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24 décembre 2014 3 24 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency, with former Chief Executive Nick Witney

Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency, with former Chief Executive Nick Witney

 

22/12/2014, Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr

 

L'espagnol Jorge Domecq, actuellement ambassadeur de l'Espagne à l'Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (OSCE) pourrait remplacer Claude-France Arnould à la tête de l'Agence européenne de défense (AED).

 

Un Espagnol à la place d'une Française à la tête de l'Agence européenne de défense (AED) lors des trois prochaines années. c'est ce qui dessinerait, selon des sources étatiques françaises. En tout cas, la haute représentante pour la politique extérieure et la sécurité de l'Union européenne, Federica Mogherini propose aux Etats membres l'espagnol Jorge Domecq, actuellement ambassadeur de l'Espagne à l'Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (OSCE) et choisi parmi cinq candidats.

Il pourrait remplacer Claude-France Arnould, dont le mandat s'achève le 15 janvier prochain (2011-2015). Les 27 Etats membres de l'AED, créé en 2004, ont jusqu'au 9 janvier pour approuver le choix de Federica Mogherini. La décision sera prise à la majorité qualifiée des 2/3 des votes pondérés des Etats membres participants à l'AED. Le vote à la majorité qualifiée accorde une plus grande souplesse de fonctionnement à l'Agence et incite les Etats membres à rechercher l'accord le plus large possible avec l'ensemble des partenaires.

 

Un diplomate de carrière à la tête de l'AED

Né en 1960 à Jerez de la Frontera, Jorge Domecq a fait toute sa carrière dans la diplomatie qu'il a rejoint en 1985 au service de l'Espagne. Avant d'être nommé à l'OSCE en mars 2014, il était ambassadeur aux Philippines (2011-2014). Il a également été directeur général de l'ONU en charge des droits de l'homme.

L'AED, qui a géré en 2013 un modeste budget de 30,5 millions d'euros, a pour mission d'améliorer les capacités de défense de l'Union européenne et de combler les lacunes capacitaires identifiées et persistantes en Europe. Elle développe en outre la coopération des Etats membres participants aux programmes d'armement, renforce la compétitivité de l'industrie européenne de défense et constitue progressivement un véritable marché européen des équipements de défense. Enfin, elle coordonne et planifie des activités de R&T de défense communes pour garantir un accès durable aux capacités technologiques nécessaires aux besoins futurs de nos forces armées.

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21 décembre 2014 7 21 /12 /décembre /2014 11:50
La lettre de l'IRSEM n°8 - 2014


19/12/2014 IRSEM

 

La Lettre de l'IRSEM est notre lettre d'information. Chaque mois, chercheurs résidents et invités y présentent un dossier stratégique, des chroniques et points d'actualité.
Vous trouverez dans cette rubrique les liens vers les numéros de chaque collection annuelle.

Afin de recevoir par mail notre newsletter mensuelle, la Lettre de l'IRSEM, merci de nous préciser :
- vos noms, prénoms, grade, fonction, organisme, et adresse mail, à partir du lien ci-dessous :

 

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°8 - 2014

Dossier stratégique :
Sécurité globale et surprises stratégiques en Europe

Coordonné par le général de division (2s) Maurice de LANGLOIS

 
2014 - La lettre de l'IRSEM

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°7 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : La Syrie : Quelles perspectives pour une sortie de crise ?

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°6 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : La politique étrangère et de défense de la Chine :  Une nouvelle étape?

La lettre de l'IRSEM n° 5 - 2014

La Lettre de l'IRSEM n°4 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : Quelles stratégies étatiques dans le monde arabe face au jihadisme?

La Lettre de l'IRSEM N°3 - 2014
Dossier stratégique: La Pologne, un acteur de la défense européenne

Version en polonais du dossier stratégique

La Lettre de l'IRSEM N°2 - 2014

La Lettre de l'IRSEM N°1 (2,02 Mo)

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10 décembre 2014 3 10 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
photo Composante Air

photo Composante Air

 

9th December 2014  – by Sven Biscop * - europeangeostrategy.org



Belgium believes in European defence. This belief is shared by political, diplomatic and military decision-makers and public opinion alike. That is a strength, for in the habitual absence of elaborate strategic documents it provides its defence policy with at least some sense of purpose. For Belgium, maintaining a strong transatlantic alliance passes through the building of a strong Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) in the European Union (EU), which de facto is the European pillar of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) but can act autonomously as well. This strong belief is also a weakness however, for a belief is seldom questioned or justified through sound argumentation: one believes and that’s that. As a result ritualistic professions of allegiance continue, but the original purpose of the doctrine tends to be forgotten. Belgium has always been a leading theologian of European defence, playing a key role in developing concepts such as ‘pooling and sharing’, but the discourse is becoming sterile and losing the power to convert the heretic.

Belgium has always been a leading theologian of European defence

Instead an unwarranted trust that miracles will happen has taken shape. Whenever budget cuts are announced, as is the case today, politicians of all colours revert to the same mantra: salvation through European defence. If only we unite our forces with those of our European brethren, we will see the miracle of the multiplication of the capabilities. Alas, this stance overlooks the fact that for them to be multiplied, there have to be some capabilities in the first place. Military marriages tend to be traditional: no dowry, no wedding. Military cooperation takes place where a win-win situation is created and all parties benefit from coordinating or even integrating their capabilities with each other. The more capabilities Belgium scraps from its arsenal, the less attractive it will be for potential partners. For lack of investment Belgium even runs the risk that existing partnerships will unravel; our partners are already eying us suspiciously. The integration of the Dutch and Belgian navies is one of the best examples of far-reaching yet maximally flexible defence cooperation in Europe – but if Belgium cannot replace its two frigates alongside the Netherlands it will be imperilled.

What are needed now are acts of devotion. Before it can expect any miracles, Belgium must be seen to be practising its belief. That cannot be done on alms alone. At the very least, Belgium should maintain its defence budget at the same level, and envisage a long-term investment plan in function of the strategic vision that the defence minister has been tasked to produce. The minimum objective ought to be obvious: to maintain at least one significant capability that can operate across the spectrum, including combat operations, in army, navy and air force. That will give any future Belgian government maximal flexibility. If Belgium abandons this range of capabilities and opts for an entirely non-combatant air force for example, governments when requested to participate in operations may find that they are no longer able even when they are willing. Or worse, for lack of fighter aircraft they may come under pressure to deploy land forces in a risky situation in which they would rather not, if participation in the operation is imperative.

Belgium must be seen to be practising its belief in European defence

Abandoning yet more capabilities will eliminate options for defence cooperation. Vice versa, cooperation is the only way of maintaining a broader range of capabilities. Any future fighter capacity for example can be integrated with a partner or partners to the same extent as the Belgian navy is with that of the Netherlands. Then Belgium will see that miracles can be engineered – if the fee is paid. And the more we are seen to be practising, the more our sermons in favour of European defence will be heard by other, hitherto less convinced members of the congregation. To that end Belgium should also invest in some of the crucial EU-level projects (such as air-to-air refuelling and drones) of the European Defence Agency, an institution that it is keen to promote.

Capabilities must be acquired for a purpose, of course. It is not always clear how to understand the trinity of Belgium’s belief in European defence, and in the Charter of the United Nations (which implies that action must be taken when it is violated), and its strategic culture that is strongly pacifist (which goes for all political parties as well as the public). Yet of late Belgium has participated prominently in the air campaigns over Libya and Iraq, in the naval campaign against piracy, and in the training mission in Mali (though it was conspicuously absent in the Central African Republic). If Belgium can maintain a consistent contribution whenever Europe decides that responsibility must be assumed (including for significant land operations) it appears therefore that even this mystery can be resolved.


This article is part of the “National Perspectives and CSDP” special focus series being published by European Geostrategy. It is the first contribution from a Belgian perspective. Read more about the series

 

* Prof. Sven Biscop is a Senior Editor of European Geostrategy. He is also Director of the ‘Europe in the World Programme’ at Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations in Brussels. He writes here in a personal capacity.

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8 décembre 2014 1 08 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
From maritime security to European seapower


03.12.2014 by Luis Simon* - europeangeostrategy.org


Maritime security is the new buzz-phrase in Brussels policy circles. 2014 has witnessed the publication of the EU’s first maritime security strategy. This strategy is premised upon the assumption that maritime security is a comprehensive business that covers a wide range of issues, from harbour safety, biodiversity conservation and the control of illegal fishing, through to piracy, all the way up to the support of crisis management operations. This emphasis on comprehensiveness is hardly surprising. The comprehensive approach is part of the European Union’s (EU) DNA, and it permeates through pretty much every instance of the newly adopted maritime security strategy.

maritime security is a brainchild of the crisis management paradigm

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO) understanding of maritime security is quite similar to that of the EU. Admittedly, the Alliance lacks the kind of competencies the EU has in areas such as harbour safety, conservation or fishing. However, NATO’s Maritime Security Strategy places much emphasis on the fact that the sea’s status as a global common means that maritime security is a comprehensive business that can only be achieved through cooperation between military and civilian actors, between international organisations and partner nations.

As a concept, maritime security is a brainchild of the crisis management paradigm. This paradigm has been underpinned by Western global strategic and political supremacy, and has organised the way in which Americans and Europeans have thought about military power over the past twenty-five years. Crisis management has had a pervasive influence upon NATO debates since the end of the Cold War. And it has been central to the development of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), having come to organise the EU’s strategic culture, operational doctrine and approach to capability development for the better part of the last fifteen years.

Insofar as maritime security is concerned, the crisis management paradigm has animated the idea that Europeans (and Americans) could use the sea freely in order to transit into out of area operational theatres, where they could engage in crisis management and stabilisation missions. A related assumption was that the main challenges at sea came in the form of piracy, illegal immigration, drug smuggling, terrorism and so on, and could be overcome through cooperation with other International Organisation’s and multiple partners.

the crisis management paradigm seems to be in crisis

The EU and NATO missions off the coast of Somalia represent the embodiment of ‘maritime security’. Those two operations amount to a coordinated anti-piracy effort involving multiple actors and organisations such as the EU, NATO, a number of Non-Governmental Organisations, private insurance companies as well as numerous non-EU, non-NATO countries like Australia, Saudi Arabia, India, Russia, Ukraine, China, Japan, South Korea or Indonesia.

International efforts to eradicate transnational challenges to maritime security are most welcome. However, it must not be forgotten that it is Western strategic supremacy at sea what provides the material and normative framework that allows these ‘crisis management’ initiatives to take hold. And the crisis management paradigm seems to be in crisis. The reasons behind this crisis are manifold, and include the return of great power competition (both in Europe and globally), intervention fatigue in the West, defence-budgetary pressures and the proliferation of Anti-Access Area Denial capabilities, which are being exported from China and Russia to countries like Pakistan, Iran, Syria or Algeria.

All these changes seem to be underpinning a recalibration in Western military strategy, as the intervention fever of the 1990s and 2000s draws down and greater attention is devoted to thinking about defence, deterrence, intelligence, prevention and military diplomacy. This does not mean that out of area operations are over. However, the kind of long-lasting and ambitious military and reconstruction efforts seen in the Western Balkans or Afghanistan will be generally avoided, and more ‘surgical’ forms of intervention will be prioritised.

Europeans should move from a ‘maritime security’ to a ‘seapower’ mindframe

Insofar as maritime security is a concern, the unfolding crisis of crisis management heralds a transition into a less hospitable maritime environment for Europe and for the West. This means Europeans should perhaps move away from the assumption of unhindered Western access and freedom of movement at sea and think harder about how to help preserve Western supremacy at sea, and how to use the sea to project power in an increasingly contested maritime environment.

In other words, Europeans should move from a ‘maritime security’ to a ‘seapower’ mindframe. This means they should spend less time thinking about those kind of capabilities that assume unhindered access to and from the sea – such as sealift or offshore surface patrol – and a little more time thinking about sea-combat, underwater capabilities or air and missile defence at sea. More broadly, it means Europeans should move away from the notion of indiscriminate partnerships with every possible country and international organisation and focus more on those partners who have a strong stake in underpinning a rules-based order at sea. That includes first and foremost the United States, but also countries like Australia, India, Japan, Turkey or Brazil.

 
 

* Prof. Luis Simón is co-founder and a Senior Editor of European Geostrategy. He is also a Research Professor at the Institute for European Studies at the Free University of Brussels. He writes here in a personal capacity.

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4 décembre 2014 4 04 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
SEDE Meeting (3 dec.) - Budget, Capabilities, CSDP


04.12.2014 source SEDE
 

 
Budget 2015
On 3 December, the Subcommittee considered the draft opinion on Financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union, by Rapporteur Christian Ehler (EPP). The committee responsible is BUDG (Rapporteur: Ingeborg Gräßle, EPP).
 
Building European military capabilities - SEDE
 
Logo NATO and EDA
On 3 December, the Subcommittee exchanged views with General Jean-Paul Paloméros, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, NATO and Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive, European Defence Agency, on military capability development in Europe, after the Wales NATO Summit and before the 2015 European Council.
 
 
Flag of Georgia
On 3 December, the Subcommittee debated the security situation in the South Caucasus after the signature of the "strategic partnership" between the Russian Federation and Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia with H.E. Natalie Sabanadze, Ambassador of Georgia to the EU.
 

Briefings on Defence Council and CSDP Civilian Missions - SEDE

 

SEDE meeting
On 3 December, the Subcommittee discussed the state of play of the EU's civilian missions with Kenneth Deane, Director, Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability, EEAS. It was also debriefed on the results of the Foreign Affairs Council (Defence) held on 18 November, by Maciej Popowski, Deputy Secretary General, EEAS.
 
 
Further information Meeting documents

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2 décembre 2014 2 02 /12 /décembre /2014 17:50
Building European military capabilities - SEDE

 

02-12-2014 SEDE

 

 

The Subcommittee will exchange views with General Jean-Paul Paloméros, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, NATO and Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive, European Defence Agency, on military capability development in Europe, after the Wales NATO Summit and before the 2015 European Council.

 

When : 3 December 2014


Further information
Draft agenda and meeting documents

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2 décembre 2014 2 02 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
Briefings on Defence Council and CSDP Civilian Missions - SEDE

 

source SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will discuss the state of play of the EU's civilian missions with Kenneth Deane, Director, Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability, EEAS. In the afternoon at it will also be debriefed on the results of the Foreign Affairs Council (Defence) held on 18 November, by Maciej Popowski, Deputy Secretary General, EEAS.

 

When: 3 December 2014

 

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1 décembre 2014 1 01 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
The CSDP is dead, long live the CSDP?

 

26th November 2014  – by Daniel Fiott* - europeangeostrategy.org


It seems that ever since the infamous St. Malo summit between France and the United Kingdom (UK) in 1998 Europeans have been sorely disappointed with, or even deluded by, the European Union’s (EU) Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Far from the ambitions that followed the implosion of Yugoslavia, the CSDP has seemingly tapered-off into niche areas that are more concerned with training and police missions, or with security more broadly (rather than defence). In 2008 the EU deployed 3,700 military personnel to Chad; in 2012 it deployed 37 civilian experts to Juba International Airport in South Sudan. Surely something is sorely amiss. Civilian missions have their place but they point to the fact that Europeans – with the exception of France perhaps – have perhaps never seriously believed that the CSDP could serve as the basis for the EU’s hard power.

CSDP has seemingly tapered-off into niche areas

‘NATO is dead, long live NATO!’. With the economic exuberance of the 1990s and early 2000s, and the absence of any territorial threat, the Alliance was left to deal with Afghanistan. Yet, the core task of NATO has always been territorial defence. Putin has ensured this fact remains true today and, paradoxically, he has perhaps simultaneously brought about the swift felling of any hopes that the CSDP may one day provide for a l’Europe de defense. Important questions are being asked of Europeans both within NATO and the CSDP, yet Europeans appear to be drifting towards an l’Europe sans défense. Regardless of whether Europeans want to devote their energies to CSDP or NATO, any serious pledge to either or both entities will require far more political commitment than is present now.

There is no real point in reeling off decreasing  defence expenditure levels here as they are well-known. It is, however, rather more important to understand how the member states view the CSDP. France, for example, was originally the bulwark of autonomous European defence but its insistence on a pragmatic approach to CSDP and its reluctance to ultimately work militarily through the CSDP in Libya, Mali and the Central African Republic is indicative of a growing ambivalence towards the Policy. France cannot be blamed for its impatience with the CSDP, as most of the other EU member states have been dragging their feet for some time. And if France is growing weary of CSDP, should we really be surprised that the Policy has stalled? This is not to even speak of the British position.

Perhaps we have got it all wrong though. Perhaps CSDP was never really designed to bring about a l’Europe de defense. Could it not equally be all about institutional politics and national interests? Indeed, much energy has been expended on ensuring the EU puts in place a ‘comprehensive approach’ to its foreign policy (the myth here is, of course, that all foreign policy should be comprehensive). Yet this ‘approach’ has tended to result in self-serving political in-fighting over institutional design and territory, and ensuring that the tools the EU does use (whether soft or hard) largely complement member state interests. The British and Germans may want a softer CSDP but for very different reasons – for the UK a civilian approach asserts NATO’s primacy, for Germany such an approach avoids difficult questions about the use of military force.

Europeans appear to be heading towards an l’Europe sans défense 

Ambition has always been central to the CSDP. Let national and institutional politics get in the way and you are left with relatively small missions that barely make a dent in serious defence issues (e.g. EUTM Mali). If the CSDP cannot be wielded to deal with key politico-military issues in the EU’s immediate geographical spheres of interest, then talk of the EU ‘pivoting’ to Asia or playing a global role appear rightfully ludicrous. Perhaps these views are, however, overly negative. Maybe there is still some life left in the CSDP. Yet ascertaining how the member states now view the CSDP is challenging, and it is to the member states that one must look if one is to answer a critical question: is the CSDP still relevant?

In this spirit, over the coming weeks and months European Geostrategy will be publishing a special focus series entitled ‘National Perspectives and the CSDP’. European Geostrategy will be approaching key thinkers and policy-makers from across Europe for their opinions and analysis on where their country stands in relation to the future of the CSDP. The collection of articles are designed to inform the forthcoming June 2015 EU Council meeting on defence.

Maybe there is still some life left in the CSDP…

The series will be composed of stand-alone articles and collective articles that bring together the opinions of a host of experts from across Europe. Each article will be broadly structured so as to answer a number of central questions. Why, if at all, is the CSDP still important to the member states? How does CSDP help member states meet their national interests? What more could the member states do to further strength civil/military capability development within the CSDP? What mechanisms (e.g. permanent structured cooperation) could work to enable closer cooperation through CSDP? What do the member states think should become of the CSDP? Should it be a military alliance on a par with NATO or should it focus exclusively on civilian missions? What do the member states see as the main drivers and obstacles behind a more effective CSDP?

Such questions will form the backbone of each contribution and the intention is, once all the articles have been published, to write a concluding piece drawing together all the national perspectives. The articles published under the series are listed below. Do remember to keep checking www.europeangeostrategy.org for updates. On behalf of the Senior Editors, I sincerely hope you find the series of interest.

 

* Mr. Daniel Fiott is a Senior Editor of European Geostrategy. He is also a Researcher at the Institute for European Studies at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. He writes here in a personal capacity.

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30 novembre 2014 7 30 /11 /novembre /2014 15:50
The imperative for British leadership on pooling and sharing

 

30th November 2014  – by Tom Dyson - europeangeostrategy.org


European defence budgets face a context of long-term fiscal austerity. At the same time, European states are facing an intensity of security challenges unprecedented since the fall of the Soviet Union, including the resurgence of Russia and instability in the Middle East and Africa. In the context of the ‘Asia pivot’ in United States (US) defence and security policy these challenges will necessitate increased European burden-sharing within the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) as well as the development of greater European military autonomy from the US through the European Union’s (EU) Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). This fiscal and strategic environment creates a clear imperative for all European militaries to consider how to enhance efficiency in defence spending by pooling and sharing capabilities.

However, the EU’s Ghent Framework and NATO’s Smart Defence have made only limited progress in fostering greater specialisation by national militaries. Where substantial cooperation has occurred, it has taken place on a bi-lateral basis, such as the 2010 Anglo-French Lancaster House Treaties and 2014 Anglo-French Brize-Norton Summit. The downsides of bi-lateralism are evident in the outcomes of defence cuts in Europe which, in the absence of multilateral coordination, are largely leading to specialisation by ‘default’ rather than ‘design’.

The downsides of bi-lateralism are evident in the outcomes of defence cuts in Europe

Britain has traditionally viewed the development of high-end capabilities within the CSDP as anathema, preferring instead to leave higher-intensity operations to NATO. Nevertheless, under the Labour Government (1997-2010) British policy toward the CSDP adopted a broadly pragmatic approach that sought to find common ground with European states, such as France, which sought greater autonomy from the Atlantic Alliance. Indeed, Britain was a central actor in the development of key CSDP initiatives such as the 1998 St Malo Accord and the 2003 EU Battlegroups Initiative.

However, the British approach to CSDP under the Conservative-Liberal coalition (2010-present) has become less willing to countenance any measures which may challenge the centrality of NATO to European defence. Hence the United Kingdom (UK) has failed to make use of the opportunities that the EU affords to identify and overcome European capability shortfalls. The urgency of the challenges of austerity and the contemporary security environment now require a return to a more pragmatic approach by the UK that recognises the opportunities for complementarity between the Ghent Framework and Smart Defence.

The June 2015 European Council provides an excellent opportunity for Britain to re-claim its leadership role in European defence and promote greater military specialisation ‘by design’. The first priority of the UK must be to champion the establishment of a European defence review commission. As Nick Witney has highlighted, such a commission must not only re-examine the European Security Strategy that was last updated in 2008, but also the capabilities needed to implement strategy. The ensuing dialogue about European interests and longer-term defence planning will help to decrease the level of uncertainty about the intentions of European states and permit greater coordination of defence cuts.

The June 2015 European Council provides an excellent opportunity for Britain to re-claim its leadership role in European defence

In addition, the June 2015 European Council must form a turning point in Britain’s relationship with the European Defence Agency (EDA). For too long Britain has undermined the work of the EDA by seeking to limit its budget and by pursuing bi-lateral cooperation outside its institutional structures. Britain should use the European Council to outline its intentions for leadership on greater use of the EDA as a means to coordinate specialisation with both large (France and Germany) and smaller European states and to establish clear, coordinated goals for armaments procurement and troop numbers with other European nations.

The sacrifice of a loss of British military autonomy could be minimised by building in redundancies to ensure that a military operation could proceed, should one or more European nations be unable to contribute. A small reduction in national strategic autonomy is favourable to the far greater loss in British power and influence that will ensue if Britain fails to encourage its European partners to coordinate their defence cuts. A consensus amongst the ‘Weimar Five’ about the need for a renewed impetus behind CSDP pooling and sharing initiatives has emerged in recent years. Furthermore, British leadership on pooling and sharing under CSDP would ultimately be welcomed in Washington as it would enhance Europe’s effectiveness in dealing with security challenges within its geopolitical neighbourhood and create capability synergies which would also be of use to NATO. Within such a facilitative context, British leadership on CSDP would be transformative for European defence.

British leadership on CSDP would be transformative for European defence

The re-emergence of British leadership on CSDP will, however, depend on the outcome of the May 2015 UK general election. Should one party emerge with a workable majority, a window of opportunity will emerge to allow British CSDP policy to be driven by its strategic interests rather than the insularity of the UK Independence Party and Tory backbenchers. The 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review which will follow shortly after the general election would then provide an ideal opportunity to integrate ‘specialisation by design’ into British and European defence policy.


This article is part of the “National Perspectives and CSDP” special focus series being published by European Geostrategy. It is the first contribution from a British perspective. Read more about the series.

 

 

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30 novembre 2014 7 30 /11 /novembre /2014 08:50
EDA outlines key priorities of the revised Capability Development Plan

 

Brussels - 19 November, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

The European Defence Agency has just published a brochure outlining the main features of the revised Capability Development Plan (CDP) endorsed by Member States earlier this year. It reflects current defence and security trends and proposes a list of priority actions

.

Since 2008, the European Defence Agency (EDA) has been producing a Capability Development Plan (CDP) to address long-term security and defence challenges. It looks at future security scenarios and makes recommendations about the capabilities European militaries will need to react to a variety of potential developments.  

The CDP is a comprehensive planning method providing a picture of European military capabilities over time. It can be used by Member States’ defence planners when identifying priorities and opportunities for cooperation. The European Defence Agency is coordinating this work done in close conjunction with Member States and other stakeholders such as the EU Military Committee. The CDP benefits from several inputs such as the Headline Goal Process, studies on long-term trends, lessons from operations and information on current plans and programs.

 

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29 novembre 2014 6 29 /11 /novembre /2014 18:50
Joint Deployable Exploitation and Analysis Laboratory (JDEAL) - powered by EDA


26 nov. 2014 European Defence Agency - Dutch Ministry of Defence

 

The Joint Deployable Exploitation and Analysis Laboratory (JDEAL), is designed to help continue the fight against improvised explosive devices. The project, launched in 2013 under the auspices of the European Defence Agency (EDA), provides a new permanent technical exploitation training facility based in Soesterberg in the Netherlands.
 

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29 novembre 2014 6 29 /11 /novembre /2014 17:50
First EDA-Commission workshop on the preparatory action for CSDP-related research

 

Brussels - 25 November, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

Almost 100 representatives from Member States, the European Commission and the European Defence Agency (EDA) gathered on 21 November at the Agency premises. As tasked by the December 2013 European Council, they initiated a debate on research related to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and the Preparatory Action in this field, which is expected to be launched in 2017.


This workshop allowed Member States to discuss the overall objective and scope of this future programme. It was co-organised by the Commission, responsible and financially accountable for the launch of the Preparatory Action, and EDA,  bringing its skills and experience in setting up and implementing defence research. “We need to prove that we are able to launch research on a new subject, to build procedures together and to set a common goal”, Philippe Brunet, Director of Aerospace, Maritime, Security and Defence Industries within the European Commission’s Directorate General Enterprise and Industry, explained. 

Philippe Brunet is the Director of Aerospace, Maritime, Security and Defence Industries within the European Commission’s Directorate General Enterprise and Industry.


 

A first step

 “Why is it so important to get the Preparatory Action right? Because it is the first step towards a much bigger challenge: the setting-up of a CSDP-related research programme at EU- level” stressed Denis Roger, EDA European Synergies and Innovation director. “What is at stake is the development of a European technological and industrial base with a critical mass on areas we consider important for the development of CSDP-related capabilities”, he added. 

The meeting offered an insight into the lessons learned from an end-user perspective. Commander Ben Falk, in charge of strategic analysis at the EU Military Staff, reminded the audience of the important links that should be maintained between the operational lessons learned at EU-level, the Capability Development Plan – recent update of which was presented by Axel Butenschoen from EDA – and future research initiatives.  

Consensus emerged on the fact that, in order to bring something new, this preparatory action needs to be defence-oriented and to focus on CSDP capabilities, while promoting innovation and European defence industry competitiveness. 

 

On 1 May 2014, Brigadier General (Engineer) Denis Roger was appointed as Director, European Synergies and Innovation (ESI) of the European Defence Agency. 
 

 

Bringing added value

Bryan Wells, from the UK Ministry of Defence, discussed the need to complement national research programmes and to bring a European added-value, while Carmen Rodriguez Augustin, from Spain, underlined that “interests of governments and industry have to be respected and properly covered because the defence sector needs specific rules and provisions”. 

During a keynote intervention, Jan-Olof Lind, chairman of EDA’s research & technology Steering Board, underlined the added value of a programme benefitting from a centralised budget, while insisting on the great innovation potential of a CSDP-focussed initiative.

After a full day of thorough debate on this topic of critical importance for the future of European defence, participants agreed to meet again in February for a new round  of discussions.

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29 novembre 2014 6 29 /11 /novembre /2014 17:50
EDA Chief Executive visits Republic of Serbia

 

Belgrade - 26 November, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

EDA Chief Executive Claude-France Arnould travelled to Belgrade on 24 November to discuss cooperation opportunities with the Republic of Serbia.

 

At the invitation of Mr. Zoran Đordević, State Secretary, she attended high-level meetings with a number of defence officials including Mr. Bratislav Gasic, Defence Minister, as well as the State Secretary and a number of other officials from the Serbian Ministry of Defence.

 

Claude-France Arnould received briefings on the Republic of Serbia’s engagement in Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions, as well as on the operational, technological and industrial capabilities of the country.

 

One of the main objectives of this visit was to assess the implementation of the administrative arrangement signed in December 2013 by the European Defence Agency and the Republic of Serbia. Both parties identified tangible cooperation opportunities in a number of fields, including Counter-Improvised explosive devices (C-IED) initiatives, protection against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) threats, medical support and unmanned ground systems. Serbia also expressed its interest in benefitting from the Agency’s support to better understand European Union policies on topics such as security of supply, research & technology and defence procurement.

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23 novembre 2014 7 23 /11 /novembre /2014 12:50
YES 2014 – Gekürzte Ausgabe – deutsch

 

28 October 2014 Yearbook - EUISS

 

Das EUISS Yearbook of European Security (YES) 2014 stellt als jährliche Publikation des Instituts Schlüsseldokumente und -daten der Gemeinsamen Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik (GASP) und der Gemeinsamen Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik (GSVP) der EU zusammen. Die gekürzte Ausgabe auf Deutsch widmet sich auch der Entwicklung europäischer Verteidigungshaushalte. Optisch ansprechende Karten, Diagramme und Tabellen bieten zusätzliche Klarheit bezüglich zentraler aktueller Herausforderungen der Europäischen Union und ihres externen Handelns.

YES ist eine unverzichtbare Veröffentlichung, die darauf abzielt, Experten, Akademiker, Praktiker und generell all jene, die mehr über die EU und sicherheitsrelevante Belange wissen möchten, durch innovative, evidenzbasierte Analyse und die Darstellung wesentlicher Fakten und Zahlen zu informieren.

 

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23 novembre 2014 7 23 /11 /novembre /2014 12:50
HR/VP to VP/HR? the next generation

 

With the formal entry into office of the new European Commission chaired by Jean-Claude Juncker, a new organisation of the college and its services, as well as a new modus operandi across all EU services will be put to test. This applies to the Commission as a whole – to the extent that it will probably shape its entire mandate and future legacy.

But it will be particularly relevant for the area of foreign policy and external action, in view of the foreseeable implications – and possibly the unintended consequences – of the new setup for the role of the multi-hatted high representative for foreign affairs and security policy and vice-president (HR/VP). Five years after Catherine Ashton took up the newly created function of HR/VP, Federica Mogherini is taking over in a significantly different institutional landscape.

 

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17 novembre 2014 1 17 /11 /novembre /2014 08:50
Débat IRSEM - EUISS : L’UE à l’épreuve des nouveaux enjeux de sécurité


14/11/2014 IRSEM

 

L’Institut d’Etudes de Sécurité (EUISS) et L’Institut de Recherche Stratégique de l’Ecole militaire (IRSEM) organisent un débat à l’occasion de la parution de la version abrégée en français du Yearbook of European Security 2014 (EUISS) et du Paris paper «Le rôle du militaire dans l’action extérieure de l’UE» (IRSEM).

 

Ce débat intitulé ‘L’Union européenne à l’épreuve des nouveaux enjeux de sécurité’ se tiendra le jeudi 4 décembre 2014 à l’Amphithéâtre Louis de l’École Militaire.

 

Vous pourrez accéder aux détails du programme en cliquant sur le lien ci-joint :
  Programme

 

Merci de bien vouloir vous enregistrer en ligne ci-dessous :

ENREGISTREMENT EN LIGNE

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12 novembre 2014 3 12 /11 /novembre /2014 08:50
CSDP priorities in the context of evolving security environment
 
source SEDE
On 5 November the Subcommittee exchanged views on the CSDP priorities in the context of the evolving security environment with Walter Stevens, Chair of the Political and Security Committee.

 

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11 novembre 2014 2 11 /11 /novembre /2014 20:50
photo SEDE

photo SEDE

 

11-11-2014 SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will debate the implementation of the 2013 European Council conclusions by the European Defence Agency with its Chief Executive Claude-France Arnould.

 

When : 20 November 2014


Further information Draft agenda and meeting documents

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6 novembre 2014 4 06 /11 /novembre /2014 19:50
New facility to help in fight against IEDs opens in the Netherlands

 

Soesterberg - 04 November, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

A new facility designed to help in the fight against Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) was officially opened today in the Netherlands. The Joint Deployable Exploitation and Analysis Laboratory (JDEAL) provides a permanent technical exploitation training capability in the Dutch town of Soesterberg. Under the project a further two deployable laboratories could be procured for use in future operations.

 

JDEAL, which was facilitated by the European Defence Agency (EDA) and lead nation the Netherlands, focuses on training the full range of skills needed for technical exploitation. This involves the recording and analysing of information related to events, scenes, technical components, and material used in IED attacks. The project makes use of equipment and knowledge gained from the EDA developed Counter-IED Technical Exploitation Laboratory previously deployed with ISAF in Kabul.

Alongside the Netherlands, ten other EDA Member States – Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden – plus Norway have joined the project. Denmark, the United Kingdom, the United States and the NATO Counter-IED Centre of Excellence have also sent observers.

Warrant Officer Bert Westers, from the Dutch armed forces, was previously stationed at the laboratory in Afghanistan and will now act as a trainer at JDEAL. He commented: “This new facility allows us to maintain and build on the skills and experiences that we gained in Kabul. It also helps to improve our forces’ ability to deal with threats from IEDs in the future.”

 

Education, research, and deployable capabilities

The training facility will host both national and multina­tional training events, tailored to the needs of the Member States involved. Alongside the training aspect, JDEAL is intended to be a platform for research and development and is specifically designed for subprojects to be launched under its framework. It will also work closely with other actors and cooperative bodies working in the counter-IED field.

In a second step the establish­ment of two deployable laboratories is planned, in order to have at least one available for upcoming operations/missions by the second half of 2015.

 

Background

The JDEAL project will work across the entire scope of IED exploitation. This includes detailed visual examination and high quality image capture; technical exploitation report­ing; biometric analysis (latent finger print recovery); elec­trical circuitry (primarily radio parts); document and me­dia recovery (focused on the mobile phones often used as IED triggering devices); chemical analysis; mechanical exploitation as well as other material exploitation. This is done in close cooperation with intelligence services, which can use the results to attack the networks involved in manufacturing the IEDs.

The JDEAL project was born out of the EDA developed mul­tinational counter-IED Exploitation Laboratory (MNTEL), which was deployed in Kabul under French management. During the laboratory’s three year deployment in Af­ghanistan more than 6 000 IEDs were forensically ex­amined, providing invaluable support to law enforce­ment and leading to numerous terrorist prosecutions.

 

More information

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6 novembre 2014 4 06 /11 /novembre /2014 19:50
EDA Chief Executive Claude-France Arnould visits Poland

 

Warsaw - 03 November, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

Upon the invitation of State Secretary Czesław Mroczek, EDA Chief Executive Claude-France Arnould visited Poland on 20-21 October ahead of the meeting of the Ministers on 18 November.

 

Claude-France Arnould and Czesław Mroczek exchanged views on multi-role transport tanker (MRTT) aircraft, the next generation of Medium Altitude Long Endurance Remotely piloted air systems (Male RPAS) and the European defence industry. Mr Mroczek underlined the willingness of Poland to step up its engagement in major European programmes in order to improve the capabilities of the Polish armed forces. He also welcomed the role of the European Defence Agency in support of a more competitive and balanced European defence technological and industrial base (EDTIB).

 

Over the course of her visit, Claude-France Arnould also had meetings with representatives from the Visegrad group in order to discuss specificities of the defence industry of those countries, as well as security of supply and defence cooperation in the current European legal framework. The Chief Executive underlined the support that EDA can bring to the Visegrad countries and encouraged discussions to continue in the coming semester, including in view of the IDET defence exhibition that will take place in May 2015 in Czech Republic.

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27 octobre 2014 1 27 /10 /octobre /2014 10:50
European maritime surveillance network reaches operational status

 

Paris - 27 October, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

Developed under the auspices of the European Defence Agency since 2006, the Maritime Surveillance (Marsur) project has now reached an operational level of maturity. A demonstration will be conducted during the Euronaval defence exhibition taking place 27-31 October in Le Bourget, north of Paris.

 

One of the longest-running projects undertaken by the European Defence Agency (EDA), Marsur is a technical solution that allows dialog between European maritime information systems. Containing 17 Member States plus Norway, the project aims to improve the common “recognised maritime picture” by facilitating exchange of operational maritime information and services such as ship positions, tracks, identification data, chat or images.
 

The Marsur network

The interface is installed in each participating Navy’s operational headquarters. A key characteristic of the Marsur network is that there is no central EU component that collects and distributes information. Each Member State is responsible for correlating its own data with the data received from other countries and for boosting the services within the community.

Reflecting on this important milestone, Claude-France Arnould, EDA Chief Executive, said: “Marsur is a great example of efficient Pooling & Sharing of existing capabilities. The project has now reached the point where it is ready to be used by European navies”.

Marsur is designed to become the potential “military layer” of the wider Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE) project led by the European Commission. Marsur could work in conjunction with other “systems of systems” to ensure efficient interaction with other European maritime security stakeholders and also in support of CSDP missions.

During Euronaval, an event will be held on 28 October at 1430 (Paris time) to mark the beginning of Marsur’s operational phase and the symbolic handover of the system. The Marsur demonstration will be available throughout the show at the CSC booth (B46).

 

Background

The Marsur project was formally launched in September 2006 by 15 Member States. It was first tested in June 2011 when six countries successfully conducted an initial networking demonstration in Brussels. Seventeen Member States (as well as Norway) are now involved in the Marsur initiative: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Spain, Greece, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

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9 octobre 2014 4 09 /10 /octobre /2014 18:50
EDA DTEB Database


8 oct. 2014 European Defence Agency

 

The DTEB Database is a web-based, access protected software tool for governmental Test and Evaluation centres.

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8 octobre 2014 3 08 /10 /octobre /2014 15:50
CSDP partnerships: the participation of neighbouring countries - SEDE

 

October 08, 2014, SEDE
 
The Subcommittee will exchange views on the participation of neighbouring countries in CSDP partnerships with Alessandro Mariani, Head of Division, CSDP Policy, Partnerships and Agreements, CMPD, EEAS, and Tamar Kekenadze, Civilian Representative of the Minister of Defence of Georgia to EU and NATO.  
 
When: 13 October 2014

Further information meeting documents
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8 octobre 2014 3 08 /10 /octobre /2014 15:50
The future of CSDP-related research - SEDE

 

October 08, 2014, SEDE
 
The Subcommittee will debate the future of CSDP-related research with Denis Roger, Director, European Synergies and Innovation, European Defence Agency and Sławomir Tokarski, Head of Unit, Defence, aeronautic and maritime industries, DG Entreprise and Industry, European Commission
 
When: 13 October 2014

Further information meeting documents
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7 octobre 2014 2 07 /10 /octobre /2014 20:50
Projet d'ordre du jour Sous-commission "sécurité et défense" EP - 13 octobre 2014
 
07-10-2014 SEDE

 

1.        Adoption de l'ordre du jour

2.        Approbation du procès-verbal de la réunion du:

· 11 septembre 2014                                                                PV – PE537.357v01-00

3.        Communications de la présidente

En présence du Conseil, de la Commission et du SEAE

4.        L'avenir de la recherche en lien avec la PSDC
Échange de vues avec:
- Denis Roger, Directeur, Synergies Européennes et Innovation, Agence européenne de défense (AED)
- Slawomir Tokarski, Chef d'unité, Industrie aérospatiale, maritime, de sécurité et de défense, DG Entreprises et industrie, Commission

5.        PSDC - nouveaux partenariats: la participation de pays voisins
Échange de vues avec:
- Alessandro Mariani, Chef de division, PSDC, Partenariats et accords, Direction "Gestion des crises et planification", SEAE
- Tamar Kekenadze, Représentant civil du ministre géorgien de la défense auprès de l'Union européenne et de l'OTAN

6.        Questions diverses

7.        Prochaines réunions

· 5 novembre 2014, de 9 heures à 12 h 30 et de 15 heures à 18 h 30 (Bruxelles)

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