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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 12:55
Protéger la mer : une priorité pour les équipes d’évaluation et d’intervention de la Marine

 

09/10/2015 Actu Marine Nationale

 

Les 1er et 2 octobre 2015, la préfecture maritime de la Méditerranée, en partenariat avec le centre d’expertise pratique de lutte antipollution (CEPPOL) de la Marine nationale, a organisé un stage de formation au profit d’une vingtaine d’officiers de l’arrondissement maritime Méditerranée composant les équipes d’évaluation et d’intervention sur navire en difficulté (EEI).

 

Les équipes d’évaluation, envoyées sur place par hélitreuillage dès lors qu’un navire se signale en avarie grave au large des côtes françaises, sont « les yeux et les oreilles » du préfet maritime (PREMAR). Elles sont chargées de fournir une expertise indépendante sur la situation rencontrée par le navire en difficulté. Elle peuvent être amenées à notifier au capitaine du navire une mise en demeure, prise par le PREMAR sur le fondement du droit international et du code de l’environnement, de faire cesser le danger que la situation du navire représente pour l’environnement. 

 

Si le préfet maritime décide une action d’office, l’équipe prend alors le nom d’équipe d’intervention. Elle peut être renforcée, notamment, par des experts dans tous les domaines requis : manœuvre des navires, lutte contre les incendies et les voies d’eau, risques technologiques et sanitaires. L’action peut déboucher sur un remorquage imposé, réalisé par le remorqueur d’intervention, d’assistance et de sauvetage Abeille Flandre.

 

Intervenant le plus tôt possible en amont de la survenance d’un accident, les EEI font partie du dispositif de prévention des atteintes environnementales aux côtes françaises et aux eaux maritimes que pourrait occasionner le naufrage ou l’échouement d’un navire.

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 12:45
photo Cameroon MoD

photo Cameroon MoD

 

12-10-2015 Par RFI

 

Le groupe Etat islamique en Afrique de l’Ouest, mieux connu sous le nom de Boko Haram, a frappé ce week-end. Au Tchad d'abord, avec une quintuple attaque kamikaze survenue samedi dans une localité sur les rives du lac et qui a fait 43 morts, dont les kamikazes, ainsi qu'une quarantaine de blessés selon le dernier bilan disponible. Puis, dimanche dans le nord du Cameroun, un double attentat-suicide a visé la localité de Kangaleri, près de Mora. Bilan : 11 morts dont les kamikazes, et une trentaine de blessés.

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 11:55
source delegfrance-omi.org

source delegfrance-omi.org

 

11.10.2015 par JDD

 

La France vient d'étendre son domaine maritime d'une surface presque équivalente à celle de l'Hexagone. C'est une aubaine pour Paris qui espère que l'exploitation future du sous-sol marin sera fructueuse.

 

Deuxième pays du monde en termes de puissance maritime juste derrière les Etats-Unis, la France vient d'étendre son domaine maritime de 579.00km2. Selon Benoît Loubrieu, cette surface qui correspond quasiment à la taille de l'hexagone pourrait attendre au "moins un million de km2", si toutes les demandes soumises par la France dans le cadre de la convention de l'ONU sur le droit de la mer sont validées. La convention de Montego bay permet aux pays côtiers d'étendre leur plateau continental au-delà des 200 milles marins (environ 370 km) de leur ZEE - jusqu'à une limite maximale de 350 milles - s'ils démontrent que leur territoire terrestre se prolonge sur le fond des océans. Les droits d'un Etat sur cette zone ne s'exercent cependant que sur le sol et le sous-sol marin et non sur la colonne d'eau, qui reste du domaine international.

 

Suite de l'article

 

Note RP Defense : Voir les décrets nos 2015-1180, 2015-1181, 2015-1182 et 2015-1183 du 25 septembre 2015 définissant les limites extérieures du plateau continental au large du territoire de la Martinique et de la Guadeloupe, de la Guyane, de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Kerguelen

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 11:25
Crédits CESM - Marine Nationale

Crédits CESM - Marine Nationale


01.10.2015 par ASP C. de Marignan - Centre d’études stratégiques de la Marine

 

Moderniser, rénover, renouveler… Telle pourrait être la devise des marines d'Amérique latine, qui, pour la plupart, se sont lancées ces dernières années dans des programmes ambitieux visant à restructurer leur flotte vieillissante.

 

La mer : une nouvelle évidence

Les façades que possède l’Amérique latine sur les océans Atlantique et Pacifique représentent un atout géopolitique et stratégique de taille, poussant les États de la région à développer à nouveau leur secteur maritime et naval. La prise en compte, l’exploitation et donc la protection des zones économiques exclusives (ZEE) sont devenues des enjeux majeurs dans un contexte de désaccords internationaux sur les délimitations maritimes. L’Amérique latine compte aujourd’hui pas moins de 22 litiges portant sur des questions de souveraineté maritime. Ainsi, un groupe de récifs coralliens situé au large du Nicaragua était l’objet d’un litige séculaire avec la Colombie, qui n’a été tranché qu’en 2012 par la Cour internationale de Justice. Le Chili et la Bolivie semblent loin d’une telle issue : depuis la guerre du Pacifique (1879 à 1884), les Boliviens souhaitent obtenir une ouverture sur la mer passant par le Chili, afin de retrouver un accès à l’océan. Ces tensions accentuent la volonté de différents pays de la région de développer une marine, principalement axée sur des missions de surveillance et de patrouilles maritimes, à proximité des côtes.

Les eaux côtières de la région recèlent des ressources halieutiques ou énergétiques qui attirent la convoitise. Le golfe du Mexique est l’une des plus anciennes régions du monde dans l’exploitation de gisements d’hydrocarbures offshore, tandis que le Brésil vient de découvrir des réserves prometteuses au large de ses côtes. Ces ressources doivent donc être protégées, tout comme l’extrême richesse de la biodiversité marine dans la zone.

Si ces nouveaux enjeux poussent les marines côtières de la région à travailler ensemble, c’est dans le domaine de la lutte contre le narcotrafic que ces coopérations sont les plus importantes. Les États-Unis sont bien évidemment partie prenante avec la Joint Interagency Task Force-South (JIATFSouth), organisation qui vise à regrouper les différentes structures de lutte contre le trafic de stupéfiants. Rapidement internationalisée, la JIATF-South rassemble aujourd’hui 15 partenaires, dont la France et 9 États d’Amérique latine (1). D’autres coopérations multinationales auxquelles la France participe activement – Carib Venture (2), Atlantic Watch (3) ou Carib Royal (4) – ont également pour mission principale de lutter contre ce trafic en mer des Caraïbes.

Mais, loin de se limiter à la protection de leurs approches maritimes, certains pays aspirent au développement d’une marine de haute mer par des programmes de modernisation de leur flotte ou un développement de leurs coopérations dans le domaine maritime et naval.

 

Du littoral à la haute mer ?

Devenir une marine prépondérante n’est pas aisé, même au niveau régional. Et, pour le moment, aucune marine d’Amérique latine n’y est véritablement parvenue. La marine chilienne s’est longtemps illustrée comme modèle d’organisation et de rapidité opérationnelle dans la région, mais les récentes restrictions budgétaires ont freiné les différents programmes de rénovation.

Le pays a toutefois développé sa composante frégates, avec 8 nouvelles unités achetées aux Pays-Bas et à la Grande-Bretagne, ainsique sa flotte sous-marine, avec l’achat de deux Scorpène, se dotant de la flotte sous-marine la plus moderne d’Amérique du Sud.

Pour la façade atlantique, c’est le Brésil qui se distingue et conforte sa place de leader régional dans le domaine maritime et naval. Sa marine est en effet la seule du continent Sud-américain à être dotée d’un porte-avions, le São Paulo (ex-Foch), qui, malgré son âge, demeure le symbole d’une puissance maritime. Le pays est également le premier à avoir entrepris des programmes de renouvellement global de sa flotte. Prosub par exemple vise à l’acquisition, mais surtout à la fabrication locale, de nouveaux sous-marins Scorpène, qui doivent être livrés entre 2018 et 2022, ainsi que d’un sous-marin nucléaire d’attaque – une première pour les marines de la région – prévu pour 2025, et à la construction d’une base navale sous-marine à Itaguaí (région de Rio de Janeiro). Prosuper, quant à lui, vise à renouveler la flotte de surface, principalement en envisageant l’acquisition d’un transport de chalands de débarquement (TCD) et d’un porte-avions qui pourrait remplacer le São Paulo dès 2035.

Mais, si le Brésil tend à devenir une marine hauturière à dimension mondiale, les autres marines du continent restent pour la plupart au stade de puissances locales. Certaines, comme la marine argentine – pourtant de première importance dans les années 1970 avec notamment sa composante aéronavale –, peinent à se renouveler. Pour des raisons budgétaires, plusieurs constructions de nouveaux bâtiments ont été suspendues et certaines rénovations, retardées (5). Pour la marine vénézuélienne, c’est l’embargo américain qui l’empêche de mener à son terme la modernisation de ses frégates de type Lupo. C’est donc vers la Chine et Cuba que le pays s’est tourné pour obtenir un soutien dans le domaine de la construction navale. Les marines colombienne ou mexicaine, quant à elles, bénéficient de leur coopération avec des pays dotés d’une industrie navale très développée, tels que la France, l’Allemagne ou les États-Unis, afin de renouveler leur flotte. Mexique et Pérou ont beau faire partie du top 20 des plus grandes marines en termes de tonnage, leur flotte est cependant vieillissante.

La marine péruvienne peine ainsi à se séparer de son croiseur Almirante Grau, ancien bâtiment néerlandais (ex-de Ruyter). Le Mexique, lui, ne possède pas de frégates lance-missiles.

À la différence des années 1970, théâtre d’une véritable course à l’armement, les États d’Amérique latine sont aujourd’hui dans l’obligation d’investir dans leurs marines. L’enjeu est en effet d’assurer la protection des nouvelles richesses de la mer contenues dans leurs eaux sous souveraineté, des hydrocarbures aux ressources halieutiques, en passant par la biodiversité. Reste à voir si cet investissement s’inscrira dans la durée.

 

(1) Argentine, Brésil, Chili, Colombie, Équateur, Mexique, Pérou, République dominicaine et Salvador.

(2) Opération sous commandement hollandais.

(3) Initiée en 2010, cette opération a pour mission d’intercepter en mer la drogue en partance du Venezuela, de Guyana ou du Suriname, et en direction de l’Europe et de l’Afrique.

(4) Opération de lutte contre le trafic de drogues sur la façade est des Caraïbes. (5) Même si le troisième sous-marin argentin de type TR 1700, dont la construction a été interrompue en 1994, pourrait être achevé dans les prochaines années.

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 10:50
Drone - UAV (photo Armée de l'Air, Armée de Terre, Onera,Dassault Aviation)

Drone - UAV (photo Armée de l'Air, Armée de Terre, Onera,Dassault Aviation)

 

12 oct. 2015 Ministère de la Défense

 

Over the last decade, it has become an essential asset in military interventions. Now the preferred means of carrying out reconnaissance and observation, the drone is a source of fascination. As France and the UK prepare to work together to develop futuristic drones capable of carrying out strikes on the enemy, the Journal de la Défense takes a closer look at this rapidly evolving military resource.

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 10:50
photo Russia MoD

photo Russia MoD

 

12 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Luxembourg - L'intervention en Syrie de la Russie, qui soutient le régime du président Bachar al-Assad sur le plan militaire et politique, change la donne, a estimé lundi la chef de la diplomatie européenne, Federica Mogherini.

 

C'est certainement quelque chose qui change la donne (...) Cela a des aspects préoccupants,, a dit Mme Mogherini en arrivant à une réunion de ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'Union européenne à Luxembourg.

 

Elle a précisé que la situation en Syrie serait amplement discutée pendant la réunion, notamment en ce qui concerne les violations de l'espace aérien turc par des avions russes.

 

Les interventions dans le conflit doivent être coordonnées, sinon cela risque d'être extrêmement dangereux non seulement d'un point de vue politique, mais surtout d'un point de vue militaire, a ajouté Mme Mogherini.

 

Elle a appelé la Russie à clairement cibler Daech (acronyme arabe du groupe jihadiste Etat islamique) et d'autres groupes terroristes ainsi définis par l'ONU en Syrie.

 

Moscou affirme que les raids de son aviation sont dirigés contre le groupe Etat islamique mais les Occidentaux l'accusent de viser surtout par ses frappes aériennes des groupes de l'opposition modérée et le front Al-Nosra, la branche d'al-Qaïda en Syrie.

 

Nous avons une base commune, les Etats-Unis, la Russie, nous tous, a-t-elle insisté en référence aux travaux de l'ONU pour pousser à une transition politique en Syrie, un processus aujourd'hui au point mort.

 

Certains pays européens poussent de plus en plus ouvertement pour une négociation avec le président syrien Bachar al-Assad, une perspective rejetée avec force par la France et le Royaume-Uni.

 

Les ministres devraient appeler à une transition inclusive et pacifique à l'issue de leur réunion, sans dire si celle-ci inclut M. Assad. En même temps, ils estiment qu'il ne peut y avoir une paix durable en Syrie sous le leadership actuel, selon le texte qui doit être publié à la mi-journée, dont l'AFP a pu obtenir une copie.

 

Tous ceux qui ont un rôle dans la crise et dans la transition (doivent se mettre) à table, et l'issue de la transition doit être définie ensemble avec la communauté internationale, les acteurs régionaux, mais avant tout par tous les Syriens, a déclaré Mme Mogherini.

 

La Coalition de l'opposition syrienne en exil a indiqué dimanche qu'elle ne participerait pas aux discussions préliminaires proposées par l'ONU pour préparer des négociations de paix, en raison notamment des frappes aériennes que la Russie mène en Syrie.

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
Polish Air Force Acquires Missiles for the MiG-29; Ukrainian Contractors May Place Their Offers Too

A German air force MiG-29 fires an R-27 radar-guided missile. The Polish air force is looking to buy 40 such missiles to maintain the capabilities of its own MiG-29s, and says it will allow Ukrainian suppliers to compete. (Luftwaffe photo)



Oct 09, 201 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Defence24.com Poland; posted Oct 09, 2015)

 

Poland’s Armament Inspectorate announced that it has begun a procedure to acquire radar guided R-27R1 missiles, used as the main armament of the Polish MiG-29 fighters. Ukrainian manufacturers are allowed to submit offers as well.

The procedure concerns procurement of 40 R-27R1 missiles. This type of weaponry is the basic armament of the MiG-29 fighters used by the Polish Air Force. The missile is a semi-active radar-guided weapon used against airborne targets at close and medium ranges, in any weather conditions, by day and night, in any direction. This type of missiles requires the launch aircraft to continuously track the target with its radar.

According to the available information, R-27R1 missiles are tailored to destroy airborne targets at distances beyond 50 km, however, the maximum range is dependent on the manoeuvres implemented by the target (approaching, going away, manoeuvring). The Armament Inspectorate notes that the missiles should belong to “Category One”, and they should be manufactured not more than one year before initial delivery.

The manufacturer is required to guarantee the usability period for the R-27R1 missiles of at least 96 months (if missiles are hermetically sealed) and for another 60 months, once the weapon is unpacked.

The acquisition procedure is going to be realized in line with the Public Procurement Law. The procurement may be realized by contractors whose seat is located within the territory of the European Union, European Economic Area or within the territory of a country with which the Polish, or the EU authorities, concluded an agreement regarding the defence and security procurement. The Armament Inspectorate notes that, besides the companies from the above-listed states, potential contractors from Ukraine may also submit their offers.

R-27R1 missiles, as well as other derivatives of the R-27 missile, are being offered by the Ukrainian Artem company which supplied the missiles, referred to by NATO as AA-10 Alamo, to India.

Procurement of the missiles shows that Poland is willing to maintain the full scope of capabilities of the MiG-29 jet fighters. This class of missiles is not usually used in the Air Policing operations, whether in Poland of in Baltic Air Policing. In case of the MiG-29 fighters participating in the Baltic Air Policing operation, they were always armed with the short range R-60MK or R-73E missiles.

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
India to Make South Korean K-9 Artillery Guns In $750M Deal

 

October 9, 2015 defencetalk.com

 

Indian engineering major Larsen & Toubro (L&T), in partnership with Korea’s Samsung Techwin (STW), has bagged a Rs 4,875-crore ($750 million) order for supplying the Indian Army with 100 self-propelled (SP), tracked howitzers.

Business Standard has learnt the defence ministry has written to L&T and STW informing them that their gun – called the K-9 Vajra – has cleared army trials conducted in 2013 and 2014. Simultaneously, the ministry has written to the other vendor in contention, Russia’s arms export agency, Rosoboronexport (RoE), rejecting the gun it offered, the 2S19 MSTA howitzer.

The K-9 Vajra consist of a 155-mm, 52-calibre howitzer, mounted on a tracked vehicle. It is highly mobile and can keep up with tank columns in the open desert. The Indian army wants this gun for its mechanized strike corps, which launches rapid thrusts deep into enemy territory. The strike corps’ T-90S tanks currently outpace their artillery guns, which are towed by wheeled vehicles. This constrains the tank spearheads to fight without artillery support at key moments in the advance. With the K-9 Vajra mounted on a tracked vehicle that keeps up with tanks, the armour spearheads would be assured of heavy fire support.

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
INS Astradharini will be sued to carry out the technical trials of underwater weapons and systems. Photo Indian Navy.

INS Astradharini will be sued to carry out the technical trials of underwater weapons and systems. Photo Indian Navy.

 

9 October 2015 naval-technology.com

 

The Indian Navy has commissioned its first indigenously built torpedo launch and recovery vessel, INS Astradharini, at the Naval Base in Visakhapatnam, India.

 

Designed by NSTL, M/s Shoft Shipyard and IIT Kharagpur, the new vessel features a catamaran hull form that minimises power consumption.

 

The 50m-long vessel will be capable of operating at high-sea states, cruising at a maximum speed of up to 15k.

 

In addition, the vessel features a large deck area with torpedo launchers for deploying and recovering several of torpedoes during the trials.

 

During the ceremony, vice-admiral Satish Soni said the new vessel offers additional thrust to the nation's ongoing endeavours at indigenisation and achieving the nation's goal of self-reliance in underwater weapons development.

 

INS Astradharini also features modern power generation and distribution, navigation and communication systems.

 

The vessel will be deployed to carry out the technical trials of underwater weapons and systems developed by NSTL, a naval systems laboratory of DRDO.

 

In addition, the vessel replaces Astravahini, which was decommissioned in July this year.

 

Recently, the Indian Navy commissioned its indigenously-designed new warship, INS Kochi, at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai.

 

Claimed to be the largest-ever warship to be built in the country, INS Kochi is the second ship of the Kolkata-class (Project 15A) guided missile destroyers.

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) - photo US avy

USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) - photo US avy


09.10.2015 Pacific Sentinel
 

China’s military is getting its ducks in a row for what many experts see as a realistic competence at destroying US aircraft carriers during a confrontation scenario over Taiwan.

 

In a recent issue of the Chinese-language state-run China Youth Daily newspaper, a report claims that the Gaofen-4 geostationary earth observation satellite will be launched by the end of this year with the express purpose of hunting US aircraft carriers. The satellite is equipped with a visible light imager at 50 meters and infrared staring optical imager at 400 meters.

 

During the 1996 Taiwan Strait missile crisis, the Chinese military was flustered by the presence of two US aircraft carriers sent to protect Taiwan during missile exercises designed to intimidate the island.

 

Since then, the military has created the means of holding at risk US aircraft carriers with two new anti-ship ballistic missiles, the DF-21D and the new DF-26. However, locating US aircraft carriers is not easy, and China has developed a variety of airborne and space-based sensors to ease the search.

 

Read the full story at DefenseNews

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
Russia will sign contract on Mi-35 deliveries to Afghanistan in October

 

Oct 9, 2015 By Dylan Vosman - defence-blog.com

 

Russia will sign contract on Mi-35 deliveries to Afghanistan in October. The Afghan government intends to buy Mi-35 attack helicopters from Russia in a bid to boost the capabilities of the Afghan Air Force. The Afghan Air Force received the first six Armed MD-530s last month with the NATO Train, Assist, Advise Command-Air and 438th Air Expeditionary Wing, saying that the armed MD-530s will increase the Afghan Air Force aerial fires capability. Armed Mi-17s and MD-530s give the Afghan Air Force six times the number of armed aircraft for Fighting Season 2015 as compared to last fighting season, which only employed five Mi-35s.

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11 octobre 2015 7 11 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
Student sensor operators from the 6th Reconnaissance Squadron practice tactical operations during an MQ-1 Predator super sortie simulator mission. U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman BreeAnn Sachs.

Student sensor operators from the 6th Reconnaissance Squadron practice tactical operations during an MQ-1 Predator super sortie simulator mission. U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman BreeAnn Sachs.

 

HOLLOMAN AIR FORCE BASE, N.M., Oct. 8 (UPI)

 

The U.S. Air Force is expanding its training program for remotely piloted aircraft at the Holloman Air Force Base, including the MQ-1 Predator and the MQ-9 Reaper, officials announced Wednesday.

The announcement comes as the U.S. Air Force reports increased demand for its remotely piloted aircraft for surveillance, reconnaissance, and intelligence gathering operations. The Holloman Air Force Base is set to increase its rate of student production from 603 pilots and sensor operators in fiscal year 2015, to 818 students in fiscal 2016.

"By the time we are done with this expansion, Holloman will be the largest aircrew training base in the Air Force," said Maj. Christopher, the assistant director of operations for programmed flying training in a statement.

It will take a bout 18 months for the Air Force to train and expand the unit, taking into account training new instructors and expanding student facilities. Christopher added it takes about six months to train a new instructor. Air Force officials say the expansion will help fix manning and maintenance issues with the remotely piloted aircraft. Christopher says the solution is not a quick fix for the challenges students have had, however the easier workload will be better for the RPA community.

"This seems like leadership is truly focused on a long-term sustainable fix that is going to keep the RPA community healthy as a whole and keep us there," Christopher said. "It is going to hurt for a little while because we have got a lot of work to do, but the demand is still there and we need to do our best to meet that."

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 16:45
photo Ministère de la Défense

photo Ministère de la Défense

 

10-10-2015 Par RFI

 

Des combats ont été signalés aux alentours de Sibut en Centrafrique ce samedi 10 octobre entre la force française Sangaris et des miliciens armés issus de l'ex-Seleka. On ignore le bilan mais il y a des morts. Les forces internationales voulaient manifestement empêcher une colonne de descendre vers Bangui.

 

ll est environ 13h30 ce samedi à Sibut quand retentissent au loin des détonations. En ville tout le monde comprend de quoi il s'agit. « Depuis hier matin, un important groupe d'hommes armés est signalé à une douzaine de km vers l'est aux abords de la route qui mène à Bambari », nous explique une source bien informée sur place.

 

Selon nos informations, il s'agit d'éléments du FPRC, branche de l'ex-Seleka conduite par Nourredine Adam. Depuis plusieurs jours, des dizaines d'hommes du FPRC en provenance du Nord étaient bloqués à Dékoa par la Minusca. Ils seraient donc finalement parvenus à contourner Dékoa et se sont retrouvés là, en espérant pouvoir descendre vers Bangui.

 

Ce samedi matin, des discussions avaient été engagées entre les chefs de cette colonne, conduite par un certain général Adoum, les autorités de Sibut et le chef du contingent deCasques bleus qui y sont déployés. Négociations qui n'ont rien donné.

 

En début d'après-midi donc, une patrouille des forces internationales repère ce groupe d'environ 150 à 200 hommes et leurs pick-up. Un hélicoptère de combat français pris à partie ouvrira le feu provoquant d'importants dégâts humains et matériels sur le convoi Seleka.

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
Britain to increase UAV fleet, modernize Special Forces gear


Oct 5, 2015 (UPI)

 

Britain is to replace and double its fleet of remotely piloted aircraft and modernize equipment of its Special Forces.

The investment, announced by Prime Minister David Cameron, is part of the 2015 Strategic Defense and Security Review.

"In order to equip UK intelligence agencies and British Armed forces with the capabilities they need to keep the streets of Britain safe, the prime minister has announced that the RAF will replace the existing fleet of 10 Reaper aircraft with more than 20 of the latest generation of RPAS, which will be called Protector and will carry the very latest technology," the Ministry of Defensee said.

"With a greater range and endurance, the new Protector aircraft will dramatically increase the UK's ability to identify, track, deter and ultimately counter potential threats. Combined with the increase in the size of the fleet, this will substantially enhance the UK's global intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance capability.

For its Special Force, the Ministry of Defense said, new specialist weapons and clothing will be procured to ensure that the force "remains at the cutting edge of technology, giving them a clear advantage over enemies."

Additional details of the procurement of RPAs and Special Forces equipment was not elaborated upon.

The Reaper currently used by Britain is made by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems Inc. Cameron, who made the announcement in a newspaper interview, gave no information on the Protector RPA, including its manufacturer.

"The duty of the UK Government is to keep our country safe and we must do more as the threats we face evolve," said Defense Secretary Michael Fallon. "We must adapt and stay ahead of our enemies.

"This investment package will enhance our ability to address these sophisticated dangers both at home and abroad, allowing us to intervene with speed and precision to protect the people of the UK and our international partners."

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:40
Sukhoi delivers new batch of Su-34 to Russia

 

8 October 2015 airforce-technology.com

 

Sukhoi has delivered a new batch of Su-34 frontline bombers to the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation as part of the 2015 state defence order.

 

According to the company, the new aircraft took off from the V.P.Chkalov Novosibirsk Aircraft Plant's airfield.

 

Sukhoi, the subsidiary of United Aircraft Corporation, has secured contracts to deliver Su-34s for Russia up to the year 2020, guaranteeing a stable work load for the company.

 

Powered by a twin Lyulka AL-31FM1 turbofan engine, the Su-34 aircraft has an increased flight range of up to 4,000km, a maximum speed of up to 1,900km/h and an 8 tonne payload.

 

A two-seat derivative of the swing-wing Su-27 fighter, the Su-34 features a new weapon system and an air refuelling system, the company stated.

 

With a range of airborne munitions, including high-precision types, the aircraft is capable of engaging a range of land-based, sea and airborne targets in all weather conditions and any visibility levels.

 

In addition, it features a long-range aiming system, a modern on-board communication, an information exchange system and a complex survival system.

 

It also has an armoured cockpit and an active safety system, in addition to the new computers to manoeuvre and perform accurate bombing when under enemy attack.

 

The transfer of Su-34 aircraft comes after Sukhoi delivered a batch of Su-34 and Su-35S fighters to the Russian Air Force in July.

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
Yuan class submarine (photo : pixnet)

Yuan class submarine (photo : pixnet)


08.10.2015 Defense Studies

The Thai Navy will rework funding pattern for the purchase of three Chinese submarines and resubmit the proposal to the cabinet for approval.

The purchase proposal was on the cabinet agenda last week but withdrawn amid a report the Defence Ministry wanted the navy to spread payments for the submarines over 10 years rather than seven, Thai media reported.

Thai Defence Minister Prawit Wongsuwon on Tuesday denied reports that the navy's submarine procurement project was being suspended or stalled.

Gen Prawit said he had asked the navy, which plans to buy three Chinese submarines valued at 36 billion baht, to rework its funding plan. The proposal would be submitted to the cabinet for consideration "when the time is right".

There were reports last week that Thailand might prefer frigates in place of submarines. Newly appointed Royal Thai Navy Chief, Admiral Na Areenij had said that the navy would propose an ‘alternative’ if the submarine plan was stalled or cancelled. Local media interpreted this to mean that that the navy would propose the purchase of frigates.

(DefenseWorld)

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
Scorpene photo DCNS

Scorpene photo DCNS

 

09.10.2015 Pacific Sentinel
 

Jakarta is interested in bolstering its deterrence capabilities.

 

Indonesian defense official have expressed interest in purchasing French-built Scorpene-class 1000 diesel-electric attack submarines (SSK) IHS Jane’s Navy International reports.

 

Representatives of the French shipbuilder DCNS, the company offering the boats, confirmed Indonesian-French government-to-government talks at this year’s Pacific 2015 International Maritime Exhibition currently taking place in Sydney, Australia.

 

“The talks are going on at the government-to-government level, mostly to discuss the needs of the Indonesian Navy,” according to a DCNS representative interviewed by IHS Jane’s Navy International.

 

“So far, what the Indonesians have identified is the need for a complementary submarine fleet that can fill in the gaps of their new ocean-going submarines, and they are considering the Scorpene 1000.”

 

Read the full story at The Diplomat

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
RTA AW-139 helicopter (photo : thaifighterclub)

RTA AW-139 helicopter (photo : thaifighterclub)


09.10.2015 Defense Studies

Contracts Announced Worth 140 Million Euro

New contracts worth a total of 140 million Euro for Finmeccanica-AgustaWestland helicopters. During the Helitech International Show held in London, the company announced orders for the AW139 and AW169 new-generation helicopter models, by both commercial and Governmental European and Asian customers for a total amount of eleven.

Among the operators to mention which have chosen the AgustaWestland’s new-generation helicopters is the Royal Thai Army, that will use eight AW139s for transport and utility services in addition to the two currently in service and the company Heliservices International GmbH which will use its new AW169 for offshore activities in the North Sea.

The helicopters ordered will be used for the implementation of a variety of missions, like passengers transport, law enforcement and offshore transport; and the entry into service of these machines, specifically ten AW139s and one AW169, is planned to take place between the end of 2015 and the end of 2016.

The AW139 and AW169 helicopters, thanks to great performances, cutting-edge technology and operating flexibility, have reached a unique success in their respective categories (intermediate for the world class leading AW139 and light intermediate for the recently certified AW169), obtaining a total of over 1,000 orders signed to date on the world market. The AW139 is the best selling helicopter in its category, with over nine hundred ordered, while the AW169 is the first new-generation helicopter in its category that has been launched on the market in the last thirty years presenting cutting-edge technological solutions in equipment, rotors, re-configuration capability for each mission, emissions reduction and safety standards.

(Finmeccanica)

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
Turkish Navy Landing ship TCG Bayraktar (L-402) launched

 

Oct 8, 2015 By Dylan Vosman – defence-blog.com

 

TCG Bayraktar (L-402) is a Turkish Navy landing ship, which was built in Turkey and launched in October 2015 The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministry of Defence and ADIK_Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract is 370 million Euros. It took almost two years for the shipyard to find the 370 million Euro credit to cover the project as required by the contract. The first steel was cut on 14 May 2014 at ADİK Shipyard. The first ship is called as TCG Bayraktar replacing the old TCG Bayraktar, a LST-511 class landing ship which is out of commission. The new landing ships will have a crew of 129 and will carry 350 soldiers. The ships will have a citadel to protect the crew from effects of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. The closed parking area is 1100 square meters and the open deck parking area is 690 square meters sufficient for approximately 20 main battle tanks and between 24 – 60 vehicles. The armament consists of 2 single barreled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilized remote-controlled chassis. The ships will have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar (which not common for an amphibious ship) 2 AselFLIR 300D EO director, torpedo counter measures systems, laser warning receiver and Link 16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by a 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
USAF expands OIR mission in Turkey

 

DIYARBAKIR, Turkey, Oct. 8 (UPI)

 

The U.S. Air Force began staging small detachments of airmen and aircraft in Turkey to support personnel recovery missions in Syria and Iraq.

The U.S. Air Force has maintained a working relationship with its counterpart in Turkey, a NATO ally. U.S. Airmen stationed at the Diyarbakir Air Base, home to the Turkish air force's 8th Air Wing, are assigned to assist with the recovery of coalition personnel in the event they need assistance. The Airmen come from the 435th Contingency Response Group, part of the 435th Air Ground Operations Wing. Lt. Col. Ryan Barney, 435th CRG element commander, says the unit's mission is to "get in and out."

"The unique thing about this mission is the 435th CRG were the first troops on the ground; and we really depended on everyone and the defenders deployed with us for security as the building began," Barney said.

The unit arrived in August to begin building operating bases, and brought in some 680 tons of equipment.

"When the 435th CRG first arrived, there was nothing but a grassy field and a lot of boulders," Barney said. "By providing airfield ops, combat support and training, security, construction and mobile aircraft support, that field is now a 'bare base' and ready for the follow-on force to arrive."

The deployment comes as Turkish government officials grow more concerned with Russian operations in Syria, following recent violations of Turkish airspace. Russia continued its support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad by initiating airstrikes, purportedly against the Islamic State, Sunni militants also identified as Daesh and by the acronyms ISIS and ISIL.

Tanju Bilgiç, spokesperson of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, issued a statement on the matter on Wednesday.

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey strongly protested the violations of the Turkish airspace by the Russian Federation on 3 and 4 October 2015 to the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ankara," the statement read.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg condemned the incursions, calling them "deliberate," a view shared by U.S. officials.

"I call on Russia to avoid escalating tensions with the alliance. Russia must de-conflict its military activities in Syria. I'm also concerned that Russia is not targeting [the Islamic State], but instead attacking the Syrian opposition and civilians."

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:25
M109 howitzer

M109 howitzer

 

Oct 8, 2015 By Dylan Vosman - defence-blog.com

 

The company BAE Systems will provide the Army of Brazil the first batch of 16 upgraded M109 self-propelled howitzers in 2016. The delivery of the second package is planned for 2018. Armored Troop The Brazilian army has undergone a major modernization in the last decade, especially with the emergence and consolidation of the Armored Training Center (Bld CI) training unit located in Santa Maria (RS). This process has just opened a new stage with the imminent delivery of modernized self-propelled howitzer (VBCOAP) M109. To date innovations in Armored Troop they focused on Movement and Combat Maneuver (MBT) function, with the acquisition of armored combat vehicles Leopard 1A5 KMW. Now the combat role by fires (self-propelled howitzers) gains a new dimension with the acquisition of VBCOAP M109 A5 within the strategic project OCOP (Getting Full Operational Capability) Army.

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
Reaper Extended Range (Reaper ER) - photo General Atomics

Reaper Extended Range (Reaper ER) - photo General Atomics

 

October 8, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In September 2015 the U.S. Air Force received its first MQ-9 Reaper ER UAV. This occurred a year after the air force ordered 38 of them. Reaper ER is an upgrade of the original MQ-9 design that allows longer endurance (up to 35 hours) by carrying two fuel tanks (one under each wing) that use a new fuel management system that ensures fuel is taken from the main fuel tank and the two external tanks in such a way that the aircraft does not become unbalanced. The new version also has the engine modified so that it can generate more power on takeoff, enabling the MQ-9 to achieve heavier takeoff weight. The ER version is also getting 20 percent longer wings. Since the wings already carry fuel, this helps increase fuel and endurance to about 42 hours. The air force asked for the Reaper ER to be developed and delivered quickly which in this case was done. That was unusual in the military procurement world. Older MQ-9s can be upgraded to ER partially (by equipping a MQ-9 with the two fuel tanks and fuel management software) or completely (by installing the larger wings and new engine).

 

The original MQ-9 Reaper looked like the earlier 1.2 ton MQ-1 Predator but was larger. The 4.7 ton MQ-9 is an 11.6 meters (36 foot) long aircraft with a 21.3 meters (66 foot) wingspan. It has six hard points and can carry 682 kg (1,500 pounds) of weapons. These include Hellfire missiles (up to eight), two Sidewinder or two AMRAAM air-to-air missiles, two Maverick missiles, or two 227 kg (500 pound) smart bombs (laser or GPS guided). Max speed is 400 kilometers an hour, and max endurance was originally 15 hours. The Reaper is considered a combat aircraft, to replace F-16s or A-10s in many situations. Most of the nearly 150 Reapers built so far have been for the U.S. Air Force and since introduced in 2007 these Reapers have flown over two million hours.

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 16:55
FREMM Languedoc photo DCNS

FREMM Languedoc photo DCNS

 

07.10.2015 par DCNS

 

Le 7 octobre, la FREMM Languedoc, troisième frégate de la série destinée à la Marine nationale, a effectué sa première sortie à la mer. Ce jalon industriel marque le démarrage des essais en mer du navire qui se dérouleront au large des côtes bretonnes. Avec trois frégates multimissions FREMM actuellement en cours de construction sur le site de Lorient, DCNS aura livré six FREMM avant mi-2019 à la Marine nationale, conformément à la loi de programmation militaire 2015-2019, ainsi que deux FREMM à l’export.

 

DCNS a réalisé ce jour, sur son site de Lorient, la première sortie à la mer de la FREMM Languedoc, troisième de la série commandée par l’OCCAR* au profit de la Direction générale de l’armement (DGA) pour la Marine nationale. Lors de cette première sortie à la mer, le principal objectif poursuivi est de tester les performances de la propulsion et du système de navigation du navire.

La FREMM Languedoc va bénéficier d’une réduction sensible de la durée de ses essais en mer par rapport aux FREMM précédentes : six semaines contre huit auparavant. Cette durée d’essais optimisée illustre le passage en « mode série » des frégates multimissions.

Les équipes de DCNS et de ses partenaires, fortes de l’expérience acquise sur les FREMM déjà livrées, ont ainsi pu procéder à l’intégration des senseurs et des armements du système de combat avant la première sortie mer de la FREMM Languedoc. Cette rationalisation du planning permet d’optimiser la durée et le nombre de sorties en mer de la frégate et donc in fine de réduire la durée totale des essais du navire.

«L’accélération du planning d’essai sur la FREMM Languedoc témoigne de la capacité de DCNS à assurer une production en série performante », explique Anne Bianchi, Directrice du Programme FREMM chez DCNS.

 

 

 

FREMM Languedoc photo DCNS

FREMM Languedoc photo DCNS

 

Huit FREMM réalisées sur le site DCNS de Lorient d’ici 2019

Pour DCNS, le programme FREMM représentera à terme la construction de dix frégates, dont huit pour la Marine nationale. Six d’entre elles seront livrées d’ici 2019 et deux frégates dotées de capacités anti-aériennes renforcées seront livrées avant 2022. Deux autres unités ont été vendues et livrées à des clients internationaux : la Marine Royale du Maroc et la Marine égyptienne.

  • La FREMM Aquitaine, tête de série, livrée en 2012.
  • La FREMM Mohammed VI, livrée à la Marine Royale du Maroc en 2014.
  • La FREMM Provence livrée en juin 2015.
  • La FREMM Tahya Misr, livrée à la Marine égyptienne en juin 2015.
  • La FREMM Languedoc qui réalise sa première sortie en mer.
  • La FREMM Auvergne, qui a été mise à flot le 2 septembre
  • La FREMM Bretagne, dont l’assemblage se poursuit.

 

Caractéristiques techniques des FREMM

Fortement armées, les frégates FREMM mettent en œuvre, sous maîtrise d’œuvre DCNS, les systèmes d’armes et équipements les plus performants, tels que le radar multifonction Herakles, le Missile de Croisière Naval MdCN, les missiles Aster et Exocet MM 40 ou encore les torpilles MU 90.

 

  • Longueur hors tout : 142 mètres
  • Largeur : 20 mètres
  • Déplacement : 6 000 tonnes
  • Vitesse maximale : 27 nœuds
  • Mise en œuvre : 108 personnes (détachement hélicoptère inclus)
  • Capacité de logement : 145 personnes
  • Autonomie : 6 000 nautiques à 15 nœuds

*OCCAR : Organisation Conjointe de Coopération en matière d’ARmement, , est une organisation internationale qui a pour cœur de métier la gestion des programmes d’équipements de défense en coopération qui lui sont confiés par les Etats membres. L’OCCAR assure, entre autres, la maitrise d’ouvrage des frégates multi-missions FREMM destinées à la France et à l’Italie.

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 16:55
Prix armée de l’air 2016 : vos écrits nous intéressent

 

09/10/2015 Sources : CESA - Armée de l'air

 

Chaque année, l’armée de l’air récompense les meilleurs mémoires traitant de l’« Air et espace » dans le cadre des prix « Clément Ader » et « René Mouchotte ».

 

Ces prix ont été créés afin d’encourager, de susciter et de promouvoir des études ou des travaux de recherche en relation avec les préoccupations de l’armée de l’air. Conduits dans les milieux universitaires, les instituts de recherche ou au sein du ministère de la Défense, ces travaux aborderont des questions de stratégie, d’histoire, d’emploi des forces, de ressources humaines, d’équipement ou de droit aérien.

 

Plus d'informations

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 16:50
Norwegian Government Proposes Significant Defence Budget Boost

 

Oct 9, 2015  defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Norway Ministry of Defence; issued Oct 8, 2015)


The Norwegian Government proposes a 9.8% real terms defence budget increase for 2016, including a near doubling of funding for the F-35, a significant strengthening of the Intelligence Service and increased High North patrols.

The Norwegian Intelligence Service, the P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft and forward deployed submarine patrols all receive additional funding in the Norwegian Government’s 2016 budget proposal that was presented on the 7th of October.

The majority of the increase comes from a near doubling of the funding related to the Norwegian acquisition of the F-35, which ensures that the Norwegian procurement of the F-35 will proceed as planned.

The overall priorities in the Government’s budget proposal are in line with the recommendations presented by the Chief of Defence on the 1st of October 2015 in his Strategic Military Review, and helps increase the defence budget’s share of Norway’s GNP to a projected 1.54 %.

“The Norwegian Government takes the new security situation very seriously, and in 2016 we intend to follow up on our stated intention of strengthening the Norwegian Armed Forces in areas which allow its operational capabilities to grow in both the short and the long term. A considerable strengthening of the Norwegian Armed Forces is required in order to ensure that we develop capabilities for the future that are both relevant and modern, and which improve our ability to deter the use of force against both Norway and the wider NATO-alliance.

“Both our F-35-procurement and the new base at Ørland are key components to this effort, and of great importance to this Government, and therefore constitute a significant portion of the proposed increases,” says Norwegian Minister of Defence, Ms. Ine Eriksen Søreide.

Increased Funding for the Procurement of New Combat Aircraft with Associated Infrastructure

To support Norway’s continued acquisition of the F-35 along with its associated infrastructure the Government proposes a 2016 budget allocation of NOK 8.6 billion. While this proposal includes NOK 1.1 billion re-allocated from the 2015 budget due to planned payments that have been postponed, this nevertheless constitutes a near doubling of the 2015-level.

Also covered by the funding increase are additional funds for the construction of the new F-35-base at Ørland Main Air Station, where several projects are already underway to prepare for the arrival of the first F-35 in Norway in 2017.

The Norwegian Parliament has already authorized the procurement of 22 of the 52 aircraft Norway plans to procure, which includes deliveries up to and including 2019. In the 2016 budget, the Government requests authorization to begin procurement of an additional six aircraft for delivery in 2020.

On Tuesday the 6th of October the Norwegian acquisition of the F-35 reached another milestone as the second F-35 for Norway, AM-2, completed a successful test flight from Lockheed Martin’s facility in Fort Worth, Texas. This was the first flight for a Norwegian F-35, and comes only two weeks after the formal roll-out ceremony for the first Norwegian F-35.

A Strengthened and Modernized Intelligence Service

The Norwegian Government is proposing a considerable and necessary investment in the Norwegian Intelligence Service, above and beyond the levels indicated in the current Long Term Plan for the Norwegian Armed Forces. By modernizing both the technologies and capabilities of the Intelligence Service, it will become better prepared to address current and future challenges in line with the rapid technological advancement and developments in both Norway’s immediate region and in other areas around the globe.

In its 2016 budget proposal, the Government consequently proposes a funding increase for the Intelligence Service of NOK 370 million, of which NOK 250 million are fresh funds added to the defence budget.

Improved Navy Maintenance and Increased High North Patrols

The Government proposes several measures intended to strengthen the operational readiness of the Norwegian Navy, and to increase the patrol activity of its submarines and the Air Force’s P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft in the High North.

By adding NOK 320 million to the Navy maintenance budget, the Government aims to reduce the current maintenance backlog on its vessels, thereby improving its ability to maintain the level of activity described by the current Long Term Plan. This additional funding also creates additional opportunities for the maritime industries on the Norwegian West Coast, and is part the Government’s effort to boost Norwegian employment levels.

Beyond maintenance, the budget proposal also includes funding dedicated to strengthening Norwegian High North Patrols, with an additional NOK 62 million to allow an Ula-class submarine to be forward-deployed to Ramsund Naval Station, where two crews will rotate to enable a total of about 250 sailing days annually in the High North.

The proposal also includes NOK 35 million in additional funds for the P-3C Maritime Patrol Aircraft, enabling both longer and more frequent patrols in the High North, strengthening Norway’s ability to ensure adequate surveillance and enforce Norwegian sovereignty in the region.

Funding for Continued International Engagements

The budget proposal includes additional funding to extend Norway’s participation in two important international missions, including NOK 82 million to support the deployment of one C-130J along with staff officers to support the UN-operation MINUSMA in Mali for an additional ten months, and NOK 7 million to support Norway’s participation in operation Triton in the Mediterranean Sea.

Continued Overall Modernization

Even as funding for the F-35 ramps up, Norway continues the overall modernization of its Armed Forces, funding more than 20 projects in various stages of completion through the proposed defence budget for 2016. These include the ongoing modernisation of the Army’s CV90-fleet, and a new logistics vessel for the Navy. The budget proposal also presents a new project for Parliamentary approval which by 2020 will provide 320 light vehicles along with associated support equipment for the Norwegian Home Guard, at an estimated cost of NOK 527 million.


Key figures:
2016 Defence Budget Proposal: NOK 49.066 bn (+ NOK 4.29 bn from 2015 in real terms), of which:
-- Procurement: NOK 12.380 bn
-- Infrastructure: NOK 3.206 bn

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