kilometers an hour and 20 hours endurance. The ASN-229A can also carry two small missiles, similar to the U.S. Hellfire.


But most of the ASN models in use by the Chinese military are older, more like the 1990s technology found in the U.S. Army Shadow 200 (now being replaced by the Predator-like, 1.2 ton Gray Eagle). One of the most numerous Chinese army models, the ASN-206/207, is a 222 kg (488 pound) aircraft, with a 50 kg (110 pound) payload. The 207 model has a max endurance of eight hours, but more common is an endurance of four hours. Max range from the control van is 150 kilometers and cruising speed is about 180 kilometers an hour. The Chinese army also have several models of smaller UAVs (50-100 kg/100-220 pounds), with endurance of 2-4 hours. The lack of persistence (the ability to stay in the air for long periods of time) means the Chinese are unable to use this most important of UAV capabilities. The Chinese now have new UAVs that are closer to current U.S. designs, but the Chinese military has not yet bought a lot of them.


While many Chinese UAVs demonstrate an American influence, some appear to be using Israeli technology. That's no accident, as four years ago, Israeli UAV manufacturer EMIT got busted after it was caught shipping UAV technology to China. EMIT was not a major player in the UAV industry, having only three models; the 450 kg Butterfly, 182 kg (400 pound) Blue Horizon, the 48 kg (hundred pound) Sparrow. The twenty year old firm has been scrambling to stay in business. The Chinese helped set up a phony cooperative deal in a Southeast Asian country, to provide cover for the transfer of EMIT UAV technology to China. Most of EMIT's production is for export, but Israel has agreed to consult with the United States about transfers of technology to China. This is because Israel has been caught exporting military equipment, containing American technology, to China (in violation of agreements with the United States.) China tends to get technology wherever, and whenever, it can.


China is offering most of its UAVs for export. One of the more interesting of these is a 220 kg (484 pound) helicopter UAV. The U8E has a top speed of 150 kilometers an hour, endurance of four hours, range (from operator) of 150 kilometers and a payload of 40 kg (88 pounds). This is sufficient for day/night cameras, laser designators and the like. Police like these helicopter UAVs, soldiers less so.


Three years ago, China revealed that it was developing a new UAV, similar to the U.S. RQ-4 Global Hawk. Called Xianglong (Soaring Dragon), it is about half the size of the Global Hawk, at 7.5 tons, with a 14.5 meter (45 foot) wingspan and a .65 ton payload. Max altitude will be 18.4 kilometers (57,000 feet) and range will be 7,000 kilometers. It has a faster cruising speed (750 kilometers an hour) than the RQ-4.


The Chinese Xianglong is also intended for maritime patrol, as is a U.S. Navy model of the RQ-4. The shorter range of the Xianglong is apparently attributable to the lower capabilities of the Chinese aircraft engine industry. The Xianglong is believed to be in limited service, meaning that it is still being developed. Since the Indian border guards have not yet gotten pictures, the mystery UAV over the border might have been a Xianglong, doing some field testing.


Chinese firms have also been developing jet propelled UAVs. Four years ago, Beijing Black Buzzard Aviation Technology Limited, offered for sale two such UAVs . Both are powered by a miniature jet engine, larger than the types used in remote control model aircraft. Both models are similar in appearance, and look more like target drones than reconnaissance UAVs. The HFT-40A weighs 57 kg (100 pounds), is 3.3 meters (ten feet) long, with a 2.1 meter (6.5 foot) wingspan. It has a top speed of 500 kilometers an hour, max endurance of three hours and can operate 80 kilometers from its base station. The HFT-60A weighs 90 kg (198 pounds), is 3.8 meters (11 feet) long, with a 2.2 meter (seven foot) wingspan. It has a top speed of 700 kilometers an hour, endurance of three hours and can operate 150 kilometers from its base station.


These two UAVs are unique, as most users want endurance and slow speed. It's unclear what market these two high speed, low endurance UAVs are being pitched to. But the Chinese government encourages such research, as it provides a technology base for the development of larger, combat UAVs. Some of these have begun to appear, serving as high speed recon aircraft for naval forces. Once these UAVs spot an American carrier, high speed cruise missiles will not be far behind.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 12:30


photo Coert van Breda


02/06/11 By Greg Waldron Flight International


India has taken delivery of five RSK MiG-29K/KUB naval fighters, with the nation's second aircraft carrier possibly to enter service in 18 months.


Four of the aircraft are single-seat MiG-29Ks and one a twin-seat MiG-29KUB, the Indian navy said.


This is the third batch of MiG-29s to be delivered under a 2004 deal for 12 MiG-29Ks and four MiG-29KUBs, and brings the number of aircraft received to 11. The first batch, comprising two MiG-29Ks and two MiG-29KUBs, was inducted in 2009, while a second batch of one each was received in late 2010.


The navy also said that its second carrier is scheduled to enter service at the end of 2012. Formerly the Russian Kiev-class carrier Adm Gorshkov, the ship, to be renamed the INS Vikramaditya, is being refitted as a short take-off but arrested recovery carrier in Ukraine. The work will see the weapons and guns removed from the ship's bow and replaced with a ski-ramp to support flight operations.


The Gorshkov deal was signed in 2004, but long-running disputes about costs delayed work on the vessel. Finally, in March 2010, India and Russia agreed on a $2.3 billion price tag for the ship during a visit to India by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. The visit also saw India buy an additional 29 MiG-29Ks.


At present India's only operational carrier is the INS Viraat. The navy operates British Aerospace Sea Harrier FRS51 fighters from the ageing ship, which was launched for the UK in 1953. The Viraat underwent a major refit between August 2008 and November 2009, and the navy plans for her to serve until 2020. "Just under 15" Sea Harriers are still operational, the navy said.


The MiG-29 will eventually share the Vikramaditya's deck with the naval variant of the Aeronautical Development Agency's Tejas light combat aircraft. The naval Tejas was rolled out in July 2010, and Indian media reports suggest it could have its first flight during July.


India could also be interested in other naval types. In 2009 it issued a request for information for new naval fighters to operate from the two Vikrant-class indigenous carriers that could enter service at the end of this decade.


Industry sources said Boeing, Dassault and Lockheed Martin received the RFI. The request did not mention the number of aircraft required, but sought to learn about available technologies with the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, Rafale and F-35 Lightning II.


Of the three aircraft, the Rafale has been shortlisted with the Eurofighter Typhoon in India's medium multi-role combat aircraft competition, from which the Super Hornet was eliminated. At the Aero India show in Bangalore in February, Eurofighter showed a video of conceptual naval Typhoon.


Saab, whose Gripen NG was also eliminated from the MMRCA competition, is also developing a Sea Gripen concept. The Swedish firm has said that it sees India as a possible future customer for the proposed variant.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 12:00



June 2, 2011 idrw.org SOURCE : TNN


In keeping with the overall plan to bolster India’s air defence surveillance network, IAF will commission a spanking new Israeli medium-power radar (MPR) at Naliya in Gujarat this week. “This state-of-the-art radar, to be named Arudhra, is being inducted towards strengthening the air defence in the Saurashtra-Kutch region and constitutes an important component in IAF’s plan to achieve network-centric operations,” said an officer.


IAF chief Air Chief Marshal P V Naik will be inducting the radar, which has a range of over 300 km, at the Naliya airbase on Friday after the commanders’ conference of the South-Western Air Command.


IAF has already inked contracts for 19 LLTRs (low-level transportable radars), four MPRs and 30 indigenous medium-range Rohini radars, apart from also planning a major induction of long-range surveillance radars (LRSRs) and high-power radars (HPRs) to bolster air defence coverage in “hilly terrain” in the hinterland as well as along the borders with China and Pakistan.


India is also moving towards procuring nine more Aerostat radars to add to the two EL/M-2083 Israeli Aerostats inducted earlier as well as two additional AWACS (airborne warning and control systems) to supplement the first three Israeli Phalcon AWACS bought under a $1.1-billion deal.


The overall aim of all this is to ensure that the Indian airspace, which still has several gaping holes, especially over central and peninsular India, becomes impregnable against hostile aircraft, drones and helicopters.


With advanced “electronic counter-counter measures”, the new radars being inducted will be integrated into the IACCS (integrated air command and control system), the fully-automated network being established to integrate the wide array of military radars with each other as well as with civilian radars.


IAF, in fact, has plans to establish 10 IACCS nodes to cover virtually the entire country, with quick transfer of data from different radars as well as ground stations of AWACS to one central place.

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2 juin 2011 4 02 /06 /juin /2011 06:00



1 Jun 2011 DefenseNews AFP


LONDON - China's military build-up poses no threat to the world, even as the army modernizes to meet the challenges of an "informationalized age", a top Chinese army official said June 1.


The comments by Gen. Zhang Qinsheng, deputy chief of the general staff of the People's Liberation Army, come amid longstanding Western claims that hackers inside China are behind a range of cyberattacks.


"China has always been embarking on peaceful development and the development of China is by no means a threat," Zhang told a conference on land warfare at the Royal United Services Institute, a defense think-tank in London.


"China does not pursue hegemony. We will not do it even when we grow stronger. This is not only the basic state policy, but also a solemn commitment to the people of the world."


In March, China announced that its defense budget would rise 12.7 percent in 2011 to 601.1 billion yuan ($91.7 billion), fuelling regional concerns about Beijing's military build-up in addition to its economic clout.


Addressing an audience of senior military officers from countries including the United States, Britain and Brazil, Zhang said China's armed forces needed "reform" to win increasingly high-tech conflicts.


"The (Chinese) army has to be modernized to fight modern wars in an informationalized age. This is a major challenge facing us," said Zhang, speaking through an interpreter.


He said China's aims had always been defensive, but added: "The goal of modernization of our army is to transform it from a regional defense force to an all-theatre maneuvering force."


Zhang's words come just days after Chinese state media reported that the military had set up an elite Internet security task force tasked with fending off cyber-attacks.


But the Global Times newspaper denied that the initiative, in which the military has reportedly invested millions of dollars, is intended to create a "hacker army", saying that China was relatively weak in cyber-security.


The United States, Australia, Germany and other Western nations have long alleged that hackers inside China are carrying out a wide-range of cyber-attacks on government and corporate computer systems worldwide.

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1 juin 2011 3 01 /06 /juin /2011 19:30





Thales Groundmaster 400 mobile air defence radar for RMAF will be delivered in 2012 (all photos : Defense Industry Daily)

BUTTERWORTH (Bernama) -- The Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) is expected to receive delivery of new military assets from early next year onwards which will enhance its role in protecting the country.

RMAF chief Jen Tan Sri Rodzali Daud said the acquisitions would include EC725 helicopters suitable for conducting search and rescue missions, scheduled for delivery in 2013.

The country''s air defence capability would further be enhanced with the delivery of new weapons and radar systems between 2012 and 2014, he said, adding that RMAF would acquire its first Airbus A400M air-lifters in 2015.

He said this in his speech in conjunction with RMAF''s 53rd anniversary celebration at the RMAF base here today.

"In this regard, there''s a need for air force personnel to enhance their knowledge and skills to enable us to use and maintain the new assets without depending on outside help," he said.

Rodzali said RMAF would keep tab on regional security issues, such as overlapping territorial claims, in efforts to ensure the security of the country.

"We''ll also deal with encroachment into Malaysia''s maritime boundaries and airspace," he said.

A military parade themed "The People: Engaging The Talent" was also held in conjunction with the anniversary celebration.

Rodzali said this was in line with RMAF''s bid to attract more young people to join the force.

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1 juin 2011 3 01 /06 /juin /2011 18:30



01.06.2011 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


Le premier KC-30A (une version de l'A330) a été livré en début de semaine à l'armée de l'air australienne qui en a commandé 5. L'appareil s'est posé près de Brisbane, sur la base d'Amberley.


La presse australienne ne s'est que très modérement félicitée de cette arrivée; elle a plutôt rappelé que la livraison intervient avec quelque 30 mois de retard et qu'il a fallu que l'armée de l'air fasse appel aux "tankers" privés américains de la société Omega Refuelling Services (dont un apparel s'est écrasé aux Etats-Unis il y a une dizaine de jours).


Le contrat avec Airbus, d'une valeur de 1,1 milliard de dollars australiens, a été vivement critiqué tant pour son coût que pour les retards multiples et variés (en janvier, lors d'une séance d'entraînement au-dessus de l'Atlantique, la perche de ravitaillement avait été endommagée par un chasseur portugais).


Le prochain MRTT (Multi Role Tanker Transport) devrait être livré en juin; deux autres doivent suivre d'ici à la fin de l'année.

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1 juin 2011 3 01 /06 /juin /2011 18:30


Source Rafale News


Jun 1, 2011 By Jay Menon aerospace daily and defense report


NEW DELHI — France and Germany are making a last-ditch effort to boost their companies’ chances to win the $11 billion Medium-Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) program for the Indian air force, as authorities are set to open the bids of the two downselected firms vying for the 126-aircraft order.


French Defense Minister Gerard Longuet pitched Dassault Aviation’s Rafale during his visit to New Delhi last week, and the Eurofighter Typhoon topped the agenda during German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s discussion with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on May 31. German Defense Minister Thomas de Maizere also met Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony on May 31.


The German companies are part of EADS, which is part of the Eurofighter consortium along with BAE Systems and Alenia Aeronautica.


Longuet and Merkel expressed full confidence in the Indian procedures and expressed satisfaction about the transparency in the selection process. Both also took jibes at the other.


“We are one single speaking country, and we have enjoyed a relationship since 1953,” Longuet says. “Dealing with one country you know well, I imagine, is better than dealing with four countries. It is just simpler.” He was referring to the rival Eurofighter consortium.


Merkel also tried to hard sell the Typhoon, claiming that it was the best plane being offered. “With the Eurofighter, we have made good proposals and want to intensify our relationship with India,” Merkel says. “The Eurofighter is the best product on offer. We will not exert any influence on the procurement process and we shall wait and see.”


German Ambassador to New Delhi Thomas Matussek also says, “EADS’s Typhoon represents the most advanced and cost-efficient machines.” EADS will be open to sharing technology besides developing second- and third-generation aircraft, he adds.


EADS has even invited India to become a partner for the Typhoon program if the aircraft wins the contract. Eurofighter’s offer to establish a production line in India could give it an edge.


The other contender, Rafale, has the advantage of being logistically and operationally similar to the Mirage 2000. The air force has already been equipped with similar fighters, and its inclusion would require fewer changes in the existing infrastructure of the force.


Ajay Lele, a former air force wing commander and currently research fellow at the New Delhi-based Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses, says, “The Indian armed forces might have done calculations based on the most advanced technology. One cannot shy away from the fact that India is facing serious threats from its neighbors and it needs the latest technology to safeguard its boundaries. India is in a position to look [at] issues on face value and not get influenced by international pushes and pulls. So the deal will go in favor of the company that provides the best technology at the best available price.”


Indian authorities are expected to open bids from Dassault and Eurofighter in June, according to a defense ministry official. Under the order, the first 18 jets will be bought in “fly-away” condition and the remainder will be produced with a licensed vendor in India.


According to persons close to the project, the government has initiated negotiations with the two companies on their plans to fulfill offset commitments. India has fixed offset obligations for the MMRCA at 50% to ensure that half of the deal’s worth is reinvested in India to energize its defense industry.


Under current rules, foreign companies that receive import orders in excess of three billion rupees ($67 million) must draw at least 30% of that order from Indian suppliers or make a similar-sized investment within the country.

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1 juin 2011 3 01 /06 /juin /2011 18:00




June 1, 2011 defpro.com


Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen officiated at a parade this morning to mark the operationalisation of 2nd Battalion, Singapore Infantry Regiment (2 SIR) as the first Motorised Infantry Battalion. Before the parade, Dr Ng was briefed on the capabilities of the battalion and witnessed 2 SIR in an urban operations exercise at Murai Urban Training Facility, operating as part of a networked and integrated force with support from air and land platforms. He also viewed some of the urban operations technology such as keyhole sensors, the Advanced Combat Man System and the Battlefield Management System.


Speaking at the parade, Dr Ng emphasised the strength of the 3rd Generation Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) does not lie in individual pieces of hardware but in the ability to network an array of systems and capabilities. He said, "It has demonstrated clearly how individual soldiers, in the section all the way up to the platoon, battalion, brigade and division, are now able to sense and communicate seamlessly with the components of the SAF while on the move. The Army’s motorised infantry battalion can now function at a higher tempo and at longer ranges, covering a wider area of operations." He added that the "network allows the SAF to create an overall fighting system that is flexible and more responsive to the complex demands of the modern battlefield."


The operationalisation of 2 SIR as the first Motorised Infantry Battalion is another major milestone in the SAF’s transformation into a 3rd Generation fighting force. 2 SIR will operate the Terrex Infantry Carrier Vehicle, which provides infantry forces with enhanced protection, mobility and firepower as well as networks soldiers and other air and land weapon platforms.


Also present at the parade were Senior Parliamentary Secretary for Defence and National Development Dr Mohamad Maliki Bin Osman, Chief of Defence Force Lieutenant-General Neo Kian Hong, Chief of Army Brigadier-General Ravinder Singh and other senior officers from the SAF.

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1 juin 2011 3 01 /06 /juin /2011 17:00



June 1, 2011 by DAVID AXE offiziere.ch


After more than a decade of work, China’s first aircraft carrier is nearly ready for sea trials. The U.S. Navy, which maintains five supercarriers plus an equal number of big-deck assault ships in the Pacific, has reacted calmly. In April, Adm. Robert Willard, Pacific Command commander, said the Chinese carrier, reportedly named Shi Lang after a famed Chinese general, will pose a mostly symbolic threat, influencing perceptions more than it does the actual regional balance of power.


There’s good reason for Washington’s equanimity. It’s unclear how effective the Chinese carrier will be. Shi Lang lacks a balanced air wing, a large number of capable escorts plus the ability to coordinate with China’s modest nuclear-submarine force. Moreover, it’s possible that China’s first carrier really isn’t very Chinese. An apparent high level of foreign assistance — from Ukraine, in particular — in preparing Shi Lang and her air wing could cast into doubt Beijing’s ability to support the vessel, and produce additional ships like her.


This much we know for sure: Shi Lang is actually a refurbished Soviet vessel, assembled in Ukraine in the 1980s and originally intended to commission as Varyag. She would have been the Soviet Union’s, now Russia’s, second full-size carrier, after the mechanically-troubled Admiral Kuznetsov. When the Soviet Union collapsed and the floor fell out of the Russian military budget, Ukraine in 1998 obligingly sold the incomplete Varyag to a Chinese company that publicly said it planned to turn the vessel into a casino.


The casino plan was a thin cover, of course, and tugboats dragged Varyag to Dalian shipyard in northeast China, where she began her slow transformation into Shi Lang. Workers removed Soviet electronics and weaponry, reconditioned and repainted the ship and installed systems compatible with existing Chinese naval gear.


Ukrainian assistance reportedly did not end with the sale. Varyag arrived in Dalian without engines. Powerplants for ships and airplanes have proved some of the most difficult items for Chinese military contractors to design and produce, so observers were doubtful Shi Lang would receive purely Chinese engines. By late 2010, heat could be seen rising from Shi Lang‘s stacks, a clear indication that her powerplant was active, but until this month it no one outside of the People’s Liberation Army Navy and its allies knew for sure where the motors had come from.


Then Russian media reported that the engines, like Shi Lang‘s hull, are Ukrainian — and that Ukraine moreover had sent a delegation to China’s Harbin Boiler Works to advise Chinese engineers on eventually producing its own large gas turbines, the kind suitable for naval vessels.


The revelation should not have come as a surprise. In the late 1990s, the China and Ukraine enjoyed close commercial and military ties. Besides acquiring Varyag, Beijing also purchased an Su-33 naval fighter from Ukraine that Chinese engineers later reverse-engineered and copied as the J-15. That aircraft, which flew for the first time this year, will form the backbone of Shi Lang‘s air wing.


But in subsequent years, the countries’ relationship soured, for the same reason Russia and China grew apart. Moscow has complained that Beijing illegally copies and even exports Russian-designed weaponry, robbing Russia of badly-needed revenue. A Ukrainian source told Russian media that a continuing close relationship with Beijing “is not in line with our economic interests.”


Chinese intelligence tried to steal information that Beijing earlier might have simply paid for. In February, a Ukrainian court sentenced Aleksandr Yermakov to a six-year prison term for attempting to transfer to Chinese spies classified information on Ukraine’s land-based practice landing strip for carrier planes, located in Crimea.


Despite Yermahov’s arrest, the Chinese have succeeded in creating their own practice landing field, apparently modeled on the Crimea airstrip.


By the same token, weakening ties won’t stop Shi Lang from taking to sea. Her engines are installed, her J-15 fighters are in testing and aviators are already training at the practice airfield, all thanks to Ukrainian support.


But if Ukraine withholds similar assistance in the future, Beijing could find it difficult to sustain Shi Lang‘s operations, to say nothing of building additional carriers. What happens when Shi Lang‘s engines break down? What if the J-15s prove to have design faults resulting from their Xeroxed origins?


If Chinese industry can’t devise its own fixes, and quickly, the PLAN could find itself in possession of an aircaft carrier with no aircraft, and that can’t leave port.

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