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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 08:30
Coalition Airstrikes Hit Daesh in Iraq

 

SOUTHWEST ASIA, March 12, 2015 – From a Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve News Release

 

U.S. and coalition military forces have continued to attack Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant terrorists in Iraq, Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve officials reported today.

 

Officials reported details of the latest strikes, which took place between 8 a.m. yesterday and 8 a.m. today, local time, noting that assessments of results are based on initial reports.

 

No airstrikes were conducted in Syria during the specified timeframe, officials added.

 

Airstrikes in Iraq

Fighter, attack and remotely piloted aircraft conducted 13 airstrikes in Iraq:

-- Near Asad, an airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed two ISIL vehicles.

-- Near Qaim, an airstrike struck an ISIL staging area.

-- Near Fallujah, three airstrikes struck an ISIL large tactical unit, two ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

-- Near Kirkuk, five airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed five ISIL excavators, three ISIL vehicles and an ISIL vehicle bomb.

-- Near Mosul, an airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed four ISIL armored vehicles.

-- Near Ramadi, an airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL fighting position.

-- Near Sinjar, an airstrike struck an ISIL large tactical unit and destroyed three ISIL buildings and an ISIL vehicle.

 

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria, the region, and the wider international community. The destruction of ISIL targets in Syria and Iraq further limits the terrorist group's ability to project terror and conduct operations, officials said.

Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Bahrain, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 23:30
 credits BBC MidEast

credits BBC MidEast

 

12 mars 2015 45eNord.ca (AFP)

 

Des milliers de soldats irakiens renforçaient jeudi le siège de la ville de Tikrit en attendant de mener l’assaut contre les quelques centaines de djihadistes du groupe Etat islamique (EI) qui y sont terrés.

 

Onze jours après le lancement de leur offensive, les militaires irakiens affirmaient que la reprise prochaine de Tikrit ne faisait guère de doute car le temps jouait contre les jihadistes.

« Nous commençons à appliquer la deuxième phase de notre plan », a expliqué le ministre de la Défense, Khaled al-Obeidi en déplacement dans la province de Salaheddine, dont Tikrit est la capitale. « Le temps est de notre côté, nous avons l’initiative » et « nous voulons limiter au maximum les pertes humaines », a-t-il ajouté.

« Tikrit est bouclée de tous les côtés » mais « nous ne voulons pas nous précipiter », a précisé le général de police Bahaa al-Azzawi, interrogé par l’AFP à Albou Ajil, un village d’où est visible Tikrit de l’autre côté du Tigre.

En attendant, les forces gouvernementales, fortes de plusieurs milliers d’hommes, tiraient sporadiquement à l’artillerie sur Tikrit, ont constaté les journalistes de l’AFP.

Des soldats, des policiers et des membres des Unités de mobilisation populaire, une force para-militaire principalement composée de miliciens chiites, avaient réussi mercredi à entrer dans Tikrit et à reprendre le contrôle du quartier de Qadisiyah, dans le nord de la ville.

Le commandant des Unités, Hadi al-Ameri, a affirmé qu’il n’y avait plus d’issue pour les quelques centaines de jihadistes terrés dans le centre-ville.

Ils « ont deux choix: se rendre ou mourir », a-t-il prévenu.

« Nous n’avons pas besoin d’attaquer, cela pourrait faire des victimes dans les rangs de nos combattants », a ajouté le commandant Ameri, dont l’organisation Badr est l’une des plus importantes milices chiites d’Irak.

L’avancée des forces gouvernementales est en effet délicate car la technique éprouvée des jihadistes est de truffer de bombes et autres engins explosifs les lieux qu’ils s’apprêtent à quitter. « Nous n’avons pas face à nous des combattants au sol mais un terrain piégé et des snipers », a résumé un haut gradé.

Aucun bilan de victimes depuis le début de l’offensive contre Tikrit n’était disponible, mais plusieurs dizaines de corps sont acheminés quasi quotidiennement à Bagdad et dans la ville sainte chiite de Najaf.

L’incertitude demeure en outre sur le nombre de civils qui seraient toujours présents dans Tikrit et sur leur condition humanitaire et sécuritaire.

« L’accès aux zones de combat est soumis à des restrictions et il faudra du temps pour obtenir des informations sur d’éventuels abus », a souligné à l’AFP Donatella Rovera, d’Amnesty International.

La bataille de Tikrit, une ville majoritairement sunnite et ex-fief de l’ancien dictateur Saddam Hussein, représente l’offensive la plus ambitieuse lancée par Bagdad pour reconquérir les villes et territoires occupés depuis l’été 2014 par l’EI, qui a proclamé un « califat » à cheval sur l’Irak et la Syrie.

Les observateurs considèrent cette bataille comme un test de la collaboration entre les nombreuses forces combattantes et de la capacité des groupes chiites à prévenir des actes de revanche contre les sunnites.

M. Obeidi, ministre sunnite, a déclaré avoir été impressionné par la bonne entente sur le terrain, qui « envoie un message très positif au peuple irakien ».

« Avec notre unité, nous pouvons obtenir la victoire », a également lancé le Premier ministre Haider al-Abadi.

Dans cette dernière province, l’EI a mené une attaque spectaculaire mercredi avec au moins douze attentats simultanés à la voiture piégée dans la ville de Ramadi. Parmi les kamikazes, figurerait un adolescent australien de 18 ans qui était sous surveillance, selon le gouvernement australien.

Dans la Syrie voisine, plus de 50 soldats et rebelles ont été tués dans de violents combats près d’une colline stratégique de la province côtière de Lattaquié (ouest), fief du clan de Bachar al-Assad, selon l’Observatoire syrien des droits de l’Homme (OSDH).

Près de quatre ans après le début du conflit dans ce pays, 21 ONG ont dénoncé l’incapacité de la communauté internationale à faire face au désastre humanitaire. « Nous avons trahi nos idéaux », a affirmé Jan Egeland, secrétaire général du Conseil norvégien pour les réfugiés qui a contribué au rapport.

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 18:30
photos EMA

photos EMA

 

12/03/2015 Sources : État-major des armées  

 

Cette semaine, la force Chammal a réalisé 57 missions aériennes au-dessus de l’Irak, lesquelles ont abouti à six frappes au sol dans les régions de Fallujah, Kirkouk et Mossoul

 

L’une de ces frappes a notamment permis la destruction d’un véhicule suicide, un camion blindé rempli d’explosifs, stationné sur une route, qui avait pour but d’exploser au prochain passage des forces de sécurité irakiennes.

 

Par ailleurs, le 8 mars, le général d’armée Pierre de Villiers, chef d’état-major des armées, a accueilli son homologue américain, le général Marin Dempsey, à bord du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle engagé dans la lutte contre Daech en Irak.

 

Lancée depuis le 19 septembre 214, l’opération Chammal mobilise 3 000 militaires. Elle vise, à la demande du gouvernement irakien et en coordination avec les alliés de la France présents dans la région, à assurer un soutien aérien aux forces irakiennes dans la lutte contre le groupe terroriste autoproclamé Daech. Le dispositif complet est actuellement structuré autour de douze avions de chasse de l’armée de l’Air (six Rafale et six Mirage 2000D), d’un avion ravitailleur C-135FR, d’un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2, et du groupe aéronaval composé notamment du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle avec à bord 12 Rafale Marines et 9 Super Etendard modernisés, ainsi que d’un avion de guet aérien avancé embarqué 1 E2C Hawkey.

Chammal : point de situation au 12 marsChammal : point de situation au 12 mars
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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 14:55
crédits Ouest-France

crédits Ouest-France

 

12/03/2015 par Monseigneur Luc Ravel *, évêque aux Armées  - Figaro Vox Politique

 

A l'occasion d'une conférence de Carême, Mgr Ravel, évêque aux Armées, analyse les nombreux conflits qui embrasent la planète. Il y voit l'émergence d'un «guerre nouvelle à flambée religieuse».

 

* Diplômé de Polytechnique, de l'École nationale supérieure des pétroles et moteurs ainsi que d'une maitrise de philosophie, Monseigneur Ravel est évêque du Diocèse aux Armées Françaises depuis 2009.

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 13:30
Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie

 

12/03/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Les femmes militaires déployées en Jordanie dans le cadre de l’opération Chammal sont mises à l’honneur. Elles nous racontent leur différents parcours et nous livrent leurs impressions.

 

Au sein du détachement de protection projeté en Jordanie, le caporal-chef Tania (CLC) est le seul personnel féminin. Ce militaire du rang a rejoint les Commandos Parachutistes de l’Air n°20 (CPA 20) en 1999 et est devenu l’une des premières femmes commandos en CPA. Pour l’opération Chammal, elle est intégrée au sein d’une équipe d’une quinzaine de commandos, et s’occupe avec eux de la protection du personnel, des infrastructures et des aéronefs français. Suivant un cycle opérationnel régulier, elle participe aussi aux groupes de protection et d’intervention (GPI) mis en place pour sécuriser le camp français.

 

Arrivée sur le théâtre jordanien mi-février 2015, la sergent-chef Laëtitia est responsable des différents travaux de la cellule chancellerie. Ce sous-officier dynamique s’est porté volontaire pour cette première opération extérieure avec le soutien de son époux. « Je suis partie avec quelques appréhensions sur les opérations extérieures mais dès mon arrivée elles ont été totalement effacées ».  Travaillant au sein de l’état-major fonctionnel du détachement air, elle souligne que « les relations y sont très cordiales et respectueuses. L’ambiance entre les collègues est très bonne ». Elle s’est habituée très rapidement à ce rythme de vie et de travail différent de la base aérienne de Cazaux où elle travaille à la cellule relations publiques.

 

Au sein du personnel navigant, on retrouve l’aspirant surnommé « Sissi », qui fait partie de l’escadron 2/3 Champagne et qui est sous-chef navigateur. Cet officier de 29 ans effectue aujourd’hui sa 2ème opération extérieure. Elle est, sur le théâtre, la seule femme personnel naviguant : « En escadron, nous ne sommes pas beaucoup de femmes, j’ai donc l’habitude d’être entourée d’hommes. En opération comme en France, il n’y a aucun rejet, ou aucun sentiment de protection venant de mes collègues parce que je suis un personnel féminin. » Pour l’opération Chammal, Sissi se retrouve au sein d’une équipe d’une vingtaine de pilotes et navigateurs. « Ce sont tous de très bons collègues et quand je suis avec eux, il n’y a aucune gêne dans les discussions. Je ne me sens absolument pas exclue. Et comme on dit : Dans les armées, il n’y a pas de distinctions il n’y a que des militaires ; c’est tout à fait vrai pour ma part ». 

 

La SGC Anne-Sophie travaille à la cellule renseignement des Mirage 2000D, dans une équipe de six personnes où elle est la seule femme. Interprétateur photos, elle est en charge de préparer, entre autres, les missions pour les équipages en insérant dans leur tablette (UMPC) tous les points intéressants et importants sur la zone qui sera survolée. Au retour de vol et en cas de tir, elle crée le compte rendu de tir reprenant tous les éléments de la mission en y insérant les photos des positions tirées. En poste sur la base aérienne 188 de Djibouti depuis 4 ans, elle travaille au sein de l’escadron 3/11 Corse où elle prépare aussi les briefings et les instructions sur le matériel de reconnaissance. En tant que femme militaire, Anne-Sophie explique : « je n’ai jamais eu aucun soucis à travailler avec des hommes, tant que le travail est fait c’est le principal ». Elle ajoute : « pour l’opération Chammal, nous travaillons dans une très bonne ambiance. Les relations avec les équipages  se passent très bien. Ce qu’il faut avant tout c’est qu’on puisse répondre à leurs attentes, qu’on soit un homme ou une femme. »

 

Lancée depuis le 19 septembre 214, l’opération Chammal mobilise 3 000 militaires. Elle vise, à la demande du gouvernement irakien et en coordination avec les alliées de la France présents dans la région, à assurer un soutien aérien aux forces irakiennes dans la lutte contre le groupe terroriste autoproclamé Daech. Le dispositif complet est actuellement structuré autour de douze avions de chasse de l’armée de l’Air (six Rafale et six Mirage 2000D), d’un avion ravitailleur C-135 FR, d’un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2, et du groupe aéronaval.

Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en JordanieChammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie
Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie
Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en JordanieChammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en JordanieChammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie
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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 08:30
Air strikes in Iraq (Last updated: 11 March 2015)

 

11 March 2015 Ministry of Defence

 

British forces have continued to conduct air operations to assist the Iraqi government in its fight against ISIL.


 

Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft have again struck a series of ISIL terrorist targets in Iraq.

 

RAF Tornado and Reaper aircraft have continued to fly missions over Iraq as part of the international coalition’s campaign to support the Iraqi government in their fight against ISIL. On Wednesday 4 March, a Reaper, which was providing air support to Iraqi army units, spotted the muzzle flash of a heavy calibre weapon. Close investigation allowed the Reaper’s crew to locate an ISIL towed artillery piece, which was then destroyed with a Hellfire missile. Investigation allowed the Reaper’s crew to locate an ISIL towed artillery piece which was destroyed with a Hellfire missile.

 

The following day, other Reapers continued to provide close air support to Iraqi ground forces in the west of the country. An ISIL vehicle was destroyed during Thursday morning, and then in the evening a series of Hellfire engagements took place. An ISIL vehicle check-point was neutralised, an attempt by terrorists to launch an attack on Iraqi troops was disrupted by three successful missile strikes, and finally an armed pick-up truck was destroyed late that night. The Reapers also provided surveillance support to two further air strikes by coalition fast jets.

 

On Sunday 8 March, a Reaper armed reconnaissance patrol provided surveillance for a coalition attack on an armed terrorist truck, then conducted an Hellfire attack on a second vehicle. Monday afternoon saw a pair of Tornado GR4s conduct close air support for Kudish peshmerga on the offensive south of Kirkuk. When the peshmerga came under fire from ISIL terrorists the GR4s were able to conduct successful strikes with Paveway IV guided bombs. In the early hours of Wednesday 11 March, a Tornado patrol located a camouflaged 130mm heavy artillery piece near Al Qaim in western Iraq, and destroyed it with Brimstone missiles.

 

An RAF Voyager air-to-air refuelling tanker continues to provide essential support both to our Tornados and other coalition aircraft, and RAF Sentry aircraft make a significant contribution to the coalition’s surveillance effort. In northern Iraq, the British military team has completed delivering a programme of infantry training for the Kurdish peshmerga, and is now refocusing on training assistance to help the Iraqi ground forces deal with the threat from improvised explosive devices, on which ISIL are increasingly reliant when they are forced to retreat.

 
Previous air strikes

 

1 March: A Reaper tracked an ISIL truck loaded with weapons and ammunition, and scored a direct Hellfire hit.

In the north of Iraq, meanwhile, British and coalition military instructors continue to provide infantry training for the peshmerga as they prepare for further offensives to extend the areas they have already liberated from terrorist control. HMS Dauntless and HMS Kent remain in the Gulf, supporting air strike operations by US and French aircraft carriers.

 

2 March: A pair of RAF Tornado GR4s led other coalition aircraft in an attack on a series of ISIL fortified positions south of Kirkuk. These bunkers posed a potential threat to offensive operations by the Kurdish peshmerga, who have also benefitted from equipment and extensive training provided by British and coalition military instructors.

 

Meanwhile, in western Iraq, RAF Reapers provided close air support to an Iraqi Army offensive in Anbar province. The retreating ISIL terrorists sought to hold up the Iraqi advance with numerous improvised explosive devices. One vehicle-borne bomb posed a particular obstacle to the Iraqi ground forces, so a Reaper destroyed the vehicle with a Hellfire missile. Later that night, another Reaper assisted Iraqi troops who had come under fire from the terrorists, carrying out an attack with a Hellfire missile on the ISIL position.

 

Military support is just one part of the UK government’s contribution to the global coalition strategy to defeat ISIL – we are also taking action to counter the terrorist network’s finances, are restricting the flow of foreign fighters and have provided vital humanitarian relief to help those affected by ISIL’s brutality. The RAF contribution includes Reaper remotely piloted aircraft, which, like the Tornados, provide reconnaissance and close air support to the Iraqi ground forces; a Voyager air-to-air refuelling tanker; a Sentry airborne surveillance and command aircraft; and air transport aircraft as necessary.

 

British military training teams continue to teach infantry and first aid skills to the Kurdish peshmerga, and liaison teams are embedded within Iraqi and coalition headquarters. Having previously provided military equipment to the Iraqi forces, Britain plans to gift improvised explosive device (IED) detectors to help the Iraqi and Kurdish soldiers protect themselves against the numerous improvised explosive devices on which ISIL are increasingly relying as they are forced back by successful offensives. In the Gulf, the Royal Navy’s Type 45 destroyer HMS Dauntless is operating in direct support of the US Navy’s aircraft carrier, USS Carl Vinson, which provides a significant part of the coalition’s air effort.

 

Details of previous airstrikes can be found here.

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
Syria: The Accountants Always Win In The End

Syria Situation Report  March 2-10, 2015 credits ISW

 

March 11, 2015: Strategy Page

 

ISIL is having problems with its foreign recruits. Many of them arrive with the intention of simply living in an “Islamic state” not fighting to expand that state. ISIL tried to accommodate the foreigners, lest they return home and report unfavorably about life in ISIL controlled territory. This led to foreign recruits getting better treatment (housing, food, access to “wives” and all manner of creature comforts. This, naturally, led to resentment by local (Syria and Iraq) recruits. That led to more locals deserting, joining the growing number of foreigners who simply walked away. Or tried to walk away as in late 20134 ISIL began accusing those who left of desertion and jailing or executing them. This inspired more (but better planned) desertions and growing dissent within both the ranks and among commanders. ISIL does want skilled foreigners in their caliphate but most of the foreign volunteers have no useful skills and ISIL seeks to use them as fighters or suicide bombers. Few people with useful skills are eager to join ISIL.

 

Internal criticism is not the only problem ISIL is facing in 2015. ISIL has recently suffered prominent defeats in Iraq and Syria as well as continued rebellions in both countries. Even the Syrian Army is retaking ground from ISIL. The Kurds are defeating ISIL forces outside Kobane in Syria and near the Iraq border. In Iraq Kurds, Iraqi soldiers and Sunni and Shia militias are both stopping ISIL attacks and pushing back ISIL forces outside of Mosul, Kirkuk and Tikrit. An offensive to retake Mosul is expected before June. Meanwhile air attacks not only continue but are more frequent and more damaging. This makes it more difficult to stockpile supplies or move large numbers of gunmen quickly. More leaders are being found and killed by these air attacks. Important economic targets like oil refineries are being destroyed. Inside the ISIL run “caliphate” (eastern Syria and western Iraq) there are growing shortages of everything and ISIL is finding that conquest is easier than running an economy. The economic problems fuel the rebellions and desertions and it’s a vicious circle that is destroying ISIL from within. The problem with ISIL is that so far it has solved its supply (logistical) problems via looting. But there has been no new conquests to loot for over six months and the stockpiles of plunder taken in 2014 is nearly exhausted. It’s another example of the old military maxim, “amateurs study tactics while professionals study logistics.” The accountants always win in the end.

 

The forces arrayed against ISIL have a better grasp of the logistical problems and have done something with that awareness. Thus Kurdish and Iraqi forces operating along the border with Syria have cut the best supply routes between Syria and Iraq. ISIL can still move between these two areas but with greater difficulty (using more fuel and time to do so). Taking longer to travel puts ISIL more at greater risk of attack by coalition warplanes. Worse, it becomes impractical to move essential supplies (especially food and fuel) between Iraq and Syria. The increasingly effective air attacks have also made ISIL more paranoid. This has led to greater scrutiny of foreign recruits. That resulted in a recent video showing a 10 year old ISIL “cub” shooting a kneeling foreigner in the head with a pistol. The executed man was a 19 year old Israeli Arab accused of spying for Israel. That is not completely unlikely but the Israelis don’t usually recruits men this young or unreliable. The executed man was reported by his family to have joined ISIL in October 2014. His family opposed the move and stayed in touch via sell phone and the Internet. In early 2015 the family discovered that their son had been imprisoned by ISIL for trying to leave. Apparently someone at ISIL thought they could make something of this by accusing the teenager of espionage and executing him on video. ISIL is all about grabbing media attention but in this case they are not doing much to increase recruitment among Israeli Arabs or Palestinians. Other ISIL deserters have even worse situations. Many locals serving with ISIL who desert are already deserters from the Syrian security forces and those with families living in Syrian government controlled areas have nowhere to go and are subject to arrest and execution by both ISIL and the Syrian government. Most of these men join the growing number of Syrians leaving the country and heading for refugee camps in Turkey, Lebanon or Jordan.

 

The coalition air offensive has carried out over 2,600 air strikes since August 2014 and used over 3,000 smart bombs and missiles in those attacks. Even more worrisome is the increasingly aggressive anti-ISIL actions of neighboring nations. Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan have increased border security and in Lebanon the army has forced ISIL and other rebel groups out of bases they set up in Lebanon and back into Syria. Worse the Lebanese followed up this with more troops on the border in fortified camps. In other words the Lebanese are preparing to confront any attempts by Syrian rebels to move back into Syria. While the Jordanians are enraged and more active because ISIL murdered one of their F-16 pilots in January by burning him to death the Turks are more concerned with Kurdish separatism than any threat from ISIL or any other Islamic terrorists. The Turks have been dealing (often using great brutality) with murderous Arabs for centuries and the Arabs remember all that. As a result ISIL does not make any effort to expand into Turkey. For the Turks, their ugly treatment of Arabs in the past is still useful because many Arabs fear that the Turks would go all old school on them if sufficiently provoked.

 

Meanwhile the coalition assembled by the United States in mid-2014 continues to have problems because the Arab members cannot agree with each other on how to deal with ISIL. Some countries, like Qatar, have many citizens and leaders who approve of Islamic terrorism (although not ISIL, which even al Qaeda condemns). Arab oil states in the Persian Gulf are more concerned with Iran than with ISIL and criticize the United States for not sending ground troops back to Iraq to take care of ISIL. Many Arabs blame the United States for al Qaeda and ISIL despite the fact that such violent, xenophobic Islamic terror groups have been around for centuries, and the less violence majority of Moslems has never mustered the will to deal with this recurring problem once and for all.

 

ISIL also has to worry about some of its allies. In the last year ISIL has persuaded many Syrian Islamic terrorist rebels to switch sides. These Islamic terrorists joined the fight against ISIL in early 2014 but eventually agreed to put aside their differences and join ISIL in destroying the Assad government. These new allies still hate and wish to destroy ISIL, and now find that the Assad government has not been weakened much by this alliance and the Syrian Army is again on the offensive. The coalition air strikes, which should be directed at the Assads were instead concentrating on ISIL and those groups associated with ISIL. Thus a major ally of ISIL, al Qaeda affiliate al Nusra, recently lost its leader to a recent coalition air strike. There have been more air strikes this year, after ISIL released a video of a captured Jordanian pilot being burned to death. Groups like al Nusra, which used to get a lot of cash and other aid from wealthy Arab fans in Gulf oil states saw that disappear because of the grisly execution video. ISIL now has to plan for the growing possibility that al Nusra will change sides again, because ISIL is beginning to look like a loser and that is a death sentence for Islamic terrorists. As the popular Islamic saying goes; “God wills it.” This describes fortune as well as failure, the blessed as well as the cursed.

 

ISIL savagery has led many of the minorities (especially Christians) that it loves to torment to stand and fight rather than flee. Thus in the northeast Christian militias have gotten stronger and joined forces with their sometimes (in the past) Kurdish allies to fight the common enemy. This is in response to a sharp increase in ISIL anti-Christian violence in late 2014. Many Christians are sticking around and fighting in part because ISIL has kidnapped over 200 local Christians (and some Kurds as well) in the last few months and is offering to return them for ransoms (cash or captive ISIL men or weapons). The cash ransoms demanded are not large (under $2,000 per person) but ISIL would rather get captives and weapons back. ISIL has growing shortages of cash, recruits and weapons. But many Christians and Kurds who have already lost kin do not want to make any deals with ISIL and would rather just kill the Islamic terrorists. Since the Kurds have air support, they are very good at that and ISIL is increasingly reluctant to get tied down in battles with Kurds. In addition to being skilled and disciplined fighters, the Kurds can eventually depend on help from above if a battle with ISIL drags on too long. But even the Syrian troops are betting better, apparently because of training, weapons and advice they are getting from Iran. The Lebanese Hezbollah are similarly unlikely to run away when they run into ISIL. The good old days of simply terrifying your opponent into fleeing appear to be over. In this case the good old days really were better, at least for ISIL.

 

On the Syrian border Israel is working more with Syrian rebels (except ISIL) to help stop Iran from establishing a presence in the area so they can launch attacks into Israel. Iranians have been bragging about doing this and Iran has sent more senior officers to work with Hezbollah and the Syrian Army efforts to clear all the rebels away from the Israeli border. Iran is also bringing in thousands of additional Iranian volunteers to join rebel militias in the fight against the rebels. Naturally the rebels oppose this Iranian effort and now see Israel as an ally. Israel has provided support for some rebels with the understanding that the rebels would not attack Israel and would help prevent anyone else from doing so. Thus Israel stays in contact with some Syrian rebels across its border, provides medical treatment (for over 2,000 rebels and civilians so far) and attacks Hezbollah and Syrian Army targets when there is any fire into Israel from the Syrian side. The rebels often provide Israel with data on where hidden Syrian Army or Hezbollah units are, providing Israeli warplanes and artillery with precise and conformed targets. While some of these “cooperative rebels” are Islamic radicals and will eventually turn on Israel if given a chance, for the moment the policy is “the enemy of my enemy is my friend.”

 

March 5, 2015:  ISIL ally al Nusra admitted that their supreme leader died of wounds he suffered in a recent coalition air strike on a meeting of al Nusra leaders near the Turkish border. Some lower ranking leaders were also killed.

 

March 4, 2015: The Hazm Movement, one of the few Islamic rebel groups that were not allied with ISIL or al Qaeda, officially dissolved. Hazm has been at war with al Nusra since late 2014, after years of growing tensions. In the end there were only a few hundred Hazm members left. At its peak in 2012-13 Hazm had ten times that. Al Nusra and ISIL continued to fight Hazm outside Aleppo and near the Turkish border (Idib province). Hazm had long received American weapons although many of these were seized by al Nusra when Hazm was forced to retreat in 2014.  Despite the loss of Hazm the Syrian Army is still holding onto recent gains around Aleppo.

 

UN efforts to get the army and rebels to agree to cease fires to allow humanitarian aid to get in continue to be rejected, even though the fighting is stalled. The Syrian government was so annoyed at UN efforts to make deals with the Islamic terrorist rebels (without informing the Assads) that they recently expelled three UN officials, just the make the point that the Syrian government is still around. Yet the UN remains quite hostile to the Assads who are seen as little better than ISIL when it comes to mistreatment of civilians. The UN believes that Syrian air and artillery attacks have been the major cause of civilian deaths. The UN estimates that over 7,000 civilians have died in Syria in the last year and over 80 percent of those deaths were caused by the Syrian government (which has lots of artillery and a functioning air force).

 

March 2, 2015: Israel claims that Syria has transferred some long range (700 kilometers) SCUD ballistic missiles to Hezbollah. These missiles carry a half ton high-explosive warhead. These SCUDs are actually North Korean variants on the original Russian SCUD that have a smaller warhead to enable longer range. Syria is giving them to Hezbollah to free up troops who have been guarding them and to avoid the risk of them getting captured. Israel has an anti-missile defense system that can stop these Scuds, as well as the other long range (about 200 kilometers) rockets Hezbollah has received from Iran and Syria.

 

March 1, 2015: In February about 1,100 Iraqis died from terrorist related violence. That’s about 20 percent less than January, when nearly 1,400 died. The Iraq death toll for all of 2014 was about 15,600. That’s a big jump from 2013 when the death toll was 8,900 for all of Iraq and only ten percent of those were terrorists while the majority were Shia civilians. Previously the worst year was 2007, when nearly 18,000 died. Then as now the main cause of the mayhem and murder was Sunni fanatics who want to run the country as a Sunni dictatorship. Still Iraq was a lot less violent than neighboring Syria where the 2014 death toll was 76,000. That’s over 91,000 dead in the two countries where ISIL is most active. The death toll in Syria continues to rise, even as it is declining in Iraq.

 

February 21, 2015:  Hundreds of Turkish troops advanced into Syria to evacuate 38 Turkish soldiers guarding the grave of one of the founders of the Ottoman Empire. The grave site was increasingly threatened by nearby ISIL gunmen. Rather than send more troops to defend the grave site (27 kilometers from the Turkish border) the honored corpse was moved to a site 200 meters inside Syria. The previous site was established in 1973 when the nearby original site was covered by a lake created by a newly built dam. Syria agreed to this arrangement, which is protected by international treaty. This latest move was very unpopular inside Turkey, where disdain for Arabs is not hidden.

 

February 20, 2015: Russian intelligence officials believe that about 1,700 Russian citizens (mainly Moslems from the Caucasus and Central Asia) are fighting for ISIL in Syria and Iraq. Russia believes this is about ten percent of ISIL strength.

 

February 19, 2015: Turkey and the United States formally agreed to (and finally signed) a deal that has Turkey hosting and assisting in the training of Syrian rebels. The U.S. has so far screened nearly 2,000 Syrian rebels to be sent to training at camps in Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Those selected are believed much less likely to be radicalized and the United States hopes to have 3,000 trained and in action by the end of 2015. Such screening is difficult but the Americans had help from Saudi Arabia, which has had more success in that respect. The American effort is criticized for being too slow and producing too few armed and trained fighters to make a difference. At the moment American government policy limits what U.S. counter-terrorism efforts can do. Under these conditions the Americans plan to use their reliable rebels to call in air strikes and provide accurate information of what is going on inside Syria. This decision is based on the success the U.S. has had with the Kurds. Thus the Americans are trying to find equally reliable Arab rebels in Syria to call in air strikes. Using contacts the Kurds have developed over the years the U.S. is seeking small teams of Arab rebels who can be taught how to call in airstrikes. These teams will be equipped with armed (with a machine-gun) pickup trucks and the special radios and sent them back to Syria. This is risky, as all it takes is one rogue air strike team to get the wrong people killed and cause a diplomatic and media mess. This is considered a worthwhile risk because, as the experience with the Kurds has shown, the ISIL fighters are often sloppy during combat (because so many ISIL fighters have little training or combat experience) and that provides excellent opportunities for a single smart bomb to cause enormous (and demoralizing and often decisive) casualties. This is what happened at Kobane, where even ISIL had to admit they got beat, big time because of all those air strikes.

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 14:30
credits BBC MidEast

credits BBC MidEast

 

11-03-2015 Par RFI

 

Après dix jours d’intenses combats, et après après avoir repris al-Alam, un faubourg situé au nord de Tikrit, mardi, l’armée d'Irak et les milices chiites ont réussi une première incursion dans Tikrit, l'ancien fief de Saddam Hussein contrôlé par l’organisation Etat islamique. Chasser les jihadistes de cette ville reste leur principal objectif.

 

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 21:30
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale


SOUTHWEST ASIA, March 10, 2015 – From a Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve News Release

 

U.S. and coalition military forces have continued to attack Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant terrorists in Syria and Iraq, Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve officials reported today.

Officials reported details of the latest strikes, which took place between 8 a.m. yesterday and 8 a.m. today, local time, noting that assessments of results are based on initial reports.

 

Airstrikes in Syria

Fighter, bomber and remotely piloted aircraft conducted four airstrikes near Kobani, which struck four ISIL tactical units and destroyed nine ISIL fighting positions and an ISIL vehicle.

 

Airstrikes in Iraq

Attack, fighter and remotely piloted aircraft conducted eight airstrikes in Iraq:

-- Near Fallujah, three airstrikes struck two ISIL large tactical units and destroyed three ISIL vehicles.

-- Near Kirkuk, four airstrikes struck three ISIL large tactical units, an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed five ISIL fighting positions, four ISIL buildings, three ISIL vehicles, three ISIL vehicle bombs, an ISIL culvert crossing and an ISIL heavy machine gun.

-- Near Mosul, an airstrike suppressed an ISIL vehicle.

 

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria, the region, and the wider international community. The destruction of ISIL targets in Syria and Iraq further limits the terrorist group's ability to project terror and conduct operations, officials said.

Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Bahrain, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
U.N. delays approval of Libya request for weapons, jets

 

10 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

.At least eight United Nations Security Council members delayed approval on Monday of a request by Libya to import weapons, tanks, jets and helicopters to take on Islamic State militants and monitor its borders, diplomats said.

 

Spain - supported by Lithuania, Chile, New Zealand, Britain, France, Angola and the United States - placed a so-called "hold" on the request to the Security Council committee that oversees an arms embargo imposed on the North African state in 2011, said council diplomats, speaking on condition of anonymity.

 

"Spain would appreciate further information on the point of origin of the weapons requested and the arrangements established for transportation," the Spanish U.N. mission wrote to the chair of the committee in a note seen by Reuters.

 

Libya wants to import 150 tanks, two dozen fighter jets, seven attack helicopters, tens of thousands of assault rifles and grenade launchers and millions of rounds of ammunition from Ukraine, Serbia and Czech Republic.

 

If agreement is not reached to lift the hold, it could leave the request in limbo indefinitely. The 15-member committee works on the basis of consensus.

 

The internationally recognised government is allowed to import arms with approval of the committee. Libya said it needs the weapons and equipment to take on Islamist militants and to control borders.

 

"Without strengthening the air force we cannot do anything about it," Libya's U.N. Ambassador Ibrahim Dabbashi told Reuters, adding that he was disappointed by the delay.

 

U.N. sanctions monitors say they are concerned that if the committee approves the request, then some of the weapons and equipment could be diverted to militia groups.

 

"Spain is also deeply concerned about the major threat to international peace and security posed by the proliferation of weapons in the region," the Spanish U.N. mission said.

 

Libya's internationally recognised government has operated out of the east since a rival armed faction called Libya Dawn took over Tripoli in fighting last year and set up its own administration.

 

The rival governments are battling for control of Libya four years after Muammar Gaddafi was ousted. The chaos has allowed Islamic State and Ansar al-Sharia militants to strengthen their foothold in Libya, an OPEC member.

 

Libya has called for the arms embargo on the government to be lifted entirely. The council committee has long urged Libya to improve monitoring of its weapons over concerns that arms were being diverted to militant groups

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
Rencontre des CEMA français et américain sur le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle

 

10/03/2015 Sources : Etat-major des armées

 

Le 8 mars 2015, le chef d’état-major des armées (CEMA), le général Pierre de Villiers, a reçu son homologue américain le général Martin Dempsey à bord du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle qui est déployé, avec le groupe aéronaval, dans le nord du golfe arabo-persique dans le cadre des opérations conduites contre le groupe terroriste Daech en Irak.

 

Le groupe aéronaval est intégré depuis le 31 janvier dernier à la Task Force 50, sous commandement tactique américain. Depuis le 23 février, il participe à l’opération Chammal, aux côtés des moyens déployés dans la région par l’armée de l’air depuis le 19 septembre 2014. Dans quelques jours, il assurera seul la permanence aéronavale dans le golfe arabo-persique, afin de permettre la relève entre l’USS Carl Vinson et l’USSTheodore Roosevelt.

 

Si la présence des deux CEMA américain et français sur le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle  constitue un événement, leur rencontre s’inscrit en revanche dans un cadre beaucoup plus habituel. Les deux hommes s’entretiennent en effet régulièrement pour partager leurs analyses stratégiques.

 

photo Marine Nationalephoto Marine Nationalephoto Marine Nationale
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

Dimanche, leurs échanges ont portés sur la situation en Irak. A cette occasion, le général de Villiers a insisté sur la nécessité d’intégrer le temps long dans cette opération, tout en posant la question des conditions du règlement de la crise, au-delà des seules opérations militaires. Plus largement, les deux CEMA ont confirmé leur détermination à agir contre la menace terroriste qui pèse sur le flanc Sud de l’Europe. Que ce soit dans la bande sahélo-saharienne, avec l’opération Barkhane où la France agit en « leader », ou en Irak où elle intervient en partenaire d’une coalition conduite par les Etats-Unis, ils sont convenus de l’importance à accorder à la coopération interalliée.

 

L’engagement du groupe-aéronaval au sein de la Task Force 50  incarne cette dynamique de coopération et ce haut niveau de confiance atteint par la France et les Etats-Unis. Au-delà du symbole, il vient concrétiser les progrès accomplis en termes d’interopérabilité de nos forces : « Quand je vois derrière moi des marins, des pilotes, américains et français tous ensemble, cela veut bien dire que nous construisons de la confiance mutuelle, à tous niveaux », a ainsi souligné  le général Dempsey.

 

 

photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

REPERE

 

Lancée le 19 septembre 2014, l’opération Chammal mobilise 3 200 militaires. Elle vise, à la demande du gouvernement irakien et en coordination avec les alliés de la France présents dans la région, à assurer un soutien aérien aux forces irakiennes dans la lutte contre le groupe terroriste autoproclamé Daech. Le dispositif complet est actuellement structuré autour de douze avions de chasse de l’armée de l’Air (six Rafale et six Mirage 2000D), d’un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2, et du groupe aéronaval composé notamment du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle avec à bord 12 Rafale Marine et 9 Super Etendard Modernisés.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 13:45
L'EI recrute-t-il au Nigeria?

 

10.03.2015 BBC Afrique

 

Le fils de l'ancien président de la Cour suprême nigériane est suspecté d'avoir rejoint l'organisation Etat islamique.

 

L’information a été confirmée par l'ambassade turque, qui aurait délivré un visa au jeune homme.

La nouvelle a été accueillie avec stupeur par la famille d’Ibrahim Lawal Uwais.

Selon ses proches, Uwais condamnait avec la plus grande force les violences meurtrières commises par Boko Haram au Nigeria.

Agé d'une quarantaine d'années, il aurait quitté le Nigeria pour le Moyen Orient avec ses deux femmes et ses quatre enfants le mois dernier.

Le département nigérian de la Sécurité d'Etat a dit suivre ce dossier.

C'est un membre de la belle-famille d’Uwais qui, alerté par l'une de ses épouses, a rendu public sa disparition.

On ne sait pas ce qui a déclenché ce potentiel ralliement à L'EI.

Les autorités nigérianes essayent ces derniers temps d'attirer l'attention des parents sur les risques de radicalisation de leurs enfants via les réseaux sociaux.

C'est la deuxième fois qu'un fils de la grande bourgeoisie nigériane est accusé de vouloir combattre au nom d'un groupe islamiste étranger.

En 2008, Umar Farouk Muttalab, dont le géniteur est un grand banquier nigérian, avait tenté de faire sauter un vol Amsterdam-Detroit au nom d'Al-Qaïda.

Son père, choqué par la radicalisation de son fils, avait d'ailleurs alerté l'ambassade américaine d'Abuja, la capitale nigériane, peu de temps avant la tentative d'attentat.

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Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga target Islamic State in Kirkuk

 

9 March 2015 BBC MidEast

 

Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga forces, backed by US air strikes, have launched an offensive against Islamic State (IS) militants in oil-rich Kirkuk province.

 

The Peshmerga reportedly began advancing along a frontline south-west of the provincial capital on Monday. Their hold over Kirkuk - consolidated when Iraq's army fled an IS advance last summer - has come under fresh attack from IS this year. IS has also sent fighters to repel an Iraqi assault on the city of Tikrit. Iraqi troops and Shia militias are attempting to drive IS jihadists from Tikrit, the Sunni Arab hometown of former dictator Saddam Hussein. The BBC has learnt that militants from Mosul, the largest city under IS control in Iraq, have been diverted to fend off the assault on Tikrit.

 

Continue reading the main story            

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 19:30
Commentary: Apply Desert Storm Lessons to Islamic State Campaign

US Air Force aircraft of the 4th Fighter Wing (F-16A, F-15C and F-15E) fly over Kuwaiti oil fires, set by the retreating Iraqi army during Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

 

March 9, 2015 By Gen. John Michael Loh (Ret.)Defense News

 

Feb. 28 marked the 24th anniversary of the end of the first Gulf War, Desert Storm, the only major war since World War II that ended in victory for the US, with all objectives met. Desert Storm is also notable for its remarkably short duration, only 42 days.

 

These facts stand in sharp contrast to our two major wars waged since then in Iraq and Afghanistan, both lasting more than a decade after the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, which initiated them, and both marked by unclear military objectives and endless nation-building.

 

Now, we are engaged in an adjunct of the Iraq war against the Islamic State group, a war also notable for its lack of clear objectives and seemingly endless duration. To defeat this enemy, the US needs to adopt the same kind of strategy and mindset used so effectively in 1991.

 

What made Desert Storm so short and so effective were the clear military objectives laid down by President George H.W. Bush, the military strategy put together in the Pentagon leading with massive air power, and the leadership of Army Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf and Air Force Gen. Chuck Horner in directing the plan with relentless pounding by airpower, day and night for a month, allowing "boots on the ground" to finish the job in just four days.

 

The result of this intense application of airpower followed by swift ground action was total victory; quickly, decisively, with overwhelming force and few casualties. This is the way modern wars should be fought.

 

Islamic State forces are deployed differently and are more scattered than were the Iraqi forces in Desert Storm. They control a larger area than the Kuwaiti theater. But the principles of applying intense air attacks and swift ground offensives are the same. Yet, we are fighting Islamic State with a misapplication of airpower, dribbling a few air attacks here and there with no clear objective other than to "degrade" the enemy.

 

The contrast between Desert Storm and the war against the Islamic State group could not be more stark. President Bush clearly enunciated the military objectives for Desert Storm: Evict Iraqi forces from Kuwait, incapacitate Iraq's leadership and military capability, and defend Saudi Arabia from Iraqi invasion. In short, get in, win and get out, leaving no occupation forces.

 

He left the military strategy and campaign plan to the generals and did not interfere. They put together a massive around-the-clock air campaign simultaneously attacking military targets in and around Baghdad and air attacks against Iraqi forces in Kuwait. And the plan deployed overwhelming ground forces to ensure they could quickly destroy the remaining "elite" Iraqi Republican Guard forces, free Kuwait and set the Iraqi military back for at least 10 years.

 

The plan worked as designed. The one-two punch of intense airpower followed by overwhelming ground forces, then withdrawal from occupied territory, was the right strategy.

 

What followed the conclusion of hostilities was not an attempt at regime change and nation-building, but rather the imposition of effective "no-fly" zones throughout Iraq; Southern Watch from bases in Saudi Arabia, and Northern Watch from bases in Turkey.

 

Around-the-clock surveillance detected any military flights, movement of ground military vehicles and tracking of US aircraft by ground radars. Any movement or tracking was met with immediate, lethal attacks. The no-fly zones were effective, low-cost and without casualties for the 10 years they were in effect.

 

Since Desert Storm, we have lost sight of the importance of clearly defined military objectives and building a campaign strategy to win quickly and decisively with airmen and soldiers working together. It is not too late to put together the same combination to win against the Islamic State group. The scenario is different, but the principles of warfare remain the same. The result may well be not just winning quickly and decisively, but the basis for deterring future IS-like movements. But the current approach against the Islamic State group will lead to neither victory nor deterrence, just endless, piecemeal warfare.

 

We should change course now, apply the lessons of Desert Storm, go on offense, and take the lead in the air and on the ground in the fight against the Islamic State group — to win.

 

* Gen. John Michael Loh, retired, is a former US Air Force vice chief of staff and former commander of Air Combat Command. He consults for several defense contractors.

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
An Egyptian MiG-21

An Egyptian MiG-21

 

09 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Egyptian military air strikes have killed 25 Islamist militants in Northern Sinai over the last two days, security sources said, targeting an insurgency that seeks to topple the Cairo government.

 

On Friday, air raids hit two houses south of the Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid, killing 10 militants from Ansar Beit al-Maqdis - which renamed itself Sinai Province after pledging allegiance to Islamic State - the sources said.

 

At least 14 other militants were injured in the strikes. On Thursday, 15 militants were killed when air strikes hit three homes south of Sheikh Zuweid. Reuters could not immediately verify accounts of the attacks and the army spokesman was not immediately available for comment.

 

North Sinai is the epicentre of an Islamist militant insurgency that has killed hundreds of police and soldiers since then army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ousted Islamist president Mohamed Mursi in July 2013 after mass protests against his rule.

 

Egypt has launched a crackdown in Sinai and systematically repressed Muslim Brotherhood supporters and other political opponents across the country. The Brotherhood says it is committed to peaceful activism.

 

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 13:45
(weo 2005)

(weo 2005)

Depuis plusieurs semaines, la Libye est le théâtre d'une série d'attaques revendiquées ou attribuées au groupe djihadiste EI qui contrôle des pans entiers de territoire en Syrie et en Irak.

 

09.03.2015 Le Monde.fr

 

Neuf personnes – quatre Philippins, deux Bangladeshis, un Ghanéen, un Tchèque et un Autrichien – ont été enlevés lors d'une attaque vendredi 6 mars contre le champ pétrolier Al-Ghani, dans le sud de la Libye, ont annoncé lundi les autorités philippines. L'attaque a été imputée aux djihadistes du groupe Etat islamique (EI), qui a fait huit morts parmi les gardes. Le porte-parole du ministère des affaires étrangères philippin, qui s'appuyait sur un rapport de l'ambassade des Philippines en Libye, a déclaré qu'il n'était pas en mesure de confirmer l'identité des ravisseurs, ajoutant qu'aucune demande n'avait été formulée par les ravisseurs.

 

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Islamic State conflict: Deadly strike on Syria refinery

Video posted by Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently purportedly showing fireball in sky after air strike on oil refinery outside Tal Abyad, Syria (8 March 2015)

 

9 March 2015 BBC MidEast

 

At least 14 people have been killed in US-led coalition air strikes on an oil refinery in northern Syria run by Islamic State (IS), activists say.

 

Refinery workers and jihadist militants were among those who died in the raid on the facility outside Tal Abyad. One activist group posted a video purportedly showing a fireball rising into the night sky after the attack. Captured refineries and oil fields have played a key role in fuelling Islamic State's advance across Syria and Iraq. Last year, the group may have earned as much as $100m (£66m) from the sale of oil and oil products to local smugglers who, in turn, sell them to the Syrian government and merchants in neighbouring countries. However, US officials say the group's ability to use oil as a source of revenue is now believed to be diminishing due to the air strikes.

 

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
Daesh et "Globalisation" du califat : le cas de Boko Haram

Mowag Piranha de l'armée nigériane capturé par les combattants de Boko Haram, repris fin 2014 par les forces nigérianes (le cliché choisi ici). Le blindé figure sur plusieurs vidéos de propagande de l'organisation d'Aboubakar Shekau. Sa "saisie" par les soldats nigérians est donc symboliquement importante et peut être considérée comme une petite victoire morale. Victoire qui malheureusement n'a pas été relayée comme elle aurait dû l'être. (Source : réseaux sociaux)

 

8 mars 2015 par Laurent Touchard - CONOPS

 

Boko Haram (Jamaat 'u Ahlis Sunna lidda'Awati wal-Jihad – Groupe Sunnite pour la Prédication et le Jihad) a donc « prêté allégeance » à l’État Islamique. Contrairement à nombre d'experts pour qui « ça n'est pas une surprise », je n'attendais pas ce ralliement avant davantage de défaites des combattants de Shekau face aux troupes tchadiennes, nigériennes, camerounaises et nigérianes qui multiplient les actions offensives depuis le début février 2015. Cette erreur d'appréciation de ma part est pourtant synonyme d'une bonne nouvelle : Boko Haram se révèle donc beaucoup moins puissant que redouté. Non sans le bémol de rigueur : « à condition d'y consacrer les moyens adéquats. »

 

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 08:45
Boko Haram : offensive d’envergure lancée par le Niger et le Tchad

 

08-03-2015 Par RFI

 

Les armées du Tchad et du Niger ont lancé dimanche une offensive aérienne et terrestre d'envergure au Nigeria contre Boko Haram, au lendemain de l'annonce par le groupe islamiste de son « allégeance » au groupe Etat islamique.  Une offensive lancée ce dimanche depuis le sud-est du Niger.

 

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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 22:45
credits Carnegie Endowment

credits Carnegie Endowment

Recent attacks in Libya by the so-called Islamic State, including the brutal slaughter of Egyptian Copts, the Corinthia Hotel attacks, car bombings in Qubbah that killed at least 45 people, and an attack on the Iranian embassy, have brought the spread of extremism in Libya to the forefront. While the Islamic State has intensified its activity in recent weeks, its spread into Libya began early in 2014 as Libyan jihadists began to return from Syria.

Jihadi groups in Libya were already deeply fragmented and localized, but the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in 2013 and 2014 sparked new debates, eventually dividing the Libyan jihadis between supporters of the Islamic State and supporters of al-Qaeda and its regional affiliates—mainly al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) in North Africa and the Nusra Front in Syria.

 

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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 22:45
Au Nigéria, Boko Haram prête allégeance à l’État islamique

 

7 mars 2015 par Nicolas Laffont - 45eNord.ca   

 

Le groupe islamiste nigérian Boko Haram a prêté allégeance au groupe armé État islamique (EI) qui contrôle depuis l’été dernier de vastes territoires en Irak et en Syrie.

 

Dans un message audio d’un peu plus de huit minutes, le chef de la secte islamiste Boho Haram déclare: «De votre frère [Abubakar Shekau] au Calife des Musulmans Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi,  nous vous annonçons l’obéissance à la parole d’Allah le Très Haut», commence ainsi le chef de Boko Haram, précisant ensuite prêter «allégeance au calife […] que nous écouterons et auquel nous obéirons dans la facilité et la difficulté, dans ce qui nous plaît et nous déplaît […] et de ne pas disputer le pouvoir a ses détenteurs sauf si nous voyons une mécréance claire…», indique encore Abubakar Shekau.

 

Les militants de l’Etat islamique (EI) appellent depuis plusieurs mois tous les musulmans à se joindre à eux et à prêter allégeance à leur calife Abou Bakr al Baghdadi.

 

Si cette allégeance n’est pas une surprise, elle représente toutefois le ralliement le plus important à l’EI depuis la proclamation de leur «Califat» en juin dernier.

 

En plus d’être présent en Irak et en Syrie, l’EI peut donc compter sur trois branches importantes: dans le Sinaï avec le groupe Ansar Beït al-Maqdess, en Libye et au Nigéria.

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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 22:30
Irak: poursuite de l'offensive militaire dans la région de Tikrit

 

07-03-2015 Par RFI

 

Lundi dernier, les forces irakiennes, avec 30 000 hommes mobilisés, ont lancé une offensive pour reprendre Tikrit, à 160 km au nord de Bagdad, aux mains des jihadistes de l'organisation Etat islamique. Une reconquête difficile et lente, qui soulève aussi des inquiétudes au sein des partenaires occidentaux de l'Irak.

 

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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 21:45
Nigeria's Boko Haram pledges allegiance to Islamic State

The audio message is believed to be by Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau

 

7 March 2015 BBC Africa

 

Nigerian militant group Boko Haram has pledged allegiance to Islamic State (IS), according to an audio statement.

 

The message, which was not verified, was posted on Boko Haram's Twitter account and appeared to be by the group's leader, Abubakar Shekau. Boko Haram began a military campaign to impose Islamic rule in northern Nigeria in 2009. The conflict has since spread to neighbouring states. It would be the latest in a series of groups to swear allegiance to IS. In the past Boko Haram is thought to have had links with al-Qaeda. IS took control of large swathes of territory in eastern Syria and across northern and western Iraq last year. The group aims to establish a "caliphate", a state ruled by a single political and religious leader according to Islamic law, or Sharia. Its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is known to his followers as Caliph Ibrahim. In the audio message posted on Saturday, the Boko Haram leader purportedly said: "We announce our allegiance to the Caliph... and will hear and obey in times of difficulty and prosperity."

 

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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 11:30
Daesh pushed out of Al Baghdadi

 

March 06, 2015 CJTF - Operation Inherent Resolve News Release

 

SOUTHWEST ASIA - Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve delivered precise and effective airstrikes on enemy positions in and around Al Baghdadi, in support of the Iraqi Government's fight against ISIL. Iraqi Security Forces and Tribal Fighters from the Anbar region have successfully cleared Al Baghdadi of ISIL, retaking both the police station and three Euphrates River bridges. The bridges have been held by ISIL since last September. Furthermore, the Iraqi Security Forces with Coalition support, succeeded in pushing ISIL from seven villages northwest of Al Baghdadi on the road to Hadithah.

 

From Feb. 22 - March 6, in support of the Government of Iraq's (GOI) campaign to defeat ISIL, the Coalition executed 26 airstrikes to facilitate the maneuver of the Iraqi Security Forces and their successful attacks. In addition to airstrikes, the Coalition supported the operation with surveillance assets and Advise and Assist teams who provided operational and intelligence assistance to Iraqi Security Force Headquarters Elements, which helped to enable them to successfully conduct the offensive operation.

 

The CJTF-OIR Coalition will continue supporting efforts on behalf of all Iraqi Security Forces and the GoI, to attack and defeat ISIL. Iraqi Security Forces now hold the gains they have made and are postured to retake additional territory from ISIL in the Anbar region.

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6 mars 2015 5 06 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
Op. IMPACT: point de presse du 05 mars 2015

 

6 mars 2015 45eNord.ca

 

Point sur les opérations avec Paul Forget du COIC

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