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25 mai 2011 3 25 /05 /mai /2011 12:00

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ycj5MLJlNvM/TdzHgEFFYZI/AAAAAAAANKw/xeM_bCr9JlQ/s400/le-ministre-de-la-defense-m.-gerard-longuet-sur-la-base-de-saint-dizier.jpg

 

May 25, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST

 

French defence minister Gérard Longuet (2nd from right, after a recent Rafale flight) is scheduled to meet Indian defence minister AK Antony and Chief of Air Staff PV Naik tomorrow in New Delhi. Things are pink. The French expect to land a $2.4-billion contract to upgrade the IAF's Mirage-2000 jets, and the country's Rafale has, as you no doubt know, made it to the final phase of the IAF's M-MRCA fighter competition. Just wondering if the Indian defence minister, who has a propensity to bring up arms sales to Pakistan (always with a knowing smile) with just about anyone who knocks on his door, will have a thing or two to say to Minister Longuet. Earlier this month, when Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani visited Paris, fresh from having Neptune's Spear thrust into his country's, well, heart, the French defence minister made an unscheduled call on the visiting dignitary. Meeting the French defence minister was not on Gilani's official agenda, and therefore the unofficial meeting was seen as France doing what the Indian government positively destests -- "doing it with both sides". Personally I think the Indian government places way too much on how other countries interact with Pakistan, but there it is.

 

Shiv Aroor will be meeting Longuet on Friday. If you folks have any questions about the Rafale offer or anything else to do with Indo-French defence relations, let me have them.

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25 mai 2011 3 25 /05 /mai /2011 12:00

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2011-05-24 China Defense Blog (Source: PLA Daily)

The vehicle-mounted degaussing station is conducting degaussing operation to a naval vessel. (Photo by Lu Wenqiang)

In mid May, the China-made new-type vehicle-mounted degaussing station, which has been manufactured under the supervision of a military representative office of the Armaments Department under the Navy of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) stationed in Wuhan, finished overall technical joint debugging test and officially entered the degaussing center of a support base of the PLA Navy.

According to expert’s introduction, the China-made new-type vehicle-mounted degaussing station has successfully broken through nearly a hundred of key technologies. Able to carry out 24-hour degaussing operation under no wharf circumstance, it will greatly promote the maneuver support capacity of degaussing naval vessels.

Zhu Yunyu, senior engineer of the military representative office of the Armaments Department of the PLA Navy stationed in Wuhan, told the reporter that the new-type vehicle-mounted degaussing station is barely affected by sea conditions or time periods, besides, after integrated optimization, the vehicle-mounted degaussing devices have been all installed in the standard container, allowing to be carried by landing ship to degauss on the sea.

Editor:Cui Xinwen

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25 mai 2011 3 25 /05 /mai /2011 12:00

http://rusnavy.com/upload/iblock/e87/phil.jpg

 

25 mai 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

A la suite de nombreux autres pays d’Asie du Sud-Est, les Philippines envisagent de lancer un projet d’achat de sous-marins.

 

Des experts navals ont discuté avec des constructeurs occidentaux afin d’estimer la faisabilité de ce projet, a indiqué un représentant de la marine des Philippines, le Lt. Rommel Rodriguez.

 

L’objectif est de pouvoir surveiller discrètement les eaux territoriales des Philippines et de s’opposer aux forces sous-marines d’ennemis potentiels.

 

L’étude se déroule dans le cadre de la revue de défense 2020 visant à déterminer les demandes de la marine, à envisager les différentes possibilités d’achat d’armements et de formation du personnel, et de trouver des financements.

 

La marine des Philippines devrait acheter son 1er sous-marin avant 2020, en tenant toutefois compte de la situation économique et politique du pays. Selon le Lt. Rodriguez, le coût global de ce projet s’élève à 1 milliard $.

 

Les résultats de cette étude seront présentés au commandement de la marine, puis au ministère de la défense.

 

Référence : RusNavy (Russie)

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25 mai 2011 3 25 /05 /mai /2011 12:00

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/HMAS_Rankin_2007.jpg

 

25 mai 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

L’Australie est menacée par l’explosion du nombre de sous-marins en Asie. Elle doit renforcer ses capacités en lutte anti-sous-marine, indique un ancien analyste du renseignement et conseiller militaire du gouvernement.

 

Brice Pacey explique que des pays comme l’Inde, l’Indonésie et la Chine se sont lancés dans une course pour renforcer leur flotte sous-marine, et que l’Australie pourrait être par conséquent sans défense.

 

M. Pacey indique que l’Australie devrait envisager de moderniser ses sous-marins actuels, de la classe Collins, d’accélérer la construction de 12 nouveaux sous-marins et d’équiper de petits bâtiments pour la lutte anti-sous-marine.

 

M. Pacey souligne que, d’ici 2030, il y aura plus de sous-marins dans la région, pouvant mener des opérations discrètes, équipés d’armes plus efficaces, déployés par des états « dont les intentions à long terme sont — au mieux — incertaines ».

 

En particulier, la Chine devrait disposer en 2025 de 78 sous-marins, contre 65 l’an dernier. Pour M. Pacey, ce chiffre semble excéder ce qui est nécessaire pour la défense côtière et le maintien de la pression sur Taïwan.

 

Référence : Sidney Morning Herald (Australie)

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25 mai 2011 3 25 /05 /mai /2011 08:00

http://info-aviation.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/T-50-Eagle-Assemblage-300x183.jpg

 

24 mai 2011 par Valérie Cheron INFO-AVIATION

 

Le 20 mai, Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) a été désigné pour fournir à l’Indonésie des jets T-50. Le prix de vente est excessivement bradé.

 

Cette vente s’effectue dans la foulée d’un accord entre la République de Corée du sud et l’Indonésie pour élargir la coopération économique et industrielle au moyen d’un secrétariat commun.

 

Amir Sambodo, membre du ministère de coordination économique de l’Indonésie a indiqué que son pays pourrait acheter 16 T- 50 coréens en échange d’au moins 4 de ses avions CN-235 Digiranta.

 

De son côté, le directeur général de KAI, Kim Hong-kyung, a précisé que l’Indonésie recevrait des T-50 « beaucoup moins chers » que le prix catalogue de 20-25 millions de dollars l’unité.

 

« Nous avons demandé à nos fournisseurs de réduire les coûts de fabrication pour les pièces de rechange du T-50, afin d’offrir un prix unitaire bien inférieur au prix standard. »

 

Ce type de déclaration suscite le plus grand scepticisme, car il y a des limites à la rentabilité d’une chaîne d’approvisionnement. Si la réduction de coût est trop importante, il est probable qu’elle implique une combinaison de subventions gouvernementales et de troc.

 

La Corée du Sud possède déjà une flotte de 12 CN-235 fabriqués par Digiranta dont 6 CN-235-220 de transport, 2 CN-235 VVIP, et 4 CN-235-110 affectés à la Garde côtière. Le ministre de la coordination économique de l’Indonésie, Hatta Rajasa, a déclaré lors d’une réunion bilatérale que la Corée du Sud « a exprimé son intérêt à augmenter sa flotte de CN-235. » La Corée du Sud a grandement besoin d’un client de lancement pour l’exportation de ses T-50, et l’Indonésie a besoin de jets d’entraînement capables d’assurer des missions de police de l’air.

 

Cette première exportation du T-50 serait bienvenue pour KAI qui n’est pas parvenu à vendre son avion aux Emirats Arabes Unis. Le 24 février dernier, les EAU ont effet annoncé leur choix pour le M346 d’Alenia Aermacchi.

 

« La porte semble fermée à KAI et au T-50. Évidemment, nous aimerions revenir dans la course et proposer le T-50. Mais nous n’avons pas eu de discussions avec les responsables des Emirats Arabes Unis sur le T-50 car ils préfèrent le M346, et nous ne prévoyons pas que cela change de sitôt », a expliqué un fonctionnaire de KAI. »

 

Pourtant rien ne semble joué. Des articles publiés sur UPI et Defense News, affirment au contraire que les EAU ont ré-ouvert des pourparlers.

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 22:30

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/Air_Force_Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/750px-Air_Force_Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 

 

May 24, 2011 PLA Daily defpro.com

 

According to Xinhua News Agency, the first centralized training of new pilot instructors organized by the Air Force of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) drew to an end recently at the Fourth Flight Academy of the PLA Air Force. This marks the beginning of the transformation of training mode for pilot instructors to “teacher-training system”, meaning the training of pilot instructors will be more comprehensive, standardized and efficient.

 

With the advent of this ten-month-long centralized training, the Fourth Flight Academy of the PLA Air Force, as the institution responsible for the Air Force centralized training of new pilot instructors, made a new step forward in establishing the pilot instructor training institutions with its own characteristics.

 

“We have borrowed advanced teaching experience both at home and abroad, and compiled over ten kinds of standards and norms including the Quality Standards of Centralized Transition Training of New Pilot Instructors, the Teaching Standards of Centralized Transition Training and so on,” said Zhang Lanrui, commandant of the Fourth Flight Academy of PLA Air Force.

 

The training that ended recently examined dozens of minor subjects under several major subjects including ground teaching methods, physical ability, flight teaching ability and so on. Once they have passed all the examination subjects, new pilot instructors will receive the Air Force Academy Instructor’s Certificate.

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 20:00

http://lecourrier.vnagency.com.vn/news/Image/2011/05/Vietnam/Politique/Politique/5326.202as.JPG

 

23 Mai 2011 lecourrier.vnagency.com.vn

 

Dans le cadre de sa participation à la 5e conférence des ministres de la Défense de l'ASEAN (ADMM-5) à Jakarta en Indonésie, le général Phùng Quang Thanh, ministre vietnamien de la Défense, s'est entretenu récemment avec son homologue indonésien, Purnomo Yusgiantoro.

Les deux parties ont abordé des questions régionales d'intérêt commun et défini des mesures afin de promouvoir la coopération bilatérale en matière de défense et de sécurité.

Elles ont approuvé l'accélération de la mise en oeuvre du mémorandum sur la coopération bilatérale en termes de défense signé en octobre 2010. "Les deux parties doivent créer un groupe de travail pour mettre en oeuvre ce document", a estimé le général Phùng Quang Thanh.

Le Vietnam souhaite voir s'intensifier la coopération avec l'Indonésie en matière de défense, surtout dans la Marine, et inviter un groupe d'experts de la Marine indonésienne à venir effectuer une visite de travail au Vietnam afin de discuter du déploiement des patrouilles communes et de l'établissement d'une chaîne d'information entre les Marines vietnamienne et indonésienne, espérant qu'un accord en la matière sera signé cette année.

De son côté, le ministre Purnomo Yusgiantoro a affirmé que son pays établirait au plus tôt un groupe de travail et enverrait le commandant en chef adjoint de la Marine indonésienne au Vietnam.

Concernant la coopération bilatérale sur les forums multilatéraux, le général Phùng Quang Thanh a souligné que son pays soutenait toujours l'Indonésie qui assume la présidence de l'ASEAN cette année.

À propos des conflits à la frontière Cambodge-Thaïlande, les deux parties ont estimé qu'il s'agissait d'un acte regrettable pour le processus d'édification de la communauté politique et sécuritaire de l'ASEAN, qui portait atteinte aux liens au sein de l'ASEAN et à la solidarité entre les pays membres.

Pays voisin de la Thaïlande comme du Cambodge ainsi que membre de l'ASEAN, le Vietnam applaudit le cessez-le-feu obtenu par les deux parties, souhaitant que celles-ci "ne laissent pas les conflits reprendre et continuent de respecter l'engagement donné à l'issue de la réunion informelle des ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'ASEAN tenue le 22 février dernier à Jakarta", a indiqué Phùng Quang Thanh.

Le Vietnam soutient le rôle de l'ASEAN comme de l'Indonésie (président de l'ASEAN) dans le règlement pacifique de ces disputes sur la base des principes fondamentaux de la Charte de l'ASEAN, surtout la consultation et le consensus. Le Vietnam souhaite que l'Indonésie envoie dans les plus brefs délais son observateur en Thaïlande ou au Cambodge pour aider à régler les conflits frontaliers entre ces deux pays, affirmant continuer de contribuer activement à ce processus.

“En qualité de président de l'ASEAN, l'Indonésie s'efforce de contribuer au règlement des disputes entre la Thaïlande et le Cambodge", a déclaré le ministre Purnomo Yusgiantoro. "L'Indonésie est prête à envoyer son observateur dans la région qui fait l'objet du litige, avec l'approbation des deux parties", a-t-il dit.

Pour que la Mer Orientale soit une région stable et sûre

Concernant la Mer Orientale, le ministre Phùng Quang Thanh a estimé qu'en général, la situation actuelle était stable. "Malgré leurs disputes sur la souveraineté, les pays dans la région partagent des intérêts et des aspirations communes que sont le maintien de la paix et de la coopération pour se développer ensemble", a-t-il estimé.

"Le Vietnam préconise que les différends soient réglés par la voie pacifique, sur la base du droit international, dont la Convention de l'ONU sur le droit de la mer de 1982", a indiqué le ministre vietnamien. Les pays de l'ASEAN et la Chine doivent observer complètement la Déclaration sur la conduite des parties en Mer Orientale (DOC) signée en 2002 au Cambodge. L'ASEAN et la Chine doivent parvenir à l'élaboration du Code de conduite en Mer Orientale (COC).

"L'Indonésie désire que la Mer Orientale soit une région stable et sûre, où la liberté dans la navigation maritime est assurée", a affirmé le ministre Purnomo Yusgiantoro, après avoir annoncé que son pays avait introduit cette question dans le projet de déclaration commune de l'ADMM-5 et souhaitait voir les parties concernées atteindre le COC dans un avenir proche.

AVI/CVN

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 17:30

 

Pars 8x8 displayed at IDEF 2011 (photo : trmilitary)

 

Turkish Vehicle Firms Bank on Exports

 

24 May, 2011 DEFENSE STUDIES
 
ISTANBUL - Turkey's flourishing armored vehicle makers increasingly are investing in the development and production of eight- and six-wheel-drive tactical vehicles, mainly for export.


"The Turkish armed forces are not scheduled to buy eight-by-eight vehicles anytime soon, but there's a huge interest by the world militaries to buy such vehicles," said Serdar Gorguc, general manager of vehicle maker Otokar. "So that's why we have developed our Arma vehicle." Gorguc spoke in early May, when Otokar unveiled its amphibious eight-wheel-drive Arma.

"In the next 10 years, there will be a huge market in the world for eight-by-eight vehicles, and we are seeking cost-effective and good solutions to all requirements," Gorguc said. "All countries not producing eight-by-eight vehicles are our potential customers."

The Turkish military's potential purchase of a large number of six-wheel-drive tactical armored vehicles has been on hold since last year, but this has not deterred local vehicle firms from pursuing development. At least three Turkish vehicle makers have begun developing and making six-wheel-drive vehicles.

Otokar has already produced a six-wheel version of the Arma. The company signed a $10 million contract to sell 13 of these to a Middle Eastern country, which Otokar officials declined to name.

The 13 vehicles represented different models of the six-wheel Arma designed for varied missions, and if they operate successfully, the company expects to export 100 more vehicles to that country.

The eight-wheel-drive Arma was exhibited for the first time at the International Defense Industry Fair (IDEF) 2011 here May 10-13. Both Arma versions will compete with rivals for contracts in at least two countries over the next couple of months, company officials said.

"The Arma is a modular system, so once you have the six-by-six vehicle, you can easily design the eight-by-eight version with some few additions," Gorguc said.

Otokar, based at Adapazari and owned by Turkey's top business conglomerate, Koc Holding, makes seven armored vehicles. Its sales, civilian and military, were about $340 million in 2010.

Company officials said the Arma has a high degree of ballistic and mine protection, thanks to its high steel hull. But Otokar's signature product is the Cobra, a four-wheel-drive tactical armored vehicle exported to nearly 10 countries in the Balkans, the Middle East and Southeast Asia since the mid-1990s.

Otokar also is the Turkish prime contractor for a multibillion-dollar program for the design, development and manufacturing of Turkey's first domestically produced main battle tank, the Altay.

Under a $500 million contract, Otokar and its partners will deliver four prototypes for the new-generation tank by 2015. Otokar is obtaining technology transfer from South Korea's Hyundai Rotem, which produced South Korea's K1 and K2 main battle tanks. Serial production of the Altay is expected to start after 2015. Otokar exhibited a mockup at IDEF 2011.

In terms of exports, Turkey's most successful vehicle maker is FNSS, a joint venture between Turkey's Nurol Machinery and Industry and the U.S.-based BAE Systems Land and Armaments. Nurol holds the majority stake.

The land warfare sector accounts for Turkey's largest defense export deal: a $600 million sale of 257 Pars eight-wheel-drive armored personnel carriers and combat vehicles from FNSS to Malaysia, signed in February. The vehicles will be co-produced with Malaysian partners.

FNSS is discussing another sale of the Pars to Indonesia. The company also is near a deal with the arms company Al Jaber in the United Arab Emirates, FNSS officials said. FNSS and Al Jaber are expected to jointly build the Pars vehicles in the emirates.

Building on the success of the Pars eight-wheel, FNSS has developed a six-wheeled version that it hopes to export. FNSS displayed the six-wheel Pars at IDEF.

"The international success of the Pars proves that a Turkish vehicle maker can be very successful even without selling its products to the Turkish Army," an FNSS official said. "There is and there will be a huge interest in the world militaries for the six-by-six and eight-by-eight vehicles."

Nurol Machinery and Industry also has its own independent wheeled armored vehicle company, which produces the six-wheel-drive Ejder.

"The six-by-six tactical vehicles have a bright future in the world, so that's why we're working in this field," said Evren Sesal, a research and development engineer at Nurol. Another company official said the six-wheel Ejder has been exported but did not specify the buyers.

Turkey's thriving local defense industry reported a growth rate of 19 percent in 2010, confirming analysts' expectations of "fast and sustainable growth" in the years ahead.

"The Turkish defense industry's total revenue amounted to $2.773 billion in 2010, up from $2.319 billion in 2009. This is a robust growth," said a late April report released by the Defense Industry Manufacturers' Association (SaSaD), an umbrella organization of Turkish defense companies.

However, the Turkish industry reported a 5 percent decline in exports at $634 million last year, down from $669 million the previous year. "The slight drop in exports reflects the continuing effects in 2010 of the global financial crisis," SaSaD said.

More than half of the exports from last year came from the armored vehicle makers' sales, SaSaD officials said.

SaSaD's export figures are different from those of the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM), the government's defense procurement agency. The SSM officially counts civilian aviation exports related to the defense contracts, known as offsets, as part of defense exports, but SaSaD only counts direct defense sales abroad.

Under SSM's figures, Turkish defense exports totaled $832 million in 2009. SSM's 2010 figures are not yet available.

"The decrease in exports is a temporary trend because from early figures this year, we see a major increase in foreign sales," one SaSaD official said. The official figures for 2011 will be available in 2012.

But a senior SSM official said that the 2011 export figures would reach more than $1 billion.

(Defense News)

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 17:30

 

Hamilton Class (photo : Coast Guard)


May 24, 2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

AFP to acquire 2 more modern seacraft from US

 

THE Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) is seriously considering the acquisition of two more modern large Hamilton-class patrol crafts to shore up its naval defense capabilities and aptly defend the country’s 200-mile exclusive zone from foreign intruders, particularly in the disputed Spratly group of islands in the South China Sea.

 

The AFP spokesman, Commodore Juan Miguel Rodriguez, disclosed yesterday that the plan had already been discussed by top military officials even as formal communications have yet to be made to the President and as well as to the US government, which is offering the Hamiltons to the world market.


“I’m sure that it has already been discussed. The United States is offering the Hamiltons there in the world market,” Rodriguez said.

As far as Malacanang is concerned, Rodriguez expressed confidence that the President would give his support to the plan of the AFP.

He added that while the AFP has to compete with other interested bidders, the Philippines would most likely get it has already acquired the first Hamilton that the US Navy has put on sale.

“There is a bigger chance that they would be given to us,” Rodriguez said.

Maintenance wise, Rodriguez explained that it become much stronger and economical when the Navy have two or three of them.

“Because if you have different ships you have logistical nightmare in terms of supplies, etcetera. So the commonality of spares will dictate by pure logic that if you did three or four ships, it’s best if you hav the same types,” he added.

Rodriguez also pointed out that the Philippine-US relations would also be a factor in the acquisition of additional Hamiltons, saying that “as mutual defense treaty partners, I would believe that hey would give a preference to their treaty partners.”

The first Hamilton has already been turned over by the US Coast Guard to the Philippine representatives in simple ceremonies held at Coast Guard Island, Alameda, California last May 13 and would be due for arrival on August.

A step towards the Vessel’s commissioning here in the country, the official name of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Hamilton was changed Friday to “Ex-Hamilton” with Philippine Ambassador to the

Transfer cost was pegged at P450M, while operational cost for two years is estimated at P120 million.

Funding will come from the Department of Energy (DOE) considering that the vessel is projected to be employed for the security of oil platforms and oil explorations activities in Palawan and Sulu Sea.

The Filipino crew of the first Hamilton has by far been on training since February this year in the U.S which will last until June 30 prior to installation of a Coast Watch System equipment in July.

 

“We will continue to modernize your Armed Forces. The addition of the vessel to the Navy’s inventory will definitely boost our capability to protect our Exclusive Economic Zone and improve our border patrol capability”, AFP chief of staff Gen. Eduardo SL Oban Jr. said.


(Manila Times)

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 17:00

 

HMNZS Endeavour (photo : NZ Navy)

 

May 24, 2011 DEFENSE STUDIES


The new ship to replace the navy's ageing tanker, Endeavour, could have some serious weaponry to fight off pirates. The 23-year-old Endeavour will be replaced with a new ship in 2018 at a cost of about $250 million.

Navy planners looking at the best ship to order said the new ship would at the least have .50-calibre machine guns and other measures to ward off pirates.

Endeavour was built on a commercial tanker design in Korea and modified for the navy as a fleet replenishment ship, which could refuel other ships at sea, carry stores and operate a helicopter.

However, it had no weapons on board other than 5.56mm Steyr assault rifles and pistols. The navy said it was looking at following global trends to give the new ship the ability to fight off pirates.

Commander Tony Hayes, the navy officer in charge of the acquisition programme, said as well as .50-calibre machine guns, they were also looking at a deck layout which would allow a mounting for a rapid-fire Phalanx Gatling gun similar to those fitted to the Anzac frigates, Te Kaha and Te Mana.

The 20mm, radar guided, close-in weapons system is used to ward off missile attacks, strike aircraft and fast inshore attack boats and could fire up to 4500 rounds a minute.

''We would consider in the design placement for such a thing. If you look at what the other major navies are doing, they are considering self defence weapons on these types of ships.''

Cdr Hayes said as more navies opted for more multi-role ships, including ships like HMNZS Canterbury and the Endeavour replacement, they did not have as many warships.

''These multi-role vessels are having to do more jobs and independently.''

''We would want appropriate anti-piracy measures.

Anti-piracy measures could include high pressure water systems, barbed wire and ''all sorts of attachments you will see on a lot of the major oil tankers.

''It is to physically to stop people climbing or putting grappling irons on the sides of ships.''

Endeavour will become non-compliant with International Maritime Organisation requirements in 2013 and be reclassified, with its cargo volume reduced.

Two years ago the navy spent about $2m closing off some of the tanks to effectively give it a double hull, reducing the capacity by 25 percent to about 5500 tonnes of fuel. From 2013 it would be limited to 5000 tonnes of fuel.

The replacement ship was likely to be more versatile than Endeavour but it would retain its main function as a fleet tanker.

''If budget permits and the base design permits we would like to see it with additional craneage, the ability to take a lot more containers and maybe support amphibious operations too.''

The ship would also be able to land the air force's new NH 90 helicopters and the navy's Seasprite helicopters and carry limited numbers of troops.

(Stuff)

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 17:00

 

May 24, 2011 DEFENSE UPDATE

 

The head of the Indian Air Force, Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naik attended a flight demonstration of the newest Russian fighter aircraft, the Sukhoi T-50 (PKA FA) at Gromov Flight Research Institute at the city of Zhukovsky near Moscow. The demonstration also included a flight of the modernized MiG-29UPG, an upgraded version destined for teh Indian Air Force, to introduce an avionics suite common with the MiG29K/KUB carrier-based fighters India is buying for its aircraft carriers. The Indian Air Force commander was hosted by Mikhail Pogosyan, President of the United Aircraft Corporation, General Director of Sukhoi and RSK MiG, and representatives of the Russian arms export conglomerate Rosoboronexport.

 

India and Russia are cooperating in the development of a 5th generation fighter under the ‘Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft’ (FGFA) program, to be based on the T-50, to be the largest cooperative project undertaken by the two countries. The cooperation agreement was signed on 18 October 2007 in Moscow and reiterated in December 2010, during the visit of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to India. Under the FGFA program, Rosoboronexport company, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Sukhoi signed the development agreement, covering the design, development, and necessary production engineering preparing for manufacturing of the aircraft in both countries.

The modernization of MiK-29 for the Indian Air Force is ongoing since March 2008. The first 6 aircraft are undergoing overhaul and modernization at the RSK MiG facilities. “More than 90% of aircraft will be finalized in India on one of the Indian Air Force repair facilities, using kits supplied from Russia” Pogosian said. These modernized MiG-29 will be equipped with an advanced avionics, common with the avionics provided for the naval version MiG-29K/KUB ordered by the Indian Navy.

 

The modernized MiG-29UPG avionics suite selected for the indian upgrade includes a unique cllection of systems provided by Russian, Indian French and probably Israeli suppliers, enabling the new aircraft to integrate with the Indian air defense command and control network and operate specific weapon systems. The Indian avionics suppliers mentioned by the official announcement include HAL and Bharat Electronics Ltd. Names of the French suppliers or identity of Russian or Israeli companies was not available.  Delivery of the first upgraded aircraft to the customer in 2011.

 

The visit was first high level interaction between Russian and Indian officials after Russia lost the race for the IAF’s Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) last month.

 

Sukhoi T-50 (PAK FA) is to provide the baseline for India's 5th generation fighter aircraft (FGFA) program, to be developed under cooperation between India and Russia. Photo: Irkut.

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24 mai 2011 2 24 /05 /mai /2011 06:00

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/76/IAF_Tu-142_and_Il-38.jpg

 

May 23, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE

 

On May 6th, an Indian Tu-142M recon aircraft buzzed Somali pirates that were attacking a Chinese cargo ship. The huge (50 meter/167 foot wingspan, four engine) aircraft had the desired effect, and the pirates fled. The incident took place 800 kilometers off the west coast of India, which accounts for the presence of the Indian aircraft. The pirates have become increasingly active off India, and maritime patrol aircraft, usually used to search for hostile warships, are an ideal system for spotting pirates.

 

This may be the last bit of action these aging aircraft will see. India is buying American P-8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft, with another four ordered earlier this year. This is largely in response to growing Chinese naval activity in the Indian Ocean. Three years ago, India bought eight U.S. P-8s, for about $220 million each. The growing expense of maintaining their Russian Tu-142M reconnaissance aircraft, and the need for a more capable recon aircraft, led to that initial order. The first P-8I will arrive in 2014. Not quite as massive as Tu-142s, with only a 37.6 meter (123.6 foot) wingspan, the P-9Is are jet propelled, versus the prop driven Tu-142s.

 

The decision to switch to U.S. maritime recon aircraft is rather recent. Four years ago India received another Russian built Tu-142 maritime reconnaissance aircraft. Beginning in 1988, when it received three of them, India bought more and now has a fleet of eight in service.

 

The Tu-142, which was introduced in the 1970s, is the maritime patrol version of the Tu-95 heavy bomber. The Tu-95 aircraft entered service over half a century ago, and is expected to remain in service, along with the Tu-142 variant, for another three decades. Over 500 Tu-95s were built, and it is the largest and fastest turboprop aircraft in service. Russia still maintains a force of 60 Tu-95s, but has dozens in storage, which can be restored to service as either a bomber or a Tu-142.

 

The 188 ton aircraft has flight crew consisting of a pilot, copilot, engineer and radioman, and an unrefueled range of 15,000 kilometers. Max speed is 925 kilometers an hour, while cruising speed is 440 kilometers an hour. Originally designed as a nuclear bomber, the Tu-142 version still can carry up to ten tons of weapons (torpedoes, mines, depth charges, anti-ship missiles, sonobuoys) and a lot more sensors (naval search radar, electronic monitoring gear). There are two 23mm autocannon mounted in the rear of the aircraft. The mission crew of a Tu-142 usually consists of eight personnel, who operate the radars and other electronic equipment. Patrol flights for the Tu-142 can last twelve hours or more, especially when in-flight refueling is used. Maximum altitude is over 14,000 meters (45,000 feet), although the aircraft flies much lower when searching for submarines. India requires aircraft like these for patrolling the vast India ocean waters that surround the subcontinent. India wanted to upgrade the electronics on its Tu-142s, but has been put off by the high price, and low performance, of what the Russians offered.

 

The P-8A Poseidon is based on the widely used Boeing 737 airliner. India will get a version (P-8I) customized for their needs. Although the Boeing 737 based P-8 is a two engine jet, compared to the four engine turboprop P-3, it is a more capable plane. Cruise speed for the 737 is 910 kilometers an hour. This makes it possible for the P-8 to get to a patrol area faster, which is a major advantage when chasing down subs first spotted by sonar arrays or satellites. The P-8 has a crew of 10-11 pilots and equipment operators, who operate the search radar and various other sensors. The 737 has hard points on the wings for torpedoes or missiles.

 

The B-737 is a more modern design than the Tu-142, and has been used successfully since the 1960s by commercial aviation. The Boeing 737 first flew in 1965, and over 5,000 have been built. The P-8A will be the first 737 designed with a bomb bay and four wing racks for weapons. The U.S. P-8 costs more, about $275 million each, because of different equipment carried.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 21:00

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May 24, 2011 defense-aerospace.com

 

(Source: Times of India; published May 23, 2011)

 

NEW DELHI --- Rejecting the carping by those ejected out of the hotly-contested $10.4 billion MMRCA (medium multi-role combat aircraft) race, most notably the US, India is going full throttle to ink the "mother of all defence deals'' by December.

 

The aim is to ensure that deliveries of the 126 fighters begin from December 2014 onwards to stem IAF's fast-eroding combat edge. Top defence sources, in fact, said plans were afoot to base the first MMRCA squadron in the western sector, most probably at Ambala, by end-2015.

 

The first 18 jets will come in "fly-away condition" from the aviation major -- only Eurofighter Typhoon (EADS) and French Rafale (Dassault) are now left in contention -- finally selected for the project.

 

Subsequent batches of the 108 fighters, to be manufactured in India by Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) after transfer of technology, will progressively be based in other operationally relevant locations, with special focus on the eastern front with China.

 

"The first fighter built in HAL should roll out in December 2016. Thereafter, HAL will deliver six jets per year, which will go up to 20 per year later. HAL will achieve 85% technology absorption by the end,'' said a source.

 

With plans clearly chalked out, MoD ruled out any scope for comebacks by the eliminated four fighters -- American F/A-18 'Super Hornet' (Boeing) and F-16 'Super Viper' (Lockheed Martin), Swedish Gripen (Saab), and Russian MiG-35 (United Aircraft Corporation).

 

With only Typhoon and Rafale left in the reckoning after the "gruelling and transparent'' technical and flying evaluation, MoD's Technical Oversight Committee (TOC) and Technical Offsets Evaluation Committee (TOEC) are now working to submit their reports soon.

 

"We should be ready to open the Typhoon and Rafale commercial bids in July,'' said the source. Thereafter, it will take another month to determine the lowest bidder (L-1) because of "huge mathematical and data verification'' of the lifecycle costs of operating the jets over a 40-year period. Commercial negotiations with the L-1 vendor will then begin before the final contract is ready for signing by December.

 

Asked about "points'' being raised by eliminated vendors, sources said only Rafale and Typhoon were found "compliant'' on all the 643-660 technical attributes or ASQRs (air staff qualitative requirements) laid down to meet IAF's specific operational requirements.

 

"Our test pilots flew 222 sorties, over 270 hours, on the six fighters in different weather conditions in India and abroad. Each vendor was informed of its jet's performance at every stage... they have no reason to complain,'' the source said.

 

But what about the crucial AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar, which is operational only on American fighters at present? MoD said the ASQRs did "not require a flying AESA radar''. Instead, vendors had to demonstrate "a baseline radar model in flight or on a test-bed, the complete working model in a lab and how it would be integrated'' on the Indian MMRCA. "Five fighters, including Rafale and Typhoon, met this requirement,'' said the source.

 

Overall, MoD and IAF are confident there are "enough safeguards'' built into the project, which include "performance-based logistics'' to ensure India "gets the best machine, spares and product support''.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 21:00

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May 23, 2011 By Jay Menon aerospace daily and defense report

 

NEW DELHI — Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony says India’s much-anticipated choice in its Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) program could occur before the end of March 2012.

 

India wants to expedite the deal in part because Pakistan is expecting a speedy delivery of 50 JF-17 aircraft, which originally were to be spread out over two years, according to defense ministry officials.

 

Pakistani Defense Minister Ahmad Mukhtar has been quoted saying that his country is seeking delivery within six months of the JF-17 Thunder single-engine multirole fighters, which were developed by China and Pakistan.

 

A Pakistan air force spokesman says the first batch of these aircraft will be handed over to Islamabad within weeks.

 

The agreement to expedite the delivery came as Pakistan’s prime minister, Yousuf Raza Gilani, held talks in Beijing on May 19. 

 

Antony has expressed discomfort over this development. “It is a matter of serious concern for us. The main thing is, we have to increase our capability — that is the only answer,” he says.

 

Last month, India short-listed the Eurofighter Typhoon and Dassault Rafale for the estimated $11 billion contract to provide 126 fighter jets (Aerospace DAILY, April 28). India rejected Boeing’s F/A-18E/F and Lockheed Martin’s F-16. Russia’s MiG-35 and Saab’s Gripen also were shut out.

 

The Indian air force is buying the MMRCA to replace its aging Soviet-era MiG-21 fighters, which date back to the 1960s.

 

“The negotiation for crucial commercial terms will begin next month,” says Michael Christie, senior vice president at BAE Systems India. BAE is part of the Eurofighter consortium, along with Alenia Aeronautica and EADS.

 

The first 18 jets will be bought in “fly-away” condition, and the remainder will be produced under license with a selected vendor in India.

 

According to sources close to the project, the government has initiated negotiations with the bidders on offset requirements. India has fixed offset obligations at 50%, requiring that half of the deal’s worth be reinvested in Indian industry.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 17:00

 

2011-05-23 (China Military News cited from voanews.com and written by William Ide)

 

During a recent week-long visit to the United States, Chen Bingde, the chief of the general staff of China's People's Liberation Army, or PLA, pressed the United States to end arms to Taiwan.  And he said some U.S. lawmakers agree with him that it is time to rethink legislation that obligates Washington to provide Taipei with defensive weapons.

 

General Chen Bingde had some pointed remarks about U.S. arms sales to Taiwan.  Speaking on Wednesday at the National Defense University here in Washington, he called such sales the main source of friction in U.S.-China relations. "If America could put herself into our shoes, appreciate and support China's stance on Taiwan and prudently address the major sensitive issues between our two nations, the Sino-U.S. state-to-state and military-to-military relations will be able to advance in the right direction in a sound, stable and continuous manner," he said.

 

At a Pentagon press conference later that day, Chen spoke again, when asked how China might respond if the United States fulfilled Taiwan's request for advanced F-16 fighter jets.  This time, the Chinese general targeted the Taiwan Relations Act - legislation that promotes U.S. arms sales to Taiwan.

 

"Since I've arrived in the United States, I've had the opportunity to talk to some members of Congress and some of them told me that they also think that it is time for the United States to review this legislation," said Chen.

 

This is Admiral Michael Mullen, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff: "In the United States, as in China, we follow the law.  We have a law, which is the Taiwan Relations Act, and we will continue to follow that until such time as that may change.  That's the responsibility of Congress to initiate that.  And while there may be discussions, that's not something I am aware is up in terms of a priority at this point in time," he said.

 

Beijing's opposition to the Taiwan Relations Act is not new, but some analysts say the discussion over how Washington should handle its relationship with Taiwan to improve ties with Beijing is growing.

 

Political scientist John Copper of Rhodes College in Tennessee says that until recently, China has generally has been unsuccessful in weakening the legislation.  "We've got a very different situation now, with the United States in debt with China, the United States preoccupied with wars, with debt crisis, all kinds of other issues - and not wanting to alienate China," he said.

 

Copper says the legislation gets little notice in Congress and that some scholars and former U.S. officials are arguing in favor of limiting relations with Taiwan to boost ties with China. "There is a lot of talk around to the effect that we should change our policy toward Taiwan -- not mentioning the Taiwan Relations Act specifically, but that's what it means," he said.

 

In late 2009, Bill Owens, a retired U.S. admiral and former vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff wrote in The Financial Times newspaper that U.S. arms sales to Taiwan are no longer necessary, given improving relations between Beijing and Taipei.

 

Other articles arguing for a change in U.S. policy toward Taiwan have appeared in the influential foreign policy journal, Foreign Affairs.

 

China, which considers self-ruled Taiwan as a part of its territory, argues that the Taiwan Relations Act interferes in its internal affairs.  But Taiwan officials say arms sales help improve the balance of power in their negotiations with China.

 

Analyst John Copper says ending arms sales to Taiwan would be hotly debated in Congress and would raise questions abroad about America's commitment to democracy. "If Taiwan were simply let go by the United States, then what would we say about a mandate to push democratization elsewhere.  That would be undermined to a large extent.  And we are promoting that now, especially in the Middle East," he said.

 

Analyst Jonathan Pollack at the Washington-based Brookings Institution says that it seems unlikely that any push to modify the Taiwan Relations Act would gain momentum in Congress. "Clearly, the Chinese are looking for signs of restraint in what we do.  But restraint is going to be dictated by, as much as anything else, Chinese actions and policies - more than what the Congress does or does not decide to do," he said.

 

In addition to criticizing the Taiwan Relations Act, General Chen said that China's response to U.S. arms sales to Taiwan would depend on the nature of the weapons sold to the island.

 

Jonathan Pollack says that remark is significant. "It was not a kind of a categorical, any arms sales are absolutely illegitimate and unacceptable or something of that sort, which in theory he could have said, but chose not to.  So I don't know whether it indicates some flexibility, it may indicate some realism on the part of Chinese officials that some things will go through," he said.

 

Whether the two sides reached some kind of understanding, Pollack says, is unclear.  What is clear is that China's flexibility might be put to the test soon, if the United States approves Taiwan's request for F-16 fighter jets.  That request is under review.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 17:00

 

May 23, 2011 LIVEFIST

 

Rare photos of the 2009-2010 development sea trials of (from top) India's two principal underwater weapon development programmes -- the Torpedo-Advanced Light (TAL) and the Varunastra heavyweight high speed torpedo, developed by the Naval Science & Tech Laboratory (NSTL) in Visakhapatnam. After several stops and starts, the Varunastra is to enter its user trial phase with the Indian Navy this year, while Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL), India's principal state-owned missile manufacturer, will begin delivering the first of 25 TALs to the Navy shortly.

 

 

Little is known about either programme, mostly because that's the way the government has wanted it. Scant bits of literature (sometimes inadvertent) suggests that technologies involves in both or either of the torpedo programmes include sea water actuated / silver zinc propulsion packages, contra-rotating motor and propellers, proximity sensors, HE warheads, composite material construction, stepless speed control, fibre optic guidance, floating recorder and transmitter (FRAT), noise cancellation techniques and low noise FRP propellers.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 17:00

 

May 23, 2011 brahmand.com

 

KALININGRAD (BNS): Russia’s Yantar shipyard will float out Indian Navy’s third Talwar-class guided missile frigate, INS Trikand, on Wednesday.

 

The new class of warship, being built at the Baltic Shipyard in Kaliningrad, under Project 11356, will be launched in the presence of high level Indian and Russian defence and other officials, according to Rus Navy.

 

The Yantar shipyard was awarded a $1.6 billion contract in 2006 to build three modified Talwar class (known as Krivak III class in Russia) guided missile frigates for the Indian Navy.

 

It had floated out the first warship, INS Teg, in November 2009. The vessel entered sea trials in March this year. The second vessel – INS Tarkash – was launched in June, 2010.

 

The new class of frigates has been designed to accomplish a wide range of missions, primarily finding and eliminating enemy submarines and large surface ships.

 

With a displacement of 4,000 tons and speeds of 30 knots, the new frigate will be armed with BRAHMOS supersonic cruise missiles.

 

Each warship will also be equipped with a 100-mm gun, a Shtil air defence system, two Kashtan air defence gun/missile systems, two twin 533-mm torpedo tubes, and an anti-submarine warfare helicopter.

 

Russia expects to deliver all three frigates to the Indian Navy in 2011-2012.

 

Indian Navy presently operates three Talwar class frigates – INS Talwar, INS Tabar and INS Trishul – which were handed over to it by Russia in 2003-2004 under a 1997 contract.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 12:30

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Chinese ASN-215 UAV System

 

2011-05-22(China Military News cited from thehindu.com and written by Ananth Krishnan)

 

China is expanding domestic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), or "drone", industry.

 

The programme's success was easier to spot in Beijing this week, where Chinese companies displayed a range of domestically-developed UAVs at an exhibition on police equipment and anti-terrorism technology.

 

Once reluctant to discuss the state of development of the country's home-grown "drones", Chinese authorities are increasingly showcasing the industry's rapid progress, as well as looking for foreign markets.

 

At last year's air-show in Zhuhai, foreign observers were left stunned by 25 UAVs that were displayed, at stages of development far more advanced than earlier thought.

 

"The Zhuhai display showed substantial variations in Chinese capabilities, and indicates that their science and technology, as well as research and development, is quite phenomenal in this area," said Srikanth Kondapalli, professor of Chinese studies and an expert on the Chinese military at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU).

 

In Beijing this week, industry representatives were bullish about the UAV industry, suggesting a significant expansion was on the cards. Representatives of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), one of China's biggest UAV manufacturers, said UAVs would play a bigger role in China's anti-terrorism missions.

 

While the drones are being designed primarily for anti-terrorism, their use has also been expanded to border reconnaissance, particularly over the Taiwan Straits, still a focus of China's military interests.

 

UAVs "will be useful for reconnaissance along border areas, where natural conditions are inhospitable," Li Wei, director of the anti-terrorism research center at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), an official think-tank in Beijing, told the State-run China Daily in a recent interview.

 

The drones are dual-use — they will also be deployed for civilian purposes. Beijing police officials said at the symposium they would consider using UAVs in emergencies, and also to monitor traffic.

 

But it is China's military programme that has received most attention.

 

Also on display this week were drones with domestically-designed weapon platforms.

 

For a programme that was only launched a decade ago, growth has been rapid. Ten years ago, China was reliant on Israel for its supply of Heron UAVs. However, American concerns over their deployment in the Taiwan Straits subsequently forced China to seek alternatives.

 

The first domestically-produced UAV was unveiled only four years ago, at the previous Zhuhai air-show.

 

Recently, the UAVs have been "used substantially in Tibet and Xinjiang," Mr. Kondapalli said. "Since the number one national security threat number is the Three Evils [terrorism, separatism and religious extremism], they are providing real-time information to the government on the ground, whether any Al-Qaeda operatives are sneaking into Kashgar [near Xinjiang's western border]."

 

The drones are also useful for border surveillance. China's biggest drone, the ASN-229 A, has a 2,000 km operating radius, and is directed by satellite.

 

China's success, Mr. Kondapalli said, "would impact India's own thinking process," with the country still reliant on Israeli UAVs.

 

Underscoring the widening gap in capabilities across the border, the recent sightings by the ITBP could not be documented with certainty, given the lack of sophisticated equipment in many outposts in India's border regions.

 

The personnel of the ITBP patrol with rudimentary equipment. When they looked skyward, they had no high-tech surveillance tools to turn to — they only had binoculars for company.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 12:30

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Like a giant upward catapult, the Ejection Seat Trainer (EST) propels pilots skywards at 4Gs to help them master the correct posture for ejection. (photo : Cyberpioneer)

 

May 23, 2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

Extreme speed and altitude does strange things to the human body, as I found out during a visit to the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) Aeromedical Centre (ARMC) and Flight Simulation Centre (FSC) recently.

While this would not worry land-lubbers like me, they are real everyday concerns to RSAF pilots. For example, pilots turning at speed while executing aggressive airborne manoeuvres are subject to extreme gravitational forces. These G-forces make them prone to blacking-out due to what aeromedical experts call "gravity-induced loss of consciousness" (GLOC).

To combat GLOC, pilots are taught to execute the Anti-G Straining Manoeuvre, which requires the pilot to tense muscles and take short breaths to prevent blood in the head and torso from flowing into the body's lower extremities, in order to maintain consciousness.

This is where the Human Training Centrifuge (HTC) housed in the ARMC comes in: it replicates the G-forces which a fighter pilot has to endure in a safe and controlled environment. Sitting in a circular structure, the HTC is anchored on one end to the floor. From that anchor, which is also its turning axis, a 7.5m arm extends outwards before ending in a gondola where a pilot undergoing training would sit.

The machine takes just a few seconds to hit 9Gs and that is the magic number when it comes to flying fighter aircraft as it is also the maximum amount of G-force which most pilots will ever encounter. All RSAF fighter pilots are required to return to the HTC once every three years to experience 9Gs for a maximum of 15 seconds, in order to continue flying. In comparison, a roller-coaster generates 4Gs at most.

The advanced Spatial Disorientation Trainer trains pilots to trust their aircraft instruments rather than rely on their own senses during flight. (photo : Cyberpioneer)


For an idea of how that feels, imagine a weight nine times your own body weight acting on every inch of your body. "At 9Gs, every movement becomes significantly more strenuous because the pilot has to fight the weight acting on him and still control the aircraft," said Major (MAJ) (Dr) Timothy Teoh from the ARMC.


In addition, the lack of oxygen at extreme altitudes can turn pilots, otherwise known for their sharp reflexes, into clumsy clods. As part of their once-in-three-years refresher, the pilots experience dulled reflexes and cognitive ability when exposed to atmospheric conditions replicating those at 25,000 ft (7,620m) in the ARMC's hypobaric chamber. Simple arithmetic usually solved in mere seconds are met with puzzled looks on the pilots' faces under these conditions, and a child's hand-clapping game becomes a farce as pilots miss each other's hands by a mile.

Though these symptoms are amusing to watch, hypoxia's effects on pilots are insidious. "The untrained person would not even know it when he or she is suffering the effects of hypoxia," said MAJ (Dr) Teoh.

The HTC is designed to let pilots experience the massive G-Forces they have to endure during aggressive aerial manoeuvres in a safe yet realistic environment. (photo : Cyberpioneer)

 
Luckily, there are physical sensations which hint at the onset of hypoxia; such as numbness and light-headedness. "Every individual reacts to hypoxia differently, which is why it is important for the pilots to come to the Hypobaric Chamber and learn to recognise the onset of hypoxia," said MAJ (Dr) Teoh. The pilots also go through the latest safety drills at the same time.

Imagine having to turn when your every inch of your body is convinced that the turn will lead to a crash. This is where RSAF fighter pilots exercise supreme discipline, controlling their aircraft based on what their in-flight instruments indicate, rather than what their own senses tell them.

The Advanced Spatial Disorientation Trainer is what the RSAF uses to remind its pilots to trust their instruments. It is a full-motion flight simulator to create actual in-flight conditions, training aircrew in procedures and techniques that enable them to recognise and address problems of spatial disorientation.
 

The interior of the Hypobaric Chamber at the ARMC allows pilots to recognise the symptoms of hypoxia which can impair judgement and reduce psycho-motor coordination. (photo : Cyberpioneer)


Like the HTC and Hypobaric Chamber, RSAF fighter pilots are required to re-visit the Spatial Disorientation Trainer once every three years to keep themselves up to date with the latest training doctrines.

 

According to MAJ (Dr) Teoh, pilots eject from their aircraft at speeds generating about 12Gs. In order to do so safely, they must adopt a tucked-in posture, keeping their spine straight. To learn to do that, the Ejection Seat Trainer (EST) is the machine to go to. Although it only generates about 4G, its realistic set-up means pilots can practice their ejection postures safely.

"The intention of the EST is to train our pilot on the correct posture to adopt if they should ever need to eject. That's also why we only program the simulator to do 4Gs," said MAJ (Dr) Teoh. Unlike the other three simulators, the EST is a yearly requirement for fighter pilots.
The FSC also features the Operational Flight Trainer (OFT), a dual-seat cockpit simulator equipped with an exact replica of the cockpit of the F-16D fighter aircraft.

I took my seat at the front and behind me was Captain (CPT) Quek Kwan Yi, a flight instructor from 140 Squadron. While he took control of the aircraft during its take-off, he soon handed the controls to me.

Cyberpioneer journalist Hong Tat trying his hand in the F-16C/D fighter aircraft Operational flight Trainer. It wasn't easy, as he found out. (Cyberpioneer)

 

Very quickly, I realised that the controls were more sensitive than I thought they would be: an imperceptible nudge to the left on the stick translated to a full left turn by the aircraft. A few more yanks at trying to rectify my error later, I found myself flying upside-down. I suspect CPT Quek was chuckling at the back at my ineptitude but I was too pre-occupied with levelling the aircraft to bother.


After a bumpy landing, we went to the nearby Instructor Operating Station where I learnt that the OFT is an ultra-realistic simulator system which can generate up to 200 enemy forces for tactical scenarios to test the pilot's reactivity and adaptability to unpredictable situations.


I was feeling good about myself until the instructor, who had been generating the scenario which I was flying in a few minutes earlier, casually mentioned that I was flying in a zero wind-speed environment - one of the easiest scenarios to fly in.


Ego properly deflated, I am convinced that flying should be left to people who didn’t have two left feet like me. If you think you can do better, visit the RSAF Open House 2011 at Paya Lebar Air Base from 28 to 29 May, where you'll be able to catch a ride in the OFT!


(Cyberpioneer)
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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 11:30

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/F-16CJ_Fighting_Falcon.jpg

 

22 May 2011 DefenseNews AFP

 

TAIPEI - Taiwan on May 22 said it was still pursuing its bid to buy eight submarines and dozens of F-16 fighters from the United States despite warming relations with China.

 

The Taipei-based China Times reported that Taiwan had decided to accept a U.S. proposal of just four conventional submarines to help expedite the arms deal, which has been in limbo since 2001.

 

"The report is not true. The country's position to seek [eight] diesel-powered submarines and F-16C/Ds has never changed," Taiwan's defense ministry said in a statement.

 

"The deal is still in the U.S. government's screening process. The ministry will keep pushing for the deal so as to meet Taiwan's self-defense demands."

 

In April 2001, President George W. Bush approved the sale of eight conventional submarines to Taiwan as part of Washington's most comprehensive arms package to the island since 1992.

 

Since then, there has been little progress as the United States has not built conventional submarines for more than 40 years, and Germany and Spain had reportedly declined to offer their designs for fear of offending China.

 

Taiwan also applied to the U.S. government to buy 66 F-16 fighters in early 2007, but observers say Washington has held up the deal for fear of angering Beijing.

 

The Taiwanese defense ministry's statement came after a week-long visit to the United States by the People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff Gen. Chen Bingde.

 

Chen said the main source of friction was over Taiwan and renewed his objection to any U.S. arms sales to the island, which China still regards as part of its territory awaiting reunification by force if necessary even though Taiwan has governed itself since 1949.

 

The United States in January 2010 approved a $6.4 billion arms package to Taiwan, prompting a furious Beijing to halt military exchanges and security talks with Washington.

 

Washington switched its diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing in 1979, but has remained a leading arms supplier to Taiwan.

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23 mai 2011 1 23 /05 /mai /2011 06:00

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May 23, 2011 by LIVEFIST

 

A test-firing of India's Astra beyond visual range air-to-air missile on May 20 failed, according to a report in The Hindu newspaper. The report quotes Dr Avinash Chander, the DRDO's chief controller for missiles as saying, "A snag developed during a manoeuvre. The missile lost control after it reached a certain height. A team is analysing the data." The missile was test-fired again the next day, May 21, and is reported to have met all parameters. Found this Astra schematics slide in my files. Pretty sure I haven't posted it before:


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22 mai 2011 7 22 /05 /mai /2011 11:30

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May 21, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST

 

DRDO Statement: A successful flight test of the Rustom-1 UAV was conducted at around 12 noon on 21st May 2011. It was the second successful flight of "Rustom 1" being developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a DRDO lab engaged in pioneering R&D work in the field of aeronautics. The "Rustom 1" has an endurance of 14 hrs. and altitude ceiling of 8000 meters. Rustom 1 has been achieved by converting a manned aircraft in to a UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) by removing pilot seat and making required electrical, mechanical and aerodynamic modifications. The test flight was conducted at the airfield belonging to the M/s Taneja Aerospace (TAAL) located near Hosur. Many improvements have been carried outs since the last flight, in terms of piloting, landing, taxiing etc. The flight was a precursor to the flight with payloads as required by the Services. The complete sequence of events went off well to the total satisfaction of the scientists and technical personnel of the Bangalore's Aeronautical Development Establishment who have developed the UAV. Lt Col Thappa from the Army was the external pilot for total mission flight who had no difficulty for control of the vehicle.

 

Dr Prahlada, Chief controller Research and Development (Aeronautics Programs), informed that with the successful accurate flying of Rustom 1 today, ADE is geared up for integration of payloads with the Aircraft within next three months, to demonstrate performance of payloads and necessary secure data-link to the users.

 

Here's a vid of the Rustom-1's first flight in October last year.

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22 mai 2011 7 22 /05 /mai /2011 06:00

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg/800px-Flag_of_India.svg.png

 

21 May 2011 Defense News AFP

 

NEW DELHI - India views with "serious concern" growing defense ties between China and Pakistan, and says it will have to bolster its own military capabilities to meet the challenge.

 

"It is a matter of serious concern for us. The main thing is we have to increase our capability - that is the only answer," Defence Minister A.K. Antony told reporters in New Delhi on May 20.

 

The comments followed reports China plans to accelerate supply of 50 new JF-17 Thunder multi-role combat jets to Pakistan under a co-production pact.

 

Antony added safe havens for militants in Pakistan is another "main concern" for New Delhi and told Islamabad to "disband and destroy" all guerrilla outfits if it "sincerely" wants to improve relations with India.

 

The killing by U.S. commandos of Osama bin Laden, who was hiding out near the Pakistani capital Islamabad, has "internationally stamped the nation's position as the core of terrorist activities in the South Asian region," he said.

 

India has long accused Pakistan of providing shelter and support to militant groups planning attacks on Indian soil and has pushed the global community - the United States in particular - to censure Pakistan.

 

Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan have fought three wars since attaining independence in 1947, two of them over the disputed territory of Kashmir.

 

Antony declined to comment on remarks by senior Indian military leaders that India has the capability to launch a strike like the one the U.S. carried out in Pakistan to kill bin Laden.

 

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said India would not undertake such a strike.

 

But a leaked diplomatic cable published earlier in the week quoted India's home minister as saying in 2009 that India would have to respond to another attack on its soil by Pakistan-based militants.

 

Discussing the prospect of another raid after the Mumbai 2008 assault which killed 166 people, home minister P. Chidambaram said, "The people of India will expect us to respond," according to the WikiLeaks website.

 

Antony added that India may sign a contract to buy 126 fighter jets for its air force by the end of March 2012.

 

"This fiscal [year] ends on March 31, 2012. The deal can happen before that," Antony said.

 

Last month, India short-listed France's Dassault Aviation SA and European consortium Eurofighter GmbH for the contract. The deal, estimated at $10 billion, is considered the biggest of its kind globally in the past 15 years.

 

India has allocated 1.64 trillion rupees ($3.6 trillion) for the defense sector in the fiscal year through March, up from 1.47 trillion last year.

 

The budget is nearly double the 890 billion rupees in the 2006-07 year.

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22 mai 2011 7 22 /05 /mai /2011 06:00

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21 mai 2011 par Daniel Favre INFO-AVIATION

 

Selon un rapport de l’ONU, Pyongyang et Téhéran ont échangé des procédés technologiques sur les missiles « par l’intermédiaire d’un pays tiers voisin ». Certains observateurs estiment qu’il pourrait s’agir de la Chine.

 

Les auteurs de ce rapport sur les violations des sanctions imposées à Pyongyang, dont l’AFP s’est procurée des extraits, soupçonnent que « des pièces entrant dans la conception de missiles balistiques interdits ont été transférées entre la République démocratique populaire de Corée et la République islamique d’Iran sur des vols commerciaux d’Air Koryo et d’Iran Air ».

 

Air Koryo et Iran Air sont les compagnies aériennes nationales de la Corée du Nord et de l’Iran, deux pays frappés de sanctions par l’ONU en raison de leur programme nucléaire.

 

La Corée du Nord aurait notamment eu recours à des avions cargo grâce à des mesures de sécurité moins sévères, affirme le rapport.

 

Préparé par un groupe de sept experts, le rapport précise que le matériel interdit est passé via « un pays tiers voisin » non nommé.

 

Selon des diplomates, il s’agit de la Chine, le plus proche allié de la Corée du Nord. Pékin a notamment persuadé le membre chinois du groupe d’experts de ne pas signer le rapport, selon le New York Times.

 

« Il va certainement y avoir d’âpres discussions sur ce rapport cette semaine », a confié un diplomate s’exprimant sous couvert d’anonymat. Il doit être examiné mardi et ne peut être publié qu’après accord unanime des 15 membres du conseil de sécurité, dont la Chine est membre permanent.

 

Le groupe de travail d’experts a été mis sur pied pour veiller à la mise en oeuvre de deux séries de sanctions du Conseil de sécurité contre la Corée du Nord en raison de son programme nucléaire. La Chine avait déjà bloqué en février un précédent rapport préconisant des sanctions supplémentaires contre Pyongyang.

 

La réaction iranienne

 

L’Iran a démenti le 17 mai tout échange de savoir-faire technologique en matière de missiles balistiques avec la Corée du Nord, qualifiant les informations contenues dans un récent rapport de l’ONU de « propagande ». « Nous avons toujours démenti (…) la propagande concernant la coopération entre l’Iran et la Corée du Nord sur le transfert de la technologie des missiles balistiques », a déclaré le porte-parole du ministère iranien des Affaires étrangères Ramin Mehmanparast.

 

« Ces informations ne sont pas exactes. Notre niveau technologique est tel que nous n’avons pas besoin de la technologie ou des pièces d’autres pays en matière de missiles », a affirmé M. Mehmanparast.

 

Les Russes tempèrent

 

« Le programme de missiles balistiques nord-coréen ne représente pas de menace sérieuse », a indiqué le 20 mai le chef-adjoint de l’état-major russe Viatcheslav Kondrachov.

 

« Selon les données de l’état-major, le programme de missiles balistiques de la Corée du Nord ne constitue pas une menace grave. Les missiles de type Taepodong (nord-coréens – ndlr) n’ont pas de troisième étage et d’ogive nucléaire. Mais le niveau technologique de la Corée du Nord ne lui permet pas de construire ces éléments », a déclaré M.Kondrachov lors d’une conférence consacrée au bouclier antimissile européen.

 

« Les essais du nouveau missile BM25 Musudan n’ont pas été proprement confirmés. Alors, la RDPC ne possède que des missiles aux ogives conventionnelles », a fait remarquer le responsable.

 

La réaction chinoise

 

De son côté, la Chine a appelé le 17 mai à « saisir l’occasion » de reprendre les pourparlers à Six (Chine, Russie, Etats-Unis, Japon et les 2 Corées) sur le dossier nucléaire nord-coréen.

 

« Au vu des changements positifs intervenus, nous espérons que les parties impliquées saisiront cette opportunité pour adopter des mesures concrètes en vue d’accélérer la reprise des négociations », a indiqué à Pékin la porte-parole du ministère chinois des Affaires étrangères, Jiang Yu.

 

La porte-parole a toutefois refusé de commenter le récent rapport confidentiel de l’ONU selon lequel la Corée du Nord et l’Iran auraient, en violation des sanctions internationales, procédé à des échanges de technologies en matière de missiles balistiques.

 

« La Chine a toujours soutenu la dénucléarisation de la péninsule coréenne et prône le maintien de la paix et de la stabilité en Asie du Nord-est », a-t-elle annoncé. « Nous entretenons des contacts avec toutes les parties concernées ».

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21 mai 2011 6 21 /05 /mai /2011 11:30

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May 20th, 2011  DEFENSETECH

 

Here’s some serious Friday gun-porn for you. It’s a close up picture of the ten-barreled Gatling gun Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) installed on China’s nearly complete aircraft carrier Shi Lang (ex-Soviet Varyag). To put things in perspective the U.S. Navy’s Phalanx CIWS gun has only six barrels.

 

The new gun is based on China’s older, seven-barreled, Type 730 system capable of firing 5,800 rounds per minute.

Keep in mind that this isn’t the only point-defense system being installed on the Shi Lang. A couple of weeks ago we published pictures of the ship outfitted with what appears to be at least one Rolling Airframe Missile launcher (it also looks like there’s one covered by a tarp in the lower right of the picture below). These missile-based air defense weapon many think is more effective than the Gatling guns which have limited range and stopping power. These modern air defenses combined with a new phased array radar will apparently be copied by the Russian’s who say Shi Lang’s old sister ship the Admiral Kuznetzov when it is modernized in the coming years.

 

 

Well done to the fellas over at China Defense Blog for spotting this.

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