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17 novembre 2014 1 17 /11 /novembre /2014 19:50
European Security forum à Bruxelles

 

17.11.204 Fondation Robert Schuman

 

Le Forum sur la sécurité européenne est organisé à l'initiative de plusieurs organisations et groupes politiques européens les 17 et 18 novembre à Bruxelles. Plusieurs ministres de la défense, la Haute représentante, Federica Mogherini ainsi que des experts sont attendus. Le 17 novembre, Sandra Kalniete, députée européenne, membre du Conseil d'administration de la Fondation, intervient sur les défis en matière de défense et de sécurité. Le 18 novembre, Jean-Dominique Giuliani, Président de la Fondation Robert Schuman, modérera une table ronde sur le thème des différences de perception des questions sécuritaires en Europe.

 

 

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12 novembre 2014 3 12 /11 /novembre /2014 08:50
CSDP priorities in the context of evolving security environment
 
source SEDE
On 5 November the Subcommittee exchanged views on the CSDP priorities in the context of the evolving security environment with Walter Stevens, Chair of the Political and Security Committee.

 

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10 novembre 2014 1 10 /11 /novembre /2014 17:50
photo msz.gov.pl

photo msz.gov.pl

 

10.11.2014 source Fondation Robert Schuman

 

Le 6 novembre, la Haute représentante de la diplomatie européenne Federica Mogherini a fait sa première visite officielle en Pologne. Lors de sa visite, elle a rencontré le Ministre des affaires étrangères de Pologne, Grzegorz Schetyna, le président Bronisław Komorowski, le vice-Premier ministre ainsi que le ministre de la Défense Tomasz SiemoniakTomasz Siemoniak. Selon le ministre des affaires étrangères, cette visite a réaffirmé le rôle essentiel de la Pologne dans l'élaboration de la politique étrangère de l'UE. A Varsovie, Federica Mogherini a déclaré que les pays européens devaient rediscuter leur stratégie vis-à-vis de la Russie, compte-tenu du signal "très négatif" que constituent les élections organisées par les séparatistes dans les provinces orientales de l'Ukraine...

 

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6 novembre 2014 4 06 /11 /novembre /2014 15:45
RCA : Décès d’un soldat français

Patrouille de la compagnie française intégrée à EUFOR-RCA. Archive EMA/armée de Terre, juillet 2014.

 

06/11/2014 Sources : Etat-major des armées

 

Le 4 novembre 2014 au matin, un soldat français projeté en République centrafricaine au sein de la force européenne EUFOR RCA a été rapatrié de Bangui vers Paris.

Atteint d’une forme très grave de paludisme, il a été pris en charge dans un hôpital militaire parisien où il est malheureusement décédé dans la soirée du mercredi 5 novembre.

Il s’agit du caporal-chef Moana Heiarii, affecté au 126ème régiment d’infanterie de Brive la Gaillarde.

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8 octobre 2014 3 08 /10 /octobre /2014 15:50
CSDP partnerships: the participation of neighbouring countries - SEDE

 

October 08, 2014, SEDE
 
The Subcommittee will exchange views on the participation of neighbouring countries in CSDP partnerships with Alessandro Mariani, Head of Division, CSDP Policy, Partnerships and Agreements, CMPD, EEAS, and Tamar Kekenadze, Civilian Representative of the Minister of Defence of Georgia to EU and NATO.  
 
When: 13 October 2014

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23 septembre 2014 2 23 /09 /septembre /2014 18:50
The future of territorial defence in Europe - SEDE

 

Monday, September 22, 2014, SEDE

 
The Subcommittee will debate the future of territorial defence in Europe in context of the current security situation with Timo S. Koster, Director Defence Policy and Capabilities Directorate, NATO, Petros Mavromichalis, Head of Division "EU Situation Room", EEAS and Jo Coelmont, Senior Associate Fellow, Egmont Institute.
 
When: 24 September 2014

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18 septembre 2014 4 18 /09 /septembre /2014 11:50
The current security situation - SEDE

 

18-09-2014 SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will debate the future of territorial defence in Europe in context of the current security situation with Timo S. Koster, Director Defence Policy and Capabilities Directorate, NATO and a representative of the EEAS.
 
When: 24 September 2014

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18 septembre 2014 4 18 /09 /septembre /2014 11:50
Draft agenda SEDE Meeting - 24 September 2014 - Brussels

 

source SEDE

 

24 September 2014, 9.00 – 12.30

1.        Adoption of agenda

2.        Chair’s announcements

With the Council and Commission and EEAS

3.        Exchange of views with General Patrick de Rousiers, Chairman of the EU Military Committee

4.        European territorial reassurance measures to address the current security situation?
Exchange of views with:
- Timo S. Koster, Director Defence Policy and Capabilities Directorate, NATO
- a representative of the EEAS (tbc)

 

24 September 2014, 15.00 – 18.30

5.        The international security threat posed by ISIS in Iraq/Syria and beyond
Exchange of views with:
- Gilles de Kerchove, EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator
- a representative of the EEAS (tbc)
- Florence Gaub, Senior Analyst at EUISS (EU Institute for Security Studies)

6.        Any other business

7.        Next meetings

· 13 October 2014, 15.00 – 18.30 (Brussels)

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15 septembre 2014 1 15 /09 /septembre /2014 15:50
Debriefing on the informal meeting of EU Defence Ministers - SEDE
 
September 15, 2014, SEDE
 
On 11 September 2014 the Subcommittee exchanged views with Maciej Popowski, Deputy Secretary General, EEAS on the outcome of the informal meeting of EU Defence Ministers on 9 and 10 September 2014. 
 

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11 septembre 2014 4 11 /09 /septembre /2014 17:50
More EU Sanctions Against Russia Set To Begin

 

Sep. 11, 2014 - By JULIAN HALE – Defense News

 

BRUSSELS — Further sanctions against Russia agreed to by European Union countries on Monday will enter into force tomorrow, an EU official said here Thursday. The measures will cover the capital market, dual use (civil and military) goods and the energy sector.

 

EU nationals and companies may no more provide loans to five major Russian state-owned banks. At the same time, trade in new bonds, equity or similar financial instruments with a maturity exceeding 30 days, issued by the same banks, has been prohibited. The same restrictions have been extended to three major Russian defense companies and three major energy companies. Providing services related to the issuing of the above financial instruments, e.g. brokering, is also included in the prohibition.

 

The EU official refused to name the three Russian defense companies ahead of publication of the sanctions in the EU’s Official Journal tomorrow.

 

An existing ban on exporting dual use goods and technology for military use in Russia has been extended to also include a list of nine mixed defense companies that must not receive dual use goods from the EU. Again, the EU official would not name the companies and would only say that there were “around 20 items” on the list but was unable to give specific examples.

 

“The measures to be published tomorrow were prepared at the end of August by EU countries in response to the flow of arms from Russia to Ukraine,” said the EU official.

 

In a press statement, the European Council’s President, Herman Van Rompuy, said that the Permanent Representatives Committee (COREPER) of EU countries will carry out a comprehensive review of the implementation of the [Russia-Ukraine] peace plan on the basis of an assessment carried out by the European External Action Service (EEAS) before the end of the month.

 

“Work on that is ongoing,” said the EU official, who added that “she expected it to be an internal assessment.”

 

“We have always stressed the reversibility and scalability of our restrictive measures. Therefore, in the light of the review and if the situation on the ground so warrants, the Commission and the EEAS are invited to put forward proposals to amend, suspend or repeal the set of sanctions in force, in all or in part,” said Van Rompuy in his statement.

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10 septembre 2014 3 10 /09 /septembre /2014 11:50
EEAS hosts EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Conference

 

08.09.2014 EEAS
 

Non-proliferation experts came together in Brussels on 5 September for a third annual EU Non Proliferation and Disarmament Conference organized by the European Network of Independent non-proliferation think-tanks. The Consortium funded by the EU since 2010, now counts over 60 think-tanks across all Europe.

 

The Conference this year was opened by Director for Security and Conflict Prevention at the EU External Action Service (EEAS), Joelle Jenny, and covered, inter alia, topics such as the role of the EU in Iran Nuclear Negotiations, Cyber Security, Furthering the Goal of a WMD-Free Zone in the Middle East, Restraining Missile Proliferation; Proliferation Challenges in South Asia and Northeast Asia, Dual-Use Bio Technologies and BTWC Compliance, Bringing the ATT into Force, and Eliminating Chemical Weapons. Other key note speakers include OPCW Director-General Uzumcu and UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs Angela Kane.

The conference brought together 280 participants from 57 Countries, 7 International and regional organizations (OPCW, CTBTO, ASEAN, EU, UN, NATO, ECOWAS), 79 think tanks/academic institutions from Europe, Asia (Japan, ROK, China, Singapore, India and Pakistan), North America, Africa (Cameroon & Egypt) and Russia.

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10 septembre 2014 3 10 /09 /septembre /2014 11:50
Debriefing on the informal meeting of EU Defence Ministers - SEDE

 

September 08, 2014, SEDE
 
The Subcommittee will exchange views with Maciej Popowski, Deputy Secretary General, EEAS on the outcome of the informal meeting of EU Defence Ministers on 9 and 10 September 2014. 
 
When: 11 September 2014

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13 août 2014 3 13 /08 /août /2014 11:30
L'UE renforce son aide humanitaire vers l'Irak et cherche à se coordonner

 

12 août 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Bruxelles - La Commission européenne a débloqué cinq millions d'euros supplémentaires d'aide aux populations déplacées en Irak et a réfléchi mardi aux moyens de mieux coordonner l'aide humanitaire, mais l'hypothèse d'une livraison d'armes aux Kurdes opposés aux jihadistes n'a pas été retenue.

 

Une réunion des ambassadeurs de l'UE a été organisée pour coordonner les actions en Irak, mais également en Ukraine et dans la bande de Gaza. Elle a permis un échange de vues entre États membres de l'UE sur ces crises.

 

Les ambassadeurs se sont mis d'accord pour renforcer de toute urgence la coordination humanitaire et accéder aux populations déplacées, a indiqué dans un communiqué le service diplomatique de l'UE, mené par Catherine Ashton.

 

La Commission va jouer le rôle de coordinateur et un mécanisme de protection civile a été activé. Il soutient et facilite la mobilisation des services de secours pour répondre aux besoins immédiats des pays frappés par une catastrophe ou qui risquent d'en subir une.

 

Les États membres de l'UE ont en outre salué les efforts des États-Unis et ses partenaires pour contrer l'avancée de l'État islamique et faciliter l'accès à l'aide humanitaire en Irak, même s'ils n'envisagent pas pour l'instant d'imiter Washington en transférant des armes aux combattants kurdes qui tentent de repousser les jihadistes dans le nord du pays.

 

La question de la livraison d'armes est la plus complexe et la plus sensible, souligne un expert. Personne ne peut empêcher un État de livrer des armes, mais la question est de savoir s'il est opportun pour l'UE de répondre favorablement à cette demande?, souligne-t-il.

 

La France est pour, la Suède y est farouchement opposée. Face à ces divergences, les ambassadeurs se sont contentés de prendre note des demandes de soutien militaire des autorités kurdes auprès de certains États membres, indique le communiqué, qui met l'accent sur l'importance de se coordonner avec les partenaires internationaux sur ce point.

 

La France et l'Italie plaidaient pour une réunion d'urgence des ministres des Affaires étrangères des 28 pour parler de la livraison éventuelle d'armements aux Kurdes irakiens opposés aux jihadistes.

 

Je sais bien que dans les pays occidentaux c'est la période des vacances mais enfin quand il y a des gens qui meurent, j'allais dire qui crèvent, il faut revenir de vacances, s'est exclamé mardi matin le ministre français, Laurent Fabius.

 

Cette question est de la responsabilité des États membres, c'est à eux de décider, a indiqué la commissaire en charge de l'Aide humanitaire, Kristalina Georgieva, tout en annonçant une aide de 5 millions d'euros en faveur des personnes déplacées en Irak.

 

L'aide de la Commission pour l'Irak s'élève désormais à un total de 17 millions d'euros en 2014.

 

Ce que nous voulons, c'est prêter main forte à des centaines de milliers d'Irakiens y compris les groupes minoritaires déplacés dans les montagnes de Sinjar, a déclaré la commissaire européenne.

 

L'avancée des jihadistes en Irak a jeté des centaines de milliers de personnes sur les routes, notamment des chrétiens chassés de Mossoul et de Qaraqosh, mais aussi des dizaines de milliers de membres de la minorité kurdophone et non musulmane des Yazidis.

 

De 20.000 à 30.000 membres de cette communauté restent piégées par l'insécurité dans les montagnes de Sinjar, sans nourriture, sans eau et sans abri, selon le Haut Commissariat de l'ONU aux réfugiés.

 

Nous voulons aider les populations déplacées, a insisté la commissaire, qui brigue le poste de chef de la diplomatie européenne. Elle a précisé que le principal problème était l'accès aux populations concernés et non le financement de l'aide.

 

N'oublions pas que le Kurdistan abrite des réfugiés syriens, une aide sera aussi nécessaire pour cette population, a-t-elle ajouté.

 

La Hongrie a, elle, demandé que le sort des chrétiens d'Irak soit évoqué lors du prochain sommet européen fin août, selon un courrier du Premier ministre Viktor Orban envoyé mardi au président du Conseil, Herman Van Rompuy.

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12 août 2014 2 12 /08 /août /2014 16:50
photo EMA

photo EMA

 

12.08.2014 Par Olivier Berger, grand reporter à La Voix du Nord - Défense Globale

 

À chaque crise aiguë de ce bas monde, on désespère. Des atermoiements de l’Europe, géant économique aux petits pieds diplomatiques. L’exemple du drame irakien effraie. Les ambassadeurs des vingt-huit se réunissent aujourd’hui en urgence tandis que le Royaume-Uni et la France, de leur initiative bien nationale, expédient déjà de l’aide humanitaire.

 

Le complexe européen est là, originel. Comment voulez-vous prendre rapidement et efficacement une décision à vingt-huit ? Vingt-huit histoires, vingt-huit cultures, vingt-huit mémoires, vingt-huit politiques, vingt-huit intérêts, vingt-huit paroles ? La prudence européenne est rédhibitoire. Chacun pense à sa nation avant de penser Europe. C’est ainsi.

On a attendu en vain ce lundi une déclaration de Catherine Ashton, la Haute Représentante pour les Affaires étrangères et la politique de sécurité de l’Union européenne. Un joli titre, bien ronflant, comme le Service européen pour l’action extérieure (SEAE), le corps diplomatique de l’UE.

La Britannique est sur le départ fin octobre, en même temps qu’Herman Van Rompuy, le président du Conseil, et Javier Barroso, celui de la Commission. Elle ne laissera pas un grand souvenir mais la responsabilité est partagée. Entre les grandes puissances européennes, la France, le Royaume-Uni, l’Allemagne, qui refusent d’abandonner une once de prérogatives sur les sujets internationaux. Qui se retrouvent, s’éloignent et s’isolent au gré des dossiers et du vent.

Sur un autre sujet, allez demander à un Polonais, à un Balte ce qu’il pense viscéralement du voisin russe, tandis que l’Allemand est son premier fournisseur ?

De retour de Bagdad et Erbil, Laurent Fabius, le ministre des Affaires étrangères, s’est fendu d’un communiqué, promis aux Kurdes, pour exhorter à l’action Mme Ashton et la commissaire à l’action humanitaire, la Bulgare Kristalina Georgieva (et candidate à la succession de la Britannique avec l’Italienne Federica Mogherini).

Devant le drame qui se joue à ses portes, l’Europe ne peut rester inactive. C’est un impératif moral (…) C’est aussi ce qu’exigent l’intérêt stratégique européen et la défense des libertés », écrit-il avec emphase. On lit entre les lignes : pour agir, la France n’a jamais eu besoin de l’Europe, c’est donc qu’en Irak, elle ne le souhaite pas vraiment, déjà très sollicitée en Afrique. Les Kurdes veulent des armes mais l’UE n’en a pas contrairement aux nations.

Voilà où en est l’Europe, condamnée à faire illusion, à froncer les sourcils, à servir de paravent.

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23 juin 2014 1 23 /06 /juin /2014 15:30
Statement by the EEAS Spokesperson on the removal of chemical weapons from Syria

 

Brussels, 23 June 2014 140623/02

 

"The EU welcomes the announcement today by Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) that the remaining 8% of the Syrian chemicals have been removed from the country and loaded on board the Danish vessel Ark Futura. This removal, although overdue, is certainly good news. International pressure and the concerted efforts by OPCW and the Joint OPCW-UN Mission have finally yielded results. Our special appreciation goes to the OPCW Director-General Ambassador Uzumcu and his staff, as well as to the Special Coordinator Mrs Sigrid Kaag and the Joint Mission staff for their relentless efforts carried out in particularly difficult and dangerous circumstances. The importance of the elimination of the threat of the chemical weapons has already been underlined by granting OPCW the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

The EU has contributed with significant funds to the Syrian chemical weapons operation and wishes to express its appreciation to all the Member States that have contributed in kind or financially and in particular those that they have made available commercial vessels and their escort. Today's development marks the fulfillment of the main goal of this operation: the removal of the entire chemical weapons stockpile from Syria, so that the risk of having them used again is eliminated. But there is still work to be done. The removed chemicals should be destroyed according to the OPCW Executive Council Decisions, in full respect of the relevant international norms and procedures and in taking all necessary measure for the protection of the environment.

 

At the same time, we have to maintain pressure on Syria to ensure that the chemical weapons programme is completely and irreversibly dismantled, including the remaining production facilities. Last but not least the work of the Fact Finding Mission on the recent allegations of the use of chlorine should continue. The perpetrators of such horrific acts should be held accountable. The situation in Syria continues to be extremely critical from a security and humanitarian point of view. The EU urges all parties to help revive the political track as there can be no military solution to this conflict."

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17 juin 2014 2 17 /06 /juin /2014 07:45
EUFOR-RCA atteint sa pleine capacité opérationnelle

 

 

16 juin 2014 (Xinhua)

 

BRUXELLES - La force de l'Union européenne en République centrafricaine (EUFOR RCA) a atteint sa pleine capacité opérationnelle ce dimanche du 15 juin, a annoncé lundi le Service européen pour l'action extérieure (SEAE)

 

Déployée dès le début du mois d'avril, EUFOR RCA est désormais forte de 700 soldats et gendarmes pour assurer d'abord la sécurisation et la protection de l'aéroport de Bangui pour un mandat de quatre à six mois. Elle assure aussi, en coordination avec les forces de l'Union africaine (UA), la sécurité des 3ème et 5ème arrondissements de Bangui où existent de profondes tensions intercommunautaires et la plupart des violences qui agitent la capitale centrafricaine.

 

Toujours selon le SEAE, EUFOR RCA sera renforcée d'une centaine de soldats supplémentaires au cours des prochains jours.

 

EUFOR RCA s'inscrit dans le cadre de la résolution 2134 du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies en date du 28 janvier dernier. Elle vise, en appui de l'UA et en coordination avec la force d'intervention française Sangaris, à l'établissement d'un environnement stable et sécurisé pour le retour durable des populations déplacées, à l'appui des projets européens d'assistance et de développement, au rétablissement de la complète liberté de mouvement des acteurs humanitaires dans son secteur.

 

 EUFOR RCA se prépare aussi à appuyer le déploiement de l'opération de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies prévu d'ici la fin de l'année 2014.

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6 mai 2014 2 06 /05 /mai /2014 12:30
Killing of a member of the team providing security to the EU Delegation in Yemen

 

Brussels, 05 May 2014 140505/04

 

Statement by EU High Representative on the killing of a member of the team providing security to the EU Delegation in Yemen:

 

" I condemn in the strongest terms the killing today, in Sana'a, of a member of the team providing security to the EU Delegation and the wounding of two others.

The EU's presence in Yemen aims only to assist the country in its transition to democracy and in its economic development. To target persons engaged in this effort is evil and senseless.

I extend my condolences to the bereaved family and wish a full and speedy recovery to the other victims of the attack.

The EU calls on the Government of Yemen to take all necessary measures to restore security in the country, without which no progress on other challenges facing Yemen will be possible."

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30 avril 2014 3 30 /04 /avril /2014 19:45
EUFOR RCA en charge de la sécurité à l'aéroport de Bangui

 

Bruxelles, le 30 avril 2014 EEAS ref 140430/02

 

À partir d'aujourd'hui, l’opération EUFOR RCA prend en charge la sécurité et la protection de l’aéroport de Bangui, en relève de la force française Sangaris. Ce transfert d’autorité est intervenu à midi, heure de Bangui, et fait suite à la déclaration par le général Philippe Pontiès, Commandant de l'opération, de la capacité initiale opérationnelle de la force.

 

Ce même jour, les premiers éléments du contingent estonien sont arrivés à Bangui, consolidant ainsi le déploiement européen en République Centrafricaine. La montée en puissance se poursuivra jusqu’au mois de juin pour atteindre la pleine capacité opérationnelle.

 

Lancée par le Conseil de l’Union européenne le 1er avril 2014, cette opération s’inscrit dans le cadre de la résolution 2134 du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies et vise, en appui de la force de l’Union Africaine MISCA, à contribuer au rétablissement d’un environnement stable et sécurisé dans la ville de Bangui. Elle permettra par ailleurs aux organisations internationales et non gouvernementales de consolider leur action au profit des populations les plus vulnérables ainsi que la poursuite des projets humanitaires et de développement soutenus par l’Union européenne dans la capitale centrafricaine.

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15 avril 2014 2 15 /04 /avril /2014 15:50
3309th Council meeting Foreign Affairs Luxembourg, 14 and 15 April 2014

 

14 and 15 April 2014 8763/14 (OR. en) Provisional Version - Presse 219 / PR CO 21

 

President Catherine Ashton High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

 

Main results of the Council Meeting of Foreign Ministers

 

Ukraine

The Council condemned actions undertaken by armed individuals in cities of Eastern Ukraine. These attempts at destabilising Ukraine must come to an end. The Council also decided to expand the list of those subject to asset freeze and visa ban.

 

The Council reiterated its strong support for Ukraine's unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, and called upon Russia to do likewise. It demanded Russia to call back its troops from the Ukrainian border and immediately withdraw the mandate of the Federation Council to use force on Ukrainian soil.

 

Catherine Ashton, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, said:

"Any further action aimed at destabilising Ukraine must stop. It is crucial that Russia and Ukraine engage in a meaningful dialogue to find a political solution. I will meet the Foreign Ministers of the United States, Russia and Ukraine this Thursday in Geneva. The purpose of this meeting is to start a dialogue on how to deescalate the situation in Ukraine and to ensure that peace and stability returns to the whole of Ukraine."

 

The Council also signalled that the EU is ready to assist Ukraine in the field of civilian security sector reform. All options will be examined, including a possible mission under the Common Security and Defence Policy, and a decision will be taken at the next Foreign Affairs Council.

 

In addition, the Council approved macro-financial assistance to Ukraine to support the country's economic stabilisation and reforms. € 1 billion can be made available to contribute to covering Ukraine's urgent balance-of-payments needs as identified in the government's economic programme supported by the IMF. This brings the total amount to € 1.6 billion.

 

The Council also adopted temporary tariff cuts on Ukrainian goods, ahead of the application of the Association Agreement. The reduction of customs duties is expected to enter into force on 23 April.

 

The Council moreover strengthened EU sanctions against persons responsible for misappropriating Ukrainian state funds. It targeted four additional persons in Ukraine with an asset freeze.

 

Meeting of Defence Ministers

 

Mali

The Council established a civilian mission under the Common Security and Defence Policy to support the internal security forces in Mali. It will support the Malian state to ensure democratic order and the conditions for lasting peace through strategic advice and training for the three internal security forces in Mali, i.e. the police, Gendarmerie and Garde nationale.

 

The EU High Representative said:

"EUCAP Sahel Mali is a further demonstration of the EU's commitment to supporting reform in Mali. By assisting the Malian internal security forces with EU expertise, EUCAP will help build a lasting solution to Mali's security challenges."

 

The Council also extended the complementary EU training mission in Mali (EUTM Mali) by two years, i.e. until 18 May 2016. The mission supports the training and reorganisation of the Malian Armed Forces so as to help improve the military capacity of the Malian Armed Forces. The extension of the mandate will allow military training of four additional battalions as well as the implementation of additional tasks.

 

Ukraine

Over lunch, EU defence ministers discussed the effects of the Ukrainian crisis on the common security and defence policy, in the presence of 8ATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen.

 

 

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28 mars 2014 5 28 /03 /mars /2014 19:50
Statement by the Spokesperson of EU High Representative Catherine Ashton on the DPRK’s Ballistic Missile launches

 

Brussels, 28 March 2014 140328/03

 

The spokesperson of Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the Commission, issued the following statement today :

 

" The High Representative is deeply concerned about the destabilising actions undertaken by the DPRK on 26th March 2014, following the rocket launches over the course of the last three weeks. This week's missile firings represent a clear violation of the DPRK’s international obligations as set out in particular under UN Security Council Resolution 1718 and 1874.

The High Representative calls upon the DPRK to comply fully, unconditionally and without delay with its obligations under relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, its IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement under the NPT, and its commitments towards denuclearisation under the 2005 Joint Statement of the Six Party Talks. She also urges DPRK to refrain from any action that could further increase regional tensions.

The EU is ready to continue working with its international partners, with a view to contributing to the pursuit of lasting peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula."

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28 mars 2014 5 28 /03 /mars /2014 08:50
Crédits EEAS

Crédits EEAS

 

Thursday, March 27, 2014, SEDE

 

The Subcommittee will exchange views with Etienne de Poncins, Head of the EUCAP Nestor mission, and Gilles Janvier, acting EU Civilian Operations Commander, on regional maritime capacity building in the Horn of Africa.

 
When : 1 April 2014       

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18 mars 2014 2 18 /03 /mars /2014 17:50
Updated Fact Sheet: EU-Ukraine Relations

18.03.2014 by EEAS


Fact Sheet: EU-Ukraine Relations:

 

http://www.eeas.europa.eu/statements/docs/2014/140318_02_en.pdf
 

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
EU adopts strategy on the Gulf of Guinea

 

Brussels, 17 March 2014 7671/14 (OR. en) PRESSE 148

 

The Council today adopted an EU strategy on the Gulf of Guinea to support the efforts of the region and its coastal states to address the many challenges of maritime insecurity and organised crime.

Welcoming the decision, the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton said: "I am glad that the Council has today adopted the EU strategy on the Gulf of Guinea. Its adoption just ahead of the EU-Africa Summit showcases the strong relationship between the EU and Africa and the importance we attach to close and comprehensive cooperation with our African partners. It is crucial now to support our West and Central African partners' efforts to tackle the complex challenges of maritime insecurity and organised crime. These threaten stability in the wider sub-region and pose a growing threat to the EU as well."

 

In order to support partner countries and the regional African-led coordinating platforms emerging to tackle the complex and wide-ranging challenges of maritime insecurity and organised crime facing West and Central Africa, the EU and its member states will focus on four objectives: building a common understanding of the scale of the threat in the Gulf of Guinea and the need to address it; helping regional governments put in place institutions and capabilities to ensure security and the rule of law; supporting the development of prosperous economies in the coastal countries; and strengthening cooperation structures between the countries of the region to ensure effective action across borders at sea and on land.

 

The strategy also recognises the need to protect both the populations in the Gulf of Guinea region and European citizens from the threats that emanate from the region, including piracy, terrorism and trafficking of people, drugs and arms. It covers the 6.000 km coastline from Senegal to Angola including the islands of Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe.

 

More information: Council conclusions on the Gulf of Guinea

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
Le Sahel Africain - source Sénat r12-7201

Le Sahel Africain - source Sénat r12-7201

 

Brussels, 17 March 2014 FOREIGN AFFAIRS Council meeting

 

The Council adopted the following conclusions:

 

"1 The European Union (EU) remains deeply concerned by the crisis in the Sahel region. It reiterates its determination to support partners in addressing the region's key security and development challenges.

 

2. The Council welcomes the progress made in implementing the EU Strategy for Security and Development in the Sahel and encourages its enhanced implementation in coordination with the EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the Sahel. The objectives of the EU Strategy in the fields of security, peace-building, conflict prevention, countering radicalisation and development remain valid and the link between security and development will remain at the heart of EU policies and operations in the region. Responding in a dynamic manner to the evolution of the situation in the region is key to ensure the efficacy of the EU comprehensive approach. In this context, the Council invites the EEAS, the EUSR for the Sahel and the Commission to develop a new regional action plan covering the next steps of implementation of the Sahel Strategy.

 

3. The Council invites the EEAS, the EUSR for the Sahel and the Commission to extend the implementation of the Strategy to Burkina Faso and Chad while intensifying relevant activities in Mali, Mauritania and Niger. Political dialogue on conflict prevention and security issues in the Sahel region will be stepped up also in relevant West Africa n and neighbouring countries including Senegal, Nigeria and Cameroon as well as countries of the Maghreb.

 

4. International support to the Sahel region needs to be accompanied by sustained efforts to find a lasting solution to the roots of the ongoing crises in the north of Mali and the wider region. Security and development in the Sahel region is also strongly linked to stability in Libya. In Mali, the EU fully supports the work of the United Nations stabilisation mission MINUSMA to help create conditions conducive to the full restoration of State authority, order and security in the north of Mali. The EU strongly urges all Malian parties to begin credible and inclusive consultations open to all communities and to all non-terrorist armed groups of northern Mali with the aim of achieving broadly founded and lasting peace through a sustainable political solution. The EU will also continue to support the implementation of the plan for the sustainable recovery of Mali.

 

5. In line with the humanitarian principles of independence, neutrality, impartiality and humanity, the EU will also continue to provide humanitarian aid to the most vulnerable people, on the basis of needs, especially this coming months to ensure a coordinated and effective response to the current food crisis in the Sahel region and to link relief, rehabilitation, and development wherever conditions allow it. In that perspective, the EU will continue to foster resilience building and relevant coordination efforts by Western Africa regional organisations and partners in the framework of the Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative (AGIR).

 

6. With regard to development in the Sahel, the EU will continue to support sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development and regional integration, drawing lessons from the past. The Council commends the progress made towards the implementation of an Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and West Africa. The EU will provide specific support to regional infrastructures that bring the periphery closer to the centre, sustainable social services especially health and education, and sustainable agriculture, food and nutrition security. The EU will encourage in particular local and national development policies addressing the specific socioeconomic and human security needs of border areas as a way to improve territorial control and state authority throughout territories. Due attention will be paid to trading, trafficking and migratory flows including return and readmission and the synergies between migration and development. The EU will continue to promote democracy, human rights, decentralisation policies, good governance including an independent and fair justice system at local and regional levels, and it will encourage the fight against corruption as well as counter-radicalisation projects as a means of conflict prevention, building on local and national initiatives where possible. The EU will continue to implement joint programming within the Sahel countries in order to further increase the effectiveness of EU development cooperation.

 

7. In the field of security, the EU will continue to provide support to national and regional endeavours related to security sector reform and integrated border management and to national efforts in the fight against terrorism and organised crime, including smuggling of migrants and trafficking of human beings, notably through the ongoing CSDP missions in Libya, Mali and Niger as well as the future civilian mission in Mali. The EU will promote synergies between those missions while integrating lessons learnt from previous missions. The EU welcomes the efforts of the African Union and other regional actors to promote enhanced coordination in the field of intelligence and counter-terrorism as well as optimal allocation of national assets and capacities.

 

8. The primary responsibility and ownership for peace, security and development is with the governments of the Sahelian region. Regional and international coordination is key to ensure the effectiveness of international efforts in support to local and regional endeavours and the EU will work in close cooperation with regional organisations and national governments in the Sahel to ensure a broadly rooted implementation of the EU Sahel Strategy. The EU welcomes the decision taken by the Heads of States of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and Burkina Faso in Nouakchott on 16 February 2014 to establish a permanent framework for their own regional coordination efforts. The EU also welcomes the conclusions of the international high level meeting on the Sahel held in Brussels on 6 February 2014, in particular the recognition that the international coordination platform for the Sahel should constitute the overall coordination mechanism for all existing strategies in the region, including the UN integrated strategy for the Sahel. The EU reaffirms its will to contribute actively together with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and others to the work of the United Nations and the African Union Commission in support to this platform."

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14 mars 2014 5 14 /03 /mars /2014 13:50
The EU and its (cyber) partnerships

Briefs - No9 - 14 March 2014 Patryk Pawlak, Catherine Sheahan

 

The benefits of an open and accessible internet for growth and development have been acknowledged on numerous occasions. But as the potential of the digital economy for fostering innovation and creating new business opportunities grows, so too do the difficulties with protecting it. In February 2014, the EEAS presented the Friends of the Presidency on Cyber Issues with a Food for Thought Paper (‘Further Strengthening European Cyber Diplomacy’). According to the document, ‘the EU and its Member States should be in a position to present a coherent and comprehensive suite of policies which keep pace with the ever shifting international landscape, taking into account the strategic policy goals of other actors in the field’.

Strategic engagement with key regional partners is central to securing the Union’s economic and political interests. It is therefore useful to clarify the scope of existing (as well as potential) cooperation with the EU’s main strategic partners, especially those with regional influence, i.e. the United States, Brazil, South Korea, Singapore, South Africa, China, Egypt and India. Structured cyber consultations with Washington, Beijing and Delhi are already in place, and other less formal cyber dialogues – with South Korea and Brazil among others – are also underway.

 

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