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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 21:59

Syria.svg

 

15.03.12 LEMONDE Christophe Ayad

 

C'est un bruit caractéristique que tous ceux qui ont travaillé un jour à Gaza connaissent bien : celui, entêtant, d'une lointaine tondeuse à gazon invisible qui va et vient dans le ciel. Javier Espinosa, l'envoyé spécial du quotidien espagnol El Mundo pendant le siège de Homs, ne s'y est pas trompé : il a reconnu le vrombissement d'un drone dans le ciel syrien. Le recours à des avions sans pilote dans la répression de l'insurrection par l'armée syrienne est confirmé par des sources diplomatiques, des témoins syriens et étrangers, ainsi que des experts militaires.

 

A la faveur du soulèvement qui a débuté il y a un an, l'armée syrienne semble en avoir fait usage pour la première fois de son histoire. Ces drones pourraient d'ailleurs avoir été utilisés pour guider le bombardement du centre de presse improvisé dans le quartier de Baba Amro, à Homs le 22 février, causant la mort de Marie Colvin et de Rémi Ochlik, et blessant Edith Bouvier ainsi que Paul Conroy. Il faudrait pour cela que les engins utilisés puissent transmettre des images en direct. Une information impossible à confirmer pour l'instant. Tout comme le fait qu'ils sont armés ou pas, même si c'est peu probable.

 

L'origine de ces drones est difficile à établir. Ont-ils été fabriqués localement ou achetés à l'étranger, et à qui ? D'après The Aviationist, un blog spécialisé dans ce domaine, qui reprend des informations du site israélien Ynetnews.com, la Syrie produit ses propres drones, qui ne sont en fait que des répliques de modèles iraniens. Qu'il ait fourni la technologie ou les drones eux-mêmes, l'Iran, allié stratégique de la Syrie, a une expérience reconnue en la matière. Téhéran fabrique plusieurs types de drones, tels que le Mohajer-4, vu au-dessus de Homs, l'Ababil, le Mirsad-1 et le Pahpad (acronyme d'avion sans pilote en persan), filmé à Kafr Batna, dans la banlieue de Damas.

 

Ce n'est pas la première fois que la technologie iranienne est déployée dans la région. Il y a quelques années, le Hezbollah, parti chiite libanais, avait réussi à envoyer un Mirsad-1 au-dessus du nord d'Israël. Par la suite, en 2005, la milice armée alliée à l'Iran avait même intercepté des communications d'images entre des drones israéliens en vol au-dessus de Beyrouth et leur base en Israël. Il se peut donc que les drones utilisés en Syrie soient actionnés par des techniciens iraniens ou libanais.

 

La presse arabe, notamment le site d'opposition all4syria, a émis l'hypothèse que la Russie avait livré à la Syrie des drones achetés à Israël. Pour Emile Hokayem, spécialiste des questions de sécurité au Proche-Orient au sein de l'International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), il y a peu de chances que le matériel utilisé soit d'origine russe : "La Russie fait très attention au type de matériel qu'elle fournit à la Syrie. Elle possède des drones israéliens mais les revendre porterait gravement atteinte à sa réputation."

 

D'autres médias arabes hostiles au régime syrien, mais aussi des sources militaires françaises évoquent la possibilité d'appareils directement achetés à Israël, pourtant en état de guerre avec la Syrie mais principal producteur mondial de ce type d'engins.

 

L'un de ces avions sans pilote équipés de caméras s'est écrasé en février à Homs ; les rebelles de l'Armée syrienne libre (ASL) assurent l'avoir abattu. Après l'entrée de l'armée dans Baba Amro, la télévision officielle syrienne s'est empressée de montrer les restes calcinés en les présentant comme la preuve du "soutien sioniste" à la cause des "gangs terroristes" qui ensanglantent la Syrie, selon la version officielle du régime. Comme dans le cas de certains massacres et des bombardements de zone civile, le régime retourne contre ses ennemis les accusations dont il fait l'objet, en une étrange forme d'aveu.

 

Il est probable que des drones américains, et probablement israéliens, opèrent dans le ciel syrien. Mais ils volent à une telle altitude qu'ils sont difficiles à atteindre et impossibles à voir ou à entendre.

 

Reste à savoir pourquoi le régime recourt à des drones alors qu'il dispose d'avions de chasse et d'hélicoptères en nombre. " L'une des choses que Bachar Al-Assad a apprises de Kadhafi, c'est qu'utiliser de l'aviation militaire contre des civils pouvait provoquer une mobilisation internationale, note M. Hokayem. Il reste donc prudent." D'autant que si les insurgés parvenaient à abattre un hélicoptère de combat, cela aurait des conséquences désastreuses sur le moral des troupes.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 12:45

mi-171b-military-transport-helicopter-lg.jpg

 

March 13, 2012 Spacewar.com (AFP)

 

Washington - US senators are urging the Pentagon to cancel a contract with a Russian company approaching $1 billion to buy helicopters for Afghanistan, voicing outrage over Moscow's arming of Syria.

 

"US taxpayers should not be put in a position where they are indirectly subsidizing the mass murder of Syrian civilians," 17 senators across party lines wrote Monday in a letter to Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta.

 

The United States plans to buy 21 Mi-17 helicopters for the Afghan military from Russia's Rosoboronexport by 2016. The contract totals $375 million by 2016, with an option to buy $550 million worth more, according to the letter.

 

Russia has refused to stop arms shipments to Syria and has offered diplomatic support to President Bashar al-Assad as he puts down a year-long revolt that activists say has killed more than 8,500 people, mostly civilians.

 

The senators voiced alarm at reports that Rosoboronexport has shipped arms to Syria and that Syrian forces used Russian weapons in opposition stronghold Homs.

 

Activists recently said the throats of 47 women and children were slit in a massacre in Homs, following a month-long bombardment of the rebellious Baba Amr neighborhood where 700 people were said to have died.

 

"We urge you to use all available leverage to press Russia and Russian entities to end their support of the Assad regime, and that includes ending all (Department of Defense) business dealings with Rosoboronexport," the senators wrote to Panetta.

 

The letter's signatories included Dick Durbin, the number-two senator from President Barack Obama's Democratic Party, and Jon Kyl, the number-two senator from the rival Republican Party.

 

State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland did not take a position on the senators' letter but said the contract would upgrade the Russian-made fleet that forms the backbone of Afghanistan's fledgling military.

 

"We obviously share the intent, which is to persuade Russia to end its arms supply to Syria," Nuland told reporters.

 

But she said if the contract were canceled, "it would seriously hurt our effort to get the Afghans increasingly into the lead of their own security."

 

President Barack Obama hopes that Afghan forces can take care of their own security to allow US forces to leave by the end of 2014, ending an increasingly unpopular war launched more than a decade ago after the September 11, 2001 attacks.

 

The task has become even more urgent amid outrage over a US soldier's massacre of 16 Afghan villagers.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:50

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14 mars 2012 Guysen International news

 

Des escadrilles de l'armée de l'air polonaise ont atterri cette semaine en Israël afin de mener des manoeuvres conjointes avec l'aviation israélienne. le porte-parole de Tsahal a indiqué que ces manoeuvres aériennes font partie de la coopération militaire avec des aviations étrangères dans le cadre du programme annuel d'entrainement de Tsahal.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:50

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March/13/2012 Ümit Enginsoy - Hürriyet Daily News

 

ANKARA-  In an effort to boost defense industry exports to Islamic states, Turkey has recently sold 10 mini drones to Qatar, a senior procurement official said Sunday.

 

The small unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAVs) were exported under a general agreement made during the International Defense Fair (IDEF), which convened in Istanbul May 2011, for the sale of Turkish defense goods to Qatar worth $120 million within a year.

 

This $25 million sale will become the first export of SUAVs by Turkey, and they will also be the first drones in Qatar’s inventory. The SUAVs, called “Bayraktar,” are made by Baykar Makina, which also produces the “Malazgirt” mini helicopter and the tactical “Çaldıran” unmanned aerial vehicle.

 

Turkey, which sold defense goods worth over $1 billion abroad in 2011, has recently attempted to bolster defense exports to Islamic countries.

 

In a separate development, the first drone to have been built entirely domestically by Turkey, the Anka, will compete in an international tender held by Colombia, even before entering service in Turkey, another senior procurement official said.

 

The Anka, Turkey’s first locally-made drone in the medium-altitude and long-endurance category, was successful in last year’s flight tests.

 

After crash landing in its first two attempts, the Anka successfully flew in the final two trials.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:44

Idf logo4

 

15 mars 2012 Par Maxime Perez (Tel-Aviv) - israelValley

 

Mener des missions bien au-delà des eaux territoriales et accroître les capacités de défense anti-aérienne en mer.

 

Marine de Tsahal croisant au large L’autre grand chantier de Tsahal concerne la marine. Dès le lancement du plan Tefen, l’Etat hébreu se met en tête d’obtenir de nouveaux navires de guerre. Son objectif est double : pouvoir mener des missions bien au-delà de ses eaux territoriales et accroître, au passage, ses capacités de défense anti-aérienne en mer. La marine, qui a enregistré fin 2011 la réception de trois corvettes Sa’ar 5, mise en particulier sur le missile mer-air Barak-8, capable d’intercepter toute sorte de projectible dans un rayon de 70 kilomètres : drones, avions de chasse et roquettes. Certaines sources laissent même entendre que le système anti-balistique Arrow-2 pourrait être déployé sur les futurs bâtiments israéliens. Avec de tels armements, l’Etat hébreu veut pouvoir assurer sa défense à une distance beaucoup plus éloignée de ses frontières.

 

Dans cette perspective, l’armée israélienne s’est d’abord tournée vers le constructeur américain Lockheed Martin qui développe un programme de frégate furtive LCS (Littoral Combat Ship). Baptisé USS Freedom, le prix de ce navire plafonne à 560 millions de dollars et a été jugé trop coûteux par le ministère de la défense. Heyl Ha’yam (la marine) maintient dès lors un intérêt croissant pour les corvettes Meko A-100 fabriquées par le groupe aéronautique allemand Blohm & Voss. Multi-rôles, elles intègrent les dernières technologies des industries navales allemandes et européennes.

 

Pour pouvoir installer ses propres équipements, Tsahal s’intéresse au modèle CSL de Meko, une corvette modulable et furtive qui dispose d’une envergure plus large que le Meko A-100. Long de 108 mètres, le CSL peut transporter 75 membres d’équipage et rester opérationnel en mer pendant 21 jours. Pour Israël, l’avantage de ce navire est qu’il dispose d’un espace suffisant pour pouvoir être équipé du radar MF-STAR, toujours en cours de développement chez Elta. Conçu pour les frégates de dernière génération, ce système de 7 tonnes assure un balayage électronique tridimensionnel tout autour du navire, à basse comme à haute altitude. Polyvalent, il intègre et active simultanément des systèmes d’attaque et de défense.

 

L’intérêt des Israéliens pour la technologie allemande n’est pas lié au plan Tefen. Depuis 2005, trois sous-marins nucléaires de classe Dolphin U-212 ont été commandés aux chantiers navals HDW de Kiel, situés au nord de l’Allemagne. Ils avaient été obtenus pour un montant de 1,3 milliard de dollars, dont un tiers a été financé par Berlin. A l’époque, le chancelier Helmut Kohl souhaite se racheter de l’implication d’entreprises militaires allemandes aux cotés de Saddam Hussein. La construction des deux premiers modèles aurait été achevée en septembre 2009. Au total, la flotte sous-marine israélienne comptabilisera prochainement six engins puisqu’en 1999, l’Allemagne avait déjà livré trois sous-marins Dolphin à l’Etat hébreu.

 

A l’inverse de son prédécesseur, le nouveau Dolphin U-212 possède une cellule de carburant avec un système indépendant de propulsion de l’air, ce qui lui permet de rester sous l’eau plus d’une semaine sans faire surface. Le sous-marin est également pourvu d’une nouvelle technologie de propulsion qui combine un système classique (moteur diesel et batterie acide-plomb) et un système de propulsion anaérobie, utilisé pour une navigation lente et silencieuse. Ses réservoirs de carburant ont par ailleurs été élargis, permettant au Dolphin d’opérer sur un rayon d’action de 10.000 kilomètres et de passer son autonomie à cinquante jours.

 

Sur requête israélienne, aux six tubes de lancement de 533 mm destinés aux missiles de croisière de courte portée, le constructeur allemand HDW a aménagé dans chaque sous-marin quatre autres tubes de 650 mm, pour les missiles de croisière nucléaires de longue portée. La marine israélienne les aurait équipés de Popeye Turbo, pouvant atteindre un objectif à 1.500 kilomètres de distance. Enfin, les Dolphin sont des sous-marins extrêmement automatisés et informatisés. Leur équipement électronique est fourni par les firmes israéliennes Tadiran, Israel Air Industry, Elisra, Elbit et Rada. Selon les experts militaires, l’un des trois sous-marins fournis par l’Allemagne est gardé pour la navigation en Mer Rouge et Golfe Persique, l’autre en Méditerranée, tandis que le troisième restera en réserve. Avec sous nouvelle force sous-marine – regroupée dans l’unité 700 -, Tsahal augmente sa capacité de deuxième frappe.

 

En même temps qu’il assure une modernisation progressive de ses trois corps d’armées, « Tefen 2012 » s’efforce de répondre à une réalité régionale particulièrement complexe pour l’Etat hébreu. A l’unanimité, les responsables israéliens estiment que la prochaine guerre se déroulera sur plusieurs fronts et qu’elle sera douloureuse pour l’arrière-front. Dans les faits, les ennemis à Israël ne cessent de se renforcer. Au Liban d’abord, plus rien ne semble arrêter l’ascension du Hezbollah dont l’arsenal offensif, reconstitué immédiatement après la guerre de 2006, atteindrait aujourd’hui 40 000 missiles et roquettes. Idem dans la bande de Gaza, où l’offensive « Plomb durci » n’a pas dissuadé le Hamas de se réarmer massivement via les tunnels de contrebande situés à la frontière égyptienne.

 

D’après les renseignements militaires israéliens, l’organisation islamiste se trouverait même en possession du Fajr-5, un missile iranien capable de frapper Tel Aviv et sa banlieue. Ce trafic pourrait désormais s’accélérer avec la réouverture définitive du point de passage de Rafah, premièr effet majeur des changements intervenus en Egypte après la chute d’Hosni Moubarak. L’inquiétude israélienne provient enfin des déclarations belliqueuses de l’Iran, dont le programme nucléaire continue d’être considéré comme une menace existentielle. C’est ce constat alarmant qui a abouti à l’élaboration de « Halamish », nom de code attribué au nouveau plan pluriannuel de Tsahal pour 2013-2017. Promu chef d’état-major de l’armée israélienne le 14 février 2011, le général Benny Gantz aura pour mission de faire aboutir ce nouveau programme de modernisation.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:44

Idf logo4

 

15 mars 2012 Par Maxime Perez (Tel-Aviv) - israelValley

 

Mener des missions bien au-delà des eaux territoriales et accroître les capacités de défense anti-aérienne en mer.

 

Marine de Tsahal croisant au large L’autre grand chantier de Tsahal concerne la marine. Dès le lancement du plan Tefen, l’Etat hébreu se met en tête d’obtenir de nouveaux navires de guerre. Son objectif est double : pouvoir mener des missions bien au-delà de ses eaux territoriales et accroître, au passage, ses capacités de défense anti-aérienne en mer. La marine, qui a enregistré fin 2011 la réception de trois corvettes Sa’ar 5, mise en particulier sur le missile mer-air Barak-8, capable d’intercepter toute sorte de projectible dans un rayon de 70 kilomètres : drones, avions de chasse et roquettes. Certaines sources laissent même entendre que le système anti-balistique Arrow-2 pourrait être déployé sur les futurs bâtiments israéliens. Avec de tels armements, l’Etat hébreu veut pouvoir assurer sa défense à une distance beaucoup plus éloignée de ses frontières.

 

Dans cette perspective, l’armée israélienne s’est d’abord tournée vers le constructeur américain Lockheed Martin qui développe un programme de frégate furtive LCS (Littoral Combat Ship). Baptisé USS Freedom, le prix de ce navire plafonne à 560 millions de dollars et a été jugé trop coûteux par le ministère de la défense. Heyl Ha’yam (la marine) maintient dès lors un intérêt croissant pour les corvettes Meko A-100 fabriquées par le groupe aéronautique allemand Blohm & Voss. Multi-rôles, elles intègrent les dernières technologies des industries navales allemandes et européennes.

 

Pour pouvoir installer ses propres équipements, Tsahal s’intéresse au modèle CSL de Meko, une corvette modulable et furtive qui dispose d’une envergure plus large que le Meko A-100. Long de 108 mètres, le CSL peut transporter 75 membres d’équipage et rester opérationnel en mer pendant 21 jours. Pour Israël, l’avantage de ce navire est qu’il dispose d’un espace suffisant pour pouvoir être équipé du radar MF-STAR, toujours en cours de développement chez Elta. Conçu pour les frégates de dernière génération, ce système de 7 tonnes assure un balayage électronique tridimensionnel tout autour du navire, à basse comme à haute altitude. Polyvalent, il intègre et active simultanément des systèmes d’attaque et de défense.

 

L’intérêt des Israéliens pour la technologie allemande n’est pas lié au plan Tefen. Depuis 2005, trois sous-marins nucléaires de classe Dolphin U-212 ont été commandés aux chantiers navals HDW de Kiel, situés au nord de l’Allemagne. Ils avaient été obtenus pour un montant de 1,3 milliard de dollars, dont un tiers a été financé par Berlin. A l’époque, le chancelier Helmut Kohl souhaite se racheter de l’implication d’entreprises militaires allemandes aux cotés de Saddam Hussein. La construction des deux premiers modèles aurait été achevée en septembre 2009. Au total, la flotte sous-marine israélienne comptabilisera prochainement six engins puisqu’en 1999, l’Allemagne avait déjà livré trois sous-marins Dolphin à l’Etat hébreu.

 

A l’inverse de son prédécesseur, le nouveau Dolphin U-212 possède une cellule de carburant avec un système indépendant de propulsion de l’air, ce qui lui permet de rester sous l’eau plus d’une semaine sans faire surface. Le sous-marin est également pourvu d’une nouvelle technologie de propulsion qui combine un système classique (moteur diesel et batterie acide-plomb) et un système de propulsion anaérobie, utilisé pour une navigation lente et silencieuse. Ses réservoirs de carburant ont par ailleurs été élargis, permettant au Dolphin d’opérer sur un rayon d’action de 10.000 kilomètres et de passer son autonomie à cinquante jours.

 

Sur requête israélienne, aux six tubes de lancement de 533 mm destinés aux missiles de croisière de courte portée, le constructeur allemand HDW a aménagé dans chaque sous-marin quatre autres tubes de 650 mm, pour les missiles de croisière nucléaires de longue portée. La marine israélienne les aurait équipés de Popeye Turbo, pouvant atteindre un objectif à 1.500 kilomètres de distance. Enfin, les Dolphin sont des sous-marins extrêmement automatisés et informatisés. Leur équipement électronique est fourni par les firmes israéliennes Tadiran, Israel Air Industry, Elisra, Elbit et Rada. Selon les experts militaires, l’un des trois sous-marins fournis par l’Allemagne est gardé pour la navigation en Mer Rouge et Golfe Persique, l’autre en Méditerranée, tandis que le troisième restera en réserve. Avec sous nouvelle force sous-marine – regroupée dans l’unité 700 -, Tsahal augmente sa capacité de deuxième frappe.

 

En même temps qu’il assure une modernisation progressive de ses trois corps d’armées, « Tefen 2012 » s’efforce de répondre à une réalité régionale particulièrement complexe pour l’Etat hébreu. A l’unanimité, les responsables israéliens estiment que la prochaine guerre se déroulera sur plusieurs fronts et qu’elle sera douloureuse pour l’arrière-front. Dans les faits, les ennemis à Israël ne cessent de se renforcer. Au Liban d’abord, plus rien ne semble arrêter l’ascension du Hezbollah dont l’arsenal offensif, reconstitué immédiatement après la guerre de 2006, atteindrait aujourd’hui 40 000 missiles et roquettes. Idem dans la bande de Gaza, où l’offensive « Plomb durci » n’a pas dissuadé le Hamas de se réarmer massivement via les tunnels de contrebande situés à la frontière égyptienne.

 

D’après les renseignements militaires israéliens, l’organisation islamiste se trouverait même en possession du Fajr-5, un missile iranien capable de frapper Tel Aviv et sa banlieue. Ce trafic pourrait désormais s’accélérer avec la réouverture définitive du point de passage de Rafah, premièr effet majeur des changements intervenus en Egypte après la chute d’Hosni Moubarak. L’inquiétude israélienne provient enfin des déclarations belliqueuses de l’Iran, dont le programme nucléaire continue d’être considéré comme une menace existentielle. C’est ce constat alarmant qui a abouti à l’élaboration de « Halamish », nom de code attribué au nouveau plan pluriannuel de Tsahal pour 2013-2017. Promu chef d’état-major de l’armée israélienne le 14 février 2011, le général Benny Gantz aura pour mission de faire aboutir ce nouveau programme de modernisation.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:35

Iran.svg

 

2012-03-14 farsnews.com

 

TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior Iranian general extended the Islamic Republic army's support for armed forces in Islamic states, and asked for closer cooperation among Muslim armies to maintain security in the region.

 

 

Speaking to FNA on Wednesday, Army's deputy top liaison General Mohammad Hossein Dadras said that the Iranian Army is prepared to take the necessary steps to train and reinvigorate Muslim armies in line with the policy guidelines presented by the Supreme Leader of Islamic Revolution.

 

"We have repeatedly told the armies of the Muslim countries that we will provide any kind of support for them, and we hope that Islamic states reach a degree of perfection to establish security in the region through cooperation with each other," Dadras stated.

 

Iran has always voiced preparedness to bolster and reinvigorate ties and cooperation with Muslim states, specially in defense and military fields.

 

Commander of Iran's Basij (volunteer) force Brigadier General Mohammad Reza Naqdi announced in November that Tehran is studying formation of a 100-million-strong Muslim world Basij force.

 

Later, a senior aid to the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution underlined the importance of forming a united Basij Army in the Muslim world, saying that the Iranian nation's Basij force can set a role model for all those Islamic nations who want to be free and independent.

 

"It should be believed that the generalization of the Basij model and formation and organization of the Muslim world Basijis can empower the Muslim world to conquer the world," Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei's top military advisor Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi said.

 

Safavi stressed that the Basij school of thought was inspired by the Islamic Revolution and can set an effective role model for the other countries that are seeking to gain political independence.

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15 mars 2012 4 15 /03 /mars /2012 08:20

Iron-Dome-source-Rafael.jpg

source Rafael

 

Mar 13, 2012 Spacewar.com (UPI)

 

Tel Aviv, Israel - Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems is looking to export its Iron Dome counter-rocket system because of its high interception rate against a four-day onslaught by Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip.

 

"The Iron Dome system has proved to a major game-changer in the most recent round of conflict with Islamist terror organizations operating in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip," The Jerusalem Post crowed in an editorial Tuesday.

 

"Israel will be able to profit from Iron Dome, which has proved itself in combat, by selling it to other countries."

 

Foreign sales, potentially worth several billion dollars, would help the financially strapped Israeli government fund production of such systems to counter an unprecedented missile threat that will target Israelis cities.

 

The United States, which has provided some $400 million toward developing and producing Iron Dome since 2007, India, South Korea and some NATO members have expressed interest in acquiring the system.

 

The military boasted that the three Iron Dome batteries deployed in the southern Negev Desert knocked out close to 90 percent of the short-range Qassam and longer-range, Soviet-designed Grad rockets launched toward Beersheba, Ashdod and Ashkelon from Friday through Monday.

 

The military said a fourth battery will be deployed soon. Nine batteries are scheduled for deployment by mid-2013.

 

The Israeli air force, which operates all air-defense systems, says 20 batteries are needed to provide effective cover for the entire country.

 

Until the latest surge of fighting on the border with Gaza, Iron Dome's interception rate was around 75 percent following its first operational deployment in March 2011.

 

The military said that the battery protecting Beersheba allowed two Grad rockets through Sunday because of what it described as a "technical failure in one of the system's components."

 

One hit an empty school and the other blew up a parked car in a residential neighborhood, although no casualties were reported.

 

That prompted Col. Tzvika Haimovich, of the air force's air defense division, to downplay the high expectations of the Israeli defense establishment that Iron Dome is a wonder weapon that can provide 100 percent protection.

 

"Iron Dome has many components and in spite of its technical achievements, it has technical failures," Haimovich said, echoing what many critics of the system have long maintained.

 

"I have to say, there is no hermetic seal and so only a combination of Iron Dome and civilians adhering to the Home Front Command's directives will be able to maximize the defense arch."

 

Iron Dome, designed to intercept rockets and missiles with a range of 2.5-43 miles, locks on to those that the system's computer plots will impact in populated areas or strategic facilities.

 

The system ignores projectiles whose trajectories point to open ground.

 

The military said some 230 Qassams, manufactured in makeshift factories in Gaza's labyrinthine urban sprawl, and the Russian-made 122mm Grad battlefield rockets smuggled in from Egypt, were fired into Israel during the recent clashes.

 

Iron Dome shot down more than 40 of those it engaged.

 

The Grads were the Israelis' main concern because they can reach the urban areas and carry a more destructive warhead than the Qassams.

 

Haimovich conceded that Iron Dome was "stretched to the max" in terms of its capabilities but was protecting larger areas than before.

 

But this begs the question whether the system, if it's stretched coping with 200-plus missiles over four days, will be able to effectively counter the massive barrages Israel's military chiefs anticipate from Iran, Syria, Hezbollah in Lebanon and Palestinian hardliners in Gaza if all-out war breaks out.

 

Iron Dome is the bottom tier of a planned four-level Israeli air defense shield, with state-owned Rafael's David's Sling, under development, handling the medium-range missiles and Arrow 2 and 3 missiles, produced by Israel Aerospace Industries, the ballistic missiles in Iran and Syria.

 

Israel estimates that Hezbollah alone has up to 45,000 rockets and missiles.

 

During the 34-day 2006 war, when Israel first grasped the extent of the missile threat it faces and scrambled to seeking defensive systems, Hezbollah fired 3,900 projectiles into northern Israel, an average of some 120 a day.

 

In the nightmare scenario now envisaged by the military, Israel faces being hammered by up to 400 a day for several weeks.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 21:00

S300-source-defenseWeb.jpg

source defenceWeb

 

14 mars 2012 Guysen International News

 

La Russie fournit des armes à la Syrie pour l'aider à "protéger sa sécurité contre des menaces extérieures" mais n'interviendra pas militairement en faveur du président Bachar el-Assad, a déclaré mercredi le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov. "Nous vendons des armes à la Syrie pour sa défense nationale, sa sécurité nationale", a-t-il souligné. "Nous ne fournissons pas à la Syrie des armes qui pourraient être utilisées contre des manifestants, contre des citoyens pacifiques, contribuant à alimenter le conflit. Nous ne faisons pas cela, nous aidons seulement la Syrie à protéger sa sécurité contre des menaces extérieures", a assuré Lavrov.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 20:42

FINUL-Aug-2011.jpg

Finul - Aug 2011

 

13 mars 2012 Par Europe1.fr avec AFP

 

Gérard Longuet, le ministre de la Défense, a estimé mardi qu'"il n'était pas nécessaire de maintenir des effectifs aussi importants" de 1.300 hommes au sein de la Force des Nations unies au Liban (Finul), après l'annonce de la décision française d'en retirer 400 à partir du mois d'avril.

 

"Ca fait 34 ans que la Finul est au Liban, on peut se poser la question de la pertinence de la mission aujourd'hui", a-t-il déclaré lors de l'émission "Preuves par 3" sur Public-Sénat en partenariat avec l'AFP.

"Nous avions 1.300 hommes, nous avons estimé qu'avec 400 soldats de moins on pouvait rendre les services que les Nations-Unis attendent de nous, mais il n'était pas nécessaire de maintenir des effectifs aussi importants. L'Onu l'a compris, puisque c'est le plan de l'ONU que nous adoptons", a-t-il poursuivi.

 

Paris a annoncé mardi son intention de réduire de 400 soldats son contingent au sein de la Finul, pour arriver à un millier d'hommes à l'été.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 17:30

Defence Secretary Philip Hammond – photo MOD 2012

photo UK MoD

 

Mar. 14, 2012 ameinfo.com

 

Philip Hammond MP, the UK's Secretary of State for Defence, has just concluded his first visit to the United Arab Emirates since being appointed to the position in October 2011.

 

The visit was aimed at deepening and strengthening the bilateral ties between the UK and UAE, particularly in the fields of defence and security.

 

During the visit Mr Hammond met His Highness Sheikh General Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces. The high level discussions covered areas of existing and future cooperation across the full range of bilateral issues.

 

Mr Hammond also visited al Dhafra Airbase and had a tour of the Al Yah Satellite Communications Company PrJSC (Yahsat). At the site, Mr Hammond was taken around state-of-the-art ground station facilities and the visit provided an opportunity for Yahsat to demonstrate the UAE's military satellite capabilities and for discussions on the strong bilateral defence ties between the UK and UAE.

 

Commenting on the visit, Mr Hammond said, "My visit to the UAE has cemented further my view that the UK and UAE are natural partners in so many areas. Our defence relationship is founded in a unique history and as we broaden our relationship our two countries will work together for a future that is both secure and prosperous for our peoples."

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 13:15

Idf logo4

 

14 mars 2012 Par Maxime Perez (Tel-Aviv) - IsraelValley

 

Le plan « Tefen 2012 », vaste programme de restructuration de Tsahal, se concentre sur trois aspects : la modernisation complète des effectifs, la remise à niveau des stocks de munitions et surtout, la planification massive d’exercices.

 

Dans le cadre du plan, l’armée israélienne introduit progressivement le Namer (Tigre), un nouveau transport de troupes dont la production a officiellement démarré en 2007. Sa principale caractéristique est qu’il reprend le châssis du tank Merkava IV, réputé pour son invulnérabilité. Le 13ème régiment Golani, l’une des principales unités d’infanterie de Tsahal, utilise ce blindé depuis l’offensive « Plomb durci » menée contre la bande de Gaza. D’ici 2014, trois autres régiments Golani devraient être à leur tour équipés du Namer.

 

Sur le plan logistique, ce véhicule peut transporter jusqu’à onze hommes. Il est aussi doté d’un système optronique particulièrement utile en cas de mauvaises conditions météorologiques, ses caméras offrant une vision panoramique à tous les membres d’équipage. A l’instar du Merkava IV, le Namer comporte un système de communication et de gestion du champ de bataille qui assure l’interface avec les soldats engagés au sol. Selon les modèles, il dispose de deux systèmes de défense active : le système APS (Active Protection System) et le Trophy.

 

Au niveau de l’armée de l’air, Gaby Ashkenazi a jugé essentiel qu’Israël réaffirme sa suprématie aérienne au Moyen-Orient. Tout au long de son mandat, le chef d’état-major de Tsahal s’est maintes fois inquiété du renforcement des capacités de la Syrie. Après avoir négocié la livraison de deux escadrilles de Mig-29 et Mig-31, le régime de Bachar Assad tenterait d’arracher à la Russie plusieurs armements défensifs de pointe, notamment le redoutable système anti-aérien SA-300. Dans le même temps, Ashkenazi est conscient que les velléités nucléaires de l’Iran imposent l’élaboration d’une réponse militaire d’envergure en cas d’échec de la diplomatie. Pour ses missions de longue portée, l’aviation de Tsahal abrite dans ses hangars 27 F-15I (« Ra’am ») et 102 F-16I (« Soufa »). En principe, ces deux bombardiers sont en mesure de mener des frappes contre les installations nucléaires iraniennes. Mais sans l’appui d’avions de guerre électronique – type Awacs -, ils restent détectables au radar et donc vulnérables. C’est précisément dans cette optique que les pilotes de chasse israéliens s’entrainent depuis plusieurs années. Appuyés par des appareils de ravitaillement ou de brouillage électronique, ils accentuent leurs vols sur des longues distances.

 

En Méditerranée, des manœuvres conjointes se déroulent régulièrement avec plusieurs pays de l’OTAN comme la Grèce et l’Italie. En outre, sous l’impulsion d’Ido Nehoushtan, promu commandant de l’armée de l’air en février 2008, la préparation aux duels aériens a été remise au goût du jour. L’hypothèse de « doghfights » est jugée plausible si des frappes stratégiques devaient être ordonnées contre l’Iran et la Syrie. Pour se préparer à une telle éventualité, l’« escadrille rouge » (dite « escadrille 115 ») a été réactivée. Basée à Ovda, près d’Eilat, cette unité non opérationnelle a pour seule mission d’entrainer les « Top Gun » de l’armée israélienne à affronter des chasseurs d’interception ennemis. Pendant les exercices, plus vrais que nature, les pilotes de l’« escadrille rouge » portent une combinaison de l’armée syrienne, et leurs avions sont flanqués d’un drapeau aux couleurs du régime baasiste.

 

Le plan Tefen accorde par ailleurs de nouveaux moyens à l’armée de l’air. Pour la guérilla urbaine, Tsahal fait commande de 12 hélicoptères d’attaque « Apache Longbow », tandis que les vieux transports de troupes Sikorsky CH-53 sont remplacés par des « Yasur 2000 », d’envergure identique mais plus modernes. La priorité absolue du général Gaby Ashkenazi reste néanmoins le F-35, construit par le géant Lockheed Martin. Dès 2008, la DSCA – l’agence régulant les ventes d’armes américaines à l’étranger – donne un avis favorable à la demande d’Israël de se procurer 25 F-35 Lightning II.

 

Une option portant sur 50 autres appareils est même suggérée. Mais l’affaire connait des remous. Les responsables israéliens expriment plusieurs objections qui retardent la conclusion d’un accord. Ils voient en particulier d’un mauvais œil le fait que l’Arabie Saoudite et l’Egypte, clients traditionnels des industries de défense américaines, cherchent également à se doter du F-35. L’autre point de friction du dossier résulte de l’insistance de l’Etat hébreu à vouloir remplacer certains composants électroniques du chasseur américain par des équipements de sa propre industrie militaire. Israël cherche en réalité à réduire le coût unitaire de chaque appareil, évalué entre 70 et 100 millions de dollars. Au terme de négociations particulièrement âpres, les deux alliés finissent par s’entendre. En octobre 2010, le ministère israélien de la défense confirme l’achat de 20 F-35 pour un montant de 2,25 milliards de dollars. Ces avions sont également connus sous l’appellation Joint Strike Fighter (JSF)9.

 

Même si la livraison des premiers appareils n’est prévue qu’en 2015, Tsahal interprète l’acquisition du F-35 comme une grande victoire. Il est vrai qu’avec un appareil doté de la technologie aéronautique la plus avancée au monde, l’aviation israélienne augmente considérablement ses capacités offensives. Du fait de sa furtivité, le F-35 entre dans la catégorie des avions de cinquième génération. Ses ailes triangulaires lui permettent de bénéficier d’une autonomie importante et d’une manœuvrabilité comparable au chasseur F-16. De plus, grâce à ses 7 pylônes externes, il peut transporter jusqu’à 9 tonnes de charges : réservoirs, bombes guidées, missiles de croisière et missiles air-air.

 

Merveille technologique, son avionique est basée sur un processeur central à très haute capacité de calcul, capable de centraliser et de restituer les informations fusionnées par différents capteurs. Ultime particularité : le pilote du F-35 est équipé d’un casque HMDS (Helmet Mounted Display System), conçu par le fabricant israélien Elbit. Un tel système permet aussi bien de désigner des cibles par un simple mouvement de la tête, que de voir à travers le plancher de l’appareil, pendant les manœuvres d’atterrissage vertical par exemple.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 12:55

Turkey-Navy.jpg

 

Mar 13 2012trdefence.com

 

Turkey’s Naval Forces aim to protect lanes of communication on the high seas to assure global maritime security and protect national interests under an austere defense budget as part of its new strategy, a top Turkish Navy commander has said.

 

“Our force planners use strategic decision-making, focusing on sophisticated, modular designs that allow us to move toward economy in our operations with fewer crew and lower fuel costs. The objective is to maintain and develop a credible naval force despite budget constraints,” Admiral E. Murat Bilgel, commander of the Turkish Naval Forces, said in an interview in the March issue of Proceedings, a monthly magazine published by the United States Naval Institute.

 

For these purposes, the Navy must be a versatile, well-trained, and well-equipped force that can be deployed at strategic distances, Bilgel said, adding that the force must be “fully interoperable with its military and nonmilitary counterparts while protecting sea lanes of communication and being prepared to support joint and combined land activities from the sea.”

 

To achieve these goals, the Navy will make the best use of Turkey’s shipbuilding and design capacity at domestic naval and private shipyards, research centers, and via the defense industry, the admiral said.

 

The top commander also gave information on the Navy’s future strategy. In the short term, the Navy will improve its situational awareness capabilities by adding corvettes and patrol boats to its fleet.

 

Within a decade, the Turkish Naval Forces will focus on conducting operations other than war by building a reconfigurable landing platform with airlift capability, a combat-support ship, multifunctional frigates with unmanned and manned rotary-wing aircraft, as well as air-independent propulsion submarines.

 

The Navy aims to advance its limited-strike ability over the next 20 years through the acquisition of a multipurpose landing platform with organic short take-off and vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft, air defense frigates and unmanned underwater vehicles.

 

The Turkish Navy is already planning to buy the design for its first landing platform dock (LPD) Three Turkish-led groups are currently vying for the contract that will be worth between $500 million and $1 billion.

 

Turkey is expected to spend more than $4 billion on defense procurement this year. In recent years it has focused on Navy programs. Multibillion-dollar naval programs have included the joint production of six modern submarines with Germany, as well as the largely local manufacture of eight corvettes.

 

“In line with [our] objectives, we will continue to sustain operational effectiveness and a deterrent posture through innovation, maintaining the strategy and technology interface, exploiting indigenous capacity, prioritizing projects and continuous manpower education and training,” Bilgel said.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 12:30

Carte Azerbaidjan

 

March 13, 2012 Spacewar.com (AFP)

 

Tehran - Iran and Azerbaijan are taking steps to soothe bilateral tensions most recently stoked by Baku's ties to Israel and its reported purchase of hundreds of millions of dollars of weapons from the Jewish state.

 

Public assurances of good neighbourly relations were being made in Tehran during a visit by Azerbaijan Defence Minister Safar Abiyev that continued into its second day on Tuesday.

 

"We are sure that we will face no problem from our brother and neighbour Azerbaijan," Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was quoted by the official Islamic Republic News Agency as saying on Monday after meeting Abiyev.

 

"Rest assured that Tehran-Baku ties will never be harmed," he said, adding that "artificial problems" that existed would be resolved and ties would be strengthened.

 

Abiyev was quoted as saying that "no nation can damage ties between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan."

 

He vowed that his country "will not allow anyone to use its soil and airspace against the Islamic Republic of Iran, since we consider Iran as a friend and brother."

 

The professed closeness sought to mend a rift opened up by Iranian news reports that Azerbaijan had bought $1.5 billion worth of weapons from Israel.

 

Iran's foreign ministry last month summoned Azerbaijan's ambassador to Tehran to request an explanation about the purchase, and to deliver a warning that Israel must not be permitted to use Azerbaijan to stage "terrorist acts" against Iran.

 

While Azerbaijan did not confirm the arms deal with Israel at the time, it did say it was boosting its arsenal "to liberate occupied Azerbaijani land" and it did not have hostile intentions against other countries in the region.

 

The "occupied land" referred to the disputed region of Nagorny Karabakh which was seized from Azerbaijan by Armenian forces during a war in the 1990s. No peace deal has been signed between Azerbaijan and Armenia despite years of negotiations since a 1994 ceasefire.

 

Abiyev discussed the weapons issue in greater detail on Monday with Iranian Defence Minister Ahmad Vahidi.

 

After their meeting, Abiyev was quoted by the Iranian news agency ISNA as saying: "These relations (with Israel) are not the way that the media have portrayed and I don't want the media to take this issue so seriously."

 

Vahidi added: "We talked about this issue with our Azerbaijani friends and they explained to us that it is not as it was reported by the media, and that the deal goes back to previous years and that amount is not that much."

 

Neither minister elaborated on the Azerbaijan-Israel arms deal.

 

The problem with that deal emerged after a separate incident in Azerbaijan in which police said they arrested an unspecified number of people linked to Iran and to the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah on suspicion of planning attacks in the country.

 

Iran last month also accused Azerbaijan, which is mainly Muslim, of working with Israel's spy services and helping assassins who murdered Iranian nuclear scientists in recent years -- a claim rejected by Baku as "slander".

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:45

Iron Dome Battery Deployed Near Ashkelon photo IDF

 

March 13, 2012 Yael Livnat / IDF – defpro.com

 

Since Friday, Iron Dome batteries already intercepted 49 rockets targeting populated areas

 

During the recent escalation and continuous rocket fire from Gaza targeting Israeli civilian populations, the Iron Dome batteries have been successfully intercepting 90% of rockets launched at populated regions. By intercepting 49 rockets so far, the Iron Dome system and its operators saved countless lives and continue to instill a sense of security among civilians. Over 140 rockets have been fired at Israel since the beginning of the escalation and more than 100 of the rockets hit Israeli territory, endangering the lives 1,000,000 Israeli civilians.

 

Just last night 25 rockets were launched by terrorists in the Gaza Strip at Israel, and the Iron Dome anti-missile defense batteries intercepted five additional rockets.

In light of recent events, the Israeli Air Defense Command will train additional reserve forces to operate the Iron Dome anti-missile system by the end of this year. The batteries will be operated by Air Defense combat soldiers that served in commanding and officer positions. The soldiers will be taught to activate and control the system and will serve as Iron Dome operators in their active reserve service.

 

"Since the Iron Dome system is relatively new and on the rise, there are few people that served as Iron Dome operators in the reserve forces. Thus it was established that a large number of reservists will undergo a career change," said Lt. Nitzan Elimelech of the Air Defense Command. The plan includes converting both female and male combat soldiers, instructors, and officers. Depending on each position, the instruction for the reservists will take three to four weeks.

 

Soldiers from the Air Defense Academy will be in charge of the additional training, as well as instructors from the Iron Dome system. The instruction will focus on the differences between the older weapon systems and the Iron Dome batteries they will operate in their reserve service.

 

The Iron Dome anti-missile system first intercepted a rocket a year ago last month. Batteries are stationed in the cities of Ashkelon, Ashdod and Be'er Sheva. Soldiers trained to operate the fourth battery have already been trained.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:40

ELW-2085---AEWS.jpg

 

Mar 13 2012trdefence.com

 

Cooperation between Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. (IAI) (TASE: ARSP.B1) unit Elta Systems and Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) to produce airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) is being threatened because the project is due for delivery to the Turkish Air Force, “Defense News” reports. Israel’s Ministry of Defense has instructed Elta to delay delivery of two of the four sub-systems for electronic support slated to be installed in the early warning aircraft, as part of the US Peace Eagle program for Turkey.

 

“Defense News” says that some Israeli defense sources fear the incident could inflict long-term damage to trade relations between the US and Israel.

 

“Defense News” writes that “If Elta cannot deliver the remaining systems for the Turkish program, industry sources here said Boeing may seek alternate suppliers for South Korea and other customers of the 737-based AEW&C aircraft.”

 

Consequently, Elta is pressing Israel’s Ministry of Defense to cancel delay of delivery. The instructions, which became valid last fall, also threaten to expose Elta to fines for violating contracts and would tarnish its good name.

 

“Defense News” recounts that late last year Israel’s Ministry of Defense refused to allow Elta and prime contractor Elbit Systems Ltd. (Nasdaq: ESLT; TASE: ESLT) to complete delivery of previously authorized long-range aerial photography systems to the Turkish Air Force. The decision cost Elta $55 million, while Elta Systems reported losses of $80 million and a $65 million drop in 2011 fourth quarter net profit as a result of write-offs and other costs associated with the terminated program.

 

“Defense News” notes that, “Unlike the earlier contract with Turkey, government and industry sources insist Elta’s export license to Boeing is not suspended is not suspended but rather put on hold pending additional review. In contrast to the terminated long-range pod program, industry sources said the ESM subcontract to Boeing involves a passive, purely defensive system that in now way enhances the attack capabilities of the Turkish Air Force.”

 

There is a danger that Boeing will declare force majeure and kick us out of this prestigious and lucrative program,” one industry source said.

 

An Elta spokesman confirmed that delivery of the two electronic sub-systems had been delayed for “political reasons.” He said, “We’re trying to work it all out, before it becomes a much bigger problem.”

 

Boeing spokesman David Sloan declined to discuss licensing issues or delivery delays associated with the firm’s Israeli subcontractor. He said, “We continue to be on plan for delivery of Turkey’s first Peace Eagle aircraft by the end of the year.”

 

US defense sources said that beyond immediate commercial and legal repercussions for Elta, the freeze on deliveries to Boeing carries grave, long-term implications for the future of US-Israeli defense trade.

 

A former Israeli defense official told “Defense News” that the case, if not resolved promptly, threatens to hamper a high priority US-Turkish program with operational implications for NATO. He said that it might also impede Boeing’s ability to perform as required under its $1.6 billion contract with Turkey and discourage other US firms from entering into strategic international cooperation with Israeli suppliers.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:30

liban-tir photo Armee de Terre

 

13 mars 2012 Guysen International News

 

Gérard Longuet, le ministre de la Défense, a estimé ce soir qu'"il n'est pas nécessaire de maintenir des effectifs aussi importants" de 1.300 hommes au sein de la Force des Nations unies au Liban (Finul), après l'annonce de la décision française d'en retirer 400 à partir du mois d'avril.

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14 mars 2012 3 14 /03 /mars /2012 08:00

Syria.svg

 

13/3/2012 Arie Egozi - israeldefense.com

 

According to foreign media reports, such missiles, which were in warehouses belonging to the Libyan army, have made their way to Syria and Hezbollah via Iran

 

Israel has yet to comment on reports that some of the advanced SA-24 shoulder-mounted missiles that were in Libyan military warehouses have made their way to Syria and to Hezbollah. Several sources have reported that these missiles are now in the hands of Syria and Hezbollah.

 

According to a report by the aviation journal "Aviation Week," some of the 480 missiles of this variant, which were in Qaddafi's warehouses, reached the hands of the Syrian army and the Lebanese terror organization. According to the reports, the missiles were initially transferred to Iran, and from there found their way to the two destinations.

 

The SA-24 missile is an advanced shoulder-mounted missile capable of intercepting aircraft at a height of up to 11,000 feet. Hezbollah has been attempting to obtain advanced antiaircraft missiles for a long time, since the organization prefer shoulder-mounted missiles, as they allow for rapid launch, decreasing the chances of identifying the launcher.

 

The IAF aircraft operating daily over southern Lebanon utilize countermeasures out of concern that such missiles and others might be launched to take down their planes. According to experts, the SA-24 is much more precise and lethal than its previous variants.

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13 mars 2012 2 13 /03 /mars /2012 18:05

Iran navy logo

 

13 mars 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le commandant de la marine iranienne, le contre-amiral Habibollah Sayyari, a déclaré que la République Islamique dispose du savoir-faire nécessaire pour la construction de porte-avions.

 

« Compte-tenu des capacités actuelles des jeunes experts des forces navales, de l’industrie de défense et des universités, la République Islamique d’Iran est capable de construire des porte-avions, mais nous n’en voyons pas le besoin actuellement, » a déclaré samedi l’amiral Sayyari.

 

L’amiral iranien soulignait les compétences du pays dans le domaine de la défense et précisait que, « aujourd’hui, nous sommes arrivés à un point où nous pouvons construire en Iran n’importe quel équipement nécessaire à la marine et les autres forces armées. »

 

Il a poursuivi en expliquant que la construction de porte-avions ne faisait pas parti des priorités de la marine, mais que le pays était prêt à les construire si les responsables en voyaient le besoin.

 

Référence : Al Manar (Liban)

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 19:43

http://www.aviationweek.com/media/images/awst_images/small/AW_03_12_2012_1026.jpg

 

Mar 12, 2012 By David Fulghum, Robert Wall -aviation week and space technology

 

Washington, London - Fears that some of the world’s most sophisticated anti-aircraft weapons that disappeared from government warehouses in Libya would end up in the hands of stateless insurgent are being realized.

 

At least some of the roughly 480 high-performance SA-24 “Grinch” shoulder-launched missiles that disappeared during the Libyan uprising have reappeared in the hands of insurgents on the borders of Israel, say senior Israeli officials.

 

The advanced weapons were smuggled out of Libya to Iran. From there the supply line split, with some weapons going to Syria and finally to the military wing of the Hezbollah organization in Lebanon. Others were smuggled into Egypt and then to Hamas in Gaza.

 

“They are in the Gaza Strip,” an Israeli official tells Aviation Week. “I don’t know in what numbers. They also are in Lebanon.”

 

The Russian-made SA-24 is a top-of-the-line, man-portable air defense system (Manpads) that is lethal to aircraft, helicopters and UAVs to an altitude of 11,000 ft. U.S. officials earlier confirmed that Libyan weapons went to Hezbollah and Gaza, but contended they did not know the fate of the SA-24s. Only empty packing crates were found in Libyan warehouses.

 

Opinions are mixed about the impact of these weapons.

 

“That should cause pause for everyone wanting to rush to the fight,” says a senior U.S. congressional staffer who specializes in defense issues. However, in the few times the missiles have seen combat, they did not affect the course of the conflict. Although the weapon is one of the more advanced Manpads on the world market, Western electronic warfare experts appear to have quickly developed operational techniques to defeat it. Even without the most advanced laser-based directed infrared countermeasures systems, British WAH-64 Apache attack helicopters faced a number of SA-24 firings and defeated them.

 

Iran, Syria, Hezbollah and Hamas have been long linked by the exchange of intelligence, surveillance and arms. Syria’s radar, signals intelligence and command-and-control systems, newly upgraded by Russian technicians, provide an early warning system for the Western approaches to Iran in addition to monitoring internal dissent. Iranians ran a sigint operation in Syria to support Hezbollah during the 2006 conflict in Lebanon. Israeli communications appear not to have been intercepted and decrypted, but traffic analysis of personal mobile phones provided clues to the assembly points of Israeli troops that may have telegraphed the points of offensive thrusts into Lebanon.

 

U.S. intelligence officials say claims of how much the Syrian systems have been improved were exaggerated in early reports, as were reports of how long it would take U.S. forces to crush Iranian air defenses and successfully stage an attack on Tehran’s missile and nuclear development programs. At least one retired U.S. Air Force chief of staff said the process could be completed in three days. Critics of that assessment suggest that suppression and destruction of the Iranian shield would take longer, depending on how active Iranian defenders are in the first few days of any conflict. In recent years, foes have simply kept some sites inactive just to preserve them for pop-up attacks.

 

“The Syrian air defense system is being improved significantly, but not so much because of the low- and very-low-frequency surveillance radars but rather because of the introduction of the SA-17 [“Grizzly”/Buk-M2E],” the Israeli official says. “Two months ago they showed their SA-17 in public. It’s a new and severe threat for all types of flying systems including UAVs.” The effective altitude range of the weapon is advertised as 100 ft. to 82,000 ft. and an effective range of 2-26 mi.

 

U.S. and Israeli surveillance also has tracked the movement of arms from Iran—some of them looted from Libya—into Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley. At first there were reports of Syria’s ballistic missiles being stored there to protect them from rebel forces. Now it appears the traffic has been Libyan arms going to Hezbollah.

 

“There are reports that [the missiles] are in the hands of Hezbollah, as are any types of arms that exist in Syria with the exception of the SS-21,” the Israeli official says. The SS-21 “Scarab” is a 120-km-range (75-mi.) ballistic missile.

 

Moreover, U.S. and Israeli analysts are worried that stocks of chemicals for weapons of mass destruction (WMD) also may have been taken from Libya for sale on the black market. Both Hezbollah and Hamas have been developing or obtaining ever-larger and longer-range missiles to bombard Israel, according to Israeli analysts. The weapons—new, locally developed 8-in. rockets—were tracked by radar when test-fired from Gaza into the Mediterranean and the Sinai Desert. Hezbollah also has rockets big enough to carry WMD warheads.

 

The WMD threat, however, does not appear to be an active capability of Hez­bollah. “We don’t think so yet,” the Israeli official says. Nonetheless, “there are hundreds of heavy rockets facing Israel now that could bring severe destruction to the central part of the state.”

 

But there is an assumption in the West that Israel may yet be forced into action if Syria’s large stockpile of chemical weapons is at risk of falling into insurgent hands. Syria has the world’s fourth largest chemical weapons arsenal, and both the U.S. and Israel are keeping a close watch on it, says Mark Fitzpatrick, director of the International Institute of Strategic Studies’ (IISS) nonproliferation program. Options could include raids to extract the warheads or destroy the stocks in place.

 

One unknown of the current conflict in Syria is what effects regime change might have on Iran. Fitzpatrick notes that possible outcomes range from Teheran feeling pressured to open itself to dialogue, to the country deciding it needs to pursue its nuclear program even more fiercely to protect itself. What is more certain is that there would be a disruption of the supply lines between Iran and Hezbollah.

 

A secondary effect of the fighting in Syria could be increased Iranian pressure on Iraq. There is concern in Baghdad that if Tehran suffers a strategic defeat from the loss of a key ally, Syria, it may try to offset the impact by expanding its influence in Iraq, says Toby Dodge, a consulting senior fellow on Middle East affairs for IISS.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 17:35

USAF logo

 

March 12, 2012 Staff Sgt. Daryl Knee / Anatolian Falcon 2012 Public Affairs / AFNS  - defpro.com

 

KONYA, Turkey | The Turkish and U.S. air forces continue to combine their air assets and share tactics in large-force employments during Exercise Anatolian Falcon 2012 here March 5-16.

 

During LFE exercises, units oftentimes take advantage of the high number of aircraft participating to test mass communication efforts, but the 480th Fighter Squadron pilots from Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, are sharing suppression-of-enemy-air-defenses tactics with their Turkish counterparts.

 

SEAD, the 480th FS's specialty, is any action taken to deter enemy surface-to-air missiles or anti-aircraft artillery. The objective is not the destruction of the ground-based threats but to subdue those threats until an air mission is complete.

 

"Our enemies know some of the capabilities of SEAD teams," said Capt. David Dubel, a 480th FS pilot. "The presence of a SEAD team is sometimes enough in itself to make our enemies flee and allow us to complete whatever mission we're on."

 

For Anatolian Falcon 2012, each air mission has an objective such as the destruction of a plotted target or the defeat of enemy aircraft. Mission planners assign groups of aircraft-specific tasks, either offensive counter air, SEAD or ground attack.

 

Both nations employ the F-16 Fighting Falcon, a multi-faceted fighter aircraft that can combat threats in the air or on the ground. Turkish and U.S. military units train differently, and the various functions of the F-16 can lead pilots to specialize in or understand unique perspectives of the aircraft.

 

Large-scale exercises allow the NATO allies to share and build upon proven tactics and techniques. For the 480th FS, sharing their SEAD tactics with the Turkish air force helps both prepare for real combat.

 

"We're expecting to be targeted -- that's our job," Dubel said. "We have a lot of tactics to defend against those threats. There are different tactics as to whether the enemy is just looking at us, have a lock on us or have actually fired a missile.

 

"The (ground attack) mission is to get 100 percent bombs on target," he continued, "and SEAD's mission is to get 100 percent of the (ground attackers) home."

 

An exercise-evaluation team is on site to test the SEAD teams' capabilities to safeguard the ground-attack aircraft. The team members of the Multinational Aircrew Electronic Warfare Tactics Facility, also known as Polygone, use a mobile surface-to-air missile radar system to target and "destroy" the exercise aircraft.

 

The system forces the pilots to change their plans en-route, said Jack Graham, a radar technician. Once the technicians switch the system to the radar or active mode, it emits a signal. The signal alerts the pilots to the radar's presence. The pilots then must identify the threat, assess the risks, attack the new threat or avoid the area all together.

 

Graham said he can mask the radar's location by switching off the detection system. Since the radar is mobile, the team can move to different locations as directed by the mission planners. As Anatolian Falcon 2012 continues, the location or frequency of attacks change to strain the SEAD capabilities of the Turkish and American pilots.

 

"We keep the pilots on their toes so they're always prepared for the real event," he said. "As long as we keep them on their toes, we're doing a good job."

 

Dubel said some of the exercise scenarios are relatively calm until an unlocated surface-to-air missile system begins broadcasting a frequency.

 

"Our job is to sniff out the SAM systems and change the game plan," Dubel said. "We don't want to lose any of our players, which in the real world would be our lives."

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 13:00

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March 9, 2012 defpro.com

 

On Thursday, Minister of National Defence Rasa Jukneviciene met with Defence Minister of Turkey Ismet Yilmaz who paid a visit in Lithuania by the Lithuanian Minister’s invitation. In a meeting both Ministers discussed the upcoming NATO Summit in Chicago, the operation in Afghanistan, NATO Air Policing mission, and other points.

 

“We have exchanged views on cooperation and regional security issues, and reached some agreement points regarding cooperation areas particularly important for Lithuania: the Turkish representatives assured that as one of the most active supporters of the Energy Security Centre Turkey will continue rendering assistance in the future as well through contribution to concrete initiatives and projects of the Centre,” R. Jukneviciene after the meeting.

 

Lithuanian Minister also pointed out that an independent missile defence system capable of defending the Alliance in Lithuania’s territory from emerging threats is particularly important.

 

“Turkey supports NATO’s initiatives of smart defence. Last year an early warning radar was installed in Turkey – it is our contribution to the NATO Missile Defence,” stated I. Yilmaz.

 

R. Jukneviciene thanked the guest for Turkey’s support in seeking a long-term decision regarding the NATO Air Policing mission. According to her, the mission is an excellent example of regional cooperation and Smart Defence. She invited Turkey’s Air Force to deploy on the Baltic Air Policing mission after 2014 as well.

 

The meeting officials also discussed the upcoming NATO Summit and priorities of the countries: “NATO must find a relevant way to estimate the progress of Georgia in developing internal reforms and its contribution to NATO operations,” Defence Minister said.

 

I. Yilmaz stressed that Turkey develops close cooperation with Georgia and supports its aspiration of the latter to become a NATO members.

 

According to R. Jukneviciene, the ISAF operation remains among Lithuania’s key priorities. “The second wave of the transfer of responsibility process has begun in the province of Ghor protected by Lithuania, our current focus is training of local Afghans,” she said. According to the Minister, Lithuania plans maintaining the present level of military involvement until 2013. R. Jukneviciene stressed that NATO Strategy in Afghanistan after 2014 should be one of the points at the Chicago Summit.

 

Lithuanian Defence Minister also addressed the economical situation in Lithuania and the activity of the Government. “Lithuania and our national Government have encountered the economic crisis that has made painful consequences onto the country’s economy. I think that our Government has done quite a marvelous job while dealing with this problem although pension and salary cuts had to be implemented, and defence spending likewise.

 

However, apart from that, we have made efforts to concentrate on our new defence strategy and we have maintained the multinational commitments”, said R. Juknevi?ien?. According to her, Lithuania pays a lot of attention to reserve training and combat training on voluntary basis. “National defence is not only about professional armed forces only, it is also a matter of our entire society,” Lithuanian Minister said.

 

The meeting Ministers also exchanged opinions about the situation in Syria and Iran.

 

The Defence Minister of Turkey stated that Turkey supports diplomatic talks and dialog with Iran regarding the acquirement of nuclear weapons. According to him, Turkey was also concerned about the actions of Syria.

 

The last meeting of Turkish and Lithuanian Defence Ministers took place in 2002.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 12:35

DSC01571

The Merkava Mark IV tank (Photo RP Defense)

 

8/3/2012 Arie Egozi - israeldefense.com

 

Israel is conducting preliminary contacts for the sale of the Merkava Mark IV to several foreign militaries

 

Israel is conducting preliminary contacts with several countries over the Merkava Mark IV tank due to renewed global interest.

 

Such contacts occurred several years ago with the government of Colombia, but have yet to culminate in a deal. Colombia is concerned about Venezuela’s armament under the rule of President Hugo Chavez, who has increased the military procurement budget. In the past, Colombia has procured Kfir combat aircraft from Israel, ground and naval systems, and may soon procure UAVs as well.

 

According to reports in Colombia, the government and military initially examined the procurement of the Indian Arjun tank, but quickly learned that its capabilities were limited.

 

Developed within the framework of a multi-year project, India encountered difficulties producing the Arjun and at one point turned to Israel to help solve the problems.

 

Produced by the IDF in cooperation with some of the leading defense industries, the IDF produced the Merkava for its own use. The meetings with the Colombians discussed the potential procurement of 25 to 40 tanks. The cost of the Merkava tank has never been published, but experts estimate it is approximately six million dollars.

 

Israel has already exported technologies developed for various models of the Merkava tanks, primarily as part of programs for upgrading old tanks, such as the Turkish military’s M-60 tank upgrade project, which was carried out by Israel Military Industries (IMI). However, the tank has not been exported in whole so far, and now, several countries are interested in the system.

 

Even though several Merkava tanks were damaged during the Second Lebanon War, experts agree that it is still the most advanced tank of its kind, which possesses excellent mobility, an advanced and stabilized fire system, and most importantly, a high level of protection.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 08:55

Bahrain-Air-Force.jpg

 

10/03/2012 Bahrain News Agency

 

Manama, March 10 (BNA)—The Royal Bahraini Air Force (RBAF) will carry out a joint air exercise from April 8 to 18 with an unprecedented participation of 22 warplanes from brotherly and friendly countries.

 

RBAF held a final meeting to assess preparations for the "Main Connection 2012" air drill which was attended by representatives from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Oman, Kuwait, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, Pakistan, the USA and Bahrain.

 

The exercise is part of RBAF training plans held jointly with brotherly and friendly countries within the framework of defence cooperation to maintain security and stability of the Arabian Gulf region. The drill is considered one of the most important exercises which Bahrain has been committed to for over 20 years.

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12 mars 2012 1 12 /03 /mars /2012 08:55

S-300-antiaircraft-missile-system-source-israel-defence.jpg

S-300 antiaircraft missile system

 

11/3/2012 Arie Egozi - israeldefense.com

 

Iran is operating new production lines for the Shaheen antiaircraft missile in preparation for a possible attack

 

Iran is not wasting any time, and according to reliable sources, the Iranian weapons industry has opened new production lines for its advanced Shaheen antiaircraft missile.

 

According to Iran, the missile can intercept aircraft at heights of up to 40 km. Even though Iran claims that it developed the missile on its own, Israel is assessing that foreign knowledge found its way to the project.

 

The line is also being operated in the wake of Iran’s understanding that Russia will not sell them S-300 missiles. Various reports point to the fact that Iran procured four of these missile systems, two of them from Belarus, but the reports have not yet been verified.

 

Iran routinely attempts to procure advanced systems from allied countries, while simultaneously developing its own systems. The procurement of S-300 surface-to-air missiles and other systems is part of Iran’s multilayered program to improve its air-defense capabilities.

 

Approximately three years ago, it was reported that Syria had transferred some of the Pantsir portable air-defense systems it procured from Russia to Iran. Iran uses the systems to protect its nuclear facilities.

 

The precise capabilities of the new self-produced missiles are unknown. However, Israel agrees that Iran's efforts are slowly but persistently creating a defense layout that will make things more difficult for any operation against its nuclear facilities.

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