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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 18:55
Rade de Brest photo Marine nationale Alain MONOT

Rade de Brest photo Marine nationale Alain MONOT

 

9 avril 2014 LeTélégramme

 

Un exercice de protection défense interarmées a lieu jusqu'au 18 avril autour de la rade de Brest, et notamment en presqu'île de Crozon. Cet entraînement consiste en un renforcement de la protection défense de la rade de Brest et de ses installations militaires. Il met en oeuvre de nombreux moyens interarmées, notamment un dispositif sol-air de l'armée de l'air ainsi que des éléments de forces terrestres et maritimes.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 18:50
A330 photo Composante  Air

A330 photo Composante Air

 

09 avril 2014 LeVif.be (Belga)

 

L'armée belge s'apprête à mettre en service son nouvel avion de transport, un Airbus A321 de location qui doit remplacer l'Airbus A330 loué depuis novembre 2009 à la même compagnie portugaise, mais au prix de performances nettement revues à la baisse, a-t-on appris mardi soir de sources concordantes.

 

Le nouvel appareil, utilisé jusqu'il y a peu par la compagnie turque Onur avant d'être repris par la compagnie portugaise Hi Fly, a été aperçu mardi soir par des journalistes de retour d'Afrique sur le parking de l'aéroport militaire de Melsbroek, la partie militaire de Bruxelles-National. Cet avion à la livrée grise et pâlote, contrastant avec les couleurs vives de l'Airbus A330 de location utilisé depuis quatre ans par le 15ème wing de transport de Melsbroek, doit entrer en service "vers le 15 avril", a indiqué le ministère de la Défense à l'agence Belga. Le ministre de la Défense, Pieter De Crem (CD&V), avait sélectionné en novembre 2012 ce type d'avion, qui transporte typiquement de 176 à 200 passagers selon les aménagements intérieurs, en réponse à un appel d'offres lancé en avril dernier pour un appareil monocouloir. De nombreux militaires dénoncent toutefois, sous le couvert de l'anonymat, un recul des performances du nouvel avion, tant en ce qui concerne le rayon d'action - sérieusement réduit, à 3.500 kms au lieu du double - que d'emport de fret, de cinq à six tonnes au lieu d'une quarantaine de tonnes. Il ne sera ainsi plus possible de rejoindre Kinshasa, la capitale de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) en un seul vol, ont confirmé plusieurs aviateurs. Ce ne sera désormais envisageable qu'après des escales dans des pays nettement moins sûrs, selon des sources militaires.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 18:50
New Interactive NATO Map - Nato on Duty

source NATO
 

Last week, NATO launched NATO on Duty, a web-based, interactive map of the world that lets you easily locate NATO’s:

  • member nations;
  • partner nations (including troop contributors);
  • operations and missions; and
  • education and training initiatives,

with quick links to in-depth content and further resources.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 18:45
Le ministre tchadien de la Défense à Bangui pour le retrait des soldats tchadiens

 

2014-04-09  xinhua

 

Le ministre tchadien de la Défense Benaindo Tatola est arrivé mardi à Bangui dans le cadre du retrait du contingent tchadien de la Mission internationale de soutien à la Centrafrique sous conduite africaine (MISCA), entamé vendredi dernier.

 

Le gouvernement tchadien a décidé de retirer ses soldats en réaction, selon N'Djamena, à une campagne d'opinion consistant à ternir l'image des soldats tchadiens.

 

Un premier groupe de 200 soldats a quitté vendredi la Centrafrique, où le Tchad déploie environ 850 hommes dans le cadre de la MISCA, qui compte au total 6.000 hommes.

 

Cette force africaine déployée depuis le 19 décembre 2013 a pour tâche d'aider à restaurer la paix et la sécurité en Centrafrique, pays en proie à des troubles depuis décembre 2012.

 

Le ministre tchadien de la Défense a rencontré le chef de la MISCA, le général congolais Jean-Marie Michel Mokoko, et son chef d'état-major, son homologue camerounais Martin Tumenta Chomu pour des échanges visant à "discuter des modalités du retrait de tous les soldats (tchadiens) de province", a fait savoir une source de la MISCA.

 

Les soldats tchadiens sont accusés de complicité avec les ex- Séléka qui ont renversé François Bozizé le 24 mars 2013 et ont brillé par des pillages et des exactions à l'égard de la population.

 

De nouvelles accusations sont portées contre eux, à propos de la mise à sac de leur caserne de Kaga-Bandoro (Nord).

 

"Ils ont tout emporté, les biens de l'Etat et ceux des particuliers, gardés là par mesure de sécurité", a confié à Xinhua une source de la municipalité jointe au téléphone.

 

Des responsables de la MISCA contactés hésitent à se prononcer et se contentent d'assimiler les auteurs des actes déclarés à des éléments incontrôlés.

 

D'après les témoignages recueillis par Xinhua, le bataillon tchadien de Batangafo (ouest) a mis un terme à ses patrouilles dans cette ville.

 

Une partie du contingent tchadien de Bossangoa a commencé à se retirer de la ville, en attendant l'évacuation totale des autres, ont confié à Xinhua des sources concordantes.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 17:35
Territorial Army captain resigns over Afghanistan book

 

9 April 2014 Ewen MacAskill, defence correspondent - The Guardian

 

Decision by Mike Martin will allow him to publish critical account of Helmand conflict without interference from MoD

 

A captain in the Territorial Army has resigned after a dispute with the Ministry of Defence over a book he has written that is critical of the conduct of the campaign in Afghanistan's Helmand province.

 

The MoD commissioned the book by Dr Mike Martin, but took exception to parts of the account. The dispute has gone on for more than a year.

 

In a statement, the MoD said it "has a strong record of learning from previous campaigns and encourages its officers to challenge existing norms and conventional wisdom. However, the publication of books and articles by serving military personnel is governed by well-established policy and regulations. When these are breached, the MoD will withhold approval."

 

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 16:45
Crédits La Marche Du Siecle / INA

Crédits La Marche Du Siecle / INA

 

09/04/2014 Jean Guisnel / Défense ouverte -  Le Point.fr

 

Jacques Hogard, chef du groupement sud de l'opération Turquoise à Cyangugu en 1994, démolit les accusations du capitaine Guillaume Ancel. Interview.

 

Lundi, jour de l'ouverture des commémorations du génocide tutsi de 1994 et au lendemain des accusations portées par le président rwandais Paul Kagame, un ancien officier de l'armée de terre, Guillaume Ancel, engagé dans l'opération Turquoise censée venir en aide aux victimes, en a contesté le caractère humanitaire, soutenant que les ordres de mission étaient clairement de s'opposer à la rébellion du FPR par des actions offensives : "Je suis parti avec l'ordre d'opération de préparer un raid sur Kigali, a-t-il notamment affirmé sur France Culture. Quand on fait un raid sur Kigali, c'est pour remettre au pouvoir le gouvernement qu'on soutient, pas pour aller créer une radio libre." À cette époque, Jacques Hogard était lieutenant-colonel de la Légion étrangère et commandait le groupement sud de l'opération Turquoise à Cyangugu, au sud-ouest du Rwanda. Il conteste vigoureusement ces accusations. Interview.

 

Le Point.fr : Le 7 avril, France Culture  a affirmé sur la foi des déclarations d'un ancien officier français, Guillaume Ancel, que durant l'opération Turquoise l'armée française avait programmé une attaque terrestre sur Kigali, accompagnée de frappes aériennes. Qu'en pensez-vous ?

 

Jacques Hogard : Tout d'abord, je me souviens bien de Guillaume Ancel. Il s'est en effet trouvé sous mes ordres au sein du groupement sud de Turquoise. Arrivé un peu après la mise en place du groupement au Rwanda, il en est parti quelque temps avant notre propre départ. Le capitaine Ancel n'était pas un officier de Légion. Saint-cyrien de la promotion "Cadets de la France libre", c'était un jeune capitaine détaché en renfort individuel du 68e RA (régiment d'artillerie) de la Valbonne. Il a été aussitôt affecté au DL (détachement de liaison, NDLR) humanitaire, dont la mission première, comme son nom l'indique, était d'établir la liaison et la coordination avec les ONG. Il n'a jamais été affecté au groupement sud en tant que "DL d'artillerie" comme il le prétend dans son interview. Il précise même qu'il était destiné à un emploi de TACP (chargé de l'appui aérien, NDLR). Or, l'organigramme du groupement sud n'a jamais comporté de DL d'artillerie ni de TACP, ni avant ni pendant l'opération Turquoise. Cette inexactitude, si elle est volontaire, est lourde de sens, alors que nous n'avons jamais disposé de telles équipes et qu'il n'en a jamais été question.

 

Suite de l'entretien

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 15:45
Décoration à titre étranger à la défense : 2 militaires français distingués

 

09 avr 2014 Le Guido

 

La nation malienne reconnaissante a distingué, à travers leur décoration à titre étranger, deux militaires français. Cela s’est fait par l’intermédiaire du Secrétaire Général du Ministère de la Défense et des Anciens Combattants, le Général de Brigade, Yacouba Sidibé, le 3 avril 2014, lors d’une cérémonie dans la salle de conférence du département.

 

Le vice-amiral d’escadron Marin Gillier a été élevé au grade de commandeur de l’Ordre National du Mali et le lieutenant-colonel Piot au grade de Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mali.

 

Durant trois années, jusqu’à l’été 2010, le vice-amiral Gillier a commandé la force maritime des fusiliers marins et commandos (ALFUSCO). Il a personnalisé au département de la Défense le soutien de son pays au nôtre : « la France est derrière ses amis maliens », avait-il coutume de dire.

 

Avant d’occuper les postes de conseiller d’enseignement militaire supérieur (coopération militaire), le lieutenant-colonel Christian Piot (EMIA,CID) a servi au Régiment de marche du Tchad (RMT) et au 23e Bataillon d’infanterie de marine.

 

Le Secrétaire Général du Ministère de la Défense et des Anciens Combattants, le Général de Brigade, Yacouba Sidibé, après cette sommaire présentation, a ajouté que « la nation malienne reconnaissante magnifie, à travers  cette reconnaissance le dévouement de ces valeureux officiers pour leur travail en faveur à la nation malienne depuis le déclenchement de la crise ».

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 11:20
photo US Navy

photo US Navy

 

Apr.8, 2014 by Jon Hemmerdinger - FG

 

Washington DC - The US Navy insists that its decision to exclude eight Boeing P-8 Poseidon anti-submarine warfare aircraft from its fiscal year 2015 budget request will not affect its plan to transition to a fleet of the type.

 

However, Boeing says a reduction of eight aircraft orders would likely cause P-8 unit prices to climb."There is no impact on the transition plan," says Martin Ahmad, the USN's P-8 deputy programme manager. "The transition has not changed as a result of those aircraft at all."

 

Ahmad made his comments at the Navy League's Sea-Air-Space Exposition near Washington, DC, on 8 April.

 

The USN's budget proposal, which still requires Congressional approval, calls for the service to buy eight Poseidons in FY2015: down from an original plan to order 16. The service now plans acquire 109 P-8s through FY2019.

 

While the USN has removed the eight aircraft from its budget request, the service indicates it still wants to buy them by including eight P-8s in a list of unfunded priorities it sent to Congress in recent weeks.

 

The eight aircraft have "essentially been rephrased", Ahmad says, noting that the USN's requirement for P-8s remains unchanged at 117 aircraft.

 

But if Congress doesn't add those aircraft back into the budget, the cost of P-8s will likely increase, says Rick Heerdt, Boeing's P-8 vice-president and programme manager.

 

"Will there be a cost impact [with] the lower numbers? That's probably likely. We don't really know much right now," says Heerdt.

 

He adds, however, that the cost impact will likely be less substantial than if Boeing's production line was solely dedicated to P-8s, which are partly made on the commercial 737 production line. "The commercial production line mitigates [the impact] somewhat," he says.

 

The USN's budget request estimates P-8s will have unit flyway costs of nearly $271 million, including weapons systems, in FY2015.

 

Meanwhile, Ahmad and Heerdt describe the P-8 programme as having made great strides since the beginning of 2013, with Boeing delivering eight aircraft to the USN and the first international P-8 to India. The US service now has 13 of the type.Boeing reached initial operational capability with the P-8 in 2013, and also last year won a contract to produce 13 aircraft as part of a fourth lot of low-rate initial production.

 

In February 2014, the company also announced it had won its first full-rate initial production contract for the type, with an order for 16 P-8s from the USN. It also secured an order from Australia for eight aircraft, plus four options.

 

The USN says the new aircraft brings much more capability to its fleet of anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft, which has for decades been composed primarily of Lockheed P-3 Orions.

 

Ahmad says the service and Boeing are working on "increment two" improvements that will give P-8s the ability to conduct wide-area ASW acoustic search; a capability currently available on upgraded P-3Cs.

 

Increment two upgrades, which are scheduled to be introduced on aircraft in FY2016, will also allow P-8s to deploy weapons from higher altitudes and give the aircraft an automatic identification system that will identify other ships, including commercial vessels, says the USN.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 11:20
Les Etats-Unis revoient la composition de leur arsenal nucléaire

 

 

08 avr 2014 marine-oceans.com  (AFP)

 

WASHINGTON - Les Etats-Unis vont convertir une trentaine de bombardiers nucléaires, réduire le nombre de silos et de tubes lance-missiles à bord de leurs sous-marins afin de se mettre en conformité avec le traité START de désarmement nucléaire, a annoncé mardi le Pentagone.

 

Le traité conclu avec la Russie et entré en vigueur en février 2011 prévoit que chaque pays ne dispose plus en 2018 que d'un total de 800 lanceurs, dont 700 sont considérés comme déployés, et de 1.550 têtes nucléaires déployées, soit une réduction de 30% par rapport à 2002.

 

Malgré la crise ukrainienne qui a entraîné le gel de la coopération militaire américano-russe, "le traité continue d'être mis en oeuvre par chaque partie", les inspections se poursuivent, a assuré mardi une haute responsable américaine de la Défense, selon qui "les deux parties ont convenu que c'était important".

 

Pour arriver à cet objectif, le Pentagone prévoit de retirer leur capacité nucléaire à 30 de ses 92 bombardiers lourds (19 B-2 et 71 B-52H). "Trente B-52H seront convertis dans un rôle uniquement conventionnel", selon la responsable de la Défense.

 

Cinquante des 450 silos abritant chacun un missile balistique intercontinental (ICBM) Minuteman III seront vidés et les missiles seront tous dotés d'une tête nucléaire unique.

 

Les sous-marins lanceurs d'engins de la classe Ohio, au nombre de 14 actuellement, sont chacun dotés de 24 tubes de lancement. Quatre tubes sur chaque sous-marins seront vidés et convertis, portant le nombre total de missiles Trident II à bord de sous-marins à 280, soit 240 déployés sachant que deux sous-marins sont constamment en réparations à quai.

 

Au total donc, 60 bombardiers nucléaires, 400 missiles ICBM et 240 missiles à bord de sous-marins porteront à 700 le nombre de lanceurs déployés, en accord avec les provisions du traité START.

 

Le coût total de ces modifications doit s'élever à environ 300 millions de dollars, essentiellement à la charge de l'US Navy en raison des travaux à effectuer à bord des sous-marins.

 

Les futurs sous-marins appelés à prendre la relève de la classe Ohio auront eux aussi un nombre réduit de tubes de lancement, selon la responsable de la Défense.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 10:45
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

9 avril 2014  Le Democrate

 

Un séminaire international sur la sécurité maritime s’est ouvert lundi à bord d’un navire de guerre de la marine française en escale à Abidjan.

 

Le séminaire qui va durer deux jours réunit, sur le bâtiment de projection et de commandement (BPC) français "le Mistral", des experts ivoiriens, français et d’autres de pays ouest-africains et d’Afrique centrale.

 

Cette rencontre traduit "l’importance que le pays accorde à la sécurité maritime, dans le contexte de la flambée des actes de piraterie maritime dans le golfe de Guinée", a déclaré à l’ouverture des travaux, le ministre ivoirien de l’Intérieur et de la Sécurité, Hamed Bakayoko.

 

"C’est le symbole de la synergie d’actions et de la vision commue entre la France et la Côte d’Ivoire dans un domaine où les autorités ivoiriennes misent sur la coopération pour juguler les fléaux auxquels le pays doit faire face au niveau maritime", a-t- il ajouté.

 

Pour Hamed Bakayoko, "même si l’action de l’Etat en mer va au- delà de la sécurité maritime, celle-ci n’en constitue pas moins une problématique essentielle et épineuse pour le pays".

 

"C’est ensemble, dans le cadre d’une coopération agissante et avec l’aide de pays amis au nombre desquels la France, que nous relèverons les défis de la sécurité maritime dans notre pays", a poursuivi le ministre de l’Intérieur et la Sécurité.

 

Le représentant du Conseil national de sécurité, (CNS), Dr Kouassi Lenoir, a, pour sa part, fait l’état des lieux de l’action de l’Etat en mer, insistant sur la mise en place d’un Comité interministériel appuyé par deux préfets maritimes.

 

"Ce Comité vise une plus grande coordination de l’action des différentes administrations en vue de faire face à l’émergence des menaces multiples auquel est appelé à faire face le pays de par sa position économique dans la sous-région", a-t-il expliqué.

 

A en croire Dr Kouassi Lenoir, "cette réponse nationale d’adaptation aux menaces nouvelles s’intègre dans un dispositif régional à travers lequel la Côte d’Ivoire entend fédérer les différentes initiatives autour de ses capacités de commandement pour son rayonnement diplomatique".

 

Deux bâtiments de la marine française assurant la sécurité dans le golfe de Guinée, théâtre d’actes de piraterie maritime, sont en escale d’une semaine à Abidjan depuis jeudi.

 

Arrivé jeudi, "le Mistral" a été rejoint dimanche par la frégate légère furtive (FLF) "la Fayette".

 

Les bâtiments sont actuellement engagés dans l’opération " Corymbe", dans le golfe de Guinée, la côte ouest de l’Afrique, où ils participent avec les marines riveraines "à la surveillance et à la sécurisation" de cette zone maritime.

 

Les actes de piraterie ciblant des navires transportant des produits pétroliers sont en hausse dans le golfe de Guinée avec 58 incidents dans la région dont plus de la moitié au large des seules côtes du Nigeria en 2012, selon le Bureau maritime international (BMI).

 

En Côte d’Ivoire, au moins six actes de piraterie maritime, essentiellement des vols, ont été enregistrés entre 2011 et fin 2012.

 

Outre le séminaire sur la sécurité maritime, l’équipage de " Mistral" accueillera à son bord des marins ivoiriens pour des " périodes d’instruction opérationnelle" dans différents domaines et des officiers-élèves participeront à un "stage d’aguerrissement".

 

Il est également prévu des exercices militaires comprenant des entraînements au tir et des "manoeuvres tactiques terrestres" conduit par les armées française et ivoirienne.Les deux bâtiments de la marine française assurent, depuis mars jusqu’en juillet, la "formation militaire, humaine et navale" de 155 officiers-élèves de différents corps et de 18 nationalités différentes.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:54
Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire (IRSN)

8 avr. 2014 Armée de Terre

 

L'IRSN assure la surveillance permanente du territoire français en matière de sureté nucléaire et de radioprotection. Il met en oeuvre des matériels de détection et de protection, tant pour l'homme que pour l'environnement. Il travaille en étroite collaboration avec la défense notamment pour tout ce qui concerne les bâtiments de guerre de la marine nationale.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:50
EUCOM 2012 Heritage Foundation

EUCOM 2012 Heritage Foundation

 

Apr. 8, 2014 – Defense News (AFP)

 

WASHINGTON — Russia’s takeover of Crimea could prompt a review the US military presence in Europe, which has declined steadily since the end of the Cold War, a senior Pentagon official said Tuesday.

 

“While we do not seek confrontation with Russia, its actions in Europe and Eurasia may require the United States to re-examine our force posture in Europe and our requirement for future deployments, exercises, and training in the region,” said Assistant Secretary of Defense Derek Chollet.

 

Some 67,000 US military members are currently stationed on the European continent, mainly in Germany (40,000), Italy (11,000) and Britain (9,500).

 

When the Soviet Union fell in late 1991, the total presence stood at 285,000.

 

Chollet, testifying before the House Armed Services Committee, did not specify what such a re-examination could entail at a time when the Pentagon faces budget cuts and is seeking to redeploy part of its resources to the Asia Pacific region as part of a so-called pivot strategy.

 

“Russia’s unlawful military intervention in Ukraine challenges our vision of a Europe whole, free and at peace,” he said.

 

“It changes Europe’s security landscape. It causes instability on NATO’s borders. And it is a challenge to the international order.”

 

To reassure Eastern European NATO members, Washington has already deployed six F-15s as reinforcement to the Baltics, as well as 12 F-16s and three transport planes to Poland.

 

A guided-missile destroyer, the USS Donald-Cook, is due to arrive in the Black Sea in the coming days.

 

The seizure of local administration buildings in Donetsk and Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine was “very concerning,” Chollet said, adding that Washington did not believe them to be “spontaneous demonstrations.”

 

“Moving into eastern Ukraine would clearly be a very serious escalation of this crisis,” he said.

 

In his written testimony, Chollet said pressure from Moscow is not confined to Ukraine.

 

“Moldova, for example, has Russian forces on its territory, nominally peacekeepers, but who actually support the separatist Transnistria region.”

 

NATO’s top commander, the US Gen. Philip Breedlove, expressed concern at the end of March about the large Russian troop presence along Ukraine’s border, fearing it could lead to an intervention by Moscow in Transnistria

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:50
photo Bundeswehr / Sebastian Wilke

photo Bundeswehr / Sebastian Wilke

German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen would have more authority to take action against a hijacked place in German airspace under new legislation being debated.

 

Apr. 8, 2014 - By ALBRECHT MÜLLER – Defense News

 

BONN — German agencies are reviewing a proposal to give the defense minister authority to take military action against an airplane captured by terrorists in German air space.

 

The Federal Ministry of the Interior confirmed on Tuesday that draft legislation to change a section of the Grundgesetz, the country’s basic law, is being reviewed by different departments. It is intended to close a defense gap created by decisions of the German federal constitutional court in 2006, 2012 and 2013.

 

The judges had ruled that use of the German military at home, even in cases of catastrophic events like terrorist attacks, had to be decided by the government as a group. To give the defense minister equal competences would not conform to the Grundgesetz.

 

A Cabinet decision on the use of the military in such circumstances could not always be guaranteed in a timely fashion, said a spokeswoman of the Federal Ministry of the Interior.

 

“This applies especially in so-called renegade situations, [when there is] suspicion that a civil aircraft is supposed to be used as a weapon and crashed out of terrorist or other motives. It is therefore necessary to include a ministerial express decision competence in the Grundgesetz for supraregional catastrophe states of emergency in favor of the Defence Federal Ministry.”

 

The trigger for the court decisions had been the country’s air security law, which was passed in 2005, primarily to prevent terrorist attacks like 9/11 in the US.

 

In their rulings, the judges first said the constitution would prohibit the use of the military in the interior and therefore the shooting down of a plane. This decision was later revised. However, the judges then decided that a plane with uninvolved passengers could not be shot down, and that under current constitutional law the government as a whole would have to decide on the use of the military within the country, even in emergency situations.

 

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:50
Gripen E photo Swiss MoD

Gripen E photo Swiss MoD


 

April 6, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Swiss Dept. of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport; issued)

(Issued in French; unofficial translation by Defense-Aerospace.com)

 

The DDPS Distances Itself from A "Plan B" for the Acquisition of Combat Aircraft

 

This weekend, various media have discussed a "Plan B" in case the acquisition of 22 Gripen aircraft was refused in the referendum that will be held on May 18, 2014.

 

The DDPS distances itself from these allegations and will in all cases respect the decisions taken democratically.

 

According to these media reports, Switzerland could acquire every 15 years a full squadron of 12 fighters that could be financed in the usual way, and which thus would not require approval by referendum. The current fleet of 86 combat aircraft (32 F/A-18s and 54 F-5 Tigers) could be replaced over the long term by 50 to 70 new aircraft, these reports claim.

 

The DDPS wishes to distance itself from these statements.

 

It would indeed not acceptable to acquire combat aircraft shortly after a negative decision of the people. The government’s message about the vote makes it clear that the aircraft will not be purchased if the law on the Gripen funds is not approved.

 

According to the people who made these allegations would lead to a fleet of 50 to 70 aircraft, but their reasoning is confused. Combat aircraft have a lifespan of about 30 years. If we bought 12 combat aircraft every 15 years, the fleet size would be 24 aircraft. This is far too little to ensure the security of Switzerland, and is even lower than the current F/A-18 fleet, without the Gripen.

 

Moreover, the acquisition of only 12 combat aircraft could, depending on the model, cost 2 to 3 billion francs. In addition, a reduction in the number of aircraft increase economic inconsistencies, as part of the infrastructure is almost independent of the number of units purchased.

 

Finally, it should be noted that an important reason for the choice of financing the acquisition of Gripen through a fund was to give the possibility of a referendum. From a purely financial point of view, the acquisition of this magnitude could also be done in the normal way, not through a special fund as is now the case.

 

The DDPS is satisfied that the acquisition of 22 Gripen is necessary for the security of Switzerland and its people. By itself, the fleet of 32 F/A-18 is not enough, and the proposed acquisition is a realistic solution.

 

DDPS will in all cases strictly conform to the democratic decision.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:40
Destroyer USS Donald Cook

Destroyer USS Donald Cook

 

MOSCOU, 9 avril - RIA Novosti

 

Le destroyer USS Donald Cook devrait arriver en mer Noire avant jeudi 10 avril, rapporte la chaîne de télévision américaine CNN sur son site citant des sources au sein du Pentagone.

Equipé du système antibalistique Aegis et de plusieurs dizaines de missiles antimissiles SM-3, le Donald Cook a été déployé il y a deux mois sur la base espagnole de Rota dans le cadre du projet de bouclier antimissiles de l'Otan.

La semaine dernière, le porte-parole de la Maison Blanche Josh Earnest a annoncé que Washington avait décidé de prolonger le stationnement de son destroyer USS Truxtun en mer Noire et d'y dépêcher des "ressources supplémentaires".

Par la suite, le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov a déclaré que les bâtiments de guerre américains avaient "à plusieurs reprises" violé les délais de présence en mer Noire fixés par la convention de Montreux.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:40
Ukraine : The Agenda Is the Rearmament of Military Forces

 

April 8, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Ukraine Ministry of Defence; issued April 7, 2014)


The head of the Parliament, acting President of Ukraine, the Commander-in-Chief Oleksandr Turchynov said: “The twenty-first century highlighted presence of many local and regional conflicts in the world and today’s Ukraine cannot exist without a modern army.”

The exhibition of the domestic defense industry’s innovations was held at the firing range near Kyiv with involvement of the senior state and military management. Many examples of armor, armaments, communication and personal protection devices, small arms, etc., all made by the Ukrainian manufacturers, were demonstrated during the exhibition.

Quite frequently, the exhibits demonstrated by the manufacturers are equal or better than the best foreign alternatives. For example, the bulletproof personal protection Ukrainian plates have the same strength as the best world’s alternatives and can withstand more impacts than what is required under the NATO’s norms. We have a lot of good domestic equipment which does not need to be purchased from abroad.

The battle capabilities of Ukrainian weapons, armaments and military equipment were demonstrated at the firing range; it is planned that this equipment will soon be delivered to the Ukrainian Armed forces. Firing power and mobility of military equipment were also shown to the visitors.

Tanks «Oplot» and «Bulat» delivered precise shots from all types of armaments while moving and stationary. BTR-3 and BTR-4 competed head-to-head, hitting one target after another. Planes and helicopters repeatedly swept into the air, demonstrating coordination, maneuvering capabilities, imitation of targeting, evading air defense systems and other maneuvers.

The head of the Parliament of Ukraine, O. Turchinov liked what he saw. Today, according to him, fast and competent rearmament of the Ukraine’s Armed Forces is on the top of the agenda and the existence of such intellectual and industrial capabilities is extremely valuable.

During the final briefing Alexander Turchynov said that the twenty-first century highlighted presence of many local and regional conflicts in the world and today a modern country cannot exist without a modern army. He also stressed that in recent years the attitude to the Armed Forces of Ukraine was poor and the financing needs of the Ministry were always the last ones to consider.

O. Turchynov stated: “During the last four years, the Ukrainian Army was systematically destroyed at the demand of another country. The Ukrainian Army has been going through a complete disarmament and the best specialists were gotten rid of. When the aggression against our country started and the occupation of Crimea began, Ukraine faced serious problems in the defence area. Today we have to rebuild our army. The Armed Forces of Ukraine were put on alert on short notice and are ready for a fight, but the rearmament of the Armed Forces is firmly on today’s agenda.”

According to Turchynov, very promising examples of weapons were demonstrated on the training ground, from small arms to battle tanks. He also highlighted the importance of the fact that all these weaponry is made in Ukraine. O. Turchynov also noted that the Ukrainian defense industry, which encompasses a complete production cycle for making weaponry, will be revitalized and will receive a large order from the government. He also added that despite the difficult economic situation the government will allocate funds not only to support the Ukrainian army but also to rearm it. This is a strategic task which must be completed.

Turchynov’s statements were supported by the representatives of the Ukrainian military industry. In private conversations every senior manager stated that the best help to the industry would be regular government orders rather than tax incentives and grants. For example, an armament factory which produces armored vehicles is barely making a dozen of them per month, but it is capable to make many more if an order is received.

As the production volumes increase, the budget revenue and employment will increase, while the costs of the weaponry will decline. This is also true for the production of tanks, machine-guns, vests, helmets, radio communication devices and re-equipment of MI-8 helicopters.

“The tasks given by the Ukrainian people to the Armed Forces of Ukraine will be completed. In the near future, the Ukrainian Army will become such as the people of Ukraine want it to be,” summarizes the Head of General Staff, Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Lieutenant General Mikhailo Kutsin.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:40
Ukraine Reshuffles Forces, Plans Rearmament

Although it ran down its armed forces by neglect over the past decade, Ukraine is now redeploying its available assets and hopes to restore its military capabilities to an effective level. (Ukraine MoD photo)

 

April 7, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Ukraine Ministry of Defence; issued April 7, 2014)

 

Ukraine Dispatches Modernized SU-27 Fighter Aircraft to the New Border with Crimea

 

Due to the situation near the Crimean border, Ukraine has taken measures to increase its military forces, including fortifying the Ukrainian Air Force stationed in Southern Ukraine near the new Crimea-Russian border.

 

During the last week of March 2014, four SU-27 jet aircraft from the 831 Tactical Aviation Brigade of the Ukrainian Air Force arrived in the southern Ukrainian city of Mykolaiv.

 

These four fighter aircraft are the foundation of the combative potential of the 831 Air Brigade. On the main base in Western Ukraine, in Myrhorod nine more SU-27 and five SU-27 UB jets are ready for comba

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:35
Is India About to Abandon Its No-First Use Nuclear Doctrine?

 

April 09, 2014 By Zachary Keck

 

The BJP election manifesto suggests that India may soon adopt a more aggressive stance on nuclear weapons.

 

The presumed next Indian government could drop India’s no-first use (NFU) nuclear doctrine, if its new election manifesto is any guide.

Ahead of the start of elections in India this week, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)—which is widely expected to win a plurality of seats and form a government under Narendra Modi—released its 2014 election manifesto.

In a section entitled, “Independent Strategic Nuclear Program,” the BJP promised that, if elected, it would “study in detail India’s nuclear doctrine, and revise and update it, to make it relevant to challenges of current times.” It also stated that it would “maintain a credible minimum deterrent that is in tune with changing geostatic realities.”

The BJP is a pro-Hindu, nationalistic political party that has generally taken a much more strident stance on nuclear issues relative to the Congress Party that is currently in power. It was under BJP Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee that India conducted its 1998 nuclear tests, formally declaring itself to be a nuclear weapons state. It is widely believed that Vajpayee had been planning on testing nuclear weapons during his previous 13 day stint as India’s premier in 1996, but was booted out of office before preparations were complete.

By contrast, under the current Congress-led government, India has focused more on developing its civilian nuclear energy sector, including signing the historic U.S.-India civilian nuclear deal. Moreover, just last week Prime Minister Manmohan Singh called for a global convention in which each nuclear-armed country adopted a no-first use doctrine. This would allow nuclear weapons to be taken off hair-trigger alert and theoretically could reduce the potential for accidental launches.

In the manifesto released on Monday, the BJP sought to reframe the nuclear debate by declaring: “BJP believes that the strategic gains acquired by India during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee regime on the nuclear program have been frittered away by the Congress. Our emphasis was, and remains on, beginning of a new thrust on framing policies that would serve India’s national interest in the 21st century. We will follow a two-pronged independent nuclear program, unencumbered by foreign pressure and influence, for civilian and military purposes, especially as nuclear power is a major contributor to India’s energy sector.”

Most news reports on the nuclear section of the manifesto said that the terminology was meant to signal that a BJP government would abandon India’s no-first use (NFU) nuclear doctrine if it prevails in the elections. In its 1999 draft nuclear doctrine, written by the BJP-led government that initiated the nuclear tests a year earlier, India adopted a no-first use nuclear doctrine and pledged to maintain a defense-oriented credible minimum deterrence.

That no-first use pledge was broadly upheld in a 2003 update to the nuclear doctrine, with the caveat that India reserved the right to use its nuclear arsenal to respond to chemical and biological weapons attacks. China also maintains a no-first use nuclear doctrine, but Pakistan has stated that it may use its nuclear arsenal under a number of different circumstances including to fend off a conventional attack and even if India tries to strangle it economically. There are also widely held suspicions that Pakistan is planning to deploy tactical nuclear weapons to blunt an Indian conventional attack.

Pakistan’s position, as well as fears that China is shifting its own nuclear doctrine, has spurred calls among some Indian analysts for a rethink of its own nuclear doctrine. Shashank Joshi has called attention to an alternative nuclear doctrine outlined by the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) in Delhi in 2012.

That report called for India to declare: “In adherence to a policy of no first use, India will not initiate a nuclear strike.” However, as Joshi points out, the report goes on to define initiate as “mating component systems and deploying warheads” with the possible intent of carrying out a nuclear strike. Joshi explains that this “means that if Pakistan mates its warheads to missiles as part of nuclear alerting during a crisis, it can be understood to have ‘initiated’ a nuclear strike. That denudes NFU of all meaning.” The same report advocates labeling allies of nuclear-armed countries as nuclear weapon states themselves, paving the way for India to launch nuclear strikes against them as well.

It’s unclear how Pakistan would react to India abandoning its NFU nuclear doctrine. Its options would presumably be somewhat constrained by its already aggressive nuclear doctrine. Still, there is little doubt that India’s abandonment of the NFU nuclear doctrine would heighten Pakistan’s concerns of an Indian first strike against its arsenal. This would convince Islamabad of the necessity of continuing to expand and diversify its arsenal, as well as engage in risky behavior to keep Indian defense planners guessing.

Another troubling scenario is that China would respond to a change in India’s nuclear doctrine by also loosening restrictions on the circumstances in which it would use nuclear weapons. This could in turn intensify the nuclear triangle between China, India and Pakistan. However, a Chinese response is not guaranteed as Beijing has sought to diminish India’s status by largely refusing to recognize Delhi as a nuclear weapon states.

Still, the NFU controversy underscores that the world may witness a more muscular Indian foreign policy should Modi and the BJP prevail in the current elections.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:35
Pentagon Chief's Visit Exposes US-China Divide

US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, center, and Chinese Minister of Defense Chang Wanquan, left, review a guard of honor during an April 8 welcome ceremony prior to their meeting at the Chinese Defense Ministry headquarters in Beijing.  DOD photo by Erin A. Kirk-Cuomo

 

Apr. 8, 2014 – Defense News (AFP)

 

BEIJING — Visiting US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Chinese military chiefs traded warnings and rebukes Tuesday as they clashed over Beijing’s territorial disputes with its neighbors, North Korea’s missile program and cyber espionage.

 

Both sides were clearly at odds over a litany of issues, despite Hagel and his counterpart Gen. Chang Wanquan calling for more dialogue between the world’s strongest and largest militaries, with the American coming under hostile questioning from a roomful of People’s Liberation Army officers.

 

One member of the audience told Hagel the United States feared China’s rise and was sowing trouble among its Pacific neighbors to “hamper” Beijing because one day “China will be too big a challenge for the United States to cope with.”

 

The Pentagon chief denied the US was trying to hold China back but the tough questioning contrasted with the deferential reception given to his predecessor Leon Panetta at a similar event two years ago.

 

Hagel faced a blunt reprimand in an earlier meeting with a senior officer, Gen. Fan Changlong, vice-chairman of China’s Central Military Commission, according to an account from the official state news agency Xinhua.

 

Referring to critical comments by Hagel earlier in his Asia trip, Fan said the “Chinese people, including myself, are dissatisfied with such remarks.”

 

Hagel’s press secretary acknowledged the two “shared a very frank exchange of views.”

 

In his speech at the PLA National Defence University, Hagel confronted several disagreements head on, scolding China for its support of North Korea while warning against “coercion” in territorial disputes with its smaller neighbors in the South China Sea and East China Sea.

 

Amid rising tensions between China and Japan as well as the Philippines, Hagel emphasized Washington’s military alliance with Japan and other Asian partners, saying: “Our commitment to allies in the region is unwavering.”

Simmering disputes

 

China and Japan are embroiled in a bitter row over disputed islands administered by Tokyo in the East China Sea, raising concerns of a potential armed clash between the Asian powers.

 

And in the South China Sea, the Philippines is at odds with China over a disputed reef, where Beijing recently tried to block a boat ferrying supplies to Filipino troops in the area. China also has disputes with Vietnam and others in the area.

 

China’s defense minister, Gen. Chang Wanquan, blamed America’s allies — Japan and the Philippines — for the tensions, suggesting Washington needed to restrain its partners.

 

Beijing hoped the United States would keep Tokyo “within bounds and not be permissive” Chang told a joint press conference in the Chinese capital.

 

“China has indisputable sovereignty” over the islands in dispute with Japan, Chang said, calling territorial sovereignty a “core issue” on which “we will make no compromise.”

 

But he suggested China would not take pre-emptive action: “We will not take the initiative to stir up troubles.”

 

Last November Beijing unilaterally declared an air defense identification zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea, including the disputed islands, prompting condemnation by Washington.

 

Beijing requires aircraft flying through its ADIZ to identify themselves and maintain communication with Chinese authorities, but the zone is not a claim of sovereignty.

 

Hagel said countries have a right to ADIZs but said setting them up without consulting other governments was risky as it could lead to “misunderstandings” and “eventually get to a dangerous conflict.”

 

Hagel also called on China to play a more constructive role on North Korea, saying Beijing risked damaging its image in the world by failing to rein in the regime, which has recently test-fired medium range missiles.

 

“Continuing to support a regime that engages in these provocative and dangerous actions, and oppresses its people, will only hurt China’s international standing,” he said.

 

The discord on Tuesday came after an initially positive tone on Monday, when Chinese naval officers gave Hagel a tour of the country’s new aircraft carrier at a base in Qingdao, a rare move for the normally secretive PLA.

 

Hagel thanked the Chinese for the ship tour and called it a promising step, but another sore point emerged Tuesday as Hagel prodded Beijing to pursue a more open dialogue on cyber espionage.

 

Hagel said the Pentagon had “for the first time ever” recently shared its cyber warfare doctrine with Chinese government officials.

 

“We have urged China to do the same.”

 

The United States has made no secret of its “concerns about Chinese use of networks to perpetrate commercial espionage and intellectual property theft,” Hagel said.

 

The United States, which is investing heavily in a new cyber warfare command of its own, suspects PLA units are behind an increasing number of digital attacks on government and US corporate networks.

 

But China accuses the US of hypocrisy, pointing to revelations of far-reaching electronic espionage by the US National Security Agency, including media reports the spy service hacked into telecoms giant Huawei’s network.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
House GOP To Urge Limits on U.S. Cooperation With Russia

 

Apr. 8, 2014 - By LEO SHANE III – Defense News

 

House Republicans will push new restrictions on U.S.-Russian military cooperation and more technical support for Ukrainian troops as part of the annual defense authorization bill debate.

 

The effort will also include a formal condemnation of Russia for “undermining regional stability,” and easing of NATO membership rules for Montenegro and Georgia, according to Rep. Mike Turner, R-Ohio.

 

GOP leaders on the House Armed Services Committee have been critical of the White House response to Russia’s annexation of Crimea, saying the Cold War foe’s actions have gone unpunished.

 

Obama administration officials have enacted some economic and visa sanctions against Russia, and provided limited supplies — including MREs — to the Ukrainian military.

 

But the Turner legislation would go further, providing military advice and technical assistance to Ukrainian fighters. It would not call for putting any American troops in the region, but it could pave the way for training opportunities for Ukrainian troops in other areas.

 

The defense authorization bill is expected to pass the House next month, but likely won’t become law until this fall at the earliest. Turner said leaders on the House Armed Services Committee support the proposals, but Democratic and Senate support is unclear.

 

When asked if stronger sanctions could provoke Russia, Turner responded, “I don’t know how we’d notice a difference, given their recent actions.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
The active US Army will receive National Guard Apache attack helicopters under a new plan. (US Army)

The active US Army will receive National Guard Apache attack helicopters under a new plan. (US Army)

 

Apr. 8, 2014 - By PAUL McLEARY – Defense News

 

WASHINGTON — In a surprising move, the head of the US National Guard Bureau has given his blessing to the US Army’s plan to move all of the Guard’s Apache attack helicopters into the active force while receiving several hundred Black Hawk and Lakota multi-use helicopters in return.

 

“As a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, we have fought, and we have discussed many, many times, these topics,” the National Guard Bureau chief, Army Gen. Frank Grass, told the Senate Armed Services Committee on Tuesday “And I provided my best military advice. I’ve assessed the risk. I’ve given the cost.

 

“But the decision’s been made, Mr. Chairman,” he said. “And my job now is to begin to look at the effects across the states, and figure out how we’re going to execute this plan.”

 

The general’s acquiescence came as a surprise in what many anticipated to be a contentious hearing, especially after Grass told the House Defense Appropriations subcommittee on April 3, “I do not agree with the proposal to take all Apaches out of the guard.”

 

Grass testified before the committee with Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno, who has been campaigning for the aviation restructuring for months, but has encountered stiff resistance from the Guard leadership and sharp questions from Congress.

 

The chief emphasized that the aviation plan is a necessity given the tightening fiscal picture for the Army, and the expense of upgrading its helicopter fleets.

 

“No one is fully satisfied with the final outcome, including myself,” he offered. “However, the reality is the funding in the future will not allow us to have everything we may want. These cuts will still occur, even if we delay our decisions or fail to address the issue as the total Army. The results will be hollowing out of our Army.”

 

The plan calls for the Army to retire its fleet of Kiowa Warrior scout helicopters and replace them with the Guard’s Apaches, which will team with Army drones to perform the scout mission. Overall, the Army will lose 687 aircraft, including 600 Kiowas.

 

The active component will also eliminate three of its 13 Combat Aviation Brigades while the Guard will retain all of its 10 aviation brigades.

 

The Army expects to save about $12 billion over the next several years by taking this approach, beginning with $2 billion in fiscal 2015 alone.

 

The strategy “salvages our plans to modernize our aviation fleet,” said Col. Frank Tate, the Army’s chief of aviation force development, at an event across town at the same time the chiefs were testifying on Capitol Hill.

 

“We were lowering our rates of procurement on our biggest systems” due to the cost of maintaining seven different helicopter platforms, Tate told an audience at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

 

The Army’s proposal to get rid of two models of the Kiowa and the TH-67 trainer helicopter would eliminate three aircraft models of the Army’s seven, as it continues to modernize the Chinook, Apache and Black Hawk until replacement helicopters begin to enter the fleet some time in the 2030s.

 

While the Army might be losing helicopters, it is increasingly eyeing shipboard operations for the 690 Apaches that it is keeping.

 

Operating from ships at sea “seems to be a growth capability, and we do sense that there is increasing demand out there” in South Korea and the Central Command area of operations, said the Army’s director of aviation, Col. John Lindsay.

 

“We’ve gotta make sure that we have the appropriate demand signal coming in from the combatant commanders,” however, in order to determine “how much maritime capability does the Army need to invest in,” he added.

 

Lindsay acknowledged that over the long term, “we still have some work to do” to determine how much the Army wants — or needs — to invest in operating Apache helicopters from naval vessels.

 

In a nod to Marine Corps sensitivities over the issue, Tate was quick to point out that flying Army helicopters from the decks of ships isn’t necessarily anything new. He was involved in operations in Haiti in the early 1990s where the Army flew Apaches off the back of short-deck Navy frigates.

 

“The Army is not new to this idea of maritime operations and ship operations,” he insisted

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
AH-1Z pilots with Optimized Top Owl helmet

AH-1Z pilots with Optimized Top Owl helmet

 

April 7, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: U.S Department of Defense; issued April 7, 2014)

 

Pentagon Contract Announcement

 

Thales Defense & Security Inc., Clarksburg, Md., is being awarded a $38,527,000 firm-fixed-price, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract for Optimized Top Owl (OTO) Helmet Mounted Sight and Display (HMSD) Sustainment Capability services for the H-1 Aircraft program.

 

This contract includes the facility, labor, materials, parts, test and tooling equipment required for the OTO repair capabilities transition plan from Bordeaux, France to the United States.

 

In addition, this contract includes all maintenance, support activities, repairs, calibrations and technical data required to return the OTO HMSD associated items to a ready for issue condition.

 

Work will be performed in Clarksburg, Md., and is expected to be completed in April 2019. Fiscal 2014 Navy working capital funds in the amount of $1,846,908 are being obligated on this award, none of which will expire at the end of the current fiscal year. This contract was not competitively procured pursuant to FAR 6.302-1.

 

The Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, Lakehurst, N.J., is the contracting activity (N68335-14-D-0014).

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
New unmanned maritime system promises affordable, persistent surveillance of coastlines

 

04/08/2014  Defence IQ

 

Ultra Electronics USSI has signed a strategic partnership with Liquid Robotics, a manufacturer of hybrid wave and solar propelled Unmanned Maritime Vehicles (UMVs), for the joint development of a revolutionary and cost effective surveillance system for the global maritime security market. The new product leverages the Liquid Robotics Wave Glider, the world’s first wave powered ocean robot, with Ultra Electronics USSI’s acoustic sensing and signal processing to provide a persistent, best of breed, surveillance capability.

 

This solution helps address the critical need for affordable, long duration, maritime surveillance of the world’s Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), Exclusion Economic Zones (EEZs), ports and coastlines.

 

“Countries around the globe are losing valuable natural resources and economic opportunity without the ability to persistently patrol their coastlines, MPAs and EEZs,” said Bill Vass, CEO of Liquid Robotics. “This strategic partnership will bring to market a powerful solution with the ability to help close this gap globally.”

 

Liquid Robotics’ innovative propulsion and energy systems are designed to help customers explore portions of the world’s oceans in conditions that previously were too challenging or costly to operate. Potentially this means the military can use the vessels to monitor vast areas of water around the globe without utilising manpower and at negligible cost.

 

Bill Vass, President and CEO at Liquid Robotics, spoke to Defence IQ last year to discuss the company’s technology and how it can be exploited for military applications. The Wave Glider can be used for a range of different missions, but primarily the technology is a sensing platform.

 

“It can be used for battlespace softening … it can be used for protecting a fleet by listening for submarines or torpedoes, it can be used for anti-mine, it can be used for obviously reconnaissance, for providing security for specific areas, to patrol a specific location and provide an alarm if an acoustic, video or radar event occurs,” Vass explained.

 

Looking ahead, Vass expects countries to begin increasing their reliance on autonomous vehicles to enhance border security.

 

“Any country like Canada that has a small Navy and a large shoreline, or Australia or New Zealand or India or Brazil or South Africa, are all great targets for us … it’s a lot cheaper having robots patrolling your coastline than it is to have ships, from an economic perspective they can have many more points of presence at a much lower cost.”

 

The Brazilian Armed Forces patrol 4.4 million square kilometres of territorial waters and has a maritime salvage area which is one and half times the size of its land mass. With vast petroleum and gas deposits, as well as valuable mineral reserves, the Blue Amazon – which is what the Brazilian Navy calls the area of sea that it’s responsible for – is a vital strategic and economic resource for the South American giant. Notwithstanding the World Cup this year and the Olympics in 2016, Brazil is working towards increasing its surveillance management capabilities.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
Les forces stratégiques US en 2018: 1150 ogives nucléaires, 800 vecteurs en parc, 700 en ligne


08.04.2014 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

En vertu du traité START, le DoD a revu la composition de ses forces stratégiques. D'ici à février 2018, il va (un peu) réduire ses vecteurs.

En parc: 454 missiles ICBM de type Minuteman, 280 Trident (à bord de sous-marins lanceurs d'engins) et 66 bombardiers stratégiques de type B-2 et B-52H.

En ligne: 400 ICBM, 240 SLBM à bord de 14 SNLE et 19 B-2 et 41 B-52H.

Le DoD disposera aussi de 1 150 ogives.

Actuellement, la force de frappe US dispose de 454 Minuteman, 336 Trident et de 96 bombardiers stratégiques. 30 B-52H seront convertis pour des missions conventionnelles.

Cliquer ici pour en savoir plus.

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9 avril 2014 3 09 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
DoD To Shrink Nuclear-Capable Bombers, Modify Subs to meet New START Obligations

A B-52 Stratofortress launches July 2, 2013, from Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The Air Force will convert 30 B-52 bombers to a conventional-only role under the New START treaty. (US Air Force)

 

Apr. 8, 2014 - By MARCUS WEISGERBER – Defense News

 

WASHINGTON — The Pentagon will shrink the number of its nuclear weapon-carrying bomber aircraft and reduce the number of submarine ballistic missile launch tubes as it modifies its force posture to meet the limits of the New START treaty with Russia, the US Defense Department announced Tuesday.

 

The New START treaty, signed between Washington and Moscow in 2010, sets lower levels for the number of deployed and non-deployed nuclear weapons allowed. Non-deployed status means the delivery system, a bomber, a submarine or an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launch silo is undergoing maintenance and cannot fire a weapon.

 

The Air Force will convert 30 B-52 bombers to a conventional-only role, meaning they could not deploy nuclear weapons, a senior defense official said. That will leave the service with 66 nuclear-capable B-52 and B-2 bombers, 60 of which will be in deployed status.

 

There are 336 ballistic missile tubes on the Navy’s 14 Ohio-class submarines. Four tubes on each of the Navy’s 14 submarines will be converted “so that they cannot be used to launch missiles,” the senior official said. The submarine-launched ballistic missile tube limits under New START are 240 deployed and 40 in non-deployed status.

 

DoD plans to remove warheads from 50 of its 450 ICBM launch silos, the senior official said. The cuts will be distributed across the Air Force’s three ICBM bases in Wyoming, North Dakota and Montana.

 

“They’ll be warm, so they’ll be active,” the official said. “They’ll still all be hooked up in their missile fields, but they’ll be empty.”

 

Four hundred silos will still have nuclear ICBMs inside, the official said. DoD has four additional launch silos that are used for test launches are not impacted by the New START treaty.

 

The modifications will cost about $300 million over several years, the official said. The reductions must be made by 2018.

 

The New START treaty also limits the number of warheads on deployed forces to 1,550

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