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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 19:45
Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou

Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou

 

03 June 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

A multinational force being set up to combat Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamist insurgency in the Lake Chad region will be operational in the coming weeks, Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou said on Tuesday.

 

Approved in March by the African Union, the 8,700-strong force drawn from the Lake Chad countries of Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon as well as Benin, will be financed partly by the international community.

 

"We have discussed the situation on our southern side with Boko Haram rampaging in the Lake Chad zone," Issoufou told reporters outside the Elysee Palace in Paris after a meeting with French President Francois Hollande.

 

"We think that in the coming weeks, with the new administration settling into place in Nigeria, we are going to be able to launch the mixed multinational force, to which all of the countries of the Lake Chad basin contribute," he added.

 

As he spoke, sources in Nigeria's northeastern city of Maiduguri reported that a bomb blast hit a busy market there on Tuesday, killing as many as 50 people.

 

An Elysee statement said Hollande told Issoufou that France would "continue its logistical support and intelligence to the countries neighbouring Lake Chad" to combat the group thought to have killed thousands of people in its quest to create a caliphate in Nigeria's remote north-east.

 

The new president of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, the first to take power in a democratic handover in the history of the country, promised to eradicate Boko Haram in an inaugural address last week

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 17:45
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

03/06/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Alors qu’il patrouillait au large des côtes somaliennes, le bâtiment de commandement et de ravitaillement (BCR) Var, navire de commandement de la Combined Task Force (CTF) 150, a rejoint deux bâtiments espagnols de la force européenne de lutte contre la piraterie Atalante (TF 465), afin de les ravitailler en carburant, leur permettant ainsi de poursuivre leur déploiement opérationnel.

 

Le 27 mai 2015, tôt dans la matinée, le transport de chalands de débarquement (TCD) Galicia, navire-amiral de la TF 465, et le patrouilleur hauturier Infanta Cristina, également intégré dans la force, se sont présentés pour effectuer un ravitaillement double à la mer avec le BCR Var. Ces manœuvres sont particulièrement exigeantes du fait de la nature très différente des bâtiments engagés, tant par leur tonnage que leur manœuvrabilité. En effet, elles nécessitent que les bâtiments conservent exactement le même cap et la même vitesse pendant plusieurs heures, requérant une attention de tous les instants de la part des équipes de navigation. Du fait de la bonne maîtrise des procédures communes par les différents équipages, ce double ravitaillement s’est déroulé sans accroc, malgré une mer bien formée et des conditions de navigation difficiles, démontrant une fois de plus l’interopérabilité entre les marines alliées.

 

Le Galicia a également profité de cette séquence de ravitaillement pour entraîner l’équipage de son hélicoptère Sea King à des manœuvres de transport de charge et de treuillage depuis la plateforme hélicoptère du Var. A l’issue de ces différentes interactions, les trois bâtiments ont repris leur route respective afin de poursuivre leurs opérations de patrouille, le Varau profit de la CTF-150, le Galicia et l’Infanta Cristina au sein de la force européenne Atalante.

 

La France assure le commandement de la CTF-150 depuis le 6 avril 2015, et ce pour la neuvième fois depuis sa création en 2001. Mise en place à la suite des attentats du 11 septembre 2001, la CTF-150, placée sous commandement des Combined Maritime Forces (CMF), rassemble une coalition de 18 nations qui fournissent des moyens navals et aériens pour assurer la permanence de la mission. Elle est l’une des trois Task Forces des CMF, sous commandement américain, avec la CTF-151, engagée dans la lutte contre la piraterie, et la CTF-152, assurant la sécurité maritime du golfe arabo-persique. Aujourd’hui, trente nations sont engagées dans la coalition.

photo Marine Nationalephoto Marine Nationale
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:56
CMCC Poste de controle - photo Armée de l'Air

CMCC Poste de controle - photo Armée de l'Air

 

03/06/2015 Marie BROYER - Armée de l'air

 

La mise en service opérationnelle du centre militaire de coordination et de contrôle 80/920 de Paris (CMCC) a été annoncée le 28 mai 2015. Localisé à Athis-Mons, ce CMCC résulte de la signature d’un d’accord avec le centre en route de la navigation aérienne (CRNA) Nord, et fait suite à plusieurs mois d’expérimentation.

 

Pour une meilleure coordination entre civil et militaire

L’accord signé au CNRA Nord conclut la troisième et dernière phase d’expérimentation de ce projet, et donne le feu vert au lancement du dernier des cinq CMCC existant sur le territoire national.

Le CMCC de Paris permet aujourd’hui un quadrillage complet de l’espace aérien de la métropole. Cette démarche s’inscrit dans le cadre du ciel unique européen, et vise à mettre en place entre les États membres un dialogue concernant l’identification des dangers et la résolution des risques.

La coordination entre civil et militaire est établie par un règlement de la Commission européenne de 2005, dans lequel il est stipulé que le ciel doit être considéré comme un espace à la fois civil et militaire. De fait, les deux services travaillent ensemble, comme en témoigne le lieutenant-colonel Didier Stauffer, commandant du CMCC de Paris,  : « Nous sommes dans la même salle, nous nous connaissons. La valeur professionnelle des militaires est reconnue par nos homologues civils. ».

 

Les CMCC : des services de contrôle, pas de surveillance

Les centres militaires de coordination et de contrôle n’ont pas pour objectif la surveillance des vols au-dessus du territoire, comme le rappelle le lieutenant-colonel Stauffer : « Il n’y a pas, dans le domaine du contrôle, une interaction dans la lutte contre le terrorisme ».  Au contraire, la mission première des CMCC est de fluidifier le trafic, grâce à une meilleure visibilité des aéronefs « en route » (c’est-à-dire sur tous les aéronefs qui ne sont pas en phase de décollage ou d’atterrissage), une tâche jusque-là réservée aux centres de détection et de contrôle.

Avec la mise en service du CMCC de Paris, c’est la cohérence entre la gestion de l’espace aérien, la gestion des courants de trafics et le service de la circulation aérienne, qui est facilitée.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:55
TALIOS - photo Thales Group

TALIOS - photo Thales Group

 

3 juin 2015 by Thales Group

 

Designed entirely around operational feedback from users, TALIOS is the latest addition to the Thales family. TALIOS is the first optronic pod to cover the entire critical decision chain from intelligence gathering to weapon delivery.

Capabilities range from deep strike with long-range missiles and bombs to air-to-air target identification and close air support, and include the rapidly emerging requirement of Non-Traditional Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (NTISR).

Key features

- Latest generation of high-resolution sensors and high-precision line-of-sight stabilization
- Wide-angle vision providing critical contextual information and making the pod a key component of the pilot’s visual environment throughout the mission.
- Open architecture and a high level of functional integration


All functions will be standard for both French and international customers. With its open architecture, the TALIOS pod is conceived as a ‘plug & fight’ system for integration on all existing and future fighters.

Further information

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
Buzzards Kick Off ACE 15


27 mai 2015 by US Air Force

 

More than 150 Airmen and 12 F-16 Fighting Falcons from the 31st Fighter Wing at Aviano Air Base, at the invitation of the government of Sweden, arrived at Norbotten Wing here in support of Arctic Challenge Exercise 2015.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
NATO Luftraumüberwachung: Im AWACS ins Baltikum


28 mai 2015 Quelle: Redaktion der Bundesdwehr 05/2015  15E15401

 

Das große kreisrunde Radar auf dem Dach ist das Markenzeichen das AWACS. Wir waren bei einer Mission des NATO - Überwachungsflugzeugs mit an Bord und zeigen, wie das Innenleben des mit Elektronik vollgepackten Jets.


Das Missionsziel: der östliche NATO Raum.

Musik: Into Battle, B. Bradley, T. Balmforth, Universal

 

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
photo Airbus DS

photo Airbus DS


03.06.2015 par Aerobuzz.fr


Hier soir, Airbus Defence and Space a envoyé une AIT (Accident Information Transmission) mettant à jour le contenu de l’AOT (Alert Operator Transmission) diffusée le 19 mai dernier à l’ensemble des opérateurs de l’A400M. L’AIT informe que les données du DFDR (l’enregistreur des paramètres de vol) et du CVR (l’enregistreur des conversations de bord) ont été correctement exploitées et que les premières analyses ont été conduites par la CITAAM (Comisión para la Investigación Técnica de Accidentes de Aeronaves Militares), avec les conseils techniques des équipes d’Airbus Defence and Space envoyées en soutien.

 

La CITAAM confirme que les moteurs 1, 2 et 3 de l’A400M qui s’est écrasé le 9 mai 2015 près de Séville, ont subi un gel de la puissance après le décollage et n’ont pas répondu aux tentatives entreprises par l’équipage pour contrôler normalement la puissance, tandis que le quatrième moteur a répondu normalement aux demandes de l’équipage. Quand les pilotes ont placé la manette des gaz sur « flight idle » (ralenti) pour réduire la puissance, celle-ci a effectivement été réduite mais elle est ensuite restée en ralenti sur les trois moteurs affectés durant le reste du vol, en dépit des tentatives de l’équipage pour récupérer de la puissance. Cette perte de puissance est cohérente avec le fait que les trois moteurs en question étaient concernés par les problèmes identifiés par l’AOT du 19 mai.

 

Les premières analyses ont montré que les autres systèmes de l’avion ont fonctionné normalement et qu’il n’y a pas eu d’autre anomalie identifiée durant le vol. En conséquence, Airbus Defence and Space n’ajoute pas d’autres recommandations à celles figurant dans l’AOT du 19 mai.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
Cyber conflict - the enemy online


1 juin 2015 by NATO

 

Who should be most worried about cyber attacks? The man on the street, who wants to protect his wallet? Or the military commander, who wants to protect his country?

We travel to Tallinn in Estonia for CyCon – The NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence’s International Conference on Cyber Conflict. In 2007 Estonia was momentarily crippled by a cyber attack on parliament, banks and the media – an attack that changed the way military organisations around the world viewed their responses to network security, and led to the start of the Centre of Excellence. Now, eight years later, NATOChannel asks some of the world’s leading experts in cybercrime how it has developed? How sizable is the threat? And what’s being done to combat it?

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
Information Warfare: Romania Defends NATO Cyberspace

 

May 28, 2015: Strategy Page

 

 NATO member Romania has been put in charge of a NATO effort to improve Ukrainian Cyber War defenses. This is one of five areas NATO recently agreed to concentrate on in an effort to improve Ukrainian ability to defend itself against Russian aggression.

 

When Romania joined NATO in 2004 Eastern Europe was considered Ground Zero for criminal hacking gangs. There are still a lot of black hat (criminal) hackers around but Romania has made a remarkable turnaround. Romania is now the home of many legitimate Internet security firms and Romanian programmers and engineers are frequently encountered at major software firms like Microsoft. Some twenty percent of Interpols Cyber War experts are from Romania. There are still a lot of black hats active in Romania but the local police have their own growing force of skilled hackers to make Romania a more inhospitable place for black hats. Some Internet security companies actively try to get black hats to come over to the white hat side of the business.

 

Taking on the Ukrainian Cyber War defense assignment is a big opportunity for Romania because if they are successful they will have a high-visibility success for their software industry and an edge in getting contracts from other countries and large corporations to come in and upgrade defenses against hackers and Cyber War attack. Many of these attacks come from black hats in Russia and China.

 

In 2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia joined NATO, putting parts of the former Soviet Union (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) within NATO and on Russia’s border. Many Russians do not like this, for Russian policy since 1945 has been to establish a "buffer" of subservient countries between Russian territory and Germany and the rest of Western Europe. This attitude is obsolete in a practical sense, but old habits die hard. The Russian government said it was willing to work with NATO in areas of mutual benefit but that did not work out. Now there is a state of undeclared war between Russia and NATO and the Internet is one of the more active battlefields.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
UK Defence Spending

 

2 June 2015 — MOD News Team


Yesterday, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon appeared on BBC Radio 4’s World at One Programme to discuss defence spending.

 

As the Secretary of State pointed out, Britain has always punched above its weight and the US has long seen us as an indispensable partner in operations right around the world. With nearly 4,000 personnel engaged in global operations, ranging from tackling Ebola in Sierra Leone, helping to deter Russian aggression in Ukraine, to fighting ISIL in the Middle East.

We have made it very clear that when the target was published last year that we met it then, and we have made it very clear that we’re going to go on meeting it in this financial year.

 

The 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review will be driven by a hard-headed appraisal of our foreign policy and security objectives and the role we wish our country to play, as well as the risks we face in a rapidly changing world. By undertaking such a full and comprehensive look at future threats, alongside the Comprehensive Spending Review, we are able to look at the future and be sure that Armed Forces have what they need.

It is now a balanced Defence budget… It tells you that we can run a defence budget properly, and so well that you can invest for the future. We’re building two aircraft carriers, seven Hunter-Killer submarines, there are new armoured vehicles on order for the army, we’re buying the Joint Strike Fighter to go on the carriers. It is because we have sorted out the defence budget that we’re able to invest in equipment.

 

The US have always wanted European members of NATO to take a greater share of the burden, the UK is one of only four countries that does spend 2%.

 When the Defence Secretary was asked whether we should scrap Trident to make savings, he committed to renewing our continuous at sea nuclear deterrent with four submarines.

Every successive government has renewed the nuclear deterrent and that decision faces this Parliament next year when we have to replace the boats. We have to be sure that we can keep this country safe for the period right up to 2060.

 

You can listen to the full interview here (13:15).

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:45
Journée Internationale des Casques Bleus des Nations Unis


29 mai 2015 par MINUSMA

 

Depuis le 1er juillet 2013, les Casques bleus de la Mission Multidimensionnelle Intégrée des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) sont sur le terrain pour sécuriser le Mali et protéger les civils. Ils accompagnent les efforts de paix et font tout ce qui est humainement possible pour préserver et sauver des vies. Soutenus par la communauté internationale et la population malienne, la MINUSMA est sur le terrain pour réussir la paix.


La Journée internationale des Casques Bleus des Nations Unies, célébrée le 29 mai, rend hommage aux hommes et femmes qui servent sous le drapeau onusien à travers le monde.
Cette Journée nous donne aussi l'occasion d'honorer la mémoire de plus de 3.200 Casques bleus de l'ONU qui ont perdu la vie au service de la cause de la paix depuis la création des missions de maintien de la paix. Pour la MINUSMA, le bilan est lourd : 35 tombés au champ d’honneur et 155 blessés.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:40
The Curse Of GLONASS

 

May 28, 2015: Strategy Page

 

A recent cell phone photo from inside a Russian Su-24 fighter cockpit was meant to show the fighter refueling with a Russian Il-76 aerial tanker. But it also showed an American commercial (Garmin) handheld GPS device sitting in handmade cradle placed in front of the pilot. Such improvised GPS receivers were common in Western warplanes in the late 1990s, before they all got GPS built into their navigation systems. Russia has not been able to upgrade the navigation systems on all their older aircraft and improvisations like this are allowed, but not officially publicized.

 

The Russian Air Force is adapting as best it can to two decades of sharply reduced budgets. That means the elderly Su-24 (first introduced in the mid-1970s) has had to wait longer than expected for a replacement. So far Russia has only been able to buy 60 of the new Su-34 light bombers to replace the Su-24. The Su-34 had its first flight in 1990 and finally entered service in early 2014. While most nations using Su-24s have retired them by now mainly because it was so expensive to operate and maintain them. With all the budget shortages the Russians improvised, because even the refurbished Su-24s usually lacked built in satellite navigation devices. That’s because Russia wanted its air force to have its forces use a Russian built satellite navigation system. This is called GLONASS and without much publicity was Russia was quick to copy the American GPS system even before the Cold War ended and the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.

 

GLONASS was at full strength (24 satellites) in 1995. But the end of the Cold War meant the end of the regular financing for GLONASS. Maintaining the system required launching replacement satellites every 5-7 years. With no money that was not possible and by the end of 2002 only seven GLONASS birds were still operational. However, the Russian economy recovered at about the same time. This made possible rebuilding the GLONASS network. By the end of 2007 there were 18 GLONASS satellites active. Russia had 24 GLONASS satellites in orbit by 2011, and the system was fully operational in 2012. It is widely used in Russia and most smart phones adapted for the Russian market have GLONASS.

 

The money for GLONASS is coming from a Russian government that does not want to be dependent on the American controlled GPS system. But the money is only there because of high oil prices. Most GLONASS receivers in use are actually combined GPS/GLONASS receivers. Russia has put billions of dollars into GLONASS since 2012 to keep the system fully operational. The problem now is money, because of the lower oil prices and growing economic sanctions there may not be enough money to maintain the satellite network. GLONASS will be probably be declared an essential system and the money found. But something will have to be sacrificed and new aircraft for the Russian Air Force is more vulnerable to cuts than GLONASS.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:35
3M14E Sizzler / Klub LACM (Novator)

3M14E Sizzler / Klub LACM (Novator)

 

May 31, 2015: Strategy Page

 

China is making angru noises to the UN, Vietnam and Russia about the little publicized Russian sale of Klub submarine launched cruise missiles to Vietnam. China wasn’t happy about Russia selling Vietnam six Kilo class diesel electric submarines in 2009. Russia and Vietnam were quiet about the sale of 50 Klub missiles but the news eventually got out, in part because 28 of the Klub missiles have already been delivered, along with three of the Kilos. Another two Kilos are being delivered in 2015 and the last one will be completed in 2016 about the same time the rest of the Klub missiles arrive. Vietnam is one the many nations in the region threatened by Chinese claims to most of the South China Sea and given the long (over a thousand years) hostility between China and Vietnam, there is understandable fear that, even in defeat, Vietnam would use Klub missiles for one last attack on China.

 

The Russian 3M54 (also known as the SS-N-27, Sizzler or Klub) anti-ship missiles can also be aimed at targets on land and that’s what really bothers the Chinese. Klub is now used on Indian, Algerian and Vietnamese subs and is considered very effective. But it was not always that way.  India (a major customer for the Klub) has feuded with the Russians in the past because of repeated failures of the Klub during six test firings in 2007. These missile tests were carried out off the Russian coast, using an Indian Kilo class submarine, INS Sindhuvijay. That boat had gone to Russia in 2006 for upgrades. India refused to pay for the upgrades, or take back the sub, until Russia fixed the problems with the missiles (which it eventually did).

 

Weighing two tons, and fired from a 533mm (21 inch) torpedo tube on a Kilo class sub, the 3M54 has a 200 kg (440 pound) warhead. The anti-ship version has a range of 300 kilometers, but speeds up to 3,000 kilometers an hour during its last minute or so of flight. There are also air launched and ship launched versions. The land attack version does away with the high speed final approach feature and that makes possible a larger 400 kg (880 pound) warhead.

 

What makes the 3M54 particularly dangerous when attacking ships is that during its final approach, which begins when the missile is about 15 kilometers from its target, the missile speeds up. Up to that point, the missile travels at an altitude of about 30 meters (a hundred feet). This makes the missile more difficult to detect. That plus the high speed final approach means that it covers that last fifteen kilometers in less than twenty seconds. This makes it more difficult for current anti-missile weapons to take it down.

 

The 3M54 Klub is similar to earlier, Cold War era Russian anti-ship missiles, like the 3M80 ("Sunburn") and P700 ("Shipwreck") which entered service at the end of the Cold War. These missiles are considered "carrier killers," but it's not known how many of them would have to hit a carrier to knock it out of action, much less sink it. Moreover, Russian missiles have little combat experience, and a reputation for erratic performance. Quality control was never a Soviet strength, but the Russians are getting better, at least in the civilian sector. The military manufacturers appear to have been slower to adapt. It is believed that Chinese warships have no effective defense against missile like Klub, which why they are so outspoken about Russia selling them to Vietnam. 

 

The Kilos weigh 2,300 tons (surface displacement), have six torpedo tubes and a crew of 52. They can travel about 700 kilometers under water at a quiet speed of about five kilometers an hour. Top speed underwater is 32 kilometers an hour. Kilos carry 18 torpedoes or Klub anti-ship or cruise missiles (launched underwater from the torpedo tubes.) Kilos can stay at sea 45 days at a time. It can travel at periscope depth (using a snorkel device to bring in air) for 12,000 kilometers at 12 kilometers an hour. The combination of quietness and cruise missiles makes Kilo very dangerous to American carriers. North Korea, China, India, Indonesia, Romania, Algeria, Vietnam and Iran have also bought Kilos. The main reason for purchasing Kilos is that they cost about half what equivalent Western subs go for. Kilos are very similar to the world-standard diesel submarine, the 1800-ton German Type 209.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:35
[JDef, part 2] Afghanistan: 13 years of French operations


29 mai 2015 by JDEF / Ministère de la Défense

 

After 13 years of operations fighting terrorism and establishing security as part of the international coalition, French troops have left Afghanistan. Afghan forces are now responsible for the security of their country. From the start of the French involvement in the Afghan conflict, the missions were constantly evolving. The military force was reorganized several times to adapt it to the conflict, right until the final day of operations. In this second and final part of the Journal of Defense Afghanistan Special, we'll take you to Kapisa and Surobi, the areas of responsibility of the La Fayette Task Force. We will then follow the men and women who worked for the gradual withdrawal of French troops while security operations were carried out to enable Afghanistan to regain its independence and the hope that had disappeared.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:30
Iraq: Lions Led By Donkeys Lost Ramadi

Iraq Situation Report: May 30 - June 1, 2015 by: Theodore Bell and Patrick Martin - ISW

 

June 2, 2015: Strategy Page

 

A prominent Sunni politician and member of parliament is leading the effort to find out exactly who ordered the army to pull out of Ramadi on May 17 th and allow a much smaller force of ISIL fighters to enter and, after receiving reinforcements, take control of most of the city. Right after Ramadi fell the commander of the 25,000 troops guarding the city said he had been ordered to withdraw. Most of the troops in Ramadi belonged to the 7 th Infantry Division, which is based there. That unit had been reinforced by several thousand police and army commandos and special operations troops by early May. There were also a few thousand pro-government Sunni tribal militia.  All these troops are still in Anbar, most of them just west of Ramadi.

 

Since May 17th the government has reinforced the army units outside Ramadi with Shia militia. Together these forces have retaken many military posts (fortified checkpoints and police stations) abandoned during the departure of the security forces from Ramadi in May. The unannounced withdrawal of army forces caused a panic among the thousands of police and militia fighters in the city and these forces tended to panic and depart quickly when they found out about the army retreat.

 

This rapid and unexpected loss of Ramadi by a much smaller force (government troops outnumbered nearby ISIL gunmen by ten to one) brought forth accusations by the U.S. and other Western governments that Iraqis did not have the will to fight. That was not true and the real problem, as it has always been, is leadership. As the old saying goes, “there are no bad troops, only bad officers.” In late 2014 The U.S. reported that most of the troops they trained before they left in 2011 had since left the military and many of the replacements were poorly trained (and even more poorly led) by corrupt Iraqi officers appointed by the recently (April 2014) replaced Maliki government. The U.S. believed that Iraq needed at least 80,000 trained and well led troops to deal with ISIL. American military evaluation teams were sent to Iraq in August 2014 to assess how much of the Iraqi Army was salvageable. It was discovered that only 52 percent of the 50 Iraqi combat brigades were worth training and supporting in the short run. The other 24 brigades had been rendered ineffective by Shia politics and officers who were too poorly trained, experienced or dedicated to hold these units together in heavy combat. The basic problem was bad officers, in particular officers more interested in politics and getting rich (via corrupt practices) than running an efficient army. This is not a new or unique problem in the Iraqi Army. Since 2011 the Shia politicians running the government chose politically reliable Shia officers over those who were merely competent at their jobs. That led to the collapse of the Iraqi army in the face of a mid-2014 ISIL offensive. That should not have happened, but it did and will again unless the Iraqis put more emphasis on competence than political loyalty when selecting military officers. There was a similar pattern in the police, where some SWAT units and paramilitary police units (mainly counter-terror units) maintained their edge, but most were ruined by corrupt leadership. So while most Iraqis were angry with the foreigner accusations that Iraqis lacked the will to fight, they had to admit that too many Iraqi officers lacked the ability to lead.

 

The ISIL advance into Ramadi was such a surprise because ISIL has shown continued inability to defeat organized combat units. ISIL remains primarily a poorly trained force with much more experienced leaders. The ISIL combat leaders recognize the shortcomings of their gunmen and rely a lot on terror bombs and not always suicide bombs. ISIL has not got an endless supply of suicide bombers and you have to get men (and some women) to volunteer and those volunteers must have enough sense and presence of mind to carry out some simple but essential tasks to carry out the attack. When things are not going well (as they have not been for ISIL during 2015, at least until Ramadi fell) it is better to have your young terrorists plant bombs and then set them off remotely or via timers. There has been a lot of that since Ramadi fell because ISIL is still losing ground around Mosul and between Mosul and Baghdad. Even in Anbar the victory in Ramadi was followed within a week by a counteroffensive that has proved unstoppable. ISIL has been able to slow the advance, using a lot of bombs, but they have nothing that can stand and fight. Iran is trying to help Iraq with that, which makes many Iraqis and most Westerners nervous.

 

In late May the U.S. admitted that Iran has sent some of its artillery (truck mounted rocket launchers) deeper into Iraq to assist Iraqi troops fighting ISIL forces near the oil refinery at Beiji (200 kilometers north of Baghdad). This battle has been going on for nearly a year. The Iranian artillery units bring along their own UAVs to spot targets. ISIL captured parts of Beiji in April after two weeks of fighting. This effort eventually failed, with heavy losses but not before occupying parts of the refinery compound. By late April more ISIL forces arrived and tried again. This battle continues. In late November 2014 ISIL forces were driven away from the refinery which they had besieged for over a month. Since then ISIL has continued to stage attacks, often with suicide bombers, all of which have been repulsed. The Beiji refinery can process 320,000 barrels of oil a day and that represents more than a quarter of Iraq’s refining capacity. Clearing ISIL out of this area also isolated the ISIL held town of Tikrit, which is due north of Baghdad and is full of Sunni Arabs and Saddam admirers who have had enough of ISIL. The Iraqi Army recently recaptured Tikrit and continues moving north. But until ISIL is cleared out of Beiji a major advance on Mosul will not be practical.

 

Iranian artillery was first used against ISIL in late 2014 firing from inside Iran near the Iraqi border. That soon changed. While Iran insists that it has no combat units in Iraq, just trainers and advisors, mainly for pro-Iranian Shia militias, there are a lot of Iranian weapons showing up. At first these vehicles were never far from the Iranian border but definitely inside Iraq.  American UAVs regularly patrol the border area and the Americans and Iranians have an unofficial agreement not to shoot down each other’s UAVs. The UAVs regularly note Iranian military vehicles entering Iraq. The Americans also have photo satellites regularly passing overhead that see this as well. Thus the Americans know that there have been several hundred Iranian M-60s and T-72 tanks and other armored vehicles operating with the Shia militias inside Iraq. There have also been a lot of Iranian truck mounted rocket launchers. The tanks and rocket launchers are supposed to have Iraqi crews but in fact most of the Iranian rocket launchers and armored vehicles were operated by Iranians although their mission was to support pro-Iranian Iraqi Shia militias. The Americans tolerate this as long as the Iraqi government does, especially since the Americans don’t want to send in troops to help the Iraqi army. While the Iraqis appreciate the Iranian help, they make it clear that the majority of Iraqi Shia do not want to become part of Iran and that Western and Arab allies of Iraq will join the fight against any Iranian moves to take control of Iraq. Not everyone believes this will dissuade the Iranians from making an attempt to annex Iraq. At the moment ISIL is seen as a serious problem for all Moslems and because of that there is an unusual degree of cooperation between Iran and nations (the West and Sunni Arab states) that are usually considered enemies. Iran is also sending armored vehicles and rocket artillery to Anbar province to help push ISIL out of Ramadi (the provincial capital of Anbar.) This apparently will involve, as will the Beiji operation, cooperation between American airpower and Iranian ground units. Until quite recently Iran was opposed to this.

 

Since August 2014 allied (mostly U.S. but also NATO and Arab) air strikes in Iraq and Syria have destroyed or damaged over 7,000 targets during over 2,500 separate attacks using mostly smart bombs and missiles. This did not turn out to be the wonder weapon against newly resurgent Islamic terrorists except under certain conditions. The big complaint from pilots of the warplanes and their commanders is that the ROE (Rules of Engagement) are so obsessed with avoiding civilian casualties that most targets are not hit because of the risk (often remote) that civilians might be hurt. ISIL knows this and when they move on the roads they strive to make themselves look like civilians. Thus only a quarter of the bomb equipped aircraft sent out are allowed to actually attack something on the ground. More Western ground controllers would improve the situation somewhat, but the largest number of attacks cancelled by the lawyers are inside ISIL territory, usually against vehicles carrying ISIL supplies or gun men along a road. Meanwhile the attacks that were cleared by the lawyers did do a lot of damage. This destruction included nearly 1,700 military vehicles (about 15 percent of them armored and half of them armed). The most common targets were buildings (1,800 hit) and combat positions (1,500 bunkers, trenches and so on). There were far fewer command posts, checkpoints, parking lots and assembly areas hit and destroyed or made unusable. Over 300 oil industry targets were destroyed or badly damaged since selling stolen oil on the black market was a major source of income for the Islamic terrorists.

 

The importance of ground controllers can be seen in the success of Kurdish forces in the north. Western nations trust the Kurds and Western troops have no problems (from betrayal, assassination or failure to fight) with the Kurds and that means the Kurds get plenty of ground controllers and air support. Because of this Kurdish forces continue to push back ISIL east and west of Mosul.

 

The loss of Ramadi has, so far, produced nearly 100,000 refugees as people flee the city and areas around it. The government is being criticized for not dealing with the refugees adequately. Nearly 200,000 people have fled Ramadi since ISIL began attacking the area around the city in April. In the last year nearly three million people have fled ISIL violence, especially in areas overrun (or threatened) by ISIL.

 

June 1, 2015: In the north (Salahuddin province) ISIL used a large suicide tank bomb and several gunman to attack a police base. This killed 33 police and militiamen while wounding 40 others. This is a rare counterattack by ISIL in Salahuddin province, where over a hundred Islamic terrorists a week have been dying in the last two months. Salahuddin is next to Anbar and ISIL has been having a hard time resisting government attacks here. ISIL even executed four ISIL unit commanders for failure to hold positions (to the death, as is ISIL custom).

 

In May some 1,100 Iraqis died from terrorist related violence. Since January (when nearly 1,400 died) monthly terrorist related deaths have been 1,100-1,200 a month. This is because most of the ISIL violence is of the terrorist, not military, variety. So far this year about half the victims have been civilians. The death toll for all of 2014 was about 15,600. That’s a big jump from 2013 when the death toll was 8,900 for all of Iraq and only ten percent of those were terrorists while the majority were Shia civilians. Previously the worst year was 2007, when nearly 18,000 died. Then as now the main cause of the mayhem and murder was Sunni fanatics who want to run the country as a Sunni dictatorship. Still Iraq was a lot less violent than neighboring Syria where the death toll was 76,000 in 2014. That’s over 91,000 dead during 2014 for the two countries where ISIL is most active. The death toll in Syria continues to rise, even as it is declining in Iraq. A growing number of Iraqi officials are optimistic that ISIL will be crushed in Iraq by the end of 2016. It’s happened before (like in 2007-8), but then the Sunni fanatics make yet another comeback.

 

May 28, 2015: Another Iranian general (again a member of the Quds Force) was killed in southern Iraq while leading Hezbollah fighters against ISIL forces.

 

May 24, 2015: On the Syrian border ISIL seized control of the second of two major border crossings between Syria and Iraq. Iraqi troops moved south to a major crossing with Jordan that Iraqi forces still control. This came the day after Iraqi forces began moving back towards Ramadi and ISIL retreated.

 

May 23, 2015: North of Baghdad Iran backed Shia militias arrived to help push ISIL away from the oil refinery at Beiji. A few days later Iran insisted that it had no combat troops near Beiji but said nothing of their backing for the Shia militiamen there.

 

May 21, 2015: The U.S. imposed sanctions on a major Iraqi airline for helping Iran purchase and smuggle in second hand airliners.

 

May 20, 2015: The government replaced the head of police in Anbar province, in part because of poor performance of police in Ramadi.

 

May 19, 2015: In Iraq Iran-backed Shia militias were seen heading for Anbar province and the capital Ramadi, which was recently overrun by ISIL forces on the 17th. Ramadi is 120 kilometers west of Baghdad.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:30
photo Saudi Air Force

photo Saudi Air Force

 

May 31, 2015: Strategy Page

 

As Saudi Arabia carries out the longest air campaign (against Yemen) in its history it was noted that the Saudis were sending up to fifty British made Typhoon and Tornado fighter-bombers a day on combat missions. The Saudis have 80 Tornados and 48 Typhoons with another 72 Typhoons on order. In contrast Britain has 125 Typhoons and 98 Tornados. Because of budget cuts and the resulting shortages of spare parts and maintenance personnel Britain could not put as many Typhoons and Tornados into action as Saudi Arabia. This is another example of how just having a lot of combat aircraft can be misleading. If you cannot afford to keep them flying your air force becomes much less capable than it appears.

 

For Britain this is nothing new. Since the late 1990s Britain's RAF (Royal Air Force) has had to deal with year after year of budget cuts. By 2011 the years of cutting corners because of shrinking budgets reached the point where a lack of spare parts for the new Eurofighter Typhoon limited the amount of time pilots could spend in the air. This, in turn, led to only eight pilots being certified as qualified to perform ground attack duties in the Eurofighter. While the Eurofighter is mainly an air-superiority ("fighter") aircraft, there is very little call for that sort of thing at the moment. Ground attack, on the other hand, was very much in demand during 2011 when NATO agreed to provide support for Libyan rebels. Now the RAF now finds that the Saudi Air Force has more pilots capable of flying bombing missions than Britain and can put more combat aircraft into the air than the RAF.

 

The two decades of cuts had already led to cancellations of orders for new aircraft. In 2009 Germany and Britain both decided to cut back on the number of Typhoons they would buy. Thus the final 37 Typhoons Germany agreed to buy for its Luftwaffe (air force) were instead offered for export. Germany would have preferred to just cancel the final 37 aircraft but this would have resulted in over a billion dollars in cancellation fees. But the export option will hurt the Typhoons project as Germany will sell their 37 aircraft for whatever they can get, thus denying the Typhoons (Eurofighter) consortium export sales.

 

At the same time Britain decided to not take all of its third batch of 88 Typhoon fighters. This cost Britain $2 billion in increased maintenance costs and penalties. Britain did take 40 of the fighters from the third batch and resold another 24 to Saudi Arabia. In effect, Britain was pulling out of the Eurofighter program, and cancelling 16 of the aircraft it was to have received from the third batch. The British government believed that 184 Typhoons would be sufficient and that it could not afford any more than that. That was optimistic and Britain ended up with 125 mew Typhoons and 80 older Tornados that will be retired by the end of the decade. The new American F-35 is supposed to replace the Tornados and some of the older Typhoons. Britain wanted buy 138 F-35s but it looks like 80 is a more realistic, or optimistic number.

 

Originally, Britain planned to buy 232 Typhoons. Germany was to get 180, Italy 121, and Spain 87. Most of those orders shrank in the 1990s. There are currently 430 Typhoon in service, after entering service in 2003. There are over a hundred still on order but total production will probably not be much more than 600.

 

Development of the Eurofighter began in the 1980s, and the first flight took place in 1994. Each aircraft costs over $170 million, including development costs. The Typhoon is a somewhat stealthy multi-role fighter. It is fast, maneuverable, and carries a lot of weapons. It also can be used for ground attack missions. This 23 ton aircraft will be the principal fighter in the air forces of Britain, Spain, Germany, and Italy. The Typhoon is closer in capability to the F-15, than the F-22, and is competing with the F-35 for many export sales. The Typhoon was purchased by Saudi Arabia mainly to provide protection from Iran.

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Armor: China Unofficially Arms The Kurds

 

May 27, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Kurdish forces fighting in Iraq and Syria have been seen using the Chinese HJ-8 ATGMs (Anti-Tank Guided Missiles). This is the Chinese version of the American TOW (Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided) system has been in service since 1970. Over 500,000 TOW missiles have been manufactured since its introduction and it remains in service with the United States and many other countries. All versions of TOW are shipped and fired from a sealed launch tube. That tube is placed on a MGS (Missile Guidance Set) that contains the gunner sight, with night vision, and operator guidance electronics. The MGS weighs 25 kg (55 pounds). The 1970 version of the missile weighed 19 kg (42 pounds) and had a 3.9 kg (8.6 pound) warhead. The latest version (TOW 2B or BGM-71F) weighs 22.7 kg (50 pounds) and has a 6.2 kg (13.5 pound) warhead that can defeat ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) at targets up to 4,000 meters away.

 

The HJ-8 is nearly identical to TOW 2 in size, weight, range and, according to the Kurds, performance. Both TOW and HJ-8 use SACLOS (semi-automatic command line-of-sight) guidance. This system works by having the operator hold the target in the MGS sights and the missile will be guided to the target via wires that connect the missile to the launcher. The big problem is that the operator is often under fire and that sometimes makes it difficult to maintain aim. The next generations of anti-tank missiles were wireless and “fire-and-forget” which allows the operator to duck as soon as the target is identified by the MGS and the missile fired. Nearly all ATGMs use shaped-charge warheads that penetrate most tank armor and are also effective against structures and unarmored vehicles.

 

 The Kurds have a hard time getting weapons from the Iraqi government (because of disputes over control of oil and corruption in the Shia Arab dominated government) and have sought weapons from all available sources. Chinese weapons are widely available in the international black market for arms. If you have the money, there are groups that can get you all sorts of relatively cheap and pretty effective Chinese weapons, which are often pretty good copies of Western and Russian weapons.

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Exercise Noble Shirley in Israël


1 juin 2015 by US Air Force

 

Since 1992, the U.S. military and Israeli Defense Forces have been working together to ensure we are ready to operate in a joint environment. Follow us to Nevatim, Israel, for an exclusive look inside training operations.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:20
photo Royal Navy

photo Royal Navy



28 mai 2015 by Royal Navy

 

A group of Royal Navy and Royal Air Force personnel were at sea onboard USS WASP, joining American colleagues in the latest F-35B Lightning II fast jet trials.

Lightning II is a STOVL aircraft: Short Take Off Vertical Landing. It will place the UK at the forefront of fighter technology, giving the RAF a true multi-role all weather, day and night capability, able to operate from well-established land bases, deployed locations or the Royal Navy's Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers.

The Royal Navy’s vision for tactical integration of the F-35B into their current arsenal is similar to the Marine Corps’ plan to integrate the F-35 with legacy aircraft, such as the AV-8B Harrier and the F/A-18 Hornet, and gradually phase out legacy aircraft over the coming decades.

Read the full story: http://ow.ly/NylS6

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 15:55
Furtivité, le camouflage haute technologie (JDef)


2 juin 2015 Journal de la Défense (#JDef)

 

Systèmes de vision nocturne, par infrarouge ou de détection radar… la haute technologie est au cœur des opérations militaires modernes. Qu’elles opèrent au sol, sur l’eau ou en l’air, nos armées utilisent tous les jours ces moyens pour détecter et tromper l’adversaire. C’est ce camouflage moderne que l’on appelle la furtivité.

Ce mois-ci, le Journal de la Défense (#JDef) vous emmène au cœur de ces systèmes innovants, à la rencontre de ces spécialistes de la dissimulation.

Grille de diffusion sur la chaîne LCP-An

-mercredi 3 juin à 21 :14

-jeudi 4 juin à 00 : 59

-lundi 29 juin à 16 : 04

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 13:50
photo Armée de l'Air

photo Armée de l'Air

 

03/06/2015 Armée de l'air

 

Du 22 mai au 5 juin 2015, une centaine d’aéronefs multiplient des missions sur le théâtre nordique à l’occasion de la deuxième édition d’«Arctic Challenge Exercise» (ACE).

 

Avec plus de 4000 participants provenant de neuf nations (Allemagne, États-Unis, France, Finlande, Norvège, Pays-Bas, Royaume-Uni, Suède et Suisse), ACE 2015 est l’un des plus grands exercices en Europe. « Aucune base en Europe ne peut accueillir un tel dispositif, explique le lieutenant-colonel Isaac, commandant le détachement air (Détair) français. Le stationnement des différents escadrons est réparti entre les bases aériennes de Bodø en Norvège, de Rovaniemi en Finlande et de Kallax en Suède. »

 

108 aviateurs de l’armée de l’air ont été déployés sur la base de Rovaniemi, en Laponie finlandaise. Ils ont mis en place six Mirage 2000 (quatre 2000-5, un 2000 C et un 2000 B). Le détachement français comprend du personnel du groupe de chasse 1/2 « Cigognes » de Luxeuil, de l’escadron de chasse 2/5 « Île–de-France » d’Orange et des escadrons de soutien technique aéronautique. Le Détair est également composé de spécialistes de l’escadron de programmation et d'instruction de guerre électronique (EPIGE) de Mont-de-Marsan, de commandos de l’air, du personnel médical, et de techniciens des systèmes d’information et de communications aéronautiques. « Nous avons également un jeune pilote de l’unité qui est détaché à Bodø en Norvège, précise le lieutenant-colonel. Il représente le détachement français auprès du commandement de l’exercice. Il prend part à l’animation de l’exercice et exprime nos desiderata en fonction de nos capacités et besoins d’entraînement. »

 

Chaque jour, trois vagues de chasseurs s’envolent vers les vastes zones d’entraînement. La première vague est réservée aux entraînements locaux. Les escadrons finlandais, français et suédois réalisent des missions conjointes depuis la base de Rovaniemi. La deuxième, quant à elle, met en musique près d’une centaine d’avions dans un scénario complexe. Le Mission Commander (chef de mission) orchestre son plan de bataille par l’intermédiaire de la visioconférence pour pallier l’éloignement des trois bases de stationnement. Pour finir, un troisième tour, l’« extra », permet aux avions français d’optimiser leur entraînement. Les pilotes de Mirage 2000 de Luxeuil et d’Orange se confrontent alors dans des configurations d’entraînement diverses et variées.

photo Armée de l'Air

photo Armée de l'Air

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 12:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

02/06/2015 Gabriel Boyer - armée de Terre

 

La section de reconnaissance du génie (SRG) du 17e régiment du génie parachutiste (17e RGP) est une unité d’élite. Spécialisée dans la reconnaissance en milieu aquatique et subaquatique, la SRG recrute les meilleurs soldats du régiment.

 

Sa force est d’être capable de répondre à un éventail de missions très diversifiées : infiltration à travers les égouts, combat en milieu clos et  recherche et neutralisation d'explosifs, leur domaine de prédilection. «Même en plein désert, les plongeurs sont utiles. Souvent nous avons fouillé des puits et c'est incroyable ce qu’on peut y trouver », déclare Rudy plongeur à la SRG. Il sourit mais son visage est marqué. Ces soldats d’élite connaissent le rôle crucial qu'ils jouent en opération pour la sécurité de leurs camarades.

 

Un métier exceptionnel qui nécessite des qualités telles que le sang-froid, la réflexion et une condition physique irréprochable. Chaque année, des candidats postulent pour cette unité d'élite et seul  30% d’entre eux réussissent les tests d'entrée. Au bout de cette pré-sélection, une formation spécifique de 2 ans les attend.

 

Immersion en images.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 12:50
 The future of anti-submarine warfare


3 juin 2015 by NATO

 

Anti-submarine warfare has dramatically changed since the Cold War. This video looks at new technology and tactics deployed recently during an exercise in the North Sea. Including underwater, unmanned vehicles guided by underwater sensor networks, frigates with variable-depth sonar and specialised airplanes known as Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA). We also speak to submarine commanders and scientists on the cutting edge of underwater technology.

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Bundeswehr trainiert Peschmerga im Häuserkampf


3 juin 2015 Quelle: Redaktion der Bundeswehr 06/2015 15E16302

 

Seit 2014 läuft die Ausbildungsunterstützung der Bundeswehr für die Peschmerga-Kämpfer im Nordirak. Diese verfügen über viel Kampferfahrung im Bergland, der Kampf gegen die Terrorgruppe IS zwingt sie aber auf neues Terrain. Hier setzt die vierwöchige Ausbildung durch die Bundeswehr an: Unter anderem die Ausbildung im Häuserkampf steht dabei auf dem Lehrplan. In einer verlassenen Wohnanlage in Erbil im Norden des Irak können die Peschmerga unter realen Bedingungen zum Beispiel das Eindringen in ein Haus üben – unter den strengen Augen ihrer deutschen Ausbilder.



 

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
EDA and Italy discuss defence cooperation

EDA Chief Executive Jorge Domecq (right) with the Italian Secretary General of Defence and National Armaments Director, Lt. Gen. Enzo Stefanini. Photo Italian Ministry of Defence.

 

Rome - 03 June, 2015 European Defence Agency

 

On 13 May, Jorge Domecq, EDA Chief Executive, met with Roberta Pinotti, the Italian Minister of Defence, to exchange views on the preparation of the European Council in June 2015 and Italy’s participation in EDA projects. 

 

“The visit to Rome allowed for numerous interesting and forward looking discussions. We touched upon Italy’s involvement in EDA’s key capability programmes on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems and cyber defence as well as the update of the European security strategy. Another important topic was the Agency’s project on maritime surveillance (MARSUR). I also assured Minister Pinotti of the Agency’s willingness to provide operational support for a possible CSDP mission in the southern central Mediterranean”, Jorge Domecq said in Rome. 

The visit in Italy also allowed for meetings with other high-ranking officials of the Ministry of Defence, the Chief of Defence, the President of the Defence Committee in the Italian Senate and the CEO of Finmeccanica. It is part of a series of visits by Mr. Domecq to all EDA Member States following his appointment as EDA Chief Executive. 

 

More information:

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