Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
30 avril 2015 4 30 /04 /avril /2015 10:50
European air-to-air refuelling training delivers results


Eindhoven - 27 April, 2015 by European Defence Agency


The 2015 edition of the European Air-to-Air Refuelling Training (EART), which was hosted by the Netherlands from 13 to 24 April in Eindhoven airbase, has allowed tanker crews from four European nations to benefit from a dedicated training event in a realistic environment.


Initiated by the European Defence Agency and run by the European Air Transport Command (EATC), EART15 gathered air-to-air refuelling (AAR) aircraft from France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. Over the course of the event, 56 sorties were flown by the tankers which conducted over 240 contacts with receiver aircraft. These included F-16s, F/A-18s, F-15Cs and Eurofighters – all involved in the multinational fighter exercise “Frisian Flag” on the back of which EART15 had been set up.

This exercise is about increasing interoperability by working together”, Peter Round, EDA Capabilities, Armament and Technology Director, stressed during a Distinguished Visitors (DV) Day organised on 23 April in Eindhoven. “AAR is a critical enabler for all operations, and only through cooperation will we be able to increase European capabilities in this domain”, he added.


Fruitful cooperation

Brigadier General Pascal Chiffoleau, EATC Chief of Staff and Deputy Commander, also provided comments on the successful event: “EART15 is the result of a fruitful cooperation between EDA and EATC working together to develop common knowledge”, he said. “We must continue staging exercises such as this one to further develop AAR but also air transport capabilities in Europe”, he added.

Other activities are ongoing to increase European AAR capabilities, such as the Multinational MRTT Fleet (MMF) initiative led by the Netherlands and supported by the EDA and EATC. Late last year, the Netherlands, Poland and Norway agreed to enter negotiations with Airbus for the purchase of four A330 MRTT multirole tanker/transport aircraft which will be commonly owned, operated and supported. “This initiative will provide access to a cost-effective MRTT capability in support of EU, NATO and national operations”, Johan Van Soest, Eindhoven airbase commander and Chairman of the MMF Steering Group, explained during the DV Day. 


More information

Partager cet article
27 avril 2015 1 27 /04 /avril /2015 16:50
EART: le ravitaillement en vol à la mode européenne


24/04/2015 Sources : EATC


Grâce à l'European Air-to-Air Refuelling Training (EART), le ravitaillement en vol possède désormais son exercice européen de référence !


Du 13 au 24 avril, un C135 FR du groupe de ravitaillement en vol 2/91 (GRV) « Bretagne » participe à l’édition 2015 de cet exercice organisé par l’EATC (European Air Transport Command – commandement européen du transport aérien militaire). Des A310 MRTT allemand, KC-767 italien et KC-10 néerlandais complètent le plateau international d’EART stationné sur la base aérienne d’Eindhoven (Pays-Bas).


Opérant en soutien de l’exercice tactique Frisian Flag, le tanker français ravitaille en vol de nombreux appareils : F15, F16 et F18 originaires de Pologne, des États-Unis, d’Espagne, de Finlande et des Pays-Bas. Les zones de ravitaillement utilisées se trouvent principalement au-dessus de la mer du Nord, ainsi qu’aux Pays-Bas, au Danemark et au nord de l’Allemagne.


Créé en 2014, les exercices EART ont pour objectif principal d’entraîner les participants, en vol comme au sol, à opérer des avions-ravitailleurs depuis une base aérienne avancée (Deployed Operating Base - DOB). Les procédures sont ainsi répétées au quotidien dans un scénario tactique réaliste, conçu et conduit par l’EATC.


À l’instar de l’aviation de chasse développant depuis des décennies des entraînement internationaux majeurs, tels que le Tactical Leader Programme (TLP) ou les séries d’exercice baptisés Flags, EART a pour objectif de s’imposer comme un rendez-vous majeur du ravitaillement en vol. Suite à l’opération Unified Protector au-dessus de la Libye en 2011, le besoin d'un entraînement avancé entre nations européennes avait été détecté. D’importants travaux sont actuellement menés au sein de l’EATC, ainsi que par l’Otan, afin de trouver des pistes d’amélioration propres à l’emploi des appareils de ravitaillement en vol en Europe.


Plus d’informations sur le site de l’EATC

EART: le ravitaillement en vol à la mode européenne
EART: le ravitaillement en vol à la mode européenneEART: le ravitaillement en vol à la mode européenne
Partager cet article
25 mars 2015 3 25 /03 /mars /2015 17:52
French C135FR

French C135FR


25 March – by EATC


The need for a highly professional training

While the fighter community has trained to operate together for years (e.g. Tactical Leadership Program (TLP), Flag exercises, large NATO exercises in European airspace, etc.), the same cannot be stated for Air-to-Air Refuelling (AAR), without which a lot of fighter operations would not be possible. The lessons learned from Unified Protector over Libya in 2011 showed  that for a smooth multinational operation we need to train together in advance.


Moreover, the United States Forces are planning to deploy major parts of their AAR fleet out of Europe towards South East Asia, thus taking away a potential resource on AAR capacity on which the European Nations could always lean in the past. At the same time only 30 % of the EU member states (MSs) operate tanker aircraft (France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK,).

To minimise this capability gap, EDA has implemented an AAR project team to deal with outcomes of four different institutions on AAR matters. One of those four pillars represents the Multi Role Transport Tanker/Air-to-Air Refuelling Operational Employment Working Group (OEWG) – led by the EATC. The OEWG’s general objective is to harmonize and - where necessary - to develop procedures and related processes to employ existing and future multi-role platforms in their dual AAR- and AT-role.


But what would a tanker be good for, without a well trained crew? This is where the European Air-to-Air Refuelling Training (EART) comes in, one important outcome of the cooperation between EDA and the EATC.


KC-767A AAR workstation


The first EART was conducted in 2014. AAR assets from different EATC nations were already involved in the fighter exercise Frisian Flag (FF) in the years prior, but purely in a supporting role. In 2013 the question was brought up if the framework of the existing exercise could not be used to also train tanker needs. This led to two major changes in the tanker participation to FF: Firstly, all assets would be deployed to Eindhoven, thus simulating an operation in a location that cannot be supported from the respective home base; secondly, the tankers would not return to base as soon as the fighter did not require there support anymore, but stay in the area and train manoeuvres and procedures of their own.


Aim and objectives

The overall aim of EART is to train the participants (air and ground crews) to be able to run a tanker operation from a deployed operating base (DOB). This also includes training elements like multi tanker formation or different rendezvous procedures, which is not possible in day to day operations. During EART, the crews have the unique possibility to gain or regain their qualifications in a short amount of time and within a realistic scenario.


The 2015 edition

The 2015 edition of the European Air-to-Air Refuelling Training will again take place at Eindhoven Airbase for two weeks in April and support Frisian Flag. The emphasis will again be on working from a DOB in a multinational environment. This will be even more prominent in this year’s training since additionally to last year’s nations (Germany, Italy and the Netherlands) France will participate and other nations are planning to send observers to assess a future participation.


Participation in 2015

- France with C-135FR

- Germany with Airbus A310 MRTT

- Italy with Boeing KC-767A

- The Netherlands with KDC-10


Way ahead

The intent is that, in the future, EART can be hosted by different nations multiple times a year to support different national and international fighter exercises, thus increasing the training opportunities for AAR units and, at the same time, providing a standardised support for the European and NATO fighter community. In case of future operations, the AAR community will be better prepared.

Another outcome of the EDA AAR Project is the recognition that in NATO there was no dedicated multinational training for AAR Planners. In 2014, the NATO Command and Control Centres (CAOC), together with AIRCOM and JAPCC, developed the Specialized Heavy Air Refuelling Course (SHARC). The first official course was held in February 2015. The course incorporates challenges replicating scenarios that the student will see in a large scale exercise or operation. It ensures standardization and continuous improvement within the NATO AAR community.

In 2015, EART will integrate “hands on” training for graduates of SHARC, which can be considered as a logical follow-up of this course as it will keep them proficient and prepare them for “real world” operations. This will be the first time that SHARC graduates participate in a live flying exercise.


Pictures: German, Dutch, Italian and French Air Force Media

Countdown to EART 2015
Countdown to EART 2015
Countdown to EART 2015
Partager cet article
10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 12:50
Second European Tanker Training on the scope


21 January 2015 by Norbert Thomas - EATC


After its great success last year, the EATC together with the EDA and Eindhoven Airbase are about to run the 2nd European Air-to-Air Refuelling training, EART 2015.


Participating agencies and - nations had sent their subject matter experts to Eindhoven in order to discuss planning issues, setting the pace for this year’s EART exercise, which will be conducted from 13 to 24 April 2015 and will see tanker aircraft from France (Boeing (K)C-135 FR), Italy (Boeing KC-767A), Germany (Airbus A310 MRTT) and the Netherlands (McDonnel Douglas KDC-10). So far in discussion is also a fifth tanker from a further non-European country in a kind of observer status.

EART is an excellent training opportunity within Europe to operate missions with dedicated AAR scenarios embedded in Frisian Flag, a highly recognized fighter exercise that runs parallel from Dutch Airbase Leeuwarden in the North of the Netherlands. The EART training concept is made by EATC and performed by Eindhoven Airbase.


Find more about the European Air-to-Air Refuelling Training at our EART website.

Partager cet article


  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact


Articles Récents