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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
P-72A maritime patrol aircraft - photo D. Perry Flight Global

P-72A maritime patrol aircraft - photo D. Perry Flight Global

 

13 October, 2015 by Dominic Perry - FG

 

Turin  - Alenia Aermacchi is nearing completion of a test and evaluation phase for the Italian air force’s new P-72A maritime patrol aircraft.

 

The first of an eventual four examples of the ATR 72-600-derived type is due to be handed over to the service in March 2016 as it replaces its remaining fleet of Dassault Breguet ATL-1 Atlantics. Two aircraft – the MSN940 and MSN1031, built in 2011 and 2012 respectively – are currently at the manufacturer’s Caselle facility near Turin for mission-system integration and testing, having received airframe modifications at its site in Naples.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
photo NL MoD

photo NL MoD

 

October 10, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The Netherlands has ordered another 14 American CH-47F transport helicopters (at $67 million each). These will replace the eleven older CH-47Ds, which the Dutch are retiring rather than rebuilding as CH-47Fs. The 22 ton CH-47F can carry ten tons of cargo, or up to 55 troops, and has a maximum range of 426 kilometers. Its max speed is 315 kilometers an hour. Typical missions last no more than three hours. It is the best helicopter for use in placed like Afghanistan, having proved able to deal with the dust and high altitude operations better than other transport choppers. The Dutch already have six CH-47Fs, which they ordered in 2010 when Dutch troops were part of the NATO force in Afghanistan.

 

Back in 2010 the Dutch found out how useful the CH-47 was when they sent three of their CH-47Ds to replace five Cougars. The Eurocopter Cougar EC725 is an 11 ton aircraft with a useful load of 5.5 tons, a top speed of 324 kilometers an hour, a range of about 850 kilometers and can stay in the air for about five hours per sortie. The Cougars had been in Afghanistan since late 2009 and the Dutch found, as other countries had, that the CH-47 was more effective in places like Afghanistan than the EC725 (or the similar UH-60). The CH-47D is a 22 ton aircraft with a max load of ten tons. The first CH-47s entered service in 1962, able to carry only five tons. Some 750 saw service in Vietnam where 200 were lost in action. Between 1982 and 1994 500 CH-47s were rebuilt to the CH-47D standard. Now many CH-47Ds are being upgraded to the CH-47F standard. As a result of all this, the CH-47 will end up serving at least 75 years even without another major upgrade.

 

The Netherlands uses their military helicopters a lot for peacekeeping missions, where Dutch helicopters have become a welcome addition because of the skill of the Dutch crews and the reliability of their well-maintained helicopters. The Dutch don’t have a large army or a lot of special operations troops. But they maintain a modern and effective fleet of military helicopters and these are in big demand by peacekeepers.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
 P2006T MRI maritime reconnaissance and intelligence aircraft

P2006T MRI maritime reconnaissance and intelligence aircraft

 

October 13, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Indra; issued October 13, 2015)

 

MADRID --- On September 29 Indra presented the unmanned version of its P2006T MRI maritime reconnaissance and intelligence aircraft at the London conference series on maritime reconnaissance.

Indra's General Manager of Defense and Security, José Manuel Pérez-Pujazón, took advantage of the multinational's participation in the conference series to make the announcement. Indra adapted the aircraft as part of its so-called "Targus" project, and it has already passed the viability tests and experimental demonstration.

Indra is currently working on the system certification and testing phase, and has told the Regional Government of Galicia that it would be willing to conduct these activities at the UAV development center to be built at the Rozas airdrome in Lugo.

The aim of the development is to place an unmanned aircraft on the market for the very competitive price of less than 6 million euros per unit. “The system will offer 12 hours of flying time without touching down, high-performance maritime reconnaissance and search and rescue capabilities, and unbeatable operating and maintenance costs," said the company's general manager Pérez-Pujazón.

Indra initially developed the P2006T MRI as a low-cost airport surveillance solution based on a light manned aircraft, designed to complement coastal reconnaissance systems which, like the Integrated External Surveillance System (SIVE) in the Spanish case, have been deployed by different countries to protect and guard their maritime borders.

Coastal maritime reconnaissance systems offer effective cover of the area between the coastline and a 20 or 30-mile radius. However, the economic interests of coastal countries extend beyond this radius up to the boundaries of the maritime exclusion zone situated 200 miles from the coastline or, as the case may be, up to the halfway point between the coasts of two countries when the distance between them is less than 400 nautical miles.

This is the case of the Mediterranean Sea, in which the distances between coastlines belonging to different countries often form part of maritime exclusion zones situated within a radius of 50 to 80 miles.

An intelligent aircraft at an affordable price

Coastal reconnaissance systems alone are insufficient to monitor these areas efficiently, respond to the issue of illegal immigration and address the humanitarian crises it provokes. Aerial or ground reconnaissance systems are also required.

The P2006T MRI is designed specifically to cover these areas, and with operating costs significantly lower than those of traditional maritime reconnaissance aircraft. The miniaturization and greatly reduced weight of the radar and infrared sensors and automatic identification systems (AIS) required for the mission mean that they can be installed on light aircraft designed for low-consumption leisure aviation.

This is the case of Indra's P2006T MRI which, with six hours of flying time without touching down in its present version – the new unmanned system will double that – a fuel consumption of 32 liters of automotive gasoline per hour of flight and extremely low maintenance costs, permits the on-board installation and integration of not only a Seaspray 5000E active electronically scanned array radar (standard Royal Navy equipment), a high-resolution visible and infrared camera, and an AIS, but also a line-of-sight radio link with an effective range of 180 nautical miles and an Inmarsat terminal.

This terminal sends real-time transmissions of the radar signal, visible and infrared video, AIS data and the aircraft's navigation data to a ground station, where they are monitored in real time.

The P2006T MRI has been successfully tested by the Spanish Civil Guard and Frontex in the Indalo operation that is carried out every summer along the south coast of Spain; in Operation Cross Eye recently conducted in the Sicilian Channel; and in the demonstrations of the European Union's Perseus system carried out in the Alboran Sea and Aegean Sea. In view of the aircraft's efficiency, the European agency Frontex recently chose it for future aerial reconnaissance operations of maritime and land borders.


Indra is one of the leading consulting and technology multinationals in Latin America and Europe. In 2014 it reported revenues of 2.938 billion euros, employed 39,000 professionals, had a local presence in 46 countries, and delivered projects in more than 140 countries.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:50
A Vingmate sighting system on a 40mm grenade launcher. Photo by Rheinmetall Defense

A Vingmate sighting system on a 40mm grenade launcher. Photo by Rheinmetall Defense

 

DUSSELDORF, Germany, Oct. 13 By Richard Tomkins   (UPI)

 

A new aiming solution for 40mm grenade launchers and shoulder-fired rockets has been introduced by Rheinmetall Defense of Germany. The Vingmate MR 500, which improves first-shot capability at all ranges and minimizes engagement time, is ambidextrous in design and features an easy-to-use interface. It is a manually adjusted clip-on sighting system and employs an infrared target marker and illuminator and weighs only 11 ounces.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:45
Lutte contre le terrorisme en mer : L’OTAN ambitionne de renforcer sa coopération avec l’Algérie

 

14 octobre 2015 Karim Aoudia - El MOUDJAHID.COM

 

L’Organisation du Traité de l’Atlantique Nord (OTAN) ambitionne de consolider, au mieux, ses liens de coopération avec l’Algérie dans la perspective du renforcer la lutte contre le terrorisme en mer.

 

«Nous sommes prêts à coopérer davantage avec l’Algérie dans le domaine de la lutte contre le terrorisme en mer », indique en effet Ramazan Kisgin, le commandant du Groupe 2 permanent de contre-mines (Snmcmg2)  de l’Otan  qui  accoste depuis hier dans les eaux algéroises,  dans le cadre de visites qui s’effectuent sur invitation des forces navales algériennes. Lors d’une conférence de presse, le même commandant, d’origine   turque, a animée hier à bord du navire amiral TCG Sokullu Mehmlet Pasa, M. Kisgin n’avait pourtant cessé de répéter que la principale mission du groupe de bâtiments SNMCMG 2 porte essentiellement sur la destruction des mines enfouies en mer depuis les deux guerres mondiales. Toutefois, le même commandant de l’Otan fera  savoir aussi dans ces propos que la sécurité des passages maritimes exige aussi plus d’interopérabilité et des liens de coopération encore plus étroite entre les pays adhérents à cette organisation à même de venir à bout des atteintes terroristes en mer.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:40
photo military-informant.com

photo military-informant.com

 

October 10, 2015: Strategy Page

 

A Russian firm recently offered for export a new armored bulldozer design. This is the 21 ton B10 commercial bulldozer with armor added and a few other changes. This results in a 25 ton vehicle that is similar to the Cold War era BAT-2, a larger, 40 ton armored bulldozer. The militarized B10 is apparently more cost-effective than the BAT-2, which was an improved version of the World War II era BAT-M.

 

Most nations turn older tanks into “combat engineer vehicles” by removing the turret, adding an armored box for the operator plus a bulldozer blade and other items. But if you just want to shove stuff around while under fire you are better served by armoring a large commercial bulldozer. That is what Israel has been doing since the 1960s.

 

By 2009 Israel realized armor wasn’t enough and began converting all its D9 armored combat bulldozers to operate by remote control. Israel has been using the armored D9 bulldozer since the 1960s. For the United States the 62 ton D9 armored (via an Israeli armor kit) bulldozer has been an important tool for urban warfare after 2001.

 

IDF D9R armed with FN Mag machinegun and slat armor during IDF training - photo M. Aronov

IDF D9R armed with FN Mag machinegun and slat armor during IDF training - photo M. Aronov

Although the Israelis pioneered the use of special explosives to blast entry holes through walls, so troops can quickly get to their objectives, the D9 proved an even more effective solution. The D-9 lets you bash through walls, and buildings, much faster. The D9 can even shake the enemy out of some buildings. Thus the D9 proved very effective in urban combat. The Israelis often mounted a machine-gun on the D9s, to provide protection from the increasing number of attacks on these vehicles. The D9s are pretty sturdy, often surviving large roadside bombs and several RPG hits. But the D9s are not invulnerable and have increasingly become a target for enemy attack. Despite the armor kit and machine-gun, D9 drivers sometimes get killed or wounded, and the vehicles put out of action. Thus the need for a remote control option.

 

The remote control version of the D9, called "Black Thunder", was developed in 2006 as a secret program that was only revealed because so many troops were now aware of it. Even the Palestinians were talking about it, having been confronted with "Black Thunder" D9s during the 2009 war in Gaza.

 

"Black Thunder" D9s retain the armor kit, but instead of an operator, the cab contains the electronics and radio gear needed to run the dozer remotely. Several cameras and other sensors are mounted on the outside. An operator, sitting in a nearby armored vehicle or truck, views several flat screen displays, and operates the controls. Any soldiers with lots of video game experience can quickly master the remote operation of a D9.

 

In early 2003, the U.S. bought nine 62 ton D9 armored Caterpillar bulldozers into Kuwait for the Iraq campaign. The D9s, and their Israeli made armor kit, were purchased because of the Israeli success with the dozer in urban warfare against Palestinian terrorists. America had used the D9 during the 1960s in Vietnam, but after that only used the smaller (35 ton, with armor kit) D7. The D9 was not needed for urban fighting in Iraq during 2003, but was found very useful (much more so than the smaller D7) for combat engineering tasks. The D9 quickly cleared highways of debris and built temporary roads for combat vehicles. D9s was eventually used in Iraq for combat operations in places like Fallujah. The U.S. has also developed remote control systems for several types of armored vehicles.

 

Russia apparently will offer their B10 at a cheaper price than competing Western models as well as many additional options.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:35
India to Have Three Lines of Light Military Choppers Under ‘Make in India' (excerpt)

 

Oct 13, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Economic Times; published Oct 13, 2015)

 

NEW DELHI --- To meet the massive, urgent requirements of the armed forces, India is set to have three different lines of light military choppers, all of which will be manufactured under the 'Make in India' initiative.

Senior officials have told ET that despite a deal with the Russian government for Ka 226 helicopters, two other lines, including a western chopper that it still to be selected will be required to keep pace with the demand of the three forces.

Indicating that a major 'Make in India' project for the private sector to produce close to 200 helicopters in partnership with a foreign vendor is still alive despite the Kamov deal, a senior air force functionary said that tenders for the program would be out soon.

Indian requirement for light choppers is in excess of 800 with the older Cheetah/Chetak fleet moving towards the end of its service life. (end of excerpt)


Click here for the full story, on the Economic Times website.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
Admiral Bülent Bostanoğlu, making the first ceremonial welding - photo turkishnavy.net

Admiral Bülent Bostanoğlu, making the first ceremonial welding - photo turkishnavy.net

 

13 octobre 2015. Portail des Sous-Marins

 

Le chantier naval turc Gölcük Tersanesi Komutanl a débuté le 8 octobre la construction du sous-marin classique TCG Pirireis.

 

Le programme a connu de nombreux retards attribués à des raisons commerciales et techniques qui sont apparus après la signature en 2009 de l’accord entre la Turquie et ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS).

 

Cet accord prévoyait la livraison de 6 ensembles de composants pour la construction en Turquie de 6 sous-marins U-214.

 

Référence : Info Defensa (Espagne)

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
photo Russia MoD

photo Russia MoD

 

13.10.2015 Le Fauteuil de Colbert

 

Nous sommes plusieurs observateurs à nous rejoindre sur un point précis à propos de la démonstration navale russe.

 

C'est le fait d'une canonnière (gunboat) - ce petit navire au pouvoir stratégique démesuré par rapport à son tonnage -, elle serait peut-être à rapprocher du concept de "caporal stratégique". Il y eu celle qui appuya les conquêtes coloniales, celle qui, dotait de missiles anti-navires, bouleversa les engagements et maintenant, celle qui, par le missile de croisière, voit l'influence de la mer décuplée, même à l'ère aéronavale. Bien que l'embarquement de missiles à très longue portée ne soit pas tellement une nouveauté. 

 

Cette nouvelle canonnière, façon russe, ne cesse d'interpeller le rapport entretenu par l'Occident (au sens très large : Europe, États-Unis, Japon, Corée du Sud, Australie, etc) avec la domination aérienne. Ce qui accréditerait le discours ambiant sur les menaces A2/AD (Anti-Access/Area-Denial) et démontrerait une certaine égalisation technologique avec les challengers (Russie, Chine, Iran ?).

Cependant, ce discours ambiant pourrait avoir aussi tous les aspects d'une navy scare. C'est-à-dire la peur de la perte de la supériorité navale, autrefois, aérienne aujourd'hui, sans qu'il y ait précisément de fondement rationnel à tout cela. Plusieurs choses nous invitent à considérer cette thèse et savoir raison garder.

 

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
photo DCNS

photo DCNS

En juin, l'Arabie saoudite s'était engagée à acheter six frégates FREMM, mais depuis rien n'a été signé - photo DCNS

 

14-10-2015 Par RFI

 

Le gouvernement français a annoncé mardi avoir engrangé 10 milliards d'euros de contrats avec l'Arabie saoudite à l'occasion de la visite du Premier ministre Manuel Valls. Mais plusieurs restent à finaliser, et des interrogations subsistent autour de plusieurs affaires en suspens entre Paris et Riyad en matière de défense. Confrontée à une baisse des cours du pétrole, l'Arabie saoudite est par ailleurs engagée dans une guerre à l'issue incertaine au Yémen.

 

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
photo Raytheon

photo Raytheon

 

WASHINGTON, Oct. 13 By Ryan Maass   (UPI)

 

Raytheon announced major milestones bringing an upgrade of Patriot Air and Missile Defense System radar with Gallium Nitride-based Active Electronically Scanned Array radar closer to production phase. Raytheon is funding an upgrade to the Patriot radar as more advanced drones, aircraft, and ballistic missiles are likely to become a greater threat. The upgrade is a Gallium Nitride-based AESA technology, which uses three antenna arrays mounted on a mobile radar, allowing coverage in all directions. Ralph Acaba, vice president of Integrated Air and Missile Defense at Raytheon's Integrated Defense Systems business, says the upgrade will balance more coverage with mobility.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
F-15C Eagles from 493rd Fighter Squadron at Royal Air Force Lakenheath, England, soar through Turkish skies June 17, 2015, during Anatolian Eagle 2015 - photo USAF

F-15C Eagles from 493rd Fighter Squadron at Royal Air Force Lakenheath, England, soar through Turkish skies June 17, 2015, during Anatolian Eagle 2015 - photo USAF

 

October 11, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Sensing an opportunity the manufacturer of the 1970s era F-15 jet fighter are offering another upgrade, one what uses new missile racks and novel use of hard points usually reserved for extra fuel, to create an F-15 that can carry 16 long range (AMRAAM) air-to-air missiles rather than the usual eight. This enables an F-15 equipped with the latest radars and fire control systems to quickly attack enemy aircraft before those fighters are close enough to hit the F-15. The F-22 and F-35 were designed to excel at BVR (Beyond Visual Range) encounters where longer range AMRAAM missiles could take out enemy fighters up to 70 kilometers away. But there are too few F-22s and the F-35s are suffering an unending series of delays. Air forces with F-15s need some help in the BVR department and an F-15 with the right electronics and lots of BVR missiles seems a likely solution.

 

Since BVR capability arrived, as the next-big-thing in the 1960 pilots have not been enthusiastic about BVR engagements. The early missiles (like the AIM-7 Sparrow) were not all that reliable or accurate. Pilots were also not confident about firing on an aircraft they could not see (and positively identify as hostile). But after decades of trying, they finally have a winning combination with the AMRAAM and a new generation of radars and electronic gear. Combat training exercises between BVR aircraft and those relying on heat seeking missiles and cannon usually show the BVR birds winning. It has reached the point where many older fighters are being equipped with modern radars and BVR missiles and turned into formidable warplanes because of their BVR, not dog fighting, capabilities. 

 

For American F-15s there is the added bonus of working with one or more of the stealthy F-22s and relying the superior F-22 passive sensors acting as spotters for targets that the AMRAAM equipped F-15s can then fire on quickly and with enough missiles to knock down most of the enemy aircraft before they can fire back. The U.S. Air Force is upgrading 178 of its F-15s to the “Golden Eagle” standard (AESA radar and passive long range sensors) that makes these new tactics possible because these aircraft are equipped to communicate with F-22s using a new system that does risk detection by doing so.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
photo US Navy

photo US Navy


13 oct. 2015 NAVAIRSYSCOM

 

For 50 years, the C-2A Greyhound has delivered solutions and smiles across the seas. Watch to learn more about this "workhorse" of the Navy and see the integral logistical support it continues to provide deployed combat groups today.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
MaxxPro MRAP photo Navistar Defence

MaxxPro MRAP photo Navistar Defence

 

13.10.2015 Navistar - army-guide.com

 

Navistar Defense, LLC is displaying, for the first time, its latest MaxxPro® MRAP. A Reset vehicle coming straight from the Reset line in West Point, Miss., this vehicle has an enhanced level of blast protection and features the Electronic Stability Control (ESC). The company also has on display the General Troop Transport (GTT) variant of its 7000 MV Medium Tactical Vehicle line which is similar to what will be delivered to Afghanistan under a recent $369 million order.

 

“The MaxxPro on display incorporates two very significant steps forward in improving safety and mission performance for our country’s warfighters,” said Kevin Thomas, president, Navistar Defense. “First, it is a Reset vehicle which brings a MaxxPro that previously deployed in support of combat operations and has now returned for an extensive refurbishment effort to restore it to like new condition while also being upgraded to the latest configuration. The second is that we have added electronic stability control which further improves safety and performance. As a result of this Reset effort, all MaxxPro vehicles in the U.S. Army inventory will be at the same level of configuration.”

 

These newly Reset and upgraded MaxxPro vehicles are re-entering service in Afghanistan. A total of 785 MaxxPro vehicles, in two variants, are being Reset under a $75 million contract.

 

“Our Medium Tactical Vehicle on display is an example of state-of-the-art technology for taking our commercial Series 7000 WorkStar® truck platform and making it tactically viable and flexible,” according to Thomas. "The baseline MTV platform has been configured in 17 different variants ranging from the GTT to water and fuel tankers and recovery vehicles. This provides tremendous flexibility, commonality and supportability for the Afghan and Iraqi forces operating them.”

 

In late August 2015, the U.S. Army Contracting Command awarded Navistar Defense a $369 million contract to provide 2,293 Medium Tactical Vehicles (MTVs) to build upon the already existing Afghanistan National Security Force's (ANSF) MTV Fleet. Production will commence immediately, with deliveries starting in January 2016 and concluding in 2019.

 

A total of 17,000 MTVs are in service in both Afghanistan and Iraq.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:55
photo Ministère de la Défense

photo Ministère de la Défense

 

13.10.2015 Ministère de la Défense

 

Sur le terrain, il faut se camoufler pour ne pas être distingué des éléments naturels. Le mécanisme de reconnaissance humain détecte tout ce qui tranche avec l’environnement, dans la forme et le mouvement. Fixé par l’œil, l’élément perçu est analysé par le cerveau. Ses contours, essentiellement, sont comparés aux différentes formes connues stockées dans la mémoire de l’observateur. La silhouette humaine est identifiée par les contours de la tête, des épaules, du tronc avec ou sans les membres supérieurs, et du « V » inversé des jambes.
Pour se dissimuler, le fantassin doit casser les formes de son corps, à l’aide de tenues de camouflage et de branchages par exemple. Le cerveau trompé de l’adversaire ne disposera plus d'une forme perceptible à comparer avec ses modèles de référence, et il sera en défaut de solution d'identification.

 

Reportage photos

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:55
Arrivée d'un E-3F sur le site d'AFI KLM E&M à Roissy - photo Armée de l'Air

Arrivée d'un E-3F sur le site d'AFI KLM E&M à Roissy - photo Armée de l'Air

 

13/10/2015 Sources : BA 702 - Armée de l'air

 

Et de 4! Le quatrième et dernier E-3F, l’appareil numéroté n° 203, a quitté lundi 12 octobre 2015 la base aérienne 702 d’Avord pour les ateliers d’Air France Industries KLM Engineering and Maintenance (AFIKLM E&M) localisé sur l’aéroport de Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle.

 

Sur place, un chantier de plusieurs mois l’attend pour être mis au tout dernier standard technologique appelé Mid-Life Upgrade (MLU).

 

Démarré en mai 2013, le chantier MLU fait l’objet d’un contrat FMS (Foreign Military Sale) conclu entre la direction générale de l’armement et les autorités américaines. Dans le cadre de cette rénovation, l’armée de l’air a donc coopéré étroitement avec l’US Air Force, ainsi qu’avec un binôme industriel constitué de Boeing et d’AFIKLM E&M.

 

La modernisation du 4e système de détection et de contrôle aéroportés (SDCA) marque la fin de carrière des SDCA originels (appelés Legacy) qui ont servi pendant 25 ans.  Cet événement concrétise également le travail collectif mené au sein de la 36e escadre et de la base aérienne 702 d’Avord qui abritera désormais le plus haut standard de la technologie existante Awacs.

 

Sur MLU, l’ensemble du système de mission est revisité, avec notamment de nouvelles interfaces homme-machine, ainsi que de nouvelles consoles permettant de disposer de l’information tactique à chaque instant et de transmettre les ordres à tous les vecteurs engagés, notamment via des réseaux de liaisons de données puissants et robustes.

 

Prononcée le 17 avril dernier, la mise en service opérationnel de ce nouvel avion a permis l’envoi d’un E-3F dès le lendemain vers le théâtre d’opération irakien dans le cadre de l’opération Chammal.

 

E-3F en chantier de modernisation - photo Armée de l'Air

E-3F en chantier de modernisation - photo Armée de l'Air

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:55
photo 92e RI - Armée de Terre

photo 92e RI - Armée de Terre

 

12 octobre 2015 Par Christophe Forcari – Liberation.fr

 

Deux députés ont vu rouge après l'appel d'offres réservé à des entreprises européennes visant à remplacer le fusil d'assaut français. Sauf que plus aucun industriel hexagonal n'est capable de produire les fameux fusils.

 

Le prochain fusil d’assaut de l’armée française ne sera pas de fabrication hexagonale. Le «clairon», surnom donné à l’arme de dotation du fantassin, ne sonnera plus la charge. Et le coup de gueule lancé par les deux députés français, Philippe Meunier (Les Républicains-Rhône) et le communiste Jean-Jacques Candelier (Nord) dans une lettre adressée au ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, n’y changera rien. «Nous comptons sur votre sens de l’Etat pour revenir sur votre décision d’acheter un fusil d’assaut étranger afin de consolider notre filière nationale de l’armement terrestre du "petit ou gros calibre"», lui écrivent les deux élus. Encore faudrait-il que la filière existe encore.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:50
photo Nato

photo Nato

 

13 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Berlin - Le ministère allemand de la Défense a identifié un nouveau problème technique sur ses avions de combat Eurofighter et une nouvelle fois gelé les livraisons jusqu'à nouvel ordre, a indiqué mardi un porte-parole.

 

Un problème de même nature qu'un défaut identifié l'an dernier, à savoir des trous mal ébavurés sur le fuselage, est apparu, mais à un autre emplacement, a indiqué à l'AFP un porte-parole du ministère à Berlin.

 

Il y a pile un an, la découverte de ce premier défaut avait conduit à un gel des livraisons de l'avion de combat européen à la Bundeswehr, l'armée allemande. Les livraisons avaient depuis repris, et la Bundeswehr possède maintenant 110 Eurofighter, 33 devant encore être livrés.

 

Une fois de plus toutefois nous ne réceptionnons pas de nouveaux appareils jusqu'à nouvel ordre, a dit le porte-parole.

 

Mais contrairement à ce que rapportait mardi le quotidien Süddeutsche Zeitung, la mise au jour du nouveau problème ne conduit pas à un nouvel abaissement des heures de vol. L'an dernier le nombre d'heures de vol maximales par appareil avait été abaissé de 3.000 à 1.500 en attendant la résolution du problème, et le ministère espère toujours pouvoir ramener ce plafond à 3.000 l'an prochain.

 

Pour l'instant aucun des Eurofighter en possession de la Bundeswehr ne se rapproche des 1.500 heures de vol, a précisé le porte-parole.

 

La Grande-Bretagne, tout en se disant au courant du problème, n'a pas pris de mesure dans l'immédiat. Les Eurofighter Typhoon de la RAF volent normalement et les livraisons continuent, a indiqué le ministère britannique de la Défense.

 

L'Eurofighter est fabriqué par un consortium européen constitué du britannique BAE Systems, de l'italien Finmeccanica et d'Airbus.

 

Après plusieurs déboires, ce concurrent direct du Rafale du français Dassault et du Super Hornet de Boeing a remporté récemment un gros succès commercial, avec une commande de 28 exemplaires par le Koweït.

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photo EMA

photo EMA

 

10.10.2015 source EMA

 

À l’occasion de sa visite officielle en Tunisie le 6 octobre 2015, le général d’armée Pierre de Villiers s’est rendu au cimetière militaire de Gammarth, situé à une quinzaine de kilomètres de Tunis. Il a voulu honorer la mémoire de ceux qui ont combattu dans les rangs de l’armée française lors de différents conflits et qui reposent aujourd’hui loin de leur pays.

Créé en 1944, ce cimetière fut d’abord dédié aux soldats de l’Armée d’Afrique tués au cours de la campagne de Tunisie (décembre 1942 - mai 1943). À la fin des années 60, ont été regroupées sur ce site les dépouilles provenant du regroupement des différents carrés militaires des cimetières communaux tunisiens. Devenu Nécropole, le cimetière de Gammarth abrite désormais 4 289 corps de soldats non musulmans morts pour la France. Chaque année, le 11 novembre, une cérémonie permet d’honorer leur mémoire.

 

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Un Cahier du retex sur 50 années d'opex de l'armée de terre en Afrique


13.10.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

Le Centre de Doctrine d’Emploi des Forces vient de publier dans la collection "recherche" des Cahiers du RETEX une étude sur "50 ans d'opex en Afrique (1964-2014)". Cette étude ne porte que sur l'implication et l'action de l'armée de terre.

Ce Cahier été réalisé conjointement par le capitaine Nicolas Rey et Valentin Germain, sous la direction de Julie d’Andurain, chef du Bureau Recherche et du Colonel Ghislain Huyghues-Despointes, Chef du Bureau Enseignements des Opérations.

 

Pour y accéder, cliquer ICI

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A Red Roman trailer

A Red Roman trailer

 

13 October 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Local surveillance company Desert Wolf has shipped the first five of its Red Roman WiFi communication trailers to Ethiopia. A total of 25 systems will be deployed on behalf of an international organisation.

 

Hennie Kieser, Managing Director of Desert Wolf, told defenceWeb that the first five trailers were ordered on 3 July. Total project cost is around R7 million. They are being delivered in batches of five as five can be fitted into a single 40 foot shipping container.

 

Desert Wolf is equipping the Red Roman trailers with masts, batteries etc. while the communications equipment will be installed by the customer with a team of Desert Wolf going to Addis Ababa to support the customer.

 

Kieser said the first five trailers will arrive in Addis Ababa in two weeks’ time.

 

The Red Roman trailer accommodates electronic equipment in a vibration damped 19 inch rack mount, with cooling by either forced air flow with DC fans or an air conditioner. It comes with a solar power system and a 2 kW petrol generator with a battery backup. The surveillance mast tilts for easy sensor attachment. Desert Wolf said the system is ideal for small to medium surveillance systems and can accommodate a 1.8 metre satellite dish.

 

Desert Wolf stainless steel trailers are in use with the South African Police service and have been bought by oil companies, municipalities, airports, research institutions, the South African National Defence Force, British Defence Force and United Nations amongst many others. In addition to trailers, Desert Wolf offers trailer manufacturing and sales licenses.

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Afghanistan: The Kunduz Conundrum

Militant Attack and Support Zones in Afghanistan April-October 6, 2015 - credits ISW

 

October 13, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The sudden increase of Taliban activity in northern Afghanistan, especially the temporary seizure of Kunduz (a city of 145,000), is a new aspect of an old problem; Taliban efforts to make the north safer for smuggling heroin out of the country. Charging into Kunduz on September 28 th was unusual, because it was an expensive operation in that it gets a lot of Taliban fighters killed or captured and is soon undone once the security forces send enough reinforcements to the city. And that’s what happened. It got worse when several similar attacks failed to get into the city they were after.  Such spectacular attacks are mainly for terrorizing the local population, especially politicians and business owners, into being more cooperative. The basic problem for the Taliban and the drug gangs they work for is that they don’t want to run the country but do need free access to keep the drug business going. This is especially true of the north, where the locals have always been more anti-drugs and hostile to the Talban.

 

The northerners must be terrorized into subservience. With the foreign troops gone the drug gangs and the Taliban can operate with a lot more freedom (from interference and heavy losses from air strikes). You can see how the drug gangs are controlling all of this because the locations where the Taliban are most active are the ones most crucial to drug gang profits (which the Taliban share). Thus the smuggling routes to Central Asia, Pakistan and Iran are more frequently the scene of Taliban violence. The official Taliban line is that this is all for the purpose of putting the Taliban back in charge of the country. The reality is that most Taliban are content to make a good living off the heroin trade. That this cripples the economy and hurts the majority of Afghans does not bother members of the drug gangs or the Taliban. This is curse of Afghanistan, where the country has long suffered from a lack of cooperation and efforts to curb the ancient chaos. This is particularly the case in the north, where local warlords (often politicians) is strong and while these guys tend to be anti-drug and anti-Taliban they are definitely not anti-making-money. The impact on Afghanistan can be seen by the fact that unemployment has risen (over a third of Afghans are unemployed) and the number fleeing the country is increasing. About 10,000 Afghans a day are applying for passports, the first step is leaving to legally (or illegally) reaching another country and a new home. Iran reports that about 2,000 Afghans a day illegally enter Iran, often on their way to a more distant country (usually in the West). All this is fine with the Taliban and drug gangs because most of the people leaving are very hostile to the Taliban and drug gangs.

 

Normally the Taliban, or local drug gangs only have a lot of control in a few of the 373 districts (each province is composed of districts) in Afghanistan. The Taliban are active in 10-15 percent of districts, mainly in the south (Helmand and Kandahar, where most of the heroin is produced) and the east (where many Pakistan/ISI supported Islamic terrorist groups operate) and increasingly in the north. The north is always a problem because the drug gangs have to deal with the security forces, local warlords and a strong tradition of local defense militias (except in the cities).

 

Eastern Afghanistan is also the main transit route for drug exports and those drugs (heroin, opium and a few others) generates the cash that keeps the Taliban a major problem. There is also significant Taliban activity in the north, where another major drug smuggling route goes through Central Asia. But the main route is in the east, which goes to the Pakistani port of Karachi and thence the world. Populous or heavily trafficked districts usually have enough police, soldiers or pro-government militias nearby to keep the Taliban out of the towns that serve as district capitals. But in remote, thinly populated districts it is different and a Taliban force can sneak in and take over for a while, grabbing some media attention along the way.

 

The Taliban have other problems and have formed special units to search for and destroy ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) groups operating in eastern Afghanistan. Taliban problems with former Taliban (including most of the non-Afghans, mainly from Central Asia and Chechnya) who have left to form local branches of ISIL have gotten worse over the last year. ISIL groups are using tactics aimed at making the Taliban look bad. For example the ISIL men do not terrorize local villagers and pay for any supplies or services they need. The ISIL men point out that the Taliban have become corrupted by working with drug gangs and are no better than bandits. This resonates with the Pushtun tribesmen but there is fear that ISIL will soon turn to enforcing strict lifestyle rules, something the Taliban have backed away from (because of sustained popular resistance). That has not happened yet and currently ISIL concentrates on staying alive in the face of Taliban and government attacks. The Taliban tries to keep this war with ISIL a secret but the news gets out (often via cell phone) and spreads. ISIL has openly declared war on the Taliban and gains some traction with accusations that the Taliban were created and still work for Pakistan. This is largely true, but the Taliban also work for local drug gangs. ISIL is aware of that but knows that the Pakistani connection is more of an issue to most Afghans. Yet the growing presence of ISIL in Afghanistan is also bad news to many Afghans because ISIL is basically Islamic terrorists who have become even more violent and uncompromising.

 

The defections to ISIL began in late 2014 when a few Taliban leaders (especially field commanders who have armed followers and know how to fight) defected to ISIL and were soon at war with a Taliban they saw as sell-outs and reactionary Islamic radical pretenders. Some of these new ISIL groups appear to have modified their stance on the drug trade as even ISIL fanatics have operating expenses and in a few cases ISIL has replaced the Taliban as drug gang hired guns. ISIL leadership in Syria opposes this and has created a cash pipeline to provide money for operating expenses and make it unnecessary to have any friendly dealings with criminal gangs of any sort. The drug gangs aren’t taking sides in the Taliban/ISIL feud because for a drug lord it is all just business. Now ISIL is using more direct attacks on nearby Taliban factions in what appears to be a sustained effort to replace the Taliban. If the local ISIL can maintain other sources of income they could eventually become a threat to the drug gangs. The drug lords don’t believe it will ever come to that because ISIL in Syria is under growing attack and most governments (and many rival Islamic terror groups) are constantly attacking these ISIL cash pipelines and will eventually cut off the money supply. At that point the Afghan ISIL groups will be vulnerable to destruction or corruption.

 

One thing warlords, the Taliban, drug gangs and ISIL can agree on is the need to halt the American UAV operations and air operations in general. Not only do these persistent UAVs and aircraft constantly search for, and often find, people they are looking for but often quickly fire very accurate and effective missiles. This has become a major problem for leaders of all these criminal or Islamic terror groups. Even if you manage to avoid the missiles you do so by severely restricting your movement, communications and other activities. Because the UAV operations are run solely by the Americans bribes don’t work. Worse, Afghan officials who are not on the payroll often provide the Americans with tips about where potential targets are. In response more cash and threats are used against vulnerable officials to obtain some public protests against the UAV operations. This does not impress locals, most of whom back the UAV operations, but the protests connect with some foreign media and politicians.

 

Another problem the drug gangs currently have is a global heroin price war caused by too much heroin coming out of Afghanistan, Burma and other new sources. Heroin is a lucrative business and more people want market share. This means Afghan drug gangs have to produce and move more opium and heroin in return for less money. That is bad for business on many levels, especially on the retail end (where a lot more users overdose and that discourages potential new users). Afghanistan is still the major (over 80 percent of the market) producer but tribal rebels in northern Burma are expanding production and currently account for about ten percent of the global heroin supply. Other significant (and growing) producers are in in Pakistan, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico.

 

While a few large gangs and warlords control the heroin business, there are other illegal enterprises available to local hustlers. One of the most popular of these is illegal mining. There are over 2,000 illegal mines operating throughout Afghanistan and these have grown so numerous that legal mining has declined. The major problem legal mining encounters is poor security and infrastructure which is sustained by lots of corruption. Small, private mines increased production, as did illegal mines. Since 2010 there have been efforts to get large-scale legal mining operations going. While there are believed to be over a trillion dollars of minerals underground, you need an honest and efficient government before foreign firms will invest tens of billions to set up the large mines and build roads and railroads to get the goodies out, and equipment in. These mines generate tremendous revenue for the government and lots of good jobs. That won't happen as long as the drug gangs dominate the south. This is actually old news, as there have been several surveys of the country since World War II and the mineral deposits were, at least among geologists, common knowledge. Some have tried to get large scale operations going and all, so far, have failed. But because of American encouragement in 2010 the Afghan government called for foreign firms to make offers. There was some interest but the mining companies soon encountered the same fate of past efforts (corruption and lack of infrastructure). Meanwhile the small scale mines continue with the expensive assistance of the criminal underground.

 

Afghanistan accused Pakistan of helping plan and carry out the recent Taliban raid on Kunduz. The Pakistanis deny any involvement, but they always do and have a long and proven record of interfering in Afghan internal affairs. Afghanistan also believes that a lot of the recent Taliban violence in Afghanistan was made possible by the thousands of non-Pakistani Islamic terrorists fleeing North Waziristan and moving to Afghanistan. There, many of these foreign Islamic terrorists have joined the Afghan Taliban and provided an infusion of very dedicated and dangerous fighters. Afghan intelligence believes that the Afghan Taliban leadership is still operating from a sanctuary in southwest Pakistan, something Pakistan continues to deny despite lots of evidence showing senior Taliban are in the area (Baluchistan). Pakistan says it is trying to get the peace talks with the Afghan Taliban restarted but many Afghans believe it was the Pakistanis who caused the talks to collapse before they could get started. That’s because the main reason for the collapse of the peace talks back in July was the unexpected revelation that Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Omar had died in a Pakistani hospital in 2013. This revelation caused a split, still not healed, within the Afghan Taliban leadership. To most Afghans it is obvious Pakistan was behind all this. Currently the Afghan government is not willing to reconsider peace talks with the Afghan Taliban until Pakistan cuts its support of, and control over, Islamic terror groups (like the Taliban and Haqqani Network) operating in Afghanistan.

 

October 12, 2015: South of Kabul some 2,000 Taliban, coming from several different directions, tried to rush in and seize control of Ghazni city, which is about the same size as Kunduz. This attack failed with none of the Taliban groups getting any closer than five kilometers from the city. Meanwhile troops and police are still fighting Taliban in some Kunduz neighborhoods.

The Taliban went online and declared war on Tolo and 1TV, two of the major TV networks in Afghanistan because the two networks reported incidences of Taliban raping women when they briefly occupied Kunduz.

 

October 11, 2015: In Kabul a Taliban suicide bomber tried to attack a British military convoy but failed. The bomber was killed and three civilians wounded.

 

October 10, 2015: In the south (Kandahar) the security forces detected the Taliban assembling several hundred men in a rural area of Shurabak, near the Pakistan border. Air strikes were called in, followed by a ground operation. The operations found over a hundred Taliban dead and more than fifty wounded by the attack.

 

October 7, 2015: In Kabul police arrested two Haqqani Network suicide bombers and prevented them from detonating the explosives in the car they were driving. Because of the complexity of the bomb it was decided to evacuate nearby buildings and detonated the car bomb where it was stopped.

 

October 6, 2015: The commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan ordered all troops under his command to be formally reminded of the ROE (Rules of Engagement). This is a reaction to an October 3rd incident in Kunduz where Afghan forces called in American air support against Taliban who were firing on them from a building in a hospital compound. An American AC-130 gunship responded. Despite the precision of the AC-130 fire the Taliban were operating in the midst of civilians (a favorite tactic to prevent air strikes) and 22 civilians died as well. This became a major news story and the result will be more strict application of the ROE and a lot less U.S. air support for Afghan troops and police. This makes the security forces less effective and the Taliban more so. This sort of thing is no accident. The Taliban and drug gangs have invested a lot in the local media, to make each civilian death, at the hands of foreign troops, a major story. The majority of civilian combat deaths are at the hands of the Taliban or drug gangs, and the local media plays those down (or else). It's a sweet deal for the bad guys, and a powerful battlefield tool. The civilians appreciate the attention, but the ROE doesn't reduce overall civilian deaths, because the longer the Taliban have control of civilians in a combat situations, the more they kill. The Taliban regularly use civilians as human shields, and kill those who refuse, or are suspected of disloyalty. In most parts of Afghanistan, civilians are eager to get the Taliban killed or driven away, as quickly as possible and by any means necessary. The number of civilian deaths, at the hands of NATO/Afghan forces, are spectacularly low by historical standards. The U.S. armed forces have reduced civilian casualties during combat by over 90 percent since the 1970s. This is the result of wider use of precision weapons, better communications and new tactics. The troops know this, some of the civilians know this, but the media doesn't care and the Taliban know that dead Afghan soldiers and police are not news but dead civilians are, especially if it is one of rare incidents where the Taliban was not responsible.

In Kabul police arrested a Haqqani Network suicide bomber and disabled the explosives he was carrying. The man was attempting to attack a police station. The man later admitted that he had been trained across the border in Pakistan (Peshawar).

 

October 5, 2015: Some 400 kilometers northwest of Kabul over 500 Taliban attempted to charge into the city of Maimana (the capital of Faryab province and about half the size of Kunduz). The attack was repulsed with at least 20 percent of the attackers killed or wounded.

In the east (Khost) police arrested a Haqqani Network commander they had long been seeking.

 

October 4, 2015: Security forces completed killing or driving out most of the Taliban in Kunduz. Between today and the original attack on September 28th over 300 Taliban were killed.

In Kabul police detected and killed two suicide bombers before they could reach their target.

 

September 30, 2015: Afghan security forces began moving into Kunduz to clear out Taliban raiders.

 

September 28, 2015: Up north hundreds of Taliban gunmen used surprise and the darkness of night to seize control of Kunduz City. Taliban have been trying to do this since late April. Until now the Islamic terrorists had suffered thousands of casualties and were still stuck in the city outskirts. But this time they managed to move in several large groups of gunmen undetected by Afghan intelligence and pull off a surprise attack. This is part of a decade’s long effort to establish base areas outside the south. These efforts have not gone so well but the Taliban keep trying because control of border areas, and routes to them, in the north (to Central Asia) and east (to Pakistan, the port of Karachi and then the world) are essential for the drug gangs. Most drug sales are outside of Afghanistan and these smuggling routes are essential and must be safe enough to get most of the drugs out without being seized and destroyed. Bribes do most of the work with force being applied as needed. This explains the constant battles in northern and eastern Afghanistan. The fighting in the south is easier to understand because that is where the opium and heroin are produces. The problem in the north is that the Pushtun tribes up there are minorities, and are more concerned about angering non-Pushtun neighbors than in cooperating with Pushtun-run drug gangs from the south. As a result in the north more people are providing information on Taliban movements, and more Taliban are getting caught or killed up there. This time the Taliban presence for months had eliminated untrustworthy civilians and make this attack possible. Kunduz Province has always been the key to the northern smuggling route and Kunduz City (the provincial capital) is the key to controlling the province. Trying to seize control of Kunduz City is risky but a bold move nonetheless. Unfortunately the Taliban offensive came at the same time that a newly elected president came to power and proceeded to keep his campaign promises to dismiss corrupt and ineffective officials. That included a lot of senior people in the defense ministry and northerners blame the sloppy army performance in Kunduz on this housecleaning in the senior ranks of the army. Fortunately the non-Pushtun tribes that dominate the north have militias that were willing to defend Kunduz, as they had back in the late 1990s. Unfortunately pro-government militias are easier to bribe.

 

Taking Kunduz is a big deal for the Taliban and a defeat up there hurts Taliban morale and income. This will make some of the true-believer Taliban consider switching to ISIL as it is clear to most Taliban that the Kunduz operation is mostly about the drugs, not establishing a religious dictatorship in Afghanistan.  Hatred of the drug gangs and the Taliban is most intense in the north, where the non-Pushtun tribes (who are 60 percent of the Afghan population) are very hostile to any Pushtun “invasion”. The battle for Kunduz City is a test of whether drug gang money and hired guns (the Taliban) can overwhelm local hostility. Drug gang bribes have already bought temporary loyalty of many northerners, but can guns and money control the entire province? So far it’s a standoff with Taliban gunmen blocking most roads around the city while the government and local tribes send more reinforcements. ISIL is also active in Kunduz Province and apparently employed by at least one drug gang. So far several hundred thousand civilians have fled the area, fearing that the fighting will escalate before it is over. The danger to the civilians has encouraged the local tribal and warlord militias to go after the Taliban, who are seen as foreign invaders and deserving of no mercy.

 

 

September 24, 2015: Pakistan says that Afghan Taliban are leaving Pakistan after receiving a warning. Afghanistan does not believe this.

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photo FANC - Forces Armées de Nouvelle-Calédonie

photo FANC - Forces Armées de Nouvelle-Calédonie

13.10.2015 by FANC

Du 5 au 24 août 2015, dans le cadre des activités de coopération militaire bilatérale entre l’Australian Defence Force et les Forces Armées de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (FANC), un détachement du RIMaP-NC a été accueilli au sein de l’Australian Army dans le cadre des échanges annuels de section dénommé Villers-Bretonneux.

Reportage photos

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Fiery Cross Reef

Fiery Cross Reef

13/10/2015  lecourrier.vn

 

Les États-Unis ont briefé leurs alliés en Asie sur les plans de conduire des patrouilles navales "liberté de navigation" près des îles artificielles construites par la Chine dans la Mer Orientale, ont dévoilé des officiels américains cités par le New York Times paru le 12 octobre.


Les patrouilles, qui se dérouleraient dans les limites des 12 milles marins d’au moins l’une des îles artificielles construites illégalement par la Chine sur des récifs dans l’archipel  de Truong Sa (Spratleys).

Elles sont destinées à remettre en cause les efforts de la Chine pour revendiquer la quasi-totalité de cette mer, carrefour de routes maritimes vitales pour le commerce mondial et réserve potentielle de pétrole, de gaz et d’importantes ressources halieutiques.

L’assistant du secrétaire américain à la Défense pour l’Asie de l’Est et le Pacifique, David Shear, a dit devant le Congrès que les États-Unis se sont abstenus de s’en approcher de si près les îles occupées par la Chine.

En mai, un avion de surveillance militaire P-8A Poseidon, avec à son bord un reporter de la CNN, avait survolé près de trois des cinq îles artificielles illégalement construites par la Chine en Mer Orientale sans entrer dans les limites des 12 milles marins, que déjà des opérateurs radio de la marine chinoise l’avaient adressé huit avertissements pour quitter les lieux.

Des fonctionnaires aux Philippines ont déclaré qu’ils avaient été informés ces derniers jours de ces patrouilles, et le sénateur Antonio F. Trillanes IV, président du Comité national de défense et de sécurité a indiqué lundi 12 octobre saluer cette décision.

Le secrétaire américain de la Défense, Ashton B. Carter, et le secrétaire d’État américain John Kerry, devraient discuter des patrouilles avec leurs homologues australiens lundi et mardi à Boston. Le commandant de la Flotte américaine du Pacifique, l’admiral Harry B. Harris Jr, devrait les rejoindre.

 

>>Expos de photos sur les constructions illégales de la Chine en Mer Orientale

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photo Russia MoD

photo Russia MoD

 

13 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Beyrouth - Le groupe Etat islamique (EI) a appelé au jihad contre la Russie dont l'aviation russe bombarde depuis le 30 septembre les positions de l'organisation jihadiste et celles des rebelles en guerre contre le régime, selon un enregistrement sonore diffusé mardi.

 

La Russie sera vaincue en Syrie, a affirmé le porte-parole de l'EI Abou Mohamed al-Adnani dans cet enregistrement diffusé sur les sites jihadistes.

 

Il a appelé les musulmans en tous lieux à lancer le jihad contre les Russes et les Américains, pour faire face à une guerre des Croisés contre les musulmans.

 

Le porte-parole a accusé les Etats-Unis d'être faibles et impuissants et de faire appel à l'Australie, à la Russie, à la Turquie et l'Iran pour l'aider dans sa guerre contre l'EI en Syrie. Ils sont prêts à s'allier même avec le diable, a-t-il ajouté.

 

Abou Mohamed al-Adnani a affirmé que son groupe se renforce chaque jour et continuera à devenir plus fort.

 

Il a par ailleurs menacé les groupes rebelles qui lui sont hostiles dont la branche syrienne d'Al-Qaïda, le Front Al-Nosra, les accusant d'être des vendus et des laquais et en affirmant que les combattants de l'EI les pourchasseront et les vaincront.

 

Les Etats-Unis sont à la tête d'une large coalition qui bombarde depuis plus d'un an en Syrie et en Irak l'EI, un puissant groupe ultraradical qui contrôle de vastes régions dans ces deux pays, sans parvenir à le neutraliser.

 

La Russie est intervenue le 30 septembre avec son aviation dans le conflit pour venir en aide au régime syrien, son allié, qui était en mauvaise posture après plusieurs revers face aux rebelles. Moscou affirme que ses avions bombardent l'EI et les groupes rebelles islamistes dans plusieurs régions de Syrie.

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