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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 12:56
photo EMHM

photo EMHM

 

28 décembre 2015 EMHM

 

Avec l’accord de la famille de l’adjudant Philippe JEAN, l’école militaire de haute montagne souhaite permettre à ses nombreux amis de venir le saluer une dernière fois.

 

Une chapelle ardente est mise en place au quartier lieutenant-colonel Pourchier, route des Pècles à Chamonix. Elle sera ouverte au public ces mardi 29 et mercredi 30 de 10h00 à12h00 et de 15h00 à 21h00.

Les modalités d’organisation de la cérémonie militaire et des obsèques prévues jeudi matin à Chamonix et Bonneville seront communiquées ultérieurement.

 

Pour écrire un hommage.

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 12:55
"Pour une défense cohérente, il faut revoir les engagements budgétaires"

 

28/12/2015 par Sihem Souid Le Point.fr

 

INTERVIEW. Les responsables du Centre d'étude et de prospective stratégique (CEPS) évoquent la politique de défense de la France.

 

Loïc Tribot La Spière, délégué général du Centre d'étude et de prospective stratégique (CEPS) & Hélène Pichon, directrice des relations avec les institutions du CEPS, think tank dédié à l’analyse et à la mise en perspective des facteurs d’évolution technologiques, économiques, politiques et sociaux, évoquent la politique de défense de la France.

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 12:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre


29 déc. 2015 Armée de Terre

 

Jean-Christophe n'est pas un réserviste classique. Il ne porte pas d'arme. Il ne sert jamais sur les théâtres d'opérations. Jean-Christophe est réserviste...citoyen ! Sa mission : aider au rayonnement de l'armée de terre sur Orléans et ses environs. Dans ce but, le 12e régiment de cuirassiers convie sa dizaine de réservistes citoyens au centre d'entraînement tactique au combat pour une immersion au cœur d'un exercice d'état-major. De retour dans la sphère civile, Jean-Christophe, PDG d'une entreprise de formation continue, relaie la culture « armée de terre » à travers son carnet d'adresses.

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 12:50
Les quatre dernières Alouette III des forces aériennes hollandaises étaient affectées à la famille royale photo Forces aériennes hollandaises

Les quatre dernières Alouette III des forces aériennes hollandaises étaient affectées à la famille royale photo Forces aériennes hollandaises

 

28 décembre 2015 Aerobuzz.fr

 

Les quatre dernières SA316 Alouette III des forces aériennes hollandaises seront définitivement retirées du service le 1er janvier 2016. Un chapitre de plus de 50 ans se boucle. La Hollande a, en effet, reçu le premier de ses 77 exemplaires d’Alouette III en juillet 1964 en remplacement des Piper Super Club, DHC-2 Beaver, Hiller H-23 Raven et Alouette II. A partir des années 90, les Boeing CH-47D Chinook et AS532 Cougar d’Eurocopter commenceront en remplir les missions dévolues aux Alouette III. Les Alouette III des forces aériennes hollandaises ont été engagées dans la première guerre d’Irak (1991), elles sont intervenues sous les couleurs des Nations Unies au Cambodge et en Yougoslavie. L’image de cet hélicoptère restera aussi attachée à celle de la patrouille « The Grasshoppers » composée de 4 Alouette III qui s’est produite en meetings aériens et salons aéronautiques entre 1973 et 1995.

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 12:30
photo NATO

photo NATO

 

28.12.2015 trt.net.tr

 

Dans le cadre d'une mission de l'OTAN, l'Allemagne s'apprête à soutenir la défense aérienne de la Turquie.

 

Les avions AWACS qui viendront en Turquie seront positionnés à Konya.

Le nombre d'avions et de soldats attendus est ignoré.

Selon un article du journal allemand Bild am Sontag, l'OTAN installera provisoirement en Turquie des avions de détection et de commandement Boeing E-3 Sentry dans le cadre de son programme de sécurité et à cause de la crise syrienne.

L'article qui cite une lettre du ministère allemand de la Défense et des Affaires étrangères au Parlement allemand, les avions viendront de la base aérienne allemande de Gelsenkirchen.

L'objectif du positionnement des avions est de stabiliser l'espace aérien turc.

L'aval du Parlement allemand ne serait pas nécessaire étant donné qu'il n'y aura pas de mission de combat.

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 11:55
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

21/12/2015 Sources : Marine nationale

 

Jeudi 16 décembre 2015, le lieutenant de vaisseau Jocelyn Guy, dernier commandant du pétrolier ravitailleur Meuse, a réuni son équipage pour la dernière cérémonie des couleurs, 35 ans après l’admission au service actif du bâtiment.

 

Le vice-amiral d’escadre Denis Béraud, amiral commandant la Force d’Action Navale, qui présidait la cérémonie a souligné le nombre de missions opérationnelles réalisées par la Meuse, parmi lesquelles Agapanthe, Harmattan, Atalante, Active Endeavour, Ocean Shield, Bois-Belleau, Arromanches ou encore Chammal.

 

Le bâtiment  a réalisé plus de 3000 ravitaillements. Depuis la mise en réserve du bâtiment le 1er juin dernier, les 45 marins constituant le « noyau de désarmement » se sont mobilisés pour débarquer ou donner une seconde vie aux matériels qui pourront être utiles aux trois ravitailleurs Marne, Somme et Var.

 

Conformément aux procédures de désarmement en vigueur pour les vieilles coques de la Marine nationale, une cartographie de l’ensemble des locaux du navire est actuellement en cours de réalisation pour répertorier précisément, compartiment après compartiment, les matériaux potentiellement dangereux, en vue de la déconstruction de la coque. L’ex-Meuse est désormais confiée à la base navale de Toulon.

 

Ce désarmement s’inscrit dans le plan Horizon Marine 2025, et marque le renouvellement des unités de surface de la Marine nationale: alors que la Meuse n’est plus que « Q878 », s’esquissent bientôt les nouveaux ravitailleurs FLOTLOG (flotte logistique).

photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 11:45
Algérie : 109 "terroristes" tués et 36 autres arrêtés en 2015 (Défense)

 

28/12/2015 lorientlejour.com (AFP)

 

L'armée algérienne a tué 109 "terroristes", terme utilisé pour désigner les islamistes armés, et arrêté 36 autres en 2015, selon un bilan du ministère de la Défense publié lundi.

 

En 2015, "109 terroristes ont été éliminés et 36 autres ont été arrêtés, outre la saisie d'importantes quantités d'armes et de munitions (...), selon ce bilan.

Parmi les armes saisies "figurent 105 unités de type Kalachnikov, 21 pistolets automatiques, 237 fusils, 8 lance-roquettes, 5 lance-roquettes de fabrication traditionnelle ainsi qu'une quantité considérable de toutes sortes de munitions dont 182 bombes artisanales, 132 mines et cinq roquettes", selon un communiqué du ministère.

Le texte ne donne pas d'indication sur les pertes militaires durant cette même période.

 

Une dizaine de soldats ont été tués mi-juillet dans une embuscade tendue par un groupe jihadiste à 150 km au sud-ouest d'Alger. Il s'agit de l'attaque la plus meurtrière contre les forces de sécurité algériennes en 2015.

En 2014, le groupe Jund al-Khilafa ayant prêté allégeance au groupe jihadiste Etat islamique (EI) avait exécuté un touriste français enlevé en Kabylie, zone montagneuse à l'est d'Alger. Après trois mois de traque, l'armée algérienne a annoncé avoir décimé ce groupe terroriste.

 

Malgré l'adoption il y a dix ans d'une charte pour la paix et la réconciliation, censée tourner la page de la guerre civile qui a fait 200.000 morts dans les années 1990, des groupes armés islamistes restent actifs en Algérie et visent principalement les forces de sécurité.

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29 décembre 2015 2 29 /12 /décembre /2015 08:20
Special Operations: SOCOM Ordered To Use Female Commandos

 

December 14, 2015: Strategy page

 

In early December, after years of trying to justify allowing women into the infantry, artillery and armor and special operations forces, the U.S. government simply ordered the military to make it happen and do so without degrading the capabilities of these units. While the army was inclined the just say yes, find out what quotas the politicians wanted and go through the motions, some others refused to play along. SOCOM (Special Operations Command) and the marines pointed out that the research does not support the political demands and that actually implementing the quotas could get people killed while degrading the effectiveness of the units with women. This is yet another reason why many politicians do not like the marines and are uneasy about SOCOM. The commander of SOCOM promptly said the order would be implemented (otherwise he can kiss his upcoming promotion goodbye) but the Marine Corps has, as in the past, not voiced any enthusiasm at all. This decision involves about 220,000 jobs. About ten percent of these are special operations personnel, commonly known as commandos.

 

The special operations troops are not happy with this decision. In a recent survey most (85 percent) of the operators (commandos, SEALs, Rangers) in SOCOM opposed allowing women in. Most (88 percent) feared that standards would be lowered in order to make it possible for some women to quality. Most (82 percent) believed that women did not have the physical strength to do what was required. About half (53 percent) would not trust women placed in their unit. For these men the decision is a matter of life and death and SOCOM commanders fear that the decision, if implemented, would cause many of the most experienced operators to leave and dissuade many potential recruits from joining. Keeping experienced personnel and finding suitable new recruits has always been a major problem for SOCOM and this will make it worse.

 

That said there are some jobs SOCOM operators do that women can handle. One is espionage, an area that SOCOM has been increasingly active in since the 1990s because of their familiarity with foreign cultures and operator skills and discipline. Another task women excel at is teaching. Israel has long recognized this and some of their best combat skills instructors are women. But what the male operators are complaining about is women performing the jobs that still depend on exceptional physical as well as mental skills. These include direct action (raids, ambushes and such) and recon (going deep into hostile territory to patrol or just observe.) These are the most dangerous jobs and many operators are not willing to make the job even more dangerous just to please some grandstanding politicians.

 

This order has been “under consideration” for three years. The various services had already opened up some infantry training programs to women and discovered two things. First (over 90 percent) of women did not want to serve in any combat unit, especially the infantry. Those women (almost all of them officers) who did apply discovered what female athletes and epidemiologists (doctors who study medical statistics) have long known; women are ten times more likely (than men) to suffer bone injuries and nearly as likely to suffer muscular injuries while engaged in stressful sports (like basketball) or infantry operations. Mental stress is another issue and most women who volunteered to try infantry training dropped out within days because of the combination of mental and physical stress. Proponents of women in combat (none of them combat veterans) dismiss these issues as minor and easily fixed but offer no tangible or proven solutions.

 

Back in 2012 the U.S. Army and Marine Corps were ordered to come up with procedures to select women capable of handling infantry and special operations assignments and then recruit some women for these jobs. This had become an obsession with many politicians. None of these proponents of women in the infantry have ever served in the infantry, but some understood that if they proceeded without proof that women could handle the job, that decision could mean getting a lot of American soldiers and marines killed. The politicians also knew that if it came to that, the military could be blamed for not implementing the new policy correctly. That’s how politics works and why politicians are not popular with the troops.

 

So far the tests overseen by monitors reporting back to civilian officials in Congress and the White House have failed to find the needed proof that women can handle infantry combat. The main problem the military has is their inability to make these politicians understand how combat operations actually work and what role sheer muscle plays in success, or simply survival. But many politicians have become infatuated with the idea that women should serve in the infantry and are ignoring the evidence.

 

All this comes after decades of allowing women to take jobs that were more and more likely to result in women having to deal with combat. Not infantry combat, but definitely dangerous situations where you were under attack and had to fight back or die. The last such prohibition is the U.S. Department of Defense policy that forbids the use of female troops in direct (infantry type) combat. Despite the ban many women serving in Iraq and Afghanistan found themselves in firefights and exposed to roadside bombs, something that's normal for a combat zone. Because women were earlier allowed to serve in MP (military police) units and then regularly do convoy security they got some combat experience. Those convoys often included other female troops who were trained to fight back, if necessary. It was usually the MPs who did the fighting and the female MPs performed well. Several of them received medals for exceptional performance in combat. Hundreds of these female MPs were regularly in combat since September 11, 2001. This was the largest and longest exposure of American female troops to direct combat. Yet women have often been exposed to a lot of indirect combat. As far back as World War II, 25 percent of all troops in the army found themselves under fire at one time or another, although only about 15 percent of soldiers had a "direct combat" job. In Iraq women made up about 14 percent of the military personnel but only two percent of the casualties (dead and wounded). Most women do not want to be in combat but those who did get the job proved that they could handle it and knew that being in combat as an MP was not the same as doing it in an infantry unit. This experience, however, did provide proof to some that women could perform in infantry or special operations type combat.

 

All this is actually an ancient problem. The issue of women in combat has long been contentious. Throughout history women have performed well in combat but mainly in situations where pure physical strength was not a major factor. For example, women often played a large, and often decisive, role as part of the defending force in sieges. Many women learned to use the light bow (for hunting). While not as lethal as the heavy bows (like the English longbow), when the situation got desperate the female archers made a difference, especially if it was shooting a guys coming up and over the wall with rape and general mayhem in mind.

 

Once lightweight firearms appeared in the 18th and 19th centuries women were even deadlier in combat. Again, this only occurred in combat situations where the superior physical strength and sturdiness of men was not a factor. Much of infantry operations are all about the grunts (as infantry are often called) just moving themselves and their heavy loads into position for a fight. Here the sturdiness angle was all about the fact that men have more muscle and thicker bones. This makes men much less likely to suffer stress fractures or musculoskeletal injuries than women. Modern infantry combat is intensely physical, and most women remain at a disadvantage here. There are some exception for specialist tasks that do not involve sturdiness or strength, like sniping. Then there is the hormonal angle. Men generate a lot more testosterone, a hormone that makes men more decisive and faster to act in combat. Moreover testosterone does not, as the popular myth goes, make you more aggressive, it does make you more aware and decisive. That makes a difference in combat.

 

The main problem today is that the average load for a combat infantryman is over 40 kg (88 pounds) and men (in general) have always had more strength to handle heavy loads better than women. But in situations like convoy escort, base security, or support jobs in the combat zone the combat load is lower and more manageable for women it’s another matter. At that point there’s plenty of recent evidence that women can handle themselves in some types of combat. That said, women, more than men, prefer to avoid serving in combat units. Since 2001 American recruiters found it easier to find young men for combat units than for support jobs. It’s mainly female officers who demand the right to try out for combat jobs. That’s because the most of the senior jobs in the military go only to those who have some experience in a combat unit. But when the marines allowed 14 female marines to take the infantry officer course, none could pass and all agreed that they were treated just like the male trainees. This was not a unique situation.

 

Because of the strenuous nature of combat jobs (armor, artillery, and engineers, as well as infantry) there are physical standards for these occupations. The U.S. military calls it a profile and if you do not have the physical profile for a job, you can’t have it. Thus while many men are not physically fit for the infantry, nearly all women are. For example, 55 percent of women cannot do the three pull-ups required in the physical fitness test, compared to only one percent of men. Some women could meet the physical standards and be eager to have the job. But Western nations (including Canada) that have sought to recruit physically qualified female candidates for the infantry found few volunteers and even fewer who could meet the profile and pass the training. So while it is theoretically possible that there are some women out there who could handle the physical requirements, none have so far come forward to volunteer for infantry duty. A recent survey of female soldiers in the U.S. Army found that over 92 percent would not be interested in having an infantry job. Over two years of American research into the matter concluded that about three percent of women could be trained to the point where they were at the low end of the physically “qualified” people (male or female) for infantry combat. What that bit of data ignores is how many of those physically strong women would want a career in the infantry or special operations. There would be a few, but for the politicians who want women represented in infantry units this would smack of tokenism. Moreover this comes at a time when physical standards for American infantry and special operations troops have been increasing, because this was found to produce more effective troops and lower American casualties.

 

When the U.S. used conscription the infantry ended up with a lot of less-muscular and enthusiastic men in the infantry. Allowances were made for this, but for elite units (paratroopers, commandos) there were no corners cut and everyone had to volunteer and meet high physical standards. That made a very noticeable difference in the combat abilities of the elite unit. Now all infantry are recruited to those old elite standards and it would wreck morale and decrease the number of male volunteers if it was mandated that some less physically qualified women be able to join infantry units. This doesn’t bother a lot of politicians but it does bother the guys out there getting shot at.

 

Meanwhile over the last century women have been increasingly a part of the military. In most Western nations over ten percent of military personnel are female. In the U.S. military it’s now 15 percent. A century ago it was under one percent (and most of those were nurses and other medical personnel). More women are in uniform now because there aren't enough qualified men, especially for many of the technical jobs armed forces now have to deal with. In the United States women became more of a presence in the armed forces after the military went all-volunteer in the 1970s. That led to more and more combat-support jobs being opened to women. This became popular within the military because the women were often better at these support jobs. This led to women being allowed to serve on American combat ships in 1994. In most NATO countries between 5-10 percent of sailors are women, while in Britain it is 10 percent, and in the United States 16 percent.

 

Once women were allowed to fly combat aircraft, it was only a matter of time before some of them rose to command positions. Currently, about ten percent of navy officers are female, as are nine percent of enlisted personnel. Only 4.2 percent of navy aviators (pilots) are women, as are 6.9 percent of flight officers (non-pilot aircrew). In the air force five percent of pilots are women. Women now command warships and air combat units (including fighter squadrons). Some women, and their political supporters, want to do the same thing in the infantry and special operations. If only the physical problems could be taken care of.

 

Advocates for women in combat also have to worry about combat casualties and the very well documented history of women in combat. During World War II over five million women served in the military worldwide. Although they suffered fewer losses than the men, several hundred thousand did die. These women were often exposed to combat, especially when fighting as guerillas or operating anti-aircraft guns and early warning systems in Russia, Germany, and Britain. Russia also used women as traffic cops near the front line, as snipers, and as combat pilots. They (especially the Russians) tried using them as tank crews and regular infantry, but that didn’t work out, a historical lesson lost on current proponents. Women were most frequently employed in medical and other support jobs. The few who served as snipers or pilots were very good at it.

 

Most of the women who served in combat did so in guerilla units, especially in the Balkans and Russia. The women could not haul as heavy a load as the men but this was often not crucial, as many guerillas were only part-time fighters, living as civilians most of the time. Full time guerilla units often imposed the death penalty for pregnancy, although the women sometimes would not name the father. That said, guerilla organizations often imposed the death penalty for a number of offenses. The guerillas had few places to keep prisoners and sloppiness could get a lot of guerillas killed. The women tended to be more disciplined than the men and just as resolute in combat.

 

In the last century there have been several attempts to use women in ground combat units, and all have failed. When given a choice, far fewer women will choose combat jobs (infantry, armor, artillery). But duty as MPs does attract a lot of women, as do jobs like fighter, bomber, helicopter pilots and crews, and aboard warships. That works.

 

Meanwhile the casualty rate for women in Iraq was over ten times what it was in World War II, Vietnam, and the 1991 Gulf War (where 30,000 women served). A lot of the combat operations experienced by women in Iraq involved base security or guard duty. Female troops performed well in that. These were jobs that required alertness, attention to detail, and ability to quickly use your weapons when needed. Carrying a heavy load was not required. In convoy operations women have also done well, especially when it comes to spotting, and dealing with, IEDs (roadside bombs and ambushes). Going into the 21st century, warfare is becoming more automated and less dependent on muscle and testosterone. That gives women an edge, and they exploit it, just as they have done in so many other fields.

 

Now the military has been ordered to just make it happen. No need to find a way to justify allowing females in the infantry and special operations troops. An order has been given. After that comes the difficulty in finding women who are willing to volunteer and pass whatever standards survive.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:55
photo EMHM - Armée de Terre

photo EMHM - Armée de Terre

 

28/12/2015 Armée de Terre

 

La communauté des Troupes de montagne est à nouveau endeuillée par un accident dramatique. En effet, le 26 décembre vers 16h30, l’adjudant Philippe JEAN, instructeur à l’école militaire de haute montagne, est décédé accidentellement au cours d’un saut de « base jump » depuis le site du Brévent à Chamonix, alors qu’il tentait la répétition d’un nouvel itinéraire dans le secteur du Nant Favre.

 

Considéré par ses pairs comme très expérimenté dans ce sport qu’il pratiquait avec passion à titre privé, l'adjudant avait à son actif plus de 850 sauts et connaissait parfaitement le site sur lequel il évoluait. Cette activité était conduite alors qu’il était en permissions.

 

Formateur enthousiaste aux qualités pédagogiques hors pair, il avait été affecté à l’EMHM en novembre 2014 après avoir servi comme expert formation montagne au 7e régiment du matériel, unité de soutien logistique spécialisée montagne. Entré en service en 1995, iI avait au cours de sa carrière participé à de nombreuses opérations extérieures, principalement en Afrique.

 

Passionné de montagne, grimpeur, alpiniste et skieur confirmé, il était titulaire du brevet de chef de détachement depuis 2009. Il était engagé avec ardeur dans le cursus de formation de moniteur guide militaire.

 

L’ensemble de l’armée de Terre s’associe à la douleur de ses camarades, familles et proches et leur présente ses plus sincères condoléances.

 

voir

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:55
Saison musicale 2016 du Val-de-Grâce


24/12/2015 Sources : SGA/DMPA

 

Concerts organisés par "Musique au Val-de-Grâce" avec le soutien du ministère de la défense (SGA/DMPA).

 

Programmation (les concerts ont lieu le samedi, à partir de 18h30) :

  • 2 janvier : "La providence des soldats"  - musique de l'époque de l'Empire et autour des campagnes napoléoniennes : Méhul, Ariaga, Mozart, Berlioz, Rossini...
  • 6 février : "La Voie sacrée" - œuvres de compositeurs ayant participé à la bataille de Verdun, ou ayant écrit en sa mémoire : De la Presle, Ravel, Debussy, Willscher, Stephan…
  • 5 mars : "Le mystérieux baiser de l’œil" - œuvres vocales et instrumentales de Satie et de ses amis, Auric, Tailleferre, Milhaud, Durey, Poulenc, Sauguet…
  • 2 avril : "To be or not to be" - Œuvres du XVIème siècle à nos jours, autour de Shakespeare : Vaughan-Williams, Prokofiev, Bridge, Mendelssohn, Shakespeare…
  • 30 avril : "La perfection inaccessible" - Œuvres autour de l'architecture : Dufay, Bach, Jenkins, Gabrieli...
  • 4 juin : "En allant à Pampérigouste" - œuvres autour des thèmes des Lettres : Ladmirault, Cholley, Reuchsel, Périssas, Campo, Chostakovitch...

 

Église du Val-de-Grâce
1 place Alphonse Laveran
75005 Paris

RER B : stations Port-Royal ou Luxembourg
Bus : lignes 83 ou 91

Entrée libre

________

Pour en savoir plus :

Eglise du Val-de-Grâce : www.valdegrace.org

 

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre


28/12/2015 Armée de Terre

 

Tout militaire de l'armée de Terre a au moins une fois dans sa carrière été déployé en opérations extérieures et intérieures.

 

Coutumiers des territoires étrangers (Afrique, Balkans, etc.), qu'est-ce qui change avec SENTINELLE ?

Le ratio a évolué ces derniers temps, passant de 80% OPEX, 20% OPINT à un rééquilibrage 50-50.Finalement, plus de rapprochements que de différences et un dénominateur commun : la diversité et la polyvalence des troupes.

Le lieutenant-colonel Damien DREO, chef de corps du 54e régiment d'artillerie (54e RA) et chef du groupement SENTINELLE Paris, nous explique cette adaptabilité.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:35
Indonesian counter-terrorism police (Photo atimes.com)

Indonesian counter-terrorism police (Photo atimes.com)

 

 

December 28, 2015: Strategy page

 

In Indonesia counter-terrorism police carried out several raids on Java and Sumatra before Christmas. Police make numerous arrests and seized bombs or bomb components intended for attacks on Shia and Christian communities. Christians are ten percent of the population while Shia are less than a half percent of the 87 percent of the population that is Moslem. These minorities are not evenly distributed so there are areas that are all Moslem and easier for Islamic terrorist groups to recruit and survive. The Christian islands used to be almost entirely Christian, but since the 1980s the government has encouraged (with laws, money and land) Moslems from overpopulated areas to move to less populated Christian territories. This has created frictions on islands like Sulawesi that are not entirely religious. Islamic terrorist groups began forming in the late 1990s and concentrated their attacks on non-Moslems, both local and foreign (tourists). Since 2013 small ISIL (al Qaeda in Iraq and the Levant) groups appearing and singled out Shia Moslems as well as Christians and other non-Moslems.

 

Despite all this since 2004 Indonesia has been pretty successful in preventing most Islamic terrorist violence. But there are still attempts. In March someone planted a chlorine bomb in a shopping center. This bomb was supposed to go off and send poisonous chlorine gas through the ventilation system. Fortunately the bomb did not operate as designed and police were able to examine the components and identify the builder. In early July another bomb went off in a shopping mall toilet, but it used low grade, homemade explosives and caused little damage and no casualties. Enough components were recovered to identify the builder as the same person who built a bomb for a 2010 attack. Police keep a close watch on Islamic radicals and the increased use of security cameras provides clues not available before. It has become very difficult to be an Islamic terrorist in Indonesia.

 

While able to control Islamic terrorism within its borders Indonesia is still struggling with the problem of Indonesians going abroad to commit terrorist acts. This shortcoming became highly visible in 2014 when a wealthy businessman claimed to be the leader of the Indonesia branch of ISIL and was openly encouraging Indonesians to go and fight in Syria. The businessman (Chep Hernawan) pointed out that ISIL was not active in Indonesia because there was no need to be. But in countries like Syria and Iraq there is a need to violently defend Islam. Hernawan provides money and contacts to get volunteers to Syria and police believe that at hundreds of Indonesians have gone to Syria to fight and that some are known to have been killed there. At least a hundred have returned and there are believed to be at least a thousand ISIL supporters in Indonesia. ISIL is now operational within Indonesia and the government is eager to block ISIL efforts. Most Indonesians oppose such recruiting and support for ISIL outside Indonesia, but police point out that there is no law against this and attempts to pass such a law have always been thwarted by Islamic conservative politicians. The recently elected Indonesian president seeks to change that, but it may still take a while.

 

Meanwhile Hernawan was arrested in early 2015 on fraud charges and later convicted and sent to prison for six months. He will be free in early 2016 and back to work promoting ISIL. This bothers many Indonesians who remember what happened when several dozen Indonesians who went to fight in with al Qaeda Afghanistan during the 1980s returned to Indonesia and formed Islamic terrorist groups that, after 2001, carried out several spectacular attacks, including one in 2002 that killed nearly 200 foreign tourists. This resulted in a major counter-terrorism campaign that eventually killed or drove into exile nearly all the active Indonesian Islamic terrorists. There is a real fear that some of those ISIL members returning from Syria will try to emulate what the Afghan veterans did. In 2015 police said that they were monitoring returning ISIL men would act against any that planned terrorist activities in Indonesia. The recent arrests are apparently a result of that surveillance program and now a law outlawing overseas Islamic terrorist activity will be easier to pass. Even with the conviction of ISIL terrorists Islamic conservative politicians will still try to block that kind of law.

 

In addition to the new ISIL threat the main Indonesian anti-terror organization, Detachment 88, has been seeking to shut down the last few older Islamic terrorist organizations still active in the country. The main one of these now active is MIT (Mujahadeen Indonesia Timur, or Mujahadeen of Eastern Indonesia) which is led by Santoso (single names are common in this region). The group has carried out some attacks in the last few years but has suffered heavy losses in the process. For example on February 7th 2014 two of Santoso’s lieutenants were killed when they tried to ambush some police but were detected by the alert cops and hit with a more firepower than they expected. The month before police captured two MIT men who were on their way to plant some bombs. Detachment 88 has found that MIT is concentrating most of its efforts on recruiting and setting up trained cells of terrorists in other parts of the country. Detachment 88 thus has an advantage in that their counter-terrorism operatives are very experienced while most of the people they are hunting are not and thus easier to track down. MIT has been further weakened by members who have gone off to join ISIL.

 

Since 2013 Detachment 88 has had a lot of success detecting and arresting Islamic terrorists all over Indonesia. These Islamic radicals are not popular with most Indonesians and the police get plenty of useful tips. Islamic terrorist groups help make themselves targets by carrying out armed robberies and other criminal acts to support their operations. A lot of this counter-terrorism activity takes place in central Indonesia and the island of Sulawesi. For two decades this island has been the scene of growing Islamic radicalism and terrorism. That’s because over half the population on Sulawesi is non-Moslem (mostly Christian). In the late 1990s, Islamic militants came along, preaching violence against infidels (non-Moslems). Over a thousand people have died so far, but extra police and soldiers have, since 2009, eliminated most of the violence. Hundreds of Islamic radicals are still on the island and nearby West Java, and are still preaching violence. Police activity in Sulawesi keeps increasing because it was believed more members of terror group Jemaah Islamiah (JI) were coming to Sulawesi to hide out. Detachment 88 made Sulawesi very uncomfortable for the Islamic terrorists but it is known that MIT still has some hidden camps out in the Sulawesi jungles. Currently police are searching parts of Sulawesi where Santoso is believed to be hiding.

 

When counter-terrorism wiped out the JI presence on Sulawesi new Islamic radical groups formed. Over the last decade the police have been working their way down an increasingly threadbare list of terrorist suspects. Moreover, it's been years since JI has been able to launch a major attack. This is because counter-terrorism forces have created a good intelligence network. Thus threats are quickly detected. Since 2007 attacks against non-Moslems have resulted in a stronger and stronger backlash from the police, and Christians. After 2007 the vigilantes switched tactics and began concentrating on driving Christians into ghettos, and reducing the number of Moslems converting to Christianity. Anti-infidel (non-Moslem) violence remains a growing problem, as Islamic radicals seek an outlet for their aggression that won't land them in prison. All this Islamic radical activity keeps producing new recruits for Islamic terror groups. With little support from mosques or the larger Islamic organizations, these new Islamic terrorists have to resort to crime to fund their operations.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:30
Photo Ouvda Airbase

Photo Ouvda Airbase

 

21.12.2015 Eliyah Levitan & Eilon Tohar | Translation: Ohad Zeltzer Zubida

 

Helicopter Squadrons deployed to "Ouvda" Airbase for four days in order to train for unexpected operational events, such as terrorists or enemy aircraft penetration to Israeli territory. "The training exercise simulated the operational scenario and the way we should act in it"

"I understand that you are divided into two forces. Do you need evacuation?"

"Affirmative, I need evacuation. I have one killed two severely injured and one critical".

"Five minutes, prepare the injured".

The radio became silent. The helicopters are on their way to the waypoint where the force is waiting for them, somewhere in the Negev Desert.

"Report when you hear me", the pilot said on the radio.

Suddenly, two helicopters emerge above the mountains and begin circling the force while releasing flares. A transport helicopter lands in order to collect the injured with the cover of an attack helicopter and the aircrews conclude an intense and successful training exercise as a part of the Helicopter Division's mutual learning training exercise.

A mutual learning training exercise, led by the "Flying Dragon" aggressor Squadron, held last week, with Sikorsky CH-35 Squadrons, "Blackhawk" Squadrons and AH-64 "Apache" Squadrons deployed to "Ouvda" Airbase.

The scenarios practiced are defined as "Fence Events", which begin from penetrations and escalate as unexpected operational events in which aircraft from different platforms took part. The transport helicopters flew beside attack helicopters, UAVs and in some cases even combat jets.

"We don't practice scenarios such as these every day, so the exercise was very important", said Lt. Shachaf, the exercise leader from the "Rolling Sword Squadron", which operates "Blackhawk" Helicopters. "This is what the operational structure will look like and this is how we should operate".

 

 

Photo Ouvda Airbase

Photo Ouvda Airbase

"The damage potential is high"

The recent strengthening of terror organizations on all fronts has intensified the relevance of operation while dealing with unexpected emergency events, such as penetration of terrorists or hostile aircraft into Israeli territory. One of the prominent examples of such is the sequence of terror attacks in Southern Israel, near Eilat, which took place in 2011 during which seven Israeli civilians were murdered by a terrorist squad which penetrated Israel from Sinai.

"Unexpected operational events constitute of one of the main missions of the Helicopter Division, with our mission being transporting the Special Forces to the field and halt it by blocking main arteries in the targets area and prevent its development", explained Lt. Shachaf. "Additionally, the mission of rescuing and evacuating injured individuals which becomes particularly relevant in the scenarios we practiced is ours".

"The main characteristic of unexpected operational events is that each event is different and there is much uncertainty", added Capt. Avshalom from the "Flying Dragon" Squadron. "Therefore, this is an important scenario to train for. We need to know how each side acts in a scenario such as this one, what it can contribute and implement the cooperation activity".

 

Photo Ouvda Airbase

Photo Ouvda Airbase

Inter Division Cooperation

In addition to the transport and attack helicopters, a UAV Squadron took part in the exercise. "Today, it is known that we need to combine helicopters and UAVs in exercises, because they execute the same mission together in the field", clarified Lt. Guy, an Air Traffic Controller from the "Flying Dragon" Squadron.

UAV Squadrons, which remotely control the aircraft at a distance from a mission station, don't usually deploy to other bases but the "First UAV" Squadron which operates the "Heron" UAV, deployed to "Ouvda" Airbase especially for the Shared learning workshop. A mission station was moved from "Palmahim" Airbase to the Southernmost IAF Airbase for the purpose of mutual briefing and debriefing of the operators and the participants from the helicopters and fighters squadrons.

"This is the essence of mutual learning. There is no substitute for a debriefing done face to face", explains Maj. Omer, Deputy Squadron Commander. "The cooperation between us and the helicopters is not a rare occurrence, whether in ejecting pilot extraction in which the UAV searches for the pilot, directs the helicopters and oversee the rescue, or in assistance of helicopter and jet fighters missions. Our participation in the workshop allows us to acquaint ourselves with all of the divisions in the missions that we'll meet in combat".

During the exercise, the helicopter pilots practiced flight with the fighter division.

"It was a surprise flight. We thought we were on the way to an attack mission and suddenly our mission was changed and we were asked to assist the combat helicopter division in an unexpected operational fence event", described Lt. Lior, a pilot in the "Negev" Squadron which operates the F-16I "Sufa" jet fighters.

"This is the first time we included a cooperation with combat jets in training", added Capt. Avshalom. "We executed a joint sortie which surrounded the event. For the first time, all of the divisions operated around the same event. There is an understanding today in the IAF that it is a good thing that we must practice more. The better the divisions know each other, the better the missions are executed".

"The trick is to create workshops which combine good practice for the squadrons and good lessons for the operational headquarters which is responsible for their activation", explained Capt. Idan. "Already from the planning stage, we were connected to the operational headquarters and to the need of the participating squadrons, in order to build the most effective exercise".

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:25
TCD Siroco - photo Marine nationale

TCD Siroco - photo Marine nationale

 

December 25, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Brazil is buying a French Foudre class LPD amphibious ship for $85 million. The 12,000 ton Siroco has been in service for 17 years and could, with some refurbishment, serve another two decades or more. The Siroco will be renamed Bahia. The 168 meter (521 feet) long ship has a crew of 160 and carries up to 70 vehicles. The well deck contains eight landing craft and there is a hangar that carries up to four helicopters. There are accommodations for 450 troops (or double that for short voyages). The Siroco can also be used as a command ship. Siroco was decommissioned in July 2015 and is thus ready for service. Brazilian sailors are already being trained on how to operate the Siroco, using French training manuals that have been translated into Portuguese. .

 

Two of these Foudre class ships were built in the 1990s and the first one was sold to Chile in 2011. France has since introduced a new class of amphibious ships, the Mistrals, to replace the two Foudre class ships. Three Mistrals are in service and two more were sold to Egypt.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 17:20
CounterBomber, un système pour détecter les kamikazes avant qu'ils ne passent à l'action

Le système de détection et prévention des attaques suicides par ceinture explosive ressemble à une unité radar mobile servant à détecter des avions ou des missiles sur un théâtre d'opérations. (Crédits : Rapiscan)

 

25/12/2015 Par Erick Haehnsen  - LaTribune.fr

 

L'américain Rapiscan Systems commercialise CounterBomber, une station capable de détecter jusqu'à 100 m de distance, en toute sécurité, les personnes sur le point de faire sauter une ceinture d'explosifs.

 

« Initialement, notre technologie a été développée pour des raisons militaires : protéger les soldats et les populations civiles contre les kamikazes qui se font sauter avec une ceinture d'explosifs. Il s'agissait aussi de sécuriser les bâtiments publics, les sites industriels sensibles, les raffineries de pétrole et évidemment les bases militaires, explique Andrew D. Lynch, responsable commercial de CounterBomber Technologies, une startup financée par l'Agence américaine pour les projets de recherche avancée de défense (Darpa), rachetée en 2014 par l'américain Rapiscan Systems et distribuée en France par HTDS. Depuis sept ans, nos systèmes ont été utilisés en Irak et en Afghanistan par l'armée américaine. »

>> Lire aussi : Lutte anti-terroriste : startups et citoyens au secours de l'Etat

Le système de détection et prévention des attaques suicides par ceinture explosive ressemble à une unité radar mobile servant à détecter des avions ou des missiles sur un théâtre d'opérations. En effet, la station, stabilisée sur un trépied, comporte trois antennes radar ainsi que deux caméras vidéo - dont une caméra thermique - assemblées sur une double rotule motorisée qui permet de faire tourner l'ensemble des capteurs de droite à gauche et du haut vers le bas afin d'ajuster la captation à la cible. À cela s'adjoignent une unité d'alimentation - capable de fonctionner sur un groupe électrogène - et un ordinateur portable durci. Andrew D. Lynch reprend :

« Le système assure l'inspection automatique des sujets en marche dès leur entrée dans une zone critique en déterminant rapidement si une personne dissimule un dispositif d'attentat suicide ou une arme potentielle »


Sécuriser les stades, aéroports, gares, hôpitaux et écoles

À 100 m de distance, les capteurs radar et la caméra infrarouge se combinent pour détecter la signature électronique des explosifs ou des armes. Le système envoie alors une alerte. L'opérateur, qui suit la personne suspecte grâce à la caméra vidéo, est en mesure de prendre rapidement les décisions qui s'imposent.

« En parallèle des opérations militaires et des ventes, notre marché s'est développé auprès de sociétés de sécurité privées, tout d'abord en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient, afin de sécuriser des stades, aéroports, gares, hôpitaux et écoles », poursuit M. Lynch qui s'attend à développer ses ventes en Europe et, notamment, en France. D'ailleurs, la société n'hésite pas à proposer des financements en crédit-bail.

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photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

December 27, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The United States recently increased production of its AGM-114 Hellfire missile from 500 to 650 a month. Further increases are planned for 2016. The reason for this is the success Hellfire has had in fighting ISIL (al Qaeda in Iraq and the Levant). Hellfire has been continually improved since the 1980s and now can hit moving targets with great precision. Since ISIL tries to stay mobile and dispersed Hellfire has turned out to be the best weapon to fight them with, especially if you want to avoid civilian casualties. It’s not just American demand for Hellfire that is causing the shortage but also the growing list of other users. Currently South Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, France, Italy and Britain have Hellfire on order and they are being told they will have to wait a bit.

 

Hellfire remains the missile with the track record that you can always depend on and more nations are realizing it. Because of that more recent smaller missiles like Griffin and 70mm guided rockets just never caught on in a big way. In service since 1984, the Hellfire missile has not only proved enormously useful in the war on terror, it has also defeated numerous efforts to replace it with something better. It didn’t help that an improved Hellfire, Hellfire II, appeared in 1994 and over 32,000 have been produced so far. These have been the most frequently used American missiles, with over 18,000 fired in training or (mostly) combat since 2001. Hellfire missiles cost about $100,000 each depending on warhead and guidance system options.

 

Britain produces a Hellfire variant, called Brimstone which is unique mainly in that it can be fire from jets. This version has become very popular as well. Hellfire was originally designed for use by helicopter gunships against masses of Cold War era Russian tanks. That never happened, except in Kuwait during the 1991 war against Russian tanks owned by Iraq. Hellfire was quite successful in Kuwait. With the end of the Cold War the Hellfire seemed destined for the history books, as just another missile that worked but never distinguished itself. This all changed in 2002 when the CIA first used a Hellfire fired from a Predator UAV to kill a hard-to-find terrorist. The U.S. Air Force wasn’t really interested in this sort of thing and the CIA used its own money and authority to buy Predator UAVs and arm them with Hellfires. It quickly became apparent that the air force was wrong about UAVs and, well, the Hellfire was an army weapon used on helicopters and the air force never considered such a combination of UAV and missile useful for anything. The army soon found that Hellfire was an excellent weapon for supporting troops in urban areas or when going after terrorists anywhere.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 16:55
Sentinelle - photo Marine Nationale Armée de Terre ECPAD

Sentinelle - photo Marine Nationale Armée de Terre ECPAD


28.12.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

Lu sur l'agenda de Jean-Yves Le Drian:

 

Mercredi 30 décembre 2015 12h: entretien avec M. François Hollande, Président de la République. Palais de l’Élysée.
Déplacement Sentinelle, à Paris

 

Du jeudi 31 décembre 2015 au dimanche 3 janvier 2016 inclus; déplacement de fin d’année auprès des forces françaises déployées au Proche-Orient dans le cadre de l’opération Chammal.

 

photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

Les forces françaises de l'opération Chammal comprennent deux détachements de l'armée de l'air, l'un en Jordanie, l'autre aux EAU, le groupe aéronaval Charles-de-Gaulle qui croise dans le golfe avant une escale très prochaine, et des formateurs en Irak et au Kurdistan.

L'an dernier, le ministre de la Défense s'était rendu dans la BSS pour y rencontrer les troupes françaises du Tchad (soirée du 31 décembre à N'Djamena), du Niger et du Mali.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 14:30
photo EMA / Marine nationale

photo EMA / Marine nationale

 

December 28, 2015 by CJTF-OIR Release # 20151228-01

 

Military Strikes Continue Against ISIL Terrorists in Syria and Iraq

 

SOUTHWEST ASIA- On Dec. 27, coalition military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Syria and Iraq. In Syria, coalition military forces conducted 16 strikes using attack and remotely piloted aircraft. In Iraq, coalition military forces conducted 21 strikes coordinated with and in support of the Government of Iraq using rocket artillery and fighter, attack, bomber, and remotely piloted aircraft against ISIL targets.

 

The following is a summary of the strikes conducted against ISIL since the last press release:

 

Syria

• Near Hasakah, two strikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL vehicle and an ISIL building.

• Near Ar Raqqah, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

• Near Manbij, eleven strikes struck seven separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL vehicle, an ISIL vehicle borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), an ISIL building, cratered two ISIL-used roads, and damaged an ISIL fighting position.

• Near Mar’a, two strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL staging area.

 

Iraq

• Near Al Baghdadi, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL weapons cache.

• Near Fallujah, one strike struck a large ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL building and an ISIL bunker.

• Near Kisik, three strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL fighting position and an ISIL bulldozer.

• Near Mosul, eight strikes struck six separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed three ISIL vehicles, six ISIL fighting positons, an ISIL heavy machine gun, an ISIL checkpoint, and an ISIL tactical vehicle.

• Near Ramadi, three strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed seven ISIL heavy machine guns, two ISIL RPG positions, an ISIL bulldozer, two ISIL buildings, an ISIL staging area, an ISIL VBIED staging area, denied ISIS access to terrain, and wounded 12 ISIL fighters.

• Near Sinjar, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL fighting position.

• Near Sultan Abdallah, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed three ISIL fighting positions.

• Near Tal Afar, three strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL vehicle and an ISIL assembly area.

 

Strike assessments are based on initial reports. All aircraft returned to base safely.

 

A strike, as defined in the CJTF releases, means one or more kinetic events that occur in roughly the same geographic location to produce a single, sometimes cumulative effect for that location. So having a single aircraft deliver a single weapon against a lone ISIL vehicle is one strike, but so is multiple aircraft delivering dozens of weapons against a group of buildings and vehicles and weapon systems in a compound, for example, having the cumulative effect of making that facility (or facilities) harder or impossible to use. Accordingly, CJTF-OIR does not report the number or type of aircraft employed in a strike, the number of munitions dropped in each strike, or the number of individual munition impact points against a target.

 

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria, and the wider international community.

 

The destruction of ISIL targets in Syria and Iraq further limits the group's ability to project terror and conduct operations. Coalition nations which have conducted strikes in Iraq include Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Coalition nations which have conducted strikes in Syria include Australia, Bahrain, Canada, France, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 13:55
photo Jean-Pierre Delagarde – CMN

photo Jean-Pierre Delagarde – CMN

 

source patrimoine.blog.pelerin.info

 

Nouveau gestionnaire de l’Hôtel de la Marine à compter du 1er janvier 2016, le Centre des Monuments Nationaux (CMN) ouvre exceptionnellement le site au public les 2 et 3 janvier prochain. En attendant une ouverture normale à la visite en 2018…

 

Fort de sa tradition séculaire et de son expérience de l’exploitation de monuments historiques sur l’ensemble du territorial national, le Centre des monuments nationaux (CMN), établissement public sous tutelle du ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, a été désigné en qualité d’opérateur unique de l’Hôtel de la Marine à partir du 1er janvier 2016, après le départ de l’Etat-major de la Marine nationale.

Avant d’y conduire une importante campagne de travaux, le Centre des monuments nationaux propose au public de découvrir les salons d’apparat de l’Hôtel, ainsi qu’une vue imprenable sur Paris depuis la loggia, véritable balcon du pouvoir, au cours de ces deux journées d’ouverture gratuite.

De 10h à 17h, au fil du parcours, les visiteurs pourront s’imprégner de l’ambiance de l’édifice et de ses prestigieux intérieurs, qui ont été occupés par la Marine pendant plus de 200 ans. Le CMN offre ainsi un aperçu unique de ce haut-lieu de l’excellence à la française, avant de préparer son ouverture définitive à l’horizon 2018.

 

Informations pratiques

Entrée libre et gratuite pour tous (sans réservation)
Samedi 2 et dimanche 3 janvier 2016 de 10h à 17h – dernière entrée à 16h30.
Entrée par le 2 Place de la Concorde – 75008 Paris.

Plus d’informations sur www.hotel-de-la-marine.paris

 

L’Hôtel de la Marine

Situé sur la place de la Concorde à Paris, le monument connu sous le nom de l’Hôtel de la Marine a été conçu et réalisé entre 1757 et 1774 par Ange-Jacques Gabriel. Initialement Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (ancêtre du Mobilier national), il a été le théâtre d’événements historiques importants, telle l’abolition définitive de l’esclavage en France en 1848. Pillé en 1789, il devient à cette période le lieu d’installation du Secrétariat d’Etat à la Marine, qui lui a donné son nom. Il n’a cessé d’être le siège du commandement et de l’administration de la Marine jusqu’au 31 décembre 2015.

Le Centre des monuments nationaux ouvrira le monument à la visite en 2018.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 12:55
Le CRR-FR accueille le CEMAT Crédits Armée de Terre

Le CRR-FR accueille le CEMAT Crédits Armée de Terre

 

26/12/2015 Armée de Terre

 

Cette année 2015 marque le 10e anniversaire du Corps de réaction rapide de Lille. A cette occasion, le chef d'Etat-major de l'armée de Terre, le général Bosser, a tenu à réaffirmer la place prépondérante accordée à cet état-major dans le nouveau projet de l'armée de Terre "Au Contact "

 

Dans le nouveau modèle, l'emploi traditionnel du CRR-Fr est maintenu , affirme le CEMAT.  J'aimerais le valoriser encore plus et lui donner de nouvelle missions, précise-t-il.

 

Le CRR-Fr garantit en effet au CEMAT de disposer d'un Etat-major déployé dans un large panel d'opérations, au profit de la France (BARKHANE, SENTINELLE), de l'OTAN (entraînements, périodes d'alertes, opérations) ou de toute autre coalition.

La visite du général Bosser s'inscrit également dans le cadre de la nouvelle certification OTAN laquelle travaille le CRR-Fr, pour une prise d'alerte en 2017. Enfin, le CRR-Fr arme pour un an (relève en cours) la majeure partie du PCIAT (poste de commandement interarmées de théâtre) de l'opération BARKHANE, et assure des relèves sur le PC de l'opération SENTINELLE au camp des Loges.

Le CRR FR représente ainsi un élément essentiel de la participation de l'armée de Terre au sein de l'OTAN.

 

Sa place au sein de la force Scorpion dans le modèle "Au Contact" en est la preuve.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 12:45
photo EMA

photo EMA

 

27/12/2015 Sources : Etat-major des armées

 

Au début du mois de décembre 2015, la force Barkhane est venue apporter son appui à une opération menée conjointement par le Mali et la Mauritanie, l’opération Lukcham. Face aux groupes armés terroristes, souvent très mobiles et s’affranchissant des frontières, les pays du G5 Sahel ont décidé de joindre leurs forces en planifiant des opérations conjointes transfrontalières.

 

Planifiées, organisées et coordonnées par les forces du G5 Sahel, elles peuvent couvrir une zone de deux ou trois frontières. L’opération Lukcham organisée à l’Ouest de Tombouctou a répondu à cette logique, en coordonnant les forces armées maliennes et mauritaniennes de part et d’autre de la frontière, sur des missions de reconnaissance, de bouclage et de ratissage de zone. Les forces partenaires, appuyées au Mali par un détachement de Barkhane, étaient commandées depuis un Poste de commandement (PC) tripartite situé à Tombouctou.

 

Le G5 Sahel travaille depuis plusieurs mois à renforcer la coopération sécuritaire régionale. Une charte, récemment signée par les chefs d’état-major des pays du G5 Sahel, précise le volet militaire de la coopération transfrontalière. Le cadre juridique ainsi créé a été reconnu officiellement le 8 décembre 2015 par une déclaration du président du conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies. La présence de l’ensemble des hautes autorités civiles et militaires de la région lors d’une visite du PC tripartite le 16 décembre 2015, souligne l’importance de cet engagement régional contre le terrorisme.

 

Depuis le 1er août 2014, la force Barkhane a mené plus de 100 opérations d’appui aux forces partenaires du G5 Sahel.

 

L’opération Barkhane regroupe 3 500 militaires dont la mission, en partenariat avec les pays du G5 Sahel, consiste à  lutter contre les groupes armés terroristes pouvant agir dans la bande sahélo-saharienne.

photo EMA

photo EMA

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 12:35
Rafale close-up photo Anthony Pecchi - Dassault Aviation

Rafale close-up photo Anthony Pecchi - Dassault Aviation

 

NEW DELHI, 27 décembre (Xinhua)

 

L'Inde pourrait signer un pacte de défense majeur avec la France lors de la visite du président français François Hollande en janvier 2016, ont indiqué dimanche certaines sources.

 

"Un accord de défense entre les deux pays pourrait être signé pour 36 avions de combat Rafale", ont fait savoir les mêmes sources sous couvert d'anonymat, ajoutant que le ministère de la Défense n'a toujours pas révélé de détails.

 

L'Inde avait déjà fait part de son intention d'acheter les Rafale à la France lors de la visite du Premier ministre Narendra Modi à Paris en avril dernier.

 

Même le général Arup Raha, chef de l'armée de l'air indienne, a déclaré en octobre être optimiste concernant une finalisation de l'accord d'ici la fin de cette année.

 

Toujours selon les mêmes sources, le président français se rendra en Inde en tant qu'invité d'honneur pour les célébrations du Jour de la République le 26 janvier.

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Irak: l'armée annonce la «libération» totale de Ramadi

 

28/12/2015 Par Lefigaro.fr avec AFP

 

Les forces irakiennes ont libéré aujourd'hui la ville de Ramadi, à l'ouest de Bagdad, et levé le drapeau national sur le complexe gouvernemental, a indiqué le commandement irakien des opérations.

 

"Ramadi a été libérée et les forces armées du contre-terrorisme ont dressé le drapeau sur le siège gouvernemental", s'est félicité le général de brigade Yahya Rassool sur la télévision d'Etat.

 

La ville était aux mains de l'État islamique depuis le mois de ma dernier. Cette reprise constitue la plus importante victoire de l'armée régulière face aux djihadistes, qui l'avaient mise en déroute en s'emparant d'un tiers du territoire irakien il y a dix-huit mois.

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Une batterie du système anti-missile Dôme de Fer, au sud d'Israël, en 2012 - photo IDF

Une batterie du système anti-missile Dôme de Fer, au sud d'Israël, en 2012 - photo IDF

 

27.12.2015 i24news.tv
 

Yair Ramati, chef de l'Organisation israélienne des missiles de défense, a été évincé pour infractions sérieuses liées à la sécurité de l'information a déclaré dimanche le ministère de la Défense, Moshe Ya'alon, selon le quotidien israélien Maariv.

Ramati a occupé ce poste pendant quatre ans, et a supervisé le développement et la construction du système de défense "Dôme de fer", "la fronde David, ainsi que du système antimissile "arrow", et a récemment dirigé une série d'expériences sur ces systèmes.

"Ramati a contribué largement à l'établissement de la défense", a déclaré le ministre de la défense.

"Nous lui souhaitons une bonne continuation", a-t-il ajouté, sans apporter plus de détails sur les raisons de son éviction.

Ramati avait déclaré au mois décembre que le système antimissile "Fronde de David" avait réussi ses derniers tests en Israël et devrait être prêt à être déployé en 2016 dans le cadre des efforts de l'Etat hébreu à se défendre face aux menaces régionales.

Ce système d'interception d'engins à moyenne portée, développé avec le soutien des Etats-Unis, doit être remis à l'armée de l'air israélienne "à la fin du premier trimestre 2016", a déclaré Yair Ramati.

La "Fronde de David" représente un système intermédiaire entre celui appelé "Arrow 2", doté de missiles antimissile à longue portée, et les batteries d'interception de roquettes à courte portée "Dôme de fer".

Il a été développé par Rafael Advanced Defence Systems, un groupe israélien spécialisé dans l'armement, et la compagnie américaine Raytheon.

Israël avait déjà annoncé le 10 décembre avoir procédé avec succès à l'interception d'un missile factice au-dessus de la Méditerranée avec son système antimissile Arrow 3, développé avec les Etats-Unis.

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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 12:30
photo UK MoD

photo UK MoD

Defence HQ

 

 

British forces have continued to conduct air operations in the fight against Daesh
 

Operations against the Daesh terrorist network have continued at a high intensity over the holiday period, with Royal Air Force aircraft conducting air strikes in Syria and Iraq, particularly in support of successful Iraqi operations in Ramadi.

 

Armed reconnaissance missions have been flown daily by RAF Tornado GR4, Typhoon FGR4, and Reaper aircraft, focusing on supporting the Iraqi security forces during their offensive operations in Ramadi, and also in northern Iraq in the area around Mosul. On Wednesday 23 December, a Typhoon patrol to the east of Mosul conducted a total of six successful attacks with eight Paveway IV precision guided bombs, which destroyed four terrorist-held buildings and a tunnel, including ammunitions stores, several heavy machine-guns, and a sniper position. Further south, two flights of Tornado GR4s were contributing to the coalition air effort which supported the Iraqi army’s offensive into the centre of Ramadi. The Tornados conducted six attacks, again with Paveway IVs, and although on every occasion Iraqi forces were in very close proximity to the terrorist targets, careful planning and the accuracy of the weapons allowed all six attacks to be a success. The Tornados’ targets included three terrorist teams armed with rocket-propelled grenades, a sniper position, a Daesh group in close combat with Iraqi troops, and a large group of at least 17 terrorists, who suffered a direct hit. That night, a further pair of Tornados patrolled over Mosul, and destroyed two Daesh-held buildings with Paveways.

Thursday 24 December saw Typhoons operating near Mosul, where they destroyed another Daesh building with a Paveway, whilst over Ramadi, two pairs of Tornados again provided close air support to the Iraqi troops. The GR4s worked closely with other coalition aircraft to deliver two successful Paveway attacks on groups of terrorist fighters.

Missions continued on Christmas Day, with Tornados maintaining close air support over Ramadi. Once again working closely with other coalition aircraft, they used Paveway IVs against two terrorist teams, an anti-aircraft gun, and a massed Daesh group who were assembling for an attempted counter-attack on the successful Iraqi advance. Meanwhile, over Syria, an RAF Reaper struck a Daesh checkpoint south of Raqqa with a Hellfire missile. On Saturday 26 December, another Reaper patrolled over northern Iraq, where it destroyed a terrorist vehicle with a Hellfire, then supported a coalition air strike on a Daesh tunnel entrance.

RAF operations on Sunday 27 December focused largely on northern Iraq, with Typhoons using Paveway bombs to engage an armoured vehicle and mortar teams in the area of Tal Afar and Kisik. South-west of Mosul, a Tornado flight destroyed two terrorist-occupied buildings with Paveway IVs, then attacked a group of extremists in the open. A second Typhoon patrol over the northern region assisted Kurdish peshmerga in close combat with Daesh, striking two terrorist groups with Paveway IVs.

 

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