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23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 06:40
INS Vikramaditya

INS Vikramaditya

22 septembre 2013, Portail des Sous-Marins


La Russie va remettre le 15 novembre à l’Inde le porte-avions Admiral Gorchkov, un bâtiment rénové de l’époque soviétique dont la livraison avait été repoussée à plusieurs reprises, a annoncé samedi le vice-Premier ministre russe Dmitri Rogozine.


Référence : 7 sur 7 (Belgique)

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20 septembre 2013 5 20 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Army to raise armoured corps in WB

September 12, 2013 By Arup Chanda - freepressjournal.in


Kolkata : Following frequent incursions by China violating the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the Indian Army is planning to set up an armoured corps base in north Bengal.


Following intelligence reports and Chinese activity along the LAC, the Indian Army has marked parts of north Bengal and north-east region of the country, particularly Arunachal Pradesh, which China claims as its own territory, as a ‘sensitive zone’.


A senior army official recently met West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee after she came down to Siliguri from the hills of Darjeeling and asked for 200 acres of land next to the Binaguri army cantonment in north Bengal.


He held a closed door meeting with Banerjee and apprised her of the situation and speed up handing over the land to establish an armoured corps division in the area. He stressed the need saying that China was actively increasing its influence in bordering Bhutan and Nepal, according to military intelligence reports.


China, he said, was carrying out many charitable activities and imparting free education through some voluntary organisations next to the LAC, and using them to carry out espionage activities in the region. China is also spending huge sums of money in setting up Buddhist monasteries in the region, he informed Banerjee.


The army plans not only to increase its personnel but also have an armoured crops division with tanks and large number of armoured vehicles.


The Indian Army currently has 63 armoured corps regiments and taking into account China’s military plans has also raised the Ladakh Scouts. In view of the recent developments it might raise another armoured corps regiment armed with MBT Arjun tanks and armoured vehicles to be deployed in north Bengal.


Though Banerjee, it was learnt, gave a patient hearing to the senior army official, she kept silent about acquiring land as her government was opposed to take away land from farmers.


However, a defence ministry official here remarked: “Not acquiring land from farmers for industry might be the chief minister’s policy for vote bank politics but this is a case of national security. The country’s security can never be compromised because of populism.


“We need the land as soon as possible to expand our base as we have been receiving disturbing reports about Chinese activities across the border in this region not only from military intelligence but also from other agencies of the central government,” he said.

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19 septembre 2013 4 19 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Aircraft Carrier Vikramaditya To Join Indian Navy In Nov

September 18, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


With all trials successfully completed in the White Sea and Barents Sea, the Vikramaditya (formerly Admiral Gorshkov) aircraft carrier will be commissioned into Indian Navy service between November 15-20 at the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk, Russia.


The $2.33-billion deal finally delivers nearly a decade after it was signed, and after years of financial and technical turmoil. All considered, the deal goes down as one of the most ill-planned, where virtually every aspect of work on the ship was astonishingly underestimated by both sides, compelling an embarrassing price revision years after contract signature.


Well, now she's Indian, and she'll be most welcome. Shano Varuna!

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18 septembre 2013 3 18 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
Indian DAC approves acquisition of additional six C-130J aircraft

Indian Air Force's C-130J Super Hercules aircraft stationed at Hindon Airbase, near Delhi, India. Photo Hemant.rawat1234.


18 September 2013 airforce-technology.com


The Indian Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved the national Air Force's procurement of six additional C-130J Super Hercules aircraft at a cost of INR40bn ($635m) from the US, an unnamed defence source have revealed.


Quoted by Press Trust of India, the source said that the aircraft will be acquired through the foreign military sales (FMS) route between the Indian and US governments.


Meanwhile, the deal will now be transferred to the Cabinet Committee on Security for the final approval, the sources added, noting that the new aircraft will be based at Panagarh in West Bengal.


Panagarh serves as headquarters of the Indian Army's newly created Mountain Strike Corps for operations along the India-China border, according to the news agency.


An undisclosed senior defence ministry official was quoted by NDTV as saying: "With its ability to land almost anywhere, the additional C-130J will give the Mountain Strike Corps ability to move around troops and rush reinforcements along the front at a very short notice."


The Indian Air Force (IAF) currently operates six C-130J Super Hercules aircraft, which were acquired under a $1.2bn FMS deal from US in early 2008, from Hindon Airbase, near Delhi, for special operations.


Manufactured by Lockheed Martin, the C-130J Super Hercules is designed for airborne assault, search-and-rescue (SAR), scientific research support, weather reconnaissance and aerial refuelling, as well as maritime patrol and aerial fire fighting missions.


Fitted with a glass cockpit, digital avionics and a new propulsion system with a six-bladed propeller, the aircraft is a longer fuselage or stretched combat delivery variant of legacy C-130 Hercules, and can accommodate a payload of up to 20t and over 90 passengers.


The aircraft is operational with air forces in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Kuwait, Norway, Oman, Qatar, the UK and the US.

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18 septembre 2013 3 18 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
Rosoboronexport participera au «NAMEXPO-2013»

18.09.2013 Rostec


La corporation d’état Rostec interviendra comme organisateur de l’exposition russe dans la ville de Kotchine en Inde


«Rosoboronexport» fera la démonstration de la production militaire au cours de l’Exposition internationale de marine militaire «NAMEXPO-2013».


Dans l’ensemble, une information sur 245 modèles de produit militaire sera présentée à l’exposition, indique le Centre d’analyse du commerce mondial d’armes. Rostec interviendra comme organisateur de l’exposition russe.


L’exposition internationale de marine militaire «NAMEXPO-2013» aura lieu pour  la première fois dans la ville indienne de Kotchine du 23 au 27 septembre. L’objectif de  l’exposition est la présentation des technologies modernes d’étude et de production de l’armement et du matériel militaire pour les Forces maritimes, ainsi que l’attraction de sociétés nationales et étrangères afin de réaliser les programmes de construction des Forces maritimes indiennes.


On s’attend à ce que plus de 50 fabricants d’armes importants indiens et étrangers participent à l’exposition, incluant les USA, l’Angleterre, la France, l’Italie, l’Espagne, la Suède et Israël.


L’organisation de recherches et d’élaborations de la défense (DRDO) du Ministère de la Défense, les sociétés d’état «Bharat Dynemix limited», «Bharat electronics limited», «Hindustan aeronotics limited», ainsi que d’autres sociétés privées montreront leurs avancées du côté de l'Inde.


Les organisateurs ont l’intention de réaliser au cours du business – programme une conférence sur les questions de développement de l’aviation embarquée, y compris sur les appareils volants sans pilote, l’avionique, les systèmes radars maritimes, différents types d’équipement pour les plateformes maritimes.


«Rosoboronexport » a le statut officiel d’intermédiaire d’état exclusif ayant le droit de livrer sur le marché mondial tout le spectre des armes et des matériels militaires autorisés à l’exportation et fabriqués par les entreprises du complexe industriel militaire russe. La Corporation d’état «Rostechnologii» possède 100% des actions de la SA de type ouvert «Rosoboronexport».

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18 septembre 2013 3 18 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
India can produce 10,000 km range ballistic missiles: DRDO

Sep 17, 2013 brahmand.com


NEW DELHI (PTI): Inter-continental ballistic missile Agni-5, which can cover entire China and reach Europe with its range of 5,000 km, will be ready for induction in the armed forces in two years, amid assertion by DRDO that it can produce a weapon system with a range of 10,000 km.


Addressing a press conference on a seminar to be held on Monday, DRDO Chief Avinash Chander said all the ballistic missiles in country's arsenal would be canistered to reduce the reaction time, in case of a nuclear attack.


He said by the end of this year or the beginning of the next year, the country's first indigenously-developed nuclear submarine INS Arihant would be carrying out weapon trials as part of its tests towards its induction in the Navy.


"Yes... actually range is least problematic part of the missile. We have full capability to go to any range. If we need a particular range, we can achieve that in two or two-and-a-half years. The issue today is more with the accuracy of the missiles," Chander said.


The DRDO chief was asked if the premier research organisation would be able to provide 10,000 km range missiles if government gives a go ahead to it.


Commenting on the Agni-5 missile, which was successfully test-fired on Sunday for the second time, he said, "The missile would be ready for induction in armed forces in the next couple of years after three to four more successful test-firings from canisters."


He said the Agni-5 along with all other ballistic missiles would be canistered which will help in reducing the response time in case of a nuclear attack.


"It (the response time) will be in order of few minutes from stop to launch and it will be very short. I cannot give you the exact time," Chander said.


India has a 'no-first use' policy for nuclear weapons which means that it needs to have a strong and quick response capability to reply in case of a strike by an adversary.


Asked if there was a need for having missiles with higher ranges than the Agni-5, Chander said, "As on date, we don't think we need those ranges but if needed, it can be done."


On why was India now willing to categorise the Agni-5 as an ICBM whereas earlier it was hesitant to do so, the DRDO chief said world-over missiles with ranges of 5,000 to 5,500 km were termed as ICBMs.


"I do not see why we should be diffident about our strengths and capabilities. Agni-5 is able to go trans-continental and is capable to go these ranges. It is definitely an ICBM. I don't think there is any negative or positive connotation of this term," he said.


Asked if there were any problems with the telemetry and systems of the Agni-5 before its Sunday trial, he said there were issues regarding this but the organisation went ahead with the test as they were not associated with the performance of the weapon system.


On INS Arihant's weapon firing trials including the 700-km K-15 Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile, Chander said it is ready for integration with the indigenous submarine and there no issues on it.


Talking about the weapon and the sea trials of Arihant, whose nuclear reactor was activated recently, the DRDO chief said, "They have a full plan of various activities which will include firing of missiles and validation of other systems on board it.


"Arihant has achieved criticality. It is going through of cycle of trials and that is on. That has to be done in a certain time-line and we are on time."


Reacting to queries, Chander said there was no programme such as Agni-6 at the moment.


On the 1,500 km range Nirbhay cruise missile, he said the second test-firing of the weapon system would be conducted by the end of this year.


Chander said a number of changes have been made in DRDO structure as seven clusters have been created with primary objective of enhancing efficiency and performance of the laboratories while reducing the delays in the projects.


He said the trials of the Arjun MkII tank programme were going on and 79 modifications have been validated.

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17 septembre 2013 2 17 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
Textron to Integrate SFW on Indian Jaguars

September 17, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: U.S Department of Defence; issued September 13, 2013)


Textron Systems Corp., Textron Defense Systems, Wilmington Mass., has been awarded a $9,065,330 contract modification (P00015) to previously awarded contract FA8682-11-C-0044 for development of the remote terminal interface control document for the munitions control unit to integrate the sensor fuzed weapon on the Indian Jaguar Aircraft.


Work will be performed at Wilmington, Mass., with an expected completion date of May 15, 2014. The total modification of $9,065,330 is being obligated at time of award.


This contract involves foreign military sales.


Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., is the contracting activity.

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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
C-130J Photo Shiv Aroorr - Livefist

C-130J Photo Shiv Aroorr - Livefist

September 14, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist

Herc season. The Indian MoD's Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) yesterday cleared the purchase of six more Lockheed-Martin C-130J Super Hercules medium transports from the US under a foreign military sale. The deal is subject to final clearance by the apex Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) before a contract is signed with the US government.
The 77 Squadron birds have been in the headlines recently quite a bit for their role in Uttarakhand flood relief, and the landing at Daulat Beg Oldie, the world's highest airstrip last month.

My report from two years ago:
Six More C-130Js For IAF In Afterglow Of First Contract
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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
India-Russia naval ties prosper

15 September 2013 by nayeem sheikh - Indian Defence Goal


The Indian defence secretary R K Mathur wrapped up a three-day visit to Russia. The visit that was originally scheduled to take place in June took place from 2-4 September and had a wide range of military hardware acquisition agenda. Besides discussions on the sinking of an Indian submarine, Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier rechristened as INS Vikramaditya, the fifth generation fighter aircraft and leasing of more nuclear submarines were discussed.


Costing over $3 billion and with tonnage of over 45,000 tons, the aircraft carrier will be handed over to the Indian Navy in mid-November this year and would reach the Indian waters in the second week of January next year.


The aircraft carrier has completed sea trials in the Barents Sea this July and is destined to undertaking aviation trials, including take-offs and landings, in the next a few months. Progress was also reviewed on the joint design and production of the fifth generation fighter aircraft, which is set to hit the skies by 2020. India has announced to purchase some 300 of these aircraft. The Russian acquiescence was also achieved for up-gradation of the INS Sindhushastra, a sister submarine of the Kilo class submarine family. Another important aspect of the visit was discussions on the lease of another nuclear submarine. Before the visit, the two sides had had preliminary discussions on possibilities of provision of the second nuclear submarine to India but the price tag was not agreed to.


India has indicated that it is ready to put in $1 billion for 10 years lease but the Russians are vying to get a much higher price for the lease. No agreement on the price, however, could be reached. The lease issue will again come up for discussions when Indian defence minister A K Antony visits Russia in October for which the defence secretary also discussed the agenda.

The sinking of INS Sindhurakhshak has already been discussed by the Indian prime minister during one-on-one meeting with Russian President Putin on the sidelines of G-20 Summit that took place at St Petersburg on September 5-6.

The matter will be pursued further with the Russian authorities when the Indo-Russian Inter Governmental Military and Technical Cooperation Commission meets in mid October wherein the two respective defence ministers will discuss the issue and streamline the finer points of the deal on lease of another nuclear submarine before the thread is picked up by Indian prime minister when he meets the Russian president later in Moscow in October for 14th annual summit between Russia and India.


Eighteen sailors, including four officers of the crew of an Indian submarine INS Sindhurakshak berthed alongside Mumbai harbour, were killed when two large explosions ripped apart the forward section of the submarine hull. The tragic accident took place on the heels of two naval landmark events declaring that nuclear reactor installed on board its first nuclear submarine INS Arihant had reached criticality as the submarine prepared for harbour and sea trials and launching of the INS Vikrant, both indigenously built.


The Indians and Russians restrained themselves in blaming each other over the incident. The Indians could not afford to blame the Russians on the probable technical causes that led to the sinking of the submarine for its major military hardware is of the Russian origin and as such decided not to irk the Russians.


The Russians, on their part, pre-empted the Indians on any blame game by saying that the changes in the technical side of the refurbished Indian submarine were made at the insistence of Indian Navy and opined that two concurrent and very sensitive evolutions were being undertaken on board the ill-fated submarine at the same time.


Also, the Russians offered India their cooperation in investigating the circumstances that led to the destruction of the Indian submarine. They have even offered to replace the lost submarine with a new one if India so desired. There have been no surprises as both the Indians and Russians acted responsibly on sinking of the INS Sindhurakhshak and refrained from blaming each other on the event. The incident, therefore, has had no effect on their bilateral relationship. The continuity of high-level meetings at the defence and the political levels speak about strength of their bilateral relationship and Indian needs as it remains dependent on the Russians to keep afloat its military incorporation. Nevertheless, at home, the INS Sindhrakhshak’s sinking is no more a topic of discussion either in the print or electronic media or on any other official circles. The strange silence on a strategic capability loss indicates how Indian media plays side by side with its government on matters of national security.

However, the sinking of the INS Sindhurakhshak alongside its berth in Mumbai harbour highlights the grey areas in the Indian Navy’s submarine practices. This particular incident of ineptitude has created a stir in nuclear experts that have become wary of India’s competence to run a nuclear submarine platform safely. Russians have also escalated their asking price for leasing out another nuclear submarine to India.


Though India is investing heavily into its navy to be counted as a blue water navy but the haste has led the navy to bypass and overlook safeties to hide shortcomings in training and lack of technical knowhow on their naval platforms.


As per an analysis published by the Langley Intelligence Group Network (LIGNET) USA, India’s unveiling of its first domestically made aircraft carrier INS Vikrant and first nuclear submarine INS Arihant “launches” were premature. The analysis highlights that Vikrant will be operational by 2018 and Arihant will begin sea trials in the coming year. It has also concluded that the Indian Navy remains little more than a coastal defence force and it remains to be seen if India can overcome the technological hurdles, cost overruns, bureaucratic incompetence and corruption that have plagued its naval programme.

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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
source Livefist

source Livefist

NEW DELHI, 15 septembre - RIA Novosti


L'Inde a mené dimanche matin un deuxième test réussi de son missile balistique Agni-V d'une portée de 5.000 km, rapporte la chaîne de télévision NDTV.


Le tir d'essai a été effectué à 4h13 UTC depuis  l'île de Wheeler, dans le golfe du Bengal, au large de l'Etat indien d'Orissa.


Le premier test de ce missile capable de porter une charge nucléaire a eu lieu en avril 2012.


La presse indienne souligne que le missile en question est capable d'atteindre Pékin, la Chine étant souvent considérée en Inde comme un ennemi militaire potentiel.


La conception du missile en question a débuté en 1983. Conçu pour emporter une ogive nucléaire de 1,5 tonne, Agni-V est un missile de trois étages de 17 mètres de long pesant près de 50 tonnes. 


Selon les sources auxquelles se réfère la chaîne NDTV, le missile doit subir encore plusieurs tests avant d'équiper l'armée indienne.


Les forces armées indiennes ont à l'heure actuelle à leur disposition des vecteurs terrestres (missiles de type Agni et Prithvi) et aériens (avions Dassault Mirage-2000 et SEPECAT Jaguar). New Delhi espère en outre acquérir la troisième composante de la triade nucléaire – posséder des sous-marins lanceurs  d'engins. En août dernier, le réacteur du sous-marin Arihant, le premier à avoir été construit en Inde, a été mis en service.  Les tests de ce dernier devraient prochainement débuter.

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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
India Tests >5,500-km Range Agni-V Ballistic Missile

September 15, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


The Agni-V ballistic missile, capable of delivering a 1.5-ton nuclear warhead out to over 5,500-km was tested today from India's Integrated Test Range (ITR) in the Bay of Bengal. The launch at 8.52AM today was the missile's second after its debut test in April last year. The missile's systems underwent a degree of fine-tuning after the first test, purported to give the weapon system a far greater degree of accuracy. Details of today's test, videos and photos shortly.

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
Photo DPR Defence DRDO

Photo DPR Defence DRDO

September 11, 2013 By  Zachary Keck - Flashpoints


India will conduct a second test of its longest range, nuclear-capable ballistic missile sometime around September 15, according to local media outlets.

On Monday, the Chennai-based The Hindu cited an unnamed official at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), India’s military technology agency, as saying that DRDO is currently preparing for the second test of the Agni-V missile at Wheeler Island. The official said the test would be conducted “around September 15,” presumably depending on how preparations go and weather conditions. The report went on to cite another Indian official as saying that two Indian naval ships were being positioned in the Indian Ocean near the target point of the test.

The Agni-V is a three-stage, solid-fueled missile that can travel 5,000 km while carrying a 1,000 km payload, making it India’s longest range missile. It is often referred to as India’s first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in local media. Although it demonstrates mastery of all the necessary technologies of ICBMs, technically it is only an intermediate ballistic missile as ICBMs have ranges of at least 5,500 km.  

India first tested the Agni-V in April 2012. The first test, which was also conducted at Wheeler Island, was successful and garnered a lot of excitement in India, both because of the scientific achievements involved in developing an ICBM-like missile, as well as because the Agni-V will allow India to deliver nuclear weapons to many of China’s major cities for the first time. In light of this, some in India have taken to calling the Agni-V the “China killer.”

Last month The Hindu reported Tessy Thomas, the director of the Agni Missile Project at DRDO, as saying there will be two or three more tests of the Agni-V before the missile is deemed operational in 2015. She also said that the Agni-V, like all of India’s missiles, is a “weapon of peace.”

Back in May, V.K. Saraswat, who at the time was DRDO’s Director-General, confirmed that his organization was modifying the Agni-V to enable it to carry Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles (MIRVs). As The Diplomat explained at the time:

“MIRVs enable ICBMs to carry multiple nuclear warheads on a single missile, and strike multiple targets or a single target with greater efficiency. After the last stage of the ICBM boosts off, a MIRVed ICBM will dispense the warheads to their separate or singular targets. Both the Soviet Union and the United States MIRVed their ICBM forces during the 1970s, which complicated arms control agreements moving forward.”

In her comments last month, Ms. Thomas implied that the modifications to allow India to MIRV its Agni-Vs had been completed successfully. This raises the possibility that the upcoming test would use a MIRVed Agni-V, although The Hindu report did not give any indication to suggest that this is the case.

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
Photo DPR Defence DRDO

Photo DPR Defence DRDO

September 11, 2013 by Shiv Aroor – Livefist


The second test of India's 5,500+ km range Agni-V ballistic missile is scheduled for Sunday, Sept 15 from Wheeler Island in the Bay of Bengal. This will be the second test of India's longest range strategic nuclear-capable weapon after its debut test on April 19 last year. Top sources tell me the Agni-V will be tested in a cannisterised configuration in December.

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11 septembre 2013 3 11 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
India shops for 6 Chinooks

September 11, 2013 Shishir Gupta and Pramit Pal Chaudhuri -  Hindustan Times


New Delhi - India wants to ink a deal for six Chinook heavy-duty helicopters by the time Prime Minister Manmohan Singh meets US President Barack Obama on September 27 in Washington.


A half-dozen CH-47 Chinooks, a twin-engined helicopter capable of carrying 50 troops or 6.5 metric tonnes of cargo, will carry a price tag of about $500 million (`3,200 crore).


Introduced in 1962, the Chinook played a major role in the Vietnam war and has been the mainstay of the American forces in Afghanistan.


The Boeing-made helicopters will be bought through the foreign military sales route in which arms are sold in a government-to-government deal on a fixed price basis — ruling out haggling that often invites bribery charge.


The Chinook deal is being fast-tracked, say Indian government sources, and New Delhi hopes to have it finalised by December.

This is partly being driven by a desire to flesh out the thin agenda at the Washington summit. The proposal will be added to the schedule of US deputy secretary of defence Ashton Carter when he comes to New Delhi September 16-18.


The Indian side wants some major defence purchases readied for the summit, but other Indo-US weapons deals are caught in red tape. For example, the M777 howitzer deal has been in the works for two years and now, in part because of rupee devaluation, the price tag is bigger.


The Chinooks also face barriers. Boeing recently tried to add limited liability clauses to its military purchases and the Indian government is not happy about it. US sources say they have yet to receive any notification from the ministry of defence about the Chinooks.


The induction of the Chinooks will confirm the Stars and Stripes look of the Indian Air Force’s airlift capabilities. India has already bought C-130 Hercules and C-17 Globemaster heavy-lift airplanes.


Military sources say the US aircraft have proven better at functioning at high-altitudes then the Russian planes they are replacing.

India has been mulling buying Chinooks to replace the Russian-made Mi-26 transport helicopters that were transformational when they were introduced a quarter-century ago but have a record of chronic maintenance problems.


India will be the 17th air force in the world to use Chinooks.

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10 septembre 2013 2 10 /09 /septembre /2013 12:35
La marine indienne veut moderniser et renforcer sa flotte sous-marine

9 septembre 2013, Portail des Sous-Marins


Alors que la tragédie du sous-marin Sindhurakshak réduit les capacités sous-marines de la marine indienne, plusieurs projets de modernisation de la flotte existante et de construction de nouveaux sous-marins ont été accélérés.


Les projets dont le déroulement a été accéléré sont la modernisation de la classe Shishumar (U-209) pour les équiper de missiles anti-navires, une amélioration du système de contrôle des armes pour un sous-marin Kilo, des simulateurs pour former les équipages au lancement d’armes et un appel d’offres pour une nouvelle série de sous-marins classiques.


Des sources indiquent que la modernisation des sous-marins de la classe Shishumar pourrait être autorisée sous peu. Il s’agit d’une amélioration majeure par rapport à l’armement actuel composé de torpilles et de mines. La modernisation de 2 des 4 sous-marins entrainerait l’achat de près de 100 missiles Harpoon auprès des Etats-Unis. Le constructeur des sous-marins, HDW, sera chargé de la modernisation et de la formation des équipages. Si les INS Shalki et Shankul sont concernés par la modernisation, la décision n’a pas encore été prise concernant les 2 autres sous-marins de la classe.


Pour réduire les couts de formation des équipages et préserver la vie des sous-marins, 2 simulateurs de torpilles seront achetés en Allemagne.


Comme le nombre de sous-marins opérationnels est tombé à 11 après l’accident du Sindhurakshak, il a été décidé d’accélérer la modernisation (actuellement en cours) des 2 sous-marins de la classe Kilo pour les remettre en service au plus tôt. La marine penche pour l’achat d’un nouveau type de système de contrôle de lancement pour un des Kilo — très probablement pour l’INS Sindhukirti.


Un coup d’accélérateur a aussi été donné à la publication des appels d’offres pour une série de sous-marins classiques (P 75I), équipés d’un système de propulsion anaérobie pour une meilleure autonomie en plongée. Alors que les appels d’offres sont en attente depuis l’an dernier, la marine a obtenu une prolongation de la validité de l’autorisation du ministère de la défense.


Des sources indiquent qu’une dernière série de consultations avec les constructeurs probables — en France, Allemagne, Espagne et Russie — se déroule actuellement, et que les spécifications définitives seront fixées sous peu par la marine. Après un retard de plus d’un an, l’appel d’offres pour la nouvelle génération de sous-marins sera probablement lancé avant décembre.


Référence : Indian Express

 sous-marins de la classe Shishumar

sous-marins de la classe Shishumar

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10 septembre 2013 2 10 /09 /septembre /2013 11:55
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

09/09 LesEchos.fr (AFP)


Le président socialiste de la commission sénatoriale de la Défense a estimé lundi que si l'avion de combat Rafale tardait à être exporté, il faudrait revoir le projet de loi de programmation militaire qui prévoit de ralentir les commandes nationales d'ici à 2016.


Le projet de loi de programmation militaire (LPM) 2014-2019 prévoit l'achat de 26 Rafale. L'avion étant livré jusqu'à présent à une cadence de onze par an pour maintenir la chaîne de production du constructeur Dassault Aviation, cela pourrait signifier l'arrêt des commandes en 2016.


Dassault poursuit des négociations pour vendre 126 exemplaires à l'Inde. L'avionneur considère qu'il faudra trois ans à partir de la signature du contrat pour produire le Rafale biplace qu'attend l'Inde. Le contrat avec New Delhi devrait donc être signé cette année pour que le premier appareil soit livré en 2016.


"Si le contrat avec un pays comme l'Inde ou d'autres, était signé, ce serait très bien pour que la loi n'ait pas besoin d'être révisée de ce point de vue", a déclaré Jean-Louis Carrère, président de la commission sénatoriale de la défense et des affaires étrangères. "Il est évident que si ce n'est pas le cas, on aura besoin de revoir" la loi, a-t-il ajouté lors de l'Université d'été de la défense, réunie lundi et mardi à Pau (Pyrénées atlantiques).


Outre l'Inde, le Qatar et les Emirats Arabes Unis figurent parmi les pays intéressés par le Rafale.

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6 septembre 2013 5 06 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
photo Ajai Shukla

photo Ajai Shukla

05/09/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter


India's Arjun Mk2 Main Battle Tank performance assessment trials are now concluding, paving the way for the design to soon enter Indian Army service, providing a large order is forthcoming.


Based on the Arjun MBT, the Mk2 variant of India's almost 40-year-old tank design boasts several new features. Modifications to its firing system have reduced its overall weight from 64 tonnes to around 55 tonnes, while it also has an improved missile-firing capability, new navigation and power generation systems and anti-tank mine detection lasers.


Listing the differences between the Arjun and its successor, Indian officials have previously managed to come up with some 90 new enhancements integrated into the upgraded model.


Arjun Mk2 MBT


Now, the Arjun Mk2 MBT is nearing the end of an extensive test programme, launched in June 2012.


In a statement on the upgraded Arjun tank trials, one defence official told the Times of India: "We are satisfied with the end product and its results, making it one of the most potent combat tanks for the army with unmatched automatic target detection and destruction, while offering maximum protection to the crew."


A representative from DRDO (the Defence Research and Development Organisation, which developed the Arjun) added: ''If the army is satisfied, the order of 500 should be placed in one go, since that would save time for various formalities and procedures of a fresh order."


Arjun Main Battle Tank


Right now, about 124 Arjun Main Battle Tanks serve with the Indian Army. The Arjun Mk2 is set to enter series production in 2014, while other tank designs in Indian Army service include the T-90S Bhishma and the T-72 Ajeya.


DRDO is tasked with developing the Indian Armed Forces' next-generation military technologies. Established in 1958, it has a workforce of 30,000 (including 7,000 military scientists) and it works in the fields of aeronautics, weaponry, naval systems, combat vehicles and much more besides.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:40
Russia to hand over Vikramaditya on Nov. 15

September 4, 2013 Vladimir Radyuhin - thehindu.com


Aircraft carrier is now on sea trials and expected to return to Sevmash Shipyard


INS Vikramaditya will be handed over to the Indian Navy on November 15 at a formal ceremony in the Russian northern seaport of Severodvinsk on the White Sea.


The delivery date was confirmed at talks Defence Secretary R.K. Mathur held in Moscow on Monday, according to informed sources.


A high-level Indian defence delegation paid a one-day visit to Moscow to prepare an annual session of the Indo-Russian Intergovernmental Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation that will meet in Russia next month under the chair of the two Defence Ministers.


The upgraded and retrofitted aircraft carrier is now completing sea trials and is expected to return to the Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk in the next few weeks.


The ship was to be delivered last December, but failed the sea trials after its boilers and some other systems malfunctioned. This time, all systems performed flawlessly, including daytime and night takeoff and landings by MiG-29K deck fighter planes, the sources said.


The sides were tight-lipped on the issue of India acquiring a second nuclear submarine from Russia, but the sources confirmed that Moscow was willing to lease another Akula class submarine if India paid for completing its construction. The submarine has been lying half-built at the Amur Shipyard in the Russian Far East since it was mothballed in the 1990s for lack of funds.


On the recent accident in which INS Sindhurakshak sank after rocked by explosions, the Russian side agreed to provide expert assistance for raising the submarine and carrying out its technical inspection.


Russia will also beef up its team of 100 engineers, now deployed in Vishakhapatnam in order to speed up midterm repairs to INS Sindhudhvaj and INS Sindhushashtra. The Russian side also offered to have two more Indian Navy Kilo class submarines undergo midterm repairs in Russia, the sources said.


In reviewing progress of the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft, the sides noted with satisfaction the completion of preliminary design phase earlier this year. It is hoped that a contract for detailed design could be signed before the end of the year if the sides sort out the issue of costs.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
Indian Navy receives second Saryu-class offshore patrol vessel

INS Saryu conducting mission at sea. Photo: courtesy of indiannavy.nic.in


5 September 2013 naval-technology.com


The Indian Navy has received the second Saryu-class naval offshore patrol vessel (NOPV), INS Sunayna (P58) from Goa shipyard during a ceremony held in Goa.


The 105m-long vessel has been designed to support missions including surveillance and surface warfare operations, to prevent infiltration and transgression of maritime sovereignty for the Indian Navy.


The Goa shipyard-manufactured warship is powered by two SEMT Pielstick diesel engines and is armed with a 76mm super rapid Ottomelara gun, two 30mm close-in weapon system guns and six chaff launchers for self protection.


In addition, a remote control system which features the automatic power management system will electronically control the ship's entire propulsion and power management.


Capable of monitoring sea lines of communication, defence of offshore oil installations and other critical offshore national assets, the boat can be used for escorting high value ships and fleet support operations.


In addition to the latest navigational and early warning radars and integrated ESM system, the ship features a helicopter landing deck and hangar to enable the operation of an advanced light helicopter (ALH), as well as two rigid inflatable fast motor boats.


The 2,300t Saryu-class ships can cruise at speeds in excess of 25k, with a range of 6,000nm and can accommodate a crew of eight officers and 105 sailors.


The first Saryu-class NOPV, INS Saryu from Goa shipyard was delivered and commissioned to the Indian Navy in December 2012 and January 2013 respectively.


INS Sumitra and INS Sumedha, the third and fourth ships of the class, are expected to be delivered to the navy over next two years, according to Shipbuilding Tribune.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
C-17 Globemaster III  Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

C-17 Globemaster III Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

NEW DELHI, Sept. 5 (UPI)


The Indian Air Force officially inducted the first three Boeing C-17 Globemaster III transporters this week.


Boeing delivered the three -- the first of 10 C-17 aircraft on order -- during the past three months, a report by NDTV said.


Two more are expected by the end of the year and the last five will be delivered by the end of next year.


The aircraft is capable of lifting tanks to the border with China and Pakistan and made its debut with a test flight at the Hindon Air Base in Uttar Pradesh state.


"The C-17 Globe Master transport aircraft will change the way we deploy forces in the north and northeast," Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne said on Monday during the induction.


India's Defense Acquisition Council approved the purchase in October 2009 to replace the air force's aging Russian IL-76 transporters that it bought in the 1990s.


The air force has fewer than 20 of Ilyushins which have a 45-ton cargo capacity and needs a crew of six.


The force also has the Russian Antonov-32 in its inventory.


A report by India Today said the acquisition of the C-17 Aircraft, and the Boeing C-130J Super Hercules transporter, shows the air force is moving away from reliance on Russian-origin aircraft toward American ones.


India operates six C-130Js and plans to buy six more for operations on small and unpaved runways alongside routine transport missions.


The C-17 carries up to 80 tons and needs a crew of three. One person can operate the heavy-lift hydraulics for cargo handling.


The high-wing, 4-engine, T-tailed Globemaster -- powered by four Pratt & Whitney F117-PW-100 turbofan engines -- needs a 7,600-foot airfield to take off. But it can land in less than 3,000 feet on a small unpaved or paved airfield, day or night.


It also carries a payload of 160,000 pounds, flies 2,400 nautical miles and can refuel in flight.


Boeing recently said that the deal with India includes an Integrated Sustainment Program Performance-Based Logistics contract which, with other customers, has maintained a fleet availability of 85 percent.


The C-17 has been in operation since 1991 and has more than 2.6 million flight-hours, Boeing says on its website.


Boeing has delivered 256 C-17s, including 222 to the U.S. Air Force. The rest have gone to and Australia, Canada, India, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the 12-member Strategic Airlift Capability initiative of NATO and Partnership for Peace nations.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
INS Vikramaditya. An Indian Navy photo

INS Vikramaditya. An Indian Navy photo

Sep 02, 2013 brahmand.com


NEW DELHI (PTI): India is expected to take up the issues of progress made in the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier project and pricing of the fifth generation fighter aircraft project during Defence Secretary R K Mathur's meeting with his Russian counterparts in Moscow today.


The Defence Secretary is leading a high-level tri-services team comprising three-star rank officers from the three services, and the status of ongoing projects such as Gorshkov, which is now rechristened as INS Vikramaditya and FGFA are expected to come up for discussion, Defence Ministry sources said here.


In the delegation-level talks scheduled to be held today, the two sides are also expected to discuss the futuristic joint development projects for the armed forces, they said.


The meeting is also expected to discuss the ammunition requirements of the artillery and the tank fleet of the Army and the upgrade of the T-90 tanks.


However, it is not clear whether the Indian side will raise the issue of mishap on its Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhurakshak, which had come back from Russia a few months ago after an extensive refurbishment in a shipyard there and is believed to under warranty till January 2014.


India is planning to involve the Russian side into the investigations in the mishap after the completion of the Board of Inquiry into the matter.


It is learnt that the two sides are also planning to discuss the upgrade of one more Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhushastra, the last of the 10 submarines procured by India from Russia.


India had procured ten Kilo class vessels from Russia in early 1980s and the deliveries were made in 14 years from 1986 to 2000.


On the Admiral Gorshkov project, the Russian shipyards are carrying out the sea trials of the warship and it is expected to be delivered to India by the end of this year.


The FGFA is a co-development project between India and Russia whose Preliminary Design Phase programme was completed on June 19 and the Research and Development contract is under negotiation between the two countries to define the total scope, the work share and responsibilities of each side, and the financial implications of the programme.


The visit by the Defence Secretary to Russia was scheduled in June but had to be postponed as Mathur had just taken over his new responsibility at that time.


The visit by the Defence Secretary is to prepare ground for Defence Minister A K Antony's visit there during the October-November timeframe this year.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
INS Vikrant built by Cochin Shipyard Limited

INS Vikrant built by Cochin Shipyard Limited

05 September 2013 Vivek Kapur – Pacific Sentinel


The first indigenously designed and built aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, was launched on August 12, 2013. While still several years from being operational, the launch of the carrier, which has been designed to carry 36 fixed wing fighter aircrafts, comprising a mix of MiG-29K and the indigenous LCA (naval variants) in addition to Ka-31 AEW and ALH helicopters, will provide air cover to Indian Navy (IN) vessels. The launching of the hull of INS Vikrant with the power plant and generators integrated is the first step in the further development of the ship, particularly the weapon systems. This work is likely to consume the better part of two years before the ship can join the operational fleet. Only the UK, the US, France, and Russia have demonstrated the ability to design and build such ships. Reportedly, the second Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC-2) is under design already.
One particular feature of the aircraft carrier is that it does not plan to utilise steam catapults, like the US super carriers, for the launch of the fixed wing aircraft. Instead, the bow of the ship sports a ski-jump configuration, in which the aircraft rolling down the very short available runway on take off is lofted into the air like a skier.1 This will impose limitations on the type of aircraft operable. The IAC-2 is likely to have catapults for aircraft launch.
The importance of air power at sea can not be overstated especially since the Battle of Coral Sea (May 4–8, 1942), in which two opposing fleets fought a major sea battle through the use of aircrafts launched from their carriers. Replacement of the battleship of yore with aircraft carriers, as the new capital ship, has been a strategic choice for the navies of the world since then.


INS Viraat, currently the sole Indian aircraft carrier, operates British-made Sea Harrier2 fighters in addition to helicopters of various types. INS Vikrant’s MiG-29K fighters are modern fourth generation fighters that will provide the IN with state-of-the-art air defence capability through the use of advanced Beyond Visual Range (BVR) as well as Within Visual Range (WVR) missiles backed by advanced airborne radar and Infra-red search and Track (IRST) systems and excellent agility. The MiG-29K also has an anti-ship and anti-land target strike capability, which would help in vastly increasing the reach, safety and lethality of the fleets at sea.
CGI of INS Vikrant operational (File Photo)
The IN has fielded an aircraft carrier since 1961.3 The original INS Vikrant served from 1961 to 1997.4 Aspiring to field at least two carrier battle groups (CBGs), one each for the western and eastern seaboards, the IN negotiated for induction of the erstwhile Soviet carrier, the deactivated Admiral Gorshkov, while also commencing to design an indigenous aircraft carrier. The contract for its transfer of Admiral Gorshkov involved extensive refurbishment by Russia. The refurbishment has faced extensive delays and cost escalations, though the vessel is reportedly now nearing readiness.
The progress in the development of INS Vikrant indicates that India’s shipbuilding capabilities are maturing towards self-reliance in design and development of high-end naval vessels. At the higher end of naval equipment, the aircraft carrier and nuclear powered submarine are complex. By 2020, INS Vikrant should be ready for operational deployment and could be reasonably be expected to be joined in a few years by its sister ships that may include further refinements over the original design. Both INS Vikramaditya and INS Vikrant are expected to carry MiG-29K fighters, sourced from Russia, to be joined later by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited’s (HAL’s) Tejas (naval variant).
By the 2030s, the IN should be able to field three CBGs giving it the capability to protect India’s interests at locations far removed from the coast. The increasingly “designed and made in India” nature of the IN’s fleets should provide strategic and tactical flexibility through total ownership of critical technologies and capabilities. Air power afloat as an integral part of the Indian naval fleets should provide these vessels assured air defence and fire power against surface targets at sea and on land.
The IN has long aspired for a true blue water capability and the aircraft carrier project is a critical part of it. The IN has been involved in the project from the design stage onwards at the Cochin shipyard thus giving it total ownership. Also, the time and cost overruns in the indigenous aircraft carrier project are relatively minor. The Admiral Gorshkov’s refurbishment by Russian shipyards, with several decades of experience, stands as a comparison.5 The INS Vikrant is the lead ship of its class and future vessels of the same type, if built, should benefit from the from the construction process.
India has major maritime interests. These arise from the fact that most of India’s foreign trade is carried by sea. India’s energy imports also come by sea. Therefore, it is important for the country to be able to provide security along these sea lanes of communication (SLsOC). Moreover, with an expanding economy, India requires to be able to access raw materials sourced from other countries along the Indian Ocean rim as well as further away. Thus India must be able to freely access the SLsOC to these regions. The Indian Ocean hosts some of the most important SLOCs including the Straits of Hormuz and the Straits of Malacca. In international waters it is critical to have capabilities to protect national assets, particularly the sea passage choke points.
Naval fleets have the ability to stay on station for long and carry considerable integral firepower. An aircraft carrier bolsters the potency of naval fleets by deploying fighter aircrafts that can apply long distance power from their carrier. Carriers can provide intelligence, reconnaissance and other essential support functions as well. A carrier battle group thus enhances the power projection capability of its fleet manifold.
The INS Vikrant signifies the coming of age of India’s ability to design and build major warships in the country and much to cheer for the indigenous defence industry. Moreover, it indicates that the IN is close to achieving capabilities to field forces at long distances in order to safeguard India’s maritime interests.
Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IDSA or of the Government of India.
  1. The upwards momentum imparted to the aircraft as it leaves the deck is designed to compensate for the very short available runway and, therefore, sub-optimal achieved speed due to the short take off run. The short take off run would result in lower speed than required for take off. However, the ski jump lofts the aircraft upwards; the additional height so gained allows the aircraft to build up adequate speed for a safe climb out.
  2. The Sea Harrier is an excellent aircraft with vertical landing and take off capability. However, its unique design restricts its radius of action, especially in vertical take off mode. Moreover, it was designed in the late 1950s and 1960s. Hence, its design has imitations in performance compared with modern fighters of later design.
  3. India bought the under-construction HMS Herculese Majestic class aircraft carrier from UK in 1957. Upon its completion in 1961, it was commissioned into the IN as INS Vikrant.
  4. INS Vikrant, which had commenced being built in 1943 and was finally completed in 1961, came to be decommissioned in 1997. IN bought the ex-Royal Navy HMS Hermes and induced it as the INS Viraat to replace the first INS Vikrant. The Viraat also boasts a ski jump configuration and came equipped to operate the Sea Harrier fighters in addition to helicopters.
  5. Initially, the Admiral Gorshkov was to be given free to India with India paying $800 million for its refurbishment and another $1 billion for MiG-29 fighters and other equipment. The final cost is in the range of $2.33 billion. Initial entry into service date was to be October 2008 with delivery finally delayed to October 2013.


Originally published by Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (www.idsa.in) and can be found HERE.
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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Indian T-90s Get 5,000 Meter Reach

September 4, 2013: Strategy Page


India recently revealed that it had negotiated a manufacturing license to build 15,000 Russian Invar anti-tank missiles in India where they are used by T-90 tanks. India has earlier purchased 10,000 of these missiles from Russia (that were built in Russia) and with the manufacturing license the average cost will be about $2,000 per missile.


The Invar 9M119M1 (Invar-M) is fired from the 125mm gun, like a shell, but operates like a guided missile. The 17.2 kg (37.8 pound) missile is 680mm (26.7 inches) long and has pop-out fins (with a 250mm/9 inch span) that aid in guidance (laser beam riding, controlled by the tank gunner). The missile has a max range of 5,000 meters at a speed of 350 meters a second (14 seconds max flight time). The Invar enables the tank to hit targets at twice the range of the 125mm shells. The tandem warhead can penetrate up to 900mm of armor (35.4 inches). Invar has been around for two decades and India is buying the latest version, as well as the license to manufacture another 15,000 of them.


T-90C_India source defense update

T-90C_India source defense update

India expects to have about 1,400 T-90s by the end of the decade. The first T-90 entered service in 1993, and India is the largest user. The T-90 is basically an upgraded T-72, which India already builds under license. The T-90 weighs about 15 percent more than the 41 ton T-72. The T-90 has a better fire control system, night vision that is good out to about 1,500 meters, and electronic countermeasures against anti-tank missiles. The autoloader, which often failed in the T-72, is more reliable and that makes the three man crew (commander, gunner, driver) more effective. The T-90 has ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) in addition to its composite armor.


The T-90 is not as lively as the T-72 and is actually slower on the battlefield than the U.S. M-1 (which has a horsepower to weight ratio of 24:1, compared to only 18:1 for the T-90). The 125mm gun of the T-90 is basically the same as the T-72. However, if you use better ammo, you stand a chance against top rated tanks like the M-1. But that is not what India expects to face. The most likely opponent is Pakistan, which is largely equipped with 1950s era T-55s (actually the Chinese T-59 copy). The Pakistanis also have 700 or so older T-72 type tanks (Chinese T-69 and Ukrainian T-80), but these would be outclassed by the T-90. India plans to have 21 tank battalions ("regiments" in the Indian army) of T-90s (with 62 tanks each) by 2020. Actually, each battalion only has 45 tanks going into combat. The other 17 are for training and replacements.

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2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
India's third C-17 Globemaster III aircraft departing Boeing's Long Beach facility in US. Photo Boeing.

India's third C-17 Globemaster III aircraft departing Boeing's Long Beach facility in US. Photo Boeing.

02/09/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter


The Boeing C-17 Globemaster III strategic transport aircraft formally joins the Indian Air Force today. In the presence of A.K Antony - the Indian Defence Minister - the 70 tonne airlifter will be pressed into service at Hindon Air Force Station, Delhi.


Equipped with this brand new type, the Indian Air Force will be better-placed to airlift troops and support equipment into battle.


Able to accommodate up to 150 service personnel, the C-17 Globemaster III is the Indian Air Force's largest aircraft, taking over from the Russian-built Ilyushin Il-76 in this regard.


Ultimately, the air arm is getting a fleet of 10 Globemasters. In comparison, the Royal Air Force currently operates eight Globemasters and only the USAF, with 220 examples, has more in service. To date, three have been delivered to India, with the remaining seven to be supplied between now and the end of 2014. Still to be exercised is an option to acquire six more Globemasters, meaning India could one day have 16 such aircraft.


C-17 Globemaster III  Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

C-17 Globemaster III Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

Indian Air Force Globemasters


The Indian Air Force Globemaster fleet will operate from India's advanced landing sites (in the northeast) and its more mountainous regions (in the north). Recent years have seen India orientate its arms purchases away from Russia and towards the US and other Western nations. With many older Soviet-era technologies now reaching the end of their service lives, the Indian Air Force is rearming itself with a host of new military technologies. Besides the C-17s, it has also recently obtained six Lockheed C-130J Hercules military transport aircraft and has its sights on six more.


The Boeing C-17A Globemaster III first flew in 1991 and entered service two years later. Capable of carrying payloads up to 77,500 pounds in weight, it can use 3,500 foot-long runways. Four Pratt & Whitney F117-PW-100 turbofans - each generating 40,700 pounds of thrust - give it a maximum speed of 515 miles an hour, while it's also got a maximum operational ceiling of 45,000 feet and a 4,741 mile range.


Hindon Air Force Station is Asia's largest air base. Currently based there are Mil Mi-17 transport helicopters, MiG-29 air superiority fighters and a number of the Indian Air Force's C-130Js.

C-17 Globemaster III  Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

C-17 Globemaster III Indian Air Force – photo Rishika Baruah source Livefist

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