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10 septembre 2013 2 10 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Saab Delivers Final Gripens to Thailand

Sept. 09, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Saab Gripen blog; posted Sept. 6, 2013)


RTAF Received Their Last Three Ordered Gripen


Three SAAB Gripen C aircraft ordered by Thailand safely arrived 4 September at their home base Wing 7 in Surat Thani, Thailand. The aircraft were received by happy RTAF pilots and officers.


These were the last of twelve Gripen C/D aircraft Thailand agreed to purchase in a G2G integrated air defense agreement with Sweden signed early 2008. RTAF will inaugurate the operational “Gripen Integrated Air Defense System” on 11 September with a ceremony at Wing 7.


The ferry flight took off from Linköping, Sweden, 30 August, on a route that took them to Greece, Jordan, Qatar, Oman and India before Thailand. They spent a total of 16.5 flight hours before touch down at Wing 7.

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10 septembre 2013 2 10 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Japan Scrambles Jets for Drone Near Disputed Islands

Sep. 9, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)


TOKYO — Japan scrambled fighter jets Monday after an unidentified drone flew near Tokyo-controlled islands at the center of a bitter dispute with China, a defense ministry spokesman said.


It was the first reported incident of its kind.


Japan’s Air Self-Defence Force sent an unspecified number of jets to the area, the official said.


The drones did not enter Japanese airspace, the official said.


A second Japanese defense ministry official said the nationality of the drone was not clear, but added that it came from the northwest and and was last seen flying back in that direction.


China does have drones but when asked about the incident, foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei said: “I am not aware of the situation.”


On Sunday, Japan scrambled fighter jets against two Chinese bombers that flew from the East China Sea into the Pacific, through a gap between islands in the Okinawa chain, the defense ministry said.


And two weeks ago, fighters were dispatched to head off a Chinese government plane flying towards the Senkaku islands, which Beijing calls the Diaoyus and claims as its own.


A Y-12 propeller plane flew about 100 kilometers (60 miles) from airspace around the islands on Aug. 26, before heading back towards China after Japan’s military planes became airborne.


In December, a similar plane from China’s State Oceanic Administration breached airspace over the disputed islands, prompting the launch of Japanese F-15s.


It was the first known incursion by a Chinese plane into Japanese airspace, the government said at the time.


Friday’s reports came as four Chinese coastguard ships sailed in the so-called contiguous zone that surrounds territorial waters around the islands.


It was the latest in a series of such sorties by Chinese government ships since Tokyo nationalized three islands in the chain last September, reigniting a long-simmering dispute.

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10 septembre 2013 2 10 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
La Thaïlande réceptionne ses derniers Gripen

09.09.2013 Helen Chachaty - journal-aviation.com


La Royal Thaï Air Force a réceptionné ses trois derniers Gripen C le 4 septembre sur la base de Surat Thani, au sud de la Thaïlande. Les trois appareils font partie d’une seconde tranche d’avions commandée en 2010, la première ayant été passée en 2008.

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9 septembre 2013 1 09 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Experts’ Comparative Analysis of Performance Between J-15 and U.S. F-18

September 9th, 2013 By Chinese Government - defencetalk.com


The J-15 belongs to the 4th generation of conventional shipboard aircraft, which also includes the U.S. navy’s F/A-18C/D “Hornet” and F/A-18E/F “Super Hornet”, the French “Rafale M”, and the Russian Mig-29K which is also used by the Indian navy.


According to Zheng Wenhao, military expert of Xinhua News Agency, the J-15 has the best supersonic performance among the fighters mentioned above, and is especially strong in air control and air-to-air intercept; its low-altitude and low-speed performances are slightly inferior to those of the “Hornet” family, but are better than those of the other models.


With its roots in the excellent genes of the “Flanker” family, the J-15′s flight performance is relatively comprehensive. A heavy shipboard aircraft with a bare weight of about 18 tons, the J-15 is able to carry more than 9 tons of fuel internally, giving a range of over 3,000 km without the need to carry an auxiliary fuel tank. According to Zheng Wenhao, this allows it up to 12 mount points, which can all be used for a range of precision guided weapons, thereby creating high combat flexibility.


The extensive attack radius, generous bomb load, and lengthy patrol duration give the J-15 powerful single aircraft combat effectiveness.


However, according to Andrei Pinkov, chief editor of the “Kanwa Information Center”, a comparison between the “Flying Shark” on the Aircraft Carrier Liaoning and the “Super Hornet” on the aircraft carriers of the U.S. Navy indicates that the F/A-18E/F of the U.S. navy is more mature, and has certain advantages over the J-15.


“The orientation of F/A-18E/F is a fighter attacker, so that its maneuvering is not so good as the J-15, which derives from an air control fighter. This means that the J-15 is more likely to shoot down F/A-18E/F in close combat,” says Pinkov. “However, the ‘Super Hornet’ is able to take off with the assistance of catapult, so that its real payload is likely to exceed that of J-15, which takes off by means of ski-jump. Thus the U.S. fighter has advantages in terms of attack and combat radius.”


The larger frame of the J-15 also reduces the number of aircraft on the aircraft carrier, and makes its radar cross-section bigger than the “Hornet”, offering the advantages of stealth and first sight to the enemy.


“The J-15 represents a major transition in China’s Navy”, says Zheng Wenhao. As China’s first shipboard fighter, its capabilities in takeoff, landing and rapid combat-readiness are a major step forward.

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9 septembre 2013 1 09 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Le laboratoire de recherches nucléaires de Yongbyon - GeoEye Satellite Image

Le laboratoire de recherches nucléaires de Yongbyon - GeoEye Satellite Image

MOSCOU, 8 septembre - RIA Novosti


Les Etats-Unis et la Corée du Sud ont élaboré un programme conjoint pour contrer la menace nucléaire nord-coréenne, rapporte dimanche l'agence d'information Yonhap citant une source au sein du gouvernement sud-coréen.


"La mise au point d'un document détaillant les démarches prévues par les Etats-Unis en vue du déploiement d'un "parapluie nucléaire" témoigne de la détermination à résister à la menace nucléaire émanant de la Corée du Nord", a indiqué l'interlocuteur de l'agence.


Le programme en question a été élaboré au cours des dix derniers mois. Le document devrait être signé lors d'une réunion des ministres de la Défense des deux pays prévue le 2 octobre prochain.


D'après Yonhap, le document comprend la description des mesures politiques, diplomatiques et militaires destinées à mettre en place un "parapluie nucléaire" sur la péninsule coréenne.


La Corée du Nord s'est proclamée puissance nucléaire en 2005 avant de mener en 2006, en 2009 et en 2013 des essais nucléaires souterrains qui ont provoqué de vives protestations de la communauté internationale. Début juin, les médias ont fait savoir que le régime de Pyongyang envisageait de reprendre la production de plutonium à usage militaire dans une installation nucléaire de Yongbyon.

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6 septembre 2013 5 06 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
photo Ajai Shukla

photo Ajai Shukla

05/09/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter


India's Arjun Mk2 Main Battle Tank performance assessment trials are now concluding, paving the way for the design to soon enter Indian Army service, providing a large order is forthcoming.


Based on the Arjun MBT, the Mk2 variant of India's almost 40-year-old tank design boasts several new features. Modifications to its firing system have reduced its overall weight from 64 tonnes to around 55 tonnes, while it also has an improved missile-firing capability, new navigation and power generation systems and anti-tank mine detection lasers.


Listing the differences between the Arjun and its successor, Indian officials have previously managed to come up with some 90 new enhancements integrated into the upgraded model.


Arjun Mk2 MBT


Now, the Arjun Mk2 MBT is nearing the end of an extensive test programme, launched in June 2012.


In a statement on the upgraded Arjun tank trials, one defence official told the Times of India: "We are satisfied with the end product and its results, making it one of the most potent combat tanks for the army with unmatched automatic target detection and destruction, while offering maximum protection to the crew."


A representative from DRDO (the Defence Research and Development Organisation, which developed the Arjun) added: ''If the army is satisfied, the order of 500 should be placed in one go, since that would save time for various formalities and procedures of a fresh order."


Arjun Main Battle Tank


Right now, about 124 Arjun Main Battle Tanks serve with the Indian Army. The Arjun Mk2 is set to enter series production in 2014, while other tank designs in Indian Army service include the T-90S Bhishma and the T-72 Ajeya.


DRDO is tasked with developing the Indian Armed Forces' next-generation military technologies. Established in 1958, it has a workforce of 30,000 (including 7,000 military scientists) and it works in the fields of aeronautics, weaponry, naval systems, combat vehicles and much more besides.

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6 septembre 2013 5 06 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Azerbaijan and Pakistan discuss perspectives of cooperation in defense industry

Azerbaijan, Baku, September 5 /Trend, I.Izzet/


A meeting was held in Ministry of Defence Industry on Thursday with the leaders of Pakistan Company GIDS, who are on visit in Azerbaijan, Ministry press service said.


The delegation was informed about the Ministry's activities.


During the meeting, which was attended by Pakistan's military attache in Azerbaijan, the sides discussed prospects of cooperation in the field of defense industry between Azerbaijan and Pakistan.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:40
Russia to hand over Vikramaditya on Nov. 15

September 4, 2013 Vladimir Radyuhin - thehindu.com


Aircraft carrier is now on sea trials and expected to return to Sevmash Shipyard


INS Vikramaditya will be handed over to the Indian Navy on November 15 at a formal ceremony in the Russian northern seaport of Severodvinsk on the White Sea.


The delivery date was confirmed at talks Defence Secretary R.K. Mathur held in Moscow on Monday, according to informed sources.


A high-level Indian defence delegation paid a one-day visit to Moscow to prepare an annual session of the Indo-Russian Intergovernmental Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation that will meet in Russia next month under the chair of the two Defence Ministers.


The upgraded and retrofitted aircraft carrier is now completing sea trials and is expected to return to the Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk in the next few weeks.


The ship was to be delivered last December, but failed the sea trials after its boilers and some other systems malfunctioned. This time, all systems performed flawlessly, including daytime and night takeoff and landings by MiG-29K deck fighter planes, the sources said.


The sides were tight-lipped on the issue of India acquiring a second nuclear submarine from Russia, but the sources confirmed that Moscow was willing to lease another Akula class submarine if India paid for completing its construction. The submarine has been lying half-built at the Amur Shipyard in the Russian Far East since it was mothballed in the 1990s for lack of funds.


On the recent accident in which INS Sindhurakshak sank after rocked by explosions, the Russian side agreed to provide expert assistance for raising the submarine and carrying out its technical inspection.


Russia will also beef up its team of 100 engineers, now deployed in Vishakhapatnam in order to speed up midterm repairs to INS Sindhudhvaj and INS Sindhushashtra. The Russian side also offered to have two more Indian Navy Kilo class submarines undergo midterm repairs in Russia, the sources said.


In reviewing progress of the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft, the sides noted with satisfaction the completion of preliminary design phase earlier this year. It is hoped that a contract for detailed design could be signed before the end of the year if the sides sort out the issue of costs.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
North Korea agrees to reopen military hotline to South

Sep. 5, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)


SEOUL — North Korea agreed Thursday to reopen a military hotline to South Korea this week in another step towards improving frosty ties between the two countries, officials said.


The accord came at talks between South and North Korean members of a committee tasked with reopening the shuttered Kaesong joint industrial zone, the South's unification ministry said.


The committee was formed under a crucial agreement last month to resume operations at the zone.


The committee has focused on the timing for reopening the complex, with its sub-committee members handing technical and other issues.


"At today's sub-committee meeting, both sides agreed to make a test call through the military communication line on Friday," a unification ministry official told AFP.


The hotline had been used to provide security guarantees when South Korean businessmen visited the complex.


It was cut amid soaring military tensions that followed the North's February nuclear test.


North Korea had promised to reconnect the line in July but had not translated its words into action.


Currently, the two sides use a Red Cross hotline in the truce village of Panmunjom to exchange messages.


Kaesong, which was established just over the North Korean side of the border in 2004 as a rare symbol of inter-Korean cooperation, had come through previous crises on the Korean peninsula unscathed.


But in April, Pyongyang effectively shut down operations by withdrawing the 53,000 North Korean workers employed at the 123 South Korean plants.


The two Koreas agreed last month to work together to resume operations at the zone, which is an important source of hard currency for the cash-strapped regime in Pyongyang.


As part of the agreement, the North accepted the South's demand that Kaesong be opened to foreign investors — a move seen by Seoul as a guarantee against the North shutting the complex down again in the future.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
Indian Navy receives second Saryu-class offshore patrol vessel

INS Saryu conducting mission at sea. Photo: courtesy of indiannavy.nic.in


5 September 2013 naval-technology.com


The Indian Navy has received the second Saryu-class naval offshore patrol vessel (NOPV), INS Sunayna (P58) from Goa shipyard during a ceremony held in Goa.


The 105m-long vessel has been designed to support missions including surveillance and surface warfare operations, to prevent infiltration and transgression of maritime sovereignty for the Indian Navy.


The Goa shipyard-manufactured warship is powered by two SEMT Pielstick diesel engines and is armed with a 76mm super rapid Ottomelara gun, two 30mm close-in weapon system guns and six chaff launchers for self protection.


In addition, a remote control system which features the automatic power management system will electronically control the ship's entire propulsion and power management.


Capable of monitoring sea lines of communication, defence of offshore oil installations and other critical offshore national assets, the boat can be used for escorting high value ships and fleet support operations.


In addition to the latest navigational and early warning radars and integrated ESM system, the ship features a helicopter landing deck and hangar to enable the operation of an advanced light helicopter (ALH), as well as two rigid inflatable fast motor boats.


The 2,300t Saryu-class ships can cruise at speeds in excess of 25k, with a range of 6,000nm and can accommodate a crew of eight officers and 105 sailors.


The first Saryu-class NOPV, INS Saryu from Goa shipyard was delivered and commissioned to the Indian Navy in December 2012 and January 2013 respectively.


INS Sumitra and INS Sumedha, the third and fourth ships of the class, are expected to be delivered to the navy over next two years, according to Shipbuilding Tribune.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
C-17 Globemaster III  Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

C-17 Globemaster III Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

NEW DELHI, Sept. 5 (UPI)


The Indian Air Force officially inducted the first three Boeing C-17 Globemaster III transporters this week.


Boeing delivered the three -- the first of 10 C-17 aircraft on order -- during the past three months, a report by NDTV said.


Two more are expected by the end of the year and the last five will be delivered by the end of next year.


The aircraft is capable of lifting tanks to the border with China and Pakistan and made its debut with a test flight at the Hindon Air Base in Uttar Pradesh state.


"The C-17 Globe Master transport aircraft will change the way we deploy forces in the north and northeast," Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne said on Monday during the induction.


India's Defense Acquisition Council approved the purchase in October 2009 to replace the air force's aging Russian IL-76 transporters that it bought in the 1990s.


The air force has fewer than 20 of Ilyushins which have a 45-ton cargo capacity and needs a crew of six.


The force also has the Russian Antonov-32 in its inventory.


A report by India Today said the acquisition of the C-17 Aircraft, and the Boeing C-130J Super Hercules transporter, shows the air force is moving away from reliance on Russian-origin aircraft toward American ones.


India operates six C-130Js and plans to buy six more for operations on small and unpaved runways alongside routine transport missions.


The C-17 carries up to 80 tons and needs a crew of three. One person can operate the heavy-lift hydraulics for cargo handling.


The high-wing, 4-engine, T-tailed Globemaster -- powered by four Pratt & Whitney F117-PW-100 turbofan engines -- needs a 7,600-foot airfield to take off. But it can land in less than 3,000 feet on a small unpaved or paved airfield, day or night.


It also carries a payload of 160,000 pounds, flies 2,400 nautical miles and can refuel in flight.


Boeing recently said that the deal with India includes an Integrated Sustainment Program Performance-Based Logistics contract which, with other customers, has maintained a fleet availability of 85 percent.


The C-17 has been in operation since 1991 and has more than 2.6 million flight-hours, Boeing says on its website.


Boeing has delivered 256 C-17s, including 222 to the U.S. Air Force. The rest have gone to and Australia, Canada, India, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the 12-member Strategic Airlift Capability initiative of NATO and Partnership for Peace nations.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
X-47B Completes First-Ever Carrier-Based Arrested Landing USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77)– photo US Navy

X-47B Completes First-Ever Carrier-Based Arrested Landing USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77)– photo US Navy

Sept. 5, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: People's Daily Online; published Sept. 5, 2013)


What R&D Breakthroughs Are Required to Give China A Carrier-Borne UCAV?


Military experts are currently speculating on whether China's aircraft carrier may be equipped with unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAV). This has not only increased public interest in these new "robot fighters", but also led China's military devotees to wonder whether China's forthcoming self-developed aircraft carrier will similarly be equipped with shipborne UCAVs.


The technical threshold of the unmanned air vehicle is relatively low. A company that can manufacture sophisticated model aircraft has the technology to develop a UAV. However, the threshold of a UCAV is more than 10 times higher than that of a UAV. The combat capability of UCAV requires particular abilities in target identification and autonomous attack. Thus the requirements of the observing and targeting system (eyes), the control system (brain), and the communication system (mouth and ears) of a UCAV are very high. On the one hand, the UCAV should be able to detect the target that is to be attacked, while transmitting images to remote controllers; on the other hand, the UCAV should be able to receive remote directions based on human judgment, and then launch attacks or engage in combat under remote control.


Shipborne UAVs were not manufactured specifically for aircraft carriers. It is already the case that some advanced modern destroyers and surface vessels have been equipped with shipborne UAVs.


But the greater platform size of an aircraft carrier creates the opportunity for large-scale UAVs with combat and attack capabilities. However, this presents a technical difficulty - carrier-borne UCAVs need all the functions of ordinary UCAVs, but also require an independent capacity to take off from and land on aircraft carriers. The requirements of carrier-borne UCAVs include not only attack and combat capability, but also the delicate maneuvers of 'intelligent' aircraft.


Therefore the development of a carrier-borne UCAV involves extremely high research costs and a complex development process. If China intends to commission UCAVs similar to the US carrier-borne X-47B, five technical breakthroughs must be made.


The first is advanced aerodynamic design. It can be seen from the shape of the X-47B that these designs improve stealth, increase flight range, and respond to the demands of air attack and combat. The X-47B, the UK "Taranis", and France's "Neuron" all feature a recessed rear inlet and flying-V wings.


The second step is advanced flight control technology. This is the real technical challenge for the UCAV. The carrier-borne UCAV requires a full range of capabilities covering takeoff, cruise, combat, withdrawal, and landing. The demands on the electronic take-off and landing systems for the moving deck of an aircraft carrier are significantly higher than the requirements for a land-based airport.


A UCAV's flight control equipment adjusts the craft in flight. This requires the flight control computer to implement planning and design according to a series of algorithms as quickly as possible after feedback, and update in response to environment changes detected by sensors.


Combat imposes high demands on the UCAV's flight control system. Whether in aerial combat or an attack on an enemy target, both the UCAV itself and the target can be moving at high speeds. The flight control system must be able to control the aerial maneuvers of the UCAV in response to a dynamic battlefield environment.


Returning to and landing on the aircraft carrier are the steps with the highest accident rate for both manned and unmanned combat aircraft. Therefore, China’s shipborne UCAV will require not only advanced satellite navigation, but also a higher specification of flight control system to achieve a safe landing.


The third element is intelligent attack-defense integrated firing control. The U.S. military classifies UAVs in levels ranging from ACL-1 to ACL-10 (totally autonomous). A relatively complete firing control system begins at level ACL-4. The more advanced generation of shipborne UCAVs such as the X-47B are classified at level ACL-6, that is a UAV with the capacity to deal with sudden threats and targets in the form of multiple drones. At this level, the shipborne UCAV is required to have an autonomous attack-defense integrated firing control system with a significant degree of “intelligence”.


The fourth feature is a high thrust-weight ratio turbofan, achieved at low cost. The turbojet/turbofan engines used on American UCAVs are always derived from civil engines or manned military planes. For example, the X-47B uses the F100-220U turbofan engine derived from the F-100, originally developed for the F-16. The characteristics and combat environment for a UCAV require that its engine should have a low fuel consumption rate, a high thrust-weight ratio, low R&D and purchase costs, convenience for maintenance, and fitness for long-term storage.


The fifth element is information security. Communications between the UCAV and the remote controller are very likely to be targeted for disruption by the adversary. Thus the UCAV must use the most sophisticated network security technology, and error-free self-destruct programs.


Although the UCAV is an excellent weapon, the technical difficulties cannot be ignored. UCAV development experts throughout the world have racked their brains in search of solutions to the problems posed by intelligent flight and firing control systems, and the need to guarantee information transmission security.


In the development of a carrier-borne UCAV, we need to exercise patience. If China intends to research and develop such an aircraft, then high-tech combat attributes should perhaps be considered as a second phase. Functions such as early warning, investigation, and relay-guidance of UAV can be executed as a first priority.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
Vietnam et France promeuvent leur coopération dans la défense


05/09/2013 lecourrier.vn


Le Vietnam souhaite renforcer sa coopération dans la défense avec la France, a souligné le vice-ministre de la Défense, le général Nguyên Chi Vinh, en recevant le 4 septembre à Hanoi l'ambassadeur français Jean-Noël Poirier.


Le vice-ministre de la Défense, Nguyên Chi Vinh (droite) reçoit le 4 septembre à Hanoi l'ambassadeur français Jean-Noël Poirier. Photo : QĐND/CVN



Le général Nguyên Chi Vinh a demandé aux deux parties de consolider la confiance et la compréhension mutuelles ainsi que de partager des points de vue sur les problèmes régionaux.


Selon lui, les deux pays doivent rendre plus efficaces leurs relations bilatérales dans la défense, notamment dans la formation, l'industrie militaire et la coopération entre instituts de recherche et forces armées.


Le Vietnam apprécie hautement la prochaine visite du ministre français de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, a-t-il ajouté.


L'ambassadeur français, pour sa part, s'est déclaré satisfait du bon développement des relations entre les deux pays, dont celles dans la défense.


Il a également demandé aux deux parties de renforcer la coopération en matière de défense, notamment dans le contexte où les deux pays accélèrent la signature d'une déclaration sur l'établissement de relations de partenariat stratégique.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
INS Vikramaditya. An Indian Navy photo

INS Vikramaditya. An Indian Navy photo

Sep 02, 2013 brahmand.com


NEW DELHI (PTI): India is expected to take up the issues of progress made in the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier project and pricing of the fifth generation fighter aircraft project during Defence Secretary R K Mathur's meeting with his Russian counterparts in Moscow today.


The Defence Secretary is leading a high-level tri-services team comprising three-star rank officers from the three services, and the status of ongoing projects such as Gorshkov, which is now rechristened as INS Vikramaditya and FGFA are expected to come up for discussion, Defence Ministry sources said here.


In the delegation-level talks scheduled to be held today, the two sides are also expected to discuss the futuristic joint development projects for the armed forces, they said.


The meeting is also expected to discuss the ammunition requirements of the artillery and the tank fleet of the Army and the upgrade of the T-90 tanks.


However, it is not clear whether the Indian side will raise the issue of mishap on its Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhurakshak, which had come back from Russia a few months ago after an extensive refurbishment in a shipyard there and is believed to under warranty till January 2014.


India is planning to involve the Russian side into the investigations in the mishap after the completion of the Board of Inquiry into the matter.


It is learnt that the two sides are also planning to discuss the upgrade of one more Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhushastra, the last of the 10 submarines procured by India from Russia.


India had procured ten Kilo class vessels from Russia in early 1980s and the deliveries were made in 14 years from 1986 to 2000.


On the Admiral Gorshkov project, the Russian shipyards are carrying out the sea trials of the warship and it is expected to be delivered to India by the end of this year.


The FGFA is a co-development project between India and Russia whose Preliminary Design Phase programme was completed on June 19 and the Research and Development contract is under negotiation between the two countries to define the total scope, the work share and responsibilities of each side, and the financial implications of the programme.


The visit by the Defence Secretary to Russia was scheduled in June but had to be postponed as Mathur had just taken over his new responsibility at that time.


The visit by the Defence Secretary is to prepare ground for Defence Minister A K Antony's visit there during the October-November timeframe this year.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
INS Vikrant built by Cochin Shipyard Limited

INS Vikrant built by Cochin Shipyard Limited

05 September 2013 Vivek Kapur – Pacific Sentinel


The first indigenously designed and built aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, was launched on August 12, 2013. While still several years from being operational, the launch of the carrier, which has been designed to carry 36 fixed wing fighter aircrafts, comprising a mix of MiG-29K and the indigenous LCA (naval variants) in addition to Ka-31 AEW and ALH helicopters, will provide air cover to Indian Navy (IN) vessels. The launching of the hull of INS Vikrant with the power plant and generators integrated is the first step in the further development of the ship, particularly the weapon systems. This work is likely to consume the better part of two years before the ship can join the operational fleet. Only the UK, the US, France, and Russia have demonstrated the ability to design and build such ships. Reportedly, the second Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC-2) is under design already.
One particular feature of the aircraft carrier is that it does not plan to utilise steam catapults, like the US super carriers, for the launch of the fixed wing aircraft. Instead, the bow of the ship sports a ski-jump configuration, in which the aircraft rolling down the very short available runway on take off is lofted into the air like a skier.1 This will impose limitations on the type of aircraft operable. The IAC-2 is likely to have catapults for aircraft launch.
The importance of air power at sea can not be overstated especially since the Battle of Coral Sea (May 4–8, 1942), in which two opposing fleets fought a major sea battle through the use of aircrafts launched from their carriers. Replacement of the battleship of yore with aircraft carriers, as the new capital ship, has been a strategic choice for the navies of the world since then.


INS Viraat, currently the sole Indian aircraft carrier, operates British-made Sea Harrier2 fighters in addition to helicopters of various types. INS Vikrant’s MiG-29K fighters are modern fourth generation fighters that will provide the IN with state-of-the-art air defence capability through the use of advanced Beyond Visual Range (BVR) as well as Within Visual Range (WVR) missiles backed by advanced airborne radar and Infra-red search and Track (IRST) systems and excellent agility. The MiG-29K also has an anti-ship and anti-land target strike capability, which would help in vastly increasing the reach, safety and lethality of the fleets at sea.
CGI of INS Vikrant operational (File Photo)
The IN has fielded an aircraft carrier since 1961.3 The original INS Vikrant served from 1961 to 1997.4 Aspiring to field at least two carrier battle groups (CBGs), one each for the western and eastern seaboards, the IN negotiated for induction of the erstwhile Soviet carrier, the deactivated Admiral Gorshkov, while also commencing to design an indigenous aircraft carrier. The contract for its transfer of Admiral Gorshkov involved extensive refurbishment by Russia. The refurbishment has faced extensive delays and cost escalations, though the vessel is reportedly now nearing readiness.
The progress in the development of INS Vikrant indicates that India’s shipbuilding capabilities are maturing towards self-reliance in design and development of high-end naval vessels. At the higher end of naval equipment, the aircraft carrier and nuclear powered submarine are complex. By 2020, INS Vikrant should be ready for operational deployment and could be reasonably be expected to be joined in a few years by its sister ships that may include further refinements over the original design. Both INS Vikramaditya and INS Vikrant are expected to carry MiG-29K fighters, sourced from Russia, to be joined later by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited’s (HAL’s) Tejas (naval variant).
By the 2030s, the IN should be able to field three CBGs giving it the capability to protect India’s interests at locations far removed from the coast. The increasingly “designed and made in India” nature of the IN’s fleets should provide strategic and tactical flexibility through total ownership of critical technologies and capabilities. Air power afloat as an integral part of the Indian naval fleets should provide these vessels assured air defence and fire power against surface targets at sea and on land.
The IN has long aspired for a true blue water capability and the aircraft carrier project is a critical part of it. The IN has been involved in the project from the design stage onwards at the Cochin shipyard thus giving it total ownership. Also, the time and cost overruns in the indigenous aircraft carrier project are relatively minor. The Admiral Gorshkov’s refurbishment by Russian shipyards, with several decades of experience, stands as a comparison.5 The INS Vikrant is the lead ship of its class and future vessels of the same type, if built, should benefit from the from the construction process.
India has major maritime interests. These arise from the fact that most of India’s foreign trade is carried by sea. India’s energy imports also come by sea. Therefore, it is important for the country to be able to provide security along these sea lanes of communication (SLsOC). Moreover, with an expanding economy, India requires to be able to access raw materials sourced from other countries along the Indian Ocean rim as well as further away. Thus India must be able to freely access the SLsOC to these regions. The Indian Ocean hosts some of the most important SLOCs including the Straits of Hormuz and the Straits of Malacca. In international waters it is critical to have capabilities to protect national assets, particularly the sea passage choke points.
Naval fleets have the ability to stay on station for long and carry considerable integral firepower. An aircraft carrier bolsters the potency of naval fleets by deploying fighter aircrafts that can apply long distance power from their carrier. Carriers can provide intelligence, reconnaissance and other essential support functions as well. A carrier battle group thus enhances the power projection capability of its fleet manifold.
The INS Vikrant signifies the coming of age of India’s ability to design and build major warships in the country and much to cheer for the indigenous defence industry. Moreover, it indicates that the IN is close to achieving capabilities to field forces at long distances in order to safeguard India’s maritime interests.
Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IDSA or of the Government of India.
  1. The upwards momentum imparted to the aircraft as it leaves the deck is designed to compensate for the very short available runway and, therefore, sub-optimal achieved speed due to the short take off run. The short take off run would result in lower speed than required for take off. However, the ski jump lofts the aircraft upwards; the additional height so gained allows the aircraft to build up adequate speed for a safe climb out.
  2. The Sea Harrier is an excellent aircraft with vertical landing and take off capability. However, its unique design restricts its radius of action, especially in vertical take off mode. Moreover, it was designed in the late 1950s and 1960s. Hence, its design has imitations in performance compared with modern fighters of later design.
  3. India bought the under-construction HMS Herculese Majestic class aircraft carrier from UK in 1957. Upon its completion in 1961, it was commissioned into the IN as INS Vikrant.
  4. INS Vikrant, which had commenced being built in 1943 and was finally completed in 1961, came to be decommissioned in 1997. IN bought the ex-Royal Navy HMS Hermes and induced it as the INS Viraat to replace the first INS Vikrant. The Viraat also boasts a ski jump configuration and came equipped to operate the Sea Harrier fighters in addition to helicopters.
  5. Initially, the Admiral Gorshkov was to be given free to India with India paying $800 million for its refurbishment and another $1 billion for MiG-29 fighters and other equipment. The final cost is in the range of $2.33 billion. Initial entry into service date was to be October 2008 with delivery finally delayed to October 2013.


Originally published by Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (www.idsa.in) and can be found HERE.
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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Indian T-90s Get 5,000 Meter Reach

September 4, 2013: Strategy Page


India recently revealed that it had negotiated a manufacturing license to build 15,000 Russian Invar anti-tank missiles in India where they are used by T-90 tanks. India has earlier purchased 10,000 of these missiles from Russia (that were built in Russia) and with the manufacturing license the average cost will be about $2,000 per missile.


The Invar 9M119M1 (Invar-M) is fired from the 125mm gun, like a shell, but operates like a guided missile. The 17.2 kg (37.8 pound) missile is 680mm (26.7 inches) long and has pop-out fins (with a 250mm/9 inch span) that aid in guidance (laser beam riding, controlled by the tank gunner). The missile has a max range of 5,000 meters at a speed of 350 meters a second (14 seconds max flight time). The Invar enables the tank to hit targets at twice the range of the 125mm shells. The tandem warhead can penetrate up to 900mm of armor (35.4 inches). Invar has been around for two decades and India is buying the latest version, as well as the license to manufacture another 15,000 of them.


T-90C_India source defense update

T-90C_India source defense update

India expects to have about 1,400 T-90s by the end of the decade. The first T-90 entered service in 1993, and India is the largest user. The T-90 is basically an upgraded T-72, which India already builds under license. The T-90 weighs about 15 percent more than the 41 ton T-72. The T-90 has a better fire control system, night vision that is good out to about 1,500 meters, and electronic countermeasures against anti-tank missiles. The autoloader, which often failed in the T-72, is more reliable and that makes the three man crew (commander, gunner, driver) more effective. The T-90 has ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) in addition to its composite armor.


The T-90 is not as lively as the T-72 and is actually slower on the battlefield than the U.S. M-1 (which has a horsepower to weight ratio of 24:1, compared to only 18:1 for the T-90). The 125mm gun of the T-90 is basically the same as the T-72. However, if you use better ammo, you stand a chance against top rated tanks like the M-1. But that is not what India expects to face. The most likely opponent is Pakistan, which is largely equipped with 1950s era T-55s (actually the Chinese T-59 copy). The Pakistanis also have 700 or so older T-72 type tanks (Chinese T-69 and Ukrainian T-80), but these would be outclassed by the T-90. India plans to have 21 tank battalions ("regiments" in the Indian army) of T-90s (with 62 tanks each) by 2020. Actually, each battalion only has 45 tanks going into combat. The other 17 are for training and replacements.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Shenyang J-31 stealth fighter (Falcon Hawk)

Shenyang J-31 stealth fighter (Falcon Hawk)

September 5, 2013: Strategy Page


For over a year now China has been testing a second stealth fighter design. This one is called the J-31 “Falcon Eagle” (from an inscription on the tail), and while it looks like the American F-22, it’s also smaller than China’s other stealth fighter (the J-20, which has been around longer). The J-31 was built by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (which makes the J-11, the illegal Chinese copy of the Russian Su-27). The J-31 has some characteristics of the F-35 as well and appears to be something of an “F-35” to the earlier J-20s effort to match the American F-22. It’s also possible that the F-31 is a competing (with the J-20) design that is hustling to grab sales the J-20 thought it had all locked up. The J-31 flew for the first time last October and there are at least two prototypes and the designer has talked of the J-31 being able to operate off an aircraft carrier (like the U.S. F-35 and the J-15, a J-11 variant).  One advantage the J-31 has is two engines, compared to one for the F-35. This means the J-31 could carry more weapons, but this is less crucial with all the guided weapons available.


The J-31 is further evidence that China is determined to develop its own high tech military gear. While China is eager to develop advanced military technology locally, it recognizes that this takes time and more effort than nations new to this expect. Thus China is trying to avoid the mistakes Russia made in this area. That means having competing designs and developing necessary supporting industries is part of that. All this takes a lot of time and involves lots of little (and some major) failures. The Chinese are doing it right and are willing to wait until they get military tech that is truly world class.



Both Chinese Stealth Designs Move Forward

The other stealth fighter, the J-20, was made by CAC (Chengdu Aircraft Company), which also produced the JF-17 and J-10. The J-20 made its first flight in 2011 and many more since then. There are at least two original J-20 prototypes and late last year a new prototype appeared that had several modifications and is estimated to have a max weight of 36 tons. While the J-20 looks like the American F-22 when viewed head on, it's overall shape, weight, and engine power is closer to the American F-15C. In other words, it's about 20 meters (62 feet) long, with a wing span of 13.3 meters (42 feet). J-20 has about the same wing area as the F-15C, which is about 25 percent less than the F-22 (which is a few percent larger than the F-15 in terms of length and wingspan). Worse, for the J-20, is the fact that its engine power is about the same as the F-15C, while the F-22 has 65 percent more power. With the afterburner turned on, the J-20 has more power than the F-15C and nearly as much as the F-22. But because the afterburner consumes so much fuel, you can't use more than a few minutes at a time. The new J-20 model appears to be able to supercruise, joining the F-22, Eurofighter and the Gripen as aircraft that can supercruise (go faster than the speed of sound without using the afterburner).


The J-20 has some stealthiness when it's coming at you head on. But from any other aspect, the J-20 will light up the radar screen. For this reason the J-20 is seen as a developmental aircraft, not the prototype of a new model headed for mass production. As such, it is only the fifth stealth fighter to fly, the others being the U.S. F-22 and F-35, plus the Russian T-50. The older U.S. F-117 was actually a light bomber and the B-2 was obviously a heavy bomber. Based on recent Chinese warplane development projects (J-11 in particular), the J-20 has a long development road ahead of it and will likely change size and shape before it reaches the production design. The J-31 may be an insurance policy, in case the J-20 effort goes off the rails in a big way.


While the shape of the J-20 confers a degree of stealthiness (invisibility to radar), even more electronic invisibility comes from special materials covering the aircraft. It's not known how far along the Chinese are in creating, or stealing, these materials, or the needed engines. China would most likely use the J-20 singly, or in small groups, to seek out and attack American carriers. To make this possible F-22 class engines are needed and that is still in development. Over the last few years China has admitted it has been developing the WS-15 engine (since the 1990s), a more powerful beast well suited for the J-20. No date was given as to when the WS-15 would be available for use or whether it would have the same vectoring (ability to move the hot jet exhaust in different directions in order to make the fighter more maneuverable) the F-22 uses.


For the J-20 to be a superior fighter, it would need electronics (including radars and defense systems) on a par with the F-35 and F-22. So far, the Chinese have not caught up with stuff used by current American fighters. But the gap is being closed, faster than it was during the Cold War when the Russians were creating, or stealing, their way to military tech equivalence with the West. The Russians never made it but the Chinese believe they can succeed.


Work on the J-20 began in the late 1990s, and the Chinese knew that it could be 25 years or more before they had a competitive stealth fighter-bomber. The J-20 is being tested in central China. The twin engine J-20 appears to be about the same weight class as the 30 ton F-15C. The F-35A is a 31 ton, single engine fighter, while the twin-engine F-22 is slightly larger at 38 tons. The Russian T-50 weighed in at 37 tons.


China is also developing other support technologies, like the AESA radar, highly efficient cockpit, stealth, and software to tie everything together. Developing, or even copying, this tech is not easy. But the Chinese already know that, having decades of experience adapting stolen technology to their needs. Thus it appears that China is planning on having the J-20, in some form, ready for service by the end of the decade. The key factor is their ability to develop or steal the needed technology by then. The J-20 appears to be a fighter-bomber, as this kind of aircraft would be most useful dealing with the U.S. Navy and key targets in Taiwan or Japan. In any event, the J-20 is an attempt to develop some kind of 5th generation aircraft, complete with stealth.



The only other competitor in this area is Russia, where fifth generation fighter developments were halted when the Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991. Actually, all development work on new fighters, by everyone, slowed down in the 1990s. But work on the F-22, F-35, Eurofighter, and Rafale continued, and those aircraft became, in roughly that order, the most advanced fighter aircraft available today. MiG resumed work on the I.42 in the 1990s, but had to stop after a few years because of a lack of money. Sukhoi has never stopped working on its T-50, funded by much higher sales of its Su-27/30 fighters. This fifth generation may come to be called the "last generation," after they are replaced by the second generation of pilotless combat aircraft (counting armed Predators and the like as the first).

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Pakistan Navy inducts new guided missile frigate

Sep 04, 2013 brahmand.com


ISLAMABAD/KARACHI (PTI): Pakistan has inducted a F-22P frigate made with Chinese assistance into its navy, with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif saying the warship exemplified the "everlasting bond of friendship" between the two countries.


PNS Aslat was built in a shipyard in Karachi with technology transferred by China. China has delivered three more F-22P guided missile frigates to Pakistan under a 2005 contract.


The Aslat is equipped with surface and surface-to-air missiles, torpedoes and an electronic warfare system.


Addressing the induction ceremony on Tuesday, Sharif acknowledged Beijing's assistance in building the frigate and said the two sides share time-tested relations that go back to 1950.


"Construction of the F-22P Frigate at Karachi Shipyard under a transfer of technology arrangement is a testament of the everlasting bond of friendship that exists between China and Pakistan," he said.


He said he was confident that defence cooperation between the two countries will grow and serve as a source of improved peace stability and security in the region.


Pakistan views relations with China as "enduring, multi-dimensional and deep-rooted" and these ties form a pillar of the country's foreign policy, he said.


Sharif also referred to China's support in developing Gwadar deep sea port, saying the facility will help open new vistas of growth and prosperity. The port will become a game changer for trade and economy of the region after the development of rail and road infrastructure, he added.


Pakistan's strategic location can only be exploited to its advantage by developing the maritime sector and a capable navy for effective defence, he said.


In his address, naval chief Admiral Asif Sandila said a strong naval force is required to deal with the challenges faced by Pakistan.


Pakistan does not have aggressive designs against any country and it wants to promote peace in the region, he said.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Type 214 Diesel Electric Submarine Daewoo Shipbuilding Marine Engineering

Type 214 Diesel Electric Submarine Daewoo Shipbuilding Marine Engineering

September 3, 2013: Strategy Page


South Korea recently launched the first of a second batch of six Type 214 submarines. This one was built by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering. The first three were built (from German components) by Hyundai Heavy Industries. Much to the chagrin of the South Koreans, who are trying to develop their own submarine building capability, the first three Type 214s had quality problems. Mostly it was defective components and poor construction techniques that left the three boats noisy and easier to detect.


The first three Type 214 subs were out of action for most of 2010 because of these problems. This was very embarrassing, as these subs were built in South Korea and that was a big deal in South Korea. Building submarines is a very specialized and exacting type of manufacturing, and South Korea has only been doing it for less than a decade. The first subs built in South Korea were these three German Type 214s, and the first of those entered service five years ago. The boats were built using licensed technology from the German developer (HDW) and many of the components were manufactured in South Korea as well. But then metal bolts in the Type 214s began coming loose or breaking seven years ago. The problem was traced to the South Korean supplier of the bolts which were not, it turned out, manufactured to the German specification. Eventually, German specialists were called in, and by 2011 the problem had been fixed.


South Korea went ahead with plans to build six additional Type 214 subs over the next 12 years. South Korea already had nine 1,100 ton Type 209 subs, designed and built in Germany. The Type 214 boats use fuel cells, enabling them to stay underwater for up to two weeks. The Type 214 is a 1,700 ton, 65 meter (202 foot) long boat, with a crew of 27. It has four torpedo tubes and a top submerged speed of 35 kilometers an hour. Maximum diving depth is over 400 meters (1,220 feet).


AIP boats go for up to a billion dollars each. The second batch of South Korean 214s will have an improved AIP system, which is apparently more reliable and provides a small increase in time underwater. South Korea will probably become a supplier of AIP systems as well because they now have the industrial expertise for this sort of high tech. The latest Type 214 boat is important because if it proves to be flawless it will make South Korea a contender in the international submarine market.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Gumdoksuri Class, the Yoon Young-ha (PKG 711)

Gumdoksuri Class, the Yoon Young-ha (PKG 711)

03.09.2013 Portail des Sous-Marins


La marine nationale sud-coréenne a pris livraison de son 10e destroyer doté de missiles guidés et construit dans un chantier naval coréen, qui se joindra aux missions de patrouille pour protéger les zones côtières du pays, a fait savoir ce mardi l’Administration du programme d’acquisition de défense (DAPA).


Référence : Yonhap News (Corée du Sud)

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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Le Nord est déjà capable de fabriquer des armes nucléaires, dit la Défense sud-coréenne

04/09/2013 par Jacques N. Godbout – 45eNord.ca


L’armée sud-coréenne considère que la Corée du Nord est d’ores et déjà capable de fabriquer des armes nucléaires, constituant ainsi une menace réelle et motivant un autre report du transfert du contrôle opérationnel en temps de guerre des États-Unis à la Corée du Sud.


La menace nord-coréenne serait bien réelle selon un rapport soumis mardi à la commission de la défense du Parlement sud-coréen, rapporte l’agence Yonhap.

«Le programme nucléaire nord-coréen était à un stade de développement et d’essai en 2010, mais s’est développé en 2013 pour devenir une menace réelle, permettant au Nord de fabriquer à tout moment des armes nucléaires et de les utiliser», a estimé le ministère de la Défense sud-coréen dans ce rapport, notant que le récent changement d’attitude de Pékin vis-à-vis de la Corée du Nord illustrait bien la gravité de la situation.

Le ministre de la Défense sud-coréen Kim Kwan-jin avait déjà demandé en mai dernier à son homologue américain Chuck Hagel de réexaminer le calendrier du transfert de l’OPCON, prévu à l’origine pour avril 2012, puis repoussé au 1er décembre 2015 en raison du programme nucléaire nord-coréen et de la situation en matière de sécurité.

«Face au Nord désormais doté de nouvelles capacités nucléaires et balistiques, le transfert effectif du contrôle opérationnel en temps de guerre (OPCON) est susceptible d’augmenter la possibilité d’erreur de jugement de la part du Nord», explique maintenant le ministère, selon ce que rapporte l’agence de presse sud-coréenne.



«La Corée du Nord poursuit ses activités en vue de préparer le redémarrage des installations nucléaires à Yongbyon et la recherche et développement sur les missiles», a ainsi souligné le ministère.

Pour les États-Unis la passation de l’OPCON est une étape très importante de l’alliance entre Séoul et Washington, vieille de 60 ans cette année.

Même si Séoul a récupéré le contrôle opérationnel en temps de paix en 1994, le contrôle opérationnel en temps de guerre dans la péninsule coréenne est assuré par les États-Unis sous la bannière des Nations-Unies depuis la fin de la guerre de Corée (1950-1953).

La question de savoir si l’armée sud-coréenne était prête à ce changement de contrôle et à diriger une éventuelle guerre contre le Nord communiste avec les États-Unis dans un rôle de soutien uniquement s’étaitposée avec plus d’acuité quand, tout récemment encore, les invectives, les menaces et le comportement erratique du nouveau leader nord-coréen faisait craindre le pire et, encore aujourd’hui, malgré l’accalmie, le Sud n’est manifestement pas encore rassuré et ne le sera probablement pas avant la dénucléarisation de la péninsule.

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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 06:35
Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »

03/09/2013 Sources : EMA


Du 25 juillet au 15 août, les forces armées de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (FANC) ont poursuivi leur participation à l’opération « Pacific Partnership 2013 » en engageant un hélicoptère de type Puma.


« Pacific Partnership » est une opération récurrente à vocation humanitaire destinée à venir en aide aux populations des pays du Pacifique Sud. Cette année, les missions de natures variées (soutien sanitaire et vétérinaire, déminage, formation et coopération régionale, rénovation d’infrastructures publiques, prévention contre les catastrophes naturelles) sont conduites  notamment au royaume des Tonga, en Papouasie-Nouvelle Guinée et sur les îles Marshall.


Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »

Un hélicoptère Puma de l’escadron de transport 52 « Tontouta » des FANC et un équipage renforcé ont embarqué le 25 juillet à Nouméa sur un bâtiment australien le « New Zeland Ship (HMNZS)* Canterbury » pour participer à l’opération « Pacific Partnership 2013 »  en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée. Cette opération consistait essentiellement à apporter un soutien médical aux populations et à procéder à des rénovations d’infrastructures civiles. Les FANC y ont donc contribué en fournissant un soutien logistique aérien aux détachements néo-zélandais, australiens et américains.


Après deux jours d’entraînement destinés à valider des procédures de travail entre le Puma et le « Canterbury », les missions de transport de personnel et de fret sous élingue se sont enchainées pendant près de deux semaines. Environ 65 tonnes de matériel ont ainsi été délivrées au cœur même des villages et près de 400 personnes ont été transportées pour permettre la rénovation des infrastructures. Près de 65 heures de vol ont été nécessaires pour mener à bien cette opération.


Les FANC constituent le point d’appui central du « théâtre Pacifique» avec un dispositif interarmées centré sur un groupement tactique interarmes (GTIA) et les moyens de projection associés. Avec les forces armées en Polynésie Française (FAPF), dispositif interarmées à dominante maritime, les FANC ont pour principale mission d’assurer la souveraineté de la France, d’animer la coopération régionale et d’entretenir les relations privilégiées avec l’ensemble des pays riverains de la zone pacifique. Conformément à leur mission, les FANC engagent régulièrement des moyens pour des opérations d’aide aux populations, en appui des services de secours civils. 


* HMNZS : Her Majesty New Zealand Ship

Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »
Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »
Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »
Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »
Nouvelle-Calédonie: participation française à l’opération « Pacific Partnership »
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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 05:55
Présentation en vol du Rafale par le capitaine Planche

Présentation en vol du Rafale par le capitaine Planche

03/09/2013 Vincent Lamigeon, grand reporter à Challenges - Supersonique


Les chiffres ont de quoi impressionner.  Dans un rapport publié le 27 août, et relayé par le Journal de l’Aviation, le cabinet de conseil Forecast International s’est livré au jeu des prévisions sur la production d’aéronefs militaires sur les dix prochaines années. Le résultat est édifiant : le cabinet prévoit la livraison de 11.940 appareils d’ici à 2022, pour un montant estimé de 480 milliards de dollars. Le pic de production devrait être atteint dès l’année prochaine, avec 1.367 appareils assemblés en 2014, chiffre qui devrait franchir à la baisse la barre des 1.100 appareils par an à l’horizon 2020


Les chasseurs représentent 2.900 appareils sur les dix prochaines années, pour un montant estimé de 183 milliards de dollars. A priori, c’est une bonne nouvelle pour les Dassault, Boeing, Eurofighter et autre Chengdu. Sauf que c’est bien la montée de la cadence de production du F-35 de Lockheed Martin qui devrait pousser la production annuelle d’avions de chasses à 355 appareils par an en 2022, estime le cabinet.


La machine de guerre de Lockheed Martin, qui a siphonné les budgets militaires de nombreux alliés de Wahington dont quelques Européens (Royaume-Uni, Pays-Bas, Italie, Norvège) ne laissera donc, sinon des miettes, du moins que des demi-baguettes à la concurrence. « Le reste du marché devrait être réparti entre Boeing, le consortium Eurofighter, Dassault, Saab, Chengdu, et le Russe United Aircraft Corp, assure le rapport. L’indien HAL et le sud-coréen KAI ont introduisent des chasseurs légers low-cost, mais aucun ne devrait vraiment percer sur le marché export. »


Conclusion (qui ne figure pas dans le rapport) : le Rafale n’a donc pas le droit à l’erreur sur ses compétitions (Inde, Emirats, Qatar, voire Malaisie), mais c’est tout aussi vrai pour le Typhoon du consortium Eurofighter ou le Gripen de Saab. Boeing, lui, s’est donné de l’air avec la vente de F-15 en Arabie Saoudite, et peut-être bientôt en Corée du Sud. Les Russes et les Chinois peuvent compter sur leur énorme marché intérieur.


Sur le segment des appareils de transport militaire, c’est l’A400M qui va tirer les chiffres de production, assure Forecast International. Le pic de production de 108 appareils de transport par an devrait être atteint en 2018. L’A400M devrait représenter à lui seul « 25% de toute la production d’avions de transport sur la période 2013-2022 », indique le document. Forecast International prévoit également la fin de la production du C-17 de Boeing, et l’intensification de la concurrence face au C-130J de Lockheed Martin, concurrencé à la fois par l’A400M et par le KC-390 du brésilien Embraer.


Boeing devrait se rattraper sur ce que le document appelle les appareils à « usage spécial » : ravitailleurs, avions de patrouille maritime, appareils de guerre électronique. « Boeing devrait capter 50% de ce segment, grâce à la production du ravitailleur KC-46A pour l’US Air Force et de l’appareil de patrouille maritime P-8 Poseidon pour l’US Navy et d’autres clients », indique Forecast International.


Côté hélicoptères, ce n’est pas la grande joie. Le cabinet prévoit un ralentissement de la production d’hélicoptères militaires légers (1.425 appareils en dix ans, 23,3 milliards de dollars), faute de nouveaux programmes d’acquisitions. Idem pour les hélicoptères lourds, dont la croissance de production observée depuis 2005 devrait faire long feu. 4.728 machines sont tout de même prévues d’ici à 2022, soit 110 milliards de dollars de marché estimé.

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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 05:50
F-X III fighter contest F-35 Eurofighter F-15 SE photo FG

F-X III fighter contest F-35 Eurofighter F-15 SE photo FG

03.09.2013 Helen Chachaty - journal-aviation.com


L’institut d’analyse de marché et de prospective stratégique Forecast International a publié un rapport le 27 août dernier sur l’état de la production d’aéronefs militaires pour la période 2013-2022. Les conclusions de ce document révèlent une baisse globale sur les 10 prochaines années, comprenant toutefois des secteurs qui resteront au même niveau et d’autres qui augmenteront, tel que ce sera le cas pour le F-35 de Lockheed Martin et l’A400M d’Airbus Military.


Les données globales fournies par Forecast International sont les suivantes pour la période 2013-2022 : 11 940 aéronefs militaires effectueront leur roll-out pour un total de 480 milliards de dollars, dont 48% d’avions et 52% de voilures tournantes. La production devrait connaître un pic en 2014 avec 1 367 unités, une baisse significative en 2018 (1 095) et une légère remontée en 2020 (1 122).


Concernant les différents segments de l’aviation militaire, Forecast International les divise en cinq catégories : les chasseurs, les avions de transport, les avions spécifiques, les avions d’entraînement et les hélicoptères.


Les avions de chasse représentent le plus important segment dans le secteur de l’aviation militaire : 2 900 exemplaires devraient être fabriqués entre 2013 et 2022, pour un total de 183 milliards de dollars. Les budgets de Défense étant contraints pour la plupart des pays, Forecast International ne prévoit pas d’expansion importante de la demande dans les prochaines années. Les principaux avionneurs resteront Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Eurofighter, Dassault Aviation, Saab, Chengdu et UAC. Selon FI, KAI et HAL ne devraient pas s’imposer comme grosse concurrence dans ce marché.


Une baisse de la production d’aéronefs militaires attendue dans les années à venir

Concernant les avions de transport, l’A400M devrait focaliser 25% des 848 avions qui devraient sortir d’usine. Le pic est attendu en 2018, en partie grâce à la production de masse d’Airbus Military. Le C-130J de Lockheed Martin sera lui concurrencé par l’A400M et par le futur KC-390 d’Embraer.


Du côté des avions dits « spécifiques » (ravitailleurs, avions-radars, de reconnaissance maritime), le marché devrait être attribué à 50% à Boeing, une prévision basée sur la production du ravitailleur KC-46A et du P-8A Poseidon. Cinq cent trente-huit avions devraient être produits dans les dix prochaines années pour 78,1 milliards de dollars.


Enfin, dans la dernière catégorie des voilures fixes, les avions d’entraînement. Mille cinq cent appareils devraient effectuer leur roll-out entre 2013 et 2022, pour un total de 18,5 milliards de dollars. 2014 et 2015 semblent être des pics de production, avec 200 avions annuels, le double de ce qui est attendu pour 2022 (97 avions). Forecast International prédit tout de même une reprise, avec le programme T-X de l’US Air Force, qui prévoit de remplacer ses T-38 par au moins 350 machines.


Pour les voilures tournantes, la production d’appareils légers (en-dessous de six tonnes) ne devrait pas grimper, en raison des programmes d’acquisition qui sont en passe de se terminer. FI prévoit 1 425 appareils pour 23,3 milliards sur la période 2013-2022.


Il en va de même pour les hélicoptères moyens et lourds, Forecast International prévoit même une baisse plus marquée avec 4 728 appareils produits pour 110 milliards de dollars entre 2013 et 2022. Les perspectives des voilures tournantes à long terme se joueront autour du programme Future Vertical Lift du Pentagone, qui prévoit le développement et la production d’un nouveau type d’appareil pour les missions d’attaque, ainsi que des missions utilitaires.

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3 septembre 2013 2 03 /09 /septembre /2013 11:55
Le chef d'état-major de la Marine reçoit son homologue japonais

Visite du CEMM Japonnais


02/09/2013 Actu Marine


Le 28 et 29 août 2013, l’amiral Bernard Rogel, chef d’état-major de la marine, a reçu le chef d’état-major des forces maritimes d’autodéfense japonaises, l’amiral Kawano. Ils ont partagé leur expérience sur des sujets d’intérêts communs aux deux marines et ont longuement échangé sur les actions de coopération en cours.


Cette visite officielle a été l’occasion d’aborder différentes problématiques régionales en matière de sécurité et de défense. Les échanges relatifs à la lutte contre la piraterie et la situation en mer de Chine du sud se sont révélés particulièrement denses. La délégation japonaise a également montré un vif intérêt pour les défis et l’organisation future de la Marine nationale.


Les relations entre les deux marines jouent un rôle moteur dans la coopération militaire franco-japonaise. Celle-ci s’articule autour d’échanges d’expertises, d’actions de formation et de coopérations opérationnelles, notamment dans le cadre de l’opération Atalante. Les escales régulières dans les deux pays donnent également lieu à des entraînements, comme lors de la dernière escale du groupe école japonais à Brest du 17 au 20 août (navire-école Kashima et deux destroyers embarquant 180 cadets).

Le chef d'état-major de la Marine reçoit son homologue japonais
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