Overblog Suivre ce blog
Administration Créer mon blog
12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 16:50
Exercise Arrcade Fusion. photo UK MoD.jpg

Exercise Arrcade Fusion. photo UK MoD.jpg

 

10 November 2015 Ministry of Defence and The Rt Hon Michael Fallon MP

 

UK Armed Forces are leading a NATO Land training exercise in the Baltic states, underlining continued support to the region.
 

Exercise Arrcade Fusion, which takes place in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, will be led by the Army, accompanied by a small number of supporting personnel from the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force.

Around 1,400 troops from 18 NATO nations will take part in the exercise, which began over the weekend, and runs through November. The UK is committing 800 troops and around 350 Army logistics vehicles.

The UK led exercise will put the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) – the land element of NATO’s new Rapid Reaction Force – to the test. The exercise will help prepare the new force before it becomes operational in 2016.

It will also demonstrate NATO’s capacity to operate in complex environments across the conventional, unconventional and hybrid spectrum of warfare.

Arrcade Fusion reinforces the UK’s continued commitment to the Baltic States. Next year RAF jets will take part in the Baltic Air Policing mission for the 3rd consecutive year while last month, the Defence Secretary announced that the UK will deploy a persistent presence to the Baltic states to provide reassurance and build the capability of their armed forces of the region.

Defence Secretary Michael Fallon said:

This exercise underlines our commitment to the sovereignty of the democratic nations of Eastern Europe.

It builds on our decision to deploy RAF jets and company sized units to the Baltic region.

It will also provide crucial training to ensure the effectiveness of the new Rapid Reaction Force when it launches next year.

Lieutenant General Tim Evans, commander Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, said:

The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps has deployed to the Baltic States on Exercise Arrcade Fusion to improve and refine the way we operate alongside our allies in the region.

The exercise will also assure the public and the governments of the Baltic states that NATO stands ready to support its members when required.

Repost 0
29 septembre 2015 2 29 /09 /septembre /2015 16:50
photo Marine nationale

photo Marine nationale

 

25/09/2015 Sources : Marine nationale

 

Le 24 septembre, l’ École navale a remporté le challenge inter-écoles militaires de Cyberdéfense 2015. La compétition, débutée le 23 au soir, s’est achevée le lendemain en début d’après-midi avec l’annonce des résultats par l’officier général Cyber, l’amiral Arnaud Coustillière, qui a annoncé la victoire de l’École navale devant l’École de Saint-Cyr Coetquidan puis la ligue de défense cyber-estonienne.

 

L’objectif du challenge ? Evaluer le niveau de connaissance des futurs ingénieurs civils et militaires, tester leurs aptitudes à lutter contre les attaques informatiques et commencer à fédérer un réseau international de futurs experts en cyberdéfense.

 

Durant une douzaine d’heures, les participants, depuis leurs sites respectifs, ont fait face à des attaques informatiques que l’animation du challenge avait lancées contre leur plateforme de jeu. Cette dernière représentait un mini système industriel de gestion de remplissage de cuves de carburant. L’école qui maintenait un niveau élevé de ses cuves le plus longtemps possible était déclarée gagnante.

 

L’équipe de l’École navale se composait de deux officiers-élèves (3ème année), de deux élèves de l’ENSTA Bretagne, de trois assistants d’enseignement et de recherche de la chaire de cyber-défense, et de deux techniciens supérieurs d'études et de fabrications des services en poste à l’école. Le lieutenant de vaisseau Xavier Boudvin, doctorant à la chaire cyber-défense implantée à l’École navale, a supervisé l’équipe en amont et durant la compétition, soutenu dans cette tâche par l’AER Guillaume Bonnoron.

 

Pour ce challenge, elle a fait face à 5 autres équipes : l’École des Officiers de l’armée de l’Air, l’École de Saint-Cyr Coetquidan, l’United States Naval Academy, la réserve opérationnelle cyber ainsi que la ligue de défense cyber-estonienne.

 

Destiné aux étudiants d’écoles d’ingénieurs civils et militaires, ce challenge était organisé, à l’occasion du premier colloque international #CyberDef 2015, par le Ministère de la Défense, la Direction générale de l'armement (DGA) et l’État-major des armées (EMA Cyber).

 

La chaire industrielle de cyberdéfense des systèmes navals – École navale

Sous le haut patronage de l’officier général cyber et avec le soutien de la région Bretagne, une chaire industrielle de cyberdéfense des systèmes navals a été créée fin 2014 à l’École navale, en partenariat avec Telecom Bretagne ainsi que les industriels DCNS et Thales.

Hébergée au sein de l’Institut de Recherche de l’École navale, dans un bâtiment sécurisé permettant des études classifiées, la chaire se structure autour de la recherche -amont et appliquée - garante d’un enseignement supérieur de qualité, d’actions de formations - initiale, continue et spécialisée - dans le domaine de la cyberdéfense des systèmes navals et d’expérimentations de nouveaux produits de sécurité informatique. Cette chaire cyberdéfense constitue une plateforme de diffusion et de valorisation des résultats des recherches et des projets qui seront développés, tant sur le plan national qu’international. Pour l’École navale, ce projet apporte une expertise au profit de la formation des élèves-officiers ingénieurs et des officiers SIC de la Marine nationale. Les travaux de recherche sont menés par une dizaine de doctorants et post-doctorants, civils et militaires.

Repost 0
16 septembre 2015 3 16 /09 /septembre /2015 07:50
Marines: Preparing For A Baltic War

 

September 15, 2015: Strategy page

 

Fear of Russia is creating a new military alliance in northern Europe. Since 2014 Sweden and Finland, while not NATO members, have been training with other Baltic states (Denmark, Norway, Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) that are. This year Sweden and Finland participated (along with 15 other nations) in the BALTOPS naval exercise. The 5,600 troops involved were mainly concerned with confirming that everyone’s equipment, procedures and communications worked as needed for joint naval and amphibious operations.

 

One of the things the 2015 BALTOPS was concerned with was defending Gotland; a key Swedish island between Sweden and Latvia. Whoever controls Gotland dominates the eastern Baltic and access to most of the Swedish coastline. BALTOPS planners also examined retaking Gotland if Russia were to seize it, which Sweden sees as an increasing possibility. Sweden now plans to increase the Gotland garrison and build more fortifications.

 

BALTOPS also worked on amphibious operations in the Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia), which are now NATO members and threatened by Russia. Sweden and Finland have long been allies and are increasing their military cooperation and coordination.

Repost 0
25 juin 2015 4 25 /06 /juin /2015 11:50
Cyber defence exercise for decision makers


Prague - 22 June, 2015 European Defence Agency
 

From 16 to 18 June 2015, the European Defence Agency (EDA) together with the Czech National Security Authority (NBU) organised an exercise for Comprehensive and Strategic Decision Making on Cyber Security and Defence in Prague. The exercise was opened with keynote speeches from the Director of the NBU, Mr Dušan Navrátil and the Estonian Ambassador to the Czech Republic, H.E. Mr. Sten Schwede. The Estonian Ambassador to NATO, H.E. Mr. Lauri Lepik, visited the exercise on 17 June.

 

The exercise execution was supported by the Estonian based European Cyber Security Initiative (ECSI), a Non-Governmental Organisation aiming at improving cyber security across Europe, as well as representatives from the Estonian and Portuguese governments, the EU Military Staff and CERT-EU.

The tabletop exercise aimed at training senior decision makers from the public and private sectors to comprehensively deal with complex cyber attack scenarios. The methodological concept of the exercise, that refers back to an Estonian initiative, was initially piloted with the Portuguese government in May 2014. The exercise in Prague served as a first proof-of-concept. In total 57 representatives from the Czech government, the Czech private sector and observers from Austria, Estonia, Slovakia, ENISA and CCD COE participated. 

Participants expressed their appreciation of the exercise in general. In particular they valued the realistic scenario and concept as well as the pragmatism in transferring a complex issue into a coherent training concept. They also agreed that the exercise addressed an existing gap in the training and exercise landscape. 

A second proof-of-concept exercise will be organised with the Austrian government in September 2015 in Vienna

 

More Information:

Repost 0
18 juin 2015 4 18 /06 /juin /2015 07:50
RAF in Estonia for Baltic Air Policing Mission


17 juin 2015 by Royal Air Force

 

Four RAF Typhoons are currently deployed to Amari airbase in Estonia as part of NATO’s Baltic Air Policing mission to assure and secure the airspace of the Baltic countries of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. “People are what make a mission for the Royal Air Force”, says the commander of 121 Expeditionary Air Wing, Wing Commander Stu Smiley; “We have the equipment and the aircraft which execute the mission with the pilots in, but it is everybody behind that that makes it possible.”

Repost 0
10 juin 2015 3 10 /06 /juin /2015 16:40
RAF Typhoon of 6 Squadron from 121 Expeditionary Air Wing deployed in Estonia intercepts Russian Il-20 Coot A electronic surveillance aircraft - photo RAF.jpg

RAF Typhoon of 6 Squadron from 121 Expeditionary Air Wing deployed in Estonia intercepts Russian Il-20 Coot A electronic surveillance aircraft - photo RAF.jpg


10 June 2015 by Royal Air Force
 

RAF Typhoons made a “two-in-one” interception, launching to find and identify Russian aircraft in two different places over the Baltic Sea as part of the NATO Baltic Air Policing mission for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

 

A pair of Typhoons were scrambled this morning from Ämari Air base in Estonia to intercept an unknown aircraft tracking the Baltic airspace without having filed a flight plan. Having identified it as an Il-20M Coot A surveillance aircraft, they were then re-tasked whilst still airborne to check out another aircraft. It was seen to be an An-26 Curl transport aircraft going north from Kaliningrad.

These two intercepts resulted from close teamwork between the Estonian Air Force and the RAF Air Surveillance and Control System (ASACS) detachment at Ämari. ASACS detachment commander, Flight Lieutenant Paul “Griff” Griffin explained: “The Estonian controllers will have seen it on their radar picture. They evaluate speed, heading, height and whether it has a flight plan. They give it an appropriate ID coloured according to their assessment of its intent. We saw this one show up in a sea of green.”

He continued: “My job as the 121 EAW representative is to provide input to NATO’s Combined Air Operations Centre at Uedem in Germany. It’s almost like a bidding process. Every unit identifies what they can do. In this case the Typhoons were given a ‘Yes’ and one of the Estonians hit the ‘Scramble’ button. As our aircraft get in the air, it’s my job to vector them on. Steering them left, right, faster, slower to get them behind the unknown aircraft.”

Sgt Chris Ashcroft, in the ASACS detachment takes-up the story: “My part is to generate the air picture – so it can be seen in the cockpit to increase the situational awareness of the Typhoon pilots. It takes a bit of training to ensure they have the right footprint visible”.

Interception of two aircraft on the same sortie demonstrates the flexible capability of the RAF Typhoons in policing Baltic airspace and making it safer for civilian air traffic. Detachment Commander, Wing Commander Stu Smiley said: “As we enter our second month of policing the Baltic airspace, this is the fourth intercept tasking we have had. It’s much as expected. Today’s double intercept easily demonstrates the capability we bring to the mission”.

Flt Lt Griffin simply summed it up: “ It’s a bit like waiting for a bus. You wait so long and then two turn up at once. But we are trained to do that.”

An-26 Curl transport aircraft - photo RAF.jpg

An-26 Curl transport aircraft - photo RAF.jpg

Repost 0
4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:50
Information Warfare: NATO Is Lost In Cyberspace

 

May 30, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Tiny Estonia (population 1.3 million) has formed a Cyber War militia because Russia keeps threatening another major Cyber War offensive. Despite its small size Estonia is the most technically advanced (on a per-capita basis) nation in East Europe and was able to recruit several hundred skilled volunteers who are hard at work pooling their knowledge and skills to better handle more Cyber War aggression from Russia.

 

Estonia borders Russia and is a member of NATO. That last bit makes Russia reluctant to come in with tanks to take over like they did twice in the 1940s. Russia made a major effort to crush Estonia via major Internet based attacks in 2007. Estonia survived that “invasion” but admitted that this sort of Russian aggression caused great financial harm to Estonia. In the wake of these Russian Cyber War attacks Estonia demanded that the UN and NATO declare this sort of thing terrorism and dealt with accordingly. NATO tried to be helpful, but that wasn’t enough. The UN was even less helpful as the UN has a hard time getting anything done when Russia is involved because Russia is one of the handful of founding members that has a veto.

 

NATO did make an effort and in 2008 established a Cyber Defense Center in Estonia. This was the most tangible NATO response to Estonian calls for NATO to declare Cyber War on Russia. NATO agreed to discuss the issue but never took any action against Russia. The Cyber Defense Center was a consolation prize and studies Cyber War techniques and incidents and attempts to coordinate efforts by other NATO members to create Cyber War defenses and offensive weapons. NATO say that this appears to have deterred Russia from making another Cyber War attack. The Estonians are not so sure as Russia went ahead and invaded Georgia (a nation of four million in the Caucasus) in 2008 and Ukraine in 2014 and still makes very public threats against Estonia.

 

  Cyber Wars have actually been going on since the late 1990s and they are getting worse. It started in the 1990s as individuals attacked the web sites in other nations because of diplomatic disputes. This was usually stirred up by some international incident. India and Pakistan went at it several times, and Arabs and Israelis have been trashing each other’s web sites for years. The Arabs backed off at first, mainly because the Israeli hackers are much more effective. But in the last few years the Arabs have acquired more skills and are back at it. Chinese and Taiwanese hackers go at each other periodically, and in 2001, Chinese and American hackers clashed because of a collision off the Chinese coast between an American reconnaissance aircraft and a Chinese fighter. That was just the beginning for China, which now regularly makes major hacking attacks on the U.S. and other NATO members.

 

Since 2005 these Cyber Wars have escalated from web site defacing and shutting down sites with massive amounts of junk traffic (DDOS attacks), to elaborate espionage efforts against American military networks. The attackers are believed to be Chinese, and some American military commanders are calling for a more active defense (namely, a counterattack) to deal with the matter.

 

The Russian attacks against Estonia were the result of Estonia moving a statue, honoring Russian World War II soldiers, from the center of the capital, to a military cemetery in the countryside. The Estonians always saw the statue as a reminder of half a century of Russian occupation and oppression. Russia saw the statue move as an insult to the efforts of Russian soldiers to liberate Estonia and enable the Russians to occupy the place for half a century. The basic problem here is that most Russians don't see their Soviet era ancestors as evil people, despite the millions of Russians and non-Russians killed by the Soviet secret police. The Russians are very proud of their defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, ignoring the fact that the Soviet government was just biding its time before it launched its own invasion of Germany and Europe in general.

 

While many Russians would have backed a military attack on Estonia to retaliate for the insult by an ungrateful neighbor, this approach was seen as imprudent. Estonia is part of NATO and an attack on one NATO member is considered an attack on all. It's because of this Russian threat that Estonia was so eager to get into NATO. The Russians, however, believe that massive Cyber War attacks will not trigger a NATO response. They were so sure of this, that some of the early DDOS attacks were easily traced back to computers owned by the Russian government. When that got out, the attacks stopped for a few days, and then resumed from what appear to be illegal botnets. Maybe some legal botnets as well. Russian language message boards were full of useful information on how to join the holy war against evil Estonia. There's no indication that any Russians are afraid of a visit from the Russian cyber-police for any damage they might do to Estonia. And the damage has been significant, amounting to millions of dollars. While no one has been injured, Estonia is insisting that this attack, by Russia, should trigger the mutual defense provisions of the NATO treaty. It didn't, but it was a reminder to all that Cyber War is very real except when it comes time to fight back.

Repost 0
3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:50
Cyber conflict - the enemy online


1 juin 2015 by NATO

 

Who should be most worried about cyber attacks? The man on the street, who wants to protect his wallet? Or the military commander, who wants to protect his country?

We travel to Tallinn in Estonia for CyCon – The NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence’s International Conference on Cyber Conflict. In 2007 Estonia was momentarily crippled by a cyber attack on parliament, banks and the media – an attack that changed the way military organisations around the world viewed their responses to network security, and led to the start of the Centre of Excellence. Now, eight years later, NATOChannel asks some of the world’s leading experts in cybercrime how it has developed? How sizable is the threat? And what’s being done to combat it?

Repost 0
21 mai 2015 4 21 /05 /mai /2015 18:50
Initiative to mitigate human-related risks in cyber space signed

 

Brussels - 19 May, 2015 by European Defence Agency

 

On 18 May, the Ministers of Defence of Austria, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and the Netherlands as well as the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Head of Agency on behalf of the European External Action Service, EU Military Committee and European Defence Agency, signed a pledge to mitigate human-related risks in cyber space by launching the Cyber Hygiene initiative. The initiative is an important contribution to the implementation of the EU Cyber Defence Policy Framework, notably on awareness raising for CSDP structures, missions and operations.

 

By joining the pledge, the signatory Member States promise to adopt and implement internal guidelines for best behavioural principles for cyber hygiene by the end of 2016. This includes, for example, introducing a mandatory e-learning platform.

Initiated by the Latvian Presidency of the Council of the EU and the Estonian Ministry of Defence, the initiative calls to strengthen cyber security culture as low awareness and human-related risks are a common cause of cyber incidents. A large number of cyber incidents can be avoided, or their effects greatly mitigated, if certain behavioural cyber security procedures and implementation measures are applied. It is part of a wider project, which aims to educate the members of defence sector institutions on secure behaviour while using online resources. 

Beyond its commitment to implement internal guidelines, the Agency will contribute to expanding this initiative to other interested EU Member States.
 

EDA activities

The December 2013 European Council identified cyber defence as one of the priority areas to take forward in the European Union. Furthermore, in November 2014 the Council adopted the EU Cyber Defence Policy Framework. Cyber defence has also been identified as a priority area in the EDA’s Capability Development Plan. 

The armed forces are reliant on cyberspace both as a user and as a domain to achieve defence and security missions. The Agency is active in the fields of cyber defence capabilities and in the research & technology domain.

In the last three years, the Agency has completed ten cyber defence related projects with a financial volume of about two million euros. This equals to approximately 10% of EDA’s operational budget. Among these ten projects are a stocktaking study of cyber defence capabilities among all EDA Member States and EU institutions, the establishment of a cyber defence research agenda and cyber defence training courses for senior military decision makers as well as the assessment of the feasibility of a EU Cyber Defence Centre for CSDP. 


Copyright picture: European Union, 2015. 
From left to right: Ms. Jeanine HENNIS-PLASSCHAERT, Dutch Minister of Defence; Mr Gerald KLUG, Austrian Federal Minister for Defence and Sport; Mr Sven MIKSER, Estonian Minister of Defence; Ms. Federica MOGHERINI, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy; Mr Raimonds VEJONIS, Latvian Minister for Defence; Mr Juozas OLEKAS, Lithuanian Minister for National Defence; Ms. Piritta ASUNMAA, PSC Ambassador of Finland

 

More information:

Repost 0
28 avril 2015 2 28 /04 /avril /2015 11:50
International Cyber Defence Exercise


27 avr. 2015 by NATO

 

“A country has been left without electricity and has lost control of its fleet of drones. Hackers are to blame…” Such is the scenario for Locked Shields, a simulation exercise involving 400 of the world’s top computer experts.

Taking place in Estonia and involving around 400 computer experts from 16 nations, the drill was organised by the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence based in Tallinn. Locked Shields is a scenario-based exercise where teams of cyber defence experts have to protect a realistic virtual network.

A team from the NATO Computer Incident Response Capability won first place, with Estonia and Poland taking second and third place respectively.

Repost 0
1 mars 2015 7 01 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
Visit of the Commander of Estonian Defense Forces

 

16 février 2015 by mhq pao

 

The Commander of Estonian Defense Forces, Major General Riho TERRAS, accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel Rain JANO, Captain Indrek ELLING, Chief of STRATCOM Mr. Vallo TOOMET, Estonian Prime Minister representative Mr. Kadri PEETERS, Estonian MoD representative Mr. Sven SAKKOV, arrived on Saturday 14 February 2015 in Bamako, visiting the European Union Training Mission – Mali.

 

The distinguished visitord have been greeted by the Mission Commander of EUTM Mali, General Alfonso GARCIA-VAQUERO PRADAL.

 

The EUTM Mali Chief Of Staff presented a complex brief at EUTM Headquarters in Bamako, and then the distinguished visitors departed for Koulikoro, where the TTF commander presented a brief regarding the training mission followed by a visit of the Training Camp.

Visit of the Commander of Estonian Defense ForcesVisit of the Commander of Estonian Defense Forces
Repost 0
28 février 2015 6 28 /02 /février /2015 12:45
photos EUTM Mali

photos EUTM Mali

 

16 février 2015 par mhq pao     

 

Le commandant des forces de défense de l’Estonie, Général Commandant Riho TERRAS, accompagné par Lieutenant-Colonel Rain JANO, Capitaine Indrek ELLING, le Chef du STRATCOM Mr. Vallo TOOMET, le représentant du Prime Ministre Estonien Mr. Kadri PEETERS, le représentant du Ministère de la Défense Estonien Mr. Sven SAKKOV, est arrivé le samedi 14 février 2015 à BAMAKO pour une visite à la Mission Européenne d’Entraînement au Mali.

 

Les visiteurs distingués ont été accueilli au MHQ par le général de brigade Alfonso GARCIA-VAQUERO PRADAL, commandant l’EUTM Mali.

 

Le Chef d’Etat-major de l’EUTM Mali a présenté les différents aspects de la mission avant de se rendre au centre de formation de KOULIKOURO, ou le Chef du TTF a présenté a présenté un mémoire au sujet de la mission de formation suivie d’une visite du camp d’entraînement.

La visite du commandant des forces de défense de l’Estonie a l’EUTM Mali
La visite du commandant des forces de défense de l’Estonie a l’EUTM Mali
La visite du commandant des forces de défense de l’Estonie a l’EUTM Mali
Repost 0
27 février 2015 5 27 /02 /février /2015 17:50
Estonian infantry personnel sitting in a Dutch CV90.

Estonian infantry personnel sitting in a Dutch CV90.

 

20-02-2015 Defensie.NL

 

Dutch infantrymen are currently in Estonia to demonstrate the possibilities offered by the CV90 infantry fighting vehicle. Estonia recently bought a total of 44 CV90s from the Netherlands. These vehicles are to be delivered in 2016, by which time the Estonians want to be able to handle the vehicles.

 

Estonia bought the surplus CV90s in order to increase their firepower. In addition, the Estonian army wishes to step up its military exercises with NATO partners in view of the current developments on the eastern border of the Baltic country.

Repost 0
26 février 2015 4 26 /02 /février /2015 18:50
Des blindés américains près de la frontière russe, lors d’un défilé en Estonie

 

24 février 2015 45eNord.ca (AFP)

 

Deux blindés de combat Stryker américains participant à des manœuvres de l’Otan en Estonie ont marqué les esprits par leur présence dans un défilé militaire mardi à Narva, tout près de la frontière russe, alors que les relations entre Moscou et les Occidentaux se sont dégradées avec la crise ukrainienne.

 

Une centaine de soldats de pays de l’Otan, Britanniques, néerlandais, espagnols, lettons et lituaniens ont également défilé dans la neige aux côtés d’environ 1300 militaires estoniens, pour marquer l’anniversaire de l’indépendance de l’Estonie, une ancienne république soviétique désormais membre de l’Union européenne et de l’Otan.

La parade annuelle a pris un relief particulier cette année dans le contexte des craintes suscitées dans les pays baltes par l’engagement dont est accusée la Russie dans le conflit ukrainien.

L’Otan a réagi à ces craintes en envoyant des avions de chasse dans les pays baltes et en y organisant plusieurs exercices militaires.

L’Histoire nous a appris que si nous ne nous défendons pas nous-mêmes, personne d’autre ne le fera, a toutefois déclaré lors du défilé le général Riho Teras, chef d’état-major estonien.

Les habitants venus voir le défilé, dont beaucoup ne parlaient pas estonien, paraissaient cependant faire peu de cas des craintes d’ingérence russe.

La population russophone est fortement majoritaire dans la région de Narva.

La Lituanie voisine a de son côté l’intention de rétablir temporairement le service militaire obligatoire en raison de l’actuel environnement géopolitique, a annoncé mardi la présidente de cet autre État balte, Dalia Grybauskaite.

Repost 0
4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:50
Armor: Swedish Armor Moves To The Russian Border

 

January 4, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Estonia has become the latest East European nation to buy second hand, but quite modern, armored vehicles from West European nations that feel they don’t need them anymore. In this case the Netherlands is selling 44 used, but well cared for, V90 IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicles) to Estonia. These CV90s entered Dutch service between 2008 and 2011 and the ones Estonia is receiving have at least two decades of useful life left in them.

 

Estonia is one of the Baltic States that were often part of the Russian Empire but would rather cultivate cultural and economic ties with countries to the west. Estonia is also ethnically linked to Finland as both nations speak a similar Central Asian language (which is also similar to what is spoken in Hungary). In addition to sharing a language, all three of these countries also fear Russian aggression.

 

Development of the CV90 began in 1988, with production starting in late 1993. The 28 ton tracked vehicle has a crew of three and carries seven passengers (usually infantrymen). With a top road speed of 70 kilometers an hour, the CV90 can go 300 kilometers on internal fuel. The vehicle turret carries a 30mm autocannon and a coaxial 7.62mm machine-gun. Also in the turret is a thermal imager for night operations. The vehicle armor protects against projectiles of up to 30mm caliber.

 

There are several variants of the CV90, carrying different weapons (120mm mortar, anti-tank missiles, 120mm gun, 25mm gun, 30mm gun, 105mm gun, anti-aircraft radar, and missiles). The CV90 is 6.55 meters (20.3) feet long and 3.1 meters (9.6 feet) wide. Average cost of a new CV90 was about $5 million each. Estonia is paying about $3.2 million each for theirs. The Swedish army has about 555 CV90s, Switzerland 185, Finland 102, Denmark 45, and Netherlands 193. Several of the original owners of the CV90 upgraded them with things like more armor, better electronics and air conditioning. West European users have been quite satisfied with the Swedish made CV90.

Repost 0
18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:50
photo Ülo Josing (ERR)

photo Ülo Josing (ERR)

 

MOSCOU, 16 janvier – RIA Novosti

 

Le président estonien Toomas Hendrik Ilves a exprimé vendredi dans une interview au quotidien allemand Die Welt son insatisfaction par un nombre insuffisant de soldats américains à la frontière avec la Russie et espéré que l'Otan serait plus active, en assurant la sécurité des Etats baltes.

 

"L'Otan n'écoute pas, comme il se doit, l'avis des pays baltes", a déclaré M.Ilves, déplorant que les partenaires de l'Alliance évitent d'aborder le problème de sécurité et refusent de changer d'attitude.

 

En septembre dernier, le chef de l'Etat estonien est intervenu en faveur du déploiement de bases militaires permanentes de l'Alliance sur le territoire de son pays.

 

"Nous ne devons pas avoir une Otan avec des Etats à niveaux différents, soit avec des bases permanentes et sans elles", a-t-il déclaré à l'époque.

 

Selon M.Ilves, des bases militaires protégeraient l'Estonie face à la Russie et atténueraient les craintes des Etats baltes qui risquent de devenir le prochain foyer de crise après l'Ukraine.

Repost 0
16 décembre 2014 2 16 /12 /décembre /2014 20:50
La Russie a dévoilé l'histoire d'une «taupe» estonienne des années 2000

 

16.12.2014 par Muriel Pomponne correspondante à Moscou - RFI

 

Le renseignement russe dévoile l'histoire d'un agent à la télévision russe pro-Kremlin NTV. Estonien, ce dernier était infiltré au sein de la police secrète de son pays. Entre 1996 et 2011, il aura transmis des informations à la Russie. L’agent double, qui vit désormais à Moscou, dit ainsi avoir déjoué l'espionnage des Occidentaux contre la Russie dans cette république balte.

 

Uno Puusepp travaillait au département des écoutes de la police secrète estonienne, la KaPo Mais en fait, depuis 1996, il transmettait des informations aux services secrets russes. C'était un agent double. Fils d’officier soviétique, il avait lui-même proposé ses services au FSB, l'héritier du KGB. Il officiera pendant 15 ans, et n'aurait jamais demandé à être payé.

Grâce à cet informateur, Moscou a obtenu systématiquement des rapports sur les relations de la KaPo avec les Américains de l'Agence centrale du renseignement (CIA) et avec les autres services secrets occidentaux. L'espion estonien a également permis de démasquer des agents étrangers en Russie, dont Valeri Ojamae, qui a été condamné en 2001 à sept ans de camp à Moscou pour espionnage pour le compte de la Grande-Bretagne.

 

Pourquoi ces révélations maintenant ?

Dans son interview à la télévision russe, diffusée dans le cadre d'un documentaire intitulé Notre homme à Tallinn, l'ancien espion s'est aussi félicité d'avoir empêché l'installation par Washington d'un système d'écoutes dans l'ambassade russe à Tallinn, la capitale estonienne. Les services secrets occidentaux avaient fini par se douter de l’existence d’une « taupe », mais un autre que lui a été arrêté et condamné.

Pourquoi révéler l'affaire ? Les experts s’interrogent sur les motivations de Moscou. Est-ce une façon pour la Russie de revendiquer sa suprématie en matière d’espionnage, et de pousser  les pays occidentaux à abandonner toute coopération avec leurs collègues estoniens ? Ou bien pourrait-il y avoir d’autres affaires d’espionnage pour lesquelles se préparerait un échange d’agents démasqués ?

Repost 0
12 décembre 2014 5 12 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
Estonian Military Signs New Deal With US

 

Dec 10, 2014 ASDNews Source : US Army

 

The Estonian Defense Ministry added the FGM-148 Javelin weapon system, a one-man portable rocket launcher, to its military's arsenal following the signing of a sales contract during ceremony at the Ministry of Defense building, here, Nov. 18.

 

The acquisition came after several demonstrations of the weapon system by U.S. forces during Operation Atlantic Resolve and the Estonian military's desire to bolster its anti-tank defense capabilities.

 

Read more

Repost 0
11 décembre 2014 4 11 /12 /décembre /2014 12:50
photo Netherlands MoD

photo Netherlands MoD

 

12/10/2014  Defence IQ Press

 

Estonia has put pen to paper on its largest defence procurement contract to date with the $171 million deal to buy 44 infantry combat vehicles from the Netherlands.

 

The Estonian Defence Forces will acquire the CV90 infantry vehicles from the Dutch government and are expected to enter service in 2016.

“The infantry vehicles will take the Estonian defence ability to a new level,” Defence Minister Sven Mikser said.

The deal comes at a time of increased regional tension as Russia continues its sabre rattling following the Ukrainian crisis. Other countries in the region such as Lithuania have begun bolstering their protected mobility capabilities in recent months.

Estonia has been working closely with the Netherlands for a range of defence supplies since 2004. Estonia has acquired over 1,100 trucks and SUVs, 500 trailers and staff containers and 81 SISU XA-188 armoured personnel carriers in the last decade.

Estonia’s largest defence deal before this was a $84.5 million contract with MBDA for its Mistral missiles.

Repost 0
21 novembre 2014 5 21 /11 /novembre /2014 07:50
Le secrétaire général de l'Otan cherche à rassurer les pays baltes

 

Tallinn, 20 nov 2014 Marine & Océans (AFP)

 

Le secrétaire général de l'Otan Jens Stoltenberg a commencé jeudi une tournée éclair en Estonie, en Lettonie et en Lituanie destinée à rassurer ces petits pays membres de l'Otan, inquiets du comportement de la Russie dans le conflit ukrainien.

 

"L'Otan est là pour protéger et défendre l'Estonie", a-t-il dit sur la base aérienne d'Ämari (nord), où il a rencontré le Premier ministre estonien Taavi Roivas, ainsi que des militaires américains, allemands et estoniens.

 

Il a notamment félicité Tallinn pour avoir dépensé 2% de son PIB pour la défense, la donnant en exemple aux autres membres de l'Alliance, et rappelant "son rôle de leader dans le renforcement de la cyberdéfense". L'Estonie est considérée comme un des pays les plus avancés dans le développement de technologies numériques. Elle accueille cette semaine Cyber Coalition 2014, le plus grand exercice cybernétique dans l'histoire de l'Otan.

 

M. Stoltenberg a évoqué aussi l'augmentation du nombre de vols d'avions militaires russes autour de l'Estonie et d'autres pays de l'Otan. "Nous avons eu plus de 100 interception (d'avions russes), ce qui est le triple de l'année dernière", a-t-il dit.

 

Interrogé sur la vente de deux navires de guerre Mistral français à la Russie, M. Stoltenberg s'est abstenu de tout commentaire. "L'Otan de vend pas de matériel militaire, ce sont les Etats qui le font. Ce n'est pas à l'Otan de décider comment ils doivent conduire leurs affaires", a-t-il dit.

 

Il devait se rendre jeudi après-midi à Riga et visiter la Lituanie vendredi.

 

A Riga, il suivra de près la secrétaire d'Etat adjointe américaine pour l'Europe Victoria Nuland, qui s'y est arrêtée en route pour l'Ukraine pour accompagner le vice-président Joe Biden. Elle y a déclaré que les Etats-Unis "attendaient toujours de voir l'engagement de la Russie et des séparatistes" à appliquer les accords de Minsk, citant "un vrai cessez-le-feu sur la ligne de contact, la fermeture de la frontière internationale et le retrait des forces étrangères" du territoire ukrainien.

 

Repost 0
6 novembre 2014 4 06 /11 /novembre /2014 19:50
New European Maritime Mine Counter Measures project launched

 

Brussels - 28 October, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

Five Member States as well as Norway signed a new project arrangement earlier this month to start work on future Maritime Mine Counter Measures (MMCM) capabilities. Called MMCM-NG (New Generation), the project will run until 2017 and prepare the next generation of mine countermeasures ships.

 

Belgium, Estonia, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden as well as Norway agreed on 8 October 2014 to launch a new research project regarding future Maritime Mine Counter Measures (MMCM) capabilities. Dubbed MMCM-NG (New Generation), the project arrangement was signed at the European Defence Agency’s premises during a Steering Board of the Capabilities Directors. Germany is the project’s lead nation.

 

Easy to deploy and cheap to acquire, maritime mines and other underwater improvised explosive devices pose a real threat to naval forces and civilian ships by restricting freedom of movement in shallow waters, harbours and strategic choke points. Being able to detect, avoid, and defuse these weapons is therefore a key requirement for European navies.

 

Preparing the next generation

 

The MMCM-NG project has a planned duration of 36 months during which contributing Member States, based on an agreed operational concept, will work on a set of common requirements to prepare the future generation of mine countermeasures ships and systems that could become operational in the 2030 timeframe. At the end of this 3-year project, Member States will have gathered enough information to decide on the potential launch of a procurement phase for these new systems.

 

Compared to existing solutions, future MMCM capabilities are expected to bring increased flexibility through a modular “toolbox” comprising a range of systems adaptable to different platforms, environmental, or operational conditions. The use of unmanned vehicles will also be developed and new detection techniques could be introduced. Future MMCM operations are also expected to be conducted with state-of-the-art sensors and effectors carried and deployed from dedicated or hybrid platforms as well as from stationary or mobile shore installations.

 

Based on the different national requirements, several technical solutions will be assessed as part of the project. Standards, protocols and interfaces will be described and agreed upon commonly in order to ensure future interoperability and to enable synergies in the fields of training, logistics, and maintenance.

 

Background

 

The European Defence Agency conducts several activities in the maritime domain. One of the Agency’s largest programmes, called UMS (Unmanned Maritime Systems), brings together all EDA Member States under a single programme arrangement and 15 different coordinated projects that can be joined by any number of countries. EDA is also involved in the Marsur (Maritime Surveillance) project, which has been joined by 17 Member States as well as Norway to date. It has led to the development of a technical solution that connects European navies’ surveillance systems to improve global maritime awareness and enhance interoperability.

Repost 0
10 septembre 2014 3 10 /09 /septembre /2014 11:50
Nato-led Exercise Steadfast Javelin II concludes

500 paratroopers were dropped over Lielvarde Airbase in Latvia, to take control and clear the airfield of enemy forces during Exercise Steadfast Javelin II. Photo Nato.

 

10 September 2014 army-technology.com

 

The member countries of Nato have completed the large-scale, multinational Steadfast Javelin II exercise, which tested the allied interoperability.

 

Carried out in Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, the seven-day exercise involved the participation from more than 2,000 troops from ten allied nations.

 

The participating countries included Poland, Italy, Canada, Lithuania, Estonia, Bulgaria, Germany, Latvia, the UK and the US.

 

The Nato Allied Land Command-led drill was aimed at increasing interoperability and synchronising complex operations between allied air and ground forces through airborne and air assault missions.

 

Joint Forces Command Brunssum (JFCB) commander general Hans-Lothar Domrose said: "With this exercise, Nato sent the clear message that it is committed and ready to protect member nations' territory at any time.

 

"The alliance is capable and willing to defend the countries of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland should the need arise."

 

During the exercise, 500 paratroopers were dropped from a US Air Force's (USAF) C-130 aircraft over the Lielvarde Airbase in Latvia, in order to take control and clear the airfield of enemy air defence and forces.

 

In addition, 160 allied force paratroopers were dropped in a similar operation in Lithuania.

 

The airdrops were combined with air-assault raids across Poland, Latvia and Lithuania, to demonstrate how well Nato air and ground troops work in tandem.

 

Before the start of drill, air and ground forces gathered at the Ramstein Airbase in Germany to begin planning, rehearsals and the loading of equipment and paratroopers necessary for the successful completion of the mission.

Repost 0
8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 16:50
International partners sign Joint Expeditionary Force agreement

The Latvian Chief of Defence meeting British soldiers during a NATO training exercise

 

5 September 2014 Ministry of Defence and The Rt Hon Michael Fallon MP

 

Defence Secretary Michael Fallon has signed a letter of intent with international partners to develop the Joint Expeditionary Force.

 

The letter of intent, signed with partners from Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Norway, aims to develop the Joint Expeditionary Force (JEF) so that it is fully operational before 2018.

The JEF is a pool of high readiness, adaptable forces that is designed to enhance the UK’s ability to respond rapidly, anywhere in the world, with like-minded allies, or on behalf of international organisations such as the UN or NATO.

The UK’s contribution will include the lead commando, airborne, armoured, aviation, air and maritime task groups.

The Defence Secretary said:

I am very pleased that we have signed a letter of intent with our partners to establish the Joint Expeditionary Force.

This will be developed around the UK’s existing high readiness units and will provide a capability that can respond anywhere in the world, in any environment, as part of a coalition, or on behalf of international organisations such as the UN and NATO.

We are stronger together. Our partners from Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Norway have all agreed to attach forces to the JEF when the time is right for us to stand together.

British and Estonian soldiers
A British soldier liaises with an Estonian anti-tank section commander during a NATO training exercise [Picture: Specialist Joshua Leonard]

The signing ceremony took place with all 28 defence ministers in Cardiff aboard HMS Duncan on 4 September at the NATO Summit. During the signing, discussions took place on how the agreement will allow the UK and JEF partners to continue with the excellent operational co-operation that has been achieved to date in places like Afghanistan.

The force will provide the UK’s focus for developing flexible, rapid response forces for NATO, or other coalition operations, to meet together the challenges of an unpredictable world. Through the UK-led JEF, a model for others to follow as well as a focus for fairer defence burden-sharing is being provided.

For the latest updates visit the NATO Summit Wales 2014 page on GOV.UK and @NATOWales on Twitter.

The aim is to create a UK military framework, focused around its existing high readiness capabilities, that its partners can join up with. While it is the UK’s intention to fully integrate the UK’s JEF partners’ contributions before 2018, the JEF could deploy immediately if required.

Repost 0
1 septembre 2014 1 01 /09 /septembre /2014 19:50
A Russian SU-27 Flanker (top) with a RAF Typhoon fighter

A Russian SU-27 Flanker (top) with a RAF Typhoon fighter

 

1 September 2014 Ministry of Defence

 

The handover marks the conclusion of a four-month NATO deployment to secure NATO’s airspace over Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania

 

Royal Air Force No 135 Expeditionary Air Wing (EAW) has formally handed over the role of supporting nation in the Baltic Air Policing (BAP) mission to the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

The handover ceremony marked the conclusion of the four month deployment of four RAF Typhoon fighter aircraft that have been providing reassurance to the UK’s allies in the region.

 

Over the past 10 years the BAP mission has seen NATO allies deploy air defence aircraft to secure NATO’s airspace over the Baltic nations of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

 

Additionally, the role of lead nation was handed over from the Polish Air Force to the Portuguese Air Force.

 

The British Ambassador to Lithuania, His Excellency David Hunt said:

    The deployment of the RAF Typhoons has been seen as an act of solidarity during a period of genuine insecurity in Lithuania’s Eastern neighbourhood. Our bilateral relationship is already close but the RAF’s augmentation of BAP has added another dimension to our growing defence cooperation.

    The RAF has enhanced the UK’s reputation over the last four months and I am very grateful for everything they have done.

 

Repost 0
10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 16:20
Out Of The Tube

 

8/9/2014 Strategy Page

 

Spc. Ruben W. Moulton III, a Virginia Beach, Va., native serving as a team leader for 1st Squadron, 91st Cavalry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade, fires a TOW missile weapon system July 29 at Estonia Â’s Tapa Training Area. The unit fired more than a dozen TOW missiles to train on engagement and destruction of enemy armor, fortifications and amphibious landing craft on the battlefield. Approximately 600 paratroopers from the brigade are in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve, which includes combined training exercises that foster cohesive relationships and demonstrate a commitment to NATO obligations. (Photo courtesy by Tanel Meos)

Repost 0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories