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15 avril 2016 5 15 /04 /avril /2016 11:50
Towards an EU global strategy – Consulting the experts


14 April 2016 source EUISS


The EUISS – in close cooperation with the Strategic Planning Division of the European External Action Service (EEAS) – has carried out a wide-ranging outreach and consultation process involving the broader expert community represented by think tankers and academics from across Europe (and beyond). 

As part of this process, the EUISS asked 50 well-known analysts and commentators – roughly half from inside and half from outside the Union – to give their opinion in less than 1,000 words on the priorities that the forthcoming EU Global Strategy should address and how. The resulting contributions, published daily between 15 January and 31 March are collectively reproduced in this volume and offer a rich selection of independent views intended to nurture the drafting of the strategy.


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29 octobre 2015 4 29 /10 /octobre /2015 20:50
 Credit 'The European Union'

Credit 'The European Union'

28-29/10/2015 Brussels - Council of the EU

Main results

The European Union Military Committee met on 28-29 October in chiefs of defence (CHODs) format. Chiefs of defence discussed the EU global strategy, naval operations, training and advisory missions, Ukraine and cooperation with NATO.


"We had an important two day meeting. EU chiefs of defence are committed, engaged, and aware of the challenging international situation"

General de Rousiers, Chairman of the European Union  Military Committee


EU global strategy

Chiefs of defence were briefed by the EEAS Secretary General, Alain Le Roy, on EU Security and Defence matters. He touched upon the EU global strategy on foreign and security policy, the EEAS review. During the discussion some of the CHODs highlighted their activities within the coalition against Da'esh.


CSDP naval operations

The chiefs of defence discussed CSDP military operations and missions with a specific view to their planning and conduct, including force generation, capabilities, support by EDA, crisis cell. CHODs had then an overview of EU actions in the field of migration and an update on ongoing EU naval operations, most importantly EUNAVFOR Med - Operation Sophia and EUNAVFOR Operation Atalanta. They had a discussion on the evolution of both missions. The issue of force generation was addressed as well, as a force generation conference for all of our operations including operation Sophia and Atalanta.


CSDP training and advisory missions

In a joint session with chiefs of defence from partner nations contributing to EU CSDP missions, namely Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, and Serbia, CHODs had an in depth discussion on the evolution of the EU training missions and EU military advisory missions in Mali, Central African Republic and Somalia. The Commission highlighted the progress achieved with regard to capacity building for security and development. The CHODs discussed the next steps for all of those missions.



The 28 EU CHODs had also an exchange of views with General Viktor Muzhenko, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, on the current situation in the country, with a specific eye on hybrid warfare. General Muzhenko notably highlighted the reorganisation of the Ukrainian armed forces, the needs, and provided his assessment of the situation on the ground.


Hybrid Warfare

Chiefs of defence had an in-depth discussion on hybrid warfare. The director of the intelligence centre (INTCEN) highlighted the board range of hybrid threats focusing mainly on Da'esh, Al-Shabab, Boko-Haram and other terrorist organisations. The CHODs recognised the need for collaboration, noting that intensive work is ongoing.


EU/NATO cooperation

The Chiefs of defence turned then to EU/NATO cooperation, including hybrid warfare, battlegroups certification, capabilities and the Single European Sky. In this context CHODs were briefed by US AFRICOM Commander, General David M. Rodriguez and Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe (DSACEUR) General Sir Adrian Bradshaw. 

As General de Rousiers is due to leave office on 5 November 2015, he introduced and symbolically transferred authority as Chairman of the EUMC to the incoming Chairman General Michail Kostarakos.



Photos and videos of the event

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27 octobre 2015 2 27 /10 /octobre /2015 20:50
EU Military Committee: meeting of the EU Chiefs of Defence, 28-29/10/2015

27/10/2015 consilium.europa.eu

Agenda highlights

The EU Military Committee will meet at the level of chiefs of defence (CHODs).


EU global strategy

European External Action Service Secretary General, Alain Le Roy, will update chiefs of defence on the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy and the EEAS review.


Naval operations

They will discuss EU naval operations and look at EU actions in the field of migration. They will also be updated on the ongoing operations, such as EUNAVFOR Med - Operation Sophia and EUNAVFOR Operation Atalanta.

EUNAVFOR Med - Operation Sophia aims to fight against human smugglers while the Operation Atalanta's goal is to counter piracy off the coast of Somalia.    


Training and advisory missions

Chiefs of defence from partner countries, namely Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway and Serbia, who contribute to CSDP training and advisory missions, will join their EU counterparts for a discussion on the evolution of the EU CSDP missions.



EU CHODs will also have an exchange of views with General Viktor Muzhenko, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, on the current situation in the country. 


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15 octobre 2015 4 15 /10 /octobre /2015 18:50
A strategy as a driving force: discussions on European defence


Brussels - 15 October, 2015 European Defence Agency


In the context of the ongoing discussions on the future shape of the European defence, especially the upcoming EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy, Jorge Domecq, the Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency (EDA) participated in the experts’ seminar “European Strategy, European Defence and the CSDP” on 14 October 2015 to share his thoughtful insights from the Agency’s perspective.


The seminar was organised by the Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael, the Royal Higher Institute for Defence, and the Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations, with support of the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the EU. The welcome speeches were delivered by the Ambassador Alain Le Roy, Secretary-General of the European External Action Service and Prof. Dr Sven Biscop from the Egmont. 

The future EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy, which the European Council mandated Federica Mogherini, the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, to draft by June 2016, served as a starting point for the debate. The seminar’s agenda was built around political and military aspects of Europe’s responsibilities as a security provider, along with the implications for the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). 

The three panels devoted to these themes gave way to fruitful discussions. Jorge Domecq, the EDA Chief Executive, participated in the third panel, which focused on the strategy’s consequences for defence planning, capability development, increased multinational cooperation and integration, specifically through the CSDP. “The Global Strategy will be a starting point: it should be a driver for a full range of activities, including for European defence,” said Jorge Domecq. The EDA Chief Executive justified the need for a follow-on document, which would complement the global strategy and enable to translate political objectives into military ones, viewed as long-term commitments. Moreover, Jorge Domecq drew attention to the necessity of bringing more coherence to the EU toolbox. At this point, he emphasised the Agency’s role: “The EDA has a unique expertise, know-how and legitimacy. It ensures that Ministries of Defence’s views are fully taken into account. We need to streamline our instruments and maximise the impact on defence.” 

Jorge Domecq also touched upon the EU relations with NATO in the context of the new global strategy: “Europe should not become a follower, nor a free-rider. I have been touring across Europe, I am meeting US senior officials as well as NATO officials. The message I get is: there will be no relevant NATO without a relevant Europe. The drafting of such a document on Defence embodying a real defence commitment would, as such, be a sign of reassurance.” 

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