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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 13:00

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2011-05-19(China Military News cited from intoday.in)

 

Indian Army chief General V.K. Singh has presented a three-pronged strategy to counter China's growing presence in the Tibet Autonomous Region and its recent activities in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).

 

The proposal came at a recent meeting with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh that was attended by the army chief as well as top bosses of the security establishment.

 

Singh pitched for a dedicated mountain strike corps, significant enhancement in the army's tactical airlift capability and improvement in the border infrastructure.

 

The army had long been pushing for the proposal, which were caught in a bureaucratic cobweb. The move follows inputs from intelligence agencies that China has continued upgrading its border infrastructure.

 

The army wants the proposals cleared soon as it is concerned over the growing nexus between Pakistan and China in the northern areas of Gilgit and Baltistan.

 

After strengthening its position on the line of actual control, China is now trying to develop a commanding presence closer to the line of control between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir. China has been given access to PoK by Islamabad to take up infrastructure projects in a big way. China's capacity to swiftly deploy a large number of troops at the border has forced the government to draw up a counter strategy.

 

The army's plan to form a mountain strike corps would be in addition to two new divisions already coming up in the north east. The three existing strike corps are based in the plains and focused on Pakistan.

 

Sources said the proposal could cost the government around Rs 12,000 crore. The focus will be on developing highly agile and flexible formations which could be mobilised rapidly.

 

The urgency to get the proposal cleared is greater as it would take years for the formation to take shape.

 

The army has also sought approval to strengthen its tactical airlift capability. It wants to have its own transport helicopters in addition to that of the Indian Air Force. Sources said the army was unimpressed with the performance of homemade advanced light helicopters.

 

The proposal also stressed the need to speed up existing border infrastructure projects and to take up new programmes like adding more airports in the north east and preparing advanced landing grounds. The Border Roads Organisation has undertaken 39 projects on the Sino-Indian border to increase connectivity.

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 12:30

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May 19, 2011 Andrew White, SHEPARD GROUP

 

UKTI Defence & Security Organisation (DSO) is 'in discussions' with various South-East Asian militaries to upgrade their Lynx helicopters for the maritime environment, according to a senior official.

 

Speaking to Shephard at the International Maritime Defence Exhibition (IMDEX) in Singapore, Keith Smith, UKTI DSO Regional Director East described how a number of Lynx-operating nations were 'seriously' considering such upgrades particularly in the realm of anti-submarine warfare (ASW).

 

Referring to the 33 AgustaWestland Lynx helicopters currently being operated in the region, Smith said: 'There is the potential to re-role these helicopters for different uses and quite a few Lynx operators in the region are seriously looking at the evolution of Lynx and Wildcat and ASW.

 

'Merlin ASW is a capable and very attractive, new generation, six-ton military helicopter and Wildcat is unique in that it will be used by the [British] army and [Royal] navy and all will be “marinised”,' he continued.

 

Existing Lynx users in the region include the Republic of Korea Navy which has 12 Super Lynx Mk 99 and 13 Super Lynx Mk 99A aircraft; the Royal Malaysian Navy which has six Super Lynx Mk 100s; and the Royal Thai Navy with two Super Lynx 300s.

 

'Discussions are ongoing but I cannot comment further,' Smith added. 'The UK is committed to 62 airframes so potentially, it would be very attractive for other nations to piggy back on the back of that.

 

'All potential deals are bespoke. Economics and throughlife costs savings are common throughout. I see a scenario where quite a small number of platforms generate a long term pattern of benefit for the local economy. To be able to  maintain and operate [helicopter assets] under their own steam, there has to be a certain degree of technology transfer,' he said.

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 12:30

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May 19, 2011 by Carlos Hamann ASDNews AFP

 

WASHINGTON - A top Chinese general said Wednesday his country was ready to bolster military ties with the United States but warned that Washington's arms sales to Taiwan remained a stumbling block. In a week-long visit to the United States, People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff Chen Bingde struck a mostly conciliatory tone, saying his country had no plans to take on the US military in the Pacific. "I can tell you China does not have the capability to challenge the United States," Chen told a joint news conference with his US counterpart, Admiral Mike Mullen.

 

In the first trip to the United States by a PLA chief of staff in seven years, US officials hoped the visit will help pave the way for better defense ties that have been repeatedly cut off by Beijing. "We share a broad consensus on some major issues. Certainly we also disagree on some other issues," Chen said through an interpreter. Chen acknowledged that the main source of friction was over Taiwan. When asked by a reporter if US weapons sales to Taiwan would affect military ties between the two economic powers, Chen said: "My answer is affirmative. It will.""As to how bad the impact will be, it will depend on the nature of the weapons sold to Taiwan," he said. The general said the arms sales amounted to US meddling in the "domestic" affairs of another country, an approach that he described as "hegemonic."

 

In a speech earlier, he made a pointed reference to Abraham Lincoln, president during the 1861-1865 US civil war, for "defending American sovereignty and territorial integrity." Chen said that in his talks with US lawmakers, some members of Congress agreed that it was time to repeal legislation that calls for arms sales to Taiwan. China suspended defense ties last year with the United States after Washington announced more than $6 billion in weapons sales to Taiwan. Beijing considers Taiwan -- where the mainland's defeated nationalists fled in 1949 -- to be a territory awaiting reunification

 

For his part, Mullen said there were no plans to halt the arms sales as they were mandated by US law. "As long as that law remains in effect, certainly we will follow it," he said. The two countries' views were "not always aligned" but more contacts between officers in both armies would help avoid misunderstandings, Mullen said. The military chiefs, in a statement issued a day after talks held on Tuesday, said they had agreed to communicate through a US-China telephone hotline and to hold joint counter-piracy exercises in the Gulf of Aden. The two officers also pledged to hold more military exchanges. "It has always been my view that we can't afford to wait until we are in a crisis before we start to understand each other," Mullen said.

 

Chen, in his speech at National Defense University in Washington, sought to reassure an audience of American officers about China's military buildup amid concerns that Beijing is seeking to roll back American influence in the Pacific. "The world does not need to worry about, let alone fear, China's growth," he said. China "never intends to challenge the US" and welcomes its role in the Asia-Pacific region, he said. While China's military had improved markedly in recent years, it still lags far behind the United States, Chen said. The general said there was still "a 20-year gap" between China's military and western powers, and bemoaned the vast difference in equipment and training between the Chinese and US navies. Chen said he had extended an invitation to his counterpart, Admiral Mullen, to pay a similar visit to China. When US Defense Secretary Robert Gates paid a high-profile visit to Beijing in January, the Chinese military upstaged Gates with an inaugural test flight of the country's J-20 stealth fighter.

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 12:30

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19/05/11 By Greg Waldron Flight International

 

The Royal New Zealand Air Force has unveiled three new AgustaWestland AW109 light utility helicopters, which will replace its Bell 47 Sioux for pilot training.

 

"The arrival of the AW109 is a significant and exciting step in the upgrade and replacement of the air force's rotary and fixed-wing platforms," Air Vice Marshal Peter Stockwell, chief of the air force, says.

 

"This will see the RNZAF equipped with the capability necessary to operate even more effectively and efficiently," he adds.

 

The primary role of the AW109s will be to prepare pilots for the air force's NH Industries NH90 transports or the navy's Kaman Aerospace SH-2G Seasprites.

 

Aside from training, the new aircraft will also be used in a light utility role to support other military services and government agencies.

 

The AW109s feature a glass cockpit and retractable undercarriage. They will be based at Air Force Base Ohakea on New Zealand's north island.

 

New Zealand will acquire two more AW109s.

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 12:30

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May 18, 2011, Josy Joseph, THE TIMES OF INDIA

 

NEW DELHI: The government is moving swiftly to mollify the American establishment that is deeply upset over rejection of both their fighter aircraft from the $10 billion MMRCA (medium multirole combat aircraft) contract for the Indian Air Force. Among the steps being taken is a decision to significantly increase the order for C-17 Globemaster-III strategic airlift aircraft from Boeing from the present projection of 10. TOI had first reported about the C-17 deal on May 13.

 

Besides, the Army is moving quickly to conclude a $1 billion purchase of ultra light howitzer guns in a couple of months. An Army quality assurance team is in the US for final leg of assessments.

 

Sources said the American side has been told about India's interest to continue with FMS (foreign military sales) government-to-government deals as well as the decision to look at "significantly larger" order for C-17 aircraft. "Ultimately, the total C-17 purchase could be very close to the MMRCA deal," a source said.

 

He said the Americans were "told" at various levels about India's desire to look at purchasing five to seven more C-17 aircraft. If India were to buy seven more C-17s, then the total deal value would be well over $7 billion. Already, the IAF has a purchase order for 10 of these aircraft.

 

The MMRCA contract for 126 fighters in which both Boeing's F-18 and Lockheed Martin's F-16 were rejected a few days ago is worth approximately $10 billion.

 

The Cabinet Committee on Security is expected to approve IAF's original projection for 10 of these transport aircraft, pegged at over $4 billion. The proposed five-to-seven more aircraft "would be approved over the next few months", sources said. Work on increasing the C-17 order is already underway. Among the security agencies set to acquire the massive military aircraft is Aviation Research Centre, the external intelligence agency RAW's aviation arm. Given its capability to airdrop over 100 commandos, C-17s would also be acquired for improving Special Forces capabilities outside of the military, sources said.

 

Meanwhile, the Army has dispatched a team to the US to carry out quality assurance assessments of maintenance and other technical specifications of M777, the ultra light howitzers manufactured by BAE Systems US and which is proposed to be acquired for deployment in mountains.

 

Once the team returns, "it wouldn't take much time to conclude the deal", sources said, adding that a June-end deadline was being looked at. He also hinted that this order too could go up, now that the government is expected to approve Army's recommendation to raise a dedicated mountain strike corps for China border.

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 11:30

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May 19, 2011 by Shiv Aroor LIVEFIST

 

In 2005, the typically circumspect-in-public Dassault Aviation had this to say about the Rafale losing to the Boeing F-15 for a Singapore air force contract: "Bamboo always leans the way it's pushed the hardest." It took solace in the fact that its "status of finalist at Singapore proves that [the Rafale] has every chance of becoming an export success". It was a contest in which the Rafale notably pipped the Eurofighter to the final round.

 

The Rafale and Eurofighter have competed for several contracts, but India's $12-billion M-MRCA fighter competition is perhaps the first competitive tender in which the two find themselves in a two-horse final. The deal also happens to be the largest single contract that either has ever competed for.

 

The identity of both airplane programmes was born from the famously acrimonious exit of France in 1985 from the collaborative European venture that finally spawned the Eurofighter. And for two airplanes with comparable ancestry and similar design philosophies, the Rafale and Typhoon have inevitably had a journey peppered with mutual hostility. In the last two weeks since the downselect that pushed both aircraft into the M-MRCA final, hostility has been mostly covert. But it hasn't always been like that. Most recently, EADS had this to say, describing the Typhoon's air show performances at Aero India 2011: "Two impressive air displays to show its power, agility and short take off and landing run. Not like the French Rafale - forced to use the spare aircraft after the first one failed the pre-take off checks and that cut its display short probably for some issue also with the second aircraft - the EF at Aero India was without any problems, confirming the 'traditional' reliability of the system when deployed also so far from the main base."

 

In May 2008, Eurofighter said pretty much the same at the ILA Berlin show: "As the world’s most advanced swing-role combat system flexed its muscles, the aircrew of our competitors, Rafale and Gripen, could only stand next to their parked jets in the static display area and admire the show."

 

Things really came to a head, however, during the Dubai air show in November 2009, when Eurofighter accused Dassault of feeding the online media with information about how the Rafale had cut the Typhoon to ribbons in simulated engagements over UAE. "The fact that these reports are unofficial," noted Eurofighter a few months later, "could be a sign of our French competitor frustration in not having signed the much anticipated contract with UAE or possibly even to fulfill a basic need to develop positive stories about the currently unexported fighter." The consortium went on to assert that the stories were false simply because the Rafales and Typhoons "worked together on the same team".

 

The lenghthy rebuttal ended with Eurofighter asserting that "throughout the exercise Typhoon was always carrying a greater payload than Rafale, Typhoon always came into the fight above Rafale and Typhoon take off performance was always more stunning than Rafale - all fully as expected."

 

A report [PDF] titled The Industrial and Economic Benefits of Eurofighter Typhoon by one Professor Keith Hartley at York University's Centre for Defence Economics (commissioned by the Eurofighter PR & Communications Office, Munich) notes in one part: "Eurofighter has provided a ranking of rival aircraft in terms of cost and combat effectiveness. This ranking shows that for similar cost, Typhoon is more combat effective than Rafale, JSF, F-15E and F/A-18E; the F-16 and Su-35 are cheaper but considerably less capable; and only the F/A-22 is superior to Typhoon on combat performance, but at considerably higher cost. One study reported that in simulated combat against a Su-35, the F-22 shoots down 10 for every one of its own losses; Eurofighter just under half (some 4.5 Su-35s for every Typhoon); and Rafale was next best which lost one for one."

 

While the American F/A-18 and F-16 were still in the competition, the two European twin-engines had enough on their plates not to train guns at each other, at least too directly. The MiG-35 and Gripen were never real threats as far as either was concerned in the competition. But with all four eliminated, the floor is well and truly open for war. Since the April elimination, there's been mostly shadow play, the usual. Nothing explicit. Nothing out in the open. Things are still delicate. And there are still a large number of questions about how the two-horse situation has been arrived at at all. It's probably typical that despite the competition and the huge number of comparisons, there are no convincing answers about which is a better aircraft. So I'm putting this question out there, and inviting you to share your thoughts: Typhoon vs Rafale - Which aircraft makes better sense for India and why? Vote below, and comment with your opinion.

 

Eurofighter vs Rafale: Which airplane suits India better?

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 08:00

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May 19, 2011 Andrew White, SHEPARD GROUP

 

Singapore - Singapore Technologies Engineering (STE) has unveiled the latest product in its family of unmanned systems with designs for a fuel cell powered Mini-UAV.

 

Speaking to Shephard at the International Maritime Defence Exhibition (IMDEX) in Singapore, STE officials said they had begun development of the UAV earlier in the year. The pair is also developing the Skyblade III and IV UAVs as well as a VTOL solution called Fan Tail.

 

Designed in collaboration with DSO National Laboratories, the fuel cell powered mini-UAV system relies on Singapore company Aerokpak's technology which provides a 600 per cent increase in endurance when compared to STE's Skyblade III airframe.

 

According to STE, a technology demonstrator for the alternatively powered mini-UAV is expected to be completed by the end of the year and will be followed swiftly by a demonstration proving an endurance of over six hours.

 

The manpacked Skyblade III, which has been delivered in 'triple figures' to the Singapore Army since 2009, boasts a maximum endurance of around 60 minutes, company officials added.

 

As with Skyblade III, the Mini-UAV is bungee launched and comprises an electric engine. Weighing approximately 7kg, it has a 3m wingspan and total length of 1.8m. It will also be recovered using 'deep stall manoeuvre' technology with an airbag landing.

 

Meanwhile, STE said it was still conducting flight tests for its Skyblade IV UAV which it hopes to have completed by the end of the year. Officials said they hoped to hand a prototype over to the Singapore armed forces for evaluation thereafter.

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 08:00

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18 mai 2011 par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Deux équipages indiens vont se rendre en France pour se former à la mise en œuvre des sous-marins Scorpène, dont 6 exemplaires sont en construction aux chantiers navals Mazagon Docks (MDL) de Mumbai, dans le cadre du programme Project-75.

 

« Les commenceront la formation avec la marine française d’ici quelques mois. Nous espérons recevoir le 1er Scorpène en aout 2015. Chaque sous-marin aura un équipage de seulement 36 marins, parce que le sous-marin est très automatisé, » a indiqué un responsable. Comme la flotte sous-marine indienne est descendue à seulement 14 sous-marins, la marine souhaite que le projet Scorpène, qui a connu une forte augmentation de cout et un retard de 3 ans, ne souffre d’aucun nouveau glissement.

 

MDL, comme le concepteur français DCNS, se dit cependant confiant que le Projet soit sur les rails. « Le 1er Scorpène ser mis à l’eau en 2013, et il sera prêt pour l’admission au service en aout 2015, après des essais complets à quai et en mer, » a indiqué un haut-responsable de DCNS.

 

« L’objectif est de livrer le 6è sous-marin en 2018, soit un rythme de un sous-marin tous les 9 mois après le 1er en 2015. Les 3è et 4è sous-marins sont déjà en construction à MDL, » a précisé le responsable.

 

Référence : Times of India (Inde)

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19 mai 2011 4 19 /05 /mai /2011 06:00

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18 mai 2011 par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le Siroco, un des 4 sous-marins Agosta espagnols, que la marine espagnole prévoyait de confier à la Thaïlande, afin d’éviter de payer un couteux grand carénage, continuera d’appartenir à l’Espagne. La Thaïlande, malgré son intérêt initial, a décidé d’acheter 2 sous-marins allemands, beaucoup plus petits et vieux.

 

L’Allemagne a réussi ce que l’Espagne envisageait depuis des mois : la marine allemande a vendu — pour 220 millions $ (154 millions €) — 2 vieux sous-marins U-206 à la Thaïlande, qui renonce ainsi à acheter le Siroco espagnol.

 

Le gouvernement thaïlandais n’a pas encore signé le contrat, mais selon la revue Jane’s, il pourrait le faire rapidement. Cela met ainsi fin aux espoirs de la marine espagnole de se “défaire” du Siroco.

 

La Thaïlande avait montré beaucoup d’intérêt pour l’achat du Siroco, puisqu’actuellement, elle ne dispose pas de sous-marins et que c’est une des priorités du ministère de la défense de ce pays asiatique.

 

De son côté, la marine espagnole cherchait un moyen de se “défaire” du sous-marin, afin d’éviter d’avoir à payer le grand carénage — une période d’entretien et de modernisation exhaustive de tous ses équipements afin qu’il reste opérationnel. Le cout de ce grand carénage s’élève à 25 millions €.

 

Les réductions budgétaires du ministère de la défense rendaient inévitable cette décision. Déjà, il y avait eu des problèmes pour le grand carénage du Galerna : Navantia avait suspendu les travaux parce que le ministère ne payait pas.

Plus vieux et petits que le Siroco

 

Contrairement au sous-marin espagnol, les 2 U-206 allemands ont déjà été mis en réserve en 2010 : ils ne sont plus en service dans la marine allemandes. Ce sont des sous-marins anciens, qui ont presque 40 ans de service derrière eux.

 

De plus, le Siroco est 3 fois plus gros : il déplace quelques 1.740 t en plongée, contre 500 t du sous-marin allemand, ce qui en fait l’un des sous-marins militaires les plus petits au monde.

 

Le sous-marin espagnol surpasse aussi les 2 allemands en ce qui concerne l’autonomie, la profondeur à laquelle il peut plonger, la vitesse, et l’équipage maximal — il peut embarquer 60 marins, contre 20 pour l’allemand.

 

Cependant, selon des sources militaires, la marine thaïlandaise « a choisi le moins cher qu’elle a trouvé. Il s’agit de sous-marins d’apprentissage, ils lui serviront pour constituer une expérience dans un domaine qu’ils ne connaissent absolument pas. »

 

Après cet apprentissage de l’arme sous-marine, tout semble indiquer que la Thaïlande achètera des sous-marins neufs. Navantia souhaite leur vendre ses S-80 modernes, mais l’accord avec l’Allemagne pourrait faire échouer les négociations.

 

Référence : El Confidencial Digital (Espagne)

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 22:00

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A file image of a RAAF PC-9 at East Sale.(photo : Australian Aviation)

 

18 May, 2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

The RAAF has grounded its fleet of Pilatus PC-9/A turboprop trainers after one crashed today at RAAF East Sale after a “suspected engine failure” during a routine training flight.

 

The accident, which occurred at around 3.15pm, saw the two crew – a QFI and instructor trainee from Central Flying School – eject safely “about 1 kilometre short of a runway, on the edge of the base”.

 

Base emergency personnel responded, with medics assessing the pilots as being in a stable condition before they were transferred to hospital where there are being kept for an overnight stay for X-rays and precautionary observation.

 

“As a precaution, all RAAF PC-9/A flying operations have been temporarily suspended, while the cause of the incident is fully investigated,” says a Defence Department statement.

 

“An Aviation Accident Investigation Team will be onsite at RAAF Base East Sale on Thursday 19 May to begin the investigation.”

 

This is the second engine incident and subsequent grounding to afflict the RAAF PC-9 fleet this year, after an engine fire on a 2FTS PC-9 taking off from RAAF Pearce in February.

 

(Australian Aviation)

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 22:00

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Zyvex Technologies' Vigilant/Piranha USVs (all images : Gizmag)

 

18 May, 2011 DEFENSE STUDIES

 

The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) will receive an undisclosed number of Zyvex Technologies' Vigilant USVs ahead of a proposed year-long evaluation, company officials have revealed.

According to Russell Belden, VP Advanced Composite Solutions at Zyvex, the RSN will kickstart an evaluation of the lightweight patrol vessel in October. However, he was unable to provide additional details due to a disclosure agreement with the navy.

 

 

Known as Piranha in the US, Vigilant is being marketed in Singapore by Zyvex's sister company ZyCraft. The 54-ft vessel weighs 8,400lbs, and is capable of carrying a 7.5-ton payload, Belden told Shephard. 'It is the Predator [UAV] on the water,' he said while highlighting potential missions such as counter-piracy, convoy protection, mine warfare and surveillance.


Currently, the RSN operates Rafael's Protector, Singapore Technologies Engineering's Venus and Spartan USVs- the latter comprising a collaboration between the US Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon and Radix Marine.


The USV completed a six-month programme of sea trials earlier in the year and made a
debut at the Navy League Sea Air Space exposition in Washington, DC in April. According to Zyvex, the USV can operate for 2.5nm per gallon, allowing it to travel 2,800nm without refuelling.


Built using 'carbon fibre infused with carbon nanotubes', the vessel is capable of travelling up to a maximum speed of some 45kts and has also operated with L-3's Wescam MX-10 EO/IR payload.
Comprising over 16m in length, an 11m variant is also in development which would make it compatible with the US Navy's Littoral Combat Ship programme. In addition, an 18ft version is also be considered for riverine operations, the company said.


However, it is expected that the USV will initially appear as a remotely piloted vehicle before progressing onto becoming a fully autonomous system, complete with obstacle avoidance technology.



To date, Piranha has been shown to various border patrol and customs organisations and the company said it was in discussions with 'market leaders in the USV world' for potential tie-ups in the future.


(Shephard)
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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 22:00

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18 mai 2011 par Édouard Maire info-aviation

 

Le 12 mai, le Pentagone a informé le Congrès d’une demande de la Malaisie concernant la mise à niveau de sa flotte de F/A-18D.

 

Cette commande comprendrait l’intégration de six Pod AN/ASQ-228 ATFLIR, des pièces de rechange, la formation et le soutien logistique pour un coût estimatif global de 72 millions de dollars.

 

La Malaisie possède une flotte aérienne pour le moins hétéroclite. Elle comprend des MiG-29 et des Su-30MKMs aux côtés de Boeing F/A-18D Hornets. Les MiG-29 sont en déclin, et la Malaisie pensait les supprimer en espérant que les Hornets durent un peu plus longtemps. Ces derniers ont d’ailleurs subis des mises à niveaux de leur pod de désignation qui sont réputés parmi les meilleurs du monde.

 

La demande malaisienne a été présentée par la DSCA (Defense Security Cooperation Agency) au Congrès qui doit autoriser ou non cette vente.

 

La mise à niveau doit permettre d’améliorer la nacelle FLIR des F/A-18 en y intégrant des fonctionnalités similaires à l’US Navy. Le pod LITENING de RAFAEL est déjà exploité sur les F/A-18 de l’Australie et de la Finlande.

 

Plusieurs choix sont néanmoins possibles. Si le module ATFLIR est intégré en série sur les Hornets de l’US Navy, il existe aussi le pod de désignation Sniper de Lockheed Martin qui équipe souvent les F-16, et les F/A-18 du Canada.

 

Raytheon fabrique la nacelle ATFLIR, mais le maître d’oeuvre serait Boeing (en tant que fabricant du Hornet) si un accord est signé. La mise en œuvre de cette vente nécessitera plusieurs négociations en Malaisie avant l’installation, la validation du système, et la vérification de ce système.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 22:00

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18/05/2011 DCNS

 

La 12e édition du salon IMDEX s’ouvre aujourd’hui à Singapour. Ce salon, qui réunit les plus grands maîtres d’œuvre du naval, rassemble plus de 150 sociétés différentes venues de 20 pays. 55 délégations de l’Asie-Pacifique sont également attendues.


DCNS présente entre autre la gamme des Gowind, son offre de sous-marins Andrasta et Scorpène ainsi que ses derniers concepts innovants (ADVANSEA et SMX-25) lancés à l’occasion du salon Euronaval 2010.

 

Dans le même temps, le BPC Mistral est en escale à Singapour pour l’évènement. L’occasion pour le Groupe d’organiser des visites du navire pour les invités d’honneur du salon.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 20:30

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May 18, 2011 Yang Lanchao, Li Jiangtao / PLA Daily – defpro.com

 

To meet requirements of information security, an armored regiment of the Beijing Military Area Command (MAC) of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) introduced the network operation mode of "diskless computer." Under the mode, the 180-plus computers in the computer rooms of all the companies in the regiment have no hard disks, and they are started and operated via network servers. After the May Day holiday, the regiment passed the security and confidentiality inspection by a security working group from the higher authority.

 

Speaking of the benefits from "diskless computers," the leaders of the regiment gave a long list including saving cost, fast speed, high degree security, no storage but only operations at the diskless workstation, anti-malicious attack, and strong anti-leak ability.

 

Walking into the computer room of an armored infantry company, the reporters saw that the files stored by soldiers in one computer can be accessed in any other "diskless computers" and personal files can be encrypted.

 

"Diskless computers" not only achieved the sharing of network resources, but also realized centralized monitoring and control of virus attacks. Liu Jian, the network administrator, demonstrated "one-key recovery" function -- with just a click, a failed "diskless computer" of a company immediately restarted automatically and restored the original technical conditions.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 20:30

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May 18, 2011 Wang Shibin, Liu Yanjun / PLA Daily– defpro.com

 

Guo Boxiong, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and vice chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), watched the capacity-building achievements reporting show of the mobile troops of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Force (APF) stationed in Beijing on May 17, 2011.

 

After watching the equipment passing-through show and demonstrations of some training subjects, Guo Boxiong said that the APF is an important component part of the armed forces of the state and undertakes the sacred historical mission of safeguarding national security and social stability and ensuring that the people live and work in peace, holding very important position and shouldering great responsibility.

 

Guo Boxiong stressed that the APF should firmly implement the decisions and instructions made by the CPC Central Committee, the State Council, the CMC and CMC Chairman Hu Jintao, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, take Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of the “Three Represents” as guide, carry out the scientific outlook on development in a deep-going way, vigorously promote the modernization drive of the APF and constantly improve the capability of completing diversified tasks focusing on duty performance and emergency-handling by centering on major tasks of the CPC and the state and in light of effectively fulfilling the duties and missions of the APF, and greet the 90th anniversary of the founding of the CPC with concrete action.

 

Li Jinai, CMC member and director of the PLA General Political Department, and Chang Wanquan, CMC member and director of the PLA General Armaments Department, also watched the show.

 

Leaders including Sun Jianguo, Gu Junshan and others of the four general headquarters/departments of the PLA and the CMC General Office, and Wang Jianping and Xu Yaoyuan, commander and political commissar respectively of the APF, also attended the activity.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 20:00

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May 18, 2011 ASDNews Source : Metal Storm Limited

 

Brisbane, Australia - Metal Storm announces the launch of its new FireStorm(tm) FURY range of high intensity multi-barrel weapon systems.

 

Metal Storm CEO, Dr Lee Finniear said the new range resulted from feedback on its FireStorm(tm) 4 barrel 40mm weapon system, and also from identified user requirements when delivering contracts, including the US Marines Mission Payload Module (MPM) Program. This feedback indicated a clear opportunity in the market for a Metal Storm weapon with a much higher payload capacity.

 

"What we have learned is that customers really like the capabilities of FireStorm(tm)" he explained, "but they also want the capacity for greater forceful effects on threat targets, and more sustained firepower in an engagement before having to reload".

 

"To meet this market demand we are launching FireStorm(tm) FURY - a highly compact, high firepower weapon system that can operate in either non-lethal or lethal modes" he said. "With the increase in civil unrest around the world we expect strong demand for its non-lethal capabilities, while for combat operations its lethal firepower will be a significant force multiplier for any armed light vehicle compared to existing weapon systems"

 

FireStorm(tm) FURY weapons are remotely operated mounted weapon systems that consist of between 4 and 30 barrels built into pods - each pod being incorporated into a one or two axes motorized mount that can be remotely operated. With each barrel loaded with up to 6 rounds, and burst fire-rates of up to 20,000 rounds per minute with 40mm grenades, FireStorm(tm) FURY takes scalable firepower to a whole new level.

 

Using modular Metal Storm weapons technology, Metal Storm can configure FireStorm(tm) FURY weapons to meet specific user requirements in terms of barrel numbers, calibres, total payload and mount control systems.

 

Metal Storm Inc. President, Mr Peter Faulkner said that the new weapon system had important implications for combat operations, convoy and base protection, and for non-lethal crowd control missions.

 

"As a lethal weapon firing salvos of 40mm High Explosive or Enhanced Blast grenades it is clear that a vehicle mounted FireStorm(tm) FURY will be a game changer in offensive military operations", he said. "The added bonus is that it is small and light enough to be fitted in addition to a primary weapon system - multiplying the firepower available for the operator".

 

"However, as a non-lethal weapon it arguably provides an even greater capability improvement," he said.

 

In modern combat operations, enemy fighters often fire upon allied military patrols from within a crowd of non-combatants. Returning lethal fire can have devastating consequences for civilians, whereas not returning fire can endanger the lives of military personnel.

 

With FireStorm(tm) FURY loaded with non-lethal ammunition, the patrol can return fire causing temporary flash blindness and temporary hearing loss.

 

This disabling effect prevents further attack and gives time to accurately neutralize the enemy fighters, minimizing deaths or permanent injuries to the civilian population.

 

For base perimeter, checkpoint and convoy protection, FireStorm(tm) FURY weapons can be loaded with both nonlethal and lethal ammunition. This provides the ultimate flexibility in force escalation, with the operator able to choose the type of ammunition to be fired at the moment he sights on the target.

 

Peter Faulkner said that the business strategy behind the FireStorm(tm) family of products was to create a configurable multi-purpose weapon system that embodies the best of Metal Storm's advanced technologies.

 

"A single purpose weapon system can address only a small market segment", he said. "The FireStorm(tm) FURY system is designed to readily adapt to varying needs through re-configuration, allowing Metal Storm to deliver products faster and to a broader market."

 

FireStorm(tm) FURY weapons are currently configured for 40mm and 18mm calibre payloads, though other calibres up to 60mm can be accommodated if required.

 

The FireStorm(tm) FURY product launch coincides with Metal Storm's completion of the US Marine Corps Mission Payload Module - Non Lethal Weapons System Technology Development Contract, and culminates several years of research and development with the US Army, US Navy and US Marine Corps.

 

Metal Storm has been demonstrating its FireStorm(tm) products to military forces and is planning several more demonstrations in the second half of 2011.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 17:30

 

Launch of a North Korean Taepodong 3 ballistic missile.

 

May 18, 2011 defpro.com

 

North Korea remains "actively engaged" in exporting ballistic missiles, components and technology to numerous customers in the Middle East and South Asia in violation of United Nations sanctions, a UN panel said in a new report, according to DD India.

 

The seven-member panel said in a report to the UN Security Council obtained on Monday by the news agency that North Korea has also completed or is about to complete construction of a second launch site for long-range rockets.

 

The launch site on the country's west coast is close to Tongchangdong and could be used for ballistic missiles in violation of UN sanctions, the report said.

 

It said the installations appear "bigger and more sophisticated" than the original site on the east coast used for the 1998, 2006 and 2009 Taepodong missile launches.

 

North Korea embarked on the development of ballistic missiles in the 1970s and in the 1990s it test-fired a Nodong missile with a 1,300-kilometre range.

 

"In an effort to get hard currency and advance its own programs, the country has been actively engaged in the export of complete (missile) systems, components and technology to numerous customers in the Middle East and South Asia," the panel said.

 

The panel, which monitors implementation of sanctions, said prohibited ballistic missile-related items are suspected to have been transferred between North Korea and Iran on regularly scheduled flights of Air Koryo and Iran Air, with trans-shipment through a third country that diplomats identified as China.

 

During a military parade in Oct 10, it said, North Korea displayed its new Musudan intermediate-range missile and a new warhead for its Nodong missile "which presented a strong design similarity with the Iranian Shahab-3 triconic warhead."

 

The Security Council imposed sanctions against North Korea after its first nuclear test in 2006 and stepped up sanctions after its second test in 2009 to try to derail the country's rogue nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs.

 

The second round strengthened an arms embargo, authorised ship searches on the high seas for suspected banned items, and ordered an asset freeze and travel ban on companies and individuals involved in the country's nuclear and weapons programs.

 

The panel's 81-page report was sent to the 15 Security Council members for their approval by today morning.

 

If all countries agree, it will be released.

 

The panel's first report, in May 2010, was held up by China and finally released in November after Beijing dropped its objections. (DD India)

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 17:30

 

May 18, 2011 – irdw.org SOURCE : The Indian Express Limited.

 

Negotiations have begun between the Paris-based Dassault Aviation and New Delhi for upgrading the IAF’s fleet of Mirage 2000 aircraft. The upgrade is estimated to cost $2.2 billion.“The Mirage upgrade was finalised last year during the visit of the French President Nicolas Sarkozy,” a senior Indian Air Force (IAF) official said on condition of anonymity.

 

“While the formal contract has yet to be signed, the two sides have started negotiations for the MICA multi-mission air-to-air missile, the only missile in the world with two interoperable seekers (active radar and infrared imaging) to cover close-in dogfights and BVR (beyond visual range) for the Mirage upgrade.”

 

In March, by when the deal was expected to have been signed, IAF chief PV Naik had said that differences over price and legal issues had blocked progress, but since then, “negotiations have been concluded and the report has been submitted to the defence ministry”, the official cited earlier said.

 

While both sides are keen to get the project off the ground at the earliest, according to sources, discussions still needed to be concluded on the issue of the complement of weapons to be fitted on to the aircraft, which is to be upgraded to the Mirage 2000-5 MkII standard. The aim was to give the aircraft, inducted into the IAF in 1985-88, another 20-25 years of service life.

 

An Indo-French joint statement had said in December that “discussions concerning the upgrading of Mirage 2000 aircraft are expected to be finalised soon”. There has been no official word on the progress of the Mirage 2000 upgrade deal after that.

 

According to industry sources, while the cost of upgrading around 50 aircraft is already on the higher side, it is expected to go up by another $700 million if one considers the cost of procuring, integrating and clearing the armament of the upgraded aircraft.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 17:30

 

May 18, 2011, THE TIMES OF INDIA

 

NEW DELHI: Two Indian naval crews will be going to France to train for operating the Scorpene killer submarines , six of which are being built at Mazagon Docks (MDL) in Mumbai under the Rs 23,562 crore programme called Project-75 .

 

"The Indian crews will begin the training with the French navy after some months. We now hope to get the first Scorpene by August 2015. Each submarine will have just a 36-member crew since automation levels in them are very high," said an official. With India down to just 14 submarines now, the Navy is keen that the Scorpene project, which has been hit by a huge cost escalation and is running three years behind schedule, does not suffer any more slippages.

 

Both MDL as well as French collaborator DCNS, however, are confident that Project-75 is now fully on track. "The first Scorpene will be 'launched' into water in 2013, and will be ready for commissioning by August 2015 after extensive harbour and sea trials," said a top DCNS official.

 

"The target is to deliver the sixth submarine by 2018, one every nine months after the first one in 2015. The third and fourth submarines are already under construction at MDL," the official added.

 

Navy, on its part, is keeping its fingers crossed about the Scorpene project as well as its new programme called "Project-75 India'' . The government of course is yet to finalize P-75 I, under which six new stealth submarines equipped with both tubelaunched missiles for landattack capabilities as well as AIP (air-independent propulsion ) are to be built with foreign collaboration for over Rs 50,000 crore.

 

Projections show the force will have only five of its existing 10 Russian Kiloclass and four German HDW submarines by 2020. Consequently , even with the six Scorpenes, India will be far short of the at least 18 conventional submarines required to deter Pakistan and China, both of which are rapidly augmenting their underwater combat arms.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 11:45

 

 

18 mai 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

L’exposition International Maritime Defence Exhibition and Conference (IMDEX Asia) se déroule à Singapour du 18 au 20 mai. Et quelques 20 bâtiments du monde entier y seront présents.

 

L’une des principales attractions de l’exposition est un bâtiment français qui semble survoler les autres.

 

Avec ses 200 m de long, le Mistral est un bâtiment dont les Français sont très fiers.

 

Il dispose de capacités parmi les plus avancées dans le domaine des hautes technologies appliquées à la défense navale, et pourtant son équipage n’est que de 170 marins. Généralement, un bâtiment de cette taille est mis en œuvre par 400 à 500 membres d’équipage.

 

Le bâtiment porte le nom d’un vent fort qui souffle dans le sud de la France. Le bâtiment, haut de 11 étages, est si grand qu’il peut même accueillir un mini-hôpital.

 

« 1.000 m² sont dédiés à l’hôpital qui dispose de 2 blocs chirurgicaux, 70 lits médicalisés. Nous pouvons embarquer de nombreuses équipes de chirurgiens et de médecins pour intervenir en cas de catastrophe naturelle ou pour apporter une assistance humanitaire, » explique le capitaine de vaisseau Xavier Moreau.

 

Le bâtiment assure aussi la formation des officiers-élèves de la marine nationale et d’autres pays.

 

Et le Mistral a aussi eu sa part d’action — luttant contre la piraterie dans le golfe d’Eden (sic), un effort continu de la part de tous les pays.

 

Le vice-amiral Marin Gillier, commandant des forces navales en océan Indien, a indiqué : « La piraterie en océan Indien reste un problème majeur. En ce moment même, il y a 21 navires qui sont retenus par les pirates au large de la Somalie. Il y a près de 510 otages de toutes nationalités.

 

« Nous avons besoin que plus de pays travaillent avec nous en mer. Nous devons aider la Somalie à reconstruire le pays, en particulier la police et la justice. »

 

Le Mistral participe à l’exposition IMDEX Asia. Il se dirigera ensuite vers l’Indonésie.

 

Référence :  Channel News Asia (Singapour)

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 11:30

 

May 17, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE

 

China recently began offering its HQ-16 VLS (Vertical Launch System) anti-aircraft missile for export. This system is a license built (or using stolen tech) version of the Russian Buk M2 anti-aircraft missile systems. These are the latest version of the SAM-6 class missiles, that proved so effective in the 1973 Arab Israeli war. The M2E missiles weigh 328 kg (720 pounds) and have a max range of 50 kilometers. The land based version has four missiles carried on a tracked vehicle. The target acquisition radar has a range of over 150 kilometers. The export version is called the LY-80.

 

The HQ-16 naval version has the missiles fired out of a vertical storage/launch cell that is flush with the deck of the ship. This is a system pioneered by the United States. This is one reason China has developed new ship designs to replace the Russian ones it has been using for over half a century. The first of these is the 4,300 ton Type 54 frigate. This ship is based on Western, not Russian, design concepts. Twelve of these have been built so far, plus ten to the more advanced Type 054A standard (each of which has 32 VLS cells for HQ-16 missiles.)

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 11:30

 

May 18, 2011 defense-aerospace.com

 

(Source: Australian Strategic Policy Institute; issued May 17, 2011)

 

THE RAAF will have to wait seven years before the long-delayed Joint Strike Fighter enters service, a key national defence think tank has warned.

 

First deliveries of the troubled US-built stealth fighter were originally promised to start next year.

 

In its latest report on the project, the government-backed Australian Strategic Policy Institute said further delays, and not cost blowouts, pose the biggest risk to the program.

 

Canberra has placed a tentative order for 100 of the so-called fifth generation JSFs to replace its ageing fleet of less capable F/A-18 Hornets and the now retired F-111 fighter-bomber.

 

But so far it has approved the purchase of only 14 war planes, at a cost of $3.2 billion.

 

“Australian plans have long had quite a bit of fat in the form of contingency funds that should cover likely costs for follow-on acquisitions,” the Andrew Davies-authored report said. “Overall, schedule is more of a concern than cost. Any further slippage in the F-35 program risks eroding Australia's margin for error dangerously.”

 

The Howard government ordered 24 off-the-shelf F/A-18F Super Hornets to serve as an interim multi-role fighter pending the arrival of the JSF - a purchase at the time opposed by the RAAF.

 

To hedge against the prospect of further delays to the JSF program, the Gillard government should buy more Super Hornets, the report said.

 

“We've already incurred the fixed costs of acquiring the type and have an established training program.

 

“The aircraft is in frontline service with the USN (US Navy) and has acquitted itself well - the USN is planning to keep them in service to at least 2030.”

 

Boeing's roadmap for future development of the aircraft is likely to see the Super Hornet equipped with more powerful engines, capable of longer range flights while possessing a stealthier profile due to podded weapons.

 

“Things are manageable for now and some recent indicators are more positive for the F-35 than they've been for several years.

 

“But further development problems have the potential to negatively impact on Australia's air combat capability or cost billions of dollars extra,” the report warned.

 

 

Click here to reach the report’s download page, on the ASPI website.

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 08:00

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Naval_Ensign_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/750px-Naval_Ensign_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png

 

May 17, 2011 Xu Bin, Qian Xiaohu / PLA Daily – defpro.com

 

In early May, the first class of the two-week-long high-tech training course of the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) was held at the Naval University of Engineering of the PLA and 13 academicians and experts lectured on key topics on cutting-edge technology.

 

The 36 trainees are all academic research leaders of various professional fields in the Navy.

 

During the training, Academician Lu Xicheng, deputy director of the Science and Technology Commission of the PLA General Armaments Department (GAD), delivered a speech on “China's National Defense Science and Technology Development Strategy and the Overview of Frontier Development," Academician Li Deyi, member of the Informationization Expert Committee of the PLA, gave a report on "Scientific Research and Innovation,” and Yin Zhuo, director of the Informationization Expert Advisory Committee of the PLA Navy, made a report on "National Security Situation and Development Strategy of the PLA Navy".

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18 mai 2011 3 18 /05 /mai /2011 06:00

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May 17, 2011 ASDNews Source : New Zealand Defence Force.

 

The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) today unveiled its new A109 Light Utility Helicopters (A109LUH) and opened the new hangar where they will be housed during a ceremony at Air Force Base Ohakea, attended by the Prime Minister, the Minister of Defence and other dignitaries.

 

Chief of Air Force Air Vice-Marshal Peter Stockwell said that the new helicopters represent the start of a significant leap in technology for the Air Force's Rotary Wing.

 

"The three helicopters are the first of five A109LUH to replace the Bell 47 Sioux. The new helicopters are lightweight, with twin-engines, a modern glass cockpit and retractable wheel undercarriage.

 

"The A109LUH is part of a Defence Force helicopter training system that includes computer based training, a procedural trainer and simulator. This provides a cost effective means of training aircrew prior to operational conversion onto the NH90 or SH2G helicopters.

 

"Along with its training capability, the new A109LUH helicopter will be used for light utility tasks in support of the other Services and government agencies.

 

"The arrival of the A109LUH is a significant and exciting step in the upgrade and replacement of the Air Force's rotary and fixed-wing platforms. This will see the RNZAF equipped with the capability necessary to operate even more effectively and efficiently in the twenty-first century," said AVM Peter Stockwell.

 

Together with the unveiling of the new helicopters the Air Force also opened the new Number 3 Squadron hangar that will be home to the A109LUH and NH90 helicopters.

 

AVM Stockwell said the state-of-the-art facilities were necessary to house the new helicopter fleet as the layout required would have been impossible to accomplish within any of the existing 1940s-era hangars currently in use at Ohakea.

 

"The RNZAF is proud now to have one of the most modern hangar facilities in the southern hemisphere. It is important that while we invest in our equipment, we also invest in our people by making the place where they work as modern, safe and effective as possible."

 

The new hangar facilities were created and built through a partnership between the Air Force and local and national companies. GHD Ltd designed the hangar based on a concept developed by Beca and the RNZAF, while the main construction contractor for the building was Ebert Construction Ltd based in Wellington. The contractor for the site works and hardstanding was Higgins Ltd based in Palmerston North.

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17 mai 2011 2 17 /05 /mai /2011 22:30

http://indiannavy.nic.in/mp1_400.jpg

 

May 16, 2011 expressindia.com

 

Singapore India is to invest USD 46.96 billion as part of moves to boost up its naval forces over the next 20 years adding 101 new warships, ranging from sophisticated destroyers to nuclear submarines.

 

"Going by the investment value, India is expected to build sophisticated destroyers, new generation and new radar vessels, nuclear submarines, and amphibious ships," Naval analyst Bob Nugent and vice president of the United States-based AMI International, said here today.

 

Speaking at a pre-event press conference for the International Maritime Defence Exhibition and Conference to be held here for May 18 to 20, the international expert said that Indian investments in surface and under sea platforms would be double that of China, which was spending USD 23.99 billion to build 113 war vessels.

 

While, Indian naval programme would be focused on building nuclear submarines, the Chinese thrust would be on building an aircraft carrier.

 

India, he said was looking at building compact hi-speed and hi-tech warships, the analyst said, that Indian shipyards were in the process of completing hi-speed coastal boats to prevent Mumbai type terror attacks from the sea.

 

He said, that Indian naval shipyards were already operating its full capacity, raising the risk of ship building programmes running short of local yard space.

 

He cited that the first casualty could be India's ambitions to build six French Scorpene submarines, adding that this order could be reduced from six to three due to limited yardspace.

 

Maritime experts said, that India's expenditure on warship building could account for as much as 27.8 per cent of the total investment in Asia-Pacific.

 

They said, that India and China naval buildup programme would outstrip that of non-NATO and even Russian investments.

 

Other major naval investors in Asia-Pacific would include Australia - USD 14 billion, Indonesia - USD 7 billion, Taiwan – USD 16 billion, Pakistan – USD 2.85 billion and Singapore – USD 1.74 billion.

 

Backing his confident in the Indian investment on naval ships, he pointed out that India have built and or was in the process of completing 100 coastal boats.

 

Nugent stressed that the high dollar investments for each country showed the high-end naval vessels to be built in the coming years though the number of units might be small.

 

He said the region was already rated as the world's leading investor in the naval vessels, with 340 units, worth USD 69.1 billion, being built or to be completed over the next three years.

 

A further 193 naval vessels, costing USD 71 billion, were planned to be built between 2014 and 2019 in the region, he said. Nugent estimated that the region would build 236 naval vessels, an investment of USD 28.2 billion, in 2020-2030.

 

The large scale Asia Pacific investment on the naval ships puts the region in second place behind the United States, which is to invest USD 280 billion on 505 vessels over the next 20 years.

 

But Asia Pacific was ahead of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). NATO is to invest USD 153.3 billion on 581 vessels over the same 20 year period, lower than Asia Pacific's combined USD 168.3 billion investment on 769 vessels.

 

According to Nugent, there was no regional "Naval Arms Races" unfolding so far, and the investment from each country would depend on the respective economic growths.

 

Comparatively, the Caribbean and Latin American region would invest USD 24.8 billion on 292 vessels over the next 20 years, the Middle East and North Africa USD 38.2 billion on 453 vessels, Non-NATO Europe USD 8.8 billion on 61 vessels, Russia USD 22.1 billion on 84 vessels, and Sub-Sahara Africa USD 3.1 billion on 41 vessels.

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