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7 mars 2014 5 07 /03 /mars /2014 10:55
Logiciel de paie Louvois : la Cour des comptes sonne à nouveau la charge contre le ministère de la défense

 

 

7 mars 2014 comptes-publics.fr

 

Pour les sages de la rue Cambon, il était illusoire de penser qu’un système doté de contrôles automatiques puisse corriger des données insuffisamment précises ou incohérentes pour permettre le traitement correct de la solde.

 

Jeudi 6 mars 2014, la Cour des comptes a rendu public un référé sur le système de paye Louvois du ministère de la défense suite à un contrôle opéré pour les exercices 1996 à 2013. Les magistrats de la rue Cambon pointent du doigt les dysfonctionnements organisationnels, humains et techniques qui, chaque mois, ont affecté environ 10.000 personnes.

 

Un constat sévère

 

« Le développement et la mise en œuvre de Louvois ont manqué de professionnalisme, tant au niveau des décideurs que des techniciens, dont les effectifs étaient au demeurant insuffisants », assène la Cour. Avec un « facteur humain, notamment en ce qui concerne les compétences », qui a été « largement sous-estimé, voire négligé ».

 

Pour la haute juridiction, la forte pression à la réduction des effectifs a conduit à vouloir réaliser immédiatement les réductions de personnels qui devaient être à terme permises par l’automatisation renforcée des processus de paie.

 

La décision de fermeture des centres territoriaux d’administration et de comptabilité (CTAC) « était prématurée », estime la Cour. L’annonce même de cette décision « a incité leurs agents à rechercher d’autres postes, vidant de fait ces services d’une partie de leurs moyens expérimentés, avant même l’échéance prévue ». Sic !

 

De fait, insiste notamment Didier Migaud dans le référé, « il était illusoire de penser qu’un système doté de contrôles automatiques puisse corriger des données insuffisamment précises ou incohérentes pour permettre le traitement correct de la solde ».

 

D’autant que les quelque 200 contrôles intégrés au logiciel, qui risquaient d’avoir un effet bloquant, ont quasiment tous été neutralisés pour assurer une continuité de traitement. Et ce, « au lieu d’améliorer la fiabilité des saisies et des données des systèmes d’information de ressources humaines ».

 

Des erreurs identifiées dès 2011

 

En octobre 2013, la Cour des comptes avait déjà sonné la charge avec un rapport sur la rémunération des militaires, dans lequel elle insistait sur ce « calculateur de solde » qui, dès 2011, « a produit des erreurs dans les rémunérations » telles que certains militaires n’en ont reçu qu’une faible part, conduisant à des situations difficiles, tandis que d’autres recevaient des sommes supérieures à la solde attendue.

 

Les sages expliquaient déjà ces difficultés par la « désorganisation de la chaîne de paie, complexité du système de rémunération (…), contexte de réorganisation des armées ».

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6 mars 2014 4 06 /03 /mars /2014 08:50
photo Richard Seymour

photo Richard Seymour

 

Wed, 05/03/2014 Thales

 

Watchkeeper, the unmanned aircraft system (UAS) developed by Thales for the British Army, has been given a Release To Service by the UK’s Ministry of Defence (MOD).

 

Watchkeeper is the first UAS to be awarded a full Release To Service (RTS), and is the only UAS of its type allowed to fly in UK airspace. The RTS follows rigorous safety and airworthiness reviews to ensure the system can be operated safely by the British Army.  It will support British Army operations by allowing training on the system in the UK.

 

Watchkeeper is a high-performance, multi-sensor, all-weather UAS that can remain airborne for more than 16 hours in a single mission. The tactical UAS will be deployed by the British Army for life-saving surveillance and intelligence capabilities in support of military operations and is unarmed.

 

Crucially, Watchkeeper is certified to the same safety standard as manned aircraft.

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6 mars 2014 4 06 /03 /mars /2014 08:30
Armed On the Ground

 

 

30/1/2014 Ami Rojkes Dombe - israeldefense.com

 

Unmanned Ground Vehicles fitted with Remotely Controlled Weapon Stations are a part of the future battlefield. “Our goal is to adapt the stations to a wide range of UGV types,” says Yizhar S., in charge of land systems marketing at Rafael

 

Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) on the battlefield are an established fact. If, until a few years ago, anyone doubted the feasibility of this technology, he should look to the Order of Battle of the US Army to understand the global trend – in 2004 the US Army had about 150 UGVs, and today their ORBAT consists of tens of thousands. For the Israeli industries, it is a developing global market. According to various forecasts, it is expected to reach a turnover of about $12 billion by 2019.

One of the derivatives of this market consists of ‘shooter’ UGVs. Admittedly, this is a problematic technology, to say the least, in terms of ethics and safety, but as far as operational aspects are concerned, a UGV fitted with a Remotely Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) is the ‘Silver Bullet’ in the eyes of many. The ability, on the one hand, to initiate offensive action, including fire, while on the other minimizing the risk to human life to zero, is attractive not only to field commanders and warfighters, but also to the politicians, who identify in this technology a breakthrough political tool.

“The development of weapon stations for UGVs is one of the objectives of Rafael’s business strategy,” says Yizhar S., in charge of land systems marketing at Rafael. “Over the last few years we gained extensive experience in this field, from a layout of stationary weapon stations on towers, which includes between four and six weapon stations controlled from a distance of several kilometers through optical fibers, to weapon stations fitted to such unmanned vehicles as the Protector USV.

“As the development processes for the sea and land theaters take place at Rafael under the same division, the knowledge we gained through the development of the Protector USV is used in the development of ground vehicles as well. Admittedly, there is a difference between the environments and the conditions under which the vehicles are operated, but as far as the aspects of steering, safety and control are concerned, both environments are similar. On land it is a little more difficult to steer the vehicle, owing to the changing terrain conditions, but we have already found solutions for these challenges.

“One should bear in mind that this technology precedes most of the world in this field. We are currently participating in one of the world’s first projects involving the mounting of a weapon station on a UGV used by IDF. In the context of this project, we examine the feasibility of arming several vehicles, commanded remotely using cameras and other sensors. It is another phase in the development of the technology, pursuant to the last five years during which the IDF have been employing stationary Sentry-Tech weapon stations.”

 

Adapting Weapon Stations to UGVs of Various Sizes

Another challenge Rafael is addressing calls for the dimensions of the weapon stations to be reduced so that they may fit UGVs of various sizes. “Our weapon stations are basically suitable for standard vehicles,” explains S. “For small UGVs whose load carrying capacity is limited – and most of them belong in this category – the weapon stations need to be smaller. We have an idea for the development of a station for small firearms such as a handgun, but it will be a relatively long development process. Once completed, Rafael will have a diversified range of weapon stations in various sizes, which would provide solutions for a diversified range of ground platforms at different price levels.

“As far as the technological aspect is concerned, Rafael’s advantage stems from the ability to control the weapon station and from its safety standards. We are world leaders in this field, mainly owing to the requirements of the IDF, which are a highly advanced military regarding the field of weapon stations, compared to other armed forces. Even the Americans do not rush to adopt such stations owing to the safety issue. We have passed the safety tests of the IDF for the sea environment as well as for the land environment. All that remains are technological challenges with which we would be able to cope.”

The technological complexity notwithstanding, there is still no structured regulation around the world for the field of shooter UGVs. He explains that in Europe and the US they seldom address this issue owing to the safety aspects. Asia and South America are still untapped markets for this field, so at this point there is not a lot of demand for these vehicles.

“This technology will remain the domain of very few countries in the future as well,” says Yizhar S. “The target audience for these vehicles will be relatively limited, owing to safety considerations. At the same time, as long as there is demand in the IDF, we will continue to develop this field. In the world of HLS it is not likely that shooter UGVs will enter service with police forces and we would see them on city streets. In the end, what you have here is an unmanned, armed vehicle that you want to deploy in an urban environment teeming with people. There is still a lot of apprehension around this issue.”

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6 mars 2014 4 06 /03 /mars /2014 08:20
Boeing fait voler son Challenger 604 de surveillance maritime

 

 

05/03/2014 Par Guillaume Steuer - air-cosmos.com

 

Annoncé en 2012 à l'occasion du salon de Farnborough, le projet Boeing MSA (Maritime Surveillance Aircraft) prend forme. L'avionneur américain annonce avoir procédé le 28 février au premier vol de certification d'un jet d'affaires Challenger 604 dont la cellule a été modifiée pour recevoir des capteurs et un système de mission dérivés de ceux du P-8 Poseidon de patrouille maritime.

 

C'est la société Field Aviation, chargée de ces travaux de modification, qui a mené ce vol inaugural de quatre heures. Celui-ci s'est déroulé depuis l'aéroport international de Toronto. Boeing souligne que le calendrier serré de ce programme est rendu possible par des techniques de prototypage rapide mises au point dans son bureau Phantom Works, en charge des technologies avancées.

 

La modification la plus visible apportée à la cellule du démonstrateur Boeing MSA concerne l'intégration d'un radôme ventral, qui doit accueillir un radar de surveillance maritime à balayage électronique actif fourni par Selex ES. L'appareil emportera également une boule optronique Flir Systems.

 

Selon Boeing, ces essais en vol devraient durer environ deux mois. A l'issue de cette campagne, l'appareil rejoindra Seattle pour entamer les essais du système de mission. Ce dernier inclut également des capteurs d'écoute électronique (ESM), d'écoute des communications (Comint) et d'identification AIS, équivalent naval de l'ADS-B aérien.

 

D'après l'avionneur américain, les avantages du bizjet par rapport aux solutions existantes sur base d'avions turbopropulsés sont nombreux : vitesse de croisière accrue, meilleur champ de vision des capteurs grâce à une altitude de travail plus élevée, endurance et génération électrique supérieures, confort des opérateurs…

 

Interrogé fin 2013 par "Air&Cosmos", Boeing disait vouloir « démontrer les capacités du MSA à des clients potentiels dès 2014 ». Selon l'industriel, « trente à trente-six mois » seraient nécessaires pour livrer un appareil à compter de la signature d'un contrat. La société s'abstient évidemment de tout commentaire quant à l'identité des clients en question. Mais il est probable que l'Inde, ayant déjà fait le choix du P-8 et qui cherche une capacité complémentaire plus « légère », figure en haut de la liste des prospects de Boeing.

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6 mars 2014 4 06 /03 /mars /2014 08:20
Raytheon awarded minehunting sonar contract

The AN/AQS-20A system is towed undersea to simultaneously scan the water column for anti-shipping mines forward of, to the sides, and beneath the vehicle. Sophisticated sonar, electro-optical sensors, and high-precision location information are used to provide high-resolution images of mines and mine-like objects.

 

Tewksbury MA Mar 05, 2014(SPX)

 

Raytheon has been awarded $35.5 million to provide the U.S. Navy with AN/AQS-20A minehunting sonar systems and equipment. The system leverages advanced sonar technologies to support the Navy's critical minehunting missions, ensuring safe access and passage for military and civilian vessels on the world's oceans and waterways.

 

Deployed from the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) as the variable depth sonar for the AN/WLD-1 Remote Minehunting System (RMS), the AN/AQS-20A system is towed undersea to scan the water in front, below and to the sides of the vehicle for anti-shipping mines.

 

"An essential component of LCS, AN/AQS-20A advances the capability of the ship's mine countermeasure arsenal," said Kevin Peppe, vice president of Seapower Capability Systems for Raytheon's Integrated Defense Systems business.

 

"Enhanced to optimize detection - in both range and accuracy, AN/AQS-20A provides the Navy with the advantage they need to safely detect and effectively identify these undersea threats."

 

This contract includes options which, if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of this contract to $199,692,601. The majority of the work will be performed at Raytheon's Portsmouth, R.I. facility with support and contributions from other Raytheon business areas as well as a host of large and small business supplier partners.

 

AN/AQS-20A

AN/AQS-20A is a critical element of the U.S. Navy's mine countermeasure capability, and the only minehunting sonar sensor developed, tested and certified for Remote Multi Mission Vehicle (RMMV) deployment. It is the most advanced and capable mine warfare sensor system, fully integrated with and effectively operated from the RMMV, now successfully deployed from LCS 2.

 

The AN/AQS-20A system is towed undersea to simultaneously scan the water column for anti-shipping mines forward of, to the sides, and beneath the vehicle. Sophisticated sonar, electro-optical sensors, and high-precision location information are used to provide high-resolution images of mines and mine-like objects.

 

End-to-End Mine Countermeasure Capability

Raytheon provides both a modern minehunting and mine neutralization capability to the U.S. Navy, which are two of the components in the mine countermeasure mission package for the Littoral Combat Ship class.

 

Supporting mine-clearing operations in both deep-ocean and littoral waters, AN/AQS-20A minehunting sonar detects, localizes and identifies bottom, close-tethered and volume mines; and the AN/ASQ-235 Airborne Mine Neutralization System (AMNS) reacquires and neutralizes mines found by the AN/AQS-20A. AMNS consists of a helicopter-based control console as well as a launch and handling system equipped with four unmanned Archerfish neutralizer vehicles that destroy mines via remote control from the operator in the MH-60S helicopter.

 

The advanced technologies of these systems deliver a comprehensive, end-to-end solution - detection to neutralization - enabling the Navy to safely and effectively execute its mission with reduced risk to its ships and crews.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 20:40
L'Otan renforce sa coopération avec l'Ukraine et la réexamine avec la Russie

 

05 mars 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

BRUXELLES - L'Otan a décidé mercredi de renforcer sa coopération avec l'Ukraine et de réexaminer celle avec la Russie, avec la suspension de certaines initiatives communes Otan-Russie, a déclaré son secrétaire général, Anders Fogh Rasmussen.

 

Nous avons placé l'ensemble de la coopération Otan-Russie sous examen et mis fin aux réunions communes au niveau des employés de l'Otan, a affirmé M. Rasmussen à l'issue d'une réunion Otan-Russie au niveau des ambassadeurs au siège de l'Alliance atlantique à Bruxelles.

 

Ces mesures envoient un message très clair à la Russie selon lequel elle doit conrtribuer à la désescalade de la situation en Ukraine, a-t-il estimé.

 

La plus immédiate est la suspension de la préparation de la première mission commune Otan-Russie, à savoir l'escorte conmmune pour le navire américain transportant des armes chimiques syriennes devant être détruites.

 

Cela ne va pas affecter la destruction des armes chimiques, mais la Russie ne sera pas partie prenante à partir de maintenant, a précisé M. Rasmussen.

 

Dans le même temps, nous voulons laisser la porte ouverte au dialogue en étant prêts à maintenir les réunions du Conseil Otan-Russie au niveau des ambassadeurs, a-t-il assuré.

 

L'Otan ne va ainsi pas aussi loin que les Etats-Unis, qui ont suspendu lundi leur coopération militaire avec Moscou.

 

Parallèlement, nous avons décidé de renforcer notre partenariat avec l'Ukraine et notre coopération pour soutenir les réformes démocratiques, a indiqué le secrétaire général de l'Otan.

 

Cela passera par un soutien plus appuyé aux structures militaires et civiles de l'Ukraine, un pays qui coopère depuis des années avec l'Otan et participe déjà à plusieurs de ses missions, notamment en Afghanistan.

 

M. Rasmussen recevra jeudi le nouveau Premier ministre ukrainien, Arseni Iatseniouk, au cours de sa visite à Bruxelles.

 

Le Conseil Otan-Russie (COR) a été créé en 2002 pour favoriser la coopération entre les deux partenaires sur les enjeux sécuritaires et dans toute une série de domaines d'intérêt commun, comme la gestion des crises ou la lutte contre le terrorisme et la piraterie.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 20:30
Le Koweït acquiert des batteries de missiles Patriot supplémentaires

 

03/03/2014 Romain Guillot - journal-aviation.com

 

Raytheon a confirmé l’annonce du Pentagone du 28 février concernant l’acquisition par le Koweït de deux batteries de missiles de défense antiaérienne Patriot supplémentaires.

 

Le contrat, qui comprend des équipements de rechange, est estimé à 655 millions de dollars.

 

À l’instar des kits de modification contractualisés à la fin de l’année dernière, le nouveau contrat koweïtien concerne la version PAC-3 (Patriot Advanced Capability-3).

 

Les livraisons s’étalent jusqu’en avril 2018.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 20:30
Cobham awarded major contract to support Royal Saudi AF training

 

Mar 5, 2014 ASDNews Source : Cobham Plc

 

Cobham has been awarded a 30 month contract by BAE Systems to provide air support to operational readiness training for the Royal Saudi Air Force. The contract is part of the Saudi British Defence Cooperation Programme and will run from 2014 to 2016.

 

The contract builds on Cobham’s 25 years’ experience supporting operational readiness training for armed forces in the United Kingdom and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). Cobham’s specialist technology and know-how is used to provide training to service personnel operating platforms, including the Typhoon, Tornado and Type 45 Destroyer. Cobham Aviation Services supports training in the United Kingdom and a number of the Ministry of Defence's overseas detachments in regions such as North America and the Middle East.

 

Read more

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 19:35
PLAAF_Xian_HY-6 photo Li_Pang

PLAAF_Xian_HY-6 photo Li_Pang

 

Mar. 5, 2014 By WENDELL MINNICK  - Defense News

 

TAIPEI — Japan’s Ministry of Defense (MoD) has posted an impressive interactive stop/play website that explains to readers in animated graphic terms the flight patterns of Chinese military aircraft in the East China Sea

 

“China has rapidly intensified its activities surrounding Japan’s airspace, expanded its operational areas, and diversified its flight patterns,” said the website.

 

The website points to intrusions by Chinese State Oceanic Administration (SOA) aircraft, such as the fixed-wing Y-12, and the Chinese military’s H-6 bomber, Y-8 airborne early warning aircraft, and Tu-154 intelligence collection aircraft.

 

The website does not confirm, but only suspects, intrusions by Chinese fighter aircraft, listing the Sukhoi Su-27 and Chengdu J-10 fighters and Xian JH-7 fighter-bomber as possible offenders.

 

The number of fighter sorties, including “presumptions,” by Japanese fighter aircraft went from negligible in 2001 to around 300 in 2012. To be fair, the number of new radar and intelligence collection stations built over the past several years along the Ryukyus Island chain, such as Seburi-yama Mountain on Kyushu Island, Fukue-jima Island and Miyako-jima Island, provide better surveillance of the East China Sea.

 

There is the J/FLR-4 facility on Miyako-jima Island, 200 kilometers east of the Senkaku Islands. The J/FLR-4, activated in 2009, is a panoramic very-high-frequency (VHF), ultrahigh-frequency and super-high-frequency intercept signal intelligence/electronic intelligence (SIGINT/ELINT) system.

 

There is another J/FLR-4 base on Fukue-jima and just north of Okinawa is a SIGINT and COMINT station on Kikaijima Island. In operation since 2006, it consists of a large, indigenously designed, circularly disposed antenna array for VHF and high-frequency direction finding. On Google Earth, this facility resembles a crop circle.

 

On Dec. 13, 2012, a fixed-wing aircraft (Y-12) belonging to China’s SOA intruded into Japanese airspace above the Senkaku Islands, which are claimed by China and controlled by Japan. In response, the Japanese government protested the intrusion to Beijing.

 

“Even after this incident, aircraft belonging to SOA has continued to fly by Japan’s territorial airspace, and we have confirmed such cases for 12 times since then. The most recent case was on February 21, 2014.”

 

Since January 2013, Japan has scrambled fighters in response to intrusions by a Y-8 airborne early warning aircraft and an H-6 bomber between Okinawa’s main island and Miyakojima Island into the Pacific Ocean for the first time, in July and September, respectively.

 

“Moreover, in October, two Y-8 airborne early warning aircraft and two H-6 bombers showed the same flight pattern … for three consecutive days. In November, Tu-154 intelligence gathering aircraft flew in the East China Sea for two days in a row.”

 

China’s Nov. 23 announcement that it had established the “East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone,” which included the Senkaku Islands, did little to downplay Japan’s concerns.

 

“The announced measures unduly infringe the freedom of flight in international airspace, which is the general principle of international law, and have no validity whatsoever on Japan.”

 

To further aggravate the situation, on the same day a Tu-154 intelligence gathering aircraft and a Y-8 airborne early warning and control (AWAC) aircraft flew in the East China Sea.

 

In September 2013, a Japanese fighter confirmed the presence of a UAV, presumably Chinese, flying above the East China Sea.

 

“As the Japanese Government, in light of firm commitment to protect the territorial land, waters, and airspace of Japan, we will continue to conduct warning and surveillance activities by taking all possible measures. At the same time, we will comply with the international law and Self-Defense Forces law to conduct scrambles strictly,” the government said.

 

Photographs on the MoD website, taken by the Japanese Air Force, of Chinese aircraft help identify the exact mission parameters of each craft.

 

The Tupolev tail number seen on the website is the B-4015, which identifies it as a Tu-154M/D ELINT. The aircraft is actually disguised as a China United Airlines airliner, but the bubbles along the belly of the aircraft indicate otherwise. One of the bubbles is believed to be a synthetic aperture radar.

 

The Y-8 appears to be the 9301, but the tail number is unclear. If so, it is one of two Y-8Js belonging to the Chinese Navy for AWACS missions. The bulged nose holds an L-band pulse-doppler radar.

 

The H-6 medium-range bomber photos are clear, 81215/17, but data on what variant is unknown

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 19:35
Rafale : les négociations franco-indiennes progressent

 

03/03/2014 Romain Guillot journal-aviation.com

 

Un grand pas aurait été franchi pour le contrat Rafale en Inde, selon un article publié par la chaine indienne New Delhi Television (NDTV) le 3 mars.

 

L’avionneur français Dassault Aviation, seul finaliste de l’appel d’offres MMRCA depuis près de deux ans, qui prévoit l’acquisition de 126 chasseurs pour les besoins de l’Indian Air Force (IAF), aurait finalisé les grandes lignes de l’accord de répartition des tâches avec le gouvernement indien.

 

Selon des sources proches du dossier, l’entreprise publique Hindustan (HAL) assurerait 70% des travaux sur les 108 appareils produits en Inde. Le radar des futurs appareils serait, quant à lui, produit par Bharat-Electronics Ltd dans une usine située à proximité de la ligne d’assemblage de HAL à Bangalore.

 

Toujours selon NDTV, le contrat d’acquisition des Rafale ne serait pas finalisé avant les prochaines élections législatives indiennes qui s’achèveront en mai prochain, le ministère de la Défense n’ayant de toute façon pas budgétisé le contrat pour l’année fiscale en cours.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 19:23
L'envoyé spécial de l'ONU retenu par des hommes armés en Crimée

 

 

05.03.2014 Romandie.com (ats)

 

L'envoyé spécial de l'ONU en Crimée, Robert Serry, était retenu jeudi par des hommes armés en uniforme à Simferopol, la capitale de la péninsule ukrainienne, a annoncé le ministère ukrainien des Affaires étrangères. A New York, l'ONU a confirmé que son représentant était menacé par des hommes armés, démentant tout enlèvement.

 

"Son véhicule a été bloqué à Simféropol par des inconnus armés", a déclaré un porte-parole du ministère, Evguen Perebyinis. "Ils ont d'abord essayé de l'emmener par la force à l'aéroport, mais il a refusé. Ils continuent de le retenir", a-t-il ajouté, sans plus de précision sur le lieu.

 

Par ailleurs, trente-cinq observateurs militaires de l'OSCE, issus de 18 pays, sont partis vers l'Ukraine. Ils commenceront leur mission dans la ville d'Odessa, au sud, et doivent rester une semaine dans le pays. Il n'est pas encore sûr qu'ils puissent se rendre en Crimée.

 

Les observateurs, non armés et qui ne comptent aucun Suisse, devront clarifier "les doutes portant sur les activités militaires de la Russie sur le territoire ukrainien".

Plan d'aide de l'UE

 

En outre, la Commission européenne a présenté un plan d'aide "d'au moins 11 milliards d'euros" en faveur de l'Ukraine, à la veille du sommet européen extraordinaire. L'aide s'étalerait sur les deux prochaines années, a déclaré le président de l'exécutif européen, José Manuel Barroso.

 

Et l'UE va geler à partir de jeudi les avoirs dans l'Union de 18 responsables ukrainiens impliqués dans les violences survenues à Kiev en février, a-t-on appris mercredi de source diplomatique. La liste européenne pourrait inclure le président déchu Viktor Ianoukovitch.

Formation en Suisse repoussée

 

Enfin, il n'y aura pas de militaires russes à Andermatt (UR) ces prochains jours. La Suisse repousse les cours de formation prévus en mars en raison de la crise en Ukraine. Elle invoque l'obligation de faire preuve de neutralité dans le contexte international tendu, indique mercredi à l'ats le Département de la défense (DDPS).

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 19:20
Field Aviation Completes First Test Flight of Boeing’s Maritime Surveillance Aircraft

 

March 5, 2014. David Pugliese - Defence Watch

 

News release from Field Aviation:

 

TORONTO, ONTARIO, March 5th, 2014 – Field Aviation, a Field Aerospace company, has successfully completed its first test flight of Boeing’s Maritime Surveillance Aircraft (MSA) demonstrator. The demonstrator is a Boeing owned Challenger 604 and is the prototype platform upon which Boeing will develop its MSA program based on the Bombardier Challenger 605.

 

Field Aviation, Boeing’s teammate on the MSA program has carried out modifications to the airframe and systems which include the design, manufacture and installation of provisions for Search Radar, retractable EO/IR camera, ESM, Comint and other communication systems.

 

Following the arrival of the aircraft at Field Aviation’s Toronto facility in early 2013, a baseline flight of the aircraft was carried out to acquire and benchmark flight and handling characteristics prior to any modifications being carried out.

 

The first post modification flight took place at Toronto Pearson International Airport (CYYZ) on Friday, February 28th. The nearly four hour flight was conducted to verify that the handling qualities of the aircraft had not been affected by the airframe modifications. Field Aviation test pilot Craig Tylski reported that there were no issues with aerodynamic performance throughout the envelope and the external shapes on the aircraft did not affect the handling or control of the aircraft whatsoever.

 

Following this first fight, the MSA demonstrator has been flown to a Boeing facility in Yuma, AZ, where Field Aviation will continue working towards completion of its flight test program, leading to FAA and Transport Canada certification. Upon flight test completion, Field Aviation will deliver the modified MSA demonstrator to Boeing in Seattle for integration of the MSA’s sensors and communications subsystems.

 

Field Aviation is internationally recognized for its uniquely engineered products and services including the modification of aircraft for special mission purposes. These capabilities have made Field Aviation a world leader in the adaptation of commercial aircraft for special mission roles. Special mission aircraft modified by Field Aviation are serving governments throughout the world providing a range of essential services.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:55
L’armée de Terre aux Marine Corps Trials

Dans l'ordre de la photo, de la gauche vers la droite : CCH Thomas BRUN GSBDD Carcassonne, CCH Vincent NOBILE13e BCA, CCH Salami ABDOU 3e RIMa, CPL Steven ASSY 1er RCP, CCH Benjamin ATGIE 132e BCAT, ICN Alexis THOMAS CMA Carcassonne, CCH Stéphane BOISSINOT GSPI, CPL Cécile TROMPETTE CMA camp des Guarrigues, CPL Raphaël FERKATADJI 2e RIMa, CCH Benjamin ITRAC

photo SIRPA Terre - J.R - DRAHI/ Armée de Terre

 

05/03/2014  J. SEVERIN - Armée de Terre

 

Depuis le 2 mars 2014, une délégation de 10 soldats de l’armée de Terre est au camp Pendleton, en Californie, pour participer à la compétition sportive annuelle dédiée aux blessés de guerre.

 

Accueillis par les Marines américains, les militaires français ont débuté l’entraînement et se lanceront bientôt dans les épreuves. Cette troisième participation leur permet de rencontrer d’autres athlètes de diverses nationalités autour de neuf disciplines : natation, athlétisme, cyclisme, tir et sports collectifs.

Cet événement sportif est dédié à la fraternité, au partage ainsi qu’au dépassement de soi. L’ambiance du camp poussera chacune et chacun de nos « frenchies » à dépasser leur limites, afin de rapporter le plus de médailles possible.

Découvrez, tout au long de cette semaine, la participation de notre équipe aux différentes épreuves, sur notre page Facebook. www.facebook.com/armee2terre

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:40
Canadian Forces Cancels Meetings And Exercises With Russian Military

 

March 5, 2014. David Pugliese Defence Watch

 

Canadian military cooperation with Russia is over.

 

Prime Minister Stephen Harper said Tuesday that joint activities, ranging from meetings to exercises, are being cancelled. That is because of Russia’s activities in the Ukraine.

 

“I have this morning directed that, effective immediately, all planned bilateral activities between the Canadian Armed Forces and the military of the Russian Federation be suspended,” Harper said Tuesday.

 

“This includes exercises, such as NORAD’s Exercise Vigilant Eagle, and scheduled meetings,” he said.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:40
source Libération

source Libération

 

05 mars 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

PARIS - Les Occidentaux ont mis mercredi la pression sur le chef de la diplomatie russe Sergueï Lavrov, lors d'une rencontre à Paris, pour que la Russie entame rapidement des discussions avec Kiev.

 

Lors d'un bref échange, après une réunion internationale sur le Liban, le secrétaire d'Etat américain John Kerry a demandé à Sergueï Lavrov que la Russie ait des entretiens directs avec l'Ukraine, selon un responsable américain.

 

Les Européens, qui se retrouvent jeudi en sommet extraordinaire à Bruxelles sur la crise ukrainienne, ont promis de prendre des sanctions contre Moscou si une désescalade n'intervient pas d'ici là sur l'Ukraine.

 

Cet après-midi, ce sera un test pour savoir si la Russie est prête à s'asseoir avec l'Ukraine à une table de discussions et nous allons leur recommander fortement de le faire, a estimé le chef de la diplomatie britannique William Hague. Demain, il y a le Conseil européen. Ce qui se passera au Conseil européen sera en partie déterminé par la volonté russe de discuter avec l'Ukraine aujourd'hui, il est important qu'ils aient cela en tête. Donc oui, c'est un test pour la Russie aujourd'hui.

 

Le premier entretien face-à-face sur l'Ukraine de John Kerry et Sergueï Lavrov, depuis la prise de contrôle ce week-end d'une grande partie de la Crimée par la Russie, s'est déroulé autour d'un café sur la terrasse ensoleillée du Palais de l'Elysée où venait de se tenir un déjeuner de travail international sur le Liban.

 

Autour des deux responsables, étaient présents le président français François Hollande et les ministres français, allemand et britannique, Laurent Fabius, Frank-Walter Steinmeier et William Hague, a constaté un journaliste de l'AFP.

 

Selon une source informée, les échanges ont toutefois été interrompus devant la fermeté de la Russie et devaient reprendre plus tard dans la journée.

 

Les Occidentaux (France, Grande-Bretagne, Union européenne, Italie...) se sont ensuite retrouvés au Ministère des Affaires étrangères pour poursuivre les discussions sur l'Ukraine, selon un journaliste de l'AFP sur place. Ils tentent depuis le début de la semaine de convaincre Vladimir Poutine d'accepter la création d'un groupe de contact sur l'Ukraine.

 

La chancelière allemande, Angela Merkel, qui a annulé tous ses rendez-vous dans l'après-midi, selon le gouvernement allemand, a déjà parlé plusieurs fois depuis le début de la semaine avec Vladimir Poutine et c'est elle qui lui a fait la proposition de créer un tel groupe de contact.

 

Plus tôt dans la journée, William Hague avait déjà exhorté Sergueï Lavrov à rencontrer son homologue ukrainien, présent à Paris. Sans succès jusqu'à présent.

 

C'est la première fois depuis la prise de contrôle d'une grande partie de la Crimée ce week-end par la Russie, que le chef de la diplomatie russe Sergueï Lavrov se retrouve face-à-face avec la plupart de ses homologues occidentaux.

 

Au cours des derniers jours, les invectives ont fusé entre l'Occident et la Russie, les Occidentaux accusant la Russie d'avoir violé le droit international tandis que Moscou rejetait leurs menaces de sanctions à son égard.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:40
Meeting of EU Heads of State or Government on Ukraine – 6 March in Brussels

 

Brussels, 5 March 2014 consilium.europa.eu

 

Following events in Ukraine, the President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, has decided to convene an extraordinary meeting of EU Heads of State or Government this Thursday 6 March 2014 to discuss the situation in Ukraine and the EU's reaction.

 

At the Foreign Affairs Council on 3 March, the European Union strongly condemned the clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces and called on Russia to immediately withdraw its armed forces to the areas of their permanent stationing. The EU also called for a peaceful solution to this crisis and full respect of international law. It remains ready to engage in constructive dialogue with all parties to this end.

 

In response to events, the EU and those member states who are participants of G8 have decided for the time being to suspend their participation in activities associated with the preparations for the G8 Summit in Sochi in June.

 

On 5 March, the Commission proposed a series of measures, notably economic and financial support, as the European Union's contribution to an international effort to support Ukraine. At least € 11 billion could be available over the next years from the EU budget and EU-based international financial institutions. This is to stabilise the economic and financial situation, assist with the transition and encourage political and economic reform.

 

In addition, the Council has decided to introduce EU sanctions targeting the misappropriation of Ukrainian state funds. Asset freezes will apply for 18 persons responsible in this regard as of 6 March.

 

For full details of the EU positions on Ukraine, see Council conclusions

.

For full details about EU aid to Ukraine, see press release and memo.

 

Indicative programme :

9.30 Arrival of Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk

11.30 Exchange of views with Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk

13.15 Press conference by Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk

13.15 Working lunch among EU Heads of State or Government

15.00(tbc) Press conference by the European Council President and the Commission President

 

Full media programme

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:35
Les missiles de croisière chinois : facteur clé de la situation régionale

 

 

05.04.2014 Vassili Kachine - La Voix de la Russie

 

Selon le centre d'étude américain Project 2049 Institute, la Chine développe actuellement les missiles de croisière les « plus précis » menaçant les cibles dans de nombreux pays d'Asie-Pacifique, le Japon compris.

 

Le nombre de ses missiles CJ-10 basés au sol peut atteindre 500. Si les estimations sont justes, les missiles de croisière chinois se transforment en un facteur clé de la situation militaire dans la région.

 

L'interception de ces missiles présente des difficultés à cause de leur trajectoire imprévisble. Seul un nombre réduit de missiles sera abattu par la défense anti-aérienne si une attaque est lancée avec l'utilisation simultanée de plusieurs dizaines, voire centaines de missiles de croisière. Les dégâts pour l'infrastructure seront alors immenses.

 

Les voisins de la Chine qui possèdent l'arme nucléaire doivent tenir compte du fait que la Chine est en mesure de porter des frappes de missile ciblées. Pour l'Inde cela dicte la nécessité de déployer ses missiles balistiques peu nombreux dans le sud de la péninsule indienne en augmentant leur portée, ainsi que d'accroître les investissement dans les forces stratégiques nucléaires navales. Les deux mesures étant onéreuses. Si le Japon décide de se doter de l'arme nucléaire les Chinois auront un istrument efficace pour porter une frappe non nucléaire désarmante.

 

Les destroyers chinois de la classe 052D, actuellement en construction, seront des vecteurs impotants des missiles de croisière. Ils pourront embarquer des missiles mer-air, anti-sous-marins, anti-navires et de croisière de type différent. Tous ces missiles pourront également être installés sur les sous-marins. En général, la Chine se hisse à la deuxième place derrière les Etats-Unis en ce qui concerne le nombre de missiles de croisière déployés et la diversité de leurs vecteurs. Notons que les forces américaines sont dispersées de par le monde, tandis que les missiles chinois sont concentrés sur le territoire de Chine sous le commandement uni.

 

La capacité de porter des ogives nucléaires est la question la plus importante. Une telle possibilité existe en puissance. Les missiles de croisière chinois sont construits sur la base des missiles soviétiques X-55. Les Chinois en ont acheté une certaine quantité à l'Ukraine au début des années 2000. Les X-55 étaient capables de porter l'arme nucléaire.

 

Certaines études attribuent une telle capactié aux missiles chinois CJ-10, mais les preuves concrètes d'utilisation sur ces missiles des ogives nucléaires n'existent pas. Il est peu probable que cela soit passé inaperçu pour la reconnaissance spatiale américaine. On peut supposer qu'un tel réarmement aura lieu dans l'avenir lors du déploiement de nouveaux types de missiles, d' une plus grande portée et d'une signature radar inférieure, ainsi qu'après l'apparition dans les forces aériennes chinoises de nouveaux bombardiers ayant un plus grand rayon d'action et la possibilité de se ravitailler en vol.

 

La domination militaire chinoise dans la région, qui commence déjà à s'esquissser, sera, en l'occurrence, incontestable et la compétition militaire avec la Chine sera dénuée de perspectives pour les autres pays de la région.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:30
Sikorsky And Turkey Sign Deal On Building Variant of Black Hawk Helicopter

 

March 5, 2014. David Pugliese Defence Watch

 

News release from Sikorsky:

 

Sikorsky Aircraft Corp., a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp. (NYSE: UTX), has signed agreements with the Turkish government and key Turkish aerospace contractors that license Turkey’s aerospace industry to manufacture 109 T-70 helicopters (Turkish variants of Sikorsky’s S-70i™ International BLACK HAWK helicopter) for operation by the Turkish Government, and to assemble 109 S-70i™ helicopters for Sikorsky.

 

The agreements license the transfer of certain manufacturing technology to Turkish industry, and provide for the potential to produce up to a total of 600 aircraft, including both T-70 units for Turkish indigenous use and S-70i™ aircraft for export over the next 30 years. The agreements are subject to requisite export approvals.

 

“This program is unprecedented in Sikorsky’s 90-year history,” said Sikorsky President Mick Maurer. “We have signed contracts that collectively will raise our already strong supplier and customer relationships in Turkey to levels that we expect will endure for decades. We are very pleased that these agreements also will potentially open additional markets for the world’s leading utility military helicopter while strengthening Turkish industry’s position as a world-class aerospace provider.”

 

Under the program, known as the Turkish Utility Helicopter Program, Sikorsky has signed agreements with the Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) and two Turkish defense contractors, Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI) and Aselsan A.S. TAI is the prime contractor for T-70 licensed production and assembly in Turkey for multi-mission use by the Turkish government. The aircraft will be assembled in Turkey by TAI and will include components supplied by Sikorsky and other American and Turkish companies. Aselsan will develop a new cockpit avionics system that will be featured in the T-70 aircraft.

 

Turkey’s Defence Industry Executive Committee has reported a total program value of $3.5 billion, inclusive of the work to be performed by Sikorsky, TAI and other TUHP suppliers. In addition to the work with TAI and Aselsan, Sikorsky will expand the manufacturing capability of Alp Aviation, which is 50 percent owned by Sikorsky.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:30
Brig. Gen. Shmuel Olansky

Brig. Gen. Shmuel Olansky

 

2/3/2014 Or Heller - israeldefense.com

 

The reform in the IDF Armored Corps is taking shape. The IDF Chief Armor Officer, Brig. Gen. Shmuel Olansky, in an exclusive interview with Israel Defense

I am not sure where I would rather be with all of the threats we face today," begins the IDF Chief Armor Officer, Brig. Gen. Shmuel Olansky. "On foot behind a rock, or inside the Merkava Mark-IV tank fitted with the Aspro-A/Trophy system or on board the APC moving alongside that Merkava tank."

In view of the realization that wars have changed and reality has changed, the IDF Armored Corps is changing as well. Brig. Gen. Olansky is very clear and confident about the principles of the reform he is currently leading. "Alongside the tanks, which lead the battalion combat effort, we want to prepare the combat task force for the challenges facing it by empowering the armored/mechanized infantry within the armored (tank) battalions. In each armored battalion, we are assembling a combat support company that includes a mortar platoon, a surveillance element capable of calling in and directing fire support, and a reconnaissance platoon. All of these elements, along with the tanks that will continue to lead the maneuver, will make up a battalion-size combat task force that is relevant to today's battlefield. We have here a new world of content in the Armored Corps – combat reconnaissance."

What is the timetable for the implementation of the new plan?

"We intend to recruit the first company out of the November 2013 recruitment class. These recruits will take the complete training course, thirty weeks at the IDF Armored Corps School, where they will learn the Armored Corps occupational skill and then be divided into their respective specialized skills: scout, mortar operator and observer/surveillance operator. The graduates will make up the combat support companies within the armored battalions. We are currently reorganizing the entire tank OrBat of the IDF."

Will you be making adjustments in the Armored Corps training courses and seminars?

"Certainly. I am currently assembling armored/mechanized infantry companies just like those of the infantry brigades, possessing the same capabilities with the exception of extended operations on foot, as they will operate near the tanks. We have an opportunity here to empower the remaining elements. Today's armored/mechanized infantry warfighter looks exactly the same as an infantry warfighter, with the exception of the purpose-specific weapons, which they do not need."

The Aspro-A/Trophy system has, until now, operated effectively on the Gaza line in isolated and rare incidents of antitank fire. But how would this system operate during the third Lebanon war opposite a rainstorm of antitank missiles fired at each tank?

"That's just it. This system is excellent. The technology was considered fictional ten years ago. I suggest we refrain from terrorizing ourselves. Antitank fire does not come as a rainstorm. Even in antitank-saturated scenarios we have a range of capabilities for coping with the threats. As our maneuver becomes more substantial, the capabilities of the Aspro-A/Trophy system will come more significantly into play. Additionally, our range of capabilities will include a surveillance capability – for spotting the antitank threats; our surveillance elements will be able to call in and direct the fire of Keshet 120mm mortars; our reconnaissance platoon will possess the ability to recognize the antitank threats in advance, and our tanks will possess the ability of firing a round at the threat."

"Do Not Mourn the Syrian Army"

What do we know about the state of the Syrian armor after more than two and a half years of a bloody civil war? Is it still a significant player?

"Firstly, we know that it is much better trained now, as it has been fighting. It brushes with the opposition forces in the context of the civil war. At the same time, they have also experienced wear as a result of the on-going fighting, but it still exists. I do not know how many tanks the Syrian Army has lost in the civil war, they have been fighting for two and a half years. On the other hand you realize that people who fight become more proficient and stronger. The Syrian armor is definitely a significant player in the Middle East. I would not hasten to mourn the armored divisions and the land maneuvering capability of the Syrian Army."

But even in your presentations you focus on the fact that the fighting has shifted from the front line into the depth of the territory, namely – a war of rockets and missiles against the Israeli rear area, so how does the Armored Corps fit in?

"Even before the civil war in Syria broke out, we had observed those trends in the Syrian Army. The Syrian Army disbanded armored units and established commando units instead. They acquired antitank systems and demolition capabilities. The Syrians developed a substantial rocket layout. These were not just the trends within the paramilitary organizations. We observed the same trends in the Syrian Army, too. At the same time, they still have armored divisions and tank brigades that use T-72 tanks. They are there, and they are well-trained."

How would an encounter between a T-72 tank and a Merkava Mark-IV tank look in 2013? Is there any chance here for a fair fight?

"There is no fair fight here. The Merkava Mark-IV tank is a true masterpiece. It possesses capabilities that are superior to those of any other tank worldwide, and no one even comes close. This applies to crew protection, to trafficability and to fire control. In some aspects it is 'only' in first place. With regard to most aspects, however, it is far beyond anything else out there."

If the third Lebanon war should break out tomorrow morning, in what way will the maneuver executed by the Armored Corps be different in view of the lessons derived from the summer of 2006?

"The maneuver will be much stronger and faster, with a complete envelope of structured and precise intelligence gathering and fire employment activities. We will see combined operations of tanks with infantry and assault engineering elements, but a maneuver is still a maneuver. Its objective is to transfer strength from the contact line deep into the enemy territory. Just like in all of the wars that we had, that is what we will see in our future wars – a battalion-size combat task force with massive strength and firepower, which protects itself and reaches the point where its strength is utilized to maximum benefit – through firepower, through its scoring capabilities. In view of the threats we face today, I believe there's no escaping the need to maintain a strong and fully-prepared ground layout and to employ it when necessary in order to bring the campaign to an end as soon as possible.

"We would not be able, opposite Lebanon, to maintain a campaign of wearing out the opponent through the use of fire, like we did in Operation Pillar of Defense, for instance. Many people say 'here, we saw during Operation Pillar of Defense that a maneuver is no longer necessary.' But in Operation Pillar of Defense, the very fact that the maneuver was poised and ready to launch cut the duration of the fighting short. Secondly, Lebanon and Syria are not the same as the Hamas in Gaza. They will not be influenced by strategic players (like Egypt) as Hamas was. In Lebanon and Syria, if we want to bring about a prompt conclusion of the campaign, we will have no other choice but to maneuver into the enemy's centers of gravity, and the armored forces will execute and lead that maneuver, as they know how to do it quickly and forcefully."

How will a task force maneuver if it is made up, theoretically, of Merkava Mark-IV tanks fitted with the Aspro-A/Trophy antitank missile interception system on the one hand, while the infantry elements still ride in the outdated and vulnerable M113 APCs?

"I think that if you examine the land solution, you will realize that it is a good solution. Would I prefer something better? Of course I would. We do not live in a bubble and we realize that the defense budget is a derivative of the economic situation. It is a restriction that applies to us which I cannot ignore. Where I would have liked to invest the extra money is a question I ponder all the time. I think that as long as the M113 APC operates in the environment of a complete battalion system, I will have no doubts about committing to battle the battalion combat task force and all elements thereof."

What was your contribution as Chief Armor Officer to the staff work ordered by the decision of the Chief of Staff to disband six tank brigades using the old 'Patton' tanks?

"We are disbanding layouts that are outdated layouts that had reached the end of the road. The logic here is both conceptual and operational. It is not that we had called out a random number and then went on to look for what we could disband. Obviously, we would prefer that instead of the brigades we disband ten more Merkava Mark-IV brigades would have been established, but we live in a certain reality that we cannot ignore. The people at IDF GHQ sat down and thought and conducted discussions and carried out simulations and examinations, but eventually you realize that some layouts had reached the end of the road, like the 'Patton' and Merkava Mark-I tanks. But let's talk about the bright side – next year, the IDF 7th Armored Brigade will be converted to a Merkava Mark-IV brigade!"

Still, when there are voices at IDF GHQ who speak about the end of the armor-versus-armor battle era, what is the future you envision for the tank in the IDF?

"I think that precisely at the 40th anniversary of the Yom-Kippur War, we realized what our forefathers had understood since the days of the Bible: that the land maneuver has always been and will always be necessary in order to gain an overbalance in a war. The armored forces will be right there at the head of the land maneuver, with the tanks in front, surrounded by the envelope. We will reach the end of the maneuver era when we have reached the end of the era of wars. I still do not see an end to the era of wars. But if we do not train and practice, we will be less proficient – it's all very straightforward."

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:20
Cobham subsidiary producing more transmitters for Navy

 

 

LANSDALE, Pa., March 5 (UPI)

 

A U.S. subsidiary of Britain's Cobham Plc is to manufacture low-band transmitters under a $21.8 million contract modification from the U.S. Navy.

 

In addition to the low-band transmitters, of LBTs, Cobham Defense Electronics will manufacture a variety of antennas and adapter interface modules for AN/ALQ-99 tactical jamming systems to be used by the U.S. Navy and the Australian military.

 

"Cobham is proud of our longstanding and successful partnership with the U.S. Navy on this critical program," said Jill Kale, vice president of Cobham Defense Electronics. "As we continue to satisfy the Navy warfighter's current needs, we look forward to providing the next generation of integrated RF solutions for U.S. Navy air and maritime operations."

 

Cobham Defense Electronics, which is located in Pennsylvania, said it will manufacture eight LBTs for the U.S. Navy and eleven for Australia; eleven vertically polarized antennas for the Navy and six for Australia; 17 high-band horizontally polarized antennas for the Navy and seven for Australia; and six Band -2 adapter interface assemblies for Australia.

 

The low-band transmitter helps protect strike aircraft, ships, and ground troops by disrupting enemy radar and communications. It is used on U.S, Navy EA-6B Prowler and EA-18G aircraft and Marine Corps EA -6B aircraft.

AN/ALQ-99 system on EA-6B Prowler Aircraft

AN/ALQ-99 system on EA-6B Prowler Aircraft

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:20
US Army Plans to Cut 3 of 13 Aviation Brigades by 2019

The US Army plans on cutting three of its 13 combat aviation brigades by 2019. (US Army)

 

Mar. 4, 2014 - By PAUL McLEARY – Defense news

 

WASHINGTON — US Army officials said Tuesday that as part of its wide-ranging aviation restructuring, the service is preparing to cut three of the service’s 13 combat aviation brigades (CAB) by 2019.

 

The service’s active component currently fields four heavy CABs, 8 medium, and 1 with “Full-Spectrum” capabilities, but Davis Welch, deputy director of the Army budget office told reporters at the Pentagon today that “the restructure will reduce the number of aviation brigades by three in the active component while restructuring aviation brigades to optimize their efficiency and quality.”

 

He added that under the plan, the Army’s Reserve component will be able maintain its 12 aviation brigades but they “will be restructured and optimized for assault, lift and medavac missions.”

 

The announcement comes on the heels of the Army’s proposal to take all of the National Guard’s Apache attack helicopters to fulfill the active army’s aerial scout mission after it divests itself of the Kiowa helicopters currently fulfilling that mission.

 

At the time of this posting, requests for further comment from the Army were unanswered.

 

Overall, the Army’s fiscal year 2015 request sees the budget for its aircraft fleet tick slightly upward from $4.6 billion ($5 billion requested) in 2014 to $5.1 billion, while the Apache helicopter’s budget will fall from $884 million — $1 billion with Overseas Contingency Operations in 2014 — to $775 million in 2015 so it can upgrade 25 birds to the latest configuration.

 

There is another $416 million for 55 new Lakota helicopters, with sources saying that the service will request funding to buy 45 more Lakotas in 2016.

 

The Army is also slated to receive $7.5 billion of the $26 billion for the Opportunity Growth and Security Initiative, 54 percent of which will go toward operations, maintenance and training accounts, while the rest will be pointed to equipment modernization, including $500 million for Black Hawk helicopter upgrades, and more than $600 million for Apache work.

 

Overall however, the year-by-year budget graph that accompanied the Army’s budget request showed a significant cascade down from the 2010 budget onward.

 

The Army is asking for $121 billion in its base budget in ’15, down only $4 billion from the $125 billion enacted for 2014 — but down significantly from the $144 billion granted in ’10 during the height of the fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan.

 

But the big cuts aren’t in the base. The biggest drop is in the wartime spending accounts, which for the Army has dropped by more than half from 2011 to 2014 — going from $99 billion to $43 billion.

 

That said, the requested budget remains largely flat form 2014, with about $1.3 billion less in research, development and acquisition and $1.8 billion in operations and maintenance. Personnel costs remained flat at $56 billion.

 

Personnel costs continue to be the albatross hanging around the Army’s neck, eating up 46 percent of the service’s budget overall even as the service continues to shed 20,000 soldiers a year in its effort to reach 490,000 by the end of 2015. It’s current end strength is about 510,000.

 

But those troops will have to get by with much less training than Army leadership has advocated for.

 

Training is expected to reach only to company level and, in some cases, battalion level in 2015, with the National Guard performing mostly company level and below training exercises due to lack of funding. The Army will only send those brigades through a full National Training Center rotation that are planning to deploy to Afghanistan or South Korea, or that are part of the 82nd Airborne’s global response force

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:20
Washington augmente son soutien militaire à la Pologne et aux pays baltes

 

05 mars 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

WASHINGTON - Les Etats-Unis ont décidé d'intensifier les entraînements aériens conjoints avec la Pologne et d'augmenter leur participation à la protection de l'espace aérien des pays baltes, a annoncé mercredi le secrétaire à la Défense Chuck Hagel.

 

Ces mesures visent, pour Washington, à donner des assurances en matière de sécurité à ses alliés est-européens au sein de l'Otan, qui s'inquiètent des conséquences pour leur sécurité des actions militaires russes en Ukraine.

 

Le plus haut gradé américain, le général Martin Dempsey, a de son côté téléphoné mercredi matin à son homologue russe Valery Gerasimov et l'a appelé à continuer à faire preuve de retenue dans les jours à venir afin de laisser une place pour une solution diplomatique, a de son côté affirmé le chef d'état-major interarmées.

 

Ce matin, le département de la Défense prend des mesures pour soutenir nos alliés, dont l'intensification des exercices conjoints via notre détachement aérien en Pologne et l'augmentation de notre participation à la mission de police de l'air de l'Otan dans (les pays) baltes, a déclaré le chef du Pentagone devant les sénateurs de la commission des Forces armées.

 

Un détachement militaire américain d'une dizaine d'hommes est stationné sur deux bases aériennes en Pologne pour mettre en oeuvre les exercices aériens conjoints entre forces américaines et polonaises, dont l'armée de l'air est elle aussi dotée de chasseurs F-16.

 

La protection de l'espace aérien de la Lituanie, de la Lettonie et de l'Estonie est assurée depuis 10 ans par l'Otan. Un des pays membres la prend en charge en envoyant des chasseurs dans les pays baltes pour une durée de quatre mois avant qu'un autre Etat-membre ne lui succède. Depuis le 1er janvier, ce sont les Etats-Unis qui sont chargés de cette mission.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 17:55
Rallye sections au 17e régiment du génie parachutiste (17e RGP)

 

 

03/03/2014 ASP A. LAROCHE - Armée de Terre

 

Du lundi 17 au vendredi 21 février, le 17e régiment du génie parachutiste a organisé un rallye des sections dans la région de Montauban. Cet exercice avait pour objectif d’évaluer et d’éprouver les savoir-faire techniques et tactiques des 8 sections qui ont été déployées.

 

Une marche de nuit de 30 km, en ambiance tactique, et de nombreux ateliers ont permis aux sections de mettre en œuvre leurs compétences : appui génie en zone urbaine, durcissement d’infrastructure, chantier de déminage, ouverture d’itinéraire, franchissement, tir et destruction. Les chefs de sections ont aussi été évalués sur leur connaissance des ressources humaines et des traditions du régiment.

 

À but pédagogique, le rallye a permis aux sections de faire le point sur leurs acquis et d’évaluer leur niveau opérationnel avant l’exercice brigade « Montauban 2014 » qui aura lieu au mois d’avril. Cet exercice servira de contrôle opérationnel au 17e RGP et au 3e régiment parachutiste d’infanterie de marine (3e RPIMa).

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 17:55
centre RetT photo Thierry Mamberti Safran

centre RetT photo Thierry Mamberti Safran

 

Paris, le 5 mars 2014 Safran

 

Safran, leader mondial dans les domaines de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace, de la Défense et de la Sécurité, va recruter 160 collaborateurs pour son nouveau centre de R&T et d’Innovation, qui ouvrira en fin d’année à Paris-Saclay (Yvelines).

 

Ce site développera les nouvelles technologies destinées à l’ensemble des activités du Groupe. Safran recherche donc des ingénieurs chercheurs (jeunes diplômés et profils expérimentés) spécialisés en Matériaux avancés et Procédés, Capteurs et Systèmes de capteurs, Traitement du signal et de l’information, Algorithmie avancée, Modélisation, Mécanique des Structures et des Fluides, Propulsion ou encore Systèmes Aéronautiques.

 

Le Groupe, fortement impliqué dans le domaine de la responsabilité sociétale, accordera une attention particulière à la promotion de la diversité des origines et des parcours ainsi qu’au recrutement de femmes.

 

Les nouveaux embauchés rejoindront un Groupe composé de plus de 66 000 salariés, dont la vocation est d’imaginer les nouvelles technologies de demain. Safran, qui propose une grande diversité de métiers et de réelles perspectives d’évolution, cherche plus particulièrement à renforcer ses équipes en Recherche et Technologie*. Le nouveau centre de Paris Saclay permettra à Safran d’accélérer ses percées technologiques dans les domaines des Systèmes avancés aéronautiques, du Numérique, et des Matériaux et Procédés et Capteurs.

 

Ingénieurs chercheurs, soyez les inventeurs de demain et rejoignez Safran à Paris Saclay. Consultez les offres disponibles et postulez en ligne : http://www.safran-group.com/site-safran/talent/nous-rejoindre-801/centre-de-r-t/

 

* La Recherche & Technologie (R&T) fait partie de la Recherche et Développement (R&D) : elle se situe en amont et regroupe l’ensemble des activités d’études, de recherches et de démonstrations technologiques qui assurent à Safran la maîtrise des savoir-faire lui permettant de développer des produits innovants avec un risque, un délai et un coût réduits. En 2013, les dépenses en R&D du Groupe ont représenté 1,8 milliard d’euros, soit 12 % de son chiffre d’affaires. La R&D mobilise plus de 20 % des effectifs du Groupe, dont plus de 450 docteurs et 150 doctorants.

****

 

Safran est un groupe international de haute technologie, équipementier de premier rang dans les domaines de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (propulsion, équipements), de la Défense et de la Sécurité. Implanté sur tous les continents, le Groupe emploie 66 200 personnes pour un chiffre d’affaires de 14,7 milliards d’euros en 2013. Composé de nombreuses sociétés, Safran occupe, seul ou en partenariat, des positions de premier plan mondial ou européen sur ses marchés. Pour répondre à l’évolution des marchés, le Groupe s’engage dans des programmes de recherche et développement qui ont représenté en 2013 des dépenses de 1,8 milliard d’euros. Safran est une société cotée sur NYSE Euronext Paris et fait partie de l’indice CAC 40.

 

Pour plus d’informations, www.safran-group.com / Suivez @SAFRAN sur Twitter

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 17:50
photo Geoffrey Lee

photo Geoffrey Lee

March 5, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Spanish Ministry of Defence; issued March 4, 2014)

(Issued in Spanish; unofficial translation by Defense-Aerospace.com)

 

Twenty-Five Thousand Hours of Eurofighter in Air Force

 

The Air Force’s fleet of Eurofighter EF-2000 aircraft has completed its first 25,000 flight hours during the month of February, to which three units equipped with this weapon system have contributed: 11 Wing at Air Base Morón de la Frontera in Seville, 14 Wing at Los Llanos Air Base in Albacete and the Armaments Logistics and Experimentation Center (CLAEX) at Torrejón de Ardoz air base in Madrid.

 

The Eurofighter, which in the Air Force carries the designation C.16, entered service in our Armed Forces in October 2003. Since then, it has been assigned to the 11th Wing, operating mainly from Morón Air Base, in order to fulfill its primary mission of interception and air defense.

 

Since May 2012, it also has been operated by 142 Squadron of 14 Wing, as has the CLAEX, where it is operated for the development of operating software and weapons integration.

 

The C.16 fleet operated by Wing 11 and Wing 14 reached full operational capacity in January 2008 and, since then, is part of a select group of Air Force aircraft that monitor and protect our national sovereign airspace 24 hours day, seven days a week.

 

The primary mission of the Eurofighter units is to provide the Air Force with the required defensive and offensive air capability, to meet both national missions, as well as commitments arising from the Spanish participation in international organizations. It is equipped with latest-generation precision weapons that allow the Eurofighter to launch bombs and guided weapons with centimetric accuracy. Combined with the vast potential of its radar and air-to-air armament against aerial threats, the possibilities of this weapon system are multiplied.

 

The Air Force, which has 41 Eurofighter, reached this milestone with the assurance that the performance of these first 25,000 hours of flight confirms the operational and industrial success of the Eurofighter program, which has enabled the European aerospace industry and its Armed Forces to design, build and operate one of the best fighter planes that have plied the skies.

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