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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Australia PM: Warships Could Be Moved North

Aug. 27, 2013 - By MADELEINE COOREY – Defense News (AFP)


SYDNEY — Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said Tuesday that key naval assets could be relocated north to adapt to a changing security landscape and put personnel nearer to their fields of operation.


Rudd, facing national polls on Sept. 7, said moving Sydney Harbour’s Garden Island base to Queensland, in the east, and Western Australia could improve the nation’s ability to sustain operations in the Asia-Pacific.


“Our national security challenges of the future lie to our northeast, to our north, and to our northwest,” the Labor leader said in a foreign policy speech.


“That has been the strategic logic of Australia’s defense policy for the last 30 years. This is a continuum in Australian defense force policy.”


Rudd said the approach underlined Canberra’s enduring interest in regional stability and would better facilitate Australian military responses to humanitarian crises in the Asia-Pacific.


A move would also take defense personnel closer to their fields of activity and at the same time open up Sydney Harbour to the growing cruise ship industry, he said.


Rudd said if re-elected he would establish a future navy taskforce to advise on how best to shift some or all of Garden Island’s Fleet Base East to Queensland and Perth, in Western Australia.


It would also advise on “developing, upgrading or expanding” bases in Darwin in the Northern Territory, and the northern Western Australian town of Broome.


“The government would expect the relocation of fleet elements north and west to be completed by 2030,” Rudd said.


Australia is seen as a critical pillar in the US “pivot” to Asia and Washington’s rebalancing of its military strategy, with hundreds of American Marines already stationed in Darwin.


But the idea of moving the navy’s major base north has not been universally welcomed, with New South Wales Premier Barry O’Farrell saying it would cost thousands of jobs in his state.


O’Farrell, who crossed paths with the prime minister on the Sydney Harbour foreshore after Rudd’s speech, said his comments had come as a shock.


“A phone call would’ve been nice,” he said to Rudd as they walked past each other.


“We stand to lose 4,000 direct jobs all because we have a federal political leader so spooked by the polls he will do anything, even use defense infrastructure, as a tactic to try and win votes,” O’Farrell said.


Conservative opposition leader Tony Abbott, who opinion polls suggest will win the upcoming national election, said he was not against shifting military assets appropriately “over time.”


“What I am against is policy on the run by a desperate government,” Abbott told reporters.


James Brown, a military fellow at the Lowy Institute think-tank, said while Australia’s strategic interests were increasingly to the north and west, it was not necessary to “uproot the entire navy to secure them.”


Brown said positioning new amphibious assault vessels closer to the army units they would embark with would allow them to respond to a crisis 24 hours faster than if there were based in Sydney.


“But the sheer scale of upheaval required to move navy bases, as well as the cost, would outweigh this benefit,” he said, adding that the cost of a new east coast base had been estimated conservatively at Aus $6 billion to $9 billion (US $5 billion to $8 billion).


The Australian Defence Association lobby group said Brisbane, in Queensland, was not a viable option for a major naval base because the city was built on a flood-prone river that opened onto a shallow bay, unlike Sydney’s deep water harbour.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Azerbaijan intends to purchase $3 billion modern weapons and military vehicles from South Korea

26 August 2013 Viktoria Dementyeva-APA


Baku.-. Azerbaijan intends to purchase modern weapons from South Korea, said a source in the South Korean parliament, APA reports quoting Hankook Ilbo publication.


According to the source, the intention to purchase modern military vehicles was expressed during the visit of South Korean parliamentary delegation to Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani side has expressed wish to purchase from South Korea two submarine boats, mine vessel, transport ship, T-50 training planes, K-9 self-propelled artillery vehicle, drones worth $3 billion.


These proposals have been given to the government of South Korea, but the Korean side has not given consent to this agreement yet.


According to Hankook Ilbo, Seoul bewares that the sale of weapons will change the balance of forces in the region. Taking into account that Nagorno Karabakh conflict remains unsolved, South Korea Foreign Ministry has called on the Defense Ministry to be cautious and restrained while passing a decision.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
India all set to lease a second nuclear submarine from Russia

27 August 2013 by nayeem sheikh


India is all set to acquire a second nuclear submarine on lease from Russia. The two sides have had preliminary discussions and a serious push is expected when Indian Defence Secretary RK Mathur meets his Russian counterparts during his visit to Moscow next week.


The idea had germinated in the Indian strategic establishment long before the Russian-built electric-powered submarine INS Sindhurakshak got sunk at its moorings in Mumbai naval dockyard on August 14.


Now with the Sindhurakshak practically gone forever and the Indian submarine fleet having been constricted to just 13 – of which only 7 or 8 can be operational at a given time – the Indian idea has acquired a greater steam.  The loss of INS Sindhurakshak seems to have catalysed the Indian defence establishment to come up with ideas that would ensure that India’s undersea warfare capabilities are actually bolstered, and not dented.


Indian Defence Secretary RK Mathur is all set to lead an Indian tri-service delegation to Moscow for the next round of High Level Monitoring Group on Defence. Mathur will be reaching Russia on September 1 for these crucial talks and the issue of taking on lease a second Russian nuclear submarine for the Indian defence forces will be very high on his agenda.


Sources say the Indian defence secretary will be negotiating with his Russian counterparts on many other agendas but his foremost talking point would inevitably veer around the subject of India acquiring the nuclear submarine on lease as it would provide New Delhi an immediate solution to deal with maritime threats in the neighbourhood.


The Russians are positively inclined to the idea of leasing a second nuclear submarine to India, according to sources. Actually, if this idea were to translate into reality, it would be the third nuclear submarine that the Russia would be leasing to India.


The first time it was then Soviet Union which had leased a nuclear submarine (named INS Chakra by the Indian Navy) way back in 1988. The lease at that time was only for three years and the Indians duly returned the vessel after the lease expired.


The second time India got on lease a nuclear submarine from Russia was a couple of years ago when India and Russia finalised the contract for it in 2011 and the Russian Nerpa class submarine was inducted into the Indian Navy last year as INS Chakra. The lease cost a billion dollars to India for a period of ten years.


The third lease, if it transpires (which it should given the political will from both the sides), should also be for a minimum of ten years. However, the lease values may be a bone of contention for the two sides. While the Indians are willing to shell out a billion dollars for taking on lease another nuclear submarine for a period of ten years, the Russians have jacked up the monetary value.


Moreover, the Russians have already conveyed to their Indian interlocutors that India cannot hope to get a nuclear submarine on lease from any other country. From India’s point of view, though the Russian logic seems to be well in place but then other countries like France and the UK may be persuaded to lease a nuclear submarine given India’s standing in the comity of nations currently.


The Indian strategic establishment seems quite upbeat on the idea of acquiring another nuclear submarine. The Indians have even named their probably acquisition as INS Chakra III.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Think Tank: Indonesia’s new military chief

26 August 2013 by Natalie Sambhi  - Pacific Sentinel

On 21 August, the Indonesian House of Representatives endorsed the candidacy of General Moeldoko, Indonesia’s Army Chief, moving him a step closer to becoming commander TNI. With defence ties a key pillar of the Australia–Indonesia bilateral relationship, it’s worth knowing more about the Indonesia’s future military leader (known as ‘Panglima TNI’) and what this means for Australia.

Moeldoko finished top of his class and is generally considered to be a high-performing officer. If his first public statements can be taken to encapsulate his approach to the military, then expect an emphasis on military professionalism and soldier welfare. Moeldoko has promised to improve soldiers’ welfare by increasing their pay by 15%. He also intends to improve soldier discipline, minimise the import of foreign military equipment in order to support Indonesia’s defence industry and remain neutral during the upcoming 2014 elections.

Of particular interest to Australia is Moeldoko’s background, which is free from incidents of human rights abuse. As such, he’ll set a credible example in military professionalism and soldier discipline. There’s only been one minor controversy so far. There have been allegations that in March 2011, soldiers under Moeldoko’s command at the time were involved in encouraging Muslims to occupy Ahmadiyah Muslim mosques (a minority sect of Islam that is unpopular with many Indonesian Muslim groups) to teach Ahmadis the ‘true path’ of Islam. Despite Moeldoko having reportedly expressed some support for the activities, on 20 August, a Human Rights Commission found no evidence to support his direct involvement in that operation. As all incoming military and police chiefs undergo a human rights background check (called a fit-and-proper test), a positive finding would have jeopardise his chances of getting the top job.

With regards to military culture, Moeldoko wants soldiers to remain humble with civilians. And while he admits it might take some time to achieve this, he intends to make changes to the training and education to address what he calls ‘software bugs’ such as a culture of violence and impunity.

Also important has been Moeldoko’s merit-based appointment. It reflects recognition by the country’s political leadership that TNI needs smart and professional officers. Moeldoko is President SBY’s nomination, but suggestions of nepotism are less tenable in this case: he’s well-known as an ‘ideas man’ and enjoys support from other political figures including the deputy head of the House of Representatives. This contrasts with the appointment of President SBY’s brother-in-law (PDF), General Pramono Edhie Wibowo, as the former Chief of Army, which drew speculation of favouritism. TNI has come a long way (and still has some way to go) but if it’s to continue relations with foreign militaries and continue professionalising, it needs strong leadership.

The only thing to watch is Moeldoko’s request that TNI have a greater role in national security matters like ‘terrorism and communal conflicts’. Advocating a greater role for TNI in domestic matters is a means of increasing its prominence and demanding more resources. But as Indonesian defence analyst Iis Gindarsah has stated, the military should stay out of domestic issues and concentrate on external threats because it’s really the purview of the police.

The fact that Moeldoko is requesting this role is also a reflection of the poor job the Indonesian police are doing. The Cebongan incident in March is a case in point. Kopassus soldiers shot and killed four prisoners in Cebongan prison in Yogyakarta while in police custody. Rather than being condemned for vigilante action, the soldiers were praised by Yogyakarta citizens for ridding the city of gangsters, a task in which the police was seen to have failed. Rather than playing into this, it’d be far better for Moeldoko to rise above this competition so both Indonesia’s police and military can focus on their own challenges. The appointment of a new police chief later this year will provide some idea about the future effectiveness of Indonesia’s civil forces.

Overall, Moeldoko will be good for TNI–ADF relations and for Australia. His commitment to professionalism and soldier welfare make him a positive figure and role model of a post-reformasiTNI. Moeldoko’s current counterpart, Australia’s Chief of Army Lieutenant General David Morrison, is also committed to improving military professional culture—which suggests some natural complementarity in future ADF cooperation with Indonesia’s forces. Despite occasional incidents like the Cebongan case that impair TNI’s image, Moeldoko seems quite serious about its future. A more professional TNI is always going to be more palatable for the broader Australian polity in Australia–Indonesia relations. And perhaps figures like General Moeldoko can help shift outdated Australian perceptions of TNI in the process.

Natalie Sambhi is an analyst at ASPI and editor of The Strategist.

This article first appeared on the ASPI "The Strategist" Blog

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Australia : Sea-riding in the Spanish LHD – a glimpse of what’s to come for Canberra’s crew

26 August 2013 by Pacific Sentinel


As NUSHIP Canberra's personnel step closer to bringing the first Landing Helicopter Dock into service, a massive amount of preparation is underway ranging from the development of standard operating procedures and policies, to ship specific training involving the incorporation of an amphibious and flight capability that has never been seen before in the ADF.
As part of this preparation, 20 Canberra personnel recently travelled to Spain and embarked in the Spanish Armada ship Juan Carlos I to gain experience in operating a ship of the same class. Personnel were selected from all Departments to ensure all aspects of the LHD’s operation could be observed.
CO Canberra, Captain Jonathan Sadleir said the experience was invaluable.
“The introduction of this class of ship into the ADF will dramatically change the way we do business. Being a brand new class of ship for our Navy, this was a unique opportunity for us to observe the way the Spanish operate this type of capability,” he said.


While each Defence Force operates according to their own doctrine, sea riding in Juan Carlos 1 gave the Canberra personnel a close insight into how the major elements of the ship, including the embarked forces, aircraft and landing craft, all operated together.”
Over the period of embarkation, the Canberra personnel maximised every opportunity to discuss, and in some cases test, draft RAN LHD Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) with their Spanish counterparts. This process was made all the more meaningful by being onboard the platform itself and most importantly, underway at sea during an amphibious exercise.
The crew observed Exercise MARFIBEX, a five-day low level Non-Combatant Evacuation Operation that involved the Spanish amphibious task group consisting of the LHD, two LPDs, an FFG escort and over 800 Spanish marines. Conducted within the Armada training areas south of Cadiz, it was an impressive sight to observe the landing and recovery of the embarked forces via watercraft and helicopter, with close air support provided by the embarked AV-8 Harriers from above. 
With the ship’s company, a full air wing, and several hundred Marines embarked, along with Midshipman sea-riders from the Spanish Naval Academy onboard for a training cruise, there were well over 1000 people onboard the ship. Under these circumstances, it allowed the Canberra personnel to view all manner of evolutions ranging from slipping and close quarter manoeuvring in harbour using the LHD Azipod System, through to observing the movement and securing of vehicles onto landing craft in the dock. But of equal importance was the need to observe the more mundane routines that support higher end activities like the operation of the garbage compactor - a thousand people make a lot of rubbish!
In summing up how the visit to Spain went, Canberra’s Executive Officer, Commander Jon Earley said the crew of the Juan Carlos I were extremely accommodating in allowing maximum access to all parts of the ship.
“Their honest and frank discussions with us about how they operated their LHD were greatly appreciated and no question was left unanswered. We have indeed learned a substantial amount about our new ship that will certainly help inform the development of our routines and processes.”
Juan Carlos I is the Spanish flag ship, the largest warship Spain has ever had and the first of class for the Strategic Projection Ship or LHD. Based at Rota Naval Base in southern Spain, it has been in commission for three years.
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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Japan Could Be 'Main Player' in Asia Conflict: Minister

Aug. 26, 2013 By HARUMI OZAWA – Defense News


TOKYO — Japan could be a key participant if conflict breaks out in Asia, the defense minister said Monday, warning China is seeking to exploit difficulties between allies.

The comments by Itsuno Onodera, who said Japan needs new equipment and must reconfigure its defense, come as Tokyo is embroiled in an ongoing spat with Beijing over disputed territory that has sparked warnings of a possible armed skirmish.

“The crisis that Japan faces now may lead to situations in which the country may have to be involved as a main player,” Onodera told a symposium in the capital.

“Before, it was expected that Japan would only be part of a group (involved in any confrontation),” he said, in apparent reference to the US-Japan security alliance.

“Or that a conflict might occur only in areas surrounding the country,” he said.

“Japan’s defense has been designed for that scenario.

“But Japan (now) needs to have a good defense to protect the country, which can mean equipment, new aircraft, defense systems or cyber protection.”

Onodera said Tokyo needed to be wary of China’s maritime expansion in the South and East China Sea.

“China has made more and more advancement into the seas,” he said.

“When it did not have as much military capability, China tried to promote dialogue and economic cooperation, setting territorial rows aside.

“But when it sees a chance, any daylight between a nation and its ally, it makes blunt advancements. This is what is happening and what we should learn from the situation in Southeast Asia.”

Onodera’s speech came as he readied to head to Brunei to participate in the ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM+) starting Wednesday.

The group gathers defense ministers from Southeast Asian nations and eight other regional powers — Japan, China, South Korea, the US, Russia, India, Australia and New Zealand.

Onodera said he will “repeatedly explain Japan’s position to his Asian counterparts” and that Tokyo’s motives were entirely defensive.

Hawkish Prime Minister Shinzo Abe this year boosted Japan’s defense budget for the first time in more than a decade against the backdrop of growing concerns among many countries in the region about China.

But any move to strengthen military capabilities rouses hostility and suspicion in the region, much of which labored under the brutal yoke of Japanese occupation until the end of World War II.

Since coming to power in December, Abe has repeatedly made noises about altering Japan’s pacifist constitution, which bars the country from offensive action.

The defense ministry last month published a paper saying Japan needed amphibious units and surveillance drones to protect its outlying islands.

Japan’s moves come against a backdrop of increasing Chinese activity in waters far from its mainland coast.

The two countries have spent the last year involved in a dispute over the sovereignty of the Japanese-administered Senkaku islands in the East China Sea, which Beijing claims as the Diaoyus.

Vessels and planes from both sides have played cat and mouse in their seas, with some observers warning a slip from either nation could provoke a military confrontation, with possibly wide-ranging ramifications.

On Monday, Tokyo scrambled fighter jets after a Chinese government plane approached airspace Japan claims as it own

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 12:35
La Chine victime de la plus grande attaque informatique de son histoire

27/08/201 Par Lucie Ronfaut – LeFigaro.fr


L'attaque, qui s'est déroulée dimanche, a paralysé une partie de l'Internet chinois pendant plus de 24 heures.

Le gouvernement chinois a révélé qu'il avait subi dimanche une attaque informatique de grande envergure. Une partie des sites internet du pays étaient inaccessibles aux internautes jusque lundi matin à cause d'une attaque par déni de service (DoS). D'après le gouvernement chinois, il s'agit de la plus grave atteinte à son réseau jamais subie.

L'attaque visait l'autorité chinoise en charge du domaine national .cn, une extension utilisée par beaucoup de sites internet dans le pays. Elle a débuté à 2 heures du matin dimanche, avec une réplique plus puissante menée vers 4 heures du matin. En conséquence, certains sites utilisant cette extension n'étaient plus accessibles aux internautes. Le Centre d'Information du Réseau Internet de Chine, qui gère le domaine .cn, a officiellement présenté ses excuses au sujet de cette attaque sur son site internet, indiquant qu'il allait travailler à «améliorer les capacités de son service».


Des attaques répétées

Les attaques par déni de service sont de plus en plus fréquentes sur Internet. Leur but est de rendre indisponible un service ou un site en particulier afin qu'il ne puisse plus être consulté par ses utilisateurs. Généralement, ces agressions numériques consistent en l'envoi d'un très grand nombre de connexions sur un site, résultant en un ralentissement de son activité voire sa panne. À leur origine, on trouve généralement un réseau d'ordinateurs dits «zombies» utilisés à l'insu de leur propriétaire, par exemple à l'aise d'un virus informatique.

Ces dernières années, les attaques par déni de service sont devenus l'outil principal des «hacktivistes», c'est à dire des personnes défendant leurs idées grâce à leurs compétences informatiques. Le groupe des Anonymous y a par exemple régulièrement recours. Mais cette arme n'est pas réservée aux simples citoyens. Le gouvernement chinois est lui-même accusé d'orchestrer des attaques par déni de service contre les systèmes informatiques des grandes puissances mondiales, notamment aux États-Unis.

Ces attaques informatiques interviennent à un moment délicat pour la Chine. Le procès de Bo Xilai, ancien membre éminent du Parti Communiste Chinois, vient tout juste de s'achever. De nombreux internautes ont commenté l'évènement en ligne, notamment sur le réseau social Weibo, résultant en des arrestations par les autorités chinoises. Pour le moment, les attaques de dimanche n'ont pas été revendiquées.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:35
US Army combat helicopter – AH-64E.

US Army combat helicopter – AH-64E.

26/08 LesEchos.fr (Reuters)


L'armée indonésienne va acquérir huit hélicoptères américains Apache dans le cadre d'un contrat de 500 millions de dollars (374 millions d'euros) comprenant aussi la fourniture de radars et de services de formation et de maintenance, a-t-on appris lundi de source militaire américaine.


La vente des huit appareils AH-64E, fabriqués par Boeing , a été annoncée lors d'une visite à Djakarta du secrétaire américain à la Défense Chuck Hagel, actuellement en tournée dans le Sud-Est asiatique.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:35
China Stresses Goal of Stronger Military

August 27, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Xinhua; published Aug. 26, 2013)


PLA Stresses Goal of Stronger Military


BEIJING --- The People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China on Sunday called for better implementation of the country's ambition for a strong military, according to a circular from the PLA's General Political Department.


The circular, which was approved by Central Military Commission (CMC) President Xi Jinping, urged enhanced construction of the political environment within the military via mobilizing officers and soldiers' enthusiasm for building a strong military.


China's ambition for a strong military works as a guideline for the country's defense and military modernization, the circular said, adding that troops should strictly follow the leadership of the Communist Party of China during the process.


The circular further noted that the PLA should continue to increase combat capacities as the fundamental and only standard, and focus the attention of personnel on combat abilities and readiness.


It also asked military officers and soldiers at all levels to strengthen research on major theoretical and practical problems and carefully fix new situations and problems in military political construction.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:30
Pyongyang envoie des armes en Syrie

27/08/2013 Par Le Figaro.fr (AFP)


La Corée du Nord a essayé d'exporter des masques à gaz, des armes et des munitions à la Syrie, au moment où les États-Unis accusent le régime syrien d'avoir employé des armes chimiques sur des civils. Selon un quotidien japonais, un navire immatriculé en Libye, sous l'appellation Al En Ti Sar, a quitté la Corée du Nord pour la Syrie plus tôt cette année transportant des armes, a écrit le journal Sankei Shimbun. L'armée américaine, qui a obtenu l'information, suivait le navire en coordination avec d'autres pays, a précisé le quotidien citant des sources anonymes américaines, japonaises et sud-coréennes.


Le bateau a navigué à travers le détroit des Dardanelles en Turquie le 3 avril et a ensuite été inspecté par les autorités turques, averties de l'expédition par les militaires américains. Ont de la sorte été saisis 1400 fusils et pistolets et quelque 30.000 balles ainsi que des masques à gaz, a précisé le quotidien. Les autorités américaines pensent que le navire envisageait de décharger sa cargaison en Turquie pour la faire transiter ensuite jusqu'en Syrie par voie routière. La Turquie a arrêté et mis en examen le capitaine après qu'il a reconnu que son navire était parti de Corée du Nord pour se diriger vers la Syrie afin d'y transporter des armes.


Le régime de Pyongyang pourrait écoper de sanctions supplémentaires de l'ONU à cause de cette expédition qui violerait les résolutions onusiennes lui interdisant d'exporter des armes. Pyongyang et Damas entretiendraient depuis plusieurs années une relation militaire maintenue pendant la guerre civile en cours en Syrie. La Corée du Nord aurait aussi aidé la Syrie à construire une centrale nucléaire, détruite par un bombardement israélien en 2007.

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26 août 2013 1 26 /08 /août /2013 11:35
photo USAF

photo USAF

August 24, 2013 By  Zachary Keck - Flashpoints


Japan will deploy the Global Hawk unmanned reconnaissance aircraft starting in fiscal 2015, the local daily Yomiuri Shimbun reported on Friday, citing unnamed government sources.

According to the report, Japan’s Defense Ministry plans on including 200 million yen (US$ 2 million) in next year’s budget for the “research and study expenses” involved in introducing the Global Hawk. The budget will also contain a provision mandating that the drone be deployed by 2015.

Yomiuri Shimbun said the government was in the process of selecting a base for the reconnaissance aircraft. According to the newspaper’s sources, the lead contender so far is the U.S. Air Force’s (USAF) Misawa Air Base in Aomori Prefecture way up in the northern part of Japan.

This would place it far away from the disputed Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands, although this wouldn’t be a huge obstacle to overcome as the Global Hawk can fly at an altitude of 18 km for more than 30 uninterrupted hours by some estimates. Others claim that the Global Hawk is “basically an unmanned U-2” that operates at between 15 km and 19 km and boasts “loiter time on station of 24+ hours.”

The RQ-4 Global Hawk made its first test flight in 1998 and entered development and limited production in 2001. The U.S. Air Force describes the aircraft as follows:

“A high-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aircraft system with an integrated sensor suite that provides intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, or ISR, capability worldwide. Global Hawk's mission is to provide a broad spectrum of ISR collection capability to support joint combatant forces in worldwide peacetime, contingency and wartime operations.”

With regards to radar and sensory imagery, the Global Hawk is equipped with Raytheon’s Enhanced Integrated Sensor Suite (EISS). The EISS includes “cloud-penetrating synthetic aperture radar (SAR) antenna with a ground moving target indicator (GMTI), a high resolution electro-optical (EO) digital camera and an infrared (IR) sensor.” 

Germany has its own version of the Global Hawk, which it operates under the name, EuroHawk. The U.S. Navy has a UAV under developed called the MQ-4C Triton, which is based on the Global Hawk.

As James Hardy reported in The Diplomat back in January, South Korea is also pushing ahead with the purchase of four Global Hawks, although the prohibitive cost of the aircraft may ultimately doom this effort.

High cost overruns have led the U.S. Air Force to significantly scale back its procurement plans for the Global Hawk, and further reductions could still be in the offing. Instead, the USAF will continue to use the U-2 manned aircraft.

Japan’s deployment of the Global Hawk should in theory significantly enhance its surveillance capabilities over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. Indeed, in explaining the rationale behind Japan’s decision to deploy the Global Hawk, Yomiuri Shimbun said “The government judged it necessary to enhance deterrence with unmanned reconnaissance aircraft as there has been a surge in the number of cases in which the ASDF [Air Self-Defense Forces] has scrambled fighter jets in response to moves by China’s military aircraft.”

At the same time, the newspaper said Japan’s ASDF would jointly operate the drone with the USAF. The USAF, however, is already known to fly Global Hawks over Japan, and some have even speculated that the U.S. military has quietly allowed the ASDF to temporarily use them at times.

It was not clear from the Yomiuri Shimbun article how cost-sharing would work for the joint project, or how the joint operation would actually work. For example, it wasn’t clear from the report if Japan actually planned to purchase one of the aircraft itself, although Kyodo News reported last month that Tokyo was considering this option. The possibility of Japan buying between one and three Global Hawk drones has been floated elsewhere, and Chinese media said earlier this week that Japan is considering buying three Global Hawks from the U.S. over the next four years, although the sourcing of this report wasn’t entirely clear.

The Yomiuri Shimbun report also said that the defense budget would include four million yen for the research and study expenses for the deployment of a new early warning airplane by FY 2015, 1.3 billion yen for two amphibious vehicles and 1.7 billion to permanently station surface-to-air Patriot Advanced Capability-3 missile defense system in Tokyo. Currently, Japan moves PAC-3 systems into Tokyo only during crisis periods with North Korea.

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23 août 2013 5 23 /08 /août /2013 16:35
India AF's Second C-17 - source Livefist

India AF's Second C-17 - source Livefist

August 22, 2013 By : Defence News


A top US Air Force general has said Washington is preparing to station military aircraft in India as part of its "Asia pivot" policy, and the city it is looking at to base its assets in is Kerala capital Thiruvananthapuram.


An Indian defence ministry source said: “We have never discussed any such proposal.”


Defence minister A.K. Antony is from Kerala, where the Opposition Left is mobilising protests against the state government.


The disclosure by the American general, who was part of the policy group on Indo-US military relations, has the potential to stir up trouble for the Manmohan Singh government in the run-up to elections. In Kerala, the Left is particularly strong.


CPM general secretary Prakash Karat, informed of the US general’s statement, said: “That seems to be the expectation of the Pentagon. It would stem from the Indo-US military framework agreement signed in 2006. It is up to the UPA government to clarify if such base facilities will be allowed.”


The chief of the Pacific air forces under the US military’s Pacific Command, General Herbert “Hawk” Carlisle, has visited Thiruvananthapuram. As a lieutenant general before he took over his current command, he had led the US delegation at an executive steering group meeting of the Indian and US air forces.


“So, as I envision it, as I talk about expanded engagement, a lot of our rebalance is a rotational presence through the Pacific. And obviously we’ll maintain our capability in Northeast Asia. In a lot of ways we’ll increasingly move south and west with the rotational presence. Darwin, Tindal, (Pilbara), Changi East in Singapore, Korat in Thailand, Trivandrum in India.… The most capable platforms will be rotated into the Asia-Pacific,” the general was quoted by Foreign Policy and other magazines as telling journalists at a breakfast meeting.


Carlisle said the US was not setting up new bases in the Asia-Pacific but would continuously “rotate” its military assets in a revival of a “Checkered Flag” policy from the years of the Cold War.


He said that during the Cold War, the US rotated all its military units from the Continental US (Conus) to Europe. That would now be done for the Asia-Pacific.


Indian Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne, who visited the US last month, met Carlisle.


Talking of that meeting, the US general said the Indian Air Force was trying to learn to set up a military space command. Carlisle said he had apologised for cancelling a Red Flag exercise, to which the Indian Air Force had been invited, because of budget cuts.


“The relationship’s great with the Indian Air Force. I think Air Chief Marshal Browne and I are good friends. We’ve known each other for a while,” Carlisle said.


“We talked about a variety of things. One of them was, again, an apology on our part for cancelling Red Flag. We did make a commitment to have Red Flag next year about this time and they are going to participate, so that was a positive in that respect.”


He added: “We talked about other engagement opportunities. Their C-17 (strategic air-lifter) — he was here picking up a C-17 out of Long Beach, their second one. He actually flew the C-17 back here to Washington DC through Colorado. So we talked about the C-17.


“One of the discussions was doing some exchanges with their C-17 folks and ours. The other things that he talked about were the Indian Air Force — the Indian military is trying to develop a space command.”


Browne was also in Colorado Springs to visit the US Air Force Space Command. “So we talked about our potential to show them how we do it, some of the education that’s available, some of the organisational things, some of the things we learned as we stood up a space command a long time ago,” the general said.

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23 août 2013 5 23 /08 /août /2013 12:35
Explosion à bord du sous-marin Sindhurakshak : le ministre indien de la défense n’écarte pas la thèse du sabotage

23 août 2013 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Sans écarter la thèse qu’un “sabotage” puisse être à l’origine des explosions qui ont secoué le sous-marin indien INS Sindhurakshak, le ministre de la défense A K Antony, a souligné jeudi que l’incident jetait une ombre sur les capacités de la marine à protéger les intérêts maritimes du pays.


Le ministre a indiqué que la marine avait ordonné une étude pour évaluer l’état des armes à bord du sous-marin touché, par crainte d’une nouvelle explosion pendant les opérations de sauvetage.


« La marine a chargé une commission d’enquête de trouver les causes de l’accident et elle a commencé ses travaux avec tout le sérieux nécessaire. Sa mission est de d’étudier tous les aspects pouvant être à l’origine de l’incident. Rien n’est écarté, Toutes les causes possibles seront examinées par la commission, » a précisé M. Antony.


Plusieurs parlementaires ont cherché à savoir si un sabotage était une des raisons de l’accident. Le ministre a répondu que « à ce stade, nous ne pouvons pas déterminer les causes de l’incident. Nos forces armées travaillent sur cet incident et ils sont attentifs à cette éventualité. »


Le ministre a aussi annoncé que le corps d’une 8è victime avait été retrouvé.


Les plongeurs ont découvert des morceaux de métal et des éléments de couleur jaune, partiellement brulés, près du quai où était amarré le sous-marin. Ils ont été envoyés à un laboratoire pour analyse de leur composition.


Des échantillons d’eau de la salle des torpilles ont été analysés en laboratoire et ne montrent pas la présence de TNT ou dans les éléments de couleur jaune. Des analyses complémentaires sont en cours.


Référence : The Hindu (Inde)

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23 août 2013 5 23 /08 /août /2013 12:35
Project 636 Varshavyanka-class submarine

Project 636 Varshavyanka-class submarine

HANOI, Vietnam, Aug. 23 (UPI)


Russia's Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg said it will float out the third of six Project 636 Varshavyanka-class submarines being built for Vietnam's navy by the end of the month, RIA Novosti reported.


The Varshavyanka class, with more advanced stealth technology and an extended combat range, is an improvement on its predecessor, the Kilo class of submarines, RIA Novosti said.


The U.S. Navy calls the diesel-electric subs black-holes because their technology makes them nearly undetectable when submerged.


Vietnam will use the 3,100-ton submarines primarily for anti-shipping and anti-submarine missions in relatively shallow waters.


RIA Novosti said Vietnam ordered the six submarines in 2009 to counter China's increasing naval influence in the region. The contract, worth around $2 billion, includes training of Vietnamese crews in Russia.


A Vietnamese crew has been training since April in the first of the submarines, the Novorossiisk, that completed its 100-day sea trials last month and is expected to be delivered in November, Admiralty Shipyards said.


Admiralty will float out Vietnam's fourth Varshavyanka-class vessel in November, with delivery of the last vessel to Vietnam scheduled for 2016.


A report by Naval-Technology in August last year said the Varshavyanka-class vessels have a range of 400 miles using electronic propulsion and can patrol for 45 days.


The submarines carry a crew of 52 and feature 533mm torpedo tubes and Kalibr 3M54 (NATO SS-N-27 Sizzler) cruise missiles, developed by Russia's Novator Design Bureau.


Top speed is 20 knots and diving depth is about 985 feet.


The shipyard also said the first of another six being built for Russia's Black Sea Fleet would be floated out in November.


Construction of the first Varshavyanka-class sub for the Black Sea Fleet, a vessel named the Novorossiisk, began in 2010 and was completed ahead of schedule, the shipbuilder said.


Admiralty Shipyard also constructed India's ill-fated Sindhurakshak submarine that was destroyed by an explosion this month.


The vessel is the seventh and last of the 10 Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines the Indian navy acquired from Moscow between 1986 and 2000.


Admiralty built the Sindhurakshak in 1997 and the Russian Severodvinsk Zvezdochka shipyard in Severodvinsk recently completed a 2 1/2-year, $80 million modernization of the vessel.


Sindhurakshakat had arrived at Mumbai Naval Docks on April 29 but sank after a massive explosion Aug. 14 that killed 18 seamen.

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23 août 2013 5 23 /08 /août /2013 12:30
China And The Spear Of Destiny

August 23, 2013: Strategy Page


Despite increasingly effective Internet defenses the biggest vulnerability remains human error. Case in point is the continued success of attacks via Internet against specific civilian, military, and government individuals using psychology rather than just technology. This sort of thing is often carried out in the form of official looking email, with a file attached, sent to people at a specific military or government organization. It is usually an email they weren't expecting but from someone they recognize. This is known in the trade as "spear fishing" (or "phishing"), which is a Cyber War technique that sends official looking email to specific individuals with an attachment which, if opened, secretly installs a program that sends files and information from the email recipient's PC to the spear fisher's computer. In the last year, an increasing number of military, government, and contractor personnel have received these official-looking emails with a PDF document attached, and asking for prompt attention.


The most recent example of the continued effectiveness of spear fishing can be seen in the repeated use of spear fishing by a group of Syrian hackers, calling themselves the Syrian Electronic Army (SEA) and are loyal to the beleaguered Assad dictatorship in Syria. The SEA has been using spear fishing to hack into media sites. Despite most media companies having in place software and personnel rules to block spear fishing attacks there are so many email accounts to attack and you only have to get one victim to respond for the SEA to get in (using the login data from the compromised account). The automated defenses are supposed to block the actions of the hacker software that is triggered when the victim clicks on the email attachment, but hackers keep finding exploitable vulnerabilities to the defenses and these make the defenses vulnerable, at least until the vulnerability is detected and patched. The SEA has enough cash and expertise to know where on the hacker underground the latest (and most effective) malware attachments can be found and purchased. With that, it’s just a matter of modifying the malware package, buying the email lists (of media company employees) and the services of an illegal network of hacked PCs (a botnet) to transmit your spear fishing emails.


China has been a major user of spear fishing and apparently the Chinese government and independent Chinese hackers have been a major force in coming up with new spear fishing payloads. The methods, and source of many spear fishing attacks have been traced back to China. Two years ago Internet security researchers discovered a China-based espionage group, called the Shadow Network, which had hacked into PCs used by military and civilian personnel working for the Indian armed forces and made off with huge quantities of data. Examination of the viruses and related bits of computer code indicated that most of this stuff was created by Chinese speaking programmers, and all movement of command and stolen data led back to servers in China. Since China is an ally of the Assad government, the SEA has access to the best spear fishing tools.


The SEA have been grabbing a lot of headlines in the last year for their increasing number of Internet based attacks. However, this tends to be low level stuff, like breaking into Twitter accounts. The Assads remained power for decades by favoring the most talented, best educated and wealthy families at the expense of everyone else and now many of those Syrians are supporting the Assads anyway they can. For the last two years the 80 percent who were left out have been in open rebellion and early on the SEA showed up to help their families hang on to their wealth and position in Syria.


The SEA has not made any really sophisticated hacks until the recent use of multiple spear fishing campaigns (against a large number of media companies and some of their Internet based suppliers). SEA has used these attacks to publicize their cause (via defacing of anti-Assad websites) and seeking to identify rebel leaders, especially those operating inside Syria. This intel collection effort does not get much publicity but it is probably more helpful than the low-level hacks. That’s because the Assad secret police are still very active inside Syria and have been effective in finding and capturing (or just killing) lots of rebels.

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23 août 2013 5 23 /08 /août /2013 07:35
India Defense Ministry Signs Contract for T-90 Missiles

August 22nd, 2013 defencetalk.com  ( RIA Novosti)


India’s Defense Ministry has signed a contract with Bharat Dynamics Limited for delivery of T-90 tank missiles manufactured under Russian license to the Indian army, The Hindu daily newspaper reported Tuesday.


Under the contract, estimated at $470 million, the deliveries of the Invar missiles, to be put on T-90 tanks, are to be completed within the next five years.


Invar is a laser-guided antitank missile with a range of five kilometers (three miles) and capability of penetrating explosive reactive armor.


Bharat Dynamics has been manufacturing the missiles in collaboration with Russia’s state arms exporter, Rosoboronexport, the newspaper said.


According to media reports, India is planning to procure 25,000 Invar missiles for its T-90 tanks, including 10,000 to be bought directly from Russia and 15,000 to be manufactured domestically under Russian license.

India Defense Ministry Signs Contract for T-90 Missiles
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22 août 2013 4 22 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Astra missile source Livefist

Astra missile source Livefist

August 22, 2013 idrw.org (SP’s Special Correspondent)


The indigenous Astra beyond visual-range air-to-air missile has been captive flight tested again on the Su-30MKI, following successful tests in April this year as earlier reported bySP’s. The IAF is watching keenly as the ambitious weapon system proves itself on the air dominance platform, and is hoping for a test firing from the Su-30MKI this year.


According to HAL, captive flight test for the Astra missile on the Su-30MKI aircraft was planned in three phases: Phase-1, to carry out aero-structural and mechanical integrity for carriage of Astra under steady and manoeuvering conditions, Phase-2 to carry out validation of weapon control system and its electrical and avionic interfaces with Astra missile and in Phase-3, to check the performance of missile system in transmitting and receiving mode of missile seeker with designated target under different flight conditions and the live firing of the Astra missile from the aircraft. As first reported by SP’s, while the base version Astra Mk.1 will have an intercept range of 44-km, it will be the Astra Mk.2 that will be a true force multiplier weapon, with an intercept range in excess of 100-km.

SU-30MKI_India photo USAF

SU-30MKI_India photo USAF

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22 août 2013 4 22 /08 /août /2013 16:35
India to deliver reconnaissance helicopters to Afghan armed forces

Thu Aug 22 By Ghanizada - khaama.com


India may deliver military equipments including weaponry and aircraft to Afghanistan, the visiting Afghan delegation to India, headed by second vice-president Mohammad Karim Khalili said.


The officials further added that the military equipment will be handed over to the Afghan military in the near future.


Afghanistan army chief of staff, Gen. Sher Mohammad Karimi is also accompanying the second vice-president Mohammad Karim Khalili during his visit to India.


The delegation met with a number of high level Indian government officials including the second vice-president of India Hamid Ansari, to discuss the bilateral cooperation between the two countries.


Gen. Sher Mohammad Karimi quoted by Afghanistan’s 1TV Media said, the government of India has vowed to provide a number of reconnaissance helicopters to the Afghan military.


Mr. Karimi further added that the government of Afghanistan expects New Delhi’s cooperation in providing helicopters and training of the Afghan pilots, besides providing training to Afghan armed forces.


In the meantime, the Indian vice-president Hamid Ansari said, New Delhi is committed to rebuild Afghanistan as a stable, democratic and prosperous country and hoped that the two nations can overcome the challenge posed by terrorism.


“India does not have an exit strategy. With the conviction that we shared a common past and that we are destined to share a common future, India will continue to contribute, within its capabilities, in the re-building of Afghanistan,” Mr. Ansari said.


He said India remains committed to implement the Strategic Partnership Agreement signed between the two countries in October 2011. The agreement articulates the future areas of cooperation between the two countries in diverse spheres.

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22 août 2013 4 22 /08 /août /2013 12:35
The Chinese Luhu-class vessel, Haribing (DDG 112), departs San Diego, California, US. Photo Eric Murata.

The Chinese Luhu-class vessel, Haribing (DDG 112), departs San Diego, California, US. Photo Eric Murata.

22 August 2013 naval-technology.com


The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) navy ships have set sail from the port of Qingdao, Shandong Province, off Hawaii waters to participate in search and rescue (SAR) exercises with the US Navy.


The PLA Navy's fleet, including a Hudong Shipyard-built Luhu-class guided-missile vessel Qingdao (DDG 113), missile frigate Linyi and supply ship Hongzehu, will take part in the rare show of US-China military cooperation, according to China Daily.


Following completion of the joint-exercise with the US Navy, the ships will travel on to Australia and New Zealand to conduct similar exercises.


PLA Navy deputy commander, Xu Hongmeng, was quoted by the news agency as saying that the trip is an important mission of the nation's military diplomacy and will boost the Chinese Navy's ability to conduct a range of missions while strengthening friendships with the US, Australia and New Zealand.

"The trip will serve to build consensus between China and the US as well as help outline relations between the two countries."


PLA Navy north China sea fleet commander of the fleet and chief of staff, Wei Gang, said the trip will also serve to build consensus between China and the US as well as help outline relations between the two countries.


Earlier this week, Chinese Defence Minister Chang Wanquan visited the US counterpart, Chuck Hagel in Washington, and agreed to increase bilateral military ties as well as to boost cooperation by performing further joint exercises and enhance personnel exchanges.


Xinhua cited Hagel as saying that the trip is aimed "to further increase mutual understanding, to enhance mutual trust, to promote mutual cooperation and to push forward the sound and stable development of our national and military relations."


For the first time, China will take part in next year's Rim of the Pacific exercise (RIMPAC), the largest multilateral maritime exercise in the world.

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22 août 2013 4 22 /08 /août /2013 12:35
La Russie viole l'espace aérien japonais

22/08/2013 - JDD


Deux bombardiers russes sont brièvement entrés jeudi dans l'espace aérien japonais, a annoncé le ministère de la Défense du Japon qui a fait décoller des chasseurs. D'après un porte-parole du ministère, ces deux avions TU-95 sont entrés dans l'espace aérien japonais près de l'île d'Okinoshima, au large de Fukuoka, dans le sud-ouest, pendant deux minutes peu après midi heure locale. "Quatre chasseurs F-2 des forces aériennes d'auto-défense (le nom de l'aviation japonaise, ndlr) ont décollé pour leur faire face", a expliqué ce responsable.


Suite de l’article

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21 août 2013 3 21 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Inde/accidents: la Marine emploie des ouvriers sous-qualifiés

NEW DELHI, 20 août - RIA Novosti


La Marine indienne emploie des ouvriers sous-qualifiés au port militaire de Mumbai (Bombay), où le sous-marin militaire Sindhurakshak a sombré le 14 août faisant 18 morts, a rapporté mardi le journal India Today se référant à une source au sein de l'administration du port.


"Pourquoi tous ces incidents arrivent-ils? Je ne doute pas qu'ils s'expliquent par le fait que des ouvriers mal qualifiés ont accès à des armes sophistiquées, à des systèmes de navigation, etc. Cela présente un danger pour la sécurité de nos navires", a indiqué un ancien responsable des chantiers navals de Mumbai, SK Gorhe, commentant la deuxième grande perte de la Marine indienne en trois ans.


Le sous-marin INS Sindhurakshak a coulé dans le port de Bombay dans la nuit du 13 au 14 août 2013, suite à trois explosions et un incendie à son bord. Dix-huit membres d'équipage se trouvaient à bord du submersible. Les corps de sept sous-mariniers ont été retrouvés. D'après le journal Mumbai Mirror, les explosions à bord du sous-marin seraient dues à un court-circuit provoqué par une erreur humaine lors du chargement de missiles.


Le 30 janvier 2011, la frégate indienne Vindhyagiri a coulé dans le port de Bombay suite à une collision avec le porte-conteneurs chypriote MV Nordlake, qui avait provoqué un incendie. Tous les occupants du Vindhyagiri ont pu être évacués.

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21 août 2013 3 21 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Un centre de communication d'Al-Qaïda découvert au Pakistan

NEW DELHI, 20 août - RIA Novosti


Les services de sécurité pakistanais ont découvert à Lahore, dans la province du Pendjab (Pakistan), un centre de communication du réseau terroriste international Al-Qaïda, a annoncé la chaîne de télévision Geo News, citant une source au sein des services secrets.


Six personnes soupçonnées de terrorisme, dont quatre femmes ont été interpellées lors de l'opération menée par les forces de l'ordre. Selon les services secrets, les intéressés assuraient la liaison avec des extrémistes en Afghanistan et dans les régions tribales pakistanaises situées le long de la frontière afghane.


Les forces de sécurité ont également saisi des armes à feu et des munitions.

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19 août 2013 1 19 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Le ministre vietnamien de la Défense Phung Quang Thanh et son homologue bulgare, Angel Naydenov. Photo : Duc Minh/VNA

Le ministre vietnamien de la Défense Phung Quang Thanh et son homologue bulgare, Angel Naydenov. Photo : Duc Minh/VNA

18/08/2013 vietnamplus.vn


Le Vietnam et la Bulgarie ont signé un mémorandum de coopération dans la défense lors d'une visite officielle du ministre vietnamien de la Défense, Phung Quang Thanh, du 14 au 17 août en Bulgarie.


Lors de leur entretien tenu le 15 août à Sofia, le ministre Phung Quang Thanh a souhaité le développement des relations de coopération intégrale entre les deux pays, estimant que la Bulgarie est l'un des partenaires importants du Vietnam en Europe.


Concernant les liens dans la défense, le ministre Phung Quang Thanh a déclaré que la coopération multifome et efficace avec la Bulgarie, dont la défense, servirait de passerelle pour que le Vietnam élargisse ses relations avec les pays européens. Selon lui, la signature du mémorandum de coopération dans la défense manifeste le souhait des deux parties de porter les liens de coopération en général et ceux dans la défense en particulier à une nouvelle hauteur.


Concrètement, les deux parties échangeront des délégations de tous les échelons, des expériences dans la formation, des informations et coopéreront dans l'industrie militaire.


Le ministre Phung Quang Thanh s'est déclaré convaincu que sur la base des bonnes relations d'amitié traditionnelle et des potentiels de chaque partie, les liens de coopération Vietnam-Bulgarie seraient efficaces, répondant aux voeux et intérêts des deux peuples, pour la paix, la stabilité et le développement dans la région et dans le monde.


Le ministre Angel Naydenov, pour sa part, a affirmé que le Vietnam était un des partenaires importants et de confiance de la Bulgarie en Asie, soulignant que les similitudes dans les politiques du Vietnam et de la Bulgarie créent des conditions propices au renforcement des relations de coopération multiforme, y compris dans la défense.


Il a mis l'accent sur les contenus prioritaires de la coopération dans la défense, comme l'échange de délégations, d'expériences dans la participation aux activités de maintien de la paix de l'ONU, la médecine militaire, l'humanitaire, la lutte contre le terrorisme, les technologies militaires.


Le même jour, la délégation vietnamienne a été reçue par le président bulgare Rosen Plevneliev, qui a estimé que cette visite était une preuve des bonnes relations traditionnelles entre les deux pays et les deux armées.


La Bulgarie attache une grande importance aux liens avec le Vietnam, a-t-il assuré, exprimant son espoir que ces relations continueraient de se développer après sa prochaine visite au Vietnam.


Il a promis de créér des conditions favorables à la coopération entre les deux armées, en particulier dans la formation.


Le ministre Phung Quang Thanh a réaffirmé la place importante de la Bulgarie dans la potique extérieure du Vietnam, ajoutant que le peuple vietnamien souhaite promouvoir les relations de coopération avec ce pays.


Il a souhaité que les autorités bulgares créent des conditions favorables à une bonne intégration de la communauté vietnamienne dans ce pays en vue de contribuer au développement des liens d'amitié traditionnelle entre les deux nations.


Pendant leur séjour en Bulgarie, le ministre Phung Quang Thanh et sa suite ont visité le ministère de l'Economie et de l'Energie, l'Académie des sciences et l'Université militaire nationale. -VNA

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19 août 2013 1 19 /08 /août /2013 16:35
EADS éliminé dans la course au méga contrat sud-coréen d'avions de combat

Les appareils ayant franchi toutes les étapes de la sélection étaient les F-15 Silent Eagle (photo) de Boeing, selon une source citée par la presse sud-coréenne..


18/08/2013 latribune.fr


Selon la presse sud-coréenne, le groupe aéronautique européen a été écarté de l'appel d'offre d'un contrat d'achat de 60 avions de combat par Séoul d'un montant de 7,3 milliards de dollars. Seuls restaient en lice EADS et Boeing. Les autorités ont pointé un le non respect de certaines critères pour justifier la mise à l'écart.


Le groupe aéronautique européen EADS, qui présentait son modèle d'avion Eurofighter, a été éliminé de l'appel d'offres lancé par la Corée du Sud pour un gros contrat d'avions de combat, d'une valeur de 7,3 milliards de dollars, faute d'avoir répondu à certains critères, rapporte dimanche la presse sud-coréenne.


"Un problème est apparu dans la proposition d'un des deux derniers concurrents en lice", a déclaré à l'agence de presse Yonhap une source anonyme au Bureau des programmes d'acquisition de défense. "Il n'a pas été jugé bon que ce groupe" reste en lice.


Une aubaine pour Boeing, qui reste seul candidat


Un porte-parole du Bureau n'était pas joignable dans l'immédiat. L'autre concurrent finaliste est l'américain Boeing. Le contrat porte sur la fourniture de 60 avions de combat. Séoul veut acheter 45 avions à un siège et 15 à deux sièges, mais EADS ne proposait que six appareils à deux sièges, des avions très couteux, a ajouté Yonhap.


Le groupe aurait également établi un budget en livres sterling et non en dollars américains, comme réclamé par Séoul, selon l'agence de presse.


L'américain Lockheed Martin s'était retiré


Le Bureau des programmes d'acquisition de défense va maintenant présenter la proposition du finaliste aux hauts responsables militaires, pour un dernier examen, a indiqué la source du Bureau, ajoutant que les appareils ayant franchi toutes les étapes de la sélection étaient les F-15 Silent Eagle de Boeing.

F-X III fighter contest F-35 Eurofighter F-15 SE photo FG

F-X III fighter contest F-35 Eurofighter F-15 SE photo FG

Il y a quelques semaines encore restaient en lice, outre EADS et Boeing, un autre groupe américain, Lockheed Martin. Mais ce dernier se serait retiré.


Les contrats d'équipement militaire sud-coréens sont la plupart du temps remportés par des firmes américains, reflétant ainsi les liens entre Washington et son allié Séoul.


Mais Séoul a semblé ces derniers mois élargir la liste de ses fournisseurs. En janvier, le pays a ainsi préféré l'anglo-italien AgustaWestland à l'américain Sikorsky pour la livraison de six hélicoptères à la Marine sud-coréenne, un contrat de 567 millions USD.


La Corée du Sud a acquis 60 F-15 de Boeing depuis 2002.

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19 août 2013 1 19 /08 /août /2013 14:11
EADS dément avoir été écarté de la course au contrat sud-coréen d'achats d'avions

18/08/2013 latribune.fr


Le groupe aéronautique européen dément avoir été écarté de l'appel d'offre d'un contrat portant sur l'achat de 60 avions de combat par Séoul d'un montant de 7,3 milliards de dollars, comme le rapporte la presse sud-coréenne. Dans un tel cas, seul Boeing resterait en lice.


 Le géant européen de l'aéronautique EADS a démenti dimanche être écarté de l'appel d'offres concernant l'achat de 60 avions de combat par Séoul d'un montant de 7,3 milliards de dollars, balayant "des rumeurs médiatiques" sud-coréennes.


"C'est une rumeur médiatique que nous ne pouvons pas confirmer. EADS n'est pas exclu du processus" d'appel d'offres, a réagi un porte-parole du groupe européen interrogé par l'AFP.


La presse sud-coréenne rapportait dimanche qu'EADS a été éliminé de l'appel d'offres lancé par la Corée du Sud faute d'avoir répondu à certains critères.


EADS, qui fait partie du consortium fabriquant les avions de combat Eurofighter aux côtés du britannique BAE Systems et l'italien Finmeccanica) resterait ainsi en lice aux côtés de son concurrent américain Boeing.


Suite de l'article

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