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17 septembre 2013 2 17 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
Rebalancing the Maritime Pivot to Asia

September 17, 2013 by Abhijit Singh - thediplomat.com

 

Rumors of the pivot’s death are exaggerated. A flexible strategy could give the U.S. a sustained presence.

 

When it appeared, prior to the recent deal with Russia, that the U.S. might be preparing for military strikes against Syria, a chorus of voices emerged to prophesize that this latest Middle Eastern entanglement would have dire implications for the U.S. maritime pivot to Asia. Speculation was rife that Washington may have indeed already begun the process of re-drawing its commitment to East Asia.

 

Yet, chronic skeptics eager to write the pivot’s obituary may be premature. The rebalancing may be at a crossroads, but there appears to be some innovative thinking at work to realign the fundamentals of the strategy to help  Washington achieve its broader objectives.

 

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17 septembre 2013 2 17 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
L’aviation japonaise traque un drone chinois

16 septembre 2013 par Edouard Maire – Info-Aviation

 

L’interception d’un drone chinois par un avion de chasse japonais au-dessus de la mer de Chine orientale indique que la plate-forme BUAA BZK-005 de moyenne altitude et longue endurance (MALE) est entrée en service dans l’armée chinoise.

 

 

Le 9 septembre 2013, un chasseur de la Japan Air Self- Defense (JMSDF) a intercepté un drone qui se dirigeait vers Okinawa depuis l’espace aérien chinois. Le drone photographié disposait d’un rmoteur, d’un double empennage avec des ailerons inclinés vers l’extérieur, et une tourelle optique qui correspond à la description du BZK-005.

 

L’armée de l’air japonaise a suivi le drone qui se dirigeait vers le détroit de Miyako entre Okinawa et les îles Miyakojima. À environ 170 km du détroit , il a effectué une patrouille circulaire avant de retourner vers la Chine.

 

Le BZK -005 a déjà été vu dans une vidéo promotionnelle du groupe AVIC au salon aéronautique de Zhuhai en 2006. Et en octobre 2009, deux plates-formes ont été photographiés sur un aérodrome près de Pékin. Il semble que le drone soit très similaire au Heron fabriqué par Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), en s’ajoutant une autonomie d’environ 40 heures à une altitude maximale d’environ 26.000 pieds.

 

Le drone chinois a effectué sa patrouille un jour après que la JASDF découvre deux bombardiers Xian H-6 qui survolaient le détroit de Miyako qui coïncidait aussi avec le premier anniversaire de la nationalisation partielle des îles Senkaku (Diaoyutai), qui sont également revendiquées par la Chine et Taiwan.

 

Le ministère de la Défense japonais a également publié des images prises par un avion de patrouille maritime P-3C Orion montrant deux frégates type 054A, Yiyang (fanion 548) et Changzhou (549), à environ 100 km au nord-est des îles Miyakojima.

 

Reste que cette observation d’un drone – qui est certainement d’origine chinoise – permet au Japon de justifier ses récentes initiatives pour accroître sa force militaire à Okinawa avec l’arrivée de F-15J/DJ Mitsubishi Eagles et d’avions de surveillance E-2 Hawkeye Northrop Grumman.

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17 septembre 2013 2 17 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
La Chine ne compte pas transiger sur ses principes en matière de défense

2013-09-13 french.cri.cn

 

Selon Wang Guanzhong, le sous-chef d' état-major de l'Armée populaire de Libération, la Chine souhaite que les Etats-Unis défendent la paix et oeuvrent pour la stabilité de la région Asie-Pacifique, lors de leurs réajustements stratégiques. Et sur la question de l'île de Taiwan, sujet capital pour les intérêts chinois, la Chine ne transigera absolument pas, a-t-il déclaré, le 13 septembre.

 

Le 9 septembre, Wang Guanzhong et James Miller, le vice-ministre de la Défense, ont présidé ensemble la 14e conférence des ministères de la Défense sino-américaine.

 

D'après M.Wang, le président chinois, Xi Jingping, et son homologue américain, Barack Obama, ont consenti à ce que la Chine et les Etats-Unis conçoivent et construisent ensemble de nouvelles relations, à condition de se respecter et de coopérer. Dans ces circonstances, les deux pays doivent faire avancer les relations entre les deux armées pour obtenir plus de résultats.

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13 septembre 2013 5 13 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
Laurent Fabius en Chine dimanche pour évoquer la Syrie

12/09 LesEchos.fr (Reuters)

 

Le ministre français des Affaires étrangères Laurent Fabius se rendra dimanche en Chine pour évoquer la situation en Syrie avec son homologue Wang Yi, a-t-on appris jeudi auprès du quai d'Orsay.

 

Laurent Fabius se rendra ensuite lundi à Oulan Bator dans le cadre d'une visite destinée à développer les relations économiques avec la Mongolie avant de se rendre en Russie mardi où il rencontrera son homologue Sergueï Lavrov, a précisé le porte-parole du ministère Philippe Lalliot.

 

Les déplacements en Chine et en Russie seront centrés sur la situation en Syrie, a-t-il ajouté.

 

Depuis le début du conflit, il y a plus de deux ans, la Chine et la Russie s'opposent à toute mesure destinée à accroître la pression sur le régime de Bachar al Assad, en utilisant notamment leur droit de veto au Conseil de sécurité de l'Onu.

 

La Russie a présenté lundi un plan visant à éviter des frappes militaires occidentales contre le régime syrien.

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12 septembre 2013 4 12 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Editorial: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization - China’s NATO?

12 September 2013 By Tyler Roney – Pacific Sentinel

 

On Friday leaders of Central Asian nations will meet at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. China arguably wields the most power of the countries involved, and the propaganda mills in Beijing are pumping out content hailing the importance of the upcoming meeting. In the end, though, what does it really mean for the Middle Kingdom?
 
The SCO, previously known as the "Shanghai Five," is made up of major and minor players; while China and Russia are the main attractions, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan sit on the sidelines, hoping for a spot in China's "Go West" strategy. There is a lot on the agenda to cover, from China's pipelines to security in Afghanistan. However, one thing is clear: China holds the reins.
 
Currently, China's celebrated lord and master Xi Jinping is touring the Central Asian nations to much fanfare back home. The state run media is following his stops in each country closely, hanging on every written promise of upholding the rule of law and that China will provide 30,000 government scholarships for SCO member states to study in China.
 
Indeed, the SCO isn't just a meeting of like-minded nations; it's a chance for China to show off its charm.
 
Read the full story at The Diplomat
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12 septembre 2013 4 12 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Un an de tensions croissantes en mer de Chine pour les îles Senkaku/Diaoyu

La Chine a envoyé plusieurs de ses navires dans la zone des - très contestées - îles Senkaku (Photo China.org.cn)

 

11/09/2013 par Nicolas Laffont - 45eNord.ca
 

Un an après la nationalisation d’un archipel d’îles revendiqué par le Japon, la Chine et Taïwan, les garde-côtes japonais étaient en alerte mercredi.

 

«Nous sommes en état d’alerte, car ce jour marque le premier anniversaire de la nationalisation des îles Senkaku», a expliqué à l’AFP Yuma Miyako, un responsable des garde-côtes nippons.

Administrées par Tokyo, les îles sont situées à 200 km au nord-est de Taïwan et à 400 km à l’ouest de l’île d’Okinawa (sud du Japon).

Il y a un an jour pour jour, le Japon décidait d’acheter trois des cinq îles à leur propriétaire privé, ce qui n’a pas manqué de faire réagit Pékin, qui depuis, envoie régulièrement ses navires. Selon l’agence officielle Xinhua, ce sont 59 patrouilles de navires chinois qui ont vogué dans les environs des îles depuis le 11 septembre 2012.

 

 

Mercredi matin, quatre navires de la garde-côtière chinoise voguaient dans les eaux à proximité immédiate de cet archipel, soit juste à l’extérieur du rayon de 12 mille nautiques (22 km) marquant les eaux territoriales japonaises.

Ces quatre navires faisaient partie d’une flotte de huit navires qui avaient franchies la limite mardi pour en ressortir quelques heures plus tard.

La convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer précise qu’un pays a le droit d’expulser des navires militaires étrangers de ses eaux territoriales.

L’article 30 indique ainsi: «Si un navire de guerre ne respecte pas les lois et règlements de l’État côtier relatifs au passage dans la mer territoriale et passe outre, à la demande qui lui est faite de s’y conformer, l’État côtier peut exiger que ce navire quitte immédiatement la mer territoriale». Toutefois, ce texte ne fait pas mention de navires gouvernementaux, comme ceux des garde-côte, uniquement des «navires de guerre».

«Aussi appliquons-nous la ligne générale du gouvernement japonais qui est de demander (aux navires chinois) de quitter nos eaux territoriales» quand ils y entrent, a-t-il ajouté.

Mardi, le porte-parole du gouvernement japonais, Yoshihide Suga, a estimé que baser des fonctionnaires japonais sur ces îles était «une option» envisageable, ce qui a fait également réagir Pékin par l’intermédiaire du porte-parole du ministère des Affaires étrangères de Chine qui a qualifié ces remarques de «très préoccupantes», ajoutant: «La Chine est déterminée à défendre sa souveraineté sur les îles Diaoyu et ne tolèrera aucune action japonaise qui l’enfreindrait», a déclaré Hong Lei. «Le Japon devrait s’attendre à subir les conséquences de cette provocation.»

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
destroyer Qingdao (DDG 113)

destroyer Qingdao (DDG 113)

September 10, 2013. David Pugliese - Defence Watch

 

Three China People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) ships arrived in Hawaii last week to join the US Navy in a search-and-rescue exercise, according to Associated Press. The PLAN guided missile destroyer Qingdao, a frigate and a supply ship took part in exercises Monday with the USS Lake Erie off Waikiki in order to foster operational familiarity between the two navies, according to the report. PLAN ships last visited the U.S. in 2006, when they stopped in Pearl Harbor and San Diego for communications drills and search-and-rescue exercises, while the two nations last held a joint drill in 2012 during an anti-piracy exercise off Somalia, the report notes.

 

Meanwhile, Admiral Wu Shengli, commander of the PLAN, is in San Diego to visit USN Third Fleet headquarters and meet with USN Chief of Operations, Admiral Jonathan Greenert, according to another AP report. China will participate for the first time in the Rim of the Pacific exercise off Hawaii in 2014, the world’s largest maritime exercise.

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
China's military to hold exercises involving 40,000 troops

Sep 10, 2013 brahmand.com

 

BEIJING (PTI): China's militarywill hold one of its biggest exercises involving 40,000 troops aimed at testing the logistic ability of the world's largest army to move its troops in real wartime situation.

 

Dubbed as "Mission Action 2013," the exercises will involve more than 40,000 soldiers of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) from the Nanjing and Guangzhou military area commands.

 

The Air Force too will participate in the drills, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported without giving the specific schedule.

 

The troops are expected to maneuver over 30,000 km by vehicle, railway, sea and air in order to test logistic capabilities of the PLA in a real war situation, according to military headquarters.

 

The 2.3 million-strong PLA, world's largest army, will also test coordination capabilities of different army units and organise cooperation between military and civilian forces.

 

Civilian transport tools, including railways and civilian vehicles, civilian airliners and ships will join the military action, the report said.

 

"Mission Action 2013" is part of the annual military training plan and has been approved by the Central Military Commission (CMC) chaired by Xi Jinping, who is also Chinese President and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee.

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Editorial: China Flies Bombers and Drone Near Japanese Skies

11 September 2013 By J. Michael Cole – Pacific Sentinel

 
The Japanese Self-Defense Forces were on a high state of alert on September 9 ahead of the first anniversary of Japan’s controversial purchase of islets in the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu archipelago, particularly after a pair of Chinese bombers flew near Okinawa the previous day.
 
Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera has ordered military personnel to strengthen their surveillance around the Senkakus, which are also claimed by China and Taiwan. A source in the Japanese government indicated that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and Chinese maritime enforcement could take “outstanding” action in the area on September 11, the first anniversary of the purchase.
 
Read the full story at The Diplomat
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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 07:25
China delivers control of satellite to Venezuela

Caracas, Venezuela Sep 09, 2013 (XNA)
 

China has delivered full control of the Chinese-built Miranda satellite over to Venezuela, Venezuelan Minister of Science and Technology Manuel Fernandez announced Monday at an official event.

At the transfer ceremony held at the Manuel Rios Aerospace Base (Bamari) in El Sombrero in the central state of Guarico, Fernandez said 54 Venezuelan professionals will be in charge of operating his country's second satellite, VRSS-1.

It was launched into orbit from China on Sept. 28, 2012 at a cost of 140 million U.S. dollars.

Actually, the remote-controlled satellite has been operated by Venezuelan experts since January from a location in China, he said.

The satellite allows authorities to take complete inventory of Venezuelan territory, with precise information on strategic sites, including security and defense sites, mining and oil infrastructure, agriculture, food, health and environment, said the minister.

The Miranda satellite's permanent observation capacity can also be used to detect natural resources, plan industrial parks, expand urban centers, locate wetland areas and take preventive measures in case of natural disasters.

The satellite has completed 4,350 orbits around the earth and 900 turns around the country, and fulfilled 731 satellite missions. It captured 19,493 images with its four panchromatic cameras and 3,249 images with its multispectral camera, said the minister.

Venezuela's first satellite, Simon Bolivar, VENESAT-1, was also launched from China, on Oct. 28, 2008, at a cost of 180 million dollars.

 

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 06:35
Chasseurs Su-35 pour la Chine: un contrat sera signé en 2014

MOSCOU, 7 septembre - RIA Novosti

 

La Russie et la Chine signeront un contrat sur la livraison de 24 chasseurs Sukhoi Su-35 à Pékin dès 2014, a annoncé samedi à Moscou le directeur général adjoint de l'Agence russe d'exportation d'armements (Rosoboronexport) Victor Komardine.

 

"Les négociations sont en cours, mais il est peu probable qu'un contrat soit signé avant la fin de l'année. Sa signature aura lieu en 2014. Les négociateurs chinois discutent des performances techniques de l'avion", a indiqué M.Komardine.

 

Selon M.Komardine, Pékin et Moscou mènent également des discussions sur les armements à installer à bord des Su-35 chinois. Mais cela doit faire l'objet d'un contrat spécial.

 

Le directeur général de Rosoboronexport Anatoli Issaïkine a annoncé en août dernier que la Chine se doterait de chasseurs Su-35 après un spectacle présenté par un groupe de voltige aérienne chinois au Salon aérospatial international MAKS-2013 dans la région de Moscou.

 

Le Sukhoi Su-35 est un chasseur polyvalent hautement manœuvrable de génération 4++. Sa vitesse maximale atteint 1.400 km/h près du sol et 2.400 km/h en altitude. L'appareil est capable de détecter des cibles volantes à plus de 400 km de distance.

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9 septembre 2013 1 09 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Experts’ Comparative Analysis of Performance Between J-15 and U.S. F-18

September 9th, 2013 By Chinese Government - defencetalk.com

 

The J-15 belongs to the 4th generation of conventional shipboard aircraft, which also includes the U.S. navy’s F/A-18C/D “Hornet” and F/A-18E/F “Super Hornet”, the French “Rafale M”, and the Russian Mig-29K which is also used by the Indian navy.

 

According to Zheng Wenhao, military expert of Xinhua News Agency, the J-15 has the best supersonic performance among the fighters mentioned above, and is especially strong in air control and air-to-air intercept; its low-altitude and low-speed performances are slightly inferior to those of the “Hornet” family, but are better than those of the other models.

 

With its roots in the excellent genes of the “Flanker” family, the J-15′s flight performance is relatively comprehensive. A heavy shipboard aircraft with a bare weight of about 18 tons, the J-15 is able to carry more than 9 tons of fuel internally, giving a range of over 3,000 km without the need to carry an auxiliary fuel tank. According to Zheng Wenhao, this allows it up to 12 mount points, which can all be used for a range of precision guided weapons, thereby creating high combat flexibility.

 

The extensive attack radius, generous bomb load, and lengthy patrol duration give the J-15 powerful single aircraft combat effectiveness.

 

However, according to Andrei Pinkov, chief editor of the “Kanwa Information Center”, a comparison between the “Flying Shark” on the Aircraft Carrier Liaoning and the “Super Hornet” on the aircraft carriers of the U.S. Navy indicates that the F/A-18E/F of the U.S. navy is more mature, and has certain advantages over the J-15.

 

“The orientation of F/A-18E/F is a fighter attacker, so that its maneuvering is not so good as the J-15, which derives from an air control fighter. This means that the J-15 is more likely to shoot down F/A-18E/F in close combat,” says Pinkov. “However, the ‘Super Hornet’ is able to take off with the assistance of catapult, so that its real payload is likely to exceed that of J-15, which takes off by means of ski-jump. Thus the U.S. fighter has advantages in terms of attack and combat radius.”

 

The larger frame of the J-15 also reduces the number of aircraft on the aircraft carrier, and makes its radar cross-section bigger than the “Hornet”, offering the advantages of stealth and first sight to the enemy.

 

“The J-15 represents a major transition in China’s Navy”, says Zheng Wenhao. As China’s first shipboard fighter, its capabilities in takeoff, landing and rapid combat-readiness are a major step forward.

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6 septembre 2013 5 06 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
GULF OF ADEN Aug. 24, 2013 Lt. j.g. Fasoli USS Mason (DDG 87) discusses techniques with Chinese sailors aboard the PLA Navy destroyer Harbin (DDG 112)

GULF OF ADEN Aug. 24, 2013 Lt. j.g. Fasoli USS Mason (DDG 87) discusses techniques with Chinese sailors aboard the PLA Navy destroyer Harbin (DDG 112)

Sep. 5, 2013 - By SAM FELLMAN  - Defense News

 

The Navy is seeking ways to bolster ties with the Chinese Navy, including exchanging officers and conducting fleet operations.

 

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jon Greenert said these possibilities would be discussed when he hosts his counterpart, Adm. Wu Shengli, next week for a visit that starts in San Diego and then heads to Washington, D.C.

 

The US and Chinese navies have seen some recent cooperation, including when the US destroyer Mason and a Chinese destroyer landed each other’s helicopters as part of an anti-piracy exercise. Greenert wants to build on that by planning more exercises and operations and creating command and control rules, much as the Navy has when operating with other foreign navies.

 

“It takes too much time to get one simple operation going,” Greenert said Thursday in a discussion at the American Enterprise Institute think tank in Washington, D.C. “I want to move ahead in that so that our folks, when they get out there, they can do more.”

 

Greenert’s sitdown will be his first with the head of the People’s Liberation Army Navy since he took over as CNO two years ago. Greenert said he’s looking for “areas of overlap” between the navies, such as counter-piracy and humanitarian assistance.

 

It’s particularly important that the navies began exchanging mid-grade officers and senior enlisted so that people in both services had useful contacts and knew how each others’ fleets train and operate, Greenert said.

 

One Chinese ship is set to participate in next year’s Rim of the Pacific exercise for the first time and Greenert said another opportunity is a joint humanitarian mission, perhaps using both services’ hospital ships.

 

“I want to explore the opportunity of maybe doing a combined operation,” Greenet said.

 

Meanwhile, the Chinese Navy would like to produce a bilateral code of conduct so that skippers and fleet bosses can readily talk to their counterparts, Greenert said, a step necessary to reduce the chance for a miscalculation. Indeed, the Chinese are locked in maritime disputes with many of their neighbors and are wary of the US’s so-called strategic pivot to the Asia-Pacific region, where 60 percent of the Navy will be based by the end of the decade.

 

Asked what the Chinese have to gain from these talks, Greenert mentioned his visit last week with the Chinese Navy’s No. 2 officer. “He has the challenge of a growing navy and an assignment and an intent by their nation to operate in the South China Sea,” Greenert said. “Well, they know we’re going to be there too. And they frankly know that the Japanese Navy is going to be there and the Philippines. So he wants to move away from miscalculation and preclude an embarrassing scenario that they just wish they hadn’t gotten themselves into. And we all know these things can happen.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
X-47B Completes First-Ever Carrier-Based Arrested Landing USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77)– photo US Navy

X-47B Completes First-Ever Carrier-Based Arrested Landing USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77)– photo US Navy

Sept. 5, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: People's Daily Online; published Sept. 5, 2013)

 

What R&D Breakthroughs Are Required to Give China A Carrier-Borne UCAV?

 

Military experts are currently speculating on whether China's aircraft carrier may be equipped with unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAV). This has not only increased public interest in these new "robot fighters", but also led China's military devotees to wonder whether China's forthcoming self-developed aircraft carrier will similarly be equipped with shipborne UCAVs.

 

The technical threshold of the unmanned air vehicle is relatively low. A company that can manufacture sophisticated model aircraft has the technology to develop a UAV. However, the threshold of a UCAV is more than 10 times higher than that of a UAV. The combat capability of UCAV requires particular abilities in target identification and autonomous attack. Thus the requirements of the observing and targeting system (eyes), the control system (brain), and the communication system (mouth and ears) of a UCAV are very high. On the one hand, the UCAV should be able to detect the target that is to be attacked, while transmitting images to remote controllers; on the other hand, the UCAV should be able to receive remote directions based on human judgment, and then launch attacks or engage in combat under remote control.

 

Shipborne UAVs were not manufactured specifically for aircraft carriers. It is already the case that some advanced modern destroyers and surface vessels have been equipped with shipborne UAVs.

 

But the greater platform size of an aircraft carrier creates the opportunity for large-scale UAVs with combat and attack capabilities. However, this presents a technical difficulty - carrier-borne UCAVs need all the functions of ordinary UCAVs, but also require an independent capacity to take off from and land on aircraft carriers. The requirements of carrier-borne UCAVs include not only attack and combat capability, but also the delicate maneuvers of 'intelligent' aircraft.

 

Therefore the development of a carrier-borne UCAV involves extremely high research costs and a complex development process. If China intends to commission UCAVs similar to the US carrier-borne X-47B, five technical breakthroughs must be made.

 

The first is advanced aerodynamic design. It can be seen from the shape of the X-47B that these designs improve stealth, increase flight range, and respond to the demands of air attack and combat. The X-47B, the UK "Taranis", and France's "Neuron" all feature a recessed rear inlet and flying-V wings.

 

The second step is advanced flight control technology. This is the real technical challenge for the UCAV. The carrier-borne UCAV requires a full range of capabilities covering takeoff, cruise, combat, withdrawal, and landing. The demands on the electronic take-off and landing systems for the moving deck of an aircraft carrier are significantly higher than the requirements for a land-based airport.

 

A UCAV's flight control equipment adjusts the craft in flight. This requires the flight control computer to implement planning and design according to a series of algorithms as quickly as possible after feedback, and update in response to environment changes detected by sensors.

 

Combat imposes high demands on the UCAV's flight control system. Whether in aerial combat or an attack on an enemy target, both the UCAV itself and the target can be moving at high speeds. The flight control system must be able to control the aerial maneuvers of the UCAV in response to a dynamic battlefield environment.

 

Returning to and landing on the aircraft carrier are the steps with the highest accident rate for both manned and unmanned combat aircraft. Therefore, China’s shipborne UCAV will require not only advanced satellite navigation, but also a higher specification of flight control system to achieve a safe landing.

 

The third element is intelligent attack-defense integrated firing control. The U.S. military classifies UAVs in levels ranging from ACL-1 to ACL-10 (totally autonomous). A relatively complete firing control system begins at level ACL-4. The more advanced generation of shipborne UCAVs such as the X-47B are classified at level ACL-6, that is a UAV with the capacity to deal with sudden threats and targets in the form of multiple drones. At this level, the shipborne UCAV is required to have an autonomous attack-defense integrated firing control system with a significant degree of “intelligence”.

 

The fourth feature is a high thrust-weight ratio turbofan, achieved at low cost. The turbojet/turbofan engines used on American UCAVs are always derived from civil engines or manned military planes. For example, the X-47B uses the F100-220U turbofan engine derived from the F-100, originally developed for the F-16. The characteristics and combat environment for a UCAV require that its engine should have a low fuel consumption rate, a high thrust-weight ratio, low R&D and purchase costs, convenience for maintenance, and fitness for long-term storage.

 

The fifth element is information security. Communications between the UCAV and the remote controller are very likely to be targeted for disruption by the adversary. Thus the UCAV must use the most sophisticated network security technology, and error-free self-destruct programs.

 

Although the UCAV is an excellent weapon, the technical difficulties cannot be ignored. UCAV development experts throughout the world have racked their brains in search of solutions to the problems posed by intelligent flight and firing control systems, and the need to guarantee information transmission security.

 

In the development of a carrier-borne UCAV, we need to exercise patience. If China intends to research and develop such an aircraft, then high-tech combat attributes should perhaps be considered as a second phase. Functions such as early warning, investigation, and relay-guidance of UAV can be executed as a first priority.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Shenyang J-31 stealth fighter (Falcon Hawk)

Shenyang J-31 stealth fighter (Falcon Hawk)

September 5, 2013: Strategy Page

 

For over a year now China has been testing a second stealth fighter design. This one is called the J-31 “Falcon Eagle” (from an inscription on the tail), and while it looks like the American F-22, it’s also smaller than China’s other stealth fighter (the J-20, which has been around longer). The J-31 was built by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (which makes the J-11, the illegal Chinese copy of the Russian Su-27). The J-31 has some characteristics of the F-35 as well and appears to be something of an “F-35” to the earlier J-20s effort to match the American F-22. It’s also possible that the F-31 is a competing (with the J-20) design that is hustling to grab sales the J-20 thought it had all locked up. The J-31 flew for the first time last October and there are at least two prototypes and the designer has talked of the J-31 being able to operate off an aircraft carrier (like the U.S. F-35 and the J-15, a J-11 variant).  One advantage the J-31 has is two engines, compared to one for the F-35. This means the J-31 could carry more weapons, but this is less crucial with all the guided weapons available.

 

The J-31 is further evidence that China is determined to develop its own high tech military gear. While China is eager to develop advanced military technology locally, it recognizes that this takes time and more effort than nations new to this expect. Thus China is trying to avoid the mistakes Russia made in this area. That means having competing designs and developing necessary supporting industries is part of that. All this takes a lot of time and involves lots of little (and some major) failures. The Chinese are doing it right and are willing to wait until they get military tech that is truly world class.

 

 

Both Chinese Stealth Designs Move Forward

The other stealth fighter, the J-20, was made by CAC (Chengdu Aircraft Company), which also produced the JF-17 and J-10. The J-20 made its first flight in 2011 and many more since then. There are at least two original J-20 prototypes and late last year a new prototype appeared that had several modifications and is estimated to have a max weight of 36 tons. While the J-20 looks like the American F-22 when viewed head on, it's overall shape, weight, and engine power is closer to the American F-15C. In other words, it's about 20 meters (62 feet) long, with a wing span of 13.3 meters (42 feet). J-20 has about the same wing area as the F-15C, which is about 25 percent less than the F-22 (which is a few percent larger than the F-15 in terms of length and wingspan). Worse, for the J-20, is the fact that its engine power is about the same as the F-15C, while the F-22 has 65 percent more power. With the afterburner turned on, the J-20 has more power than the F-15C and nearly as much as the F-22. But because the afterburner consumes so much fuel, you can't use more than a few minutes at a time. The new J-20 model appears to be able to supercruise, joining the F-22, Eurofighter and the Gripen as aircraft that can supercruise (go faster than the speed of sound without using the afterburner).

 

The J-20 has some stealthiness when it's coming at you head on. But from any other aspect, the J-20 will light up the radar screen. For this reason the J-20 is seen as a developmental aircraft, not the prototype of a new model headed for mass production. As such, it is only the fifth stealth fighter to fly, the others being the U.S. F-22 and F-35, plus the Russian T-50. The older U.S. F-117 was actually a light bomber and the B-2 was obviously a heavy bomber. Based on recent Chinese warplane development projects (J-11 in particular), the J-20 has a long development road ahead of it and will likely change size and shape before it reaches the production design. The J-31 may be an insurance policy, in case the J-20 effort goes off the rails in a big way.

 

While the shape of the J-20 confers a degree of stealthiness (invisibility to radar), even more electronic invisibility comes from special materials covering the aircraft. It's not known how far along the Chinese are in creating, or stealing, these materials, or the needed engines. China would most likely use the J-20 singly, or in small groups, to seek out and attack American carriers. To make this possible F-22 class engines are needed and that is still in development. Over the last few years China has admitted it has been developing the WS-15 engine (since the 1990s), a more powerful beast well suited for the J-20. No date was given as to when the WS-15 would be available for use or whether it would have the same vectoring (ability to move the hot jet exhaust in different directions in order to make the fighter more maneuverable) the F-22 uses.

 

For the J-20 to be a superior fighter, it would need electronics (including radars and defense systems) on a par with the F-35 and F-22. So far, the Chinese have not caught up with stuff used by current American fighters. But the gap is being closed, faster than it was during the Cold War when the Russians were creating, or stealing, their way to military tech equivalence with the West. The Russians never made it but the Chinese believe they can succeed.

 

Work on the J-20 began in the late 1990s, and the Chinese knew that it could be 25 years or more before they had a competitive stealth fighter-bomber. The J-20 is being tested in central China. The twin engine J-20 appears to be about the same weight class as the 30 ton F-15C. The F-35A is a 31 ton, single engine fighter, while the twin-engine F-22 is slightly larger at 38 tons. The Russian T-50 weighed in at 37 tons.

 

China is also developing other support technologies, like the AESA radar, highly efficient cockpit, stealth, and software to tie everything together. Developing, or even copying, this tech is not easy. But the Chinese already know that, having decades of experience adapting stolen technology to their needs. Thus it appears that China is planning on having the J-20, in some form, ready for service by the end of the decade. The key factor is their ability to develop or steal the needed technology by then. The J-20 appears to be a fighter-bomber, as this kind of aircraft would be most useful dealing with the U.S. Navy and key targets in Taiwan or Japan. In any event, the J-20 is an attempt to develop some kind of 5th generation aircraft, complete with stealth.

 

 

The only other competitor in this area is Russia, where fifth generation fighter developments were halted when the Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991. Actually, all development work on new fighters, by everyone, slowed down in the 1990s. But work on the F-22, F-35, Eurofighter, and Rafale continued, and those aircraft became, in roughly that order, the most advanced fighter aircraft available today. MiG resumed work on the I.42 in the 1990s, but had to stop after a few years because of a lack of money. Sukhoi has never stopped working on its T-50, funded by much higher sales of its Su-27/30 fighters. This fifth generation may come to be called the "last generation," after they are replaced by the second generation of pilotless combat aircraft (counting armed Predators and the like as the first).

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Pakistan Navy inducts new guided missile frigate

Sep 04, 2013 brahmand.com

 

ISLAMABAD/KARACHI (PTI): Pakistan has inducted a F-22P frigate made with Chinese assistance into its navy, with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif saying the warship exemplified the "everlasting bond of friendship" between the two countries.

 

PNS Aslat was built in a shipyard in Karachi with technology transferred by China. China has delivered three more F-22P guided missile frigates to Pakistan under a 2005 contract.

 

The Aslat is equipped with surface and surface-to-air missiles, torpedoes and an electronic warfare system.

 

Addressing the induction ceremony on Tuesday, Sharif acknowledged Beijing's assistance in building the frigate and said the two sides share time-tested relations that go back to 1950.

 

"Construction of the F-22P Frigate at Karachi Shipyard under a transfer of technology arrangement is a testament of the everlasting bond of friendship that exists between China and Pakistan," he said.

 

He said he was confident that defence cooperation between the two countries will grow and serve as a source of improved peace stability and security in the region.

 

Pakistan views relations with China as "enduring, multi-dimensional and deep-rooted" and these ties form a pillar of the country's foreign policy, he said.

 

Sharif also referred to China's support in developing Gwadar deep sea port, saying the facility will help open new vistas of growth and prosperity. The port will become a game changer for trade and economy of the region after the development of rail and road infrastructure, he added.

 

Pakistan's strategic location can only be exploited to its advantage by developing the maritime sector and a capable navy for effective defence, he said.

 

In his address, naval chief Admiral Asif Sandila said a strong naval force is required to deal with the challenges faced by Pakistan.

 

Pakistan does not have aggressive designs against any country and it wants to promote peace in the region, he said.

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2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 16:30
Russia : Saving Syria

September 2, 2013: Strategy Page

 

China has joined with Russia to oppose any use of foreign military force against Syria. This was prompted by the recent Syrian use of chemical weapons against pro-rebel civilians. The U.S. and other NATO countries had earlier told Syria that such use of chemical weapons would bring military intervention. China and Russia have long been supporters of the Assad dictatorship, and similar tyrants around the world. China and Russia are also bitter about what happened to their old friend Kaddafi, who lost his life clinging to power in Libya two years ago. Kaddafi was largely done in by NATO providing air support. NATO is reluctant to do that for Syria because the post-Kaddafi government (and post Arab Spring governments in general) tend to be tolerant of Islamic terror groups. But the Syrian civil war is dragging on and that is becoming embarrassing for the West. Assad losing power would be an even bigger embarrassment for China and Russia.

 

Russian naval and shipbuilding officials are not looking forward to the investigation of why a Russian built Kilo class sub belonging to India (INS Sindhurakshak) caught fire and exploded on August 14th while docked near Mumbai. The 16 year old submarine had recently returned from Russia after an $80 million refurbishment. Eighteen sailors were killed as the sub sank at dockside. The cause appears to have been an accident but a thorough forensic investigation will eventually determine if it was caused by human error or equipment failure. Back in 2008 India had refused to accept a refurbished Kilo because of repeated failures of the subs Klub missiles it had recently been equipped with. The Indian sub had test fired six Klubs in late 2007, and all failed. The Russians had no explanation for the failures. That boat had been in Russia for over two years, for $80 million worth of upgrades and repairs. India refused to pay, or take back the sub, until Russia fixed the problems with the missiles. This the Russians eventually did, and there were several successful Klub tests that persuaded the Indians to accept the refurbished Kilo. Russian missiles have little combat experience, and a reputation for erratic performance. Quality control was never a Soviet strength, but the Russians are getting better, at least in the civilian sector. The Indians are now haunted by a 2000 incident where the detonation of a missile (or torpedo) aboard the Russian nuclear sub Kursk caused the loss of the sub and all its crew. There have been other problems since then and the Indians fear that the Mumbai disaster may just be the latest.

 

September 1, 2013: In the south (Dagestan) an Islamic terrorist was killed and a policeman wounded when police stopped two men at night and asked for ID. The men opened fire and one managed to escape. The dead man was later identified as a wanted terrorist bomb maker.

 

August 31, 2013: Russia told Iran it would not discuss any new arms deals as long as the 2011 Iranian lawsuit is active at the international arbitration court in Switzerland. Iran is seeking $4 billion in damages because Russia backed out of a 2010 agreement to deliver $800 million worth of S-300 anti-aircraft systems (similar to the U.S. Patriot). Russia did not deliver on the 2010 deal because of the new UN arms sanctions against Iran, but believes that some types of military gear could still be sold to Iran and will try to do so once the 2011 lawsuit is dropped. In reality Russia is glad to have an excuse to stay away from Iranian arms deals, which cause the Russians all manner of diplomatic and foreign trade problems with the West and Israel.

 

At the Soviet era Baikonur space center in Kazakhstan a Russian Zenit 3SLB rocket put an Israeli communications satellite into orbit.

 

August 28, 2013: On the Baltic, outside Kaliningrad, a Russian Navy Zubr class air cushion vehicle approached a crowded beach full of people swimming and sunning themselves. Seemingly unconcerned, those in the water and on the beach the 555 ton craft was headed for got out of the way as the hovercraft came up on the sand. Out came over a hundred naval infantry in battle gear, who moved the sunbathers back and established a perimeter and then moved inland for a training exercise. Naturally there were plenty of smart phones on the beach recording it all and the videos soon appeared on the Internet. The Russian Navy could not just ignore this bizarre incident so an official explanation was given. The navy said that the beach was a military training area and no one should have been there. But the videos indicated no surprise or alarm among the crowd at the beach and people just moved out of the way of the hovercraft and went back to relaxing on a sunny and hot day at beach. The Baltic does not have many warn sunny days for visiting the beach. During the Soviet period (before 1991) if the government said stay away from somewhere most people stayed away, rather than risk a nighttime visit from the KGB (secret police). But since 1991 Russians have gladly shed decades of such obedience and fear. If there’s a fine beach on military land, and it’s a hot, sunny day, the people will insist on sharing the beach with whatever the navy has planned. The navy would like to see the good old (Soviet) days return, but know that the best they can do is pretend and tell the media that people were not supposed to be on the beach and leave it at that. That said, that hovercraft was huge and scary to the uninitiated. A Zubr can carry 130 tons (three tanks, or a combination of lighter armored or non-armored vehicles or up to 500 troops). Top speed is 110 kilometers an hour and range is 480 kilometers. The crew of 31 usually stays out less than eight hours per mission. The Zubrs also carry two stabilized MLRs (multiple tube rocket launchers), four short range anti-aircraft missiles systems (Igla-1Ms), and two AK-630 six-barrel 30mm close-in weapon systems (CIWS), for defense against anti-ship missiles. This is an amphibious warship used to quickly get troops and vehicles onto a beach.

 

In the south (Dagestan) two Islamic terrorists were killed when police interrupted a terrorist attack.

 

August 27, 2013: In the south (Ingushetia) a senior security official was killed while driving to work. It’s unclear if the killers were Islamic terrorists or gangsters as both groups have an interest in hindering police and military intelligence work in the area. The victim, however, was mostly involved with persuading Islamic terrorists to surrender and accept amnesty.

 

Off the north coast a group of Europeans opposed to off shore oil drilling attempted to move their ship close enough to interfere with and halt oil operations. A Russian coast guard approached the interloper and told them to leave or they would be fired on and, if necessary, sunk. The protestors’ ship left and said they would take the Russians to court for interfering with free passage in international waters. Not only do the Russians tend to open fire on real or perceived threats to their borders, but they also tend to ignore international agencies telling them that sort of thing is wrong. 

 

A Russian transport flew another 90 Russians (and others from former parts of the Soviet Union) out of Syria. This is in anticipation of NATO air strikes in retaliation for the Syrian government recently using nerve gas against pro-rebel civilians. Syria denies it and Russia insists the rebels did it. The U.S. says it has proof and that sarin nerve gas was detected on victims and the areas where they were when they were killed by the sarin.

 

August 26, 2013: A Russian cruiser, destroyer and supply ship visited Venezuela. The 11,400 ton cruiser Moskva was later ordered to go to the coast of Syria to demonstrate Russian support for the embattled Assad government. A Russian electronic intelligence collecting ship was also ordered to the same area, apparently to monitor any American naval and air operations.

 

August 22, 2013: South Korea put its first radar imaging satellite into orbit (via a Russian launcher). The 1.4 ton KOMPSAT 5 satellite uses a radar that can detect objects and landforms as small as one meter (39 inches) across. This satellite is mainly for obtaining geographic (land and sea) information, disaster response and environmental monitoring. Military use was not discussed publically. The launcher was a Cold War era ICBM (an RS-18) converted to work as a satellite launcher.

 

The Russian Air Force has ordered 15 An-148 commercial transports. The An-148 is a twin jet commercial transport that normally carries up to 80 passengers or nine tons of cargo. Max range is 2,100 kilometers and the high-wing design means that the stretched An-178 cargo version can carry up to 15 tons and have a rear door for quickly loading and unloading. The An-148 is costing the air force about $39 million each and all will be delivered by 2017. The air force does have a need for An-148s, but the government has an even greater need in keeping the Russian commercial aircraft manufacturers in business. That’s the main reason behind this purchase.

 

August 21, 2013: The Russian government recently issued a formal reprimand to the director (Vladimir Popovkin) of the Russian Space Agency (RSA), which handles all of Russia’s satellite launches. The government later clarified that the reprimand was not for several recent disasters but for the fact that in the last three years the RSA has only been able to launch 47 percent of Russian satellites. The reprimand, which in Russia is usually the last warning for someone about to be dismissed, was about the continued inefficiency of the RSA and the inability of Popovkin to reform and revitalize the RSA. The repercussions continue in the wake of all the sloppy decisions and stupid mistakes that have led to the loss of launchers and satellites. Another shake up of the RSA is expected if the government can find someone more qualified than Vladimir Popovkin to do the deed. Senior government officials know that Popovkin is not the problem and that the corrupt environment he has to work in is. Cleaning that up means cleaning up the corruption through-out Russian society. That requires more than the vertical chop, it takes time and persistence.

 

August 20, 2013: In the south (Dagestan) nine Islamic terrorists were killed when police surrounded the house they were hiding in. The terrorists refused to surrender and then died in the ensuing gun battle. The dead included a local terrorist leader and the man believed responsible for the recent murder of a local Islamic cleric who had preached against Islamic terrorism.

 

August 19, 2013: The government revealed that two years ago Sudan had secretly bought 24 Mi-24 helicopter gunships and 14 MI-8 transport helicopters. Some have already been delivered. Russia told the UN that Sudan agreed not to use these helicopters in Darfur (western Sudan) where the UN has embargoed the introduction of new weapons.

 

The government repeated warning to Russians planning to visit Egyptian vacation resorts to reconsider. Russians were not forbidden from going and most did not cancel their plans. The main reason for this was that the resorts that cater to Russians (and other foreigners) are outside the cities and have had no violence. The Egyptians are grateful for the Russians showing up because a lot of Western tourists have cancelled.

 

Russian and Japanese negotiators met in Russia to resume negotiations over the long delayed treaty to end the state of war existing between the two countries since World War II. The talks are also about a territorial dispute. In 2010 Russia renounced a 1956 deal to return two of the four Japanese Kuril islands. Japan had been pressuring Russia to make good on the 1956 promise (made at the time Japan and the Soviet Union resumed diplomatic relations). But Russia reneged, claiming Japan was plotting to get the other two islands back as well. T he Japanese have been pressuring the Russians to return the Kurile Islands (off northern Japan) for decades, and this has caused a lot of tension recently. These four islands were seized at the end of World War II, and the Russians kept them. The Kurils had been occupied by Japanese for centuries, but when Russia reached the Pacific coast in the 17th century, they began to send ships down to the Kurils. In 1875, Japan and Russia signed a treaty settling claims in the area. Japan acknowledged Russia’s claim to the larger Shakalin island to the north while Russia acknowledged that the Kurils belonged to Japan. After World War II, Russia expelled the 17,000 Japanese inhabitants of the four Kuril Islands. Russians were brought in, and about 16,000 of them (including many Ukrainians, Koreans and so on) currently inhabit the islands. There’s not much economic value to the Kurils, except for the good fishing. But it's believed there are oil and gas deposits off shore, and valuable mineral deposits on land. Meanwhile, the Russians are still hacked off at losing a war to Japan in 1905, and to Japanese soldiers occupying parts of eastern Russia after World War I. Japan and Russia had a non-aggression treaty for most of World War II. But Russia declared war on Japan on August 15th, 1945, and promptly invaded Japanese occupied northern China (Manchuria). Japanese surrendered to the United States a month later. You could say that Japan and Russia have a lot of unresolved issues.

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2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Long March 4C - source nasaspaceflight.com

Long March 4C - source nasaspaceflight.com

September 1, 2013 by Rui C. Barbosa - nasaspaceflight.com

 

Another super-secretive launch took place on Sunday from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center as China orbited three satellites under the Yaogan Weixing-17 mission. Launch took place at 19:16 UTC from the 603 launch pad of the LC43 launch complex using a Long March-4C (Chang Zheng-4C) launch vehicle.


Chinese Launch:

This is the Yaogan Weixing-17 mission composed of three satellites. Chinese media refer the new satellite as a new remote sensing bird that will be used for scientific experiments, land survey, crop yield assessment, and disaster monitoring.

As was the case in the last launches of the Yaogan Weixing series, western analysts believe this class of satellites is being used for military purposes.

In particular this mission is similar to the Yaogan Weixing-9 and Yaogan Weixing-16, with three satellites flying in formation like a type of NOSS system.

Being similar to the US counterpart, the triplet comprises an electro-optical surveillance satellite, an synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite, and possibly an electronic/signal intelligence satellite.

Designed for locating and tracking foreign warships the satellites will collect the optical and radio electronic signatures of the maritime vessels that will be used in conjunction with other information valuable for the Chinese maritime forces.

 

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30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 16:35
China Confirms It Plans More Carriers

Aug 30, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Xinhua; published Aug. 30, 2013)

 

China to Have More Aircraft Carriers: Ministry Spokesman


BEIJING --- The Liaoning is the Chinese military's first aircraft carrier, but there will surely be more in future, a Ministry of National Defence spokesman said on Thursday.

China will comprehensively consider the development of aircraft carriers in accordance with the needs of national defense and military building, spokesman Yang Yujun said.

Yang made the comment at a news briefing when asked to confirm media reports that China is producing its first domestically made aircraft carrier.

Currently, China operates one aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which was refitted based on an unfinished Russian-made carrier and delivered to the Chinese Navy on Sept. 25, 2012.

The carrier's original design allows it to carry about 30 fixed-wing aircraft.

The Liaoning has conducted successful take-off and landing tests of its carrier-borne J-15 fighters, the main strike force of China's carrier group.

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30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 16:35
China’s J-31 Stealth Fighter Begins Flight Tests

Chinese media report that the Shenyang J-31 “stealth” fighter, now dubbed “Falcon Hawk,” began intensive flight trials this month, and claim it will outperform and out-sell Lockheed’s F-35 on the world market. (file photo)

 

Aug 30, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: People's Daily Online; published Aug 29, 2013)

 

Intensive Flight-Tests for China's J-31 Fighter; May Challenge US for Market Share

 

Since August China's fourth-generation stealth fighter, the J-31 "Falcon Hawk", has carried out more than three sets of trial flights at a rapidly increasing frequency. America's fourth-generation equivalent has achieved huge market penetration, and analysts believe that the excellent performance of the J-31 will make it a strong competitor in this market.

 

J-31 performance compares favorably with F-35

 

Although similar to the fourth-generation stealth fighter, the J-31's overall aerodynamic design and stealth appearance is not so identical with J-20, which has a higher degree of exposure. Military enthusiasts prefer to compare the relation of J-31 and J-20 with that of the U.S. Air Force F-22 and F-35. J-31 and F-35 use the same DSI inlet (non-boundary layer separated lane supersonic inlet) design, the difference is, F-35 uses a single engine to provide power, but J-31 is designed with double engines. In addition, some models of F-35 support the short distance/vertical landing; J-31 cannot do this for the time being.

 

Earlier reports indicate that the J-31 is equipped with twin Russian RD-93 engines - news that has been confirmed by Russia's MiG Aircraft Corporation. The "Fierce Dragon" light fighter developed jointly by China and Pakistan is also equipped with this model of engine. Judged against the specifications of fourth-generation aircraft, the RD-93 engine seems somewhat old, but during prototype testing the use of a stable engine with mature technology is the safest approach. Sources point out that once in service, the J-31 will hopefully carry our self-developed WS-13 engine, which has significantly improved performance in comparison with the RD-93.

 

China's Air Force test pilot expert Xu Yongling points out that the J-31's stealth aerodynamic design, stealth engine design and stealth coating design have all reached internationally advanced standards in stealth technology. He also pointed out that the J-31 possesses both stealth capability and a considerable payload level. In addition, Xu Yongling says that China has its own considerations in the development of fourth-generation aircraft, taking account not only of the need for stealth, but also of its performance in air-to-ground and air-to-air combat, and the relevant weapons requirements. This means that in payload, the J-31 will prevail over the F-35.

 

Domestic fourth-generation aircraft target the export market

 

A landmark in international military aviation history, the fourth-generation stealth aircraft will not only have a great impact on combat strategy, but also exercise a tremendous influence on geopolitics, especially on international relations and the geo-strategic situation in the Asia-Pacific region. The stealth fighter has gone beyond a simple weapons platform; its presence is now an indication of the balances and the strategic considerations at play among different countries. It could be said that the high-tech weapon systems represented by stealth fighters are becoming a new variable in the Sino-US strategic game.

 

Experts predict that the J-31 will make rapid inroads in the international market in the future, and will undoubtedly steal the limelight from the F-35. China's fourth-generation aircraft will become a new option for those countries which have not yet made the decision to purchase the F-35. In particular for those countries which are excluded from access to U.S. arms exports, China's fourth generation aircraft will certainly be attractive. The J-31, with its main target as the export market, represents a serious threat to U.S. arms manufacturers.

 

J-31 can be part of an aircraft carrier's payload

 

Earlier this year, the chief architect of the J-31 fighter Sun Cong revealed that the improved version of the J-31 is expected to become China's next generation of carrier-based aircraft.

 

Analysts believe that the J-31 fighter can act as a carrier-borne aircraft. One of the important factors affecting this question is the configuration of the landing gear. The front landing gear of the J-31 is designed with double wheels (the J-20, which is twice the weight, only has single front wheel), while the back landing gear adopts a dogleg structure – both these features provide strong supporting capacity and excellent shock resistance. Considering that a carrier-borne aircraft requires the ability to withstand a greater impact when landing on an aircraft carrier than when landing on land, the J-31 seems designed to meet the requirements of a carrier-borne landing.

 

In addition, it has recently been reported that if the J-31 is deployed on the aircraft carrier, it may combine in light-weight battle formations with the early-service J-15.

 

 

(EDITOR’S NOTE: Although the above Chinese claims about the J-31’s performance have little credibility, at least at this early stage in its development, they are interesting for what they reveal about Chinese perceptions of the aircraft and its competition.

As for claims that the J-31 will “make rapid inroads in the international market,” and that it will “undoubtedly steal the limelight from the F-35,” they show that Chinese writers make up in creativity what they lack in realism.)

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Vietnam Joins Anti-China Coalition

August 28, 2013: Strategy Page

 

Vietnam and the Philippines announced that are developing joint military and diplomatic plans to thwart increasing Chinese aggressiveness in territorial disputes throughout the South China Sea. In the past Vietnam tried to go it alone against China and got beaten in several battles. Perhaps because of the rough treatment Vietnam has received from Chinese forces in the past, the Philippines also repeated its staunch support for a “no confrontation” policy. This is part necessity, because even with lots of charity the Philippines cannot expect to ever afford a military that would be more of a nuisance to China. For confrontation, especially when China asserts its claims to territory right off the Filipino coast, an ally like the United States will be needed. So far the Americans have not committed to helping with such a desperate situation.

 

As the peace talks with MILF creep towards completion the Moslem factions that oppose the terms of the deal (limited autonomy and not independence) are now accused of supporting terrorist attacks in the south (Mindanao and adjacent smaller islands). Abu Sayyaf is accused of cooperating (and being paid) to help carry out this disruption campaign. This violent factionalism is nothing new in the south and is seen as a problem that will persist after the peace deal is implemented.

 

The government is having a problem with southern (largely Moslem) politicians who refuse to allow American UAVs to operate from local airports. Although the UAVs are often used to aid disaster relief (like for the recent massive typhoon storm damage) the politicians fear retaliation from Islamic terrorists who see the American UAVs as a mortal threat and want to interfere with the use of this aerial surveillance as much as possible. In the latest case it was the government that asked for the U.S. UAVs to be brought in to provide a more precise view of the storm damage that has left nearly a million Filipinos homeless.

 

August 26, 2013: Over 100,000 people demonstrated against corruption in the capital and other major cities. The anger was directed at “legal corruption” in the form of millions of dollars a year given to politicians for their favorites projects but that is widely acknowledged to be diverted to personal use. The government has been unable to get the legislature to vote down this practice and that created widespread anger against seemingly feeble efforts to curb corruption. Most Filipinos now agree that the corruption is the biggest obstacle to economic growth and all manner of progress in the country.

 

August 24, 2013: In a peace gesture the NPA released a soldier they had captured 20 days earlier. The NPA is in the early stages of peace talks with the government, apparently in an effort to build on whatever gains the MILF talks create.

 

August 21, 2013: In the south (North Cotabato province) NPA gunmen attacked a banana plantation and destroyed six trucks and stole portable equipment. The plantation owners had refused to meet NPA extortion demands. The NPA depends on extortion and kidnapping to keep itself going.

 

August 18, 2013: The government finished another four days of negotiations with MILF. This was the 39th meeting and both sides said progress continued to be made in sorting out the details of Moslem autonomy in the south.

 

In the south (North Cotabato province) NPA gunmen attacked a construction site and destroyed three construction vehicles. The construction company, which is building a road, had refused to meet NPA extortion demands.

 

August 13, 2013: In the north (Laguna province) NPA gunmen attacked a bus company depot and destroyed 11 busses. The bus company refused to meet NPA extortion demands. In this case the NPA was also apparently backing a union that was having a hard time getting more money out of the company. This sort of violence is also common in labor negotiations.

 

August 10, 2013: In the south (Cotabato) the army launched another offensive against BIFF (Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters). The first day of fighting left two rebels dead and two soldiers wounded. At least two thousand civilians fled the fighting, which centered on army efforts to keep the rebels from blocking a key highway. BIFF apparently also planted two bombs in the area. One went off but caused no casualties while the other was found and disabled. The army has carried several of these operations against BIFF this year. Each results in dozens (or more) rebel casualties and captures. But so far BIFF, despite getting weaker, has not called it quits. Last September the main Moslem separatist group (MILF) negotiated a peace deal with BIFF which was then supposed to rejoin MILF and stop causing problems with their attacks on Christians in the south. That has not happened yet and apparently won’t. BIFF contains former members of MILF, something MILF leaders have played down for years. Last year MILF openly agreed with government demands to do something about these "outlaws". BIFF contained about a thousand armed men earlier in the year and MILF sought to negotiate a peace deal with the dissidents while publicly insisting that it would crush these rebel rebels. BIFF had become increasingly violent, and outspoken about how MILF is selling out Moslems. Now MILF will have to use force to coerce the BIFF outlaws to get with the new peace deal. Otherwise the treaty will turn into a civil war within the new Moslem homeland down south. BIFF refused to comply with the peace deal it made with MILF last year and the current army operations are not being opposed by MILF.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Editorial: Is China Building an “Aircraft Carrier in Disguise?”

27 August 2013 By Zachary Keck- Pacific Sentinel

 

Earlier this month a series of pictures posted on Chinese military forums appeared to show that China was building its first indigenous aircraft carrier, prompting much speculation and commentary including from The Diplomat.
Now some claim that this narrative might have been mistaken.
According to Japan’s Kyodo News, Kanwa Information Center, a private Canadian think tank, has published a report that claims that the pictures do not show an aircraft carrier. Instead, the Kanwa report—which is based on Ukraine military sources— says the vessel under construction is China’s first amphibious assault ship capable of carrying hovercraft and helicopters.
In other words, if the report is accurate, China is building a Landing Helicopter Assault (LHA)-like ship not completely unlike the Izumo-class helicopter destroyer Japan launched earlier this month, which Chinese analysts referred to as an “aircraft carrier in disguise.”  
Kanwa says the vessel is being built at a shipyard on Shanghai's Changxing Island and could be commissioned as early as 2015. It will reportedly displace 35,000 tons, roughly double what China’s three existing Type 071 amphibious assault ships, which displace between 17,000-20,000 tons, according to Sino-Defense. The same source says the Type 071 ships were built by Shanghai-based Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard. The location of Changxing Island, suggests that Jiangnan Shipyard is constructing the new vessel.
 
Read the full story at The Diplomat
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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:35
Chinese helo successfully launches air-to-air missiles

Aug 26, 2013 brahmand.com

 

BEIJING (PTI): The Chinese military on Monday said the first ingenuously developed military attack helicopter WZ-10 has launched its first air-to-air missile successfully, intercepting low-altitude targets.

 

The WZ-10, meaning "armed helicopter", carried out the launch during a live-fire drill involving army aviation troops of the People's Liberation Army in the eastern waters off south China's Guangdong Province last week, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.

 

The drill, which was also the largest-scale activity held to study combat methods since the building up of the aviation troops, conducted six operations, covering fire, close fire support, special assaults, air landing at the wing side, fire interception and move by leapfrogging.

 

The WZ-10 is designed primarily for anti-tank missions and was first seen in public at the 9th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition in the southern city of Zhuhai at Guangdong in 2012.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 12:35
La Chine victime de la plus grande attaque informatique de son histoire

27/08/201 Par Lucie Ronfaut – LeFigaro.fr

 

L'attaque, qui s'est déroulée dimanche, a paralysé une partie de l'Internet chinois pendant plus de 24 heures.

Le gouvernement chinois a révélé qu'il avait subi dimanche une attaque informatique de grande envergure. Une partie des sites internet du pays étaient inaccessibles aux internautes jusque lundi matin à cause d'une attaque par déni de service (DoS). D'après le gouvernement chinois, il s'agit de la plus grave atteinte à son réseau jamais subie.

L'attaque visait l'autorité chinoise en charge du domaine national .cn, une extension utilisée par beaucoup de sites internet dans le pays. Elle a débuté à 2 heures du matin dimanche, avec une réplique plus puissante menée vers 4 heures du matin. En conséquence, certains sites utilisant cette extension n'étaient plus accessibles aux internautes. Le Centre d'Information du Réseau Internet de Chine, qui gère le domaine .cn, a officiellement présenté ses excuses au sujet de cette attaque sur son site internet, indiquant qu'il allait travailler à «améliorer les capacités de son service».

 

Des attaques répétées

Les attaques par déni de service sont de plus en plus fréquentes sur Internet. Leur but est de rendre indisponible un service ou un site en particulier afin qu'il ne puisse plus être consulté par ses utilisateurs. Généralement, ces agressions numériques consistent en l'envoi d'un très grand nombre de connexions sur un site, résultant en un ralentissement de son activité voire sa panne. À leur origine, on trouve généralement un réseau d'ordinateurs dits «zombies» utilisés à l'insu de leur propriétaire, par exemple à l'aise d'un virus informatique.

Ces dernières années, les attaques par déni de service sont devenus l'outil principal des «hacktivistes», c'est à dire des personnes défendant leurs idées grâce à leurs compétences informatiques. Le groupe des Anonymous y a par exemple régulièrement recours. Mais cette arme n'est pas réservée aux simples citoyens. Le gouvernement chinois est lui-même accusé d'orchestrer des attaques par déni de service contre les systèmes informatiques des grandes puissances mondiales, notamment aux États-Unis.

Ces attaques informatiques interviennent à un moment délicat pour la Chine. Le procès de Bo Xilai, ancien membre éminent du Parti Communiste Chinois, vient tout juste de s'achever. De nombreux internautes ont commenté l'évènement en ligne, notamment sur le réseau social Weibo, résultant en des arrestations par les autorités chinoises. Pour le moment, les attaques de dimanche n'ont pas été revendiquées.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:35
China Stresses Goal of Stronger Military

August 27, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Xinhua; published Aug. 26, 2013)

 

PLA Stresses Goal of Stronger Military

 

BEIJING --- The People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China on Sunday called for better implementation of the country's ambition for a strong military, according to a circular from the PLA's General Political Department.

 

The circular, which was approved by Central Military Commission (CMC) President Xi Jinping, urged enhanced construction of the political environment within the military via mobilizing officers and soldiers' enthusiasm for building a strong military.

 

China's ambition for a strong military works as a guideline for the country's defense and military modernization, the circular said, adding that troops should strictly follow the leadership of the Communist Party of China during the process.

 

The circular further noted that the PLA should continue to increase combat capacities as the fundamental and only standard, and focus the attention of personnel on combat abilities and readiness.

 

It also asked military officers and soldiers at all levels to strengthen research on major theoretical and practical problems and carefully fix new situations and problems in military political construction.

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