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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
La défense européenne en question


26/03 Euronews


Depuis la crise en Ukraine, la défense européenne est au coeur des préoccupations. L’Otan est inquiète de la concentration des forces militaires russes à la frontière ukrainienne et a mis en place des plans pour défendre ses membres, qui pourraient être menacés.


Le président Obama s’est inquiété lui de la baisse de la participation financière de certains membres de l’Otan, baisse susceptible de fragiliser l’organisation. En visitant ce cimetière américain de la Première guerre mondiale en Belgique, Barack Obama rappelle l’importance de la coopération, pour assurer la sécurité sur le continent européen.


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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
President Obama calls on European allies to face Russia


26 Mar 2014 by securityobserver


The International Security Observer had the honor to assist to the remarks by President of the United States Barack Obama delivered in Brussels on Wednesday, March 26, 2014. In his 36 minutes speech, President Obama called on European allies to stand for those values they fought for during World War II and the Cold War. Despite stating again that the US are interested in a strong and prosperous Russia, President Obama said any violation of sovereignty cannot be tolerated.  


Here is the full transcript:

Thank you. (Cheers, applause.) Thank you so much. Thank you. (Cheers, applause.) Thank you very much. Thank you. Please, please have a seat. Good evening, (goedenavond ?), bonsoir, guten Abend. (Cheers, applause.)

Thank you, Lara (sp), for that remarkable introduction. On — before she came out, she told me not to be nervous. (Laughter.) And I can only imagine — I think her father is in the audience. And I can only imagine how proud he is of her. We’re grateful for her work, but she’s also reminding us that our future will be defined by young people like her.

Your Majesties, Mr. Prime Minister, and the people of Belgium, on behalf of the American people, we are grateful for your friendship. We stand together as inseparable allies. And I thank you for your wonderful hospitality. I have to admit it is easy to love a country famous for chocolate and beer. (Laughter, cheers.) (Chuckles.)

Leaders and dignitaries of the European Union, representatives of our NATO alliance, distinguished guests, we meet here at a moment of testing for Europe and the United States and for the international order that we have worked for generations to build. Throughout human history, societies have grappled with fundamental questions of how to organize themselves, the proper relationship between the individual and the state, the best means to resolve the inevitable conflicts between states.

And it was here in Europe, through centuries of struggle, through war and enlightenment, repression and revolution, that a particular set of ideals began to emerge, the belief that through conscience and free will, each of us has the right to live as we choose, the belief that power is derived from the consent of the governed and that laws and institutions should be established to protect that understanding.

And those ideas eventually inspired a band of colonialists across an ocean, and they wrote them into the founding documents that still guide America today, including the simple truth that all men, and women, are created equal.

But those ideals have also been tested, here in Europe and around the world. Those ideals have often been threatened by an older, more traditional view of power. This alternative vision argues that ordinary men and women are too small-minded to govern their own affairs, that order and progress can only come when individuals surrender their rights to an all-powerful sovereign. Often this alternative vision roots itself in the notion that by virtue of race or faith or ethnicity, some are inherently superior to others and that individual identity must be defined by us versus them, or that national greatness must flow not by what people stand for, but what they are against.

In so many ways, the history of Europe in the 20th century represented the ongoing clash of these two sets of ideas, both within nations and among nations. The advance of industry and technology outpaced our ability to resolve our differences peacefully. And even — even among the most civilized of societies on the surface, we saw a descent into barbarism.

This morning at Flanders Field, I was reminded of how war between peoples sent a generation to their deaths in the trenches and gas of the first world war. And just two decades later, extreme nationalism plunged this continent into war once again, with populations enslaved and great cities reduced to rubble and tens of millions slaughtered, including those lost in the Holocaust.

It is in response to this tragic history that in the aftermath of World War II, America joined with Europe to reject the darker forces of the past and build a new architecture of peace. Workers and engineers gave life to the Marshall Plan. Sentinels stood vigilant in a NATO alliance that would become the strongest the world has ever known. And across the Atlantic, we embraced a shared vision of Europe, a vision based on representative democracy, individual rights, and a belief that nations can meet the interests of their citizens through trade and open markets, a social safety net, respect for those of different faiths and backgrounds.

For decades, this vision stood in sharp contrast to life on the other side of an Iron Curtain. For decades, a contest was waged, and ultimately, that contest was won, not by tanks or missiles, but because our ideals stirred the hearts of Hungarians, who sparked a revolution, Poles in their shipyards who stood in solidarity, Czechs who waged a Velvet Revolution without firing a shot, and East Berliners who marched past the guards and finally tore down that wall.

Today what would have seemed impossible in the trenches of Flanders, the rubble of Berlin, a dissident’s prison cell — that reality is taken for granted: a Germany unified, the nations of Central and Eastern Europe welcomed into the family of democracies. Here in this country, once the battleground of Europe, we meet in the hub of a union that brings together age-old adversaries in peace and cooperation. The people of Europe, hundreds of millions of citizens, east, west, north, south, are more secure and more prosperous because we stood together for the ideals we shared.

And this story of human progress was by no means limited to Europe. Indeed, the ideals that came to define our alliance also inspired movements across the globe — among those very people, ironically, who had too often been denied their full rights by Western powers. After the second world war people from Africa to India threw off the yoke of colonialism to secure their independence. In the United States citizens took Freedom Rides and endured beatings to put an end to segregation and to secure their civil rights. As the Iron Curtain fell here in Europe, the iron fist of apartheid was unclenched and Nelson Mandela emerged upright, proud, from prison to lead a multiracial democracy; Latin American nations rejected dictatorship and built new democracies; and Asian nations showed that development and democracy could go hand in hand.

The young people in the audience today, young people like Lara (sp), were born in a place and a time where there is less conflict, more prosperity and more freedom than any time in human history. But that’s not because man’s darkest impulses have vanished. Even here in Europe we’ve seen ethnic cleansing in the Balkans that shocked the conscience. The difficulties of integration and globalization, recently amplified by the worst economic crisis of our lifetimes, strained the European project and stirred the rise of a politics that too often targets immigrants or gays or those who seem somehow different.

While technology has opened up vast opportunities for trade and innovation and cultural understanding, it’s also allowed terrorists to kill on a horrifying scale. Around the world sectarian warfare and ethnic conflicts continue to claim thousands of lives. And once again, we are confronted with the belief among some that bigger nations can bully smaller ones to get their way — that recycled maxim that might somehow makes right.

So I come here today to insist that we must never take for granted the progress that has been won here in Europe and advanced around the world, because the contest of ideas continues for your generation.

And that’s what’s at stake in Ukraine today. Russia’s leadership is challenging truths that only a few weeks ago seemed self-evident, that in the 21st century, the borders of Europe cannot be redrawn with force, that international law matters, that people and nations can make their own decisions about their future.

To be honest, if we define our — our interests narrowly, if we applied a coldhearted calculus, we might decide to look the other way. Our economy is not deeply integrated with Ukraine’s. Our people and our homeland face no direct threat from the invasion of Crimea. Our own borders are not threatened by Russia’s annexation. But that kind of casual indifference would ignore the lessons that are written in the cemeteries of this continent. It would allow the old way of doing things to regain a foothold in this young century. And that message would be heard, not just in Europe, but in Asia and the Americas, in Africa and the Middle East.

And the consequences that would arise from complacency are not abstractions. The impacts that they have on the lives of real people, men and women just like us, have to enter into our imaginations.

Just look at the young people of Ukraine, who were determined to take back their future from a government rotted by corruption; the portraits of the fallen shot by snipers; the visitors who pay their respects at the Maidan. There was the university student wrapped in the Ukrainian flag expressing her hope that every country should live by the law; a postgraduate student speaking for fellow protesters, saying, I want these people who are here to have dignity. Imagine that you are the young woman who said, there are some things that fear, police sticks and tear gas cannot destroy.

We’ve never met these people, but we know them. Their voices echo calls for human dignity that rang out in European streets and squares for generations. Their voices echo those around the world who at this very moment fight for their dignity. These Ukrainians rejected a government that was stealing from the people instead of serving them, and are reaching for the same ideals that allow us to be here today.

None of us can know for certain what the coming days will bring in Ukraine, but I am confident that eventually those voices, those voices for human dignity and opportunity and individual rights and rule of law, those voices ultimately will triumph.

I believe that over the long haul as nations that are free, as free people, the future is ours. I believe this not because I’m naive. And I believe this not because of the strength of our arms or the size of our economies. I believe this because these ideals that we affirm are true. These ideals are universal.

Yes, we believe in democracy, with elections that are free and fair, and independent judiciaries and opposition parties, civil society and uncensored information so that individuals can make their own choices. Yes, we believe in open economies based on free markets and innovation and individual initiative and entrepreneurship and trade and investment that creates a broader prosperity.

And yes, we believe in human dignity, that every person is created equal — no matter who you are or what you look like or who you love or where you come from. That is what we believe. That’s what makes us strong. And our enduring strength is also reflected in our respect for an international system that protects the rights of both nations and people — a United Nations and a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international law and the means to enforce those laws.

But we also know that those rules are not self-executing.

They depend on people and nations of good will continually affirming them.

And that’s why Russia’s violation of international law, its assault on Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, must be met with condemnation, not because we’re trying to keep Russia down, but because the principles that have meant so much to Europe and the world must be lifted up.

Over the last several days, the United States, Europe and our partners around the world have been united in defense of these ideals and united in support of the Ukrainian people. Together, we’ve condemned Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and rejected the legitimacy of the Crimean referendum. Together, we have isolated Russia politically, suspending it from the G-8 nations and downgrading our bilateral ties. Together, we are imposing costs through sanctions that have left a mark on Russia and those accountable for its actions.

And if the Russian leadership stays on its current course, together, we will ensure that this isolation deepens. Sanctions will expand, and the toll on Russia’s economy, as well as its standing in the world, will only increase.

And meanwhile, the United States and our allies will continue to support the government of Ukraine as they chart a democratic course. Together, we are going to provide a significant package of assistance that can help stabilize the Ukrainian economy and meet the basic needs of the people.

Make no mistake, neither the United States nor Europe has any interest in controlling Ukraine.

We have sent no troops there. What we want is for the Ukrainian people to make their own decisions, just like other free people around the world.

Understand as well this is not another Cold War that we’re entering into. After all, unlike the Soviet Union, Russia leads no bloc of nations, no global ideology. The United States and NATO do not seek any conflict with Russia. In fact, for more than 60 years we have come together in NATO not to claim other lands but to keep nations free.

What we will do always is uphold our solemn obligation, our Article 5 duty, to defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of our allies. And in that promise we will never waver. NATO nations never stand alone.

Today NATO planes patrol the skies over the Baltics, and we’ve reinforced our presence in Poland, and we’re prepared to do more.

Going forward, every NATO member state must step up and carry its share of the burden by showing the political will to invest in our collective defense and by developing the capabilities to serve as a source of international peace and security.

Of course Ukraine is not a member of NATO, in part because of its close and complex history with Russia. Nor will Russia be dislodged from Crimea or deterred from further escalation by military force.

But with time, so long as we remain united, the Russian people will recognize that they cannot achieve the security, prosperity and the status that they seek through brute force.

And that’s why throughout this crisis we will combine our substantial pressure on Russia with an open door for diplomacy.

I believe that for both Ukraine and Russia, a stable peace will come through de-escalation, a direct dialogue between Russia and the government of Ukraine and the international community, monitors who can ensure that the rights of all Ukrainians are protected, a process of constitutional reform within Ukraine and free and fair elections this spring.

So far, Russia has resisted diplomatic overtures, annexing Crimea and massing large forces along Ukraine’s border. Russia’s justified these actions as an effort to prevent problems on its own borders and to protect ethnic Russians inside Ukraine. Of course, there is no evidence, never has been, of systemic violence against ethnic Russians inside of Ukraine.

Moreover, many countries around the world face similar questions about their borders and ethnic minorities abroad, about sovereignty and self-determination. These are tensions that have led in other places to debate and democratic referendums, conflicts and uneasy co- existence. These are difficult issues and it is precisely because these questions are hard that they must be addressed through constitutional means and international laws, so that majorities cannot simply suppress minorities and big countries cannot simply bully the small.

In defending its actions, Russian leaders have further claimed Kosovo as a precedent, an example, they say, of the West interfering in the affairs of a smaller country, just as they’re doing now. But NATO only intervened after the people of Kosovo were systematically brutalized and killed for years. And Kosovo only left Serbia after a referendum was organized not outside the boundaries of international law, but in careful cooperation with the United Nations and with Kosovo’s neighbors. None of that even came close to happening in Crimea.

Moreover, Russia has pointed to America’s decision to go into Iraq as an example of Western hypocrisy. Now, it is true that the Iraq war was a subject of vigorous debate, not just around the world but in the United States, as well. I participated in that debate, and I opposed our military intervention there.

But even in Iraq, America sought to work within the international system. We did not claim or annex Iraq’s territory. We did not grab its resources for our own gain. Instead, we ended our war and left Iraq to its people in a fully sovereign Iraqi state that can make decisions about its own future.

Of course, neither the United States nor Europe are perfect in adherence to our ideals. Nor do we claim to be the sole arbiter of what is right or wrong in the world.

We are human, after all, and we face difficult decisions about how to exercise our power.

But part of what makes us different is that we welcome criticism, just as we welcome the responsibilities that come with global leadership. We look to the east and the south and see nations poised to play a growing role on the world stage, and we consider that a good thing. It reflects the same diversity that makes us stronger as a nation and the forces of integration and cooperation that Europe has advanced for decades. And in a world of challenges that are increasingly global, all of us have an interest in nations stepping forward to play their part, to bear their share of the burden and to uphold international norms.

So our approach stands in stark contrast to the arguments coming out of Russia these days. It is absurd to suggest, as a steady drumbeat of Russian voices do, that America is somehow conspiring with fascists inside of Ukraine but failing to respect the Russian people. My grandfather served in Patton’s Army, just as many of your fathers and grandfathers fought against fascism. We Americans remember well the unimaginable sacrifices made by the Russian people in World War II, and we have honored those sacrifices. Since the end of the Cold War, we have worked with Russia under successive administrations to build ties of culture and commerce and international community, not as a favor to Russia, but because it was in our national interests.

And together, we’ve secured nuclear materials from terrorists, we welcomed Russia into the G-8 and the World Trade Organization. From the reduction of nuclear arms to the elimination of Syria’s chemical weapons, we believe the world has benefited when Russia chooses to cooperate on the basis of mutual interests and mutual respect.

So America and the world, and Europe, has an interest in a strong and responsible Russia, not a weak one. We want the Russian people to live in security, prosperity and dignity like everyone else, proud of their own history. But that does not mean that Russia can run roughshod over its neighbors. Just because Russia has a deep history with Ukraine does not mean it should be able to dictate Ukraine’s future. No amount of propaganda can make right something that the world knows is wrong.

You know, in the end, every society must chart its own course. America’s path or Europe’s path is not the only ways to reach freedom and justice. But on the fundamental principle that is at stake here, the ability of nations and peoples to make their own choices, there can be no going back. It’s not America that filled the Maidan with protesters. It was Ukrainians.

No foreign forces compelled the citizens of Tunis and Tripoli to rise up. They did so on their own. From the Burmese parliamentarian pursuing reform to the young leaders fighting corruption and intolerance in Africa, we see something irreducible that all of us share as human being: a truth that will persevere in the face of violence and repression and will ultimately overcome.

For the young people here today, I know it may seem easy to see these events as removed from our lives, remote from our daily routines, distant from concerns closer to home. I recognize that both in the United States and in much of Europe, there’s more than enough to worry about in the affairs of our own countries.

There will always be voices who say that what happens in the wider world is not our concern nor our responsibility. But we must never forget that we are heirs to a struggle for freedom. Our democracy, our individual opportunity only exist because those who came before us had the wisdom and the courage to recognize that ideals will only endure if we see our self-interest in the success of other peoples and other nations.

Now is not the time for bluster. The situation in Ukraine, like crises in many parts of the world, does not have easy answers nor a military solution.

But at this moment, we must meet the challenge to our ideals, to our very international order, with strength and conviction. And it is you, the young people of Europe, young people like Laura (sp), who will help decide which way the currents of our history will flow.

Do not think for a moment that your own freedom, your own prosperity, that your own moral imagination is bound by the limits of your community, your ethnicity or even your country. You’re bigger than that. You can help us to choose a better history. That’s what Europe tells us. That’s what the American experience is all about.

I say this as the president of a country that looked to Europe for the values that are written into our founding documents and which spilled blood to ensure that those values could endure on these shores. I also say this as the son of a Kenyan whose grandfather was a cook for the British, and as a person who once lived in Indonesia as it emerged from colonialism.

The ideals that unite us matter equally to the young people of Boston or Brussels or Jakarta or Nairobi or Krakow or Kiev.

In the end, the success of our ideals comes down to us, including the example of our own lives, our own societies. We know that there will always be intolerance, but instead of fearing the immigrant, we can welcome him. We can insist on policies that benefit the many, not just the few, that an age of globalization and dizzying change opens the door of opportunity to the marginalized, and not just a privileged few.

Instead of targeting our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters, we can use our laws to protect their rights. Instead of defining ourselves in opposition to others, we can affirm the aspirations that we hold in common. That’s what will make America strong. That’s what will make Europe strong. That’s what makes us who we are.

And just as we meet our responsibilities as individuals, we must be prepared to meet them as nations because we live in a world in which our ideals are going to be challenged again and again by forces that would drag us back into conflict or corruption. We can’t count on others to rise to meet those tests.

The policies of your government, the principles of your European Union will make a critical difference in whether or not the international order that so many generations before you have strived to create continues to move forward, or whether it retreats. And that’s the question we all must answer: What kind of Europe, what kind of America, what kind of world will we leave behind?

And I believe that if we hold firm to our principles and are willing to back our beliefs with courage and resolve, then hope will ultimately overcome fear, and freedom will continue to triumph over tyranny, because that is what forever stirs in the human heart.

Thank you very much. (Applause.)


Source: The Washington Post

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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
Gripen Loaded For Bear


3/26/2014 Strategy Page


The Gripen above is armed with two long-range RBS-15F anti-ship missiles (large missiles with the black noses) .

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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
Crise ukrainienne: pugnacité américaine, anxiété européenne

Le président de la Commission européenne Manuel Barroso, le président américain Barack Obama et le président du conseil de l’Union Herman Van Rompuy, à Bruxelles le 26 mars 2014 (compte Twitter/Herman Van Rompuy)


26 mars 2014 par Jacques N. Godbout


Réunis ce mercredi 26 mars, deux jours après la suspension de la Russie du G8 et la menace de nouvelles sanctions contre Moscou, Barack Obama et les présidents du Conseil européen, Herman Van Rompuy, et de la Commission, José Manuel Barroso, ont affiché leur détermination à ne pas laisser impuni le rattachement de la Crimée à la Russie.


Mais, depuis la fin de la Guerre froide, le monde est devenu beaucoup petit pour que les Russes et les Occidentaux puissent rester longtemps…en froid, et des voix divergentes se font entendre qui remettent en cause la pertinence des sanctions.

Lors de leur réunion extraordinaire à La Haye, les pays du G7 avaient prévenu Moscou le 24 mars ont dit qu’ils étaient prêts en cas d’escalade à prendre des sanctions économiques, dans les secteurs de l’énergie, de la finance, des ventes d’armes et du commerce.

«S »il y a une nouvelle escalade, nous, les Européens et les Américains sommes prêts à intensifier les sanctions», a déclaré aujourd’hui le Président du Conseil européen, Herman Van Rompuy, en conférence de presse à l’issue des entretiens avec le Président américain, ajoutant toutefois «que les sanctions sont un moyen et non une fin. L’objectif est une solution négociée, dans le respect de la souveraineté de l’Ukraine et du droit international.»

«Nous soutenons également la Géorgie et la Moldavie, et l’Union européenne a avancé à juin, la signature d’accords d’association avec eux», a aussi déclaré le président du Conseil européen.

Le président américain a souligné quant à lui le danger que les actions de la Russie font courir aux Ukrainiens, mais aussi au système international dans lequel l’Europe et les États-Unis ont tant investi.

Barack Obama a expliqué pourquoi l’alliance entre l’Europe et les États-Unis est si importante pour la sécurité de l’Europe mais aussi pour «la démocratie et la préservation de la loi internationale dans le monde.

«Le monde est plus sûr et plus juste quand l’Europe et les États-Unis sont solidaires», a Barack Obama.

«L »Europe, notamment l’Union européenne, est la pierre angulaire de notre engagement dans le monde», a insisté le Président américain en assurant que la Russie était «seule» après son intervention en Crimée et que Moscou avait fait un «mauvais calcul» en pensant «enfoncer un coin entre l’Union européenne et les États-Unis».

Barack Obama s’est aussi déclaré «préoccupé» par la baisse des dépenses militaires de certains pays de l’Otan. «La situation en Ukraine nous rappelle que la liberté a un prix», a-t-il affirmé.

L’Ukraine sera aussi au centre des entretiens dans l’après-midi entre Barack Obama et le secrétaire général de l’Otan, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, qui redoute une intervention de Moscou dans l’est de l’Ukraine et avait affirmé le 20 mars dernier que le rattachement de la Crimée à la Russie constitue la «plus grave» menace pour la stabilité de l’Europe depuis la Guerre froide.


Pugnacité d’Obama, mais inquiétudes en Europe

Mais la plupart des dirigeants souhaitent avant tout une désescalade.

Selon le chef de la diplomatie allemande, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, il importe de désamorcer la situation. «Nous devrions reprendre des relations normales», a déclaré le ministre des Affaires étrangères allemand aujourd’hui dans une interview avec le journal Bild.

De plus, des voix, qui prônent surtout le dialogue, s’élèvent déjà pour remettre en cause la pertinence et l’utilité des sanctions

Voix divergente en Europe, l’ex-chancelier allemand de 1974 à 1982, Helmut Schmidt, a vivement critiqué la position de l’Occident sur ​​le règlement de la crise en Ukraine, rapporte aujourd’hui l’agence russe Itar-Tass.

«L’UE et les États-Unis des sanctions contre la Russie sont stupides et toute pression économique aurait une signification symbolique», a déclaré ce mercredi celui qui fut aussi ministre fédéral de l’Économie et des Fiances après avoir été ministre de la Défense.

«Les sanctions affectent à la fois l’Occident et la Russie», a noté l’ex-chancellier.

Le refus des dirigeants du G7 de poursuivre le dialogue avec la Russie ne facilite pas le règlement de la ukrainienne. «Il serait idéal de se réunir dans le cadre du G8 en ce moment. ce cadre serait plus utile pour préserver la paix», a ajouté l’homme politique allemand, soulignant que la situation en Ukraine était particulièrement dangereuse du fait des inquiétudes de l’Occident.

Selon la Banque mondiale, le produit intérieur brut de la Russie pourrait chuter de 1,8% en 2014 et la fuite des capitaux atteindre jusqu’à 150 milliards de dollars si la crise en Ukraine s’aggravait, mais, selon les Russes, l’économie du monde occidentale sera aussi très affectée.

«Les sanctions contre la Russie feront payer les Européens pour l’échec de la politique de l’Occident en Ukraine», a affirmé de son côté le président de la Douma [la Chambre basse du parlement russe, ndlr] Sergueï Narychkine, déclarant que la politique de l’Occident avait aggravé la crise politique.

Autre voix divergente, en Amérique cette fois, l’ex Secrétaire à la Défense Robert Gates,un républicain qui avait servi aussi sous l’administration Obama, estimait déjà le 10 mars dernier que les sanctions seraient improductives.

«Certaines sanctions envisagées et mesures prises, [...] honnêtement, n’auront pas le moindre effet dissuasif sur Poutine, à mon avis», avait-il déclaré à la télévision américaine. «Il n’y a rien que les puissances occidentales puissent faire «La Crimée est partie!», »Crimea is gone!», avait-il lancé, soulignant qu’il vaudrait mieux se préoccuper de la dépendance énergétique européenne et «prendre de mesures pour assurer la fourniture de gaz en Europe sans la Russie, actuellement le fournisseur d’une grande partie de l’énergie européenne».

Le président américain lui-même aujourd’hui a estimé que la crise ukrainienne démontrait «la nécessité pour l’Europe de diversifier ses sources d’énergie», alors qu’elle est toujours très dépendante des importations de gaz russe.


Rencontres inévitables

Le Canada, le plus ardent soutien du nouveau pouvoir ukrainien, n’en continue pas moins les discussions sur les questions nordiques avec les Russes.

Les représentants du gouvernement canadien ont d’ailleurs confirmé qu’une délégation russe assister bien à une rencontre à Yellowknife cette semaine du Conseil de l’Arctique auquel préside le Canada et qui réunira tous les membres du groupe des huit nations.

Amanda Gordon, une porte-parole de ministre de l’Environnement, Leona Aglukkaq, qui dirige le Conseil de l’Arctique, a toutefois déclaré le Premier ministre Stephen Harper a demandé aux fonctionnaires d’examiner l’ensemble des relations bilatérales avec la Russie, mais le travail du Conseil de l’Arctique continuera comme prévu pour le moment.

Et, pendant qu’en Crimée les drapeaux russes ont été hissés sur toutes les unités militaires de la péninsule mercredi matin, à 370 km d’altitude dans l’espace au dessus de notre planète, la Station spatiale internationale (ISS) se prépare à accueillir un nouvel équipage international composé de deux astronautes russes et d’un américain pour un séjour de près de 6 mois:  peut-être ennemis sur Terre, Russes et Américains sont au moins toujours alliés dans l’espace

Depuis la fin de la Guerre froide, le monde est devenu beaucoup trop petit pour que Russes et Occidentaux puissent éviter de se rencontrer, que ce soit dans l’Arctique ou dans l’espace.

À bientôt dans «une galaxie près de chez vous»!

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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 12:35
NGC Australia, DSTO Confirm Research Partnership



Mar 26, 2014 ASDNews Source : Northrop Grumman Corporation


Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) and the Australian Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) have signed a strategic alliance to conduct collaborative research in a range of advanced defence technologies.


The agreement was signed today in Canberra by Northrop Grumman Australia Chief Executive Ian Irving and Chief Defence Scientist Alex Zelinsky.


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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 12:30
Cassidian Optronics receives EUR40M to deliver optronic equipment for army vehicles


Mar 27, 2014 ASDNews Source : Airbus Defence and Space


Cassidian Optronics GmbH, a subsidiary of Airbus Defence and Space, has received an order valued at more than 40 million euros from Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG and Rheinmetall Defence Electronics GmbH, for the supply of vision equipment. The optical and optronic equipment will be integrated into Leopard 2 A7+ battle tanks and PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers operated by customers in the Middle East region.


Till von Westerman, head of the “Ground” activities at Cassidian Optronics GmbH, assessed the significance of the order: “With this order, Cassidian Optronics continues to be the leading supplier of stabilised periscopes and weapon optronics sensors for the entire Leopard family. We view this as recognition of the performance of our products which we continuously improve to increase safety and effectiveness.”


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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 11:55
Colloque Diplomatie de défense 10 11 avril 2014


26/03/2014 Délégation aux affaires stratégiques


L’usage de la force militaire comme instrument politique est ancien. Durant la guerre froide, pour les seuls Etats-Unis ces démonstrations de force se sont montées à 215 sur la période 1945-1977 (1). Elles jouèrent un rôle essentiel pour enrayer la détérioration d’une situation de crise, répondre aux pressions de l’opinion publique sans basculer dans la guerre, donner à la diplomatie pure le temps d’opérer : bref, une fonction de prévention dans un contexte où la guerre était terriblement dangereuse du fait des risques d’escalade.


La diplomatie militaire recouvre bien d’autres modalités d’usage non belliqueux des forces armées à des fins politiques : assistance, formation, visites, prépositionnements, exercices, partenariats et alliances, etc. Le concept de diplomatie de défense a acquit en France une pleine visibilité avec le Livre Blanc de 2008. Elle y est définie comme “la participation des forces armées aux actions de la diplomatie française, [visant] à prévenir tout risque de crise et à contribuer à la réalisation des objectifs de la France à l’étranger en faisant appel à divers outils du domaine diplomatico-militaire” (veille et dialogue stratégique, soutien de l’activité diplomatique au sein des organisations internationales, maîtrise des armements et les mesures de confiance associée, coopération de défense (DCMD, CIMIC), actions civilo-militaires, contribution à l’éradication des groupes armés, la reconstruction des forces de sécurité et de défense.


Dans le contexte diplomatico-stratégique actuel, l’affirmation de la “diplomatie de défense” comme mission nouvelle et spécifique de la Défense soulève plusieurs types d’interrogation. Celle de ses objectifs spécifiques tout d’abord,: prévention, mais aussi influence. On constate également une évolution de la diplomatie militaire traditionnelle vers de nouveaux milieux propices à son exercice, comme le cyberespace, et, parallèlement, le dépassement de la logique des milieux vers une forme d’action plus globale. Les questions de doctrine et d’organisation méritent également un examen approfondi, spécialement en ce qui concerne les formes nouvelles de coopération entre la Défense et les Affaires Etrangères.


 L’objectif de ce colloque, en croisant les approches par milieux et les types d’action transversaux, et en confrontant les expériences nationales et multilatérales, est donc de proposer à la fois un état des lieux international de la diplomatie de défense et des transformations de la diplomatie militaire classique, et des pistes de réflexion pour perfectionner encore la doctrine et l’organisation au plan national.


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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 08:50
TriStar retires after 30 years' service

216 Squadron personnel with a TriStar aircraft at RAF Brize Norton [Picture: Squadron Leader Dylan Eklund, Crown copyright]


25 March 2014 Ministry of Defence and Defence Equipment and Support


The Lockheed TriStar has flown its last operational mission with the Royal Air Force.

On 24 March, 2 TriStars of 216 Squadron based at RAF Brize Norton flew an air-to-air refuelling mission over the North Sea before one of them conducted flypasts at airfields associated with its history.

During its service, the TriStar, fondly known as ‘Timmy’ by its crews, has formed the backbone of long range air transport and air-to-air refuelling, participating in nearly every British conflict since it was brought into service.

The fleet of 9 aircraft were acquired as a direct result of the Falklands conflict and the need to provide support to forces in the South Atlantic and to bolster the air-to-air refuelling fleet.

In more recent times TriStars have provided air-to-air refuelling for fast jet aircraft operating over Afghanistan and Libya, and provided a vital airbridge, transporting troops and cargo to Iraq and Afghanistan.

An RAF Typhoon is refuelled by a TriStar over the North Sea
An RAF Typhoon is refuelled by a TriStar over the North Sea [Picture: Squadron Leader Dylan Eklund, Crown copyright]

Over a period of 8 years, 216 Squadron has flown to Afghanistan 1,642 times, carrying 250,000 passengers each way and travelling a total distance equivalent to flying around the world 640 times.

Philip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, said:

TriStar has served the RAF for 30 years and today is an opportunity to celebrate its long and distinguished career.

Providing vital support, TriStar has carried over 250,000 troops as well as battle-winning supplies to our personnel wherever they are in the world. It also carried out vital air-to-air refuelling of our front line combat aircraft at home and on deployed operations.

Its replacement, Voyager, is testament to our commitment to provide state-of-the-art transport and refuelling capability for our armed forces. Capable of carrying more, for longer, it has already begun flights to Afghanistan and will also refuel our front line combat aircraft for decades to come.

The Royal Air Force's new Voyager aircraft
The Royal Air Force's new Voyager aircraft [Picture: Steve Lympany, Crown copyright]

Speaking on the last operational mission of the TriStar, Officer Commanding 216 Squadron, Wing Commander Peter Morgan, said:

For us this is a very sad occasion. We’ve been very proud of the TriStar over the past 30 years where it’s been involved in nearly every operation in both the air transport and air-to-air refuelling roles.

Pretty much everyone in the military has been in a TriStar and after 30 years all the aircraft are still in service; it has an impeccable safety record and is working to the very end of its career.

The TriStar’s duties have been taken over by the Voyager which now provides state-of-the-art air-to-air refuelling in support of the Quick Reaction Force that protects UK and Falkland Islands air space 365-days-a-year.

The remaining 4 TriStar aircraft will leave RAF Brize Norton for the final time today, 25 March, to travel to Bruntingthorpe Airfield in Leicestershire for disposal.

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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 08:25
FIDAE: Chilean Army Receives AS532 ALe


Mar. 26, 2014 - By JOSÉ HIGUERA – Defense News


The Cougar AS532 ALe was delivered to the Chilean Army.


SANTIAGO — The first production Cougar AS532 Ale was delivered yesterday to the Chilean Army’s Aviation Brigade in a ceremony at the FIDAE international aerospace show.

The AS532 Ale, the latest member of the Cougar family of medium-lift helicopters, features the same four-axis autopilot and glass cockpit as the EC225. It is the ninth Cougar helicopter ordered by the Chilean Army.

Current service plans call for the procurement of additional AS532s until completing a fleet of at least 20 machines of the type to increase vertical air mobility of troops, equipment and supplies.

Other considerations that drove the selection included its value in rescue operations and responding to natural disasters.

Gen. Sergio Retamal, chief of the Chilean Army’s Aviation Command, said the service “is very proud to be the first operator of this new, more advanced version of Cougar.”

The Chilean Army’s Aviation Command operated a mixed fleet of medium-lift helicopters, including around 13 aircraft comprising SA330 Pumas, AS332 Super Puma and the AS532 AL

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 18:30
ELM-2288 radar-ad-star - photo SITTA

ELM-2288 radar-ad-star - photo SITTA


March 26 (UPI)


Israel Aerospace Industries reports it is supplying dual-use civilian and military airspace control and protection radars to an unidentified customer.


The radars to be provided are the ELM-2288 AD-STAR air defense and traffic control radar and the ELM-2106NG 3D tactical air defense radar, which are manufactured by IAI subsidiary ELTA Systems Ltd.


IAI said the radars were configured to the specific requirements of the customer and for the terrain in which they will operate.


"IAI's extensive product line of surveillance radars enables us to integrate optimal customer-specific solutions for defense and civil applications", said an IAI ELTA marketing executive. "We are pleased to report that we are constantly gaining new customers worldwide for our high performance AD-STAR and ELM-2106NG radars."


The AD-STAR ELM-2288MR is a 3D solid-state, long-range S-Band transportable radar for air defense, early warning and traffic control at ranges of more than 186 miles.


The EL/M 2106 NG is a fourth generation 3D system with a range of about 50 miles and can detect low flying aircraft.


IAI gave no details as to a delivery schedule for the systems or their monetary value.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 18:25
FIDAE: Chilean Army Selects Galil ACE as New Standard Rifle



Mar. 26, 2014 By JOSÉ HIGUERA – Defense News


SANTIAGO — The Chilean Army has selected the Galil ACE from Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) in 5.56mm caliber as its new standard assault rifle, sources told Defense News during the FIDAE international aerospace show.


It brings to an end the protracted Project Titanio launched in 2007 to select and procure an assault rifle for both the Army and the Navy’s Marine Corps.


A selection team including experts from both services evaluated weapons but preferences and requirements were divergent.


The marines wanted a rifle able to stand prolonged service under extreme environmental conditions in different geographical arenas, including maritime, desert and semi-arctic conditions.


The Army favored the 556 rifle from Swiss maker SIG Sauer, for reasons including familiarity with previous models, including SIG’s 510 and 540, which were procured and partially manufactured locally by Fábricas and Maestranzas del Ejército (FAMAE), a state-owned firm under Army administration.


Since no agreement was possible, the marines dropped out of the Titanio project in 2011, and the Navy subsequently ordered the SCAR-L from Belgium’s Herstal in 2013


Meanwhile, in 2010, FAMAE launched production of an initial series of the SIG Sauer 556 under license to meet an initial order from the Army.


But the performance of the weapon was not satisfactory, especially in Chile’s northern desert of Atacama, and the search was renewed for a new weapon leading to the selection of IWI’s Galil ACE.


According to the sources, the Israeli-designed rifle will be assembled in Chile by FAMAE, including a number of locally manufactured parts.


Earlier model Galil rifles were procured by the Chilean Air Force and the Chilean Army Special Forces in the late 1980s and are still in use.


The Galil rifle is also in service with the military and law enforcing organizations in other South American and Central American nations, both in original AR variant and upgraded ACE versions. The latter is produced under license by INDUMIL in Colombia.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 17:55
Web-série : À l’école des nageurs de combat (Épisode 2)
26 Mars 2014 Marine Nationale

Bienvenu au cours des nageurs de combat. Fin de la sélection des candidats et début des cours pour les élèves retenus. Le programme qui les attend est dense : le nageur est le seul combattant qui est formé à intervenir à partir de tous les vecteurs, qu’il soit terrestre, aérien ou maritime.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 17:50
100 days to go until new aircraft carrier is named

The Queen Elizabeth at the shipyard in Rosyth (library image) [Picture: Aircraft Carrier Alliance]


26 March 2014 Ministry of Defence and Defence Equipment and Support


The 100-day countdown to the naming of the Royal Navy's new aircraft carrier has begun.

oday, 26 March, marks 100 days to go until the historic event and major milestone in the Queen Elizabeth Class aircraft carrier programme.

The Queen Elizabeth will be officially named by Her Majesty The Queen in a ceremony at Rosyth on Friday 4 July. The naming of the carrier comes 5 years after the first steel was cut on the ship and only 33 months since the first section entered the dry dock at Rosyth marking the start of her assembly.

Ian Booth, Queen Elizabeth (QE) Class programme director at the Aircraft Carrier Alliance, said:

The excitement around the naming of the Queen Elizabeth continues to grow and the daily countdown will undoubtedly add further momentum to this. We’re working hard to prepare the ship and plan the celebrations which will mark this significant phase in the programme to deliver the nation’s flagships.

Getting to this point is testament to the hard work and commitment of everyone involved in the programme, from the teams across the Aircraft Carrier Alliance to our suppliers in every region of the country.

Computer-generated image of a Queen Elizabeth Class carrier
Computer-generated image of a Queen Elizabeth Class carrier alongside a Type 45 destroyer at sea (library image) [Picture: Aircraft Carrier Alliance]

Defence Secretary Philip Hammond said:

The naming ceremony in July will be a significant step forward for the Royal Navy and industry who have been working hard to make sure HMS Queen Elizabeth is on track to deliver carrier strike capability by 2020.

Combined with the Lightning II aircraft, the QE Class will bolster the Royal Navy’s ability to project power across the world and there is a lot of excitement about the ship nearing completion after years of hard work by thousands of highly skilled workers.

With the vessel now structurally complete, outfitting work continues on the carrier in the lead up to her naming and subsequent ‘flood up’, which will take place in mid-July. Meanwhile, work continues on sections of Queen Elizabeth’s sister ship, the Prince of Wales, at sites across the UK, with assembly at Rosyth beginning later this year.

The Queen Elizabeth at the shipyard in Rosyth
The Queen Elizabeth at the shipyard in Rosyth (library image) [Picture: Aircraft Carrier Alliance]

The aircraft carriers Queen Elizabeth and Prince of Wales are being delivered by the Aircraft Carrier Alliance, a unique partnering relationship between BAE Systems, Thales UK, Babcock and the Ministry of Defence.

The QE Class will be the centrepiece of Britain’s defence capability for the 21st century. Each 65,000-tonne aircraft carrier will provide the armed forces with a 4-acre military operating base which can be deployed worldwide operating Joint Strike Fighter Lightning II jets and a number of types of helicopter.

The carriers will be versatile enough to be used across the full spectrum of military activity from war-fighting to providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief.

Join in the conversation and countdown on Twitter @QEClassCarriers, and follow the programme’s progress on the Aircraft Carrier Alliance website.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 17:45
The African Peace and Security Architecture: Still under Construction - SEDE


March 26, 2014, SEDE 


The African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) was established by the African Union in collaboration with Africa’s Regional Economic Communities with the goal of preventing, managing and resolving conflicts on the continent. The impetus for its creation in 2001, in parallel with the African Union, was the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. The African Union's Constitutive Act allows it to intervene in a member state in grave circumstances, such as genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Yet building the APSA has been slower than expected, and to some extent the process remains incomplete. The African Standby Force, the APSA’s military and police arm, has yet to become fully operational, and the African Union’s Peace Fund remains under-funded. As a result, the EU has become a major investor in the project. To date, EUR 740 million have been earmarked by the EU to establish the African Peace and Security Architecture and to conduct peace support operations, such as the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) and the Mission to the Central African Republic.


Study (Information note) - The African Peace and Security Architecture: Still under Construction

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 17:45
Tchad : DIO au profit de la gendarmerie et police tchadienne.



26/03/2014 Sources : EMA


Du 14 au 21 mars 2014, la Force Epervier a conduit deux détachements d’instruction opérationnelle (DIO), respectivement à Abéché et Faya, au profit d’une trentaine de gendarmes et policiers tchadiens.


Au cours de ces DIO, conduits par quatre prévôts de la force, aux côtés d’un gendarme du groupement des écoles de la gendarmerie tchadienne, les stagiaires ont alterné des cours théoriques et cas pratiques dans des domaines aussi variés que l’intervention professionnelle (interpellation, utilisation des armes, contrôle des véhicules, désarmer un adversaire,…), les techniques d’identification criminelle, la sécurité routière et la sécurité en matière d’intervention sur crash avion.


Le soutien aux forces armées et de sécurité (FADS) tchadiennes est une des deux missions permanentes assurées par la Force Epervier, conformément à l’accord de coopération technique, entre la France et le Tchad, signé en 2007. Ce soutien est essentiellement d’ordre logistique (ravitaillement, carburant, transport, médical, renseignement). La formation occupe cependant une place importante, puisque les militaires français forment chaque année plus de 1 000 spécialistes. Parallèlement, Epervier peut être amené à appuyer les opérations françaises se déroulant dans cette vaste région d’Afrique. La force s’est ainsi engagée dans l’opération Serval au Mali et l’est actuellement dans l’opération Sangaris en Centrafrique.

Tchad : DIO au profit de la gendarmerie et police tchadienne.Tchad : DIO au profit de la gendarmerie et police tchadienne.
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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 16:55
Crédits Armée de Terre

Crédits Armée de Terre


26/03/2014 J. SEVERIN - Armée de Terre


L’École militaire de Saumur a organisé en son sein le forum SIMOPS consacré aux outils de simulation opérationnelle.


Simulation aux tirs, à l’aviation… de nombreux outils étaient présentés lors de ce forum. Pourquoi ? Parce que la simulation est une étape cruciale dans l’entraînement des militaires, notamment lors de leurs préparations pour les opérations sur les théâtres extérieurs. Il s’agit du premier pas du soldat vers le terrain, il est donc indispensable de rendre ces outils les plus réalistes possible. Le forum a également permis aux concepteurs et aux utilisateurs d’échanger sur les futures améliorations qui seront apportées aux machines.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 13:46
Crédits : ADC Courtillat Alain

Crédits : ADC Courtillat Alain


26/03/2014 J. SEVERIN - Armée de Terre


Le 20 mars 2014, quatre nouveaux porteurs polyvalents logistiques (PPLOG) ont été débarqués par Antonov sur l’aéroport de Bamako-Ségou au Mali.


Les PPLOG permettent d’assurer les missions suivantes : ravitaillements logistiques sur les théâtres d'opération, transport ou évacuation de personnel en condition opérationnelle, maintenance et évacuation de véhicules immobilisés, transport de matériaux pour l’appui à la mobilité, à la contre-mobilité et à l’aide au déploiement d’urgence.


Ces camions blindés sont dotés d’un système autonome de chargement. Ils permettent l’emport jusqu’à 16 tonnes en capacité maximale. Ils sont équipés d'un dispositif de protection comprenant une cabine blindée contre les mines et les tirs d'armes de calibre 7,62 mm, il peut également recevoir un poste radio de 4e génération et le système informatisé SITTEL, ainsi qu'un GPS. Sa puissance de 450 CV, ses 8 roues motrices et son double essieu avant directionnel le rendent plus maniable que son prédécesseur, le VTL. Six PPLOG ont déjà été déployés sur le théâtre en octobre 2013.


Environ 1600 militaires français sont actuellement présents sur le sol malien où ils poursuivent une mission de lutte contre les groupes armés terroristes, tout en appuyant la montée en puissance des forces de la MINUSMA et des FAMA.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 13:45
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale


26/03/2014 Sources : EMA


Le 18 mars 2014, au large de la corne de l’Afrique, le transport de chaland de débarquement (TCD) Siroco, engagé dans l’opération européenne de lutte contre la piraterie Atalante, a été ravitaillé à la mer par le pétrolier-ravitailleur américain l’USNS Pecos.


Dans le cadre d’accords militaires entre les pays de l’OTAN, et sans être engagés dans la même opération, les bâtiments français ont la possibilité de se ravitailler en mer auprès des bâtiments de l’Alliance. Réciproquement, ces dispositions permettent au Siroco d’allonger la durée de sa présence en mer et de pouvoir rejoindre à tout moment une nouvelle zone de patrouille.


Après s’être positionnée sur l’arrière du ravitailleur, la frégate française s’est glissée le long des 206 mètres de coque du ravitailleur. Selon les procédures habituelles, les deux bâtiments adoptent une route parallèle à moins de 40 mètres l’un de l’autre puis procèdent au ravitaillement en combustible de navigation et en carburant pour aéronef.

Au total, plus de 660 mètres cubes (660 000 L) de gasoil ont été délivrés au Siroco en moins de quatre heures de manœuvres.


La grande fluidité de cette opération est due à la maîtrise des procédures de l’OTAN par les deux équipages. Communiquant par messages tactiques et pavillons, les timoniers échangent les ordres. En quelques minutes, les tirs de lance-amarre des manœuvriers permettent d’établir la ligne de distance et les manches de distribution de carburant. Cette manœuvre a démontré une nouvelle fois l’interopérabilité des bâtiments.


Le  Siroco a rejoint l’opération Atalante de lutte contre la piraterie, au large de la corne de l’Afrique depuis le 6 décembre 2013 avec à son bord l’Etat-major de la Force placé sous le commandement du contre-amiral Hervé Bléjean. Il s’agit du troisième commandement français de la force navale Atalante depuis sa création en décembre 2008.

L’opération Atalante a pour mission d’escorter les navires du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), de participer à la sécurité du trafic maritime et de contribuer à la dissuasion, à la prévention et à la répression des actes de piraterie au large des côtes somaliennes.


La France est un acteur majeur et historique participant à l’opération Atalante depuis ses débuts avec le déploiement régulier de bâtiments de la marine nationale. Le dispositif peut être renforcé ponctuellement d’un avion de patrouille maritime.

Piraterie : Le Siroco ravitaillé en mer par un pétrolier américainPiraterie : Le Siroco ravitaillé en mer par un pétrolier américain
Piraterie : Le Siroco ravitaillé en mer par un pétrolier américain
Piraterie : Le Siroco ravitaillé en mer par un pétrolier américainPiraterie : Le Siroco ravitaillé en mer par un pétrolier américainPiraterie : Le Siroco ravitaillé en mer par un pétrolier américain
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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 13:45
Corymbe : fin de mandat pour le « Commandant Birot »


26/03/2014 Sources : EMA


Le 24 mars 2014, l’aviso Commandant Birot a achevé le 123emandat de l’opération Corymbe. Il a été relevé par les unités de la mission "Jeanne d'Arc", le Bâtiment de Projection et de Commandement (BPC) Mistral et la Frégate Légère Furtive (FLF) La Fayette.


Pendant 2 mois, du 29 janvier au 24 mars 2014, l’aviso Commandant Birot a notamment réalisé des patrouilles sur plus de 10 000 miles nautiques (près de 20 000 kms) et a participé à la formation des forces navales et des centres de surveillance riverains, en conduisant des instructions spécifiques dans le domaine de la lutte contre les incendies, l’entraînement des équipes de visite, la plongée ou le secourisme de combat.


Ce mandat a par ailleurs été marqué par l’exercice "NEMO" (Naval Exercise for Maritime Operations), en partenariat avec le Ghana, le Togo, le Bénin et le Nigeria. Cette édition a illustré les efforts effectués par les marines locales pour sécuriser leurs approches, en partageant la situation tactique maritime entre les pays et en s'entrainant dans la prise de contrôle des bâtiments en situation illégale [lien].


En place depuis 1990, la mission Corymbe est un déploiement naval quasi permanent, qui est en mesure de soutenir les forces armées françaises dans le golfe de Guinée, zone d’intérêt stratégique pour la France. Le dispositif est armé au minimum par un bâtiment de la Marine nationale, ponctuellement renforcé par des moyens terrestres et aéromobiles embarqués, et peut soutenir tout type d’opérations dans la région à tout moment.

Corymbe : fin de mandat pour le « Commandant Birot »Corymbe : fin de mandat pour le « Commandant Birot »
Corymbe : fin de mandat pour le « Commandant Birot »Corymbe : fin de mandat pour le « Commandant Birot »
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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 13:30
UK Bolsters Gulf Ops With New HQ

Increased Presence: British, American and Bahrain navies took part in Exercise Falcon Defender this year to protect high-value units during transits at sea. (UK Royal Navy)


Mar. 24, 2014 - By ANDREW CHUTER – Defense News


LONDON — Britain is adding new headquarters and engineering buildings in Bahrain to better support its growing Arabian Gulf operations.

Tucked away on the large US base that houses the 5th Fleet, the British facilities have failed to keep up with the UK’s burgeoning maritime footprint in the region. As of the start of March, gulf operations account for nearly one-third of all Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels deployed around the globe.

Now a construction firm is preparing to build a larger headquarters for the British UK Maritime Component Command (UKMCC), as well as facilities to provide engineering and logistics support for four Royal Navy mine countermeasures vessels based in Bahrain.

“The UKMCC headquarters was formed in November 2001, with just eight people. ... Today, with a command spanning an area of operations across the entire Middle East, command of 14 ships and aviation assets, a significantly larger and increasingly multi-national and coalition mission, and 41 people in the UK headquarters, the original building is no longer fit for our purpose,” the Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) said in a statement released late last month.

The UK effort, worth nearly $10 million, is dwarfed by the US 5th Fleet’s own $580 million expansion. Still, the British investment signals continued commitment to one of the most sensitive and busiest stretches of international water in the world.

“The two projects for an HQ and the waterfront support group were brought together in 2012 and a contract worth $9.7 million has just been awarded to American International Contractors. Building work will commence in a few months’ time, and it is anticipated that both buildings will be finished early in 2015,” said PJHQ, the Northwood-based organization that plans and controls UK overseas military operations.

Besides its large role in gulf security and cooperation with regional allies, UKMCC leads Britain’s counterpiracy and maritime anti-terrorism efforts in the region.

The government, responding to a parliamentary question March 7, reported that 10 out of the 32 British warships and support vessels on duty and at sea were in the Middle East. Only Royal Navy operations in and around UK waters, with 12 vessels of various sizes, including small offshore patrol vessels, sport a larger number of ships. The numbers do not include nuclear submarines, the movements of which the British keep under wraps.

The Royal Navy has been patrolling the gulf region for decades. Despite handing over its Bahrain naval facilities to the US Navy in 1971 — part of a withdrawal from its bases east of the Suez Canal — the British presence in the region has largely endured. The Royal Navy, which has maintained a continuous presence in the gulf since 1980, is the second-biggest Western maritime force there, after the US.

Royal Navy assets in the Middle East, principally the gulf, include a frigate, one of the latest T-45 destroyers, four mine countermeasures vessels, a multirole survey ship and three Royal Fleet Auxiliary support ships including the landing ship dock Cardigan Bay.

The mine countermeasures vessels are the key Royal Navy presence in the gulf, alongside four similar US warships that would provide the main counter to Iranian mining in a crisis.

Cardigan Bay, which acts as a mothership to the mine countermeasures ships, can keep eight UK and US vessels at sea for up to three weeks at a time.

The critical importance of countermine capability in the gulf was demonstrated by last year’s exercise, the largest ever held in the region. More than 40 nations sent 35 ships and 18 unmanned underwater vehicles for a two-week test of coalition maritime forces’ ability to keep sea lanes open in the face of mines.

France, Europe’s other significant naval power, doesn’t maintain a permanent naval presence in the gulf, but it does regularly deploy warships to the region. Most recently, a task force led by its nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle traveled to the Arabian Gulf in December for a three-month mission.

Dubbed operation Bois Belleau, the deployment saw the first landing on the French carrier’s deck of an F/A-18 fighter, which was flying from the carrier Harry S. Truman, a French Navy spokesman said. A Rafale fighter also landed on the US carrier, part of an effort to boost interoperability between the two naval units.

The French unit consisted of the carrier capital ship, the frigate Forbin of the Horizon air defense class, the antisubmarine frigate Jean de Vienne, a supply ship and oil tanker and a nuclear-powered attack submarine.

Italy sends ships to the region as well. In February, the Italian frigate Libeccio pulled into Salalah in Oman at the end of a four-month anti-piracy mission, handing over duties to the destroyer Francesco Mimbelli, which will operate as part of the NATO operation Ocean Shield.

More unusually, in November, four Italian Navy ships set off on a tour of the gulf and Africa to promote Italian defense and civilian sales.

Firms such as Finmeccanica, Fincantieri, Elettronica and Beretta turned the carrier Cavour into a “large defense show like Le Bourget,” according to Italy’s defense minister, with calls to ports in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Oman, Qatar and Kuwait.

Sailing with the Cavour were the patrol vessel Comandante Borsini, the support ship Etna and the multimission frigate Bergamini. The Italian Navy asked the firms on board to pay fuel costs, allowing the trip to become a low-cost method of training sailors.


Tom Kington in Rome and Pierre Tran in Paris contributed to this report.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 13:20
GD to provide network communications element for additional GPS III satellites


26 March 2014 airforce-technology.com


General Dynamics (GD) subsidiary General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems has been awarded a contract to provide network communications element (NCE) for additional US Air Force's (USAF) Global Positioning System (GPS) III satellites.


Awarded by Lockheed Martin, the $26m contract provides the company with funding to complete the NCE for fifth and sixth GPS III space vehicles (SV05 and SV06).


General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance vice-president and general manager Kirstan Rock said the company brings more than a half-century of experience in the spacecraft communications and navigation domain to the GPS III programme.


"We look forward to continuing working with Lockheed Martin to deliver high-quality, reliable and affordable solutions to the air force to advance their mission," Rock said.


GD is already under contract with Lockheed to produce the NCE for SV01 to SV04 satellites, as well as for the procurement of long lead material for the second set comprising SV05 to SV08.


The NCE components provide a range of communications functions for the GPS III satellites, including the ground-to-space command and control channel, the space-to-space inter-satellite channel, as well as the command and telemetry communications channels within each satellite.

"The $26m contract provides the company with funding to complete the NCE for fifth and sixth GPS III space vehicles."


GD has already delivered NCE components for SV01 and SV02, while the NCEs for SV03 and SV04 are scheduled to be handed over to Lockheed by June 2014.


Delivery schedule for the latest contract remains undisclosed.


Under development by Lockheed-led team, the GPS III is a next-generation communication satellite designed to replace the existing GPS constellation used by the military and civilian customers to offer navigational information across the globe.


Capable of delivering enhanced accuracy, navigation and timing services, and anti-jamming power, the satellites feature enhancements that extend its service life by 25% than the GPS block, and carry a new L1C civil signal that ensures interoperability with other international global navigation satellite systems.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 13:20
MBDA conducts Brimstone live fire trials from MQ-9 Reaper

A Dual Mode Brimstone missile intercepting a 70mph target. Photo Big Safari 2014.


26 March 2014 airforce-technology.com


MBDA has successfully conducted live-firing of its Dual Mode Brimstone air-to-surface missile from the MQ-9 Reaper remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) at the US Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, California, US.


The trials were undertaken on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence by the Royal Air Force's Air Warfare Centre Unmanned Air Systems Test and Evaluation Squadron, Defence Equipment & Support Weapons Operating Centre, US Air Force's BIG SAFARI Organisation, General Atomics Aeronautical Systems and MBDA.


During the trials, the Dual Mode BRIMSTONE missile scored nine direct hits against a range of targets, including very high speed and manoeuvring vehicles during the trials.


Engagements were conducted against static, accelerating, weaving, fast and very fast vehicle targets, of which two more challenging scenarios were against trucks travelling at 70mph in a crossing target scenario.


The trials met all of the RAF's primary and secondary objectives, demonstrating the integration functionality implemented, safe carriage, safe release, system targeting and end game performance, while gathering data to support optimisation and clearance activities.


The testing started with captive carry of avionics and environmental data gathering missiles, followed by a series of live operational missile and inert telemetry missile firings, from realistic 'middle of the envelope' profiles, typically 20,000ft release altitude and 7km-12km plan range.


The tracking and designation of targets were conducted in a mixture of auto-track and manual-track modes, the latter in some situations to demonstrate how the integrated semi-active laser (SAL) and active MMW radar seeker worked in tandem, even while tracking and designating targets manually over SATCOM.


The testing, along with ongoing and contracted RAF trials against maritime fast inshore attack craft, further broadens the missile's ability to deliver a true multi-role and multi-platform land/maritime attack capability for fast jets, RPA, multi-mission and maritime patrol aircraft, rotary wing platforms and surface platforms.


Brimstone already demonstrated its ability to engage high off-boresight, targets travelling at up to 70mph, while operating from Tornado GR4 aircarft in October 2013.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 12:55
Exercice de sécurité nucléaire à Saint-Dizier


26/03/2014 Armée de l'air


Mardi 18 mars, sur la base aérienne 113 de Saint-Dizier, s’est déroulé un exercice de sécurité nucléaire. De niveau 2, il a impliqué toutes les unités présentes sur cette base aérienne à vocation nucléaire (BAVN).


Durant la journée, le personnel de la base a ainsi été mobilisé afin de mettre en œuvre le plan d’urgence interne (PUI). Les premières actions consistaient à évacuer les blessés, circonscrire l’origine de l’incident, mettre à l’abri le personnel présent sur la base et établir un périmètre de sécurité de la zone potentiellement contaminée. Celle-ci a ensuite été affinée par le biais d’une phase de détection sur le terrain.


Organisés régulièrement, ces exercices ont pour vocation d’entraîner les BAVN et les bases aériennes « gîte d’étape » pour le transport d’éléments d’arme nucléaire (TEAN), à faire face à une potentielle situation d’urgence radiologique. Ils sont classés selon quatre niveaux qui vont du plus élémentaire (niveau 1) au niveau national à dominante sécurité civile avec l’implication des pouvoirs publics (niveau 4). À partir du niveau 2, tous les exercices de sécurité nucléaire sont organisés (scénario, aspects techniques, logistique) par le commandement de la défense aérienne et des opérations aériennes (CDAOA), en relation avec l’état-major des armées pour les niveaux nationaux, et en collaboration avec le commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA).

Le prochain rendez-vous est fixé les 17 et 18 juin prochains sur la base aérienne d’Istres avec un exercice national de niveau 4 (AIRNUC), auquel participera la préfecture des Bouches du Rhône.

Exercice de sécurité nucléaire à Saint-Dizier
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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 12:45
photo V.Orsini - Marine Nationale

photo V.Orsini - Marine Nationale



26 mars 2014. Portail des Sous-Marins


Le bâtiment de projection et de commandement MISTRAL doit faire escale au mouillage au large de Conakry le 28 mars. Ce bâtiment de la Marine nationale a été désigné cette année pour effectuer la mission Jeanne d’Arc 2014.


Référence : Ambassade de France en Guinée et en Sierra Leone


Escales : 28/03/2014 : Mistral L 9013 à Conakry (Guinée)

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 12:40
Kalashnikov has issued additional shares


26.03.2014 by Rostec


The company’s authorized capital has risen to RUB 2.6 billion


In accordance with a decision by the state corporation Rostec, the Kalashnikov concern has carried out the state registration of additional shares at a value of RUB 2.653 billion. Upon completion of corporate procedures, the authorized capital of the company will increase to RUB 2,653,100,000.

The Kalashnikov concern’s decision to issue an additional 2,653,000 shares at a nominal value of RUB 1,000 each was registered with the Bank of Russia on March 13, 2014. In accordance with the decision on the issuing of shares, they will all go through a closed agreement to Rostec, which currently owns 100% of the concern, and the company TransKomplekt Holding. As a result, Rostec will own 51% of Kalashnikov, with the remaining 49% of shares going to private investors.

“The increase of the authorized capital will have a positive impact on the liquidity and solvency of the enterprise, allowing us to mobilize financial resources to implement investment projects, as well as the modernization and expansion of production,” said Aleksei Krivoruchko, CEO of the enterprise.

The increase of the authorized capital will have a positive impact on the liquidity and solvency of the enterprise

Aleksei Krivoruchko, CEO of Kalashnikov concern

It is planned to use the profits from the additional issue of shares to repay the credit obligations of Kalashnikov to Sberbank and to implement other aspects of the company’s program for financial recovery. A final decision on this matter will be reached during a shareholders’ meeting after the completion of the stock offering.

The Kalashnikov concern (formerly known as Izhmash) is the Russia’s largest producer of automatic and sniper combat arms, guided artillery shells, and a wide range of civil products, including shotguns, sporting rifles, machines, and tools.

The enterprise was founded in 1807 and is now part of the state corporation Rostec. Kalashnikov unites large state enterprises in the Russia’s weapons industry (Izhmash and Izhevsk Mechanical Factory). In the future, the concern will also include the «Molot» machine building plant in the Vyatsko-Polyansky district, the L. N. Koshkin KBAL, and «Progress» NITI. The Kalashnikov products can be found in 27 countries, including the USA, UK, Germany, Norway, Italy, Canada, Kazakhstan, and Thailand.

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