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12 août 2014 2 12 /08 /août /2014 07:35
IAF to receive BrahMos air-launched missiles by 2016

The BrahMos missile will be integrated with Indian Air Force's Su-30MKI fighter aircraft. -  photo g4sp


7 August 2014 airforce-technology.com


The Indian Air Force (IAF) will receive an air-launched version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile by 2016.


BrahMos Aerospace president Sudhir Kumar Mishra was quoted by Itar-Tass News Agency as saying: "The missile development is going on schedule.


"Its launch from the Su-30MKI fighter will be carried out by the year end, and the deliveries will start in 2016."


Mishra told Russia and India Report that state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) and Russia's Sukhoi Design Bureau are working with IAF to ensure that the missile flight test is undertaken as per schedule.


Called BrahMos-A, the new air-launched variant will use air breathing scramjet propulsion technology aboard IAF Su-30MKI fighters to help enhance their conventional offensive capabilities.


In October 2012, the Indian Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) cleared a Rs60bn ($1.1bn) proposal for the acquisition of 200 BrahMos air-launched variants by IAF.


The air force has to date earmarked nearly 42 Su-30MKI jets for structural and software modifications to carry the air-launched missiles.


Developed by Brahmos Aerospace, a joint venture between India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia, BrahMos is a stealth supersonic cruise missile designed for launch from land, ship, submarines and air platforms.


The solid propellant rocket-powered missile travels at a speed of Mach 2.8 and can intercept surface targets by flying as low as 10m above the ground, even in mountainous terrain and hillocks.


Three BrahMos Block-II missile regiments have been inducted by the Indian Army, while the Navy has so far installed the missiles on six warships, including the latest stealth frigates.


Mishra said that there are plans to sign an agreement with Russia for development of a smaller version of the BrahMos, called BrahMos-M, before the end of this year.


The missile is expected to be developed over the next three years, and would be used by all the three services of the Indian military.

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12 août 2014 2 12 /08 /août /2014 07:35
MRF-D Marines beat the heat at KFTA - photo USMC

MRF-D Marines beat the heat at KFTA - photo USMC


Aug. 11, 2014 – Defense News


SYDNEY — Australia and the United States will sign a 25-year deal allowing 2,500 US Marines and air force personnel to train Down Under, Defence Minister David Johnston said Monday, describing it as a “win-win situation.”


The agreement will be inked Tuesday when US Secretary of State John Kerry and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel meet with their Australian counterparts Julie Bishop and Johnston in Sydney.


Trouble spots abroad including Iraq and Ukraine will also be on the agenda for the Australia-US Ministerial Consultations (AUSMIN), which focus on regional security and military cooperation.


But the centerpiece will be the agreement allowing the Marine rotational deployment in the northern city of Darwin, which was first announced by US President Barack Obama in 2011 as part of his “pivot” towards Asia.


“Approximately 2,500 US defense force personnel will come to primarily the Northern Territory to exercise on the vast, open Commonwealth (government) military exercise grounds that we have,” Johnston told a joint press conference with Hagel.


“They will interoperate with Australia. They will do things that they want to, exercise activities that are important to them. We’ll assist them.”


Johnston said as many as 1,200 US Marines and air force personnel were already rotating into Darwin during the current dry season in Australia’s tropical north.


“These are the things that are benefiting Australia and the flipside of that coin is that we have just a lot of space that’s open for practice, exercises ... so it’s a win-win situation for both of us,” he said.


Hagel said the deal emphasized Washington’s “rebalance” towards the Asia-Pacific, saying the United States was a Pacific power holding about 200 ships and more than 360,000 personnel in the region.


“We are not going anywhere,” Hagel said. “Our partnerships are here, our treaty obligations are here and are important to us.


“It’s pretty clear that the US is committed to this part of the world but also this does not mean a retreat from any other part of the world. We have interests all over the world,” he added.


More Ways to Cooperate


Hagel said the talks on Tuesday, which analysts had said would likely pave the way for enhanced military cooperation between the allies, would give officials an opportunity to explore “better ways we can cooperate.”


“We will address a number of issues tomorrow. They will focus on maritime security, special forces, missile defense and Afghanistan,” he said.


He said the situation in Ukraine would also be on the agenda, as well as the threat from jihadist fighters of the Islamic State in Iraq, where Australia has offered to assist the US in humanitarian airdrops to those trapped by the violence.


Bates Gill, chief executive of the US Studies Center at the University of Sydney, said the talks would be an important next step in what appeared to be “a growing degree of access and presence for American assets both human and materiel on Australian territory”.


Gill said progress had been slow but careful since the announcement that Marines would rotate through Darwin, an agreement which rankled China.


It also caused concern for some Asian neighbors who saw it as a statement by Washington that it intends to stand up for its interests in the region amid concern about Beijing’s growing assertiveness.


The United States currently has only a limited deployment in longstanding ally Australia, including the Pine Gap Joint Defence Facility spy station near Alice Springs.


Regional security issues in Southeast Asia and the Pacific will be discussed in the AUSMIN talks, along with Myanmar, where Kerry and Bishop have just attended the Association of Southeast Asian Nations forum.


The ministers will also talk about Northeast Asia, comparing notes about their respective relations with China, and the challenges posed by North Korea.

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 16:45
Rheinmetall and Pindad sign Indonesia ammunition deal


11 August 2014 by defenceWeb


Rheinmetall Denel Munition (RDM) has signed a memorandum of understanding with PT Pindad to produce ammunition ranging from 30 to 105 mm for the Indonesian military as well as export customers.

The agreement was signed in the Indonesia capital Jakarta on August 7, local media reported. The agreement will see RDM and Pindad form a joint venture in 2015 to construct a 168 hectare facility in Malang, East Java, to manufacture ammunition.


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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 16:35
Hobart-class air warfare destroyers - Photo ASC

Hobart-class air warfare destroyers - Photo ASC


11 August 2014 Grant Turnbull - naval-technology.com


Australia’s troubled shipbuilding industry could be overhauled under radical proposals by the Canberra government, local media reports have indicated. Speculation is rife that British defence giant BAE Systems will be brought in to rescue the Navy’s long-delayed and over-budget Hobart-class air warfare destroyer (AWD) project.


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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 16:35
New Interceptor Boat Ready to Protect Sabah Waters

P-38 high-speed interceptor boat from United Engineering Services with max spped +55 knots (all photos : UES)


26 July 2014 Defense Studies

Navy ready to protect Sabah waters

KOTA KINABALU: The Royal Malaysian Navy, which has helped thwart pirates in international waters, is well placed off Sabah’s east coast to protect the country’s security against external threats.

Taking the role as the “mother ship” is naval vessel Bunga Mas 5, which will serve as a forward sea base equipped with high-speed interceptor boats, radar surveillance and helicopters.

The three interceptor combat boats (CB90) will be used together with the rigid hull inflatable boats (RHIBs) that are currently being used by the navy’s elite sea commando unit (Paskal) and two new boats that were recently acquired by the navy – the Silver Brize and P38 craft.

“The Bunga Mas 5 is the right choice to be placed in the area as it has a surveillance radar system and is equipped with helicopters to carry out night operations over long distances,” said navy chief Admiral Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Jaafar.

He said it helped thwart the attacks by Somali pirates against ships crossing the Gulf of Aden.

Admiral Abdul Aziz said the navy would also be sending in warship KD Lekiu, which was equipped with a Super Link aircraft, to the eastern Sabah waters.

“I am confident with the presence of Bunga Mas 5 and the other assets, we will able to act against the intruders,” he said here yesterday.

He said the helicopters, capable of operating at night, were seen as the best option in protecting borders against unwanted elements.

On his earlier order of “shoot on sight” against intruders, Admiral Abdul Aziz said it “can be frustrating for our navy personnel to not shoot at an identified enemy during hot pursuit within the country’s waters”.

“This is due to constraints in operational directives,” he added.

(The Star)

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 16:35
Australia To Renew Ground-based Air Defense Capability

Saab sees its upgraded RBS-70NG missile system as part of a possible solution to the Australian requirement. (Saab)


Jul. 27, 2014 - By NIGEL PITTAWAY – Defense News


MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA — Australia plans to include a replacement for its Saab RBS-70 very-short-range air defense missile system in its next Defence Capability Plan.


The Australian Army uses the RBS-70 system, along with the Lockheed Martin PSTAR-ER radar, to fulfill its ground-based air defense (GBAD) requirements, but an Australian Defence Force (ADF) spokesperson confirmed the combination was not considered adequate to defeat future threats.


“It is a dated, line-of-sight system missile that provides very-short-range GBAD and lacks the sensors, range and performance to protect against the likely threats of today’s helicopters, UAVs, stand-off aerial weapons, cruise missiles and rockets, artillery, mortars,” the spokesperson said.


The ADF is developing future ground-based air and missile defense requirements and examining options in the marketplace.


The new system will be acquired under the ongoing Project Land 17 Phase 7B, but has yet to gain much traction.


“The system is planned to provide the Joint Force with persistent defense against advanced threats including aircraft, helicopters,” the spokesperson said. “Land 19 Phase 7B is planned to have wide utility across many types of defense operations, not just application in conventional warlike operations.”


The Australian government will give first pass approval in fiscal 2016-2017, which the ADF says will allow time to initiate formal market solicitation. Acquisition is estimated to be between AUS $500 million (US $469 million) and AUS $1 billion.


Government approval for acquisition would be sought in fiscal 2017-2018.


Army initial operational capability is planned for fiscal 2020 to 2021.


“Land 19 Phase 7B will enhance or replace the existing GBAD system to allow it to function as a complete ground-based force protection system,” the ADF spokesperson said. “In a traditional combat setting it is planned to perform its core functions of airspace surveillance and identification, target tracking, target interception and destruction to provide an enhanced level of protection against current and emerging threats.”


The spokesperson said the project is modeled after the National Advanced surface-to-air missile system used by a number of European nations, and also by the US National Guard in defense of Washington.


“The US chose a ground-based system as the other options of continuous air combat patrols or permanently stationed air-warfare ships were more expensive, manpower-intensive and less persistent,” a spokesman for the project office said. “It was due to this system maturity and broad user group that it was selected as an exemplar to allow the early development work to progress.”


In 2012, the Australian Army took delivery of three Saab Giraffe agile multibeam (GAMB) radar systems under an urgent acquisition process to provide its base at Tarin Kot in Afghanistan with a counter-rocket, artillery and mortar capability.


Since the Australian withdrawal of most of its forces from Afghanistan, the two operational GAMB radars have been returned to Australia (the third had been retained locally for training) but do not have a clear role in domestic operations.


Saab Australia sees the Giraffe AMB, together with its upgraded RBS-70NG missile system, as a possible solution to the Australian requirement.


The missiles used by the RBS-70NG are identical to those in the earlier system already in use with the Army and comprise the third-generation Mk.2, with an effective range of 7 kilometers at heights up to 4,000 meters; and the fourth-generation Bolide round, capable of knocking down targets at distances up to 8 kilometers and altitudes up to 5,000 meters.


The company says the major change is to the sight, which has an integrated thermal imager, an auto-tracking system to improve aiming and guidance, automatic after-action video capability, and 3D visual cueing. This feature receives data from the surveillance radar, allowing the operator to find the target without actually seeing it first.


Saab officials claim that during recent comparative trials in India, RBS-70NG operators were getting their shot away before their competitors systems had even acquired the target.


The RBS-70NG also incorporates an identify friend or foe interrogator system as standard equipment while Saab works to integrate it with land vehicles, delivering a tactical, mobile GBAD system.


The company is proposing to upgrade Australia’s GAMB radars, including provision of a Link 16 datalink, and swap out the RBS-70 launchers for the upgraded equipment at what it claims is a modest cost.


The company has also integrated other missile systems with GAMB, including Raytheon’s I-Hawk and Diehl’s IRIS-T.


“We think it will be attractive to the ADF because Australia is already an RBS-70 user,” explained Jessica Rylander, an engineer with Saab’s Dynamics branch. “And the difference from an operator’s perspective is the increased” kill probability, she said.


The RBS-70NG sight enhances the capability of the Bolide missile by reducing tracking noise, increasing maneuverability and improving performance against small targets at maximum range, according to Saab.


“The RBS-70NG and Giraffe AMB solution is designed to address targets such as small UAVs, cruise missiles and helicopters in the 2025 space,” added Mat Jones, Saab Asia-Pacific business development manager.


“We are investing a lot of time, effort and money into GBAD, to ensure the architecture is future-proofed. The RBS-70NG/GAMB combination could provide a step change in capability, within the existing budget,” said Jones.


But much will depend on the final specifications mandated by Land 19/7B when the Defence Capability Plan is made public next year.

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 11:35
US congressman supports Taiwan's RIMPAC bid, submarine plans


11 Aug 2014 Pacific Sentinel

The chairman of the US House Armed Services Committee said Thursday in Taipei that he supports Taiwan efforts to participate in the Rim of the Pacific exercise (RIMPAC) and to obtain a transfer of US technology to build its own submarines.


"We have some influence and we will push to see that they (Taiwan's armed forces) are invited next time" to take part in RIMPAC, Howard "Buck" McKeon (R-Calif) told CNA in an interview just before he and his congressional delegation wrapped up a two-day visit to Taiwan.


He said Taiwan's participation in the US-led RIMPAC, the world's largest international maritime warfare exercise, will help build a stronger relationship between Taiwan and the United States.


McKeon said the issue was raised during his meetings with Taiwan's defense minister, Yen Ming, and the National Security Council Secretary-General King Pu-tsung.


RIMPAC 2014, held June 26 to Aug. 1 in and around Hawaii, marked the first time that China took part.


McKeon, who arrived in Taiwan Wednesday as part of a trip to East Asia, also met with President Ma Ying-jeou Thursday. During the meeting, Ma reiterated Taiwan's desire to have diesel-electric submarines to strengthen the country's defense capabilities.


Read the full story at Want China Times

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 11:35
La Corée du sud intéressée par le dôme de fer


11.08.2014 i24news.tv


Les sud-coréens pensent au dôme de fer pour se protéger de leur voisin du nord


La Corée du Sud serait intéressée par l'achat du dôme de fer, le système de défenses anti-missiles à courte portée, selon son fabricant, la société israélienne Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.


La guerre actuelle avec le Hamas dans la bande de Gaza est une opération de démonstration de l'efficacité du dôme de fer, ont affirmé des responsables israéliens et des observateurs américains.


Le PDG de Rafael Yedidia Yaari a déclaré que la performance du système avait alimenté l'intérêt pour le dôme de fer à l'étranger, notamment de la Corée du Sud, en conflit avec son voisin du nord.


"La [Corée du Sud] est très inquiète, non seulement à propos de roquettes, mais aussi pour d'autres choses ... Vous pouvez certainement les inclure dans le club des pays intéressés", a déclaré Yaari à la radio de l'armée d'Israël, après avoir affirmé que des représentants de Rafael avaient visité Séoul pour promouvoir le dôme de fer.


Yaari n'a pas donné de détails sur le degré d'avancement d'un tel accord avec la Corée du Sud. Rafael n'a pas rendu public non plus les ventes du dôme de fer à l'étranger jusqu'à présent, mais a indiqué qu'il donnait la priorité à Israël, qui comprend déjà neuf batteries sur un total prévu de 12 unités d'interception.


Washington a également grandement financé le déploiement de batteries en Israël et les missiles intercepteurs. Des sources de l'industrie de la défense estiment que chaque batterie coûte environ 50 millions de dollars et que chaque missile d'interception entre 30 000 et 50 000 dollars.


Ont également participé à la production de Dôme de Fer les entrepreneurs de la défense israélienne Elisra Group et Israel Aerospace Industries. Le système utilise également des composants fabriqués par l'entreprise américaine de défense Raytheon.

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 11:35
Five Scenarios for the South China Sea

11 Aug. 2014 Pacific Sentinel

A Vietnamese-American space scientist has published an article entitled Five Scenarios for East Sea on Hanoi-based online newspaper VietNamNet Bridge on August 1, analyzing the historical background of the Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands disputes, and arguing that Vietnam has never given up sovereignty over the former, as well as predicting five possible scenarios for the South China Sea–known as the East Sea in Vietnam–that may occur within the next ten years.


In the article Thai Van Cau said that in the first scenario, China will utilize military force to invade part of or the whole of the Spratly Islands in an attempt to "resolve disputes and establish sovereignty over the islands and its territorial waters by 2020," as Chinese scholars have suggested.


The precedent for this is China's use of military force against Vietnam in marine disputes during the 1970s and 1980s, he said.


China's military ventures in the Spratly Islands are motivated by its ambition to control all of the islands. This move is likely to destabilize the South China Sea region and affect marine traffic for countries such as the US, Japan, and India.


China has been monitoring the response of the US and the EU to the Ukraine crisis, to try and get an idea of the backlash that will be unleashed against it should the nation make any dramatic moves in the South China Sea, the report stated. The annexation of Crimea by Russia may not be the best guide for China to go by, however, due to geopolitical and economic differences, Thai said. 


Read the full story at Want China Times

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 07:35
Le Japon et les Etats-Unis vont développer en commun un drone sous-marin


8 août 2014 portail des Sous-Marins


Le ministère japonais de la défense et l’US Navy prévoient de lancer un projet commun de recherche afin de développer un drone sous-marin pouvant mener pendant 30 jours des activités de surveillance et d’alerte, a appris le quotidien japonais The Yomiuri Shimbun.


Les 2 pays souhaitent en particulier développer une pile à combustible pour le drone sous-marin. La principale mission du drone sera de recueillir des informations sur la marine chinoise qui accélère la modernisation de ses sous-marins.


Le ministère japonais de la défense prévoit de dépenser environ 25 millions $ pour ce projet, entre 2014 et 2018.


Le drone sous-marin, d’une longueur de 10 m, sera conçu pour pouvoir rester en plonger pendant environ 30 jours.


Référence : Asia News Network

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 07:35
Chinese Radar May Pierce F-35 Stealth Armor: Report


July 31, 2014 by Brendan McGarry -  defensetech.org


Increasingly sophisticated radar in China and Russia may soon be able to pierce the stealth armor on F-22 and F-35 fighter jets, according to a news report.


The stealth coating on the U.S.-made fifth-generation fighters shields the aircraft from high-frequency radars operating in the Ku, X and C bands and some of the S band, but not from low-frequency systems utilizing L, UHF and VHF wavelengths, according to an article by Dave Majumdar at USNI News.


China and Russia are now working to develop low-frequency radars with more computing power designed to track stealth aircraft with more precision — enough to target them with a missile, according to the report, citing an unnamed former senior U.S. Navy official.


“Acquisition and fire control radars are starting to creep down the frequency spectrum,” the official told USNI News. “I don’t see how you long survive in the world of 2020 or 2030 when dealing with these systems if you don’t have the lower frequency coverage.”


To be sure, the Defense Department is aware of the increasing sophistication of enemy air defenses, known in military parlance as anti-access, area-denial, or A2-AD, environments.


The Pentagon’s latest annual report to Congress on military and security developments in China notes the country is continuing its military build-up and views defense against stealth aircraft and drones as “a growing priority.”


The People’s Liberation Army, or PLA, has long sought to control the flow of information in the event of war to thwart data-hungry adversaries such as the U.S. It considers the strategy of “information dominance” a critical form of defense against countries that it views as “information dependent,” according to previous assessments.


Perhaps not surprisingly, the People’s Liberation Army Navy, or PLAN, sent an uninvited spy ship, probably the type 815 Dongdiao-class intelligence collection vessel Beijixing (pennant number 851), to this year’s Rim of the Pacific exercise, according to an article by Sam LaGrone of USNI News.


China is participating in the event — the world’s largest naval exercise, held off the coast of Hawaii — for the first time this year, with four vessels.


The head of U.S. Pacific Command, Adm. Samuel Locklear, this week described the presence of the surveillance ship as “a little odd,” though it “hasn’t created any difficulties in the exercise,” which ends Friday.

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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 16:35
Defence Minister Confirms Livefist Report, Rings Death Knell For Intermediate Trainer


August 5, 2014 by - Livefist

Confirming a series of reports here on Livefist on devastating trouble for HAL's indigenous HJT-36 Sitara intermediate jet trainer, Indian defence minister Arun Jaitley today told Parliament that critical problems with the platform had forced the Indian Air Force to look for a foreign replacement.

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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 16:35
CAS Aircraft to be Armed with Precision Guided Munitions

The DND is planning to acquire six CAS aircraft and will be armed with precision guided munitions (photo : missionreadyat-6)


9 Aug. 2014 Defense Studies

MANILA (PNA) -- In line with its efforts to make its close air support (CAS) aircraft more capable, the Department of National Defense (DND) has said the plane will be armed with precision guided munitions, a kind of weaponry that can be guided by lasers to its targets.

In a supplemental bid bulletin posted on the DND website, it said this capability must be present in the designs which will be submitted by prospective bidders to the P4.9-billion CAS aircraft project.

Bid opening and submission for the CAS project has been reset to Oct. 3 from the original date of Aug. 11.

In connection with this, DND Special Bids and Awards Committee-1 chair Undersecretary Fernando Manalo said that a second pre-bid conference will be held this coming Sept. 15.

This will be held at the DND Bidding and Awards Committee Conference Room, DND Building, Camp Aguinaldo, Quezon City.

Bid opening and submission will also take place at the same place.

The DND is planning to acquire six CAS aircraft to replace or beef up the Philippine Air Force's existing Rockwell OV-10 "Bronco" turboprop attack planes.

CAS refers to the capability to provide air support to infantry and naval units in contact with the enemy.

Funding for this weapon system will be sourced from the Revised Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Modernization Program.

Manalo earlier said that the contract includes integrated logistic support system.

Winning bidders must be able to deliver the aircraft within 540 calendar days from contract effectivity.

Participants in the DND's CAS project must have completed a similar program within the last 10 years.

Manalo added that the CAS aircraft must be used by the countries offering and manufacturing them. 


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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 11:35
Is China Preparing MIRVed Ballistic Missiles?


August 08, 2014 By Zachary Keck -- thediplomat.com


China’s new DF-5A and DF-31A ICBM tests once again highlight its rising interest in MIRVed ICBMs.


China tested two of its intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) last week, the Washington Times reported on Thursday.

According to the Washington Times report by Bill Gertz, who cited unnamed U.S. officials, China tested its Dong Feng 31A (DF-31A/CSS-10) and Dong Feng 5A (DF-5A/CSS-4) ICBMs last week.

The DF-5A is an upgraded version of the DF-5 ICBMs that China first tested in 1971. It is a three stage, liquid propellant silo-based missile with a range of 13,000 km and a throw weight of roughly 3,000 kg.

The DF-31A is China’s new road-mobile ICBM, based off the older DF-31 ICBM that China first tested in 1999. It is a three stage solid-propellant rocket with a range of roughly 11,200–12,000 km. This is the fourth known testing of the DF-31A ICBM. Its sea-based variant, the JL-2, will provide China with its first credible sea-based nuclear deterrent when it is deployed on China’s Type 094 Jin-class ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) sometime this year.

Both the DF-5A and the DF-31A are capable of hitting the United States.

The Washington Times article did not specify exactly where the tests had occurred, but it did not that previous DF-31A tests have taken place at China’s Taiyuan Space Launch Center in Shanxi Province in northern China. However, it seems quite possible that the ICBM tests were part of the ongoing military drills that China announced late last month in the eastern parts of the country. As previously noted, these drills have caused significant delays to civilian air travel in eastern China. Earlier in the drills, China conducted what it claimed was an anti-ballistic missile test, but which the U.S. believes was really an anti-satellite test.

The earlier anti-missile/anti-satellite test, along with the new ICBM tests, underscore the growing attention China’s military is placing on its strategic and missile capabilities. Last week China inadvertently confirmed the existence of a new generation ICBM, the Dongfeng-41 (DF-41), which the U.S. Department of Defense has said may be capable of carrying multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs).

MIRV missiles can deliver multiple (usually nuclear) warheads to different targets, and were seen as widely destabilizing to the nuclear balance during the Cold War when the United States and Soviet Union began deploying them in the 1970s. The U.S. just phased out the last of its land-based MIRV ICBMs, although it continues to deploy MIRV submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs). Russia continues to field MIRV ICBMs.

Interestingly, the new reports about the DF-5A and DF-31A ICBM tests also highlight China’s potentially growing interest in acquiring a MIRV capability. According to the Federation of Atomic Scientists, “in November 1983 China inaugurated a DF-5 modification program to arm these ICBMs with MIRVed warheads.” Although technical difficulties prevented that program from reaching fruition, it is also believed that China later designated the DF-5A as its MIRV missile.

It has also been widely speculated, including by the U.S. Department of Defense, that the DF-31A may be MIRV capable. Most analyses suggest that the road-mobile ICBM may be capable of carrying up to 3 warheads. At this point, most believe that China is only deploying single warheads on its DF-5A and the DF-31A ICBMs, although some foreign analysts have claimed that it has already MIRVed some of its missile forces.

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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 11:35
Hyundai Heavy Industries launches South Korean Navy submarines


Aug. 8, 2014 By Richard Tomkins   (UPI)


A fifth 214-class submarine for the South Korean Navy has been launched by Hyundai Heavy Industries and is expected to become operational in 2016.


Hyundai Heavy Industries has launched a new 214-class submarine, to be equipped with locally produced cruise missiles, for the South Korean Navy.


The vessel is the Yun Bong Gil Ham, which weighs 1,800 tons, is 214 feet long, and has a top speed of 20 knots.


The ship is the fifth 214-class submarine of the country's navy.


According to the Department of National Defense, the ship features an air independent propulsion system that charges the submarine's storage battery without air, enabling it to stay submerged for two weeks.


Hyundai Heavy Industries will transfer the under-construction submarine to the navy in the second half of next year. Nine months of tests and evaluations will follow, culminating in the vessel gaining operational status, Korean officials said.


The country currently operates 10 209-class and 214-class submarines. The first 209-class vessel, the Jang Bo Go Ham, was taken over from Germany in 1992.

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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 11:35
Air Transportation: The Helicopter China Cannot Get Enough Of


August 9, 2014: Strategy Page


The Russian Helicopter Corporation delivered to China the last of 52 Mi-171E helicopters ordered since 2012. This model can carry up to 37 passengers or four tons of cargo and has engines that are particularly effective under "hot and high" conditions. This is useful for the Chinese, who need equipment that can operate in Tibet (where many areas are at altitudes of over 4,000 meters). China is quite fond of the Mi-17 and the older Mi-8 it is derived from. Currently China operates 160 Mi-171 helicopters.


In 2008 China signed deals that allows it to legally manufacture the Mi-171, but it is still buying them from Russia because it takes time to set up manufacturing facilities and China needs more military transport helicopters right now and can afford to pay. Currently China has about 300 Mi-17/Mi-8 type helicopters and over 500 locally made helicopters. Most (Z9/Z-19) of these local builds are based on the Eurocopter AS 365 Dauphin while another hundred locally built Z-10 gunships were based on a Russian design. China has shown a preference for the Mi-8/17 design and would like to build a thousand or more Mi-171s locally under license.


In 2010 Chinese and Russian helicopter manufacturers established a joint venture to perform maintenance and refurbishment on helicopters, especially those of Russian design. This is part of a larger plan, which also includes the factory in China building Mi-171s.


The M-171 is basically an inexpensive transport helicopter. But it can easily be modified to carry weapons, or any other specialized gear. Some of the Mi-171s are even being equipped with radars and other sensors, to be used for reconnaissance and surveillance. The basic Mi-171 is based on the 1970s era Mi-17, which is the export version of the similar Mi-8. Weighing about 12 tons, and carrying a four ton load, the Mi-171 has a range of 590 kilometers at a cruising speed of 250 kilometers per hour. There is a crew of three and as many passengers as can be squeezed in (up to 40 people, but usually 20-30.) A sling underneath can also carry up to four tons.


Several hundred Mi-171s have been exported by Russia. The helicopter is rugged, inexpensive ($4-5 million each) and better suited for less affluent nations. Development of this model was completed in 1998 and Russia has been pushing sales hard.


In 2008 Russia and China signed an agreement, in which China promised to stop stealing Russian military technology. It appears that the main function of the new "military technical cooperation" agreement was to stop China from exporting their copies of Russian equipment, and competing with the Russian originals. This agreement immediately led to some interesting proposals regarding helicopters. Russia agreed to sell China six Helix anti-submarine helicopters, with the possibility of joint manufacture. Meanwhile, the Mi-171 deal quickly turned into the Chinese Mi-171 factory.


There was also a proposal for China and Russia to jointly develop a large transport helicopter, based on the existing Mi-26T (a 20 ton aircraft that can carry 80 passengers). There may be other joint development deals to produce updated versions of existing Russian helicopter designs. This sort of thing could be mutually beneficial, and China now has a domestic source for inexpensive transport helicopters, which its civilian and military markets are demanding many of.

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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 07:35
China Asked SoKor to Cancel Pohang-Class Corvette Donation to Philippines

Pohang class corvette (photo : Chosun)


09 Aug. 2014 Defense Studies

“China has strongly protested against the [South Korean] government’s decision to donate a 1,200-ton patrol boat and a landing vessel to the Philippines, it emerged Monday,” reported August 5 by The Chosun Ilbo, one of major news providers in South Korea.

“According to the Foreign Ministry, an official at the Chinese Embassy in Seoul visited the ministry on June 10 after the decision was reported by media and asked for it to be canceled,” it added.

On Philippine side, there is no report of cancellation.

South Korean Defense Minister Kim Kwang-jin told Defense Secretary Voltaire T. Gazmin at a meeting in Seoul last May 30 that Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN) will decommission a Pohang-class corvette (PCC) by year-end and will be donated to the Philippine Navy.

Minister Kim said South Korea’s gesture is a small token compared with the great contribution of Filipino troops during the Korean War.

Pohang-class corvettes, a class of general purpose vessels operated by the Republic of Korea Navy, are equipped with 4 Harpoon missiles, 2 OTO Melara(76mm)/62 compact cannon, 2 Breda 40mm/70 cannon, 6 Mark 46 torpedoes, 12 Mark 9 depth charges. Sensors and processing systems depend on whether it is an ASW or ASUW version.

The said ship is expected to be donated with intact armament and sensors.


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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 07:35
Création du cluster maritime de Nouvelle-Calédonie


07 Août 2014 par Lluis Bernabe et Lionel Loubersac - Marine & Océans


L'assemblée constituante du Cluster Maritime Nouvelle-Calédonie (CMNC) s'est réunie, le mardi 5 août dernier, à bord de la frégate de surveillance Vendémiaire de la Marine Nationale avec pour objectif d'entériner la création du cluster, aboutissement d'un long travail de réflexion, d'analyses et de discussions sur l'univers maritime calédonien et ses perspectives.


Par essence, un cluster rassemble les acteurs principaux d'un même environnement, afin de former une communauté d'une importance suffisante pour soutenir leurs secteurs d'activités et peser sur les décisions locales.


Le Cluster maritime Nouvelle-Caédonie a donc vocation à rassembler les acteurs du monde maritime calédonien pour promouvoir les activités qui lui sont liées dans les domaines de l'économie (nautisme, tourisme, transports, pêche, aquaculture, énergies, finance et assurances...) mais aussi de l'environnement, de la culture et du patrimoine ou encore de l'équilibre social et de l'aménagement du territoire, tout en protégeant cette source de richesses qu'est la mer et en assurant la promotion de voies nouvelles de développement durable.


Le but du CMNC est bien de faciliter la collaboration et la synergie des acteurs maritimes afin de trouver l'équilibre entre développement économique et enjeux environnementaux du monde de la mer. Il est également d'appuyer les prises de décision en matière de stratégie maritime et d'inciter la mise en place de politiques publiques pertinentes. La naissance du CMNC s'inscrit donc dans un contexte de prise de conscience locale du potentiel maritime et de sa valorisation.


La création du CMF (Cluster Maritime Français) en 2006 et l'émergence, par la suite, d'autres clusters ultramarins (Antilles, Guyane, Réunion, Polynésie française...), comme chez nos proches voisins australiens et néo-Zélandais ont fait germer ce concept d'un cluster calédonien.


Avec un potentiel très vraisemblablement important, 1 400 000 km² d'espace maritime pour une surface terrestre de 20 000 km², l'économie marine de la Nouvelle-Calédonie ne représente pourtant que 1% de son PIB (produit intérieur brut), chiffre largement sous-estimé par la comptabilité publique locale.


Le Cluster Maritime Nouvelle-Calédonie comprend à son lancement 32 membres fondateurs et des membres associés. Ceux-ci, personnes morales, associations professionnelles ou personnes physiques représentent plus d'une centaine d'entreprises ou organismes impliqués par les questions marines et maritimes et plus de 1 000 emplois directs. D'autres entités ont d'ores et déjà fait savoir leur souhait d'adhésion. Le CMNC est organisé en 10 collèges thématiques, son conseil d'administration est de 14 membres dont les 10 animateurs de ces collèges. Un bureau de 5 membres assure la marche opérationnelle du Cluster.


Convaincu que la mer est une chance pour le pays et face aux très nombreuses questions qui se posent, ce Cluster Maritime, au-delà des sujets spécifiques à chaque métier de la mer (Transport, Pêche, Aquaculture, Activités Récréatives etc...), propose d'instruire et d'inciter nombre de projets transversaux dont :

-· le montage d'un Observatoire Economique Maritime, assurant la mesure objective du « poids de la mer » dans le pays et des tendances des différents secteurs,

-· la mise en place d'une charte associant éco-responsabilité, responsabilité sociale et développement économique,

-· des analyses dans le domaine de l'innovation (Energies Renouvelables, Technologies et Systèmes d'Observation, de Surveillance et de Mesures...),

-· l'identification de nouveaux modes de croissance,

-· la prévention des risques naturels et anthropiques,

-· la promotion de vocations maritimes chez les jeunes et la formation de ressources humaines nécessaires au pays ou encore la sensibilisation aux choses et aux valeurs de la mer...


Contacts : lluisbernabe [at]  hotmail.com  et lionel.loubersac [at] gmail.com

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 18:35
Australia’s Controversial New Counterterror Measures


August 08, 2014 By Jarni Blakkarly - thediplomat.com


Concerns are expressed at the expanded authority, especially the mandatory collection of telecom metadata.


The Australian government has announced new counterterrorism measures that will make it easier to detain suspects without a warrant for extended periods and includes mandatory telecommunications metadata collection.

The widespread changes announced earlier this week have raised concerns for human rights, as well as the fears from the Muslim community who feel they are being directly targeted.

Among the changes is a broadening of the definition of a “terrorist organization” to include organizations that promote or encourage terrorism, extended questioning and detention powers without a warrant, and a A$630 million ($585 million) increase in funding for national security agencies over the next four years.

On Thursday, the Lebanese Muslim Association said the new powers seemed to “target the Muslim community” and “give authorities unprecedented and intrusive powers.”

“I urge the government to abandon these divisive measures and restore public confidence in our ostensible rights as citizens in a democratic nation,” the association’s President Samier Dandan said.

While acknowledging the need for safety and security, he added, “Divisive rhetoric and fear-mongering often used by political representatives and the media is only feeding the frenzy of an us-versus-them mentality.”

The Australian National Imams Council have said that “the proposed changes to the anti-terrorism laws will severely impinge on the rights and freedoms of all Australians and especially those of Muslim faith.”

The new counterterrorism measures have come in the context of growing government and public concern about Australians returning from fighting in Iraq and Syria to carry out terrorist attacks in Australia. It is believed around 150 Australians are involved in the fighting in the region.

The new changes also include greater intelligence sharing internationally and increased power to cancel passports of Australian nationals.

However, it is the mandatory collection of the meta-data of all citizens that has raised concerns outside of the Muslim community. Under the changes telecommunications companies would be required to store the data, which the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) would be able to access.

Data on users accessing “suspicious” websites could be accessed by ASIO without a warrant, whereas other access to the data would require a “generic warrant.”

After some confusion about what data would be collected, including a bumbling interview with the Attorney General who failed to explain what constituted “meta-data,” the government has clarified that only the IP addresses of users would be kept. Specific activity on websites such as Facebook will not be collected, although ASIO declined to say if conversations from sites such as WhatsApp and Skype could be accessed.

ASIO have sought to play down the intrusive level of the data storage, however many remain skeptical of meta-data intelligence gathering in the wake of the Edward Snowden revelations last year.

The government has said that the widespread nature of potential home-grown terrorist threats justifies the new data collection. However, last month The Saturday Paper reported that members of a parliamentary committee on intelligence and security said that the new ASIO powers were requested almost a year ago and that the current threat of fighters returning from abroad was being used as excuse.

When announcing the measures Prime Minister Tony Abbott said that the threat hadn’t increased but that it was “as high as it has ever been.” He added that while Australia’s terrorism alert level has remained on “medium” since September 11, there was now “heightened concern.”

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 18:35
photo Livefist

photo Livefist


08-August, 2014 Indian Press Information Bureau


As per the Request for Proposal (RFP) for procurement of 126 Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA), 18 aircraft are sought to be procured in fly away condition and 108 aircraft are to be license manufactured in India. The process of negotiations with the L1 vendor, M/s Dassault Aviation of France for procurement of MMRCA is on.


Out of the six proposals received in response to the RFP for procurement of the MMRCA, the proposals of M/s Dassault Aviation for Rafale and M/s EADS, Germany for Eurofighter Typhoon were found compliant to the technical requirements. The proposal of M/s Dassault Aviation had the lowest cost.


The 18 direct fly away aircraft are expected to be delivered in three to four years from the signing of the contract. The remaining 108 license manufactured aircraft in India are expected to be delivered during the following seven years.


This information was given by Defence Minister Shri Arun Jaitley in a written reply to Shri Ram Charitra and Shri Y.V. Subba Reddy in Lok Sabha today.

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 16:35
Pakistan Appoints New Defense Secretary


Aug. 6, 2014 - By USMAN ANSARI – Defense news


ISLAMBAD — Pakistan has appointed a new defense secretary, Mohammad Alam Khattak, a retired lieutenant general. His predecessor, Asif Yasin Malik, stepped down this week after two years on the job.


Khttak's appointment was approved by the Prime Minister on Monday and he is expected to take up the position soon.


Usually filled by a retired senior military officer, the secretary’s post involves coordinating between the military and civilian leadership.


Khattak retired in October as the commander of the Quetta-based Southern Command. From 2009 to 2011, he served as the Chief of Logistics Staff at Army Headquarters in Rawalpindi. His frontline experience involved command of an infantry division and heading the paramilitary Frontier Constabulary in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as the Inspector General, Frontier Corps (IGFC).


As IGFC, Khattak drew some controversy for "talking with the extremists ... to try to get them to see reason," said Brian Cloughley, former Australian defense attache to Islamabad.


"There wasn't a hope of that, and there was some criticism of him at the time. It's always easy to be wise after the event, and this was realized by the [Chief of Army Staff], and he was promoted and did well," Cloughley said.


He said he believes Khattak will perform well in his new job and there are unlikely to be any surprises.


"He seems to get on well with the civilian bureaucracy, and is obviously in favor with the government, so things should go smoothly. I don't think he'll rock any boats. But the position of Secretary will always remain advisory,” he said

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 12:35
India Puts Finmeccanica Deals On Hold

India canceled the purchase of 12 AgustaWestland VVIP helicopters and has put other deals with parent company Finmeccanica on hold. (AgustaWestland)


Aug. 6, 2014 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI – Defense news


NEW DELHI — India’s new government has halted defense deals with Finmeccanica while the federal anti-fraud agency looks into alleged corruption in the Navy’s 2010 purchase of 12 VVIP AgustaWestland helicopters.


Sources in the Ministry of Defence (MoD) said an internal circular issued by the Department of Defence Production had instructions to put a hold on purchases from the Italian company and its subsidiaries.


Among the subsidiaries that may be affected are Selex, which is supplying the Air Surveillance Radar for India’s under-development aircraft carrier, and Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquel (WASS), which is supplying the Navy with 98 Black Shark heavyweight torpedoes and upgrading A244 lightweight torpedoes.


Neither Finmeccanica nor the MoD would comment on the circular.


The move is somewhat unexpected. When the new government of Prime Minister Narendera Modi came to power in May, it signaled that such holds would be rare.


“A new government has come with a fresh mind and as a fresh chapter for India’s policy,” Minister of State for Defence Rao Inderjit Singh said earlier this year. “If a person or a company has been found guilty, they should be punished as strongly as possible. But before guilt is established, if a contract is canceled, it is unfair. A review is needed.”


And in early June, when the three chiefs of the Indian defense forces had their first meeting with Modi and Defence Minister Arun Jaitley, they said such holds had harmed India’s defense readiness.


“The putting-on-hold of defense projects of Finmeccanica and its subsidiaries is a complete change of face of the new government, which had promised before the elections to push India’s defense preparedness,” Indian defense analyst Nitin Mehta said. “So far, the new government has not announced any substantive measures which will hasten stalled defense projects. In fact, the defense budget for 2014-15 proposed by the new government is too meager to meet the long-term defense needs of the defense forces,” Mehta said.


The Black Shark torpedoes are to arm the six French-designed Scorpene submarines being built at India’s Mazagon Docks in Mumbai.


“They were hoping that the new government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi would clear the purchase of Black Shark heavyweight torpedoes for the Scorpene submarines,” an Indian Navy official said.


The subs are due for delivery in 2016, nearly four years behind schedule. The subs will operate without torpedoes if the project is put on hold, the official said.


The upgrades to the A244 torpedoes are part of a series that include getting a new, longer-range fire control system, increasing their speed, and improving their target detection and acoustic counter-countermeasures.


Between 2005 and 2009, the United Progressive Alliance government barred Singapore Technologies Kinetics, Israel Military Industries, Zurich-based Rheinmetall Air Defense, Russia-based Corporation Defense, and Denel of South Africa from doing business in India for ten years.


This caused shortages of ammunition and slowed the purchase of howitzers. The blacklist halted a $300 million contract, signed with IMI in 2009, to build ordnance factories in the state of Bihar to manufacture ammunition for Bofors 155mm guns.


The tender for wheeled 155mm/52-caliber artillery was canceled by the blacklisting of Rheinmetall, which was vying with Konstrukta of Slovakia for the job.


The 2005 blacklisting of Denel for alleged bribery and kickbacks led to the cancellation of the tender for the purchase of 155mm/52-caliber towed guns, which Denel was expected to win

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 12:35
Eielson AFB Selected As Preferred Alternative for 1st Overseas-Based F-35As


Aug 7, 2014 ASDNews Source : US Air Force


Air Force officials announced Aug. 7 that Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, was selected as the preferred alternative to host the first F-35A Lightning II squadrons in the Pacific area of responsibility.

Eielson was selected due to its ability to support the mission, economic factors and environmental considerations.

"Basing the F-35s at Eielson (AFB) will allow the Air Force the capability of using the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex for large force exercises using a multitude of ranges and maneuver areas in Alaska," said Secretary of the Air Force Deborah Lee James. "This, combined with the largest airspace in the Air Force, ensures realistic combat training for the DOD."


Read more

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 11:35
India, US to Boost Ties


Aug. 8, 2014 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI – Defense News


NEW DELHI — The top Indian and US defense acquisition officials will work together to foster joint defense projects, the governments said Friday.


No such project has been announced since the two governments created the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) in 2012, which aimed to boost cooperation and reduce red tape.


The announcement came after a meeting here between Indian Defense Minister Arun Jaitely and US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, whose visit has also included meetings with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, and National Security Advisor Ajit Doval.


In a press release, Defence Ministry officials said, “With co-development and co-production of defense products in mind, India and the United States today agreed to take the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) forward. The contact person from the Indian side will be the Secretary, Department of Defense Production and the United States will be represented by, the Under Secretary for Acquisition, Technology and Licensing at the Pentagon.”


Frank Kendall is the current US defense undersecretary for acquisition, technology and logistics.


A defense analyst said India’s efforts to co-produce arms and defense gear with the US have been notably slower than that with Israel and Russia.


“The eagerness to transfer of technology by United States to India has been the stumbling block in boosting these ties,” said Nitin Mehta

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9 août 2014 6 09 /08 /août /2014 11:30
Turkey Targets $1.6 Billion in Arms Exports

Defense Minister Ismet Yilmaz said Turkey's defense industry aims to secure contract soon in South American and African markets.


Aug. 4, 2014 - By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense News


ANKARA — Turkey aims to reach $1.6 billion in arms exports this year, up 14.3 percent from $1.4 billion in 2013, Defense Minister Ismet Yilmaz said Aug. 1.


Turkey’s top export markets are the United States, Gulf countries and Turkic republics in Central Asia.


But Yilmaz said that the country’s manufacturers now targeted South America and Africa.


“Our defense industry aims to secure contract soon in South American and African markets,” Yilmaz said in a written statement in response to a parliamentary inquiry.


Turkey’s defense procurement office, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM) has offices in Washington; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Brussels, Belgium; and Astana, Kazakhstan, to coordinate arms exports to these countries.


Yilmaz said that SSM would soon open offices in South America, Africa and Southeast Asia.

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