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17 juin 2011 5 17 /06 /juin /2011 12:55
Le programme PAAMS (principal anti-air missile system)


17/06/2011 DGA

 

Le système PAAMS constitue l’armement principal des frégates anti-aériennes Horizon (réalisées en coopération franco-italienne), et des Destroyers T45 britanniques en assurant des missions simultanées d’autoprotection du bâtiment porteur, de défense locale d’un groupe de bâtiments et de défense de zone à moyenne portée (30 à 100 km).

D’un point de vue technique, le système PAAMS partage de nombreux éléments avec les systèmes de la famille FSAF (famille de missiles sol-air futurs) et en particulier le missile Aster.

Ce système se compose :

- des radars multifonctions intégrés dans une conduite de tir : Empar pour la France et l’Italie, Sampson pour l’Angleterre ;

- du radar de surveillance à longue portée S1850M (ou LRR pour Long Range Radar) ;

- des missiles Aster 15 et Aster 30, capables d’intercepter des attaques saturantes d’avions et de missiles supersoniques manœuvrant ;

-      d’un système de lancement vertical (SLV) ;

-      d’un système de commandement et de contrôle (C2) permettant de suivre la situation tactique, d’évaluer la menace et de gérer la conduite des tirs de missile, intégré au système de combat des bâtiments, ou (en secours) en autonome.

 

Caractéristiques techniques des composantes du système

Munitions Aster

Le missile Aster est conçu pour l’interception aérienne d’avion ou de missile. C’est un missile à deux étages lancé verticalement et disposant d’un système original pif-paf qui associe le pilotage aérodynamique classique au pilotage en force par action de jet de gaz au centre de gravité du missile. Le missile Aster 15 et le missile Aster 30 utilise le même missile terminal mais ont un étage d’accélération (booster) différent

 

  Aster 15 Aster 30
Longueur 4,2 m 4,8 m
Diamètre 180 mm
Masse 300 kg 445 kg
Propulsion Combustible solide / deux étages
Vitesse Fortement supersonique
Portée d’interception > 45* km > 80* km
Mode de guidage

-      pendant toute la durée du vol utilise un guidage inertiel avec recalage intermédiaire de la cible par liaison avec le radar au sol ;

-      en trajectoire finale : autodirecteur électromagnétique actif.

Mode de pilotage pif-paf : pilotage d’interception en force - pilotage aérodynamique fort
Protection sur 360°
Divers

-      tiré à partir d’un tube conteneur qui sert aussi au transport et au stockage ;

-      durci aux contre-mesures électromagnétiques.

* : portée maximale dépendant du type de cible

 

Module de lancement vertical (MLV) Sylver A50 du système de lancement vertical (SLV)

  A50
Configuration 6 modules (capacité de 8 modules/frégate)
Capacité par module 8 Aster (15 et/ou 30)
Masse 8 tonnes
Hauteur 6 mètres
Surface au sol 2,6 x 2,3 m

Le MLV est dérivé du modèle A43 installé à bord du Porte-avions Charles de Gaulle. L’électronique de contrôle du MLV est réalisée à partir de baies navales de gestion des munitions : NGGM.Le système SLV est composé de 6 modules pouvant chacun mettre en œuvre 8 missiles (Aster 15 et/ou Aster 30).

Conduite de tir

La conduite de tir est assurée par des radars 3D longue portée multi-fonctions de type Empar (bande C) ou Sampson (bi-bande E/F). Ces radars ont une rotation d’antenne de 60 tours/minute et offrent des fonctions de : surveillance, météo, discrimination des cibles, acquisition multi-cibles, poursuites combinées multi-cibles...

Radars Multifonctions Empar et Sampson :

Le radar Empar (European Multifunction Phased Array Radar) est un radar bande C, équipant les frégates Horizon. Le radar Sampson est un radar bi-bandes (E/F), équipant les destroyers Type 45. Leur rôle est d’assurer le guidage des missiles Aster et permet entre autre de suivre et d’engager simultanément de nombreuses cibles.

Radar de surveillance S1850M - LRR

Le radar S1850M, plus connu sous le nom « LRR » (Long Range Radar), est un radar de veille longue distance bande D, dérivé du Smart-L de Thales NL, destiné à la détection aérienne et de surface.

 

Organisation étatique et industrielle

Le programme PAAMS est développé par les acteurs majeurs de l’industrie missilière européenne (MBDA, TAD, Selex, BAé) regroupés au sein du GIE Europaams.

Les principaux industriels sont :

- Selex : radar Empar ;

- MBDA Italia : calculateurs Mara VME et console opérateur Magics II ;

- BAé : radar S1850 M ;

- InsyTe : radar Sampson ;

- DCNS : module de lancement vertical Sylver ;

- MBDA-F : munitions Aster ;

- Thales : système de conduite et de contrôle des conduites de tir (partie commune aux versions franco-italienne (PAAMS(E) et britannique (PAAMS(S) : C2 core).

L’organisation étatique du programme se compose d’un bureau trinational (PPO : PAAMS Programme Office) et d’un comité directeur (PSC : PAAMS Steering Committee).

 

Avancement du programme

Le programme a été lancé en juin 1999, la qualification du système devrait être prononcée fin 2011.

La production est pratiquement terminée, les deux frégates françaises et les deux frégates italiennes ainsi que cinq des six  Destroyers T45 britanniques sont actuellement équipés du PAAMS (les 2 premiers Destroyers T45 ont été validés et des tests sont en cours pour les 3 autres).

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17 juin 2011 5 17 /06 /juin /2011 07:55

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June 16, 2011 Andrew White, SHEPARD GROUP

 

Brussels –  NATO is threatened with a substantial shortfall in airborne surveillance should the UK retire its Sentinel Airborne Stand-Off Reconnaissance (ASTOR) fleet in 2013, a senior officer in the organisation has warned.

 

Referring to the forthcoming Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) programme which is due to come into service in 2015, Col Matt Anderer USAF, Force Command Requirements at Supreme HQ Allied Powers Europe said NATO's airborne surveillance capabilities were currently 'stretched' and 'heavily tasked'.

 

Speaking at the UV Europe conference in Brussels, Anderer warned that such a shortfall would be exacerbated should the UK scrap the Sentinel as outlined in October's Strategic Defence and Security Review. The Royal Air Force (RAF) has already lost its Nimrod MRA4 maritime patrol aircraft programme as part of the same review.

 

The Ministry of Defence said Raytheon’s ASTOR system could be ‘withdrawn once it is no longer required to support operations in Afghanistan’. Two Sentinel R Mk I aircraft are regularly contributing to coalition operations in Afghanistan on a daily basis.

 

'AGS is one of the alliance's most pressing capability needs. Now, we only have this capability from two [UK and US] alliance members. Assets are heavily tasked and very scarce resources and this will be even more if the UK retires the Sentinel fleet in 2013. AGS is critical to NATO and at this point in time, we cannot fail,' Anderer urged.

 

Supported by 14 member nations, NATO's AGS programme comprises the procurement of six Block 40 RQ-4 Global Hawk UAVs from Northrop Grumman as well as two transportable general ground stations (GGS), six mobile GGS, mission operations support installation and remote workstations. Anderer said he expected a contract to be signed by September this year with activation of the AGS main operating base at Sigonella air force base in Italy launched within the following 18 months.

 

It is envisaged that the Global Hawks will work alongside NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control aircraft or AWACS. 'The AGS core will be able to look at what is happening on the Earth’s surface, providing situational awareness before, during and, if necessary, after NATO operations,' according to officials.

 

Referring to current operations in Libya, Anderer said an AGS capability would 'provide a constant watch to help thwart Gaddafi's [military] attacks on civilians as well as supporting human relief efforts on land and at sea'.

 

The AGS programme will carry standard and high resolution SAR, GMTI and maritime moving target indicators for missions ranging from border control and humanitarian operations through to counter-IED and anti-piracy missions.

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16 juin 2011 4 16 /06 /juin /2011 20:21

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15 Juin 2011 Belga

 

La baisse des dépenses consacrées à la défense dans les pays de l'Otan constitue un "grave problème" qui risque à terme de détourner les Etats-Unis de l'Alliance, a affirmé mercredi le secrétaire américain à la Défense Robert Gates.

Réitérant devant les sénateurs d'une sous-commission de la Défense ses critiques après son discours véhément de Bruxelles vendredi, le ministre a affirmé que la part des Etats-Unis était passé de la moitié aux trois-quarts du budget militaire des 28 pays de l'Otan. "C'est un grave problème. C'est un souci depuis quelques années mais je pense que nos propres difficultés financières et ce à quoi le budget militaire américain va devoir faire face pose le problème comme jamais auparavant", a-t-il jugé. "Un nombre croissant" de membres du Congrès "pour qui la guerre froide et nos liens avec l'Europe et l'Otan ne sont pas dans les gênes" va finir par ne plus vouloir prendre en charge le fardeau, selon lui. Mais le secrétaire à la Défense a toutefois estimé préférable une Otan aux capacités réduites que "pas d'Otan du tout". Robert Gates avait mis en garde à Bruxelles les alliés occidentaux contre leur manque d'investissements militaires et de volonté politique, soulignant que ces "lacunes" pourraient "compromettre" l'efficacité de la mission en Libye et contre la perspective "inacceptable" d'une "alliance à deux vitesses". (MPK)

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16 juin 2011 4 16 /06 /juin /2011 06:50
Carter Cuts 11 More Global Hawks

 

Jun 15, 2011 By Amy Butler AviationWeek.com

 

WASHINGTON - Pentagon acquisition chief Ashton Carter has sliced 11 Block 30 Global Hawks from the planned buy of 42, further reducing the total number of the aircraft in the project only months after the U.S. Air Force cut 11 from the Block 40 program.

 

The decision is outlined in a June 14 acquisition decision memorandum that details a restructuring of the entire RQ-4A/B program; this includes all four blocks of the aircraft (10-40). Also in this document, Carter outlines his plans to certify that the Global Hawk may move forward despite its latest cost overrun, which breached the Nunn-McCurdy statute limits and triggered a massive review of the project. He states that “continuation of the program is essential to national security . . . there are no alternatives to the program,” and new cost estimates have been established to move forward.

 

An April selected-acquisition report sent to Congress that includes the Global Hawk cost overrun notes a total program tally of $13.9 billion. The Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE) pegs the new price at $12.4 billion, according to Carter’s memo. Northrop Grumman is the prime contractor, with Raytheon playing a role in some sensor work.

 

Carter also directs the Air Force to break up the massive project into subprograms: one each is outlined for “Baseline,” or Block 10/20; Block 30 (with the Enhanced Integrated Sensor Suite and Airborne Signals Intelligence Payload); and Block 40, including the aircraft and the Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program active, electronically scanned array ground surveillance system. A new subprogram will be established for the Ground Segment Re-Architecture and Communications Systems Re-Architecture, Carter says in his memo.

 

The intent is to more clearly account for the numerous different efforts in the Global Hawk program by breaking them out into separate line items. These different projects were the byproducts of the earlier “spiral acquisition” strategy, which called for infusing new technologies—such as sensors—into the program when they became mature. However, some in Congress have found these efforts difficult to monitor.

 

Also, this accounting approach is designed to better illuminate any shortfalls. In earlier budgets, Pentagon and industry sources say shortfalls in the spares accounts went unaddressed. They are now being funded, some say, at the sacrifice of total numbers of Block 40 aircraft.

 

Program officials appear accepting of the 11-aircraft reduction in Block 30s. These were originally slated to be attrition-reserve platforms, and one program official notes that the aircraft are lasting longer than expected thus far.

 

Also included in the acquisition decision memo is a directive from Carter that requires the Air Force to ask his permission before “obligating any funds beyond the specified amounts identified [in his memo], even on existing contracts.”

 

It is unclear how this could affect the program’s ability to be agile in responding to urgent warfighter needs. The quick integration of the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node onto two Block 20s, for example, was not originally included in the program plan. But senior Pentagon officials have praised program officials for quickly deploying the system, which is helping provide tactical communications to soldiers in Afghanistan.

 

[Editor’s note: An earlier version of this story reported different numbers for planned Global Hawks due to an error in the Defense Department’s acquisition decision memorandum. This version has been updated.]

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15 juin 2011 3 15 /06 /juin /2011 07:20

http://www.meretmarine.com/objets/500/33987.jpg

 

L'Adroit, premier OPV de la famille Gowind, en achèvement à Lorient

crédits : DCNS

 

15/06/2011 MER et MARINE

 

Sur le site DCNS de Lorient, le premier patrouilleur hauturier (OPV) de la famille Gowind prend forme. Après sa mise à flot, le mois dernier, le bâtiment a reçu, le 9 juin, sa mâture unique. « Cette mâture constitue l'une des innovations technologiques majeures du navire. Installé au-dessus de la passerelle, le dôme en composite conçu et réalisé par DCNS intègre les principaux matériels électroniques : radars, systèmes de liaison avec un drone aérien... L'ensemble de ces senseurs permet à l'équipage d'avoir une visibilité à 360°», explique Marc Maynard, directeur du programme OPV Gowind de DCNS.


Outre l'installation de cette mâture, qui va notamment abriter un radar de veille Scanter (Terma), les équipes de DCNS procèdent à l'embarquement et aux ajustements des locaux techniques supérieurs, à commencer par la passerelle. Au début du mois, les équipes de DCNS ont réalisé la mise sous tension du bâtiment, qui permet de procéder à la mise en route et à la vérification des équipements du navire. L'embarquement des divers équipements va se poursuivre sur toute la durée du mois de juin, les premiers essais en mer étant prévus cet été.




Le patrouilleur L'Adroit (© : DCNS)

Vendredi, le premier OPV de la famille Gowind sera baptisé à Lorient. Propriété de DCNS, qui l'a réalisé sur fonds propres, ce navire, qui s'appellera L'Adroit, sera mis à la disposition de la marine française durant trois ans. « La Marine nationale pourra démontrer en haute mer la pertinence et la valeur opérationnelle de ce patrouilleur hauturier Gowind pour des missions actuelles et émergentes : surveillance de zone, lutte contre la piraterie et le terrorisme, police des pêches, lutte contre les trafics de drogue, préservation de l'environnement, aide humanitaire, recherche et sauvetage en mer, sécurité maritime.L'objectif est d'obtenir pour ce produit une qualification "sea proven" (éprouvé à la mer) qui conférera à DCNS un atout sans équivalent pour la promotion de Gowind à l'international. Cette opération représente une forme innovante de coopération entre l'Etat et un industriel privé », explique DCNS.


Long de 87 mètres pour un déplacement de 1450 tonnes en charge, L'Adroit pourra atteindre la vitesse d 21 noeuds. Armé par un équipage de 30 personnes et pouvant accueillir une trentaine de passagers, il disposera d'une artillerie légère (canons de 20mm et 12.7mm) et de canons à eau. Deux embarcations rapides pourront être mises en oeuvre par le tableau arrière, alors qu'une plateforme et un abri permettront d'embarquer un hélicoptère ou des drones.

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15 juin 2011 3 15 /06 /juin /2011 05:55

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June 14, 2011 By VMSB DEFESA Global

 

French Air Force owned Service Industriel de l’Aéronautique (SIAé) aeronautics industrial workshop is upgrading undisclosed quantities of Aérospatiale (now EADS Eurocopter) Gazelle light support helicopters in service with the French Army (Armée de Terre) ALAT (Aviation Légère de l’Armée de Terre) light aviation unit.

 

The modernization comprises the integration of IFF transponder (Identification Friend or Foe), SIT-ALAT terminal information system, armoured seats from AgustaWestland, NVG (Night Vision Goggles) compatible avionics lightings and a VHF (Very High Frequency) communications system.

 

The integration of SIT-ALAT system is already completed said a source to Defesa Global.

 

SIT-ALAT developed by Euroavionics Navigationssysteme GmbH & Co. KG integrates navigation, communication, and tactical information on one high-brightness display to improve tactical and situational awareness, and enhance flight safety.

 

ALAT operates several variants of the Gazelle helicopter including the SA 342 L1 AATCP (with MISTRAL fire and forget anti-tank missiles), SA 342 HOT (with HOT air to air missiles), SA 341 CANON (with a 20mm gun pod) and the SA 342 L1 with VIVIANE thermal camera.

 

France uses few SA 342 L1 Gazelle Viviane helicopters in Afghanistan.

 

 

 

 

 

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14 juin 2011 2 14 /06 /juin /2011 19:40

http://www.flightglobal.com/assets/getAsset.aspx?ItemID=40089

A Global Hawk mock-up at the UK's Royal International Air Tattoo in 2009

 

14/06/11 By Stephen Trimble SOURCE:Flight International

 

Despite no lack of interest, acquiring a dedicated platform to detect ground moving targets on radar has eluded NATO for 20 years.

 

Casualties in the quest among NATO's European partners lay strewn across the historical records like the bombed-out tanks of Iraq's III Corps along the highway from Kuwait City to Basra in February 1991. France mothballed the Horizon, a radar-equipped Eurocopter AS532 Cougar, in 2008.

 

Italy developed the CRESO radar for the AgustaBell 412 helicopter, but that project also fizzled. Perhaps the most successful project - the Royal Air Force Sentinel R1 fleet equipped with the airborne stand-off radar - is to exit service post-Afghanistan campaign.

 

Each of these projects was launched in the aftermath of a failed push by the US government in the mid-1990s to persuade NATO to acquire the Northrop Grumman E-8C JSTARS airborne ground surveillance system. JSTARS pioneered the application of ground moving target indicator (GMTI) radar and spotted Iraq's III Corps en route to Basra through a sandstorm.

 

 

NATO is as close today as it has ever been to finally awarding a contract for a GMTI system, now defined as the RQ-4 Block 40 with the Northrop/Raytheon multi-platform radar technology insertion programme sensor.

 

Northrop submitted its proposal in March. A contract for six aircraft is to be awarded in October, to fulfil a vision nearly 20 years old.

 

In the interim between the JSTARS proposal and the Global Hawk-based Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) system, NATO's European members have decided that they cannot afford the expense of a national GMTI capability. Instead, NATO has approved a system based exclusively on the RQ-4 Block 40 already in service with the US government.

 

 

RQ-4 Northrop Grumman
 © Northrop Grumman
 An RQ-4 Block 40 in action

 

"The airframe and the sensor are identical to the US Air Force. The only thing we've done is we've added a European wideband datalink to the system to allow unfetterred flow of information," says Matthew Copija, director of Northrop's AGS programme. "There are no [export control] issues associated with getting the data down. We made it cleaner from an export standpoint approach."

 

Allowing the GMTI data to flow among all of NATO's members is critical for preserving its support as defence budgets tighten. The alliance has been making progress on interoperability over the past 15 years.

 

 

Global Hawk shot over Haiti - Northrop Grumman
 © Northrop Grumman
A Global Hawk shot over Haiti 

 

The first step was setting up a NATO command, control and communications agency (NC3A) testbed in 1996. That led to development of coalition aerial surveillance and reconnaissance (Caesar), establishing protocols for exchanging classified data generated from the synthetic aperture radars of member countries. The next step - developing software to facilitate that exchange - brought the advent of the multi-sensor aerospace-ground joint intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance interoperability coalition (MAJIIC).

 

"NC3A started out as a testbed, it turned into Caesar," Copija says. "Caesar now has MAJIIC. [That system is about] how do they deal with interoperability within NATO on GMTI data and it's becoming a key backbone system for NATO as we go forward."

 

That is not to suggest that NATO has overcome the budget and operational challenges that have delayed the GMTI programme for decades. Even as member countries experimented with individual programmes, NATO tried to launch the transatlantic industrial proposed solution programme, which included the RQ-4 and the Airbus A321 with the Thomson-CSF applications radar (TCAR).

 

 

RQ-4 Global Hawk fact box 

 

"The TCAR became the critical path for deployment of the system," Copija says. "The nations that weren't really benefiting from it, they all came away... [deciding] the return on investment and technology reuse just wasn't there for the risk and cost associated."

 

Instead, NATO has settled for an off-the-shelf system that includes six RQ-4s - down from eight air vehicles - based at Sigonella air base in Sicily. The system also includes an almost entirely off-the-shelf ground system. If NATO members object to GMTI this time, it will not be driven by the budget or schedule of the development phase. "This approach is a turnkey," Copija says. "It is designed to develop it, demonstrate it, qualify it and then produce it and then stand it up, all in one single contract."

 

For the ground station, the proposed offer calls for EADS to be responsible for the mobile system, including a communications truck and a trailer. Selex, meanwhile, is working with Romania and Bulgaria to develop a mobile operating base. "The [NATO] force commander stands up every day and says he needs it," Copija says. "It will save alliance lives and save troops on the ground and protect them. It makes them more efficient and effective at what they do. The reason it survives is operationally it has a need."

 

See the latest in unmanned air vehicles

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14 juin 2011 2 14 /06 /juin /2011 05:55
Artist's impression of the Joint logistic Support Ship (middle)

Artist's impression of the Joint logistic Support Ship (middle)

 

VLISSINGEN, Netherlands, June 13 (UPI)

 

Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding reports the keel has been laid for a new joint support ship for the Dutch navy.

 

The JSS, designed to operate both in the lower and higher levels of the force spectrum, will measures 673 feet in length and 98 feet in breadth.

 

The vessel accommodates a crew of 180 sailors as well as 120 non-listed people, such as helicopter crews and medical teams.

 

The company says the vessel features a helicopter deck that can handle two Chinooks simultaneously and a hangar with a storage capacity six helicopters; facilities for loading and unloading operations of materiel and goods in harbors, near the shore or at open or at sea; two Replenishment-At-Sea masts; an elevator and crane for up to 40 tons; a roll on/roll off facility for vehicles; and a steel beach stern construction for accommodating cargo transfer via landing craft.

 

Weaponry includes two Goalkeepers, two 30mm automatic guns, and four automatic medium caliber gun systems.

 

To reduce the vulnerability, the vessel will be outfitted with signature reduction measures, ballistic protection, blast resistant constructions, redundant, shock resistant and decentralized systems, a gas citadel and extensive fire fighting systems.

 

Construction will take place at Damen Shipyard Galatz, while final systems outfitting, commissioning and testing of the vessel will take place at DSNS in Vlissingen.

Schematic representation of the different aspects of the ship

Schematic representation of the different aspects of the ship

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13 juin 2011 1 13 /06 /juin /2011 18:00
India Has The Tech To Develop Orbital Weapon For Space Warfare

 

June 12, 2011 defencenews.in

 

India's Defence Research and Development Organisation has the technology to develop & place weapons into space. If that is so, then India will be capable of putting it's most advance weapon systems into earth's orbit and then use them to strike targets in Space or on Earth.

 

India's Defence Research and Development Organisation has the technology to develop & place weapons into space. If that is so, then India will be capable of putting it's most advance weapon systems into earth's orbit and then use them to strike targets in Space or on Earth. Such orbital weapon will also lessen the chance of detection or interception by enemy forces before actual strike.

 

The DRDO has the technology and building blocks to develop these advance Orbital Weapons. Sources in DRDO have said that, "If we can place a satellite into earth orbit then we can also place weapon into Earth's orbit. But DRDO will not be developing any such weapon, as India is against the weaponisation of space.

 

Officials at DRDO have said that in the longer term, it is necessary to have that capability but stressed that the Indian programme, if any would be purely defensive in nature.

 

Last year in February 2010, India's renowned defence scientist and DRDO chief Dr V. K. Saraswat confirmed that India possesses anti satellite technology and that India's Agni-III missile has propulsion system, which can be used to propel a kill vehicle in the orbit.

 

Space treaty prohibits placing nuclear weapon or weapons of mass destruction in space but it is not against putting weapons into space. The Peoples Republic of China has already violated the treaty by actually killing a satellite in space on 11 January 2007.

 

So the next step for DRDO is to develop orbital weapons, which could stay in space as long as required while orbiting Earth or Moon and the same can be activated and delivered whenever required.

 

India is developing a very robust Ballistic Missile Defence System. DRDO's Hyderabad Lab Research Centre Imarat (RCI) has won this year's much coveted 'Silicon Trophy'. The DRDO claims that any nation having Ballistic missile defence system technology should have the technology building blocks to build orbital weapons as well.

 

Weaponsiation of space is different from militarization of space. India is not against militarization of space. Like many developed countries, who have their military satellites, India is also to launch military satellites in space. This year Indian Navy's Naval Communication Satellites will also go up. Then, a satellite for IAF will be placed in orbit followed by a satellite for the Indian Army. Protecting assets in space will be a great challenge in coming years and that's when the question of Orbital Weapons will arise.

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12 juin 2011 7 12 /06 /juin /2011 11:40

http://defense-update.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Prithvi2_launch.jpg

 

India tested the nuclear-capable Prithvi II short range surface-to-surface ballistic missile from a military base in Orissa on the morning of June 9, 2011. Photo: DRDO

 

June 9, 2011 By Noam Eshel DEFENSE UPDATE

 

By the end of this year India plans to test a much larger Agni-V Inter-Continental ballistic missile (ICBM), capable of hitting targets at a range of 5,000 km. Agni III intermediate range ballistic missile has already been tested and inducted into the Indian armed forces, offering extended reach (3,000 km) for its deterrent forces said DRDO chief VK Saraswat. he added that the first test of the new ICBM is scheduled for will be tested by the end of this year. “The first trial is expected to start in December this year followed by a series of modifications and further trials over the next few years. This missile would be based on the concept of re-entry vehicle capable of covering whole of Pakistan and China.” DRDO officials aded.

 

In addition to developing ballistic missile capability, DRDO is working on developing missile defense. The agency has carried out six tests in the last two years, of which four have been successful. The BMD program comprises a two-tiered system called Prithvi Air Defense PAD for high-altitude interception at 50-80 km and Advanced Air Defense AAD for low-altitude interception 15-30 km.

India tested the nuclear-capable Prithvi II short range surface-to-surface ballistic missile from a military base in Orissa last Thursday. The launch was carried out as part of the regular training exercise of the armed forces. “The missile reached the predefined target in the Bay of Bengal with a very high accuracy of better than 10 meters,” Indian military sources said. Prithvi is India’s first indigenously built ballistic missile. It is one of the five missiles being developed under the country’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. The missile has a range of 350 km, a flight duration of 483 seconds reaching a peak altitude of 43.5 km, has the capability to carry a 500 kg warhead. The missile uses certain countermeasures against anti-ballistic missiles (ABM). It uses an advanced inertial guidance system providing maneuvering capabilities and reaches its target with a few meters of accuracy.

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12 juin 2011 7 12 /06 /juin /2011 11:35

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-RKeVlhz7wl4/TfOBkNbpbkI/AAAAAAAAJko/Uqydz3CBKMY/s400/Collins_Aus%2BDoD.jpg

 

Collins class submarines (photo : Australian DoD)

 

11.06.2011 China Defense Blog

 

Availability of Submarines

 

The article in The Australian, 10 June 2011, by Cameron Stewart – “Not a single submarine seaworthy” – appears to misunderstand how Navy and Defence maintain and operate the submarine fleet to meet operational requirements.

 

As part of the regular ongoing management of the submarine fleet, all submarines are in various stages of their docking, maintenance and operational cycles.

 

Two submarines are currently in their operational cycle, and it is incorrect that there are no seaworthy submarines.

 

Navy is presently able to meet the Government’s standing requirement for submarine availability to respond to operational needs.

 

Maintaining the Collins Class is one of the most challenging tasks Defence has. It is one of the most complex and important capabilities operated by the Australian Defence Force.

 

Navy, the Defence Materiel Organisation and industry continue to work closely on a program to improve reliability across the entire submarine fleet.

 

Navy remains committed to maintaining a submarine capability that is operated effectively and safely to protect Australia’s national interests.

 

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12 juin 2011 7 12 /06 /juin /2011 11:00

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10 June 2011 Cassidian press release

 

Lors du 49e Salon international du Bourget, Cassidian présentera sur le stand A253 (Hall 2A) l’ensemble de sa gamme de solutions de sécurité dédiée au monde aéronautique, qui permettra de relever les défis à venir.

 

Le monde, toujours plus ouvert et global, nécessite des solutions et systèmes de sécurité avancés en constante évolution. Fort de son statut de leader mondial des solutions et systèmes de sécurité intégrés pour les marchés civils et militaires, Cassidian développe les solutions et technologies de demain, en s’appuyant sur ses compétences clés en matière d’aéronautique, de sécurité, de défense et de services. Innovation et excellence des technologies sont les atouts maîtres qui permettront à Cassidian de conserver sa position de leader dans son secteur.

 

Pour démontrer ses avancées technologiques sur le Salon international du Bourget 2011, Cassidian mettra en scène, dans son « TouchLab » (laboratoire de démonstrations interactives), des scénarios en 3D de toute nouvelle génération réalisés autour des drones, de la cybersécurité ou de la gestion du trafic aérien en 2025.

 

Les drones

 

Fort de trente années d’expérience en tant qu’intégrateur systèmes, Cassidian est un expert en matière de drones, depuis le développement jusqu’au soutien opérationnel :

 

    Gestion de l’ensemble des programmes de R&T et projets de drones par une unité de programmes unique, qui permet une synergie entre les systèmes de production et les nouveaux projets.

    Partage des expériences tout au long du cycle de vie et à travers la gamme complète de drones.

    Capacités d’innovation et maîtrise exceptionnelles en matière de coopération internationale.

    Utilisation de « Battle Labs » pour la saisie des exigences et recours à des outils de développement et de support de pointe.

 

En matière de drones, Cassidian adopte une approche résolument mondiale : s’appuyant sur plusieurs décennies de conception de systèmes aériens pilotés, la Division maîtrise les technologies clés (conception aéronautique, navigation de précision, architecture des logiciels de vol, interfaces standardisées, planification de mission, etc.), qu’elle exploite et adapte pour concevoir des solutions de drones globales en parfaite adéquation avec les exigences opérationnelles des systèmes aériens sans pilote (par ex., insertion dans le trafic aérien, fusion multicapteurs, contrôle du véhicule).

Sur le statique, Cassidian présentera le DRAC, un drone éprouvé au combat. La démonstration sera réalisée par des soldats de l’Armée française, qui l’ont déployé en Afghanistan. La Division projettera également des vidéos illustrant les dernières missions du drone Harfang, et exposera une maquette grandeur nature du futur drone MALE Talarion.

 

La cybersécurité

 

Face à la multiplication et à la diversité des cyber attaques, Cassidian a créé en 2009 le Cyber Security Center, qui réunit des experts basés en France, en Grande-Bretagne et en Allemagne, afin de mettre en place les solutions nécessaires pour détecter et contrer ces nouvelles menaces. Pour anticiper au mieux les agressions futures, ces équipes d’élite travaillent étroitement avec les autorités gouvernementales de nombreux pays pour intercepter les menaces, et constituent de ce fait les éléments essentiels de la coopération internationale dans la lutte contre la cybercriminalité.

 

Au Salon du Bourget, Cassidian démontrera son expérience dans la protection de réseaux hautement sensibles et complexes, et tout particulièrement dans la protection des infrastructures nationales critiques. En effet, dans un monde de plus en plus informatisé, les infrastructures critiques sont interconnectées et interdépendantes pour garantir une efficacité optimale. Ainsi, la défaillance d’un seul maillon de la chaîne peut avoir des répercussions allant bien au-delà des limites nationales. La protection de ces infrastructures constitue donc l’un des défis majeurs de l’avenir. Dans son « TouchLab », à l’aide d’un scénario en 3D illustrant les infrastructures nationales critiques, Cassidian simulera une attaque informatique et présentera les solutions proposées pour contrer ces menaces.

 

Les services

 

Depuis sa création en 2006, Cassidian Aviation Training Services (CATS, anciennement EADS Cognac Aviation Training Services) est devenu le premier opérateur technique externe en France, fournissant à l’armée de l’Air française des équipements et services pour la formation de ses pilotes. CATS accueille en effet plusieurs centaines de stagiaires au cours de séances de formation technique, et met à disposition de l’armée de l’Air française des avions de dernière génération et des simulateurs de vol qui totaliseront, en juin, 100 000 heures de vol et 25 000 heures de simulation.

 

Sur le Salon international du Bourget, Cassidian proposera pour la première fois une démonstration en vol mettant en évidence sa flotte et ses services de formation. Quatre appareils d’entraînement, pouvant être utilisés pour la formation complète d’un pilote de chasse, seront présentés : un APM 40 Simba destiné à la formation initiale, un Grob 120A pour la formation de base élémentaire, un Pilatus PC-21 réservé à la formation de base avancée, et un Aermacchi M-346 destiné à la formation avancée. Cassidian a mis ces appareils, et bien d’autres encore, à la disposition de plusieurs forces aériennes européennes à des fins de formation. Un appareil CATS sera également présenté sur le statique par un représentant de l’école de pilotage de Cognac.

 

La compétence et le savoir-faire du personnel de CASSIDIAN ATS permettent de fournir aux pilotes de l’armée de l’Air des moyens de formation les plus modernes et performants tout en réduisant significativement les coûts (environ 30%).

 

Fort de son succès auprès de l’armée de l’Air française au cours des cinq dernières années, Cassidian proposera désormais ses services aux organismes de formation des pilotes de ligne et de chasse.

 

L’Eurofighter Typhoon

 

L’Eurofighter Typhoon sera lui aussi présent sur le Salon du Bourget 2011, avec des démonstrations en vol quotidiennes réalisées par l’armée de l’Air italienne. L’Eurofighter Typhoon est l’avion de combat polyvalent le plus moderne actuellement disponible sur le marché mondial. Six nations ont d’ores et déjà passé commande : l’Allemagne, l’Italie, l’Espagne, le Royaume-Uni, l’Autriche et l’Arabie saoudite. Avec 707 appareils commandés et plus de 270 déjà livrés, il s’agit du plus grand programme de coopération militaire européen. L’Eurofighter Typhoon, grâce à sa technologie de pointe, renforce la position de l’industrie aéronautique et spatiale européenne sur le marché mondial, et assure plus de 100 000 emplois répartis chez quelque 400 fournisseurs. Ce programme est géré par la société Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH au nom des entreprises partenaires Alenia Aeronautica/Finmeccanica, BAE Systems, EADS Allemagne et Espagne, les plus grandes entreprises de l’industrie aéronautique, spatiale et de défense en Europe, qui totalisent un chiffre d’affaires d’environ 120 milliards d’euros en 2010.

 

L’Eurofighter Typhoon, avion de combat d’une extrême manœuvrabilité, dispose de nombreuses fonctionnalités : systèmes intégrés, interface homme-machine optimisée, armement guidé moderne de haute précision, fusion de données de capteurs, intégration dans des réseaux de données militaires et les dernières technologies de production (utilisation de matériaux composites renforcés de fibres de carbone – CFC). L’Eurofighter, opérationnel depuis peu, jouit en outre d’un fort potentiel de croissance.

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11 juin 2011 6 11 /06 /juin /2011 11:40

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10/06/11 By Zach Rosenberg SOURCE:Flight International

 

The Pentagon has issued a report highly critical of Northrop Grumman's RQ-4 Global Hawk, the troubled unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) slated to replace the U-2 for high-altitude reconnaissance. The operational test and evaluation (OT&E) report, issued 27 May, slams Global Hawk Block 30 as being able to accomplish its mission only 27% of the time.

 

"Since their worldwide deployment began last August, the Block 20/30s have performed quite well," read a Northrop-issued statement. "Today, the deployed system are performing at better than 90% Mission Effectiveness." Northrop also noted that low effectiveness rates are common among new aircraft types.

 

Four low-rate initial production (LRIP) examples of the Block 30 were provided to evaluators for testing. "Due to poor air vehicle reliability, operational units are not able to consistently generate or maintain long endurance sorties to provide persistent ISR support," the report reads. The report notes that operating at low operational tempos, provided adequate spare parts and maintenance time, the aircraft can provide 40% capability. The air force requires 55% capability to declare the aircraft operationally effective.

 

Northrop Grumman said there were no surprises in the report but would not confirm the details beyond noting that the company has made significant progress since the evaluation period.

 

"We don't see any major show stoppers," said Northrop executive Ed Walby in a February interview, two months after the December, 2010 evaluation concluded. "We expect to get an average grade, as most programs do."

 

Also in February the air force cut its order of the follow-on Block 40 from 22 to 11, using the money saved to fix "significant" deficiencies with Block 30 payloads; those payloads, the Enhanced Imagery Sensor Suite (EISS) and Airborne Signals Intelligence Payload (ASIP) received mixed reviews in the OT&E.

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10 juin 2011 5 10 /06 /juin /2011 16:45
ASD at the Paris Air Show

June 9, 2011 defpro.com

 

Once again this year, ASD and GIFAS (Groupement des Industries Françaises Aeronautiques et Spatiales) have put together a VIP programme for European policymakers and key stakeholders willing to visit Le Bourget. Many have accepted our invitation: three European Commissioners (Antonio Tajani, Günther Oettinger and Siim Kallas) and members of their cabinet, a total of thirteen officials from DG MOVE, DG Research and DG Entreprise, as well as four Members of the European Parliament (Arnaud Danjean, Malcolm Harbour, Alain Lamassoure and Vittorio Prodi) and other ASD Stakeholders. The Paris Air Show will be the opportunity for ASD members to introduce policymakers to the latest technological breakthroughs made by our sector, during what is certainly the largest European Air Show.

 

The top 100 companies in the industry worldwide have confirmed their presence at Le Bourget, and more than 2,000 small and medium-sized companies are exhibiting their expertise, mostly in the regional and national pavilions. The economic crisis has left its mark however, and most large companies have reduced their budgets by between 10 and 15%, leaving space for newcomers or components manufacturers wishing to reinforce their presence.

 

With its 2,113 exhibitors from45 countries, 350,000 visitors expected, about 200 international delegations and more than 3,000 journalists, the Paris Air Show remains the aviation and space industry's key event, and intends to continue to hold this leading position over the next decades. As the preferred meeting venue for industrial companies in the aviation and space sector, the Show has a duty to once again meet the expectations of an entire profession. As the industry’s sounding board and showcase, the 2011 show will again play host to a large number of announcements. Innovations which benefit the environment will be an overall theme.

 

The “special guest” of Le Bourget 2011 will be the solar aeroplane Solar Impulse. This will be the first air show appearance made by the revolutionary aeroplane, culmination of a genuine human and technological adventure, which made a historic 26-hour day and night flight without fuel, powered only by solar energy, in July 2010. From 20 to 26 June, visitors to the show will be able look closely at 64 meter wingspan Solar Impulse on the ground, and each morning, so long as weather conditions are favourable, admire its majestic flying displays whilst marvelling at the silence of its electric motors.

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10 juin 2011 5 10 /06 /juin /2011 06:10

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NEW DELHI, 9 juin - RIA Novosti

 

L'Inde a procédé jeudi à un tir d'essai du missile balistique Prithvi-II depuis le polygone de Chandipur, dans l'Etat d'Orissa (est), rapporte l'agence IANS.

 

Long de 8,56 mètres, le missile est capable de porter des charges allant jusqu'à une tonne, nucléaires ou classiques. Le développement a été lancé en 1983. Onze ans après le missile a été adopté par l'armée.

 

Les tests précédents de Prithvi-II et de son équivalent maritime Dhanush ont été effectués en mars dernier et ont été couronnés de succès.

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9 juin 2011 4 09 /06 /juin /2011 17:15

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09.06.2011 LIVEFIST

 

India's surface-to-surface Prithvi-II (P-II) missile was successfully flight tested on at 9AM today from the country's missile test range on the Eastern seaboard. The launch was carried out as part of regular training exercises of the Army and nuclear command. Prithvi-II, the first indigenous surface-to-surface strategic missile, capable of attacking targets at ranges of 350-km, hit a predefined target in the Bay of Bengal with "very high accuracy of better than 10 meters", according to a DRDO statement. An Indian Navy ship located near the target recorded the final event. The flight test of the Prithvi-II met all the mission objectives.


Photos / DRDO

 

 

 

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9 juin 2011 4 09 /06 /juin /2011 17:14

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Les forces de Kadhafi ont tiré des missiles sur les hélicoptères français. © Guillaume Bonnaud / PhotoPQR / Sud Ouest

 

09/06/2011 par Jean Guisnel Le Point.fr

 

Les forces fidèles à Kadhafi ont tiré des missiles Manpads contre des hélicoptères français lors d'une récente mission contre des cibles libyennes. Ni dégât ni blessé ne sont à déplorer.

 

Les hélicoptères français combattent les forces du colonel Kadhafi depuis le 4 juin. Commandant à bord du porte-avions Charles-de-Gaulle la flotte française au large de la Libye, l'amiral Philippe Coindreau a révélé hier, lors d'une visioconférence avec des journalistes, que les hélicoptères français avaient subi des tirs de missiles sol-air de type Manpads (Man Portable Air Defense System), sans doute des SAM 7 de fabrication russe. Selon nos informations, ces tirs n'ont frappé aucune "voilure tournante", mais ont déclenché des tirs de leurres. Nous saisissons cette occasion pour donner quelques éléments sur la manière dont les opérations se déroulent pour l'Alat (aviation légère de l'armée de terre), fortement mise à contribution ces temps-ci.

 

Nous avions précisé ici la nature des matériels embarqués sur le BPC Tonnerre à la fin du mois dernier. Nous pouvons aussi expliquer dans quelles conditions ces hélicoptères interviennent, toujours à partir du Tonnerre, pour des missions de deux heures, dont trente minutes de route vers la zone des opérations, une heure de patrouille et de combat sur place et une demi-heure pour le retour. Dans une salle de l'état-major du BPC, le PCMO (poste de commandement et de mise en oeuvre) de l'Alat est dirigé par un officier supérieur nommé par le chef de la division aéromobilité du commandement des forces terrestres (Lille), que dirige le général Éric Du Bouëtiez de Kerorguen.

 

Inventaire des moyens

 

Comme c'est le cas pour leurs collègues aviateurs, les pilotes de l'Alat reçoivent la désignation de leurs cibles depuis un centre de commandement de l'Otan et partent dans sa direction en meute. En Libye, comme ce serait le cas n'importe où ailleurs, les hélicoptères français du Gam (groupe aéromobile) agissent en "modules". Les moyens déployés sur le BPC permettent d'en composer deux identiques, avec pour chacun les matériels suivants :

 

- trois SA342 Gazelle Viviane-Hot, équipées de caméras thermiques Viviane et de missiles filoguidés HOT (haut subsonique optiquement téléguidé) de 4 000 mètres de portée ;

 

- une SA341 Gazelle avec canon de 20 mm ;

 

- une SA341 Gazelle avec missiles antiaériens Mistral ;

 

- un EC665 Tigre HAP (appui-protection) équipé de roquettes et d'un canon de 30 mm asservi au casque TopOwl (Thales) du pilote. C'est le regard qui tue : le tireur vise sa cible en la regardant simplement, ce qui oriente automatiquement le canon.

 

- un SA330 Puma IMEX (immediate extraction) pour récupérer des pilotes qui auraient été abattus.

 

Opérations de nuit

 

Si deux modules sont engagés simultanément, une Gazelle supplémentaire de commandement, non armée, peut, le cas échéant, emmener l'officier supérieur dirigeant l'opération.

 

Les opérations se conduisent exclusivement de nuit, pour profiter de la supériorité française en la matière. Tous les pilotes sont équipés de JVN (jumelles de vision nocturne).

 

On précise de bonne source qu'à ce stade les hélicoptères français ont conduit quatre missions contre la Libye, tirant un nombre indéterminé de missiles HOT contre des chars, des véhicules de transport de troupes et des centres de commandement. Les Britanniques de la 16th Air Assault Division embarqués sur le porte-hélicoptères HMS Ocean ont, pour leur part, conduit trois missions, chaque fois avec deux de leurs quatre hélicoptères d'attaque Apache déployés dans la zone.

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9 juin 2011 4 09 /06 /juin /2011 12:25
Les Bulgares achèteront bien les hélicoptères Panther… sans enthousiasme

Un hélicoptère Panther déployé à bord de la Marine française

(crédit : Ministère français de la Défense / Sirpa Marine)

 

9 juin 2011 par Nicolas Gros-Verheyde(BRUXELLES2)

 

Le ministère de la défense bulgare devrait, finalement, confirmer l’achat de 6 hélicoptères supplémentaires à Europcopter. Un peu à contre-coeur… Il avait passé un contrat de 18 dont 12 Cougars ont déjà été livrés à la Bulgarie et 6 hélicoptères Panther Marine restaient encore à livrer. Il souhaitait renoncer à la commande de trois de ces six hélicoptères restants ; pour cause d’économie budgétaire. Eurocopter a utilisé des arguments … solides, menaçant d’exiger le versement d’un important dédit. Le ministre de la Défense, Aniou Anguélov, s’est donc rangé à la raison, expliquant début juin, comme comme le raporte le quotidien national Sega, « qu’il est important de finaliser les négociations relatives à ce contrat, celles-ci étant toujours en cours ». Dernier point de la négociation entre les Bulgares et le constructeur franco-européen : la demande bulgare de renforcer la protection des Cougars, en installant un système de protection anti-munitions développé par l’Académie des sciences bulgares.

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9 juin 2011 4 09 /06 /juin /2011 06:25

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8 Jun 2011 By LAURENT THOMET DefenseNews

 

BRUSSELS - NATO's leadership pressed allies Wednesday to step up their contributions to the Libyan air war to finally dislodge Moammar Gadhafi and begin planning for the day after his downfall.

 

After three months of air strikes, defense ministers meeting in Brussels said time was working against Gadhafi and urged the defiant colonel to finally step down.

 

"All ministers agreed we will keep up the pressure for as long as it takes to bring this to an early conclusion," NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen told a news conference.

 

The ministers issued a joint statement pledging their determination to continue the mission "for as long as necessary."

 

They also said they were "committed to providing the necessary means and maximum operational flexibility within our mandate to sustain these efforts and welcome additional contributions to our common efforts."

 

With only half of 28 NATO allies taking part in the mission, Rasmussen and British Defence Secretary Liam Fox called on members to step up their participation.

 

"We want to see increased urgency in some quarters in terms of Libya," Fox said.

 

Only nine nations are conducting air strikes, with France and Britain carrying out the bulk of the attacks, including with helicopter gunships.

 

After NATO extended the mission by 90 days through September, Rasmussen said he had encouraged other allies "to broaden" their support of the mission to ensure the "sustainability" of the operation.

 

A senior U.S. official said this week he did not see any "danger" of the mission losing steam yet but that air crews were beginning to show signs of fatigue.

 

Spanish Defence Minister Carme Chacon, whose country is participating in the operation but not in air raids, said no other nations came forward with new contributions.

 

Sweden, a non-NATO nation taking part in the operation, decided to cut the number of fighter jets enforcing a no-fly zone from eight to five, although it lifted restrictions on what type of surveillance mission they can carry out.

 

Norway, among only eight NATO members conducting air strikes, has said that it would reduce its role if the mission goes past June.

 

As the ministers met, a wave of air strikes battered Tripoli again early June 8, piling pressure on Gadhafi, who in an audio broadcast said he was "near" the bombing but vowed never to surrender. The Libyan regime said 31 people were killed on Tuesday but NATO said it had no way to verify the claim.

 

"Time is working against Gadhafi, who has clearly lost all legitimacy and therefore needs to step down," the ministers said. "There is no future for a regime that has systematically threatened and attacked its own population."

 

NATO said it stood ready to play a role, if requested and necessary, once Gadhafi steps down but that such an effort should be initiated by the United Nations and the international contact group on Libya.

 

"The time has come to plan for the day after the conflict," Rasmussen said.

 

The alliance chief said he did not foresee "a leading role" for NATO and ruled out alliance ground forces in a post-Kadhafi Libya.

 

"We see the United Nations playing the lead role in the post-Kadhafi, post-conflict scenario," said Rasmussen, who has suggested that NATO could focus on helping reform Libya's defence and security institutions.

 

U.S. Adm. Samuel Locklear, a senior NATO commander, suggested last week that a small ground force might be necessary after Gadhafi leaves power. The troops, he added, could be provided by the U.N., the European Union or NATO.

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7 juin 2011 2 07 /06 /juin /2011 17:10

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TEL AVIV, Israel, June 6 (UPI)

Israel's High-Tech Industry Association has signed a memorandum of understanding with its Indian counterpart to boost cooperation in advanced technology, a move that will undoubtedly increase the Jewish state's burgeoning defense sales to India.

The Jerusalem Post reports that industry executives see the accord with the Confederation of Indian Industry, signed June 1, leading to a convergence of "Israel's innovative prowess with India's huge and talented pool of human resources."

Trade between Israel and India -- one Jewish, one Hindu, both locked in conflict with Islamist terror groups -- hit $47 billion in 2010, with India moving into second place among the Jewish state's export markets.

That didn't include defense sales on more than $1 billion annually. India is engaged in a top-to-bottom upgrade and expansion of its armed forces.

This includes massive spending on combat aircraft and building up naval forces to project Indian power across the Indian Ocean, a vital energy and trade route between the Middle East and Asia.

"Increased arms spending has created a natural market for Israeli military technology such as unmanned aerial vehicles and airborne early warning radar systems," the Post said.

In recent years, Israel has consolidated defense links with India into a strategic relationship.

On April 20, 2009, India launched its 650-pound RISAT-2 satellite, built by state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries and carrying the same multi-spectral aperture radar as the Tecstar-1 satellite developed for Israel's military.

The Indians, with Israeli help, fast-tracked vital surveillance systems in the wake of the attack by Islamic extremists on Mumbai, India's commercial hub, in November 2008 in which 166 people were killed, five of them Israelis.

In January 2009, India took delivery of the first of three Phalcon all-weather AWACS, also built by IAI, the flagship of Israel's defense industry, under a $1.1 billion deal. The radar system, produced by Israel's Elta Industries, is built around the Russian-built Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft. Delivery was advanced by two months following the carnage in Mumbai.

The Phalcons made India the first state in South Asia to have advanced multi-sensor AWACs capable of providing tactical surveillance or multiple airborne and surface targets and able to gather signals intelligence.

As part of the Phalcon deal, the Israelis disclosed they would establish five factories in India to produce artillery shells, a project reportedly worth $250 million.

Ties like this will likely deepen through the high-tech accord because of an Indian requirement that local components account for 30 percent of any contract.

Israeli firms generally focus on developing cutting-edge software and worldwide exports in 2010 totaled around $29 billion.

Given the fast-growing markets emerging in India and China, the high-tech accord is tailor-made for Israel's export-heavy economy. The two countries are already discussing an agreement to remove trade barriers.

The Israelis are focusing on the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, home of the fast-growing software center at Hyderabad.

It is close to signing an agreement with Matimop of Israel, a government agency that facilitates multinational research and development projects.

Andhra Pradesh is becoming a high-tech industries powerhouse, with software exports of $8 billion in 2010.

Missiles are a key Israel-India connection, and that requires intensive high-tech cooperation.

In 2008, India signed a $4.1 billion deal to purchase a shore-based and seaborne anti-missile air-defense system based on Israel's Barak long-range naval weapon built by IAI.

In August that year, New Delhi signed a $2.5 billion contract with IAI and Israel's Rafael armaments company to jointly develop an advanced version of the Spyder surface-to-air missile.

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6 juin 2011 1 06 /06 /juin /2011 18:05
Turkey nears deal for US heavy lift helicopters
A US Army CH- 47D Chinook helicopter

 

June 6, 2011 ÜMİT ENGİNSOY Hürriyet Daily News

 

ANKARA - Turkey has neared a deal with the United States to buy six Boeing-made CH-47 heavy lift military transport helicopters, worth over $300 million, a senior procurement official said at the weekend.

 

The Defense Security Cooperation Agency, or DSCA, the Pentagon's body coordinating weapons sales, notified Congress of a potential sale of a total of 14 CH-47F heavy lift helicopters in December 2009, and Congress' permission came later that month.

 

But because of financial constraints, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries, or SSM, Turkey's procurement agency, wanted to buy only six CH-47Fs, all for the Army, leaving a decision for the remaining eight platforms to the future. Contract negotiations among the SSM, the U.S. government and Boeing were launched last year.

 

"Now the contract talks almost have come to an end, and are expected to be concluded very soon. The total price is expected to be over $300 million," the procurement official told Hürriyet Daily News. "After the helicopters begin to arrive, we plan to make some modifications on them according to suit our specific needs."

 

The six CH-47F Chinooks will be the first heavy lift helicopters in the Turkish Army's inventory. Their deliveries are expected to begin in 2013.

 

Developed in the late 1960s, the Chinooks have been exported to many countries, including Australia, Britain, Canada, Egypt, Greece, Italy, Japan, Morocco, the Netherlands, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates.

 

The Chinooks have been successfully operated in combat conditions in several wars and armed conflicts.

 

Other helicopter programs

 

Heavy lift platforms are only one of the several major helicopter deals Turkey has concluded or was still seeking.

In 2008 and 2010, Turkey signed two contracts worth billions of dollars with the Italian AgustaWestland for joint manufacture of 60 T-129 attack helicopters for the Army, Turkish versions of the company's AW-129 chopper.

 

Earlier this year, Turkey chose the U.S. Sikorsky Aircraft for joint production of a first batch of 109 T-70 utility helicopters, Turkish versions of the firm's S-70i Black Hawk International.

 

Next year, Turkey is expected to choose a foreign partner for joint manufacture and marketing of hundreds of light utility helicopters, weighing between 4,500 kilograms and 5,500 kilograms.

 

Heavy lift military transport helicopters are much larger versions of utility helicopters. The Chinook is a twin-engine, twin-rotor helicopter. The counter-rotating rotors eliminate the need for an anti-torque vertical rotor, allowing all power to be used for lift and thrust.

 

The CH-47F is the upgraded version of the CH-47D, and is the latest model in this helicopter family. It can carry up to 60 troops and personnel.

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6 juin 2011 1 06 /06 /juin /2011 12:05
Le contrat des BPC Mistral russes sera signé dans une forme incomplète

 

6 juin 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le contrat franco-russe prévoyant la livraison de 4 BPC Mistral sera signé avant le 21 juin, mais dans une forme incomplète, indique une source industrielle russe.

 

Le document fera référence à des protocoles additionnels pour les points toujours en discution.

 

Le contrat prévoira la livraison à la Russie de 2 BPC Mistral, construits en France, et la construction en Russie en 2 autres porte-hélicoptères du même type.

 

Les bâtiments seront vendus avec le système de données tactiques Senit-9, que la France ne voulait au départ pour installer sur les Mistral exportés. Cependant, la version installée sur les BPC russes ne sera qu’une version de base, incomplète par rapport à la version installée sur les bâtiments français.

 

Les parties ne sont toujours pas tombées d’accord sur les paramètres du prix du contrat et sur l’étendue des transferts de technologies.

 

Le cout global de 4 BPC type Mistral est évalué à environ 2 milliards €.

 

Référence : RusNavy (Russie)

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6 juin 2011 1 06 /06 /juin /2011 06:00

http://www.trdefence.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/gaza-underground-tunnel-300x200.jpg

 

Jun 5 2011 DefenseNews TRDEFENCE

 

The Israeli Army has developed a new tool in its seemingly Sisyphean struggle against the hundreds of underground tunnels used for smuggling weapons from Sinai into Gaza, or as subterranean staging grounds for cross-border strikes into Israel.

 

A collaborative effort between the Army’s special technology division and EMI, a local explosive materials manufacturer, the system – known here as Emulsion – injects into the ground a blend of commercial-grade liquid explosives, each of which remains nonsensitive to mishandling or even improvised bomb attack until blended and deployed.

 

“It’s all automatic, carries minimal risk to troops and creates maximum, irreparable damage to the tunnels,” said Maj. Isam Abu Tarif, director of the special technology division of Israel’s Ground Forces Command.

 

Abu Tarif said the recently completed prototype is actually a second-generation system, following less efficient versions deployed in Gaza in the last seven or eight years. The newest Emulsion-2 prototype is self-navigating and programmed for precision deployment of explosive materials and optimum penetration of the destructive mixture.

 

“Earlier versions didn’t provide optimum destruction, allowing the enemy to dig around the destroyed section,” Abu Tarif said. “With this second-generation system, they’re better off digging a new tunnel.”

 

First reported in the latest editions of B’yabasha (On the Ground), the official Hebrew-language journal of Israel’s Ground Forces Command, the latest Emulsion prototype is mounted on eight-wheeled armored trucks. Future versions will be smaller, tailored for more challenging operational conditions and designed to be towed into high-threat areas by tank.

 

Deployment of the latest prototype has allowed the Army to amend its doctrine for more effective, force-protective anti-tunnel combat, Abu Tarif said.

 

“Under our old doctrine, our forces had to endanger themselves while transporting the explosive materials to the target,” he said. “Then they had to physically get into the tunnel to perform the mission. … And there were cases where soldiers died en route or inside the tunnels.

 

“But now, the two substances are housed separately and are impervious to accidental or enemy-initiated detonation,” he said. “Emulsion-2 is designed to withstand [a rocket-propelled grenade] attack. And once we neutralize the threat on approach, automation takes over with the injection of materials for optimum effect.”

 

Finally, Abu Tarif said the Emulsion-2 carries “a huge quantity” of two-component explosive material, allowing specialty units to destroy multiple tunnels in a single deployment to high-threat areas.

 

“Before, we were limited to the amount of explosives carried in an [armored personnel carrier], but now the carrying capacity is safe and unlimited … and the effect of the liquid explosive blend creates a chain reaction that extends well beyond the target penetration area,” he said.

Overwhelming Threat

 

Security sources here estimate a network of many hundreds of tunnels of varying levels of sophistication have been built between Gaza and Egypt. While most tunnels are built to sustain Egypt’s thriving smuggling industry for appliances, vehicles, livestock and other commercial goods into Gaza, an alarming number are used to deliver primarily Iranian-supplied missiles, anti-tank rockets, other weaponry and even military instructors into the strip via Sinai.

 

Another category of tunnels – some nearly a kilometer in length – are built for commando strikes and kidnapping attempts on Israel’s side of the Gaza border. Security sources here peg the number of so-called terror tunnels built to support subterranean combat operations against Israel in the dozens.

 

In Israel’s Cast Lead incursion into Gaza in late December 2008, the Air Force destroyed 40 smuggling tunnels in the first two days of the 22-day campaign. Since then, the Israeli military claims to have destroyed or heavily damaged 190 tunnels, 150 of them smuggling routes along the Gaza-Egyptian corridor.

 

Military sources here said another 40 tunnels destroyed in recent years were built to support infiltration operations similar to Hamas’ successful June 2006 attack on an Israeli tank. Two Israeli soldiers were killed in that strategically important strike, while one – Pvt. Gilad Shalit – remains in captivity. Shalit’s plight has traumatized the Israeli public and taunted a string of successive political and military leaders who have failed to secure his release.

 

“Combating terror tunnels is a top priority,” said Capt. Barak Raz, an Israeli military spokesman. “The orders are maximum readiness to defend our citizens and soldiers from kidnapping attempts and deny the enemy any opportunity for another strategic achievement.”

 

Avi Dichter, an Israeli lawmaker and former director of the Shin Bet security service, said Egypt’s decision to open its Rafah border crossing with Gaza will not erode the need for persistent and coordinated military and intelligence anti-tunnel operations.

 

The late May opening of Egypt’s border crossing with Gaza and its 1.5 million residents is a reversal of deposed President Hosni Mubarak’s policy of isolating and neutralizing the militant, Islamist Hamas authority in the Strip. And while Israel must remain watchful of those exiting and re-entering Gaza via Egypt, Dichter said more than 90 percent of illicit smuggling will continue to be conducted via underground tunnels.

 

“As much as we lament the passing of the Mubarak era, we have to admit that he could have done a hell of a lot more to blunt the arms smuggling industry,” Dichter told a seminar of Israeli military officers May 26.

 

“For that matter, when we had control of Philadelphi [the corridor linking Sinai to the southern part of Gaza], we, too, missed a lot of activity,” he said. “Bottom line, the tunnel threat is an eternal mission requiring very close cooperation between security forces and all branches of the Israel Defense Forces.”

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4 juin 2011 6 04 /06 /juin /2011 11:40
Libye: les hélicoptères franco-britanniques ont ouvert le feu

04.06.2011 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense

 

Pour paraphraser une formule otanienne déjà traditionnelle, la question de l'engagement des hélicoptères de combat franco-britannique ne commençait pas par "si?" mais bien par "quand?". Le "quand" a désormais sa réponse puisque l'Otan a utilisé pour la première fois, vers 3h dans la nuit de vendredi à samedi, des hélicoptères de combat pour mener des opérations militaires en Libye.

 

"Des véhicules militaires, des équipements militaires et des forces libyennes ont notamment été pris pour cibles", a précisé l'Otan sans indiquer où ces frappes s'étaient produites.

 

L'EMA français n'a pas voulu non plus préciser la localisation des sites frappés, pas plus que le nombre et le type d'engins utilisés. Le porte-parole de l'EMA a simplement précisé que "20 cibles avaient été neutralisées sur le site frappé, dont une quinzaine de véhicules" et que les appareils avaient été pris à partie par des tirs d'armes légères, sans qu'aucun ne soit touché.

 

Les Britanniques ont été plus prolixes. "Des hélicoptères d'attaque Apache ont effectué leur première sortie opérationnelle au-dessus de la Libye à partir du navire HMS Ocean", un porte-hélicoptères positionné au large de la côte nord-africaine, a indiqué le ministère dans un communiqué. Les Apache "étaient chargés d'attaques de précision contre une installation radar appartenant au régime (du colonel Kadhafi) et un poste de contrôle militaire, tous deux situés près de Brega", une ville côtière à l'est du pays.

 

Une fois, l'enthousiasme médiatique retombé, que va-t-il rester?

 

L'action héliportée est "complémentaire" et vient s'ajouter à celles des moyens aériens et navals. Il s'agit d'intensifier la pression sur les troupes loyalistes et de desserrer la pression sur les populations civiles. Mais un hélicoptère, même Apache ou Tigre, "ne fait pas le printemps". D'ici à la fin septembre, les puissances engagées contre le régime Kadhafi vont devoir prendre d'autres décisions bien plus cruciales que l'envoi des quelques dizaines d'hélicoptères: négocier ou intervenir au sol? Traiter avec celui que l'on veut renverser ou déployer des hommes (militaires ou employs de sociétés privées) pour des missions de formation, d'encadrement et de conseil?

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3 juin 2011 5 03 /06 /juin /2011 17:00
India to test 5,000-km intercontinental ballistic missile by year-end

 

3 Jun, 2011THE ECONOMIC TIMES

 

NEW DELHI: India will by year-end test its 5,000-km intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), often termed the China killer " for its ability to reach the northernmost areas of that country, the head of a premier defence research agency said on Friday when Defence Minister AK Antony asked for the expeditious development of the Agni-V missile system.

 

" DRDO ( Defence Research and Development Organisation )) has developed a spectrum of missiles with a different range and payload capability. Now, DRDO must demonstrate its capability to reach a range of 5,000 km at the earliest, Antony said at a function at the research agency.

 

DRDO chief VK Saraswat , who was present beside Antony, said Agni-V will be tested by the end of this year.

 

Antony also asked the agency to also develop a "credible" Ballistice Missile Defence (BMD) system to intercept enemy missiles that may target India, thereby taking the county into an elite club of nations such as the US.

 

"The interceptor missile development programme has taken India into an elite club of nations that possess the capability to demonstrate and deploy missile defence. DRDO should now work towards developing a credible ballistic missile defence for our country," Antony told the gathering of defence scientists.

 

India is in the process of developing its own BMD system and has carried out six tests in the last two years, of which four have been successful.

 

The BMD programme comprises a two-tiered system called Prithvi Air Defence ( PAD )) for high-altitude interception at 50-80 km and Advanced Air Defence ( AAD )) for low-altitude interception 15-30 km.

 

India has also inducted its latest 3,000-km Agni-III missile into the armed forces and has begun serialised production of the weapon system.

 

Agni-III, Saraswat pointed out, is an inducted missile. "So there is no confusion whether or when it will be inducted. Agni-III is an inducted missile. It has completed its complete development and is under production," he added.

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