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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:50
NATO Takes Up Cyber-Defence As Threat Grows

Jun. 2, 2013 – By JEROME RIVET  - Defense  News (AFP)


BRUSSELS — Defense ministers from NATO’s 28 member states meet on Tuesday with cyber-defence top of the agenda, amid concerns about the threat posed by increasing cyber-attacks, many blamed on China.


“The challenge evolves all the time, probably (much faster) than any other type of threat we face at the moment,” said one senior NATO official who asked not to be named.


“We have to make certain that NATO keeps pace with the threat,” the official added, looking ahead to the meeting Tuesday and Wednesday.


Newly appointed US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, who will be attending his first NATO meeting since taking office, has made the issue a priority.


In Singapore on Saturday he accused China of waging cyber-espionage against the US after a US report found evidence of a broad Chinese spying campaign against top US defence contractors and government agencies.


“The United States has expressed our concerns about the growing threat of cyber intrusions, some of which appear to be tied to the Chinese government and military,” he told an annual conference known as the Shangri-La Dialogue.


Hagel pressed Beijing to adhere to “international norms of responsible behaviour in cyberspace,” while acknowledging that the establishment of a joint cyber security working group was a positive step in fostering dialogue.


NATO head Anders Fogh Rasmussen made clear earlier this year that cyber-security is a key issue.


The US-led military alliance had been forced to upgrade its defences after several attacks, among them by Anonymous, the hacker group, he said.


Early hacker attacks by Serbs during NATO’s campaign in Kosovo at the end of the 1990s alerted the alliance to a danger which has only got more serious since then.


In 2008, NATO set up a cyber-defence centre in Tallin, Estonia, one of the most connected countries in the world and which itself had come under attack the previous year.


Estonia accused Russia, NATO’s old Cold War foe, of being behind the attacks on its official sites and information networks.


The senior NATO official said the alliance would from this year fix cyber-defence benchmarks for member countries.


The exercise is aimed at protecting information networks, the electronic nervous system at the heart of modern warfare, the offiicial said.


There is no intention to develop “offensive capacities,” the official said, adding that of NATO’s 28 members, 23 have already signed up to exchange information and help in the event of a cyber-attack.


One diplomat noted that NATO had a special problem because, just as in conventional warfare, some member “states absolutely do not have the same capabilities as others.”


Some have minimal defences while others, including the United States, commit major resources to the problem — but may not always be ready to share their expertise, the diplomat said.


Defence ministers will also discuss Afghanistan, where NATO is progressively handing combat duties over to local forces as it prepares to withdraw in 2014.


A key question is how many troops will be kept in Kabul to run a training and advisory mission post-2014. US officials have mooted a figure of 8,000 to 12,000.


On Friday, a former NATO commander in Afghanistan suggested in a report that the US might need to keep a larger force than initially planned after 2014 to help Afghans build up their military.


Retired four-star Grn. John Allen oversaw NATO operations there for more than a year and a half.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:50
C130 Hercules ISAF Credits Belgium Army - DG Com

C130 Hercules ISAF Credits Belgium Army - DG Com

02/06/2013 La Libre.be (Belga)


La réduction du poids de la documentation embarquée sur les avions de l'AMC devrait permettre de réduire la consommation de kérosène.


L'armée belge, suivant l'exemple de plusieurs de ses homologues occidentales, a acheté des iPad pour remplacer à bord de ses avions de transport la volumineuse documentation technique en version papier embarquée à bord de ces appareils, a indiqué dimanche le ministère de la Défense. L'armée a passé un contrat avec Abelsys, revendeur d'Apple, pour acquérir 105 tablettes et divers accessoires qui seront utilisés pour équiper dix-huit avions - dont onze C-130 "Hercules", deux Mystère 2O et l'unique Falcon 900 - utilisés par le 15ème wing de Melsbroek.


Cet achat, annoncé par le magazine spécialisé 'Data News', a été confirmé à l'agence BELGA par un porte-parole du ministère, qui s'est toutefois refusé à préciser la marque des tablettes acquises. Selon 'Data News', ce contrat représente près de 18.000 euros.


La livraison doit avoir lieu lundi, a précisé le porte-parole. Nombre de compagnies et plusieurs forces aériennes ont déjà acquis des iPad pour améliorer la sécurité des vols en remplaçant la documentation papier concernant autant le trajet que l'avion. Le poids d'une mallette de pilote bourrée de documents peut atteindre 22 kilos.


Le commandement du transport de l'US Air Force, l'Air Mobility Command (AMC), a déjà franchi le pas et commandé 18.000 iPad 3, dotés d'une mémoire de 32 Go et d'une connexion sans fil (WiFi), pour un montant de 9,36 millions de dollars. 16.000 équipent les équipages de l'AMC et 2.000 d'autres divisions de l'US Air Force.


La réduction du poids de la documentation embarquée sur les avions de l'AMC devrait permettre de réduire la consommation de kérosène de 750.000 dollars par an, et représenter plus globalement une économie de 50 millions de dollars.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:40
The Russian Navy only aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov was scheduled to go on the dry dock at Severodvinsk to begin a four-year upgrade, but due to the hightened tension in Syria it is likely to continue service unchanged, joining the new Mediterranean Task Force the Russian Navy is deploying to the Mediterranean sea.

The Russian Navy only aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov was scheduled to go on the dry dock at Severodvinsk to begin a four-year upgrade, but due to the hightened tension in Syria it is likely to continue service unchanged, joining the new Mediterranean Task Force the Russian Navy is deploying to the Mediterranean sea.

June 2, 2013 by Tamir Eshel - Defense-Update.


The Russian Navy plans to deploy its single aircraft carrier in support of its newly formed Mediterranean task force, Commander Admiral Viktor Chirkov said, a declaration that could further escalate rhetorics over the Syrian conflict. The carrier “Admiral Kuznetsov” will be ready to join the naval task force by the end of 2013. Defense-Update reports.

Last year the Russian carrier was deployed off the Syrian coast supporting a two-week naval mission in the Mediterranean. The carrier returned to its home base in Severomorsk on February 17 2012 and was scheduled to enter a four year mid-life upgrade by year’s end.

The Russian Navy sought to replace the P-700 Granite anti-ship missiles with catapults, more hangars and new air defense systems, enabling the carrier to operate with more aircraft (MiG-29K fighters would have replaced the current Su-33s.)

The Russian Navy sought to replace the P-700 Granite anti-ship missiles with catapults, more hangars and new air defense systems, enabling the carrier to operate with more aircraft (MiG-29K fighters would have replaced the current Su-33s.)

The overhaul to be carried out by the Severodvinsk Sevmash shipyard would include the removal of the P-700 Granit anti-ship missiles, installing of catapults to the angled deck, and upgrading of the vessel’s powerplants. The air wing currently operating Su-33 fighters would expand, and convert to modern MiG-29K jets. Upgrades to the ship’s electronics and sensor equipment were also planned, along with the installation of the new anti-aircraft system. Admiral Kuznetsov was scheduled for a relaunch in 2017. Pushing back the refit seems to be a blow to the Navy, as the ‘Kuznetzov’ is already considered a ‘goulag’ for seamen, due to appalling living conditions on board.

This ambitious refit is now cut short, enabling the vessel to redeploy, responding to  heightened tension in the Eastern Mediterranean. Russia’s only Mediterranean naval base is at the Syrian port of Tartus. Moscow has been reinforcing its Mediterranean presence as the conflict in Syria has worsened. In March, warships from Russia’s Pacific Fleet entered the Mediterranean for the first time in decades to become part of what Moscow says is a permanent task force. That task force also includes vessels from the Northern, Baltic, and Black Sea fleets.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:35
Electronics Technician 1st Class Rachel Preston, left, assigned to USS Freedom (LCS 1) talks with Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel on June 2 during his trip to Singapore for the 2013 Shangri-La Dialogue. Freedom is in Singapore as part of a deployment to Southeast Asia. (MCS 1st Class Cassandra Thompson/Navy)

Electronics Technician 1st Class Rachel Preston, left, assigned to USS Freedom (LCS 1) talks with Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel on June 2 during his trip to Singapore for the 2013 Shangri-La Dialogue. Freedom is in Singapore as part of a deployment to Southeast Asia. (MCS 1st Class Cassandra Thompson/Navy)

Jun. 2, 2013 - By MATHIEU RABECHAULT – Defense News (AFP)


ABOARD USS FREEDOM, SINGAPORE — US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel Sunday visited the US Navy’s Littoral Combat Ship deployed in Singapore, a symbol of Washington’s strategic “pivot” towards Asia.


The LCS is designed as the Navy’s ultimate multitasking vessel despite significant development problems.


The USS Freedom, the first of 52 LCS vessels which the Navy plans to build at a total cost of $37 billion, arrived in mid-April in Singapore for its first deployment.


Four LCS, which are designed to operate close to shore, will eventually be forward-deployed at the city-state’s Changi naval base as part of Washington’s military “rebalancing” towards the Asia-Pacific.


The aim is to increase the US military presence in the region by avoiding a two-week voyage from the US West Coast before deployment.


Hagel gave the deployment his strong backing in remarks to the crew from the Freedom’s bridge.


“You’re making history out here,” he told them. “What you represent to our partnerships in the Asia-Pacific can’t be overstated.”


The 120-meter (396-foot) USS Freedom is a whole new type of ship. Like a Lego model, it can be adapted for specific missions through a system of interchangeable modules and crew.


“We see it as like a truck, you can put different things inside,” said its captain, Lt. Cmdr. Clayton Doss.


The ship currently has a “surface combat” module including a helicopter, two 30 mm cannon and two powerful Zodiac speedboats for its Southeast Asian role.


The deployment of the USS Freedom came at a time of heightened tensions on the Korean Peninsula and as China publicly flexed its naval muscle in the South China Sea, where it has competing territorial claims with some Southeast Asian states.


There are also still cases of piracy in the Strait of Malacca.


Out of the hundred-strong crew, 38 of them are dedicated to the surface combat module. They will be replaced by others if the ship is reconfigured for an anti-submarine or anti-mine role, said Doss. Replacing one module with another takes no longer than 96 hours, he said.


The aim of the design is to keep the ship light and speedy — the LCS can sail at more than 40 knots — and avoid having to carry equipment and crew to perform different tasks.


“The other reason that modularity is so helpful is that it’s very hard to know what types of combat systems you need to deal with the challenges in the future,” Doss said.


“We have three mission packages now, it doesn’t mean those are the only three, we’ll continue to create new ones.”


The US Navy believes so strongly in the concept that the LCS ships, of two different classes, will eventually make up almost 20 percent of its entire fleet.


Apart from the four to be berthed in Singapore, eight others are expected to be based in Bahrain.


But the programme has suffered some troubling teething problems.


“The LCS program has become controversial due to cost inflation, design and construction issues with the lead ships built to each design, concerns over the ships’ ability to withstand battle damage, and concerns over whether the ships are sufficiently armed,” said a Congressional Research Service report in April.


After about 30 months of operations, the Navy discovered cracks in the superstructure and hull of one ship along with corrosion.


Doss said the problems were being solved.


“We will come across problems and we will make discoveries before it (LCS) enters the fleet in full operational capability,” Vice Adm. Allen Myers, deputy Chief of Naval Operations, said last month.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:35
le BPC Tonnerre et le George Leygues - photo Marine Nationale

le BPC Tonnerre et le George Leygues - photo Marine Nationale

June 1, 2013 nvonews.com


NEW DELHI, Kuwaiti ambassador to India Sami Al-Sulaiman has participated in the reception ceremony of FNS Tonnerre and FNS George Leygues-two French naval ships carrying navy cadets from Kuwaiti and other countries — that arrived in Goa yesterday as a part of the ‘Mission Jeanne D’Arc’, a Kuwait embassy statement issued to KUNA said here Saturday.


The reception was held on one of the ships, on which French cadets were embarked, including cadets from other navies.

The French Navy Jeanne d’Arc Task Group is composed of LHD Dixmude and anti-submarine destroyer Georges Leygues, five helicopters, three amphibious landing craft and about 133 cadets from the 2010 class of the French naval academy. ‘Mission Jeanne D’Arc’ began in March and is scheduled to conclude in July.


The mission has taken the naval group to Lebanon, Jordan, Djibouti, Abu Dhabi and Muscat.


This training squadron will return to France in late July 2013 after visiting many countries and participating in operational missions along its journey through the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean in the framework of cadets training, including a port call in Goa from June 1 to 5.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:30
Syrie: l'armée saisit un lot de gaz sarin dans la ville de Hama (TV)

MOSCOU, 2 juin - RIA Novosti


Les militaires syriens ont annoncé la saisie d'un lot de gaz toxique sarin lors d'une opération contre les combattants armés dans la ville de Hama (ouest de la Syrie), rapporte dimanche la chaîne Press TV.

Des conteneurs remplis de sarin, une substance inodore extrêmement toxique même à très faible dose, ont été découvert dans des caches du quartier d'al-Faraieh, théâtre dernièrement de combats acharnés entre les troupes gouvernementales de Bachar el-Assad et les groupes armés d'opposition, indique un communiqué de la chaîne.

D'après le gouvernement de Damas, les rebelles anti-Assad ont utilisé des armes chimiques le 19 mars dernier dans la province d'Alep. Pour sa part, l'opposition affirme que les forces gouvernementales ont eu recours aux armes chimiques à Homs en décembre 2012.

Lundi 7 mai, la commission d'enquête sur la Syrie de l'Onu a indiqué ne pas disposer de preuves directes confirmant l'utilisation d'armes chimiques. La Grande-Bretagne et le journal français Le Monde ont depuis affirmé disposer de preuves de l'utilisation d'armes chimiques en Syrie.

Fin avril dernier, le ministre syrien de l'Information, Omrane al-Zohbi, a affirmé que les grandes puissances occidentales tentaient d'instrumentaliser le thème des armes chimiques pour répéter en Syrie le "scénario irakien" qui a mené à la chute du dictateur irakien Saddam Hussein.


Barack Obama a annoncé que l'usage d'armes chimiques était une "ligne rouge" à ne pas franchir par le régime syrien, sous peine d'une réaction des États-Unis.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:30
Alenia Aermacchi developed the ATR 72MP maritime patrol aircraft by integrating the SELEX Galileo ATOS mission systems with the ATR 72-600 airframe.

Alenia Aermacchi developed the ATR 72MP maritime patrol aircraft by integrating the SELEX Galileo ATOS mission systems with the ATR 72-600 airframe.

June 2, 2013: Strategy Page


The Turkish Navy has ordered eight Italian ATR 72 aircraft, two as transports and six equipped for maritime patrol. The ATR 72 is a 22 ton transport that, when used for maritime patrol can be armed with anti-ship missiles, lightweight anti-submarine torpedoes, depth charges, and even a pod-mounted machinegun. There can also be a sonobouy launcher, magnetic anomaly detector (MAD, to find large metal objects close to the surface), and a self-protection system (chaff, flares, jammers). Sensors carried can include an SAR (synthetic aperture radar) capable of tracking ships 220 kilometers away (when the aircraft is at 3,000 meters altitude).


The Turks have not yet decided on exactly which weapons and electronics will be on the maritime patrol version. The first of these will be delivered in 2017.  Basic equipment will be a search radar, day/night vidcams with zoom, sonobuoy dispenser, two anti-submarine torpedoes, MAD and anti-missile defense plus electronic countermeasures. Despite all this anti-submarine gear, most of the time these aircraft will simply be searching for smugglers, poachers or ships in distress. In these cases the torpedoes and sonobuoys are not carried.


The twin-engine ATR-72 has a cruising speed of 511 kilometers an hour. If it slows to 400 kilometers an hour the ATR-72 can patrol for six hours and stay in the air eight hours per sortie. This contract has been kicking around for eight years with the delays coming from a variety of administrative, technical and political problems.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 17:00
La France peut-elle devenir une puissance de l'Asie-Pacifique ?

02.06.2013 Par Sylvie Kauffmann , envoyée spéciale - Le Monde.fr


Singapour - La France, puissance de l'Asie-Pacifique ? Le concept, exposé avec conviction dimanche 2 juin par le ministre de la défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, devant le forum annuel sur la sécurité régionale du Shangri-La Dialogue, à Singapour, a suscité une certaine curiosité, mêlée de scepticisme, parmi les participants.


Tout le monde, ces temps-ci, se trouve des affinités avec l'Asie, une région qui a servi de moteur à l'économie mondiale pendant que la crise paralysait les Etats-Unis puis l'Europe. Cette croissance économique, a souligné le ministre singapourien de la défense, Ng Eng Hen, s'est inévitablement accompagnée d'une croissance des dépenses militaires : l'Asie a dépensé plus que l'Europe dans le domaine de la défense en 2012. De nouveaux enjeux de sécurité ont émergé qui, avec l'ascension de la Chine et les effets de la mondialisation, ne laissent plus personne indifférent.


Les Etats-Unis ont amorcé leur "rééquilibrage" vers l'Asie-Pacifique en 2011, assez naturellement, puisqu'ils ont une côte sur le Pacifique. Un représentant russe à la conférence de Singapour s'est offusqué, samedi, que le secrétaire américain à la défense, Chuck Hagel, ne mentionne pas la Russie dans son discours, un pays "qui a pourtant les deux tiers de son territoire en Asie". Le Canada, qui avait délégué à Singapour son ministre de la défense, Peter MacKay, s'est décrété à son tour puissance du Pacifique : Ottawa, a souligné M. MacKay, a "plus de diplomates dans cette région que nulle part ailleurs dans le monde".




Catherine Ashton, la haute représentante de l'UE pour les affaires extérieures, a elle aussi fait le voyage pour participer pour la première fois au Shangri-La Dialogue, inspirant à l'IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies), organisateur de l'événement depuis 12 ans, la question de savoir si "l'Europe à son tour pivotait vers l'Asie", puisqu'étaient annoncés aussi les ministres de la défense français, britannique et allemand. Ce dernier, Thomas de Maizière, a annulé au dernier moment, retenu par de pressantes controverses intérieures, mais Philip Hammond, le Britannique, et Jean-Yves Le Drian ont occupé le terrain.


Auréolé de l'opération Serval, le ministre français était en effet très attendu, comme en ont témoigné les nombreuses questions qui lui ont été posées. Selon son entourage, ses collègues de Malaisie, d'Indonésie et de Singapour ont manifesté un grand intérêt, au cours d'entretiens bilatéraux, pour l'expertise française en matière de lutte contre le terrorisme islamique. M. Le Drian, qui avait déjà participé à ce forum en 2012 quelques jours à peine après sa nomination, a exposé la vision stratégique française des enjeux de sécurité dans la région Asie-Pacifique, et surtout les raisons pour lesquelles son pays a, selon lui, un rôle à y jouer. "La France, a-t-il dit, se considère comme une puissance de cette région, car elle y a des territoires et une population", qu'elle se doit de protéger. En toute logique, elle propose donc sa contribution dans les quatre domaines prioritaires de la sécurité maritime, de la lutte contre le terrorisme, de la non-prolifération nucléaire et de la menace cybernétique.


Combien de divisions, ont demandé certains, connaissant les difficultés budgétaires des pays européens. M. Le Drian sort alors son arme secrète : le Livre blanc sur la défense et la sécurité nationale, validé par M. Hollande, qui a maintenu le budget de la défense.




Cela n'a pas suffi à impressionner les Chinois présents, dont l'amiral Li Ji, qui a réagi à l'idée d'une France "puissance de l'Asie-Pacifique" par une moue plus que dubitative. "Pour nous, la France c'est en Europe", a-t-il expliqué, avec la ferme intention de la voir y rester.


L'Europe était d'ailleurs absente du discours de M. Le Drian, qui a émis le souhait que la France – et non l'Union européenne – puisse rejoindre le groupe des ministres de la défense des pays d'Asie du Sud-Est (l'ADMM+, Asean Defense Ministers' Meeting+), un forum né en 2010 pour examiner les questions de sécurité régionale, auquel plusieurs pays extérieurs, comme la Chine et les Etats-Unis, ont été associés comme observateurs. Ce souhait a cependant été accueilli plus que fraîchement par le ministre singapourien, qui a répondu publiquement qu'il était opposé à une dilution de l'ADMM+. Le Canada a également été éconduit.


Le ministre français a mis un accent particulier sur la cyber-sécurité, un domaine qui a occupé une bonne partie des débats du Shangri-La et sur lequel il devrait annoncer lundi à Rennes une nouvelle initiative. Il y a un secteur, enfin, dont il a moins parlé, sauf sans doute dans ses entretiens bilatéraux, mais qui explique en partie le vif intérêt de la France pour l'Asie-Pacifique : les ventes d'armes et d'équipements militaires, dont 40 % des ventes françaises se font dans la région.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 16:35
Japan's ruling party guidance calls for boosting the amphibious capabilities of the Army's Western Infantry Regiment, here training alongside US Marines in California in February. (Capt. Esteban Vickers/US Marine Corps)

Japan's ruling party guidance calls for boosting the amphibious capabilities of the Army's Western Infantry Regiment, here training alongside US Marines in California in February. (Capt. Esteban Vickers/US Marine Corps)

May. 26, 2013 - By PAUL KALLENDER-UMEZU – Defense News


TOKYO — After almost seven decades of maintaining a limited defense posture, Japan should develop its amphibious and pre-emptive strike capability while bolstering sea- and ground-based ballistic-missile defenses, according to policy proposals by the country’s ruling party.


The proposals, obtained by Defense News and released to a select group last week ahead of widespread distribution, were drawn up by the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). They also call for Japan to beef up its space-based early warning systems and invest in cyber defense.


The proposals were generated by several internal LDP committees led by former LDP Defense Ministers Shigeru Ishiba and Gen Nakatani, and therefore carry considerable weight, according to Narushige Michishita, director of the Security and International Studies Program at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies here.


“They’re important,” he said.


The recommendations will feed into policy, spending and acquisition priorities for Japan’s next five-year Mid-Term Defense Plan, which is being crafted by the Defense Ministry and will be published by December.


They also come as the LDP administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe seeks to revise Article 9 of Japan’s constitution to delete provisions that prohibit Japan from using “war as a sovereign right of the nation” and maintaining “war potential,” and replace them with the right to hold a “National Defense Force” under the prime minister as commander in chief.


The LDP’s policy proposals do not name weapon systems or suggest budgets, and are deliberately more vague than similar proposals drawn up by the LDP in 2009, just before the party suffered a disastrous electoral defeat to the opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ).


“The LDP was not in power then [in 2009],” and so could be more direct, Michishita said.


The 2009 proposals openly discussed Japan acquiring, for example, the Boeing KC-46 tanker refueling plane as a step toward developing pre-emptive strike capability, such as knocking out fueled North Korean missiles. They also suggested adding the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system to Japan’s ship-based Aegis and ground-based Patriot systems.


Fast forward four years, and the proposals come from a resurrected LDP that delivered an even bigger electoral defeat to the DPJ last December. This time around, the language is more cautious because each word has more value.


While they carefully avoid all reference to Japan’s major sources of concern — China and North Korea — the proposals open intriguing possibilities over the extent to which Japan will strengthen its defense posture. In this context, Japanese defense planners are considering a number of options for each of the force enhancements, according to analysts and people familiar with the LDP’s discussions.


Most interesting and controversial is the proposed discussion of pre-emptive strike capability, which would require Japan to acquire Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAMs), long-range refueling capability for its nascent F-35 Joint Strike Fighters and/or a naval platform for the F-35B jump jet, should Japan opt to purchase that variant.


The proposals make no mention of the KC-46 this time around. The Air Self-Defense Force, meanwhile, has steadily equipped its fleet of Mitsubishi F-2 multirole fighters with JDAMS. It is thought that the two 19,500-ton 22DDH-class helicopter destroyers planned for the Maritime Self-Defense Force can be converted to carry the F-35B.


In 2003, before Japan had deployed its Aegis SM-3 and Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) ballistic-missile defense (BMD) systems, then-Defense Minister Ishiba made it clear that Japan could launch a strike against a missile base in North Korea in specific sets of circumstances.


For example, a strike could take place if there was evidence the missiles were fueled and aimed at Japan, and Japan had no other credible means of defense, Michishita said.


But now Japan is steadily building out its BMD systems to intercept North Korea’s longer-range Unha and Musudan mobile intermediate-range ballistic missiles, so such a strike would be potentially unconstitutional, he said.


Brad Glosserman, executive director of the Pacific Forum, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), said he found recent talk of Japan bolstering its pre-emptive strike capability worrying.


“CSIS has been conducting discussions on the issue of pre-emptive strike for six years, and in recent months, we have seen resumption of calls to develop this capability resurface. I am concerned about the proliferation of these capabilities because of the potentially destabilizing consequences,” he said.


Japan probably won’t develop a separate marine corps, but it will more likely reinforce its amphibious capability, largely based on the Western Infantry Regiment of the Ground Self-Defense Forces (GSDF) that trained in amphibious warfare as part of the Iron Fist exercises with the US Marine Corps in California, analysts say.


Paul Giarra, president of US-based consulting firm Global Strategies & Transformation, said the language of the policy proposal opens the possibility of the GSDF equipping one or perhaps two regiments with advanced capabilities, including up to four dozen amphibious landing vehicles over the next five years, beyond the four AAV-7A1S vehicles already planned, and a suitable number of Bell-Boeing V-22 tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft.


“I read it more as the [Japan Self-Defense Forces] with some improved amphibious capabilities like vehicles and tilt-rotor aircraft. That is potentially a significant development, but the LDP does not look like it wants to go the whole hog on a marine corps,” said Christopher Hughes, professor of international politics and Japanese studies at Britain’s University of Warwick.


Japan is considering several options to boost its BMD portfolio, consisting of four Kongo-class destroyers and two larger Atago-class Aegis cruisers, and PAC-3 units. While the 2009 version of the proposals specifically mentions purchasing THAAD and an “advanced” version of the PAC-3, the new version recommends strengthening land-based BMD, leaving Japan a choice between purchasing either THAAD or the Aegis Ashore land-based version of the Aegis system, and the PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) system for last-ditch interdiction.


Giarra said deploying the PAC-3 MSE would complement Aegis Ashore, which Japan has shown an interest in purchasing to the tune of one or two 24-missile interceptor batteries, a number that could increase. In this case, purchasing THAAD systems might be too much of an overlap of similar capabilities, he suggested.


Japanese defense planners see cruise missiles in general and China’s DF-21D anti-ship ballistic missile in particular as growing threats. This means that on top of the planned upgrades to employ the SM-3 Block IIA Aegis system when it becomes available, Japan also is considering purchasing the extended-range anti-air warfare RIM-174 missile.


“Cruise missile defense is becoming as important to Japan as ballistic-missile defense,” Michishita said.


Hughes said the proposals face many roadblocks, including opposition from more dovish LDP members and the MoD’s own panel scheduled to meet in January, which may have its own priorities. Last but not least is the Ministry of Finance, which will be unwilling to raise the defense budget under any circumstances.


“[But] if Abe/the LDP can pull all this off, then it will be very radical indeed,” Hughes said.


Regional Concerns


Japan’s moves will likely be welcomed across a region concerned about China’s aggressive territorial claims.


“Japan and the Philippines have a strained history, but the Filipinos are for a stronger Japan because Tokyo is helping train its Coast Guard,” Giarra said. “South Korea is less dependent on Japan and tensions run deeper, so it’s much less willing to go along with it.”


Tensions soared last week after Osaka’s mayor said forced prostitution in occupied nations was a military necessity for invading Japanese forces, prompting a South Korean newspaper to write that US atomic attacks on Japan were “divine punishment” for Tokyo’s brutality.


Some in Asia and Washington worry Japan’s nationalist leader believes Japanese forces did nothing wrong during World War II.


“Passive support for Japan will hold unless Japanese behavior changes,” Giarra added. “The question is whether Japanese officials can resist the temptation to undo what they believe were unnecessary apologies for wartime actions they don’t believe were wrong.


“The feeling of being wronged is as powerful in Japan as it is the other way around in Korea, Philippines, Indonesia . . . Germany dealt with its past and continues to do so, but Japan suppressed the issue, creating pent up pressure, and when it vents, it could change how this buildup is seen.”

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 12:30
'Hydro-Camel'  Unmanned Submarine

29/5/2013 IsraelDefense


Students at Ben-Gurion University successfully launch a small autonomous submarine operated by an advanced navigation system


Students from Ben-Gurion University in Israel have developed a small autonomous submarine intended for an assortment of underwater assignments.


The project, named 'Hydro-Camel' was carried out by students from the university's Department of Mechanical, Electric and Computer Engineering as well as the Department of Software Engineering. It was carried out in cooperation with the Homeland Security Institute at Ben-Gurion University, headed by Prof. Dan Blumberg.


The students intend to compete in several international competitions in the fields of unmanned systems and naval research.


The purposes of such a submarine include, among other things, the examination of underwater pipes, mapping surfaces, locating places for the installation of communication cables and more, without the need for remote operation. The submarine is expected to be operated by an advanced navigation system, which will include mission planning, obstacle avoidance and autonomous decision-making capabilities.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 12:30
IAF to Acquire New Nahshon Aircraft

29/5/2013 IsraelDefense


The planes will be used for intelligence collection and air control missions


The Israeli Air Force intends to acquire two new Nahshon aircraft. The aircraft are operated by IAF Squadron 122 at Nevatim airbase, which operated the Dakota aircraft in the past before being taken out of service.


The Nahshon squadron is based on Gulfstream 550 aircraft, originally produced as jet aircraft by General Dynamics in the US. the IAF utilizes two configurations of the aircraft for different missions: the Shavit configuration is used for SIGINT collection missions and the Eitam configuration is used for air control.


The IAF intends to strengthen both layouts and acquire one new aircraft for each of the configurations. The collection and control systems onboard the aircraft are mostly produced by the Israeli defense industries.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:50
The A400M and C295W will be offered to New Zealand. (photo : Airbus Military)

The A400M and C295W will be offered to New Zealand. (photo : Airbus Military)


01.02.2013 Defense Studies

The eventual retirement of the RNZAF’s C-130Hs will see Airbus Military pitch the A400M and newly-launched C295W to the New Zealand government.

Announced at its annual briefing to trade media, Airbus Military said while it views New Zealand as a longer-term proposition, it is confident the two aircraft could fill the gap to be left by the ultimate retirement of the RNZAF’s five C-130Hs and indeed enhance the nation’s airlift capabilities.

Airbus Military was upbeat about the potential its new products could offer, and will embark on initial discussions within an undisclosed period, believed to be in the nearer-term to seed the products as potential candidates.

One observer at the briefing noted the C295 could also provide a pragmatic solution to New Zealand’s future maritime patrol needs when the Orions fall due for replacement. Airbus Military is offering the C295W as both a tactical airlifter and maritime patrol aircraft.

The last of the RNZAF C-130Hs to undergo a 15-year life-extension was re-delivered only in February this year, five years later than expected, under a program that was originally approved in 2003.

Airbus Military’s advance campaigning comes as it readies to launch the A400M into service in the coming weeks. The manufacturer’s head of programs, Rafael Tentor, who was A400M project head, said it had been “a long and winding road” to get to this point of delivery, but the A400M was “now the right aircraft at the right time”.

(Australian Aviation)

C295W photo FG

C295W photo FG

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:45
Le Japon offre 750 M EUR sur 5 ans pour stabiliser le Sahel

02 juin 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)


YOKOHAMA (Japon) - Le Premier ministre japonais a annoncé dimanche le versement de 750 millions d'euros en cinq ans pour aider à stabiliser la région nord-africaine du Sahel et la formation de 2.000 personnels sur place pour la lutte anti-terroriste.


Le Japon va fournir 100 milliards de yens (750 millions d'euros) sur cinq ans pour le développement et la stabilité du Sahel, a déclaré Shinzo Abe lors de la conférence internationale de Tokyo pour le développement de l'Afrique (Ticad).


Ce soutien financier apporté par l'Etat nippon entre dans le cadre d'un paquet de 10,6 milliards d'euros d'aide publique au développement sur cinq ans pour l'Afrique, annoncée samedi par M. Abe à l'ouverture de ce sommet à Yokohama (région de Tokyo) auquel participent une quarantaine de chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement africains.


Le Premier ministre japonais a tenu à détailler la partie de cette assistance dédiée à cette vaste zone comprise entre l'Afrique du Nord et l'Afrique sub-saharienne et comprenant des territoires de nombreux pays dont le Mali, la Mauritanie, le Niger, l'Algérie, le Tchad, le Soudan et la Lybie.


Le Japon attache beaucoup d'importance à cette région, particulièrement depuis une prise d'otages mi-janvier au complexe gazier d'In Amenas dans le sud de l'Algérie, au cours de laquelle dix ressortissants nippons avaient été tués.


Quelques jours après cette tragédie qui avait traumatisé le pays, Tokyo avait annoncé un don de 120 millions de dollars pour aider à stabiliser la région, somme à laquelle viennent s'ajouter les fonds annoncés dimanche.


Cette assistance permettra de renforcer les protections sociales, avec un accent mis sur l'alimentation, l'éducation et la santé, avec également un soutien pour les femmes et les jeunes, a détaillé M. Abe, pour qui cela ramènera l'espoir d'un développement économique dans la région et contribuera ainsi à sa stabilité.


En plus de ce volet d'aide au développement, le Japon va fournir un soutien distinct aux pays de la région, dédié spécifiquement à la lutte contre le terrorisme et au maintien de la sécurité.


Nous formerons 2.000 personnes pour les opérations anti-terroristes et le maintien de la sécurité, a précisé le chef du gouvernement japonais.


Parmi les pays du Sahel confrontés à des troubles, le Mali fait l'objet d'une attention particulière et une force onusienne de 12.600 hommes doit y prendre le relais des quelque 4.000 soldats français déployés en janvier et qui ont chassé du nord du pays - avec l'appui de contingents d'Afrique occidentale - les groupes armés islamistes qui avaient conquis ce vaste territoire.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:35
Su-30MKI photo Livefist

Su-30MKI photo Livefist

Jun 02 2013 indianexpress.com (PTI)


New Delhi - By the end of next year, Indian fighter planes could be equipped with indigenously-developed 'glide bombs', which will be guided to their targets for precision attacks.


The first-of-its-kind bomb in the country, being developed by the DRDO, will boost India's strike capabilities as targets can be hit even beyond the range of a fighter aircraft.


The DRDO is working on developing glide capabilities on the existing bombs of various payloads including 100 kgs, 250 kgs and 500 kgs.


"We are developing glide bombs which can be directed towards their intended targets using guidance mechanisms after being dropped from aircraft of the IAF," outgoing DRDO chief V K Saraswat said.


"Such a capability will allow the IAF pilots to drop the bombs at their intended targets from stand-off distances as the glide capabilities will help in enhancing the range of the bombs," he said.


The DRDO has already carried out two trials of such bombs successfully and plans to hold more trials this year for proving the capabilities of the ammunition.


"By the end of the next year, we want to complete all the development trials of the glide bombs before offering it to the IAF," he said.


The outgoing DRDO chief said the organisation is also in the process of developing an anti-radiation missile, which will multiply the strike capabilities of the armed forces by destroying the enemy's advance warning system.


Such missiles can be mounted on Sukhoi fighter planes Su-30 MKI.


These missile can detect a radar by tracking its electro-magnetic radiation and pulses generated and these would be independent of the radar wavelength and be able to destroy it.


Such missiles, currently in use of some major powers like the US, can detect and attack a radar antenna or transmitter with minimal aircrew input.


The proportional guidance system that homes in on enemy radar emissions has a fixed antenna and seeker head in the missile's nose.


The ARMs are used by the US Air Force and they move at the speed of over Mach 2, propelled by a smokeless and solid-propellant rocket motor.


The US Air Force introduced High Speed Anti-Radiation Missiles (HARM) on the F-4G Wild Weasel and later on specialised F-16s equipped with the HARM Targeting System (HTS).


Listing the successful test-firing of the over 5,000 km range Agni-5 missile as the "crowning glory" of his tenure as DRDO chief, Saraswat said more lethal versions of the missile would be developed.


He said the DRDO was working on producing a variant of the missile with Multiple Independently Targeted Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) warheads.This MIRV capability would make the missile capable of carrying multiple warheads to destroy several targets in one go.


Terming it as a "force multiplier", he said, "I will be able to do force multiplication with this... where I was using four missiles, I may use only one missile."


He said a few more tests of the missile would be done before it is ready for induction into the armed forces.


On the joint venture programmes to develop Medium-range Surface to Air Missile (MR-SAM) and Long-range SAM (LR-SAM) with Israel, he said the programme has been delayed by two years due to some technological problems.


India and Israel have formed a joint venture under which the IAF and the Navy would get these missile systems.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:35
Le général Nguyen Chi Vinh vice-ministre de la Défense. Source: VNA

Le général Nguyen Chi Vinh vice-ministre de la Défense. Source: VNA

01/06/2013 vietnamplus.vn


En marge du 12e Dialogue Shangri-La organisé à Singapour, le général Nguyen Chi Vinh, vice-ministre de la Défense, chef de la délégation vietnamienne à cet événement, a eu samedi des rencontres bilatérales avec des responsables de la défense de certains pays participants.


Il a travaillé avec les ministres malaisien, néo-zélandais et australien de la Défense, et ses homologues singapourien, russe, sud-coréen et du Brunei, ainsi que le commandant de la Flotte pacifique des Etats-Unis et le chef adjoint d'état-major de l'Armée populaire de Libération de Chine, Qi Jianguo.


Lors de ces rencontres, les deux parties ont passé en revue les relations militaires bilatérales et échangé leurs points de vue sur la situation de la sécurité régionale. Elles ont également discuté des mesures afin de renforcer les relations dans la défense sur la base des liens d'amité traditionnelle et promouvoir les liens de coopération et de développement sur la base du respect commun.


Elles ont émis le souhait de trouver la voix commune sur les problèmes importants dans la défense de la région et du monde comme la paix, la guerre, la sécurité de navigation maritime, la lutte contre le terrorisme...


Le général Nguyen Chi Vinh a affirmé que le Vietnam souhaitait la poursuite de construire et consolider les relations d'amitié et de coopération avec les pays, dont en matière de défense.


Il a hautement apprécié le soutien des pays pour la position du Vietnam dans l'édification de l'environnement de paix et de stabilité dans la région sur la base du respect du droit international sans oublier de remercier les pays d'avoir aidé l'Armée du Vietnam dans plusieurs domaines. -VNA

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:35
Dr Avinash Chander – source Livefist

Dr Avinash Chander – source Livefist

India's Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has a new chief! Have interviewed him several times on the Agni programme of which he is considered creator. I'll allow the organisation itself to introduce him to you in this full press statement:
Dr Avinash Chander has been appointed as the new Scientific Advisor to Defence Minister, Secretary Deptt of Defence R&D and DG DRDO. “I feel honoured to take up this new responsibility. Dr Saraswat  has set DRDO on a good course, I have to continue and take it to the next level” said Dr Avinash Chander on his appointment.
In recognition of his immense contributions towards strengthening the National Defence, Government of India has recently honoured him with the prestigious PADMA SHRI Award.
Dr Avinash Chander, is an eminent Missile Scientist and the Chief Architect of the Long Range Ballistic Missile System AGNI. He  Envisioned and evolved the Strategies for Long Range Missiles and led the design and development of AGNI series of Missile Systems – AGNI A1, A2, A3, A4 and A5 providing cutting edge, decisive Strategic Weapon systems to the Armed Forces, leading to the Successful development of the Nation’s pride, ‘5000+ Km range AGNI 5 Strategic                        Weapon System’ propelling India to join the elite club of five advanced nations. Development of Agni Range of missiles in highly restrictive International Control Regimes was possible only out of his technology forecast, perspective planning and relentless efforts. He created the infrastructure, industry base, production lines, and integration facilities to produce different classes of AGNI Missile Systems. Today, the AGNI A1, A2, A3 Missiles occupy the pride of place in the inventories of the Indian Armed Forces
His pioneering research in the Innovative Energy Management Guidance Scheme has enabled utilization of Solid Propulsion, the main thrust and the backbone of Long Range Missile System. Under his leadership, DRDO carried out extensive Research and indigenously developed the critical technologies such as Composite Rocket Motors, Re-entry Carbon Composite Heat Shield, Advanced High Accuracy Navigation Systems, Flex Nozzle Control System, High-end Real-time computing techniques. His long term expertise has been providing the necessary thrust for the Programmes of National importance such as Underwater Missiles, BrahMos Cruise Missiles, Nag, Air Defence systems etc. He laid the Technology Roadmap for Missile Complex Laboratories and led the R&D in the advanced Navigation Systems, Onboard Computers, Servo Valves and Seekers.
Dr Avinash Chander had joined DRDO in 1972 after completing graduation in Electrical Engineering from IIT Delhi. He obtained M.S in Spatial Information Technology from JNTU, Hyderabad. He is a Fellow of Indian National Academy of Engineers, Fellow of Systems Society of India, Fellow of Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences and Vice-President of Astronautical Society of India.
The distinguished scientist has received numerous awards and honours including DRDO Scientist of the Year, Astronautical Society of India Rocketry and related Technologies Award, Dr. Biren Roy Space Science and Design Award, Agni Self-reliance Award, Path Breaking Research/Outstanding Technology Development Award, Outstanding Technologist Award by Punjab Technical University, Technology Leadership Award,  Distinguished Alumnus Award of IIT, Delhi.
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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:35
PHOTOS: IAF Formally Inducts Pilatus Trainers

May 31, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist



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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:30
Ankara hopes that by 2017, as the first Altay MBT rolls off the production line it will be produced both for Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Photo: Savunma ve havacilik, Turkey

Ankara hopes that by 2017, as the first Altay MBT rolls off the production line it will be produced both for Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Photo: Savunma ve havacilik, Turkey

May 31, 2013 defense-update.com


Turkey’s defense industry may sell hundreds of new generation Altay battle tanks (video) to Saudi Arabia, as the two countries show a common understanding on the civil war in Syria – Defense-Update reports.

The rift between Sunni and Shiite moslems reflected in the Syrian Civil war could open new business opportunities for Turkish defense industries, the Turkish Hurriyet Daily News reports. One of the main prospects, Saudi Arabia is sharing political and strategic interest with Turkey, particularly over the Syrian civil war and support for Syrian rebels. “There are indications that their political alliance with Ankara may facilitate bigger contracts,” Hurriyet quoted a top defense industry official in Turkey.

An executive from a Turkish armored vehicles manufacturer said that reinforced alliances with some of the Gulf countries over the Syrian crisis have already indicated that new contracts could be in the offing for the Turkish arms industry. “I can say that we are more warmly welcomed in certain [Gulf] capitals than before. Our counterparts have made it clear that almost excellent political relations their countries have with Turkey could soon turn into new business opportunities for Turkish defense companies,” he said.

Turkey has already offered hundreds of Altay Main Battle Tanks (MBT) to Saudi Arabia. While the Altay is still in development, Ankara is hopeful a preliminary agreement over a future order of the Altay could be struck in the near future. “The Altay is not available for immediate sale, but is potentially a powerful export product when you think of a medium-term deal. Saudis are good customers with available cash, good political ties and their need for new tanks. We are hopeful about a future deal [for the Altay],” an official with the Turkish Defense procurement agency (SSM) said. Riyadh expressed interest in modernizing its fleet of MBTs for years, but has yet to decide what tank it would like to buy. Among the platforms they have considered in the past were the leopard II, which is still in consideration, French AMX-56 Leclerc, the cancelled T-95 and its successor T-99 ‘Armata’ from Russia. Saudi Arabia already operates several hundreds American M-1A2 currently undergoing systems upgrades. New tanks are required to replace 320 AMX-30 tanks delivered from France in the 1980s.

Koç Holding’s Otokar is currently producing prototypes of the Altay MBT. Under the turkish defense procurement plan, four tranches of 250 units will be procured over the next decade, gradually replacing some 3,000 German-made Leopard 1 and US made M-60s and obsolete M48 still in service. Ankara is hopeful that a Saudi order could further improve the production cost of the new tank, expected to begin in 2017, establishing the new tank’s position in the export market.

Source: Defense-Update

Otokar Altay Main Battle Tank

Otokar Altay Main Battle Tank

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:20
F35 IOC Dates

June 2, 2013 by WiseApe – Think Defence


A Report to Congress posted on AviationWeek gives the IOC dates for the three versions of F35, along with their respective software blocks

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:20
Un avion de chasse CF-18 Hornet à Bagotville

Un avion de chasse CF-18 Hornet à Bagotville

01/06/2013 par Jacques N. Godbout – 45eNord.ca


La mise en place de la 2e escadre expéditionnaire aérienne basée à Bagotville continue d’avancer et la nouvelle escadre devrait pouvoir son envol en 2014 tel que prévu, a dit en substance le colonel-commandant de la 3e Escadre Bagotvielle, qui faisait le point devant la presse régionale.


La base des Forces canadiennes (BFC) Bagotville, située à 8,33 km à l’ouest de la ville de Saguenay, hébergeait déjà la 3e Escadre Bagotville, qui fournit des forces polyvalentes et aptes au combat pour appuyer les rôles de la Force aérienne du Canada au pays et à l’étranger et qui exécute en outre des missions de recherche et sauvetage.

C’est aussi à Bagotville qu’est basée l’équipe de démonstration des CF-18 Hornet.

En 2007, le gouvernement Harper a autorisé la mise sur pied à Bagotville de la 2e Escadre, une nouvelle escadre expéditionnaire comprenant le 1er Escadron de soutien expéditionnaire aérien (1 ESEA) et le 2e Escadron de soutien expéditionnaire aérien (2 ESEA).

La 2e escadre est destinée à se déployer rapidement en tant qu’unité autonome et à apporter un appui aérien où l’on en aura besoin, que ce soit au Canada ou ailleurs dans le monde.

Pour que l’effectif soit suffisant et que l’escadre expéditionnaire bénéficie du soutien nécessaire, il faudra ajouter un maximum de 550 employés et investir en matière d’infrastructure et d’équipement un montant estimé jusqu’à 300 millions de dollars, déclarait à l’époque le ministère de la Défense.

Le Colonel Paul Prévost, commandant de la 3e Escadre, qui terminera dans quelques semaines son mandat à la Base de Bagotville, a fait le point la semaine dernière devant la presse régionale sur la mise en place de la nouvelle Escadre, pour lequel il dit avoir consacré 75% de son temps depuis 2011.

Selon le colonel Prévost, cité par un quotidien de la région, la mise en place d’une telle escadre destinée à déployer à l’étranger des bases aériennes autonomes en cas de guerre ou de catastrophes en utilisant ses propres ressources de communication, logistique, requiert beaucoup de gestion.

Sont déjà affectés actuellement à la 2e Escadre 138 militaires, nombre qui devrait grimper à 250 d’ici 2014, l’année où elle deviendra opérationnelle et pourrait atteindre plus de 500 lorsque sa formation sera complétée.

Le colonel a aussi précisé à cette occasion, toujours selon les médias locaux, qu’en étant encore à «établir les priorités», il était trop tôt pour dire quelle partie des 300 M$ de ce projet sera investie dans des infrastructures à Bagotville, tels de nouveaux logements familiaux qui devraient aux 330 existants, l’achat d’équipements militaires, etc. «Le 300 millions $ ne comprend pas tout. Nous sommes à établir les priorités», précise-t-il.

Lorsque le colonel Paul Prévost quittera ses fonctions le 10 juillet pour le quartier général d’Ottawa, le commandant Sylvain Ménard prendra le commandement de la 3e Escadre et le colonel Érick Simoneau celui de la 2e Escadre expéditionnaire.

À lire aussi:

Encore plus de militaires à la 3ème Escadre Bagotville >>

Guy Lafleur devient colonel honoraire de la 3e Escadre Bagotville>>

Le capitaine Patrick Pollen pilote de l’équipe de démonstration du CF-18 pour 2013>>

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:20
USA relaxes satellite export restrictions

29 May 2013 By Zach Rosenberg - FG


Washington DC -- The US government will greatly relax export restrictions on satellites and most components, according to a Federal document published on 24 May.


The change to what is known as the International Trafficking in Arms Regulations (ITAR) has long been sought by the US satellite industry, which has been largely restricted from selling satellites and components abroad, leading to a near-total loss of market share.


The change moves satellites from the US Munitions List (USML), meant to restrict the sale of weapons and dual-use items, to the Commerce Controlled List for economically sensitive but non-militarised goods. Effectively, the move declares that satellites are not necessarily for military use.


The regulations were initially put into place after two US commercial satellites were lost during separate launches in China. It became clear to many that China was using the post-accident investigation to gather sensitive data, and the US Congress subsequently passed a law moving satellites to the USML, and removing presidential authority to shift them back.


Only after the US share of the commercial satellite market went from near-total dominance to near-total irrelevance did opinion shift back in the other direction. Congress restored presidential authority with language in the 2013 military budget.


The satellite industry is "pleased that the Administration has moved quickly to right-size the rules that govern exports of satellites and their parts and components, just a few months after Congress restored their authority to do so," says Patricia Cooper, president of the Washington, DC-based Satellite Industry Association. "We view sensible and effective export controls as a vital tool to enhance our nation's space industrial base and encourage the satellite sector's ongoing leadership in innovation and investment."

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 11:20
U.S. Air Force Agrees To Accept F-35 With Limited Software and Weapons Capability

June 1, 2013. David Pugliese - Defence Watch


From Aviation Week:


The U.S. Air Force, by far the largest presumed user of the F-35 fighter, has agreed to declare initial operational capability with a much more limited software and weapons capability that initially planned, according to a report sent to Congress May 31.


The Air Force now plans to declare initial operational capability (IOC) with 12 F-35As (and trained pilots and maintainers) in December 2016, before the long-awaited 3F software package is fully tested. The service previously planned to wait for the 3F package because it allows for an expanded engagement envelope and more diverse weapons.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 10:50
Espagne : le ministre de la défense ordonne le renforcement de la sécurité

01/06/2013 medi1.com (MAP)


 Le ministre espagnol de la défense Peter Morenés a ordonné le renforcement de la sécurité des forces armées du pays, suite aux attaques survenues dernièrement contre des militaires à Londres et à Paris.


Dans une déclaration à la télévision publique espagnole "TVE", M. Morenés a indiqué avoir chargé le chef d'état-major de la défense (JEMAD), l'amiral Fernando Garcia Sanchez, de prendre des mesures de sécurité à l'intérieur et hors d'Espagne après les attaques de Londres et de Paris contre des militaires.


"Nous avons pris des mesures préventives. j'ai demandé à la JEMAD de s'occuper de tous, à l'intérieur et hors d'Espagne, et de prendre des mesures", a dit le ministre à la télévision espagnole, avant de participer à l'acte de célébration de la journée des forces armées, célébrée samedi à Madrid.


Le ministre a, d'autre part, annoncé que l'Espagne va envoyer une section de protection au Mali qui "permettra de renforcer la sécurité des troupes espagnoles sur place et aussi des alliés".


Un soldat français avait été agressé dernièrement à l'arme blanche alors qu'il patrouillait en tenue à Paris. Son agresseur a été interpellé par la police. Quelques jours auparavant, un militaire britannique a été tué à Londres par deux individus à coups de couteau et de hachoir.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 09:50
L'UE s'offre son premier «war game»

01.06.2013, lematin.ch (AFP Newsnet)


L'Union européenne organise la semaine prochaine son premier «war game», durant lequel des experts civils et militaires examineront des scénarios d'éventuels conflits afin de définir les besoins des armées européennes dans vingt à trente ans.


Les 25 experts, représentant les pays de l'UE (à l'exception du Danemark), se projetteront du 4 au 6 juin à La Haye «dans le monde de 2025», a indiqué l'Agence européenne de la Défense (AED), organisatrice de cet exercice intitulé ECAPAG («European CAPabilities Assessement Game»).


Les résultats seront communiqués à l'automne, avant le sommet européen sur la défense qui doit réunir les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement des 27 en décembre à Bruxelles. Le «jeu de guerre» est basé sur quatre scénarios imaginant différentes évolutions du monde dans 25 ans.


Définir les besoins pour répondre aux menaces


L'un d'eux prévoit que son équilibre restera globalement le même, sous la domination d'une super-puissance, actuellement les Etats-Unis; un autre envisage un monde multi-polaire où différents Etats forts rivalisent pour l'influence régionale et les ressources, tandis que, dans le troisième scénario, un nombre croissant de pays en déliquescence («failed states») provoquent des crises régionales.


Le dernier prévoit la multiplication de «conflits non-conventionnels» impliquant des groupes terroristes ou radicaux. «L'objectif est de se placer dans les différentes situations le plus concrètement possible, afin de déterminer quels seront nos besoins pour répondre à telle ou telle menace»«, a expliqué Axel Buternschön, expert de l'AED.


Prévoir 20 ans à l'avance


«Il est important de prévoir loin en amont compte tenu des délais très longs -de l'ordre de 20 ans- des programmes de capacités militaires«, a ajouté le directeur des capacités de l'AED, Peter Round.


Ce type d'exercices a déjà été mené par différents pays, «mais jamais au niveau européen», précise l'AED, une agence créée pour faciliter les coopérations entre pays européens au niveau des capacités militaires.Malgré des déclarations d'intention, l'Europe de la défense peine à se concrétiser dans les actes, les projets lancés ces dernières années restant très modestes.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 09:45
Mali: front commun à Kidal

2 juin, 2013 – BBC Afrique


En négociation sous la médiation du Burkina Faso, les groupes armés touareg qui contrôlent Kidal, dans le nord-est du Mali, affichent leur position concernant la situation de la ville mais du reste du Nord-Mali, qu'ils appellent Azawad.


Affichant une position commune, les délégations du Mouvement national de libération de l'Azawad (MNLA) et du Haut conseil pour l'unité de l'Azawad (HCUA), écarte toute présence de l'armée malienne à Kidal.


Ils posent, par ailleurs, comme conditions à toute négociation avec le gouvernement malien, le retrait des militaires maliens d'autres zones du Nord ou la future force onusienne, la Minusma, prendrait leur relève.


Le porte-parole de cette nouvelle coalition de mouvement touareg, Moussa Ag Attaher, a expliqué que l’armée malienne "est incapable d’assurer la sécurité de l’ensemble des citoyens sans faire la distinction".


Le gouvernement malien de transition a fixé au 28 juillet le premier tour de la présidentielle en soulignant que le scrutin se déroulera sur tout le territoire national.

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