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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 18:55
Le XV du Pacifique a fait la démonstration de son haka aux pieds de l’Arc de triomphe. - photo C.Lebertre DICoD.jpg

Le XV du Pacifique a fait la démonstration de son haka aux pieds de l’Arc de triomphe. - photo C.Lebertre DICoD.jpg

 

30/09/2015 Carine Bobbera  - Ministère de la Défense

 

Lundi 28 septembre 2015, la sélection nationale militaire de rugby « XV du Pacifique » et la sélection nationale militaire de rugby de Nouvelle-Zélande ont procédé au ravivage de la flamme du soldat inconnu sous l’Arc de triomphe, à Paris. Ils ont prolongé ce moment de fraternité par un match de gala, le lendemain, au stade Jean-Bouin.

 

Les chants du Pacifique ont résonné sous les arcades de l’Arc de triomphe, ce lundi 28 septembre 2015. La sélection nationale militaire de rugby « XV du Pacifique » et la sélection nationale militaire de rugby de Nouvelle-Zélande ont procédé au ravivage de la flamme du soldat inconnu sous l’Arc de triomphe, à Paris.

Présidée par le gouverneur militaire de Paris, le général de corps d’armée Bruno Le Ray, et par l’ambassadeur de Nouvelle-Zélande, Son Excellence monsieur James Loundon Kember, cette cérémonie s’inscrit dans le cadre des commémorations de la Grande Guerre et rend hommage aux forces armées françaises et néo-zélandaises, tout particulièrement aux rugbymen militaires qui sont tombés au champ d’honneur pendant la Première Guerre mondiale.

 

A la fin de la cérémonie, le XV du Pacifique a réalisé son traditionnel haka devant les regards médusés d’enfants et ceux plus amusés de leurs homologues militaires des « Defence Blacks ».

Les deux équipes se sont retrouvées le lendemain, le mardi 29 septembre, au stade Jean-Bouin (Paris 16e) pour un match de gala. Les Néo-Zélandais se sont imposés 50-0 face aux Français, qui ont néanmoins exprimé leur fierté d’avoir affronté ces sportifs de haut niveau. Le dernier match d’une sélection nationale militaire de rugby néo-zélandaise contre leurs homologues français remonte au 8 avril 1917 ! Déjà, à cette époque, les All Blacks Defence l’avaient emporté. Mais est restée dans les mémoires la démonstration impressionnante du haka néo-zélandais et l’échange fraternel des maillots, entre les deux équipes alliées, à la fin du match.

 

Note RP Defense : voir reportage photos sur la page Facebook NZDF Rugby - Defence Blacks

 

XV du Pacifique – Defence Blacks

Le rugby militaire commémore 100 ans de fraternité

L’équipe du « XV du Pacifique » est constituée de joueurs des trois armées et de la Gendarmerie nationale originaires du Pacifique et porte le souvenir des Océaniens morts pour la France et plus particulièrement des militaires du Bataillon du Pacifique.

photo NZDF Rugby - Defence Blacks

photo NZDF Rugby - Defence Blacks

Les forces armées de Nouvelle-Zélande possède également leur équipe de rugby militaire nommée  les « Defence Blacks ». Ces derniers sont actuellement en tournée en France et en Belgique et participeront à la deuxième coupe du monde militaire de rugby qui aura lieu du 6 au 29 octobre au Royaume-Uni. Ils sont déjà annoncés comme les grands favoris.

 

Note RP Defense : voir NZDF Rugby - Defence Blacks sur Facebook

Haka of XV du Pacifique

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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 12:50
Ouverture du bureau de l'attaché de Défense du Vietnam au Royaume-Uni

Le général Pham Quang Vinh (au micro) à cette cérémonie d'inauguration du bureau de l'attaché de Défense du Vietnam au Royaume-Uni, le 30 septembre à Londres.  Photo : VNA/CVN

 

01/10/2015 Vietnam+

 

Le bureau de l'attaché de Défense du Vietnam au Royaume-Uni a été inauguré le 30 septembre à Londres. Cet événement marque le 5e anniversaire de l'établissement du partenariat stratégique entre le Vietnam et le Royaume-Uni.

 

À cette cérémonie, l'ambassadeur du Vietnam au Royaume-Uni, Nguyên Van Thao a affirmé que le Vietnam considérait le renforcement de la coopération de défense avec les partenaires internationaux dont le Royaume-Uni, comme un pilier de son processus d'intégration intégrale.

 

Selon le général Pham Quang Vinh, représentant du ministère vietnamien de la Défense, le Vietnam fait grand cas du rôle du Royaume-Uni sur la scène internationale. La coopération entre les deux pays dans la défense contribuera à garantir la paix et la stabilité dans la région comme dans le monde.

 

Le chef du Département de la planification et de la politique internationale du ministère de la Défense du Royaume-Uni, le général Nick Bray, a salué l'ouverture de ce bureau d'Attaché de Défense du Vietnam, qui contribuera à développer les relations bilatérales dans ce domaine.

 

En 2011, les ministères de la Défense des deux pays ont signé un protocole de coopération dans la défense. Les deux parties ont organisé des cours d'anglais et de vietnamien pour leurs officiers. Actuellement, elles sont en train de mettre en œuvre des projets de coopération concernant le déminage, l’entraînement, le maintien de la paix dans le cadre de l'ONU, les techniques militaires, l'industrie de défense, etc.

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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
photo EMA / Marine Nationale

photo EMA / Marine Nationale

 

30/09/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Le 21 septembre 2015, la frégate de surveillance Vendémiaire a appareillé de Nouméa pour une mission en Asie du Sud-Est.

 

Cette campagne qui a lieu chaque semestre, s’inscrit dans le cadre de la mission de présence des Forces armées en Nouvelle-Calédonie (FANC) sur le théâtre Pacifique. Elle vise principalement à entretenir notre connaissance de la zone Asie-Pacifique et à animer la coopération régionale avec les pays riverains, tout en réaffirmant l’attachement de la France à la libre circulation en mer. Le Vendémiaire représentera par ailleurs la France à la célébration du 150ème anniversaire de la création du port de Yokosuka, conçu par un ingénieur français. Il y participera à la grande revue navale au Japon, organisée pour cette occasion.

En marge de son départ en mi / ion, le Vendémiaire a accueilli à son bord monsieur Vincent Bouvier, Haut-Commissaire de la République en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Sa présence à bord s’inscrivait dans le cadre de la présentation des moyens des FANC qui avait débuté il y a un an. Cette visite lui a permis de découvrir les missions du Vendémiaire et d’avoir un aperçu de la vie embarquée.

 

Suite de l’article

photo EMA / Marine Nationalephoto EMA / Marine Nationale

photo EMA / Marine Nationale

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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 07:35
FANC : Exercice Volontaires 2015

 

30/09/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Du 14 au 18 septembre 2015, les Forces armées en Nouvelle-Calédonie (FANC)  ont réalisé un exercice interarmées dans la région de la Tontouta et dans le Grand- Sud. Cet entraînement, regroupant plus de 250 militaires dont une majorité était issue du Régiment d’infanterie de Marine du Pacifique Nouvelle-Calédonie (RIMaP-NC), avait pour but d’entretenir leur capacité opérationnelle dans le cadre des missions réalisées sur les différents théâtres d’opérations de la région.

 

Cet exercice a engagé un panel important et représentatif des moyens dont disposent les FANC pour réaliser des déploiements de forces coordonnés depuis la mer et les airs.  Ainsi, avions de transport tactique (CASA CN 235) et hélicoptères de manœuvre (Puma) de l’armée de l’Air mais aussi avions de surveillance (Gardian de la 25F) et bâtiments de la Marine nationale (barges de débarquement) ont été engagés dans les manœuvres amphibies et aéroportées permettant le déploiement de troupes du RIMaP-NC au sol. Actions commandos, appuis d’artillerie, interventions du génie, sauts en parachute, héliportages, et débarquements ont rythmé les missions des unités d’infanterie durant cette semaine. Une fois à terre les militaires ont ainsi manœuvré pendant cinq jours dans les plaines de la Tontouta, dans le décor aride du Grand-Sud et notamment dans le village de Prony.

 

Suite de l’article

 

 

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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 07:35
FANC : Réunion des CEMAT et représentants de 26 nations du Pacifique en Indonésie

 

30/09/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Du 14 au 16 septembre 2015, le général de division Léonard, commandant supérieur des forces armées en Nouvelle-Calédonie (COMSUP FANC), a participé au 9e Pacific Armies Chiefs Conference (PACC) à Denpasar, en Indonésie.

 

Le général de division Léonard a représenté le chef d’état-major de l’armée de Terre (CEMAT) à l’occasion de ce séminaire qui regroupait les CEMAT ou leurs représentants de 26 nations du Pacifique (Australie, Bangladesh, Birmanie, Brunei, Chili, Chine, Cambodge, Canada, Corée du sud, Etats-Unis, Grande Bretagne, Inde, Indonésie, Japon, Laos, Malaisie, Mongolie, Népal, Nouvelle-Zélande, Papouasie Nouvelle Guinée, Philippines, Singapour, Thaïlande, Tonga, Vietnam). Seize CEMAT en titre étaient ainsi réunis autour des CEMAT des États-Unis et de l’Indonésie, nations coorganisatrices.

 

Organisé par le commandant de l’US Army dans le Pacifique, ce séminaire biennal visait essentiellement à échanger sur les connaissances de chacun dans le domaine de la gestion des crises dans un cadre multinational. Le thème principal de ce séminaire était l’implication des forces armées dans la coopération régionale en Asie-Pacifique. Cette rencontre a été ponctuée par l’intervention du ministre de la Défense indonésien qui a rappelé la nécessité et l’importance de la contribution militaire à la coopération multilatérale dans la région Asie-Pacifique, pour faire face aux risques de catastrophes humanitaires et de crises alimentaires et énergétiques, ainsi qu’aux menaces que font peser le crime organisé et le terrorisme.

 

Le thème majeur fut abordé à deux reprises lors de deux sessions traitant de de la coopération régionale et des missions de rétablissement et de maintien de la paix dans un environnement multinational. En parallèle, ce séminaire a aussi permis de réaliser de nombreux entretiens bilatéraux.

 

Les FANC constituent le point d’appui central du « théâtre » Pacifique avec un dispositif interarmées centré sur un groupement tactique interarmes (GTIA) et les moyens de projection associés. Avec les Forces armées en Polynésie Française (FAPF), dispositif interarmées à dominante maritime, les FANC ont pour principales missions d’assurer la souveraineté de la France dans leur zone de responsabilité, d’animer la coopération régionale et d’entretenir des relations privilégiées avec l’ensemble des pays riverains de la zone Pacifique. Enfin, les FANC engagent régulièrement leurs moyens pour des opérations d’aide aux populations, en appui des autres services de l’État.

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Frégate indienne INS Trikand - photo Marine Nationale

Frégate indienne INS Trikand - photo Marine Nationale

 

29.09.2015 Marine nationale


Le 29 septembre 2015, la frégate type La Fayette Surcouf et le patrouilleur de haute mer Enseigne de vaisseau Jacoubet se sont entraînés avec la frégate indienne INS Trikand. Les entraînements conduits (évolution tactique de groupe, tir contre but flottant et exercice de défense aérienne) ont confirmé le haut niveau d’interopérabilité des unités. La Marine nationale travaille régulièrement avec la marine indienne. La coopération militaire avec l’Inde est fondée sur une vision partagée des grands enjeux stratégiques en océan Indien. Cette année, les marines française et indienne avaient conduit Varuna, un exercice majeur impliquant les groupes aéronavals.


Reportage photos

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 16:35
MD-530 F Cayuse Warrior light attack helicopter

MD-530 F Cayuse Warrior light attack helicopter

 

September 28, 2015 By Franz-Stefan Gady – TheDiplomat

 

Afghanistan’s most decorated pilot is critical of U.S. efforts to help build the Afghan Air Force.

 

Afghanistan’s most decorated pilot, Colonel Qalandar Shah Qalandari, recently questioned the usefulness of a new fleet of American-made light attack helicopter gunships, according to an interview published in the New York Times.

Among other things, Colonel Qalandari said that the new helicopters cannot reach areas where Taliban insurgents are normally operating, since the helicopter cannot cross the mountain ranges that surround Kabul, and that the aircraft is also dangerous to operate.

“It’s unsafe to fly, the engine is too weak, the tail rotor is defective and it’s not armored. If we go down after the enemy we’re going to have enemy return fire, which we can’t survive. If we go up higher, we can’t visually target the enemy,” he noted. “Even the guns are no good.”

The helicopter gunship in question is the MD-530 F “Cayuse Warrior” light attack helicopters, some of which were recently involved in a combat mission south of Jalalabad. One pilot talking to the New York Times, however, noted that the helicopters lack gun sights for its two .50 caliber machine guns, making targeting very difficult.

 

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 16:35
Indian Navy's New Destroyer 'Kochi' Revealed (Part I)

 

September 24, 2015 by Livefist

 

The Indian Navy's second Kolkata-class destroyer Kochi enters service on September 30 in Mumbai. Ahead of that day, here's the first official literature on the ship, made available exclusively to Livefist.

 

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 12:35
CARAT 2011 - photo US Navy

CARAT 2011 - photo US Navy

 

September 28, 2015 By Grant Newsham

 

The country needs a more robust capability. Here’s how it can achieve it.

 

As Indo-Pacific nations build up their naval power, submarines, cruise missiles, aircraft carriers, jets, and frigates get the most attention. However, an underreported but significant regional trend over the last five years is widespread interest in amphibious capabilities.

Japan and Australia have created rudimentary amphibious forces, and New Zealand is working to develop one. Malaysia has publicly stated it wants a Marine Corps and even the small, remote Maldives has established a Marine Corps.

Apart from this, Asia also already has a number of Marine Corps or amphibious-capable ground forces. The ROK Marine Corps is one of the oldest and most capable, though largely tied to the Korean peninsula. The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has a large Marine Corps, and as the PRC pursues its territorial expansion strategies it understands the value of amphibious forces and is rapidly building new amphibious ships.

The Indonesian Marine Corps is expanding, while the Philippine Marines are working to upgrade their force. India has amphibious-capable forces, even though they lack adequate funding and focus, and Singapore is looking to improve its amphibious capabilities. Bucking the trend, the competent Taiwan Marines have been pared down in recent years – to the point where they may eventually be ineffective.

The Royal Thai Marine Corps (RTMC) has a long history and can conduct amphibious operations. It has performed superbly in the south against separatist insurgents, and made important contributions to winning the nearly 30-year long Communist insurgency. However, the RTMC can make even greater contributions to Thailand’s national security and to regional security as well. The RTMC is indeed a neglected strategic asset, but to understand why, one first must understand why amphibious capabilities are important.

 

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 12:35
Warplanes: The J-31 Mystery Deepens

 

September 30, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Recently someone in China anonymously posted performance data for the new Chinese J-31 fighter. This was in the form of a sales brochure (for trade shows) that had not been distributed to the public. So far the manufacturer has been vague about J-31 performance data. This despite the fact that the J-31 has been showing up at Chinese weapons shows. But so far this promotion has been all about looking at the impressive appearance of the J-31, not crunching any numbers.

 

It gets more interesting when you realize that the recently posted data ascribes better engine performance than actual engines the Chinese have in service or access to. There were also descriptions of J-31 electronics that sounded more like a Chinese wish list than anything the Chinese have or are known to be developing. Many in the industry see this as some kind of desperate publicity stunt.  Efforts to sell the J-31 have not been very successful so far.

 

In late 2014 China quietly approached some potential customers about interest in buying its 18 ton J-31 stealth fighter. For export customers the J-31 would be called the FC-31 and it was understood that this version would not have all the best stuff the J-31 has. Pakistan expressed some interest, but then Pakistan is the largest export customer for Chinese weapons. Pakistan apparently thought it best to wait a bit because it was unclear how ready the J-31 was for active service. Since 2012 China has been testing the J-31 “Falcon Eagle” (from an inscription on the tail). While it looks like the American F-22, it’s also smaller than China’s other stealth fighter (the 35 ton J-20, which has been around longer). The J-31 was built by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (which makes the J-11, the illegal Chinese copy of the Russian Su-27). The J-31 has some characteristics of the F-35 as well and appears to be something of an “F-35” to the earlier J-20s effort to match the American F-22. The J-31 flew for the first time in October 2012 and at that point there were at least two prototypes. The designer has talked of the J-31 being able to operate off an aircraft carrier (like the U.S. F-35 and the Chinese J-15, a J-11 variant).

 

One advantage the J-31 is that it has two engines, compared to one for the 31 ton F-35. In theory this means the J-31 could carry more weapons, but this is less crucial with all the guided weapons available. Moreover the J-31 is seen using Chinese engines, which are less powerful and reliable, even when two are used, compared to the single engine in the F-35C.

 

The J-31 is further evidence that China is determined to develop its own high tech military gear. While China is eager to develop advanced military technology locally, it recognizes that this takes time and more effort than nations new to this expect. Thus, China is trying to avoid the mistakes Russia made in this area. That means having competing designs and developing necessary supporting industries as part of that. All this takes a lot of time and involves lots of little (and some major) failures. The Chinese are doing it right and are willing to wait until they get military tech that is truly world class.

 

At this point the J-31 is scheduled to be ready for service in 2019 and have ground attack as well as air-to-air capabilities.

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 11:35
S-3 Viking anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft - photo US Navy

S-3 Viking anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft - photo US Navy

 

September 24, 2015: Strategy Page

 

South Korea is seeking to buy about twenty retired American S-3 anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft to augment South Korean ability to find and destroy North Korean submarines. The United States retired the last of its S-3s in 2009 but put dozens in storage, just in case. Before putting these aircraft in storage the navy took advantage of new, lightweight, search radars and targeting pods and in 2006 began equipping S-3 aircraft with Lantirn targeting pods. This was in an effort to extend the life of the S-3s, as reconnaissance aircraft. That did not prevent the retirement decision.

 

The S-3 was originally designed as an anti-submarine aircraft, and served in that capacity from its introduction in the mid-1970s, to the late 1990s. The end of the Cold War ended most of the submarine threat so after 1999 the S-3 has served as a patrol aircraft and aerial tanker. It was hoped that a reequipped S-3, with the long endurance (ten hours per sortie), day/night video capability of the Lantirn, and lightweight search radar, would make it a much more effective maritime patrol aircraft. The Lantirn pod costs two million dollars, and is hung off a hard point like a bomb or fuel tank. Despite this effort some 90 late model S-3s, about half the 188 manufactured, are in storage and can be brought back to service in a few months. South Korea would add some of its own electronics and begin using the S-3s for ASW work.

 

The 23 ton S-3 is a twin-jet ASW aircraft designed to operate from aircraft carriers. It carries a crew of four (two pilots and two equipment operators) and up to 2.2 tons of weapons (bombs, mines, depth charges, ant-submarine torpedoes). Cruise speed is 650 kilometers an hour and stall (slowest) speed is 180 kilometers an hour. Also carried are sixty sonobuoys plus extensive electronics (search radar, night vision camera and magnetic anomaly detector).

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 11:35
J-2 avant les Jeux mondiaux militaires d’été

 

30/09/2015 Ministère de la Défense

 

Du 2 au 11 octobre se tiendra la 6e édition des Jeux mondiaux militaires d’été (JMME) à Mungyeong (Corée du Sud). Cette édition 2015 rassemblera 7 000 militaires représentant 115 nations. Parmi eux, 163 Français qui espèrent briller dans plus d’une quinzaine de disciplines.

 

Mungyeong, en Corée du Sud, accueille du 2 au 11 octobre les 6e Jeux mondiaux militaires d’été (JMME). Sous l’égide du Conseil international du sport militaire, ces jeux rassemblent cette année environ 7 000 militaires représentant pas moins de 115 nations.

 

Avec des sports aussi variés que l’escrime, l’athlétisme, le football masculin comme féminin, le tir à l’arc ou le parachutisme, ce sont près de 24 disciplines dans lesquelles les compétiteurs concourront.

 

163 athlètes portent jusqu’en Corée du Sud les couleurs de la France. La délégation française présente 47 sportifs de haut niveau, tous issus de « l’armée des champions », une équipe de la Défense rassemblant les meilleurs éléments militaires de la nation. Cette « armée des champions » possède notamment dans ses rangs des célébrités telles que le maréchal des logis Florent Manaudou, nageur professionnel.  Ils seront accompagnés par 116 sportifs de la Défense, dont 12 blessés en service qui participent aux épreuves d’athlétisme et de tir à l’arc.

 

En 2011, année de la dernière édition des JMME, qui s’étaient tenus à Rio, au Brésil, la France avait remporté 18 médailles – 11 en or, 3 en argent et 4 en bronze. Elle s’était alors hissée à la 5e place au classement des nations. Cette année, elle peut espérer faire encore mieux.

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 11:35
Procurement: How The Indian Army Got Its Apaches

 

September 29, 2015: Strategy Page

 

India, after three years of deliberation by the procurement bureaucrats and politicians, approved the purchase of 22 American AH-64 Apache helicopter gunships and 15 CH-47F transport helicopters. Such delays are not unusual for India where decades of corrupt foreign arms purchases have been exposed in the last decade and the made those still involved in those decisions extremely cautious. It usually takes external events to move decisions forward. In the case of the American helicopters the primary motivators were Russian sales to Pakistan and a feud between the Indian Army and Air Force. The Russian aspect has to do with the growing hostility of India to Russian weapons. For half a century Russia has been the major supplier of imported weapons. But since the 1990s, as India freed up the economy (from fifty years of crippling state controls) and finally reached the limit of tolerance for poor quality and support that characterized Russian weapons, India began to buy weapons from the West. Although more expensive the Western stuff was more effective, reliable and often cheaper to operate than Russian systems. Now Russia has made the situation worse by selling helicopters to Pakistan, the arch enemy of India. India seems content to let the Pakistanis have the Russian dreck while India proceeds to upgrade with Western equipment. Since 2001 India has bought over $12 billion worth of American weapons and military equipment. The U.S. is the largest source but Israel and several European defense companies are also major suppliers. The Russian arms salesmen are not amused.

 

Another factor in helicopter procurement is an ongoing feud between the Indian Army and Air Force about who controls AH-64s. The air force has long operated the helicopter gunships, arguing that these helicopters are crucial for certain air combat missions like attacking air defense radars and other helicopters. The army generals were furious over that and demanded that the government set the air force straight. The army was particularly anxious to get the 22 Indian AH-64s as soon as possible, as these are generally recognized as the best gunships currently in service anywhere. Now those helicopters are on the way and apparently the army will have them.

 

Back in late 2012 the Indian Army thought it had won a major victory over the Indian Air Force when the government agreed to transfer most attack helicopters from the air force to the army. That was supposed to mean the army gets control of over 270 armed helicopters (22 AH-64s, 179 light combat models, and 76 armed Indian made transports). The air force would continue to operate a dozen or so elderly Mi-25 and Mi-35 helicopter gunships, until they retire by the end of the decade. These are export versions of the Russian Mi-24. Even then it was clear that Russia was not the preferred helicopter supplier anymore.

 

The army had long complained that air force control of the armed helicopters, which were designed to support army operations, were sometimes difficult to get from the air force in a timely manner. Another aspect of this deal was a new agreement by the air force to station some transport helicopters at army bases in Kashmir, so that there will not be a delay when transport is needed for an emergency.

 

This sort of problem between the army and air force is not unique to India and is actually quite common. It all started back in the 1920s, a decade after aircraft became a major military asset. For example, at the start of World War I (1914-18), the British Royal Navy had more aircraft than the Royal Flying Corps (which belonged to the army). But at the end of World War I, it was decided to put all aircraft under the control of the new Royal Air Force (the former Royal Flying Corps). The navy was not happy with this and just before World War II broke out, the admirals got back control of their aircraft, at least the ones that operated from ships (especially aircraft carriers).

 

The British army expanded its Army Air Corps during World War II, to gain control over artillery spotter aircraft, gliders (for parachute divisions), and a few other transports for supporting commando operations. After World War II the Army Air Corps mainly controlled the growing fleet of transport and attack helicopters. The Indian Air Force has always refused to allow the Indian Army to do the same thing after modern India was created in 1947. The Indian armed forces was long led by men who started out as members of the British Indian Army and continued to note, and often copy, British practices.

 

Thus the Indian Air force, like its British counterpart tended to keep trying to control everything that flies. British Royal Air Force generals recently demanded control of everything that flies, believing that this is more efficient. The army and navy, not to mention the experience of many other nations, said otherwise. At the very least the army needs to control its helicopters and some small transports. In Russia the army always controlled ground attack aircraft, as well as some fighters. In the United States the Marine Corps controlled its own fighters, light bombers, and helicopters. It made a difference, especially to the marines on the ground, that the marine aircraft were being flown by marines.

 

Another problem with a unified air force is that it becomes, quite naturally, air force centric. This is understandable and the air force proceeds to develop strategies, and tactics, that emphasize looking at military matters from an air force viewpoint. Before World War II this led to the doctrine of strategic bombardment. This was supposed to be a decisive weapon but it wasn't. When nuclear weapons came along the air force believed that it finally had a way to make strategic bombardment decisive. But it didn't, as ballistic missiles (another form of artillery) became the key delivery system for nukes. Nuclear weapons were so destructive that they became more of a threat than a weapon that you could use. In fact the very existence of nukes resulted in them not being used again since the first two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan in 1945. The fact of the matter is that wars are still ultimately won by the ground forces. As the army likes to point out, the ultimate air superiority weapon is your infantry occupying the enemy air bases. Everyone else (the navy and air force) is there to support the infantry in actually winning the war.

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 11:35
Indo-Israeli LRSAM Range Extended By A Third

 

25.09.2015 by Livefist

The Indo-Israeli LRSAM/Barak-8 began its first hot trials with the Israeli Navy in May this year. In what could be the single most significant development in the weapon system's long-drawn journey, the Indian Navy has confirmed to Livefist that the LRSAM will sport an operational range a third higher than initially agreed upon. In effect, the LRSAM's range now moves from 70-km to in excess of 90-km or higher. Range upgrade discussions took place in November last year following a land test in Israel.

 

IAI and India's DRDO missile cluster (led by the DRDL) that have jointly developed the missile system, designated the Barak 8 for Israel and yet to be officially named in India, have begun work on boosting weapon range.

 

With preliminary integration activity already on, Livefist can also confirm that the LRSAM is all set to undergo its first test firing from Indian Navy destroyer INS Kolkata in November-December this year in the Arabian Sea. The weapon system is intended for a host of frontline surface combatants, including all future fighting ships of the Indian Navy.

 

Top Navy tell Livefist that while the 2nd Kolkata-class destroyer Kochi set to enter service on September 30, like the first ship of its class, sports a BEL-built HUMSA NG bow mounted sonar, the contracted active towed array sonar will be integrated within the next 16-18 months.

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UCAV Burraq launching the laser-guided missile Burq

UCAV Burraq launching the laser-guided missile Burq

 

September 27, 2015: Strategy Page

 

On September 7th a Pakistani UAV used laser guided missiles to kill three Islamic terrorists in North Waziristan. This was a first for Pakistan. While Pakistan has officially condemned and opposed similar strikes by American UAVs in North Waziristan, it never banned the American use of armed UAVs in certain parts of Pakistan. The U.S. refused to sell Pakistan UAVs that could carry laser guided missiles, mainly because the Americans don’t trust Pakistan. So Pakistan went looking for other suppliers and eventually bought a similar UAV (the CH-2) from China in 2009. Pakistan was soon producing a local version, Burraq. The earliest CH-2 models were unarmed, but the latest version (CH-3A) can carry a max payload of 180 kg for six hours. China supplies two missiles similar to the American Hellfire. One of these, the laser guided AR-1, weighs 45 kg and has a range of 8,000 meters. This is said to be the one Pakistan is using.

 

Pakistan apparently won’t stop with the Burraq. There is a more advanced armed UAV being offer by China. Called the Wing Loong (that's Chinese for Pterodactyl, a Jurassic period flying dinosaur) this UAV which can be equipped to carry two BA-7 laser guided missiles (similar to the Hellfire) or two 60 kg (110 pound) GPS guided bombs (similar to the U.S. SDB). This UAV has been around for a while but it has taken time to get it working reliably when used to hit targets with laser guided missiles.   Since 2008 Chinese aircraft manufacturer (AVIC) has been showing off photos and videos of a prototype for a clone of the American MQ-1 Predator UAV that tuned out to be Wing Loong. This in 2012 one was seen in flight, over the capital of Uzbekistan, which, along with UAE (United Arab Emirates) were the first export customers. It was later revealed that development on Wing Loong began in 2005, first flight was in 2007 and Chinese troops got the first ones in 2008 for testing under more realistic conditions.

 

While Wing Loong is similar in shape to the larger American MQ-9 Reaper, in size it's almost identical to the 1.2 ton Predator. Wing Loong weighs 1.1 tons, has a 14 meter (46 feet) wingspan, and is 9 meters (28 feet) long. It has max altitude of 5,300 meters (16,400 feet) and an endurance of over 20 hours. Payload is 200 kg. The base price of Wing Loong is about a million dollars. But additional sensors and fire control equipment for one able to use laser guided missiles increases that to several million dollars. That is still about half the price of a similarly equipped Predator. Unlike the United States, which restricts the sale of armed UAVS, China will sell to anyone who can pay, no questions asked. The only problem Pakistan has is a shortage of cash. That’s why Pakistan cooperates at all with the United States; billions of dollars in military aid.

 

For several decades a growing number of Chinese commercial firms have been developing military UAVs. China is quite proud of its thriving commercial UAV industry, which produced a wide range of models. For example in mid-2014 China announced that a civilian UAV, used for mapping and land use surveys, recently stayed in the air for 30 hours, setting a record for Chinese UAVs. The previous record for Chinese UAVs was 16 hours.  This long endurance UAV was developed by a government agency (CASM, or Chinese Academy of Surveying & Mapping) and has limited military use. CASM has developed several small UAVs for survey duties. These UAVs all feature lightweight materials and tend to be under 50 kg (110 pounds) with small payloads (usually 5 kg/11 pounds). These take advantage of new lightweight and powerful cameras to economically monitor Chinese farming and natural resources. Some of these UAVs are also believed to be used by the police and security services.  Export customers are welcome.

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Les atouts de DCNS pour remporter le méga-contrat des sous-marins australiens

 

29 septembre 2015 Par Hassan Meddah - UsineNouvelle

 

Opposé à l’allemand TKMS et à un consortium japonais, le fabricant de navires militaires s’est positionné sur le contrat de renouvellement de la flotte de sous-marins de la Royal Australian Navy. Un contrat qui pourrait atteindre 30 milliards d’euros. DCNS proposera une version conventionnelle du sous-marin nucléaire Barracuda déjà en production pour la marine française.

 

Pour les fabricants de sous-marins, c’est le contrat du siècle. L’Australie a lancé une compétition pour le renouvellement de sa flotte,  de Collins vieillissants de conception suédoise qui devraient quitter le service d’ici 2025. La pays serait prêt à acheter entre 6 à 12 sous-marins pour un montant qui pourrait atteindre 30 milliards d’euros.

Après leur pré-sélection au printemps dernier, seuls trois groupes ont eu l’opportunité de déposer une offre initiale le 18 septembre dernier. Le français DCNS sera ainsi opposé à son rival de toujours, l'allemand ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) et à un consortium japonais regroupant Kawasaki et Mitsubishi.

Les candidats seront départagés selon six critères: le design des sous-marins, leur coût, l’organisation industrielle associée pour les produire, leur maintenance sur trente ans et la capacité d’intégrer un système de combat américain. Enfin le prix sera bien sûr un élément déterminant de l’offre.

La Royal Australian Navy exige un sous-marin de la gamme des 4000 tonnes et plus capable d’opérer de longues missions océaniques. Sur le plan industriel, Canberra n’écarte aucune option : une production "on-shore" (c'est-à-dire locale), "off-shore" (entièrement à l’étranger) ou un mix des deux, où le premier exemplaire pourrait être par exemple produit chez le fournisseur et le reste dans un chantier naval australien. Elle a demandé à chacun des candidats de plancher sur les trois scénarios. Ils doivent remettre leur copie définitive fin novembre. L’Australie sélectionnera ensuite un fournisseur exclusif d’ici le premier semestre 2016 pour des premières livraisons estimées d’ici 2026.

 

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China Creates A Sovereign Presence

 

September 25, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Aerial and satellite photos indicate that Chinese military construction efforts on Woody Island (one of the disputed Paracel Islands) are largely complete. The garrison consists of a battalion of naval infantry (not quite marines but close) and a 2,300 meter long air strip. This is long enough to support warplanes and commercial transports as large as Boeing 737s (which China has a lot of). A school building was completed in 2013 for the 40 children of officials and their families stationed there. There is an artificial harbor that can handle ships of up to 5,000 ton displacement. This harbor is heavily used because there is no local water supply and much of the water still has to be brought in along with fuel for all the vehicle (land, sea and air) as well as the generators. While there is some recreational fishing going on, the two thousand people on the island require regular food deliveries from the mainland.

 

In addition to the military garrison there is also a civilian rescue detachment equipped with helicopters and small boats. This detachment is largely for the waters around Woody Island and a few smaller islands that amount to about 13 square kilometers of land. That is expected to increase by 10-20 percent via dredging.

 

Construction continues on facilities for the capital of Sansha, a new Chinese municipality (city). Sansha is actually Woody Island and dozens of smaller bits of land (some of them shoals that are under water all the time) in the Paracels and the Spratly Islands to the south. In fact, the new "city" lays claim to two million square kilometers of open sea (57 percent of the South China Sea). China has said it has completed similar construction projects in the South China Sea but satellite photos reveal this to be untrue.

 

China claims the South China Sea and all islands (and near islands like reefs) as Chinese property. To reinforce these claims of sovereignty China is occupying uninhabitable islands and creating new ones by dredging sand from reefs and shoals to create new uninhabitable islands. Like Woody Island, these new islands will be staffed with troops and government employees and be supplied, at great expensive, from the mainland.

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Special Operations: South Korea Threatens The North

 

September 29, 2015: Strategy Page

 

South Korea recently confirmed that it is organizing six special operations teams that are being trained to attack and destroy key targets inside North Korea. Apparently the North Koreans had figured this out and there were a growing number of rumors in South Korea as well. This revelation represents a major change in special operations in Korea because since the 1950s it was North Korea constantly sending commandos and spies into South Korea where not all of them were quickly caught or caught at all. At the same times it has always proved nearly impossible to get foreign agents into North Korea, which had been turned into the ultimate police state after World War II. Since the 1990s the lack of Russian aid (which kept North Korea afloat since the 1950s) caused the North Korean military to gradually (and almost imperceptibly) fall apart. This was accelerated by growing and corruption, even within the secret police and other security agencies. As a result South Korea considers North Korea vulnerable and is preparing to take advantage of that during the next military emergency. If nothing else it causes the North Koreans to spend a lot more on protecting their nuclear weapons.

 

Meanwhile North Korea, which has long maintained elite commando forces, tries to keep up appearances. In North Korea special operations troops are still carefully selected, then paid, housed and fed better and given access to better equipment. About twelve percent of the million North Korean military personnel are in these elite units. But the benefits have eroded so much that even the elite troops are now suffering food and fuel shortages as well as aging equipment.

 

Since North Korean conscripts still serve for at least six years, there’s enough time to train even draftees to special operations levels of capabilities. Service in these units are sought after because not only do they mean better treatment while in the military but better career opportunities after military service. Most of these North Korea special operations troops are similar to U.S. rangers, marines, paratroopers or special reconnaissance troops (U.S. Marine Force Recon and army LURPS).

 

There are also some 30,000 snipers, organized into ten Sniper Brigades. This is a rather unique use of snipers, and given shortages of ammunition in the north, it's uncertain how well these troops, no matter how well selected, are at sniping. If you want to maintain your shooting skills, you have to fire thousands of rounds a year. The same applies for all elite troops, although a lot of the training just consists of physical conditioning and combat drills. For snipers, this consists practicing staying hidden. This can be accomplished, if you can keep the troops well fed and housed. This is no longer the case with many of the Special Forces, and morale is suffering.

 

At the apex of North Korean Special Forces there are about five thousand commando and U.S. Special Forces type troops. These are meant to get into South Korea and go after key targets and people. Again, the North Koreans have trained for half a century to do this, but have not been able to actually put these troops to the test much. There have been thousands of small operations in the south over the last half century. In the 1960s there was a low level war going on, as the North Koreans sent dozens of small teams south each year. Over a hundred American troops were killed or wounded, and many more South Korean soldiers and police. Yet, the North Koreans had little success.

 

While the top special operations units are still well cared for, more and more reports come out of the north about many less skilled special operations troops complaining about less, or at least lower quality, food and other problems (like less access to electricity year round, and heat during the Winter.) More of these troops are deserting and heading for China, where they can be more easily interviewed. Some have made it all the way to South Korea, where the extent of their numbers and preparations has pushed South Korean commanders to increase their security preparations, and train more troops to deal with all these commandos in war time.

 

While the North Korean special operations troops are grumbling about not getting all the training resources (ammo and fuel) they need, they remain a highly motivated and generally loyal force. The government uses these troops to insure the loyalty of the rest of the military, and more and more elite troops are being used to assist the secret police in going after dissidents and corrupt officials. This is probably hurting the North Korean special operations forces more than anything else. The troops are getting a close look at the corruption and contradictions in North Korea. The troops generally live in closed bases and don't get out much. But now that they do, they see a North Korea that is unpleasant, and not as swell as their commanders told them it was. It turns out those letters they were getting from home were not exaggerating how bad things were. And the trend has been down for so long, it's hard to assure the troops that there's any way up.

 

South Korea has fewer (about 20,000) special operations troops but they are trained and equipped to a higher (Western) standard. Meanwhile South Korea has improved its air defenses along the DMZ. For over half a century North Korea has prepared to fly small single engine transports into South Korea by coming in so low the radar could not pick it up. South Korea can now detect such low flying aircraft and has weapons on the DMZ to quickly shoot down intruders. The pilots of these aircraft are not as skilled as they used to be, especially for low altitude night flying, because fuel shortages have sharply cut training time in the air.

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photo Dassault Aviation

photo Dassault Aviation

 

29-09-2015 Par Challenges.fr

 

Nouvelle étape dans les négociations sur la vente de 36 avions Rafale à l'Inde. Des responsables indiens et français se réunissent aujourd'hui [29 sept.] à New Delhi dans l'espoir d'arriver à un accord.

 

Des responsables des ministères indiens et français de la Défense se retrouvent mardi 29 septembre pour discuter de la vente de 36 avions Rafale à l'Inde, avec l'espoir d'arriver prochainement à un accord, a indiqué un responsable gouvernemental indien. Ces négociations, qui se déroulent à New Delhi, interviennent après que la France a accepté le principe d'investir 50% du montant total du contrat en Inde, affirme le quotidien Economic Times.

Ces discussions "vont conduire l'accord dans sa phase finale", a dit un responsable gouvernemental indien à l'AFP tout en refusant de commenter les engagements sur les investissements. "Si tout se passe bien, un accord de gouvernement à gouvernement sera bientôt signé. Il faudra encore probablement un mois avant la signature de l'accord final", a-t-il dit.

 

Commande de 36 Rafale

Le Premier ministre indien Narendra Modi avait annoncé en avril, lors de sa visite en France, une commande de 36 avions de chasse de Dassault "sur étagère", soit prêts à voler. Le montant estimé est d'environ 5 milliards d'euros. Un point d'achoppement des négociations a été la demande de New Delhi, fréquente dans ses grands contrats d'armement, d'investir une partie du montant du contrat en Inde, selon Economic Times qui ne cite pas de source.

Selon le quotidien, la délégation française est conduite par un haut responsable de la Direction générale de l'armement (DGA), Stéphane Reb. New Delhi avait initialement lancé en 2012 des discussions avec Dassault pour l'achat de 126 Rafale, dont 108 fabriqués en Inde à travers une opération complexe de transfert de technologie.

 

L'Inde, premier importateur mondial de matériel militaire

Devant l'échec de ces discussions, le gouvernement Modi a décidé de revoir ses besoins à la baisse et de négocier avec le gouvernement français et non Dassault.

L'Inde tente d'accélérer la modernisation de ses équipements militaires dans le cadre d'un programme évalué à environ 100 milliards de dollars, afin de répondre aux défis militaires posés par le Pakistan et la Chine. Modi veut en outre que l'Inde abandonne la place de premier importateur mondial de matériel militaire et soit capable de produire 70% de ses équipements d'ici la fin de la décennie.

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CH-47F Chinook helicopter

CH-47F Chinook helicopter


28.09.2015 by Livefist
 

It's a phrase thrown about often in this business, but in the compulsively bumpy world of Indian aviation procurement, there are few occasions when an item chosen for the armed forces is a certain, unequivocal game-changer. The Indian government's decision to clear a deal for 15 Boeing Ch-47F Chinook heavy lift helicopters steps far from the slapdash, frequently fallible procurement paths the armed forces have taken all too often. For one thing, the Chinook won a competition. Two, the government's decision to close the deal comes nearly three years of negotiations later -- an indication, perhaps and hopefully, that India has closed the best deal it could for the product. But now that the decks are truly cleared for a direct commercial sale contract between the Indian MoD and Boeing Defense, it's useful to examine sentiments within the Indian Air Force, which will operate the Chinooks possibly from its Chandigarh base, but possible closer to the country's capital too. Here are five reasons why the CH-47F Chinook in IAF colours (as detailed for the first time by artist Saurav Chordia above) could be a true game-changer in Indian service:

 

1. The IAF has had a troubled run with its spare heavylift rotory wing capability. Of the four Mi-26 Halos it bought in the eighties, three remain (one was written off after a severe crash-landing five years ago). But even before the accident, the platform has had typically severe serviceability issues that have mostly seen only one in the air at any given time -- not the worst of scenarios for such a small fleet, but grossly less than what the IAF wanted from these machines. Replaced with a full-sized fleet of new generation helicopters will give IAF planners the kind of heavylift rotory wing flexibility they've never had before. Squadron-sized numbers (and, of course, newer circumstances) will shore up serviceability and put more numbers in pilots' hands. The last few years have demonstrated that the ability to have more than one of these helicopters in the air at any given time is the difference, quite literally, between life and death. More numbers of heavylift copters in aero-bridge operations during humanitarian relief or disaster reconstruction work will be crucial.

 

2. Trials in 2010-11 convinced the IAF in no small measure that the tandem rotor capability would enormously boost what they were already doing with the conventionally framed Mi-26, especially in high-altitude operations. A comparison of what the tandem rotored Chinook could do in terms of landing approach capability, centre of gravity envelope etc., as opposed to the aerodynamic, performance and safety constraints on the CH-53 Super Stallion/Mi-26 proved to be too substantive to ignore. In simple terms, the IAF was convinced the Chinook could get more done, cleaner and safer.

 

3. The Chinook is substantially smaller and with a lower payload capacity than the Mi-26, but a higher degree of loading/unloading flexibility (especially rear loading) coupled with  a significantly greater number of cargo/troops/equipment configurations convinced the IAF that switching to the tandem rotor machine made more sense than explore the very capable Mi-26T2, that sports better engines, avionics and safety features than the variant the IAF currently operates. The Chinook's performance with under-slung cargo also won the IAF over.

 

4. The Chinook's flying qualities, agility in the air, significantly lower rotor diameter and landing flexibility will allow the IAF to fly it where it couldn't have even thought of taking the Mi-26. High altitude border areas, along narrow ridges and valleys, to deliver equipment, humans or materials for construction, road-building/repair, communications infrastructure building, disaster relief, casualty evacuation or any of the several other mission profiles the Chinook is built for. Why is that a game-changer? Because the IAF cannot satisfactorily deliver heavy payloads to precise sites even now. If not fully in some areas, tandem rotor operations will close the gap significantly, allowing the IAF to deliver closer to sites of requirement than ever before.

 

5. The Chinook is only the second heavylift helicopter the IAF will have ever operated. Unlike the Mi-26  that has performed strictly a troop/cargo transport role, the Chinook will obviously have a special missions profile as well. While the IAF has been looking at the MH-47 special operations configuration, the CH-47F variant it has chosen will definitely be used for special operations training and exercises, and will necessarily integrated with the larger joint special forces orbat. The IAF, a master at finding innovative new uses for its kit, could throw up several surprises behind the stick of a Chinook.

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A drone found crashed in South Korea (Photo: Korean Ministry of Defense)

A drone found crashed in South Korea (Photo: Korean Ministry of Defense)

 

September 29, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The growing availability of small, inexpensive UAVs that can (and are) used by criminals and Islamic terrorists has led to the development of several Anti-UAV Defense Systems (AUDS). These systems consist of multiple sensors (visual, heat, radar) to detect the small UAVs and a focused radio signal jammer to cut the UAV off from its controller and prevent (in most cases) the UAV from completing its mission. The detection range of AUDS is usually 10 kilometers or more and jamming range varies from a few kilometers to about eight.

 

AUDS can be defeated. For example a user can send a small UAV off on a pre-programmed mission. This can be to take photos or deliver a small explosive. No one has tried, at least successfully, using armed micro-UAVs yet but North Korea has been caught using small recon UAVs flying under automatic control.

 

If these UAVs are still detected they have to be destroyed via ground or air-to-air fire. This the South Koreans and Israelis have had to do several times. The Israelis were dealing with Palestinian Islamic terrorist groups using small UAVs, often Iranian models. South Korea and Israel has responded by adding more sensor systems, especially new radars that can detect the smallest UAVs moving at any speed and altitude. An American firm has demonstrated a high-powered laser that can take down small UAVs several kilometers away.

 

North Korea had been interested in UAVs since the 1970s but had never bought or built a lot of them. In the late 1980s North Korea acquired some of China’s first generation UAVs (ASN-104s). These were 140 kg (304 pound) aircraft with a 30 kg (66 pound) payload and endurance of two hours. Very crude by today’s standards but it took real time video and higher resolution still photos. In the 1990s the North Koreans produced some ASN-104s, apparently by just copying the Chinese ones they had. In the 1990s North Korea got some Russian DR-3 jet powered UAVs. These were faster but less useful than the ASN-104s. Attempts to use the DR-3 as the basis for a cruise missile design failed. In the 1990s North Korea also got some Russian Pchela-1T UAVs. These were very similar to the ASN-104s and that means not very useful at all. The Chinese and Russians used these first generation UAVs mainly for correcting artillery fire and this is what North Korea was seen doing with them, particularly North Korean coastal artillery.

 

In 2014 South Korea was alarmed to discover three North Korean UAVs that had crashed in South Korea. It was soon discovered that North Korea was using modified versions of the commercial Chinese SKY-09P UAV. North Korea gave the SKY-09Ps a new paint job (to make it harder to spot), a muffler (to make it less detectable) and installed a different camera. The SKY-09P was used via its robotic mode, where the SKY-09P flew to pre-programmed GPS coordinates, taking digital photos over selected areas and returned with those photos stored on a memory card. The SKY-09Ps found in South Korea had GPS coordinates in their guidance system showing they originated and were to return to a location in North Korea. The memory cards showed pictures of South Korean government (mainly military) facilities.

 

Thus the most successful UAV the North Koreans ever used turned out to be a Chinese commercial model, the SKY-09P. This is a 12 kg (26 pound) delta wing aircraft with a wingspan of 1.92 meters (6.25 feet), propeller in the front and a payload of three kg (6.6 pounds). It is launched via a catapult and lands via a parachute. Endurance is 90 minutes and cruising speed is 90 kilometers an hour. When controlled from the ground it can go no farther than 40 kilometers from the controller. But when placed on automatic it can go about 60 kilometers into South Korea and return with photos. These things cost the North Koreans a few thousand dollars each. While South Korea says they detected two of the three crashed North Korea UAVs no other details were provided. The Chinese manufacturer denied selling anything to North Korea, but the North Koreans typically use a third party for purchases like this.  

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Le haka des tranchées



29 sept. 2015 par Armée de Terre

 

A l’instar des troupes de l’Empire britannique, les soldats néo-zélandais sont engagés dans la Première Guerre mondiale. Regroupés au sein de l’Australian and New-Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), sous les ordres du général Godley, ils assurent d’abord la défense du canal de Suez puis combattent en juillet 1915 dans les Dardanelles où ils subissent de lourdes pertes malgré une conduite héroïque.

Après réorganisation, l’ANZAC combat en France à partir de septembre 1916 où il s’illustre dans lors de la bataille de la Somme, au cours l’offensive des Flandres en juin 1917 avant de participer à la seconde bataille de la Marne en 1918.

Issus d’un pays où le rugby est le sport de prédilection, les soldats néo-zélandais participent à l’accélération de la diffusion de ce sport sur le sol français. Ils amènent aussi avec eux le fameux haka, danse chantée effectuée par l’équipe du rugby à XV néo-zélandaise depuis 1905. Un haka est d’ailleurs exécuté sur le champ de bataille de Gallipoli avant d’être effectué au Parc des Princes en avril 1917, lors d’un match entre l’équipe militaire de Nouvelle-Zélande et l’équipe militaire française.

Danse traditionnelle maorie, le haka est interprété à l’occasion de cérémonie, de fêtes de bienvenue, ou avant de partir à la guerre. Plus que tout autre aspect de la culture maorie, cette danse chantée est l’expression de la passion, de la vigueur et de l’identité de ce peuple. Des valeurs propres au rugby, un sport souvent présenté comme une métaphore du combat et de la cohésion.

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28 septembre 2015 1 28 /09 /septembre /2015 17:35
photo EMA / Armée de Terre

photo EMA / Armée de Terre

 

23/09/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Du 26 août au 12 septembre 2015, dans le cadre des activités de coopération militaire régionales, les forces armées en Nouvelle-Calédonie (FANC) ont projeté un détachement à Nuku’alofa (Tonga) dans le cadre de l’exercice Tafakula.

 

Tafakula est un exercice à dominante infanterie qui, cette année, a été réalisé en coopération avec les His Majesty’s Armed Forces (HMAF) du Tonga, l’United States Marine Corps (USMC) et les New-Zealand Defence Forces (NZDF). Ce type d’activité vise essentiellement à développer l’interopérabilité entre les forces participantes. Pour l’occasion le Régiment d’infanterie de Marine Pacifique Nouvelle-Calédonie (RIMaP-NC) a projeté une section composée en majorité de personnel de la 5e compagnie (unité élémentaire de réserve – UER). Au programme, séances de sport, formation au maniement des armes des différentes nationalités, combat corps-à-corps, manœuvre en terrain libre, formation au secourisme au combat ou encore tir. Le tout dans une intégration poussée  des sections, composées chacune de trois groupes de nationalités différentes. Pendant deux semaines, cette préparation a ainsi permis une émulation et des échanges fructueux entre les 4 nations.

 

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photo EMA / Armée de Terrephoto EMA / Armée de Terre
photo EMA / Armée de Terre

photo EMA / Armée de Terre

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Washington et Pékin négocient un accord de non-agression dans le cyberespace

 

20.09.2015 lemonde.fr

 

Les Etats-Unis et la Chine seraient en pleine négociation en vue de ce qui pourrait devenir le premier accord de non-agression dans le cyberespace, selon le New York Times. Une annonce est problable en fin de semaine prochaine, lors de la visite du président chinois Xi Jinping, qui arrive jeudi pour une visite d’Etat à Washington. Les pourparlers se sont donc accélérés ces dernières semaines, selon des officiels engagés dans les discussions qui indiquent que chacune des parties devrait s’engager à ne pas attaquer les infrastructures stratégiques de l’autre.

 

Mercredi déjà, le président Obama suggérait des négociations, évoquant que les cyberattaques en augmentation seraient « probablement un des sujets principaux » du sommet à venir. Un officiel de son administration a précisé qu’une déclaration commune des deux dirigeants pourrait ne pas contenir de « mention spécifique et détaillée » d’une telle interdiction d’attaque mais pourrait plutôt prendre la forme d’une acception du code de conduite récemment adopté par un groupe de travail des Nations unies. Il s’agirait donc pour les négociateurs américains d’encourager les dirigeants chinois à respecter les principes de ce code, par le biais d’un accord bilatéral.

 

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Attack Copters Wipe Out Chinese Tanks in Simulated Battle

 

September 18, 2015 by Robert Beckhusen - War is boring

 

War game underlines armor's weakness

 

Recently, a Chinese tank company with the Nanjing Military Region went on the attack. The mission — punch through an enemy defense, press forward and eliminate any resistance along the way.

This was, of course, an exercise. And the exercise was going well. The armored beasts busted through their objective … when two enemy helicopters armed with anti-tank missiles arrived.

Within moments, the helicopters effectively “destroyed” the whole company, according to a July 25 article in the Chinese military newspaper Jiefangjun Bao Online. The paper noted the helicopter counter-attack “set off an uproar in the brigade.”

The U.S. Army’s Foreign Military Studies Office took note of the exercise in its monthly journal OE Watch. “It was … apparent that commanders were not staying abreast of recent changes in warfare,” the journal stated.

 

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