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8 décembre 2015 2 08 /12 /décembre /2015 17:45
photo DCSCA

photo DCSCA

 

08/12/2015 Sources : DCSCA

 

Le SCA est aujourd’hui engagé dans une transformation majeure qui vise à amener l’administration générale et le soutien commun au meilleur niveau pour accompagner nos soldats sur l’ensemble du spectre de leurs missions. L’aspect opérationnel, essentiel, exige en effet du soutien commissariat la  même excellence que celle qui anime les forces. Pour ce faire, les expérimentations conduites avec  l’ensemble des acteurs du soutien commissariat visent à concevoir un soutien rénové s’appuyant sur toutes les opportunités, en métropole, outre-mer mais aussi à l’étranger et en opération.

 

Présent dès le début d’un engagement, et sous l’autorité du centre de planification et de conduite des opérations (CPCO), le SCA met en œuvre une chaîne de soutien opérationnel qui permet de garantir la continuité du soutien ainsi que la simultanéité du soutien courant et du soutien des engagements opérationnels. Cette chaîne fait intervenir la direction centrale, l’état-major opérationnel (EMO), le centre interarmées d’administration des opérations (CIAO), les centres experts, les établissements logistiques (ELOCA), et les directions du commissariat en opération extérieure (DIRCOM).

 

Afin d’assurer, sous l’autorité de l’ASIA* de théâtre, nos missions tactiques sur les théâtres d’opérations, le fuseau Ouest de l’opération Barkhane va connaître dès le mois de février 2016 une expérimentation d’un nouveau concept d’emploi : le soutien « commissariat en opération ». Ainsi, s’il assure actuellement sur les théâtres d’opérations les fonctions d’administration générale au sein des DIRCOM (expertise administrative générale, finances, achats, solde, contentieux et aide juridique au commandement, état-civil, gestion du personnel civil de recrutement local et contrôle interne), il ne met pas en œuvre ses fonctions logistiques (soutien de l’homme, habillement, restauration-hôtellerie-loisirs, gestion base-vie). Il les anime au niveau stratégique mais c’est l’armée de terre, au sein des bataillons logistiques (BATLOG), qui les met en œuvre sur les théâtres. Par ailleurs, les fonctions « alimentation » et « gestion base-vie » manquent de coordination ou sont assurées par d’autres opérateurs.

 

L’expérimentation menée à Barkhane vise donc, pour le SCA, à assurer l’ensemble de ses fonctions logistiques pour assurer un soutien commissariat intégré sur les théâtres d’opérations.

Plusieurs axes sont définis :

- améliorer la coordination de la fonction « soutien de l’homme » ;

- identifier le périmètre d’un « soutien de base-vie » dont la mise en œuvre échoirait au SCA, en cohérence avec les autres acteurs du soutien et le commandement, en y intégrant les détachements

- mettre en place sur le théâtre un détachement de « soutien base-vie », en prenant en compte les attributions de l’ *adjoint soutien interarmées (ASIA), du centre de soutien des opérations et des acheminements (CSOA), du J4 de théâtre et de la DIRCOM, tout en définissant les prérogative respectives du SCA et du commandement de théâtre ;

- mettre en œuvre une préparation collective des modules de soutien « commissariat ».

 

Évolution significative du soutien des opérations par le SCA, l’expérimentation, qui s’étendra de février à septembre 2016, sera conduite sous l’autorité de l’ASIA* et verra un détachement «commissariat » s’occuper des domaines suivants :

- alimentation-loisirs : restauration, condition du personnel en opération, vivres opérationnels, boulangerie de campagne,

- gestion des sites : hébergement, entretien, gestion des déchets, prévention contre l’incendie, maintenance,

- gestion des équipements « commissariat » : tenues de combat, effets de protection balistique, matériels de vie en campagne, équipements de protection individuelle et tenues professionnelles, affaires mortuaires.

 

Expérimentation Barkhane : dispositif soutien de l’homme sur le fuseau ouest

L’opération Barkhane se déroule dans cinq pays de la bande sahélo-saharienne : Mauritanie, Mali, Burkina Faso, Nier, Tchad. Regroupant 3 000 militaires, une vingtaine d’hélicoptères, 200 véhicules de logistique, 200 blindés, 6 avions de chasse, 3 drones et une dizaine d’avions de transport, elle est séparée en deux fuseaux, est et ouest, permettant de prendre en compte l’immensité du théâtre.

L’expérimentation « soutien commissariat » aura lieu dans le fuseau ouest de février à septembre 2016.

1 800 militaires seront soutenus par un détachement commissariat de 83 personnes ( À noter : N’Djamena au Tchad Antenne Détachement commissariat : 4 militaires ).

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30 juin 2015 2 30 /06 /juin /2015 16:35
photo DCSCA

photo DCSCA

 

30/06/2015 SCActus

 

A la fin de l’année 2014, la quasi-totalité des 4 000 soldats français qui étaient présents au plus fort de l’opération Pamir auront quitté le sol afghan. Le contingent français entre actuellement dans la phase finale d’une opération de désengagement de grande ampleur dans laquelle le soutien a un rôle central.

 

C'est un fait, le désengagement de la Force française en Afghanistan s’effectue en bon ordre. On ne voit pas ici les alignements infinis de véhicules militaires qui, en Algérie en 1962, allaient être laissés sur place sans autre forme de procès, suscitant ce « goût de défaite » évoqué par certains Anciens combattants.

 

Deux années et demie, c’est le temps qui a été prévu pour échelonner cette grande manœuvre logistique et administrative. Et ce temps n’a pas été surestimé. Il faut faire un sort aux immenses quantités de matériels et à l’infrastructure ayant permis de soutenir l’action des 50 000 soldats français qui, depuis 2001, ont constitué la Force Pamir, et dont 89 ont ici laissé leur vie. Beaucoup a déjà été fait. Des cinq formations administratives qui existaient encore à l’été 2012, trois ont déjà été dissoutes. Il s’agissait, logiquement, des plus exposées : les deux GTIA « Kapisa » et « Surobi », qui opéraient à l’est de Kaboul, ainsi que le détachement de l’armée de l’air de Kandahar, au sud du pays.

 

En ce mois de juin 2014, l’avant-dernier mandat de la DIRCOM a ses exigences spécifiques. Il convient de préparer le mandat suivant, celui durant lequel les successeurs, transférant les locaux, vendant les derniers matériels, et réglant les dernières dettes, susciteront aux yeux des témoins étrangers la « dernière impression ». Ce mandat-ci comprend donc sa part d’obligations impérieuses, et cela tant à l’égard des missions liées au désengagement que pour celles, toujours aussi nombreuses et fondamentales, liées au soutien présent de la Force.

 

Les mentions sibyllines rencontrées au hasard des textes réglementaires, détaillant que les DIRCOM « centralisent toutes les questions administratives qui ne relèvent pas d’un autre service » prennent à ce stade une acuité particulière. Car les missions qui en découlent sont nombreuses dans le cadre du désengagement. Ainsi de l’encadrement des cessions gratuites, ces dons autorisés par le ministre, de matériels non sensibles à l’état hôte ou à des ONG. Ainsi également des ventes de matériels non rapatriés, dont beaucoup deviennent du jour au lendemain sans emploi à mesure que la baisse des effectifs s’accélère. Et la liste est longue, témoignant de l’ancienne présence massive des Français sur le territoire : des bâtiments à l’épreuve des roquettes, un hangar d’aviation, des dizaines de véhicules civils blindés, un scanner de sécurité et quantités de matériels relevant de la vie courante. Ainsi enfin du suivi administratif du désengagement des derniers détachements, dont certains ont un statut atypique : le laboratoire européen contre-IED, la mission de mentorat Épidote, l’hôpital (rôle 2) de KAIA et un détachement de l’armée de l’air basé au Tadjikistan.

La DIRCOM n’est pas seule pour mener à bien ces opérations exigeantes : derrière elle, la chaîne dédiée des organismes de métropole : le CPCO/J8(1), le CIAO(2) et le BLTA(3). À ses côtés, la chaîne des soutiens, coordonnée par l’ASIA(4).

Le mot de la fin appartiendra au personnel de la DIRCOM du 35e et ultime mandat de la Force Pamir.

 

1 Centre de planification et de conduite des opérations

2 Centre interarmées des opérations

3 Bureau de liaison de la trésorerie aux armées, représentant les domaines

4 Adjoint soutien interarmées

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26 juillet 2013 5 26 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
Afghanistan: A Dilemma for China and the US

July 26, 2013 by Jeffrey Payne - thediplomat.com

 

Both countries have an interest in Afghan stability post-2014. They should consider cooperation.

 

As NATO forces continue the process of withdrawing from Afghanistan, the People’s Republic of China finds itself in a conundrum. With tensions flaring throughout the Asia-Pacific, in part because of a more aggressive Chinese foreign policy, the last thing Beijing wants is to face a security risk along its western border. Regardless of Beijing’s wishes, it will need to become more involved in efforts to stabilize Afghanistan. The United States and its international partners thus have an opportunity to provide incentive for China to become a more reliable international security participant. Unfortunately, China seems unable to escape the inertia of its own politics, while the United States is increasingly consumed by concerns involving Chinese activities in the Asia-Pacific.

 

The Afghan Element within US-China Relations

The U.S.-China relationship is certain to define 21st century international relations to a great degree. As such, the two countries, as well as the world, are scrambling to better understand the relationship. China’s complaints about bilateral ties stem from a view that the United States is unfair to rising powers and, in particular, disregards Chinese traditions and history. The U.S. position is framed as one where China is an irresponsible stakeholder within the international system. China is content to free-ride off the efforts of others, while exploiting the goodwill of surrounding countries and global powers.

These portrayals aren’t completely inaccurate in either case, but they do not sufficiently define this bilateral relationship. It is undeniable that trust between the U.S. and China is low and that many parties within both countries see each other as opponents. Yet, much of the tension in the U.S.-China bilateral relationship is linked to territory, commerce, and relationships throughout the Asia-Pacific region. If we move beyond the Asia-Pacific, then greater opportunity for cooperation exists.

As such, the future of Afghanistan offers an opportunity for these two major powers to work together in furthering Afghan national – as well as South and Central Asian regional – security. With the majority of NATO forces to leave Afghanistan in 2014, China is realizing that its investments in Afghanistan will be at risk, its Central Asian trade threatened, and its relations with Pakistan strained. In short, China needs to take steps to protect its interests.

The U.S., its population exhausted from war and its politics focused on domestic problems, is consumed with withdrawing its security forces from Afghanistan. However, Washington does not wish to watch Afghanistan fall into absolute chaos. Not only would it be negatively affected by the further loss of life, but it would also make the country’s years of investment meaningless and create a security vacuum that may once again require a major U.S. presence.

Thus, China wants to protect its Western border and the U.S. wishes to find a means to enhance Afghan security. This issue can be a basis for building cooperation between the two countries, while avoiding the tension stemming from the Asia-Pacific. Unfortunately, neither country is focused on the Afghan issue in respect to the other. That must change.

 

Bilateral Strategic Cooperation

Too many in the United States view China as an inevitable strategic opponent, ignoring counterevidence in favor of a quasi-Cold War worldview. Likewise, many analysts in China argue that the United States is a diminishing power intent on inhibiting China’s growth. Neither country should be so easily caricatured as such. Both countries’ foreign policy establishments constantly debate how to move forward bilateral relations. What both countries need to do is recognize mutual interests. Mutual interests, particularly outside the Asia-Pacific region, should be the source of U.S.-China international cooperation. In the security arena, Afghanistan’s stability is a major threat and a vital opportunity.

First, each country needs to figure out what costs it is willing to pay for Afghan security. Both countries publicly declare their desire for a prosperous and safe Afghanistan, but neither has made headway in exploring what international institutions it will need in order to reach the desired end stage. China, given its policies of peaceful development and respect to sovereignty, will resist pressure to step up its involvement in security matters. The U.S., for its part, will be intensely hesitant about China taking on a more robust role in Afghanistan. Yet the past ten years have proven that when it comes to Afghanistan, what works best is often not what any party favors.

Second, the U.S. and China should immediately initiate both formal and informal dialogues regarding Afghanistan post-2014. Experts can meet in a Track II setting to formulate policy options, while Track I meetings can follow. These meetings need to be candid and based on past arrangements that proved successful, such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations in Southeast Asia and anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden.

Third, both countries should utilize international institutions in which they have influence in order to build a comprehensive Afghan security policy. For the U.S., this means working with its strategic allies to provide continued training for Afghan security forces, foreign aid and private investment. In China’s case, it means engaging the Shanghai Cooperative Organization to mobilize resources throughout Central Asia.

Fourth, and most importantly, both countries need to cooperate in their engagements with both Afghanistan’s leaders and South Asian leaders. The U.S. can leverage its relationship with Afghanistan’s government to further interaction between China’s leaders and their Afghan counterparts. Both countries can engage Pakistan’s new government to show a united will that encourages Pakistan to do more to inhibit destabilizing groups operating in Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Finally, India should be brought into talks with respect to its diplomatic operations in Afghanistan and its own investment in the country.

 

Difficult, But Not Impossible

It will be immensely difficult for the U.S. and China to cooperate on Afghanistan. Over the long term, however these two countries have parallel national interests when it comes to Afghanistan and that must be the basis of all forward movement. Added to the complexities of the bilateral relationship are the intricacies that will be required when working with the Afghan, Central Asian, Pakistani, and Indian governments. In short, this is no small task. The alternative, however, will certainly be a more chaotic Afghanistan and by extension, a more unstable Central and South Asia.

This effort will be more difficult for China, for it will require them to revise their stance on international security engagement. There is no chance that China will send security forces to Afghanistan, but it is equally unlikely that another international force will replace NATO. Thus, China must engage the security situation directly. As such, the U.S., given its experience in Afghanistan, will have an opportunity to encourage China to take on a more responsible international security role.

Again, this process will not be easy, but it allows an opportunity for the U.S. and China to engage in coordinated security policy. Both countries desire stability in Afghanistan and it is that, not external problems within the bilateral relationship, which must be the focus of both countries. There is no more pressing issue in Central and South Asia than Afghanistan.

Jeffrey Payne is the Senior Research Associate at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies in Washington, DC. The views expressed in this article are his alone and do not represent the official policy or position of the National Defense University, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

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18 juin 2013 2 18 /06 /juin /2013 07:35
Beijing débute son recrutement militaire auprès des étudiants universitaires

2013-06-17  xinhua

 

Plus de 1.000 représentants venus d'une trentaine d'universités de Beijing ont assisté lundi à une cérémonie organisée pour marquer le début du recrutement militaire auprès des étudiants.

 

Des brochures présentant les politiques de recrutement ont été distribuées, et des responsables ont répondu aux questions des étudiants lors de cet événement conjointement organisé par le ministère de la Défense nationale (MDN) et le ministère de l'Education.

 

Les étudiants ont également eu l'occasion de parler avec Mme Liu Yang, la première femme astronaute du pays. Cette dernière avait participé à la mission spatiale Shenzhou-9 en juin 2012.

 

Les responsables du MDN ont indiqué que les étudiants universitaires profiteraient d'avantages dans les domaines de l'inscription, des examens physiques, de l'admission et des arrangements pour le recrutement militaire.

 

Un service de recrutement en ligne géré par le MDN est prêt à recevoir les candidatures, et le processus de recrutement débutera le 1er août, selon un communiqué publié vendredi à l'issue d'une téléconférence nationale sur le recrutement.

 

Le communiqué indique que la période de recrutement, qui suit la saison de remise des diplômes, encouragera davantage de jeunes diplômés à s'enrôler dans l'armée.

 

L'armée chinoise a commencé à recruter des diplômés universitaires en 2001

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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 07:35
ASEAN: le Vietnam parle sécurité et développement

12/06/2013 vietnamplus.vn

 

Une délégation vietnamienne, conduite par le général Nguyen Dinh Chien, chef de l'Institut de la stratégie de défense du ministère de la Défense, a participé au séminaire du Réseau des Instituts de défense et de sécurité de l'ASEAN (Network of ASEAN Defence and security Institutions-NADI) tenu mardi et mercredi à Kuala Lumpur (Malaisie).

 

Le général Nguyen Dinh Chine a présenté l'intervention "Le rôle central de l'ASEAN dans les relations avec les grands pays", où il a estimé que l'élargissement par l'ASEAN de sa coopération avec les grands pays dans la région l'avait aidé à maintenir un environnement de paix et de stabilité, à consolider la coopération et la confiance entre ses membres dans la politique et la sécurité, contribuant à promouvoir la tendance à la paix, à la stabilité, à la coopération et au développement dans la région, ainsi qu'à créer un nouveau lien entre l'ASEAN et ces pays.

 

Selon lui, l'ASEAN a valorisé et continue de valoriser le rôle d'une des forces majeures dans la promotion de la paix et de la stabilité dans la région par l'intensification de sa coopération avec ses partenaires via les cadres de coopération tels que l'ASEAN+1, l'ASEAN+3, l'EAS, l'ARF, l'ADMM+...

 

Ayant pour thème "Sécurité nationale et Développement : Base pour la Communauté de l'ASEAN", le séminaire s'est penché sur la sécurité et le développement, la sécurité et la stabilité, et la coopération dans la sécurité.

 

Une opportunité pour la cinquantaine de participants dont des spécialistes, chercheurs et analystes des pays membres de l'ASEAN de partager des informations et expériences, et de proposer des mesures et initiatives afin de faire face efficacement aux défis sécuritaires émergents dans la région. -VNA

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12 juin 2013 3 12 /06 /juin /2013 17:35
Two ex-PLAN frigates Type 053H2 (Jianghu-III) guided missile frigates, the Huangshi (535) and Wuhu (536) from the East Sea Fleet

Two ex-PLAN frigates Type 053H2 (Jianghu-III) guided missile frigates, the Huangshi (535) and Wuhu (536) from the East Sea Fleet

12.06.2013 militaryforces.asia

 

The Bangladesh Navy began a shopping spree in recent years and finally things are coming in to fruition even with economic constraints.

 

Two ex-PLAN frigates Type 053H2 (Jianghu-III) guided missile frigates, the Huangshi (535) and Wuhu (536) from the East Sea Fleet will join the Bangladesh Navy later this year after what observers call a “heavy refit”.

 

The frigates were both built by Hudong and commissioned in December 1986 and December 1987 respectively.

 

Before the refit they were armed with 8 X C-802A SSM, 2 x Type 79A dual-100 mm guns, 4 x Type 76 dual-37 mm AA guns, 2 x 5-tube Type 81 ASW rocket launchers (30 rounds), 4 x Type 64 DC projectors, 2 x DC racks, 2 x Mk. 36 RBOC 6-barrel decoy rocket launchers.

 

MilitaryForces.Asia sources stated that the vessels would possibly be refitted with updated electronics and weapons.

 

Bangladesh Navy has recently adopted the H/PJ26 76 mm dual-purpose naval gun in its major surface combatants.  The same model would be installed on the Huangshi and Wuhu considering their Type 79A dual-100 mm guns were removed along with antiquated air defence guns.

 

Their sistership Xiangtan joined the Bangladesh Navy in 1989 and still serves today renamed as BNS Osman (F 18). It was upgraded with 8 x C-802 SSM’s in recent years.

 

Highlighting Bangladesh Navy’s eagerness to acquire off the shelf solutions in recent times they acquired a US Coast Guard Hamilton class cutter, which is undergoing refit in California before setting off to Bangladesh for joining the fleet.

 

The Hamilton class cutter is to be converted to a guided missile frigate in Bangladesh by installation of 8 x C-802A SSM and a Chinese origin SAM system, possibly FL-3000N according to a bdmilitary.com analyst.

 

Earlier the Bangladesh Navy negotiated with Italy for two improved Sauro class diesel-electric submarines and a number of frigates but it failed due to the steep asking price by the Italian government. Similarly an earlier negotiation with Montenegro also ended negatively due to unreasonable price and poor condition of the warships.

 

Bangladesh Navy officers confirmed to MilitaryForces.Asia that the new warships purchased from China and United States were in ‘good condition’.

 

The addition of three new frigates will provide the growing navy with increased patrolling capabilities in the Bay of Bengal as well as ensure they can bring enough fire power to naval confrontations with neighbouring countries.

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12 juin 2013 3 12 /06 /juin /2013 16:35
India Adding 40,000 Mountain Troops at China Border

Jun. 12, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News

 

NEW DELHI — Shortly after new Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang visited here, India has decided to proceed with a plan to add more than 40,000 troops in the form of a mountain corps to bolster its strength on the Chinese border.

 

The Ministry of Defence prepared the plan two years ago and has awaited consideration by the Ministry of Finance, which has given approval. Now, it must be cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security, an MoD source said.

 

About US $12 billion will be spent to raise the additional troops, and the new corps is expected to be functioning within 10 years, an Army official said. Additional weapons and equipment will be purchased.

 

“The elite mountain corps will be able to fill this gap in preparedness, thereby adding to the conventional stability in the medium to long term, though in the short term it may be perceived as destabilizing,” defense analyst Rahul Bhonsle said.

 

Last month, China’s Li visited New Delhi, his first foreign visit after taking office, amid reports that Chinese troops had intruded into Indian territory. The issue was discussed during a meeting with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, though the point was passed off as “an incident,” an Indian External Affairs Ministry source said.

 

“The raising of additional troops to be deployed along the border with China is bound to raise tempers in Beijing,” the source said.

 

Analysts here, however, are unanimous that India and China can ill afford to go to war in the immediate future as both are building themselves economically.

 

“Given the track record of handling their military and diplomatic showdown ... China and India are not likely to go to war anytime soon,” said Swaran Singh, professor for diplomacy and disarmament at Jawaharlal Nehru Univer­sity. “It’s not a strong possibility even in their medium-term trajectories. It is not in their interest and the interest of the international community, which will ensure it does not occur.

 

“The strongest incentive against war is their historic chance to achieve their peaceful rise followed by greater recognition and participation in world decision-making bodies.”

 

But Bhonsle said New Delhi must manage the issue carefully.

 

“India will certainly have to make extensive efforts to manage concerns that may be raised by China; [otherwise], the move will prove counterproductive and will only lead to increases in force levels on both the sides,” he said. “Confidence-building measures on the boundary and greater transparency in raising the force, including the fact that it is being positioned in the interior, should assuage Beijing.”

 

The Army official welcomed the new, because the service is operating at only 60 percent of its required capability level.

 

As the troops will be deployed in hilly terrain, new purchases will include light tanks, specialized vehicles, light artillery guns and advanced infantry equipment.

 

The Army also will buyammunition and small arms, hand-held thermal imagers, UAVs, aerostat-based radar, portable missiles, air-defense artillery and lightweight radar.

 

The service will establish network-centric warfare systems for the elite troops, including advanced C4ISR equip­ment, and information warfare systems, Army sources said.

 

On the composition of the weapons required, Bhonsle said, “the weapons and equipment will include the whole gamut from reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition, firepower, tactical and logistics mobility including helicopters, communications and so on. Five years for forming up and almost eight to 10 years for full-spectrum effectiveness may be reasonable to assume.”

 

The 4,057-kilometer Line of Actual Control is India’s current border with China. The eastern sector, bordering the states of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, is the most contentious, where China claims 90,000 square kilometers of territory that India occupies.

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10 juin 2013 1 10 /06 /juin /2013 07:35
India developing robotic soldiers to replace humans in warfare

Jun 09, 2013 brahmand.com

 

NEW DELHI (PTI): With futuristic warfare in mind, India is working to develop robotic soldiers as part of efforts to boost unmanned fighting capabilities, joining a select group of countries in this endeavour.

 

Under the project being undertaken by DRDO, robots would be developed with very high level of intelligence to enable them to differentiate between a threat and a friend.

 

These can then be deployed in difficult warfare zones, like the Line of Control (LoC), a step that would help avert the loss of human lives.

 

"We are going to work for robotic soldiers. We are going to look for very high level of intelligence in it than what we are talking today... It is a new programme and a number of labs are already working in a big way on robotics," DRDO chief Avinash Chander told PTI in an interview.

 

The newly-appointed DRDO chief listed the project for development of robotic soldiers as one of his "priority thrust areas" saying that "unmanned warfare in land and air is the future of warfare. Initially the robotic soldier may be assisting the man."

 

He said in the initial phase of the project, the robotic soldier would be required to be told by the human soldier to identify an enemy or a combatant but "slowly in due course of time, the robotic soldier would be at the front end and the human soldier would be assisting him."

 

Chander said the need for a robotic soldier is felt to save precious human lives and already robots are used in areas where humans do no want to venture such as defusing bombs or getting inside a high-radiation territory.

 

"Robotic soldier is one step further. It will have multiple technologies in terms of communication with team members, ability to recognise an enemy," Chander said.

 

"Today, you have neural networks, whenever the soldier tells him (robotic soldier) that this is a human solider, he will derive his own logic as to what is the difference between him and others (civilians). That learning process will keep building up," he said.

 

Asked if it would be capable of being deployed in areas such as the Line of Control, Chander said, "In due course of time but not before a decade in any way."

 

He said many new technologies have to be developed such as "miniature communication, materials, cognitive technologies, self-learning processes and interaction with human."

 

Chander said "already five to six countries are actively working. They have not yet developed it fully but they are in fairly advanced stages. This is one of my priority areas."

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30 mai 2013 4 30 /05 /mai /2013 20:20
Au Pentagone, la crainte d'un "cyber Pearl Harbor"

30/05/13 Par Paul Laubacher - obsession.nouvelobs.com

 

Les piratages d'hackers chinois contre le Pentagone et les entreprises américaines se multiplient. Pour les contrer, l'armée américaine planche sur un super-programme.

 

La liste est longue. Et embarrassante. Des hackers chinois ont eu accès à pas moins de 56 plans d'armes américaines actuellement en service ou à l'état de prototype, révèle le "Washington Post",mardi 28 mai. Le quotidien américain a mis la patte sur un rapport du Defense Science Board, l'organisme de conseil regroupant des experts de la société civile et de l'administration, dont certains éléments étaient encore classés secret défense. Le butin des pirates chinois est impressionnant. Pour le Pentagone et l'administration Obama, c'est la crainte d'un "cyber Pearl Harbor" qui s'installe, selon les mots à forte connotation historique de Leon Panetta, le secrétaire américain à la Défense.

 

Suite de l'article
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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
La Chine annonce un deuxième porte-avions, plus grand que le premier

 

25/04/2013 par Jacques N. Godbout - 45eNord

 

Nouveau pas dans la construction de la puissance navale chinoise, le numéro deux de la Marine populaire de l’Armée de Libération (APL), Song Hue, a déclaré cette semaine que «la Chine aura plus d’un porte-avions», rapporte l’agence officielle chinoise Chine Nouvelles.

 

Song Hue a déclaré, lors d’une cérémonie pour célébrer le 64e anniversaire de la fondation de la Marine à Pékin, en présence d’attachés militaires étrangers, que «le prochain porte-avions dont nous avons besoin sera plus grand et pourra transporter plus de combattants».

 

Actuellement, la Chine opère un porte-avions, le Liaoning, qui a été construit sur la base d’une coque inachevée de fabrication russe et livré à la Marine le 25 septembre 2012.

 

Le Liaoning, doit effectuer sa première campagne en haute mer d’ici un an.

 

L’amiral Song a aussi rappelé que le Liaoning n’appartient pas à l’une des trois flottes de la Marine, mais qu’il est placé sous le commandement direct du quartier général de la Marine.

 

Le Liaoning a une cylindrée totale de plus de 50 000 tonnes et peut accueillir 30 aéronefs. Le prochain porte-avions, toujours selon l’amiral chinois, devrait en accueillir davantage.

 

Song Hue a également déclaré que la Marine chinoise est à bâtir une force aérienne navale et qu’il il y aura bientôt au moins deux régiments d’aviation à bord du Liaoning, y compris des chasseurs, des avions de reconnaissance, des avions anti-sous-marins, des avions de contre-mesures électroniques (ECM) et des hélicoptères.

 

Le numéro deux de la marine chinoise dit également que les futurs groupes de porte-avions comprendront aussi des destroyers, des frégates, des sous-marins et des navires de ravitaillement.

 

Plus de mille entreprises chinoises auraient participé à la construction et au réaménagement du Liaoning.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Sevmash engineers will perform repairs and maintenance during the initial 12-month warranty period, and then provide their services for another 20 years once the warranty has expired. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

Sevmash engineers will perform repairs and maintenance during the initial 12-month warranty period, and then provide their services for another 20 years once the warranty has expired. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

April 25, 2013 Aleksandr Emelyanenkov, specially for RIR

 

The aircraft carrier will once again take to sea in July; flight tests are scheduled a month later.

 

The INS Vikramaditya has undergone a complex operation at Russia’s Sevmash shipyard ahead of the final stage of trials and delivery to the Indian Navy later this year. 

 

With 10 weeks still left until July 3, 2013, when the final sea trials are due to begin, tug boats carefully manoeuvred the giant ship to a drainable pool. There the Vikramaditya will once again be put on a frame. Once the water has been drained, engineers will inspect the hull of the ship and all its outboard parts and components.

 

This is what the ship looked like after refitting in the dock, ahead of taking to the sea. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

According to the head of the commissioning team, Igor Leonov, all the procedures in the dry dock - which are compulsory for a ship after repairs - will take two months. So far, the project remains strictly on the latest schedule.The April 25 deadline for putting the ship in the dock has been met, Leonov said.

 

Ekaterina Pilikina, spokeswoman for the Sevmash shipyard, gave the media details of the elaborate operation. The main complication was that there were only a few centimetres to spare between the hull of the enormous ship and the sluice gate. To make matters worse, the team worked in strong winds and had only an hour at the peak of the high tide to complete their task.

 

The operation was observed by senior Sevmash executives; the head of the White Sea naval base, Vladimir Vorobyev; the captain of the Indian crew of the Vikramaditya, Suraj Berry and the head of the Indian observation team, Kudaravalli Srinivas. Both Indian representatives were impressed with what they saw.

 

108 days at sea spent in 2012 by the Vikramaditya crew and commissioning team during trials in the White Sea and the Barents Sea. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

Srinivas said this was the second time he saw such an operation. The first was back in 2008, when the ship was being taken out of the drainable pool after repairs. “Now Sevmash specialists have once again demonstrated their professionalism,” the Indian representative said. “They have coped very well with their task.”

 

The chief executive of the shipyard, Mikhail Budnichenko, expressed confidence that all the remaining work in the dock “will be done well and on schedule.” Sergey Novoselov, head of defence export projects at Sevmash, explained the nature of that work: “In accordance with the contract, we must inspect the state of the hull, the propeller-rudder system, and the sea valves. We will also restore the paintwork below the waterline, if necessary.”

Novoselov added that most of the problems identified during the sea trials have already been fixed. The ongoing refurbishment of the main boilers involves specialists of the companies which designed and manufactured them. The refurbishment is scheduled for completion in May. All the interim results of the project are inspected by the Indian customer and by the Russian MoD.

 

Before the Vikramaditya can take to the sea once again, the Sevmash quality assurance specialists will be asked to present their findings on 435 separate items covering almost the entire ship, including tens of thousands of individual parts and components. In addition, much of the interior finish has yet to be completed.

 

 “There are more than 2,500 compartments in the ship,” Novoselov says. “That includes combat stations, bays, cabins, engine and boiler rooms, power plant compartments, and a 120 metre-long hangar, which is about the same length as a football pitch. We must paint all these compartments, install the hardware, properly insulate all the piping and frame elements, and present the whole thing for the customer's inspection. In addition to the engineers setting up the main equipment, we also have painters, joiners, fitters, insulation technicians and other specialists working on the Vikramaditya.”

 

On occasions there will be more than 3,000 people on board the Vikramaditya this year because the schedule of the sea trials is very tight. The maximum number recorded in 2012 was only about 2,000. The Indian crew will account for the bulk of that increase; 1,326 Indian officers and sailors will begin their practice on the carrier at sea. Sevmash is already making plans for quartering all the sailors, members of the commissioning teams, pilots, mechanics and other air support specialists on the ship. The Vikramaditya’s three galleys will be working flat out nearly round the clock to provide catering.

 

In the autumn of 2012, the Vikramaditya was forced to return to Sevmash, where it had previously been repaired and refitted, to replace the fire-resistant insulation of the boilers, which began to deteriorate during trials in the Barents Sea. This and several other problems with the hardware had forced Russia to postpone the delivery of the Vikramaditya to the Indian Navy, which was previously scheduled for 2012.

 

The new delivery deadline is November 2013. Eight boilers must be refurbished before the end of May if that deadline is to be met. The ship is scheduled to take to the sea once again on July 3, so there will be a month left to test all the boilers of the main power plant, including operation at the maximum load. The next stage of the trials, which involves the planes and helicopters based on the Vikramaditya, is scheduled for August 3.

 

In mid-October the ship will return to Sevmash, where specialists will spend another month preparing it for the voyage to India.

 

Trials schedule: Every day counts

 

Sergey Novoselov, Head of defence export projects at Sevmash

“On July 2013 the aircraft carrier will begin sea trials in the White Sea; we will spend a month testing all the boilers of the main power plant under various loads. The next stage of the trials will commence on August 3 in the Barents Sea, and end on September 30. It will involve the planes and helicopters based on the carrier; the aim is to test the operation of the entire carrier-aircraft complex. One of the critical parts of the trials is aircraft landings on the deck of the Vikramaditya during night-time. These flights will begin in late August or early September, once the midnight sun period north of the Polar Circle is over.

The huge size of the aircraft carrier requires meticulous care during movements around the shipyard. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

Then the ship is scheduled to return to Sevmash in early October to begin preparations for the voyage to India. November 15 is the deadline for the aircraft to be delivered to the customer and (for the ship to) set sail for its new home in India. Incidentally, we are planning a shorter route for that journey, via the Suez Canal rather than around Africa. In accordance with the terms of the contract, Sevmash engineers will perform repairs and maintenance during the initial 12-month warranty period, and then provide their services for another 20 years once the warranty has expired."

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:55
La marine chinoise en escale à Toulon

23 avril 2013 Var Matin

 

Trois navires de la marine nationale chinoise font escale, ce mardi matin, dans la rade de Toulon.

 

Une grande cérémonie d'accueil a été organisée par l'ambassade, qui a convié quelque 300 ressortissants chinois installés en France.

 

Accueilli au son de la la musique des équipages de la flotte de Toulon et sous les cris de la foule qui agitait des drapeaux dans tous les sens, l'équipage reste à quai pour cinq jours.

 

Toulon est la dernière escale d'une campagne de lutte anti-piraterie débutée il y a quatre mois par les trois navires de l'armée populaire de libération chinoise.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:50

25 April 2013 Defense Studies

 

Eight of the SAF's Leopard 2SG MBTs and four of the Bundeswehr's Leopard 2A6 MBTs were involved in the joint live-firing exercise at the NATO-Bergen Training Area, Germany  (all photos : Sing Mindef)

Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen visited the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) troops participating in Exercise Panzer Strike at the NATO-Bergen Training Area, Germany, on 23 April 2013.

During his visit, Dr Ng was briefed on the conduct of the exercise and witnessed a successful bilateral live-firing involving the 2nd Company of the 48th Battalion of the Singapore Armoured Regiment and their German counterparts from the Bundeswehr's 33rd Panzer Battalion. Both armies had been engaged in rigorous training and exchange of pointers in the lead-up to the joint exercise, which involved the execution of tactical manoeuvres.
 


Speaking to the servicemen at the visit, Dr Ng emphasised the importance of overseas training in providing realistic and challenging training opportunities for the SAF to hone its operational readiness and extended his appreciation to them for their professionalism and dedication. Giving his thoughts on the exercise, Dr Ng said, "I think all servicemen recognise and realise that they have to optimise these very precious training resources. It makes a big difference for them, they know that that once they have done this, they are very confident that they can fire accurately on the move and they are confident as a crew. I think that is something they have achieved that cannot be taken away from them - that they feel very confident of themselves."

 


Exercise Panzer Strike is the fifth in the series and has included a bilateral live-firing component for the second consecutive year. It will involve more than 1300 armour personnel, 14 Leopard 2SG Main Battle Tanks and 11 Bionix I Infantry Fighting Vehicles. These training opportunities in Germany have helped build up the professionalism and capabilities of the SAF Armour. Due to a recent agreement, SAF Armour will now be able to double their training time in Germany.

(Sing Mindef)

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Two new Army units for deployment near China border

 

April 24, 2013, zeenews.india.com

 

New Delhi: Against the backdrop of China strengthening its capability to airlift soldiers, India is planning to raise around 1,500 more airborne troops for deployment in the northeast along the China border.

 

Under the 12th Defence Plan, India is planning to raise two new battalions of the airborne troops with around 1,500 personnel under the elite Parachute Regiment of the Army, Defence Ministry sources said here.

 

The new raisings would be apparently used to check any move by any adversary to airdrop their troops within Indian territory and capture that area, they said.

 

The new units would also be used for the conventional roles in counter terrorism and counter insurgency operations in that area and would also be capable of being dropped behind enemy lines in case of any future war, they said.

 

Recently, the Army raised the 11 Para (SF) that is being deployed under the Tezpur-based 4 Corps and 3 Corps in Dimapur which are two of the Army's main formations looking after the border with China in the northeast.

 

The Parachute Regiment has 10 units under it of which eight are Special Forces units while the rest are Para Commando units with capability of launching airborne operations.

 

Seven among them have already been trained and classified as Special Forces, which are supposed to carry out counter- insurgency operations during peacetime and sabotage enemy installations beyond enemy lines during wars.

 

They are deployed in different sectors of the country and have also been given the responsibility to handle 26/11 type attacks near their area of deployment.

 

China in the recent past has significantly enhanced its capability to launch airborne operations and according to some reports, can air lift more than 3,500 soldiers for operational deployment in one go.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 17:35
Le dirigeant Kim Jong-Un lors d’une visite d’une installation militaire, le 20 mars 2013 (Photo: Archives/KCNA)

Le dirigeant Kim Jong-Un lors d’une visite d’une installation militaire, le 20 mars 2013 (Photo: Archives/KCNA)

 

 

24/04/2013 par Nicolas Laffont – 45eNord.ca

 

Le régime du leader nord-coréen Kim Jong-un a lancé la construction d’obstacles antichars à sa frontière avec le Sud, ont rapporté mercredi matin plusieurs médias chinois.

 

 

La chaîne Beijing TV a ainsi diffusé une vidéo montrant des militaires nord-coréens en train de mettre en place de grands blocs en béton à la frontière avec le Sud. Selon les informations de la télévision chinoise, ces obstacles sont destinés à empêcher le passage de chars et d’autres véhicules militaires sud-coréen en cas de conflit ouvert.

 

Des experts chinois estiment qu’il s’agit là d’une mesure «inhabituelle» pour le régime nord-coréen, ce qui laisserait supposer que Pyongyang se prépare bel et bien à la guerre.

 

La péninsule coréenne connaît un net regain de tension ces dernières semaines.

 

Depuis le succès du troisième essai nucléaire du pays, les sanctions des Nations Unies ont ravivé la colère du régime qui a menacé les États-Unis, la Corée du Sud et le Japon d’une guerre thermonucléaire. De son côté, la Corée du Sud a annoncé la mise au point d’un plan de frappe préventive en cas de menace directe pour sa sécurité.

 

Début mars, Pyongyang, en signe de protestation contre les exercices conjoints entre la Corée du Sud et les Etats-Unis, a résilié tous les accords de non-agression et de dénucléarisation conclus avec Séoul et a annoncé l’annulation de l’armistice conclu à l’issue de la guerre de Corée de 1950-1953.

 

 

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Singapore Armor Trains in Germany

April 24th, 2013 By SingaporeMoD - defencetalk.com

 

BERGEN, Germany: One-up, two-up, echelon left, echelon right and bounding-over-watch. These are fighting formations that the 48th Battalion, Singapore Armored Regiment (48 SAR) has executed with Leopard 2SG Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) at Exercise Panzer Strike in Germany.

 

Held on the undulating plains of Bergen-NATO training area – whose live-firing ranges provide three times the maximum firing distance of ranges in Singapore – the armour troopers’ progressive training will conclude with a company live-firing exercise involving 13 Leopard 2SG MBTs operating together and providing fire support for one another.

 

The fifth in the series since it started in 2009, Exercise Panzer Strike is being held from 8 Apr to 21 May this year. “Panzer” is German for armour.

 

From this year, the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) will be able to train in Germany twice a year as part of a recent agreement between Singapore and Germany.

 

During his introductory visit to Germany from 22 to 24 Apr, Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen met with his counterpart Dr Thomas de Maizière in Berlin. Both parties reaffirmed the warm and growing bilateral relations between Singapore and Germany, and expressed commitment to further strengthen and expand bilateral defence cooperation. Dr Ng also conveyed Singapore’s appreciation of the German government’s support for the SAF’s armour training in Germany.

 

Singapore and Germany signed a Defence Cooperation Agreement in September 2005 to formalise their defence interactions. Both countries interact regularly in a range of defence interactions, such as visits, military exchanges, professional courses, policy dialogues and technology collaboration. Dr de Maizière will also be participating in this year’s Shangri-La Dialogue, which will be held in June in Singapore.

 

As part of his visit to Germany, Dr Ng will visit the SAF troops at Exercise Panzer Strike later today.

 

For 48 SAR’s 2nd Company, this annual exercise is an important milestone in ensuring that they are ready to perform operational duties, said the battalion’s commanding officer Major (MAJ) Lim Han Yong. “In Singapore, 800m is the maximum range at which we can engage the targets. Over here, we can engage targets that are as far as 2,500m away.”

 

Another benefit of the large training area in Germany is being able to have moving tanks fire at moving targets, a configuration that is not possible in Singapore because of space limitations. “This enhances the realism (of the exercise) and the training competencies of our crewmen,” added MAJ Lim.

 

Another highlight of training there is the opportunity to fire the 120mm live round from the Leopard 2SG MBT. Lance Corporal (LCP) Chad Augustin, who is in charge of loading these rounds, described his experience as “fantastic”.

 

Speaking with a newfound confidence after having successfully completed several platoon-level live-firing exercises on the Leopard 2SG MBT as part of a four-man crew, the 19-year-old noted: “Training in Singapore is about honing your drills whereas here, it’s about experiencing the live-firing. If you’d asked me just two weeks ago, I’d probably tell you I’ll never make it (as a loader). But now, I feel like I can do anything.”

 

Master Warrant Officer (MWO) Lim Siang Yam, Wing Commander of the School of Armour’s Specialist Training Wing, was also at Exercise Panzer Strike with 158 Armour Infantry (AI) instructors and trainees, a large majority of whom had just graduated from the 05/12 Specialist Cadet Course.

 

This is the first time AI troopers are at Exercise Panzer Strike, and the three-week live-firing exercise in Germany will cap off their training as specialists in the armour formation.

 

Back home, AI troopers practise their skills on the Armour Gunnery Training Simulator. While the simulator helps the troopers sharpen their gunnery skills, MWO Lim pointed out that it required a lot more to accurately take down both stationary and moving targets during a live-firing exercise.

 

“The fatigue level and mental stress is very different as they have a lot more preparation prior to the live-firing,” said the 48-year-old.

 

AI trainee 3SG Jeevan S/O Mahendran said that after his live-firing exercise, he was more confident of the voice procedures when operating the BIONIX Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) as well as of the different roles that being a vehicle commander, a gunner and a trooper entailed. “I feel more confident to take care of and lead my men in the future.”

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Kraz 5 ton 6x6 truck (photo : Militaryphotos)

Kraz 5 ton 6x6 truck (photo : Militaryphotos)

24.04.2013 Defense Studies

“AutoKrAZ” Wins the Tender for Delivery of KrAZ Trucks after Severe Struggle

PJSC “AutoKrAZ” has won the tender for delivery of large lot of KrAZ trucks for the needs of Royal Thai Army. Trucks to be delivered will be provided with the YaMZ-238ДЕ2-33 engine rated at 330 hp (Еuro 3), the 9JS150TA-B transmission and the MFZ-430 clutch. All the trucks are right-hand drive.

At the customer’s request the trucks will be provided with hydraulic winch by leading global producer Sepson (Sweden). The contract award was preceded by tough comparative tests over a protracted period, where KrAZ participated along with other manufacturers of similar vehicles.

According to test program, the vehicles competed in the harshest climatic and environmental conditions of this country. Ukrainian truck achieved flawless victory in hard competitive struggle continuously keeping ahead of its rivals and demonstrating the best results in trial. This was a crucial factor in opting for KrAZ truck.

PJSC “AutoKrAZ” has proceeded with contract performance, with shipment set for August of this year.

(AutoKraz)

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23 avril 2013 2 23 /04 /avril /2013 18:35
source Ria novisti

source Ria novisti

TOKYO, 23 avr 2013 marine-oceans.com (AFP)

 

Une flottille gouvernementale chinoise est entrée mardi dans les eaux territoriales des îles Senkaku administrées par le Japon dont le Premier ministre a prévenu qu'il repousserait toute tentative de débarquement.

 

Cette brusque remontée de tension est intervenue au moment même où près de 170 parlementaires japonais se rendaient au sanctuaire Yasukuni de Tokyo, symbole du militarisme nippon pour Pékin qui a immédiatement dénoncé cette visite.

 

Selon les garde-côtes japonais, huit navires de surveillance maritime chinois ont pénétré vers 08H00 (lundi à 23H00 GMT) dans la zone de 12 milles (22 km) entourant ces îlots de mer de Chine orientale, revendiqués par Pékin sous le nom de Diaoyu. Ils étaient toujours sur zone vers 08H30 GMT.

 

C'est la première fois qu'autant de bateaux officiels chinois pénètrent ensemble dans les eaux territoriales de cet archipel inhabité, depuis que ce différend territorial s'est aggravé en septembre après l'achat par le Japon de trois de ses cinq îles à leur propriétaire privé nippon.

 

La Chine y envoie régulièrement des navires depuis, qui croisent dans la zone quelques heures avant de repartir.

 

"Nous protestons vigoureusement auprès de la Chine", a réagi le porte-parole du gouvernement nippon, Yoshihide Suga. L'ambassadeur de Chine à Tokyo a d'ailleurs été convoqué.

 

Au parlement japonais, le Premier ministre Shinzo Abe a été interrogé sur sa réponse à un éventuel débarquement chinois. "Il serait normal que nous les repoussions par la force si d'aventure ils débarquaient", a-t-il prévenu, évoquant les garde-côtes nippons qui assurent la protection de cette zone.

 

L'archipel est situé à 200 km au nord-est de Taïwan, qui le revendique également, et 400 km à l'ouest de l'île d'Okinawa (sud du Japon). Outre sa position stratégique, il recèlerait des ressources énergétiques dans ses fonds marins.

 

L'incursion des navires gouvernementaux chinois a coïncidé avec une visite massive de parlementaires japonais au sanctuaire shintoïste de Yasukuni, au coeur de Tokyo.

 

Pas moins de 168 parlementaires se sont rendus dans ce lieu de culte où sont honorés 2,5 millions de soldats japonais morts pour la patrie, dont 14 Japonais reconnus coupables de crimes de guerre par les Alliés après la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

 

Ces députés et sénateurs, issus majoritairement du Parti Libéral-Démocrate (conservateur) au pouvoir, sont allés au sanctuaire dans le cadre de son festival de printemps. Cette visite, la plus importante de ce type depuis 1989, a été immédiatement dénoncée à Pékin comme à Séoul.

 

"Quelle que soit la forme qu'elles prennent, et quelles que soient les qualités de leurs auteurs, les visites de responsables japonais à Yasukuni sont par définition des tentatives de nier le passé d'agression du Japon", a déclaré Hua Chunying, porte-parole de la diplomatie chinoise.

 

Séoul a souligné pour sa part que Tokyo devrait "sérieusement réfléchir" à l'impact de ces hommages sur ses relations avec ses voisins. "Le sanctuaire Yasukuni est un endroit qui glorifie la guerre et honore des criminels de guerre", a déploré le porte-parole du ministère sud-coréen des Affaires étrangères, Cho Tai-Young.

 

En fin de semaine dernière, trois ministres japonais, dont le vice-Premier ministre et ministre des Finances Taro Aso, s'étaient déjà rendus au sanctuaire, ce qui avait poussé la Corée du Sud à annuler un déplacement au Japon de son chef de la diplomatie.

 

M. Abe s'est abstenu de se rendre au Yasukuni, mais y a dédié dimanche un objet en bois utilisé pour des rituels, appelé masakaki.

 

Les relations du Japon avec ses voisins restent marquées par les souvenirs douloureux de la colonisation de la Corée (1910-1945) et de l'occupation d'une partie de la Chine des années 1930 à 1945.

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23 avril 2013 2 23 /04 /avril /2013 12:59
Détection des premières traces radioactives après le test nord-coréen de Février 2013

23 avril 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

VIENNE - Des traces de radioactivité ont été détectées pour la première fois depuis l'essai atomique réalisé par la Corée du Nord en février, a annoncé mardi l'agence de contrôle des essais nucléaires (CTBTO).

 

La proportion d'isotopes du xenon (xenon-131m et xenon-133) détectée est conforme à un cas de fission nucléaire ayant eu lieu il y a plus de 50 jours avant la découverte de ces gaz, a expliqué l'agence basée à Vienne en Autriche.

 

Cela coïncide très bien avec le test nucléaire annoncé par la Corée du Nord, qui s'est produit le 12 février 2013, 55 jours avant la mesure, ajoute l'Organisation du Traité d'interdiction complète des essais nucléaires.

 

La découverte de ces gaz par une station de contrôle au Japon ne peut toutefois pas aider à répondre à la question clef concernant le matériau fissile utilisé, uranium enrichi ou plutonium.

 

Le pays avait employé du plutonium lors des deux précédents essais atomiques en 2006 et 2009. S'il avait recouru à l'uranium enrichi pour son troisième test, cela signifierait qu'il a franchi une étape technologique significative, de quoi inquiéter encore davantage la communauté internationale.

 

Toutefois, il est également possible que ces radionucléides découverts à Takasaki (Japon), à un millier de kilomètre du site d'essais de la Corée du Nord, proviennent d'un réacteur nucléaire ou d'une autre activité atomique, admet le CTBTO, ajoutant que des analyses plus poussées étaient actuellement en cours.

 

L'agence a exclu que les émanations détectées puissent provenir de la centrale nucléaire de Fukushima, sérieusement endommagée lors du tremblement de terre suivi d'un tsunami géant en mars 2011.

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 21:37
EU Council conclusions on Myanmar/Burma

22/4/2013 EU source: Council  - Ref: CL13-038EN

 

Summary: 22 April 2013, Luxembourg - Council of the European Union 3236th FOREIGN AFFAIRS Council meeting conclusions on Myanmar/Burma

 

The Council adopted the following conclusions:

 

"1. The European Union has watched and supported the remarkable process of reform in Myanmar/Burma. It welcomes the developments towards democracy, a strong Parliament, freedom of expression, and the government's efforts against corruption, as well as the efforts towards the release of remaining political prisoners.

 

2. The EU is willing to open a new chapter in its relations with Myanmar/Burma building a lasting partnership and to promote closer engagement with the country as a whole. In response to the changes that have taken place and in the expectation that they will continue, the Council has decided to lift all sanctions with the exception of the embargo on arms which will remain in place.

 

3. The EU congratulates the government of Myanmar/Burma on what has been achieved, but is conscious that there are still significant challenges to be addressed. It looks forward to working in partnership with the government, by establishing a regular political dialogue involving all concerned stakeholders:

 

- To achieve sustainable peace in Myanmar/Burma by addressing long-standing differences in an inclusive way, and in particular calling for an end of hostilities in Kachin State;

 

- To consolidate the democratic achievements so far and to move further towards full transition; in this regard, the EU is ready to share with Myanmar/Burma the recent experience on political transition and democratisation in some of its Member States;

 

- To strengthen human rights and the rule of law including through enhanced cooperation with the UN, in particular to ensure the protection of all minorities; to this end, the EU will explore ways to promote a regular human rights dialogue with Myanmar/Burma;

 

- To establish Myanmar/Burma as an active and respected member of the international community, by adhering to international agreements, including in relation to human rights, land mines, non-proliferation and disarmament, particularly supporting President U Thein Sein commitments to comply with the relevant UNSC resolutions;

 

- To encourage responsible trade and investment while promoting transparency and environmental protection. Furthermore, a swift reinstatement of the Generalized Scheme of Preferences to Myanmar/Burma will contribute to the EU's policy of supporting the economic reforms. As a next step, the EU will explore the feasibility of a bilateral investment agreement;

 

- To promote inclusive and sustainable growth, as well as good governance to achieve the Millennium Development Goals in line with the government's plans. The task is now to ensure that reforms are translated to economic benefits for ordinary people. The EU will maintain increased levels of development assistance, in coordination with other donors.

 

4. The EU stands ready to cooperate with Myanmar/Burma with regard to the following complex challenges while underlining its concerns on:

 

- The need to unconditionally release the remaining political prisoners, while noting with satisfaction the creation of a review mechanism and looking forward to the early completion of its work;

 

- The need to deal with inter-communal violence. The EU welcomes President U Thein Sein promise that all perpetrators of violence will be prosecuted, and his commitment to a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and multi-faith society which should include addressing the root causes of the violence. In this context, the EU is studying the possibility of assisting the reform of the police service in Myanmar/Burma, in partnership with all appropriate stakeholders, in particular with the country's Parliament;

 

- The need for urgent action to deal with humanitarian risks for all displaced people in the Rakhine State. At the same time, the government should continue to pursue and implement durable solutions to the underlying causes of the tensions that include addressing the status of the Rohingya;

 

- The need for unhindered and full access for humanitarian and development aid workers to all communities affected by conflict and sectarian violence.

 

5. Recognising that the period leading to general elections in 2015 is critical for the country's overall transition, the Council underlines the importance of coordination and coherence in the EU's response. Consequently, building on the elements above, as well as on its conclusions in April 2012, the Council invites the High Representative/Vice President to discuss and propose a comprehensive framework with priorities for the EU's policy and support to the ongoing reforms for the next three years. Furthermore, the Council encourages relevant authorities in Member States and EU institutions to proceed without delay to joint programming of development aid for Myanmar/Burma while respecting the existing harmonisation efforts.

 

6. The EU will use all means and mechanisms at its disposal to support Myanmar/Burma's political, economic and social transition and in this context welcomes the initiative of a Task Force to be launched later in the year, building on the Joint Statement agreed on 5 March 2013 during the visit of President U Thein Sein to Brussels.

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 18:35
Credits : harvard.edu

Credits : harvard.edu

Apr. 22, 2013 Defense news (AFP)

 

BEIJING — The top U.S. military officer said Monday that Washington’s armed presence in the Asia-Pacific was meant to contribute to regional stability as he met his Chinese counterpart on a rare visit.

 

Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was in Beijing amid regional tensions over North Korea’s nuclear program, maritime disputes and China’s concerns that the U.S. wants to contain its growing military strength.

 

Relations between Washington and Beijing have also been strained over a U.S. “pivot” to Asia after years of conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan and accusations, denied by China, that its military has carried out large-scale cyber attacks on U.S. companies and institutions.

 

“We seek to be a stabilizing influence in the region,” Dempsey said at a joint news conference with Fang Fenghui, the chief of the People’s Liberation Army general staff.

 

“We are committed to building a better, deeper, more enduring relationship,” he said.

 

Fang said the two militaries needed to deepen cooperation and exchanges.

 

“The Pacific Ocean is wide enough to accommodate us both,” he said. “We should be cooperating partners regardless of the circumstances.”

 

He reiterated China’s position that it opposed cyber attacks and was itself a victim.

 

“Cybersecurity, if it is uncontrolled, the effects can be, and I don’t exaggerate, at times no less than a nuclear bomb,” he said.

 

He said China was opposed to nuclear tests by North Korea and supported U.N. Security Council resolutions against Pyongyang, but reiterated Beijing’s position that dialogue was the key to solving the issue.

 

“North Korea has already conducted a third nuclear test, and it could conduct a fourth nuclear test,” he said, but did not elaborate.

 

Dempsey’s predecessor, Adm. Mike Mullen, visited China in 2011 in what was the first trip by a U.S. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in four years.

 

The latest visit came as China appeared to single out the U.S. in a military white paper last week, saying that “certain efforts” to enhance military deployment in Asia “are not conducive to the upholding of peace and stability in the region.”

 

China and some of its neighbors, including the Philippines and Vietnam, have boosted their naval capacity amid smoldering spats over disputed regions of the South China Sea, and China put its first aircraft carrier into service last year.

 

Beijing is also locked in a bitter dispute with Tokyo over islands in the East China Sea.

 

The U.S. stations tens of thousands of troops in allies Japan and South Korea and has announced plans to deploy more forces in Australia.

 

China has repeatedly asserted that it does not have an expansionist foreign policy as it continues its “peaceful rise.”

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 16:35
L'UE lève les sanctions contre la Birmanie, sauf sur les armes

22 avril 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

LUXEMBOURG - L'Union européenne a levé lundi toutes les sanctions commerciales, économiques et individuelles prises à l'encontre de la Birmanie, à l'exception de l'embargo sur les armes.

 

L'UE est désireuse d'ouvrir un nouveau chapitre dans ses relations avec la Birmanie, en établissant un partenariat durable, ont déclaré les ministres européens des Affaires étrangères réunis à Luxembourg.

 

En réponse aux changements entrepris et à l'espoir qu'ils vont se poursuivre, le Conseil (des ministres) a décidé de lever toutes les sanctions à l'exception de l'embargo sur les armes, ont-ils ajouté dans les conclusions de leur réunion.

 

Ces sanctions avaient été suspendues pour un an en avril 2012 pour saluer les réformes démocratiques engagées par le gouvernement de Thein Sein depuis son arrivée au pouvoir un an plus tôt.

 

L'UE a toutefois prévenu lundi qu'il y avait toujours des défis importants à relever pour les autorités birmanes, en particulier pour mettre fin aux troubles dans la région de Kachin, dans le nord, et solutionner les problèmes des Rohingya, une minorité musulmane apatride.

 

L'organisation de défense des droits de l'Homme Human Rights Watch (HRW) a dénoncé lundi une campagne de nettoyage ethnique contre les Rohingyas, des accusations rejetées par la Birmanie.

 

Dans ce contexte, la levée des sanctions par l'UE est prématurée et regrettable, a souligné Phil Robertson, directeur adjoint pour l'Asie de HRW, en estimant qu'elle limiterait les moyens de pression pour encourager le régime à poursuivre les réformes entreprises depuis la dissolution de la junte en 2011.

 

Les sanctions européennes comprenaient notamment des interdictions de voyager et des gels d'avoirs à l'encontre de 491 personnes. Quelque 59 sociétés et organisations étaient également visées par des gels d'avoirs.

 

En outre, des restrictions commerciales et sur les investissements visaient plus de 800 entreprises, actives dans les domaines de l'exploitation forestière, de l'activité minière et du commerce de pierres précieuses. Par ailleurs, 52 entreprises contrôlées par la junte au pouvoir jusqu'en 2011 faisaient l'objet de restrictions en matière d'investissement.

 

Après avoir doublé le montant de l'aide au développement, le faisant passer à environ 200 millions d'euros pour 2012-13, l'UE envisage maintenant un accord bilatéral pour doper les investissements dans ce pays asiatique.

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 16:35
indian-army source indiatoday

indian-army source indiatoday

17 Apr , 2013 Lt Gen Prakash Katoch; former Lt Gen Special Forces, Indian Army - indiandefencereview.com

 

A study released by the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, USA on 14 Jan 2013 has totaled the direct spending by the US on the war in Afghanistan for the period FY2001 to FY2013 as $641.7 billion. Of this, $198.2 billion (over 30 per cent) will be spent in FY2012 and FY2013.Bulk of the total spending and aid has been allocated since FY2009 – after insurgency reached high levels – clear case of too much, too late.

 

More significantly, it states that vast majority of aid went to the ANSF and ‘not’ on development. This indicates a US priority weighted on military expenditure and not on economic development. The emerging overall US doctrine implies US will not take primary responsibility for events but allow regional crises to play out until a new regional balance is reached.

 

However, US will continue controlled engagement in accordance with its national interests. This is how the game will play out in Afghanistan, Syria and other conflict areas including Asia-Pacific. This matches Obama’s January 2013 speech of “a decade of war having ended and time having come for reviving economy”. Barry Cooper, Senior Fellow, Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, wrote thus on 8th January 2013 in Calgary Herald…“Most important are our own interests: we are willing to let Pakistan (and even Iran) establish spheres of influence in Afghanistan because at the end of the day, we really don’t care how Afghans govern themselves”.

 

A run up to future instability and chaos in Afghanistan has already commenced. John M Gillete wrote in Small Wars Journal on 05 Feb, 2013, “ANSF has committed extraordinary assets to road clearing/ security… over large parts of the country offensive operations have ceased entirely and, in cases even resulted in a withdrawal of security forces from key terrain… without adequate supplies and effective communications large portions of the east, south and west are effectively isolated from Kabul… abandonment of key terrain have caused increasing numbers of security force personnel to become disillusioned and normally high attrition rates have swelled to epidemic levels that greatly exceed the rate at which new recruits are being added.”

 

Earlier, in December 2012, John Glaser writing in AntiWar.com had reported that   around 50,000 Afghan soldiers (about 26 per cent)  quit the army annually, so do eight per cent of Afghan police officers every year quite contrary to the “rosy picture” Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and top US military officials have been painting.

 

As per Chris Sands (Global Post, Kabul – 20 Feb 2013), parts of Afghanistan have already descended into ethnic violence and civil conflict. In the southern province of Urugzan, a militia headed by a Hazara (ostensibly backed by US) is accused of deliberately destroying houses, raping women and murdering dozens of civilians. Up north, Northern Alliance is remobilising in case internationally supported talks with the Taliban see them return to power. Then there also have been reports of extremists from CAR, particularly from Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) fighting alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan.

 

The US will be content if Northern Afghanistan holds as a buffer between Taliban and CAR. The power vacuum in southern and eastern Afghanistan may not be addressed if the US decides to restrict itself to training role and the ANSF resorts to fortress defence in face of mounting Taliban pressure. SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) will likely have increased influence in Afghanistan but China will unlikely commit any troops unless Chinese interests are directly threatened.

 

However, there is possibility of increased NATO-CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization) cooperation since China cannot provide security for her investments in the region and Russia understands the adverse effect of Taliban reaching Kabul. There has been some speculation of another international force like that from OIC countries but this remains speculative. A force under the UN flag too is unlikely as it comes into being only when both parties agree. So who is the other party besides Afghanistan; Taliban will not agree and Pakistan will say it was never involved. Can a UN force thus be deployed only on Afghanistan’s request to fight terror?

 

In the evolving situation in Afghanistan, Pakistan will continue to exert its influence to keep Afghanistan within its sphere of influence. Michael Hughes, geopolitical journalist spoke thus of Kayani in July 2010… “Kayani was brazen enough to try and inveigle Afghanistan to strike a power-sharing arrangement with the Haqqanis. And Kayani, apparently the spokesperson for the Haqqani group, said they’d be willing to split from and denounce Al Qaeda, which is President Obama’s primary rationale for the war. However, there is a higher probability of General Kayani converting to Hinduism than there is of the Haqqani Network ever being decoupled from Al Qaeda… Nine years, nearly $300 billion dollars and 1900 dead coalition soldiers later, the US has officially verified that the entire war effort has been focused on the wrong side of the mountains”.

 

Agha H Amin, a defence analyst and a former Pakistan army officer reinforces this by saying, “Utopians in India are jubilant that Pakistan has made peace with India. Nothing in reality can be farther from the truth… the real picture of true intentions of the Pakistani military will emerge when the US withdraws from Afghanistan. This will be the time when the Russians, Iranians and Indians will have no choice but to support the Northern Alliance against Pakistan sponsored Taliban who regard all Shias, Ismailis, non-Pashtuns, moderate Pashtuns as infidels who deserve to be massacred”.

 

Calls being raised for Indian military deployment in Afghanistan post 2014 are grossly unwise being out of sync with ground realities. In the first place, there has been no request from Afghanistan for the same. Secondly, supply lines would perforce have to pass through Pakistan which would make the move a non-starter.

 

In any event, sending Indian troops to Afghanistan when Karzai seeks the removal of all foreign troops is certainly not an option. India should however provide militarily assistance to Afghanistan. This could take the form of assisting Afghanistan in establishing country wide Industrial Security Force, reducing unemployment and providing security for mining, infrastructure and development projects to boost economy.

 

In addition, besides assisting in the training of Afghanistan’s young officers, India could assist ANSF set up Afghan National Army Officers Academy (ANOA) and provide instructors (as required by ANSF) to facilitate modulate US/NATO concepts of war fighting to Afghan requirements. India could also supply military equipment to Afghanistan consistent with envisaged Taliban/Al Qaeda threat – in conjunction/consultation with other countries. It could also look into having joint military exercises both in India and Afghanistan for counter terrorism,  operations under UN and special operations and regular exchange of intelligence teams as part of ‘Security Cooperation’ under the India-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement 2011.

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21 avril 2013 7 21 /04 /avril /2013 11:35
Russia Ratifies Central Asia Base Deals

MOSCOW, April 19 (RIA Novosti)

 

Russia’s lower house of parliament, the State Duma, ratified agreements with Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan on Friday extending the presence of Russian military bases in those countries.

 

Both bases are seen by Moscow as a bulwark against the threat of Islamist militancy and drug-trafficking in Central Asia.

 

Moscow and Dushanbe clinched an agreement in October last year to extend the lease of the Russian Army's 201st Division's base in Tajikistan until at least 2042, with possible five-year extensions afterwards.

 

The base was officially opened in 2004 under a previous agreement, which was signed in 1993, and hosts Russia’s largest military contingent deployed abroad.

 

A total of 7,000 Russian troops are stationed at three military facilities collectively known as the 201st military base - in Dushanbe, the southwestern city of Qurgonteppa some 100 km (60 miles) from Dushanbe, and Kulob, about 200 km (120 miles) southwest of the capital.

 

The agreement with Kyrgyzstan, signed in September last year, grants Russia military facilities there until at least 2032, with possible five-year extensions afterwards.

 

Kyrgyzstan hosts a Russian airbase in Kant, some 20 kilometers (12 miles) outside the capital, Bishkek, a naval communications center in the village of Chaldovar in the Chui region, a naval testing site near the city of Karakol, 380 km (240 miles) from Bishkek, and a radioseismic laboratory in Mailuu-Sai, which is part of the unified automated system designed to detect the testing and use of nuclear weapons around the world, as well as earthquakes.

 

The Kant airbase serves the interests of the Collective Security Treaty Organization - a regional security body.

 

The base was established in October 2003, and currently hosts about 700 servicemen, as well as several Su-25 Frogfoot attack aircraft and Su-27 Flanker fighters, two Mi-8 combat transport helicopters, and four L-39 combat trainers

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21 avril 2013 7 21 /04 /avril /2013 11:35
Le Vietnam pourrait acheter des avions américains

 

20.04.2013, Vassili Kachine, Rédaction en ligne - La Voix de la Russie

 

Le représentant du constructeur d’avions américain Lockheed Martin a déclaré dans une interview que les forces navales du Vietnam pourraient commander six avions de patrouille P-3C Orion.

 

Ces avions devraient être livrés au Vietnam sans l’armement dans un premier temps. Cependant, avec le renforcement des relations américano-vietnamiennes, ces appareils pourraient être équipés d’armes. Le Vietnam recevra les avions P-3C qui proviennent de la réserve de la flotte américaine. Il s’agit des avions relativement récents qui pourront servir encore 20 ans après leur modernisation.

 

Le Vietnam, il ne peut pas vraiment choisir parmi les fournisseurs d’avions de patrouille. Ces appareils sont les principaux instruments de lutte contre les sous-marins. La Russie a depuis longtemps cessé la production des Il-38 etTu-142. Pour l’instant, elle procède à la modernisation de son parc existant. Ces avions ne sont pas très nombreux en Russie, c’est pourquoi il ne serait pas rationnel de les exporter. L’Europe a également arrêté de fabriquer ce type d’avions. Seuls les Etats-Unis ont lancé un programme de production d’avions de patrouille P-8 Poseidon. Les P-3C Orion qui n’ont pas encore entièrement exploité leur réserve, devraient donc être radiés de l’exploitation.

 

Le P-3C est un avion anti-sous-marin puissant et efficace. La livraison des avions de ce type au Vietnam, surtout s’ils sont armés, peut être une raison de préoccupation pour le commandement de la Marine chinoise.

 

La base pour les sous-marins nucléaires Yulin se trouve sur l’île de Hainan au Sud de la Chine. Cette base qui coûte des milliards de dollars renferme aussi des abris souterrains pour les bateaux, les entrepôts, des arsenaux, et un système complexe de protection. C’est ici que devraient se trouver des sous-marins de la classe 094 Jin dotés de missiles balistiques. Ensuite, ils devraient être remplacés par des sous-marins de la classe 096 Tan. La mer de Chine du Sud est la zone principale de patrouille pour les sous-marins nucléaires chinois. Et toute activité de renseignement de la marine américaine et de ses alliés dans cette zone provoque une réaction nerveuse de la part du gouvernement chinois. Par le passé, cela n’a déjà provoqué des incidents dangereux.

 

En comparaison avec les navires russes, les sous-marins chinois ont un certain retard technologique, considèrent les experts. Les avions P-3C étaient considérés comme un moyen très efficace pour faire face aux sous-marins soviétiques et russes, ce qui veut dire qu’ils représentent un danger encore plus important pour la Chine. En décollant des bases vietnamiennes, les aéronefs P-3C peuvent assurer la surveillance des réions de patrouille des sous-marins chinois.

 

La Chine devra prendre des mesures pour garantir la sécurité de ses sous-marins, notamment avec le porte-avions Liaoning. Ce dernier pourrait fermer une zone importante en mer de Chine méridionale pour les avions P-3C vietnamiens. Le premier porte-avions soviétique Amiral Kuznetsov, construit selon le même projet que Liaoning, était destiné à la même mission. Ce navire était destiné à protéger la zone de patrouille des sous-marins nucléaires et prendre sur soi les premiers tirs de l'ennemi, permettant ainsi de faire gagner du temps au gouvernement du pays afin que ce dernier puisse prendre une décision de riposte.

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