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27 octobre 2015 2 27 /10 /octobre /2015 20:50
EU Military Committee: meeting of the EU Chiefs of Defence, 28-29/10/2015

27/10/2015 consilium.europa.eu

Agenda highlights

The EU Military Committee will meet at the level of chiefs of defence (CHODs).


EU global strategy

European External Action Service Secretary General, Alain Le Roy, will update chiefs of defence on the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy and the EEAS review.


Naval operations

They will discuss EU naval operations and look at EU actions in the field of migration. They will also be updated on the ongoing operations, such as EUNAVFOR Med - Operation Sophia and EUNAVFOR Operation Atalanta.

EUNAVFOR Med - Operation Sophia aims to fight against human smugglers while the Operation Atalanta's goal is to counter piracy off the coast of Somalia.    


Training and advisory missions

Chiefs of defence from partner countries, namely Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway and Serbia, who contribute to CSDP training and advisory missions, will join their EU counterparts for a discussion on the evolution of the EU CSDP missions.



EU CHODs will also have an exchange of views with General Viktor Muzhenko, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, on the current situation in the country. 


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16 octobre 2015 5 16 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
New Council decision adopted  on the statute, seat and operational rules of the European Defence Agency.

Brussels - 16 October, 2015 Euroepan Defence Agency


The Foreign Affairs Council in Luxembourg has adopted the revised decision on the statute, seat and operational rules of the European Defence Agency.


The text is available here in all EU languages.

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15 octobre 2015 4 15 /10 /octobre /2015 18:50
A strategy as a driving force: discussions on European defence


Brussels - 15 October, 2015 European Defence Agency


In the context of the ongoing discussions on the future shape of the European defence, especially the upcoming EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy, Jorge Domecq, the Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency (EDA) participated in the experts’ seminar “European Strategy, European Defence and the CSDP” on 14 October 2015 to share his thoughtful insights from the Agency’s perspective.


The seminar was organised by the Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael, the Royal Higher Institute for Defence, and the Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations, with support of the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the EU. The welcome speeches were delivered by the Ambassador Alain Le Roy, Secretary-General of the European External Action Service and Prof. Dr Sven Biscop from the Egmont. 

The future EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy, which the European Council mandated Federica Mogherini, the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, to draft by June 2016, served as a starting point for the debate. The seminar’s agenda was built around political and military aspects of Europe’s responsibilities as a security provider, along with the implications for the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). 

The three panels devoted to these themes gave way to fruitful discussions. Jorge Domecq, the EDA Chief Executive, participated in the third panel, which focused on the strategy’s consequences for defence planning, capability development, increased multinational cooperation and integration, specifically through the CSDP. “The Global Strategy will be a starting point: it should be a driver for a full range of activities, including for European defence,” said Jorge Domecq. The EDA Chief Executive justified the need for a follow-on document, which would complement the global strategy and enable to translate political objectives into military ones, viewed as long-term commitments. Moreover, Jorge Domecq drew attention to the necessity of bringing more coherence to the EU toolbox. At this point, he emphasised the Agency’s role: “The EDA has a unique expertise, know-how and legitimacy. It ensures that Ministries of Defence’s views are fully taken into account. We need to streamline our instruments and maximise the impact on defence.” 

Jorge Domecq also touched upon the EU relations with NATO in the context of the new global strategy: “Europe should not become a follower, nor a free-rider. I have been touring across Europe, I am meeting US senior officials as well as NATO officials. The message I get is: there will be no relevant NATO without a relevant Europe. The drafting of such a document on Defence embodying a real defence commitment would, as such, be a sign of reassurance.” 

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 06:50
HR/VP Mogherini kicks off public outreach on EU Global Strategy


12/10/2015 Ref: EU15-431EN


Summary: 12 October 2015, Brussels - High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini gave a keynote address on the need for an EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy to guide the European Union’s external action in years to come.


Speaking to a crowd of policy makers, analysts and academics, as well as members of the security, defence and foreign policy communities at the Royal Brussels Academy of Science in Brussels, the High Representative stressed:

"In a world that is more connected, conflictual and more complex, strategy matters to provide us with a sense of direction; to help us navigate choppy waters; to be proactive in the protection and pursuit of our interests (…) We need to define where we can, where we must and where  we want to make a difference.”

According to the High Representative, in a world that is increasingly connected, contested and complex the Union should be guided by three central principles:

First, engagement with the outside world. "Closure is not an option for our Union" she said. "Building walls, physical or psychological cannot protect us ... turning inwards will only make us more vulnerable... Closure also means missing out on the opportunities that our global links present. Be it in terms of trade, human mobility or technology."

Mogherini also called for responsibility in addressing conflict, in particular by working with local and regional partners on addressing root causes and finding long term solutions to crises.

Finally, she stressed the need to develop strong partnerships to tackle joint challenges collectively and with a joint sense of ownership.  

The speech was delivered in the context of a two day conference organised by the European Union Institute for Security Studies to inaugurate the public consultation and outreach phase that will accompany the preparations of a Global Strategy for the European Union in the coming months.

During the conference experts and policy makers discussed different dimensions of the strategy from long term implications of current challenges in Europe's extended neighbourhood, to priorities for the Union’s Foreign, Security and Defence Policy, and the basic elements of effective strategy making.

In her speech High Representative Mogherini underlined the crucial role of an inclusive process: "Foreign policy does not only affect all of us. We also all have a role in shaping it. This is why we are gathering as many voices as possible to feed into the debate. Your ideas are crucial input to this debate”, she said.

Mogherini also stressed the important role of a strategy in helping the Union reach out to its citizens: "More people are beginning to care about what happens elsewhere. Think of the events in recent months and weeks: it is perfectly clear that ’out there’ often has a direct impact on the ’right here’” A Global strategy „opens a chance to show that Europe matters to its citizens. That our foreign policy is connected to our citizens’ needs, to their own priorities … I want a strategy that responds to the ideas, the fears and dreams of European citizens, especially the young.”

Find out more about the EU Global Strategy on the official website and join the debate on Twitter #EUGlobalStrategy.


To read the full speech click here.

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 07:30
EU Council conclusions on Syria



  1. The conflict in Syria and the suffering of the Syrian people is showing no sign of abating. The scale of the tragedy, having killed 250,000 men, women and children, displaced 7.6 million inside the country and sent over 4 million fleeing into neighbouring and other countries, is now the world's largest humanitarian disaster, with no parallel in recent history. The EU, as the largest donor, has demonstrated its willingness and commitment to do what it can to alleviate the humanitarian consequences. As the crisis intensifies there is an increasingly urgent need to find a lasting solution that will end this conflict. Only a Syrian-led political process leading to a peaceful and inclusive transition, based on the principles of the Geneva communiqué of 30 June 2012, will bring back stability to Syria, enable peace and reconciliation and create the necessary environment for efficient counter terrorism efforts and maintain the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian State. There cannot be a lasting peace in Syria under the present leadership and until the legitimate grievances and aspirations of all components of the Syrian society are addressed.
  2. The EU's objective is to bring an end to the conflict and enable the Syrian people to live in peace in their own country. The international community has to unite around two complementary and interlinked tracks - a political one that aims to bring an end to the civil war by addressing all the root causes of the conflict and establish an inclusive political transition process that will restore peace to the country - and a security one to focus on the fight against the regional and global threat of Da'esh.
  3. The EU reiterates its full support to the UN-led efforts and the work of UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura to build this political track. The EU emphasizes the need to accelerate the work of the entire international community on the political track in the framework of the UN-led process. The EU is already actively contributing to the UN initiatives and will increase its diplomatic work in support of the UN-led efforts, including the UN Special Envoy's proposal for intra-Syrian working groups.
  4. We call on all Syrian parties to show a clear and concrete commitment to the UN-led process and to participate actively in the working groups. The EU underlines the urgency for the moderate political opposition and associated armed groups to unite behind a common approach in order to present an alternative to the Syrian people. These efforts must be inclusive involving women and civil society. The EU will sustain its support to the moderate opposition, including the SOC, and recalls that it is a vital element in fighting extremism and has a key role to play in the political transition.
  5. The EU will continue to put all of its political weight, actively and effectively, behind UN-led international efforts to find a political solution to the conflict, and calls on regional and international partners to do likewise. We urge all those with influence on the parties, including on the Syrian regime, to use this influence to encourage a constructive role in the process leading to a political transition and to end the cycle of violence. The EU will pro-actively engage with key regional actors such as , Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Iran, Iraq and international partners within the UN framework to build the conditions for a, peaceful and inclusive transition. In this context, the Council recalls its decision to task the HRVP to explore ways in which the EU could actively promote more constructive regional cooperation.
  6. The protection of civilians in Syria must be a priority for the international community. The EU condemns the excessive, disproportionate and indiscriminate attacks that the Syrian regime continues to commit against its own people. The Assad regime bears the greatest responsibility for the 250.000 deaths of the conflict and the millions of displaced people. The EU recalls that international humanitarian law applies to all parties, and human rights need to be fully respected. We call on all parties to stop all forms of indiscriminate shelling and bombardment against civilian areas and structures such as hospitals and schools and, in particular, on the Syrian regime to cease all aerial bombardments, including the use of barrel bombs in line with UNSC Resolution 2139 and the use of chemical weapons in line with UNSCR 2209. The systematic targeting of civilians by the regime has led to mass displacements and encouraged recruitment to and the flourishing of terrorist groups in Syria. This calls for urgent attention and action.

    The EU will reinforce its efforts to scale up the implementation of the UNSC Resolutions 2139, 2165 and 2191 to deliver cross-border and cross line assistance in order to help those Syrians most desperately in need.
  7. The EU strongly condemns the indiscriminate attacks, atrocities, killings, conflict-related sexual violence, abuses of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law which are perpetrated by Da'esh and other terrorist groups, against all civilians, including against Christians and other religious and ethnic groups. The EU supports international efforts and initiatives to address these issues. The EU condemns Da'esh's deliberate destruction of cultural heritage in Syria and Iraq, which amount to a war crime under international law.
  8. Those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria must be held accountable. The EU expresses its deepest concern about the findings of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria. The allegations of torture and executions based on the evidence presented by the Caesar report are also of great concern. The EU reiterates its call to the UN Security Council to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court.
  9. The EU supports the efforts of the Global Coalition to counter Da'esh in Syria and Iraq. As a consequence of its policies and actions, the Assad regime cannot be a partner in the fight against Dae'sh. Action against Da'esh needs to be closely coordinated among all partners, and needs clearly to target Da'esh, Jabhat al-Nusra, and the other UN-designated terrorist groups.
  10. The recent Russian military attacks that go beyond Dae'sh and other UN-designated terrorist groups, as well as on the moderate opposition, are of deep concern, and must cease immediately. So too must the Russian violations of the sovereign airspace of neighbouring countries.

    This military escalation risks prolonging the conflict, undermining a political process, aggravating the humanitarian situation and increasing radicalization. Our aim should be to de-escalate the conflict. The EU calls on Russia to focus its efforts on the common objective of achieving a political solution to the conflict. In this context it urges Russia to push for a reduction of violence and implementation of confidence-building measures by the Syrian Regime along the provisions of UNSC Resolution 2139.
  11. The EU will intensify humanitarian diplomacy and seek ways to improve access and protection as well as to promote humanitarian principles and local consensus on guidelines for the delivery of aid.
  12. The EU has substantially increased its financial efforts to support those who have fled the conflict, within and outside Syria, with new commitments to humanitarian aid and to longer-term work supporting the resilience of refugees in the neighbourhood. The EU and its Member states have already provided €4 billion for relief and recovery assistance to those affected by the conflict inside Syria and refugees and host communities in neighbouring countries. The EU and its Member States will continue to provide humanitarian assistance through the UN, ICRC and international NGOs. At the same time, the EU will increase its longer-term development and stabilization assistance, to these and other partners, including through the EU Regional Trust Fund recently established in response to the Syrian Crisis (the "Madad Fund") which has now been equipped with over €500 million in EU funding to be matched by efforts from EU Member States and other countries. The EU calls on other countries to sustain and increase their own contributions in response to the Syria crisis. The Council agreed specifically on the need to increase the level of cooperation and partnership with Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey to ensure equal access to shelter, education, health and livelihoods for refugees and their host communities with the support of additional EU assistance.
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4 octobre 2015 7 04 /10 /octobre /2015 11:45
Formation Infanterie par EUTM MALI


29 September 2015 by mhq pao – EUTM Mali


La 37ème semaine du calendrier a marqué le début du cycle de réentrainement des Forces  armées maliennes (FAMa) par EUTM MALI. Environ 600 hommes du GTIA 5 (Groupement tactique interarmes) sont arrivés à Koulikoro pour leur recyclage programmé dès leur entraînement initial par EUTM MALI en mai 2014. Depuis tout ce temps, ils se sont battus dans le nord du Mali et ont également été impliqués dans l’opération pendant la période de la prise d’otages de Sévaré. Sévaré est également la ville de garnison du GTIA 5 « DEBO ». Pour les semaines à venir, le camp de Koulikoro sera à la fois leur maison et leur base d’entraînement.


Au début de la période de recyclage, les fondamentaux en tactique d’infanterie devaient être revus, y compris la progression en colonne de groupe et la patrouille à pied. Il s’agissait pour les instructeurs de garantir un juste équilibre de la formation pour qu’elle ne soit ni trop difficile ni trop facile pour les soldats maliens. Le caporal instructeur Ale, du « 1st Royal Gurhka Regiment » était satisfait du niveau de connaissance de la troupe et a déclaré : « la première formation EUTM que les soldats maliens ont reçue et le fait qu’ils ont été déployés en opérations dans le nord ces derniers mois, sont encore très visibles. Il est donc inutile de tout reprendre à zéro, mais il faut seulement rafraîchir les connaissances qu’ils possèdent déjà ! » Bon signe! Cela montre que le travail d’EUTM Mali a eu un effet positif et le niveau de compétence des soldats maliens continue à s’améliorer. La structure sur laquelle est basée la formation est restée la même. Au début, la situation tactique et les objectifs sont représentés par les instructeurs aux cadres maliens au moyen d’une caisse à sable rudimentaire. Par la suite, les officiers et les sous-officiers informent à leur tour leurs soldats sur le plan à suivre à l’aide de la caisse à sable. Une fois cela terminé, le cadencement du plan est répété à haute voix (rehearsal) pour en préparer l’exécution. Après le rehearsal, toutes les questions sont discutées avec les chefs maliens, pour se mettre d’accord sur la meilleure exécution de la mission.


Les résultats de cette discussion sont alors communiqués à leurs subordonnés par les cadres maliens. « De cette façon, l’équipe conserve sa cohésion et les dirigeants maliens conservent leur autorité et ils entrainent leurs soldats » a déclaré le Caporal Ale. La formation à l’exercice de l’autorité (leadership) est une des priorités au sein d’EUTM Mali, non seulement lors de la formation des GTIA, mais aussi lors du cours des commandants de compagnie, qui a commencé en même temps que le réentrainement du GTIA, mais qui durera jusqu’à la fin de l’année. Pendant la deuxième partie de la journée, les objectifs sont un peu plus exigeants, les soldats maliens doivent alors montrer qu’ils ont compris la formation du matin et qu’ils sont en mesure de la restituer. Pour cette raison, les instructeurs européens ont préparé un petit exercice de réaction à l’embuscade. Le but est de voir comment les soldats maliens en patrouille réagissent face à une attaque ennemie inopinée et comment ils se sortent d’affaire sur le plan tactique. Malgré des températures avoisinant 36 degrés. Les ordres sont rapidement exécutés et ils reprennent rapidement l’entrainement, en progressant avec précaution tout en observant attentivement le terrain.


Pendant ce temps, « l’ennemi », représenté par un Gurkha britannique, est tapi à l’affût. Lorsque l’embuscade se déclenche, les soldats maliens réagissent immédiatement en ripostant et en se mettant à couvert. Afin de neutraliser leur adversaire, ils doivent maintenant s’appuyer mutuellement par une succession de tirs et de manœuvres de débordement de l’ennemi. Les soldats rencontrent fréquemment ce type de situation lors de leurs missions réelles. L’ennemi est finalement vaincu et git alors blessé au sol. Les formateurs d’EUTM Mali interrompent brièvement le scenario et demandent aux soldats comment ils pensent devoir réagir. La réponse est unanime, « épargner les non-combattants et capturer l’ennemi et ses provisions ».


Des cours de droit international humanitaire (DIH) font également partie de l’entrainement. On y enseigne aux soldats maliens comment traiter avec humanité les prisonniers et les civils dans le respect des lois internationales. À la fin de la journée le caporal Ale est très satisfait : « les soldats Maliens ont appris très rapidement et se sont vite adaptés à la situation particulière. En outre, ils ont donné beaucoup de bons exemples. C’est vraiment agréable de travailler avec eux ». Au-delà des éloges de l’instructeur, c’est dans la voix du caporal des Gurkhas, la preuve que l’entraînement des soldats maliens porte déjà ses fruits.

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29 septembre 2015 2 29 /09 /septembre /2015 12:45
EUNAVFOR Atalanta: new Force Commander appointed


29/09/2015 consilium.europa.eu Press release 682/15


The Political and Security Committee has appointed Rear Admiral Stefano Barbieri (Italy) force commander for the EU's counter-piracy operation EUNAVFOR Atalanta as of 6 October 2015.


Rear Admiral Barbieri will take over from Rear Admiral Alfonso Gómez Fernández de Córdoba who has been force commander since 6 May 2015. He was previously deputy assistant of the chief of the Italian navy and the commanding officer of the aircraft carrier Cavour. From June 2014 to June 2015 he attended the naval Command course in the naval war college (Newport) and on 1 July 2015 he was promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral. 

The operation is part of the EU's comprehensive approach against piracy in the Horn of Africa.  

The operation's main focus is the protection of World Food Programme vessels delivering humanitarian aid to Somalia; and the deterrence, repression and disruption of piracy off the Somali coast. In addition, Operation Atalanta contributes to the monitoring of fishing activities off the coast of Somalia.


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28 septembre 2015 1 28 /09 /septembre /2015 19:50
EUNAVFOR Med: EU agrees to start the active phase of the operation against human smugglers and to rename it "Operation Sophia"


Following the political guidance provided by the defence and foreign affairs ministers at their informal meetings on 3 and 5 September, EU Ambassadors within the Political and Security Committee agreed to start the first step of the second phase of the operation as of 7 October 2015 and approved the corresponding rules of engagement.

The EU naval operation against human smugglers in the Mediterranean will be able to board, search, seize and divert vessels suspected of being used for human smuggling or trafficking on the high seas, in line with international law.

The Political and Security Committee also agreed that EUNAVFOR Med should be renamed "Sophia" after the name given to the baby born on the ship of the operation which rescued her mother on 22 August 2015 off the coast of Libya.




"Today's decision takes the EU naval operation from its intelligence-gathering phase to its operational and active phase against human smugglers on the high seas. The European Union has proven its capacity to act in a swift and united manner. We are also united in our diplomatic efforts to find both a political solution to the crises in Syria and Libya, and, in partnership with the countries of origin and transit of the migration flows, to support the economic and social development of these countries." - Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

The new name of the operation will be formally adopted by the Council at the earliest opportunity.

The decision by the Political and Security Committee to launch the first step of phase 2 of the operation follows an assessment by the Council on 14 September that the conditions to move to this stage have been met.

The Operation Commander Rear Admiral Credendino has judged the transition possible as member states provided the assets needed for this more active phase in the force generation conference of 16 September 2015.

The operation is aimed at disrupting the business model of human smuggling and trafficking networks in the Mediterranean and to prevent the further loss of life at sea. It is part of a wider EU comprehensive approach to migration, tackling both the symptoms and root causes such as conflict, poverty, climate change and persecution.


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19 septembre 2015 6 19 /09 /septembre /2015 11:50
Asylum flows to the EU: blip or norm? (Jul 2015) - EUISS


The numbers of irregular arrivals at the EU’s outer border and mass asylum claims are growing. In May 2015, the EU-28, Switzerland and Norway received the highest number of asylum applications on record: 74,000 in a single month.

This headline figure may yet prove to be somewhat inflated: Afghans and Kosovans in particular tend to claim asylum on arrival at the EU’s border, only to then abscond and claim again at their target destination. Nevertheless, the pressures – particularly on the EU’s southern and south-eastern border-states – are real.


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18 septembre 2015 5 18 /09 /septembre /2015 16:50
Une université européenne de la Défense, avec quels pays ? Dans quels objectifs ?

L’Ecole royale militaire (belge) pourrait être le coeur de l’université européenne de défense prônée par Jean Marsia, qui vient de défendre une thèse à l’ULB (crédit : ERM)


by Bruxelles2


(BRUXELLES2) Comment approfondir l’Europe politique ? Avec qui faire l’Europe de la Défense ? Comment créer un esprit de corps européen ? C’est en quelque sorte à ces questions fondamentales que s’est attaqué Jean Marsia. Cet ancien colonel de l’armée belge, et ancien conseiller d’Elio di Rupo (quand il était Premier ministre), a trouvé une réponse : la création d’une université européenne de la Défense. Un projet ambitieux qu’il a décrit dans une thèse qui vient d’être soutenue à Bruxelles (1). En voici quelques éléments principaux


Une Europe politique toujours bloquée

Pour l’auteur, l’Europe de la défense est inséparable de l’Europe politique. Or celle-ci est aujourd’hui bloquée. « L’entrée en vigueur du traité de Lisbonne, le 1er décembre 2009, n’a pas effacé l’échec, en 2005, du traité constitutionnel. En mars 2012, j’ai eu l’opportunité de faire remarquer à Herman Van Rompuy que le Conseil européen n’avait plus discuté de la défense depuis 2005. » Un nouveau processus s’est mis en place. Il a conduit les 28 chefs d’Etat et de gouvernement de l’Union européenne à fixer, en décembre 2013, un plan d’action et un nouveau rendez-vous en juin 2015. « Mais en juin dernier, le Conseil européen a reporté l’examen des questions de défense au second semestre 2016. L’Europe politique et l’Europe de la défense à 28 sont toujours bloquées. »


Suite de l'article

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17 septembre 2015 4 17 /09 /septembre /2015 17:50
EDA is recruiting Seconded National Experts


Brussels - 17 September, 2015 European Defence Agency


The European Defence Agency (EDA) is currently looking for Seconded National Experts (SNEs) with the following profiles: Project Officer Education, Training and Exercise, Project Officer Navigation and Air/Missile Defence, Project Officer Engage, Project Officer Land Programmes, Project Officer Communication and Information Systems, Project Officer Helicopter Training. Candidates must apply via the EDA website by 15 October 2015.


The Agency is an “outward-facing” organisation, constantly interacting with its shareholders, the participating Member States, as well as with a wide range of stakeholders. It works in an integrated way, with multi-disciplinary teams representing all the Agency’s functional areas, to realise its objectives including its annual Work Programme and its rolling three-year Work Plan. Its business processes are flexible and oriented towards achieving results. Staff at all levels need to demonstrate the corresponding qualities of flexibility, innovation, and team-working; to work effectively with shareholders and stakeholder groups, formal and informal; and to operate without the need for detailed direction.

The above mentioned positions are located in the three operational directorates of the Agency: Capability, Armament & TechnologyCooperation Planning & Support and European Synergies and Innovation. All positions are for Seconded National Experts (SNEs). SNE’s are persons employed by governments, ministries or governmental agencies of the participating Member States, who are seconded to the EDA so that it can use their expertise in a particular field. An SNE must be a national of one of the participating Member States. 


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16 septembre 2015 3 16 /09 /septembre /2015 13:50
Complex cyber crisis management exercise in Vienna


Vienna - 16 September, 2015 European Defence Agency


The third Strategic Decision Making Course & Exercise on Cyber Crisis Management within the framework of the European Defence Agency (EDA) takes place in Vienna from the 14th to 16th September 2015. The event is a joint initiative of the EDA, the European Cyber Security Initiative (Estonia), the Austrian Ministry of Defence and the Austrian Ministry of Interior. Forty representatives from the Austrian Federal Chancellery, the Ministries of Interior, Justice, European and International Affairs, Defence and Sports as well as from seven private companies participate in the exercise which is hosted at the Austrian Defence College. The exercise is also observed by 40 national and international cyber security experts.


The main aim of the exercise is to prepare strategic leaders to deal with cyberspace crisis management processes in complex situations and to promote a cyber security and cyber defence strategic culture. It also concentrates on stimulating national synergies and to foster EU member states cooperation. 

The exercise set-up includes presentations as well as a decision-making exercise and an in-depth feedback session. The exercise audience is confronted with a customised fictional political scenario where a crisis situation outside  EU boundaries spills back to an EU member state, here Austria. Manifestations of this spill over are an escalating sequence of targeted cyber-attacks of different degree of severity which are affecting both Austrian public and private sector entities, including national critical infrastructures such as telecommunications and Internet service providers, the energy sector, water supply and the public health care sector;all of this has had an impact on the public up to the level of casualties. The exercise audience is asked to apply the existing Austrian legal and political framework to the escalating scenario. At the same time participants must react to the population’s perception of the situation and to maintain public order. The exercise is following a playbook of more than 200 pages. 

Cyber defence – a key capability

The previous two cyber defence exercises for decision-makers were organised in Portugal in May 2014 and Prague in June 2015. The initiative is part of the EDA’s cyber defence work strand which among others aims at improving training, education and exercises opportunities as highlighted in the "Cyber Defence Policy Framework" which was adopted by the European Council in November 2014. 

"The 2013 EDA landscaping study on cyber defence capabilities among EDA member states revealed a need for harmonised cyber training for decision makers. The present course and exercise are the direct result of this study. The courses are constantly being improved according to participant’s feedback to ensure that our offer corresponds with Member State’s needs", said Peter Round, Director Capability, Armament & Technology at the European Defence Agency.


Cyber defence is the military dimension of cyber security. The military requirements are to prepare for, prevent, detect, respond to, recover from and learn lessons from attacks, damage or un-authorized access originated from cyber space affecting systems and services that support and enable military tasks and operations. 

In the EDA’s capability development plan, cyber defence is one of the priority actions. A project team of EDA and its participating Member States' representatives is responsible for jointly developing cyber defence capabilities within the EU common security and defence policy (CSDP). A network of EDA and Member States research & technology experts support this work by collaborative activities delivering the required technologies at the right time. All of this is positioned next to existing and planned efforts by civil communities (national and EU institutions) and NATO. Given that threats are multifaceted, a comprehensive approach is taken, seeking to enhance synergies between the civilian and military domains in protecting critical cyber assets.


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14 septembre 2015 1 14 /09 /septembre /2015 18:50
Calendrier des Think Tanks à Bruxelles (màj 14 Sept.)- RPFranceUE


source rpfrance.eu

Le calendrier des think tanks, mis à jour chaque semaine, regroupe les conférences et rencontres organisées par les think tanks à Bruxelles.


Retrouvez le calendrier de la semaine du lundi 14 septembre 2015. (961ko)

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8 septembre 2015 2 08 /09 /septembre /2015 15:45
EDA supports EUTM Mali to enhance medical facilities


Brussels - 08 September, 2015 European Defence Agency


The European Defence Agency (EDA) provided technical, contractual and administrative support to the EU Training Mission (EUTM) Mali regarding the procurement of a biomedical incinerator to be installed in Koulikoro.


The requirement for the new equipment, to meet European standards in case of an EBOLA outbreak, was identified by the operation. EDA´s support was requested in May 2015 and the award decision was signed by the former Operation Commander, Brigadier General Alfonso García-Vaquero Pradal in July 2015. The contract, with a budget of 59.000€, includes transportation and on-site maintenance. The incinerator should be operational by mid-September.

This is the first case conducted under the EDA-Athena cooperation arrangement signed on 27 February 2015 which aims at facilitating direct procurement support to CSDP military operations.

EDA supports CSDP operations and missions to meet their operational needs. Based on the combination of industry knowledge, in-house technical expertise and experience in procurement, the Agency helps operations to optimize procurement procedures in order to save resources.


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25 juillet 2015 6 25 /07 /juillet /2015 11:50
photo EDA

photo EDA

Brussels - 22 July, 2015 EU Defence Agency

The recent European Council acknowledged the importance of hybrid warfare for EU Member States. In this interview we address the topic with EDA project officer Axel Butenschoen *.


  • How does hybrid warfare differ from “conventional” warfare? Is it really something new?

From an academic point of view we have to state that a broadly accepted definition of “hybrid warfare” does not exist yet. One reason could be that by nature the characteristics of this new type of threat is evolving nearly on a daily basis. However, amongst analysts there are common elements describing this phenomenon of new threats by “violent threats that are simultaneously carried out by state- and non-state actors along all conventional and unconventional lines of operation within a not exclusively military but also diplomatic, information and economic dimensions of conflict in order to achieve a political goal”. From my perspective all the individual elements, for example information warfare, cyber-attacks, conventional military aggressions and destabilisation operations are individually well known but the synchronized, combined approach adds a new dimension to our understanding of aggression.


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* Axel  Butenschoen is Project Officer for Capability Development Plan within the European Defence Agency.

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24 juillet 2015 5 24 /07 /juillet /2015 11:50
Military requirements for cyber ranges agreed

Brussels - 13 July, 2015 by EU Defence Agency

The official endorsement of the military requirements by the EDA Steering Board in Capability Directors composition end of June, marks the start of the cyber ranges project. Its scope is to improve the usage of existing and future cyber ranges for conducting cyber defence training, exercises & testing. This should improve cyber resilience and raise the levels of awareness, insight and expertise of national and EU personnel.


The EU Cyber Security Strategy recognises cyber defence as one of its strategic priorities. The military requirements on cyber defence capabilities are inter alia to prepare for, prevent, detect, respond to, and recover from cyber-attacks. In June 2012, the EDA made an initial proposal for cooperative cyber defence training, exercises and testing under the Pooling & Sharing agenda.

Interoperability of cyber ranges will have a positive effect on cooperation among operational cyber defence systems, organisations and processes, thereby improving the effectiveness and efficiency of CSDP operations and multinational exercises.

The project will be carried out under the EU Pooling & Sharing agenda and aims at:

  • Increasing availability of existing cyber range facilities;

  • Increasing occupation rate and efficiency of existing cyber ranges and platforms;

  • Mainstreaming and improving cyber defence training, exercises & testing at European level.

The military requirements approved now describe the way ahead through an EDA ad hoc project on cyber ranges in a spiral approach until 2018 (full operational capability). The concrete project arrangements are expected to be agreed by the working group by late 2015. The implementation and realisation phase is likely to start early 2016. 


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24 juillet 2015 5 24 /07 /juillet /2015 10:50
photo EDA

photo EDA

Brussels 23 July, 2015 - by EU Defence Agency

High Representative and Head of the European Defence Agency Federica Mogherini paid her first visit to the EDA yesterday. She met with the Agency’s Management Board before giving an address to the staff.


During her visit to EDA, the High Representative was briefed on EDA activities including maritime surveillance, prioritisation and funding of research & technology, and support to CSDP operations.

Today I was able to see first-hand some of the really important work you do. I am happy and proud to see how you are tackling the many challenges of European defence. In the current security environment, I want defence cooperation to be the rule, not the exception”, Federica Mogherini stressed in front of the European Defence Agency’s staff. “The EDA is providing the necessary impetus and means to make this a reality. Your collective role is vital. We are here for results and concrete achievements – and I know you deliver”, she added.


More information

  • European External Action Service website
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3 juillet 2015 5 03 /07 /juillet /2015 12:50
photo European Parliament

photo European Parliament

08.06.2015 Fondation Robert Schuman

Responsabilité traditionnellement exclusive des Etats, la Défense de la plupart des pays européens est organisée depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale au sein d'alliances multinationales : de l'OTAN pour la défense collective de leurs intérêts vitaux (territoires et populations) avec le renfort des Etats-Unis et du Canada et de l'Union européenne où ils développent des intérêts communs depuis 60 ans. Mais s'ils ont pu utiliser jusqu'ici ces organisations comme multiplicateurs de puissance, tout en conservant à leur niveau le développement et l'usage des moyens et capacités opérationnelles, le nouveau contexte sécuritaire remet en cause cette situation confortable selon une étude publiée en partenariat avec Eurodéfense-France.


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1 juillet 2015 3 01 /07 /juillet /2015 11:50
Commissioner Christos Stylianides visits EDA


Brussels - 30 June, 2015 European Defence Agency


European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides visited the European Defence Agency today to exchange views and cooperation opportunities with EDA staff and top management.


The Commissioner started his visit with a meeting with EDA Chief Executive as well as the Agency’s top management, with whom he exchanged views on the EDA’s way of working, especially its role of interface with wider EU policies, as well as on current workstrands that might contribute to support Humanitarian missions and initiatives.

After the meeting, Commissioner Stylianides met with EDA project officers who briefed him on some of the Agency’s ongoing initiatives in the field of operations support, satellite communications or medical. Current EDA projects focusing on maritime surveillance, personnel recovery or airlift support to humanitarian missions were also discussed.

A lot of activities and projects developed under the framework of the Agency have a potential dual-use role, and thus can be as useful in humanitarian missions as they are in high-intensity conflicts”, EDA Chief Executive Jorge Domecq commented during the visit. “As part of our close cooperation with the European Commission we stand ready to provide support  in areas of dual-use capabilities and dual-use research, while at the same time enhancing the pooling and sharing of capabilities”, he added.


More information

  • Link to Commissioner Christos Stylianides' website
  • Link to EDA Operations Support project page
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30 juin 2015 2 30 /06 /juin /2015 18:50
source EDA

source EDA

19.06.2015 source SEDE

Are exports made to countries outside of the European Union (EU) impeding European cooperation in armaments? Although the numbers vary significantly from one country to another, the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base (EDTIB) now collectively derives an important share of its collective turnover from extra-EU export sales. Accordingly, EU Member states devote important political, financial and administrative resources to support and promote their national producers in major competition overseas. The current scarcity of common European programmes, and the limited impacts of recently introduced legislation designed to harmonize national defence procurement rules and to facilitate intra-EU transfers, could indicate that extra-EU exports are detrimental to European cooperation on weapons projects. This negative effect would primarily come from introducing greater levels of competition between European companies creating greater tensions, which are not conducive to cooperation on the EU level. The study finds that there is indeed a correlation between competition for major foreign markets and difficulties of intra-EU cooperation but makes the analysis that extra-EU exports are more a symptom of structural constraints faced by major suppliers, such as the weakness of defence spending in European countries, and the persistence of fragmentation and duplication of production capabilities.


Executive summary


The impact of extra-EU exports on European armaments cooperation

The interrogation at the heart of this study is whether the importance of the European defence industrial and technological base (EDTIB) extra-EU exports in its turnover has consequences on European cooperation in armaments. The EDTIB derives a significant share of its collective turnover from export sales and EU Member states devote important political, financial and administrative resources to support and promote their national producers in major competition overseas.

This situation has led to the proposition that competition between Member States to gain market shares overseas and have become a handicap in establishing an integrated European defence market. Implied here is that this dynamic leads Member States to prioritize the international markets at the expense of European joint initiatives.


Approach to evaluating the consequences of extra-EU exports on European armaments cooperation

In order to assess the importance of extra-EU exports in the European DTIB turnover, the study first investigates the origin of the turnovers of the 6 countries of the Letter of Intent (LoI), namely France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom, to which Poland, as an emerging European supplier, was added. It is largely recognized that the LoI countries concentrate the core of European defence production capabilities expressed both in quantitative (turnover) and qualitative (range and diversity of defence specific capacities) terms. It demonstrates the importance of extra-EU exports varies between 18% (Germany,Poland) and 43% (Italy) for the year 2012, and that sales to markets outside of the EU represent a significant share of their turnover.

Second, the study presents the support and guidance mechanisms implemented by the LoI countries plus Poland to support their companies’ extra-EU export efforts. This part shows that Member States devote significant financial, administrative and political resources to help their ‘national defence champions’ win major sales abroad. Considering the fact that some of these countries are involved in cooperation programmes, States are sometimes faced with the choice of either supporting a domestic made system, or one produced in cooperation. In other cases, promotion resources help a multinational company compete with itself on a foreign market by supporting a national subsidiary of a company based in another country.

A third part of the report explores the ineffectiveness of the European Common Position (CP) on arms exports in harmonising export rules and guidance at the European level. Using the recent debate surrounding the sale of Mistral command and power projection ship to Russia, it demonstrates that one of the main goals of the CP – to create a more level-playing field by eliminating differences of restrictiveness in national export legislation – was not achieved.


The relationship between extra-EU exports and cooperation

There are indications of a strong correlation between, on the one hand, the importance of extra-EU exports for EU Member States and especially for LoI countries and on the other hand, difficulties of European cooperation between companies and between Member States. Competitions for extra-EU markets often involve several European suppliers, which are supported in different ways by their states in these contests.

Multiple examples presented in the report indeed show that this rivalry fosters tensions and hostility between European actors, which, in turn, has a negative impact on European cooperation in the field of armament.

However, this report did not uncover evidence to support the idea that extra-EU defence exports are actually causing the challenges currently displayed by European defence production cooperation.

Examination of past armament collaborations or competitions suggest that there is no automatic link between frictions and mistrust among suppliers with either exports or cooperation. Therefore, the importance of foreign sales may be a symptom of deeper-seated features of the European defence market.


The structural drivers of extra-EU exports

The domination of national logic in European defence and the weakness of European defence spending would explain both the ‘race to export’ by individual countries and the reluctance to engage in cooperation programmes. The general weakness of European defence expenditures over the past 15 years contrasts starkly with the general growth observed in the rest of the world. This has led both companies and Member States to turn to these extr-EU markets to counteract weaker domestic sales. Since the issue of the fragmentation and duplication of defence production capabilities across European countries remain, competition between European producers in foreign market seems inevitable. In turn, the high stakes and intensity of these competitions warrant significant Member Sates support.


Download The Extra-EU Defence Exports' Effects on European Armaments Cooperation


Note RP Defense: read Armaments Co-operation Strategy

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30 juin 2015 2 30 /06 /juin /2015 17:50
The Impact of the 'Defence Package' Directives on European Defence

19.06.2015 source SEDE

In its conclusions on the Common Security and Defence Policy, the December 2013 European Council stressed the importance of ensuring the full and correct implementation and application of the two defence Directives of 2009. The present study intends to provide the Parliament with an initial perspective regarding the state of implementation of the Directive 2009/81/EC on defence and security procurement (Part.1) and the Directive 2009/43/EC on intra-European Union transfers of defencerelated products (Part.2). It undertakes a first assessment of national practices, through qualitative and statistical analysis. It identifies the complex points and obstacles, which, if not overcome, may well call into question the Directives’ expected beneficial effects.


Executive summary


The directive 2009/81/EC on defence and security Procurement under scrutiny

In order to understand the evolution of Member States’ acquisition practices since the entry into force of the Directive, the first part of the study is structured around three main sections : (1) the situation before the Directive’s entry into force, an overview of the major principles introduced by the Directive and their implications for actors in the European defence sector, along with the process of transposition into national law; (2) An initial evaluation of national practices through qualitative analysis and statistical analysis (based on reprocessed data from the TED database, during the period from the 21st August 2011 to the 31st December 2014, covering all EU Member States) ; (3) An identification of the complex points and obstacles, which, if not overcome, may well call into question the Directives’ expected beneficial effects.

The Directive 2009/81/EC intends to provide procurement rules tailor-made for defence and security markets and is supposed to lead to more transparency and competition. Most importantly, it should limit the use of the exception clause of Article 346.

While the number of documents published on TED over these past two years has been increasing, this increase is not as significant as expected, and above all it is due to a small group of Member States (France, Germany, and the United Kingdom). This initial survey demonstrates an important disparity in the Member States’ publication practices (contract notices and contract awards). This poses the question of reciprocity. In value, contract awards notified between the 21st August 2011 and the 31st December 2014 represent around €10.53 billion. The year 2014 accounts for around 65% of the total, due to significant contracts notified by the United Kingdom in the field of services and facilities management, and by France on the segments covering Repair and maintenance services of military aircrafts.

The Directive 2009/81/EC is today favoured for contracts dealing with services, the acquisition of equipment deemed to be of a low strategic value, and sub-systems. Over the past three years, all of the major military equipment contracts, thus those that have had a structural effect on the DTIB, were notified without going via the Directive. Previous practices have continued, notably the use of Article 346.

When the contracting authorities/entities provide the name and address of the successful economic operators, in 84% of cases, the selected supplier is based on national territory. An analysis focused on the Member States that have published the most contract award notices (and if we consider non-specified addresses as national, as the European Commission does) demonstrates that the proportion of selected suppliers located on national territory reaches 98% for Germany, 97% for France, 96% for Italy, 96% for Poland, 92% for the United Kingdom, 90% for Romania, and 64% for Finland.

Concretely today acquisition practices seem to show an incomplete and incorrect application of the Directive, with de facto a limited or even non-existent impact on the DTIB. It is indeed too hasty and premature to draw conclusions from such a short period, all the more so given that it generally takes 5 to 10 years for a directive to be fully applied, and this is referring to the civilian sector. Although this new regime is not yet functioning satisfactorily at the present time, the Directive represents an important step in a sector such as defence, which is marked by a significant degree of opacity in acquisition practices.


The State of implementation of the Directive 2009/43/EC on Intra-EU transfers of defence- related products

In order to assess in details the current state of implementation o the Directive 2009/43/EC, the second part of the report proceeds in 3 steps and considers, first, the principles of the ICT Directive regarding the general licences, second, the state of the certification process and third the eventual impact of the Directive on the actors focusing specifically to topic of the end-use/end-user control.

The use of general licences appears to be quite limited considering its potential. This can be partially explained by the fact that the implementation of the new regulations is still in a transitional phase. However study reveals that the entire licensing process established by the EC suffers from major problems threatening the objective of simplification and harmonization. First, the report identifies a lack of availability of the relevant documents. Second, the general licences are too diversified in terms of scope and structure of the documents and conditions attached. Third Member states adopt different definitions of what sensitive products are, which is a corollary of the multiplicity of the defence-related product lists attached to the general licences.

To date, only 36 defence companies are registered on CERTIDER. The pace of certification is impacted by the relative complexity and diversity of the general licences, but there is obviously is some skepticism about the practical benefits of the enlisting process. It may not be considered worth the effort for the defence companies. The observation is even more valid for Small and Medium Enterprise.

Because of the slow pace on implementation of the Directive 2009/43/EC it is hazardous to analyze its effect on the European defence market. However, the actual trends allows the formulation of hypotheses notably on the eventual adaptation of the en use/end user control processes within the EU. States remain attached to their monitoring systems. It is an international or regional obligation for them but they also want to stay aware of any eventual re-export within the UE and of course, outside.

The benefits of the ICT Directive will not be felt similarly by all Member States, national authorities and defence companies. Their effects will certainly be different among Member States depending on the structure of their national defence sector and its reliance on exports. National factors and realities of the defence industry, as well as diverse perceptions of arms trade controls in Europe, can explain the current unequal level of implementation of the Directive and limit the overall benefits of the new regulatory system put in place by the Directive.


Download The Impact of the 'Defence Package' Directives on European Defence

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25 juin 2015 4 25 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
Athena Mechanism joins EU SatCom Market

Brussels - 18 June, 2015 European Defence Agency

Athena Administrator Hans-Werner Grenzhäuser today signed the declaration to join the EU SatCom Market, an ad hoc project of the European Defence Agency.


Speaking about the cooperation, Hans-Werner Grenzhäuser said: “As part of the ongoing efforts to improve the procurement process of the different operations, I am convinced that Athena will benefit from its participation in this already existing mechanism with several other EU Member States being able to pool the purchase of satellite communications and related services through the European Defence Agency.
EDA Chief Executive Jorge Domecq added: “With Athena now part of the EU SatCom Market project, CSDP military operations will benefit from an easier procurement process thanks to the framework already in place, instead of using ad hoc outsourcing. The foreseen additional use of this pooled procurement initiative will increase the pooling and sharing effect, while making the project more attractive to the service providers.


EU SatCom Market

Within the EU SatCom Market project, EDA acts as the central purchasing body on behalf of the contributing members. It purchases the services from a commercial provider. Airbus Defence & Space holds the current contract. Since May 2013, more than 20 orders have been placed for a total value of almost €4 million. So far, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and the United Kingdom are part of the EU SatCom Market.
The project uses a ‘pay-per-use’ model, so members do not have to contribute with a regular fee, instead they only pay for what they order. Under the arrangement with Athena all present and future EU-led military operations will be able to draw this option to cover their SatCom requirements.

The Athena Mechanism

Athena is the mechanism established to administer the financing of the common costs of European Union operations having military or defence implications governed by Council Decision 2015/528/CFSP. The Council Decision allows for arrangements to be signed with union bodies to facilitate procurement in operations in the most cost-effective manner.


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25 juin 2015 4 25 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
Cyber defence exercise for decision makers

Prague - 22 June, 2015 European Defence Agency

From 16 to 18 June 2015, the European Defence Agency (EDA) together with the Czech National Security Authority (NBU) organised an exercise for Comprehensive and Strategic Decision Making on Cyber Security and Defence in Prague. The exercise was opened with keynote speeches from the Director of the NBU, Mr Dušan Navrátil and the Estonian Ambassador to the Czech Republic, H.E. Mr. Sten Schwede. The Estonian Ambassador to NATO, H.E. Mr. Lauri Lepik, visited the exercise on 17 June.


The exercise execution was supported by the Estonian based European Cyber Security Initiative (ECSI), a Non-Governmental Organisation aiming at improving cyber security across Europe, as well as representatives from the Estonian and Portuguese governments, the EU Military Staff and CERT-EU.

The tabletop exercise aimed at training senior decision makers from the public and private sectors to comprehensively deal with complex cyber attack scenarios. The methodological concept of the exercise, that refers back to an Estonian initiative, was initially piloted with the Portuguese government in May 2014. The exercise in Prague served as a first proof-of-concept. In total 57 representatives from the Czech government, the Czech private sector and observers from Austria, Estonia, Slovakia, ENISA and CCD COE participated. 

Participants expressed their appreciation of the exercise in general. In particular they valued the realistic scenario and concept as well as the pragmatism in transferring a complex issue into a coherent training concept. They also agreed that the exercise addressed an existing gap in the training and exercise landscape. 

A second proof-of-concept exercise will be organised with the Austrian government in September 2015 in Vienna


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25 juin 2015 4 25 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
High-level Group of Personalities on defence research issues statement

Brussels - 18 June, 2015 European Defence Agency

The European Commission has recently set up a high level group of politicians, academics, think tankers and CEOs from research technology organisations and defence industry to advise on how the EU can support defence research programmes relevant to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).


Working on a tasking from the December 2013 European Council, the European Defence Agency is bringing its expertise to this work strand through the organisation of workshops with the Commission and the discussion of modalities related to the future Pilot Project on CSDP Research.

The High-level Group is chaired by Commissioner Elżbieta Bieńkowska and supported by the High Representative, Commission Vice-President and Head of the European Defence Agency Federica Mogherini – who has been represented by EDA Chief Executive Jorge Domecq in the Group of Personalities. It is expected to make recommendations for a long-term vision for EU-funded CSDP-related defence research in support of European defence cooperation.

While the Group will report in full in early 2016, it offers now the following considerations as a preliminary contribution in the run up to the June 2015 European Council.


Official Statement by the Group of Personalities on defence research


The EU's security role and the need for a strong EDTIB

To ensure its long-term security, the EU and its Member States need political will and determination underpinned by a broad set of relevant instruments, including strong and modern military capabilities. These will enable the EU to live up to its responsibilities as a security provider and to be a relevant and reliable partner at global level. Investing today in future-oriented defence research programmes is crucial to developing the capabilities that will be required tomorrow.

It is widely recognised that Europe needs to retain robust military capabilities in its Member States, which, however, can no longer afford to sustain a full range of defence industrial assets on a purely national basis. Years of defence spending cuts by EU countries risk producing a net loss of combined military and industrial capabilities. And while defence-related research is pivotal in maintaining the technological edge that ensures military advantage, European investment in defence R&D has declined by more than 29 % since 2006 – and by more than 27 % in R&T.

The European defence industry needs therefore to become more integrated and more sustainable in order to maintain critical mass and global competitiveness, to remain an equal and attractive partner internationally, and to generate the key defence technologies needed to ensure Europe’s long-term operational autonomy. A common understanding of the capability-driven research areas that should be developed cooperatively - and of the ways to identify and select them - will be required, taking into account all existing processes at EU level.

The role of future collaborative programmes in addressing capability gaps

Cooperative defence research programmes will clearly be essential for sustaining and fostering key military capabilities in Europe and addressing well-known shortfalls. Currently, however, only 8% of national defence budgets are spent on collaborative projects.

The Preparatory Action and its follow-on programme can contribute significantly to the development of crucial military capabilities for Europe and help ensure the sustainability and competitiveness of the European defence industrial sector - from prime contractor level through to SMEs - thus also underpinning the Union’s long-term security.

The Preparatory Action should therefore pave the way to a substantial and ambitious CSDP-related defence research programme in the next EU multi-annual funding framework, thus making a quantitative and qualitative difference to the current situation and demonstrating the added value of a permanent EU scheme.


Key principles for EU-funded CSDP-related defence research

The future research programme must be clearly defence-oriented, coherent with and complementary to existing national defence research efforts, and must take fully into account the unique aspects of the defence sector in its governance principles and modalities.

It must help address specific capability needs stemming from the evolving security environment, avoid duplications, and catalyse collaborative research efforts.

The Preparatory Action needs to properly test the effectiveness and relevance of EU-funded defence research and the appropriateness of the proposed governance model. As such, it should be endowed with appropriate and credible means – preferably up to the maximum budget allowed by the legal framework.



  • Fernando Abril-Martorell, CEO Indra;
  • Carl Bildt, former Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs;
  • Antoine Bouvier, CEO MBDA;
  • Håkan Buskhe, CEO of Saab;
  • Paul de Krom, former secretary of State for Social Affairs and Employment, President and CEO of TNO, a Dutch organization of applied scientific research
  • Tom Enders, CEO Airbus Group;
  • Michael Gahler, MEP, EP rapporteur for Commission's communication on defence;
  • Elisabeth Guigou, President of the Foreign Affairs Commission in l'Assamblée Nationale, former Minister of European Affairs, of Justice and of Employment;
  • Ian King, Chief Executive BAE Systems;
  • Bogdan Klich, former Minister of Defence, member of Polish Senate;
  • Mauro Moretti, CEO Finmeccanica;
  • Reimund Neugebauer, President of the "Frauenhofer-Gesellschaft", application-oriented research organisation;
  • Arndt Schoenemann, Managing Director of Liebherr-Aerospace Lindenberg GmbH, Chairman of ASD Supply Chain and SME Group;
  • Teija Tiilikainen, Director of Finnish Institute of International Affairs;
  • Nick Witney, former EDA Chief Executive, senior policy fellow with the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR).

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25 juin 2015 4 25 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
EDA tests Sharing of Spare Parts project during multinational exercise

Veszprém, Hungary - 24 June, 2015 by European Defence Agency

Earlier this month, at the Bakony Combat Training Centre in Hungary, the European Defence Agency attended exercise Capable Logistician 15. The event was coordinated by the Multinational Logistic Coordination Centre (MLCC) and supported by Hungary as host nation. Capable Logistician 15 provided the EDA with an opportunity to test its Sharing of Spare Parts (SoSP) mechanism and to prove the effectiveness of its operational procedures.


Sharing of Spare Parts (SoSP) is an initiative aimed at establishing a multinational framework for the request and provision of Mutual Logistic Support (MLS) in peacetime and during the execution of operations. MLS focuses on unforeseen and temporary shortages of common supplies as well as on in-service support for standard or specific equipment.

In this respect, Capable Logistician 15 offered a realistic scenario in which to simulate the lack of an appropriate level of logistic support - which in turn may have affected the operational effectiveness of a unit in the field. The unavailability of spare parts (in this simulated event, a transmission gear for land vehicles) has often caused serious problems in operations, especially where there is a particularly long logistic chain, where there are security considerations, or where similar collaborative solutions are not feasible or convenient.

The simulated application of the SoSP scheme allowed the exchange of spare parts between two units in the field which were using the same land vehicles.


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