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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 11:35
India developing E-bomb to paralyze networks

28 August 2013 by nayeem sheikh - Indian Defence Goal


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is developing an E-bomb which will emit electromagnetic shock waves that destroy electronic circuits and communication networks of enemy forces, its chief and scientific advisor to the defence minister Avinash Chander said.


So next time there is a Kargil or a LoC violation, you may not hear gunshots or mortar shells, because the electromagnetic bomb will throw life out of gear.


"It will be a weapon that would explore the strong electromagnetic field generating a brief but intense or high power pulse of electromagnetic energy," Chander told TOI at the Missile Complex in Hyderabad. He said the spectrum of targets will be broad and in times to come, E-bombs would form the core of tactical warfare and electronic combat operations to damage the command, control and communications of enemy forces.


The director general of DRDO said that the electromagnetic shock wave from the bomb will destroy electronic circuits and communication network "while paralyzing them in terms of radars, communication networking, information gathering sensors, controls and other electronic equipment." Work is in full swing at the Research Centre Imarat, the Hyderabad-based laboratory of DRDO, to build the new bomb which will be ready for operational deployment within a few years.


Chander said the E-bomb would give an option to the military as the bomb can target the enemy's mobile targets, air defence systems, mobile or static radars, naval vessels with communication systems and even ill-shielded communication or electronic systems at a military base. The GPS-guided E-bombs would precede the conventional munitions for strategic air attacks and can cripple military units as weapons of electric destruction by releasing high voltage pulses. Other DRDO officials said the E-bomb warheads can be delivered by combat aircraft equipped to deliver guided munitions and cruise missiles.


Chander also said DRDO was developing the next generation of smart bombs or guided bombs, which would have a longer range of upto 100 km (starting from 10s of kms) and higher accuracy. "Smart bombs are basically precision guided munition equipped with electronic sensors, control system and adjustable flight fins for providing steering or gliding capacity to hit a designated target with much more accuracy," the DRDO chief said.

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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:35
India's first military satellite will help keep tabs on Indian Ocean region

Aug 28, 2013 Rajat Pandit, TNN


The 2,625kg military satellite will help the Navy keep a hawk-eye over both Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.


NEW DELHI: India's first dedicated military satellite GSAT-7 or "Rukmini", which will be launched by Arianespace from French Guiana on Friday, will provide the Navy with an almost 2,000-nautical-mile-footprint over the critical Indian Ocean region (IOR).


Essentially a geo-stationary communication satellite to enable real-time networking of all Indian warships, submarines and aircraft with operational centres ashore, the 2,625kg Rukmini will also help the Navy keep a hawk-eye over both Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. "From Persian Gulf to Malacca Strait, it will help cover almost 70% of the IOR," said a source.


The "over-the-sea use" Rukmini, with UHF, S, Ku and C-band transponders, is to be followed by GSAT-7A with the IAF and Army sharing its "over-the-land use" bandwidth. The Navy has been clamouring for such a satellite for close to a decade now to shorten its "sensor-to-shooter loop" - the ability to swiftly detect and tackle a threat — but the delay in the indigenous GSLV rocket to carry satellites and other factors have been the stumbling blocks.


India, of course, has been a late — and somewhat reluctant — entrant into the military space arena despite having a robust civilian programme for decades. Without dedicated satellites of their own, the armed forces were relegated to using "dual use" Cartosat satellites or the Technology Experimental Satellite launched in 2001, apart from leasing foreign satellite transponders for surveillance, navigation and communication purposes.


China, in sharp contrast, has taken huge strides in the military space arena, testing even ASAT (anti-satellite) weapons against "low-earth orbit" satellites since January 2007. "With counter-space being a top priority, China has been testing its 'direct-ascent kinetic kill' capabilities. It also has active programmes for kinetic and directed-energy laser weapons as well as nano-satellites. By 2020, it hopes to have a space station with military applications," said a source.


Incidentally, around 300 dedicated or dual-use military satellites are orbiting around the earth, with the US owning 50% of them, followed by Russia and China. But India has lagged far behind in utilization of the final frontier of space for military purposes, refusing to even approve the long-standing demand of the armed forces for a full-fledged Aerospace Command, as earlier reported by TOI.


Though officially against " any offensive space capabilities or weaponization of space", the defence ministry in 2010 had come out with a 15-year "Technology Perspective and Capability Roadmap" that dwelt on the need to develop ASAT weapons "for electronic or physical destruction of satellites in both LEO (2,000km altitude above earth's surface) and GEO-synchronous orbits". These portions were quietly deleted in the roadmap released earlier this year.


DRDO contends it can develop ASAT weapons if required by marrying the propulsion system of the over 5,000-km Agni-V missile with the "kill vehicle" of its two-tier BMD (ballistic missile system) system.


Apart from working on "directed energy weapons" at its Laser Science &Technology Centre, DRDO also has futuristic programmes for launching "mini-satellites on demand" for use in the battlefield as well as "EMP (electromagnetic pulse) hardening" of satellites and sensors to protect them against ASAT weapons.


But all that is in the future. Dedicated military satellites like Rukmini will help India keep real-time tabs over the rapidly-militarizing IOR, where China is increasingly expanding its strategic footprint, as well as on troop movements, missile silos, military installations and airbases across land borders.

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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Northrop Grumman Australia Agrees to Acquire Qantas Group's Defence Services Business

August 28, 2013 GLOBE NEWSWIRE


FALLS CHURCH, Va. – Aug. 28, 2013 – Northrop Grumman Australia Pty Limited, a subsidiary of Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC), announced that it has signed a definitive agreement with Qantas Airways Limited (ASX:QAN) to acquire Australia-based Qantas Defence Services Pty Limited (QDS). QDS provides integrated logistics, sustainment and modernization support to Australian government and military customers. The acquisition is subject to various conditions and is expected to close in 2014. Terms of the transactions were not disclosed.


"QDS complements our current integrated logistics and modernization efforts and advances our international strategy. We expect QDS will provide an important platform for international growth in our key focus areas of unmanned, C4ISR, cyber, and logistics and modernization," said Wes Bush, Northrop Grumman chairman, chief executive officer and president.


"Northrop Grumman's in-country revenue and footprint are significantly enhanced by the QDS acquisition, underscoring our commitment to the Australian and regional defence markets," said Ian Irving, Northrop Grumman chief executive for Australia.


With more than 300 employees in facilities throughout Australia, QDS provides through life support for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Multi Role Tanker Transport fleet, turn-key operational logistics services for the Australian Government's VIP aircraft, and engine overhaul services for the Orion P-3 and Hawk Lead-in Fighter. In addition, Indonesia recently awarded QDS a contract to refurbish C-130H aircraft. QDS also provides engineering consultancy services to the Royal Australian Navy and other maritime customers.


Northrop Grumman is a leading global security company providing innovative systems, products and solutions in unmanned systems, cyber, C4ISR, and logistics and modernization to government and commercial customers worldwide. Please visit www.northropgrumman.com for more information.

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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:35
USA: Hagel Meets with ASEAN Defense Ministers in Brunei

29 August 2013 By Cheryl Pellerin / American Forces Press Service – Pacific Sentinel


BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Brunei, Aug. 28, 2013 – On the first day of Southeast Asia’s most important annual defense ministerial conference, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel met here with his counterparts from the 10 nations that make up the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
On the sidelines, the secretary also took time for bilateral talks on the region and broader topics with his counterparts from Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, Brunei, Burma and China.
The ASEAN member states are Burma, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. During lunch today and a meeting afterward, Hagel and the members discussed the need to advance practical cooperation to build trust and lower tensions throughout the region.
When Hagel was in Singapore in June attending the Shangri-La Dialogue meeting, he invited the ASEAN defense ministers to Hawaii in 2014 for an informal meeting -- their first in the United States. During the luncheon, all 10 ministers accepted his invitation.


“I’m obviously very pleased about that,” Hagel said today. “It will give us another opportunity to strengthen and deepen the relationship with our partners here in the Asia-Pacific.”
Hagel noted the need to continue progress toward peacefully resolving territorial disputes, and committed to continued U.S. support for ASEAN, including its Defense Ministers’ Meeting, or ADMM, as a strong organization for achieving shared goals and upholding the common good, Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said.
During the meeting, a senior defense official said, each country expressed strong support for the steady U.S. presence in the Asia-Pacific and viewed U.S. engagement in the region as a key contributor to peace and stability.
The representatives also expressed their support for continued active engagement by the United States in this part of the world, he said. “They see it’s essential for a peaceful stable environment and a prosperous environment around them,” the official added.
Brunei has served as chair of ASEAN this year, and yesterday Hagel met with Brunei’s energy minister, Pehin Dato Seri Setia Awang Haji Mohammad Yasmin. Little said the secretary recognized Brunei’s strong leadership as ASEAN chair and organizer of the June joint exercise involving humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and military medicine. Burma will take over next year as ASEAN chair.
Tomorrow morning, Hagel will attend the ADMM-Plus ministerial conference, hosted by Yasmin and made up of the 10 ASEAN defense ministers and eight dialogue partners: the United States, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, India, New Zealand and Russia.
Senior defense officials said today that Hagel’s bilateral meetings were positive and productive.
During a meeting this morning with Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera, Hagel was pleased to accept an invitation to visit Japan next year, and the two militaries agreed to establish a cyber defense effort together, a senior defense official said today.
“There’s a recognition that with both state and nonstate actors, cyber threats and thefts of intellectual property as well as penetrations of government and industrial networks are an increasing concern and there’s a need to cooperate and share information to deal with that,” the official said.
In other discussions, Little said, Hagel and Onodera exchanged views on the regional security environment, including North Korea's continued nuclear and ballistic missile developments.
Hagel said he looks forward during a visit to Tokyo in October to continued bilateral discussion on strengthening the alliance, and both men reaffirmed the importance of the U.S.-Japan alliance in defending Japan and contributing to regional peace and security, Little added.
Both also expressed interest in continuing to modernize the alliance by enhancing their already strong security cooperation initiatives, the press secretary said.
“The U.S. very much appreciates Japan’s important role as a contributor to peace and stability in this region and the rest of the world,” Hagel told Onodera through a translator as the meeting began, “and I’m very much looking forward to my upcoming visit to Japan.”
Hagel also met today with South Korean Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin, thanking him for his friendship and reaffirming the United States’ enduring defense and extended deterrence commitments to South Korea. Little said Hagel told Kim it is a mutual duty to remain vigilant during this time of heightened tension on the Korean Peninsula.
The leaders discussed the importance of recent U.N. Security Council resolutions designed to limit North Korea’s progress on nuclear and missile programs, the press secretary said. The Defense Department is focused on fulfilling security commitments but Hagel said diplomatic efforts are fundamental to encouraging North Korea to pursue the path of peace, Little added.
Hagel will travel to the South Korean capital of Seoul in October to attend the annual Security Consultive Meeting, a senior defense official said, and as part of that trip will be able to help commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Korean War with the country’s leaders.
Later today, during bilateral discussions with Vietnamese Defense Minister Gen. Phung Quang Thanh, Hagel accepted with appreciation an invitation to visit Vietnam in 2014 and through a translator wished the general a happy National Day, which the Vietnamese celebrate on Sept. 2.
Hagel expressed his commitment to growing the bilateral defense relationship with Vietnam and working on issues like maritime security, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and recovering the remains of U.S. personnel missing in action, Little said.
The secretary also conveyed his commitment to continuing to implement the 2011 Memorandum of Understanding for Advancing Bilateral Defense Cooperation, the press secretary added.
On regional security, Little said, the leaders noted the importance of peacefully resolving disputes in the South China Sea and welcomed steps to develop an ASEAN Code of Conduct to guide that process.
This afternoon, Hagel met briefly with Burma’s defense minister, Lt. Gen. Wai Lwin, expressing his support for Burma’s upcoming ASEAN chairmanship and telling the general that the department looks forward to supporting their efforts on ASEAN defense events next year.
A senior defense official noted that such a bilateral meeting at the defense minister level had not happened in more than 20 years with Burma, and that the meeting today is a “a sign of changes and the Obama administration’s very positive engagement with the Burmese, [as well as] recognition of the reforms that have been underway in that country and progress that’s being made on human rights.”
Hagel discussed with the Burmese defense minister the importance of continued progress on reform and said it’s also important that Burma sever military ties to North Korea, Little said.
Hagel applauded the Burmese military’s support for the government's democratic reform efforts and encouraged that the reforms continue.
Hagel also held a bilateral meeting with representatives from China.
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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:35
India Eyes Drone-Launched Smart Bombs

August 29, 2013 By  Zachary Keck - Flashpoints


India will soon be equipping its drones with precision-guided munitions (PGMs), according to the head of the country’s defense technology agency.

According to The Hindu, on Monday Avinash Chander, the new Director-General of India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) said that “in a couple of months” his organization would begin testing PGMs that are small enough to fit onto Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).

The newspaper paraphrased Chander as saying that along with miniaturization, the “major thrust” of DRDO’s effort in the short term are on “bridging vital gaps in developing advanced seekers, sensors and actuators.” In the future, Chander said his agency would focus on the “development of navigation and telemetry on chip and that of loitering weapons with 80 percent explosives and 20 percent avionics.”

Speaking at the same conference as Chander, G. Satheesh Reddy, the head of Research Centre Imarat (RCI)—a missile research laboratory that is helping to develop India’s PGMs—said his company was working on extending the range of the PGMs to 100 km, up from 30 km currently.

Since taking over DRDO in June, Chander has said that developing more advanced UAV technology will be a top priority for the defense technology agency under his management.

India is already in the drone business, and demand for UAVs from the defense and civilian sectors is expected to increase drastically in the years ahead. Currently, annual UAV sales in India stand at about US$5.2 billion; this figure will increase to US$11.6 billion over the next decade, according to the Teal Group Corporation, a U.S. aerospace consultancy firm.

A Teal Group executive told The Times of India last month that they expect India’s demand to be “50 medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) UAVs, 60 Navy UAVs, 70 Air Force tactical UAVs, 100 Army tactical UAVs and 980 mini-UAVs over the next decade."

India’s precision-guided technology is currently far more underdeveloped, but Delhi is hoping to change this in the coming years through indigenous development or imports. According to India Military Review, India’s precision attack and targeting capabilities are currently limited to laser-guided bomb (LGB) kits attached to dumb bombs.” The same source, however, forecasts that precision bombs and missiles will become much more common among Indian Naval and Air systems over the next five to ten years.

Indian defense experts The Diplomat spoke with were therefore skeptical that India’s drones will be equipped with miniaturized smart bombs any time in the immediate future.

Bharat Karnad, a Senior Fellow in National Security Studies at the Center for Policy Research in Delhi, acknowledged that “DRDO is working on a project to develop a sufficiently compact PGM to arm a drone” but said that “such a capability is immanent, not imminent.”

Yogesh Joshi, an expert on India’s strategic and missile capabilities at the School of International Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi, was slightly more optimistic.

“It will take them a lot of time to get where U.S. and Israel are,” Joshi told The Diplomat referring to DRDO. “However, DRDO is also benefiting a lot by collaboration with U.S. and particularly Israel. Given the fact [that the] U.S. is not as critical of India-Israel engagement as it used to be has benefited this relationship. So the progress may be much more speedy than we expect.”

Both experts also agreed that having such a capability would be useful to Delhi in a number of important areas.

Karnad, who helped draft India’s nuclear doctrine in the late 1990s, said that there is a “whole bunch of tactical and strategic military uses,” for drones armed with smart bombs, including “on the conventional military battlefield versus Pakistan and China, for deployment against terrorist training camps and staging areas/supply depots in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, and to fight the Naxal insurgents active inside the country.”

Joshi had a similar assessment saying that the drones could be “used for fighting terrorism inside the country in remote areas of Jammu and Kashmir as well as anti-Naxal operations.”

He didn’t believe that the drones would be used to target anti-India militants inside Pakistan proper in the same way that the U.S. has used its drone fleet to carry out targeted strikes against al-Qaeda and Taliban fighters operating in Pakistan’s northwestern regions.

“I think it will be foolish to use them against militants on foreign soil,” Joshi said when asked by The Diplomat if the drones would be used inside Pakistan.

He pointed out that Pakistan has repeatedly said it has the capability to shoot down U.S. drones, and Iran has in fact taken down a U.S. drone that was conducting surveillance operations in Iranian airspace.

“For all obvious reasons, Pakistan certainly can't shoot down U.S. drones. But in the case of India, it will not restrain itself at all. We would therefore be staring at… a loss of resources, international embarrassment as well as an escalation of conflict.”

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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Les ministres de la Défense de l'ASEAN (Source VNA)

Les ministres de la Défense de l'ASEAN (Source VNA)

29/08/2013 vietnamplus.vn


La conférence élargie des ministres de la Défense de l'ASEAN (ADMM+) s'est ouverte jeudi matin au Brunei pour discuter de la sécurité régionale et internationale.


Cet événement a réuni les ministres de la Défense et les hauts officiels militaires des 10 pays membres de l'Association des Nations d'Asie du Sud-Est (ASEAN), ainsi que des huit pays partenaires (Australie, Chine, Inde, Japon, Nouvelle-Zélande, Russie, République de Corée et Etats-Unis).


La délégation vietnamienne était conduite par le ministre de la Défense Phung Quang Thanh.


Lors de la conférence, les participants ont évalué les avancées réalisées depuis la première ADMM+ en 2010 à Hanoi, avant de définir des orientations pour les deux prochaines années.


Selon les experts, l'ADMM+ joue un rôle important pour le renforcement de la coopération et des dialogues en terme de défense et de sécurité entre l'ASEAN et ses pays partenaires, en faveur de la stabilité, de la sécurité, de la paix et du développement de la région. Ces 34 derniers mois, de nombreuses rencontres annuelles à divers échelons ont été organisées dans le cadre de l'ADMM+. Cette dernière est devenue une partie de la structure régionale de sécurité. Il s'agit d'un forum qui permet aux hauts officiels militaires de discuter de questions importantes et de créer un cadre pour la coopération multilatérale entre les armées des pays de la région.


La Déclaration commune de l'ADMM+ de 2013 sera rendue publique cet après-midi.


La prochaine conférence des ministres de la Défense de l'ASEAN (ADMM) aura lieu en 2014 au Myanmar. -VNA

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 19:14
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

JOUKOVSKI (région de Moscou), 28 août - RIA Novosti


L'Inde entend équiper ses futurs chasseurs Rafale de missiles russes, a annoncé mercredi Boris Obnossov, directeur général du groupe russe "Armements balistiques tactiques", lors du Salon aérospatial international MAKS-2013 à Joukovski, dans la région de Moscou.


"L'Inde manifeste de l'intérêt pour l'adaptation de nos missiles pour les Rafale" qui seront fournis par la France, a indiqué M.Obnossov devant les journalistes.


Selon lui, le groupe, qui a perdu l'appel d'offres indien pour la production de 126 chasseurs polyvalents en 2011, est prêt à adapter ses missiles pour les chasseurs français Rafale (Dassault Aviation) retenus par l'Inde.


Le Salon aérospatial international MAKS-2013 se déroule du 27 août au 1er septembre sur l'aérodrome de l'Institut de recherche sur les vols Gromov à Joukovski, dans la région de Moscou.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 16:35
South Korea T-50 Crashes, Killing 2 Pilots

Aug. 28, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)


SEOUL — Two pilots were killed Wednesday when a South Korean air force jet trainer crashed near the southwestern city of Gwangju, the defense ministry said.


Investigations were underway to determine the cause of the crash of the T-50 aircraft, a spokesman said.


It was the second crash in less than a year involving a T-50, South Korea’s first indigenous supersonic aircraft jointly developed by Korea Aerospace Industries and Lockheed Martin.


A T-50B aircraft crashed into a mountain in the northeast last November, killing a pilot.


Indonesia in 2011 ordered 16 T-50s and Seoul is pursuing other contracts from the Philippines and Iraq.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:45
Senegal seeking more CN235s

27 August 2013 by defenceWeb


Senegal plans to buy two CN235 transport aircraft from Indonesian manufacturer PTDI and use them for VIP and cargo duties. They would join its two CN235s already in service.


General Ousmane Kane, Senegal’s Air Force Chief of Staff, revealed the Air Force’s interest in the CN235 during a meeting with Indonesia’s Deputy Minister of Defence Sjafrie Sjamsoeddin in Dakar on July 5. He was accompanied by Director General of Defence Strategy Major General Sonny Prasetyo and Marketing Director of PT Dirgantara Indonesian (PTDI) Budiman Saleh.


Senegal’s intention to buy more CN235s emerged in late May this year when Senegalese Armed Forces Minister Augustine Tine expressed interest in two CN235-220 aircraft.


Senegal has also shown interest in the maritime patrol version of the aircraft, Air International reports. (The Air Force flies a smaller C212 in the maritime patrol role.) If a firm order is placed, the aircraft would be delivered in one to three years’ time, depending on the contract. Indonesia may extend credit to Senegal to assist in the purchase of the aircraft.


Senegal already operates two second-hand Indonesian-built CN235-220s acquired in November 2010 and August 2012, according to Air International. They were bought under a $13 million contract.


“We use the aircraft for various purposes and I am satisfied with their ability,” Tine is quoted as saying. He said his main concern with buying more was obtaining financing. Indonesia is also offering the West African country small arms, ammunition and other equipment.


Senegal’s small air force has only a few combat aircraft (MI-35 helicopters) – its other aircraft include a single CASA C212, several Fokker F27s, a single Boeing 727, a single Embraer EMB-111 and a handful of Rallye, Piper and Socata Epsilon light aircraft. Around five utility helicopters (Gazelle, Puma, Fennec, Mi-171) are in service as well.


However, Senegal has been expanding its military of late and ordered a single AgustaWestland AW139 helicopter and three Embraer A-29 Super Tucano light attack and training aircraft this year.


Meanwhile, PTDI is offering its NC212 and CN235 to African countries like Uganda, as well as existing operators Senegal and Burkina Faso. PTDI has previously sold aircraft in Africa through a third party based in Belgium but may sell directly to Senegal.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:40
MAKS-2013: le russe MiG signe deux accords avec l'Inde

JOUKOVSKI (région de Moscou), 28 août - RIA Novosti


L'avionneur russe MiG a signé mardi deux accords supplémentaires pour 55 millions de dollars avec la société indienne Basant Aerospace Private Limited lors du Salon aérospatial international MAKS-2013 à Joukovski, dans la région de Moscou.


"Le premier contrat de 43 millions de dollars prévoit la création d'un centre de maintenance en Inde destiné à réparer les radars de bord Jouk-ME fabriqués par la société russe Fazotron-NIIR", a indiqué MiG dans un communiqué.


Le second contrat de 12 millions de dollars prévoit la mise en place en Inde d'un centre de maintenance pour les chasseurs modernisés MiG-29UPG et MiG-29K/KUB.


La Russie et l'Inde ont signé un contrat sur la livraison de 29 chasseurs embarqués MiG-29K/KUB en 2010. En décembre 2012, la Russie a livré les quatre premiers chasseurs à la Marine indienne. En février dernier, le Service fédéral russe pour la coopération militaire et technique (FSVTS) a annoncé que Moscou devait livrer sept autres chasseurs embarqués Mig-29K/KUB en Inde d'ici 2014. Ces avions s'ajouteront aux 16 appareils de ce type livrés à la Marine indienne en 2009-2011.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Vietnam Joins Anti-China Coalition

August 28, 2013: Strategy Page


Vietnam and the Philippines announced that are developing joint military and diplomatic plans to thwart increasing Chinese aggressiveness in territorial disputes throughout the South China Sea. In the past Vietnam tried to go it alone against China and got beaten in several battles. Perhaps because of the rough treatment Vietnam has received from Chinese forces in the past, the Philippines also repeated its staunch support for a “no confrontation” policy. This is part necessity, because even with lots of charity the Philippines cannot expect to ever afford a military that would be more of a nuisance to China. For confrontation, especially when China asserts its claims to territory right off the Filipino coast, an ally like the United States will be needed. So far the Americans have not committed to helping with such a desperate situation.


As the peace talks with MILF creep towards completion the Moslem factions that oppose the terms of the deal (limited autonomy and not independence) are now accused of supporting terrorist attacks in the south (Mindanao and adjacent smaller islands). Abu Sayyaf is accused of cooperating (and being paid) to help carry out this disruption campaign. This violent factionalism is nothing new in the south and is seen as a problem that will persist after the peace deal is implemented.


The government is having a problem with southern (largely Moslem) politicians who refuse to allow American UAVs to operate from local airports. Although the UAVs are often used to aid disaster relief (like for the recent massive typhoon storm damage) the politicians fear retaliation from Islamic terrorists who see the American UAVs as a mortal threat and want to interfere with the use of this aerial surveillance as much as possible. In the latest case it was the government that asked for the U.S. UAVs to be brought in to provide a more precise view of the storm damage that has left nearly a million Filipinos homeless.


August 26, 2013: Over 100,000 people demonstrated against corruption in the capital and other major cities. The anger was directed at “legal corruption” in the form of millions of dollars a year given to politicians for their favorites projects but that is widely acknowledged to be diverted to personal use. The government has been unable to get the legislature to vote down this practice and that created widespread anger against seemingly feeble efforts to curb corruption. Most Filipinos now agree that the corruption is the biggest obstacle to economic growth and all manner of progress in the country.


August 24, 2013: In a peace gesture the NPA released a soldier they had captured 20 days earlier. The NPA is in the early stages of peace talks with the government, apparently in an effort to build on whatever gains the MILF talks create.


August 21, 2013: In the south (North Cotabato province) NPA gunmen attacked a banana plantation and destroyed six trucks and stole portable equipment. The plantation owners had refused to meet NPA extortion demands. The NPA depends on extortion and kidnapping to keep itself going.


August 18, 2013: The government finished another four days of negotiations with MILF. This was the 39th meeting and both sides said progress continued to be made in sorting out the details of Moslem autonomy in the south.


In the south (North Cotabato province) NPA gunmen attacked a construction site and destroyed three construction vehicles. The construction company, which is building a road, had refused to meet NPA extortion demands.


August 13, 2013: In the north (Laguna province) NPA gunmen attacked a bus company depot and destroyed 11 busses. The bus company refused to meet NPA extortion demands. In this case the NPA was also apparently backing a union that was having a hard time getting more money out of the company. This sort of violence is also common in labor negotiations.


August 10, 2013: In the south (Cotabato) the army launched another offensive against BIFF (Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters). The first day of fighting left two rebels dead and two soldiers wounded. At least two thousand civilians fled the fighting, which centered on army efforts to keep the rebels from blocking a key highway. BIFF apparently also planted two bombs in the area. One went off but caused no casualties while the other was found and disabled. The army has carried several of these operations against BIFF this year. Each results in dozens (or more) rebel casualties and captures. But so far BIFF, despite getting weaker, has not called it quits. Last September the main Moslem separatist group (MILF) negotiated a peace deal with BIFF which was then supposed to rejoin MILF and stop causing problems with their attacks on Christians in the south. That has not happened yet and apparently won’t. BIFF contains former members of MILF, something MILF leaders have played down for years. Last year MILF openly agreed with government demands to do something about these "outlaws". BIFF contained about a thousand armed men earlier in the year and MILF sought to negotiate a peace deal with the dissidents while publicly insisting that it would crush these rebel rebels. BIFF had become increasingly violent, and outspoken about how MILF is selling out Moslems. Now MILF will have to use force to coerce the BIFF outlaws to get with the new peace deal. Otherwise the treaty will turn into a civil war within the new Moslem homeland down south. BIFF refused to comply with the peace deal it made with MILF last year and the current army operations are not being opposed by MILF.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:35
GSat-7 military satellite source CSG CNES

GSat-7 military satellite source CSG CNES

28 August 2013 naval-technology.com


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch its first 2.5t military satellite called GSat-7 on 30 August 2013, to improve communication network among Indian navy vessels.


On the condition of anonymity, officials said it is the space agency's first dedicated military satellite, even though officially ISRO has called GSat-7 a communication satellite.


The Times of India quotes an official as saying that "this is the first time we are launching a satellite with a specifically military role."


The satellite, which will be positioned at 74oE, will be launched on the Ariane Flight VA215 from the European spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana.


According to ISRO, GSAT-7 is a multi-band satellite carrying payloads in UHF, S-band, C-band and Ku-band and employs 2,000kg class bus (I-2K) platform with a power handling capability of around 3,000W and lift-off mass of 2,550kg.


After the launch of GSat-7, India is also planning to launch one satellite each for the air force and the army.


Earlier, the Indian space agency allotted a space on its satellite's transponder for classified communication for the armed forces, however, GSat-7 is designed specifically to cater the communication needs of navy.


In October 2001, ISRO had launched its Technology Experiment Satellite aimed for spying purposes.


French space transportation firm Arianespace has launched 16 Indian satellites so far.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Photo DPR Defence DRDO

Photo DPR Defence DRDO

25 August 2013 by nayeem sheikh - Indian Defence Goal


Working at a fast pace towards production and induction of Agni-V missile into the forces, Defence Research and Development Organisation is reportedly planning its second test fire next month. The maiden test fire of Agni-V, the first intercontinental ballistic missile of India, was carried out in April 2012. The successful trial catapulted the country into the exclusive ICBM club comprising six elite countries, United States of America, Russia, China, France and United Kingdom.


Dr V G Sekaran, chief controller R&D (Missiles & Strategic Systems) and programme director, Agni, said that while no date has been fixed for the test as of now, it will be conducted in September. “This test shall be aimed at repeatability of the previous test for stabilizing the performance of sub-systems,” he said, adding that DRDO is working at starting the production and delivery phase by 2015 for Agni-5. Dr Sekaran further revealed that the forthcoming test fire is a part of development trials (usually 2-3, if successful) and the user trials will start after this.


Meanwhile, DRDO is leaving no stone unturned for kick starting the canisterization process for Agni V by this year end. Simultaneous qualification tests will be conducted for the same as well. Canister launch of the missile will enable higher flexibility in launching speedy firing from any location on a road.


The indigenously developed 50-tonne long range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Agni-V, which is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead weighing more than a tonne, has a 5,000 km range as per DRDO officials, who confirmed that preparations are at full swing at Wheeler Island off the Odisha coast for a September launch. Once inducted, India’s range with respect to missile reach would include the entire Asia as well as parts of other continents. Agni V will be inducted into the force equipped with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-Entry Vehicles (MIRVs) for shooting multiple warheads at the same time.


RCI to celebrate silver jubilee

Research Centre Imarat, DRDO, Hyderabad, is celebrating its silver jubilee on August 26, 2013. Governor ESL Narasimhan, former president Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, minister of state for defence Jitendra Singh will be present at the celebration. RCI is the premier DRDO Laboratory spearheading the design, development and delivery of state-of-the-art avionics systems for the entire Indian missile development programmes.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:30
source RAND Corporation Aug 2013

source RAND Corporation Aug 2013

August 27, 2013: Strategy Page


Al Qaeda has survived by becoming regional, rather than international. The original al Qaeda is back where it was founded three decades ago, in the tribal territories of northwest Pakistan. Here, about a thousand members (many of them married into local tribes and semi-retired) manage to protect supreme leader Ayman al Zawahiri, along with a shrinking network of training camps and safe houses. About ten percent of these al Qaeda men are actually in eastern Afghanistan but are even less active. Al Qaeda is tolerated by the Pakistani government as long as it does no (or very little) violence inside Pakistan. Thus, the relatively large number of al Qaeda operatives “retiring” to the tribal territories. Many did this to survive growing hostility from local tribes against the largely foreign al Qaeda members. In the last decade over a thousand foreign al Qaeda men (mainly Arabs and Central Asians) have been killed by local tribesmen for, well, not getting along with the locals. Many al Qaeda members fled and this played a part in the development of the two major operational branches that emerged over the last decade in Yemen and North Africa.


AQAP (al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula) has suffered heavy losses in the last year. AQAP was formed in 2009, after the remnants of the Saudi al Qaeda organization (several thousand full and part time members) fled to Yemen and merged with the Yemeni al Qaeda branch. AQAP also benefitted from hundreds of Iraqi al Qaeda members who arrived after the defeat of al Qaeda in Iraq in 2007-8. Growing unrest in Yemen (against the long-time Saleh dictatorship) enabled AQAP to recruit locally and take over several towns in the south by 2011. Then the government launched a counteroffensive last year and AQAP got hurt very badly. That offensive continues, along with the growing use of American UAVs in Yemen. At the same time there are few other places for defeated al Qaeda men to flee to. The sanctuary in Mali was destroyed earlier in the year by a French led offensive. The sanctuary in Pakistan (North Waziristan) is hostile to active al Qaeda and mainly for local Islamic terrorists. Surviving al Qaeda men are increasingly operating in isolation and under heavy attack. Sometimes, as is happening now in Syria, they attack each other. While the al Qaeda situation is desperate in Yemen, AQAP is still al Qaeda’s most capable branch and the only one that has shown any ability to support attacks (few successful) in the West.


In North Africa there are three major Islamic radical groups, as well as some smaller ones. Ansar Dine was originally from Mali and led by Tuareg Islamic radicals.  MOJAO (Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa) is from neighboring Mauritania. It is largely composed of black African Islamic radicals and led by Mauritanians. The largest of the three is AQIM (Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb) which has members from all over North Africa but mostly from Algeria. MOJAO is basically a Mauritanian faction of AQIM and there continues to be some ethnic and racial tension between the two groups. AQIM has the most money and weapons and used this to exercise some control over the other two major radical groups (who outnumbered AQIM in Mali). AQIM and MOJAO are sometimes at odds with Ansar Dine, which felt it should be in charge in Mali because it is Malian. Until late 2012 all three groups cooperated in order to maintain their control of northern Mali. Then Ansar Dine began negotiating with the Mali government for a separate peace and some kind of compromise over Tuareg autonomy in the north. In part this was because MUJAO and AQIM were bringing in reinforcements from Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, Pakistan, Egypt, Yemen, Nigeria, and Sudan and threatened to reduce the area Ansar Dine controlled. Ansar Dine saw itself as the only Malian group in the Islamic radical government up north and was determined to defend Tuareg interests against the many foreigners in MUJAO (which also has some Malian members) and especially AQIM (which wanted to run everything). Ansar Dine saw AQIM as a bunch of gangsters, dependent on its relationship with drug gangs (al Qaeda moves the drugs north to the Mediterranean coast) and kidnappers (who hold Europeans for multi-million dollar ransoms). All this cash gave AQIM a lot of power, both to buy weapons and hire locals. With the high unemployment in the north and the daring image of Islamic warriors, working for AQIM was an attractive prospect for many young men. Most of those new recruits deserted as their employers fled the advancing French in January 2013. The Tuareg members of MUJAO and Ansar Dine could find locals in the north to shelter them while the foreigners (mainly from AQIM) had to flee because they were too easily spotted by Mali civilians and pointed out to the French, Malian, and other African troops who now occupy the north. The French led invasion was a crushing blow to AQIM, just like the Yemen offensive last year was to AQAP.


In the wake of the Mali disaster, Islamic terrorists in North Africa have reorganized. AQIM has relocated to southern Libya while Ansari Dine, especially the Tuareg leadership, faded back into the many Tuareg living in the Sahel (the semi-desert region between the Sahara Desert and the tropical forests to the south). Recently two North African Islamic terrorist factions merged to create a new group: Al Mourabitoun. The new group has already been operating, largely in Niger, where it recently carried out several daring attacks (including a prison break in June and twin bombings in May). One of the merger partners is an al Qaeda splinter group led by Mokhtar Belmokhtar (the planner of the January natural gas facility attack in southern Algeria that got 37 workers and 32 terrorists killed). Belmokhtar has a reputation for always escaping the many efforts to kill or capture him. Belmokhtar was number two or three in the North African al Qaeda organization (AQIM) but formed his own splinter group in late 2012. Belmokhtar’s faction survived the French invasion. The other component of Al Mourabitoun comes from MOJWA.


This merger was another aftereffect of the French led invasion that began last January. Within months hundreds of experienced Islamic terrorists scattered and slowly reorganized via email, cell phones and hand-carried documents. Recruiting took a big hit as the operations in Mali this year showed once more that Islamic radicals cannot stand up to professional soldiers and their governing methods tend to turn the population against them. This caused over a thousand AQIM members to desert while nearly 500 were killed in the Mali fighting. Hundreds of local Islamic terrorists (Tuaregs, MOJWA, and other black Africans from countries in the region) stayed in northern Mali and continue to try carrying out terrorist attacks. There are a few larger groups of these Islamic terrorists still wandering around the far north but they were hunted by French aircraft and hit with smart bombs until most fled to neighboring countries. Some of these Islamic terrorists have renounced their alliance with al Qaeda and sought to evade attack by just being another group of Tuareg separatists. Most of the still functional Islamic terrorists have reformed in Niger, Tunisia, and Libya. Many individual terrorists made their way to Syria, which is the next-big-thing for murderous religious radicals.


Despite the senior leadership remaining in Pakistan, the most active, and dangerous, international terrorism operations are coming out of AQAP. AQIM survives by becoming a drug gang that smuggles various narcotics to North Africa and Europe. As a result of this, al Qaeda is urging Islamic radicals everywhere to try and organize and carry out terrorism operations wherever they are. Thus, even some large al Qaeda organizations (like the ones in Iraq and Syria) are devoting all their energies to killing people (mostly fellow Moslems) where they are and not in the West (which al Qaeda Central would prefer).

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 07:35
US Significantly Boosts Military Funding For Southeast Asia

August 28th, 2013 By Voice of America - defencetalk.com


The United States has announced a major increase in U.S. funding for military education and training programs in Southeast Asia.


U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel made the announcement Sunday during a speech at the Malaysian Institute of Defense and Security in Kuala Lumpur. He said the latest Pentagon budget includes $90 million for the programs, an increase of more than 50 percent compared to four years ago.


The decision comes as Washington is shifting its strategic focus increasingly toward the Asia-Pacific region. Hagel said the U.S. administration is seeking to “rebalance” diplomatic, economic and security engagements with the Asia Pacific “to reflect Southeast Asia’s emerging prominence and importance.”


Beijing has expressed concern over America’s growing interest in the region, viewing it as an attempt to encircle China and embolden its neighbors. China has unresolved disputes with several countries, including Vietnam and the Philippines, over portions of the South China Sea.


In his speech, Hagel stressed the importance of having emerging powers such as China and India participate in a new security architecture for the region.


He argued that security is a critical foundation for prosperity in Southeast Asia, saying trade “cannot flourish in waters that are contested by force.”

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 07:35
An MV-22 Osprey with VMM-265 loads Marine Rotational Force Darwin Marines in preparation for Exercise Koolendong - photo USMC

An MV-22 Osprey with VMM-265 loads Marine Rotational Force Darwin Marines in preparation for Exercise Koolendong - photo USMC

27 August 2013  naval-technology.com


The US Marine Corps (USMC) and Australian Army are preparing to take part in Exercise Koolendong 2013, which is scheduled to begin on 28 August 2013.


Conducted at the Bradshaw Field Training Area south-west of Darwin, the exercise follows the successful completion of Exercise Talisman Saber 2013 and will conclude on 7 September.


During the drill, the US and Australian personnel will conduct a battalion-sized live-fire exercise in a remote training environment.


The drill will involve around 700 Marine Corps personnel from the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit based in Okinawa, Japan, as well as approximately 150 from the Marines currently on a six-month rotation in Darwin.


Around 150 Australian Army from the 5th Battalion in The Royal Australian Regiment based at Robertson Barracks in Darwin will also take part in the exercise.


Conducted in accordance with the defence's strict environmental requirements, the Exercise Koolendong 2013 has been designed to help develop the USMC's knowledge of the Bradshaw Field Training Area for future Marine Corps six-month rotations use.


The manoeuvre will also see participation of ground vehicles including 7t trucks, Humvees, light armoured vehicles and towed artillery as well as Lockheed Martin-built KC-130 Hercules aircraft for external support.


The US 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit, which operates from the Bonhomme Richard Amphibious Ready Group, will provide a range of capabilities in support of the exercise, which includes Bell Boeing-developed MV-22 Osprey aircraft, Sikorsky-built CH-53 Super Stallions, Bell UH-1Y Huey helicopters and McDonnell Douglas-manufactured AV-8B Harrier aircraft.


Additionally, the exercise will involve McDonnell Douglas-developed FA/18D Hornets, which are currently based at the RAAF Tindal, for the Exercise Southern Frontier.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 07:35
India's third C-17 Globemaster III aircraft departing Boeing's Long Beach facility in US. Photo Boeing.

India's third C-17 Globemaster III aircraft departing Boeing's Long Beach facility in US. Photo Boeing.

27 August 2013 airforce-technology.com


Boeing has handed over the third C-17 Globemaster III heavy-lift transport aircraft to the Indian Air Force (IAF), expanding the IAF's tactical airlifter fleet.


The shipment of the aircraft from Boeing's manufacturing facility in Long Beach, California, on 20 August, comes in less than one month of delivery of the second aircraft.


Around ten C-17 aircraft were ordered by IAF from Boeing through a $4.1bn deal for replacement of its ageing Russian IL-76 airlifter fleet, in June 2011.


Delivered in June, the first aircraft was immediately deployed in support of IAF operations.


The C-17 aircraft are expected to be operated in support of military and humanitarian airlift operations during emergencies from Hindon Air Force Base in New Delhi, India.


Powered by four Pratt & Whitney F117-PW-100 turbofan engines, the C-17 Globemaster is a military tactical transport aircraft designed to conduct rapid strategic airlift of troops and supply palleted cargo to main operating bases or forward-operating bases in extreme climates worldwide.


Capable of transporting large payloads across vast ranges and landing on short, sharp runways, the aircraft is also capable of performing tactical airlift, medical evacuation and airdrop missions.


Besides IAF, the aircraft is also operated by air forces in the US, Australia, UAE, Canada and Qatar, UAE, the UK and the 12-member Strategic Airlift Capability initiative of Nato and Partnership for Peace nations.


Boeing is scheduled to deliver an additional two aircraft to IAF this year, followed by the remaining five in 2014.


The company is also supporting the IAF C-17 fleet through the Globemaster III integrated sustainment program (GISP) performance-based logistics contract, which ensures mission readiness by enabling access to an extensive support network for global parts availability and economies of scale.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 07:35
India Develops Counter-IED Robots

August 27, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Press Information Bureau India; issued August 26, 2013)


Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) ‘Daksha’, which is an automated mobile platform for multi-purpose payloads.


It is an electrically powered state-of-the-art Robot capable of being remotely controlled over a distance of 500 metres line-of-sight and can be utilised continuously for 3 hours before recharge. It has stair climbing capability and can be used for handling Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs).


Technology for production of ROV has been transferred to Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).


Limited Series Production (LSP) order for 20 Daksha placed by the Army has already been delivered.


This information was given by Defence Minister Shri AK Antony in a written reply to Shri M. Anandanin Lok Sabha today.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Indian Minister’s Statement Undermines AW101 Bribery Charges

India’s defense minister says that changes to the VIP helicopter RFP were approved and recommended, thereby undermining allegations that bribes were paid to secure them. (AW photo)


August 27, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Press Information Bureau India; issued August 26, 2013)


VIP Helicopter Deal


After issuance of Request For Proposal (RFP) for the procurement of 12 VVIP/VIP helicopters, certain changes, with the approval of the competent authority in terms of Defence Procurement Procedure-2006, have been made in technical requirements on the basis of the recommendation of the stakeholders to meet the requisite standards of operational safety and security.


The contract for procurement of 12 VVIP / VIP helicopters was signed with M/s Agusta Westland, U.K. on 8th February 2010. Three helicopters have so far been supplied by the vendor.


In view of allegations of irregularities in this procurement, Ministry of Defence has entrusted enquiry into the matter to CBI. The CBI, on conclusion of preliminary enquiry, registered a regular case on 12th March 2013 against 13 persons and 6 firms.


The CBI investigation is in progress. Further operation of the Contract has been put on hold.


This information was given by Defence Minister Shri AK Antony in a written reply to Dr. M. Thambidurai and others in Lok Sabha today.



(defense-aerospace.com EDITOR’S NOTE: This is a very surprising statement.

By saying that changes made to the helicopter RFP after it was issued were recommended by “stakeholders,” and that they also were approved by the “competent authority,” Antony clearly undermines the credibility of ongoing investigations by India’s Central Bureau of Investigation and by Italian magistrates.

These investigations have focused on persistent but as yet unproven allegations that changes to the RFP requirements were made surreptitiously and illegally to favour Agusta Westland’s AW101, in exchange for bribes paid to Indian officials.

No evidence has yet been discovered to bolster these allegations. Two former Indian air force commanders have been investigated and one charged in India. The CEOs of AgustaWestland and Finmeccanica, its corporate parent, were jailed in Italy and are now under trial.

If the Indian customer, in the person of Defense Minister A.K. Antony, now says the changes to the RFP were both approved and required for safety reasons, there is no longer any plausible reason for bribes to have been paid.

Yet, as Antony notes, the CBI’s preliminary enquiry did lead to its registering “a regular case on 12th March 2013 against 13 persons and 6 firms.”

Again, this is difficult to reconcile with the fact that the changes to the RFP were both approved and required on safety grounds.

Clearly, more explanations are needed. Until they are forthcoming, it probably is worth noting that the one person who comes across as a prudent steward of public funds and a guardian of public propriety in the above statement is, perhaps not coincidentally, Antony himself.)

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 07:35
Editorial: Philippines Needs to Get Serious on U.S. Alliance

28 August 2013 By Brian Harding – Pacific Sentinel


On August 29, U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel will touch down in Manila on the last stop of a week-long trip through Southeast Asia. While Hagel's stops so far have been easy—in Malaysia and Indonesia he gave a boost to positive, but nascent defense relations and
in Brunei he attended a meeting of regional defense chiefs—the rubber hits the road in the Philippines.
The first U.S. Secretary of Defense to visit Manila since 2009, Hagel will arrive with a seemingly simple question for Philippine President Benigno Aquino: is Manila prepared to have a serious relationship with the United States?
Read the full story at The Diplomat
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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Editorial: Is China Building an “Aircraft Carrier in Disguise?”

27 August 2013 By Zachary Keck- Pacific Sentinel


Earlier this month a series of pictures posted on Chinese military forums appeared to show that China was building its first indigenous aircraft carrier, prompting much speculation and commentary including from The Diplomat.
Now some claim that this narrative might have been mistaken.
According to Japan’s Kyodo News, Kanwa Information Center, a private Canadian think tank, has published a report that claims that the pictures do not show an aircraft carrier. Instead, the Kanwa report—which is based on Ukraine military sources— says the vessel under construction is China’s first amphibious assault ship capable of carrying hovercraft and helicopters.
In other words, if the report is accurate, China is building a Landing Helicopter Assault (LHA)-like ship not completely unlike the Izumo-class helicopter destroyer Japan launched earlier this month, which Chinese analysts referred to as an “aircraft carrier in disguise.”  
Kanwa says the vessel is being built at a shipyard on Shanghai's Changxing Island and could be commissioned as early as 2015. It will reportedly displace 35,000 tons, roughly double what China’s three existing Type 071 amphibious assault ships, which displace between 17,000-20,000 tons, according to Sino-Defense. The same source says the Type 071 ships were built by Shanghai-based Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard. The location of Changxing Island, suggests that Jiangnan Shipyard is constructing the new vessel.
Read the full story at The Diplomat
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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
INS Sindhurakshak File Photo K.R. Deepak

INS Sindhurakshak File Photo K.R. Deepak

26 août 2013. Portail des Sous-Marins


Poussé par la perte du sous-marin INS Sindhurakshak, le gouvernement indien a finalement lancé une stratégie en 3 phases pour maintenir les capacités sous-marines de sa marine.


Les sous-marins sont indispensables pour neutraliser des bâtiments de guerre, mouiller des champs de mines et bloquer les ports ennemis. L’objectif est donc de maintenir un “avantage offensif” sur le Pakistan et conserver une “défense dissuasive” vis-à-vis de la Chine.


Des sources indiquent que le ministre de la défense, A K Antony, a ordonné que la plus haute priorité soit donnée au maintien de la « santé » des 13 sous-marins classiques existants — dont 11 ont entre 20 et 27 ans — au travers d’une modernisation et remise en état « accélérée ».


La marine indienne ne peut actuellement déployer que 7 ou 8 de ses 13 sous-marins vieillissants. Il s’agit de 9 sous-marins Kilo d’origine russe et 4 sous-marins de la classe Shishumar, dérivés des U-209 allemands.


D’autre part, il devrait plus y avoir de glissement dans la construction en cours de 6 sous-marins de la classe Scorpène au chantier Mazagon Docks (MDL) de Mumbai. Ce projet a actuellement 4 ans de retard sur le calendrier originel.


Plus important, le ministre Antony a désormais demandé aux responsables de mettre rapidement en œuvre le plan à 30 ans de construction de sous-marins — approuvé en juillet 1999 — qui était bloqué dans les méandres administratives depuis des années.


Ce plan prévoyait la mise en service d’une première série de 12 sous-marins — avec collaboration étrangère — pour 2012. 12 autres sous-marins — de conception entièrement locale — devaient être mis en service dans la période 2012-2030. Mais, 14 ans plus tard, la marine n’a pas encore mis en service un seul des 24 sous-marins prévus.


La note préparatoire destinée au Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) à propos des sous-marins du Project-75I — qui prévoit la construction de 6 sous-marins furtifs armés de missiles d’attaque contre la terre et équipés d’une propulsion anaérobie — est enfin prête. « La note sera envoyée au CCS pour approbation d’ici un mois environ, » a indiqué une source.


Un nouvel examen par le CCS est nécessaire parce que — contrairement à la première autorisation — il est désormais prévus que les 2 premiers exemplaires soient construits par le collaborateur étranger pour économiser du temps. 3 autres seraient construits par MDL, et le 6è par Hindustan Shipyard (HSL) à Visakhapatnam.


Comme il va falloir attendre une dizaine d’années avant la mise en service des sous-marins du Project-75I, le ministère insiste pour que les périodes de maintenance se déroulent dans les temps pour garantir la disponibilité opérationnelle des sous-marins.


Deux Kilo et 2 U-209 sont bloqués dans une période de modernisation aux chantiers HSL et à Mumbai. 2 autres subissent une période d’entretien plus courte. « Par exemple, un Kilo est bloqué au chantier HSL depuis plusieurs années, » a expliqué la source.


De son côté, le premier sous-marin Scorpène sera livré en novembre 2016. « Et MDL a assuré au ministère que les autres sous-marins seraient livrés tous les 10 à 11 mois. Les 6 coques sont déjà terminées, » a-t-il précisé.


Référence : Times of India

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Chinese helo successfully launches air-to-air missiles

Aug 26, 2013 brahmand.com


BEIJING (PTI): The Chinese military on Monday said the first ingenuously developed military attack helicopter WZ-10 has launched its first air-to-air missile successfully, intercepting low-altitude targets.


The WZ-10, meaning "armed helicopter", carried out the launch during a live-fire drill involving army aviation troops of the People's Liberation Army in the eastern waters off south China's Guangdong Province last week, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.


The drill, which was also the largest-scale activity held to study combat methods since the building up of the aviation troops, conducted six operations, covering fire, close fire support, special assaults, air landing at the wing side, fire interception and move by leapfrogging.


The WZ-10 is designed primarily for anti-tank missions and was first seen in public at the 9th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition in the southern city of Zhuhai at Guangdong in 2012.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Think Tank: Canada’s submarines - opportunities for cooperation with Australia

27 August 2013 By David McDonough – Pacific Sentinel


The Royal Canadian Navy’s (RCN) submarine fleet, consisting of four Victoria-class vessels, has been plagued by numerous problems since their acquisition from Great Britain between 2000 and 2004—including a dent found on HMCS Victoria in 2002, a fire on HMCS Chicoutimi in 2004, damage caused to HMCS Corner Brook in a 2011 accident, and a defect with HMCS Windsor’s diesel engines discovered last year, not to mention a supply-chain that had to be built from scratch. Such problems have sharply curtailed fleet operations, with an Initial Operating Capability only achieved in 2006.
Yet many of these challenges arose from the admittedly under-estimated cost of re-activation and refits rather than fundamental design flaws with the former Upholder-class, as some critics maintain. Importantly, Canada’s undersea fleet will likely achieve an ‘operational steady state’ in two years time. Delays with achieving a full operational capability for submarines is also nothing new—as the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) can attest, given the high costs of refitting its Collins-class submarines’ combat systems and continuing propulsion problems, at a procurement cost that dwarfs what Canada has so far spent on its own fleet.
Canada might even want to think about transferring its remaining Halifax-based submarines to the Pacific, now that it can expect to enjoy a steadily increasing operational submarine capability. With more vessels on hand, Canada would be in a better position to strengthen naval ties with its Australian counterparts. For one, the RCN’s Victoria submarines and the RAN’s Collins submarines have many similar characteristics, including displacement, range, and speed. Both have also been refitted to include more sophisticated combat systems and armaments, such the Mark 48 Mod 7 torpedo—with much of this work designed to ensure continued high-levels of interoperability with US and allied navies.
Yet the RCN and RAN also face obstacles in achieving a full operational capability, which could continue to reduce the operational availability of these vessels. As a consequence, both countries have been unable to maximize the potential utility of these platforms to train their surface fleets in anti-submarine warfare (ASW)—widely regarded as a key capability requirement to retain sea control in the Pacific. Canada could help alleviate this shortage with additional vessels on hand, especially if an arrangement is made to ensure either Collins or Victoria submarines are made available for ASW training. Another important beneficiary would be the US Navy, which does not operate diesel submarines but greatly values using them for ASW training as well.
This hints at other potential avenues for naval cooperation. For instance, Australia lost a key ASW asset after retiring its Sea Kings in 1996, with the RAN having gone more than ’15 years without the ability to conduct dipping sonar operations’, as ASPI’s Andrew Davies notes. Australia will soon acquire an airborne ASW asset with the new Seahawk MH-60R. But given the RAN’s lack of regular exposure, it may be many years before full proficiency in airborne ASW returns. Canada could prove a useful partner to facilitate such training, in so far as the RCN continues to be well versed in conducting such operations with its aging Sea King fleet.
Of course, Canada’s submarine fleet will likely need to be paid off by 2030, at least absent an end of life refit to extend its service by several more years. The same could be said of Australia’s six Collins-class vessels. Yet the RAN has at least moved forward to study extending their lives and replacing them with twelve new submarines, even if there are continuing concerns about the cost of this project and whether a capability gap will arise.
Canada could learn much from this debate. Unlike Australia, it has so far eschewed serious discussion on extending its Victoria submarines’ service life or finding a replacement vessel. Already, to avoid a costly life-extension program or a capability gap, the RCN will need to plan for an off-the-shelf replacement sooner than later.
Canada might also want to take a look at possibly collaborating with Australia in its submarine project, given that both countries have to replace their existing fleets at roughly the same time. Of course, the high expected cost of these vessels represents a significant barrier. Still, collaboration could potentially result in important cost-savings on both sides. Canada also has no history of building submarines, so it’s unlikely to face the kind of political pushback from shipbuilders that greeted rumours about collaborating on the UK’s Global Combat Ship.
It might be tempting to simply forgo this undersea capability and to rely instead on greater number of surface ships by the 2030 timeframe. But the RCN should think twice about divesting its submarine fleet. It takes many years to master the complicated procedures required for ASW, as naval expert Ken Hanson reminds us. Without submarines, the RCN’s will lose its ability to undertake regular training for such vitally important operations—and with that its well-deserved and hard-earned reputation in ASW.
David S. McDonough is a SSHRC post-doctoral fellow in the Department of Political Science, University of British Colombia and a research fellow in the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies at Dalhousie University. Image courtesy USN via Wikimedia Commons.

This article first appeared on the ASPI "The Strategist" Blog

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
L'Indonésie achète huit hélicoptères américains Apache

26 août 2013 Par Julien Bonnet - Usinenouvelle.com


Dans le cadre de la stratégie engagée par Barack Obama de renforcement des liens avec l'Asie du sud-est, les Etats-Unis ont accepté de vendre huit hélicoptères de combat Apache à l'Indonésie, un contrat estimé à 500 millions de dollars.


Les États-Unis ont accepté, lundi 26 août, de vendre huit hélicoptères Apache à l'Indonésie, dans le cadre du renforcement des liens avec l'Asie du sud-est. Le contrat, d'une valeur de 500 millions de dollars et comprenant la formation des pilotes et les radars, a été annoncé par le secrétaire américain à la Défense Chuck Hagel, lors de l'étape indonésienne de sa tournée en Asie. Ces hélicoptères seront assemblés par Boeing.


"Fournir à l'Indonésie ces hélicoptères de classe mondiale illustre notre engagement à aider à construire les capacités militaires de l'Indonésie", a déclaré Chuck Hagel, après une réunion avec son homologue indonésien, le ministre de la Défense Purnomo Yusgiantoro. "Une Indonésie forte est bonne pour la région", a-t-il ajouté.


L'intérêt américain dans le développement des liens militaires avec Jakarta, pays musulman le plus peuplé au monde, s'inscrit dans le cadre de la stratégie adoptée en janvier 2012 par le président Barack Obama. Une stratégie dite de "pivot" vers l'Asie-Pacifique après une décennie de conflits armés en Irak et en Afghanistan.

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