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8 août 2014 5 08 /08 /août /2014 07:40
Le croiseur américain Vella Gulf en mer Noire (US Navy)

 

MOSCOU, 7 août - RIA Novosti

 

Le croiseur lance-missiles américain USS Vella Gulf est entré jeudi en mer Noire "dans le but de garantir la paix et la stabilité dans la région", annoncent les forces navales des Etats-Unis dans un communiqué.

 

"La mission du croiseur Vella Gulf consiste dans l'amélioration de l'interaction opérationnelle, dans le travail sur l'exécution des tâches communes et cherche à confirmer l'attachement des Etats-Unis au renforcement de la sécurité collective des alliés de l'Otan et des partenaires dans la région", indique la source. 

 

Aux termes de la Convention de Montreux signée en 1936, le tonnage global des bâtiments de guerre des puissances non riveraines de la mer Noire est limité à 30.000 tonnes et la durée de leur présence à 21 jours au maximum.

 

Auparavant, la frégate américaine USS Taylor a violé la convention en dépassant de 11 jours la date limite de séjour en mer Noire. Selon Mikhaïl Nenachev, président du Mouvement public de soutien à la flotte russe, le déploiement de navires de l'Otan en mer Noire est encore une preuve d'"une pression agressive sur la Russie". 

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8 août 2014 5 08 /08 /août /2014 07:30
Liban : Partage des connaissances entre contingents alliés

 

07/08/2014 International

 

Le 25 juillet 2014 à Shama, sur le camp ONU finno-irlandais, l’équipe EOD (Explosive OrdnanceDisposal) de la Force Commander Reserve (FCR) a participé à un échange avec ses homologues du secteur ouest de la Force Intérimaire des Nations-Unies au Liban (FINUL).

 

Lors de cette journée, les équipes EOD des contingents français, belges, italiens et finlandais se sont retrouvées autour de thèmes d’intérêts communs tels que le danger des engins explosifs improvisés (EEI), et la pollution du champ de bataille. En effet, le Liban est encore un pays particulièrement touché par des accidents liés aux UXO (unexploded ordnance).

 

Les équipes EOD ont ainsi pu échanger sur leurs connaissances, leur savoir-faire et leur expérience, tout en se familiarisant avec les techniques et matériels des autres nations, et en partageant leurs compétences avec les différents contingents présents.

Cette rencontre fut également l’occasion pour les militaires français de partager des données techniques en rapport avec la découverte d’un des derniers sites de lancement de roquettes.

 

Forte de près de 900 hommes et femmes, la FCR est directement placée sous les ordres du général Luciano Portolano commandant la FINUL. Elle est l’élément d’intervention d’urgence de la force et est stationnée à Dayr Kifa, à 43 kilomètres au nord-est de Naqoura. Elle est en mesure d’intervenir sur court préavis dans toute la zone d’opération de la FINUL pour faire appliquer la résolution 1701 du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies. Réserve d’intervention opérationnelle, elle travaille en collaboration et coordination étroites avec les forces armées libanaises (FAL).

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 12:50
Hot Blade 2014 Interview: "We know we should train the way we fight"


22 july 2014 - European Defence Agency
 

One week into exercise "Hot Blade 2014" launched July 16 in Portugal, EDA Programme Manager Andy Gray discusses the main objectives and operational benefits of the event.

 

What are the main objectives of Hot Blade 2014 ?

Since we started work on the multinational helicopter exercises in 2009, we’ve always tried to achieve the same basic set of objectives. First, we’re trying to improve interoperability between our Member States’ helicopter crews, because there is a very good chance that they will have to work together on the same battlefield in the years to come – and we truly mean working together, integrating national capabilities into a multination coalition, not the just the deconfliction that has been used in the past.  We’re also working on improving individual skills, and in order to achieve that we need a training environment that replicates as closely as possible the conditions that we might find in a given theatre of operations. 

Here in Portugal, we naturally focus on “hot, high & dusty” conditions, not unlike the ones you could find in Afghanistan or in some parts of Africa, but we also intend to practice in other environments, for instance extreme cold.  The overarching objective is really quite simple. Future operations will be coalition operations and we know we should train the way we fight, so we must train together. We need to learn how to work together today, in a controlled environment, not tomorrow, when we have already been deployed and have hostile forces to worry about. 

 

Are there specific outputs expected from this year’s event ?

We have to be careful not to increase the complexity of each exercise too much as each time it is a new set of crews and you need to build the exercise to suit them. My main output will always be to see the crews experience and competency improve. For Hot Blade, this specifically addresses the ability to lead a large-scale multinational mission – this is very hard for them to organise at home and so the exercise is designed to give them that opportunity.  Within that we also have specific individual training objectives: for instance, the Netherlands use Hot Blade for its low visibility landing training – its “dust landing” training.  This is particularly important to them, as these are the conditions they are encountering in Mali – the Dutch Detachment Commander here deploys to Mali in September. We are always aware that the exercise should have a direct link to the operational needs of the participants and again this is at the heart of the exercise design.  

A particularly pleasing aspect of this year’s exercises is the participation of infantry from Netherlands and Germany.  One of the reasons I am so focussed on aircrew training is that on operations we place our soldiers in each other’s aircraft.  We need to make sure that all crews on a coalition, no matter what flag they have on their uniform, are capable of completing the mission safely and competently.  We have recognised standards for the aircraft, but not for the pilots that fly them.  I think this is necessary and that we owe it to our troops to understand the capabilities of our coalition partners. There is no high level agreement in place, so we are trying to build this understanding from the bottom up. 

 

Could you describe some of the missions that have been conducted in Ovar so far in a little more detail?

We have already launched two large scale Composite Air Operations (COMAOs).   Each detachment takes a turn in leading the mission; the first was led by Portugal and the latest one by the UK.  Today’s main mission is CSAR (Combat Search and Rescue) extraction, but there are sub-missions, which have been planned to pull the “enemy” focus away from the main event.  These include suppression of a mortar position and a potential seizure of a high value target, possible through a vehicle interdiction. The scenario and the mission are complex and are conducted in a fluid, ill-defined context – very much like real life. The main mission package today shows how integrated the forces are as it involves four Portuguese F-16, providing over-watch and Close Air Support; two Belgian A109 providing escort to a Portuguese EH -101, which will do the CSAR pick up. The diversionary attacks will be carried out by two British Pumas, two Dutch CH-47 Chinooks, three Austrian AB212 and five German UH1-Ds carrying infantry from Portugal, Germany and the Netherlands. And this is only the second COMAO, so the complexity of these missions will increase as the exercise progresses. 

 

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 12:50
Hot Blade 2014 meets all training objectives

 

31 July 2014 - European Defence Agency

 

Hot Blade 2014, the seventh helicopter exercise organised by the European Defence Agency, was formally closed on 30 July in Ovar airbase, Portugal. All training aims were met and the event was praised by senior national representatives.

 

At exercise close, a total of 827 hours had been flown on 362 aircraft sorties. Twenty-five helicopters from six different nations took part in Hot Blade 2014 from 16-30 July. “All training aims were met with the assistance of a small team of highly qualified tactics instructors coming from the sister HTIC programme”, Andy Gray, EDA Helicopters Programme Manager, points out.

The largest helicopter exercise organised this year in Europe, Hot Blade 2014 has allowed participating crews to qualify as COMAO (Combined Air Operations) lead and conduct joint and combined air assault missions (with Portuguese, German and Dutch ground troops operating together in mixed units), while at the same time providing individual training with nations qualifying their pilots in dust landings, night vision operations and fighter evasion.

 

Positive feedback.

Expressed in a “hot wash-up” meeting, the immediate feedback from the exercise was extremely positive. Senior national representatives confirmed that the experience of working together with other nations and practicing large-scale joint and combined missions just could not have been achieved by working alone. They agreed that these exercises are truly enhancing the helicopter capability within Europe.

“Over the last three years, the professionalism, enthusiasm and friendliness of our hosts has allowed the exercise to develop and grow”, adds Andy Gray, reflecting on Portugal’s major contribution to the success of EDA's Helicopter Exercise Programme. Next year’s event, called “Italian Blade”, will take place in June 2015 in Viterbo airbase, about 80 kilometres north of Rome.

 

Background

The European Defence Agency’s efforts in the field of helicopter capabilities also include the Helicopters Tactics Course (HTC), the Helicopter Tactics Instructor Course (HTIC), the OELC (Operational English Language Course) and the Basic Helicopter Flying Training (BHFT) initiative.

The first EDA-supported multinational helicopter exercise took place in Gap (France) in March 2009. It has since been followed by six subsequent exercises of various scope and size, held in Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The Helicopter Exercise Programme arrangement has been signed by twelve Member States in November 2012 for a period of ten years. Future editions are expected to take place in Italy and Finland.

 

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 12:50
From MNTEL to JDEAL: Counter-IED lab arrives in the Netherlands

 

Soesterberg - 29 July, 2014 European Defence Agency
 

The EDA-developed Multinational Theatre Exploitation Laboratory Demonstrator, or MNTEL (D), arrived in the Netherlands on 24 July from Afghanistan, where it was deployed since 2011.

 

The laboratory will now form part of a new EDA-supported initiative, the Joint Deployable Exploitation and Analysis Laboratory (JDEAL), providing a permanent technical exploitation training facility in the Netherlands to support counter-IED (Improvised Explosive Devices) efforts. JDEAL will also provide up to two deployable Level 2 technical exploitation labs which will be available for international missions and operations involving the Member States participating in the project.

 

Building on the experiences of Afghanistan

The MNTEL (D) has been located in Kabul since November 2011, initially at Camp Warehouse at the operations centre for the multinational International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), and then at Kabul International Airport since March 2013. In the Afghanistan Theatre of Operations it was under French management, which assumed lead nation responsibility for the project. During its deployment more than 6,000 exhibits were forensically examined.

 

From MNTEL to JDEAL

The equipment from the MNTEL will now be moved to Soesterberg, Netherlands where the new JDEAL training facility will be located. The Netherlands will act as lead nation for the new project, which will officially launch in September 2014. This redeployment has been carried out according to the detailed exit strategy planned and has been completed ahead of the fixed deadlines.

 

Continuing the fight against IEDs

Improvised Explosive Devices have been the single largest killer of coalition soldiers by a significant margin, and have also killed and injured thousands of the local Afghan population. The MNTEL (D) has proved an effective tool in the fight against IEDs, and the follow on JDEAL initiative will ensure that the capability, and that the lessons learned and experience gained in Afghanistan, will continue to be used for this purpose. 

 

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 12:50
Sanctions contre la Russie: l'avenir s'assombrit pour Rheinmetall

L'équipement du fantassin Gladius équipe les soldats de l'armée de terre allemande. Crédit: Rheinmetall AG Düsseldorf

 

07/08/2014 Par Véronique Guillermard

 

Le gouvernement allemand interdit au fabricant de matériels militaires terrestres Rheinmetall d'exporter en Russie. Berlin a bloqué un contrat d'une valeur estimée à 100 millions d'euros.

 

Les nuages s'accumulent au dessus de Rheinmetall. Le groupe présent dans l'automobile et l'armement terrestre a revu, aujourd'hui, à la baisse ses perspectives pour 2014, en contrecoup de la décision du gouvernement allemand de bloquer son activité en Russie. Le chiffre d'affaires de l'activité défense ne devrait pas dépasser 2,3 milliards d'euros au lieu des 2,5 à 2,6 milliards attendus cette année.

 

En début de semaine, l'Allemagne a durci son train de sanctions contre la Russie dans le cadre de la crise ukrainienne. Sigmar Gabriel, le ministre de l'Économie allemand, a retiré à Rheinmetall sa licence d'exportation d'un centre d'entraînement et de formation militaire. Un contrat estimé à 100 millions d'euros. Un coup dur pour le fabricant de blindés, canons et autres équipements pour fantassins. D'autant que si les Européens ont décidé de ne plus exporter d'armements en Russie, cette sanction ne devait s'appliquer qu'aux nouveaux contrats. Rheinmetall a aussitôt réagi. Sa direction va explorer «toutes les possibilités juridiques» et n'exclut pas de demander au gouvernement allemand des indemnités.

 

Pression sur la France et les Mistral russes

 

En prenant une mesure rétroactive, Berlin accentue, en outre, sa pression sur la France, sommée par plusieurs pays européens, Grande-Bretagne en tête, ainsi que par les États-Unis de ne pas livrer, cet automne, le premier des deux Mistral russes commandés par Moscou en 2011, pour 1,2 milliard d'euros.

 

Rheinmetall voit sa stratégie d'expansion en Russie contrariée. Or, c'est un des pays que le groupe allemand ciblait pour booster ses exportations hors d'Europe, où il ambitionne de prendre 50 % de ses commandes nouvelles d'ici à 2015. «Alors que les dépenses militaires baissent en Europe et aux États-Unis, d'autres pays tels que la Russie, le Brésil et l'Asie les augmentent. Notre objectif est d'augmenter notre présence dans ces régions en croissance», expliquait la direction du groupe dans son rapport annuel 2013.

 

Tentative pour faire capoter l'alliance Nexter-KMW

 

Bloqué en Russie, Rheinmetall est aussi en mauvaise posture depuis l'annonce, le 2 juillet dernier, des fiançailles entre son homologue, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW), et le français Nexter. Les deux groupes sont entrés en négociations exclusives afin de former le numéro un européen de l'armement terrestre d'ici à fin 2014-début 2015. Depuis plusieurs semaines, Rheinmetall se démène pour faire capoter ce futur Airbus des blindés. Il préparerait une offre sur KMW avec lequel il coopère pour la fabrication de plusieurs blindés dont les chars Puma. Jusqu'ici les négociations menées par le passé par les deux entreprises allemandes ont toujours tourné court. Et côté gouvernement français, on reste très confiant dans la capacité des deux entreprises et de leurs actionnaires - l'État français et la famille Bode-Wegmann - d'aboutir.

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 12:20
photo USMC

photo USMC

 

17 juillet, 2014 Frédéric Lert (FOB)

 

Les Marines l’appellent le UHAC, pour Ultra Heavy-lift Amphibious Connector. C’est la dernière idée en date dans la longue quête pour trouver le véhicule idéal pour faire la jonction entre le navire d’assaut et les plages de l’état voyou qui aurait mérité une bonne correction. Le DUKW, camion GMC amphibie de la seconde guerre mondiale, ferait figure de jouet en comparaison du monstre qui se prépare dans les ateliers de l’Empire.

 

Un prototype à échelle ½  de l’UHAC a été engagé la semaine dernière à Hawaï pendant l’exercice RIMPAC 2014. L’engin a participé à des mises à terre depuis le navire de débarquement USS Rushmore vers les plages d’entrainement de l’US Marines Corps à Oahu (Hawaï).

 

L’UHAC a été proposé initialement par le chantier naval hawaïen Navatek sous l’égide du Marine Corps Warfighting Lab. Un premier véhicule à l’échelle 1/20, puis un second au ¼ ont permis de tester le concept. Un financement de l’Office of Naval Research a ensuite permis la fabrication de cette troisième itération à échelle réduite. Quand il aura atteint sa taille adulte, l’UHAC devra être capable d’emporter simultanément trois ou quatre véhicules blindés. C’est trois fois plus que les LCAC sur coussin d’air actuellement utilisés, avec une mobilité supérieur à terre et notamment la capacité de franchir des obstacles verticaux. La botte secrète du véhicule tient dans son système de propulsion : les plaques fixées à la chenille enveloppante se déploient et servent à la propulsion dans l’eau, à la manière des antiques roues à aube. Une fois à terre, elles viennent se plaquer les unes aux autres, formant un support stable au véhicule qui avance alors sur des échasses… Une belle image valant mieux qu’un long discours confus, on peut voir l’engin dans ses œuvres ici.

 

S’il devait un jour entrer en service, l’engin serait bien entendu blindé et hérissé de mitrailleuses.

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 07:45
Nigeria: les femmes, "bombes humaines" de Boko Haram

 

06/08/2014 Par LEXPRESS.fr

 

Les femmes sont devenues les nouvelles armes de guerre de la secte islamiste Boko Haram. Le sort des 200 jeunes filles enlevées en avril inquiète d'autant plus.

 

Les adolescentes kidnappées au Nigeria sont-elles destinées par Boko Haram à devenir des bombes humaines? La question, troublante, est posée par de nombreux internautes sur les réseaux sociaux, remarque la BBC.

 

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 07:45
Challenges ahead if SA wants to be Africa's military superpower

 

 

06 August 2014 by Helmoed Römer Heitman, Independent Military and Defence Analyst – ISS Africa

 

South Africa has big plans to expand its involvement in Africa. To implement these, defence minister Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula has a vision and a 400-page Defence Review to guide her developing the capabilities of the SANDF to match national, regional and continental roles envisaged by cabinet and the Presidency.

 

Yet she will need support and additional funds: quite a lot of it too, judging by the recommendations in the review.

 

The border security mission presents challenges in terms of present force levels, equipment and funding – up to R1 billion extra will be required to fully equip, deploy and sustain a further 11 companies for deployment to the border, as the minister intends.

 

Indications are that if all goes according to plan, the SANDF could be up to speed to fulfil its commitments at its borders and in the region by 2023. Only then will the real work of renewing the force capabilities start in earnest.

 

In her budget speech on 23 July, Mapisa-Nqakula said: ‘It is also going to be important that the implementation of the Defence Review takes into consideration the tasks and commitments for defence arising from the New National Security Strategy.’ This crucial document, which has been many years in the making, should be the central document to shape policy regarding South Africa’s political, military and diplomatic roles and engagement. Approved by government earlier this year, it has still not been made public – which hinders its role as a policy tool.

 

Government has, meanwhile, tasked the Army with forming a combat group for employment as part of the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC), which will in time become the intervention capability envisaged in the Defence Review.

 

In her speech, the minister reiterated the main responsibilities of the SANDF, which include, among others, defending and protecting South Africa, safeguarding its borders and infrastructure and promoting peace and security in Africa. South Africa’s regional role thus remains central to policy, the only question being to which level this is to be pursued.

 

In this regard, the Defence Review’s baseline of three long-term battalion or combat group peace support operations is derived from an assessment of government’s intent and on past experience. For several years, South Africa had battalions in Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Darfur simultaneously, plus a brief battalion-strength deployment in the Comoros.

 

The minister also referred to the five milestones proposed in the Defence Review as the basis for planning. These are to arrest the decline of the SANDF; to rebalance the force by reprioritising; to ensure capacity meets current needs; to develop capacity to meet future challenges and to build the strength to deal with a limited war. The fifth only becomes relevant in the event of a major strategic shift, but the first two fall within the current five-year medium-term strategic framework.

 

However, the current defence budget – and the budgets forecast for the next two years – will not provide sufficient funding to do that. But, as the minister remarked, ‘many aspects … can be pursued in the short term without additional funding.’ These include various measures to lay the groundwork for the future development of the defence force. In reality, some of these have already been initiated – such as planning for restructuring within the Army. However, it is never without cost, and is more about reprioritising expenditure.

 

The current, short-term programme focuses on succession planning and renewal within the SANDF, and will, in fact, not require much funding in addition to what is needed for proper training and maintenance. Once these aspects have been addressed – and this should be done promptly – funding will have to increase to start the rebuilding. An immediate challenge is, however, the current shortfall in the present defence budget, due to both legacy issues and new operational activities, such as unfunded ACIRC preparations, sustainment of current missions and staff structure.

 

Considering the intent expressed in the budget speech along with what the Defence Review envisages for the first two milestones, relatively limited growth in defence funding should suffice during the current medium-term strategic framework. Real growth will, however, be needed in the second part of the period.

 

The targets set in the Defence Review for Milestone 1 (by 2015/16) that are relevant to the regional peace support role include enhanced strategic awareness capability, which includes expanding and enhancing the Special Forces capability; establishing a permanent forward base in Africa; re-establishing or enhancing a tactical airfield unit capability and a naval port-operating capability; and ensuring that troop contribution obligations are maintained at the standard whereby reimbursement from the United Nations is guaranteed.

 

This is over and above present deployments, which would continue at the same levels. These include the battalion in Darfur, the battalion group and other elements in the DRC, the patrol station in the Mozambique Channel and some smaller elements.

 

The targets set in Milestone 2 (by 2018/19) that pertain to the regional peace support role include developing a joint rapid response intervention capability; simultaneous renewal of the medium and light airlift; in-flight refuelling and air-ambulance capability and enhancing the medium helicopter lift capability. It also includes extended maritime protection capability. Again, this is over and above the present deployments that would continue, and over and above what is set out for Milestone 1.

 

Depending on the detailed force structure and chosen design, and the level of border patrolling to be reached within this period, these interventions and capability targets should be attainable at about 1,4% of the current gross domestic product (GDP), which is about 25% to 30% more than the present funding level.

 

This, however, only creates the basis for an expanded regional peace support operations capability. The actual development of that capability would begin in the second medium-term strategic framework. To evaluate the 2014 budget against South Africa’s regional capability one must also consider this second period, during which the Defence Force would be expected to attain the capabilities of Milestone 3.

 

This would, again depending on the detail and the required border security deployment, take the defence budget to about 1,6% of the current GDP, or 46% higher than the present funding level.

 

By the end of the second medium-term strategic framework – 2023 – the Defence Force would be capable of sustaining three long-term combat group level peace support operations, conducting maritime security patrols in Southern African Development Community (SADC) waters, and conducting a short-term brigade strength intervention operation using air- or sealift. This would be in addition to border safeguarding and patrols of South Africa’s own waters.

 

Only in the period after 2023 would the Defence Force begin with major renewal of conventional force capabilities to be able to respond to a serious challenge in the region. That would see defence funding rising to about 2,4% of the present GDP. While this envisaged defence strategy is desperately needed, and can be seen as a blueprint to transform the defence force into an organisation that will have at least minimum capabilities for its projected role and responsibilities, the big question remains how this will be done.

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7 août 2014 4 07 /08 /août /2014 07:40
Frappe à Donetsk alors que l'OTAN craint une intervention russe

 

06.08.2014 Romandie.com (ats)

 

Donetsk, fief des séparatistes prorusses dans l'est de l'Ukraine, a subi mercredi une frappe aérienne non revendiquée. Cette attaque inédite est intervenue alors que l'armée ukrainienne intensifie ses manoeuvres pour reprendre la ville et que la Russie aurait massé environ 20'000 soldats près de la frontière.

 

A Donetsk, la nuit a été marquée par des tirs d'artillerie dans les faubourgs ouest de Petrovski et Kirovski et une frappe aérienne non loin du centre-ville, la première depuis les bombardements en mai de l'armée ukrainienne pour chasser les rebelles de l'aéroport international de Donetsk. L'armée ukrainienne a rejeté toute responsabilité pour cette frappe en affirmant ne pas avoir "bombardé Donetsk".

 

Une journaliste de l'AFP sur place a vu un profond cratère à sept kilomètres du centre-ville où, selon les habitants, se trouve une des bases rebelles. L'entrée d'un des nombreux entrepôts a été gravement endommagée par l'explosion qui a soufflé les vitres de trois immeubles de bureaux à proximité.

 

Cette frappe n'a "pas fait de victimes civiles", selon la mairie qui fait état de trois civils tués en 24 heures dans des tirs d'artillerie touchant d'autres districts de la ville. En début d'après-midi mercredi, des journalistes de l'AFP dans le centre-ville ont entendu le son de nouveaux survols à basse altitude.

 

Poutine limite les importations

 

Les combats s'intensifient depuis plusieurs jours autour de Donetsk, la plus grande ville du bassin houiller du Donbass. La stratégie affichée par Kiev est d'isoler les insurgés à Donetsk jusqu'à épuisement de leurs ressources. L'objectif est de les couper de la frontière russe par laquelle transitent, selon l'Ukraine et les Occidentaux, armes et combattants, ce qui explique les sanctions économiques sans précédent imposées à la Russie.

 

En riposte à ces mesures, Vladimir Poutine a ordonné d'"interdire ou de limiter pour un an" les importations de certains produits agroalimentaires en provenance des pays sanctionnant la Russie.

 

La Russie a massé environ 20'000 soldats près de la frontière avec l'Ukraine et pourrait prétexter une mission humanitaire ou de maintien de la paix pour envahir l'est de ce pays, a indiqué de son côté l'OTAN mercredi dans un communiqué. La Russie a démenti un tel mouvement de troupes.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 20:35
Harold_J._Greene photo US Army

Harold_J._Greene photo US Army

 

6 août 2014 45eNord.ca (AFP)

 

Le meurtre mardi d’un général américain par un soldat afghan va renforcer la méfiance qui régnait déjà entre les deux armées, mais sans remettre en cause la formation des militaires afghans qui reste une priorité pour Washington et l’OTAN, sur le point de retirer ses troupes.

 

Le général de division Harold J. Greene, le plus haut gradé américain tombé sur un théâtre d’opération depuis la guerre du Vietnam, est mort sous les balles d’un soldat afghan qui a ouvert le feu lors d’une rencontre entre des troupes afghanes et leur alliés de l’OTAN.

L’assaillant, dont les motivations exactes restaient inconnues mercredi, a également blessé une quinzaine d’autres militaires.

Cette attaque menace de compliquer davantage la tâche des soldats de l’OTAN pendant leurs derniers mois de présence sur le sol afghan, jusqu’à leur retrait prévu en fin d’année.

 

Suite de l'article

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 19:50
Boeing Wins Upgrade Contract for NATO AWACS


Aug. 6, 2014 – Defense News
 

WASHINGTON — Boeing has been awarded a $250 million contract to upgrade NATO’s fleet of E-3A airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft, the company announced Wednesday.

The avionics upgrades, designed to meet compliance with future aircraft regulations, will go on 13 of the 17 AWACS operated by the alliance. Those modifications will begin in 2016 with a 2018 completion date.

Perhaps most notably, the upgrades will also reduce the number of crew used on each plane from four to three, which will help reduce operating costs.

“Increasing airspace access means greater mission efficiency by saving time and fuel during operations,” Jon Hunsberger, Boeing AWACS program manager, said in a press release announcing the news. “The improvements also provide the pilot and co-pilot user-friendly and customizable engine, navigation and radar data.”

This is the second major upgrade for the NATO AWACS fleet announced in the last month.

At July’s Farnborough International Airshow, simulation company CAE announced it had been awarded a contract to upgrade NATO’s simulators. That deal is worth around $20 million, according to a source familiar with the agreement.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 19:45
Centrafrique : 37 morts dans les combats

 

 6 août, 2014 – BBC Afrique

 

 

Les combats ont opposé les forces françaises aux combattants ex-seleka dans le nord de la République centrafricaine lundi.

 

Trente-sept personnes y ont perdu la vie dont vingt-neuf civiles et huit membres de l'ex-coalition seleka. Quatorze personnes seraient blessées dont neuf civils. Ces chiffres ont été donnés par le porte-parole de l'aile militaire, le capitaine Ibrahim Ahmat Nadjab.

 

Les affrontements entre les combattants de l'ex rebellion Seleka et les forces françaises de l'opération Sangaris ont eu lieu pendant plusieurs heures le lundi à Batan-Gafo, dans le Nord de la Centrafrique.

 

L'Etat-major de l'armée française de son côté assure qu'aucune victime n'a été enregistrée dans les troupes françaises, au cours de ces combats.

 

Les soldats français accusent les ex-seleka de les avoir violement attaqués. Un groupe de cent personnes auraient agi de manière coordonnée. Pour en venir à bout, les soldats français ont du faire usage de moyens aériens.

 

Le porte-parole de l'aile militaire a rejeté ces accusations : « On n'a pas tiré sur leurs positions et nous n'avions pas cette intention. Nous n'avons pas de problèmes avec les forces internationales », a déclaré le capitaine Ibrahim Ahmat Nadjab.

 

Un calme règne à présent à Batangafo.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 19:45
Ichikowitz calls on Obama to give Africa the chance to defend itself

 

06 August 2014 by defenceWeb

 

While nearly 50 African heads of state convene in Washington DC, one of Africa’s biggest defence contractors is making a pitch to let Africa have more advanced defence and security equipment and training.

 

This week, at the kickoff of the first US-Africa Leaders Summit, President Obama is hearing from young people, women, civil society leaders, change agents, stakeholders, heads of state - and South Africa’s Paramount Group.

 

For Ivor Ichikowitz, Executive Chairman of aerospace and defence company Paramount Group, the message is simple: Give Africa a chance to defend itself. He says he is attending the summit in Washington to make the case to the Obama administration that African countries should be encouraged to build up their own intelligence services, militaries, and national police to combat the continent’s rogues, insurgents, and fanatics.

 

The West, according to the South African defence entrepreneur, discourages governments from creating their own security infrastructures. And that’s a problem, in the age of Boko Haram and al Shabaab, he said. “The message from the U.S. and other countries is: ‘We will give you aid if you don’t use budgets to create armies and intelligence services.’”

 

To illustrate this point, Ichikowitz talks about a recent conversation he had with an African head of state that is currently involved in resisting insurgencies. “I have met with the president and he told me that he has no capacity to be able to afford the solutions they require because of limitations imposed by the international community on how they use their budget,” Ichikowitz said.

 

According to Ichikowitz, the International Monetary Fund told the head of state that it could not use money provided by the fund for its budget for advanced military equipment. “As a result, the government involved is forced to be reliant on the charity of Western powers, they are forced to be reliant on third parties to resolve a domestic problem,” he said.

 

Ichikowitz acknowledged in the interview that the African continent is awash in weapons, particularly small arms. “The Cold War resulted in the introduction of millions of small arms into the continent over the years,” he said. “A lot of this equipment has fallen into the hands of thugs, of fundamentalist organizations. As a result there is a formidable threat to almost every single African democracy. Unfortunately, the West has not necessarily given African governments the capability to create sophisticated, world-class capabilities to counter these threats.”

 

It’s also worth noting that the United States military has long-standing partnerships with many African militaries. But those partnerships often do not allow these states to acquire advanced technologies.

 

This is where Paramount believes it can step in, if given the chance. It makes a full range of armoured vehicles and also produces surveillance drones with the kind of sensors that can sniff out wireless communications from a discreet geographic area. Paramount also upgrades the electronics and avionics systems for Soviet-era helicopters, many of which are still used by African militaries.

 

Ichikowitz stressed that his company will not do business with any country that is under a United Nations embargo, is at war with its neighbours or opposes other sovereign democratic governments. Furthermore South Africa, through the National Conventional Arms Control Committee (NCACC) has some of the most stringent arms export regulations in the world to govern every single piece of defence equipment that is exported from the country.

 

Ichikowitz said he believes it’s time to arm countries like Mali, Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda with the kinds of unmanned aerial vehicles, surveillance systems and weaponry that will give them an edge against the insurgencies and rogues that threaten their survival.

 

“Today in Africa this is about outlaws versus governments,” he said. “It’s time to trust the governments and give them the capability to defend their democracies.”

 

“In order to avoid the perpetuation of violence and conflict in Africa, African governments need to be allowed to create deterrence and the way to create deterrence is by encouraging and facilitating the creation of a strong domestic defence capability.”

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 19:40
NATO: Number of Russian Troops on Ukrainian Border up to 20,000

 

Aug. 6, 2014 – Defense News

 

BRUSSELS — Russia has increased its presence of troops on the Ukraine border to 20,000, from 12,000 in mid-July, creating a "dangerous situation" and stoking concerns Moscow could intervene in its neighbor by force, NATO said Wednesday.

NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu said recent Russian actions had escalated the crisis and undermined efforts to find a diplomatic solution.

"Russia has amassed around 20,000 combat-ready troops (on the border).... This is a dangerous situation," Lungescu said.

"We share the concern that Russia could use the pretext of a humanitarian or peacekeeping mission as an excuse to send troops into eastern Ukraine," she said, charging that Moscow continued to support pro-Russian rebels in Ukraine and allow weapons to cross the border.

 

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 16:55
La STAT (section technique de l’armée de Terre) - Le choix des armes - Infographie

 

06/08/2014 ASP Maude FOUQUET

 

Dans le cadre d’une activité opérationnelle soutenue sur les théâtres d’opération extérieure, l’armée de Terre a besoin de matériel et d’armement performants et efficients. C’est le rôle de la section technique de l’armée de Terre (STAT) que de s’assurer de la réponse aux besoins en équipements des forces aéroterrestres sous le pilotage du sous-chef plans programme de l’EMAT. En étroite collaboration avec la Direction générale de l’armement, elle assure la conduite et le suivi des opérations d’armement. Explication d’un processus en plusieurs étapes.

 

« La spécificité de l’armée de Terre, c’est l’action en tout temps et en tout lieu. En s’appuyant sur une industrie de Défense performante, nous avons vocation à intervenir dans le monde, il faut que nos équipements répondent à la stratégie de la nation », explique le général Charles Beaudoin, directeur de la section technique de l’armée de Terre (STAT). La STAT est au cœur des opérations d’équipement. Elle a deux vocations : la première consiste à proposer des expressions de besoin et à conduire les opérations grâce à des officiers de programmes, la deuxième concerne l’expérimentation des systèmes d’armes qui sont livrés par l’industriel grâce à des équipes de marque. « Nous sommes présents de bout en bout », reprend le général. En plus de ces missions exécutées selon les directives du bureau programmes et systèmes d’armes de l’EMAT, depuis 2008, la STAT appuie les forces déployées en opérations extérieures, selon une boucle très courte : « Nous proposons des acquisitions en urgence pour les spécificités des différents théâtres. Nous accompagnons nos camarades sur place pour leur expliquer le fonctionnement d’un équipement et nous en profitons pour recueillir les informations sur le matériel et les impressions des utilisateurs. » La STAT participe aussi à la préservation de l’industrie de Défense française, en prenant part à des salons de l’armement, tel Eurosatory dont l’édition 2014 aura lieu en juin. « Expérience opérationnelle, professionnalisme et initiative sont les clés de notre travail. Parmi tous les intervenants dans l’élaboration des équipements. Nous ne sommes pas des ingénieurs techniciens car nous connaissons parfaitement les besoins opérationnels de l’armée de Terre, nous en sommes les garants », insiste le général. Si la STAT conduit les opérations d’armement pour les forces aéroterrestres de l’expression du besoin à leur livraison, les évaluateurs suivent les différents stades de la vie d’un équipement : initialisation, orientation, élaboration, réalisation, utilisation et retrait du service.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 16:45
Séance de travail Tunisie - USA au ministère de la Défense

 

05 août 2014 Di avec TAP

 

Une séance de travail tuniso- américaine s’est tenue mardi au ministère de la Défense nationale. Co-présidée par le ministre de la Défense Ghazi Jeribi et le Secrétaire d’Etat US à la Marine, Raymond E. Mabus, elle a groupé de hauts responsables militaires tunisiens et américains de haut niveau. Le ministre de la Défense s’est réjoui à cette occasion du niveau élevé de la coopération bilatérale, « fondée sur la confiance mutuelle et l’amitié de longue date », saluant « le soutien de l’administration américaine à la Tunisie dans son oeuvre de transition et à ses efforts en matière de lutte anti-terroriste », selon les termes d’un communiqué du ministère.

 

Jeribi a également mis en évidence la volonté de la Tunisie de consacrer l’Etat de droit et des institutions et de réunir les conditions de succès de la prochaine échéance électorale, de même que sa détermination à combattre le terrorisme et les groupes extrémistes désireux de voir échouer le processus de transition. En cela, a-t-il dit, la Tunisie se veut un modèle du pays défenseur des valeurs de démocratie, de liberté et de justice.

 

« Venir à bout du fléau du terrorisme nécessite une approche globale prenant en compte tout à la fois les dimensions économique, sociale, culturelle et législative », a ajouté Jeribi, réaffirmant l’adhésion de la Tunisie à l’effort international destiné à éliminer ce fléau. Le Secrétaire d’Etat américain à la Marine s’est réjoui lui aussi de la qualité des relations très anciennes entre les deux pays, faisant part de la volonté de son pays d’accroître les capacités opérationnelles de l’armée tunisienne, notamment dans les domaines de la formation, de l’instruction et de la coordination de la lutte anti- terroriste.

 

Il s’est félicité du professionnalisme et de la réactivité de l’armée tunisienne, au vu de ce qu’il a dit avoir constaté lors de visites à des unités militaires. Le haut responsable américain a par ailleurs invité le ministre de la Défense nationale à effectuer une visite de travail aux Etats-Unis et se rendre auprès d’officiers tunisiens en formation à l’Académie navale américaine.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 16:40
Biathlon en chars d’assaut en Russie

 

04.08.2014 Source Ria NovistiRT.com

 

Le premier championnat du monde de biathlon en chars d'assaut a débuté lundi sur le polygone militaire russe d'Alabino, dans la région de Moscou. La compétition se déroule comme une course de relais à ski. Les chars doivent parcourir une piste de plus de 20 km parsemée d'obstacles et participer à trois séances de tir - en utilisant un missile, une mitrailleuse antiaérienne et trois obus d'artillerie.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 16:40
Espace/défense: la Russie achètera des composants en Chine

 

MOSCOU, 6 août - RIA Novosti

 

Les entreprises russes de l'industrie spatiale et de la défense veulent acheter des composants électroniques en Chine, les contrats pouvant atteindre plusieurs milliards de dollars, annonce mercredi le journal Izvestia se référant à une source proche de l'Agence fédérale spatiale russe (Roskosmos).

 

"Lors des 24-30 mois prochains, tant que notre industrie n'aura pas appris à fabriquer les composants électroniques pour l'industrie spatiale et la Défense, nous en achèterons en Chine pour plusieurs milliards de dollars", a indiqué l'interlocuteur du journal.

 

"Nous sommes en coopération avec la China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation (CASIC). Les instituts de recherche qui en font partie nous ont déjà proposé plusieurs dizaines de composants qui sont soit une alternative directe, soit une version légèrement modifiée des composants que nous ne pourrons plus acheter suite aux sanctions imposées par les Etats-Unis", a indiqué l'interlocuteur du journal.

 

Le journal précise qu'actuellement, l'industrie spatiale et le complexe militaro-industriel russes n'utilisent pas de composants électroniques chinois.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 16:30
L'Arabie saoudite offre un milliard de dollars à l'armée libanaise

 

06/08/2014 par FRANCE 24

 

Riyad a offert un milliard de dollars à l'armée libanaise pour l'aider à lutter contre les djihadistes de l'EIIL, à la frontière syrienne. Les affrontements ont causé au moins 16 morts dans les rangs de l'armée, dont deux officiers.

L'armée libanaise qui combat les djihadistes à la frontière avec la Syrie a reçu une aide d'un milliard de dollars de la part de l'Arabie saoudite, a annoncé mercredi 6 août l'ex-Premier ministre libanais Saad Hariri, à Jeddah.

 

Suite de l’article

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 12:40
Soldat du futur russe: les équipements livrés à l'armée en octobre

 

MOSCOU, 5 août - RIA Novosti

 

Le système d'armes individuel Ratnik sera livré à l'armée russe dès octobre prochain, a annoncé mardi à Moscou Alexandre Romaniouta, responsable du Commandement central de l'Armée de terre russe.

 

"Les essais de Ratnik touchent à leur fin. Nous espérons que tous les éléments du système seront livrés à l'armée à partir d'octobre", a indiqué M.Romaniouta.

 

Selon Dmitri Semizorov, directeur général de l'Institut central russe de mécanique de précision (TsNIITochMash) de Klimovsk (région de Moscou), le ministère russe de la Défense recevra 50.000 équipements du soldat du futur par an.

 

Le système d'arme modulaire du "soldat du futur" Ratnik comprend une cinquantaine d'éléments - des armes d'infanterie, des munitions, un gilet pare-balles, des moyens de communication et de navigation, d'autres dispositifs faisant largement appel aux hautes technologies.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 12:35
 Defense of Japan (Annual White Paper 2014)

 

source Japan MoD

 

CONTENTS

 
Digest
 
Part I: Security Environment Surrounding Japan

 

Chapter 1 Defense Policies of Countries


Chapter 2 Issues in the International Community
 
Part II: Japan's Security and Defense Policy
 
Chapter 1 The Basic Concepts of Japan's Security and Defense Policy
Chapter 2 Organizations Responsible for Japan's Security and Defense
Chapter 3 National Security Strategy
Chapter 4 New National Defense Program Guidelines
Chapter 5 Building a Dynamic Joint Defense Force
 
Part III: Initiatives of Defense of Japan
 
Chapter 1 Initiatives to Protect the Lives and Property of the People and Secure the Territorial Land, Water and Airspace
Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance
Chapter 3 Active Promotion of Security Cooperation
 
Part IV: Bases to Demonstrate Defense Capabilities
 
Chapter 1 Measures on Defense Equipment, such as the Three Principles on Transfer of Defense Equipment and Technology
Chapter 2 Relationship between the Japanese People and the Ministry of Defense and the SDF
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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 11:50
A Merlin Mk2 on anti-submarine warfare exercise in the Atlantic

A Merlin Mk2 on anti-submarine warfare exercise in the Atlantic

 

15/07/2014 by Royal Navy

 

The UK’s next generation of submarine-hunting Merlin helicopters have been put through their paces on exercise in the Atlantic Ocean after successfully entering service with the Royal Navy four months early.

Embarked on HMS Illustrious, the Merlin Mk2 aircraft took part in Exercise Deep Blue, simulating anti-submarine warfare, maritime patrol and casualty evacuation capabilities.

 

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 11:35
Extra Press Conference by the Defense Minister Onodera (July 29, 2014)

 

July 29, 2014 Press Conference by the Defense Minister
 

(This is a provisional translation of an announcement by the Defense Minister and the Q&A session at the subsequent press conference for reference purposes only)
The original text is in Japanese.

 

1. Announcements
None

 

2. Questions and Answers

 

Question: Today, you held your fourth meeting with French Minister of Defense Jean-Yves Le Drian. What were the specific agenda items for the talk, and what was the outcome of the meeting?

Minister: The two sides signed a memorandum of understanding and agreed to strengthen bilateral defense cooperation. The French side was particularly interested in concluding the ACSA (Acquisition and Cross-Serving Agreement). The French side also requested us to jointly carry out research on defense equipment. Since we regard our relations with the French as vital in various aspects including cooperative relations in Djibouti, we replied that we will positively consider the requests from the French side.

 

Question: France has allegedly concluded a contract to sell Mistral-class amphibious assault ships to Russia, sparking criticism and concerns from other countries. Did you discuss that today?

Minister: We, too, have been greatly concerned about the intention of France to build and sell amphibious assault ships to Russia. So I explained to the French side today about the current situation in the Far East where Russia has been building up its military strength and bolstering military activities and exercises. I conveyed explicitly that we are deeply concerned about France's plan to sell amphibious assault ships to Russia.

 

Question: What was the response of Minister Le Drian to Japan's concern?

Minister: He well understood Japan's concern. However, he also explained to me that the transaction has already been made, and that the ships are designed for transport and are not equipped with any weapons. Then, I insisted that we are still very concerned about this action. At the end, Minister Le Drian said that the French side will consider future action after hearing the European Union's decision regarding the sanctions against Russia. At present, France is upholding its export plan based on the current level of sanctions.

 

Question: You mentioned earlier that the French side expressed interest in concluding the ACSA with Japan. What was the response of the Japanese side to that proposal?

Minister: As this is an issue of importance for Japan as well, I answered that we will consider this proposal in a positive manner.

 

Question: What is the significance of concluding the ACSA with France?

Minister: For example, a French naval ship called at a Japan's port last month or so. And a Self-Defense Forces training squadron is scheduled to call at a port in Tahiti, which is a French territory. The conclusion of the ACSA would be beneficial for both countries as it would allow them to provide various services to each other in these kinds of interactions. In addition, when I inspected the SDF's anti-piracy operations in Djibouti, I realized that France has strong influence on that country as its military is present there. Thus, concluding the ACSA with France should also be beneficial in terms of the SDF's anti-piracy operations.

 

Question: Did you discuss bilateral cooperation in the development of particular kinds of defense equipment?

Minister: The governments of the two countries are currently considering bilateral cooperation in the development of defense equipment by having launched a committee to discuss this matter. It is vital to advance this discussion. When Minister Le Drian inspected the Technical Research and Development Institute this morning, we gave him a tour to show our robot technology which he was particularly interested in.

 

Question: Did you give an explanation today to the French side about the fact that the Cabinet approved the SDF to exercise the right to collective self-defense?

Minister: I explained about the recent Cabinet decision on the right to collective self-defense using some specific case scenarios to illustrate its application.

 

Question: What was the response of Minister Le Drian to that?

Minister: His view was that Japan's new defense policies including the decision to exercise the right to collective self-defense make perfect sense. And he welcomed the Japanese government's policy of proactive contribution to peace of the international community as a peace-loving nation.

 

Question: Did you discuss the current regional situation today?

Minister: Yes, indeed, with an emphasis on the North Korea issue and the issue concerning the South China Sea.

 

Question: Could you tell us the significance of the memorandum of understanding which was signed just before the meeting?

Minister: The memorandum is very significant as we agreed to further advance the defense cooperation between the two countries.

 

Question: Why is it important to promote personnel exchange?

Minister: The two sides prepared a joint report regarding the personnel systems of the two countries in preparation for enhancing defense cooperation. As we start exchanging personnel hereafter, it will be helpful to mutually understand each other's personnel management system and organization. So the memorandum signed today incorporated some preconditions for future personnel exchanges.

 

Question: Regarding the robot technology, which you mentioned earlier, is the French side especially interested in Japan's unmanned underwater vehicles?

Minister: Minister Le Drian expressed broad interests. Among them were the unmanned underwater vehicles.

 

Question: When are you aiming to conclude the ACSA and the agreement on joint research on defense equipment?

Minister: As for the ACSA, the French side proposed to conclude it for the first time today. Since the memorandum was concluded today, I will instruct my staff to start deliberation on that proposal immediately.

 

Question: When the two sides were discussing the regional situation, was downing of the Malaysian airliner brought up?

Minister: That incident was not brought up at the meeting. However, we talked about the crash of the Algerian airliner that was carrying over 50 French people. We offered our condolences for those who were killed in the accident and expressed our sympathies for the survivors.

 

Question: I have a question related to the issue of mitigating the impact of military bases on Okinawa. A press report indicated that five locations had been picked as possible Osprey training relocation sites. Is that a fact? Also, could you comment on that?

Minister: Relocation of Osprey training to mainland Japan is vital in terms of mitigating the impact on Okinawa as we have been reiterating. However, it is not a fact that specific relocation sites have been determined.

 

Question: Have you already selected candidate sites then?

Minister: I have not yet been informed of any such specific decisions being made.

 

Question: I would like to return to the topic concerning the planned sale of amphibious assault ships to Russia by France. Western countries, especially the United States, are strongly demanding to cancel the sale. In contrast, Japan just merely conveyed the concern that the Russians might deploy the ships in the Far East. Why did you not more demandingly request the French side to stop the whole deal?

Minister: By saying we are concerned, I meant to discourage the French side from selling. I was told that France is planning to export two amphibious assault ships. According to one theory, those ships concerned have been named Sevastopol and Vladivostok. These names represent a city in Ukraine, which is currently attracting global attention and concerns, and a city in Russia where we are afraid that Russia's Far Eastern military is building strength. If these names really imply where they will actually be deployed, it would surely be a serious concern internationally. I conveyed my grave concern to the French side in hope of stopping the planned sale.

 

Question: The Chinese have begun military exercises in the East China Sea from today. These exercises are more extensive compared to the ones conducted in previous years. And they are being carried out in the East China Sea where the Senkaku Islands are located. What is the reaction of the Japanese side to these actions?

Minister: Many countries regularly conduct various military drills in their neighboring waters. We, too, have been routinely conducting military training. We understand that these are normal exercises regularly performed by the Chinese without assuming any particular countries or specific situations.

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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 11:35
Miniserie Quick Reaction Force - Route Clearance Operation



31 juil. 2014 Bundeswehr

 

Im dritten und letzten Teil unserer Miniserie begleiten wir die Quick Reaction Force und eine US-amerikanische Einheit auf einer gemeinsamen Operation. Mit Bodensensoren suchen die Soldaten nach versteckten Sprengfallen unter den Straßen um Masar-i Scharif in Afghanistan.

Quelle: Redaktion der Bundeswehr 07/14 14E20203

Zum 1. Teil der Miniserie: http://youtu.be/SIeqEvtWZ4c
Zum 2.Teil der Miniserie: http://youtu.be/6l3cAK_FiVs
Zum Trailer: http://youtu.be/qap736QV2dg

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