Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
India's third C-17 Globemaster III aircraft departing Boeing's Long Beach facility in US. Photo Boeing.

India's third C-17 Globemaster III aircraft departing Boeing's Long Beach facility in US. Photo Boeing.

02/09/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter


The Boeing C-17 Globemaster III strategic transport aircraft formally joins the Indian Air Force today. In the presence of A.K Antony - the Indian Defence Minister - the 70 tonne airlifter will be pressed into service at Hindon Air Force Station, Delhi.


Equipped with this brand new type, the Indian Air Force will be better-placed to airlift troops and support equipment into battle.


Able to accommodate up to 150 service personnel, the C-17 Globemaster III is the Indian Air Force's largest aircraft, taking over from the Russian-built Ilyushin Il-76 in this regard.


Ultimately, the air arm is getting a fleet of 10 Globemasters. In comparison, the Royal Air Force currently operates eight Globemasters and only the USAF, with 220 examples, has more in service. To date, three have been delivered to India, with the remaining seven to be supplied between now and the end of 2014. Still to be exercised is an option to acquire six more Globemasters, meaning India could one day have 16 such aircraft.


C-17 Globemaster III  Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

C-17 Globemaster III Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

Indian Air Force Globemasters


The Indian Air Force Globemaster fleet will operate from India's advanced landing sites (in the northeast) and its more mountainous regions (in the north). Recent years have seen India orientate its arms purchases away from Russia and towards the US and other Western nations. With many older Soviet-era technologies now reaching the end of their service lives, the Indian Air Force is rearming itself with a host of new military technologies. Besides the C-17s, it has also recently obtained six Lockheed C-130J Hercules military transport aircraft and has its sights on six more.


The Boeing C-17A Globemaster III first flew in 1991 and entered service two years later. Capable of carrying payloads up to 77,500 pounds in weight, it can use 3,500 foot-long runways. Four Pratt & Whitney F117-PW-100 turbofans - each generating 40,700 pounds of thrust - give it a maximum speed of 515 miles an hour, while it's also got a maximum operational ceiling of 45,000 feet and a 4,741 mile range.


Hindon Air Force Station is Asia's largest air base. Currently based there are Mil Mi-17 transport helicopters, MiG-29 air superiority fighters and a number of the Indian Air Force's C-130Js.

C-17 Globemaster III  Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

C-17 Globemaster III Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

Partager cet article
2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
Boeing Close to Winning S. Korean Fighter Deal

Sep. 2, 2013 - By JUNG SUNG-KI  - Defense News


F-15SE Emerges From Long-Shot To Favorite


SEOUL — Boeing is set to inch closer to clinching a multibillion-dollar deal to sell 60 F-15 Silent Eagle jets to South Korea, as its competitors have effectively been priced out of the contest.


Lockheed Martin and Eurofighter, which vied for the US $7.4 billion fighter contract, failed to submit proposals below the budget.


“The bottom line is that we can’t sign a final contract with any bidder offering a proposal over the budget,” Oh Tae-shik, head of the Defense Acquisition Program Administration’s (DAPA’s) program management bureau, said Aug. 28 in a meeting with local reporters.


“A bidder that offered a proposal under the budget is now only qualified for final evaluations,” Tae-shik said.


The DAPA will hold an executive committee presided over by Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin in mid-September to pick a final bidder.


The US government failed to submit a proposal below the budget for the sale of 60 F-35 joint strike fighters built by Lockheed Martin.


The Eurofighter consortium’s Typhoon was once thought to be competitive in a contest with Boeing, but the DAPA announced later that the European company was also priced out. The consortium includes Alenia Aermacchi, BAE Systems and EADS.


“Reviewing EADS’ final proposal in a careful manner, we found that some terms and conditions agreed upon by both sides in previous negotiations were modified arbitrarily,” a DAPA spokesman said Aug. 18. “We can’t accept such a proposal breaching bilateral agreements.”


According to the spokesman, for example, Eurofighter promised that it would modify 15 of 60 Typhoon jets into twin-seat aircraft at the request of the DAPA. In the final proposal, however, the European firm changed the number of twin-seat modification work to only six, apparently in order to lower the total price under $7.4 billion.


EADS also changed conditions regarding the costs of weapons integration, the spokesman argued, without specifying what armament integration it was.


Eurofighter officials rebut DAPA claims.


“We have repeatedly explained to DAPA why there was no operational rationale to opt for the number of twin-seaters requested to Eurofighter,” said Christian Scherer, Eurofighter’s chief sales officer. “Thanks to the present state of the art of the Eurofighter simulators, the twin-seater need is minimal, if any, as already proven by the Eurofighter operating in air forces.”


“We do not see any promises made but only different scenarios with preferences, which have been discussed respectfully by the parties all along the negotiation process,” he added.


Despite Eurofighter’s appeal, DAPA has reconfirmed that the Typhoon is not qualified for final evaluations.


Meanwhile, Lockheed spokesman Eric Schnaible said “The situation is DAPA and DAPA Executive Committee’s concern and we’re not going to speculate or intervene in their sovereign decision-making process.”


If a final contract is signed with Boeing, this will be the aerospace giant’s third consecutive win for South Korea’s F-X fighter jet acquisition project. The F-X aims to acquire 120 new high-end warplanes to replace the older fleet of F-4s and F-5s flown by the Republic of Korea Air Force.


Boeing won the two previous F-X deals to supply the Air Force with 60 F-15Ks.


Howard Berry, Boeing’s campaign director for the Korea competition, remains confident that the Silent Eagle is the right choice for Korea in terms of performance and cost aspects.


“Silent Eagle builds on a continuous evolution of capability in the combat-proven F-15 family of aircraft and with a bundle of additional advancements that allows Boeing to offer a ‘2-aircraft-in-1-platform’s solution that brings an unprecedented balance of survivability and lethality,” he said.


But skepticism remains high here about the F-15SE’s performances since the aircraft is still in development.


“The F-15SE is not the best choice. There is not even a prototype of the aircraft,” Lee Hee-woo, head of a logistics support research institute at Chungnam National University. “Stealth functions are not featured only by painting the aircraft and fitting the jet with an internal weapons bay. It is much better to buy more F-15Ks, not the F-15SE, which critics call a paper aircraft.”


The DAPA has been criticized for its zigzag stance on the F-X requirements.


This third phase of F-X, in fact, was launched to procure the so-called fifth-generation stealth aircraft. To promote competition, however, DAPA eased the required operational capability, including the level of radar cross section. As a result, the Silent Eagle and the Typhoon were invited to the contest.


“The [competition] has lost its original purpose to buy stealth fighters,” said Shin In-kyun, head of the Korea Defense Network, a civic group for defense affairs. “It seems like a boxer in the ring was knocked out by his sparring partner.”


Han Sung-joo, a former commander of the Air Force Logistics Command, is worried F-15SEs would lose an air superiority battle against neighboring countries.


“Japan will introduce 42 F-35 stealth aircraft and is expected to get more up to 200 eventually. China’s J-20 stealth jet is likely to enter service by 2016,” the retired three-star general said. “Then why do we have to choose fighter aircraft falling behind those of the neighboring countries?”


DAPA’s stringent cost evaluation is also at the heart of debate here.


The aircraft acquisition cost only accounts for about 15 percent of the total evaluation. Mission capability takes up the largest portion with 35 percent, while compatibility accounts for nearly 18 percent, operational costs, 15 percent. The remainder is about technology transfer and offset programs.


DAPA had sought to increase the third F-X budget by 20 percent this year, but the budget authorities rejected the request, according to DAPA officials.


Critics say DAPA was easygoing about the budget issue. Rejected by the Finance Ministry, DAPA was upset and offered the 15-percent acquisition cost as an absolute condition to sway all other evaluation results.


“Certainly, it’s not reasonable that the whole evaluation is swayed by a 15-percent element,” said Kim Dae-young, a researcher at the Korea Defense & Security Forum, a Seoul-based private defense think tank. “In terms of regulations, there is no fault with the DAPA, but the acquisition process is too stringent to shop the best-performance product.”


Andrew Chuter in London and Aaron Mehta in Washington contributed to this report.

Partager cet article
2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
Asie du Nord-est: Moscou prône un système de sécurité collective

MOSCOU, 2 septembre - RIA Novosti


La Russie envisage de ranimer la discussion sur la mise en place d'un système de sécurité collective dans l'Asie du nord-est, a déclaré lundi le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov, précisant que cette discussion devait s'inscrire dans le contexte de négociations à six sur le problème nucléaire de Pyongyang.


"Un groupe de travail a été créé. La Russie en est le coordinateur. Nous utiliserons ce statut pour ranimer ces discussions", a indiqué M. Lavrov dans une intervention devant les professeurs et les étudiants de l'Institut des relations internationales de Moscou.


La Corée du Nord s'est proclamée puissance nucléaire en 2005 et a effectué des tests nucléaires en 2006 et 2009, suscitant une vague de protestations de la communauté internationale. Ce comportement de Pyongyang a contraint le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU à décréter des sanctions à son encontre.


Les négociations à six réunissant la Russie, la Chine, le Japon, les Etats-Unis et les deux Corées ont été lancées en 2003 en vue d'amener Pyongyang à abandonner ses programmes nucléaire et balistique. Elles ont été suspendues en 2009 sur fond de détérioration des relations entre les deux Etats coréens.

Partager cet article
2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 11:55
Vive le désarmement….. ! (SDBR)

by Alain Establier Security Defense Business Review • 03 Septembre 2013 • N° 89


En ce jour de rentrée, quel est l’état de la Menace* dans le monde?


Le continent africain est toujours le continent de l’insécurité et de l’apparition brutale de foyers de tensions interethniques et de rivalités de voisinage, agrémentés d’exactions liées au djihadisme islamique, à la délinquance brutale (rapts, piraterie maritime) et au contrôle de zones de trafics illicites en tous genres. Il y a peu de pays dont on peut dire qu’ils sont aujourd’hui des zones de tranquillité absolue et qu’ils le resteront dans les 15 ans qui viennent, délai nécessaire pour envisager des programmes d’investissement économiques conséquents. Les seuls endroits de relative tranquillité sont ceux qui bénéficient d’un pouvoir militaire fort ou de bases de soutien d’une force étrangère, celui de la France en particulier.


Le Moyen-Orient (Egypte, péninsule arabique, Israël, Liban, Turquie, Syrie, Irak et Iran), reste un foyer de haute tension et peut entrainer une conflagration généralisée entre sunnites et chiites (sur le modèle de la guerre Iran-Irak de 1980 à 1988, par exemple). Mais, pour peu que les occidentaux s’abstiennent pour une fois de jouer les pyromanes, ce vaste territoire peut aussi s’apaiser si la Turquie redevient un état laïc (ce qu’elle n’est plus), que l’Iran est respecté en tant que grand pays et que la péninsule arabique est mise au pas pour cesser d’alimenter des foyers d’agitation islamique un peu partout. Contrairement aux apparences, il semble que les américains aient enfin compris cela et la France non.


Une menace multipolaire


En Asie, les raisons qui ont commandé l’intervention française en Afghanistan il y a 12 ans demeurent : menaces de l’islam obscurantiste, culture industrielle du pavot, exportation du haschich et de l’opium, menaces sur le voisin indien, risques de réinstallation de centres d’entrainements de djihadistes, etc. Au Pakistan, puissance nucléaire, la situation politique est fragile, les assassinats politiques ou religieux sont fréquents et les talibans contrôlent de nombreuses zones dans le nord du pays. Les tensions avec l’Inde sont permanentes dans la région du Cachemire et il ne faudrait pas grand-chose pour déclencher un conflit entre ces 2 pays. Dans ce cas, les accords de coopération de défense passés entre la France et l’Inde pourraient-il s’étendre à des accords purs de défense de notre partenaire ? La question est posée, car ses conséquences pourraient amener la France à revenir armée dans la région. L’histoire n’est-elle pas un éternel recommencement ? Pas seulement anecdotique est le conflit de frontière entre la Thaïlande et le Cambodge, autour du temple de Preah Vihear, plaidé en ce moment devant le tribunal international de La Haye et dont la réponse est attendue à l’automne. Le verdict ne va-t-il pas entrainer un coup de force du perdant ? Rappelons que la France est liée historiquement au Cambodge, même si c’est une dictature communiste déguisée. Enfin, on ne peut minimiser ce qui se passe en Mer du Japon où un dictateur fou joue avec le feu en Corée du nord, face à la Corée du sud et au Japon, pendant que la Chine flatte son nationalisme en revendiquant quelques ilots japonais au sous-sol riche en matières premières. Les États-Unis sont en première ligne mais, au même titre qu’en Afghanistan, la France pourrait se trouver un jour astreinte à la solidarité avec l’OTAN !


Enfin, l’Europe n’est pas forcément ce continent tranquille qu’on nous décrit car son flan sud-est (Kosovo, Macédoine, Grèce, Roumanie, Ukraine) peut très bien se retrouver un jour embrasé par des problèmes avec des populations islamiques soutenues par la Turquie et des pays du Golfe. L’islam représente 90% de la population du Kosovo, 70% de l’Albanie, près de 50% de la Bosnie-Herzégovine et plus d’un tiers de la Macédoine. Il ne faut pas être voyant pour deviner que les Balkans resteront une poudrière.


Un désarmement coupable !


Et pendant ce temps-là, les budgets de défense des pays européens continuent de décroitre (tombant en dessous de 1,50% des PIB des Etats, encore moins pour la France sur la nouvelle LPM), les troupes combattantes diminuent en nombre et les investissements en matières de recherche et développement stagnent ou décroissent selon les pays, le tout commandé par des arbitrages dans les postes budgétaires, un certain goût pour la neutralité (tant que c’est loin, cela ne nous concerne pas) et le confort trompeur du parapluie américain qui a besoin de débouchés commerciaux. En France, on continue de désosser gentiment des régiments et de désertifier des villes moyennes, ce qui a un double impact civil et militaire (c’est l’effet dual au sens pervers du terme) ! On y ajoute l’achat de chaînes complètes de renseignement (drones) hors Europe sans que les syndicats soi-disant attachés aux emplois français ne s’en émeuvent, ce qui démontre leur inutilité.


Au final le réveil sera sans doute pénible, car un jour ou l’autre il faudra réarmer ou bien se contenter d’être spectateurs de notre propre Histoire…  



*sous réserve de faits qui se seraient produits pendant les quelques jours de vacances que nous nous sommes accordés…

Partager cet article
2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 07:25
Brazil, Pakistan Look To Expand Industrial Ties

Sep. 1, 2013 By USMAN ANSARI   – Defense News 


ISLAMABAD — Brazil and Pakistan have begun to explore ways to expand their defense industrial relations.


The move could broaden the market for Brazilian arms and help Pakistan widen the range of its defense suppliers, analysts said.


Brazil’s ambassador to Pakistan, Alfredo Leoni, and Pakistan’s federal minister for defense production, Tanveer Hussain, met here in early August to discuss the increased cooperation.


“The scope of relations between the two countries is quite vast. The need is to collaborate, extend support and establish relations in areas of defense production,” Leoni told the Associated Press of Pakistan.


Brazil has a generally more high-tech defense industry than Pakistan, but observers say greater industry cooperation could be mutually beneficial.


“Brazil-Pakistan defense ties seem to be driven by a commercial interest, but have a broader political-strategic side,” said Antônio Sampaio, a research analyst for Latin American issues at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.


“Brazilian interest in the Pakistani defense market fits into Brasilia’s broad strategy of securing buyers for the country’s growing defense industry,” he said, which is “a strategic priority to stimulate a technologically advanced base for economic growth.”


New programs such as the Embraer-led KC-390 airlifter give Brazil a pressing reason to expand its markets, Sampaio said.


Pakistan is also “a key emerging country, acting in several international arenas that Brazil sees as strategically important for its foreign goals,” he said.


Improving commercial and political ties with such states “is a key objective as [Brazil] seeks a greater influence in world affairs,” he said. “In this front, the sheer volume of trade between Brazil and Pakistan is considered low (less than US $300 million in 2012), although it has grown rapidly in recent years.”


Trevor Taylor, a professorial fellow at the Royal United Services Institute and expert in defense industries, said it is natural for the two countries to to improve defense relations.


“Pakistan is not under any UN or EU conventional arms embargo and there is therefore no reason why Brazil, which is trying to build a significant range of defense industrial capabilities with only a limited national defense budget, should not seek to market in Pakistan,” he said. “Brazil will presumably be wary, however, of offering things that might put at risk its nuclear submarine cooperation with France and the success of its commercial aircraft business in Western markets.”


Taylor thinks Pakistan’s motives are more straightforward: “Pakistan for its part must be interested in widening its range of defense suppliers while not damaging its ties with China.”


Brazil, Pakistan Look To Expand Industrial Ties

Pakistan’s most high-profile purchase from Brazil thus far is a 2008 deal for 100 Mectron MAR-1 anti-radiation missiles to equip Pakistan’s Mirage and JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft. Deliveries are underway and the missile has already been integrated onto Mirage.


Usman Shabbir, an analyst with the Pakistan Military Consortium, said another missile may be in Pakistan’s sights already.


“I am sure we will see the A-Darter short-range missile in [Pakistan Air Force] service once production commences in 2014,” he said. The missile is being developed by Mectron in cooperation with South Africa’s Denel Dynamics.


Shabbir said it may be some time, however, before Brazil can offer a greater variety of defense products that would interest Pakistan.


“Pakistan, on the other hand, can supply anything from small arms and ammo to tactical and medium range UAVs,” he said.


Analyst and former Australian defense attaché to Islamabad Brian Cloughley said that although the recent meeting was likely more of a “courtesy call,” the two countries’ defense industrial relationship will improve in time, and small arms may be a way to start for Pakistan.

Partager cet article
1 septembre 2013 7 01 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Australian MRH90 helicopter aboard HMAS Manoora.: Photo Descon7.

Australian MRH90 helicopter aboard HMAS Manoora.: Photo Descon7.

30 August 2013 army-technology.com


The Australian Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) has commissioned the first of two MRH90 full-flight and mission simulators (FFMSs) at the Army Aviation training centre in Oakey, Queensland, Australia.


Manufactured by CAE under a A$180m ($160.8m) contract awarded in December 2007, the simulator is designed to enable both Australian Army and Navy pilots to practice skills in all flight regimes, day or night, by precisely replicating the actual feel of the aircraft in flight.


Defence Materiel Organisation chief executive officer, Warren King, said the flight simulator will contribute to the Australian Defence Forces' (ADF) helicopter capability for many years to come.


''The MRH90 simulator has a cockpit that functions just like that of a real aircraft, and replicates the aircraft's unique instrument display which is projected onto the pilots' visors,'' King said.


Army Aviation training centre commander colonel, David Burke, said the simulator helps instructors to present pilots with a range of operational training scenarios, including flying into remote bush landing sites, flying in formation with other aircraft and being safely exposed to complex emergency situations.


''The majority of basic training will now be conducted in the simulator before pilots get to the real aircraft,'' Burke said.


''The aim of the training is to immerse the pilots in the simulation, so they feel as though they are flying the real aircraft, completing real missions and dealing with real emergencies.''


Manufactured in collaboration with Thales, MRH90 simulator is formally certified to Level D, which represents highest standards of fidelity in the aviation industry.


The second simulator is scheduled to be installed at the main MRH90 operational base in Townsville during 2014.


MRH 90 is a 10t-class medium-lift helicopter designed to conduct troop transport, search and rescue, special operations and counter-terrorism missions in adverse conditions.

Partager cet article
1 septembre 2013 7 01 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Taiwan Builds Killer Catamaran

August 30, 2013: Strategy Page


 building a class of twin hull (catamaran) patrol ships that are very fast and very heavily armed. The WPC (High Efficiency Wave Piercing Catamaran) type ships are under 1,000 tons, 60.4 meters (180 feet) long and have a top speed of 68 kilometers an hour. The crew of 34 operates several weapons systems, including eight anti-ship missiles (Hsiung-feng 2 and 3 models) a 76mm cannon, a 20mm anti-missile autocannon and four 12.7mm machine-guns. There is no anti-aircraft system (other than some shoulder fired missiles) and no helicopter hanger (but a rear deck that a helicopter can operate from). The waterjet propulsion system makes for a very maneuverable ship. Sufficient supplies are carried for patrols of up to a week.


The anti-ship missiles are designed and built in Taiwan. The 6.1 meter (19 foot) long Hsiung-feng 3 weighs 1.5 tons (with a 181 kg/400 pound warhead) and has a top speed of 2300 kilometers an hour. Max range is 130 kilometers. It uses inertial and GPS guidance to get to the general vicinity of the target, then several other sensors to lock on to a specific ship and hit it. Hsiung Feng 2 anti-ship missiles (subsonic speed, range of 160 kilometers, half the weight of the Hsiung Feng 3) have a less advanced guidance system.


The WPC type ships are part of a program to replace older patrol craft with newer and more effective designs. Three years ago Taiwan commissioned the first of 21 Kuang Hua-6 (KH-6) guided missile patrol boats. These 34.2 meter (106 foot) long, seven meter (22 foot) wide, 170 ton ships have a crew of 19. They are armed with four Hsiung Feng 2 anti-ship missiles, a 20mm autocannon, two 7.62mm machine-guns and two decoy (for incoming missiles) launchers. Top speed is 55 kilometers an hour. At cruising speed of 22 kilometers an hour, the ships can stay at sea for about two days at a time. The other twenty KH-6s are all in service now. The KH-6s replace thirty older, and smaller (57 ton) Hai Ou class boats. These patrol boats guard the coast, and especially the 180 kilometers wide Taiwan Straits that separate China and Taiwan.

Partager cet article
1 septembre 2013 7 01 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Japanese Defense Ministry Seeks 3% Budget Hike

Aug. 30, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)


Eyeing Marines-like Force, More US Cooperation


TOKYO — Japan’s defense ministry is looking for its biggest budget hike in two decades, partly to create a Marines-like force, it revealed Friday, as neighbors fret about Tokyo’s rising assertiveness.


Military bosses want more than 4.8 trillion yen (US $49 billion) — three percent up on last year — with much of their focus on safeguarding remote islands as a sovereignty row with China refuses to fade.


The move mirrors Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s policy of a more assertive diplomacy and a more active military.


Tokyo and Beijing have repeatedly butted heads over the ownership of the Tokyo-controlled islands called the Senkakus, which Beijing claims as the Diaoyus, with official Chinese ships and aircraft regularly testing Japanese forces.


Abe has long voiced worries over defense at a time when China is increasing its naval activities in waters around Japan, and as unpredictable North Korea continues its missile and nuclear programs.


He has also called for a stronger military alliance with the United States, which is in the process of a rebalancing of its forces under President Barack Obama’s so-called “pivot” to Asia.


China and South Korea — victims of Japan’s military misadventures in the first half of the 20th century — have expressed unease in recent months about noises in Tokyo toward bolstering its military.


The budget request for fiscal 2014, which will begin in April, represents a three-percent spending increase, making a second-straight annual increase after a 0.8-percent rise in the initial budget for the current fiscal year to March 2014.


If approved, it would mark the largest rise since fiscal 1992.


Under the request, the ministry plans to create a special amphibious unit designed to protect the southern islands and to take them back in case of enemy invasion.


It would spend 1.3 billion yen to buy two amphibious assault vehicles and increase participation in US-led training programs with the US Marines.


The Marines are generally regarded as an offensive force, while Japan’s constitution bars it from taking hostile acts and limits the role of its already well-equipped armed forces to that of defense.


The air defense force would create a new early-warning unit in the southern region with radar-capable planes.


The ministry will conduct a full study on future purchases of Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft that can takeoff vertically like helicopters.


Among big ticket items, the navy wants to buy a 73.3 billion yen destroyer, a 51.3 billion yen submarine, and a 50.8 billion yen submarine rescue ship.


The ministry also wants to have a battery of PAC-3 surface-to-air anti-ballistic missile systems permanently located at its Tokyo headquarters. The system was deployed when North Korea conducted what is largely viewed as ballistic missile tests.


The ministry wants 24 billion yen for programs related to cyber defense.


Some 3.7 billion yen would go toward studies of technologies to detect and track stealth jets.


Although the shopping list appears quite extensive, the vast bulk of the increased budget request accounts for personnel costs, with the expected expiration of a multi-year salary freeze for civil servants.


The freeze was implemented to pay for the reconstruction of the region hit by the 2011 tsunami-earthquake disasters that prompted the Fukushima nuclear crisis.


The increased request also came as a result of foreign exchange fluctuations, with a lower yen boosting the prices of foreign-made military equipment.


The request might also change, as it currently does not account for an expected increase of the consumption tax.


Abe is yet to announce whether he will go ahead with the tax hike from the current five percent to eight percent from April.

Partager cet article
31 août 2013 6 31 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Lawmaker: Taiwan Plans To Buy 2 Frigates From US

Aug. 30, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)


TAIPEI — Taiwan plans to purchase two warships from the United States as part of its efforts to modernize its forces against a perceived military threat from China, a lawmaker said Friday.


The defense ministry has listed Tw $5.6 billion (US $187 million) in its 2014 and 2015 budgets to buy two Perry-class frigates from the US Navy, said lawmaker Lin Yu-fang, citing defense budgets submitted to the parliament.


The ministry aimed to buy two rather than four Perry-class frigates, as previously reported by the media, to replace some of its Knox-class frigates that were retired, Lin said.


Ties between Taiwan and former rival China have improved markedly since Ma Ying-jeou became the island’s president in 2008 on a China-friendly platform. He was elected for a second term last year.


However, China still claims sovereignty over self-ruled Taiwan and has repeatedly threatened to invade should the island declare formal independence, prompting Taipei to seek more advanced weapons, largely from the US.


In 2001, then-President George W. Bush approved the sale of eight conventional submarines as part of Washington’s most comprehensive arms package for the island since 1992.


President Barack Obama’s administration has approved more than $12 billion in sales and equipment upgrades but has held off on Taiwan’s requests to buy new F-16 fighter jets, a step against which China has repeatedly warned.


Taiwanese defense officials were not immediately available to comment on the planned purchase.

Partager cet article
31 août 2013 6 31 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Chuck Hagel secrétaire américain à la Défense (Photo Glenn Fawcett DoD)

Chuck Hagel secrétaire américain à la Défense (Photo Glenn Fawcett DoD)

Aug. 30, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)


MANILA — The United States and the Philippines are moving toward an agreement that will expand the American military’s presence in the Philippines, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Friday during a visit to Manila.


Hagel and President Benigno Aquino “reaffirmed the progress being made” in talks begun earlier this month to allow a bigger military footprint in the Philippines, the Pentagon chief said.


“This progress is welcome and encouraging. I noted that our negotiating teams are working hard to finish the framework agreement in the near future,” he told reporters.


Hagel’s optimistic comments appeared to open the possibility that the negotiations, which resumed this week in the US capital, could be wrapped up in time for President Barack Obama’s expected visit to Southeast Asia later this year.


An accord opening the way to a more visible role for the American military marks a shift in relations between the two countries more than two decades after the United States closed large bases amid anti-American sentiment.


But the Philippines faces territorial disputes at sea with China and has asked for US assistance to better monitor coastal waters. The United States, meanwhile, is seeking to bolster its ties across Southeast Asia, partly to counter China’s growing military power.


The proposed deal would allow more US troops, aircraft and ships to temporarily pass through the Philippines at a time when Washington is refocusing its attention on Asia after a decade of war.


Hagel sought to reassure Filipinos, whose senate voted out the American presence in the early 1990s, saying Washington had no interest in setting up permanent outposts.


“The United States does not seek permanent bases in the Philippines — that would represent a return to an outdated Cold War mentality,” he said at a joint news conference with his Filipino counterpart.


“Instead, we are using a new model of military-to-military cooperation befitting two great allies and partners,” he said.


The Philippines once hosted tens of thousands of US soldiers at two bases near Manila, but they were forced to leave in 1992. A new accord in 1999 allowed troops to return to the Philippines for joint military exercises every year.


Philippine Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin said the proposed agreement could permit US forces to regain access to Subic Bay, a large naval base north of Manila that the Pentagon handed over to Philippine control in 1992.


“Subic Bay is one of the facilities that was mentioned for the US forces to (have) access in. As soon as the framework agreement is complete, we will provide the necessary access to all these facilities,” Gazmin added.


The US defense chief went ahead with his overnight visit to Manila despite a tense showdown over Syria, with US forces prepared to launch punitive strikes against the Damascus regime if ordered.


Even with the turmoil in the Middle East, Hagel said the US remained committed to a strategic focus toward Asia, as well as its 1951 mutual defense pact with Manila.


Hagel was in Manila at the end of a week-long Asian tour amid fresh strains between the Philippines and China over rival territorial claims in the South China Sea.


The tensions have forced Aquino to call off a planned visit Sept. 3 to the Chinese city of Nanning to attend a trade conference.


The Philippines accuses China of aggressively pushing its territorial claims over most of the South China Sea, including waters close to Philippine shores.


Hagel endorsed efforts by China’s smaller neighbors in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to negotiate a South China Sea “code of conduct,” as well as Philippine efforts to solve the disputes.


Without mentioning China, he said that Washington wanted nations to settle their disputes through international law “without coercion or militarized attempts to alter the status quo.”


Hagel held separate talks with Gazmin and Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario, and visited the US military cemetery in Manila before heading back to Washington.

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 16:35
China Confirms It Plans More Carriers

Aug 30, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Xinhua; published Aug. 30, 2013)


China to Have More Aircraft Carriers: Ministry Spokesman

BEIJING --- The Liaoning is the Chinese military's first aircraft carrier, but there will surely be more in future, a Ministry of National Defence spokesman said on Thursday.

China will comprehensively consider the development of aircraft carriers in accordance with the needs of national defense and military building, spokesman Yang Yujun said.

Yang made the comment at a news briefing when asked to confirm media reports that China is producing its first domestically made aircraft carrier.

Currently, China operates one aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which was refitted based on an unfinished Russian-made carrier and delivered to the Chinese Navy on Sept. 25, 2012.

The carrier's original design allows it to carry about 30 fixed-wing aircraft.

The Liaoning has conducted successful take-off and landing tests of its carrier-borne J-15 fighters, the main strike force of China's carrier group.

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 16:35
China’s J-31 Stealth Fighter Begins Flight Tests

Chinese media report that the Shenyang J-31 “stealth” fighter, now dubbed “Falcon Hawk,” began intensive flight trials this month, and claim it will outperform and out-sell Lockheed’s F-35 on the world market. (file photo)


Aug 30, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: People's Daily Online; published Aug 29, 2013)


Intensive Flight-Tests for China's J-31 Fighter; May Challenge US for Market Share


Since August China's fourth-generation stealth fighter, the J-31 "Falcon Hawk", has carried out more than three sets of trial flights at a rapidly increasing frequency. America's fourth-generation equivalent has achieved huge market penetration, and analysts believe that the excellent performance of the J-31 will make it a strong competitor in this market.


J-31 performance compares favorably with F-35


Although similar to the fourth-generation stealth fighter, the J-31's overall aerodynamic design and stealth appearance is not so identical with J-20, which has a higher degree of exposure. Military enthusiasts prefer to compare the relation of J-31 and J-20 with that of the U.S. Air Force F-22 and F-35. J-31 and F-35 use the same DSI inlet (non-boundary layer separated lane supersonic inlet) design, the difference is, F-35 uses a single engine to provide power, but J-31 is designed with double engines. In addition, some models of F-35 support the short distance/vertical landing; J-31 cannot do this for the time being.


Earlier reports indicate that the J-31 is equipped with twin Russian RD-93 engines - news that has been confirmed by Russia's MiG Aircraft Corporation. The "Fierce Dragon" light fighter developed jointly by China and Pakistan is also equipped with this model of engine. Judged against the specifications of fourth-generation aircraft, the RD-93 engine seems somewhat old, but during prototype testing the use of a stable engine with mature technology is the safest approach. Sources point out that once in service, the J-31 will hopefully carry our self-developed WS-13 engine, which has significantly improved performance in comparison with the RD-93.


China's Air Force test pilot expert Xu Yongling points out that the J-31's stealth aerodynamic design, stealth engine design and stealth coating design have all reached internationally advanced standards in stealth technology. He also pointed out that the J-31 possesses both stealth capability and a considerable payload level. In addition, Xu Yongling says that China has its own considerations in the development of fourth-generation aircraft, taking account not only of the need for stealth, but also of its performance in air-to-ground and air-to-air combat, and the relevant weapons requirements. This means that in payload, the J-31 will prevail over the F-35.


Domestic fourth-generation aircraft target the export market


A landmark in international military aviation history, the fourth-generation stealth aircraft will not only have a great impact on combat strategy, but also exercise a tremendous influence on geopolitics, especially on international relations and the geo-strategic situation in the Asia-Pacific region. The stealth fighter has gone beyond a simple weapons platform; its presence is now an indication of the balances and the strategic considerations at play among different countries. It could be said that the high-tech weapon systems represented by stealth fighters are becoming a new variable in the Sino-US strategic game.


Experts predict that the J-31 will make rapid inroads in the international market in the future, and will undoubtedly steal the limelight from the F-35. China's fourth-generation aircraft will become a new option for those countries which have not yet made the decision to purchase the F-35. In particular for those countries which are excluded from access to U.S. arms exports, China's fourth generation aircraft will certainly be attractive. The J-31, with its main target as the export market, represents a serious threat to U.S. arms manufacturers.


J-31 can be part of an aircraft carrier's payload


Earlier this year, the chief architect of the J-31 fighter Sun Cong revealed that the improved version of the J-31 is expected to become China's next generation of carrier-based aircraft.


Analysts believe that the J-31 fighter can act as a carrier-borne aircraft. One of the important factors affecting this question is the configuration of the landing gear. The front landing gear of the J-31 is designed with double wheels (the J-20, which is twice the weight, only has single front wheel), while the back landing gear adopts a dogleg structure – both these features provide strong supporting capacity and excellent shock resistance. Considering that a carrier-borne aircraft requires the ability to withstand a greater impact when landing on an aircraft carrier than when landing on land, the J-31 seems designed to meet the requirements of a carrier-borne landing.


In addition, it has recently been reported that if the J-31 is deployed on the aircraft carrier, it may combine in light-weight battle formations with the early-service J-15.



(EDITOR’S NOTE: Although the above Chinese claims about the J-31’s performance have little credibility, at least at this early stage in its development, they are interesting for what they reveal about Chinese perceptions of the aircraft and its competition.

As for claims that the J-31 will “make rapid inroads in the international market,” and that it will “undoubtedly steal the limelight from the F-35,” they show that Chinese writers make up in creativity what they lack in realism.)

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:45
Gambia receives boats donated from Taiwan

28 August 2013 by defenceWeb


The Gambian Navy on Friday took delivery of three boats donated by the Taiwanese government, providing a major boost to the country’s small navy. Taiwan donated another four patrol boats in 2009.


Vice President Isatou Njie Saidy received the boats at the Gambia Ports Authority wharf in Banjul, on behalf of President Yahya Jammeh. After Taiwanese ambassador Samuel Chen handed over the vessels, he said the delivery was “fitting and timely for obvious reasons”.


“As a country, we will continue to ensure that our territorial waters are well-protected, together with our marine resources, and address banditry at sea as well as deter or punish the criminals,” she is quoted by local publication The Point as saying.


Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou agreed on the donation during a visit to the Gambia in April last year, to replace the four 50 ton Dvora class (called Hai Ou – Seagull – in Taiwan) fast patrol boats Taiwan donated to the country in 2009. One was seriously damaged, precipitating the donation of the new vessels. The Dvora class patrol boats will now be used for training, according to Hsu Mien-sheng, Director-General of Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Department of African Affairs.


The eight ton vessels are 10 metres long, armed with a 12.7 mm machinegun and are powered by twin 115 horsepower outboard engines giving a top speed of 80 km/h and an endurance of two hours at full throttle. They were refurbished prior to delivery to Africa and christened GN Berre Kuntu, GN Kenyeh Kenyeh Jamango and GN Sanimentereng.


Taiwan sent a team of four instructors to train Navy personnel prior to delivery.


They are a major boost to The Gambia’s small navy, which comprises of a couple of ex-Spanish fast patrol boats and a single Peterson-type patrol boat.


The three vessels are expected to help The Gambia combat drug trafficking, smuggling, piracy, illegal fishing and other maritime threats. "We hope this will promote safety, security and freedom of the sea," ambassador Chen said. “Defending the territorial integrity of The Gambia and creating a stable and viable economic environment promotes national development and economic growth.”


“These threats such as piracy, narcotic drugs trafficking, illegal fishing, human trafficking and smuggling of goods in the maritime environment continues to affect the security and stability of the sub-region,” said Comodore Madani Senghore, Commander of The Gambia Navy. “The nature and design of the boats would also enable us to conduct search and rescue operations in narrow channels and shallow waters,” he added.

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) is fired from HMAS Perth photo RAN

Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) is fired from HMAS Perth photo RAN

30 August 2013 Pacific Sentinel


The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and the Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) have recently completed the final Operational Acceptance Trial for the Australian-designed Phased Array Radar and Combat Management System upgrades to the ANZAC Class frigate Anti-Ship Missile Defence (ASMD) system.
The trial included a number of successful Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) firings from HMAS Perth at the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) in Hawaii. During the trials, the ASMD system was challenged by a number of demanding firing scenarios. These included successful missile engagements against multiple sea-skimming targets including, for the first time in the RAN, an engagement by an ESSM against one of the world’s most advanced supersonic targets.
Perth’s Commanding Officer, Captain Lee Goddard, said the firing clearly demonstrated the effectiveness of the upgraded ASMD system.
CEA Phased Array Radar (File Photo)
“The targets were detected by the Australian designed and built CEA Phased Array Radar and the missiles were successfully launched and controlled in flight by the ship’s ASMD systems, resulting in the destruction of the targets,” Captain Goddard said.
“This proves the accuracy and precision of the upgraded systems to guide the weapon in a complex warfighting scenario.”
Perth is the first of eight ANZAC Frigates to enter the ASMD upgrade to improve her weapons systems and sensor arrays.
The Chief of Navy, Vice Admiral Ray Griggs, said “The ASMD upgrade provides the ANZAC class with a significantly enhanced level of self and local area defence against modern anti-ship missiles. The complexity of the firing scenarios is unsurpassed in the RAN’s history, particularly the successful firings against supersonic targets. The results from this activity are a ringing endorsement of the capability flowing from the ASMD program.”
The RAN and DMO acknowledge that the success of the program has largely been due to the outstanding efforts and collaboration by Navy, the DMO, Canberra-based CEA Technologies, SAAB Systems and the Defence Science and Technology Organisation.
Imagery of the firing is available HERE
Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:35
 Islanders (BN-21A) surveillance aircraft

Islanders (BN-21A) surveillance aircraft

Aug. 29, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI – Defense News


NEW DELHI — India is on a global hunt to procure nine medium range maritime reconnaissance (MRMR) aircraft equipped with anti-ship missiles.


The tender, worth more than $2 billion, was sent to overseas defense majors Alenia of Italy; US-based Boeing and Lockheed Martin; Saab of Sweden; Germany’s EADS, France-based Dassault; Embraer of Brazil and Bombardier of Canada.


The latest global tender is a rebid of tender floated in 2008 to buy six MRMR aircraft. That was withdrawn later because none of the vendors could meet the qualitative requirements of the tender.


In the latest tender, the nine MRMR aircraft will replace the Indian Navy’s Islanders (BN-21A) surveillance aircraft, which were used for coastal surveillance for many decades. The Islander aircraft, bought in 1976, will be given to the Coast Guard or could even be gifted to foreign countries,said an Indian Defence Ministry source. India has already donated two Islander aircraft to Myanmar.


The MRMR should have an endurance of about four hours and a range of about 400 nautical miles. Indian Navy sources said the range was lowered from the earlier planned range of 500 nautical miles and endurance of six hours. No reason for this dilution is known.


The current procurement is in addition to the purchase of 12 long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft purchased from Boeing on a government-to-government basis for more than $3 billion. Eight P-8I Poseidons were contracted in January 2009 for $2.1 billion and another four P-8Is were contracted last month for more than $1 billion.


The latest tender requires the MRMR to be equipped with anti-ship missiles, and is not specific on the supply of anti-submarine missiles, which would require bigger aircraft, said an executive of an overseas company who refused to be identified. In addition, the tender requires the supply of spares along with two engines.


The MRMR must be able to perform maritime reconnaissance, anti-surface warfare, electronic intelligence, electronic support measures, communication intelligence, search-and-rescue and medical evacuation.


The MRMR aircraft needs to be powered by two engines, which the tender says should be of current production generation and have full authority digital engine control system. The overseas defense company executive said the engine requirement is not very clear as the price of an aircraft could vary on the choice of the engine.


On weapons capabilities, the MRMR needs to have detection-and-tracking capability against air targets. The aircraft must also carry and launch at least two anti-ship missiles on surface vessels at ranges of at least 100 kilometers.


On its surveillance capabilities, the aircraft should be able to track up to 200 surface targets automatically.


The MRMR will be used in tropical conditions prevailing in the Indian Ocean region. As such the aircraft and its engines and all other systems should be optimized for prolonged operations over salt-laden seas.

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Geo-Stationary Satellite GSAT-7 satellite at French Guyana, launched by Ariane 5  India (1)

Geo-Stationary Satellite GSAT-7 satellite at French Guyana, launched by Ariane 5 India (1)

August 30, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


Sat up to watch this. Real history, given how long the Indian Navy has wanted this. India's first dedicated military satellite was placed into orbit early this morning by the Ariane-5 rocket, launched from Kourou, French Guiana. The satellite will be exclusive for use by the Indian Navy that's so far had to share bandwidth on India's existing space platforms, including the INMARSAT family of satellites.


The GSAT-7 will be activated for operations on September 14 in a geostationary orbit 36,0000-km above the equator.


According to ISRO, "GSAT-7 is an advanced communication satellite built by ISRO to provide wide range of service spectrum from low bit rate voice to high bit rate data communication. GSAT-7 Communication payload is designed to provide communication capabilities to users over a wide oceanic region including the Indian land-mass. The payload configuration is compatible with I-2.5K bus of ISRO. The GSAT-7 payload design includes Multiband communication."


Congratulations to the navy, ISRO and the GSAT-7 team!

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Ariane 5 Flight VA215 with the EUTELSAT 25B Es’hail 1 and GSAT-7 satellites

Ariane 5 Flight VA215 with the EUTELSAT 25B Es’hail 1 and GSAT-7 satellites

Kourou, August 29, 2013 .arianespace.com


Arianespace launch VA215: Mission accomplished !


On Thursday, August 29, Arianespace carried out the 57th successful Ariane 5 launch in a row, orbiting two telecommunications satellites: EUTELSAT 25B/Es’hail 1 for the Qatari and European operators, Es’hailSat and Eutelsat, and GSAT-7 for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).  

Fourth Ariane 5 launch in 2013, 57th success in a row: Arianespace continues to offer the world's most reliable launch service!

Today's successful mission, the 57th in a row for the European launcher, once again proves the reliability and availability of the Ariane 5 launch system. It also confirms that Arianespace continues to set the standard for guaranteed access to space for all operators, including national and international space agencies, private industry and governments.

Following the announcement of the orbital injection of the EUTELSAT 25B/Es'hail 1 and GSAT-7 satellites, Arianespace Chairman and CEO Stéphane Israël said: "The 57th successful launch in a row of Ariane 5, the 80th for our family of the Ariane 5, Soyuz and Vega launchers, once again confirms the unrivaled reliability of our launch systems. I would like to thank Astrium, as the industrial prime contractor for Ariane 5, along with all other manufacturers involved, and the CNES teams at the Guiana Space Center, for working with us to make this achievement possible. On behalf of everybody at Arianespace, I would like to express our pride this evening in rising to the challenge of meeting the requirements of our three customers, Es'hailSat, Eutelsat and ISRO. Es'hailSat, like 80% of all new players in the telecommunications satellite market, chose Arianespace to orbit their first satellite. I realize that this is a particularly important moment for Es'hailSat, and for its CEO, Ali Ahmed al-Kuwari. Eutelsat and ISRO are both long-standing partners to Arianespace, reaching back over 30 years, and they continue to entrust us with their satellites year after year, within the scope of partnerships that truly honor us. I would like to express my sincere thanks to both of these companies; this latest successful launch shows that they made the right choice by selecting Arianespace! I would also like to personally thank Michel de Rosen, CEO of Eutelsat, and S.K. Shivakumas, Director of the ISRO Satellite Centre, for sharing this launch with us. And last but not least, I would like to thank Nicole Bricq, French Minister of Foreign Trade, and Her Excellency Dr. Hessa Al-Jaber, Qatari Minister for Information and Communication Technology, for kindly agreeing to join us this evening in the Jupiter control room at the Guiana Space Center." 


A launch for two long-standing customers, Eutelsat and ISRO, and one new customer, Es'hailSat

The EUTELSAT 25B/Es'hail 1 satellite is a joint program by the Qatari operator Es'hailSat and the European operator Eutelsat. It is the first geostationary telecommunications satellite launched for Qatar, and the 23rd launched by Arianespace for customers in Africa and the Middle East.

It carries on the collaboration between Arianespace and Eutelsat that started in June 1983, and therefore marks its 30th anniversary this year. Two-thirds of the Eutelsat fleet have been launched by Ariane rockets, and Eutelsat 25B is the 27th Eutelsat satellite launched by Arianespace.

GSAT-7 is the 17th ISRO satellite to use the European launcher since the Apple experimental satellite was launched on flight L03 in 1981. Arianespace has also launched two other satellites designed by India, for the operators Eutelsat and Avanti Communications.

The partnership between Arianespace and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) reaches back to the creation of Arianespace, and has allowed the two companies to define highly effective joint working methods, as shown by today's launch, just a month after the launch of Insat-3D, a meteorological satellite developed by ISRO, by an Ariane 5 ECA from the Guiana Space Center on July 25.


EUTELSAT 25B/Es'hail 1 and GSAT-7 mission at a glance

The mission was carried out by an Ariane 5 ECA launcher from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. Liftoff was on Thursday, August 29, 2013 at 5:30 pm local time in Kourou (4:30 pm in Washington, D.C., 20:30 UT, 10:30 pm in Paris, 11:30 pm in Doha, and on Friday, August 30 at 2:00 am in Bangalore).

This was the 215th Ariane launch, with Astrium as industrial prime contractor. The launch vehicle boosted 9,776.5 kg into geostationary transfer orbit, including 8,960 kg for the two satellites.

EUTELSAT 25B/Es'hail 1 was designed and built by Space Systems/Loral in California and weighed 6,310 kg at liftoff. The EUTELSAT 25B/Es'hail 1 satellite is a joint program of Es-hailSat and Eutelsat to operate a high-power satellite at 25.5 degrees East, an orbital position that has been used for many years. This new satellite will serve booming markets in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia. It will replace EUTELSAT 25C to bolster the power and coverage provided from this orbital position. In addition to ensuring Ku-band service continuity for Eutelsat and providing Ku-band capacity for Es'hailSat, the satellite will offer the two partners their initial Ka-band capacity, paving the way for new business development opportunities.

GSAT-7. Designed, developed and integrated by ISRO in Bangalore, southern India, GSAT-7 is dedicated to telecommunications services for the Indian government. It weighed 2,650 kg at launch and offers a design life exceeding seven years. GSAT-7 carries Ku, C, S and UHF band transponders. Positioned at 74 degrees East, its coverage zone encompasses the entire Indian subcontinent.

Partager cet article
30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Indian MoD, Contractor Faulted in Guided-missile Purchases

Aug. 29, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News


NEW DELHI — India’s Defence Ministry has been severely criticized for buying 10,000 Konkurs-M anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs) from Russia despite having a licensed production facility for the missiles at state-owned Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL).


The latest report of the comptroller and auditor general of India (CAG), placed in the Indian Parliament recently, said, “Failure of BDL to supply the missiles intended by the Indian Army resulted in conclusion of a contract for import of 10,000 missiles at a cost of $188 million defeating the very objective of avoiding dependence on foreign supplier for the ammunition.”


A source in BDL said the Russians failed to transfer the technology to India, which kept BDL from absorbing the information on time and led to production delays. However, a Russian diplomat here said all promised technologies for the advanced Konkus-M missile have been transferred to BDL.


However, the CAG report said BDL was slow in enhancing the production base for the Konkurs-M missiles.


“The Hyderabad-based defense public sector unit BDL planned to increase its production capacity from 3,000 to 4,500 missiles per year by 2012, and up to 6,000 missiles by 2013. In reality, the capacity was augmented by only 500 missiles per annum until February 2013.


“The delay in supply created a capability gap in the Army to fight tanks fitted with [explosive reactive armor] panels, thereby impacting its operational preparedness,” the CAG report said.


“Production of missiles is a complex challenge for India, which includes transfer of technology, absorption, acceptance of the missiles by the services and finally serial manufacturing the same based on the demand by the armed forces,” said Rahul Bhonsle, retired Indian Army brigadier general and defense analyst. “The failure of the BDL, which has been touting Konkurs as one of its products for long, could be due to glitches in this entire cycle, thus its inability to deliver missiles to the Army has led to large deficiencies forcing the government to import the same.”


Another retired Indian Army officer said the delay by BDL led to a shortage of ATGMs, which finally led to purchases from Russia. “An inquiry should be held to find if the delays by BDL were intentional and meant to benefit the Russians,” he said.


On the delays in production, a BDL official who did not want to be identified said there were delays in transfer of technology, but added there was also a delay in giving orders to BDL from the service headquarters.


An Indian Army officer said the best option is to buy fully formed missiles from original equipment manufacturers, rather than from BDL, to meet operational requirements.


When asked about BDL’s performance, the Army official said BDL’s monopoly should be broken and the MoD should identify another agency, preferably in the private industry.


Former Indian Army Chief Gen. V.K. Singh had warned of the shortages of ammunition, including Konkurs-M missiles. The November purchase of the 10,000 Konkurs-M missiles was a desperate reaction to Singh’s warning, an Indian Army source said.


With the serious concerns raised by the CAG regarding BDL’s production capabilities, alternatives will have to be explored to meet the Army’s requirements. “India has to address the entire missile-production cycle in BDL on priority or look for alternate foreign sources until BDL provides assured delivery,” Bhonsle said. “The large requirement means that only the US or Russia will have production facilities to provide thousands of missiles that are required by the over 400 battalion foot and mechanized infantry and approximately 70 tank regiments.”


An MoD official said the Army’s initial requirement is about 24,000 ATGMs to arm its 356 infantry units, adding that this procurement will be completed by the end of the twelfth plan period in 2017.


India has also been negotiating with the United States for the purchase of Javelin ATGMs and with Israel for Spike ATGMs. MoD sources said the negotiations with the US have been stalled over technology transfer, while negotiations with Israel on the Spike are also on hold, but gave no reason.


The purchase of new generation of ATGMs worth $3 billion could be re-floated as a separate program by the end of the year, the source said.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 17:35
China to build more aircraft carriers

August 29, 2013, zeenews.india.com


Beijing: China on Thursday said it will build more aircraft carriers apart from the 'Liaoning' to boost its defence and military capabilities.


"There will surely be more addition to Chinese military's first aircraft carrier Liaoning, launched last year," said China's Defence Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun.


China will comprehensively consider the development of aircraft carriers in accordance with the needs of national defence and military building, he added.


Currently, China operates one aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which is based on an unfinished Russian-made carrier. It was delivered to the Chinese Navy on September 25 last year. The carrier's original design allows it to carry about 30 fixed-wing aircraft.


China has also developed carrier-borne aircraft called J-15, which will be the main strike aircraft for its carrier fleet. The Liaoning has conducted successful take-off and landing tests of its carrier-borne J-15 fighters.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 17:35
China and Pakistan to hold joint Air Force exercises

August 29, 2013 indian.ruvr.ru


China and Pakistan will hold joint defence aviation exercises in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (northwest China) during the period of 2nd to 22nd of September this year, said spokesman of the Chinese Defense Ministry Yang Yujun on Thursday.


According Mr Yang, the exercise codenamed “Shaheen-2” will be held in the Hotan county. The previous exercises were held in 2011.


Yang Yujun also said that China and India have planned to carry out anti-terrorism exercises this year in the city of Chengdu in southwest China's Sichuan Province.


According to Mr Yang, the joint military exercises are aimed at enhancing trust between the countries and developing further cooperation with a view to maintain peace and stability in the region.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Air-launch BrahMos to fly late this year

29 August 2013 by nayeem sheikh - Indian Defence Goal


The air-launched version of the Russian-Indian BrahMos supersonic cruise missile will have its first flight before the end of 2013, according to BrahMos Aerospace managing director A Sivathanu Pillai.

It will be carried by a SU-30MKI fighter that will conduct captive carry and drop tests before attempting the first powered test launch in mid-2014.


The basic surface- and submarine-launched missile has now completed 36 successful test flights, so the test programme for the new variant will be fast-paced. The system is due to enter Indian Air Force service in 2015.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 12:35
Hagel Issues Warning Over Asian Maritime Disputes

Aug. 29, 2013 - By DANIEL DE LUCE – Defense News


JERUDONG, BRUNEI — Pentagon chief Chuck Hagel warned fellow defense ministers Thursday that a growing number of maritime incidents and tensions in disputed Asian waters increases the risk of a dangerous international confrontation.


Hagel and his counterparts from Southeast Asia, China and six other countries wrapped up two days of talks in Brunei that took place as the United States prepares for an expected military strike against Syria over its alleged use of chemical weapons.


China has faced increasing accusations of bullying in asserting its claim to nearly the whole of the South China Sea, parts of which are claimed by several Southeast Asian countries.


Elsewhere, Tokyo and Beijing have played cat and mouse in the East China Sea over disputed islands. Japan earlier this week scrambled fighter jets after a Chinese government plane approached airspace Japan claims as it own.


The US defense secretary warned his counterparts in Brunei that actions at sea to advance territorial claims “increase the risk of confrontation, undermine regional stability, and dim the prospects for diplomacy,” according to a prepared text of his remarks.


“All the countries are concerned that a more aggressive pursuit of claims could provoke a conflict,” a senior US defense official added.


Some ministers from the 10-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) proposed practical steps to avert conflict, including setting up a hotline between ASEAN states and China, measures to avoid collisions and an agreement on “no first use of force,” US officials said.


But the main diplomatic effort has centered on calls for a “code of conduct” for the South China Sea, a binding set of rules for a waterway believed to hold significant oil and gas deposits.


The United States has pressed the idea, which is also strongly supported by ASEAN as a whole.


But China’s defense minister, Gen. Chang Wanquan, voiced Beijing’s displeasure with the concept.


“The Chinese side has always advocated these problems should be handled by the countries directly,” he told reporters.


He added that “ASEAN is not a concerned party” to the disputes.


China has long said such disputes should be addressed only bilaterally between rival claimants and not under any multilateral umbrella. Analysts have said it wants to avoid facing a united ASEAN on the issue.


China has, however, said it was willing to engage in future “consultations” on the code of conduct issue.


Throughout a week-long tour of the region, Hagel has said territorial disagreements should be solved peacefully without coercion but has stopped short of directly criticizing China.


Hagel met Chang in Brunei on Wednesday after hosting him in Washington earlier this month.


US officials say military relations with Beijing have steadily improved over the past year, with the American and Chinese navies holding joint anti-piracy exercises in the Gulf of Aden.


The high-level American attention on Southeast Asia, including stepped-up US military aid, is part of an effort by Washington to shift its strategic focus to the Asia-Pacific after a decade of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.


But escalating Syrian tensions have repeatedly intruded on his trip, with the Pentagon chief conferring with European counterparts and White House advisers.


The Syria crisis came up at the gathering Thursday but was not a focus of the talks, officials said.


During his swing through the region, which included stops in Malaysia and Indonesia and will end with a visit to the Philippines, Hagel has said repeatedly Washington was committed to its Asia “rebalancing” despite Pentagon budget pressures and Middle East distractions.


His prepared text called the US commitment to the region “deep and unshakable.”


Underscoring Washington’s shift, Hagel invited ASEAN defense ministers to hold a meeting next year in the United States for the first time. They accepted.


The Brunei defense chief meetings grouped ASEAN members plus Japan, China, South Korea, the United States, Russia, India, Australia and New Zealand.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Russia to deliver six Mig-29K warplanes to India

28 August 2013 by nayeem sheikh - Indian Defence Goal


Russia is set to deliver six more jet fighters of 4++ generation this year to Indian Air Force as per a deal with New Delhi, the MIG aircraft corporation said Wednesday.


“India currently exploits 21 aircrafts. In line with a contract, we must deliver 29 planes by 2015. Last year, we’ve delivered four planes. This year, we’ve delivered one plane and six aircrafts remain to be delivered,” MIG’s director general Sergei Korotkov told reporters at the MAKS air show, Xinhua reported.


The six-day MAKS show kicked off in Zhukovsky city outside Moscow Tuesday. MIG signed a $1.5 billion deal with India in 2010 to deliver 29 MIG-29K-KUB warplanes.


This is the second such contract between the Russian aircraft construction corporation and New Delhi. The first deal to supply India with 16 MIGs-29 was signed in 2004 and completed in 2011.


During MAKS, the Russian corporation also signed two deals worth $55 million to build a centre in India to service MIG’s avionics and hardware, the corporation’s spokesperson Elena Fedorova said.


MIG’s partner in those deals is Basant Aerospace Private Ltd, she added.


MIG commenced production of new unified family of multi-role fighters of the 4++ generation in 2005.


The double-seat MIG-29K-KUB is a multi-role fighter intended for air-defence missions of naval forces, air superiority gaining, sea and ground target destruction with high precision guided weapons day and night and in any weather condition.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 11:35
France Helps The Philippines Get Respectable Against China

August 29, 2013: Strategy Page


The Philippines has turned to France to obtain more offshore patrol ships for its coast guard. The first to arrive (in 2014) is a recently retired P400 class patrol boat. The 373 ton, 54.8 meter (180 foot) long vessel has a crew of up to 29 and two ten-seat small power boats on board.  Top speed is 44 kilometers an hour and can stay out up to 20 days at a time. Armament consists of a 40mm and 20mm autocannon plus two heavy machine-guns plus small arms. The 26 year old P400 will be refurbished before delivery to the Philippines. Total cost to the Philippines will be about $8 million.


Separately the Philippines is buying a newly built 82 meter (271-foot) patrol ship and four 24 meter (79-foot) patrol boats from France for $120 million. The larger ship is similar to the P400 and meant to patrol hundreds of kilometers off the coast while the smaller boats are for coastal patrols. The larger vessels will be dealing with even larger ships China is building for patrols off the coast of neighboring countries. China claims all of the South China Sea, including areas very close to the Filipino coast.

Partager cet article
29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Crew flying virtual MRH-90 helicopter in the Air Operations Simulation Centre - DSTO

Crew flying virtual MRH-90 helicopter in the Air Operations Simulation Centre - DSTO

August 29, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Australian Department of Defence; issued August 28, 2013)


World Class Helicopter Simulator for the ADF


Chief Executive Officer of the Defence Materiel Organisation, Warren King, today formally accepted the delivery of the first of two MRH90 helicopter simulators at the Army Aviation Training Centre in Oakey, Queensland.


The simulator allows Army and Navy pilots to practice their skills in all flight regimes, day or night, and accurately reproduces the feel of the aircraft in flight.


Mr King acknowledged the contribution made by DMO, Army, Navy and industry for their contribution in developing and supporting Australian Defence Force (ADF) MRH90 helicopter training.


“This world leading flight simulator will contribute to the ADF’s helicopter capability for many years to come,” Mr King said.


“The MRH90 simulator has a cockpit that functions just like that of a real aircraft, and replicates the aircraft’s unique instrument display that is projected onto the pilots’ visors,” he said.


Commandant of the Army’s Aviation Training Centre Colonel David Burke said the MRH90 simulator was the best he had flown.


“This simulator allows instructors to present pilots with a wide range of operational training scenarios such as flying in to remote bush landing sites, flying in formation with other aircraft, and being safely exposed to complex emergency situations,” Colonel Burke said.


“The majority of basic training will now be conducted in the simulator before pilots get to the real aircraft.


“The aim of the training is to immerse the pilots in the simulation, so they feel as though they are flying the real aircraft, completing real missions and dealing with real emergencies,” he said.


The MRH90 simulator is state of the art, and is fully accredited to meet the highest standards of fidelity, known in the aviation industry as ‘level D’, meaning that an hour in the simulator equates to an hour in the real helicopter.


A second simulator will be installed at the main MRH90 operational base in Townsville during 2014.

Partager cet article


  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact


Articles Récents