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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 11:35
Indo-Israeli LRSAM Range Extended By A Third


25.09.2015 by Livefist

The Indo-Israeli LRSAM/Barak-8 began its first hot trials with the Israeli Navy in May this year. In what could be the single most significant development in the weapon system's long-drawn journey, the Indian Navy has confirmed to Livefist that the LRSAM will sport an operational range a third higher than initially agreed upon. In effect, the LRSAM's range now moves from 70-km to in excess of 90-km or higher. Range upgrade discussions took place in November last year following a land test in Israel.


IAI and India's DRDO missile cluster (led by the DRDL) that have jointly developed the missile system, designated the Barak 8 for Israel and yet to be officially named in India, have begun work on boosting weapon range.


With preliminary integration activity already on, Livefist can also confirm that the LRSAM is all set to undergo its first test firing from Indian Navy destroyer INS Kolkata in November-December this year in the Arabian Sea. The weapon system is intended for a host of frontline surface combatants, including all future fighting ships of the Indian Navy.


Top Navy tell Livefist that while the 2nd Kolkata-class destroyer Kochi set to enter service on September 30, like the first ship of its class, sports a BEL-built HUMSA NG bow mounted sonar, the contracted active towed array sonar will be integrated within the next 16-18 months.

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2 juillet 2015 4 02 /07 /juillet /2015 16:35
Arjun MK II - source Livefist

Arjun MK II - source Livefist


June 27, 2015 By Vivek Raghuvanshi – Defense News


NEW DELHI — The Indian Army's plan to develop and build a medium-weight main battle tank to replace more than 2,500 Russian T-72s has raised questions about the future of the homemade Arjun tank and likely would kill a decade-old proposal by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to build a tank, according to analysts and officials.


The Indian Army this month floated a global request for information to seek partners to design the new tank under a program called Future Ready Combat Vehicle (FRCV). As a medium-weight platform it would weigh 40-plus tons, compared with the Arjun, which weighs 60 tons.


"The proposed FRCV is in the medium category and is more likely to be around the T-90 platform than the Arjun Mark-II platform, which is getting close to the medium-heavy/heavy category," said Anil Chait, retired Indian Army lieutenant general. "Designing and developing the product around proposed qualitative requirements afresh would suggest that we may be looking toward the end of the Arjun saga," he said.


However, Rahul Bhonsle, a retired Army brigadier general and defense analyst, said the Arjun will progress from the current Mark-1 level to Mark-3.


"The lead time for the FRCV to be manufactured, if all goes well, is likely to be approximately 15 years or so. This provides adequate scope for the Arjun series to be progressed to at least Mark-3. Moreover, there is a need in the Indian Army for an Arjun class of tank."


While no Ministry of Defence official would comment on the fate of the decade-old Futuristic Main Battle Tank (FMBT) project to be developed by DRDO, an Army official said FRCV has "surely killed" the FMBT.


The FMBT, intended to be in the 50-plus ton category, was also meant to replace the T-72s.


"The FRCV seems to be a completely new project which possibly junks the FMBT, which was being worked upon by the DRDO or may be a lead to the developing agency to add on to the existing work that has already been done on the same," Bhonsle said.


"I surely see Americans, Russians, French, Germans, Koreans and British participating along with Indian companies in stand-alone or joint venture mode. We could see leading companies from there which are involved with tank design, participating in it," Chait said.


Unlike the earlier tank effort, the FRCV does not restrict production to the DRDO. Domestic defense companies in tie-ups with overseas defense companies can serve as the production agencies.


"As this is an open competition, private agencies could also be roped in to develop the tank. The best option would be for DRDO designing and developing the same with a foreign partner as it is best placed technically to do so. For an Indian private company in collaboration with a foreign partner it would be a Greenfield venture," where the foreign company would construct new facilities for the project, Bhonsle said.


The Army plans to begin induction of the basic FRCV by 2025-27, which would be the platform on which numerous variants would be developed to serve different functions. These variants will include a tracked light tank, a wheeled version, a bridge layer tank, a trawl tank and mine plows, armored recovery vehicle, self-propelled gun, anti-aircraft tank, artillery observation vehicle, engineer reconnaissance vehicle, and armored ambulance.


According to the request for information, FRCV will be executed in three stages: design, prototype developmental and production.


The request says the design agency and developing agency can be separate entities. The best design will be chosen and given to the nominated development agency for prototype production. The selected prototype will be given to the production agency or agencies for bulk production.


Shankar Roy Chowdhury, retired Army general and former service chief, said the paramount requirement for the tank is survivability.


"Russian designers sought to achieve this [survivability] by smaller size [three-man crew and lighter armor], lower profile and speed. The West preferred larger turrets, hence thicker armor, heavier tanks. The test for both designs has been the Arab-Israeli wars and the gulf war. The Russian designs did not do too well. Blame that on the crews if you like," Roy Chowdhury said.


The most important requirement, however, is that the future FRCV must be indigenously designed, Roy Chowdhury said.

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4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:35
Armor: Arjun Back From The Dead Again


June 3, 2015: Strategy Page


India continues to have problems with its tank fleet. The latest disaster is the low readiness of the 120 locally designed Arjun tanks the army was forced to buy in order to keep an Indian tank factory working. After several years of use over 70 percent of the Arjuns are inoperable because of technical problems, mostly relating to imported spare parts. Over half the Arjun components are foreign made and the procurement bureaucracy, the army and the Arjun factory cannot agree on specifications and quantities of these parts. In addition to that there are dozens of unresolved technical problems with Arjun. All this adds up to nearly a hundred separate problems that need to be resolved to increase the readiness rate. The government seems to agree that Arjun is a failure and while the factory only has to make four more, it also now has orders for 118 Arjun 2s.


The order for the 124 original Arjuns came about in 2010 when competitive tests between the Indian designed (by DRDO, the government defense research and development organization) Arjun and Russian T-90 tank resulted in an unexpected victory by the Arjun. The Indian Army had been compelled (by pro-Arjun politicians) to conduct a field test between the domestically designed (but troubled and largely rejected) Arjun tank, and the Russian T-90 (now considered the army's primary tank). Fourteen of each tank were used, and the results were classified. But journalists had no trouble getting unofficial reports that the Arjun managed to best the T-90 in tests of mobility, endurance and gunnery.


This was surprising because until then Arjun was considered an expensive and embarrassing failure. Development of the Arjun began in the 1980s and by 2006 the army had received only five of them, for testing and evaluation. The evaluation did not go well. Originally, the Arjun was to have replaced thousands of older Russian tanks, but after so many delays, the army only reluctantly accepted enough to equip one Armored Brigade. The new test reports resulted in renewed pressure on the army to buy more Arjuns.


One good thing came out of this competition and that was the agreement by the Arjun developers to address the many technical problems with Arjun. To spare government or military officials’ embarrassment this was described as an effort to develop the next generation battle tank. Called the FMBT (Future Main Battle Tank), this vehicle aimed to build on the “success” of the Arjun.


This pitted the Defense Ministry weapons development and procurement bureaucrats against the generals. The bureaucrats were under pressure to deliver because the competition was won by Arjun mainly because it was assumed that Arjun would have fixed all the problems it was having with its electronics and some other components. The main problems were with the fire control system, the engine, and that fact that its size and weight prevented it from being used with current tank transporters. Thus the FMBT was to be lighter (50 tons) and based on what worked in the Arjun and other modern tanks. The FMBT is expected to replace older Russian tanks. The result was called Arjun 2 and it fixed most of the Arjun problems, including the size and weight issues. Arjun 2 weighs 50 tons and 60 percent of the components are Indian made. All this is optimistic, given what happened with the original Arjun and Indian developed weapons in general. The Arjun was originally intended as a replacement for most of the older T-72s and that still might happen.


Meanwhile in 2009 an Indian factory delivered the first ten (of a thousand) T-90 tanks to the Indian Army. The Russian designed armored vehicles are being built in India under license. Many of the components are Indian made, and some of the electronics are imported from Western suppliers. The Indian-made T-90s cost about $3 million each. India has already bought 700 Russian made T-90 tanks, at a cost of $3.5 million each. The Arjun 2 is expected to cost over $5 million each. The high price is due to a lot of high tech. This includes an active defense system to defeat anti-tank missiles, a much more powerful engine, lots of electronics and a hermetically sealed crew department to provide protection against chemical weapons and radiation. All this stuff is tricky to develop, just the sort of thing DRDO excels at screwing up. This is mostly the fault of the DRDO bureaucrats, who are not very good at using all the technical and manufacturing talent India has.


Back in 2006 India adopted the Russian T-90 as its new main battle tank. By 2020, India will have 2,000 upgraded T-72s, over 1,500 T-90s, and few hundred other tanks (including over 240 Arjuns, depending on how the Arjun 2 works out in practice). This will be the most powerful armored force in Eurasia, unless China moves ahead with upgrades to its tank force. The border between China and India is high in the Himalayan Mountains, which is not good tank country. India's tank force is mainly for use against Pakistan.


The T-90 is a highly evolved T-72. Originally, the T-90 was a fallback design. The T-80 was supposed to be the successor to the T-72. But like the T-62 and T-64 before it, the T-80 didn't quite work out as planned. So the T-72, with a much improved turret and all manner of gadgets, was trotted out as the T-90. Weighting 47 tons, its 7 meters (23 feet) long, 3.4 meters (11 feet) wide and 2.3 meters (7.5 feet) high. Same package, better contents. And with well-trained crews, it can be deadly. The original Arjun was a larger vehicle (59 tons, 10.7 meters long and 3.9 meters wide).


Arjun 2 is similar in size to the T-90. Indian armor experts, both military and civilian, are hoping the Arjun 2 is more like the T-90 than the Arjun. But the most worrisome aspect of the Arjun 2 project is DRDO which also developed Arjun. It's feared that the DRDO wonks have not learned from the many errors made with the Arjun. The hope is that the Arjun 2 will not be another DRDO disaster.  

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22 mars 2015 7 22 /03 /mars /2015 08:35
Successful test for the Indian ASTRA BVR missile


Mar 20, 2015 defense-update.com


It was the fifth air launch of the Indian BVR missile. The first live launch was carried out on May 4, 2014. A previous test earlier this week has failed, as the missile failed to launch.


India’s Beyond Visual Range (BVR) air-to-air missile ASTRA completed a successful test flight on thursday. Developed by the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the unarmed missile was launched from a Sukhoi Su-30MKI against a Lakshya target over the Integrated Test Range in Balasore, off the coast of Odisha. Telemetry and Electro-optical tracking stations confirmed the successful engagement. Operational ASTRA missiles will carry a 15kg high-explosive fragmentation warhead.


It was the fifth air launch of the Indian BVR missile. The first live launch was carried out on May 4, 2014. A previous test earlier this week has failed, as the missile failed to launch. More tests are scheduled to follow, as part of the weapon’s validation and integration program, with SU-30MKI and LCA, activities currently undertaken by Hindustan Aircraft Ltd. The recent test confirmed the missile’s high turn rate (30g). Astra is designed to intercept targets beyond visual range, head on at a range of 80km, or 20 km-range in tail-chase mode.


Prior to the live launch, rigorous Captive Flight Tests (CFTs) were carried out by IAF with the support from HAL during the 2012-2014 period. The CFT trials were carried out in three phases to assess the aero-structural and mechanical integrity for carriage, validation of Weapon Control System and its electrical and avionic interfaces with missile and performance of missile system in transmission and reception mode of missile seeker respectively.

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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 08:35
India to Overhaul DRDO, State-Owned Defense Firms


Mar 18, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Indian Ministry of Defence; issued March 17, 2015)


Overhauling of the DRDO and DPSUs


The functioning of Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) was reviewed by a Committee headed by Prof. P. Rama Rao. DRDO has accepted several recommendations which inter-alia include:


-- creation of Seven Technology Domain based Clusters headed by Director’s General;

-- Restructuring of DRDO HQrs;

-- Creation of Directorate of Quality, Reliability and Safety (QR&S);

-- increase in budget for Extramural Research;

-- creation of empowered Defence Technology Commission (DTC);

-- creation of a Commercial Arm of DRDO;

-- creation of 5 Senior Administrative Grade (SAG) posts along with 162 other posts for full scale implementation of Integrated Financial Advisor (IFA) Scheme etc.


Recently, a review of all DRDO Projects along with the three Services, OFB and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) has been carried out so as to realign the focus towards the “Make in India” Programme.


Also, more than 1,000 small, medium and large Indian industries have been involved in the development and productionisation of products for the delivery to the Services.


With the objective of achieving self-reliance in defence production, the DPSUs have been continuously modernizing and upgrading their capabilities and widening their product range. Some of the DPSUs have also collaborated with DRDO and other R&D institutions in this regard. There is also increasing emphasis on partnerships of DPSUs with the private sector for sourcing various components so that DPSUs can play the role of system integrators and become more competitive.


This information was given by Defence Minister Shri Manohar Parrikar in a written reply to Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar in Rajya Sabha today.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:35
Milestone Launch: Agni V Missile Tested From Canister


January 31, 2015 by Livefist


India's Agni V ballistic missile -- its longest range nuclear delivery system -- was tested today from a canister launcher in a cold launch configuration at the Wheeler Island test range off the country's east coast. Awaiting details, but these images released officially pretty much suggest that it went well. I'll update this post with technical specifics later in the day, but suffice it to say at this point that the leap such a capability provides to the nuclear command, military planners and missile unit personnel in terms of transportability, logistical flexibility and preparatory stealth is milestone stuff.


The test is being seen as a grateful sayonara to Dr Avinash Chander, chief of the DRDO, and widely regarded as the engine of the Agni programme during a critical phase, and during his own leadership of the Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL). Today is Dr Chander's last day in office (I had interviewed him when he took over in 2013), following the curtailment of his extended tenure by the government.


OFFICIAL STATEMENT: India’s ICBM Agni 5 was successfully test fired from a canister today 31 Jan 2015 at 0809 hrs. It was a historic moment when for the first time in India, an ICBM about 17m long and weighing  over 50 ton majestically rose from the confines of its canister. At the predetermined moment, having risen to about 20 meters height, it’s first stage motor ignited lifting Agni 5 into the sky. The flight continued on its predetermined path during which the second, all composite light weight motor, followed by the third, innovatively designed conical all composite rocket motor propelled the missile into space taking it to a height of more than 600 km. The missile, after reaching peak of its trajectory turned towards earth to  continue its journey towards the intended target with a speed now increasing due to the attraction of earth’s gravitational pull and its path precisely directed by the advanced on-board computer and inertial navigation system. As the missile entered earth’s atmosphere, the atmospheric air rubbing the skin of the missile during the re-entry phase raised the temperature to beyond 4000 degree Celsius. However, the indigenously designed and developed carbon-carbon composite heat shield continued to burn sacrificially protecting in the process the payload, maintaining the inside temperature below 50 degree Celsius. Finally, commanded by the on-board computer with a support of highly accurate ring laser gyro based inertial navigation system, the most modern micro inertial navigation system (MINS), fully digital control system and advanced compact avionics, the missile hit the designated target point accurately, meeting all mission objectives.


Ajit Doval, National Security Advisor congratulated Dr Avinash Chander and the Mission team for the successful launch, over a tele-conversation. Congratulating team Agni, Air Chief Marshal Anup Raha, PVSM, AVSM, VM, Chairman Chiefs of staff committee and Chief of Air Staff, who had witnessed the entire launch operations from the  control room called it a great achievement. Lt Gen Amit Sharma AVSM, VSM, Cdr in Chief  Strategic Forces Command, also present on the occasion,  called it a fantastic achievement.


Addressing the gathering and project team, a happy and satisfied Dr Avinash Chander, Secretary DDR&D, SA to RM and DG DRDO said, “This is a momentous occasion. It is India’s first ever ICBM launch from a canister and is a  giant leap in country’s  deterrence capability”.  He termed it a copy book launch with entire command network functioning in loop. Dr Avinash Chander congratulated the entire DRDO community for the tremendous efforts put in by them in making the country self reliant in the area of long range missile systems. He thanked them for demonstrating such a great success on the last day of his work in DRDO. Dr Avinash said, “I cherished every moment of my service in DRDO and I thank you all for the relentless support given to me all through. I am leaving with a great satisfaction of equipping the country with such advanced missiles. I wish the entire DRDO community a great future”.


Earlier, announcing the success of the mission, Dr VG Sekaran, Mission Director, Prog. Dir. Agni and DG Missiles and Strategic Systems said “All mission objectives have been achieved, down range ships have confirmed final splashdown, the mission is a great success and it is a momentous occasion”. A jubilant Dr Rajesh Kr Gupta, Project Director Agni5, described the success as “historic achievement; a dream fulfilled”.


The Ships located in midrange and at the target point tracked the Vehicle and witnessed the final event.  All the radars and electro-optical systems along the path monitored all the parameters of the Missile and displayed in real time. The earlier two flights of Agni 5, fully successful were in open configuration and had already proved the missile. Today’s launch from a canister integrated with a mobile sophisticated launcher, was in its deliverable configuration that enables launch of the missile with a very short preparation time as compared to an open launch. It also has advantages of higher reliability, longer shelf life, less maintenance and enhanced mobility.


Dr G Satish Reddy, DS & Director, RCI, Dr Manas K Mandal, DS & DG LS, Dr GS Malik, CCR&D HR, Dr Tessy Thomas, Director ASL, Dr PS Subramaniam DS & PGDCA and Dir ADA, Dr Manmohan Singh Dir VRDE, Shri Manjit Singh, Director TBRL and Dr SK Patel, Director Quality Reliability and Safety were among other senior DRDO scientists present on the occasion.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:35
LCA Tejas Notches Up Crucial Cold Start Test Point


January 28, 2015 by Livefist


Some good news in from the Tejas Programme currently fighting to finish high-altitude cold weather test points in Leh, Ladakh. Here's the full DRDO statement just in: [With] three consecutive start-ups of its engine after overnight soak in extreme cold (around -15ºC) conditions of Ladakh, that too without any external assistance, Tejas, the Indian Light Combat Aircraft has achieved yet another and a rare distinction. Starting the fighter aircraft under such extreme condition without any external assistance or heating is a technology challenge. The requirements become further stringent when the starting is to be done three times consecutively with a partially charged battery. Team LCA led by AERD&C of HAL, and members from ADA, NFTC, IAF, CEMILAC and DGAQA have succeeded in achieving this. “The team LCA has achieved a technological breakthrough”, stated Dr. PS Subramanyam PGD (CA) & Director, ADA.


LCA Tejas Notches Up Crucial Cold Start Test Point

The engine starter is developed indigenously by HAL Aero Engine Research and Design Centre (AERDC), Bangalore. Prior to aircraft tests, the Jet Fuel Starter (JFS) was extensively tested on test rig to meet starting conditions across the operating altitudes including Leh (10,700 ft.) and Khardungla  (18300 ft.). The control software of JFS was fine tuned to work at all operating altitudes with no adjustments from cockpit. GE-F404-IN20 engine start up control schedule was also varied with several control patches to establish reliable [start].

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
Arjun Tank May Miss Date Again


January 19, 2015 idrw.org


The domestically produced Arjun Tank beat the Russian T-90 tanks hollow in the field trials, but it may again miss the date for its delivery to the Indian Army in 2015, because of the new conditions slapped by the Indian Army procurers every time the state-run DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) came forward to declare ready its production.


On the recommendations of the Army, the Defence Ministry has kept demanding newer and newer additions in the Arjun Tank Mark-2 that its total weight has gone up and now DRDO is being posed the challenge to reduce its weight. The new challenges are thrown at DRDO every time trial of its tanks were completed against the order placed with it in 2010 for producing 124 such tanks.


When the trial was over, a new demand was made that the Army needs night vision device on the gunner side of tanks. The Chennai-based Heavy Vehicles Factory of DRDO complied with the demand, the Army sought a similar device also on the commander side. That too was complied with when a fresh demand came to install 120mm gun for anti-tank guided missiles. The gun was fitted when the demand came that it should be rather a laser gun.


Since the laser guns are not produced indigenously, DRDO bought them from Israel and installed them. The Army, however, rejected these guns for too much smoke it produces and sought more changes. An insider says as many as 72 technical changes have been incorporated by DRDO since I got the original order in 2010. The Defence Ministry insists that all these changes were felt necessary to have a most modern tank with the Army, but those in DRDO now smell a deliberate attempt to browbeat the public sector company to give up and let the government import the tanks from abroad.


Nobody in the Defence Ministry is ready to listen that so many changes have made the tanks costlier and heavier and hence the designs will have to be reworked to reduce price and weight and hence DRDO cannot make the delivery on time as announced by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar without understanding the politics that goes on in the ministry.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
The DRDO Puts Out A Glowing 'Year Gone By'

03.01.2015 source Livefist

Here's all the good stuff DRDO did in 2014 packed into one glowing self-assessment. Some interesting data and nuggets if you've got the patience to sift through it. For instance, this is the first public official document to state the range class of the Nirbhay cruise missile. Text in full:

With increasing numbers of military systems indigenously designed and developed for the Indian armed forces being produced by Indian industries, the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) continued on a path of building self-reliance. About 55% of the requirements for our defence forces are being met indigenously, largely with the technologies developed by DRDO, contributing greatly to nation’s economy. The production value of DRDO developed systems inducted or cleared for acquisition (excluding strategic systems) crossed Rs 1,70,000 crore.


The year 2014 witnessed yet another series of accomplishments with enormous potential to further enhance the level of self-reliance in defence technologies.




The 4000 km range road mobile nuclear capable ballistic missile AGNI-4, was successfully flight tested twice. The flight on 20th January, last among the development flights paved the way for flight on December 2 by the armed forces. Agni 4 is equipped with state of the art Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture. The missile is equipped with latest features to correct and guide it for in-flight disturbances. Its highly advanced Inertial Navigation System ensures high accuracy. It’s re-entry heat shield, capable of withstanding high temperatures that may reach as high as 4000 degree centigrade and above during reentry of missile in earth’s atmosphere, makes sure that the inside temperature remain less than 50 degree centigrade.


With Agni 1, 2, 3 and Prithvi already in India’s arsenal, Agni 4 further extends the reach and enhances effective deterrence capability. Besides, practice cum training launches of strategic missiles already inducted, such as Agni-1, Agni-2, P-II and Dhanush were carried out by armed forces.


Nirbhay, the 1000-km class long range sub-sonic cruise missile was successfully flight tested on the 17th October 2014. The flight lasted for over one hour and met all the mission objectives with missile following the predefined trajectory with very high accuracy throughout its path.


Maiden flight of PDV exo-atmospheric interceptor on 27th April 2014 was a significant milestone in the direction of developing a two layered Ballistic Missile Defence system. In addition to the interceptor itself, the two stage target for mimicking a "hostile Ballistic Missile approaching from more than 2000 km away" too was specially developed for the mission.


Productionisation and induction of Akash, the medium range air defence system with multi-target, multi directional capability was another remarkable achievement. Several squadrons of Akash (AF) have been inducted, with specified number of missiles from each production lot undergoing comprehensive flight tests in various operational modes before acceptance of the lot. Akash (army) has been accepted and is undergoing induction process. LRSAM, the long range surface to air missile was successfully tested against a flying target in Israel on 10 Nov 2014.


Successful trials of Helina, a “lock- on before Launch (Fire & Forget)” third generation Antitank Guided missile that can attack in both direct and top attack mode was integrated with advanced light helicopter (ALH). The missile with capability to defeat futuristic armors underwent successful field trials on 27th Jun 2014.


ASTRA-BVR (Beyond Visual Range) air-to-air missiles was successfully tested from a Su-30MKI by the Indian Air Force, demonstrating interception of an electronically simulated target at long range. The series of tests conducted have demonstrated the aerodynamic characteristics of the missiles and its repeatability, robustness and endurance capability as a weapon system.


A 1000-kg class guided glide bomb was designed developed and successfully tested. The bomb, after getting released by the aircraft and guided by onboard navigation system is capable of gliding accurately to its target even 100 km away.


Over thirty missions such as launches of strategic and tactical guided missiles kept the Integrated Test Range, the only one in the country, heavily engaged with activities throughout the year.


A four km long Rail Track Rocket Sled (RTRS) Penta Rail Supersonic Track, a national test facility was established and made operational bringing India among a handful of countries in the world now possessing this unique test facility. The RTRS will facilitate testing and evaluation of a wide range of critical systems such as payload for manned missions of ISRO, the navigation system for missiles and aircrafts, proximity fuses for advanced warheads, fuses for armament systems parachutes for payload delivery, arrester systems for aircraft such as LCA.


Even as the total number of flights of all the LCAs put together crossed 2800 mark, The Light Combat Aircraft -LCA program witnessed yet another milestone on November 8 when Tejas trainer PV6, the two-seater version of Tejas LCA for Air Force, in its first flight took to the skies and became the 16th Tejas variant to have flown as part of the program. Having absorbed all the major design modifications undertaken during the flights of earlier aircrafts PV6 is the final prototype leading to series production of trainer and has the capability to deliver all ‘air-to-air’ and ‘air-to-ground’ weapons deliverable by the single seat counterpart.


In another landmark event, LCA (Navy) Prototype 1 (NP1), the first indigenously designed and developed 4th plus generation combat aircraft designed to operate from the decks of air-craft carriers, took-off majestically from ski-jump facility of Shore Based Test Facility at INS Hansa in Goa on 20th December. The special flight control law mode of LCA-Navy allows hands-free take-off from the ramp and automatically puts the aircraft in an ascending trajectory. It is designed with stronger landing gears to absorb forces exerted by the ski jump ramp during take-off, to be airborne within 200 m as against 1000m required for normal runways. The Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) created to replicate the aircraft carrier with a Ski Jump for take-off and arresting gear cable for arrested landing, became operational for R&D as well as pilot training.


Two AEW&C aircraft having fitted with the indigenous radars and other equipment such as data links, mission system controller, data handling and display system; have been flying. A wheeled version of Nishant UAV named Panchi has been realized and had it’s maiden flight on Dec 24 after series of high speed taxi trials.


An expendable 450 Kgf thrust class Gas Turbine engine ‘Manik’ was developed for 1000 km class subsonic cruise missile [Nirbhay] and is undergoing endurance tests.


An advanced Parachute System meeting stringent requirements of Human Space Program (HSP-II) was designed developed and successfully evaluated by DRDO. The system developed for India’s manned space missions was successfully proven with the recovery of Moon Mission Crew Capsule flown into space by the GSLV Mk-III on 18th December. The parachute deployment system functioned perfectly and achieved the required descent rate.


A Heavy Drop System (P-16) for dropping form IL76 heavy lift aircraft was developed and is undergoing user assisted trials. The system consisting of a platform system suitably designed for harnessing & mounting of variety of payloads of 16 Ton class and a highly advanced parachute system to drop loads. The load typically consists of military stores such as vehicles (including BMP class), supplies and ammunition.


The first indigenously designed and developed Inflatable Radom to serve as a shelter to provide controlled environment for effective and continuous 24x7 functioning of sensitive systems such as RADARs for civil and military applications was installed. The inflatable structure consists of hemispherical envelope of coated fabrics with airlock tunnel, centrifugal air blowers, packaged air conditioners, electrical control system and emergency generator.


Phase-IV of user trials of Arjun Main Battle Tank Mk-II, that included Trench crossing and step climbing capabilities, were successfully completed. Development of Arjun Catapult 130mm Self-Propelled Artillery Gun, a blend of 130 mm SP Art Gun with Arjun chassis has been completed as per GSQR. DRDO's internal trial validation has been completed and the Arjun Catapult is ready for Users trials. User demo trials of Pinaka Mk-II rockets with enhanced range were successfully conducted.


Successful User Assisted Technical Trials (UATT) of CBRN Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) and Multi-Purpose Decontamination System (MPDS) were carried out. User and DGQA trials of BMCS (Bi-modular charge system) using both Soltam and Bofors guns were completed. The trials included validation of manufacturing process. Dynamic trials of 120 mm Penetration-cum-Blast (PCB) ammunition for MBT Arjun Mk II were conducted successfully.


A man-portable modular military bridging system suitable for rapid deployment in mountainous regions and capable of bridging gaps up to 35 m successfully completed user assisted technical trials. The modules weighing less than 18 kg each allow the bridge to be constructed from near-bank without any access to far-bank. A 35m bridge can be launched in about one hour.


Three major radar systems namely Aslesha, 3D Tactical Control Radar (TCR) and Troop Level Radar (TLR) / Troop Control Center (TCC) successfully completed the evaluation of the First Of Production Model (FOPM) and are under production.


NABHRATHNA, a Flying Test Bed (FTB) based on a Dornier aircraft acquired from HAL was realized. The FTB serves as a test bed platform for evaluation of airborne Radars. FTB sorties with Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) & Maritime Patrol Airborne Radar (MPAR) have been taken up successfully.


A series of secure communication systems based on Software Defined Radio, ranging from hand held sets to aircraft and ship based systems have been developed. The compact systems are capable of operating on multiple frequency bands, avoiding need for multiple systems. Dhruva-3, the latest in series of indigenous High Performance Computing Systems designed for solving mission critical Defence R & D applications and one of the fastest computing facilities in the country became operational.


Microwave Power Module (MPM), a compact transmitter employing a micro travelling-wave tube (micro-TWT) and a compact high efficiency electronic power conditioner was designed, developed and led to production with indigenous travelling-wave tube. The MPM has been incorporated in the indigenous Flight Level Radar (FLR) and Troop Level Radar (TLR).


ALTAS was realized with establishment of Towed array SONAR technology with 100% indigenous capabilities with two production centers. The system is designed to detect and identify submarines and underwater weapons. First technical trial on ALTAS has been conducted with satisfactory results.

ABHAY and HUMSA-UG compact sonars, ideal for fitment on smaller platforms for surveillance purposes, having advantages of reduced installation and maintenance load on the technical personnel were installed on two platforms and are undergoing technical trials. The hull mounted sonar HUMSA-NG has been installed onboard INS Kolkata and INS Komorta. Varunastra, the heavy weight torpedo and Maareech, the decoy system for defence against torpedo attacks successfully completed 10 and 12 sets of user evaluation trials respectively.


Development of indigenous materials is vital for successful development of military systems and some remarkable ones are mentioned: Enhanced protection level of Kanchan armour for MBT Arjun Mk-II was achieved without any weight penalty. Armour for Wheeled Armoured Platform, was successfully developed.


A challenging task of developing seven types of critical turbine parts, namely high pressure turbine blades, vanes, convergent-divergent starter nozzles, inner and outer shroud rings, integrally cast low pressure turbine rotor blisks and low pressure nozzle guide vane stator blings was completed for the development of the small turbofan engine.


The life sciences labs of DRDO continued with vigor, DRDO’s efforts to develop soldier support systems and processes to help the soldiers perform effectively in diverse and harsh conditions of terrain and climate encountered in the country.


Submarine Escape Set 120 M to assist safe escape from underwater vessels from depths upto 120 meters is undergoing trials. Mark I version of Submarine Escape Set is already in production.


‘Telemedicine System’ has been accepted for induction in Indian Navy. The system capable of exchange of vital medical information and advice in a secure manner through multiple channels (including satcom) will be installed in various IN ships as well as remote naval units.


A light weight Helicopter Oxygen System MkII has been developed and is undergoing user trials. Integrated Life Support System (ILSS) as LRU (line replaceable units) for ‘Tejas’ light combat aircraft has undergone certification processes. Integration and successful testing under all simulated flight profiles up to height ceiling of LCA was completed in high altitude test chamber. ILSS consists of systems such as Onboard Oxygen Generating System, Back up Oxygen System, Emergency Oxygen System, Oxygen Sensor, Electronic Control Unit, Breathing Gas Management Solenoid Valve and Quick Disconnect Coupling.


HAPO Bag MK-II, a lifesaving equipment for management of ‘High Altitude Pulmonary Odema’ was accepted by user for induction; MkI is already in production. Oxygen enrichment shelters for extreme altitude were designed developed, installed and handed over to the armed forces for prevention and management of Acute Mountain Sickness.


Computerized Pilot Selection System (CPSS) has undergone series production leading to installation at various Air Force Service selection Boards. Other Rank Trade Allocation System (ORTAS) Battery has been handed over to the users. Computerized Cognitive Battery item bank for the selection of officers has been handed over to Coast Guard Selection Board.


‘DEFENDER’, a DEPA impregnated mosquito net was accepted by users and is under production. As a part of the Jammu & Kashmir flood relief operations, DFRL Mysore supplied around 5 Tonnes of food materials.


The year 2015 awaits many more successes on the path of enhancing self-reliance in military systems.

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21 novembre 2014 5 21 /11 /novembre /2014 07:35
India to Develop a Competitor to the Trophy


12/11/2014 Ami Rojkes Dombe – Israel Defense


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of the Indian Army is looking to develop an active protection system for armored vehicles. If and when such a system will be materialized, it will compete against the Israeli "Trophy" by Rafael


An Expression of Interest (EOI) published by the Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE) of the Indian Army, which operates under the DRDO, the Indian R&D agency (Indian equivalent of MAFAT), invites interested parties to participate in developing an active protection system for armored vehicles against a broad spectrum of threats, including anti-tank missiles. So it seems that this system would compete against Rafael's "Trophy" system.

According to the tender proposal, the system should have "Multispectral Sensor based threat detection", including radar and laser sensors to cover a wide variety of threat velocities ranging from 70 - 240 m/sec. The system should have engagement range from 50 to 150 m, and quick reaction time to effect neutralization before 50 m.

Under the terms of the tender, the company chosen to develop the system will be required to develop the active defense system together with the DRDO, and it must be willing to manufacture the system in India. As the announcement states, there is nothing preventing foreign companies from participating in the tender. Are we likely to see Israeli companies participating? Proposals should be sent until January 29th, 2015. For tender details click here.


Vijainder K Thakur contributed to the article.

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16 novembre 2014 7 16 /11 /novembre /2014 08:35
DRDO to Encourage New Defence Start-ups

DRDO director-general and scientific adviser to the defence minister Avinash Chander (right), former director-general VK Saraswat and RCI director G Satheesh Reddy arriving at the Defence & Aero Supply India-2014 expo at Hotel Novotel, near the international airport, at Shamshabad on Friday. | A SURESH KUMAR


15th November 2014 By Express News Service


HYDERABAD: Recognising Hyderabad as a potential hub for growth and development of aerospace industry, experts called for creating a conducive environment with better infrastructure, and skill development among youth to enhance the industry in the state, during a session titled ‘Changes, implications and opportunity’ on the concluding day of the Defence & Aerosupply India 2014 here on Friday.


‘’Hyderabad continues to be a hub for aerospace activity and there is a vast industrial potential in the city,” said Avinash Chander, scientific advisor to defence minister and director general of  Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO).


Pointing out the Union government’s initiatives such as ‘Make in India’ campaign to enhance the sector across the country, Chander said, “We need to have an R&D base in the industry and must invest more in R&D. We are also encouraging new start-ups and anyone who comes with an innovative idea will be encouraged and supported by the government.”


Chander also urged private players in the industry to be more pro-active instead of waiting for an order to develop the industry. “There is a need for the industry to look beyond order and they can develop new equipment which are on par with world class standards. The industry has to take these initiatives rather than waiting for an order,” he advised.


Calling for creating more government-owned infrastructure in the private industry, Chander said that major DRDO labs are being set up in various parts in and around the city, such as Nagarjuna Sagar, Shamirpet and Dundigal. “We are also looking at new models to fund new projects. We are considering a model which will cover 80 per cent funding,” he added. Special chief secretary to the government and commissioner for industrial promotion & mines, government of Telangana, K Pradeep Chandra laid out the state government’s initiatives to enable the aerospace sector during the hour-long discussion.


‘’We are trying to create a business-friendly environment and are willing to partner with anybody, from private sector to educational institutions to develop any sector, including aerospace,” Pradeep Chandra stated.


Pointing out that the Telangana government had done an extensive land survey, he said, “Around 2.5 to 3 lakh acres of land has been identified for the aerospace industry. We have also purchased bulk water so that water supply will be available to each of the industries. In addition, to this `1000 crore for industrial infrastructure development has been allotted in the budget.”


SGK Kishore, chief executive officer, GMR Hyderabad International Airport had earlier pointed out that the Telangana government  must focus on south of Hyderabad for enabling the aerospace sector as it consists of Hyderabad airport, Aerospace Park in Adibatla, proposed ITIR, RCI and other establishments. However, Pradeep Chandra shared a different view. “We are looking to develop at least one cluster in north or north-west of Hyderabad,” Chandra added.


The three-day conference, organised by Kenes Exhibition - an Israel-based company, in association with government of Telangana, witnessed around 200 participants. There were several expert technical sessions and panel discussions during the event. IT minister KT Rama Rao was conspicuous by his absence.


Job Opportunities in Aerospace Industry


Laying emphasis on the importance of education to employment, UB Desai, director, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, felt there was a need to create awareness about potential jobs in the aerospace industry among the youth.


Revealing interesting data, he showed that according to International Labour Organisation, 75 million young people are unemployed. Across nine countries only 43 per cent employers agreed that they could not find skilled entry level workers. Researches have estimated that by 2020, there will be a shortfall of 85 million high and middle skilled workers. Desai also revealed that 39 per cent of employers feel shortage of skill is the reason for lack of entry level vacancies.


“Youth do not feel that there are job opportunities in aerospace industry. There is a need for an awareness campaign in all colleges to educate the youth about the opportunities and potential of this industry,” said Desai. He also pointed out that only 10 per cent of Indians receive skill training compared to 96 per cent in South Korea and 80 per cent in Japan. India also has the least productive workforce at just 10 per cent, with China marginally better at 17 per cent.


Desai urged Telangana government to establish skill development centres in every industry.

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15 novembre 2014 6 15 /11 /novembre /2014 13:35
Inde: tir réussi d'un missile balistique Prithvi-II


NEW DELHI, 14 novembre - RIA Novosti


Les forces armées indiennes ont tiré vendredi avec succès un missile balistique Prithvi-II capable de porter une charge nucléaire, rapporte l'agence PTI.


Le missile a été tiré depuis le polygone de Chandipur situé dans l'Etat de l'Orissa (ouest). "Le tir a réussi à 100%. Toutes les cibles ont été atteintes", a déclaré M.V.K.V Prasad, directeur du polygone.


Selon  l'Organisation militaire pour la recherche et le développement (DRDO),  de tels essais ont pour objectif de "démontrer clairement l'état de préparation opérationnelle de l'Inde" et sa capacité à "réagir à toute éventualité".


Mis au point depuis le début des années 1980, les Prithvi sont des missiles balistiques à courte portée capables de transporter une ogive nucléaire, dont la version sol-sol équipe l'armée de terre indienne depuis 2003. Le Prithvi-II est capable de transporter une charge allant de 500 à 1.000 kg.

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11 novembre 2014 2 11 /11 /novembre /2014 17:35
photo IAI (source Livefist)

photo IAI (source Livefist)


NEW DELHI, 10 novembre - RIA Novosti


L'Inde et Israël ont testé un missile sol-air guidé à longue portée, LRSAM, sur le territoire israélien, a annoncé lundi le gouvernement indien.


"Tous les systèmes, y compris le radar, le système de lancement et le missile, ont fonctionné comme prévu et le missile a détruit sa cible", a indiqué le gouvernement dans un communiqué.


Les représentants de l'entreprise de construction aéronautique Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) et de l'agence indienne Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) ont assisté à l'essai du missile qui doit équiper les forces armées des deux pays.

source Livefist

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14 août 2014 4 14 /08 /août /2014 07:35
Indian Air Force conducts Akash missile’s user trial

An Air Force version of Akash nuclear-capable missile being launched. Photo DRDO


13 August 2014 airforce-technology.com


The Indian Air Force (IAF) has fired Akash nuclear capable supersonic missile from the launch complex III of Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Odhisa, India.


ITR director MVKV Prasad was quoted by Press Trust of India as saying that the exercise was carried out as part of a user trial by IAF, and was 'fully successful.'


However, The New Indian Express reported that domestically developed missile failed to destroy target contradicting the Defence Research and Development Organisation's claims that all mission parameters were met.


Akash was supposed to intercept the Italian Mirage aircraft during the test, which was aimed at validating the flight consistency and effectiveness of the missile.


An unnamed ITR source told the news agency that the missile failed to intercept the target due to the delay in take-off.


The source said: "There was a slight disturbance in simulation following a few seconds delay in take off for which the missile failed to hit the target."


The missile also failed to take-off as planned on several occasions in the past as the launcher failed to receive required command in time to fire the missile, according to the news agency.


Developed by DRDO and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) as part of the integrated guided missile development programme (IGMDP), Akash missile is an all-weather surface-to-air missile system capable of engaging aerial threats up to a distance of 25km.


Equipped with a launcher, control centre, multi-function fire control radar and supporting ground equipment, the 5.78m-long missile can destroy manoeuvring targets such as unmanned aerial vehicles, fighter aircraft, cruise missiles, and other ballistic missiles launched from helicopters.


Capable of reaching speeds of 2.5 Mach, the missile has already entered into IAF's operational service, and is awaiting induction into the Indian Army.

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5 mai 2014 1 05 /05 /mai /2014 12:35
India's ASTRA BVRAAM Testfired From IAF Flanker



May 04, 2014 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


DRDO STATEMENT: India's first indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air-to-Air missile "ASTRA was successfully test fired by the Indian Air Force on May 04, 2014 from a Naval range in the western sector meeting all the mission objectives. The air-launch was captured by side and forward looking high speed cameras and the separation was exactly as per the simulation. ASTRA is India's first BVR Air-to-Air Missile indigenously designed and developed by DRDO, possessing  high Single Shot Kill Probability (SSKP) making it highly reliable. Astra is an all aspect, all weather missile with active Radar terminal guidance, excellent ECCM features, smokeless propulsion and process improved effectiveness in multi-target scenario making it a highly advanced, state-of the-art missile.


The Scientific Advisor to Raksha Mantri, Secretary Deptt of Defence R&D and DG, DRDO, Shri  Avinash Chander congratulating the team for their high competence and tenacity to make such an event happen seamlessly said "Astra's successful launch from the Su30 combat aircraft is a major step in missile aircraft integration. Extensive flight testing that has preceded today's air launch was indeed a joint effort of DRDO and IAF. This will be followed by launch against actual target shortly. Many more trials are planned and will be conducted to clear the launch envelope. Weapon integration with 'Tejas' Light Combat Aircraft will also be done in the near future."


Dr. V.G. Sekaran, Director General (MSS) who chaired the Flight Readiness Review Committee along with Shri. S Som, Director, DRDL, Shri. P Venugopalan, former Director, DRDL among others, said "This is one of the proud moments for DRDO and the entire country." Dr. K Tamilmani, Director General (Aeronautics) who has overlooked the entire flight safety in the program said that quality of integration and performance is of high standards and there was no doubt in the success of the launch. He further added that this is the beginning of the phase for demonstration of launch over a wide air-launch envelope. The Project Director Dr. S. Venugopal said that "the Air Launch of ASTRA was perfect in all respect and is a culmination of years of effort by a very dedicated and competent team of the Missile Complex, Hyderabad, CEMILAC and Indian Air Force. HAL carried out the modification in Su-30 along with IAF specialists, and many Indian industries have an important and enabling role in the production of reliable avionics, propulsion system, materials, airframe and software passing stringent airworthiness requirements for the missile." The missiles have undergone rigorous testing on Su30 in the captive mode for avionics integration and Seeker evaluation in 2013. The project has thus reached the final stage of testing and evaluation, and the Mk-II variant with higher range capability is also planned to be tested by the end of 2014.

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26 mars 2014 3 26 /03 /mars /2014 08:35
K - 15 Launch 27th Jan, 2013

K - 15 Launch 27th Jan, 2013


25 mars 2014. Portail des Sous-Marins


L’Inde a lancé avec succès un missile balistique à capacité nucléaire, d’une portée de plus de 2.000 km, depuis une plateforme sous-marine.


Le missile, qui pourra être lancé depuis des sous-marins, a été testé lundi depuis le golfe du Bengale et tous les paramètres ont été atteints, explique le ministère indien de la défense.


Le missile est destiné à équiper le sous-marin nucléaire lanceur d’engins INS Arihant qui devrait bientôt commencer ses essais à la mer.


Référence : Business Standard (Inde)

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24 mars 2014 1 24 /03 /mars /2014 06:35
Indian-made Arjun Mk II main battle tank could enter in service with the Indian army in 2016


24.03.2014 Pacific Sentinel


The Arjun MK II main battle tank for the Indian Army may get delayed further than its pre-fixed 2016 induction date. A key source in the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) said, the Israelis who customised the LAHAT Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) for firing from the 120 mm main gun of the Mark II variant, has gone back to the drawing boards for correcting the error.


The DRDO source said, ‘This has delayed the induction of the tank a bit, but then we are telling the army that since the platform, the tank, is ready they can take it up, with the missile getting mated later.’


The tank itself has undergone about 89 major and minor ‘improvements,’ and still have a few unsolved issues which are decidedly ‘minor’ like changing the position of a light bulb or so.


The range of the LAHAT missile pay-load is about three-and-a-half kilometres on the plains and about two-and-a-half kilometres in the deserts.


Read the full story at ArmyRecognition

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 17:35
Akash Project DRDO

Akash Project DRDO


February 24, 2014 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


DRDO Statement: Akash, the indigenously designed developed and produced surface to air missile for the Indian Army was once again successfully flight tested today at the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur. These were part of a series of trials being conducted in various engagement modes from the first of the production model system being produced to equip two regiments of the Indian Army. Both, today’s flight destroying a target in receding ting mode, as well as the one conducted on 21st Feb 2014 (video) destroying an approaching target, fully met mission objectives. A few more trials are planned in different engagement modes.


The multi target, multi directional, all weather air-defence system consisting of surveillance and tracking radars, control centres and ground support systems mounted on high mobility vehicles for the Army version of Akash is designed to enable integration with other air defence command and control networks through secure communication links. Developed by DRDO, the Army version of Akash is being produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) as the nodal production agency with the involvement of Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and a large number of other industries. The total production value of Akash air defence systems cleared for induction by Indian Army and Indian Air force is more than Rs 23,000 crore.

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10 février 2014 1 10 /02 /février /2014 17:35
Le 8X8 Kestrel de Tata (crédits G Belan)

Le 8X8 Kestrel de Tata (crédits G Belan)

10.02.2014 par Guillaume Belan (FOB)

Durant le salon d’armement de New Delhi, qui s’est tenu la semaine dernière, les nouveautés étaient quasi-exclusivement indiennes. À la faveur de la politique « make India », obligeant les industriels de défense étrangers à des transferts de technologies importants, l’industrie de défense, encore balbutiante en terme de qualité, progresse néanmoins. De très nombreux projets étaient ainsi visibles sur les stands indiens, souvent des copies de matériels existants ou des équipements réalisés en partenariats avec des industriels occidentaux. A noter une très forte présence russe et israélienne, bien implantés dans le paysage défense indien. Voici un panorama des nouveautés roulantes.


Tata Motors à la pointe


Dans le domaine terrestre, outre les florissants projets d’artillerie, c’est Tata Motors qui présentait un stand bien fourni, révélant son ambition de devenir le fournisseur incontournable de véhicules à l’armée de terre indienne.

Le groupe présentait le Kestrel, un blindé 8X8 amphibie de transport de troupe, basé sur une coque, rappelant étrangement le best seller de Patria. De la gamme des 25 tonnes, le Kestrel peut recevoir 12 soldats (dont 2 d’équipage) et offre (selon Tata) une excellente mobilité grâce à des roues motrices indépendantes (100 km/h). Il etait muni d’une tourelle teleopérée de 30 mm de Kongsberg. A noter que Thales fournit la partie communication.

Le LAMV de Tata (crédits G Belan)

Le LAMV de Tata (crédits G Belan)


L’autre nouveauté sur le stand du géant du transport était le LAMV (Light Armoured Multipurpose Vehicle), un véhicule 4X4 blindé léger (8 tonnes) pouvant transporter 6 soldats (2 d’équipage) au blindage modulaire (niveau Stanag 2+), suspension indépendante, vitesse de 100 km/h+




Le LSV de Elbit et Kalyani (crédits G Belan)

Le LSV de Elbit et Kalyani (crédits G Belan)


Côté véhicule, de très nombreux blindés type MRAP (Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected), soit des blindés de transport protégés. Ainsi la société indienne Kalyani, en partenariat avec l’israélien Elbit présentait le Light Strike Vehicle (LSV) qui peut recevoir jusuqu’à 11 fantassins ou policiers. De 9 tonnes, propulsé par un moteur Cummins de 6 ,7 litres, sa protection affichée est Stanag 3.


Le Jabalpur MRAP d’OFB (crédits G Belan)

Le Jabalpur MRAP d’OFB (crédits G Belan)


OFB (Ordnance Factory Board), sorte d’arsenal d’état présentait également son MRAP, baptisé Jabalpur : moteur en ligne 6 cylindres, classe des 10 tonnes, vitesse : 85 km/h, monocoque en « V » contre les mines.




Le Rudra de la DRDO (crédits G Belan)

Le Rudra de la DRDO (crédits G Belan)


La DRDO, agence gouvernementale en charge du développement de technologies militaires fourmillait de projets en tout genres. Sorte de bric à brac à la « géotrouvetout », parmis les très nombreux projets fous, FOB a repéré celui là : Le Rudra, ou robot 6X6 équipé de deux systèmes d’armes : mitrailleuse de 7.62 LMG et un lance grenade de 30 mm AGS30. Autonomie  de 3 heures, pouvant grimper des pentes de 40 degrés, et transmission vidéo en temps réel.

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29 janvier 2014 3 29 /01 /janvier /2014 12:35
Strategic Weapons: India Builds A Mobile Missile Aimed At China



January 29, 2014: Strategy page


On January 20th India successfully tested its new Agni IV IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile). This test was in combat configuration with the missile launched from its 8x8 transporter/launcher vehicle. The Agni IV is a 17 ton, two-stage, solid fuel missile that was first tested in 2011. It has a maximum range of 4,000 kilometers and a payload of one ton. During tests it has landed with a hundred meters of its aiming point, which is satisfactory for the nuclear weapon the missile is designed to deliver. Because of the success of this test the Agni IV is expected to enter mass production later in 2014.


Agni IV is, as its name implies, part of family of missiles. India began work on the Agni series in the 1990s and this effort was accelerated after India and Pakistan tested nuclear weapons in 1998. All the Agni missiles use solid fuel.


The Agni I is a 12 ton missile that was first tested in 2002. It has a maximum range of 1,200 kilometers and a payload of one ton.


The Agni II is a 16 ton missile that was first tested in 1999. It has a maximum range of 2,000 kilometers and a payload of one ton.


The Agni III is a 48 ton missile that was first tested in 2006. It has a maximum range of 3,500 kilometers and a payload of 1.5 tons.


Agni IV was originally called Agni II Prime as it is basically a replacement for the Agni II.


The Agni V is a solid fuel missile that is still under development. It is supposed to have a maximum range of 5,000 kilometers and a payload of one ton.


There is said to be an Agni version in the works that would have a range of 10,000 kilometers, which would make it an ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile).


While the initial target for Agni missiles was Pakistan, in the last decade China has become the primary destination. It took a while for India to accept this shift. This wasn't easy. For example, in 2008 India halted development work on the Agni III because it was really only useful against China. Since India had been working hard to develop better economic and diplomatic ties with China, putting the Agni III on ice seemed a good idea at the time. It was also believed that shutting down the Agni III project would save a lot of money, as each Agni III built would have cost $20 million. Not a good investment for a weapon that will only antagonize a nation you are trying to develop better relationships with. This halt did not last long and now the Agni III is in service. It can hit targets throughout most of China. The Agni IV missiles will also be aimed at China.

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21 janvier 2014 2 21 /01 /janvier /2014 12:35
India: India Successfully Test Fires Agni-IV

21 January 2014 Pacific Sentinel


AGNI-IV, the 4000 kms range Nuclear Capable Ballistic Missile was successfully launched today at 1052 hrs from the Wheeler island off the coast of Odisha. This was the third consecutively successful trial and the last one in the series of development launches. The missile took off majestically, rose to a height of over 850 km, covered the intended range in about 20 minutes, hit the target with two digit accuracy; meeting all mission objectives and proving the capabilities of the missile. The AGNI-IV missile propelled by composite solid fuel rocket motor technology was launched from its road mobile launcher indigenously developed by DRDO. The long range Radars and Electro-Optical Tracking Systems (EOTS) located all along the coast have tracked and monitored all the parameters throughout the flight. Two ships located near the target point tracked the vehicle and witnessed the final event. The Defence Minister, Shri AK Antony congratulated the DG, DRDO and Scientific Advisor to Defence Minister, Shri Avinash Chander and his team on the success. 



“The event is of greater significance since the system was tested in its deliverable configuration with the active participation of Strategic Forces Command (SFC) personnel. The missile is now ready for induction and its serial production will now begin” said Shri Avinash Chander, who commanded the launch sequence. He congratulated all the team members from DRDO and SFC. ‘Today’s launch takes India’s level of deterrence and its preparedness and effectiveness to newer heights. Seen together with recent momentous events: the second launch of Agni 5, operational clearance of Tejas – Light Combat Aircraft, achieving the criticality of nuclear reactor of India’s first nuclear powered submarine ‘Arihant’, completion of development phase of underwater launched missile BO5 and development of mark II version of ‘Arjun – Main battle tank’, Shri Chander said. He further stated that it also reflects the high maturity level of India’s capabilities in design development and leading to production, contemporary weapons and platforms for strengthening its deterrence and defence capabilities. 


Agni-IV is equipped with state-of-the-art Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture. It has the latest features to correct and guide itself for inflight disturbances. The most accurate Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) and supported by highly reliable redundant Micro Navigation System (MINGS), ensured the vehicle reach the target within two digit accuracy. The re-entry heat shield withstood temperatures in the range of 4000 degree centigrade and made sure the avionics function normally with inside temperature remaining less than 50 degree centigrade. Agni-I, II, III and Prithvi are already in the arsenal of armed forces, giving them reach of over 3000 km, giving India an effective deterrence capability. 


Dr V.G. Sekaran, DS & DG (MSS) reviewed the launch activities and guided the team. Smt. Tessy Thomas, Project Director AGNI-IV led the team of scientists during the operation.


Indian Press Information Bureau

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20 janvier 2014 1 20 /01 /janvier /2014 19:35
Testing of India's Agni IV Missile Advances

India tested its 4,000-kilometer-range Agni IV missile today. (Indian Defence Ministry)


Jan. 20, 2014 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense news


NEW DELHI — India’s flight test of its indigenous nuclear-capable Agni IV missile today could pave the way for user trials, according to the Ministry of Defence.


The surface-to-surface ballistic missile, with a range of 4,000 kilometers, can carry a warhead of up to 1 ton and is equipped with a re-entry heat shield, said a scientist at the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), which is developing the missile. The two-stage, solid-propelled missile is 20 meters tall.


“The Agni IV missile propelled by composite solid fuel rocket motor technology was launched from its road mobile launcher indigenously developed by DRDO. The long range radars and Electro-Optical Tracking Systems located all along the coast have tracked and monitored all the parameters throughout the flight. Two ships located near the target point tracked the vehicle and witnessed the final event,” according to a Defence Ministry statement.


The missile is equipped with state-of-the-art avionics, a fifth-generation onboard computer and distributed architecture, and has features to correct and guide itself for inflight disturbances, according to the Defence Ministry statement.


The missile is equipped with a ring laser gyro-based inertial navigation system and supported by a redundant micronavigation system, according to the statement.


The re-entry heat shield withstood temperatures in the range of 4,000 degrees centigrade, protecting the avionics within, said the statement.

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7 janvier 2014 2 07 /01 /janvier /2014 18:35
Inde: tir réussi d'un missile balistique Prithvi-II


NEW DELHI, 7 janvier - RIA Novosti


Les forces armées indiennes ont tiré mardi avec succès un missile balistique Prithvi-II d'une portée d'environ 350 km, rapporte la chaîne de télévision Zee News. 


Le missile a été tiré depuis le polygone de Chandipur situé dans l'Etat de l'Orissa (ouest). "Le tir a réussi à 100%. Toutes les cibles ont été atteintes", a déclaré M.V.K.V Prasad, directeur du site d'essais du polygone. 


Selon  l'Organisation militaire pour la recherche et le développement (DRDO),  de tels essais ont pour objectif de "démontrer clairement l'état de préparation opérationnelle de l'Inde" et sa capacité à "réagir à toute éventualité".


Elaborés depuis le début des années 1980, les Prithvi sont des missiles balistiques à courte portée capables de transporter une ogive nucléaire, dont la version sol-sol équipe l'armée de terre indienne depuis 2003. Le Prithvi-II est capable de transporter une charge allant de 500 à 1.000 kg.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 17:35
DRDO's new heavy drop system during a demonstration. Photo: DRDO

DRDO's new heavy drop system during a demonstration. Photo: DRDO


18 December 2013 army-technology.com


The Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a 16t capacity heavy drop system (HDS) to enhance the national army's ability to airdrop military stores, including vehicles, supplies and ammunition.


Developed by DRDO's Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE), three system prototypes have also met performance parameters during two successful drops at an undisclosed location.


Primarily designed for paradropping of military vehicles, including BMP class and ammunition trolleys from IL-76 heavy lift aircraft, the system is claimed to be an extension of technology developed by DRDO for P-7 HDS, the 7t capacity HDS already accepted by the Indian Army.


Indian defence minister scientific advisor and Department of Defence R&D secretary, Avinash Chander, said the system offers 'drop and drive' capability and once inducted, would considerably enhance the capabilities of armed forces.


The system features a parachute sub-system and platform sub-system, which in turn consists of a set of removable wheels that facilitates transport of load to the airfield, and a platform fastening and release lock (PFRL) for safe carriage and release of load in/from the aircraft during all flight manoeuvre conditions and emergency landing.


The parachute system features two auxiliary and five main parachutes, which reduce the descent rate to desired speed at touchdown, and are released by an automatic disengage unit (ADU) on impact with ground to avoid dragging and toppling of load due to high surface winds.


Extensively tested during the technical and users trials at different types of drop zones in planes, deserts and high altitude areas, the re-usable system can be utilised to provide drop practice to the soldiers during regular military training.


The system also participated in army's Excope 2009 exercise with the US Air Force and in demonstration at Pokhran, Rajasthan, India, during its development phase.

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6 décembre 2013 5 06 /12 /décembre /2013 17:35
Strategic Weapons: India Improves Its SCUD Clones


December 6, 2013: Strategy Page


India recently had another successful test of their Prithvi II ballistic missile. This is progress, because in September 2010 a Prithvi II test failed as the rocket motor began burning fuel, but not enough to get it off the launcher. There was lots of smoke and confusion, but no launch. This was a user trial where military crews were making sure they were able to use a new weapon that had been successfully completed testing using manufacturer personnel to operate it. This is a common practice, but particularly necessary in India, where the manufacturers often cut corners during development and testing. The troops on the military launch crews are usually not privy to these workarounds, and the developers sometimes just keep their fingers crossed that the troops can handle things on their own. For example, in 2009 the first user test of the ground launched BrahMos cruise missile failed. Not a major problem, it turned out. After a few months, everything was put right. That’s what happened with the Prithvi II.


The first successful test of the 4.6 ton Prithvi II took place in 2009 and it successfully hit a target 350 kilometers away. The 2010 launch was to test the ability of the missile to carry a half ton warhead. This is the minimum size for a nuclear warhead. Used with a nuclear warhead Prithvi II is a strategic weapon, since it can put those nuclear warheads on major targets within neighboring Pakistan. In the last three years Prithvi II has been improved to the point where it can reach targets 350 kilometers away while carrying a one ton warhead.


A Prithvi III is in development. This is the Prithvi II modified to be operated from ships. This missile can carry a half ton warhead 600 kilometers. The increase in range and warhead weight for the Prithvi III was achieved by using a solid fuel rocket motor, and adding a second stage with a liquid fuel motor. The Prithvi II uses a liquid fuel rocket. The navy has not installed the Prithvi III on any of its ships because it was discovered that the liquid fuel was too dangerous to handle aboard a ship at sea.


The Prithvi is a ballistic missile that reaches its target within 5-10 minutes of launch and was originally developed as a shorter range (150 kilometers) missile. Prithvi uses liquid fuel, meaning it takes up to an hour to ready for launch. In 2013 India announced that it is replacing over a hundred Prithvi I ballistic missiles with the solid fuel Prahar. While the air force controls long range ballistic missiles, the army has long been supplied with some shorter range Prithvi Is. This is a single stage, road mobile, liquid fuel battlefield support missile that weighs 4.4 tons and is nine meters (27.3 feet) long, 110cm in diameter and costing about a million dollars each. Introduced in 1994, the army version has a 150 kilometer range and carries a one ton warhead.


The Prahar is more compact and reliable. It weighs 1.3 tons, is 7.3 meters (23.6 feet) long and 42cm in diameter, costing less than a million dollars each and carrying a 200 kg (440 pound) warhead. Prahar can be carried and fired from a TEL (Transporter Erector Launcher) that will haul six Prahars, each in a sealed container. Prahar can carry nuclear or conventional warheads and the TEL can fire salvos of up to six missiles, each in quick succession. The guidance system brings the missile to within ten meters of its aiming point. This is more than twice as accurate as Prithvi I. Most importantly, a Prahar can be fired within minutes of receiving the order while the Prithvi I takes over an hour to fuel and prepare for launch.


Prithvi I is similar to the old Russian SCUD, which is a direct descendent of the first ballistic missile, the German V-2 in World War II. The U.S. produced the Corporal missile as an equivalent to the SCUD, but replaced it with solid fuel missiles in the 1960s. Russia replaced its SCUDS in the 1970s and the U.S. replaced its liquid fuel battlefield missiles a decade earlier. But a lot of SCUD type missiles remain in service around the world. India is in the process of replacing most of its liquid fuel missiles with solid fuel types.

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