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5 mars 2015 4 05 /03 /mars /2015 08:50
L'avenir de la défense de l'Union européenne - une feuille de route stratégique : "Europe 2020"


09.02.2015 Joachim Bitterlich * - robert-schuman.eu
 

Le Conseil européen des 19 et 20 décembre 2013 était le premier à réunir les 28 chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement autour du thème de la défense : s'agissait-il, dans ce domaine, d'un nouveau départ pour l'Union européenne, ou d'une occasion ratée ?
L'Agence européenne de défense (AED) vient d'avoir dix ans[1]. A-t-on de bonnes raisons de fêter cet anniversaire ? Le verre est-il à moitié plein ou à moitié vide ? A tout le moins, quelques progrès réels ont été accomplis et des projets ont été lancés au cours des dernières années, après une longue période marquée par la stagnation et la frustration.

" La défense est importante ", telle est la phrase par laquelle débutent les conclusions du Conseil qui " ... s'engage fermement à développer une PSDC crédible et efficace ". Il s'agit tout au moins d'un signe d'espoir, accompagné d'une série de priorités concrètes et de tâches assignées à la Commission européenne, à l'AED et aux Etats membres pour les années qui viennent.

Toutefois, ces mesures sont clairement insuffisantes si l'on tient compte de l'état d'un monde devenu non plus menaçant mais dangereux. Nos budgets de défense sont sous pression financière mais se contenter de percevoir les " dividendes de la paix " engrangés lors des deux dernières décennies doit être considéré comme une tentation qui n'est ni viable, ni efficace.

Nous ne devons pas rêver en réclamant la création immédiate d'une armée européenne qui serait l'aboutissement logique, et la toute dernière étape d'un développement qui doit être lancée et activée dès à présent, s'il existe une réelle volonté politique de renforcer à la fois notre défense et notre sécurité, et celle de l'OTAN afin de défendre nos intérêts vitaux de la manière la plus efficace par des moyens militaires, si nécessaire et en dernier ressort.

Mais comment dépasser les réflexes nationalistes et l'égoïsme qui prévalent encore dans ce secteur crucial de l'intégration européenne ? La défense est un domaine où nous n'avons pas encore atteint ni le consensus, ni la volonté politique dont faisaient preuve la plupart des Etats membres sous l'impulsion du leadership franco-allemand, à la veille de Maastricht, en 1991, puis en 1999.

Au-delà des conclusions de décembre 2013, quelles devraient être les prochaines étapes essentielles qui nous permettraient de prendre une décision fondamentale ?

L'Union européenne devrait en premier lieu concentrer ses efforts sur la création d'un " partage des tâches " dans des domaines essentiels de la défense, en d'autres termes, la meilleure approche serait celle d'une " mutualisation et partage ". En particulier, l'exemple du Commandement européen du transport aérien devrait être parachevé puis étendu à d'autres secteurs.

Cela impliquerait que la mise en place de procédures communes et l'identification des priorités et des besoins dans le domaine de la planification de la défense devraient être coordonnées par l'AED, en étroite collaboration avec les Etats membres. Ce qui suppose que nous acceptions, jusqu'à un certain degré du moins, la spécialisation des forces militaires nationales. Pour y parvenir, l'AED devrait être autorisée à acheter des biens et des services militaires sur la demande des Etats-membres, qui auraient à leur disposition ces moyens pour mener à bien certaines opérations concrètes.

Dans ce but, il faudrait obtenir, parallèlement, un changement significatif à l'égard de l'approvisionnement, de l'armement et des relations avec l'industrie de la défense. La base de cette évolution serait la création d'un véritable marché européen de la défense comprenant une " préférence européenne ".

Nous devrions donc encourager - comme nous l'avons fait par le passé avec Airbus - l'émergence d'une industrie européenne de la défense dont les acteurs seraient moins nombreux qu'aujourd'hui, mais plus rentables, et leurs efforts devraient être soutenus par la recherche appliquée.

Tous les acteurs européens concernés doivent être conscients du fait qu'un tel but nécessite une amélioration de l'efficacité et un changement profond de nos idées et de nos actes à vis à vis, à la fois, de l'approvisionnement et de l'industrie.  

Dans la situation financière actuelle, qui n'est pas près de changer dans un futur proche, une industrie de la défense purement nationale n'a aucun avenir dans la plupart des cas. Par exemple, il n'est plus possible que la France continue à perdre de l'argent en n'achetant que des blindés français, ou que l'Allemagne n'achète que du matériel allemand ! Nous devons radicalement changer notre approche et " acheter européen ", même si cela exige une concentration de nos industries qui, sans cela, ne survivront pas à long terme.

A ce propos, j'approuve entièrement l'analyse de Wolfgang Ischinger[2], qui a souligné que " la fragmentation actuelle relève de l'irresponsabilité, en ce qui concerne les finances, les capacités et l'interopérabilité de nos systèmes ".

Parallèlement, nous devons revoir en détail nos schémas et systèmes de maintenance afin d'améliorer la capacité opérationnelle de nos forces armées. Les rapports récents sur l'état du matériel militaire de la Bundeswehr sont choquants, et l'état général des forces armées allemandes est plus qu'alarmant. Selon ces rapports, le matériel crucial de la Bundeswehr, en termes diplomatiques, n'est que " partiellement opérationnel ", or " partiellement " peut signifier qu'il est opérationnel à moins d'un tiers de ses capacités ! Mais je suis certain que des rapports objectifs montreraient que les autres armées ne se trouvent pas dans un état bien meilleur.

Une nouvelle approche commune devrait inclure un système de contrôle des approvisionnements et de l'accompagnement bien plus efficace que les systèmes nationaux actuels. Les Cours des comptes nationales pourraient être d'un grand secours dans ce domaine, mais la présence de compagnies d'audit privées devrait être évidente dès le début des approvisionnements durant toute la durée de vie des produits.

En gardant à l'esprit ces étapes, la défense de l'Union européenne pourrait créer en même temps des structures de commandement spécialisées et des unités opérationnelles communes capables d'agir chacune dans un domaine spécifique. Telle était l'idée qui sous-tendait le Corps européen lors de sa création, il y a plus de vingt ans. Toutefois, les capacités initialement prévues de l'Eurocorps n'ont pas été utilisées jusqu'à présent.

Nous pourrions commencer à créer - au-delà du Corps germano-néerlandais - des forces spéciales européennes capables d'intervenir sur des missions spécifiques ou en tant que premières unités préparant une campagne plus vaste.
 
 
Les étapes suivantes de notre feuille de route pourraient être constituées, en premier lieu, par une meilleure coordination, puis une harmonisation, dans la mesure du possible, des systèmes nationaux et de la législation concernant l'exportation des armements. Je suis conscient des sensibilités politiques au sujet de cette harmonisation, mais cette dernière serait une étape inévitable pour accompagner et contrôler une nouvelle industrie européenne de la défense.
Dans le même temps, il faudrait procéder à une unification des services de renseignements militaires, avec la création d'une cellule de coordination au niveau des hauts-représentants pour les affaires étrangères et la politique de sécurité, ainsi que des unités spécialisées dans les différents Etats membres.
 

Conclusion
 
La mise en œuvre de cette feuille de route, avec le développement de ses trois principaux axes, pourrait se dérouler d'ici 2020.
S'agit-il d'une proposition réaliste ou d'un rêve ? En fait, il ne s'agit que d'une première réponse au déclin de nos budgets militaires nationaux qui n'a pas commencé ces dernières années et date plutôt des années 1990.
Aujourd'hui, ces budgets se situent au-dessous du niveau nécessaire au maintien de forces armées capables d'agir dans les zones de conflit et/ou lors d'interventions internationales comme celles dont nous avons été témoins depuis la fin de la Guerre froide.
Nous devons prendre conscience du fait que nous n'avons pas perçu les dividendes de la paix que nous escomptions. Le monde qui nous entoure ne devient pas plus pacifique, bien au contraire !
En se basant sur les progrès que nous aurons réalisés d'ici 2020 sur ces trois principaux axes, les chefs d'Etat et de Gouvernement seront à même de décider s'ils mettent en œuvre, vers 2025, les dernières étapes aboutissant à la naissance d'une armée européenne, ou s'ils se satisfont des progrès déjà accomplis.
En parallèle, un processus similaire d'intégration devrait être développé dans le domaine de la politique commune des affaires étrangères et de la sécurité. La première phase de mise en place de la SEAE a clairement posé un certain nombre de problèmes mais elle a également mis à jour la valeur ajoutée d'une coordination permanente des efforts diplomatiques européens.
Les événements de la dernière décennie ont souligné la nécessité d'améliorer nos moyens civils, qui pourraient inclure une nouvelle politique de développement permettant de les mettre en œuvre comme un instrument puissant de notre politique étrangère[3].

 

[1] Ce texte a été publié à l'occasion de la parution de l'ouvrage " 10 years of working together " lors des 10 ans de l'Agence européenne de défense en décembre 2014. http://www.eda.europa.eu/info-hub/publications/publication-details/pub/10-years-of-working-together
[2] " The Ukraine - crisis and the security of Europe ", Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 1er septembre 2014, p. 6
[3] Plus particulièrement pour les lecteurs allemands, je dois ajouter : L'évolution décrite n'est pas du tout incompatible avec la Constitution allemande et ses dispositions au sujet de la nécessité de l'approbation du Parlement avant de faire usage de la force militaire allemande et au sujet de son contrôle. Il est malgré tout évident que l'information permanente des commissions compétentes du Bundestag et les procédures devront être considérablement améliorées.

 

* Joachim Bitterlich :Ancien conseiller en politique européenne, étrangère et de sécurité auprès du chancelier Helmut Kohl. Membre du Comité scientifique de la Fondation Robert Schuman.

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4 mars 2015 3 04 /03 /mars /2015 18:45
EU Mission for Security Sector Reform (EUSEC) RD Congo extended

 

1/3/2015 European Union Ref: CL15-501EN

 

Summary: 1 March 2015, Brussels - The Council of the European Union today extended the mandate of the EU mission to provide advice and assistance for Security Sector Reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (EUSEC RD Congo) until 30 June 2015.

 

This decision extends the transition period, during which the mission will have a reduced staff and will focus on preparing the transfer of most of its duties to a major programme to support defence reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo under the 11th European Development Fund.

 

From 30 June 2015 until 30 June 2016, EUSEC RD Congo will be preserved as a CSDP "Micro- mission”, maintaining the EU's support to the Congolese military authorities for activities which cannot be supported from the European Development Fund, such as strategic advice and support to military schools.

 

The mission will continue assisting the Congolese authorities on the implementation of reforms in the Congolese army (FARDC) by providing advice at the strategic level as well as further support to administrative modernisation, setting up of an effective human resource management system for the army, and building a permanent high quality military education system including schools for both officers and non-commissioned officers.

 

EU SEC RD Congo's headcount will be reduced from 1 October 2014 from 41 currently to 30 personnel and will be further cut as tasks are passed on. A budget of €4.6 million is available until 30 June 2015.

 

EUSEC RD Congo has supported since 2005 the Congolese authorities in rebuilding an army that could guarantee security throughout the whole country, permitting the conditions necessary to stabilisation, restoration of state services and economic and social development. In close cooperation and coordination with other actors in the international community, the mission is focusing its efforts on activities that directly contribute to the structural stabilisation of the FARDC and the improvement of its operational capabilities, in accordance with the principles of good governance and respect for human rights, integrating all actions in the gender perspective.

 

To date, the mission's accomplishments include the support to the legal framework for the reform of the army, helping to set up a nationwide basic military education system for officers and non- commissioned officers, and the establishment of both a biometric census and a payment system for all personnel of the FARDC. EUSEC RD Congo has contributed to more transparent financial procedures in the FARDC and to modernising the management of military arms and munitions stockpiles.

 

Colonel Jean-Louis Nurenberg has been the Head of Mission since October 2012. Currently, 10 EU Member States and the United States of America contribute to the mission.

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2 mars 2015 1 02 /03 /mars /2015 17:50
Michel Barnier - photo EU Commission

Michel Barnier - photo EU Commission


27.02.2015 Par - RFI
 

Michel Barnier, l'ex vice-président de la Commission européenne reprend du service: à la demande du nouveau patron de la Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, il est devenu conseiller spécial sur les questions de sécurité et de défense. C'est à ce titre qu'il est invité par Dominique Baillard (RFI) et Caroline de Camaret (France 24) dans Ici l'Europe.

L'ancien commissaire plaide pour une industrie de la défense européenne. Interrogé sur l'actualité diplomatique, il désapprouve l'initiative des parlementaires français en Syrie, rejette les solutions militaires en Ukraine... et s'exprime aussi sur son propre parti: «très déçu» de ne pas avoir été retenu pour mener la liste des régionales en Rhône-Alpes en décembre 2015, il regrette les «méthodes d'autrefois (...) brutales» de son parti, l'UMP.

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2 mars 2015 1 02 /03 /mars /2015 11:50
Presentation by Lieutenant General Guy Buchsenschmidt, Commanding General of Eurocorps - SEDE meeting (Feb. 26)
 

02-03-2015 SEDE


Presentation by Lieutenant General Guy Buchsenschmidt, Commanding General of Eurocorps at SEDE meeting on 26 February 2015

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28 février 2015 6 28 /02 /février /2015 14:50
Lettre de la Représentation militaire française n°60 février 2015

 

27.02.2015 RMFUE.
 

Vous trouverez ici la Lettre de la Représentation militaire française n°60 février 2015.

 

La lettre de la Représentation militaire française auprès de l’Union européenne s’adresse à tous ceux qui s’intéressent à la politique de sécurité et de défense. Vous y retrouverez, chaque mois, l’interview d’une personnalité civile ou militaire, des articles de fond sur les missions et opérations en cours mais aussi sur tout ce qui fait l’actualité de la PSDC.

 

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28 février 2015 6 28 /02 /février /2015 12:50
The next SEDE meeting - 16-17 March 2015

 

27-02-2015 SEDE

 

The next SEDE meeting will take place on Monday 16 March and Tuesday 17 March in Brussels.

The meeting will be webstreamed and you can watch it either live or in the archives (see link below).

Organisations or interest groups who wish to apply for access to the European Parliament will find the relevant information below.

 

Further information
Further information
webstreaming
video (multimedia library)
Access rights for interest group representatives

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27 février 2015 5 27 /02 /février /2015 08:50
photo  European Parliament

photo European Parliament

 

 

Source G2S* -  Numéro 12 Février 2015

 

Les derniers évènements dramatiques sur le sol français pourraient être l’électrochoc salutaire d’un continent européen qui ne croit plus à la guerre ou qui se trouve dans l’incapacité collective d’envisager l’avenir sous une forme dramatique mais bien humaine... Electrochoc dont l’effet semble déjà s’estomper, mais qui pourrait conduire à mieux assurer la défense et la sécurité de l’Europe, chaque Etat pour soi en premier lieu, puis enfin collectivement. Car, si la France a été frappée cette fois-ci, les causes et les racines de ce drame sont partagées entre tous les Etats de l’Union européenne. Confrontés aux mêmes maux trop longtemps occultés par facilité, les responsables politiques ménagent une opinion publique consentante - du moins c’est la vision que nous en présentent les média.

 

Le sujet du territoire national, des territoires nationaux en fait par ricochet, pourrait dès lors être l’occasion d’un renouveau de l’Europe de la défense, en faisant fi d’utopies telles que l’armée européenne, voire même celle d’une union politique sous une gouvernance unique. Mais, ce sursaut, attendu des populations, doit regarder avec réalisme la persistance des Nations et leur volonté de survie dans un ensemble bâti et soudé par une histoire, une civilisation, un art de vivre, une culture, des modes de pensée communs, quoiqu’on en dise.

 

Il nous faut donc considérer cette réalité que les peuples vivent quotidiennement, cette situation «de guerre » contre le terrorisme, comme la qualifie notre Premier ministre, et construire enfin une défense commune sur des bases concrètes et saines. Mais, le préalable serait déjà que chaque Etat membre de l’UE reconsidère à la hausse ses propres dépenses de défense, cesse ce désarmement structurel pernicieux et rétablisse un outil militaire cohérent au niveau national, ne serait-ce que pour assurer la protection de leur propre population, objectif déjà hors de portée de la plupart des membres de l’Union...

 

C’est pourquoi, le G2S a décidé avec ce nouveau dossier de participer au débat sur l’Europe, en évoquant aussi quelques aspects militaires liés à la construction d’une défense commune, au rôle de l’OTAN et aussi sur les contraintes rédhibitoires d’exercices tels que la mutualisation de moyens ou le partage capacitaire (1).

 

L’issue heureuse d’une Europe de la défense ne peut venir que de volontés politiques fortes et non de constructions d’outils militaires par le bas (bottom up) dont nous avons déjà assez mesuré les limites ou le faible rendement.

 

Général d’armée (2S) Jean-Marie Faugère, ancien inspecteur général des armées

 

(1) Déjà paru dans le dossier n° 4 du G2S de novembre 2012

 

Télécharger (cliquez ici)

 

* Le G2S est un groupe constitué d’officiers généraux de l’armée de terre qui ont récemment quitté le service actif. Ils se proposent de mettre en commun leur expérience et leur expertise des problématiques de défense, incluant le urs aspects stratégiques et économiques, pour donner leur vision des perspectives d’évolution souhaitables de la défense.

 

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24 février 2015 2 24 /02 /février /2015 17:50
SEDE - projet d'ordre du jour - réunion 26 Février 2015

 

18.02.2015 Source Sous-commission "sécurité et défense" - SEDE(2015)0226_1

 

Débat commun avec la commission des budgets (9 heures - 9 h 45, salle József Antall 4Q-1)
(voir projet d'ordre du jour séparé)

 

26 février 2015, de 10 heures à 12 h 30

1.        Adoption de l'ordre du jour

2.        Approbation du procès-verbal de la réunion du:

· 21 janvier 2015                                                                      PV – PE546.808v01-00

· 29 janvier 2015                                                                      PV – PE549.100v01-00

3.        Communications de la présidente

En présence du Conseil, de la Commission et du SEAE

4.        La mise en œuvre de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune (selon le rapport annuel du Conseil au Parlement européen sur la politique étrangère et de sécurité commune)

AFET/8/02172

               2014/2220(INI)              

 

Rapporteur:

Arnaud Danjean (PPE)

PR – PE544.334v01-00
AM – PE546.824v01-00

 

· Suite de l'examen du projet de rapport

· Examen des amendements

5.        Bilan de la mission en République centrafricaine

6.        Eurocorps: use it or lose it !
Échange de vues avec le lieutenant-général Guy Buchsenschmidt, général commandant d'Eurocorps

7.        Questions diverses

8.        Prochaines réunions

· 16 mars 2015, de 15 heures à 18 h 30 (Bruxelles)

· 17 mars 2015, de 9 heures à 12 h 30 (Bruxelles)

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24 février 2015 2 24 /02 /février /2015 16:50
Calendrier des think tanks européens à Bruxelles (màj 23 Fev. 2015)- RP France

source rpfrance.eu

Le calendrier des think tanks, mis à jour chaque semaine, regroupe les conférences et rencontres organisées par les think tanks à Bruxelles.

Retrouvez le calendrier de la semaine du lundi 23 février 2015. (1Mo)

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19 février 2015 4 19 /02 /février /2015 17:50
Latvia and EDA discuss cooperation opportunities

 

Riga - 19 February, 2015 European Defence Agency

 

Raimonds Vējonis, Minister of Defence of the Republic of Latvia and Jorge Domecq, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency (EDA) met in Riga yesterday to discuss preparations of the upcoming European Council on defence as well as the role of the EDA in fostering European defence cooperation.

 

“The European Defence Agency has great potential to serve as a valuable platform for initiating, developing and implementing joint European cooperation projects. I believe that the EDA can be an active agent in improving the mutual trust and understanding that is crucial for international cooperation projects at this time of increased concerns about the security in Europe,” Raimonds Vējonis stressed

The Latvian Minister added: “Having had successful cooperation within the Baltic States that we consider the cornerstone of our security, we are looking forward to cooperating within this format. Furthermore, by increasing the effectiveness of our cooperation, we will be able to make the European defence industry more competitive, consolidate the demand and requirements, and use the innovative potential of the small and medium companies and research institutions in Europe, which will increase the competitiveness of the European defence industry in the world."

 

Increased cooperation

EDA Chief Executive Jorge Domecq also provided a feedback on the important meeting: “This is a crucial moment for European defence generally and defence capabilities specifically. Defence budgets are under pressure and so is our security environment. Through increased cooperation, Member States are able to acquire together the critical capabilities that are out of reach individually. The European Defence Agency is an instrument of the Member States and we stand ready to best support them. We are committed to working closely with Latvia, holding the Presidency of the Council of the European Union, to provide our expert input to High Representative / Vice President and EDA Head of Agency Federica Mogherini ahead of the next European Council. I also take this opportunity to thank Minister Vējonis for his commitment to defence cooperation and EDA”.

The discussion between Minister Vējonis and Jorge Domecq took place shortly before the start of the informal meeting of the EU Ministers of Defence who discussed current security issues and prepared for the upcoming European Council. Riga will also host the biannual EDA meeting of National Armament Directors on 9-10 March. 

 

More information

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EDA Chief Executive visits Lithuania

 

Vilnius - 17 February, 2015 European Defence Agency

 

Mr Marijus Velička, Vice-Minister of Defence and Jorge Domecq, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency (EDA) met in Vilnius today to discuss Lithuania’s participation in Agency projects as well as the role of EDA in fostering European defence cooperation.

 

The meeting in Lithuania was the second of Jorge Domecq’s visits to every EDA Member State in order to exchange views with defence ministers and explore ways in which EDA could further support national efforts.

 

After the meeting, Mr. Marijus Velička stated: "Evolving security challenges demand for more responsibility from the European nations, and no doubt - the European Defence Agency is one of the most visible players in the European defence arena. Lithuania is directly interested in Europe with credible military capabilities and self-sufficient crisis management tools, therefore we fully share the thoughts of newly appointed EDA's Chief Executive to foster the improvement of European defence capabiities. My country is planning to double its defence spending by 2020 and we see much added value in common initiatives between Lithuania and EDA. The Agency's priorities presented by Mr Domecq are fully supported in Vilnius. Moreover, Lithuania is planning to join most of them in the near future."

 

Great expectations

Jorge Domecq, EDA Chief Executive, also shared his impressions on the meeting: “I am very pleased that one of my first visits as EDA Chief Executive has been to Lithuania. We have had a substantive exchange of views on the current state of European defence cooperation and expectations for the next European Council discussion on defence matters. Tomorrow’s informal meeting of defence ministers in Riga, and the EDA ministerial Steering Board in May will be important in terms of preparing the contribution of defence ministers to the European Council. I took the opportunity to reaffirm that the Agency offers a flexible approach to defence cooperation This allows all Member States, irrespective of their size, to take full advantage of the Agency  and of the added-value we can provide. A recent successful example is the joint procurement initiative of anti-tank ammunition that the Agency administered on behalf of the Baltic countries, the Czech Republic and Poland. We are ready to support more value for money cases like this."

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14 février 2015 6 14 /02 /février /2015 12:50
photo HQ Eurocorps

photo HQ Eurocorps

 

13-02-2015 SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will hold an exchange of views on the activities and future of Eurocorps with its Commander, Lieutenant General Guy Buchsenschmidt.


When: 26 February 2015,

 

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 12:50
Annual Report on CSDP - SEDE

 

12-02-2015 SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will consider the amendments to the draft report on the Implementation of the Common Security and Defence Policy - based on the Council's Annual Report (Rapporteur: Arnaud DANJEAN, EPP).

 

When: 26 February 2015

 
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11 février 2015 3 11 /02 /février /2015 08:50
EDA releases 2014 annual report

 

Brussels - 10 February, 2015 European Defence Agency

 

The European Defence Agency has just released its 2014 annual report. The document highlights the Agency’s achievements during the past year and showcases the progress made on key programmes and projects.

 

Working on the taskings set by the December 2013 European Council, where Heads of State and Government addressed defence issues, the European Defence Agency has made significant progress on the four key capability programmes identified by Member States. It also developed innovative proposals to incentivise and promote cooperation, while maintaining its efforts in multiple domains such as training and exercises, standardisation or research & technology.

 

Transparency

The Agency’s annual report aims to provide EDA’s stakeholders with a clear and transparent overview of its activities in the field of capability development, armament cooperation, research and technology, industry and market as well as coordination with other European institutions and partners. The document also includes updated facts and figures on the Agency’s activity in 2014.

 

The 2014 annual report is available for download HERE.

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11 février 2015 3 11 /02 /février /2015 08:35
EU Police Mission in Afghanistan: new head of Mission appointed

 

10/2/2015 EU source: European Union Ref: EU15-026EN
 

Summary: 10 February 2015, Brussels – Pia Stjernvall has been appointed as Head of the EU Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan). Ms. Stjernvall, from Finland, takes up her duties on 16 February 2015, having been Deputy Head of Mission since June 2014.

 

EUPOL Afghanistan, a civilian mission within the Common Security and Defence Policy, was established in 2007. On 17 December 2014, the Council extended the mandate of EUPOL Afghanistan until 31 December 2016. The mission is part of the EU's long-term commitment and contributes to the EU's overall political and strategic objectives in Afghanistan.

EUPOL Afghanistan plays a crucial part in the overall EU and international effort to support the development of the country. The mission works in partnership with the Afghan government to strengthen its civilian police force operating under an improved rule of law framework and in respect of human rights.

EUPOL Afghanistan engages in three main areas:

  • institutional reform of the Ministry of Interior,
  • professionalisation of the Afghan National Police and
  • developing justice-police linkages,

with a strong emphasis on mainstreaming anti-corruption, human rights and gender throughout all its actions.

The mission's support is delivered by its dedicated police and rule of law experts from EU member states, through advising in relevant Afghan institutions, i.e. Ministry of Interior, Afghan National Police, Ministry of Justice and the Attorney General's office.

The decision to appoint Ms Stjernvall was taken by the Council's Political and Security Committee.

 

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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 08:50
Factsheet on EU Intelligence Analyses Center (INTCEN)


5/2/2015 Ref: EU15-064EN
 

Summary: 5 February 2015, Brussels - The EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (EU INTCEN) is the exclusive civilian intelligence function of the European Union, providing indepth analysis for EU decision makers. Its analytical products are based on intelligence from the EU Member States' intelligence and security services.

 

EU INTCEN's mission is to provide intelligence analyses, early warning and situational awareness to the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Ms Federica Mogherini and to the European External Action Service (EEAS).

The Centre does this by monitoring and assessing international events, focusing particularly on sensitive geographical areas, terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and other global threats. EU INTCEN also offers its services to the various EU decision making bodies in the fields of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and counterterrorism (CT), as well as to the Member States. EU INTCEN is not an operational agency and does not have any collection capability. The operational level of intelligence is the member states’ responsibility. EU INTCEN only deals with strategic analysis.

 

History

The creation of the EU INTCEN - or the EU Situation Centre (EU SITCEN) as it was called until 2012 - is intimately linked to the establishment of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and the creation of the post of High Representative in 1999. The development of the ESDP crisis management capabilities, and deployment of both civilian and military missions, made it clear that a broader intelligence analysis structure was needed. The events of 11 September 2001 and the increasing threats of global terrorism also emphasised the need of timely and accurate intelligence analysis to support EU policy making.

In 2002, EU SITCEN was established in the Council General Secretariat, directly attached to the office of the High Representative, Dr Javier Solana. The same year, staff from Member States' intelligence services were seconded to EU SITCEN. In 2005, EU SITCEN was reinforced by the arrival of a team of counter-terrorist experts seconded from Member States’ security services. This enabled EU SITCEN to provide the Council with strategic terrorism threat assessments based on intelligence from national services.

In 2007, the EU SITCEN reinforced its collaboration with the EU Military Staff (EUMS) Intelligence Directorate by concluding a functional arrangement, the so-called Single Intelligence Analysis Capacity (SIAC). All intelligence assessments issued to Member States are joint products prepared under SIAC. With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, EU SITCEN came under the authority of the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission. On 1 January 2011, the EU SITCEN was transferred to the European External Action Service (EEAS). Following organisational changes in the EEAS in March 2012, the EU SITCEN was renamed into EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (EU INTCEN).

 

Main functions and tasks

  •  Provide exclusive information that is not available overtly or provided elsewhere to the High Representative/Vice President and the PSC, based on contributions from Member States' intelligence and security services;
  •  Provide assessments and briefings and a range of products based on intelligence and open sources to the High Representative/Vice President and to the EEAS, to the various EU decision making bodies in the fields of CSFP/CSDP and CT, as well as to the Member States;
  •  Act as a single entry point in the EU for classified information coming from Member States' civilian intelligence and security services;
  •  Support and assist the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission in the exercise of their respective functions in the area of external relations.

 

Sources, products and services

EU INTCEN's analytical products are based on information provided by Member States’ security and intelligence services, open sources (media, websites, blogs etc.), diplomatic reporting, consular warden networks, international organisations, NGOs, CSDP missions and operations, EU Satellite Centre, visits and field trips.

EU INTCEN offers its customers the following products:

  • Intelligence assessments: Long-term strategic papers, mainly based on intelligence.
  • Intelligence reports: Follow-up of a crisis or an event, or a thematic paper focusing on a specific topic of current interest.
  • Intelligence summaries: Focusing on current important events with a short intelligence based analysis.
  • Threat assessments: Focusing on risks for EU personnel in a given country.

In addition to these products, EU INTCEN gives ad-hoc briefings, e.g. to the HR/VP, EU Special Representatives, various Council bodies and the European Parliament.

 

Structure

The EU INTCEN is a Directorate of the EEAS, reporting directly to the High Representative. It is composed of two Divisions: The Analysis Division and the General and External Relations Division.

 

Staff

The majority of EU INTCEN staff are EU officials and temporary agents. Furthermore a number of national experts from the security and intelligence services of the EU Member States are seconded to EU INTCEN.

 

Budget

The EU INTCEN does not have its own budget. All expenditure is paid from the EEAS budget. The needs for staff and budget are assessed in the same way and through the same procedures as for other EEAS departments. The EEAS budget is broken down and managed for the headquarters as a whole by nature of expenditure (e.g. staff, buildings, information and communication technologies) and not by department.

 

Legal basis

The EU INTCEN (EU Intelligence Analysis Centre) is the successor of the EU Situation Centre (EU SITCEN), which is mentioned in Article 4, paragraph 3, sub (a), third indent of the Council Decision (2010/427/EU) of 26 July 2010 on establishing the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service. The reference to the EU SITCEN in the Council Decision serves as legal basis for EU INTCEN, which took over the intelligence and analytical tasks of EU SITCEN.

 

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 07:45
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu

 

01/02/2015 EEAS

 

General Patrick de Rousiers, Chairman of the European Union Military Committee paid a visit to the Headquartes of the  European Union Training Mission in Somalia and attended meetings with the military leadership of Somalia and some international EUTM Somalia partners.

 

On 1 February, the Chairman of the European Union Military Committee (EUMC), Gen. Patrick de Rousiers accompanied by the Military Representatives to EUMC of Portugal, Lieutenant General Joao Luis Cordeiro, visited the European Union Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia) Headquarters in Mogadishu.

General de Rousiers and his delegation have been welcomed by the EUTM SOMALIA Mission Commander, Brigadier General Massimo Mingiardi, and his staff, which also provided a briefing on EUTM Somalia achievements since the Chairman last visit to the Mission in April 2015, and an overview of the situation in Somalia.

In the morning, General de Rousiers met Ambassador Michele Cervone D’Urso, EU Special Envoy for Somalia, for an exchange of view on the Mission, and then, accompanied by his delegation, General Mingiardi, and a party from EUTM Somalia, visited the Somali Defence General Staff in Gashandiga, where during a meeting  with the Senior National Advisor to the President, Mr. Abdirahman Sheik Issa, the Chief of Defence Forces, General Dahir Elmi, the Deputy Chief of Defense Forces, Brigadier General Abdirizakh Elmi, the Commander of the Somali Navy, Admiral Madeey Nur Ufurow, the Somali Chief of the Air Force, General Mohamed Sheikh Ali, and the Advisor to the CDF, General Sheik Sala, for an exchange of views and an update on the situation.

The activities included a visit to Jazeera Training Camp, to the infrastructures of EUTM Somalia in the International Campus within the Mogadishu International Airport, during which the EUMC Chairman met EUTM personnel.

The official meetings continued with briefings provided by other key partners in Somalia such as the United States CJTF for the Horn of Africa Military Coordination Cell (MCC), and the United Kingdom Military Support Team (MST).

The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
The Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visits EUTM Somalia HQ In Mogadishu
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26 janvier 2015 1 26 /01 /janvier /2015 17:50
Operation EUFOR Althea in Bosnia - SEDE

 

26-01-2015 SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will exchange views with General Adrian Bradshaw, Head of Mission of Operation EUFOR Althea in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


When: 29 January 2015
 
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26 janvier 2015 1 26 /01 /janvier /2015 12:50
photo Normunds Mežiņš, RYC

photo Normunds Mežiņš, RYC

 

Riga - 26 January, 2015 European Defence Agency

 

Against the background of changes to the global security environment, Latvian Minister of Defence Raimonds Vējonis emphasised the importance of working together to guarantee Europe’s security and prosperity. Opening a high-level seminar organised in the framework of the Latvian EU Presidency on 19 January, he argued that the European Council in June presented a significant opportunity to address common threats and challenges.


During his speech, Minister Vējonis outlined a review of strategic defence documents as one of Latvia’s priorities for the European Council. In particular, an update of the European Security Strategy should be assigned. Secondly, cooperation and coordination between EU bodies active in the field of CSDP should be enhanced. Minister Vējonis mentioned the four capability programmes on air-to-air refuelling, remotely piloted aircraft systems, satellite communications, and cyber defence, the European Defence Agency was entrusted with as successful examples of increased cooperation. He emphasised that the EU’s comprehensive approach including cooperation between military and civilian actors should be bolstered to address hybrid threats. Finally, cyber defence and the EU’s maritime security are two areas Latvia will put special emphasis on during its presidency.

The seminar "Building consensus towards the June 2015 European Council - next steps?" was attended by representatives from the EU Ministries of Defence, European institutions as well as representatives of the academic community. The European Defence Agency participated in a panel discussion on strengthening Europe’s defence industry. Tarja Jaakkola, Deputy Director & Head of Unit Market and Industry Policy presented the Agency’s work in the fields of research and dual-use. Further discussions included ways of enhancing the development of EU capabilities as well as the role of the EU CSDP in the global security environment.

 

More information:

 

 

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19 janvier 2015 1 19 /01 /janvier /2015 17:45
EUCAP Sahel Mali gets green light for advising internal security forces in Mali
 

The Council has launched EUCAP Sahel Mali, the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy mission in Mali. The mission's task is to support the Malian internal security forces.

EUCAP Sahel Mali will help the Malian state ensure constitutional and democratic order, put in place the conditions for lasting peace as well as maintain its authority throughout the entire territory. The mission advises and trains the three internal security forces in Mali, i.e. the police, Gendarmerie and Garde Nationale, and coordinates with international partners.

The EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, said: "The EU is a steadfast partner of Mali. The new mission reinforces the EU's comprehensive support to stability and security throughout Mali. By assisting the Malian internal security forces, EUCAP will help bring a long term solution to Mali's security challenges."

Following the Council Decision to establish the Mission in April 2014, the Core Team has been deployed in Bamako last July and has started its work to support the Malian internal security forces.

The mission is foreseen to last until 15 January 2017. Its headquarters is in the capital Bamako. A budget of €11.4 million has been allocated for the first year.

EUCAP Sahel Mali is embedded in the EU's comprehensive approach to security and development in the Sahel and comes in addition to two existing CSDP actions in the region: EUCAP Sahel Niger supports the fight against organised crime and terrorism in Niger while the EU training mission in Mali contributes to the restructuring and the reorganisation of the Malian Armed Forces though training and advice.

 

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:50
Jorge Domecq (credits Spain MoD)

Jorge Domecq (credits Spain MoD)

 

09/01/2015 EEAS ref 150109_02_en

 

Today [9 jan 15], the High Representative / Vice President and Head of the European Defence Agency Federica Mogherini appointed Jorge Domecq as the next EDA Chief Executive, as a result of a selection process which started last December.

 

Jorge Domecq, a senior Spanish diplomat, is the current Ambassador Permanent Representative of Spain to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Prior to that, he served as Ambassador of Spain to the Republic of the Philippines.

Since the start of his diplomatic career in 1985, Jorge Domecq has held several positions with the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs where he acted as Director General for United Nations, Global Affairs and Human Rights, as well as Director General for Multilateral Affairs. Prior to that, he also acted as Director of the Private Office of the NATO Secretary General and as Diplomatic Adviser to the Spanish Minister of Defence.

 

Jorge Domecq will take up his new functions on 1st February 2015.

 

“The diplomatic experience of Jorge Domecq as well as his knowledge of the European security and defence environment make him highly suitable for this position. He will help steer the European Defence Agency ahead of the June 2015 European Council and make an important contribution to the many challenges faced by Member States in the field of defence cooperation”, Federica Mogherini said.

 

The European Defence Agency is currently involved in major capability development projects in various domains such as air-to-air refuelling, remotely piloted aircraft systems, satellite communications and cyber defence. It also supports cooperation between Member States more broadly in areas such as standardisation, certification, research & technology and industrial issues.

 

“I would also like to express my sincere thanks to Claude-France Arnould for her work as EDA Chief Executive over the past four years. During that period we have witnessed increased European defence cooperation in several domains, of which the recent development to move forward with a fleet of air-to-air refuelling aircraft is only one of many examples.” added Federica Mogherini.

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15 janvier 2015 4 15 /01 /janvier /2015 17:50
Financing the CSDP - SEDE

 

15-01-2015 SEDE

 

Jointly with the Committee on Budgets, SEDE will hear an expert in view of its joint draft report on the Financing of the Common Security and Defence Policy (AFET/SEDE Rapporteur: Eduard KUKAN, EPP and BUDG Rapporteur: Indrek TARAND, Greens).

 

When : 21 January 2015


Further information Draft agenda and meeting documents

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15 janvier 2015 4 15 /01 /janvier /2015 17:50
Security in the Black Sea and Arctic - SEDE
 

15.01.2015 SEDE

 

SEDE will hold a first exchange of views on the draft report on the Strategic military situation in the Black Sea Basin following the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia (Rapporteur: Ioan Mircea PASCU, S&D). It will also exchange views with experts on Emerging security challenges in the Arctic.

 

When: 21 January 2015

 

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15 janvier 2015 4 15 /01 /janvier /2015 15:50
Annual Report on CSDP - SEDE

 

15-01-2015 SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will hold a first debate on the draft report on the Implementation of the Common Security and Defence Policy - based on the Council's Annual Report (Rapporteur: Arnaud DANJEAN).

 
 
When : 21 January 2015

Further information meeting documents
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8 janvier 2015 4 08 /01 /janvier /2015 17:50
New Cooperation Planning and Support Director

 

Brussels - 08 January, 2015 European Defence Agency

 

Roland Van Reybroeck has been appointed EDA Cooperation Planning and Support (CPS) director on 1 January 2015. He previously held the position of Head of Governance & Policy Support to the Belgian Chief of Defence. 

 

“I look forward to working very closely with the highly qualified and experienced EDA staff in order to meet the objectives set out by the European Council and Member States”, Roland Van Reybroeck stated upon his arrival at the European Defence Agency.

As Cooperation Planning and Support Director, Roland Van Reybroeck will address through-life cooperation opportunities for capability development, from priority-setting to in-service support. The CPS directorate also provides direct support to CSDP missions and operations as well as a cooperative platform for military airworthiness, standardisation, certification and training. It also encompasses the Agency’s support role in developing the Single European Sky.

 

Critical projects

The skills of Roland Van Reybroeck will allow us to move on with projects of critical importance for the defence community such as the establishment of common military airworthiness standards, the development of multinational exercises or the smooth implementation of SESAR from the perspective of military users”, EDA Chief Executive Claude-France Arnould commented. “The CPS directorate is home of some of the key enablers that can be used by Member States to save money through a cooperative approach”, she added.

As part of his previous assignment with the Belgian Chief of Defence, Roland Van Reybroeck and his team helped prepare the development of a comprehensive long-term vision for Belgian defence. Prior to that, as a Senior Manager of the NATO Helicopter Management Agency (NAHEMA), he led the reorganisation of this body, established an in-service support strategy for the NH90 helicopter and developed cooperation with countries such as Finland, Norway, Sweden and Australia.

 

Background

Before he joined the NATO Agency, Roland Van Reybroeck was Head of Office of two Belgian Chiefs of Defence after having accumulated 20 years of experience in military aeronautics and collaborative programmes.

Roland Van Reybroeck started his career as a F-16 Maintenance Officer with the Belgian Air Force in Kleine Brogel, where he returned later in his career to become Maintenance Squadron Commander. He then went on to become Training Aircraft Programme Manager and F-16 Programme Manager.

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