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22 novembre 2014 6 22 /11 /novembre /2014 12:50
Climate change and EU security – When and how they intersect


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The potential security challenges linked to climate change can make for great headlines. While sensationalist claims about water wars, states collapsing in chaos or the forced migration of hundreds of millions cannot be completely discounted for the long term, intelligent mitigation and adaptation efforts can help avoid the worst of these – and manage the rest.

Planning these efforts, however, requires that the likelihood and time frame of climate change impacts are well understood (as much as they can be); that security challenges associated with these impacts are placed in their proper context; and that resilience mechanisms, including security and defence systems, are appropriately organised to withstand potential shocks. And while much analysis is necessarily focused on potential climate-related threats abroad – climactic stressors that can change the calculus of potential conflicts in far-off lands – climate change will also impact security and defence considerations closer to home.

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21 juin 2014 6 21 /06 /juin /2014 11:35
Visions of North-East Asia – China, Japan, Korea and the EU


20 June 2014 Nicola Casarini Brief - No19


North-East Asia has become one of the key engines of world economic growth. Yet the political climate among the countries of the region has worsened lately – due to historical, as well as territorial disputes. This situation has led regional leaders to propose various plans for addressing what Republic of Korea (ROK) President Park Geun-hye has called ‘North-East Asia’s paradox’: namely, that of a region characterised by growing economic interdependence but hampered by many contentious issues when it comes to security matters.

President Park launched her initiative last year. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe used the podium of this year’s Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore to press forward his vision – and this came just a few days after China’s President Xi Jinping had presented his own plan for regional security. The Obama administration follows these developments closely, given Washington’s interests and responsibilities in the area. The EU may consider paying attention to these plans too – not only for the obvious economic reasons but also because it is a strategic partner of all three key regional countries.


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27 mai 2014 2 27 /05 /mai /2014 11:50
100 days until 2014 NATO Summit in Wales - @NATOWales


27 May 2014 Wales Office


With 100 days to go until the 2014 NATO Summit, Welsh Secretary David Jones highlights the huge opportunities that it will provide for Wales


In 100 days the world’s attention will be focused on Wales.

Prime Minister David Cameron and NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen will host one of the largest-ever gatherings of world leaders to be held in the UK for the 2014 NATO Summit.

Heads of Government from the 28 NATO member states and senior dignitaries from NATO’s 30 partner countries will meet at the Celtic Manor Resort in Newport from 4 to 5 September.

This will be the first NATO Summit in the UK since we welcomed the Alliance to London in 1990 and the first time a sitting USA President has made an official visit to Wales. In total, some 2,000 delegates are expected, along with an estimated 1,500 journalists.

The NATO Summit will provide Wales with an unprecedented opportunity to showcase the very best it has to offer to a global audience of billions, cementing our international reputation and our ability to host events of global importance and I am confident that we can rise to the challenge.

Both governments in London and in Cardiff are working hard to ensure that Wales derives the maximum benefit from the summit and is promoted as a great place to visit, do business and study.

The UK government will also be promoting Wales overseas, using our extensive network of embassies, consulates and high commissions around the world.

Building on the summit, it is my intention to hold an international trade conference in Wales to reap the maximum benefit of our time in the international spotlight. Business confidence across the UK is at a record high and the highest it has been in Wales since 2009. British products and services and - by extension - those produced in Wales are in demand and, as a country, our global profile has never been higher. The trade conference will provide additional opportunities for our world-class Welsh exporters.

It is important to educate young people about the UK’s role in NATO, which is why a teaching resource for 11 to 18 years has been developed and will soon be available to schools across the UK.

It also is fitting that this year’s summit, with its focus on ‘Future NATO,’ is being held in Wales, which has long been in the forefront of the aerospace and defence industries. Welsh companies employ thousands of people in this sector and provide high quality equipment and support to our excellent armed forces around the world.

The Newport area itself boasts Europe’s largest and most advanced centre of military armour technology. We also have advanced defence engineering companies in north Wales, such as Raytheon UK, whose Broughton site produces the technology used in the Sentinel aircraft, the UK’s most advanced manned surveillance system. It is essential that we take advantage of the summit to ensure that Welsh expertise in the defence sector is highlighted to delegates.

Wales, of course, has a proud military history and strong links with our armed forces. Our reservists have for centuries been a strong element of the British military. In recent times, Welsh units and reservists have both been deployed and served on operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Anglesey is home to RAF Valley, a world-leading centre for military aviation, which plays a key role in the local economy and makes an important contribution to UK defence and resilience – something recognised by the many nations who send their pilots there to train.

In September, world leaders will gather in Wales to discuss issues of huge importance to us all: terrorism, piracy, unstable states, cyber attacks and the challenge of building stability in an unpredictable world. Ensuring that all NATO nations have the equipment, skills and intelligence needed to protect themselves will also be a focus.

But all the opportunities that this year’s NATO Summit in Wales will undoubtedly bring, perhaps the most important is that of restating the message that the interests of the free world and its peoples continue to be better protected by working closely together.


For updates on the 2014 Nato Summit follow the official summit Twitter account @NATOWales

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16 avril 2014 3 16 /04 /avril /2014 11:50
No more schisms in the holy alliance


14th April 2014  – by Sven Biscop * - europeangeostrategy.org


The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO) events can seem a touch religious. One congregates to profess one’s belief in the Holy Alliance. And because it is holy, there is little tolerance for heretics. Making my way to the Transformation Seminar 2014, organised in Paris by Allied Command Transformation (ACT) on 7th-9th April, I had reason to look over my shoulder for religious zealots. For I had just published a policy brief about NATO’s upcoming Wales Summit, in which almost as an aside I had actually questioned the continued relevance of ACT. I need not have feared, however.


The crisis in Ukraine naturally dominated the conversation at the seminar. Because of the crisis, of its three core tasks of collective defence, expeditionary crisis management, and cooperative security and partnerships, NATO will again put more emphasis on the first. Defence of the alliance’s territory and the security guarantee offered by Article 5 will be the main focus of the NATO apparatus for some time to come.


That does not mean that NATO will no longer do crisis management, but as a consequence in many future non-Article 5 contingencies the European Union (EU) may be the institution that will be called upon to take the lead, as it is doing already in its broader southern neighbourhood. Therefore NATO must be able to offer the EU reliable support in terms of command and control. In other words, the Berlin Plus Agreement, which ought to give the EU (or de facto even an ad hoc coalition led by European states, as in Libya) guaranteed access to NATO headquarters, must be revived.


When it comes to the capabilities which European interventions require, the current crisis will hopefully create a sense of urgency in the implementation of the European Council conclusions on defence of December 2013. Given the meagre results of NATO’s Smart Defence initiative (if one discounts projects that were retroactively stamped with the Smart Defence label), the EU does indeed seem the more promising avenue for multinational programmes to address European capability shortfalls. The NATO Defence Planning Process (NDPP) could incorporate these collective European initiatives, including the contributions from non-NATO EU Member States.


Finally, a lot more political consultation between the EU and NATO is necessary, in the first place about our strategy for our eastern neighbourhood.


I thought this was just my heretical thinking, but all of the above was put forward by senior American voices. Suddenly my heresy has been adopted by the largest diocese in the church (which has undoubtedly found the light of its own accord – I dare not attribute its conversion to my scriptures).


This conversion is perfectly rational. Russia remains far too weak to be a strategic competitor of the United States (US). It can only be a spoiler that distracts US attention from what it perceives as the real strategic competitor: China. However, the US can only focus on China and Asia to the extent that the European continent is secure – that is a vital American interest. Therefore the US has to engage with the crisis in Ukraine, making it clear that Article 5 offers as strong a guarantee as ever, to give its European allies and partners the self-confidence for resolute diplomacy. But the US’ undivided attention we will never again have. The focus on Asia has just been reaffirmed in the latest Quadrennial Defence Review. And thus the US still expects that Europeans themselves take the lead in addressing all security problems short of Article 5 in their own broader neighbourhood.


That puts even more pressure on Europe to deliver – and rightly so.


Oh, and I am still not convinced of the continued relevance of ACT.



* Prof. Sven Biscop is a Senior Editor of European Geostrategy. He is also Director of the ‘Europe in the World Programme’ at Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations in Brussels. He writes here in a personal capacity.

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2 avril 2014 3 02 /04 /avril /2014 17:45
UE-Afrique: la Centrafrique au cœur des discussions


2 avril, 2014 – BBC Afrique


Les dirigeants africains et européens ont déclaré qu’ils lutteront pour le règlement du conflit en République centrafricaine lors d’une réunion en marge du sommet de Bruxelles ce mercredi.


L’Union européenne (UE) a officiellement lancé sa mission militaire en République Centrafricaine, dévoilant l’envoi d’une troupe de 1 000 militaires en renfort des forces africaines et françaises déjà sur place.


Le secrétaire général de l’ONU Ban Ki-moon participe à cette réunion sur la Centrafrique avec les dirigeants européens et africains.


Ban Ki-moon a déclaré que les citoyens centrafricains faisaient face à des «atrocités graves et déplorables», et a promis de faire tout son possible pour améliorer la réponse internationale à ce conflit.


Les forces de l’UE aurait dû être déployées le mois dernier, mais cela a été retardé en raison d’un engagement insuffisant des troupes et avions des 28 membres de l’UE.


L’UE a annoncé que ses troupes opéreront dans la capitale de la République Centrafricaine, Bangui, point névralgique du conflit.


« Il est vital de retrouver l’ordre public le plus vite possible, alors le processus de transition politique pourra être mis en place », a déclaré Catherine Ashton, la haute-représentante de l'UE pour les Affaires étrangères.


19 000 réfugiés musulmans


8 000 soldats de l’Union africains et des forces françaises sont déjà en place dans le pays pour restaurer la stabilité après plus d’un an de conflit.


Ce mardi, le Haut-Commissariat pour les Réfugiés aux Nations unies a indiqué essayer d’évacuer 19 000 musulmans des zones près de Bangui.


Près de 16 000 personnes ont été déplacées de leurs domiciles à Bangui ces 10 derniers jours.


Depuis que Michel Djotodia a été contraint de quitter le pouvoir en janvier, des groupes d’auto-défense ont pris les musulmans pour cible dans ce pays à majorité chrétienne.


Echanges et investissements


Après la crise en République Centrafricaine, les deux bords sont censés discuter d’échanges et d’investissements.


Le président du Conseil européen, Herman Van Rompuy, a dit espérer que ce sommet marque une nouvelle étape dans les relations entre l’Europe et l’Afrique.

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18 mars 2014 2 18 /03 /mars /2014 17:50
Updated Fact Sheet: EU-Ukraine Relations

18.03.2014 by EEAS

Fact Sheet: EU-Ukraine Relations:



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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
Le Sahel Africain - source Sénat r12-7201

Le Sahel Africain - source Sénat r12-7201


Brussels, 17 March 2014 FOREIGN AFFAIRS Council meeting


The Council adopted the following conclusions:


"1 The European Union (EU) remains deeply concerned by the crisis in the Sahel region. It reiterates its determination to support partners in addressing the region's key security and development challenges.


2. The Council welcomes the progress made in implementing the EU Strategy for Security and Development in the Sahel and encourages its enhanced implementation in coordination with the EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the Sahel. The objectives of the EU Strategy in the fields of security, peace-building, conflict prevention, countering radicalisation and development remain valid and the link between security and development will remain at the heart of EU policies and operations in the region. Responding in a dynamic manner to the evolution of the situation in the region is key to ensure the efficacy of the EU comprehensive approach. In this context, the Council invites the EEAS, the EUSR for the Sahel and the Commission to develop a new regional action plan covering the next steps of implementation of the Sahel Strategy.


3. The Council invites the EEAS, the EUSR for the Sahel and the Commission to extend the implementation of the Strategy to Burkina Faso and Chad while intensifying relevant activities in Mali, Mauritania and Niger. Political dialogue on conflict prevention and security issues in the Sahel region will be stepped up also in relevant West Africa n and neighbouring countries including Senegal, Nigeria and Cameroon as well as countries of the Maghreb.


4. International support to the Sahel region needs to be accompanied by sustained efforts to find a lasting solution to the roots of the ongoing crises in the north of Mali and the wider region. Security and development in the Sahel region is also strongly linked to stability in Libya. In Mali, the EU fully supports the work of the United Nations stabilisation mission MINUSMA to help create conditions conducive to the full restoration of State authority, order and security in the north of Mali. The EU strongly urges all Malian parties to begin credible and inclusive consultations open to all communities and to all non-terrorist armed groups of northern Mali with the aim of achieving broadly founded and lasting peace through a sustainable political solution. The EU will also continue to support the implementation of the plan for the sustainable recovery of Mali.


5. In line with the humanitarian principles of independence, neutrality, impartiality and humanity, the EU will also continue to provide humanitarian aid to the most vulnerable people, on the basis of needs, especially this coming months to ensure a coordinated and effective response to the current food crisis in the Sahel region and to link relief, rehabilitation, and development wherever conditions allow it. In that perspective, the EU will continue to foster resilience building and relevant coordination efforts by Western Africa regional organisations and partners in the framework of the Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative (AGIR).


6. With regard to development in the Sahel, the EU will continue to support sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development and regional integration, drawing lessons from the past. The Council commends the progress made towards the implementation of an Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and West Africa. The EU will provide specific support to regional infrastructures that bring the periphery closer to the centre, sustainable social services especially health and education, and sustainable agriculture, food and nutrition security. The EU will encourage in particular local and national development policies addressing the specific socioeconomic and human security needs of border areas as a way to improve territorial control and state authority throughout territories. Due attention will be paid to trading, trafficking and migratory flows including return and readmission and the synergies between migration and development. The EU will continue to promote democracy, human rights, decentralisation policies, good governance including an independent and fair justice system at local and regional levels, and it will encourage the fight against corruption as well as counter-radicalisation projects as a means of conflict prevention, building on local and national initiatives where possible. The EU will continue to implement joint programming within the Sahel countries in order to further increase the effectiveness of EU development cooperation.


7. In the field of security, the EU will continue to provide support to national and regional endeavours related to security sector reform and integrated border management and to national efforts in the fight against terrorism and organised crime, including smuggling of migrants and trafficking of human beings, notably through the ongoing CSDP missions in Libya, Mali and Niger as well as the future civilian mission in Mali. The EU will promote synergies between those missions while integrating lessons learnt from previous missions. The EU welcomes the efforts of the African Union and other regional actors to promote enhanced coordination in the field of intelligence and counter-terrorism as well as optimal allocation of national assets and capacities.


8. The primary responsibility and ownership for peace, security and development is with the governments of the Sahelian region. Regional and international coordination is key to ensure the effectiveness of international efforts in support to local and regional endeavours and the EU will work in close cooperation with regional organisations and national governments in the Sahel to ensure a broadly rooted implementation of the EU Sahel Strategy. The EU welcomes the decision taken by the Heads of States of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and Burkina Faso in Nouakchott on 16 February 2014 to establish a permanent framework for their own regional coordination efforts. The EU also welcomes the conclusions of the international high level meeting on the Sahel held in Brussels on 6 February 2014, in particular the recognition that the international coordination platform for the Sahel should constitute the overall coordination mechanism for all existing strategies in the region, including the UN integrated strategy for the Sahel. The EU reaffirms its will to contribute actively together with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and others to the work of the United Nations and the African Union Commission in support to this platform."

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16 mars 2014 7 16 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
EU Foreign Affairs Council: Background on Ukraine, Syria, and EU-Africa Summit

14/3/2014 EU source: Council Ref: CL14-041EN


Summary: 14 March 2014, Brussels - Background on the European Union Foreign Affairs Council on Monday, 17 March 2014 in Brussels.

The Council, starting at 9.30, will be chaired by Catherine Ashton, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

The Council will kick-off with a debate on the situation in Ukraine and the EU's Eastern Partnership more generally. An exchange of views on Bosnia and Herzegovina will follow.

Ministers will then discuss how best to support on-going efforts in the Middle East peace process. The Council will then address developments related to the crisis in Syria and its regional context. After that, it will turn to the EU-Africa summit, to be held on 2/3 April in Brussels.

Over lunch, ministers will hold a discussion on energy diplomacy, in the presence of Energy Commissioner Günther Oettinger.

The High Representative is also expected to shortly de-brief ministers on her recent visit to Iran, at the start of the meeting.

The EU-Uzbekistan Co-operation Council will start at 16.30, chaired by the Greek Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Evangelos Venizelos (TV/photo opportunity at 17.30).

Press conferences:

• after the Foreign Affairs Council (+/- 15.00)

• following the EU-Uzbekistan Co-operation Council (+/- 18.55)

* * *

Press conferences and public events by video streaming: http://video.consilium.europa.eu/

Video coverage in broadcast quality (MPEG4): http://tvnewsroom.consilium.europa.eu

Photographic library on www.consilium.europa.eu/photo for photos in high resolution.

* * *

Ukraine and Eastern Partnership

The Council will take stock of developments in the Ukraine and follow-up on the extraordinary meeting of EU Heads of State and Government on 6 March and on the extraordinary FAC of 3 March. Ministers will discuss an EU response to the developments, ahead of a meeting of the European Council on 20/21 March. Wider issues related to the EU's Eastern Partnership may also be raised during the debate.

At their extraordinary meeting on 6 March, EU Heads of State or Government strongly condemned the violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by the Russian Federation and called for an immediate withdrawal of armed forces to their areas of permanent stationing. They also considered the decision to hold a referendum on the future status of the Crimea contrary to the Ukrainian constitution and therefore illegal.

For the EU, the solution to the crisis in Ukraine must be based on the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. Such a solution should be found through negotiations between Ukraine and the Russia federation, for instance through a so-called "contact group".

At the same time, leaders decided to take action. They suspended bilateral talks with the Russian Federation on visa matters as well as talks on a new EU-Russia agreement. European G8 members and the EU have also suspended their participation in the preparations for the G8 summit in June in Sotchi.

Moreover, in the absence of talks between the governments of Ukraine and Russia and if they do not produce results in a limited timeframe, the EU will decide on additional measures, leaders stated. Preparatory work on such measures has been on-going.

Leaders also agreed that further steps by Russia to destabilise the situation in Ukraine would lead to additional and far reaching consequences for relations between the EU (and its member states) and the Russian Federation in a broad range of economic areas.

Heads of State and Government welcomed a package of support measures presented by the Commission last week, including overall support of at least € 11 billion over the coming years from the EU budget and EU-based international financial institutions. It also comprises the granting of autonomous trade preferences to Ukraine so as to advance the application of certain provisions of the Association Agreement on a deep and comprehensive free trade area.

Leaders in addition decided to sign very shortly the political chapters of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement while reiterating their commitment to sign the full agreement including the deep and comprehensive free trade area. See statement by the Heads of State or Government and factsheet on EU-Ukraine relations.

The Association Agreements with Moldova and Georgia were initialled at the Vilnius Eastern Partnership summit in November 2013. Their signature is to take place as soon as possible and before the end of August 2014. See European Council conclusions of December 2013 (para 47).

The EU's Eastern Partnership was launched at the Prague summit in May 2009. It concerns six Eastern partner countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. Its objectives include accelerating political association and deepening economic integration with the Eastern European partner countries. The EU supports reforms in the partner countries aimed at consolidating democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and an open market economy. At the same time, it offers gradual integration into the European economy, greater mobility for citizens and closer political ties. Between 2010 and 2013, EUR 1.9 billion were allocated to support its implementation.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Council will discuss the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The High Representative will brief ministers about her recent trip to Sarajevo where she discussed the situation with politicians and members of civil society. See her statement at the conclusion of the trip.

In October 2013, the Council expressed its serious concern at the on-going failure of the Bosnia and Herzegovina political leaders to implement the ruling of the European Court of Human Rights in the Sejdić/Finci case and stressed that the current lack of a solution is preventing Bosnia and Herzegovina from further progress towards the EU. It also reiterated its unequivocal support for Bosnia and Herzegovina's EU perspective as a sovereign and united country  enjoying full territorial integrity. See Council conclusions.

Middle East peace process

The Council will discuss the Middle East peace process. The High Representative will brief ministers on what the EU can do to support the talks.

The EU fully supports the on-going efforts of the parties and of the US. In December 2013, the Council reiterated the EU's readiness to contribute substantially to post-conflict arrangements for ensuring the sustainability of a peace agreement. "The EU will provide an unprecedented package of European political, economic and security support to both parties in the context of a final status agreement," the Council said in conclusions. The on-going work to define the  details of the EU's offer will be the subject of the debate by ministers. See Council conclusions of 16 December 2013.

Syrian conflict and regional context

The Council will consider the latest developments in the Syrian conflict, in particular the humanitarian situation following the adoption of a UN Security Council resolution on the humanitarian situation on 22 February, the growing terrorist threat and the state of play in diplomatic efforts to bring an end to the crisis.

For the EU, the only solution to the conflict is a genuine political transition, based on the full implementation of the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012, and preserving the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Syria.

The EU and its member states have been quick to support the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons. The EU is the largest financial contributor to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and supports its work towards the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons stockpile, including through the provision of armoured vehicles and satellite imagery.

Individual member states have also provided resources to assist the destruction programme. The EU and its member states are the largest humanitarian donor for the Syrian crisis. The total response from EU and member states to the crisis stands now at € 2.6 billion.

For more details on EU positions and restrictive measures, see factsheet European Union and Syria.

EU-Africa summit

The Council will be briefed about preparations for the 4th EU-Africa summit, which is to take place in Brussels on the 2-3 April under the theme "Investing in people, prosperity and peace". The European Council of 20/21 March will also discuss the summit preparations.

The EU-Africa summit will bring together the Heads of State and Government of the European Union and the African continent, together with the EU and African Union institutions. It will illustrate how EU-Africa relations have evolved over the past years, based on the Joint Africa-EU Strategy of 2007, which established a partnership of equals going beyond development to tackle challenges of common interest, including political, economic, investment and trade issues.

Leaders will discuss ways to deepen co-operation under the three areas identified in the summit theme, i.e. people, prosperity and peace. They will also address investment, climate change, prosperity, and ways for stimulating growth and create jobs, and will take stock of ongoing and future cooperation in the various fields covered by the Joint Africa-EU Strategy. The issue of migration as well as peace and security cooperation will also be on the agenda.

For more information, see the website of the EU-Africa summit.

Energy diplomacy

Over lunch, ministers will exchange views on EU energy diplomacy, in the presence of Energy Commissioner Günther Oettinger. Ministers are set to discuss the foreign policy implications of strategic choices made in the field of energy by relevant partners.

The shift in the global energy landscape creates new challenges and opportunities for EU foreign and security policy. The shale gas revolution in the US, the growing demand for energy in India due to its increasing population and the rise of gas as a source in China might have far-reaching political and economic consequences.

The debate follows previous exchanges among EU leaders and ministers about the external dimension of EU energy policy. The European Council of February 2011 asked the High Representative to take full account of the energy security dimension in her work and to reflect energy security in the EU's neighbourhood policy.

Other items

The Council is set to adopt several other items without discussion, including:

- European aid volunteers initiative

The Council is set to establish a European voluntary humanitarian aid corps which sets out a framework for joint contributions from European volunteers to support and complement humanitarian aid operations worldwide, as provided for in the Lisbon Treaty. See also legal text.

- Gulf of Guinea

The Council is due to adopt an EU strategy on the Gulf of Guinea, to support the efforts of the region and its coastal states to address the many challenges of maritime insecurity and organised crime. EU action will focus on four objectives: building a common understanding of the scale of the threat in the Gulf of Guinea and the need to address it; helping regional governments put in place institutions and capabilities to ensure security and the rule of law; supporting the development of prosperous economies in the coastal countries; strengthening cooperation structures between the countries of the region to ensure effective action across borders at sea and on land. The Council is to invite the EEAS and the Commission to put forward the actions necessary to deliver the strategy and report back annually on progress made.

- EU strategy for security and development in the Sahel

The Council is to adopt conclusions on the implementation of the EU strategy for security and development in the Sahel. The Council is set to welcome the progress made in implementing the strategy that it adopted in March 2011 and reaffirm the EU's objectives in the fields of security, development, peace-building, conflict prevention and countering violent extremism. It will invite the Commission and the EEAS to extend the implementation of the strategy to Burkina Faso and Chad while intensifying activities in Mali, Mauretania and Niger.

- EUCAP Mali

The Council is likely to adopt a crisis management concept for a civilian mission under the Common Security and Defence Policy to assist the internal security forces in Mali (EUCAP Mali) so as to enable the Malian state to ensure law and order as well as fight against terrorists, organised crime and cross-border trafficking. Once established, EUCAP Mali would deliver strategic advice and training for managers of the three internal security forces in Mali, i.e. the police, Gendarmerie and Garde nationale. A separate legal act - currently under preparation - is required for the mission to be formally set up.

- West Africa EPA development programme

The Council is set to adopt conclusions on West Africa's Economic Partnership Agreement development programme (PAPED). In the period from 2015 to 2020, the EU is committed to provide at least € 6.5 billion for activities linked to the PAPED. This is to be delivered through the European Development Fund, relevant instruments of the EU budget, contributions from member states and the European Investment Bank. See draft Council conclusions.

- South Sudan

The Council is to adopt conclusions on South Sudan, expressing its deep concern about the ongoing crisis in South Sudan, the grave human suffering it causes and its regional implications. It will call on all parties to immediately stop the violence and honour the Cessation of Hostilities agreement signed on 23 January. The EU firmly supports the mediation led by the Inter- Governmental Authority for Development.

- Central African Republic

The Council is due to adopt conclusions on the Central African Republic, encouraging the current authorities to continue the political transition. The EU is the main humanitarian and development partner of the Central African Republic. For more information, see fact sheet.


* This note has been drawn up under the responsibility of the press office

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14 mars 2014 5 14 /03 /mars /2014 21:50
Quatre pays d'Europe centrale signent un pacte militaire commun



14.03.2014 Romandie.com (ats)


La Pologne, la Hongrie, la République tchèque et la Slovaquie ont signé vendredi un pacte visant à coordonner leur stratégie de défense et créer une unité de combat commune au sein de l'OTAN et de l'Union européenne (UE). Ils comptent ainsi répondre à la crise ukrainienne.


"La situation actuelle en Europe illustre que malheureusement, un conflit militaire, impensable il y a peu, pourrait avoir lieu", a déclaré le ministre de la défense polonais Tomasz Siemoniak lors d'une conférence de presse à Visegrad, à 40 kilomètres au nord de Budapest.


La crise en Ukraine a démontré l'importance "d'une coopération plus dynamique" entre les quatre pays de Visegrad (Pologne, Hongrie, République tchèque et Slovaquie, ou V4) au sein de l'OTAN et de l'Union européenne, a-t-il ajouté.


L'unité de combat "V4-UE", d'un effectif total de 3000 hommes, sera opérationnelle à partir de 2016. "Elle devrait fonctionner comme une unité régionale au sein des opérations de l'UE ou de l'OTAN", a précisé Csaba Hende, ministre hongrois de la défense.


Dans l'accord, les quatre pays s'engagent aussi à se joindre à des exercices militaires communs et à coordonner leur budget défense.

Particulièrement vulnérables


Le V4 a été créé en 1991 dans la ville hongroise de Visegrad afin d'assurer une coopération institutionnelle de ces pays dans leur procédure d'adhésion à l'Union européenne (UE), effective depuis 2004.


Jeudi, le chef de la diplomatie hongroise Janos Martonyi avait indiqué que les pays de Visegrad étaient particulièrement vulnérables face à la situation ukrainienne et attendaient de l'UE une "solidarité" s'ils étaient affectés par de possibles sanctions économiques contre la Russie en raison de la crise en Crimée.


La Pologne, la Slovaquie et la Hongrie possèdent des frontières avec l'Ukraine, où habitent des minorités ethniques de ces pays, essentiellement dans la partie occidentale.

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5 février 2014 3 05 /02 /février /2014 16:50
Hearing on EU-NATO relations - Subcommittee on Security and Defence


05-02-2014 SEDE


The Subcommittee will hold a public hearing on EU-NATO relations in the aftermath of the December 2013 European Council and ahead of the NATO Summit in September 2014 with high-level representatives from NATO, the EEAS and the European Defence Agency.


When : 12 February 2014

Further information
draft programme and poster
meeting documents

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5 décembre 2013 4 05 /12 /décembre /2013 17:50
EU Security and Defence e-newsletter issue nr 76


Dec. 3, 2013 PRESS EEAS

EU Security and Defence e-newsletter issue nr 76

(original version - EN)

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27 septembre 2013 5 27 /09 /septembre /2013 11:50
Cyber world: site under construction

18 September 2013 Patryk Pawlak Briefs - No32


The Union’s cyber security policy may still be in its infancy and hampered by difficulties, but the EU could yet become a key player in the field – if it plays its cards wisely. While the US has been seriously hit by the scandal surrounding the secret NSA surveillance programmes, the struggle over how to frame internet governance goes on and, more than ever, needs core stakeholders capable of defending freedom, democracy and the rule of law in cyberspace.


The EU’s longstanding commitment to those values in its foreign policy and unquestioned leadership in data protection mean it is well placed to play a significant role therein. At the same time, the EU and its member states have recently accelerated efforts to increase their cyber-defence capabilities so as to secure Europe against malicious cyber-attacks (like those carried out against the office of European Council President Herman van Rompuy in June 2012). To be truly effective, they may have to be able to play, at the same time, the roles of policeman, diplomat and regulator.


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