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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 17:45
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

16.11.2014 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

Samedi, le BPC Tonnerre a appareillé de Toulon pour rallier Conakry puis pour entamer son déploiement en mission Corymbe.

Selon le ministère, "après quelques jours de mer, il franchira le détroit de Gibraltar et rejoindra sa zone d’opération, au large de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, où il retrouvera l’aviso Enseigne de vaisseau Jacoubet." .

Le BPC transporte du matériel nécessaire à la mise en place d’un centre de traitement et de transit pour soignants (CTTS), destiné à la lutte contre l’épidémie du virus Ebola. Ce CTTS est en cours de construction à l'aéroport de Gbessia/Conakry.

Du matériel humanitaire a également été chargé à bord du BPC au profit d’organisations non gouvernementales.

C’est dans le port de Conakry que le Tonnerre débarquera le matériel destiné à l'installation de ce CTTS. D’autres équipements et du personnel militaire du service de santé des armées devraient par la suite être acheminés en Guinée.

Le chef de l'Etat qui sera à Dakar les 29 et 30 novembre pour le quinzième sommet de la Francophonie, est aussi attendu à Conakry. Il visitera alors les différents centres mis en place par la France à Conakry, dans sa banlieue et à Macenta.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 17:20
Formation Take-Off

 

 

11/15/2014 Strategy Page

 

The U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team takes off for their performance Nov. 8, 2014, during an open house event at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. The two-day open house featured performances from legacy aircraft such as the P-51 Mustang, and modern aircraft such as the F-22 Raptor. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Christian Clausen)

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 17:20
Hagel Launches Plan To Maintain High-Tech Military

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel makes remarks during the Reagan National Defense Forum at The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, Calif., Nov. 15, 2014. Hagel announced a plan to harness the brightest minds and cutting-edge technology to change the way the Department of Defense innovates and operates. Hagel is on a five-day trip visiting troops across the United States. DoD photo by U.S. Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Sean Hurt

 

Nov. 16, 2014 - By ANDREW TILGHMAN – Defense News

 

SIMI VALLEY, CALIF. — Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel unveiled an ambitious new plan for maintaining the military’ technological edge in a time of tightening budgets.

 

Speaking Saturday at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library at a forum of influential defense professionals, Hagel said the new “defense innovation initiative” aims to invest money in “cutting-edge technologies and systems — especially from the fields of robotics, autonomous systems, miniaturization, big data, and advanced manufacturing, including 3-D printing.”

 

At the same time, Hagel said, the plan will lead to Pentagon policy changes that encourage “fresh thinking that is focused on threats and challenges to our military superiority, not simply adapting what is on the books today,” Hagel said.

 

“It will put new resources behind innovation but also account for today’s fiscal realities … by focusing on investments that will sharpen our military edge even as we contend with fewer resources,” Hagel said in the keynote address at this year’s Reagan National Defense Forum.

 

“Continued fiscal pressure will likely limit our military’s ability to respond to long-term challenges by increasing the size of our force, or simply outspending potential adversaries on current systems. So to overcome challenges to our military superiority, we must change the way we innovate, operate, and do business,” Hagel said.

 

Hagel signaled that traditional defense companies may get a smaller share of Pentagon investment dollars.

 

“We will actively seek proposals from the private sector, including from firms and academic institutions outside DoD’s traditional orbit,” Hagel said.

 

Hagel calls the effort a “third offsets strategy” and compared it in scale to two past “offset” initiatives, including the nuclear buildup of the 1950s that ultimately helped end the Cold War, as well as the 1970s-era effort that led to the development of precision-guided missiles, stealth aircraft and advanced intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance platforms.

 

“Offset” is a term used by military and defense industry professionals to refer to substantial breakthroughs in strategy or technology that can offset an adversary’s advantage in traditional military strength.

 

Specifically, Hagel said Deputy Secretary of Defense Bob Work will guide the development of this initiative, by forming a new Advanced Capability and Deterrence Panel.

 

Work and other Pentagon officials have signaled that the Defense Department is looking for new ways to partner with the defense industry and other intuitions to share research and development costs.

 

Some experts say the new “offset” strategy suggests that the Pentagon is seeing classified information showing evidence that adversaries are making advancements in military technology faster than previously thought.

 

The new program is not limited to technology research and development. It also calls for a “reinvigorated wargaming effort” to “develop and test alternative ways of achieving our strategic objectives and help us think more clearly about the future security environment,” according to a two-page memo Hagel’s office released Saturday.

 

And the new initiative may target some personal policies and practices that affect military careers.

 

“It will focus on our most important asset — our people — by pursuing both time-honored leadership development practices, as well as emerging opportunities to reimagine how we develop managers and leaders,” Hagel said Saturday.

 

Hagel reiterated his longstanding call for Congress to lift the threat of budget caps known as sequestration, which under current law will severely impact the defense budget in October 2015. He said losing America’s military superiority could have catastrophic consequences.

 

“Questions about our ability to win future wars could undermine our ability to deter them. And our armed forces could one day go into battle confronting a range of advanced technologies that limit our freedom of maneuver, allowing a potential conflict to exact crippling costs and put at risk too many American lives,” he said.

 

“America does not believe in sending our troops into a fair fight. But that is a credo we will not be able to honor if we do not take the initiative and address these mounting challenges now,” he said.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 16:50
Les avions militaires russes menacent l'aviation civile en Europe (Otan)

 

MOSCOU, 16 novembre - RIA Novosti

 

Les vols d'avions militaires russes représentent une menace pour l'aviation civile européenne, estime le secrétaire général de l'Otan Jens Stoltenberg.

 

"Les forces aériennes russe ont intensifié leurs vols le long des frontières de l'Otan. Le problème, c'est que les pilotes russes n'allument souvent pas leurs émetteurs, ne dévoilent pas leurs plans de vol et ne sont pas en contact avec les contrôleurs aériens civils", a déclaré M.Stoltenberg dans une interview accordée au journal Telegraph.

 

"Cela pose un risque pour l'aviation civile, et c'est un problème, compte tenu du fait que l'activité des forces aériennes russes s'est intensifiée", a-t-il indiqué.

 

Dans ce contexte, le SG de l'Alliance atlantique a exhorté la partie russe à respecter les normes réglementant les vols dans l'espace aérien européen.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 16:45
Nigeria army 'retakes Chibok' from Boko Haram

 

16 November 2014 BBC Africa

 

The Nigerian army says it has recaptured the north-eastern town of Chibok, which was seized by Boko Haram militants on Thursday. Boko Haram fighters kidnapped more than 200 schoolgirls from the village in April, sparking global outrage. The group, which says it is fighting to create an Islamic state in Nigeria, has repeatedly targeted villages in Borno state in recent months. There are reports of many Boko Haram members being killed in Sunday's raid. Correspondents say Chibok was retaken late on Saturday, after dozens of military vehicles were seen heading to the village. A local vigilante force was part of the operation.

 

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 16:30
Siège de Kobané: près de 1.200 morts depuis la mi-septembre (médias)

 

BEYROUTH, 16 novembre - RIA Novosti

 

1153 personnes ont trouvé la mort depuis le début du siège de la ville syrienne de Kobané (nord) le 16 septembre, rapportent les médias occidentaux citant l'Observatoire syrien des droits de l'homme (OSDH) basé à Londres.

 

Selon l'OSDH, les hostilités ont fait 397 morts dans les rangs des combattants kurdes qui défendent la ville face aux djihadistes de l'Etat islamique (EI), ainsi que 27 morts parmi les civils. Côté islamistes, plus de 700 combattants ont été éliminés.

 

A l'heure actuelle, l'EI contrôle certaines banlieues de Kobané, grand centre de l'autonomie kurde en Syrie, ainsi que des dizaines de villages situés à ses alentours. Les combats les plus feroces se déroulent dans la partie est de la ville.

 

Le groupe sunnite terroriste Etat islamique, lié à Al-Qaïda, a gagné en puissance lors de ses opérations en Syrie, où il combat les troupes gouvernementales. L'EI a la réputation d'une des formations djihadistes les plus cruelles.

 

Il y a quelques mois, cette organisation a intensifié ses activités en Irak. Fin juillet, l'EI a proclamé un "califat islamique" sur les territoires irakiens et syriens tombés sous son contrôle.

 

Depuis le 8 août, l'aviation américaine effectue des frappes contre les positions des djihadistes en Irak. Le 23 septembre, les Etats-Unis ont commencé à bombarder les positions de l'EI en Syrie.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 16:30
Syrie: 272 combattants rendent les armes en 24 heures

 

BEYROUTH, 16 novembre - RIA Novosti

 

Plus de 270 combattants antigouvernementaux ont déposé les armes au cours des dernières 24 heures en Syrie dans le cadre du programme de réconciliation nationale, rapporte dimanche l'agence locale SANA.

 

"272 hommes armés de Damas, sa banlieue, Alep, Homs et Idleb se sont rendus aux services compétents pour régulariser leur situation", annonce l'agence.

 

Auparavant, les médias ont rapporté que plus de 800 personnes impliquées dans les combats avec forces armées syriennes avaient rendu les armes en août-septembre.

 

Le conflit armé qui fait rage en Syrie depuis mars 2011 a déjà emporté, selon les Nations unies, plus de 200.000 vies. Selon Damas, les troupes gouvernementales sont confrontées à différents groupes extrémistes qui comptent des mercenaires étrangers dans leurs rangs.

 

Depuis la proclamation par le groupe djihadiste Etat islamique d'un "califat" dans les zones qu'il contrôle en Syrie et en Irak, des affrontements opposent ce groupe extrémiste aux troupes du régime de Damas, notamment dans le nord du pays.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 12:55
Les réservistes en alerte - exercice ABRUZZE

 

13/11/2014 Victor POULAIN - Armée de Terre

 

Du 3 au 8 novembre, près de 100 militaires réservistes et d’active de la 3e brigade légère blindée (3e BLB) et de la délégation militaire départementale du Puy-de-Dôme ont participé à l’exercice ABRUZZES, dans la région d’Issoire.

 

Cet exercice consistait à mobiliser des réservistes dans le cadre du Guépard Réserve.  Le principe de ce dispositif est de pouvoir disposer d’un vivier de volontaires issus des unités de réserve capables d’être engagés sous un préavis de 48 heures et durant 8 jours. Le Guépard Réserve est prévu pour porter assistance, notamment, à la population sur le territoire national, en cas de catastrophe naturelle. Dans les conditions les plus proches de celles rencontrées en cas de catastrophe, les réservistes d’astreinte de la 3e BLB ont été réquisitionnés par la préfecture du Puy-de-Dôme et prévenus par téléphone. Ils ont donc quitté leurs activités civiles pour constituer une unité d’environ 80 hommes et femmes et s’exercer à l’évacuation et à la protection de la population sur fond d’inondation et d’importants mouvements sociaux.

Afin de répondre à ses besoins opérationnels, l’armée de Terre place en permanence 800 réservistes en alerte, en complément des unités d’active.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 12:55
Dépôt de gerbe par M. le préfet de la région Auvergne - photos Marine nationale

Dépôt de gerbe par M. le préfet de la région Auvergne - photos Marine nationale

 

13 Novembre 2014 Sources : Marine nationale

 

Du 9 au 12 novembre 2014, une délégation de l'aviso Commandant Blaison s'est rendue en Auvergne à la rencontre de sa ville marraine Lapalisse. C'est en effet dans cette ville de l’Allier que naquit en 1906 le capitaine de frégate Louis Blaison, qui donna son nom au bâtiment. Les marins de l’aviso ont également profité de ce déplacement pour poursuivre le partenariat qui les unit à la Préparation Militaire Marine (PMM) de Clermont-FerrandClermont-Ferrand.

 

Cette mission en territoire bourbonnais fut tout d’abord l'occasion d'une rencontre avec les élèves de 3ème du collège Lucien Colon de Lapalisse. Les échanges ont permis aux marins de présenter leur bâtiment, leur métier et de décrire les caractéristiques de la vie embarquée.

 

Flamme du souvenir du monument aux morts de la guerre 14-18 du cimetière de Carmes

Flamme du souvenir du monument aux morts de la guerre 14-18 du cimetière de Carmes

 

Le temps fort de la visite a eu lieu le lendemain, lors de la commémoration du 11 novembre, aux côtés de la municipalité de Lapalisse. Durant la cérémonie, une gerbe a été déposée par le commandant et un jeune Lapalissois devant la maison natale de Louis Blaison.

 

Après un temps d'échange avec les jeunes matelots, la délégation a participé à une cérémonie de ravivage de « la flamme du souvenir » du monument aux morts de la guerre 14-18 du cimetière des Carmes de Clermont-Ferrand, en présence de nombreuses autorités, dont le préfet de la région Auvergne et le délégué militaire départemental, le Général Hervé Gomart.

 

La délégation du « Commandant Blaison »

La délégation du « Commandant Blaison »

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 11:55
BPC Vladivostok photo Marine Nationale

BPC Vladivostok photo Marine Nationale

 

16 novembre 2014 JDD

 

Le président français a souligné dimanche à l'issue du G20 australien qu'il prendrait sa décision sur la livraison des Mistral à la Russie "en dehors de toute pression".


"Pour l'instant, la Russie n'est pas un partenaire sur lequel on peut compter pour obtenir une désescalade en Ukraine." Le constat est signé d'une source diplomatique française interrogée samedi par le JDD et qui estime que "les conditions ne sont pas réunies" pour que la France livre enfin le premier des deux porte-hélicoptères Mistral à la marine russe. "La phase de tension et de refroidissement" n'est donc pas terminée, loin s'en faut, et cela explique en partie pourquoi le sujet de la livraison des Mistral n'a pas été évoqué lors de la rencontre Poutine-Hollande samedi, en marge du G20. D'autant que la veille, une source au Kremlin avait annoncé un délai de quinze jours pour que la France respecte les termes du contrat. Commentaire d'un officiel français : la France a "sa propre échéance". Selon nos informations, les autorités françaises estiment même possible, "après analyse juridique", d'interpréter certaines clauses du contrat donnant à la France "quelques semaines, voire quelques mois" pour autoriser la licence d'exportation des Mistral.

Suite de l'article

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 11:55
Uralvagonzavod-Renault new AtoM heavy IFV. Photo Noam Eshel, Defense-Update

Uralvagonzavod-Renault new AtoM heavy IFV. Photo Noam Eshel, Defense-Update

 

16/11/2014 lanouvellerepublique.fr

 

Stefano Chmielewski, président du Groupement des industriels de l'armement terrestre (Gicat), soit 188 entreprises françaises, relativise l'effet de la crise : « Les contrats signés avant les sanctions et n'entrant pas dans leur cadre seront honorés. Mais il n'y en aura pas d'autres. Je pense que la raison l'emportera. Il faut être patient. »

 

Eurosatory. Patrick Colas des Francs, organisateur du salon Eurosatory, le plus grand Salon mondial de l'armement terrestre et aéroterrestre : « Churchill disait des Russes qu'ils sont des Indiens qui rentrent leur chemise dans leur pantalon : même s'ils se sentent plus attirés par l'Europe, ils seront toujours tentés par des rapprochements avec l'Asie, surtout si on les y incite ! » Pour lui, c'est le cas : « Après l'effondrement de l'URSS, le pays a pris du retard dans de nombreuses technologies et il avait choisi l'Europe comme partenaire pour l'aider à compenser ses " trous " technologiques. Aujourd'hui, les sanctions européennes vexent ces industriels russes et il faut s'attendre à ce qu'ils réagissent en allant voir ailleurs. »

 

Renault Trucks Defense. RTD, qui appartient au groupe Volvo, est notamment le constructeur du véhicule de l'avant blindé (VAB) que l'armée française utilise dans toutes ses opérations. RTD était, depuis 2013, sur un programme de blindé avec le russe UralVagonZavod. Quid de cette coopération ? Réponse laconique de RTD : « En application des sanctions décidées par l'UE, la coopération entre RTD et UVZ est suspendue. Nous ne souhaitons pas faire davantage de commentaires sur ce sujet. »

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 08:45
Libya: This Could End Very Badly

 

November 15, 2014: Strategy Page

 

Despite the continued fighting in the east and attacks on some oil fields, oil shipments have continued. There have been some interruptions recently, but the national oil company has managed to cope and is still on schedule to get oil shipments up to a million barrels a day by the end of the year. That goal is threated by undisciplined factions technically allied with the Tripoli government who continue to fight over control of oil facilities even though this is counterproductive (these factions have no way to selling any oil they seize). Oil shipments peaked at 800,000 barrels a day in September but have since dropped to 500,000 a day. Pre-2011 shipments were three time that.

 

The battle for Benghazi continues. For over a month there has been heavy fighting as some Islamic terror groups refuse to leave the city and fight to the death. The pro-government forces of general Hiftar are using artillery, air power and armored vehicles to methodically kill the remaining Islamic terrorists in the city. A month of this sort of thing has created several thousand casualties, including over 400 dead. One the major side effects of all this fighting was the disruption of the normal activities in the city. As the largest city in Eastern Libya, Benghazi contained essential administrative and logistical (warehouses with key items like medical supplies) operations. The disruption caused by the fighting created shortages of medical supplies and interrupted administrative support for many oil facilities in the east. Everyone concerned had to scramble to make alternate arrangements.

 

In the southeast the army has another problem with the growing number of Islamic terrorist camps being set up in southwest Libya (where the borders of Libya, Algeria and Niger meet). Algeria and Niger are hard pressed to prevent all illegal crossings. As many Islamic terrorists are caught doing so, many more make it through. Malian Islamic terrorists from bases in southern Libya are now regularly moving south to carry out operations in northern Mali. All this is possible because of the Libyan civil war. That conflict is mainly up north along the coast and no one bothers with Islamic terrorists who only kill across the border in Mali. There is a similar problem in Afghanistan with Islamic terrorists operations from several sanctuary areas in neighboring Pakistan and Iran. French and American intelligence know a lot about all the illegal activity in southern Libya. UAVs and satellites reveal details of Islamic terrorist camps and convoys sneaking across the southern borders. Local spies and informants are used to obtain more detailed information and from that it is known that most of the armed men in the south are more intent on making money (usually smuggling guns, drugs or people) than Islamic terrorism. The big problem in southern Libya is that there is no law, aside from what little local tribal elders will hand out concerning tribal matters. The Libyan government has some security forces down there, but they are largely confined to the few towns in the desert area. The Tobruk government says it will deal with the lawless south as soon as it deals with a rival Islamic terrorist backed government in Tripoli.

 

Libya continues to come apart as a nation. The Tripoli and Tobruk governments have agreed to not interfere with oil operations, but the Tripoli government does not control all the Islamic terrorist groups that are technically under its command. Despite that there is a general understanding that the oil income, which the Tobruk government largely controls, buys essentials (like food) that will continue to be distributed to all Libyans. So far that seems to be working. This is what always mattered most because the oil money pays for everything. The cash from oil sales is going into the Central Bank, which tends to answer to the Tobruk parliament because that is the one with international recognition and that provides access to the international banking system. The various factions are pressuring the Central Bank and courts to favor them but it is the international community that controls the ability of Libya to buy essential (most of the food and everything else) needed to keep Libyans alive recognizes the Tobruck officials. That internationally recognized government set up shop in the small port city of Tobruk (1,600 kilometers east of Tripoli) after encountering hostility from militias loyal to the pre-June government. Many other government offices moved as well and are finding space where they can. The rebel governments in Tripoli and the Tobruk are fighting over who controls more than $100 billion held by the Central Bank. A lot of that cash is overseas and since Tobruk has international and UN support the Tripoli rebels are having a hard time maintaining control of any oil income. If the Tripoli government tries to sell oil on the black market they will have most of the world going after them with bank account shutdowns and seizure of the tankers they use (either in port or on the high seas). In the end, it’s the oil money that will bring peace, or abject poverty for all. The government is running out of cash and credit. Another year or two of this and life gets very miserable for Libyans. The UN speaks of Libya has sliding into a state of anarchy. No one is willing to intervene militarily and the UN has constant problems with gangsters and Islamic terrorists attacking air efforts. This could end very badly.

 

The Tripoli government has support from Turkey, Sudan and Qatar while the Tobruk government has most of the world recognizing it, along with most of the Islamic world. This is especially true with neighboring Egypt and most of the Arab oil states. Egypt has proclaimed that it will not intervene militarily. While that is the official position Egypt is apparently providing substantial, and secret, support to the Hiftar forces. This comes in the form of air support, weapons and other military supplies and even some Egyptian special operations troops. A major concern of the Egyptians is the movement of weapons and Islamic terrorists into Egypt and there are a lot more Egyptian troops and police on the Libyan border in the past few months. What the Egyptians need is pro-Egypt forces controlling the Libyan side of the frontier. Thus the support for the Hiftar coalition, which arose in Eastern Libya as a coalition of Libyan Army units, tribal militias and anti-Islamic terrorist groups. Hiftar is now officially part of the Tobruk government armed forces.

 

Most Libyans are fed up with the continuing violence. The 2011 rebellion against Kadaffi left over 30,000 dead but the infighting since then has killed nearly as many. Most major factions agree on peace but Islamic terrorist groups in Tripoli and Benghazi, aided by tribal factions that want more power and money, continue to fight.

 

November 14, 2014: Hiftar forces in Benghazi handed over nine Turks they had arrested in Benghazi two weeks ago. The Hiftar forces determined that the Turks were innocent of any crimes and were just in the wrong place at the wrong time. The Tobruk government was in the process of turning the Turks over to the Turkish government via the UN.

 

November 13, 2014: In Tripoli two car bombs went off near Egyptian and United Arab Emirates embassies. There were apparently no casualties. The embassies were boarded up and closed earlier this year.

 

November 12, 2014: In Tobruk two car bombs went off near the Oil Institute, killing three and wounding more than twenty. Another large explosion occurred at an air base near the eastern city of Bayda (controlled by the Tobruk government). This has disrupted commercial flights that now operate from that air base.

 

November 9, 2014: In the east (Shahat) a bomb went off in the town near where the UN was hosting talks with officials from the Tobruk government. There were no injuries. In the west (Tripoli) a group of gunmen attacked a bank and stole $1.3 million.

 

November 6, 2014: In Tripoli the constitutional court declared invalid the June 25th vote that elected the parliament that currently operates in Tobruk. The Tobruk government rejected this and accused the judges of succumbing to pressure from Islamic terrorist militias that control Tripoli and often use intimidation to get their way.

 

November 5, 2014: Britain has begun flying home nearly 300 Libyan officer trainees before their 24 week training was completed. Five of the Libyans did not leave as they are being held on rape charges. Three of these Libyans are charged with raping women and two of raping a man. The Libyans had arrived in June and within a month locals were complaining of Libyans coming into nearby communities and behaving badly. This was not supposed to happen as the Libyans were selected to receive combat and leadership training so they could better train and command troops back in Libya. British authorities were surprised by the bad behavior and responded by ordering the Libyans restricted to the 80 hectare (200 acre) base where they lived and trained. In August this led to a mutiny among some of the Libyans after British officers in charge of the training put three of the trainees under guard after police picked them up for being off base without permission. Then twenty other trainees went and threatened the British soldier guarding the three Libyan trainees. The British guard let the three go free rather than risk violence. Senior officers were uncertain about how to handle this insubordination. The situation went downhill from there. The Libyans were not only undisciplined but also unreliable. They would agree to certain conditions (as in how they behaved towards civilians on and off the base, especially women) and then ignore those agreements. When confronted they would plead ignorance of British customs and refused to accept responsibility. The Libyans also constantly fought among themselves. Although depicting themselves as devout Moslems many of them would go to the village, get drunk and commit crimes. Some blamed the British for making alcohol too easy to obtain. The British tried to cope with all this by stationing hundreds of armed soldiers in nearby communities and on the base to prevent the Libyans from getting out of hand. This did not work either. At least twenty of the Libyans tried to apply for political asylum. This was denied after the rape incidents in late October and the decision was made to send all the Libyans home. The five in jail will face trial early next year. Not all the trainees misbehaved and some of them were hastily given a graduation ceremony even though the training was a few weeks short of completion. This group of Libyans, selected from many pro-government factions, gave Britons an up-close exposure to the kind of thinking and behavior that is tearing Libya apart.

 

November 3, 2014: In Benghazi an RPG fired from a high rise building (apparently by an Islamic terrorist) hit a ship in the government controlled port area and caused a fire on board.                                                     

 

November 1, 2014:  The pro-government Labraq airport east of Benghazi has been temporarily closed until security forces can shut down the groups who have been firing rockets into the airport area.

The Hiftar forces also say they have proof that Qatar was sending weapons and military equipment to Islamic terrorist groups in Libya. The proof comes in the form of an aircraft from Qatar that landed in an airport controlled by Hiftar forces and was seized and searched.        

 

October 31, 2014: Pro-government forces claim to control 80 percent of Benghazi but the remaining Islamic terrorists are fighting to the death and will require another few weeks of effort to clear out. Meanwhile many of the Islamic terrorists who quickly got out of the city when the offensive began over a month ago have set up operations outside the city and throughout eastern Libya. These groups will have to be taken down one at a time.

 

October 25, 2014: Libya has asked for foreign assistance in destroying its remaining stockpile of raw materials for making nerve gas. Although facilities for the destruction of this stuff have been built in Libya and Libyans trained to do it, the chaos in Libya since the Kaddafi government was overthrown in 2011 have prevented the work from being done. So the Libyans are asking for the 850 tons of chemicals to be shipped out and destroyed overseas as was recently done with a similar Syrian stockpile.

 

October 24, 2014: In the east (Benghazi) pro-government forces seized the largest Islamic terrorist base in the city.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 08:35
DRDO to Encourage New Defence Start-ups

DRDO director-general and scientific adviser to the defence minister Avinash Chander (right), former director-general VK Saraswat and RCI director G Satheesh Reddy arriving at the Defence & Aero Supply India-2014 expo at Hotel Novotel, near the international airport, at Shamshabad on Friday. | A SURESH KUMAR

 

15th November 2014 By Express News Service

 

HYDERABAD: Recognising Hyderabad as a potential hub for growth and development of aerospace industry, experts called for creating a conducive environment with better infrastructure, and skill development among youth to enhance the industry in the state, during a session titled ‘Changes, implications and opportunity’ on the concluding day of the Defence & Aerosupply India 2014 here on Friday.

 

‘’Hyderabad continues to be a hub for aerospace activity and there is a vast industrial potential in the city,” said Avinash Chander, scientific advisor to defence minister and director general of  Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO).

 

Pointing out the Union government’s initiatives such as ‘Make in India’ campaign to enhance the sector across the country, Chander said, “We need to have an R&D base in the industry and must invest more in R&D. We are also encouraging new start-ups and anyone who comes with an innovative idea will be encouraged and supported by the government.”

 

Chander also urged private players in the industry to be more pro-active instead of waiting for an order to develop the industry. “There is a need for the industry to look beyond order and they can develop new equipment which are on par with world class standards. The industry has to take these initiatives rather than waiting for an order,” he advised.

 

Calling for creating more government-owned infrastructure in the private industry, Chander said that major DRDO labs are being set up in various parts in and around the city, such as Nagarjuna Sagar, Shamirpet and Dundigal. “We are also looking at new models to fund new projects. We are considering a model which will cover 80 per cent funding,” he added. Special chief secretary to the government and commissioner for industrial promotion & mines, government of Telangana, K Pradeep Chandra laid out the state government’s initiatives to enable the aerospace sector during the hour-long discussion.

 

‘’We are trying to create a business-friendly environment and are willing to partner with anybody, from private sector to educational institutions to develop any sector, including aerospace,” Pradeep Chandra stated.

 

Pointing out that the Telangana government had done an extensive land survey, he said, “Around 2.5 to 3 lakh acres of land has been identified for the aerospace industry. We have also purchased bulk water so that water supply will be available to each of the industries. In addition, to this `1000 crore for industrial infrastructure development has been allotted in the budget.”

 

SGK Kishore, chief executive officer, GMR Hyderabad International Airport had earlier pointed out that the Telangana government  must focus on south of Hyderabad for enabling the aerospace sector as it consists of Hyderabad airport, Aerospace Park in Adibatla, proposed ITIR, RCI and other establishments. However, Pradeep Chandra shared a different view. “We are looking to develop at least one cluster in north or north-west of Hyderabad,” Chandra added.

 

The three-day conference, organised by Kenes Exhibition - an Israel-based company, in association with government of Telangana, witnessed around 200 participants. There were several expert technical sessions and panel discussions during the event. IT minister KT Rama Rao was conspicuous by his absence.

 

Job Opportunities in Aerospace Industry

 

Laying emphasis on the importance of education to employment, UB Desai, director, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, felt there was a need to create awareness about potential jobs in the aerospace industry among the youth.

 

Revealing interesting data, he showed that according to International Labour Organisation, 75 million young people are unemployed. Across nine countries only 43 per cent employers agreed that they could not find skilled entry level workers. Researches have estimated that by 2020, there will be a shortfall of 85 million high and middle skilled workers. Desai also revealed that 39 per cent of employers feel shortage of skill is the reason for lack of entry level vacancies.

 

“Youth do not feel that there are job opportunities in aerospace industry. There is a need for an awareness campaign in all colleges to educate the youth about the opportunities and potential of this industry,” said Desai. He also pointed out that only 10 per cent of Indians receive skill training compared to 96 per cent in South Korea and 80 per cent in Japan. India also has the least productive workforce at just 10 per cent, with China marginally better at 17 per cent.

 

Desai urged Telangana government to establish skill development centres in every industry.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 08:20
F-35C Leaves The Nest

 

11/14/2014 Strategy Page

 

The F-35C completes catapults and arrestments aboard the USS Nimitz during Developmental Testing I (DT-I), which is the first of three at-sea test phases planned for the U.S. Navy's F-35C carrier variant. Lockheed-Martin Photo

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 08:20
Electronic Weapons: A New Expeditionary Radar

Airmen prepare to do an inspection on a TPS-75 radar in 2012. The  program will replace the AN/TPS-75 system. (US Air Force)

 

November 15, 2014: Strategy Page

 

The U.S. Air Force has ordered four of the new 3DELRR (3 Dimensional Expeditionary Long Range Radar) systems for about $18 million each. These will begin replacing the 32 existing AN/TPS-75s, a 1960s design that, while frequently upgraded, is showing its age. Both of these radars are “expeditionary models” used when the air force must quickly send aircraft overseas to establish a new base. Naturally an airbase needs a good radar system and since the late 1960s the AN/TPS-75 has been used for these quick deployment type missions. The first 3DELRR is expected to be in service before the end of the decade and eventually the air force is seeking to buy 35 of them.

 

There was a competition between the 3DELRR and an AN/TPS-75 design that was massively updated with the latest technology. The 3DELRR won in part because of its ability to easily integrate with other (especially foreign) radar systems while also delivering higher and more reliable performance. The 3DELRR is easily transportable by air and weighs less than seven tons (control center, antenna, power generator). 3DELRR can be set up quickly (less than two hours) and provide long range (over 440 kilometers) detection of aircraft and incoming missiles at altitudes over 30 kilometers

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 08:20
Fight Over A-10 Re-opens Hill, US Air Force Divide

 

Nov. 15, 2014 - By AARON MEHTA – Defense News

 

WASHINGTON — After a relatively quiet summer, the battle for the future of the A-10 Warthog exploded in the last two weeks, reopening deep fissures between Congress and the US Air Force that seem to show the two sides at a total stalemate.

 

The A-10 issue — the Air Force wants to scrap it, Congress wants to keep it — has aroused a passionate array of protectors in a way the Air Force seemed unprepared to deal with. At this point, neither side in the debate is willing to trust the other’s ideas or facts.

 

Deborah Lee James, service secretary, acknowledged in July that the service needs to do a better job of showing “consistency” to members of Congress, and the drive to better relations with the Hill was highlighted as a key part in the service’s newest 30-year strategy document.

 

While that is a noble goal, those in the trenches indicate trust is still a hard concept for the two sides, particularly when the A-10 is involved.

 

The relations between the Hill and the Air Force have been degrading since the middle of the last decade, said Mackenzie Eaglen of the American Enterprise Institute.

 

“There is no doubt that is an issue, and this current crop of leadership has tried hard to steer the vessel in a new direction and to slowly move the organization back to a place of mutual trust with the Hill,” Eaglen said.

 

The current A-10 fight “just goes to show how deep the damage has been and how lasting the effects are,” she added.

 

Emotions are running high on both sides, creating a winner-take-all culture that is unlikely to result in any sort of compromise.

 

One Hill staffer who has been engaged with the service on the A-10 issue said there is a feeling the service plays with facts and figures to force its argument down the throat of Congress.

 

“Their arguments come up, don’t stand up to facts, we push back, we don’t get satisfying responses, and my assessment is the Air Force wants to retire the A-10 and they don’t want to find a solution to make it work,” the staffer said.

 

Rep. Ron Barber, an Arizona Democrat who made saving the A-10 a key part of his re-election campaign, expressed frustration with the service during a Nov. 13 rally in support of the plane.

 

“We’ve seen several attempts by the Air Force to go around our decisions, to make moves to divest even though we told them not to,” Barber added, his voice rising in anger. “We will continue to tell them to listen to the will of Congress.

 

“The Air Force, they are persistent. But so are we. We’re not going to give up this fight until we prevail.”

 

On the other side, two Air Force officials complained that the Hill ignores the service’s analysis supporting the need to retire the Warthog.

 

Those officials singled out Sen. Kelly Ayotte, R-N.H., as particularly dug in on the issue, and complained that her office doesn’t offer any alternatives when it rejects options brought forth from the Air Force.

 

“The options, we’ve [explained] — in exquisite detail — why those aren’t feasible options,” one official said, “it comes down to, she just doesn’t believe us.”

 

“If they had something to offer, believe me, we would go take a look at it,” the second official said.

 

Maintenance Battle Lines

 

The latest fight over maintainers is a perfect summary of the situation.

 

The Air Force is claiming that its planned Aug. 16 initial operating capability (IOC) date for its fleet of F-35A joint strike fighters is now in peril because the A-10 cannot be retired, as a large chunk of the 1,100 maintainers needed for IOC on the stealthy jet were to be moved from the stood-down fleet of Warthogs.

 

Members of Congress who appeared at a Nov. 13 event supporting the A-10, including Ayotte, expressed skepticism over the sudden use of the F-35 as a talking point.

 

“The Air Force has continued to make this a false choice between the F-35 and the A-10,” Ayotte said, noting the argument has just appeared on the scene after previous talking points failed to retire the Warthog. “How many different arguments has the Air Force made along the way?”

 

“I’m not trying to impugn their motives,” the senator later told Defense News. “I just think they have been of the mindset from the beginning to retire this airframe, and that mindset doesn’t seem to have shifted despite the Congress weighing in pretty clearly on this.”

 

The service officials countered by saying they looked at 11 choices for how to handle this issue, and while it weighed them all, the A-10 retirement remains the best choice.

 

Take two of those 11 choices as examples of the “he said, she said” nature of the discussion.

 

One option would involve finding Air National Guard volunteers to come online and take over some F-35 maintenance work. The Air Force officials said that plan has many flaws, including requiring pulling Guardsmen from their units and the fact their civilian jobs would not be guaranteed without a full mobilization order from the president.

 

The staffer disagreed with that assessment, concluding that the service could find a way to make it work. “After interviews and exchanges I’ve had with the Air Force, I was left with the impression they have not fully explored the mobilization option,” the staffer said.

 

What about turning to contract maintainers? Could Lockheed Martin workers, already familiar with the F-35, chip in?

 

The Air Force claims it will take a year to spin up those contractors and establish a contract vehicle to get them on board. But the staffer believes there is a contracting vehicle in place through existing agreements with Lockheed.

 

Eaglen believes both sides have an argument, but are simply talking past each other at this point.

 

“The Hill is right the Air Force has lots of options, and the Air Force is right they probably chose the best one,” she said. “Just because there is another option doesn’t make it the best option that hurts the [least].”

 

Perhaps most telling, the Air Force is talking with members of the Hill about a partial retirement — shutting down three A-10 squadrons, or about 72 planes, which the service officials said would free up enough maintainers to handle F-35A IOC.

 

On the face, that would seem like a compromise. The Air Force gets enough planes retired for its requirement, while keeping the Warthog around to protect troops on the ground. But the Hill staffer derided that idea, calling it “just another version of the same plan to divest the A-10, and that is not a compromise.

 

“There is a pattern here of ‘give me what I’m asking for,’ but framing it as a compromise,” the staffer said. “This is not the first time they’ve done this. They tried to send some to the boneyard and called it a ‘compromise.’ That’s not a compromise. That’s how you divest things.”

 

Both Barber and Ayotte have rejected that option, leaving the service and Congress once again at loggerheads — and growing increasingly frustrated with each other.

 

“The Air Force doesn’t want to find a creative solution of fully [maintaining] the F-35A, which is a requirement they’ve known about for years and should not have been surprised by,” the staffer said. “The question is whether they want to.”

 

“We’ve gone through it and they haven’t been able to provide us with a viable option,” the first Air Force official countered.

 

At the start of the summer, Eaglen expected the A-10 fight to end as these things usually do — with the Air Force getting its way, even if it had to wait a year or two. Now, she’s not certain that is true.

 

“I’m surprised at the ferocity of the A-10 community,” she said. “They punch above their weight class. I’ve seen this fight play out a million times before and it doesn’t turn out this way normally. Eventually the services get their way. But there are always exceptions, and this may prove to be one of them.

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 22:45
Nigeria army helicopter crashes in Yola

Nigeria says it has been unable to buy the weapons it needs to confront Boko Haram

 

14 November 2014 BBC Africa

 

A Nigerian army helicopter has come down in the north-east, where the army is battling Islamist Boko Haram fighters, the second crash this week.

 

It crashed on the outskirts of Yola city in Adamawa State, killing all three crew members, the military said.

University students said they heard it come down next to their campus, followed by a series of explosions.

The BBC's Will Ross says it was believed to have been transporting weapons and ammunition to troops.

Students at the Modibbo Adama University of Technology on the edge of Yola city said that on hearing the blasts some people started running away fearing that jihadists were attacking.

 

Weapons complaints

 

Earlier this week, the Nigerian government complained that the US was blocking its attempts to buy "lethal equipment" to put down the insurgency.

Nigeria's ambassador to the US said accusations that its troops were involved in human rights abuses were based on "half-truths" being spread by political opponents ahead of elections next year.

In response, the US state department spokesperson said the two nations were sharing intelligence, the US was training a Nigerian battalion and that the sale of some equipment had been allowed over the past six months.

But the spokesperson, Jen Psaki, did admit that earlier this year the sale of military helicopters had been stopped.

"We denied the transfer of some Cobra attack helicopters to Nigeria due to concerns about Nigeria's ability to use and maintain this type of helicopter in its effort against Boko Haram and ongoing concerns about the Nigerian military's protection of civilians when conducting military operations," she said on Wednesday.

Meanwhile, there are reports that the key town of Mubi, north of Yola, is no longer in the hands of Boko Haram after soldiers and a local defence force, including hunters, took it back.

But our correspondent says the north of Adamawa - one of three states under emergency rule because of the insurgency - is still extremely volatile and people have been fleeing two other towns which the militants have been trying to capture.

 

Nigeria army helicopter crashes in Yola

 

Boko Haram - which says it is fighting to create an Islamic state - has changed tactics in recent months by holding on to territory rather than launching hit-and-run attacks which have killed thousands of people.

The group promotes a version of Islam which forbids Muslims from taking part in any political or social activity associated with Western society.

In April, the militants captured more than 200 girls from a boarding school in the town of Chibok in Borno state.

Despite international military assistance the girls have not yet been rescued.

 

Who are Boko Haram?

The Boko Haram leader has declared a caliphate in areas he controls

The Boko Haram leader has declared a caliphate in areas he controls

 

    Founded in 2002

    Initially focused on opposing Western education - Boko Haram means "Western education is forbidden" in the Hausa language

    Launched military operations in 2009 to create Islamic state

    Thousands killed, mostly in north-eastern Nigeria - also attacked police and UN headquarters in capital, Abuja

    Some three million people affected

    Declared terrorist group by US in 2013

 

Who are the militants?

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 22:30
Irak: le groupe Daesh va battre sa propre monnaie

 

15-11-2014 Par RFI

 

Les frappes aériennes de la coalition internationale se poursuivent en Irak et dans le nord de la Syrie contre l'organisation Etat islamique. L'armée irakienne a par ailleurs remporté une grande victoire en reprenant le contrôle du barrage d'Adhaïm. Mais le groupe EI entend prouver qu'il n'est pas affaibli. Après la diffusion d'un message audio de son chef Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi censé démontrer qu'il n'a pas été tué, l'organisation terroriste a annoncé coup sur coup son intention de battre monnaie ainsi que l'exécution d'un de ses chefs, accusé de vol.

 

L'organisation a annoncé vendredi la décapitation et la crucifixion d'un de ses chefs, près de Deir Ezzor dans l'est syrien. Le supplicié, un commandant jihadiste syrien accusé de « détournement de fonds » aurait été exécuté sur ordre d'Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi, « pour avoir volé l'argent des musulmans », selon l'écriteau manuscrit déposé sur sa dépouille exposée à la population. Une façon pour le groupe EI de prouver que sa justice s'applique à tous sans distinction.

 

Suite de l’article

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 22:30
Pro-western rebels in Syria surrender weapons, defect to Islamic State forces

 

November 15, 2014 David Pugliese

 

During a key battle in the rugged mountains of a northern province earlier this month, U.S.-backed Syrian rebels collapsed before an assault by al-Qaida fighters, the Associated Press reports.

 

More from the Associated Press article

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 22:20
Obsolete A-10 Thunderbolt Becomes A Symbol Of American Air Power’s Decline (From Forbes)

 

November 14, 2014. Loren B. Thompson, Ph.D - lexingtoninstitute.org

 

The A-10 Thunderbolt II, affectionately known as the Warthog, has become a drag on American air power.  Conceived during the Vietnam War to provide close air support to ground forces, the 40-year-old tank killer is outdated — too slow to survive in contested air space, too focused on a single mission to give the joint force the flexibility it needs.  And yet a handful of legislators are seeking to block retirement of the aging Warthog, even though that means depriving the next-generation F-35A fighter of the experienced maintainers it needs to become operational in 2016.  Rather than letting fond memories of the Warthog’s former glory impede progress, Congress should give the Air Force the flexibility it needs to manage its fleet.  Failing in that, Congress should loosen spending caps legislated in 2011 so that keeping A-10 in the force doesn’t harm other facets of U.S. air power.  I have written a commentary for Forbes here.

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 21:35
Chinese Troops Training Pakistani Soldiers Along India Border, Says BSF

 

November 15, 2014 By Mugdha Variyar ibtimes.co.in

 

In a startling revelation that should raise the hackles of Indian authorities, the Border Security Force (BSF) has claimed that Chinese troops are training Pakistani forces in Pakistan occupied Kashmir, and has issued a report to National Security Advisor Ajit Doval.

 

The report states the Chinese troops are imparting weapon training to their Pakistani counterparts near Rajouri in Jammu & Kashmir, and that the former were seen in Pakistani forward posts in the area of 3rd and 4th PoK brigades, according to Press Trust of India.

"Chinese troops are seen in some of the Pakistan forward posts in the general area of 3rd and 4th PoK brigades, opposite Rajouri sector. Reportedly, they are imparting weapon handling training to Pakistani Army troops but the description of weapon could not be ascertained," the BSF reports says.

 

Read more

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 17:50
Brigade médiane – photo Daniel Orban

Brigade médiane – photo Daniel Orban

 

14 novembre 2014 T.M. avec Marie Bourguignon, Julien Jeffredo et Anne Lemaire RTBF.be

 

Les syndicats craignent que, d'ici dix ans, le nombre de militaires aujourd'hui en activité ne soit réduit d'un tiers. La Centrale Général du Personnel Militaire (CGPM) formule ainsi l'hypothèse que la Défense pourrait passé de 32 000 soldats à 20 000 d'ici 2023, suite aux mesures d'économies de 220 millions d'euros par an prévues par le gouvernement Michel pour ce secteur. Et cela pourrait également avoir des conséquences à l'international.

 

D'après les syndicats militaires, ces économies d'un milliard et demi d'euros en cinq ans ne pourront se faire que sur le dos du personnel, avec à la clé la fermeture de certaines casernes. Celles d'Arlon, Bastogne ou Ypres sont régulièrement citées. L'armée devra sans doute aussi faire un choix entre les bases aériennes de Beauvechain et de Florennes.

Deux cent vingt millions d'euros d'économies par an, c'est en effet l'équivalent du salaire moyen de plus de 4500 militaires sur une année.

"On doit tenir compte d'une diminution bien plus élevée que les 25 000 militaires qui était préconisée par les pistes d'études qui existaient à l'heure actuelle à la Défense", explique Yves Huwart, secrétaire général du syndicat militaire CGMP.

 

Plusieurs casernes en ligne de mire

"Sachant qu'aujourd'hui les investissements sont nuls, que les frais de fonctionnement sont incompressibles, les seules variables sur lesquelles on peut jouer, ce sont le personnel et la fermeture de certaines casernes, souligne Patrick Descy, secrétaire permanent CGSP-Défense. Nous craignons donc la perte d'au moins un tiers des effectifs et la fermeture de grands ensembles qui permettent de réduire dans l'immédiat des frais de fonctionnement, car c'est bien ce que recherche ce gouvernement : des économies immédiates."

Luc Devos, professeur en conflits contemporains à l'École royale militaire, considère le calcul des syndicats comme étant correct et ajoute à cela d'autres scénarios qui pourraient aussi permettre de faire des économies. "On peut encore aussi fermer quelques casernes, dit-il. Ce qui serait le plus logique, ce serait de carrément fermer la caserne de Bastogne, parce qu'elle n'a plus de fonction. On peut aussi s'imaginer supprimer une base aérienne et la seule qu'il me paraitrait logique [de fermer] serait la base de Beauvechain."

Pour Patrick Descy, le nombre de casernes qui pourraient potentiellement être victimes de ces économies est cependant plus large. "Arlon fait partie des casernes qui pourraient fermer, au même titre que la base de Coxyde, la caserne d’Ypres, voire la caserne de Spa ou d'Eupen. Ce sont toutes des casernes qui avaient déjà été citées sous la précédente législature, mais pour lesquelles il y avait eu une levée de boucliers de la part du politique, mais également de la part des syndicats et des militaires."

 

Actions à prévoir

Du côté du ministère de la Défense : aucun commentaire; pas de confirmation ou d'infirmation des chiffres calculés par les syndicats. Le nouveau ministre de la Défense, Steven Vandeput (N-VA), sera sans doute interpellé sur le sujet lundi lors de son audition devant la commission de la Chambre.

Avant cela, il devra cependant s'entretenir avec la CGSP qui prévient que des actions devraient suivre. "Nous rencontrons le ministre de la Défense lundi, confirme le secrétaire permanent CGSP-Défense. Après, il ira expliquer au Parlement sa vision pour cette Défense à l'horizon 2020 et comment il va faire pour économiser 1,5 milliard en cinq ans."

"Dès que nous l'aurons rencontré, nous prendrons contact avec nos collègues des trois autres syndicats pour savoir comment, en front commun, nous pourrions éventuellement manifester notre indignation vis-à-vis de ce qui nous est imposé, contrairement à ce qui nous avait été annoncé – la Défense n'allait plus faire d'économies, elle avait suffisamment donné. On voit que ce ne sera pas du tout le cas. Il y aura donc très certainement des manifestations pour montrer que nous ne sommes pas d'accord avec ces économies."

 

Perte de crédibilité à l'OTAN ?

D'après Luc Devos, cette réduction du nombre de soldats en Belgique, si elle est avérée, serait par ailleurs très mal venue face aux autres membres de l'OTAN.

"Le gouvernement précédent avait promis de ne plus faire d'économies. Il y a eu des promesses fermes, affirme-t-il. On perdrait toute fiabilité. Parce qu'il faut comparer avec les autres pays suivant leur taille, leur population et leur richesse : nous sommes vraiment les très mauvais élèves de la classe."

Christophe Wasinskin, docteur en sciences politiques à l'ULB, n'est toutefois pas du même avis. "Cet argument est petit peu problématique pour moi, indique-t-il. On évoque souvent l'extérieur pour justifier des choses en interne. Je ne rencontre pas énormément de réflexions dans les cercles de l'OTAN où la taille de l'armée belge aurait véritablement un impact très important. C'est quelque chose qui reste très fort au niveau belgo-belge : on évoque l'extérieur, mais je ne crois pas que, du côté de l'OTAN, on va s'en soucier énormément."

 

Désengagement en cours

L'armée belge participe à plusieurs missions à l'étranger et cette réduction de personnel pourrait dès lors mettre en péril nos réponses aux différentes demandes des organisations internationales. Le désengagement de l'armée belge sur des théâtres d'opérations extérieurs a d'ailleurs déjà lieu, au Liban notamment.

Dès ce samedi, une centaine de démineurs, environ quinze véhicules et du matériel entameront leur retrait définitif du Liban, lequel devrait être achevé d’ici un mois.

Ce dernier contingent est basé dans la région d’At-Tiri, au sud du pays. Envoyé en 2006 dans le cadre de la Force intérimaire des Nations Unies au Liban (FINUL), l’armée belge, reconnue pour son expertise dans le domaine, a notamment permis le déminage de ce qu’on appelle la ligne bleue, c'est-à-dire la frontière entre le Liban et Israël, après 18 ans d’occupation par l’État hébreu.

En se retirant de la FINUL, la Belgique abandonne en fait sa dernière intervention sous l’égide des Nations Unies et, malgré la demande du gouvernement libanais, le pays ne prolongera pas sa mission. La presse libanaise, citant des sources diplomatiques, pointe des raisons financières derrière ce retrait de la Belgique.

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 17:50
1974-2014 Bataillon de chars 17

 

9 nov. 2014 Bataillon de chars 17

 

Le bataillon de chars 17, corps de troupe de l'Armée suisse composé d’un état-major et de 6 compagnies, est un moyen engagé par le cdt br bl 1 pour assurer, en priorité, des missions de défense. Il peut, moyennant une instruction orientée sur l’engagement, accomplir d’autres missions subsidiaires (garde d’objet, protection d’infrastructures, appui aux autorités civiles). L’effectif du bataillon se monte à 928 officiers, sous-officiers et soldats.

La compagnie d’état-major fournit des prestations pour assurer la capacité de conduite du bataillon. Elle assure aussi la sécurité et la protection de l’état-major de bataillon.

La compagnie logistique est capable d’assurer le soutien du bataillon dans les domaines des transports, de la maintenance, du ravitaillement et de l’évacuation ainsi que du service sanitaire.

Deux compagnies de chars, avec 28 chars de combat, représentent la force principale du bataillon. Le Léopard 2A4 pèse 56 tonnes et a une portée de feu de 2,5 km. Une version améliorée (Leo WE) a été introduite en 2011. Son équipage est composé de 4 hommes.

Deux compagnies de grenadiers de chars avec 28 chars de grenadiers CV90 sont capables d’intervenir en zone urbaine ou couverte. Le CV90 (28 tonnes) comporte un équipage de 3 hommes et transporte 8 grenadiers équipés de fusils d'assaut, d'armes antichars légères, de fusils-mitrailleurs ainsi que de lance-grenades.

 

Le bataillon de chars 17 sur Facebook

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 17:50
Pour le cdH, les économies mettent la Défense en péril

 

14 novembre 2014 lalibre.be

 

La Défense est "en péril", met en garde le cdH. Après les chiffres évoqués jeudi par la VRT concernant les économies dans le département, on peut s'interroger sur "la capacité qu'aura la Belgique à rester un allié, certes modeste mais fiable, capable de contribuer aux défis mondiaux en matière de sécurité", juge le député Georges Dallemagne. Selon la VRT, qui a interrogé des experts, les économies prévues à la Défense risquent de lui faire perdre un tiers de son personnel. Il resterait à terme 20.000 soldats pour 32.000 aujourd'hui.

 

"Les économies d'hier sont de la petite bière par rapport au tord-boyaux qu'on nous sert aujourd'hui", commente vendredi M. Dallemagne. Le député d'opposition s'étonne qu'on puisse en arriver là alors que l'actuel chef de groupe MR Denis Ducarme avait dénoncé une situation déjà inquiétante sous la législature précédente. Il s'alarmait alors auprès du ministre d'une diminution de budget de 9% en 5 ans. "Moins 9%, c'est énorme", s'exclamait Denis Ducarme cité vendredi par le député Dallemagne. "C'est clair qu'on ne peut plus continuer à ce rythme si nous voulons conserver une Défense nationale qui remplit ses missions", disait-il encore. Or, constate le député cdH, "on s'apprête aujourd'hui presqu'à doubler cet effort selon les déclarations concordantes du ministre de la Défense à la Chambre et de l'ancien chef de la Défense".

 

Estimant que les coupes annoncées sont en totale contradiction avec la déclaration de politique générale du gouvernement, M. Dallemagne interrogera le nouveau ministre de la Défense Steven Vandeput lundi en commission de la Chambre. Il craint notamment pour l'emploi jugé pourtant prioritaire par le gouvernement.

 

Au cours des 5 prochaines années, la Défense devra économiser 1,55 milliard d'euros.

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 17:40
Le patrouilleur russe Iaroslav Moudry arrive en Malaisie

 

KALININGRAD, 14 novembre - RIA Novosti

 

Le patrouilleur Iaroslav Moudry de la flotte russe de la Baltique est arrivé vendredi en Malaisie, a annoncé à Kaliningrad le service de presse de la flotte de la Baltique.

 

"Le patrouilleur Iaroslav Moudry est arrivé au port malaisien de Penang. Le navire restera à Penang jusqu'au 18 novembre pour se ravitailler en eau, vivres et combustible et passer une inspection technique", a indiqué le service de presse.

 

Le Iaroslav Moudry a quitté le 9 août la base navale russe de Baltiïsk, dans la région de Kaliningrad, dans le cadre de sa mission anti-piraterie dans l'océan Indien. Il a parcouru près de 12.000 milles marins et fait des escales à Salalah (Oman), dans la ville autonome espagnole de Ceuta, sur la côte nord du Maroc en Afrique, à La Valette (Malte), à Karachi (Pakistan) et à Jakarta (Indonésie).

 

Le patrouilleur Iaroslav Moudry (Iaroslav le Sage) du projet 11540 (une frégate, selon l'Otan) est destiné à détecter et surveiller les sous-marins, à protéger les bâtiments de guerre contre les navires et sous-marins en haute mer, à assurer les opérations de débarquement. Il fait partie de la flotte de la Baltique depuis 2009.

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