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25 mars 2015 3 25 /03 /mars /2015 17:51
photo Phil Nijhuis  Dutch MoD

photo Phil Nijhuis Dutch MoD


The Hague - 23 March, 2015 European Defence Agency


Jorge Domecq, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency and Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, Minister of Defence of the Netherlands have met today to discuss Dutch participation in EDA capability programmes, the implementation of EU Maritime Security Strategy Action Plan as well as preparations of the European Council discussion on defence in June 2015. 

During the visit, Jorge Domecq also met with senior officials of the Dutch Ministry of Defence. The main topics addressed during the meetings were the preparation of the Heads of State and Government discussion on defence in June 2015, the Multi Role Tanker Transport project, the implementation of the EU Maritime Security Strategy Action Plan, support to industry, as well as EDA’s work regarding the Preparatory Action for CSDP-related research. 

Military shortfalls can only be fixed if nations develop joint approaches”, Minister Hennis-Plasschaert stated after the meeting. “The efforts of defence cooperation between European countries can only lead to high level capabilities through integrated defence research and strengthening the position of small and medium enterprises. Only then joint capabilities can lead to innovative and future orientated cooperation between like-minded countries. It will boost military effectiveness and enhance our ability to act.” 

The Netherlands leads two of the European Defence Agency’s flagship capability projects. The Multi Role Tanker Transport project aims at creating a European air-to-air refuelling and transport capability in the long-term. The Joint Deployable Exploitation and Analysis Laboratory contributes to reducing casualties resulting from improvised explosive devices. EDA really is an instrument at the service of our Member States. It is our aim to support nations in all their efforts of defence cooperation. At the same time, the Member States are in the driving seat and their input to EDA projects is paramount”, Jorge Domecq said after the meeting with Minister Hennis-Plasschaert. 

Jorge Domecq’s meetings in The Hague are part of a tour to all EDA Member States following his appointment as EDA Chief Executive and ahead of the European Council in June. 


More information: 

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24 mars 2015 2 24 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
Calendrier des think tanks à Bruxelles Mise à jour : 23 Mars 2015


23.03.2014 source RP UE France

Le calendrier des think tanks, mis à jour chaque semaine, regroupe les conférences et rencontres organisées par les think tanks à Bruxelles.


Retrouvez le calendrier de la semaine du lundi 23 mars 2015. (1Mo)

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21 mars 2015 6 21 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
EUFOR RCA: tough start, smooth end


13 March 2015 Thierry Tardy Alert - No17 -  EUISS


On 15 March, the EU-led operation in the Central African Republic (CAR), EUFOR RCA, came to an end after slightly less than a year. The ninth EU military operation in the framework of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) was launched in April 2014 and deployed to the capital city, Bangui.  Mandated to provide stability in parts of Bangui, as well as secure the city’s airport for an initial period of six months, it was later renewed for a further three months before handing over to the UN operation (MINUSCA).

While the process of establishing the mission was painful and doubts were expressed over its added value, EUFOR RCA seems to have delivered on its mandate and contributed to stabilising the situation in Bangui. Sustaining these achievements – in part through the new EU advisory mission – is now one of the main challenges ahead.


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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
Cours pilote du CESD : Les enjeux de l’espace pour la PSDC


18.03.2015 IHEDN


Dans le cadre de ses activités au sein du Collège européen de sécurité et de défense (CESD), l’IHEDN a organisé un cours spécialisé consacré aux enjeux de l’espace pour la Politique de sécurité et de défense commune (PSDC), qui s’est tenu à Bruxelles du 10 au 12 mars 2015.


Durant ces trois journées, 25 auditeurs ont été formés aux enjeux de l’espace, en matière de défense et de sécurité.


Les interventions, rythmant ce cours, ont été conçues de sorte à donner la parole à 15 conférenciers, représentant l’ensemble des acteurs institutionnels en charge d’activités dans le domaine spatial.


Les interventions du Commandement interarmées de l'espace (CIE), de l’état-major des armées et du Centre national d’études spatiales (CNES) ont permis de présenter la position française en matière de doctrine spatiale et de développement capacitaire. Un créneau fut également retenu pour l’intervention de groupes industriels leaders dans le domaine spatial. 


La direction des programmes de navigation par satellite européen de la Commission européenne (DG Marché intérieur), l’Agence spatiale européenne (ESA) et le Centre satellitaire de l’Union européenne (EU SATCEN) se sont également exprimés.. 


Madame Claude-France ARNOULD, envoyée spéciale pour l’espace au sein du Service européen pour l’Action extérieure (SEAE) a clôturé ce cours.

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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
Mission Europe du 18 au 20 mars - session nationale « Politique de défense » IHEDN


19.03.2015 IHEDN


Dans le cadre de la mission Europe, une partie des auditeurs de la session nationale « Politique de défense » s’est rendue à Berlin, du 18 au 20 mars 2015. À cette occasion, un échange très fructueux entre l’IHEDN et la BAKS, son homologue allemand, s’est déroulé sur une thématique commune, afin de permettre aux auditeurs français et allemands de mieux se connaître et de réfléchir ensemble sur des problématiques stratégiques, qui concernent l’ Europe et plus particulièrement nos deux pays.

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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 08:45
Brigadier General Dominique Laugel - EUMAM RCA Commander (photo CRR-FR)

Brigadier General Dominique Laugel - EUMAM RCA Commander (photo CRR-FR)


19 March 2015 by defenceWeb


The European Union on 16 March launched a military advisory mission in the Central African Republic (EUMAM RCA), after its establishment on 19 January. The mission supports the Central African authorities in preparing the reform of the security sector with respect to the armed forces of the Central African Republic.


EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, said: "The EU continues its comprehensive support for stability and security in the Central African Republic. EU experts will now support preparations for security sector reform. This will help the Central Africa Republic turn the corner after this security crisis."


In close cooperation with the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), this mission will play a critical role in strengthening the security sector. Concurrently, EUMAM RCA will advise the military authorities of the Central African Republic (CAR) on the reforms necessary to transform the CAR armed forces into a professional, democratically controlled and ethnically representative army, the EU said. EUMAM RCA will also support the MINUSCA in achieving its mandate in the area of security sector reform and the vetting process.


EUMAM RCA is located in the country's capital Bangui. Brigadier General Dominique Laugel from France has been appointed EU Mission Commander for a team of up to 60 staff. The common costs of the operation are estimated at €7.9 million for 12 months.


EUMAM RCA takes over from EUFOR RCA, which completed its mission in Bangui on March 15 after 11 months of operations. Initially agreed for a period of 6 months after achieving full operational capability of the force, the mandate of EUFOR RCA actually lasted 9 months, after the Central African authorities and the United Nations requested an extension, deploying on the ground about 750 soldiers from 14 European Countries.


The EU said that during the last 11 months, the level of security in Bangui has significantly improved with internally displaced persons going back to their homes while the first refugees are beginning to return to Central African Republic.

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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 08:45
European Union extends Somali training mission


19 March 2015 by defenceWeb


The European Union has extended the EU training mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia) until 31 December 2016 as it continues to providing basic, leadership and specialised military training and advice to the Somali military.


The decision was announced on March 16. EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini said: "The EU training mission has already made a real difference in Somalia by training around 5000 Somali troops. It will gradually shift towards mentoring Somali trainers, enabling the Somali National Army to progressively take over their own training. This will contribute to supporting Somalia's efforts to bring security and stability to the country."


The EUTM has been training Somali personnel since 2010. EUTM's efforts have contributed to the development of civilian control over the armed forces and to the management of the Ministry of Defence, as well as to the preparation of a Defence Plan within the overall context of public service, the EU said, adding that the mission's move from Uganda to Mogadishu in early 2014 greatly facilitated this work.


The EUTM Somalia is part of the EU's comprehensive approach to Somalia, which comprises diplomatic efforts, development support, humanitarian aid as well as security engagement. It includes two complementary missions under the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy: EUNAVFOR Operation ATALANTA contributing to fighting piracy off the Somali coast and EUCAP Nestor for maritime security capacity development in the Horn of Africa and the Western Indian Ocean.


EUTM Somalia was launched in December 2010 and has been based in Mogadishu since 2014. Brigadier General Antonio Maggi, from Italy, has been appointed Mission Commander as of 8 March 2015, heading a team of 125 staff.

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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 15:45



15/03/2015 EUFOR-RCA


After 11 months of intensive operations EUFOR RCA has successfully completed its mission in Bangui and all components have left the Central African Republic to return to their countries, but at the same time the European mission EUMAM is deployed, to facilitate the reorganization of the Central African armed forces.


After having handed over the responsibility of the airport one the 17th of November, EUFOR has transferred the responsibility of both 3rd and 5th districts to MINUSCA on the 28th of February, at a symbolic parade with all International Forces and Transitional Authorities.


Initially agreed for a period of 6 months after achieving full operational capability of the force, the mandate of EUFOR RCA actually lasted 9 months, after the Central African authorities and the United Nations requested an extension, deploying on the ground about 750 soldiers from 14 European Countries.


During the last 11 months, the level of security in Bangui has significantly improved, facilitating the deployment and actions of humanitarian actors embodying a global approach which is the higher level benefit of the operations of the European Union. IDPs are going back to their homes while the first refugees are begining to return to Central African Republic. And thus the economic and social life has restarted, the iconic PK5 market continues its development, freedom of movement of people has improved significantly, and all Bangui communities have begun reconciliations to regain their life together.


In his last speech delivered at UCATEX base to the lined-up EUFOR RCA Units, General Jean-Marc Bacquet, Force Commanders of EUFOR RCA, praised the continuous efforts of the European soldiers deployed in Bangui, to attain a safe and secure environment and to allow humanitarian organizations to provide aid and displaced persons to return home.


During the final farewell, addressed to the Central African authorities on the 13th of March, the Ucatex compound was named “camp Moana” in honor of the French Master Corporal Moana Heiarii who died for EUFOR in the fulfilment of his mission on November 5, 2014; in his speechGeneral Philippe Pontiès, Operational Commander of EUFOR RCA said: “My wishes for success are finally going to EUMAM, which will extend in other forms the dynamics of EUFOR RCA, showing the determination of the European Union to continue to play an active role alongside the United Nation, for the population and in support of the transition process and reconstruction work in Central African Republic.”

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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 11:50
The next SEDE meeting - 24 March 2015
17-03-2015 - SEDE


DRAFT AGENDA Joint committee meeting (Rule 55)

Tuesday 24 March 2015, Brussels


1.        Adoption of agenda

2.        Financing the Common Security and Defence Policy

           CJ15/8/02388                       2014/2258(INI)          


Eduard Kukan (PPE)
Indrek Tarand (Verts/ALE)

PR – PE549.126v01-00
AM – PE549.454v01-00




· Further consideration of draft report

· Consideration of amendments

· Deadline for tabling amendments: 3 March 2015, 12.00

3.        Next meetings

· 14 April 2015, 9.00 – 9.30 (Brussels)

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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 08:50
Picture: BE Defense/Malek AZOUG

Picture: BE Defense/Malek AZOUG


Brussels - 18 March, 2015 European Defence Agency


Jorge Domecq, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency, met today with Steven Vandeput, Belgian Minister of Defence, in Brussels to discuss preparations of the European Council on defence issues in June 2015 as well as future defence cooperation opportunities. 

Following his meeting with Mr. Domecq, Minister Vandeput said: “I fully appreciate the role of the EDA as a facilitator between the political and military actors in defence cooperation. The increased demand for operational output motivates us towards more and closer cooperation between Member States in order to create leverage and enhance efficiency. In any case, Belgium is and will remain a strong supporter of defence cooperation. For example, I would like to refer to the “Ghent Initiative” in 2010, which gave a strong political impulse to the “Pooling & Sharing” ideas and projects within the EU.

“Belgium is of double importance for the European Defence Agency. As a member it has a long tradition in defence cooperation at regional and European levels. In the framework of the European Defence Agency, Belgium is particularly active in projects covering cyber defence and countering improvised explosive devices. As our host nation, Belgium grants VAT exemption to EDA’s projects on an ad-hoc basis. This VAT exemption gives a real bonus to defence cooperation among Member States”, Jorge Domecq underlined after the meeting in Brussels.

Before the discussion with Minister Vandeput, Jorge Domecq also met with the Belgian Chief of Defence, General Gérard Van Caelenberge. The main topics addressed during both meetings were the preparation of the Heads of State and Government discussion on defence in June 2015 as well as cooperation opportunities on European level in view of future national policy choices. 

The meetings in Brussels are part of a tour to all EDA Member States by Jorge Domecq following his appointment as EDA Chief Executive and ahead of the European Council in June


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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 08:50
Rencontre du CEMA avec le commandant de l’Eurocorps.


17/03/2015 Sources : Etat-major des armées


Le 16 mars 2015, le CEMA a rencontré le général de corps d’armée BUCHSENSCHMIDT, commandant l’Eurocorps. 


Cette rencontre avec le commandant du Corps européen, plus traditionnellement connu sous le nom d’Eurocorps, a été l’occasion de faire le point sur l’avenir de cette formation qui fête ses 20 ans d’opérations en 2015.

Sous l’impulsion du général BUCHSENSCHMIDT, l’Eurocorps s’est recentré vers les missions de l’Union Européenne (UE) et évolue vers une modularité qui le rend plus facilement employable.

Les engagements à venir cet été au Mali au sein d’EUTM en sont une illustration, tout comme le tour d’alerte qu’il prendra en 2016 pour l’UE.

Comme toutes les structures de commandement, l’Eurocorps sera probablement amené à évoluer pour rester au plus près des engagements opérationnels futurs.

Ces évolutions se déroulent dans le cadre des comités communs réunissant les CEMA des nations partenaires.



Créé en 1992 et déclaré opérationnel en 1995, l’Eurocorps est constitué d’unités appartenant à l’Allemagne, la Belgique, l’Espagne, la France et le Luxembourg. Son quartier général est situé à Strasbourg.

L’état-major de l’Eurocorps peut commander une force terrestre de près de 60 000 hommes.

Officier général belge, le général de corps d’armée BUCHSENSCHMIDT arrivera prochainement au terme de son temps de commandement. Cet été, il sera relevé par le général de corps d’armée RAMIREZ de nationalité espagnole.

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17 mars 2015 2 17 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
Calendrier des think tanks européens à Bruxelles (màj 16 Mar. 2015)- RP France

16.03..2015 par rpfrance.eu

Le calendrier des think tanks, mis à jour chaque semaine, regroupe les conférences et rencontres organisées par les think tanks à Bruxelles.

Retrouvez le calendrier de la semaine du lundi 16 mars 2015. (1Mo)

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16 mars 2015 1 16 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
CSDP newsletter nr. 2


source EEAS

Towards the European Council on defence and security


In view of the European Council in June, the EU is preparing its response to the deteriorating security situation in our neighbourhood. Ukraine and Libya at the top of the agenda

The EU Defence Ministers gathering on 18 February and the Foreign Ministers meeting (Gymnich) on 6-7 March in Riga prepared the ground for formal decisions in the next Foreign Affairs Council on 16 March and in the European Council in June. "The meeting we are having," – stated the HR/VP on 18 February in her remarks – "is particularly important as it comes in times where our security is threatened, both at our Eastern borders and at our Southern borders".

During the discussion, Defence Ministers underlined that it is important that in June the Heads of State and Governments discuss the EU response to the security challenges with the objective of reviewing the European Security Strategy.

Concerning Ukraine, on 6 – 7 March the 28 Ministers for Foreign Affairs stressed the necessity for immediate implementation of the Minsk Agreement, which calls for a ceasefire and withdrawal of illegal weapons. They also agreed that, in order to monitor the implementation of the Agreement, OSCE capacity must be strengthened. “We insisted on the fact," - said Federica Mogherini in her remarks – "that we need to have more effective humanitarian support and access to the West and also to the East of Ukraine”. The EU is already financially supporting Ukraine and cooperation is getting closer also on security sector reform. The EU recently launched EUAM Ukraine, a CSDP Advisory Mission which is supporting the government to implement the reform of the Civilian Security Sector.

The Ministers also addressed developments in Libya. “The very fact that the talks are taking place and are moving forward is definitely a very positive sign” – said Federica Mogherini. The EU is investing a lot in this process. On 9 March the EU hosted in Brussels a meeting of Libyan businessmen from all across the country. After the event, Federica Mogherini congratulated “the large number of business people who were present for showing their commitment to dialogue.” Without a secure and stable environment, there can be no economic development in Libya. “The EU" – continued the HR/VP – "stands ready to support other initiatives that can accompany the political dialogue with the involvement of Libyan civil society.” “A meeting of Libyan municipalities will also be hosted by the EU in Brussels" – she said -. "All possible support, all possible forms of support, including also missions or operations could be explored in the coming days.”

The new Head of EUPOL Afghanistan: "we can have impressive results"


Pia Stjernvall, the new Head of EU Police Mission in Afghanistan is an experienced Finnish diplomat. She will lead the Mission in a challenging environment and ensure that it will fulfil its promises to the Afghans. Below some extracts from her interview.

What are your thoughts today on 16 February as you start your tour as Head of Mission?

“[…] we have a great team of dedicated experts at EUPOL and I’m very much looking forward to working with them as well as our colleagues in Brussels and international partners here in Afghanistan.”


The security situation in Afghanistan is volatile and there are still open positions in the cabinet. How do you see the possibilities of EUPOL to work efficiently in this situation?

“[…] I’m happy to tell that we are fully operational: our advisers have begun their work with their Afghan counterparts. However, the key issue is the interests of the Afghans. We should never forget that we are here to contribute to the establishment of a sustainable and effective civilian police working together with the justice system and ultimately improving the safety of the population. Whatever the plan, whatever the action, we must always ask ourselves and also our Afghan counterparts: does it serve this goal, does it benefit the Afghans? If the answer is “yes”, we will have impressive results.

What will change now that you are in charge of the mission?

“[…] As a leader I believe that any efficient organisation needs not only strategies but also a sound organizational culture which gives all the staff members chance to enjoy their work and be creative without fear. If you don’t enjoy your work you will not deliver results either.”

Read the full text of the interview

Three months of the EU Advisory Mission in Ukraine


The new EU crisis management Mission started its activities three months ago. Its mandate is to provide support to the Ukrainian government on the Civilian Security Sector reform. The Mission operates in the context of tightening EU-Ukraine relations and in a politically challenging environment.

EUAM Ukraine, was launched on 1 December 2014 under the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The Mission will provide advice to the Ukrainian authorities on the Civilian Security Sector Reform.

During its first meeting on 15 January 2015, the EU-Ukraine Association Council acknowledged the importance of intensifying EU support to the political and economic reform process in Ukraine.

“The advisors are at the heart of the Mission” – said the Head of Mission Kálmán Mizsei. “We will work in Kyiv and in the oblasts”. The Mission currently counts 55 members, but will step up to 174 in the coming months. In the first three months EUAM Ukraine got more and higher level recognition as an actor in the civilian security sector reform.

The reform process currently wraps itself in a difficult environment subscribed by the critical situation in the East and the overall precarious economic situation. Nevertheless the political will to move forward is there. The assistance requests that Kiev sent to the Brussels indicates that Ukrainian authorities are committed to the Civilian Security Sector reform. On the other side, with EUAM the EU is showing its readiness to support and be actively involved.

The overall European effort to Ukraine is to be seen in the context of the Association Agreement. There is no other Eastern Partnership country, with which the EU has such close ties as with Ukraine. The agreement is unprecedented in terms of number of areas covered and level of commitments. The common ground of such close political relations is common values and principles: democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law.

New Head of Mission for EUPOL COPPS

The EU Police Mission in the Palestinian Territories (EUPOL COPPS) has a new Head of Mission: Rodolf Mauget. Under his command, the EU Mission will support the Palestinian State building.

On 17th February the Political and Security Committee appointed Rodolf Mauget as Head of EU crisis management Mission, EUPOL COPPS. “I am honoured," - explained Rodolf Mauget – "to have been appointed by the Political and Security Committee as the next Head of the EUPOL COPPS CSDP Mission in the Palestinian territories.

I have had the good fortune to serve this region for the past 10 years and trust that my experience and understanding of the challenges and issues likely to be faced, will ensure that the excellent support to and relations with our Palestinian counterparts in the Ministry of Interior, the Police and the wider Criminal Justice institutions continues at pace. Having served here as Deputy Head of Mission, supported by an outstanding EUPOL COPPS team, I already enjoy the full cooperation of the EU family, plus Canada, Norway and Turkey, together with our other international community partners, and I look forward to continuing and developing these relationships, which will be key as we embrace the opportunities and challenges that a new mandate would provide, beyond June of this year.” 

EUPOL COPPS is a European Union Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) civilian mission, based in the West Bank. Established in 2006, it forms part of the wider EU efforts to support Palestinian state building, in the context of peace and based on a two-State solution. The EU Mission assists the Palestinian Authority in building its institutions, for a future Palestinian State, focused on security and justice sector reform.

Federica Mogherini visits EUFOR ALTHEA

Federica Mogherini visited EUFOR Althea headquarters at Camp Butmir, as part of her visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

On 25 February, the HR/VP Federica Mogherini visited EUFOR Althea headquarters at Camp Butmir, as part of her visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The HR/VP was welcomed by a guard of honour and then attended a brief on EUFOR’s Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina given by the Head of Mission, Major General Johann Luif. 

 The Senior National Representatives of all 22 Troop -Contributing Nations were also in attendance.

Read more: http://eeas.europa.eu/csdp/missions-and-operations/althea-bih/news/20150226_en.htm

EU supports Afghan women

On the International Women's Day, Federica Mogherini announces new opportunities for Afghan women in the EU institutions as well as a new programme for civil society.

On 8 March, the International Women Day, the HR/VP Federica Mogherini announced a number of new initiatives to promote Afghan women in leadership positions and gender equality in Afghanistan.

"The last thirteen years have been a time of change for Afghanistan. Positive change." – said Federica Mogherini -.

"Girls go to school. Women go to vote and are elected. […] We have to continue improving Afghan lives and in particular Afghani women lives. […] Afghanistan needs women leaders: judges, politicians, economists, opinion leaders. Women to look up to. Women leaders are needed to address the legacy of discrimination against Afghan women; to ensure that their constitutional rights are respected; that their value in society is recognised; that horrific violence for outdated notions of honour is brought to an end. These new programmes will help prepare a new generation of Afghan women to take up leadership positions in the Afghanistan of tomorrow."

The EU will offer several training programmes to young Afghan women. This offer will include internships in various EU institutions, training on public administration at the dedicated European institutes and longer term intakes, as part of a new exchange programme. In the next five years, in response to specific requests, dozens of Afghan women will be able to benefit from these programmes.

Read more: http://www.eupol-afg.eu/node/550

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 08:50
Réflexions Tactiques 31 - L'armée de Terre française et l'Europe de la défense

12/02/2015  - CDEF


Date de publication : janvier 2015. Aujourd'hui, la relance pragmatique de l'Europe de la défense fait partie des ambitions françaises définies dans le Livre blanc sur la défense et la sécurité nationale, ambition complémentaire de son engagement dans l'Alliance atlantique.


L'armée de Terre française et l'Europe de la défense (format pdf, 21 MB).

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 17:50
Strategic military situation in the Black Sea Basin


11-03-2015 - SEDE


The Subcommittee will consider the draft report on the strategic military situation in the Black Sea Basin following the illegal annexation by Russia (Rapporteur: Ioan Mircea PAŞCU, S&D).

When: 16 March 2015


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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
Cybersecurity and defence


11-03-2015 - SEDE


The Subcommittee will hold an exchange of views on Cybersecurity and defence with ENISA, EEAS and EDA representatives on 16 March 2015.


The EU Cyber Security Strategy was presented by the Commission and the HR/VP in 2013. It covers the internal market, justice and home affairs and foreign policy angles of cyberspace. In 2014 the Council adopted the EU Cyber Defence Policy Framework, focusing on CSDP, civil/military cooperation, training and international cooperation.


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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
Britain Rejects EU Army Proposal


March 10, 2015 By Julian Hale – Defense News


BRUSSELS — The UK has strongly rejected any possibility of a European army being created following a proposal along those lines made by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker.


"Our position is crystal clear that defence is a national, not an EU, responsibility and that there is no prospect of that position changing and no prospect of a European army," said a UK government spokesperson.


However, in a recent press statement, the European Federalist Party (EFP) welcomed the proposal to create a European army to face the threat represented by an increasingly assertive Russia as well as other security threats.


"Of course any army must be under democratic oversight, which requires the European Union to make a step further in the process of European integration towards a federal Europe with a stronger role for the European Parliament," said Pietro De Matteis, the president of the European Federalist Party.


Daniel Keohane, research director at the European think tank FRIDE, said he does not see it as a feasible proposal.


"There's no point in talking about an army unless you're talking about a federal state," Keohane told Defense News. "You need to be clear who is the political authority controlling it and who pays for it."


Keohane argued that the idea of military integration across the EU is a good one as "we have a demilitarization problem in the EU and falling defense budgets.This is what pooling and sharing in the EU is all about. But the drivers behind that integration have to be the national governments and not the EU institutions. That's the difficulty with the proposal."


While he said he can see why a committed federalist like Juncker wants to put the idea on the table, it is not "politically or militarily very realistic," Keohane said.


"I don't think it'll have much impact on the nuts and bolts of the EU defense debate as the Commission only plays a small role in that," he said. "Defense policy is really an intergovernmental area. More important is what EU governments will discuss at their June summit, where they are expected to discuss defense policy, and if anything new comes out of that, especially in terms of pooling and sharing. Without EU countries pooling more money, it is difficult to see how capabilities can improve much."

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 21:50
Discover the latest issue of European Defence Matters


Brussels - 10 March, 2015 European Defence Agency


The seventh issue of European Defence Matters, the magazine of the European Defence Agency, is now available.


The cover story of this latest issue is dedicated to defence research & technology in Europe. We gathered views and opinions from a number of experts in the field, ranging from Philippe Brunet, Director of Aerospace, Maritime, Security and Defence Industries within the European Commission’s Directorate General Enterprise and Industry, to Denis Roger, EDA European Synergies & Innovation Director, and Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation CEO and Chairman of the Defence Business Unit of the Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD). They provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the upcoming Preparatory Action for CSDP-related research, which could prove to be a real game-changer for European defence.

Also in this issue, we report on a selection of programmes in the field of air-to-air refuelling, maritime surveillance, non-lethal capabilities or renewable energy. We also explain the latest revision of the Agency’s Capability Development Plan with EDA experts.

Meanwhile, Latvian Minister of Defence Raimonds Vējonis has kindly accepted to share his views on European defence issues in this latest edition of our magazine. Here he discusses topics of interest for Latvia, who is assuming the EU presidency for the first half of 2015. Vice-Admiral Matthieu Borsboom, Director of the Defence Material Organisation in the Netherlands, also sat down with European Defence Matters in order to review some of the Dutch priorities in the field of defence acquisition and cooperation.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:50
L'UE doit s'adapter sans plus tarder aux nouveaux défis de sécurité


10.03.2015 europarl.europa.eu REF. : 20150309IPR32555

L'UE et ses États membres devraient assumer sans plus tarder des responsabilités accrues pour leur sécurité et défense, au vu des niveaux sans précédent d'instabilité aux frontières européennes, selon une résolution adoptée lundi en commission des affaires étrangères. Les pays de l'UE doivent utiliser de manière plus efficace les outils de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune, coordonner leurs actions de sécurité internes et externes, et mettre davantage en commun les ressources.


Dans leur résolution annuelle sur la politique de sécurité et de défense commune (PSDC), les députés demandent l'adoption d'une stratégie commune pour relever les nouveaux défis de la sécurité de l'UE. Ils estiment que le Conseil européen de juin 2015 doit relancer de manière claire et concrète la réflexion stratégique, déjà en cours au sein du service européen pour l'action extérieure et du Conseil, sur une nouvelle stratégie européenne de sécurité. L'objectif est de répondre aux nouveaux scénarios géostratégiques, aux menaces et aux défis mondiaux.

La commission parlementaire regrette que, malgré les conclusions du sommet européen de décembre 2013, aucun progrès tangible important n'ait été réalisé pour équiper l'UE des ressources opérationnelles, industrielles et liées aux capacités nécessaires pour prévenir et gérer les crises internationales.


Les missions de la PSDC doivent faire partie d'une stratégie globale

Les missions civiles et militaires de l'UE doivent devenir de véritables outils efficaces et responsables de la stratégie d'action globale, au lieu de simplement donner de la visibilité à l'Union face à une crise, affirment les députés. Ils saluent néanmoins le professionnalisme et l'engagement du personnel des missions. L'Union européenne devrait pouvoir intervenir sur l'ensemble du spectre de gestion de crise et non se focaliser uniquement sur les instruments d'après-crise ou d'accompagnement de sortie de crise, ajoutent les députés.


Les parlementaires soulignent que les missions de l'UE doivent être financées de manière adéquate et que l'examen actuel du mécanisme Athéna pour financer leurs coûts communs doit faciliter le déploiement. Par ailleurs, les États membres doivent également faire preuve d'un engagement et d'une solidarité accrus pour fournir des forces, précise le texte.


Cyberdéfense: renforcer les capacités sans délai

La "menace imminente" de cyberattaques demande un renforcement immédiat des capacités de cyberdéfense de l'ensemble des États membres, expliquent les députés. Ils ajoutent que la cyberdéfense doit être intégrée de manière plus systématique dans les stratégies de sécurité nationale et qu'une stratégie européenne cohérente est nécessaire afin de protéger les infrastructures critiques contre les cyberattaques.


Vote en plénière en mai

La proposition de résolution, préparée par Arnaud Danjean (PPE, FR) et adoptée en commission par 45 voix pour, 18 voix contre et aucune abstention, devrait être débattue et votée lors de la session plénière de mai à Strasbourg.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
Calendrier des think tanks européens à Bruxelles (màj 9 Mar. 2015)- RP France


source RP France

Le calendrier des think tanks, mis à jour chaque semaine, regroupe les conférences et rencontres organisées par les think tanks à Bruxelles.

Retrouvez le calendrier de la semaine du lundi 9 mars 2015. (1Mo)

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
EU must adapt to new security challenges at once, say foreign affairs MEPs

10-03-2015 - europarl.europa.eu/ REF. : 20150309IPR32555

The EU and its member states must shoulder more responsibility for their security and defence at once, given the unprecedented levels of instability at EU borders, say Foreign Affairs Committee MEPs in a resolution voted on Monday. Member states must, as a matter of urgency, make more effective use of Common Security and Defence Policy tools, coordinate their internal and external security actions and pool resources more closely, says the text.


In their annual resolution on the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), MEPs press it to adopt a common strategy to tackle new challenges to its security. Strategic reflection already under way within the European External Action Service and the Council on a new European Security Strategy to deal with new geostrategic scenarios, threats and global challenges must be given a clear and concrete boost at the June 2015 European Council, they say.

The committee regrets that despite the December 2013 EU summit conclusions, no substantial practical progress has been made in equipping the EU with much-needed operational, industrial and capabilities resources to prevent and manage international crises.


CSDP missions must form part of an overall strategy

EU civilian and military missions must become the genuine, effective and responsibly used tools of an overall action strategy, instead of merely raising the Union's crisis response profile, say MEPs, who nonetheless praise the professionalism and dedication of the missions' personnel.The EU should be able to intervene across the full spectrum of crisis management and not to focus exclusively on a post-crisis context or exit from crisis contexts, they add.MEPs stress that EU missions must be properly funded and that the current review of the Athena mechanism for funding their common costs must facilitate the deployment. Member states must also show more commitment and solidarity in supplying forces for these missions, they say.


Cyber defence: level up capabilities without delay

The "imminent threat" of cyber-attacks calls for an immediate “levelling-up” of the cyber defence capabilities of all member states, MEPs say. Cyber defence must be more systematically integrated within national security strategies and a coherent EU strategy is needed to protect critical infrastructure against cyber-attacks, the text also says.


Plenary vote in May

The draft resolution, prepared by Arnaud Danjean (EPP, FR) and passed in committee by 45 votes to 18, with 0 abstentions, is to be debated and put to a vote at the May plenary session in Strasbourg.



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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
credit European Union 2014 – European Parliament

credit European Union 2014 – European Parliament

10. mars 2015 par Vivien Pertusot - ultimaratio-blog.org

Le président de la Commission européenne, Jean-Claude Juncker, a appelé de ses vœux la création d’une armée de l’Union européenne dans un entretien avec Die Welt. Quatre motifs sous-tendent sa position :

1. Cela aiderait à la création d’une véritable politique de sécurité et de défense commune et reflèterait les responsabilités que l’Europe souhaite incarner sur la scène internationale
2. Cela permettrait à l’Europe de réagir à des menaces pesant sur un Etat-membre ou sur un pays voisin
3. Une armée commune aurait valeur de dissuasion aux yeux de tous, à commencer par la Russie
4. Une armée européenne permettrait de faire d’importantes économies

Depuis cet entretien, un buzz s’est emparé de la sphère médiatique. Avant d’aller plus loin, rappelons que les vues de Jean-Claude Juncker sont bien connues sur le sujet et qu’il s’était déjà prononcé dans ce sens lors de la campagne des élections européennes l’an dernier.

En apparence, ces quatre motifs semblent recevables. En réalité, ils sont caducs et, dans le contexte actuel, quasi contreproductifs.


Suite de l'article

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Commission Chief Juncker Calls for EU Army


March 8, 2015 Defense News (AFP)


BERLIN — European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker on Sunday called for the creation of an EU army in the wake of rising tensions with Russia.


Juncker said the force could help counter new threats beyond the bloc's borders and defend European "values," in an interview with Germany's Welt am Sonntag newspaper.


"You would not create a European army to use it immediately," he was quoted as saying.


"But a common army among the Europeans would convey to Russia that we are serious about defending the values of the European Union."


He said a joint EU force would also lead to more efficient spending on military equipment and drive further integration of the bloc's 28 member states.


"Such an army would help us design a common foreign and security policy," the former Luxembourg prime minister said, but added that the force should not challenge NATO's defense role.


"Europe's image has suffered dramatically and also in terms of foreign policy, we don't seem to be taken entirely seriously."


The proposal was likely to rile opponents of deeper EU integration such as Britain but has won some support from Germany.


Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen said last month that she was confident that "perhaps not my children but my grandchildren will have a United States of Europe" with its own military, news agency DPA reported.


Welt am Sonntag quoted the head of the German parliament's foreign policy committee, Norbert Roettgen, as saying that an EU army "is a European vision whose time has come".


The newspaper said that former NATO Secretary General Javier Solana would present a report on Monday in Brussels entitled "More Union in European Defence" calling for a new European security strategy including military capability to intervene beyond EU borders.

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photo European Parliament

photo European Parliament


Défense "L'image de l'Europe a souffert de façon dramatique. En termes de politique étrangère, il semble que nous ne soyons pas vraiment pris au sérieux", regrette Jean-Claude Juncker.


08/03/2015 latribune.fr (AFP)


Pour le président de la Commission européenne, cela permettrait de renforcer la légitimité de l'UE notamment vis-à-vis de la Russie au sujet de l'Ukraine.


L'Europe doit se donner les moyens d'être prise au sérieux. C'est dans cette perspective que le président de la Commission européenne, Jean-Claude Juncker, a appelé dimanche à la création d'une armée de l'UE, au vu notamment des relations de plus en plus tendues avec la Russie sur le sujet de l'Ukraine.

Une telle force permettrait non seulement de faire face aux nouvelles menaces aux frontières de l'Union européenne, mais aussi de défendre les "valeurs" de l'UE, a-t-il déclaré dans une interview publiée dimanche par le journal allemand Welt am Sonntag.

"On ne créerait pas une armée européenne pour l'utiliser immédiatement. Mais une armée commune à tous les Européens ferait comprendre à la Russie que nous sommes sérieux quand il s'agit de défendre les valeurs de l'Union européenne", a-t-il expliqué.


Crise de légitimité

"L'image de l'Europe a souffert de façon dramatique. En termes de politique étrangère, il semble que nous ne soyons pas vraiment pris au sérieux", regrette le président de la Commission.

"Une telle armée nous aiderait à mettre au point une politique étrangère et de sécurité commune", estime-t-il, tout en soulignant qu'il ne s'agirait de remettre en cause le rôle de l'Otan. Une force commune aux 28 pays de l'UE permettrait aussi selon lui de rationaliser les dépenses militaires et de favoriser l'intégration militaire de ces pays.


La ministre allemande de la Défense favorable à l'idée

La proposition a déjà trouvé un certain soutien en Allemagne. La ministre allemande de la Défense, Ursula von der Leyen,  a réagi en affirmant dans un communiqué:

"Notre avenir, en tant qu'Européens, passera un jour par une armée européenne".

Elle a néanmoins précisé que ce ne serait "pas à court terme".

Le mois dernier déjà, la ministre avait déclaré qu'elle était sûre que "peut-être pas (ses) enfants, mais en tout cas (ses) petits-enfants connaîtr(aient) des Etats-Unis d'Europe", avec leur propre armée, selon l'agence allemande DPA.


La Grande-Bretagne opposée à une plus grande intégration européenne

Le Welt am Sonntag citait également dimanche le chef de la commission parlementaire allemande de politique étrangère, Norbert Roettgen, pour qui l'idée d'une armée de l'UE serait "une vision européenne dont le temps est venu". Toujours selon le journal, l'ancien secrétaire général de l'Otan Javier Solana devait présenter lundi à Bruxelles un rapport sur une nouvelle stratégie de défense européenne appelant à une plus grande capacité militaire à intervenir au-delà des frontières de l'UE.

L'idée risque en revanche de ne pas être du goût de ceux qui sont opposés à une plus grande intégration européenne, à commencer par la Grande-Bretagne.

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 11:50
Create an EU army to keep back the Russians, Jean-Claude Juncker suggests


08 Mar 2015 By Ben Riley-Smith, Political Correspondent - The Telegraph


European Commission president says pooling Europe's defence resources could help send a message to Vladimir Putin


A European Union army should be created to help defend the continent from Russian aggression, the European Commission president has suggested. Jean-Claude Juncker said pooling the defence resources of the 28 EU nations could help send a message to Vladimir Putin that its borders would be protected. However the move was panned by the UK Independence Party who warned the move would be a "tragedy for the UK". The comments came during an interview Mr Juncker gave with Welt am Sonntag, a German news magazine. "Such an army would help us to build a common foreign and national security policy, and to collectively take on Europe's responsibilities in the world,” Mr Junker said.


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